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# Advanced Soil Mechanics I 2-133

## - Settlement estimation based on realistic deformation characteristics measured from stress

path tests which duplicate field stress paths and probable deformation modes of soil

elements.

## * Stress state in p’-q diagram

' ' ' '
I : K0 initial state ( σ vi + σ hi , σ vi − σ hi )
2 2
' ' ' '
U : Immediately after loading ( σ vi + σ hi + ∆σ v + ∆σ h − ∆ue , σ vi − σ hi + ∆σ v − ∆σ h )
2 2 2 2
' ' ' '
C : After consolidation ( σ vi + σ hi + ∆σ v + ∆σ h , σ vi − σ hi + ∆σ v − ∆σ h )
2 2 2 2

## SNU Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Lab.

­ 1D oedometer test

## → Governing stress increment : not ∆σ v but ∆ue .

∆u e
→ S&B consolidation strain : ε vc − SB = ε vc −1D × ∆σ
v

##  Settlement estimation based on realistic deformation characteristics measured from

stress path tests which duplicate field stress paths and probable deformation modes of

soil elements.

## i) Procedures : For a given structure,

① Divide subsoils into several layers and select average point of each layer.

## ③ Duplicate the field stress paths in the laboratory.

→ Undisturbed samples.

## ④ Estimate settlements by integrating the vertical strains with depth.

S i = ∫ ε vu dz = ∑ ε vu ∆z S c = ∫ ε vc dz = ∑ ε vc ∆z St = Si + Sc

Sand Fill
γt=20 kN/m3
Kaolinite,
NC state

Saturated Clay
wn=37.6~40.2
γt=17 kN/m3
Cc=0.253~0.286
Cr=0.110~0.126

## SNU Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Lab.

① Divide subsoils into several layers and select average point of each layer.

## SNU Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Lab.

③ Duplicate the field stress paths in the laboratory (stress path test).

##  2nd step : K 0 consolidation → duplication of K 0 initial state (I).

'
→ Slowly increase vertical stress up to σ vi with ε h = 0 condition by controlling cell

pressure

or
' ' '
→ Slowly Increase vertical and horizontal stresses up to σ vi and σ h = K 0σ vi .

 Test results

## ④ Estimate settlements by integrating the vertical strains with depth.

S i = ∫ ε vu dz = (1.118+3.465+0.771+0.286+0.088)/100×2000 = 114.56mm

S c = ∫ ε vc dz = (0.428+0.317+0.123+0.092+0.099)/100×2000 = 21.18mm

S t = S i + S c = 135.74mm

##  Decrease of Poisson's ratio (ν u = 0.5 →ν d = 0.1 ~ 0.4 )  Decrease of ∆σ h

 Realistic inclined consolidation path UC* can not be duplicated using the conventional

## stress path testing scheme. ( Why? )

 An efficient stress path testing scheme was newly devised by Kim (2004).

## SNU Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Lab.

 A more practical approach of stress path method was proposed by Kim (2004).

## SNU Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Lab.

→ Characteristic behaviors of deformation which can cover all probable field stress

program.

of deformation.