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KD.3.4 LINIER MOTION and KD 3.6 CIRCULAR MOTION

Total score for KD. 3.4 = 30 and Total score for KD 3.6 = 20

## 1. (a) Explain the difference between distance and displacement!

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## (b) Define acceleration. Explain any symbols in your definition.

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....................................................................................................................................................................[2]

(c) Figs. 1.1 and 1.2 show speed-time graphs for two objects, each moving in a straight line.

## Fig. 1.1 Fig. 1.2

(i) Describe the motion of the object shown by the graph in Fig. 1.1.
..................................................................................................................................................................[1]
(ii) Describe the motion of the object shown by the graph in Fig. 1.2.
..................................................................................................................................................................[1]
[Total: 6]
2. Fig. 2.1. Shows the speed/time graph for a journey travelled by a car.

## (a) Use the graph to describe the motion of the

car during each period sections
0 – 2 second = ....................................................
2 – 6 second = ...................................................
6 - 9 second = ................................................[3]

Fig. 2.1
(b) Calculate the value/magnitude of the acceleration:
1). During 0 – 2 second

## value of acceleration = ……….. [3]

2). During 6 – 9 second

## value of acceleration= ………. [3]

(c) Determine the distance traveled from the car when moving from 0 until 9 second.

## the distance traveled is ................. [ 3]

Total [12]
3. Fig 3.1 below shows a graph of speed against time for a train. After 100 s the train stops at a station.

Fig. 3.1
(a) For the time interval between 40 s and 100 s, calculate the distance travelled by the train.

distance = ..............................[3]
(b) The train stops for 80 s, then accelerates to 30 m / s with an acceleration of 0.60 m / s2. It then
travels at constant speed. Complete the graph for the interval 100 s to 280 s, showing your
calculations in the space below.

[3]
[Total: 6]
4. Student throws up a ball vertically from his hand. The ball stays 16 seconds in the air until it gets back to
student’s hand. If the value of gravitational acceleration g = 10 m/s2.
a. Determine the initial velocity of the ball
the initial velocity = ..........................[2]
c. Determine the time taken need by the ball to reach the highest position.
time taken = ……………………..[2]
d. Determine the value of velocity of the ball after 8 second in the air.
velocity = ..........................[2]
Total [6]
Total Score KD 3.4/4.4 = ..............
5. The moon moves around the earth in orbit.
a. Draw a diagram/figure to show any force on the moon that makes move around the earth.

[3]
b. Mass of the moon is 7.3 x 1022 kg, the distance between moon to the earth is 3.85 x 108 m and the speed
of the moon moving to the earth is 1 x 103 m/s. Calculate the value of force to make the moon always
moving to the earth!

Force = …………………………………………….[3]
c. What name is given to the force needed to make the Moon move in a circle to the Earth?
...…………………………………………………………………………………...........…………………………………………………………[1]
Total Score [7]

6. Fig. 6.1 shows a model car moving clockwise around a horizontal circular track.

Fig. 6.1

## (a) A force acts on the car to keep it moving in a circle.

(i) Draw an arrow on Fig. 6.1 to show the direction of this force. [1]
(ii) The speed of the car increases. State what happens to the magnitude of this force.
....................................................................................................................................................[1]
(b) (i) The car travels too quickly and leaves the track at P. On Fig. 6.1, draw an arrow to show the
direction of travel after it has left the track. [1]
(ii) In terms of the forces acting on the car, suggest why it left the track at P.
......................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................[2]
Total Score[5]
7. The satellite is moving around the earth.
(i) The diagram shows a satellite that is moving at a uniform rate in a circular orbit around the Earth.

## Which statement describes the motion of this satellite?

A. It is accelerating because its speed is changing.
B . It is accelerating because its velocity is changing.
C. It is not accelerating but its speed is changing.
D. It is not accelerating but its velocity is changing.

[2]
(ii) There are 3 components influenced to the value of centripetal force to make the satelite moving around
the earth ; mass, velocity and radius. From those 3 components, what’s the effect of the changing of
mass, velocity and radius to the value of centripetal force! [6]

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