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Southernside Montessori School 1.

a n  4n
Camella Homes IV, Pob. Muntinlupa City
2.a n  2n 2
1
3.a n  n
FIRST QUARTER 2
SEQUENCES AND SERIES 4.a n  2 n  3 n  4
NOTES 1:
5.a n 
 1n 2
ARITHEMETIC SEQUENCES AND SERIES
n2
B. What are the next five terms of each of
SEQUENCES AND SERIES the following sequences?
1. 7, 14, 21, 28, …
A SEQUENCE or PROGRESSION is an
2. 8, 3, -2, -7, …
ordered list of numbers. The numbers in their
3. 3/2, ¾, 3/8, 3/16, …
ordered list are called ELEMENTS or TERMS. A
4. 81, 54, 36, 24, 16, …
SERIES is the value you get when you add up
all the terms of a sequence this value is called
C. Write the general term for each
the SUM.
sequence as suggested by the pattern.
For instance, 1, 2, 3, 4 is a sequence with terms
1. 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, …
1, 2, 3 and 4, the corresponding series is the
2. 7, 11, 15, 19. 23, …
sum 1 + 2 + 3 + 4, and the value of the series is
3. 7/2, 19/2, 31/2, 43/2, 55/2, …
10. A sequence maybe named or referred to
4. 1, 5, 12, 22, 35, …
as a or an.
5. 2, 6, 12, 20, 30, …
1. 1, 2, 3, 4 is a sequence of numbers
6. 2, 8, 18, 32, …
which are positive.
2. 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, … is also a sequence of
D. Evaluate each notation.
numbers which are multiple of 3. 6
3. 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, … is also a sequence of 1. (2n  1)
numbers which are one greater than the n2
5
multiple of 3 in the second example. 2. 2n 2
n 3

A FINITE SEQUENCE is a sequence that 4


3. (3k  2)
has a last number just like in the first example. k 1
The second and third examples are INFINITE 6

SEQUENCE because they are composed of an 4. 3m


m 1
infinite number of terms. 4
5. (4 w  7)
EXAMPLE: w 1
4
A. Write the first five terms of the sequence 6. (3n  3)
defined by each of the following. e 1
5
7. (3n 2  4n  5)
n2
ARITHMETIC SEQUENCES C. Find the indicated term of the arithmetic
sequence.
A sequence in which each term after 1)7,10,13,16,...a30
the first differs from the preceding term by a 2)  13,6,1,...a11
constant amount is called an ARITHMETIC
3)2,4,6,...a 24
SEQUENCE or ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION. The
4)19,17,15,...a39
constant amount is referred to as COMMON
DIFFERENCE. For example,1, 4, 7, 10, 13 the 5)a1  4, d  3, a 25
sequence is an arithmetic sequence 2 5
6)a1  , d  , a15
because the difference is 3 between any two 3 8
consecutive terms is always the same. If the 7)a 2  54, a 4  28, a 60
first term a1 and the common difference d of 8)a10  2, a15  8, a3
an arithmetic sequence are known, then the
succeeding terms can be found by adding
D. Answer the following completely.
the common difference to the preceding
1. Find the 15th term of the arithmetic
terms. Therefore, the general term of an
sequence 18, 12, 26, 30, 34, …
arithmetic sequence with the first term a1 and
2. In the arithmetic sequence 8, 14, 20, 26,
common difference d is an  a1  (n  1)d
32…,which term is 122?
3. Find the eighteen term of the arithmetic
EXAMPLE: sequence whose first term is 11 and whose
A. Write a formula for the nth term of the seventh term is 59.
given arithmetic sequence. 4. Find the 15th term of the arithmetic
1)12,19,26,33,40,... sequence given a5 = 7 and a9 = 19.
2)9,1,7,15,23,... 5. Find the 128th term of the arithmetic
3)5,16,27,38,... sequence with a1 = 7 and d=8.
4)  12,15,18,21,... 6. A conference hall has 20 rows of seats. The
first row contains 20 seats, the second row
17 19 21
5) ,9, ,10, ,11... contains 22 seats, the third row contains 24
9 2 2
seats and so on. How many seats are there
B. Determine whether the given sequence is
in the last row?
arithmetic or not. If it is arithmetic, find the
7. A restaurant has square tables which seat
common difference and the next two
four people per table. When two tables are
terms.
placed together, six people can be
1)5,10,15,20,25,...
seated. If you have 22 guests in your party
2)8,17,26,35,44,... and you want them to sit together in a very
1 1 1 1 1 long table, how many of these square
3) , , , , ,...
2 3 4 5 6 tables should the restaurant staff put
4)2,4,8,16,32,... together?
5)12,5,2,9,16,...
ARITHMETIC SERIES ARITHMETIC MEANS

The sum of the first n terms of an The term between any two non-
arithmetic sequence is called an ARITHMETIC consecutive terms of an arithmetic sequence is
SERIES and given by the formula called ARITHMETIC MEAN.
n
Sn  (a1  a n )
2 EXAMPLE:
where, a1 is the first term, an is the nth term. Answer the following completely.
Since an  a1  (n  1)d , we can rewrite the 1. Find the arithmetic mean between in
each of the following.
formula as S n 
n
2a1  (n  1)d  a. 15 and 71
2
b. 15 and 45
c. 9 and 42
EXAMPLE:
d. a+b and a-b
A. Find the sum of each arithmetic series.
2. Insert four arithmetic means between 15
1. 1 + 5 + 9 + . . . + a25
and 45.
2. 8 + 16 + 24 + . . . + 144
3. Insert three arithmetic means between
3. 200 + 202 + 204 + . . . + 1000
(x+3y) and (9y-5x).
4. 89 + 92 + . . . a100
4. Insert six arithmetic means between -3
5. a1=6, d=3, S6
and 11.
6. a1=15, d=-6, S50
5. Insert six arithmetic means between 4
7. a1=-4/3, d=2/5, S10
and 12.
8. a4=18, a8=30, S15
6. Insert four arithmetic means between 21
and -24.
B. Answer the following completely.
7. The arithmetic mean between two terms
1. Find the sum of the first 25 terms of the
of a sequence is -4. If one of the term is
arithmetic sequence 17, 22, 27, 32, 37.
17, find the other term.
2. Find the sum of the first 20 terms of the
arithmetic sequence if the first term is 21
and the twentieth term is 154.
3. Find the sum of the first eighteen terms
of the arithmetic sequence whose
general term is an=15+8n.
4. Find the sum of the first 100 consecutive
integers.
5. Find the sum of all even integers from 2
to 200.
6. Find the sum of all numbers between 7
and 501 that are divisible by 5.
7. Find the sum of all the odd integers
between -2 and -100.
8. Find the sum of all multiples of 7
between 90 and 708.
9. Find the sum of the first 17 terms is 187
and the 17th term is 27, find the first term
and the common difference of the
arithmetic sequence.