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• ronona (MOJlYJlb) - 1/8 -racrt, JlJlI1Hbl BceM q,MrYPbl;

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• unipm:a urea - 1/2 .lJ,J1I1HbI ITJJeY3.

A 'reneps paCCMOrpJ1M 3H3TOMlp·IeCKl1e oc06eHHocTM (I1Jln. 02-04), Heo6xo1J,HMbIe )1,J15I npopHCOBKI1 rOJlOBbI H ITJ1eQeBoro nosca )J(eHCKOH qmrYPbL Pe-n, nOH1leT 0 IlJIaCTl14:eCKOH aH3TOMJ1J1 -renoaexa (CM. «Arern.e» NQ 02/09). 06JTaCTb uren COCTaBJI5IlOT ceMb ureaHblX n03BOHKOB n03BOHOLIHoro cToJ16a. IiJHTepecHo OTMeTHTb, LITO caMbIH 60JlbWOH BepXHHH n03BOHOK, KOTOPbIH nonnepxa aaer BCIO KOCTHYIO Maccy -iepena, nOflY1.U1J1 Ha3BaHMe «3TflaHT». B npcdnun, BepTl-1K3JlbHOe H3np3BJIeHHe J1J1HJ1H wei1HbTx TT03BOHKOB cncrxa HaKJ10HeHO nnepezt, '-JTO C03naeT paBHOBeCl1e TeJ1a 11 BJIl151eT ua 06UlJ1Jl H3KJIOH r0J10Bbl. 3ro HY){{HO Y'YHTbIBaTb npn pMCOBaHHH aepxneji YaCHI q,HrYPbl B nporpnns, TaK KaK npn M306pa)!(eHHJ.1

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CpeJlHH" neprnxam.naa JlMHI1H q,Mrypsr rtpoxoznrr -repea rtporpum.nyro JUIHl1lO r0J10SbI (CM. «ATeJ1be» M 08/09), ure a M HpeMHYJO HMKY. Lln5I nporpeccnonaru.noro pl1COnaHH5I qHUYPbJ OLJeHb Ba)KHO H3MTM MecTOnOJIO)KeHHe HpeMHoH HMKlf, TaK KaK 3Ta TOYKa 5lBJI51eTC5I OpJ1eHTl1pOM B nOCTpOeHI1k1 aepxneri LI3CTl1 cpl1rYPbl .J.1_ ueHTpOM nepece-remrs cpennerr JrHHl1lf q:n1TYPbI M rmc-tcaoro ncaca. DJlaCTl1yecKYJO q,0PMY sepxnen yaCTI1 TYJlOBI11ua COCTaBJ15IIOT ,l],OBOJlbHO pasBI1Tble 11 XOPOIliO npocvarpnaaecaue MbIlIlUbl uren, CnJ1HbI H nneu, B ¢>opMHpOSaHI1I1 ITJIaSHOrO KOHTypa uren C JIHHMeH T1JIeqa yyaCTSYIOT iuennas MbIIIIU3 co CJIO)KHhIM H33S3Hl1eM - rpYD.HHO- KJllOLJ HY HO- COCUeSl1,1lH35I 11 rpaneuneaanuaa Mblwu,a CITI1HbI, M1TH «KaITIOllIOHHaH». BHI1MaTeJ1bHO paarnnnsraaa PMCYHKH 113BeCTHblX XY1J,Q)KHI1KOB lIJIM HJIJIlOCTpaTopOB MOllbl, MO)KHO 3aMeTHTb 're JU1Hl111 H mTpMXH, «cropue q,MKCl1pYIOT B3fJIHil 3pMTeJT5I na 3Tl1X Mblllluax, C03,l1,3Ba5I OqeHb yfiemrrem.noe H BMeCTe C TeM .I1,OCTaTOQHO YCJIOBHOe l1306pa)KeHHe. B 3TI1X pa60T3x HeT mrrero JII1WHero, ornnexatoruero OT Mo.n,eJIJ1, a rpopMoo6p33YKHll,l1e JB1Hl1H l1 TOQKl1

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AT8nb8 05//2010

13

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Areru.e 05//2010

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1 KOMnoHyeM PMCYHOK na JlMCTe, TO ecrs rrpOBO,UHM rpanmru sepxa 11 HH33 (I1JlJl.05).

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4 3H35I OCHOBHble nponopuua renoSbI I1 lIaCTeH JIUua (eM. «ATeJIbe» NQ 08/09), HaMeyaeM QJOPMY noca, pra, rnaa 11 ywei1 (MJ1J1. 08).

16

5 )J(l1BbIMH JIMHJ.-HJMI1, 6e3 BblHBJTeHIUI .n,eTaJIeI1, nepeX01U1M K npOpl1COBKe xapaxrepusix uepr J1Hua (11J1J1. 09).

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Arer se 05//2010

16 npoeKTMpoBaHMe

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AT8nb8 05//2010

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C~ nonaue AaMbl, MO>KHO nanesau >KaKeTTOnbKO H3 3neraHTHoe H~>KHee oense - 3TO YA@H~eT uien W 3pWrensuo BbIT~r~8aeT cjJ~rypy.

Ce~yac Ha nOA~YMax AeMOHCTp~pylOTc~ Y3Kwe 6plOKW C nnaTb~MW-

py6awKaM~. 3TOT aHcaM6nb TaK>Ke (

npexpacuo nOAXOAwT An~ >KeHli1~H j 60nbW~X pasaepoe. Ilansro AOn>KHbl~ 6blTb Henp~HY>KAeHHbIM~, YT06bl He Bblrn~AeTb rpOM03AKO, ~ nnasuo

ooneran, cjJwrypy. 3Toro MO>KHO

AOCT~% C nOMOli1blO norpos. umau, Bbl6paHHoro MaTep~ana, a TaK>Ke npaB~nbHO~ AnwHbl w3Aen~~. Ilaxe ecnu CTpO~HOCTb nor OCTaBn~eT xenars ny-uuero, OHW MorYT WMeTb KpacwBylO cjJOPMY, ~ ~X He 06~3arensuo npsran, nOA 106KaM~ An~Hofi

HWKaKvlX KPOXOTHblX CYMOyeK ~n~ KnaT~e~1 TycjJn~ ua nnanbopae ~ BblCOKOM Ka6nYKe YAnwH~IOT cjJ~rypy W Bblrn~A~T o~eHb cercyansuo. HOBbie ~pK~e ~ 6pOCK~e asceccyapu nOA~epKHYT CT~nb 3T~X MOAene~

3flU3a6eTKpaueH6~flb

ATenbe 05//2010

26 TeXHMKa KpOH

nnATbE-PY&AWKA

Paanep 44, COOTBeTcTByeT 06xBaTY rpYUM 100 CM.

+1

+1

2 I

1 Cxonuponar s -repre»; 6a30BOH OCHOBbT nnevesoro 1131J,eJ1H51 HY)I{noro paavepa 11 paCWJ.1p.l1Tb nera-

JIM: nepen no fU1HHl1 nepen npORMott - aa 1 eM, crunrxy no JIHHHI1 WHpHHbl cnHHKH - Ha I cv.

PaCTBOp narpyzmoji BblTa':lKH YMeHbWI1Tb na 2 eM, paCTBOp BbITal.J:Kl1 ua BblnYKJIOCTb JIOrrarOK YMeHbWI1Tb na 1 eM. TIPOHMY yrJ1y6l1Tb aa 3,5 CM. Tlapannensuo JII1HMH cepennnu rrepena naxepruri, ITJlaHKY 3aCTe)l(KJ1 H Kpan 3aCTe)!(KJ{.

TIJIaTbe Y)J)THHHTb no )f(eJTaHHlO.

2 Hal..J.epTI1Tb HOBYlO JIHHl1lO npoaMbl. JIJ1Hl1lO TIJIeLJa npOlIJIHTb H3 3 cv ,llJUI Mo)]'eJ1bHoi1, CJ1erKa onyuiennon ]lt1HI1I1 rcte-ra H3,LIeJU15J. rOpJ10BJi£HY YBeJ1l1YI1Tb no >KeJIaHl1lO. 3areM COBMeCHITb rtepezr H CrTl1HKY no JIMHJ15lM nne-ra y npOMT\-lbI 11 naueprnrs KOPOTKJ1M PYKaB 6e3 nQcaD,KH no oxary. CKODl1pOBaTb pYKaB, paspeaars ero B nayx MeCTax, KaK TTOKa3aHO aa -reprexce, 11 Ha4epTI1Tb MaJIeHbKJ!le CKJ1a,[KYI.

2 2

2 >

nnaTbe-py6awKa - OyeHb MOI1Ha~ seuu., ecnn HOC~Tb ee C np~MblM'" 6p1OKaM~ npocroro nOKpOR C nnarsev-pyoauncoa KpaC~BO raxxe CMOTP~TC~ ner~HCbl, HO B 3TOM cny-iae nnarse p,JlH kpynuux <jJ~ryp 110n)KHO ~MeTb p,Jl~Hy, no MeHbwe~ Mepe, 110 ~Kp. Ha,L1eHbTe K HeMY caHl1an~VI Ha nnarrpopve ~ B03bMVlTe 60nbWYlO CyMKy p,JlH nOKynOK!

2

::;; >

Arense 05//2010

2

6

3

BOPOTHVlK

3 Ha-rep nrrs penserp yepe3 60KO-

nyio CTPOHY uarpynuoji asrrau- ~

KIl, K8K nOK83aHO H8 qep'recxe. o

Ha4epTHTb HyDKHlOlO 48CTb penserpa,

YK838Tb BXO,ll B KapM8H.

Ha Cnl1HKe fll1HI1" pern.etpa nepena TI1l8BHO nepexoaur B oKpyrJIY1O KOKeTKY, B mOB KOTOPOi1 l1HTerpl1pOS8H ocrarox pacraopa BbIT8L1KI1 H8 BbIITYKJ1QCTh J10narQK.

JI.I1HHIO HJ138 Y 60KOBbIX JIHHvB1 cdiopMI1Th oxpyrnoa J1HHHei1.

Ilepen B 33SJ1Cl1MOCTH OT HH18 qntrYPbl MO)!{HO HeMHoro YflJIHHI1Tb, Qr06bJ OH He BblfJUILleJ1 xopoxe CIT 11 HKJtl .

Ha DJIaHKe 38Cre)l(J{l1 OTMeTl1Tb MeCTOnOJIO)KeHl1e nyrOBI1U.

Ha4epTHTb BOPOTHHK C orpe3HOH CTOHKOH, KaK nOK838HQ H8 -reprexe.

Mamepuanst:

XIlonLfamo6YMaJICHblU nonnun, xnonsamotiyuaxcnuu amnac, neu, mOHKaJl 3QMUlG UJIU - aM tcotcmeunn - iuentcoeuii amnac.

/ / /

I

I

I

I

TeXHMKa KpOJ1 27

4

\

\

\

\ \ I

3

:;;: >

Areru,e 05//2010

28 TeXHMKa KpOR

lKAKET AnH KOCTIOMA

Paauep 44, eOOTBeTeTByeT 06xBaTY rpynn 100 cu.

1 CKOTll1POS3Tb nonXO,U51WI1M -iepre »; 6a30BOH OCHOEhl nJ1eQeBOro H3.nem15:1 HY)KHOrO paaxepa J1 pacumpnri, ne ranu: nepen no JTHHl1l1

nepen npOMMOH - H3 1 eM, cnMHKY no JlI1HMI111Hipl1Hbl CTIl1HKl1 - H3 1 cu. Y.ll,lTHHI1Tb npoaxry nepena H3 1 eM 33 c-rer YMeHbWeHVl5l pacr sopa narpynHOti BblTalfKl1. BbIT3l[KY H3 BbIITYKJ10CTb nonarox paavonenupoaa'n.. Flpofixry yrnyfiirn, na 4 eM. napaJIJ1eJIbHO JI11HJH1 cepenunu nepena H3 paCCrmJHVlI12,5 ext OT ace H31.IepTI1Tb JIMHI1JO Kpa5J 60pr3.

):{JU1H3 JIl1Hl111 TIJ1e'-13 - 13 eM. rOpJIOBl1HY pacunrpnrt- ITO J1l1HI1I1 TlJIe'-l3 H3 2 eM, no cpenne a J1I1Hl1l1 CTIUHKl1 - yrJ1y611Tb H3 1 eM.

Ha JII1HI1I1 cepenunu nepena OIMeTHIb MeCTonO)JQ)KeHl1e 3-4 rryrounu 11 aa-reprurt- BOPOTHl1K 1II3JIb C 1lI11pl1- HOM OIJIer3 5 eM.

+

Ans:l noruusrx s:lroA!I1L.(

2

1

+1

:;;: >

2,5

2 Haxeprrrn, JTMHHM nponom.uux pem.etpos 11 rrp0l13BeeTI1 OP,",TaJIHBaHHe ITO 3THM JIMHItlHM H ITO 60KOBOH JIHHHH na 3 eM COOTBeTCTBeHHO.

Ha-teprtrrs HOBYlO Jl.l1HMlO npoHMbI. Ha-reprtrn, JIHHHlO HI133 11: 33KpyrJIeHHbU1: HIDKH11:H yrOJT 60PT3 B COOT BeTCTBHH c qepTe)l(OM.

CTTHHKY YKOPOT11Tb H3 1 CM.

B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT runa cjJHCYPbl KOHcjJHCYPaLjHIO nHHH~ penserpos MO>KHO H3MeHHTb.

+ MeHbW!l1~ 06XBaT 6eAep - ~ - - Af1s:1 y3K!I1X 6eAep

X YKOPOT!I1Tb cnausy

Arense 05//2010

TeXHMKa KPOH 29

+4

3

1,5 3

3 n01(MbTIIle4HYJO JTMHMIO PYKaBa onYCTHTb Ha 2,5 CM. Anarrrapoaars PYKaB K M3MeHeHHOH nponve. Ilpufiasxa no OKaTY PYKaBa 4 CM.

Ha paccT05IHHH 7,5 eM OT ueirrpansuoa npononsnos J1HHHYI pYK3Ba naseprnrs JU1HHlO noxreuoro WBa. O¢OPMl1Tb ee Jln3BHoi1 JIl1Hl1ei1 B 06naCTH lTOKHI. 8 HvDKHew 43CHr J10KTeBO[O WBa iraneprars lllJIl1UY c nyroeauava.

4Ha 3TOM 1I.OnOJIHJ.1TeJ1bHOM -reprexe nOKa33HO, KaK)J,aHHbm -reprexc »cakera MO)!(HQ anarrrupoeart, ,IlJUI pa3J11.11..1- HbIX cPHryp, rellOCJ10)Kel-H1e KOTOPbIX OTJIHl·IHQ OT reJIOCJlO:>KeHJ151 TI1JlOBOH cPl1rYPbI.

• YBeJIH'.J:eHlfe B 06J13CTH rpYJlu: Llo6aBl-1Tb ewe O,UHY BbITa'-lK)' OT 60KOBOH J1HHHI1 M/HJIH pacurnprrn, UeHTp3J1bHYlO 4aCTb rrepena B 06nacTI1 rpYIDI.

• IIJTOCKu" lKUBOT, Y3K1,e 6e1(pa (sacro BCTpe4alOTCH Y qJl1ryp C 6011bIllOH rpynsio): YMeHbWl1Tb WI1PI1HY nepena B 0611acTI1 peJIbecpa HID!(e JH1Hl1M r3JrHH B COOTBerCTBHI1 C pa3MepHbLM npI13HaKOM 06.

• Pacurapeuue B ofinacra fienep WIS. nOJIHblX SfO)1.Hll HJlII nOJ]HblX fienep: pacunipirrs 6oKoBble yaCTI1 nepena Yr CrIl1HKJ1 no 60KOBbIM JU1Hl1JfM 11 J]HHI1I1 penserpa 60KOBOM -racrn CIlliHKI1 xcaxera, KaK TTOKa3aHO H3 -reprexe.

4

><

pacuiapeuae 8 06naCTIt1 rpYAJ.1 - - - - It1 3aY>KeHlt1e 8 06naCTIt1 6eAep

ATenb805//2010

30 TeXHMKa KpOR

nAnbTO

Pasxep 44, COOTBeTCTByeT 06xBaTY rpyzui 100 CM.

1

+ 0,5

1 CKOTmpOBaTb -reprex 6330B011 QCHOBbI TIJIeqeBOrO 113)leJ1H51 paavepa 4411 pacurapars nera-

1m: cnHHKY no cpenneii 1I11HI1J.' - ua 0,5 cv, nepen no JUlliHI1 cepennHbI - Ha 0,5 eM, CTIHHKY no JII1lB111 Wl1pl1H.bl CTTI1HKI1 - aa 1 cv, nepen no JIHHHH nepe.a rrpOUMOH - aa 1 eM, nepen VI CnVrHKY no 60KOBblM J1V1HI15IM - na 1 eM KmKJl)TfO. YlIlIl1HI1Tb npOHMY nepella Ha I eM 33 ever COKpaweHMH pacrsopa HarpYLlHOH BblTa4KM.

D,JUlHa IlHHHH nne-ia - 13 CM. Jll1HI1}() TaJIi111 onYCTJ.1Tb na 2 eM. Orrpenemrrs 11J111H)' nansro. Flam.ro He llOJDKHO 6blTb C1HUliKOM llJII1HHbIM, 3Ta Mo.ueJIb 6YlleT aurnanenanerairnree C lI.JIHHOM l!)'Tb HI1)Ke KOJ1eHa.

YBe]J}f1fI1Tb rOpJ10Bl1HY. napaJ1J1eJTbHO JII1HHl1 cepenausi nepena ua paccrosmra 2,5 CM OT nee naueprtrn, J1HHl1l0 Kpa5I fiopra. OTMeTHTb MeCTOnOJTO)J(eHHe rpex nyrosnu H HaqepTl1Tb BOPOTHl1K nH)])K34HOrOTl1na C OCTpbThlM yrnaMJ1 JIaUKaHOB ncpena - «JIaCTQlIKJ1l-:l XBOCT»,

OPOtiMY YTJIy611Tb na 8 CM.

+1

+1

Mamepuanu:

K(JUle.MUp, 6QJlJlH.QJl tuepcms, lUepCmJUiOU «pen, XJlOnOK c nponumkoii

(MoOeJlb - i)oolcoeouK), )

3aM uta, KOJICG u m. a.

------------------------ ---------~

+ 0,5

2JhlHI1lO nne-ra nepezia M CnMHKI1 YUJJI1HHTb H3 5 eM H Ha4epn1Tb HOBYIO npoavy.

Ha4epTI1Tb J1HHJtU1 npOnOJIbHbIX pensecPOB H3 nepene 11 cnunxc VI I1HTerpl1pOsars B HHX BbIT3"-IKItI. )J,J151 J13neJIl151 sroro pasvepa pexovennyercs yxecrs esrra-ixy H3 BbmYKJlOCTb nonarox ua CTIl1HKe. no 60KOBoi1 JH1HI1H nepen 11 CITHHKY cnerxa npl1TaJH1Tb H HeMHoro pacUJI1- pirn, y JIHHI1H H1133.

