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Geography (39)

Introduction physiographic and social personalities are

The 10+2 stage in the educational pattern expected to respond to these global problems
is an important link in the chain of curricular in different ways. Hence, it is necessary that
work, where in it is insisted that the students the students understand the strengths and
should switch off for the branch of knowledge weaknesses of each region to face these
best suited for them, on the basis of the problems.
foundations laid in the first 10 years of Though regions have different
schooling, devoted to general education. personalities, none remains in isolation and
Accordingly, it would be necessary at this they complement each other in different ways.
stage to broaden and deepen the students basic With the study of world as an entity and
knowledge in geography, so that it may develop understanding the problems, will promote
a keen and profound interest in the subject that students to accept the concept of world as a
is so useful in their everyday life as well as in home of man and to realize the need for
their areas of specialization. Moreover, conserving their home.
geography being a subject of interdisciplinary Field visits and practical work will be
nature, it helps in the study of natural sciences useful in developing necessary geographical
and social sciences. skills.
The course is based on the guidelines Objective
provided in NCF2005 and SCF 2010. Core The course in Geography will help learners
elements such as protection of environment to
and inculcation of scientific temper as 1. understand the terms, key concepts and
mentioned in NPE and POA have also been basic principles of Geography.
reflected in the course content of geography. 2. recognize and understand the processes
The theoretical study of geography is and patterns of the spatial arrangement of
complemented by practical work have been natural as well as human features and
made a part of curriculum for 10+2 stage. phenomena on the earth’s surface.
For 10+2, the geography course has 3. understand and analyse the inter-
complements of theory and practical work. The relationship between physical and human
course is designed in such a way that students environment and their impact.
will be acquiring knowledge of the world as a 4. know about the scarcity of minerals and
whole with the new technologies the world is power resources and to understand the
shrinking and new patterns of regional co- importance of its conservation and use of
operations are emerging. At the same time non-conventional power resources.
world as a whole is facing problems like, 5. understand the causes of environmental
global warming and climate changes. Different pollution and its impact on life on the
regions in the world having varied earth.

6. apply geographical knowledge and method 5.2 Archipelago group of Island

of enquiry to new situations or 5.3 Marine eco system
problems at different levels : local, 5.4 Ocean resources
regional, national and global. Unit 6: Natural Vegetation
7. understand major types of human activities 6.1 Distribution
as influenced by geographical factors. 6.2 Importance of forests
1. develop geographical skills relating 6.3 Deforestation
to collection, processing and analysis Unit 7: Biomes and Biodiversity
of data or information including 7.1 Types of Biomes
grapics and use of computers 7.2 Biodiversity
wherever possible and preparation of Unit 8 : Disaster
a report. 8.1 Natural disaster
2. understand the effects of natural 8.2 Manmade disaster
hazards and prepare them to help the Practicals
affected persons. Unit 1: Projection
1.1 Types of projection
Std. XI Unit 2: Methods of representing relief
features & Slopes on a map
World Geography – Physical Unit 3: Topographical Map
Unit 1: Physiography 3.1 Map reading ( 1:50,000)
1.1 Mountains Unit 4 : Remote Sensing – Aerial Photographs
1.2 Plateaus Unit 5: Weather Charts
1.3 Plains 5.1 Reading
Unit 2: Movements of the earth 5.2 Weather instruments
2.1 Rocks Unit 6: Field study
2.2 Earthquakes
2.2 Volcanoes Std. XII
Unit 3: Climate
3.1 Temperature Geography of World – Human
3.2 Pressure
3.3 Precipitation Unit 1 : Population
Unit 4: Drainage System & Water resources 1.1 Growth, density, distribution
4.1 Main rivers 1.2 Sex ratio Literacy
4.2 Lakes 1.3 Race, religion and Language
4.3 Availability of water Unit 2 : Migration
4.4 Usage 2.1 Migration
4.5 Water scarcity Unit 3 : Agriculture
Unit 5: Oceans & Marine eco system 3.1 Types of agriculture
5.1 Structure of ocean floor 3.2 Crop distribution

Unit 4 : Minerals and energy resources Geography : Practical - Part II :

4.1 Distribution Unit 1 : Map Scale
Unit 5 : Industries Types
5.1 Agro-based Unit 2 : Graphs
5.2 Mineral based 2.1 Line graph
5.3 Other industries 2.2 Bar graph
5.4 Distribution 2.3 Two dimensional diagrams
Unit 6 : Trade 2.4 Three dimensional diagrams
6.1 International trade Unit 3 : Thematic Maps
6.2 International trade organisation 3.1 Distributional map
Unit 7 : Transportation and Communications Unit 4 : Surveying
7.1 Types of Transportation 4.1 Chain and Tape survey
7.2 Modes of Communications 4.2 Plane Table
Unit 8 : Economic developments
8.1 Global situation 
8.2 Human development