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Method and device for generating energy along with the resonance interference of electromagnetic waves

Abstract
WO2007035127A1
The invention relates to radio and electronic engineering and can be used for generating
WIPO (PCT)
high-power pulses by accumulating energy in resonance circuits and subsequently
discharging said energy through a load. Said invention is based on the use of a resonator
energy increment nonlinearity during an oscillation-setting transient process. The inventive Download PDF Find Prior Art Similar
device comprises an electromagnetic wave source, a feeder line, resonator and a key
(switching unit). The resonator can be embodied in the form of an oscillating circuit, a cavity
Other languages: French, Russian
or coaxial resonator, a feeder line sector etc. The key can be embodied in the form of a
transistor, pin-diodes, a vacuum lamp, gas discharge etc. The load can be embodied in the Inventor: Andrei Anatolievich Melnichenko
form of a rectenna, an active load, etc. Said invention makes it possible to enhance a signal
in power and energy and to improve a circuit Q-factor (unloaded).
Worldwide applications

2006 WO
Classi cations

H02N11/002 Generators Application PCT/RU2006/000210 events

View 1 more classi cations 2005-09-19 Priority to RU2005128940/09A

2005-09-19 Priority to RU2005128940

2006-04-03 Priority to RU2006110580

2006-04-03 Priority to RU2006110580

2006-04-27 Application filed by Melnichenko Andrei


Anatolievic

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2007-03-29 Publication of WO2007035127A1

Info: Patent citations (4), Cited by (1), Legal events, Similar


documents, Priority and Related Applications

External links: Espacenet, Global Dossier, PatentScope,


Discuss

Description Claims Hide Dependent

Claim.
A method and apparatus for generating energy at a resonant
electromagnetic wave interference (variants). 1. A method of generating power at a resonance interference of
electromagnetic waves is a periodic two-phase process in which the
TECHNICAL FIELD
load (rectenna, resistive load, etc.) Are periodically connected to the
The invention relates to radio engineering and electronics and can be used resonator (oscillation circuit, surround, a dielectric resonator, the
to generate energy and to amplify the radio signals of all modulation types, secondary winding of the transformer Tesla portion feedline and so
especially for pulse and pulse-width modulation, digital radio systems and forth.), using the nonlinear power steep increase portion of the
wireline telecommunications. electromagnetic field of the resonator establishing transient oscillations
(at the disconnected during perehodnog Process load) when the
BACKGROUND ART nonlinear rapid growth of the electromagnetic field energy in the
resonator is completed, switching occurs and the load resonator by a
Analogues and the prototype was found.
key, which can perform the role of a transistor, a varistor, vacuum tube
SUMMARY OF THE iNVENTION diodes rip- controlled valve or gas discharge; in this method, the
electromagnetic wave from the antenna or generator phase and
The technical problem solved by the claimed group of inventions is to coherently interfere in the cavity (in this case their energy are formed
increase the gain in power circuits and signal energy, increase Q (unloaded) nonlinearly), and only then forwarded to the load.
circuits.
2. The apparatus for generating energy at a resonant electromagnetic
This object is achieved by the fact that the method and embodiments of the wave interference (realizing the method) in the general concept consists
device for implementing this method, generation of energy at a resonant of a source of electromagnetic waves (generator, the antenna), a feeder
interference of electromagnetic waves is based on use of the nonlinearity of line, a resonator, a key, a load; This general construction diagram of an
the resonator energy buildup transient oscillations in the resonator. The role apparatus, the load can be coupled to the resonator through the

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of the resonator can perform oscillation circuit radio receiver, surround or connection to the coil terminals or the oscillatory circuit capacitor
coaxial resonator portion of the feeder line (waveguide wire strip line), a terminals Tesla transformer secondary winding or connected to the
dielectric resonator, the resonant coil Tesla transformer and so forth. The terminal feedline cavity either directly connected to a feed line
oscillation amplitude transient, when the attenuation and losses in the (waveguide) via switch - a switch that provides periodic disconnection
resonator can be neglected, grows in arithmetic progression, linearly, as the from the load resonator (at the steep phase transition energy cavity
arithmetic sum of the amplitudes of the waves that are included in the height), the key - the switch may be in some Arrange SHALL placed
resonator. For example, a resonant circuit connected to the reception directly into the cavity, e.g., in the cavity at the conclusion to the load, the
antenna, current and voltage amplitude increases as the arithmetic sum of key - the switch (gas piercer, varistors, transistor, vacuum tube, electron
all the amplitudes (half periods) of electromagnetic waves propagating from beam, laser beam and so forth.), or directly switches the resonator and
the antenna oscillation circuit. The amplitude of the current in the inductor the load through the feeder or directly or displaces a stationary
and the voltage (charge) on capacitor plates increases in an arithmetic electromagnetic wave so that the load is coupled to a resonator
progression. Transients in the cavity proceeds analogously: the amplitude of (controlled valve on ferrites in circular waveguides) through a feeder line;
the electric and magnetic fields (E and H) of the electromagnetic waves device can have a switch, thus changing the impedance of the load itself
which have entered into the cavity resonator (without damping) increases (non-linear resistance) or feedline impedance device works in two phase
as the arithmetic sum of the amplitudes of the intensities of waves included mode, the switching time depends on the quality factor of the resonator
in the resonator. In this case, the energy of the electromagnetic field of a and rigidly connected with a curve of the electromagnetic field energy
standing electromagnetic wave is proportional to the square of the electric growth in the resonator, using the initial fast non-linear increase in the
and magnetic fields electromagnetic energy in the resonant system.