HaLJepTHTb aCHMMerpH4HO pacnono)!{eHHblM H3KJ1anHOM HarpynHbIH xapMaH C KJ13naHOM.

Boxoasre Y3CTI1 nepeaa 11 COM HKI1 orpe- 33Tb 11 H3t.tepTI1Tb nOrrOJTHI1TeJIhHble 1111HI111 llJHI pacumpenns -racren neranett no 60KOBblM JIHHI1RM 60KOBbIX -racreji nepena 11 CITI1HKH n311bTO OTMeTHTb WJlI.1UY.

HM VM V FL

- Cepen;lIHa CIIIDIKH

- Cepen;lIHa nepen;a

= x neperry

- HanpaBJIeHY!e HHTI1 OCHOBbI

31

::;; >

3

3 Boxosue y:aCTI1 y J1I1HH.Yl HI133 pacWHpl1Tb H3 5 eM COOTserCTBeHHo, na nepezie HalJepTI1Tb paMKYI npopesnoro xapxaaa.

Boxoaue lJaCTH nepena 11 CIlI1HKI1 coavecrun, no JU1HIUIM nne-ra 11 nasepTI1Tb pYKaB C HI13Kl1M oxarox, H)0KHOH ,DJIMHbI, KaK nOKa3aHO aa xeprexe. Ha4epTI1Tb Ha PYKaBe nary co lllJ1eBKOj.j.~

Areru.e 05//2010

5~6n~OTeKa >KYpHana «ATenbe»®

KHVlra «Flnarss VI 6nY3KVI. KOHCTpYVlpOBaHVle»

Vl3 cepun YLJe6HVlKOB no MeTO.QVlKe xpos

«M. MlOnnep VI CbIH»

OCHOBHble TeMbl:

• yepTe)f(~ 6a30BbiX OCHOB ~3Aen~LII

• nnarss ~ 6ny3K~ MOAHblX c~ny3ToB

T~pa>K OrpaH~"IeH! OcllopMnSlMTe nOAn~CKY!

B KHlllre «Flnarsa III 6nY3KIII. KOHCTPYlilpOBaHllle» oco6oe BHIIIMaHlile yneneao Mo,qenlilpOBaHIilIO III KOHCTpYlilpOBaHlil1O

Ha HeCTaH,qapTHble cplllrYPbl.

KHlllra conepxnr no,qpo6Hble '-IepTe>K1II

C ,qeTanbHblMIil n051CHeHIII51MIII.

TeXHMKa KPOH 33

KOPOTKV1E >KAKETbl Cf@i'

.o c; Q) q o :2:

.Ll c; Q) q o :2:

.o c; Q.l q o :2:

,lJ,L13a~Hepbl Me)f<AYHapOAHoro ypOBH51 - Jlareprhensn, YHrapo, fyLJLJL1 L1 oepperauo - CAenanL1 KOpOTKL1~ xaxer HOBblM cpaBOpL1TOM MOAbl. Pa3JlL1YHble sapnauru HaKL1AOK aa nJleYL1 L1 oonepo HOC51T C nnaTb51ML1 L1 6pIDKaML1. npL1 3TOM pYKaB nOKp051 pernau L1 l.\enbHOBbIKpoeHHbl~ pYKaB BHOBb urpaor Ba)f<HYID pen». ,lJ,nL1Ha )f<aKeTOB Kone6neTC51 B AL1ana30He OT rpYAL1 AO TanL1L1.

Arense 05//2010

34 TeXHMKa KpOH

>KAKET C LlEnbHOBblKPOEHHblMM PYKABAMM

OCHOB3 nOCTpoeUUH xeprezca: -reprex 63308011 OCHOBbl )!(aKer3, BT3q}fOH pYKaB C BepXHI1M H HI1.)KHI1M WI33MI1.

Pasuep 40

1,5

nepeA III cnlllHKa

II B «asecrne OCHOBbJ )J)l5f rrOCrpOeHI151 -reprexa I1Cn0J1b3yeTc5I -teprex 6a30BOH OCHOBbl )!(3Ker3 npavoro CI1JIY3T3, pa3Mep 40 (cv. Ta6JUlUY pasaepaux npI13HaKOB). ).l,JlH onpeneremrn LLJIHHbI 1131IeJ1J.151 QTJlO)KI1Tb ITO cpennen JU1HHH CITl1HKI1 M J1I1HI1l1 cepemoru nepena 4 eM SHH3 OT JIi1HHl1 raJU1.I1.

Haseprun, np5lMOX J1l1Hl1ei1 cpen-noio JTl1Hl1JO CIIMHKl1 .aJHI BblflOllHeHHH ee co cnl6oM. Haxepnrn, JIJ.1H111O HH33 CITI1HKM TTOLl npsMbIM yrnoja K HOBOH cpenaefi J1I1HHI1 CTlJ1HKI1. H3MepHTb JlJlMHy 60KOBOti JTMHl1l1 enl1H](}! H. neperrecrn rtonyreunoe 3H3treHI1e Ha 60KOSYJO JU1H1110 nepeaa. HaQepTI1TbJTI1HMJO Hl13a nepe.ua B COOTBeTCTBJ111 C seprexosr. rOpJ10BI1HY no J1l1HI1I1 cepezuuiu nepena yrJ1y6MTb ua 2,5 CM. fOPJ10BlffiY nepena M cn-M.HKJ.1 nOJ1MHM}l flIIe43 pacuntpim, H3 1,5 CM COOTBeTCTBeHHO. [opnOBH.HY Cnl1HKI1 yrny611Th no cpenneii J1l1HHl1 ua 0,5 CM 11 aaueprars HOSYlO J1I1H.I1l0 roPJ10BHHbl non np5IMHM yrJ10M K cpenuea

~ IT-------:~---l~

P8AVlYC AyrVl nepeaecrn C -ieprexa nepena b

r---~~~~~~~~~~~~~~----~~--------------.-------~~

r-----___._--L:j~

\

JU1HMJ1 CnKHKl1. npOHMY nepena Yillll1HI1Tb ua 2 CM 33 cser YMeH.bweHI151 pacrsopa BblTaq_rn Ha BbmYKJ10CTb rpyn»; npOH_MY crUfHKH Y)l.IIMHI1Tb Ha 1 CM, rtepeaenn K JIMHMI1 nJIeLJa JUflllb 0,5 CM. Jh1Hl1JO nJ1eLIa nepena I1 CITI1HKl1 ITO.uH51Tb B 06J1aCTI1 npoHMbl ua 0,5 CM. Ha-repnrn, HOBbIe JII1HM_H nrexa nepeaa 11 CITI1HKI1I1 nponJH1Tb 11X napyxy no npHMoH. IIap3JIJleJlbHo J1I1HI1H cepennau nepena H3 P3CCT05IHH11 2 CM OT nee H34epTl1Tb JTl1HHlO Kpa51 60pT3.

nOCTpoeHllle nepeAa/ nepeAHeiii 'IaCTIil pYKaBa Ilepemnoto LI3CTb pYK3Ba COBMeCTVITb C nepe.nOM TaK, 4:T0611 y JlI1HI1V1 nneva nepenuss y_aCTh PYK3S3 na 2 CM 6b[Jl3 HaJlO)J(eHa ua npotiMY rrepena. OPI1 3TOM MelKl\Y 60KOBOti J1I1Hl1eH VI sepxnea T04KOH HI·1)KHero cpesa

Areru-e 05//2010

I

TeXHMKa KPOfi 35

OCHOBHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKM

COBMe~eHMle nepeAa MI CnMlHKMI

n Ilepen H Cnl1HKy paspeaars no nasreIIIiiiI '-1eHHbIM JTI1H1HIM. Coell;I1HHTb 60KOasre CTOPOHbI HarpY.llH0l1 BbITal£KJ.1 11 BhlTaqKM na Bbl_rrYKJIOCTb JlOnaTOK, nepeBeAH l1X pacrsopsr K cpesy Hl13a nepezra H CITHHKH COOTBeTCTBeHHQ. Ilonyveunoe paciuapeane COXpaH51eTC51 na xeprexe. Ilcpeu 11 Cnl1HKY CQBMeCTJ.{Tb no JU1HHI1 nnesa/eepxuero cpeaa I1 BblPOBH5!Tb cpeasi B MeCTax COrrpIDKeHI1M.

TA6J1V1ljA PA3MEPHbiX npV13HAKOB, PA3MEP 40

112 114 118
Kh/P POCT 168,OCM 84,0 42,0
Bu/Or 06xBaT rpYA" 92,0 eM 46,0 23,0 11,5
Tu/OT 06xBaT Tam1vt 76,0 eM 38,0 19,0
Hu/06 06xBaT 6eAep 100,0 CM 50,0
Alg/"p 06xBaT Tanlt1\.-1 60,0 eM BcnOMoraTenbHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKM

Rh/Bnp.3 Bsrcora npoMMbl
C3a,QVI 20,0 eM
RI/"TC AnIi1Ha cmlHbl
no rarun- 41,8 CM
Ht/B6 BblcoTa 6eAep 62,6 eM
HS/WW.3 WV1pV1Ha uien
C3aAIt1 6,8 eM
Bt II/Br II Bsicora rpYA" II 28,9 CM
VIII/"Tn II An""a Tan""
cnepenn II 45,9 eM
Rb/Wc Wl1plt1Ha cm1Hbi 17,0 CM
Ad/Wnp Wlllplr1Ha npOIl1Mbl 10,OCM
Bb/Wr W"p""a rpYA" 19,0 eM
1/2Bu/l/20r 112 06xBaTa rpYA" 46,0 eM + 6,5-7 CM

= 52,7 eM

nepenuea sacnr pYK3Ba llOJDKeH 06pa30SaTbCH npoaexyrox BeJH14l1HOH 4 CM. JhlHWI aepxaero cpesa nepenaeji 4aCTl1 pyxasa npa 3TOM ,UOJDKHa 6bITb cosveurena C np01lJlel-U-IOH J1l1Hl1ei1 rue-ra. Ilosxe 60KOBaH JIHHJ15l nepena, rtepexonsI.l.J,aH s mU-HUO HIDKHero cpesa pyxasa, rrepeHOCI1TCJJ. C 4eprexa CfTI1HKl1/33llHei1 '-IaCTI1 pyxasa, 113MepHTb OTpe30K or TO'-l1G1 rtepeceseann J1I1HI1I1 r3JTIDf 6a3HCHOH cerxn seprexa C Mo.ueJrbHoi16oK0I30M. J1I1Hl1eH nepena no Kpai1HeH TOY]G1 ua .J1lfHJ111 Hl1JKHerO cpeaa nepeznrea sacra PYKaBa. 3Ta SeJU1YJ1- ua panna pamrycy nyra Ha cnuaxe llJUl OnpelleJ1eHI151 MeCTOnOJIO)f(eHl15J 33JlHei1 QaCTI1 pyxana,

Ha-repurn, Ha nepeae mnnno paapesa nnn nepesona narpynHOH IlblTallKI1 K Jl111-U1W HH3a, KaK nOKa3aHO ua xeprexe.

nOCTpOeHMle cnMHKMl/3aAHeiil 'taCTM pYKaBa

Ha cnmrxe aa-repnm, nyry pannycoa, paBHbIM IDlHHe OTpe3- xa, 113MepeHHoro sa rrepene e UeHTpOM B TOqKe Z (T04Ka paenOJIO)f(eHa Ha llHHHH TaJJl1l1) B COOTSercrBI1H C -reprexov. 3a.n.H 1010 -iacrs pyxasa COBMeCTl1Tb co CTlI1HKOH rax, qT06bI Y JI.HHHH Mella 33AHilll -racn, pyxasa na 2 CM nepexpsrsana npoavy CnI1HKI1, a HJ1)f(H.HfI T04Ka J1I1HI1I1 HJ1>K.HerO cpesa 33.UHei1 sacra pyxasa KaCaJJaCb nyra. ]]J1HJ1H sepxuero cpesa sanaen 4aCTJ1 pyxasa npl1 3TOM JlOJDKHa 6hITb COBMeweHa C npo.nneHHotilI11tmeti: nne-ra . .ll.rm onpenenenna )l,JHIHbl PYKasa OTJ10)J(}JTb 4 Ch'! BHI13 OT lnlHl111 JIOKTH, 1lJUl paCWl1peHJ15l pyxasa no JIJ1HJ111 HI13a OTllO)f(]1Tb OT JII1Hl1M H11)KHerO cpesa 1,5 CM BHH3. Ha iepnm, 60KOSYlO llJ1..HJ1]() cnHHKH, nepexo)l51W;YlO 8 JTHHl110 HIDKHero cpeaa pyxasa, cxormposars ee J1 nepeaecra ua nepen, Ilapannensno JIJ1HI1I1 HJ.13a pyxaaa 11 J1HHJ111 HI13a 113Jlemrn na paCCTOHHl111 8 CM OT HJ1X uasepnmJII1HHJ.1 nexopanrmrsrx illBOB. JIOIcreBaH suravxa COXpaHJleTCH na xeprexe.

Ha-reprtrrs Ha CnJ1HKe J1J.1HI1IO paspeaa D,JUl nepenona surasKW H3 SblnyKJlOCTbJ10narOK K J1J.1HJ111 HJ.13a, KaK nOKa3aHO ua -ieprexe.

+2,5eM

=22,5 eM

+ 1,5 eM + 3,5 eM

+ 1,5-2 CM

= 18,5 eM = 13,5 eM = 20,7 eM

Arense 05//2010

36 TeXHMKa KpOH

cnV1HKA

nO)l60PT

nEPE)l

AeTamll KpOH

~ Bee .1leTaJIH paapeaars. Ha-reprrrn, ~ HOSYlO JII1Hl1lO Hl133 H JU1HI1I1 nexoparnsnsrx UlBOB. Ilonfiopr 3epKaJ1bHO CKOITl1pOSaTb OTHOCI1TenbHO JII1HHI1 6opTa.

BblPOBHHTb JH1Hl1H cpeao s. YK33aTb uanpaaneune HViTYI OCHOBbJ.

COSET 3KCnEPTA

>KAKET C I..&EnbHOBblKPOEHHblMM PYKABAMM C MAH>KETAMM &AnnOH

OCHOBa nocrpoeana seprexa: -repre»; 63308011 OCHOBbT )J(3KeTa, BT3l.JHOM PYKas C BepXHJ1M H HJiDKHHM IIIB3MH. Pasuep 40

nepeA III cnlllHKa

a B xauecree OCHOBbJ flJlf[ nocrpoeHI15J ueprexca l1CnOJIb3yercH -reprex 63308011: OCHOBbl xaxera rtorryrtpnneratoutero ellJ1Y3Ta, paavep 40 (eM. Ta6J1I1l1Y pa3MepHWX npJ13HaKOB .1lJIH nepSOH MOl\eJII1). L\JI~ o npeneneunn L\J1MHbl 113.lleJI.l1H OTJIO)l(l1Tb no cpennea JlI1HI1I1 CITI1HKM H 60KOBOH ]lJ1Hlll1 5 eM BHl13 o'r J1I1HI1I1 r3JI1111. TIPOMMY nepena YD,JB1Hl1Tb H3 2 eM 33 c-ier YMeHbIIIeHIUI pacrsopa HarpY-IIHOM BblTatIKll. PaCTBOp BbITal..£KI1 na BbTnYKJTOCTb nonarok (1,5 CM) OCT3eTC5I H3 -repre.xe y rrpOllMbI CI1I1HKll 11)15:[ ee YlIJIHHeHl1H.

rOpJIOBHHY nepezra 11 CITHHKll no JII1HllJ.1 nne-ra paCLUMpl1Tb ua 5 CM COOTBeTCTseHHO. rOp"'OBl1HY enllHKJ.1 ymy611Tb no cpenHeH JB1HI1I1 H3 2 CM 11 na-repnrn, HOBYIO 11I1Hl1lO rOpJIOSHHbI non npHMblM yrnov K cpenneti JIHHHH CTIHHKH.

flpOHMY rrepena II enMHKII yrrrytiim, na 2 CM H paCWHpHTb nepen H CTII1HKY no 60KOBbIM JIHHH5IM no 1 cxr. ITo JII1HI151M HIDKH.MX cpeaos nepennea 11331lHetf Y3CTei1 pYKaBOB OTJIOlKllTb no 1/2-2/3 OT yrJIy6JIeHHH rrpoi1Mbl 11 npOBeCTl1 113 nOJIYLIeHHblX to-rex nepneHJlIIKyJI51Pbl uapyxy,

nOCTpoeHllle riepeAa/ nepeAHeiil .. aCTIil PYKaBa Tlepezuuoro LI3CTb PYK3B3 COBMeCTI1Tb C nepeno« TaK, YTo5bI y JIHHIHf nne-ra nepenHHH LI3CTb PYK3S3 H3 1,5 CM nepexpsrsana rrpOMMY nepeaa, 3 Me)((,Uy KOHTPOJIbHbIMJ1 3HaKaMlI Ae 06pa30BaJIel! npOMe)l(YTOK SeJIJ11-U1Hoi12 CM. Tlepemnoio lJaCTb PYK3S3 npn 3TOM p33llBJ1H)'Tb H3 2 CM ITO saparree ua-repseuaon JIl1H1111 paspeaa. Ha-reprirn, nyry e UeHTpOM B TOqKe Z (pacnonoxenrryro nocepennae neyxcau'noaerpoaoro npoxrexcyrxa Me)!(nY )J,eT3JISlMH nepena 11 pyxana) -iepea yrJIy6JIeHHYlO l-1 pacunrpenHylO nporiery. Ha-iep nrn, HH)KHHM YlJ3CTOK npoi1-il.'lhl nepena. KOPOTK11l1 nepneanaxy JIHP OT ymy6JIeHHOii JIIIHIIII cpesa pyxaea npO.IJ)lI1Tb no TOYKH nepeceseuan c nyroH 11 aa-repnrn, HOBYlO J1J.1HI1JO HIDKHero cpesa nepenneii lI3CTH PYK3S3.

nOCTpoeHllle CnIllHKIII/ 3aAHeiil .. aCTIil PYKaBa Yr1IY6JIeHvle H pacumpenne nepennea Y_3CTI1 pYK3Ba nepenecru H3 33.UHIOIO -racts pvxasa. Oruenrn, uenrp OKP)0KHOCTH Z (TO'-IK3 Z paCIIOJI3raeTC5I H3 P3CCTORHJ111 1 eM OT KOHTpOJIhHoro 3HaK3 Ae (no ropH30HTaJIJ.1)

Monens 2

Arense 05//2010

M H3'LlepTMTb rryry, npoxonauryio ira 0-1 CM HIDKe yrrry6JIeHHoii rrpoiiMhl. COBMeCTIlTb co CmrnKOH:38,lIHIOIO qaCTb PYKaBa TaK, 4T06bI Y J1J1H11JllIneqa OHa aa 1,5 CM 6bUla HaJIO)KeHa na rrporiwy CITI1HKM, a HOBaH JII1HMH HM)I(Hero cpesa 33,lIHei1 yaCTH PYKaBa kacanacs zryrn. Bsrrasxa ua -reprexe 33,llHell qaCTI1 pyxasa COXpaH51eTC511IID1 ero pacurapenna. Ha 6 CM ssnue JTl1HltU1 JIOKHI naxep'nrrt, JIHHI1IO rrp11TaYJ1BaHl151 M3illKeTbI B COOTBeTCTBI1M C -reprexov. IIapaJlJIeJIbHo 3TOM JTHHHM H3 paCCT051HIU1 14 CM OT nee na-repTHTb }Il1Hi1to Hl'DKHerO xpas MaIDKeTbl. Ilapannem.ao mlHIH" cepemuu.r rrepena na paCCT05IHI111 4,5 CM OT nee na-reprwrs JlI1Hl1lO kpan 60pTa. JII1Hl1lO HI13a nepena aa-repnrn. B COOTBeTCTBI1H C -ieprexon. OTMeTJ1Tb MeCTonOJIO)KeHl1e nerem.,' nyroanu H na-rano J1MHHH nepernoa JI3Uxana, DOKOBbJe JU1Hl1I1 nepena M CTlHHKI1 H JIHHMI1 nepenanx cpesos OTpe3HbLX 60t.{KOB ua -reprurs non rrpHMbIM yrJIOM K JIHHI1H HH3a B COOTBeTCTBHH C xeprexon. Paccromrae Me)K,Il;Y sepxnen TOl{KOii HIDKHero cpesa nepenneii H 3aIIHen QaCTei1 pYKaB3 11 50KOBbIMH JIHHH51MH neranen nepena 11 Crrl1HKI1lIOIDKHO COCTaBJUITb He MeHbwe ,uBOMHOi1 SeJIWIHHbI npHnYCK3 ua IllOB. B .uaHHoi1 MOlleJIM paCCTOHHl1e Me)J(l\Y sepxaea TOqKOii HI1)KHerO cpeaa sannea 4aCHI PYK3B3 !If 60KOBO:ti JIHHl1ei1 CTlJ1HKI1 COCT3BJl5leT 2,5 CM, a paccronune Me)((JlY sepxnen rOl{KOH: HIDKHero cpesa nepemrea lJ3CTH pYK3Ba H 60KOBOM JU1HI1- eM nepena COCTaBJI51eT l,5 CM .

