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11/23/2019 Question Answer Paper

Std.: X (English) Date: 25-Nov-2019


HEAVEN'S CLASSES
HCC
History & PS
[Time: 2 hour ] [Marks: 40]
Q.1 (A) Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the sentence.
1) Philosophy needs language as a medium of ............... .
a. Exchange b. Expression c. Ideologies d. Understanding E

Ans. Philosophy needs language as a medium of Expression.

2) The ............... and interpretation of historical events by the historian often depends on the conceptual framework
adopted by him.
a. Inclusion b. Exclusion c. Narrative d. Ancestor

Ans. The Inclusion and interpretation of historical events by the historian often depends on the conceptual framework
adopted by him.

3) …………… adopted economic reforms and also became a member of the World Trade Organisation.
a. India b. China c. Nepal d. America

Ans. China adopted economic reforms and also became a member of the World Trade Organisation.

(B) Find the incorrect pair in every set.


1) i. Kootiyattam - Sanskrit theatre, Kerala
ii. Ramman - Dance form in West Bengal
iii. Ramlila - Traditional Performance of the Ramayana in Uttar Pradesh
iv. Kalbelia - Folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
Ans. Ramman - Dance form in West Bengal is a wrong pair.
Ramman - Religious festival and ritual theater of the Garhwal Himalayas is a right pair.
2) i. Western style of painting - James Wales
ii. Gondeshwar temple - Nashik
iii. Kailasa Temple - Verul
iv. Savai Gandharva festival - Mumbai
Ans. Savai Gandharva festival - Mumbai is a wrong pair
Savai Gandharva festival - Pune is a right pair
3) i. Epics - Ramayana
ii. Bakhar - Historical documents
iii. Sabaltern - Bottommost ranks
iv. Marxist - Civilization and countries of the East
Ans. Marxist - Civilization and countries of the East is a wrong pair
Marxist - The transitions within the caste system is a right pair
Q.2 (A) Complete given concept map. (Any 2)
1)

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Ans.

2)

Ans.

3)
Author Books

............... Discourse on the method

George Hegel ...............

............... The secrete of the world History

Karl Marx ...............

............... Archaeology of knowledge

Ans.
Author Books

Rene Descartes Discourse on the method

George Hegel Reason in History

Leopold Van Rankee The secrete of the world History

Karl Marx Das Kapital

Michel Foucault Archaeology of knowledge

(B) Explain the Short Note. (Any 2)

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1) Nationalistic historiography.

Ans. i. The writings of Indian historians who were trained in the British educational system show an inclination to
restore the pride in the ancient glory of India and the self esteem of the Indian readers.
ii. Their writings are known as Nationalistic Historiography.
iii. Nationalistic writings in Maharashtra were inspired by Vishnushastri Chiplunkar.
iv. He criticized the prejudiced history of ancient Indian written by British officers.
v. The nationalistic historians tried to seek the golden era of Indian history.
vi. They were blamed for ignoring the critical analysis of the historical truth.
vii. The nationalistic historiography helped in the triggering of the Independence movement of the Indian people
against the British.
viii. It provided a momentum to the writing of regional histories too.
2) Karl Marx :

Ans. i. Karl Marx was a German thinker in the nineteenth century.


ii. He wrote the world famous treatise 'Das Kapital.'
According to Marx, unequal accessibility of means of production to different classes of society lead to
iii.
struggle.
iv. His theory of class struggle is considered very important all over the world.
According to him, human history is the history of class struggle because the class which own the means of
v.
production economically exploits the rest of the classes.
History was not about abstract ideas but about living people. Administration based on his ideas was first
vi.
established in Russia.
3) Annales School

Ans. i. At the onset of twentieth century a new school of historiography arose in France, which is known as ‘Annales
School’.
ii. Annales school gave a new direction to history writing.
iii. The Annales school started by French historians.
iv. It was recognised now that history is not only about the political events, kings great leaders and accordingly
politics, diplomacy and wars but also about the climate, local people, agriculture, trade technology, means of
communication, social divisions and their psychology, etc. in the historical times.
Q.3 Explain the statements with reasons. (Any 2)
1) It is important to know the history of Industry and Commerce.

Ans. i. With the growth of industry and trade, the field of mutual social transactions also expand.
ii. It promotes development of the network of cultural interactions.
As the nature of market and commerce undergoes change so does the nature of human relationships and the
iii.
social organisation.
iv. This series of changes is influenced by prevalent culture, social structure and economic system. All this is
integral part of the industrial and commercial management.
Therefore, it becomes important to know the history of Industry and Commerce.
2) Television is the most popular medium.

Ans. i. Television being an audio-visual medium brings us into contact with events in an exciting and clarifying way.
ii. It becomes possible for people to watch all international events at home.
iii. Discussions on social problems, education, economic condition and political events are viewed by people.
iv. Documentaries on sportsmen, leaders, heroics of men and women, war are shown on Television. Films,
songs, games, comedy shows, dance, drama, news and other programmes are shown or television.
Therefore television is the most popular medium.
3) Foucault called his method, 'the archaeology of knowledge'.