W ~ E2 (H2), increases as the square of the total amplitude of the


electromagnetic field. The resonant circuit energy stored in the magnetic
field of the coil is proportional to the square of the current, and the capacitor
charge energy is proportional to the square of the voltage across its plates.
Therefore, if the amplitude of the current and voltage in the resonant circuit
increases in an arithmetic progression, then the circuit energy increases
sharply non-linearly as the arithmetic sum of the square of the amplitude.
The energy supplied to the antenna and the circuit at a constant power radio
waves, increases linearly as W = P * Δt - product of power during the
transition process. The energy of the radio signal coming from the antenna
in an oscillating circuit or the cavity resonator, increases linearly as power
multiplied by the time interval. And the energy of the electromagnetic field in
the resonant circuit or resonant cavity and increases nonlinearly faster than
the energy taken from the air or the feed line. This is possible thanks to the
fact that the resonance interference of electromagnetic waves occurs only

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addition of electromagnetic waves in the resonator. And in the interference
maximum total energy of the electromagnetic wave is always greater than
the arithmetic sum of the energy of waves (interference laws). Thus, the
ideal is a nonlinear resonator drive power of the electromagnetic waves
increases the total energy field by resonance interference. The actual
resonators, cavity resonators and circuit have losses and increase the
amplitude goes asymptotically to a steady limit when the resonator loss
equal power entering the resonator. But in this case, the energy of the
resonator while growing faster than the energy supplied to the antenna or
feeder. This time interval and can be used for energy generation and
amplification the radio signal.

A method and apparatus realizing this method appear as an oscillation


circuit to which the load is connected only after a certain time interval when
the maximum energy contour overtakes energy received from the antenna
or feeder. The load is connected to the oscillator circuit via a controllable
switch transistor, lamp, varistor etc. For example, the capacitor plates of the
oscillatory circuit is connected via a transistor amplifier. When the frequency
of the circuit, for example, 100 MHz, switching frequency: 3-10 MHz. The
energy stored in the loop increases linearly and periodically discharged to a
load. Since the growth of the oscillations in the loop occurs without load,
the Q of the tank circuit or resonant cavity can be adjusted to the maximum
possible. This dramatically increases the frequency selectivity of the
resonator and its sensitivity, the quality factor. The pulse energy in the load
(e.g., pulse amplifier) due to the interference of resonant vozpactaet
(VARIATIONS switching transistor). The switching frequency allows to
control the duration of the transition process (establishing oscillations) and
the amplitude of the resonator. The device realizing this method is an
oscillating circuit, which through a switch (transistor lamp varistor)
connected load (radio receivers and so on.) The radio signal received from
the antenna in an oscillating circuit, the condenser or the coil is connected
to the load through the switch - key.

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Key (transistor) periodically connects a load to the oscillator circuit, the
terminals of the coil or capacitor. Such a device works in two-phase mode.
During the first phase of the load (. Pulse amplifier, superheterodyne, etc.) is
disconnected from the resonator, wherein the transition is a process of
establishing oscillations - resonance interference of electromagnetic waves.
The second phase is the switching key (transistor) and "reset" of
electromagnetic energy in the load Rn In this load impedance is chosen so
that the time field energy transfer to the load is minimized and the
maximum peak power in the load. Then the key is opened and begins 1st
phase. The apparatus thus implements the process in time. The process is
a sequence of tripping device elements. The same method is the basis of
operation of the device with a resonant cavity or resonator in the form of a
length of the feeder line. Cavity resonator through the feeder connected to
the antenna or genepatopy (dlina floor feeder longer wavelength working)
The growth of the electromagnetic field amplitude (transient) is not
accompanied by an increase withdrawn from the generator moschnosti-
generator and a resonator are isolated and matched. Alternator (HF,
microwave) in the cavity of the feeder (coax, etc.) Is a traveling
electromagnetic wave. In the 1st phase is establishing oscillation in the
cavity resonator. In the 2nd phase load vklyuchennaya in the output cavity
through the switch (transistor) connected to the resonator and the
electromagnetic field energy goes into the load. Perhaps another device: in
the so-called cavity resonator included controlled valve on ferrite, which
rotates the plane of polarization of the electromagnetic wave in the cavity
so that energy goes through a special output to the load. As commutators -
keys in the waveguide and cavity resonators may be used a gas discharger,
varistors, diodes or rip-high-frequency transistors. Apparatus with a
controlled valve is included so as to ensure the periodic connection to load
the cavity resonator or resonant waveguide portion (e.g., the circular
waveguide) as switches used in waveguides gas fast punches and even
electron beams are introduced into the waveguide through the wall. In this
case also occurs displacement of the boundary reflection of the
electromagnetic field in the waveguide so that the output load (e.g.,
coaxially - waveguide junction: DPC) is connected to a maximum of (E or H)