.LLJI51 nocrpoeium BOPOTHl1K3 IIH,IDKaLJHOro Tl1na C oKpyrJIOH J1HHHeH [OPJ10Bl1Hbl nepena Ha.Ll,O npOBeCTl1 zryry C ueHTpOM B re-nee Z (TOqKa HaYaJIa nepernfia nauxarra) -repes BepUII1HY HOBOH. ropnoauau. 33reM OTJlO)KJ1Tb ITO zryre lIB<DK,IlbI rro 2 eM (BbICOra crOHKH BOPOTHl1K3 na YPOBHe J1J1Hl1l1 nne-ia) - nony-reua TOYKa K. OcjJOPMI1Tb JTHHHH: rOpJ10BHHbI nepena , nepernoa nauxaua 11 cpesa BTa1..fHB3HIHl BOPOTHl1K3 nJIaBHblMl1 oxpyrnuv« JIHHHHMH B COOTBeTCTBH}!' C qepTe)KOM. Onpenernm, MeCTOnOJIO)f(eHHe JlI1HI1H pacxena B COOTBerCTBMH C -repreacov. OQJOPMHTb BHeIIlHl1e KOHTypbT BOpOTHHKa 11 JIaUKaH3 B COOTBeTCTBHH C LJepTe)KO!\"L

Crrl1HKY nO.LlfOTOBI1Tb .LlJI5:I. nOCTpOeI-ll15:1. 3~AHeti. yaCTH .BOpOTH.I1Ka. CpeAHIO.tO JIMHHIO ClI11HKI1 lIPOMMTb nsepx 11 napanJ1eJIbHO cpenueri JII1HHH cnl1HKI1 naxepnrn, JIMHJ110 nepea sepurmry HOBOH rOpJIOBHHbI. OTJIO)KHTb OT rOpJIOBHHbI nnepx no nponJ1eHHOH. cpenneii JII1HI1.I1 Cnl1HKI1 llBa)K.LlbI no 3 cxi, no JI.l1Hl1l1, aa-iepueuaoit OT aepuuuu.r roPJIOBI1Hbl CITI1HKl1, - .nBR)KlIbf lIO 2 CM, rronyseaa TOqKa KL OcjJOPMVlTb JIHHHI1 3a.IlHeM LJaCTI1 BOPOTHHK3 Cn.I1HKH TTJIaBHbIMl1 oKpyrJ1bIMI1 JU1HH51MH.

TeXHMKa KpOH 37

Kl

AT81lb8 05//2010

38 TeXHMKa KPOfi

nOCTpoeHMe BOpOTHMKa

E1 Or JII1HI1J1 cpesa BT3'-lJ1S3HHfI BOPOTHI-IK3 OTJ1Q)KI1Tb no JB1HMl1 nnesa 8 eM (1lll1PMHa BOpOTHMKa B 06_0aeTM nne-ra), CnMHK)' e nocrpoeaaoa 3anHeM vacruo BOPOTHI1K3 CKonwpOS3Tb, Bblpe33Tb J1 CQBMeCHITb c nepenou r3K, 1..(106bJ TOl£KJ1 K 111 K COBrranJ1. TID J1J1HMH,' crrpenenmouiea uiapaay BOPOTHHK3 B 06JI3CHI TIJ1e'-1a CTIHHKM, HaJIOlKMTb aa nepezt Ha 0-0,5 eM - nonyxeaa T04Ka K2_ ITo cpenaen m1H11H CITJ1HKll/SOpOTHl1Ka OTJIO)!(J1Tb OT JUfHMl1 neperufia BOPOTHl1K3 no HarrpaSJIeHl1JO K J1I1Hl111 HH33 nerana 4 eM - uiapnna OTJ1er3 BOpOTHI1Ka 11 O<pOPMHTb QCHOBHble J1HHHI1 BOPOTHl1K3.

Ha -reprexe nepena 11 CTII1HKH H34epTl1Tb JUIHl1l1 paapesoa B COOTBerCTBJ1H C xeprexov.

Copyright M_ Muller & Sohn, Munehen Paspeuiaerca g.ns:! (..1CnOJlb30SaHlt151 TOJlbKD B J1V1'-lHbIX lIeJlAX. Bocnpm13BoAcTBO

14 xonnpoaaaue C KOMMepLJeCKOC1 1IlJ1V! o6Y'-lalOll.IeC1 u,eJlblO sanpeuieuo.

CnV1HKA

6AHT

ATenb805//2010

4-8

~

AeTanM KpOR

E1 Bce nerann aupeaars H BOCCTaHOBHIh I1X ueJIOCTHOCTb B MeCTax HaJlO)l(eHHH. IIo)]'6opT, HI1)KHI1H Itt BepxHHH BOPOTHHKM CKOfll1POB3Tb C -reprexca.

K n01l6opTY M K BepXHeMY BOPOTHHKY 1l06aBHTb TeXHOJIOrMl..J.eCKMH npnrryc« aa o6pa30s3HHe K3HT3 06T3YHOrO ursa B COOTseTCTBMH c qepTe)l(OM. Ckonupoaanuue qaCTJ..-r MaH)I(eTbI paspe- 33Tb no HaMelleHHblM flI1HI151M paapeacn J.1 pa311BHHYTb -iacra Hfl 4-8 eM (eM_ -reprex). Ha-reprurs np5IMbIMU JIHHIUIMJ.1 aepxiuoro, HIDKHlOlO J1 60KOBbIe cpecu MaH)KeTbI J.1 3epKaJIbHO CKonMpOBaTb nOJ1Yl.J.eHHYlO MaH)I(eTY BHI13 or JIHH 11 11 H.illKHerO xpaa. BblKPOHTb nenru 1lJln H3KJIanHOrO 63HTa CflI1HKH. BbIPOBHHTb JIHHHH cpeaon. YKa33Tb uanpaaneane HUTYl OCHOBbJ.

E1

>KAKET &E3 3ACTE>KKM

TeXHMKa KpOR 39

OCHOBa nOCTpoeHHSI sepreaca: -reprex 6a30BOH OCHOBbI )J(3Ker3, BT3Y.HOH PYKas c sepXHHM H HvDKHI1M llIB3MH.

Pazuep 40

nepeA H cnHHKa

a iJ,JIl! crrpenenenun iJ,~HHbI fl3JIeJIHl! OTnO)KJ1Tb no cpennen JU1HJ111 Clll1HKl1 2 eM SHM3 OT Jll1Hl1l1 TaJll111. Ha-iepnrn, np5IMoi1 fllIHMeH cpeznnoio JTHHH.lO CnnHKJ1 11)151' BbIITOJIHeHI15I ee co CfH60M. B 33BHCllMOCTl1 OT pasvepa H Dll1pHHbT M.aTepHaJI3 CTII1HKY MQ)!(HO BbITIOJIHHTb co Cf1160M VllTYI CO WBOM nccepemose. J1i1JiJ11O Hy13a cruraf91 na-reprurs non np5lMbIM yrJ10M K cpenHeM JIHHI1H Cnl1HKH lI,O 60KOBOM JH1Hl1H. LJ;JU1HY 60KOBOH JTHHMH CITHHKH H3MepHTb If nepenecrn H3 60KOB)'lO Jll1Hl1JO nepena H. Oq)OPMHTb JIl1Hl1lO Hl133 nepe.ua B COOT BeTCTBHl1 c xeprexou.

fOPJlOBl1HY nepena 11. CDI1HKI1 ITO JTHHHl1 nneua paCW11pHTb H3 1 ex. rOpJTOBHHY CnHHKl1 yrny6HTb no cpenuen JU1HJ1.H ua 0,5 CM 11 HaLIepTHTb HOBYlO JU1HHJO rep-

lt13Me lt1Tb

J10BI1Hbl non np51MblM yrJ10M K cpennen Jll1HI1f1 crnmxa. TIPOMMY nepena YJIJ1HHJ1Tb rra _l,5 CM aa c-rer YMeHbIlIeHIUI pacrnopa HarpYJIHoi1 BbITa'lKH. Pacrnop Y rrpoHMbI crrHHKH coxpaanerca na -repreace Jl1I_5I YTI.JII1HeHl15l npoHMbl CnI1HKI1. J1I1HHfO nnesa rtepezia 11 CnHHKl1 nOnH5ITb na 0,5 CM Y JU1HI1H npOHMbi.

JII1Hl1l0 cepenauu nepena nepeuecru ua 1,5 CM anpaso. OTMeTI1Tb Hal.JaJIO ]]MHI1H nepernfia nauxaua B COOTBeTCTBl1J1 C yepTe)KOM. )lJ151 nOCTpoeHIHI BOpOTHI1Ka OT aepruauu HOBOH ropnosumr OTJTO}!(l1Tb no np01lJleHHOH JUIHI1I1 nneua BJIeBO 2 CM. HaQepTI1Tb JlHHHlO neperufia .nauxaua OT 1TI1HI111 Kpa5I 60pTa sepes nOJlYLJeHHYfO T04J<)' l1 nponmrn, ee asepx. OT]]o)KI11b OT BepWI1Hbl HOBOH fOPJIOBI1Hb[ snasemre nJII1HbI MOneJlbHoti rOpJlOBI1HbI cnl1HKI1 no nepece-reuas C nponnemroa JII1Hl1eH neperufia nauxana. '-Iepe3 rrOJ1Y'leHHYJO T04KY npOSeCTl1 nyry C ueHTpOM B TOYKe Z. Do zryre OTJ10JKHTb 4 eM (urapnna OTJ1era BOpOTHHKa) MH onpenenenna <pOPMbl BOpOTHYlKa. Havepnrn, cnerxa aaxpyrueaHyIO J1H_H11l0 cpesa BTa411BaHH5I BOPOTHI1- xa B fOPJlOBI1HY, non np5IMbIM yrJIOM K

Monens 3

HeM H?4epTHTb saznnoio Cpe)lHIOIO JTI1Hl1fO BOpOTHI1Ka. OcPOPMI1Tb cpeau rrauxana M cpeau BOpOTHI1Ka S COOTBeTCTSl1l1 C -repre)KOM. HaLIepTHTb J1I1HI1JO nepernoa CTOHKI1 BOpoTHHKa B COOTSeTCTBI1H C l.JepTe)KOM. Harpynuas asrrasxa n03)J(e nepeBo,UI1TC5I non nauxaa. HaQepTI1Tb JIl1HHI1 paapeson OT rOpJ10SI1Hbl K TOy.Ke Bt .IlJ151 nepesona BbITay.KI1 B COOTBeTCTBHH C lJepTe)KOM.

nOCTpoeHHe nepeAa/ nepeAHeili .. aCTH PVKaBa Ilepeznnoio l.£aCTb pykasa COSMeCTI1Tb C nepenov TaK, 4T06bl y J1HHI1H nnexa PYKaB ua 2 CM 6bJJI HaJIO)KeH na rrpotivy nepena, a y 60KOBOii J1f1HfIfI 06pa30BaJICH npOMeJKYTOK Me)J(.[)' eepxnen TOl.{KOM HIDKHero cpesa nepenneii '-:laCTI1 PYKaBa I1 60KOSOti JT.I1HJ1- eH nepena sem.fl-Il11foH: 3 CM. <PopMa 60KOBOti' J11fHl111 nepeaa/nnnn« Hl1)KHerO cpesa nepenneit yaCTI1 pyxasa n03)Ke nepeHOCJ1TC51 C -reprexa CITHHKH. Yl3MepHTb OTpe30K OT 60KOB0i1 J1f1HHfI (na YPOBHe J1HH"H TaJIl1f1 6a3f1CHoti CeTKl'I seprexa) no J1MHI1I1 Hl13a nepenneii y.aCTI1 pyxasa B COOTBeTCTBI1H C LlepTe)J(OM. 3Ta Be;rnql1Ha nosxe onpenernrr MeCTOnOJlO)KeHl1e 3a,nHei1 4aCTI1 PYKaBa.

Arern,e 05//2010

40 TeXHMKa KPOR

II

,.

~

b

N

nepeHeCTII1 C -reprexa nepena ~

~--~--~~--~t=====~~~

AeTanM KpOH

EtI .lleTaJTH KpO~ paapesars J1 BOCCTaHO... BHTb I1X ueJlOCTHOCTb B MecTax HaJlO)KeHHH. Il onfiopr , HI1)f(H}H1 11 BepXHI1M I30POTHHKl1 CKOnYlpOB3Tb C xepreaca.

K n01l60pTY 11 K BepXHeMY BOPOTH>JKY n06a811Tb TeXHOJlOfJ14eCKI1H npHnycK na 06pa30BaHHe KaHTa 06raQHOrO uraa B CQOTBerCTBl111 C 4epTe)J(OM.

OTJ10)l(HYID fo.",gf-DKery PYKaBa CKOITHPOaar s c xeprexa H COBMeCHlTb qaCTH no J1HHHH nepxuero cpeaa.

Ilepen paapesar s no J1MHMHM paapeaos 11 nepeeecru paCTBOp HarpYIL.HOH BblTa4Kl1 non J1aUKaH.

BblTaYKY ua JI3UKaHe YKOPOHITb H cpe- 3aTh 1136bIT04HYIO D.JU1HY, nOJ1y-yeHHYtO npn nepesone BbITal[KH no 1TI1HI1I1 rrne-ra. BbJpOBHSiTb Bee JlHHHH cpesoe. YKa3aTb uanpasneuae H 11TH OCHOBbl.

nOCTpoeHMe CnMHKM/ 3aAHeMi .. aCTM pYKaBa

Ha CIll1HKe na-reprrrn, zryry pazraycou, paBHbTM )lJI.HHe OTpe3Ka, .l13MepeHHoro ua nepeae C ueHTpOM B TOI.{Ke Z (ToLIKa pacnOJIO)!(eHa Ha J1I1HMM TaJIMH 6a3J;[CHOH CeTKM seprexa) B COOTBeTCTBMI1 C -repre)KOM. 3auHlOlO 43CTb pyxasa COBMeCTYlTb co CITI1HKOti TaK, lJTo6bI y Jll1HJ111 nnesa 3aJlH5:l5I qaCTb pyxasa Ha 2 CM 6bIJIa HaJlO)KeHa aa rrpotiMY CTTl1HKI1, a TOI.{Ka rtepeceseuun J1HHMI1 H113a M Jll1Hl1M HIDKHero cpesa 38.11,HeM L{aCTl1 PYX3B3 pacnonaranacs H3 nyre. Ha-reprun, nJ1aBHYlO JIJ1Hl11O nJ151 conps)KeHH5l JII1Hl1l1 HIDKHero cpesa sannea QaCTI1 pyxasa 11 60KOBOti J1HHHI1 cnwHK11, cxonupoaars H nepeuecrn ee aa xeprex nepena,

06e '{aeTI1 pyxana yxopo'nrn- ua 9 eM. Il apannern.no J1I1HI1>J HI13a pyxana aa paCCT05lHMl1 6 CM OT Hee HalJepTl1Th JIMHHIO OTllO)KHOH MaIDKeTbl. J1oKTeBa5:1 nsrra-rxa COXp3H5:leTC5:I H3 seprexe DJ151 paeIIII1peH>JH PYKaBa no J1>JH>J>J H113a. m

cnV1HKA

Arense 05//2010

51!16Jll!10T8Ka >+<ypHana «AT8nb8»

KHMra «3CKM3 M PMCYHOK»

B KHV118 nauo n0l1p06H08 pa3b>1CH8HV18 OCHOB pV1COBaHV1>1 cPV1rYPbl '-I81l0B8Ka

V1 3CKV130B M0l181l8Ci 0118>Kl1bl. Bbl HaCil18T8 nocryru-o V1 Harll>1I1HO np811CTaBIl8HHbl8 CX8Mbi nOCTaHOBK],1 cPV1rYPbl V1 CaMblX pa31lV1'-1HbIX 88 nOIlO>K8HV1Ci V1 paxypcoa,

a TaK>K8 npV1M8pbl V1X V1cnOllb30BaHV1>1

1111>1 V1306pa>K8HV1>1 >K8HCKOCi, MY>KCKOCi

V1 118TCKOCi 0118>Kl1bl.

1!11l1ll0CTpauV1V1 xpynnoro diopuara n03BOIl>1IOT paoorars C KHV1IOCi,

V1cnOllb3Y>1 KallbKY V11lV1 CTOIl C n0I1CB8TKOCi.

