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SESSION 2017-18

PRE-NURTURE COURSE
TARGET : IJSO
RACE #1-B MOLE CONCEPT CHEMISTRY
SECTION - I 8. Different proportions of oxygen in the various oxides
of nitrogen prove the law of
1. Which of the following pairs of substances illustrate
(1) Equivalent proportion
the law of multiple proportions
(2) Multiple proportion
(1) CO and CO2 (2) H2O and D2O
(3) Constant proportion
(3) NaCl and NaBr (4) MgO and Mg(OH)2
(4) Conservation of matter
2. 1.0 g of an oxide of A contained 0.5 g of A. 4.0 g of
9. Two elements X and Y have atomic weights of 14
another oxide of A contained 1.6 g of A. The data
indicate the law of and 16. They form a series of compounds A, B, C,
D and E in which the same amount of element X, Y
(1) Reciprocal proportions
is present in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 : 5. If the compound
(2) Constant proportions
A has 28 parts by weight of X and 16 parts by weight
(3) Conservation of energy of Y, then the compound of C will have 28 parts
(4) Multiple proportions weight of X and
3. Rearrange the following (I to IV) in the order of (1) 32 parts by weight of Y
increasing masses. (2) 48 parts by weight of Y
(I) 0.5 mole of O3 (3) 64 parts by weight of Y
(II) 0.5 gm molecule of Nitrogen (4) 80 parts by weight of Y
23
(III) 3.011 × 2 molecules of O2 10. A mixture of FeSO4 and Fe2(SO4)3 has been prepare
(IV) 11.35 L of CO2 at STP. such that the difference between total number of
(1) IV < III < II < I sulphur atoms and total number of iron atoms is equal
(2) II < III < IV < I
1
(3) III < II < I < IV to of total number of oxygen atoms. The
13
(4) I < II < III < IV
4. A compound contains 32 weight % oxygen. There number of moles of Fe2(SO4)3 present in the mxiture is
are 4 oxygen atoms per molecule What is the (1) Same as the number of gm-atoms of sulphur in
molecular weight of the comopund (in g/ mol)? FeSO4
(1) 50 (2) 100 (3) 200 (4) 400 (2) Same as the difference in total number of
5.
+2 +3
The molar ratio of Fe to Fe in a mixture of FeSO4 gm-atom of S and total number of gm-atom of Fe
and Fe2(SO4)3 having equal number of sulphate ion (3) Same as the number of total gm-atoms of 'Fe' in
in both ferrous and ferric sulphate is: mixture
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 3 : 2 (4) None is correct
(3) 2 : 3 (4) can't be determined 11. A sample of calcium carbonate (CaCO3 ) has the
6. Chemical equation is balanced according to the law following percentage composition : Ca = 40%;
of C = 12%; O = 48%
(1) Multiple proportion If the law of constant proportions is true, then the
(2) Reciprocal proportion weight of calcium in 4 g of a sample of calcium
(3) Conservation of mass carbonate obtained from another source will be
(4) Definite proportions (1) 0.016 g (2) 0.16 g (3) 1.6 g (4) 16 g
7. 1 amu is equal to 12. n g of substance X reacts with m g of substance Y to
1 form p g of substance R and q g of substance S. This
(1) of mass of C – 12
12 reaction can be represented as, X +Y = R + S. The
1 relation which can be established in the amounts of
(2) of mass of O – 16
14 the reactants and the products will be
(3) 1g of H2 (1) n – m = p – q (2) n + m = p + q
(4) 1.66 × 10–23 kg (3) n = m (4) p = q

Your Hard Work Leads to Strong Foundation 1


PRE-NURTURE COURSE TARGET : IJSO
13. Which of the following is the best example of law of (1) Conservation of mass
conservation of mass (2) Constant proportions
(1) 12 g of carbon combines with 32 g of oxygen to (3) Reciprocal proportions
form 44 g of CO2 (4) Multiple proportions
(2) When 12 g of carbon is heated in a vacuum there 19. After a chemical reaction, the total mass of reactants
is no change in mass and products
(3) A sample of air increases in volume when heated (1) Is always increased
at constant pressure but its mass remains (2) Is always decreased
unaltered (3) Is not changed
(4) The weight of a piece of platinum is the same (4) Is always less or more
before and after heating in air 20. A sample of pure carbon dioxide, irrespective of its
14. A quantity of 10 g of a hydrocarbon exactly requires source contains 27.27% carbon and 72.73% oxygen.
40 g oxygen for complete combustion. The products The data support
formed are CO2 and water. When CO2 gas formed is (1) Law of constant composition
absorbed completely in lime water, the mass of
(2) Law of conservation of mass
solution increases by 27.5 g. What is the mass of
(3) Law of reciprocal proportions
water formed in combustion?
(4) Law of multiple proportions
(1) 22.5 g (2) 27.5 g (3) 50 g (4) 10 g
15. Zinc ore (zinc sulphide) is treated with sulphuric acid, SECTION - II
leaving a solution with some undissolved bits of
21. Three common gaseous compounds of nitrogen and
material and releasing hydrogen sulphide gas. If 10.8
oxygen of different elementary composition are known,
g of zinc ore is treated with 50.0 ml of sulphuric acid
(A) laughing gas containing 63.65% nitrogen, (B) a
(density 1.2 g/ml), 65.2 g of solution and undissolved
colorless gas containing 46.68% nitrogen, and (C) a
material remains. In addition, hydrogen sulphide
(density 1.4 g/ ) is evolved. What is the volume (in brown, toxic gas containing 30.45% nitrogen. Show
litres) of this gas ? how these data illustrate the law of multiple proportions.
(1) 4.0 (2) 5.6 (3) 7.84 (4) 4.4 22. Rust is a variable mixture of a number of iron
compounds. A sample of rust has been separated
16. Hydrogen combines with oxygen to form H 2 O in
into the various compounds which have been
which 16 g of oxygen combine with 2 g of hydrogen. analyzed. There are two sets of data for compounds
Hydrogen also combines with carbon to form CH4 composed of iron, oxygen, and hydrogen: (1) is
in which 2 g of hydrogen combine with 6 g of carbon. 52.12% iron, 45.04% oxygen, and 2.84%
If carbon and oxygen combine together then they hydrogen; (2) is 62.20% iron, 35.73% oxygen, and
will do so in the ratio of 2.25% hydrogen. Identify the compounds; how do
(1) 6 : 16 or 12 : 32 (2) 6 : 18 these data relate to the law of multiple proportions?
(3) 1 : 2 (4) 12 : 24 23. A metal oxide is reduced by heating it in a stream of
17. 2 g of hydrogen combine with 16 g of oxygen to hydrogen. It is found that after complete reduction,
form water and with 6 g of carbon to form methane. 3.15 g of oxide yielded 1.05 g of metal. From the
In carbon dioxide 12 g of carbon are combined with above data find the atomic mass of metal.
32 g of oxygen. These figures illustrate the law of 24. The mass of nitrogen per gram hydrogen in the
(1) Multiple proportions compound hydrazine is exactly one and half times
(2) Constant proportions the mass of nitrogen in the compound ammonia. This
(3) Reciprocal proportions illustrates which law of chemical combinations?
(4) Conservation of mass 25. Zinc sulphate contains 22.65% of zinc and 43.9% of
18. An element forms two oxides containing respectively water of crystallization. If the law of constant
53.33 and 36.36 percent of oxygen. These figures proportions is true, then find the weight of zinc
illustrate the law of required to produce 20 g of the crystals.

ANSWER KEY
Que. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Ans. 1 4 2 3 2 3 1 2 2 2 3 2 1234 1 1 1 3 4 3 1

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