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GROUP 5 (Marc, Miguel, Jarobi)

I. 4 PICS 1 WORD (Ice Breaker)


a. You will be shown a slide with four photographs. These four photographs each
have something in common.

b. You will see blank spaces indicating how many letters are in the answer.

c. The answer to the puzzle is the common theme between the four photographs.

II. Author

“Rufino Blanco Fombona”

 Born in 17 June 1874 in Caracas, Venezuela

 Died in 16 October 1944

 Venezuelan poet, essayist, and novelist, one of the leaders of modernism.

 He was most distinguished in the field of the essay.

 A prolific writer, politicians, the clergy, and Yankee imperialism.

 His poems have been collected in a volume entitled Songs of Prison and Exile.

 He is buried in the National Pantheon of Venezuela.

III. Trivia
a. It is Rufino Blanco ’s finest short story

Vocabulary Words

1. Pampas - Fertile South American lowlands.

2. Creole - is a person of mixed African and European race, who lives in the West Indies and speaks a
creole language.
IV. Creole Democracy by Rufino Blanco Fombona

V. Characters
a. The Peons (The Voters}

b. Old Ramon

c. Gen. Paez

d. Gen Crespo

e. Young Plainsman

f. Old Man
VI. Setting

 The hamlet of Camoruco

VII. Plot

 In a village there were two factions competing for votes.

 The two parties started to gather their voters who were ignorant of what is happening around
them and what is going to happen after the election.

 As the day begin to end, the two parties were having a party. There was singing and drinking from
one of the parties and from the circle which the singing came from, a man approached them asking
if he should spy on the enemy faction.

 His fellow faction members agreed that he should spy on the enemy team. As he was traveling to
the enemy faction's place, a man appeared before him from the enemy faction. After a short
quarrel, the man from the enemy faction was killed.

 The man returned to his faction and told the leaders what happened. The leaders told the man to
hide in the mountains. The man went to the mountains and he was later found by a search party. In
the court hearing, the man pleaded that he killed the man from the enemy faction because he was
attacked by the man

VIII. Conflict
 Man vs. Man

IX. Theme
 “Of the people, by the people, for the people.”
X. Quiz

1. Who is the author of the story?

2. It is said to be the author’s finest short story.

3. What is the setting of the story?

4. How many parties are competing in the Election?

5. Were the voters ready for a democratic change?

6. He committed a crime by killing the old man.

7. Where did the leaders told the man to hide?

8. What Is the theme of the story?

9. Why did the voters think of an election in terms of war?

10. Usually carried the peasant weapon or machete.

Topic 1 : Analyzing the Elements of a Story

Elements of a Story:

 Characters  Plot

 Setting  Theme


- are the participants in the story. A “person”, “animal”, even a “thing” or “imaginary creature” in
a story.

Qualities of Characters are shown through:

 Appearance

 What the character says

 What he/she does

 What others say about him/her

 Direct Statements in the narrative

- When and where the story takes place.


- is the chain of events that make up the story, play or narrative poem. It is centered around a
conflict that must be resolved by the end of the story.


- Is the meaning of the story, the central message. Usually expressed as a generalization or a
general statement about people or life.

Topic 2 : Characterization

“The character must be representative of a large type of humanity”.

 Don Quixote is representative of an idealist wanting to reform society.

 Barnabas is representative of those simple faith.

 Pinin and Rosa represent helpless children suffering from poverty.

2 General Types of characters: “Static” and “Dynamic” Character

 Static Character - character remains unchanged throughout the narrative.

Dynamic Character - Changes because of the effect of circumstances or people upon him or her.

Topic 3 : Setting

Setting refers to the time and place in the story. In early stories, there was no definite
localization or setting. These are the stories that begin with “Once upon a time”. The author tells
you what happens rather than makes you see what happens.

Setting has many uses:

 Setting in harmony with action and character.

 Setting in effective contrast to character and action.

 Setting determining action.