3CKV13 VI PVlCYHOK

OCHOBbl pltCOBaHIIH !j)ltrYPbl nponoplj~W )K8HCKaH cp~iypa, MY)KCKaH cpV1iypa, A8TCKaH cpV1iypa

BV1A cnepena, C3aAV1, C60KY CTaTV1Ka V1 AV1HaMV1Ka

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Orpopsorre nOAnl!1CKY, nOAPo6HO CM. Ha CTp. 73

no flIo6blM aunpocaa, CBH3aHHbiM C nOAnIlCKOii, npocsna otipaurarscs no Ten. (495) 775 14 36/32,

e-mail: podpiska@konliga.ru. Haationee nonHYIO IIH(jJopMalllllO

o acex B03MOlKHbiX enocosax nOAnllCKII Bbl HailAeTe Ha caarax www.konliga.ru, www.modanews.ru

nOAm"lCHaSi ueaa

1155 py6.

npoeKTllpOBaHlle C03AaHlle xennex

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KOHCYJIhTaQHH no CHCTeMe KpOll «M.MIOJIJIep H CbIH»

IIIHH 7723171402 xnn 772301001 p/c-, 40702810100010302090

B 3AO IOH~KpeA~T 5aHK, r. MoeKBa xop/c-i 30101810300000000545

5111K 044525545

KOHcynbT"'pyeT

Cbl'leB8 li1p ... Ha AneKc8HAPoBHa: }J,01l8HT KacpeAPbl AI.o\3a~H KDCTIOMa V1HcTV1Tyra

,Q1.o\3a~Ha 101 PeKJ1aMbl MA6lt1Y • BeAYl1\Vl~ npenonaearene KOHCTpYJ.1pOBaHIIIs:l WBe~HbIX lt13,Aem-1Ci no CV1CT8M8 KPOfl «M.MIOJ1llep lt1 CbIH" l!1 HaKDJ1Ke CJlO}l(HbtX CPO PM

na xypce (<,Q1013aCiH KOCTIOMa" B BW8V1C • fH1l1eH3l.1aT «AKaAeMIoH1 MOAbl lr1 A1II3a171Ha» (r. MIOHxeH, repMaH~ul) (m1118H310111 ua npaso npenonaaanas B POCCIr1lt1 KOHCTPYJ.1pOaaHVlR wseJilHblx l-13,[1enlo1H no C!.1CT8M8 KPOll "M.MIOJlJlep 11 CbIH")

Arern.e 05//2010

BHMMaHM~MOAenbepOB,KOHCTPYKTopOB,npenOAaBaTeneH,CTYAeHTOB, PYKoBollMTeneH WBeHHblX qmpM!

Bnepesie B POCC~~ ~3AaeTCH YH ... KanbHaH cep ... H yye6H~KOB

no aHrn"'~CKOMY MeToAY KOHCTpy"'poBaH ... H ~ MOAen~poBaH~H .

.oocTynHbl~ ~ TOYHbl~ aHrnl-1~cK"'~ MeToA n03BonHeT BceM xenaiout ... M osnaners MaCTepcTBoM MOAenbepa-KoHcTpYKTopa B KOpOTK"'~ CpOK.

B KH ... re «AHrnl-1~CK~~ MeToA KOHCTpy~poBaH"'H ~ MOAen"'poBaH..,H. )KeHcKaH oAe)l(Aa» AaHbl 190 npaKmYHblX yepTe)f(e~,

Y)f(e ananraposaaaux K oc06eHHOCTHM pOCC ... j;iCK ... X qmryp.

no H~M MO)l(HO c03AaTb ruoosre MOAen~ )l(eHcKoj;i OAe)f(Abl.

nepe-uicnare B m060M OTAeneH"" C6ep6aHKa .Ha repparopaa P<l> cronuocrs 3aKa3aHHO" KH"r" Ha paCyeTHbl~ c-er 3AO «3):1l11nPECC-KOHnlllrA» CDCTaBbTe 3aflBKY B npoaseonsuoa cpopMe, B KOTOPOa:1 YKa>Kv1Te aaxaasreaevoe KOnVl'-leCTBO, eaur no-rroesui anpec c l.1H.QeKCOM; <t>V10 VI KOHTaKTHbl~ renerpoa

• ssuururre Ha anpec M3AaTenbcKoro AOMa «3):1l11nPECC-KOHnlllrA»

3M1BKY" KonllllO KBmaH4"" 06 onnare C OTMeTKO" 6aHKa (MO>KHO no cjJaKCY 775-14-32/35). Aapec: 105082, Mocxea et« 5 "n~ e-mail: podpiska@konliga.ru

• CTO~MOCTb KH"r" no nOAnMcKe - 680 py6.

(c yyeTOM .qOCTaBK" 3aKa3Ho" 6aHAeponbfO)

e ~~~~~!::~.::~~

AIlSI Ao6aBl1eHli1S1 aaurero sonpoca BaM Heo6xoAliIMO:

• 3apen1CTp ... pOBaTbCII Ha HaweM casire no a.qpecy: 3aperL1CTpL1pOBaTbCII (ecn.., y aac HeT aKKaYHTa Ha HaweM caare) ... BoilT'" B CL1CTeMY.

• Ecnlo1 aKKaYHT ecr s, Bo~n' B Clo1CTeMY.

• nocne aroro nepe~n" no a,qpecy: aanars aonpoc no CHCTeMe KOHCTpYHpOBaHHs:I ((M.MlOllnep H CbIH».

CMCTEMA KOHCTPYMPOBAHMR O"E>K"bl «M.MlOnnEP M CbIH»

I,CI-ICTeMa 6YAYllIerO» J..1n\l1 "C(.1CTeMa MlOnnepa» na py6ex<e BeKOB 6blna He e,Q(.1HCTBeHHO~ CI>1CTeMO~ KPOR, HO O,QH0ii11>13 caMblX ycneuraux. Oua nonY"lI>1I1a Bceo6w,ee npI>13HaH\i1e,

a MIrIXa3I1b MIOI1J1ep (1852-1914) cran HenpeB30LII,QeHHb1M KOHcynbTaHTOM B nene npodieccaonansuoro KpOfi. CHa"lana B csoea "repMaHCKoLil WK0I18 O,Qe)KAbtl> OH Y'H1I1 TO'iHOMy ysery pa3J11.1'iHblX aHaTOMV'I'ieCKto1X oco6eHHocT8ii1 cPl-lryPbl npV'l CHfiTV'l1-I MepOK.

HIr1KaKafi ,Qpyrafi C\i1CTeMa He I-1Mena AJlR aroro CTOJlb TO'iHOro reOMeTpVl'ieCKOro MeTO,Qa, KOTOPbl14 nenan reno Ha cerMeHTbl VI nepeecnan oco6eHHOCTI-1 cpl-1rypbl B 1-13MepeH1HI AJ1I.1Hbi 1-1 WI-1PI-1Hbl.

CI-1CTeMa, pa3pa6oTaHHaR Mton.nBpOM, crana caMblM Sa>KHbIM BKJla,QOM B nopTHOBCKoe pevecno. (.1 AO CBro,QHRWHI-1X ,QHeLil ee nplllHl.Il-1nbl OCTatoTCR eepHblMlIl1-1 3CPCPBKTVlBHbIMI-1. TeH,QBHIIIIlIll [.1nlll MO,QHble RBnBH[.1f1 nO,QSBp)f{eHbl CTpBMI1TeJlbHblM 113M8HBHI1AM. aAHaKO .n106oii1 cruns rpeoyer 6e3ynpe"lHoii1 nOC3,QKI-1. Cnell[.1aI11-13V'1pYflCb na KOHCTpy\llpoBaHV'l1-1 C [.1,QeanbHoLil nOCa,QKOLII, Clo1CTeMa «M.Mtonnep 11 CblH" SbIrO,QHO OTnWiaeTCR OT ,Qpyrnx. Osa CTpOVITCR Ha MeTO,QVlKe nponopusonansuoro pac-era, xoropas Y'"IVlTblSaeT pa3n[.1"lHble OTKJlOHeHl,Ui <p[.1ryPbl OT cranaapra. 3TO~ MeTO,QVlKOLil nerso oananers. OHa 3KOHOM[.1T BpeMfi VI ee O'"leHb npocro ucnonssosars B paoore.

http://www.modaneW5.ru/mulier

MacTep-Knacc 43

MO.QEIll1 npl1IlErAIO~ErO Cl1IlY3TA nns MY>K'-Il1H: 5PKJKl!1 nJlKJC >Kl!1JlET

[ II

0- II ]

6PIOKI1

• 60KOBbie KapMaHbl Ha nepenunx ~aCTHX 6PfDK C OTpe3HbIM~ 60KOBbIM~ yaCTHM~

• KapMaH C KnanaHOM ua 3aAHe~ yaCT~ 6PfDK

ll<l1nET C BOPOTHI1KOM nI1AlKA'IHOrO Tl1nA

• -erupe napu nerens/nyrosau

• y3K~e na~KaHbl

• npopesnue KapMaHbl B paMKY C sacrexKO~ ua npopeauyio nerruo ~ nyrosauy

• Ha cn~HKe - xmCT~K~ AnH peryn~poBK~ o6beMa )l(~neTa

'IEPTE>K 6A30BOM OCHOBbl Y3KMX 6PIOK

Monens 1

Pa3MepH~e np~3HaK~ An~ nOCTpoeH~~ 3T~X 6P~K 6bln~ ~3MeHeHbl no cpaaue-uuo C pa3MepHblM~ npu- 3HaKaM~ An~ nocrpoeaua KnaCCW-leCK~X 6P~K, TaK KaK

. 3T~ y3K~e 6P~K~ HOCSH Ha 6eApax:

Bdu/OTn: C 88 AO 92 CM St1/Ac6: C 106,5 AO 100 CM

YY~TbIBa~ 3HayeH~e Schr/Ilu, pasuoe 81 CM, nonYY8HO HOBoe 3HayeH~e Lbh/Bc = 19 CM.

Monens 2

o MACTEPE

HI1AepnaHACKI1M AI13aMHep POM BepcxlOpeH PYKOBOAI1T aTenbe B PonepAaMe 11 npenoAaeT B BblcweM xYAolKecTBeHHoM Y'Il1nl1l11e raant aa OTAeneHl111 MOAbl 11 TeKCTl1nll.

Arense 05//2010

44 MacTep-Knacc

nepeAHHH "IaCTb 6plOK

II Ha4epTI1Tb 6a3H~HYIO seprnxans, OTJ10)l(HTb no HeH asepx 3Ha4eHHfI paavepuux npH3H3KOS: Bsicora KOJIeHa (BK), )l~HHa HorM (Iln), )l~HHa e60KY ()le6). Or sepxuer; TOl.JKI1 orpesxa, onpenenarouiero )lH, OTflO)J(MTb nscpx 1/10 OT 1/206 nmoc 3 eM Jl)1H ortpeneneuus ypOBHH flHHHM 6enep. vb ncex nonyveiurux TOl.JeK nposecru ropn- 30HTaJlH snpaao.

no JU11-H1 H 6enep OT110)l(HTb anpaso 3HayeHHe lliHPHHbl nepenaen sacra 6plOK (Wn6) It( 113 nOJT)"IeHHOM TOYKJ1 rtpoeecrn SepTI1- KaJIb anepx llOJ1I1HMH TaJIl1J.-l H BHl13ll0 1II1HliH aucoru CMLleHHfJ.

Bnpaso or nocneanea H3 J1l1HI1H 6enep TO'-lKM OT110)l(I1T1 3HalleHI1e WI1PI1Hbl wara nepennen 'laCTH 6PlOK (W wn6). OTpe30K, onpenenmoiuaa ofiutyio WI1PHHy nepennea QaCTl1 6PJOK, pa311eJU1Tb nOnOJI3M VI "'3 nOJIyQeHHoi1 TOl.JKH nposecru SepTI1KaJlb saepx 11 BHl'l3 - nOJ1Y'-ICHa J1I1HHH nepennero cruoa 6p1OK.

ITo JIHHI1}! Hl13a OT1I0)I("1Tb anpaso J.1 aneao OT JlMHl1H nepenuero crufia 6ploKno 1/4W",pHHbl 6PlOK BHH3Y (WH) MMHyC 1 CM, no ~HHHH xonena OTflOJKl1Tb no 1/4WHpHHbl 6PlOK B otinacr« xoneua (WK) MHHyC 1 CM.

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- ··_············/r····-----------_/

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~

.. \i!JRLfA'or; /~'O~ 1

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V4 Fw./. 1 V4Fw./.l

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M MlOnnEP It1 CblH

Flonysennue rOI.{KI1 coemourrs .rmmU.IMI1, oopauiaa BHJ1MaHMe ua rtepneanakynspaccn, 3TI1X llHl-U1i1: Kmnml1 HH3a.

113 T04eK, nOJTytIeHHblX Ha JTMHI1H KOJ1eHa, npOBeCTlIJ asepx no JIHHMI1 6e.nep scnovorarensuue urarosyio H 60KOBYJO 11l1HI1I1. TIPI1 :)TOM acnojaorarensaaa 60KOBa~! J1i1HI1f1 ua cepennne orpesxa Me)l(Jl)' JIMHHeti BbICOTbI Cl1lleHJ15I l1 JIHHl1eti 6e,nep ,nOJDKH3 COBnaCTb C 6a3HCHOH BepTl1Ka.JTbIO.

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Arense 05//2010

no JTl{HHH TaJlHM OTJlO)!(l1Tb OT JU1HMJ1, onpe.aeJl5l1Ow,eH WI1PMHY rtepenuen yaCTM 6PlOK, 1 CM MeBO 11 COenHHI1Tb rrOllyY_eHHYJO rosxy H3KJTOHHOH ecnoaorarensuos J1HHl1ei1 c KOHelfHot'1 T04KOH orpesxa Ha llJ1HHl1 6eilep, onpenenmouiero Wn6 (BepXHI!H yracrox cpennes flMHl1l1 nepemrea qaeTH 6PJOK). KpaHHlftt npasua OTpe30K aa JII1Hl111 BbICOTbI CI1.rreHI15I pa31leJH1Tb nOrrOJI3M 11 OrJTO)KMTb OT llt1HMI1 Be nOllOBHHY 3H34eHI-UJ ilJTMHbI OTpe3Ka nsepx no SepTI1KaJUl, H3'4ep1.JeHHOH sepes TO'[KY W.n6.

Orciona HaI.JepTMTb KOPOTKYJO HaKllOHHYlO BcnOMOraTeJIbHYlO 11I1HHlO K Kpai1mei1 npasoii TOl.£Ke aa JIMHHI1 BbICOTbl Cl1lleHHH. Oq,OPMI1Tb HH)KHM" y-racrox cpeaneii fll1Hl111 nepenuea -racru 6p1OK.

Or 60KOBOM JlVlHMI1 no JII1Hl1l1 ranua OT110- )!(J1Tb 1 CM snpaao 11 or n011YlleHHoH TOI.JKl1 nponmrrs 60KOBYlO fll1H 11 10 na 0,7 eM asepx. OCPOPMI1Tb 60KOSYlO 11 uiarosyio JH1HHH, a raxxe JB{HMlO sepxnero cpeaa 6PfOK B COOTSeTCTSI1H C seprexov.

3aAHRR 'taCTb 6plOK

E'Ii Koucrpyupouauue 33nHeH qaCTM IIiI 6PfOK ocyu.ecrnnsercs Ha xeprexe nepenaea "aeTI1 6PJOK. YepTe)!( nepemren 1.J3CH1 6plOK CKOnl1pOSaTb, roPl130HTaJIbHbJe 1111HI111 6a311CHOH ceTKH npOIDII1Tb snpaao .H nneno.

IIOJU1HJ.1J.1 KOJleHa H 11I1Hm1 Hl133 B 06e cropoHbI OT 60KOBOH H warOBOH l1HHHM nepennen qaeTI1 6PlOK OTJIO)!(I1Tb no 2 eM. Hasepnm, HIDKHJ.1e yYaCTKJ1 60KOB01111 warOBOH 11l1HHi1 3allHeil qa,em 6p1OK.

TIo JIJ1HHI1 fienep nepexecrn JH1HI-1}0 aanaero crnfia 6PIOK ua 1-l,5 eM artpaao OTHOCHTeJIbHO J1J.1HJ.1H nepennero CrJ.163 6plOK 11 OT nOJ1ytreHHoH TOI.JKJ1 OTJIO)Kl1Tb no lIIfHHIl fienep aneuo 11 anpano no 1/20w36.

yb npauoa nOl1Y4.eHHOH TO'-lK11 OT110)l(I1Tb BJIeBO 3Ha4eHl1e Illupmu; urara 3alIHei1 xacru 6plOK (Ww36). OCTaBlllaHCH BeJII1<[]1- Ha sa J1I1HHJ1 6eLlep HBJI5IeTC5I Wl1PHHOH aanHeM 4.aCTH 6plOK no JB1 H 1111 6e.aep.

llflH onpenenenna yrna HaKJIOHa aepxnero yxacrxa 3aHHeil xacra 6plOK no 60KOBOH 11HHHH nepenuea 4aCTl1 6PlOK OT J1HHI1I1 sucoru el1lleHMH OTflO)!(I1Tb asepx 2-3 eM. OT 3TOM TOI.JKH nauepnrn, BcnOMOraTeJ1.bHYJO J1I1HJiIIO K KOHe4HOH rosxe orpeaxa lllU136. Orciona aasepnrrs ssepx nepneHII,J.1KYlHlP K nOJ1yyeHHOH acnoxorarensuoji ll.l1Hl111 - nony-reua ecnovorarensnan J1JiIHHH AJ15I nocrpoeans cpenaea J1l1Hl1H 3aLlHeti: 4aCTl1 6plOK.

OT J1HHHI1 xoneua rrpOBeCTI1 acnovoraTe11bHbIe llJ.1HI1I1 ssepx K KOHe4HbIM TOI.{KaM OTpe3KOB, onpeaensrounrx 1/20w36. J.13Mepl1Tb LIl1HHY 60KOBOH. llJ1HJ111 nepeaHeH 4aCTl1 6PIOK OT J1l1HHH KOJIeHa asepx

MacTep-Knacc 45

1/2 1/4
92,0 CM 46,0 23,0
102,0 CM 51,0 25,5
44,0 CM 22,0 11,0
40,OCM 20,0 10,0 OCHOBHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKM

PA3MEPHbiE npL13HAKltI C npL15ABKAMltI AJl51 nOCTPOEHL151 5A30BO~ OCHOBbl Y3KL1X MYlKCKltIX 5PIOK HA YCJlOBHO- TltInOBYIO <lJL1IWY, PA3MEP 50

100,0 CM

81,0 CM 19,0 CM

=):1c6.1. ):1H

Bdu/OTn 06xBaT TanVlVl
Ha yposue nosca
Hu/O6 06xBaT 6egep
Kw/WK W"p"Ha 6PJOK
Ha ypoese koneaa
Fw/WH W"p"Ha 6PJOK
BHVl3Y
Stl/Ac6 AnVlHa C60KY
(paccroa-ne OT H\I1>KHero
KpaH nosca AO nona OODKy)
Schr/AH AnV1Ha HorV1
(no BHyrpeHHei1 nosepXHOCTJ.1)
Lbh/Bc BblcoTa CV1AeHVl51
Knh/BK Bsicora
KoneHHoiit TO'-lKVl BcnOMoraTenbHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKM

Vhbr/Wn6 W"p"Ha nepegHe~ "aCT" 6PJOK

Gsd/Oww 06111aH W"p"Ha

wara

Vhsd/Wwn6 W"p"Ha wara nepeAHeiit '-laCTV1 6ptOK Hhsd/WW36 W"p"Ha wara

3a,QHeiit '-laCTV1 6ptOK

Hhbr/W36 W"p"Ha 3agHe~ '-laCTV1 6PlOK

Gbr/Ow36 06111aH W"p"Ha 3aAHeiit '-laCTV1 6ptOK 1/20W36

46,6cM

= 1/2):1H + 1/10):1H I. 2 eM

no 1111HHH sepxnero cpesa I1 nepeuecr« nony-reaaoe 3Ha4eHHe na BcnOMOr3TeJIbHyfO 60KOBYIO JIl1HJ11O 3311,Heti 4aCTH 6p1OK. llJII1HY uiarosoa flHHI1H nepeziaeji xacru 6plOK MHHYC SeJ1114J1Ha paCT5I)KeHJ151 (0,7 CM) OT110)f(HTb OT JI·J.1HI1"l1 xoneaa asepx no ncnoMoraTellbHOH. warOBoHl1.I1HI1J1 3a.uHeH QaCTl1 6p1OK.