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volnovode- standing wave in the resonator. The electron beam can act as a
reflector blinds when the electron beam off opens the way for a standing
electromagnetic wave to the load. As an electronic switch and a laser beam
is characterized by speed and handling.

In all cases, the device implementing the method include three elements: a
resonator (with a power input from an external source), the switch and the
load. The main feature of the invention, unlike traditional power generation
scheme - this periodic load connection to the resonator. It is important for
the invention that the switching time of the load and resonator curve
allowed for transient electromagnetic field energy growth in the resonator.
This is an important feature of the invention, allowing the use of nonlinear
rapid growth of the electromagnetic energy in the cavity or resonant circuit.
If switching time of the load and resonator is selected without regard the
curve shape of the field energy in the resonator and functions energy: W = P
* Δt resonator transient (this is a linear function of time), verily excess
energy due to the resonance of the interference can not be obtained. This is
due to the fact that in the real resonant circuit is always a potepi (without
external load) and the amplitude does not increase to infinity (in the ideal
resonator), and to a certain steady-state value (asymptotically) Because of
this electromagnetic energy growth in the resonator only a certain time
ahead of the energy consumption of the resonator: energy inversion in real
cavities with loss is temporary in nature transient. Therefore, the transition
process of establishing the oscillation energy and shape of the growth
curve necessarily taken into account when determining the frequency of the
resonator and load switching. The switching frequency should not exceed a
certain so-called velichinu- fkr critical frequency. The critical time - period -
is, when the growth of the electromagnetic field energy in the cavity - cavity
energy curve intersects with straight line (linear function) energy
consumption resonator W = P * Δt - establishing the transient oscillations.
The optimal switching time much less critical, and typically corresponds to
the time when the ratio of the energy of the resonator to the maximum
consumed energy.

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The high resonators 103 - 105 and a very high Q: 106 - 109 (cryo electric
cooling) increase in amplitude transient vibrations establishment occurs
almost ideal arithmetic progression at the early stages. It has a so-called
high-Q H. Tesla coil (Tesla resonant transformer H.) If the load connected to
the terminals of a resonant coil through a switch - transistor triode vacuum
tube, a varistor or gas piercer and very resonant Tesla coil to an antenna, it
is possible to obtain an apparatus for generating energy. Due to the high Q
resonant Tesla coil, at a given switching frequency can receive energy of the
radio signal is many times greater than the energy of the incoming time Δt
and the antenna circuit. This is possible thanks to the fact that the so-called
resonant interference of electromagnetic waves in coil Tesla (standing
wave) occurs only the addition of the amplitudes of waves in resonance, all
electromagnetic waves consist strictly in phase and coherently. When
resonance occurs only common-mode interference, coherent addition of all
the electromagnetic waves received by the resonator, a standing wave in
which the overall field distribution is independent of the number of waves
included in the resonator.

If the resonator load constant load, the power balance is established - the
power entering the resonator is equal to load power plus the losses in the
resonator. No power amplification is not. Therefore, any device
implementing the method must have a key for disconnecting the load or the
load resistance itself (active and reactive) should change sharply from a
high value of 105 - 106 ohms and more to the optimum. Switching may also
be forced by an external control pulse (generator) -. Transistor triode
vacuum tube, etc., but may also be automatic, a certain electric field
amplitude - varistors, gas, etc. punches.

This method and apparatus may be used to generate energy and to amplify
the radio signals of all modulation types, especially for pulse and pulse-
width modulation, digital radio systems and wireline telecommunications.
This invention allows to obtain a high gain in power circuits and signal
energy dramatically increases the quality factor (unloaded) circuits, their
frequency selectivity. Thus, due to the so-called switching eliminated

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loopback effect - holding the damping oscillations in the resonator after the
pulse. This will increase the pulse density by reducing the duty cycle, but at
the same time increase the quality factor. Technical simplicity and
cheapness of the method and its implementing device, -. The main
advantage costly quantum radio band amplifiers, etc. The invention may
also be used for energy generation for Thu nat. effect nonadditivity energy
of electromagnetic waves (fields) at the resonance interference of
electromagnetic waves in the resonators.

