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The Ocean Floor

--subsurface topography--
Ch 13, section 2
(before the 1900’s scientists thought
the ocean floor was completely flat)
Sonar (sound navigation and ranging)
--invented during WWI--

• to find depth: use the


formula:
depth= V x t (remember
that you only want half
the time)—units=meters
…where velocity of
sound in ocean water is
about 1,500 m/s
Water pressure

• Water Pressure demo (with 2L bottle)


• Water pressure
increases with
part of Titanic
depth
Continental Margin
>>submarine canyons
caused by erosion and
underwater landslides
ABYSSAL PLAIN
• Flat area of ocean
floor
Mid-Ocean Ridge

• Divergent boundary
• Sea-floor spreading
• New sea floor formed
What do you notice about the
shape of the mid-Atlantic ridge?
Seamount
• Underwater
volcanoes
• If they reach the
surface they form
islands, like Iceland.
• FYI—called guyots if
flat-topped (due to
erosion)
Iceland
TRENCH
• At convergent
boundary

• Ex: the Mariana


Trench is the
deepest known place
on earth ---11034
meters (36200 ft)
deep
• Features of the Ocean Floor (website—needs
sound)
The Ocean Floor
Continental slope Continental
Volcanic island slope
Continental shelf Continental shelf
Seamount

Abyssal plain Mid-ocean ridge Trench


3D model of ocean floor
(as a group)
• After you build the ocean floor, use toothpicks
and sticky labels to identify the following ocean
features:
• 1. continental shelf
• 2. continental slope
• 3. MID-ocean ridge
• 4. abyssal plain
• 5. seamount
• 6. trench—should not be right next to mid-ocean
ridge (should be at subduction zone)
Omit section 3, except:
Questions

• If you were able to walk along the ocean bottom


from a beach, which feature would you reach
after the continental shelf?
• ….continental slope
The area under water that is closest to the
shoreline is the
• A. continental shelf
• B. continental slope
• C. mid-ocean ridge
• D. benthic
The __________ is the broad, FLAT part of
the deep-ocean basin
• A. abyssal plain
• B. continental shelf
• C. mid-ocean ridge
• D. benthic
• At which point in the diagram above would
hot magma most likely rise through the
ocean floor to eventually form a volcanic
island?
• Point B
Which is most like a mountain
RANGE?
• A. A seamount
• B. A guyot
• C. The abyssal plain
• D. The mid-ocean ridge

Note: A seamount is a single underwater mountain.