113?-.'[epI1Tb paCCT05IHHe OT sepxnea T04K.J1 na BcnOMOraTeJ1bHo:i1 60KOBOM JIllHMM 3RlJHeM: -racru 6plOK 110 TOl(Kl1 nepeceuemer JIJ1HHJ1 331IHerO crl16a 6plOK C JU1HHei1 KOJIeHa, nepeHeCTJiI nOJTy4eHHOe 3Ha'-IeHl1e nmoc 1-1,5 CM OT nocnennen TOYK!1 asepx no nepeceseaan C scrrovorarensaoa cpenHeHllMHl1eH3a.nHeM:

QaCTI1 6p1OK.

'Iepea 06e nonyvennue TOlIKM npOBeCTJiI no np51MoH J1l1Hl1IO sepxaero cpeaa 3a)1,HeM QaCTl1 6PlOK i1 nponmrn, ee snpaao. 113Mepl1Tb .aJ1J.1HY J1l1HIH1 sepxuero cpesa nepenxen yaCTl1 6PIOK 11 OT110)l(I1'1b nOJ1Y- 4eHHoe 3Hal!eHHe anpaso no npOHJ1eHHOHl1I1HJ.111 ranna 331IHei1 4aCTl1 6pfOK. yfJ

24,5 CM

Pac-reru:

= 1/406./. 1 CM

21,5 CM

= 1/406./. 4CM

6,1 CM

= 1/10 OT 1/206 + 1 CM

15,4 CM

=Oww.I. Wwn6

28,0 CM

= 1/406 + 2,5 eM

43,4 CM 21,7 CM

= W36 + WW36

nonyuenuoa T04KH OTJ10)({HTb SJ1eBO no npoanen Hoil .I1I1HI1I1 TaflHI1 1/20m runoc 2 eM (pacreop BbITaQKI1). llflHHY OTpe3Ka J1I1Hl1H sepxnero cpesa 3a.rI;HetJ 4aCT11 6pfOK pasnennrs a COOTBeTCTBl1M C seprexo» J.1 nasepnrn, BbITa'-IKY non npHMbIM yrnox K 1111Hl111 sepxaero cpesa aannen 1.faCTI1 6plOK. Oq,OPMHTb sepxnae YQaeTKI1 60KOBoii 11 warOBOH JIl1HH.H., cpeznuoro J1J1HJ1IO, a TaIOKe 1111HJ11O aepxnero cpeaa 3a.uHeH l.JaCTI1 6pfOK B COOTBeTCTBI111 C qepTe)f(OM. npOKOHTPOJIHpOBaTb WHPI1HY 3aLlHeii "aem 6PlOK ua yposae 11111U111 fienep; nposepwrs nee cpeau 8 MeCTax conpaxenua 11 npu He06xoJll1MOCTYI supoaimrs.

Copyright M. MUlier & Sohn, MOnchen Paaoeuiaercs Anfl ucnonsaoeaaaa ronsxo B nV1'-lHbIX uensx. BocnpoV13Bo,QCTBO

V1 KonV1poBaHV1e C KOMMep'-leCKoti1 V1nV1 o6yyalOLl..Ieti1 uenuo 3anp8Ll..18Ho.

AT8nb8 051/2010

46 MacTep-Knacc

M. MIOJlJlEP It1 CblH

MOAem.tpOBaHllle

n LLnH 3TI1X Y3KHX 6PlOK 06H3aTeJ1eH KOHiii TpOJ1b 06XBaTa 6eJlep: H3Mepmb JlJ1HHy J1ltHMH 6ellep na -reprexe nepennea H 3a.nHeti sacres 6PlOK (orpeaxn A H B) 11 CYMMMpOBaTb rtonysenaue 3Hal.(eHM5I. 113 CYMlv[bI BbI4eCTb 1/206 - nonysena npntiaaxa Ha CB060JlY 06J1eraHH5I.

3JleCb: A + B

11/206

= 51,5 CM = 51,OcM

= 1/2 npl16aBKM

ua caooony 06J1eraH~ = 0,5 eM

nOCKOJ1bl<)l npnfiaaxa aa CB060JlY 06."eraHI1" K 1/206 MeHbwe I CM, JlJ1J1 H3[cTOBJ1eHI1" 6PlOK cnenyer 11CnOJlb30B3Tb 3Jl3CTI1YHYIO B none-

pe4HOM Hanpal3JIeHMH TKaHb. He3J13Cnf'-lHYlO TKaHb MO)!(HO MCnOJlb30SaTb TOllbKO 8 TOM cny-rae, eCJU1 npl15aBK3 aa csooony 06JTeraH(151 K 1/2066oJ1bwe I CM.

Ha nepenneii yaCTI1 6PlOK naseprun, axon B KapM3H ~I nO.fiKJIMKY xapsiana B COOTserCTBHl1 C -reprexo«.

D)H1Ha 3aCre)((KH-MQJlHI1I1- 14 eM; H3l£epTI1Tb J1HHI1IO CTP04KH, saxpennmouryro rYJ1b<pI1K (o6r3YKY J1esoC'1 CTOPOHbI 3aCTe)I{Kl1) ua paceT051 H 1111 3 eM 01' Kpa51 aacrexxn.

Ha-repnrrs none WI1PHHOt'! 3,5 eM H lIJII1HOI1, paBHOI1 Orn, 11 OTMeTI1Tb KOHrpOJTbHblMM 3HaKa1>.H1 MeCrOn0J10)f(eHYIe 6oKoBoil J1MHHH, BbITaYKJ1 11 Kap~·I3Ha.

Ha nepemrea vacru 6pIOK na-iepnm, ryns<PMK (06Ta41<)1 neBoi1 CTOPOHbl 3aCTelKKI1) M sepxansno CKonHpOBaTb ero .llJHI nOCTpOeHI1JI OTKOCKa. K BepXHeMY cpesy OTKOCKa npHJ10- )f01Tb sepxansno CKOnl1pOBaHHbl11 nepenuaji y-'-laCTOK nosca, OQ:JOPMHTb nepellHI1H cpes OTKOCK3, KaK nQKa3aHO ua seprexe, YJIJlI1HHB nQHC aa 6 CM, 11 orverun, MeCTOnOJlO)l{eHHe nermr 1IJl5I rryrosuuu.

Ha4epTHTb KJIanaH xapaaua na 3a.n.Hei1 4aCTH 6PlOK B COOTBeTCTBHH C -ieprexo».

~[G7-n KapMaH

BblTaYKa

nose /d

7mmm

60Kosafl JlI.1HV1fl

.nm~J :

Ta6mu . .\a 0603HayeHIIIV!

A I:I~':i~.9_,.~~~9g~?~.!q~~~ ..

Beleg BHYTpeHHflfl ,qeTanb,

...................... q~T~':i.I'!~., .. f'!9Aq~P}:.~. }:'.r:t:.

W yposeas ce,qbMoro

..................... . l:1:I~.0~9.r.q .1}9~~~~.'5~ .. r11.(rnessen) ..... "~"ejJ~T" .. Q.(U.bertr"ge,n) .. n~p.e~eCT."

v.M.lVM cepene-a nepe,qa, nepeaae-

..................... . ~9 .. f'!9D9!.t-!~~~ ..

h.M.lHM cpe,qHflfl JlI.1HMfl cnMHKM, ce-

..................... p~g~.t-!9: .~AAI:I~~9 .r:tq-!l.9!':1~~?. Zusammenlegenl

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FL iFdV HanpasneHMe HMTM OCHOSbl

f~d.e~la~t .

MW npVl6aSKa Ha CBo6oAY

................... .9~-!l_E?:.~!"!~.~ ..

A_t?~.?~~~ ~~I!?~~~ .

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. ..... .... ..... . ~!.~~~.~9:f:I.~~ . .Px~~~.? .

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Vh nepe,qHflfl 4aCTb nonOBMHbl

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Areru.e 05//2010

MacTep-Knacc 47

"IEPTE>K &A30BOM OCHOBbl >KMnETA C BOPOTHMKOM nMR>KA"IHOrO TMnA

TAEinL'll.\A PA3MEPHbiX npl!13HAKOB, PA3MEP 50

OCHOBHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKH

1/2 1/4 1/8
Kh/P POCT 177,0 eM 88,5 44,3 22,2
Bu/Or 06xBaT rpYA" 100,0 CM 50,0 25,0 12,5
TU/OT 06XB8T Tanlln>1 90,0 eM 45,0 22,5
BcnoMoraTenbHble pa3MepHbie npM3HaKM BbI4L-1CIl8HII1H:

B,O CM = 1/10 OT 1/20r + 3 CM

HS/WW.3 WlI1pll1Ha weJ.1
C3a.o,V1
Rh/Bnp.3 BblcoTa npOVtMbl
C3a.o,V1
RI/ATC ,Qm1H8 cm1Hbi
AOTam1V1
At/Bnp.n BblCQT8 npOVtMbl
cnepenu
Rb/Wc Wt.1PIl1H8 cm1Hbi MO,o,8Jlb 2

25,0 CM = 1/80r+ 12,5cM

44,3 CM = 1/4P + 0 CM

nepeA III cnlllHKa

a OCHOBot'! 6a3HCHOM ceTKH 5IBmlerC51 Bepn1K3J1b, ua xoropoii OT TOl!KH W, pacnonoxeunoa H3 yposne censvoro ureriuoro n03BOHK3, OT110)l(I1Tb 8H113 3H3lIeHI151

pasvepuux np"3HaKOB Rh/Bnp.s H RI/)l,TC.

lib nOJIY4eHHbiX TOLJeK npOBeCHI rtepnenllI1KyJmpbJ K OCHOBHOH BepnlKaJII1. OTpe30K W - Rh/Bnp.s Hf aepruxansuoi! JII1HI1I1 6a3HCHOH CeTKI1 paanennr s nono-

nav. no JIHHl1H T3JlIHI QTJ10)J(I1Tb BJIeBO

OT sepTHKa_lbHoi1 JlHHHH 6a311CHOH ceTKH 2,5 CM H Ha4epTHTb BcnOMOraTeJlbHYID cpenHlOlO JIHHI1IO Cnl1HKH OT cepeauuu OTpe3Ka

W - Rh/Bnp.3110 nHHHH TaJIHH. OT m1HHH

TaJ1I1I111JIfi onpeneneans LlH OT1I0)l(I1Tb BHI13

no BepTI1I~:allH 5 CI\L

Ha-iepnm, cpeLlHIOIOJl.l1HI1JO Cnl1l-fKH B COOTBeTCTBHH C seprexo«,

OT TOllKH W OTJ10)l{IHb BJ1eBO no J1It!HIt!It! OCHOB3HI1fI welt! 3H3lleHHe HS/WW.3 H npoBeCTY! ,.'13 nony-icaaoit TOlJKH escpx OT 1IHHHl1 OCHOB3HI151 uie» BepTI1KaJIb DJ1I1HOM 1,5 CM.

Ha-repnrn, roPJlOBI1HY cnHHKH non np5l_1\'iblM ymoM K cpennea JHIHHI1 cnVlHKH J.1 npODJ1Jt1Tb 3Ty J1J1HJt1JO ua I CM.

OT cpenueri JlHHJt111 Cnl1HKI1 no JTl1I-n111 rpYLlJ1 OTJIO)l(HTb BJleBO 3H3lJeHl1e Rb/Illc J.1 npOSeCTI1 -repes nOJIY4eHHYJO T04KY JII1HI1IO Wl1pI1HbI cruunor, nepneH.LUIKYJI5IPHYIO J1I1HI1H rpynn.

D,JUI onpeneneaun yrna H3KJ10H3 JIHHHI1 nnesa CIDlHKJ.1 OTnO)f(HTb OT JlI1HHI1 OCHOB3HI1fI ureu (nepxneii ropH30HTaJlI1 633HCHOt'! CeTKI1) 2 CM BHl13 no JlHHI-II-I WHPIt!HbI CnI1HKH. npOBeCTI1 BcrrOMOraTeJIbHYJO JIHHHlO fl]lfI onpeneneuas nnI1HhI JIJ.1HHi1 nnesa CnHHKl-l, OTnQ)I<JHh no 3TOtllU1HI111 OT IT VlH 1111 WHpl1Hbl CnI1HKl1 artpaso 2 CM 11 H3llepTHTb 11I1HI1JO nneva CnHHKJ1 B COOTBeTCTBI111 C 4epTe)!(OM.

Ilpoaecru Hatt3JlbHblH Ylj3CTOK JTHHHI1 HI133 cnl1HKI1 non npmvlblM yrnor-t K CpeLlHeJ1lTHHI1I1 CnvIHKI1.

TIo JTI1HI1I1 rpyziu OTJTO)!(HTb BJTeBO 3H34eHI1e Ad/Ill np nrnoc 4 CM (BenH"HHa npovexyrxa MelKllY nepenou H cnHHKoI1). -lepes nony"eHHYIO T04KY npoaecru nepnennnxynsp K flHHHH rpyaa (nnepx H BHI13 LlO JlI1HI1.I1 6enep) - nony reaa JlI1HI151. nepen npOi1MOi1.

OT lTl1HMH rpyna OTJ10)J(I1Tb no JIJ.1HI1J.1 nepen npotiMoi:'1 aaepx 3Ha4ellile At/Bnp.n.

25,0 CM = Snp.3

20,0 CM = 2/1 OOr

(npu Or AO 100 CM) =1/100r+10CM

(npu Or casuue 100 CM) = 1/80r+OcM

= 2/1 OOr + 0,5 CM (npa Or AO 100 CM)

= 2/100r + 1 CM

(npa Or cesuue 100 CM)

Ad/Wnp Bb/Wr

WV1pIl1H8 npOIltMbl W"p"Ha rpYA"

12,5 CM 20,5 eM

KOHTponb/06111ee M3MepeHHe:

53,0 eM ./. 50,0 CM 3,0 CM.

= 1/20r

(MW - npnoasxa

H8 eeoc. o6ner. no mlH. rpygV1)

Ba/WnlK

Ha yposae "'"BOTa 21,1 CM = 1/40T./. 1-1,5 eM (1,4)

Pa3MepHblJ1 npll13H8K WmK He YL[[.1TbISaeTCS1, ecna ero 3Hal.J8Hlt18 M8Hbwe IIlJllll paSHO 3Ha'-leHV110 Wr. B A8HHOM cny-iae OH Y'-H/ITbIS8eTCfl, T.K. Wr = 20,5, a WmK:= 21,1.

OT JII1HI111 nepen npoHMoM no lTl'iHHI1 rpyn» OTJImt01Tb 3,5 CM snpaso, no J1HHMJ1 TaJlJ1t1 OT]lO)J(I1Th 2,5 CM Bnp3BO 11 aasepnm, xepea nony- 4eHHble T04KI1 ncnouorarensnyio fioxonyio J1J.1Hl1lO nepena.

ATenbe 05//2010

48 MacTep-Knacc

Or JU1HI1I1 raJ1I1M no 60KOBOH JIJ1HUI1 rrepena OTJ10>KJtlTb 4,5 eM BHM3, 113 nonysenuoa TQl,[KH OTJIO)l(HTb anpaso 0,5 eM H -repea rrOJlYlJeHHYlO TOYKY H3'lepTHTb HI-[)KHJifH Y1..f3- CTOK 60KOBOM JUIHViI1 nepena.

Or Jll1HlIl1 nepen npoiiMoii no Jll1Hl1l1 rpyna OT110)l(I1T1 nneso 3H3lleH11e paavepuoro rtpu- 3H3Ka Bb/Ll.lr, no m1HHH T3J1I1H OTJIO)({HTb 3HaqeHHe Ba/Illnx, rtonyse+raue orpeaxn pa3n:eJ1I1Tb nononav. CoeLu1HHTb nonyvennue TO'llKl1 H3 JU1HHM rpynn 11 TaJIHH np5IMOH JH1HMei1, npOLIJIHTb ee 88epx - nOJIYQeH3 JUlHI1~ ueurpa rpynu.

Haseprtrn, aepxruoio JIMH.HID 6a311cHoH CerKI1 xeprexa rtepena non np5JMbfM yrnoa K nl1HI1H ueurpa rpynu -repes TO"KY At/Bnp.n. Hauepnrn, nepneHJll1KYJI5!P K sepxaeji Jll1Hl1l1 6a3l1CHOH ceTKM 4epre)l(a nepeua or TOtIKH nepeceueinra JIHHI1I1 rpynu 11 JII1HI1I1 rtepen rrpOHMOM - I10nyqeH3 CMellleHHa51 JUIHI15I rrepen rrpoHIvwH. no 3TOM JU:lHHU OTJ10)\{l1Tb 3,5 CM BH113 OT sepxnen JIHHHH 6a311CHoti CeTKYJ -reprexa 1IJHI onpenenemor yrna HaKJIOHa JII1Hl111 nnexa nepena 11 na-repTHTb JIJ1HHIO nnesa nepena. Ilepeuecrn C xeprexa CTIHHKI1 aa seprex nepena suaueHl1e LUll1HbI JII1Hl1l1 nne-ra CnHHKI1 MHHYC DO,S CM H Ocj:lOPMI1Tb fll1Hl11O nnesa nepena. 1l,JU1 nocrpoeuas rop110BHHbl nepena OT110- )Kl1Tb BH.l13 OT nepxaeii J1l1HltIl1 6a3l1CHOM CeTKl1 xepre xa no JlltIHltIH uenrpa rpynn 3Ha'leHHe HS/WW.3. 113 nonyseiuroji TOYK!1 rrponecrx BneBO OTpe30K, nepnenmncynap HhlM JIJ1HJ111 uearpa rpynn, WH1HOM, paBHOM HS/WW.3 rrnroc 2 CM.