As generating device can be used Tesla transformer which is powered by a


high frequency generator through a feeding line whose length is greater
than half the wavelength; either through a delay line. As a source of high
frequency gas discharge can be either rectangular pulses, the spectrum of
which shows a high-frequency resonance component for this Tecla coil
(vtopichnoy Tesla transformer). When the load connected to the secondary
winding of the transformer through the switch Tesla: a gas discharger, a
transistor or a vacuum tube. In this mode, first excited by a standing
electromagnetic wave in a Tesla coil. After the rise of the amplitude voltage
oscillations up to a certain value of the load is connected to katyshke
(vtopichnoy winding resonant Tesla transformer). This device uses a fast
nonlinear increase the electromagnetic field energy in the secondary
winding of the resonant transformer Tesla with a linear increase of energy
abstracted from the high frequency source.

As the resonant system instead of a Tesla coil can be used a conventional


oscillation circuit or resonant feedline portion or cavity with reflecting walls.

Experiments confirm the possibility of amplification of radio signals and


power generation in this manner due to interference of the resonance. In
particular, the transient waveform, takzhe constructed based on these
graphs oscillating circuit power growth, indicate that the energy contour is
always first growth faster than the energy supplied by the antenna circuit.
Similarly, experimentally studied transient establishing oscillations in cavity
resonators: also observed nonlinear, fast (steep) increase the
electromagnetic field energy when the linear energy consumption resonator

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(energy in the cavity has come from the generator through the coaxial cable
(Fn = 2 ÷ 3 GHz)).

General construction of devices following scheme: high-frequency generator


(harmonic); feeding line (delay line); resonator electromagnetic waves, to
which is connected through a switch nagpyzka (aktivnoe resistance
rectenna absorbing element, etc.) load may be connected to the cavity
through the feeder line (cavity - coax - load) or is connected directly to the
resonator. Key - switch can be placed in certain devices directly to the
resonator, e.g., in a cavity resonator concludes the load. Transient time
(before switching) is dependent on the Q of the resonator. Timing parameter
- an important element of the invention.

Patent Citations (4)

Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title

SU1202037A1 * 1984-06-19 1985-12-30 Московский Ордена Ленина И Ордена Октябрьской Microwave pulse shaper
Революции Авиационный Институт Им.Серго Орджоникидзе

US4642571A * 1984-07-18 1987-02-10 Tokyo Institute Of Technology Microwave pulse source

SU1756982A1 * 1990-03-14 1992-08-23 Научно-исследовательский институт ядерной физики при Microwave pulse former
Томском политехническом институте им.С.М.Кирова

RU96120580A * 1996-10-10 1999-01-27 А.А. Мельниченко Resonant quadripole as


an electricity generator

Family To Family Citations

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party

Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title

LT5916B 2012-01-31 2013-03-25 Uab Energy-independent system for the implementation of a new contact - less
"Ecpg" electromagnetic energy collection method realized on interaction of force fields in
a continuum

Family To Family Citations

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party, ‡ Family to family citation

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Priority And Related Applications

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Priority Applications (4)

Application Priority date Filing date Title

RU2005128940/09A 2005-09-19 2005-09-19 Method and apparatus for amplification of radio signals at a resonant electromagnetic wave interference

RU2005128940 2005-09-19

RU2006110580 2006-04-03

RU2006110580 2006-04-03

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2008-10-15 122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase Ref document number: 06747766

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Concepts

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Name Image Sections Count Query match

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addition description 3 0

air description 1 0

amplification description 3 0

animal feeding substances claims,description 2 0

capacitor claims,description 5 0

cavity materials abstract,claims,description 31 0

coherent description 1 0

construction claims,description 2 0

cooling description 1 0

dependent description 1 0

discharging abstract 1 0

displacement description 1 0

distribution description 1 0

effects description 2 0

electronics description 1 0

energy consumption description 3 0

enhancing abstract 1 0

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feeding claims,description 4 0

gases abstract,claims,description 9 0

growth claims,description 11 0

methods abstract,claims,description 9 0

modifying description 4 0

nucleic acid amplification method description 3 0

oscillatory claims,description 2 0

periodic claims,description 4 0

power generation description 2 0

products description 1 0

propagating description 1 0

reducing description 1 0

sensitivity description 1 0

spectrum description 1 0

transient abstract,claims,description 14 0

winding claims,description 5 0

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