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Molijon, Chrishelle Myca J.

GED102-A15

Exercise 2.1

1. Give an example of a pattern that occurs in nature but does not


involve numbers.
Fractal pattern is a never-ending pattern which are identical yet in
different scales. Its finish is rough or shatter geometric shapes.
It is usually used to beautify events such as weddings and other
parties. An example of fractal patterns is Umbellifer, Apiaceae, Fern
and Lindenmeyer. Below are the images of the examples of fractal
patterns.
2. Use the golden ratio to divide the line segment L with length of 12
units into two segments L1 and L2. Specify the lengths rounded off
to two decimal places.
Golden Ratio is a special number approximately equal to 1.618. For
it to become a golden ratio, the ratio must be equal to the sum of
𝑎 𝑎+𝑏
the ratio (Formula: = ). Given the length of 12 units, we can
𝑏 𝑎
12
compute the line segment 1 (Formula: 𝐿1 = ). Then, using the line
𝜑
𝐿1
segment 1 we can solve the line segment 2 (Formula: 𝐿2 = ).
𝜑

SOLUTION:
12 12
𝐿1 = = = 7.416 ≈ 7.42 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠
𝜑 1.618

7.416 7.416
𝐿2 = = = 4.583 ≈ 4.58 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠
𝜑 1.618

3. Construct a logarithmic spiral using golden triangles with


isosceles side of length 3 units.

36°
𝑎
𝜑=
𝑏
𝑎
𝑏=
𝜑
3
𝑏=
Type equation here.
1.618

𝑏 = 1.85
b=1.85
4. Construct a logarithmic spiral using golden rectangles with sides
measuring 4 units.

2.47 units 1.53 units


2.47 units

4
𝐿1 = = 2.47 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠
1.618
2.47
𝐿2 = = 1.53 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠
1.618

4 units
5. Assess the symmetry of your body measurements by computing the proportions of your body using
phi. Do the same with your facial measurements.

a. The length of my elbow from the tip of my hand is 17 inches. I will use golden ratio to find L1
(length of my arm) and L2 (length of my hand).

Computation:
𝐿1 = 𝐴𝑟𝑚
17
𝐿1 = = 10.50679852 ≈ 10.51
1.618
𝐿2 = 𝐻𝑎𝑛𝑑
10.51
𝐿2 = = 6.495673671 ≈ 6.50
1.618
b. The length from floor to the top of my head is 5 meters. I will use golden ratio to find L1
(length from the floor to my navel) and L2 (length from my navel to the top of my head).

Computation:

𝐿1 = 𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑜𝑟 𝑡𝑜 𝑚𝑦 𝑛𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑙


5
𝐿1 = = 3.090234858 ≈ 3.09
1.618
𝐿2 = 𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑚𝑦 𝑛𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑙 𝑡𝑜 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑡𝑜𝑝 𝑜𝑓 𝑚𝑦 ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑑
3.09
𝐿2 = = 1.909765142 ≈ 1.91
1.618
c. Finding the length and width of my face; head to nose (L1) and nose to chin (L2) and
width of my head (L3).
𝐿1 = 𝐻𝑒𝑎𝑑 𝑡𝑜 𝑛𝑜𝑠𝑒
7
𝐿1 = = 4.326328801 ≈ 4.33
1.618
𝐿2 = 𝑁𝑜𝑠𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑛
4.33
𝐿2 = = 2.676143387 ≈ 2.68
1.618
𝐿3 = 𝑊𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑚𝑦 ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑑
9.5
𝐿3 = = 5.87144623 ≈ 5.87
1.618