04JOp,MJ1Tb JIl1HI1JO rOpJ10BI1Hbl uepena 11 naneprnrs JIl1HlllO cepennau nepena. OT JU1HHl1 TaJIHl1 nposecru lB1HI1JO cepezrausr nepena nOJI npHMblM yrnou K lTl1HHl1 ranan, OTJIO)J(I1Tb no Hell 3HaqeH11e C '-IepTe)!(a cmurKH nJIJOc I CM, rrpOBeCTJ1 KOPOTKI1M: nepnen,LU1KYJI51P anpaso H aasepnm, J1I1Hl1lO HH3a nepeaa B COOTBeTCTBHl1 C '-IepTe)!(OM. TIOlll1HUH ranan OTJ10)J(l1Tb snpaso OT JU1H.l1}j_ cepennnu nepena 3HayeHI1e 1/20T nmoc 5,5 CM (3Ia npufiaaxa BKJIIQyaeT B ce6H 3 CM - paCTBOp jr ayx au raxe« - H 2,5 CM - npl16aBKY aa cBo6011Y 06JIeraHHH no JIHHlTH TaJIHH). TI0J1YQeHHbU1 na crnnrke no JTHHHl1 ramnr 113JU1111eK OTJIO)!(HTb OT 60KOBOH JII1HHI1 nepena anpaso, -repes nonY'-IeHHYlO TO'-lKY HaqepTHTb 60KOBYJO JlltlHltIlO Cnl1HKH 11 OCPOPMHTb JIHHl1lO Hl13a CIU1HKl1 B COOTBeTCTBI1H C xeprexoa. Ha nepe.ne nauepnrrt. BblTaQKY C paCTBopOM 1,5 CM nocepemnre Me)!(]]y JII1HHell ueirrpa rpYLIJ1 11 JIHHl1eM: nepen rrpOMMoit Bsrra-rxa 3aKaWl11BaerCfI Ha 2 CM rtpasee JII1Hl111 nenrpa rpynn, aa 4 CM I-l11)!(e 11l1Hl111 rpyrra. BeJIJ.!YI1Ha YfJIy6JIeHJ.!H npoiiMbl - 3 eM. Hasep nrn, JIl1Hl1lO npOHMbI nepeaa 11 CITHHKl1 H BbITaQKY ira Cl1HHKe B COOTBeT-

II

nplo16aSK8 Ha CB060AY 06neraHV1s:13

Rb 20

'f,

Rh 25

I/l,3nlo1WeK, 2:5 RI 44.3 5'

Arense 05//2010

Lg.49.4

_X~_T_I.,J_±_~c§ _

'", J'/

1/2 .J. 2.5

3 (pacrs. BbITa"eK) + 2,5 (np"6. Ha cB06. ooner.)

Copyright M. Muller & Sohn, MOnchen Paspeuraerca Anfl Io1cnonb30BaHlt15:r ronsko B nW.JHbIX uensx. BocnpOll13BoACTBO

lt1 xonnpoeaaue C KOMMep'-leCKOC1 vtnlt1 06Y'1aIOLl..IeC1 uenuo aanpeuieuo.

CTBYIH C xeprexo« M npOKOHTpOJHlpOSaTb npl16aBKY ua CB0601lY 06JIeraHI1R no JII1HI1I1 rpY)111 11 ranun.

neTaJIl1 Kp05I aupesars, r.posepnrs cpesu B MeCTax conp5DKeHMH M npn Heo6xo,UHr:.lOCTI1 BblpOBHHTb.

MOAemilpOBaHlile

E'I fTapaJIJIeJIbHO JIHHMH CepeLII1HbI nepeIIiI na na paCCT051HHI1 1,5 CM OT nee Ha'LJepTI1Tb JII1Hl1lO kpaa 60pra. Orvenrrs MeCTOnOJIO)KeHl1e nerem, lIJH! rryronuu B COOTBeTCTBl1l1 C YepTe)J(oM.

JIHHHIO nne-ra rrepena nponnurs ua 2 CM BJleBO, -repes nOJI}"IeHHYJO TO~KY uasepnrn, JII1Hl1lO nepernfia JI3UKaHa OT TOt.IKll H34:aJI3 rreperufia JIaUK3Ha, p3CnOJIo)J(eHHoti. H3 1 CM ssuue sepxaea nernn; O¢OPMHTb cpeau JI3UKaH3 H KOHua BOPOTHMK3 B COOTBeTCTBJ1M C seprexov.

H3MepI1Tb ll,JIHHY rOpJIOBl1Hbl CIIl1HKH ua xeprexe. nJUJ nOCTpOeHMJI HH)KHero BOPOTHI1Ka (113 clJl1Jlbl1a) OT nepuunru rOpJlOBI1Hbl nepeaa OTJIO)KHTb no np5lMOM nOJIYLfeHHoe 3HayeHYIe llJII1HbI roPJIOBl1HbI CJUfHKH MHHYC I CM)10 nepecesenas C npO)1JleHHOH asepx JIHHl1eM neperufia JIaUK8H3. Or nOJIycIeHHOH TOYKM H8l.JepTI1Tb anpaso nepneHIIJ1KYJI.HP K JIHHHH neperufia naUKaH8.

ITo nepneHIUlKYJlRPY OTJIOlKl1Tb nnpaao I,S CM - BeJII1QI1HY, onpe)1eJlRIOIllYJO clJOPMY BOpOTHHKa, 113 rrOJIY'LJeHHoi1 TOYKM OTJIO.>KllTb 2,S CM - BbleOTY CToiiKH BOpOTHI1Ka na yposHe cepeL01H1I.

Hasepnrn, JIHHHIO cpesa BTaqHBaHHH soporHHK8 B fqPJIOBHHY, non np.HMbIM YfJIOM K 3TOH JIMHI1H H8QepTI1Tb JII1HI1JO cepenansr BOPOTHl1K3.

OclJOPMIITb nllHmo nepernoa CTOHKI1 BOPOTHI1Ka I1 cpeau BOPOTHl1K8 B COOTBeTCTBMM C YepTe)KOM.

ITpoBepI1Tb llJ1I1HY JTHHI1H cpeaa BTaLfHB3- HH.H BOpOTHl1Ka, OHa .nOJDKHa 6bITb rrpnMepHO Ha 1 CM MeHbille D.JlHHbI fOPJ10BI1Hbl nepena I1 CnI1HKI1, TaK KaK BOPOTHI1K OTT51- f.l1BaeTC5I nOCpe.1lCTBOM BJI8)f(HO-TerrJIOBOM 06pa60TKI1.

Hasepmrs paMKJtl xapvana B COOTBeTCTBI1Jtl C -reprexow. Ha CITHHKe na ypoane ramnr ua-repnm, XJl51CTI1K B COOTBeTCTBHI1 C -repTe)J(OM.

D,JIH otiecneuenas npnneranns npoHMbl H8 H~)!(_HeM yuacrxe cnenyer YMeHbillI1Tb ee )lJlIIHj.,IlJll!3TOrO Ha nepene 11 crtanxe nasepTl1Tb H8KJ10HHble J1I1HHM paapeaos K KOHU8M nsrra-tex non npHMblM yrJIOM KJlHHHl!! npoiiMbl (CM. seprex). no 3TIIM JlIIHI1HM ueotiXOlIl1MO p33pe33Tb nepen H CnI1HKY, cpeasr H3JlO)KI1Tb npyr H8 npyra HS 0,5 CM, 3aTeM BbJpOBHHTb J1I1HMJO npoMMbI.

HHTb OCHOBbI na nepeae l!! CIlI1HKe paCIlOJ1araercs non npHMblM yrllOM K JlI1Hlf}j rpY)1I1. m

MacTep-Knacc 49

61116nll10TeKa .>t<ypHana «Ar eru.e»

KHMr3 «AHrnMHCKMH MeTOA KOHCTPYMPOB3HMR

M MOAenMpOB3HMR. MYlKCK3R OAelKAa» BHMMaHM~ MOAenbepOB, KOHCTpYKTOPOB, npenOA3B3TeneH, CTYAeHTOB, PYKOBOAMTeneH WBeHHblX I!JMpM!

Bnepsue 8 PoCC~~ ~3I1aeTCH yH~KanbHaH C8p~H yye6H~K08 no aHrn~~CKOMY M8T0l1Y KOHCTpy~p08aH~H ~ MOl1en~pOBaHII1r1 . .o.ocTynHbl1l1 III TO"'lHblll1 aHrnV1l11cKV1111 M8TO,Q n03BOJlrleT scev >l<enaJOllI~M 08nal18Tb M8CT8PCT80M MOl1enbepa-KOHCTpYKTopa 8 KOpOTK~~ CpOK.

no 3TV1M Y'-le6J-1V1KaM npenonaior B caMblX npocnasneHHblX WKOnax MOl1bl Esporu,i. no H~M cnaearu- 3K3aM8Hbi AneKCaHI1P MaKKY~H, Crerina MaKKapTH~, ):\>I<OH ianbHHO ~ I1pY,~8 3B8311bl MOI1HO~ ~HI1YCTp~~.

B KH~,8 «AHrn~~cK~i1 M8T0l1 KOHCTpy~pOBaH~H ~ MOl1en~pOBaH~H. MY>l<CKaH 0118>1<l1a" l1aHbl 100 npaKmYHblX yepT8>1<8~ KOHCTPYK~~~ KnaCC~Y8CKO~, nOBCeI1HeBHO~, cnoprnsuoa, casual, 3alll~THoi1 ~ pa60yei1 Ol1e>l<l1bl ~3 TKaH~ ~ rpaxoraxa. B KH~,y BKJlIO'-l8Hbl lI1JlJlIOCTPaL.\V1V1, T8XHV1'.J8CKV18 PV1CYHKlI1 111 nOH)4"THbI8 npoBepeHHble ~HCTpyK~~~, ananrnpoaauuue K pOCC~i1CK~M ycnoensu. KH~,a pacxpsiaaer see HlOaHCbl npoeKT~poBaH~H MY>l<CKOi1 Ol1e>l<l1bl V1 n03BOJl5=l8T V13YYV1Tb Te OC06bl8 Y8pTbi aHrnV1L11CKOrO CTIIIJl5=l, KOTOPbl8 CHII1CKaJllII 8MY MV1POBYIO 1I13B8CTHOCTb l!1 craru- KJlacc!I1KoC1 MO,Qbl.

COAeplKaHMe KHMrM:

"I3CTb I: KPOH KnaCCIt"leCKItX BIt,llOR O,lle>K,llbI

1. OCHOBHbl8 npII!HlIII!nbl

II! peKOMeHAaLlII!II!, 1013MepeHlil5l 101 paaaepuas TlilnOnOrll!5l MY"'C'" QJ"ryp

2. saaosue KnaCCII!"I8CKII!8 KOHCTpYKlIVI'II!

3. oK PYK3BOB

4. 3aCTe>KKII!, BOPOTHII!KI1,

nallKaHbl

5. AAamaLlI>15l KnaCCI1'-leCKI>1X oK

6. oK 6PlOK

7. 6K KnaCCIo1"18CKlilX COPO'-l8K

'{ann, II: "nnocKMe» EiK

8. oK nnocxoro KPOI1 (AnR QJ"ryp YH"C"C)

9. OA8>K,D,a AfH'l omuxa

II! CnOpTII!BHafl OIl8>K,[Ia 10. 3alI1"THaR

" pa6o,aR oA'>K,Qa 11. Ho,"aR OA'>KAa

~aCTb III

12. Ananrauan oK /1I1R QJ"ryp H8TII!nOBOro T8nOCnO>KeHII!fl 13. AAanTallll!51 ElK MY>KCKO~

O,l:l8>KAbl AIl5l >K8HCK0I1 OA8>K,[lbl

14. r paAa~"R nexan

15. KOMnblOT8pHbill AIo13a~H

16. Oco6eHHocTII! II!CnOJlb30SaHI1R aHrnl1~CKOrO M8TO,[Ia ,[InA

no mofiblM eonpocaa, cBR3aHHblM c: ::~~;~t~~~I:;.:~: qfipjllI1~!l!!i:jf:-_:.

no Ten. (495) 71514 36/32, e-mail: DI , i Ha.fionee nonHYIO HHljJOPM3ijHIO 0 seer B03MOIKHblX Bbl Ha"AeTe Ha Ca"TaX www.konliga.ru, www.modanews.ru

ATenb805//2010

50 TpMKoTalK

TPV1KOTA>K AnH AETEM

TeKCT, Mnn._JlIO.QMV1JlA MACJlOBA

CJlE.QYIOLljA51 TEMA B PAMKAX METO.QV1KV1 KOHCTPYV1POBAHV151 TPV1KOTA>KHbIX V13.QEJlVlV! .QJl51 .QETEV! - nnE"IEBbIE M3AEnMR AnR AEBO"lEK nOAPOCTKOBoro B03PACTA.

nOCTpoeHllle OCHOBHoro .. eprexca

ACCOpTI1MeHT Tpl1KOra)J(HblX 113.aeJIl1M D,JHI neS04eK nonpocrxosoro sospacra aecsva o6WHpeH: nxexmepu, )J(3KeTbl, )IGIJleTbl, CBI1Tepbl, nnarsa n r.a.

LIn" pa3pa60TKH OCHOBHOro seprexa KOHcrpyxuau nercxoro nne-reaoro i13,UeJTI15I I1cnOJlb3YIOT H3r-.IepeHI15I rnnossrx Q:H1ryp no OCT 17-66-77 <<l1311eJlHR uiseinrue, TpUKOraxnue, MeXOBble. Tunosue Q:H1rypbJ neso- 4eK. Pa3MepHbJe npl13HaKl1lUI51 npOeKTHpOSaH(.151 oaexnu». Bem1'IHHbI aeofixonnststx H31'1.'1 pa3MepHbiX npl13HaKOB Bbl cvoxere HanTI1 B xypnane «Arense» NQ 04//2008. HanOMl1HaeM, -rro HmOBYIO cPJ..l..rypy neno-ie« nonpocrxonoro B03paCTa onpenenmor pasMepHble npl13HaKI1:

• Pocr;

• Ofixsar rpyzut rperna;

• 06XBaT 6ellep C Y'leTOM sucryna JKHBOTa (nonnoruun npH3HaK).

nOLlPocrKOBa51 rpynna axrno-raer B ce651 neso- 4eK B nospacre OT 14,5 no 18 JIeT C pa3t1'lepaMI1 no 06xBaTY rpym: OT 84 CM no 108 CM.

Y )leB,OtJeK-nOllpOCTKOB BbilleJUUOT nee paaMepHble rpyrmu:

• 84-;-92, OCHOBHO" pasvep 164-88-96;

• 96-;-108, OCHOBHOl1 pasaep 164-96-102. -leprex OCHOBbl KOHCTPYKUl!ll1 H3D.eJIl151 npencraanner C060M -reprex OCHOBHbTX neranea CnI1HKI1, nepena 11 pyxaaa, BbInOJIHeHHblX C Heo6xonHMbIMM llJIfI nanuoro BI1)la 11311eJIJ15l npl1.nYCKaMI1.

CeTKa pa3MepOB cnlllHKIII III nepena (IIInn. 01)

B nencv yrny JlHCTa OTMe4afQT TOlJKY AI' -repea KOTOPYlO npOBOIl5IT HCXO,[(Hble SepTI1- Kanb I-I " ropasonram, A-A.

Taiinuuo 7

Beprncanenue nl1Hl111

OT T04KH Al no ropH30HTaJTbHOH JlJ.1HHI1 OTKJ13D:bISalOT pna orpesxon, OnpelleJI5UOWHX nOJlO)KeHl1e nepTHKaJ1bHbIXJ1l1ID1H ua cerke. OTpe30K A,A, onpenenner WHPI1HY "311eJlH":

A,A2 = Crill + n06~r + nTn,

me Crill - nOJly06xBaT rpynn TpeTH" (pasMepHbl" npH3HaK 16);

n06~r - npunyc« 06WUM no Jll1HHH rpyua K w"'pHHe H311eJlH51.BeJ1I1411HY ero npHHHMalOT B 3aBl1Cl1Mocrl~ OT B11.na H3.neJTH5l, cunyarHofi (POPMbl H nonorua.

npHnYCK 06WHI1 no nHHHH rpyn» pacnpeneJl5llOT no ysacrxaj: KOHcrpYKUHH. '{acrs npunycxa o6wero 0603Ha4alOT 6YKBOl1 P. CTp04Hbie 6YKBbi npn P 0603Ha4a1OT yYacTKH KOHCTPYKUl111, K KOTOPblM onpenensror 4aCTb npunycxa oourero.

Pacnpenenenue npOH3BOIl5!T CJIenYlOWI1M 06pa30M:

• Ha cnHHKY Pc - 0,3

• Ha npO"MY Pnp - 0,5

• H3 nepe.n Pn - 0,2

nTn - rtpunycx rexaonoru-recxmi Ha TOJiuuiuy nOJlOTH3 (era BeJlHYHHY B 3aBHCHMOCrl1 OT TOJlWl1Hbi nOJlOTHa npl1HI1MalOT OT 0 CM no 1,5 CM). Ilpunycx na TOJlIllHHY nOJlOTH3 K uiupm+e H31l,eJllHl no JJ]1HHH rpya» pacnpene.1HllOT no ynacrxa« KOHcrpYKUHH CJle.uYlOWMM 06pa30M:

• Ha CnJ"HKY - 30%;

• xa np0l1MY - 30%;

• Ha rtepen - 40%.

OTpe30K AlA] onpenenser WHpHHy CnYlHKI1 B 113.neJlJ.II1:

A,A3 = O,98Wc + Pc x n06~r + O,3nTn,

0603Ha"leH"e Pa3Mepbl no 06xBa-ry rpy,,"
np""ycKa 84 j 88 I 92 I 96 I 100 I 104 I 108
nrc, CM 1,1 I 1,15 I 1,2 I 1,25 I 1,3 I 1,35 I 1,4 Tatinuua 2

0603Ha"leH"e Pa3Mepbl no 06xBa-ry rpy,,"
"pMnYCKa 84 I 88 I 92 I 96 I 100 I 104 I 108
Ilanx, eM 0,5~0,7 I 0,6~0,8 I 0,7~0,9 I 0,8~ I ,0 I 0,9~ I, I I 1,0~1,2 I 1,1~1,3 Arerise 05//2010

)

MHEHME 3KCnEPTA

DpHHqHnbl nOCTpOeHHR '1epTelKeM nne'leBblX H3- AenHM AnR AeaO'leK nOAPOCTKOBOM rpynnbl npH6nHlK31OTCR K KOHCTpYHpOa3HHIO lKeHCKHX H3AenHM.

rne We - ill HpHHa cnHHbl (pa3MepHbli1 np"3HaK 47);

Pc - -racrs npanycxa o6wero, npuxonnwa}1C}1 na CnI1HK)'.

