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# SURVEY PRACTICAL – 2

## EXPECTED VIVA – VOCE QUESTIONS

Instuctor: K.M.Basanth Babu, M.S., M.E., (Distn.,), MISTE.,

## 1. What are the 2 types of theodolites?

2. Name some companies which are manufacturing theodolites.
3. What do you mean by Parallax error? How will you correct it?
4. Why face left and face right corrections are necessary in a theodolite?
5. What are the various parts of a theodolite?
6. What do you mean by trunnion axis?
7. Say true or false: The maximum angle that can be measured with the vertical circle
is 180o.
8. Say true or false: The telescope of a theodolite can be rotated both in clockwise and
in anti-clockwise.
9. If your answer is yes for the 8th question, will the result be the same?
10. What do you mean by telescope inverted and telescope normal?
11. What is anallactic lens? Why it is used?
12. In the distance equation, why the additive constant is always made to zero? What is
the condition for making the additive constant zero?
13. In the distance equation, why the multiplication constant is always kept as 100?
14. What do you mean by “Staff held normal”?
15. What is the height of the ranging rod?
16. When the bottom of the levelling staff strikes the ground when it is held inverted,
what will you do to take readings?
17. When the levelling staff is not visible from the instrument station (it is above your
line of sight) and at the same time, you are in a position to unable to shift the
instrument, what will be your next move?
18. Say the steps in initial setting of a theodolite.
19. Say true or false: When the “C” vernier is set to zero, the “D” vernier will show 90 o.
20. Say true or false: When the “A” vernier is set to zero, the “B” vernier will also show
0o.
21. Say true or false: When the lower plate of the horizontal circle is locked, turning the
telescope has no effect in change of angles.
22. What is a bench mark?
23. What is MSL? How it is fixed? Which is the reference point for fixing MSL in India?
Why all the RL’s of benchmarks are based on Mean Sea Level?
24. Is there anything called “Mean Land Level”? If not, why?
25. What are the methods for finding the horizontal angle by using theodolites?
26. What is tacheometry?
27. What is the difference between fixed hair method and movable hair method?
28. What is target staff? What is its use?
29. What is the use of subtense bar? What is the standard length of subtense bar?
Under what conditons subtense bars are used?
30. For finding the elevation of an inaccessible object, which survey will you
recommend?
31. Say true or false: The vertical angle (in the vertical circle of the theodolite) is directly
proportional to the distance of the apex of the inaccessible object.
32. What is the difference between staff intercept and stadia intercept?
33. What do you mean by gradient of a line? How it is expressed?
34. Why curves are necessary?
35. What are the methods of setting out of simple curve?
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## 36. What are the different types of curves?

37. What is the name for starting point of a curve?
38. What is the name for ending point of a curve?
39. What is difference between sub-chord and normal chord?
40. What do you mean by back tangent?
41. What is the difference between deflection angle and tangential angle of a curve?
42. What is the difference between point of intersection and point of deflection?
43. What do you mean by “Shift” of a curve?
44. Which method is simple – Rankine’s method or Double theodolite method? Justify.
45. What are the 2 principles of surveying? Explain each principle.
46. What is the effect of curvature and refraction correction?
47. What is the difference between Geodetic and Plane surveying?
48. Why pull correction is applied to the tape?
49. Why temperature correction is necessary for a tape?
50. What do you mean by slope correction?
51. What do you mean by MSL correction?
52. What is zenith?
53. What is nadir?
54. What is zenith-nadir line?
55. What is latitude and longitude?
56. What is the difference between true meridian and magnetic meridian?
57. Can you find exact North by using the instruments available with you?
58. What is a celestial sphere? How will you express the place where you are standing
in a sphere?
59. What is an Hour Angle?
60. What is Nautical Alamanac? How it differs from Astronomical Almanac?
61. Who publishes Indian Astronomical Ephemeris every year in India?
62. What is a Great Circle?
63. What is altitude and co-altitude?
64. What is co-latitude?
65. What is GMT and LMT?
66. Why Astronomical surveying is done at early morning and evening?
67. Looking the sun with naked eye will terribly harmful to our eyes. How will you look
at the sun then?
68. What is the difference between the terms height and elevation?
69. What is Bowditch’s rule? When will you use it?
70. What is a Total Station? What are its advantages?
71. By using a total station what are the types of survey you can do?
72. What is Smart Station?
73. What is Robotic Total Station?
74. Nowdays targets are not necessary for doing surveying. Is it true?
75. How will you fix targets at inaccessible points when you do the survey with Total
Station?

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