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King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Information and Computer Science Department
ICS 361: Database Systems
Summer Semester 2015 - 2016

Date: Aug. 09, 2016; Time: 19:30 - 21:30



Section Max Scored

A 10

B 4

C 8

D 14

E 8

F 6


 Switch off your mobile phones

 Don’t open until you are told to do so.

A. [10 pts] Match each statement in Table 2 with its corresponding term in Table 1 and then write
the number of the corresponding term in column 3 of Table 2.

Table 1: Terms

1. Database 2. DBMS 3. Meta-data 4. Transaction

5. Referential Integrity 6. Data model 7. Extension 8. 3-Tier
9. Degree 10. Cardinality 11. Schema-based Constraints 12. Super key
13. Database state 14. Key 15. Primary key 16. DBA

Table 2: Statements

# Statement Term #

1 Collection of concepts that describe the structure, operations and constraints of a database

2 A composite attributes with uniqueness property

3 A person responsible for authorizing access to the database

4 Collection of related data

5 Number of attributes in a relation

6 Changes when a data is updated or deleted or inserted in a database

7 Total number of rows in a relation

8 Collection of programs which enables users to create and maintain a database

9 Database definition stored by the DBMS in the form of a database catalog or dictionary
Specified between two relations to maintain the consistency among tuples of the two

B. [4 pts] Assume that you have been asked to develop a database application like blackboard, where
students can access all the required material through the Internet. Would you use a centralized
architecture, a 2-tier architecture or a 3-tier architecture? Clearly justify your choice (the reason for
choosing that architecture and the reason(s) for not choosing the other two architectures).

C. [8 pts] Answer the following True/False questions

# Statement T or F
1 Any key is a super key but not any super key is a key
2 We can have more than one candidate keys in a table
3 A column that is referenced by a foreign key must be a candidate key
4 A foreign key cannot be NULL
5 All candidate keys are superkeys
6 A primary key value cannot be null.
7 Duplicate rows are allowed in a table but not in a relation
8 A proper subset of the columns in a super key cannot be a super key

D. [14 pts] Answer all of the following questions.

1. [6 pts] Each empty cell in the following table corresponds to a database operator and a constraint.
Mark each cell with a tick if its database operator can possibly violate its constraint.

Constraint\Operator Query (Search) Insert Delete Update(Modify)



Primary key

Referential integrity


Entity integrity

2. [2 pts] Use the tables and statements in Figure 1of Page 7 to answer the following questions.

a. What is the cardinality of T1?

b. What is the degree of T2?

3. [4 pts] What is the state of T1 and T2 after the execution of S1, if the default is:

a. Cascade delete?

b. Nullify?

4. [2 pts] Write all the keys in T1 which are not super keys.

E. [8 pts] Use the entities shown in Page 7 to convert the following conceptual designs to logical





F. [6 pts] A small hotel owner wants a database application for the room reservation system. The
following are the requirements.

The small hotel has 2 types of rooms, namely, Type A and Type B. Each room has 1 or 2 or 3 beds.
There are 4 types of hotel seasons, namely, very high, high, low, and very low. In one year it is
possible to have a number of each season. The price of a room per day depends on the room type,
the number of its beds, and the season. A customer can reserve a number of rooms for a number of
days. Each customer must give his, name, ID number, phone numbers, and address in order to book a
room. Draw the DB conceptual design using the ER model.

Figure 1: Tables T1 and T2

C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C1
1 2 3 4 4 1
2 3 4 5 1
3 4 5 6 7 2

T1 T2

 All columns are of type NUMBER
 T1.C1 is a primary key
 T2.C1 is a foreign key and references T1.C1.


(S1 is an SQL statement and is deleting the second row of T1.)

Figure 2: Entities