OTpe30K A,A, onpenenser WMPUHY nepena B 1131l,effMM:

A2A. = O,98Wr + (Crll - Crl - n) + Pn x n06~r + O,4nTn,

me Wr - lllnpaua rpyznr (pa3MepHbrJ;J npn- 3HaK 45),

Crll - Ilonyooxsar rpyna BTOPOi1 (pasaepHbll1 npH3HaK 15),

Crl - Ilonyofixsar rpynn rrepasra (paavepHbl;; npH3HaK 14);

n - npHnYCK ua nanoporxy, BellWn1HY KOTOporo npl1HJ1MalOT OT 0,[(0 I CM B 3aBI1CHMOCTH OT auna n0J10THa 11 CHJTY3THOM cPOPMbl H3.ueJl Hfi (ua SeJlH411HY sroro npanycxa YMeHbwalOT l3eJ1Wll1HY pacrnopa narpynaoa BbITalIKH);

Pn - tlaCTb npI1nYCK3 o6.wero, npnxonnWa5lC51 ua nepen,

Orpe30K AlAs oripenenner n0J10)KeHJ1e nepTHKaJ1bHOM JlHHHH, npoxonsuieu -repes ueirrp JIOnaTOK:

A,As = O,4A,A3

OTpe30K A,A6 orrpenenser nOJlOJKeHl1e sepTHKaJ1bHO~i JlJ.IHIH1, npoxonsuien -repea ueurp rpyauux »cenea:

01 1 5 3 4 6 2
A, A5 A3 A4 A6 A2
A
,0" .1:\, ,0"
,0,
T, T6 T,
T
5, 5,
5
1 5 3 4 6 2
I 'tepTe)l( ceTKH pa3MepOB cnMHKM It nepeAa I A.A. = I..Ir + 0,5Pn x no6~r + 0,2nTn,

rne Llr - PaCCT05lHHe Me>KnY COCKQBbIMH TQYK3MI1 (pa3MepHblH npn- 3HaK 46).

Qepe3 nOJIyy_eHHble TOl.JKl1 ~, A3, A4, A5, A6 npOBOD5n BHI13 Bep'Tttxansasre J1I1HI1I1 2-2, 3-3, 4-4, 5-5, 6-6. BepTl1KaJIbH351. JH1HJ.1H 1-1, npoxonnuran yepe3 TOYKY AI' COOTBeTcTByeT cepenuae cmtHJGl B 113LleJ1I1H; BepTI1KaJIbHa5J J111HI151 2-2, npOXOn5llU351 xepea TOYKY A:.. cooTBeTcTBYCl' cepemrse nepena,

iOPl130HT8flbHble fll1Hl111

Or TOLIKI1 AI no BepTI1K8J1bl-lOJ1 JIJ.1HJ111 1-1 OTKJ1aL(bmalOT PM orpencos, onpeneJI51IOWl1X rrOJIO)KeHl1e ropnaoirransaux JlJ1Hl1l1 Ha ccrxe. Orpe30K AILII onpeaenner paCCT051Hl1e no nepsoro 11 BTOpOro 06XB3- T98 rpYLII1 C3aLlI1:

A,A, = Bnp3,

rne Bnp3 - BblCOTa npOHMbl C3alll1 (pa3MepHb1l1 npK3HaK 39). Orpe30K AiTI onpenenaer nOJlO)!(eHJ.1e Jl}fHHH TaJIHVJ:

A,T, = ATC,

rne JlTC - )lJlHHa crmau nc TaJIl1H C yrero« sucryrra J10naTOK (paaMepHb1l1 npK3HaK 40).

Orpe30KTIoi onpenenner noncxenue namtn rienep B 11311eJlHI1:

TpMKOTalK 51

T,5, = 0,5ATC

113 T04eK Ll,p Tl' °1 npOBOD,.IlT roPH30HTaITbHble JIHHHJ.1110 nepece-ieI--ill5l C BepTHK3J1bHOM JIHHHeti, npoxonsuiea -iepea TO~IKy ~. TO~IKI1 nepecesenas G603Ha~laIOT COOTBerCTBeHHO A" T, VI 0" a ropasoura-

~H il-D" T - T, 0-0. - - -

TOYKY nepeCeLJeH11J1 seprnxansaoa JU1Hl1l1 3-3 C ropasouransnoa JlHHHeti .L1,-.D; 0603H3Y31OT 11,3' 3 TO~IKy nepecexeunn Bepn1KaJlbHOM J1J1J-U1J.1 6-6 C roPVl30HTaJlbHOH JH1HJ.1eH T - T 0603HaQalOT Tc,.

nOCTpoeHMe KOHTypOB

cnMHKM III nepena (IIInn. 02, 03)

Koarypu CmfHKl111 nepena crponr ua VlX cerxe paavepoe. OOCTpoeHMe illfHHH ropJTOBVlHbI CnJ.1HKM HalJl1HalOT c nOBblweHIHI OCHOB3mUI ropJIOBJ.1Hbi.

A,A = 0,3+0,5 CM

BeJII14J.1Ha orpesxa 33BHCHT OT rpynnu P3CT5DKl1MOCTH n0J10TH3 H p33MepHoM rpynnbI11311,eJ1V1w.

OT TOtfKl1 A snpaso no rOpJ130HT3J1J.1 OTKJlall"blB3IOT WHpHHy ropnoBVlHbl CnHHKI1:

Aa = 0,5dw + nrc,

. rne dw - Ilonepesuua n,113Merp IDeH (pa3MepHbrt1 np113H3K 54); nrc - npunycx K umpase roPJ10BVlHbJ CHI1HKH, BeJIWlJ1HY xoroporo onpenennior no Ts6JIHUe 1.

Ha rrepnennaxynnpe, BOCCraHOBJIeHHOM J.13 TOlIKJ.1 a, OTKJIallblBalOT orpesox aa I' paBHbrH BbTCOTe rOpJ10BHHbI CnI1HKJ1:

• nns rpyrtrru passrepca 84792

aa, = 0,35Aa

.1IJm rpynnu paavepcs 967108

aa, = 0,4Aa

Ll,mr nOCTpoeHI15f J1I1HI1I1 nJ1eQeBO[O cpeaa Cn!-1HK.H HaXOll51T nOJIO)KeHltJe rO'-:lKl1 IT, onpenensuouiea ero HaKJIOH.

D,Jl.ll 3TO[0 113 TOljKH a I' K3K 113 uerrrpa, npOBOllJIT Llyry anpaao pannycov aln:

a,n = Wn,

me Wn - 111l1pl1Ha nne-ieeoro CKaTa (pa3MepHblM. npH3HaK 31). 113 TOYKK T, nposonnr nyry aaepx panl1YCOM Tin:

T,n = BnK - nBnK,

rne BnK - Bucora nne-ra xocas (pa3MepHbIH npJ.13HaK 41);

nBnK - Selll1ljHHa KoppeKTHpOBKI1 n0J10)!(eHH51 nJ1e~leBO[O cpeaa B !-13LlellJ.fH, KOTOP351 HaXOllI1TC51 no ratinnue 2.

Ilocne roro, KaK Mbl onpenemonr H3KJIOH nne-renoro cpeaa CfII1HKJ.tI, MO)f(HO 3aKOH411Th nocrpoeuue llHHI111 rOpJIOBI1HbI cnHHKH (nnn. 04) .. il~" sroro npcnonxaev OTpe30K a ,n 110 nepece-rennn C BeprHK3J1hlO 1-1 B re-nee Ao, 113 3TOM TOYKl1 paaaycov alo npoBOll!-1M llYfY anpaso. Or T04.1(11 A anpaso OTKJI311blB3eM orpeaox Aao = 0,25Aa, 113 TOL[KJ.tI ao rcv xe pannycou a lAo npOBO..[J..1M cute onay llyry snpaao no nepece-ieaun l1X B TOLJKe 00• D,yroM C 3Tl1M)f(e paauyCOM coen,I1H5IeM TOl.JKI1 aIM ao' nOJIYlJaH JIMHMIO rOpJ10BI1HbI CnJ.-1HKH. llJl51 onpene.teuun nnuuu H311eJ1J.151 aT T04KH A BHH3 no BepTl1K3JlJ.tl 1-] OTKJ1allbIB310T orpe.sox AHI, paBHblMllJ1l'tHe J.13,1leJlI'HI B foroBaM anrte.

'Iepes TOL[KY HI npOBOll51T roPH30HT3Jlb H-H, rtepece-ienue ee c BepTI1- KaJibIO 2-2 0603H3Q31OTTOLJKOM H2, a C BepTJ.fKaJIbIO 6-6 - r04KOM H6.

Arerise 05//2010

52 TpMKOTa)l(

flo nneueaovy cpesy CnHHKI1 npoexrnpvlOT IIOCalIKY H3 BbrnYKJ10CTb JIOnaTOK }tnl1 BbITal.fKY B 3aBI1CJ.1MOCIH OT BHlJ,a TlOJIOTH3 H pasvepa H31IeJB1R.

.l1,J1J.1HY nne-resoro cpesa CIII1HKl1 onpeneJl"JOr no rpopnyne:

• lIJI51 H3.IIeJTl1t'1 6e3 BbITatIKI1 no ITney:eSOMY cpesy

a,n, = Wn + nnoc

• LlJUl 113LIeJIl1H C BblTay.KoH 110 nne-rescuy cpeay

a,n, = Wn + Pa + nnoc,

rne nnoc - npHnYCK TeXHOJIOfl1!.JeCKl1M na nOC31IKY ITneLJeBOrO cpesa CITHHKl1, BeJII1- LJI1HY xoroporo rrpmmvaior:

• nJHr vl3lIeJB1ti 6e3 BbIT311KH ITO ITJIeqeBOMY cpeay - 1 ,Oc- 1,5 CM;

• LImI 113JJ.eJ1I1H C BblTa'lKOH no rtne-reaoxry cpeay - 0,2c-0,5 CM.

PB - paCTBOp BbIT3tIKH no ITJleqeBOMY cpesy, BeJIWH1HY xoroporo npl1HHM31OT or 2,0 eM AO 3,0 CM.

QTo6bl Hai1TI1 TO<.J:KY Il I' 113 TQlfKH LI.3' KaK 113 uerrrpa, npOBOA"T nyry anpaso or r04- KI1 Il pannycoa LlJTI.

)l;IfI nocmpoesus nJleI.JeB020 cpesa 6e3 euma-ucu 113 TOlJKM a I rrpOBOIUIT nyry panayco-i a ,nl" TOl.fK3 nepeceuenns nyr III - KOHeu ITJIeqesoro cpesa Cnl1HKI1 C TIOCaLlKoH. Coe,UHH5151 rrpHMOH JIHHHen TOYKl1 0,11 TIl' nonyraior nnesescs cpes 6e3 SbITa4KM (nnn. 02, 03). JI,J1fl nocmpoeuus nJ1eLfeB020 cpesa c eumasKOl' (111m. 04) or rOYKI1 0, ITO JIHHI1I1 0 In OTKJTa,UbIBaJOT o rpeaox 0 ,a 2 BeJl11YI1HOH 3,Sc-4,0 CM. Hepea T04Ky a, npOBOLlJlT sepTHKaJTLHYJO JlJ.{.Hl1lO. TIo BepTHK3JlH BH113 OT TOLJKH a 2 OTKJI3)lbIBalOT ,UJTHHY TIJTe'-leBOH BbITRYKI1 O2°41 KOTopa51 Mo)!(er 6bITb OT 7,0 CM LlO 9,0 CM. 3areM no orpesky Din anpaso OT TOllKl1 a, orxnanuaaior pacTBOP fIJIelleBOH BbITa-YKI1 ap3 (PB). TOlJKY a 3 COeD.l1HfUOT OTpe3KOM npmvloii C TO'-lKOH a 4' rrOJTY'-l351 npaayro CTOPOHY nneueson BbITa~KI1 . .n;Jl.5l nOCTpOeHI1.H OKOH~aTeJlbHOM ¢OPMbI rmesesoro cpesa onpenerrsJOT TIOJIO)KeHl1e nepnnruu )leBoH CTOPOHbI BbITaYKI1. TOYKY TIl aaxonar crrocotiou 3aCeQeK, OfIHcaHHbIM asnue, HCnOJIb3Y51 sropyio q,OPMYflY. 3areM l13 rOQKI1 0, paznrycov o,fl, nposoztar nyry nsepx 110 nepeCel.JeHi1H C .nyroM pannycou a,II. TO'-lKY nepeceveuns 0603HaLJaFOT 114 11 COelll1HHlOT npflMoVi JH1HHeM C sepumnoa rOpJIOB11Hbl Cnl1HKI1 ar

Ilepecesenne np51MOH 0ln4 c npOllOJDKeHI1- eM nesori CTOPOHbl BbITaYKH 0603HaLJaJOT 05. CTOPOHbI nnesesos BblTallKJ1 ypaBHl1BaIOT

aSa4 = a4aS

TOYKY 06 coe.nl1HHIOT OTpe3KOM npHMOH C TOqKOH III.

Arense 05//2010

02

1 5 3 4 6 2
a1 8 82 O2
/ Va~ t-
A L <, a lA, A4 1",81 A2
A A1 a ~ t~:~ ~~ B~
n n21 821
12, 11
K3 o 1
,lJ,1 .03 01W f-4K4 ,lJ,2
,lJ, ~M71/ 1
P3 P7 P P4
T1 T7 T6 T2
T I
I
I
1
1
51 1 671 52
6721
5 5.{
7
1
1
1
1
I
1
I
I
1
I
1
1
1
1
H1 H721 H71 H6 H2
H H7 12
1 5 3 4 6 "Iep-r.e)l( nnaTbfl AnR AeaO"leK nOAPOCTKOBoro B03paCTa

OnpeAeneHllle Bblcweiil

TO .. KIII ropnOBIIIHbl nepeAa Or r04](]1 A, aneso no ropaao-rramr A-A OTKJ1aLlbIBaJOT OTPe30K 1\80, paBHbIi1 Wl1pHHe rOpJlOBHHbl nepeaa:

OTpe3KOB T6f 11 rs, xoropue OTKJla.IJ.bIB3IOT nccnenouarem-no. OTpe30K Tl OTKJTallbIBafOT no BepTI1KaJIbHofi JlI1HI1J1 aaepx OT TOYKI1 T6J a OTpe30K I'B - no HaKJIOHHOM OT T01..IKH F aa BepTl1KaflbHYJO nMHl1IO, npOXOllJllUYIO -repes T04KY Bo.

BeJll1qI1HbI OTpe3KOB T 6f l1 I'B orrpenenmor no diopvyna»:

A2B. = Aa + 0,3 CM,

rue Aa - urnpmra roPJTOBHHbI cnMHKI1.

'Iepes TOYKY Bo npOBo.n5IT snepx acnovoraTeJlbHYJO l3epTJ1K3JlbHYJO JU1HIiLIO.

lJ.ro6bl Hawnr nOJlO)KeHl1e BbJCWeH TOlIKH roPJ10Bl1H.bl nepena, orrpenenmor BeJlJ..1'lU1HbT

me ATn - !lm-lHa ramrs cnepenn (pasuepHbrH npnsnax 36);

03

1 5 3 4 6 2
a, B B2 O2
-> ~'ir~ t-
A LL ~a lA, A, ",,8, A2
A A, a ~ ~ ?\ B~
n ~~~ n21 B21
K3 o 1 12 1,
A, .0.3 oW HK4 A2'
A "'-M,l___; \
1
P3 P, P P4
T, T7 T6 T2
T
5, 57 52
5
H,1 I I H7 I H2 Br - BblCOTa rpYA" (pa3MepHblH npH3HaK 35);

"IepTe. nne"leaoro .. a.en .. " ,RnR AeBO"leK nOAPOCTKOBoro B03paCTa

rB = Br-Aa"

rne Aa1 - LVllfHa ropnomnnr crrmnoi no xpaBaH, neJ1H4J1HY KOTOPOi1 H3MepffiOT no seprexy, T04K3 r na -reprexe 51 BJlHerC5I sepunt HOM narpynuot; BbITa4Kl1 113 nne-resoro cpesa, a TOlJK3 B - sepunoroti roPJlOBHHbl nepena.

Ocj)opMneHMe nMHMM ropnoBMHblnepeAa

L(lHI nocrpoexna J1J1HHl1 ropnoamtu rrepena -repes TOLfKY B nponoaar ropnaorrram.ayio J1I1H1110 no nepecenenun C sepTHKaJ1bHOH JUIHHeH 2-2 B T04Ke By

OTTOYKI1 82 BHl13 no seprakann OTKJ1aLlbfBafQT orpesox 82821' paBHbLH my611He rOpJIOBHHbi nepena:

B,B" = A,Bo + nrrn,

me A,Bo - WHpHHa rOpJ10BI1HhI nepeaa; nrrn - npHnYCK K my6HHe roPJ10BHHbl nepena, KOTOPbIM MO)l(er 6bTTb OT 0,2 eM no 1,0 CM. 113 TOqeK B J.1 BlI snpaso OT TOLIKJ1 B] npoBonHT nyru P<l)J,J.1yCOM1 paSHblM B2B2l" TOl.IKa nepeceseana 3TI1X.uyr - O2. 113 TOYJGl. O2 TeM )!(e pamrycov npOBOn5lT nyry, COeIl,J.1H5IJOWYlO TOI.J.Kl1 B 11 Bll' KOTopaR ffi3JUJ.eTC5I J1l1Hl1ei1 ropJ10BVlHbl rrepeaa.

nOCTpoeHMe KOHTypOB nne'leBOrO epeaa nepena M HarPYAHOM BblTa'lKM

113 TOl.IKI1 B non YTJTOM ai' paSHblM yrny a1·K ropH30HTaJIbHoi1 JIVlHVlVl npOBO,[l5lT np51MYlO (yrOJ1· a - yrOJI HaKJIOHa rt.re'tesoro cpeaa CIlI1HlGl). Ha 3T0i1 npm.lOH. OT TOYKJ.1 B OTKJlanuearor orpeaox BIT1, onpenenmounrri umpnHY nnesesoro cpesa nepena:

Bn, = Wn

3aTeM 113 TOqlO1 B npOBOU"T nyry pallHYCOM BTl? BHl13. OT TOl.£Klil TI) EHB3 no nyre OTKJI3- llbIDalOT OTpe30K n2n21~ l3eJIl1YI1HY xoroporo onpenensror no raornrue 3.

ToY.KY 021 coelU·-IH.HIOT npffivlOH JTtfHl1eH C TOYKO" B,

BTIll -JTHH}UI nne-resoro cpeaa nepena. TOYKY nepece-reirnn BepTI1KaJibHOH JU1Hl1l1 6-6, npoXOLlJllUew -iepea TOYK)! A6, C JIHHHeW rmeseaoro cpesa BTIll 0603J-faY3rOT B. ITpHMa51 e[ - npaeas CTopOHa BbITa1..JKI1.

tJ,.rJ5I. nOCTpOeHI151 nenon CTOPOHbl BbITal.IKJ.1 CHa-rana onpenenmor yposem, pacrsopa Harpy.JJ.HoM

Tatinuua 3

TpMKOTalK 53

BbITaYKJ.1. Or TOLIKJ.1 r esepx no BepnfKarIbHOM 1111.HHM OTK(13)],bwalOT orpesox rrl.

rr, = O,2Crll

vb TOLI](11 r, K3K 113 uearpa, P311I1YCOM rrl npOBOLUn zryry BJleBO. Ha 3TOM nyre OT TOl1- KJiI [I no xopae OTKJ13D.bISalOT SeJlWIJ.1HY pacrsopa narpyaaoii BblTaLIKI1 rl [1"

r,r,=Crll-Crl-n

TOl.IKY r coeznuouor C TOLIKOH r2 np5lMOH JII1H11eti 11 aa npOD,OJl)KeHHl1 ee OTKJI3)],blBaJOT OTpe30K rer

ra, = ra,

rne rB1 - nenaa CTopOHa BblTa4KI-I.