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Ans. i. The prevailing practice of arranging historical events in a chronological order is not right according to Faucault.
ii. He drew attention to the fact that archaeology does not strive to reach the ultimate historical truth but attempts
to explain various transitions in the past.
iii.Foucault felt that explaining the transitions in history is more important.
iv.He called his method, the archaeology of knowledge.
4) It is necessary to preserve the tradition like Chitrakathi, which is on the verge of extinction.

Ans. i. The tradition of narrating stories from Ramayana or Mahabharata with the help of wooden puppets and
paintings is known as chitrakathi
ii. The Chitrakathi pictures are drawn on a paper painted in colours made from natural substances.
iii.It takes 30-50 pictures to complete the narration of a single story.
iv.These pictures are preserved very carefully and handed directly from one generation to another.
v. The artists and the government are trying to preserve the tradition which is on the verge of extinction.
Q.4 Read the following passage and answer the question based on it.

Sohagaura Copper-plate: The copper-plate was found at Sohagaura (District Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh). It
is supposed to be from the Mauryan period. The inscription on it is in Brahmi script. The symbols known as
‘Tree-in-railing’ and ‘Mountain’ at the beginning of the inscription also occur on punch marked coins. Another
symbol which looks like a structure erected on four pillars is supposed to be indicative of a granary. The
inscription records a royal order that the grains stored in the granary should be distributed carefully. It is
supposed to be suggestive of precautions taken in the times of a famine.
i. Where was copper plate found?
ii. Which type of inscription was found on Copper-plate?
iii. Explain Structure erected on four pillars?
Ans. i. The copper plate was found at Sohagaura, District Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh.
ii. The inscription found on copper plate is Brahmi script.
iii. A symbol which looks like a structure erected on four pillars is supposed to be indicative of a granary. Even
inscription records a royal order that the grains stared should be distributed carefully and even precautions
taken at the times of famine.
Q.5 Answer in brief. (Any 2)
1) The role of newspaper in the Indian struggle for independence.

Ans. i. Newspaper is a publication, which mainly print news, editorials, people’s opinions, entertaining or other
supplementary content.
ii. It is printed and distributed regularly at a definite time.
iii. The newspaper, “Darpan was started in1832 in Mumbai.
iv. Balshastri Jambhekar was the editor of Darpan
v. The news printed in Darpan can be re-viewed to know about the political, economic, social and cultural
events of British times.
vi. The news of installation of telegraph, used for electrically transmitting a news can be seen in Dnyanoday.
vii. The news of the starting of railways in India was printed in Dnyanoday under the title, Chakya Mhasoba
meaning ‘Mhasoba with wheels”
viii.It has also printed the news of the India was of Independence of 1857.
ix. Newspapers in those times were a very important medium of creating social awareness.
x. A newspaper named Induprakash supported widow remarriage in a big way.
xi. Kasari and Maratha, the two newspapers are indicative of an important stage in the history of Indian
newspapers before independence.
xii. They spoke about the social and political issues of that period Kesari began to publish articles about the
nation wide situations, books in the native languages and the politics in England.
2) How the method of history is useful in the research of following fields.

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i. Science
ii. Arts
iii.Management Studies
Ans. The method of history can prove to be a value in the research of various field.

i. Science :
a. Science The history of science helps in understanding the chronological order of scientific discoveries,
inventions and theories.
b. It is said that need is the mother of inventions.
c. Scientific discoveries / inventions are often the effects of human efforts to fulfill a need and also curiosity.
d. Knowledge of history of science helps in understanding the factors that facilitated a scientific discovery /
invention and also its chronology.
ii. Arts :
a. It is important to understand the development of various out forms with the help of their style of expression
and their foundation in the form of intellectual emotional -cultural traditions.
b. The key to the expressions in any art form, emotional temperament of the artist and the developmental
history of the art form can be understood with the help of cultural history.
iii.Management Studies :
a. In order to understand various factors involved in the chain of production such as means of production, as
well as the chain of market and sales management, etc. It is essential to have a knowledge of similar
functional system of the past.
b. It is essential to understand the psychological character of people working at various levels in the chain of
production and marketing for healthy management.
c. Knowledge of history in this regard maker the management at various levels easier.
3) Explain the characteristics of the Islamic architecture in India by giving examples.

