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Italian Renaissance/Northern Renaissance

Humanist Comparison:
Italian Humanist: Francisco Petrarch Similarities Northern Humanist: Desiderius Erasmus
(1304-1374) (1466?-1536)
• Work related to religion • Translated the New Testament
• “father of Humanism” • Work written in Latin into Greek(1516) and then into
• Famous for love lyrics for • Devoted to the Church Latin(1514)
admiration of a married woman • Dignity of man • Unknowingly attacked church
• Believed in the potential of using • Influenced other humanists • Made fun of pope Alexander VI
ones human intellectuals to the • Both idealist • All of his works were on the
fullest church list of forbidden books, at
• Was not hated by the church or one point in time…
looked upon with a bad face • Influenced the Religious
Reformation unknowingly

Artist Comparison:
Italian Artist: Michelangelo Buonarotti Similarities Northern Artist: Hieronymus Bosch
“The Last Judgment” “Central Panel of the Last Judgment”
• Shows more of the saints up in the • Both have God in the Top Central • Shows more of the suffering
top of the painting part of the painting showing his humans towards the bottom of the
• Shows Michelangelo’s face on the importance painting
skin that St. Peter is holding. • Both have a blue circle of saints • Shows the dark side of man and
• Shows the grandness of the around God and both have the the light side and angelic side of
Kingdom of Heaven with all the Virgin Mary next to God God and how God is the only
saints and angels and archangels • Under God and his saints there goodness
and the trumpeters are the human sinners in darkness • There is an extra person up with
• Painted on top of an alter suffering in nudeness God in white (maybe a pope?)
• Both have angels
• Apostles next to Jesus and God

In conclusion the Italian Renaissance was not too different from the Northern Renaissance in the sense that both tried to be
religious but the northern renaissance was leaning a bit more for a religious reformation. Artistically, the artwork was still religious
and had similar significances. The northern renaissance seems to have followed the Italian renaissance with Petrarch as the “father of
humanism”. Although Italy started the renaissance the north seems to have had a lot of contributions such as the printing press. It also
began the religious reformation and Erasmus showed that the Catholics really wanted a reformation long before Martin Luther.