Ans. i. In the medieval period under the patronage of Muslim sultanates many style of architecture, such as Persian,
central Asian, Arabic and pre-Islamic native Indian style were blended together creating the Islamic
architecture of India.
ii. The Kutub Minar at Mehrauli near Delhi, Taj Mahal at Agra, Gol Gubaz at Bijapur in Karnatak are the world
famous example of the Islamic architecture of India.
iii. The building of Kutub Minar had started during the reign of Kutubuddin Aibak and completed in the reign of
Altmash.
iv. Kutub Minar is the highest minaret in the world with 73 meters (240 ft) in height and also declared as a would
Heritage.
v. The Taj Mahal built by Shah Jahar in the memory of the queen Mumtaj Mahal is looked upon the as the
paramount and even declared as would Heritage by UNESCO.
vi. The Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur in Karnatak was cult in the 17th century C.E. It has burial of Mohammed Adil
Shah.
vii.Even slight whisper by a person standing in this gallery can be heard every where and it somebody claps from
here its echo can be heard many times.
4) What is feminist historiography ?

Ans. i. Feminist historiography means the restructuring of the history from the perspective of women.
ii. The writings of Simone de Beauvoir helped in establishing the fundamentals of feminism.
iii. The feminist historiography emphasised not only on the inclusion of women in history but also on the
rethinking of the male dominated perspective of history.
iv. It drove historical research to focus in depth on various aspects of women’s life such as their employment their
rule in trade union institutions working for their cause, their family life etc.
v. In the historical writings after 1990 women were portrayed as an independent social class.
POLITICAL SCIENCE
Q.6 Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the sentence.
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1) ............... was appointed as the first Chief Election Commissioner of independent India.

a. Dr. Rajendra Prasad b. T.N. Sheshan


c. Sukumar Sen d. Neela Satyanarayan
Ans. Sukumar Sen was appointed as the first Chief Election Commissioner of Independent India.

2) In Maharashtra ............... seats are reserved for women in local self- governing institutions.
a. 25% b. 30% c. 40% d. 50%

Ans. In Maharashtra 50% seats are reserved for women in local self- governing institutions.

Q.7 State true or false with reasons. (Any 2)


1) When two or more than two parties come together and form government it is called two party system.

Ans. False
When many political parties compete for political power and have equal influential, it is called multi party system.

2) Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world.

Ans. Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world - True
i. The Indian Constitution as also the governing structure created by the constitution.
ii. The Indian people have direct representation in the parliament.
3) Under special circumstances the Election Commission holds re-elections in a particular constituency for a
second time.

Ans. Under special circumstances the Election Commission holds re-elections in a particular constituency for a
second time. True
Reasons :- The election commission has the responsibility of resolving any disputes that may arise regarding
elections and reconduct selection in a particular constituency
Q.8 A) Explain the concepts. (Any 1)
1) Journey from the ballot box to EVM machine.

Ans. i. The first election in Independent India was held in 1951-52.


ii. In the initial elections ballot boxes were used for the purpose of voting.
iii. The use of EVM started from the decade of 1980s.
iv. If the voters do not want to vote for any candidate they can choose an option of none of the above – NOTA.
v. This option can be given only because of voting machine.
vi. It has helped disabled people to vote.
vii. It reduced the cutting of trees thereby helped in the protection of environment.
viii. Also one more benefit of early declaration of election results has been made possible.
2) Right based approach.

Ans. i. A human right based approached means that individuals and communities should know their rights.
ii. In democracy citizens were considered as beneficiaries.
iii. In the last fest decades developments are considered as rights of the citizens.
B) Complete the following activity. (Any One)
1)

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Ans. i. Republican and democratic form of the government


ii. Federal structure of the government
iii. Sovereignty of the nation
iv. Secularism and supremacy of the constitution
2)

Ans.

Q.9 Answer the following questions in brief. (Any 1)


1) What are the major characteristics of political parties?

Ans. Following are some important characteristics of political parties :


i. To achieve power - To achieve power through election is the main objective of political parties.
ii. Basis of ideology - Every political party has some policies and thoughts. Parties have a particular stand about
social issues. This makes party ideology.
iii. Party agenda - Political parties prepare party's agenda on the basis of party ideology. Political parties try to
get support of people on the basis of agenda even if they do not get political power.
iv. To establish government - Political parties establish government and govern the nation. The political party
which gets majority in election forms the government. The parties which do not get majority act as opposition
parties.
v. Link between the Government and the people - Political parties work as a link between the government and
the people. Political parties communicate the demand and complaints of the people to the government.
2) Explain the functions of the Election Commission.

Ans. The functions of election commission are


i. Preparing the voters list:- To prepare the list of eligible voters, to update the existing voter’s list, to include the
names of new voters is the responsibility of election commission and also he has the authority to issue identity
cards to the voters.
ii. To decide the timetable and programme of elections:- The election commission decided when to conduct
elections and in how many stages to hold elections in every state.
iii. Scrutiny of the application of candidate:- The election commission scrutinizes all the applications and allows
the eligible candidates to contest the elections.
iv. To give recognition to political parties:- Election commission has the right to de-recognize any political party
and also allots elections symbols to the political parties.
v. To resolve any dispute relating to elections:- The election commission has the responsibility of resolving any
disputes that may arise regarding elections and also he can declare any candidate as disqualified or conduct
re-election in a particular constituency.

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