3aTeM 113 T04KVl r panuyco« [[121 BJIeBO OT TOl.fK11 [121 npOBOllHT zryry I1 na HeM nenaror sace-rxy 113 TOl.fKl1 81 PaIIHYCOM 8n11 B TOl.IKe D3. Tosxa n3 nnnaercn KOHUOM nne-reuoro cpesa nepena npn HarpY)lHOM aurasxe, OTKPbITOi1 B rnesenoji cpes. TOYKY ll3 COenHl-IJilOT nprrMOH JlI1HI'let'i C TOYKOH er

nOCTpoeHMe KOHTYPOB npOMMbl CnMHKM M nepena

L\n" nocrpoenus KOHTYPOB npOl1Mbl CI1HHKJ1 H nepena OT TOl.fKJ1 A, BHH3 no BepnIKaJlbHoti JlHHl1l1 3-3 OTKJ13D.bLSaIOT OTpe30K A3PJ' panHblH my6l1He npoMMbl:

A,P, = Bnp3 + nnp,

me nnp - npnnycx ua nOHM)!{eH11e npoMMbl, BeJIJ1l.ill.HY xoroporo npI1HJ.1NtalOTB3aBI1CI1MOCTJ1 or BH)la H3nem1f111 n0J10THa aT 2,5 eM no 4,5 CM. '{epea T04.KY P3 npOBOll5IT ropM30HTaJIhl·rY10 JIHHI1IO no nepece renun C BepTI1KaJlbHOM JIHHl1ei14-4 BTO'1Ke P4.

'Iro6bl onpenemrrs KOHqHlrypaUl1lo J1HHHI1 npOMMbl, HaXOll5IT nOJlO)l(eHJ1e HeCKOJlbKI1X BCnOMOrareJIbHblX rone«. CH348JI3 onpeneJl5l1OT TOl.JKY P ua .nI1HH:11 OCHOBaHI15I npOHMbl Pl4• D.ru:r sroro OT T04Kl1 P3 anpaeo OTKJlMblBalOT OTpe30K Pl:

P,P = O,6P,P.

vl3 rOLfKH P BOCCT3HaBJIMBa!OT nepnennaxynsp K JT1fHID1 Pl4' Ha KOTOPOM OTKJ1M.blE331QT OTpe3KI1 PO 11 POI:

PO = P,P PO, = p.p

H I1)KHJOIO L13CTb JlJ1Hl1.11 npOMMhl orpopanmor B BHue UBYX conpsxern+srx nyr: AyrH, npone-

0603Ha"leHMe Pa3Mepbl no 06xaaTY rPYAM
OTpe3Ka 84 T 88 I 92 I 96 I 100 I 104 I 108
IT}TI21'Ct-.! 0,3 I 0,3 I 0,3 I 0,4 I 0,6 I 0,8 I 1,0 54 TpMKoTalK

neHl'WH 113 T04KH 0 pan,J.1YCOM PO 8 CTOPOHY CflJ1HKH, 11 nyru, nponenenuoa Vi3 TOYKM 01 panMYCOM PO, B CTOPOHY nepena, T04KH xaca HI151 3TMX llSYX .rryr C SepnIK3.J1bHbIMH JlHHH51- MH, orpaHWII1BaIOUUIMv! WHpHHy npO~[Mbl, 0603HaLJalOT COOTserCTSeHHQ K3 H K4,

LIml ocpopMJIeHI151 sepxuen lI3CTl1 npOl1Mbi CTTMHKH COelIl1H51lOT flJIaBHOH Kpl1Boii JUIHI1ei1 TO'-lKH III J.1 k,

4r06bl OQ:J0PMHTb oepXHlO1O yaCTb JIHHHH npOHi\'\hJ nepena, T04KY K4 coellJ.-fH5IIOT npsMOM C TOI.JKOH Il.. ilOJT)'l-IeHHbJJ1 oTpe30K K4n3 nennr nonona« B IOLJKe I, 113 KOTOPOM soccraHaBJll1BalOT nepneHLUIKYJUlp. Ha nepneunnxynnpe OTKJlMbIB31OT OTpe30K 1-2, SenHYHHY xoroporo npHHI1MalOT pasuoa OT 0,8 eM no 1,2 eM. TOYKH K4l 2, nJ COeLLI1H5JJQT nJl3BHOM KPI1BOH J1HHl1ei1. Flepece-reane .11111-11-111 rrpOHMb! cmlHKH C ropnaoirransaoji JIl1HI1etI n-n 0503HaQalOT T04KO'1 LIlI· T04Kf.1 LIli ... K, onpeaermor nonoxexue HRLlce4eK H3 JrJ1Ht1H npOHMbl. JlMHHfI npO~Ii\'lbl npoxonur -repes TO'{J(]1 n, K" ilJl' P, K" 2 Mill'

OcjJopMneHMe 60KOBbiX cpeaoa, nMHMM TanMM M HM3a nJl5l nOCTpOeHH5I 60KOBblX cpeaos cnHHKH 11 nepena onpenensror nOJJO)!(eHHe scnoxroraTeJIbHoi1 BepTHKaJIbHOt'1 J1I1HIDI. fum ororo H3 JIMHl1H OCHosaHH5I npoHMbl PJP4 OnpelleJ1HJOT n0J10)f(eHMe TOl[KH P;

P3P, = O,5P3P.

-lepea T04KY P, npononsr aepruxans. Ilepece-reane ee C JlHH11el;f npoHMbl 0603Ha43- JOTT04K0i1 M7• CJlHHHeH rMHI1- T7, CJ1J.1Hl1ei1 6e.nep - 67, C J1Y1HHei1 HI133 - H;

TOlIK3 M7 ua -reprexe - aepunnra 60KOBbTX cpesoa CnI~HKH H nepena.

60KOBOl1 cpea nne-reaoro 11311em,HI (xaxera, nxeurrepa 11 r.n.) npoxonur xepea TOllKH Mp T" 6, M H, (HnJ]' 03).

n.rTfl O¢OpMJIeHHH 60KOBbiX cpeaos nnarua onpenenmor pacumpexue H3nemUI nOJ1I1HMH 5ellep (I1JlJJ. 02):

P6 = (C6 + no6U46 + nTn) -(Crill + n06U4r + nTn),

me P6 - BeJIl1lIMHa paCWl1peHl15I 113Ll.eJlllil no 1I11HI111 6ellep;

C6 - Ilonyofixaar fienep C Y4erOM sucryna JKHBOTa (pa3MepHbrn npaaaax 19);

n06U46 - npanycx 06WMi1 K WMp"He H311eJll1H no Jll1HI111 6eLlep, l3eJ1!14HHY koroporo npMHHMalOI B 3aBMCHJl.WCTH OT anna 113lleJI11H, ero CHJ1Y3TH0i1 Q:JOPMbl 11 n0110TH3.

no JIHHI1H Genep BJ1eBO H nnpano or T04KY1 0_ OTKJlMblBalOT orpesxu 67671 11 07En: I

6,6" = 6,6'2 = O,5P6

3aTeM coeIDIHHlOT T04KY T7 C TOl£KaMI1 671 11 E]2 ruIaBHbIMM BblnYK.I1bThH111I-IHJ.1HivlH, npononxan I1X no l3epTl~KMM no rtepeceseunn C JlHHHeH H113a COOTseTCTseHHO B ro-rxax H71 H Hn'

04

n,

,0" .£1,

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• M7 T 7671H71 - JlHHIUI 60KOBoro cpeaa cnHHKH;

• H1H71-JIl1IDUJ H1UaCf1HHKM;

• M7 T 7572H72 - J1HHI1>r 60KOBoro cpeaa nepena;

• H2H72 - JIl1HMJI HI13a nepeaa,

J1HHI1JI HH3a nepena B ~1311eJlJ15lX C xpyrnons 3aJIbHblX MaWI1H MO)l(eT 6blTb nocrpoeua c HI-[)KHI1M 6anaHCOM, TO ecrs He no npH.MOH, 3 no KP"BOi1 C nporM6oM 0,5';-\ ,0 CM K cepeaune nepeaa (CM. «ATeJ1he» NQ 06/09). rJj

BnepBble B POCC ......... 3AaeTCII YHHKanbHall cepHII Y'Ie6HHKOB

no aHrnHifcKoMY MeTOAY KOHCTPy ... pOBaH ... 1I ... MOAen ... pOBaHHII. AocTynHblif ... TO'lHblif aHrnl1ifcKHif MeTOA noaaonaer BceM lKenalOU4HM OBnaAeTb MaCTepCTBOM MOAenbepa-KoHcTPYKTopa B KOPOTKl1if CpOK. no 3TI1M Y'Ie6HHKaM npenonajor B caMblX npccnaeneaasrx unconax MOAbl Eaponer, no HI1M cnaaana 3K3aMeHbl AneKcaHAP MaKKYHH, crenna MaKKapTHH, AlKoH ranbllHo 11 APyrHe 3Be3Abi MOAHOif HHAYCTPHI1. B KHl1re "AHrnl1ifcKl1if MeTOA KOHCTpYMpoBaHHII M MOAenHpOBaHHII. AeTcKall 0AelKAa .. AaHbl 177 npaKTI1'1HbIX '1epTelKeii, YlKe ananrapoaaaasrx

Anll HOBopolKAeHHblx, AeTeif 11 nOAPocTKOB AO 14 ner.

KH"ra Ha 3TY TeMY - 60nbWa" pezikocn- /VlH POCC"". B KH"ry BKJl104eHbl HnmOCTpal1WH, TeXH"4eCKWe P"CYHK" " nOH"THble npoeepenuue WHCTPYKl1HW, anarrrapoeaaasre K POCCIt1C1CKIt1M ycnoBI1HM. 6e3 COMHeHJ.1H, era KHlt1ra crauer 6eCTCeJlJlepOM J.1 6YAer Bocrpe60BaHHDV! pOCCIt1~CKIt1MIt1 npolt13Boglt1TeJl51MIt1 O/jell</jbl, /j"3a"HepaMH, a ra-ose )!{eHw"HaMW, )!{enalOw"MW c06CTBeHHblMH PYKaM" KPOWTb W WWTb o/je)!{/jY /jnH CBO"X /jeTe".

PEKBI13HTbi Anll onnATbl nOAnl1CKI1: 3AO "3AHnPECC-KOHlll1rA,,

I1HH 7723171402 xnn 772301001; piC" N' 40702810100010302090

B 3AO toHHKpeAHT 6aHK r. MocKaa; Hop/c" 30101810300000000545; 611K 044525545

no mo6blM aonpccaea nOAnMCKH o6paU4aTbCH:

'ren.: (495) 775-14-36/32, e-mail; podpiska@konliga.ru HaH60nee nOI1HYto MH4>opMau,MKJ 0 acex B03MOH<HbIX cnoco6ax nOAnMcKH Bbl HaHAeTe ua cearex www.konliga.ru, www.modanews.ru

Arense 05//2010

56 3BonlOLU1H KpOH

BEJlV1KOE TPEXJlETV1E B MODE

~~e~e~: 1940-x ij

B ~~1~~Hp:l~p~BBa;O~~~H:a:~HTyel~~ ;:a:~[:~~~HoC;~~:!:~P4~P::H~1;~~:~ . I

113Cb B 1945-M. D.S3 rOLLa cnYCT51 cacc ii 11 Hlll1 BI1LlyaJ1 bHOCTH nOCTBoeH-

YI1HCTOH LJep\.lI1JTJIb, OTBeY351 na CBoii HbIe O)I<YlllaHJ15I, nacrpoeuus , ouiyuie-

aonpoc: «4ro raxoe Espana CerO.II,H51?'), HI'HI conpeueuuau. vb PYK ,l1.Hopa OHM

KOHCraTl1pOS3J1: «3ro KylJ3 KClMHeii, CKJ1en, OCHOBa LI,JUI B3paWI1S3HHH 6en.CTBHM H HeHaBHCTJ-!». 3ro 6bJJTO SperM! pacr aruaaann pecypco s, aarnruaanun n05lC08, CSeneHH5I KOHUOB C KOHuaMH. 11 rorna xe npOHCXOD.HT -ryno pO)K.neHIHI HOSOH MOllb] , B KOTOPOH ocyweCTBI1JfHCb ycrpevneu na )KeHw,HH e aponencxoro 06111eCTsa, H3i'vly4eHHblX paapyxon, 6ellHOCTblO, ycr3J10CTblO, HeS03MO)KHOCTblO n03a60TI1TbC}l 0 cefie , 11 MetJTaBWI1X C6POCMTb C ce6S1 HapSlD.Y C He)J(eHCKMM rpY30M OTSeTCTSeHHOCTl1 nepelIJJ1TYIO 113 crapux eeuren TYCKJJYIO o.ne)J(LIY - CHMB011 nenaaaero T5DKKOfO npournoro.

K 3TOMY speMeHH MHorMe napJ1)J(CKHe MO.I1,ellbepbl, nOy.YSCTBOSal3 nOTpe6HOCTl1 rtocneeoeuuor o ofiiuecr sa B HOBl13He, xapnauansao MeHHKlT CTPYKTYPY MOIIuoro K TOMY apexre na KOCTfOMa. OHI1H

Arense 05//2010

n0J1Yl.1310T M51fKYJO, )!(eHCTBeHHYIO, nnaCTH'-IeCKI1 )((_I1BYlO) C HOBblMl1 04epTaHl1- lIMI1, pOCKoweCTBYKlWYJO yxe Ha nepBbiX urarax MOllY (111111. 01). VI ero MOlla C 3HTY3Ha3MOM npI1HJ.1M3eTCH, HeCMOTpa H3 npofineuu, CB5l33HHble C HeXB3TKOH cavoro He06xonl1MOrO .1lJISI np0113BOllcr aa One)Kl[bl. qyno COCTOHJ10 It! B TOM, 4TO B nO.l106HOl1 06CTaHOBKe euie H11 OllHOMY MOHeJJbepy s It!CTOPI1It! MOllbl He ynaaanocs B KpaTllat1w11M CpOK CTOJlb Kaplll1HaJlbHO ITOMeHHTb 06JIl1K CBOJ1X cospeMeHHI1U, nepeones HX B HOBoe rtnarse, npennoxennoe 11M B 1947 rony.

AIilOPOBCKlllif «HblO nYK"

H a Ci\'leHY >KeCTKHM reonerpu-reCKI1M cPopMaM OLle)l(Llbl BoeHHOro SpeMeHI1 C ropuaoaran bHOH 1I11HI1ei'i nne-resoro nonca (nnn. 02) B

MHEHME 3KCnEPTA

HOBaA MOA3 C nerKIlMIl no CTPYKType, AIlHaMll'lHblMIl no nnaCTIIKe nOBceAHeBHblMIl HapAAaMIl Hecna B celie olipu IOHOCTIl.

1947 ro.ny np"XOIIHT ofinerueu a sre ¢OPMbl, B ocuo se KOTOPbTX - npupcnuue o-repranun )KeHCKOH Q)I1fYPbl (unn. 03,05,06). 3TO npexne acero noner3H eCTeCTBeHHa51 11I1HI15I rtnexa, npnnonHHTa51, aKLl,eHTl1pOSaHHa51 rpyns, TOHK351 ranus, oxpyrnue 6ellpa. B MOllY BXOIIllT Yll11I1HeHHa51 f06Ka, J1erKHe nOn04KI1, CHa-rana aa HI13KOM, a nOTOM 11 na BblCOKOM TOHKOM Ka6J1YKe - ctu rurrusxe», CMeHI1Burue MaCCJ1BHYJO 06YBb ua «nnardiopae». KopOTKa51 CTpl1>KKa l1. 3al1McTBOSSHHbTH y ApeBHI1X rpe-iaao«, 3aTHHyrblH ua sarunxe «XBOCT» MfHOBeHHO yrrpa3D.H5IIOT 06beMHYfO npa-rccxy, rpeoouaeuryio uenpcMeHHblX 611rYD.11 11 I1CK)'CHOi1 YKJ13nK11.

B HOBO(:1 MO)le 6blJTO He TOllbKO OC80- 60)f()leHl1e OT TH)f(eJ1bIX, HeCKOJ1bKO MY)f(enOLl06HbIX cjlOPM KOCTIOMa - B HeH nopaxcana a6COJlJOTH351 HOBI13- ua, I1CKnl04aBUJ3~ nep11011 nocrenexHOH SnSn.T3Ul111 K HOBOMY Cl1JlY3TY, KaK 3TO 6bIJlO, K npl1Mepy, nocne Flepaofi MI1POBOH BOHHbJ. Torna nepuon CTaHOBJ1eHI151 nonoro CTI1JUI B O.I1,e)K)le 3aTHHYJIC5J na LlOJIfl1e rOHM (CM. «ATeJIbe» NQ 10//2007).

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B 1947 rony 6bIJlM npenc'ra aneu u TP" CHJTY3THbre JIHHI1I1: «WI1POK851 pacKJTeIIIeHH85I» (1111J1. 05, 06, 23b), «npn)\,[851» (unn. 08. 19, 23a) 11 «OB8J1bH851» (H1111. 07, 12, 23c). n11aCTH'IeCKOe paaBHTwe 3Tl1X QCHOBHblX CHJTY3TOB naBaJIO 6eCKOHellHoe KOJlvltJecTBo Bapn8HTOB. Hauooriee pasnootipaanoa no nOKpoJO VI KOHQ:H1rypaUHH 6blJ18 «OB8J1bH8H)} JlI1HI1H (n n.t. 23c). B 310M CJ1yL[ae 33l18CTYIO MaJIeHbKI1~) npOCTOH no KOHCTPYKUlHI m,up, '-laCTO C OTKpblTbIMl1 nne-raMM, C04er8J1CH C 06beMHblMH Q:>0PM8Ml1 HH)J(HeH 48CTl1 uapnna. KaK npanuno, T8KHe rTn8Tb51 Hlll1 KOCTlOMbl pmK.naJIJ.1Cb B pe3YJ1bTaTe CJ10)!(HOrO npouecca npanuPOBKH TKaHH (>11111. 07, 13, 15).

"OsanbHbliil» CMnY3T EianeHcMarM

K pJ.1cT06aJlb Ean eucuar a erne B 1944 r ozry, o nepe xan apeMH, C03naeT n.n a'r se C 106KOCi OBaJIbHO~ ¢OPMb[ H opHrHHanbHo~ KOHCTPYKUHH. OHa BbITIOJ1HeHa ll3 HeCKonbKHX TIOnOTHHUl, TKaHH crio xn or o KPOH., KOTOpb[e, coe aan an c s , 06pa3YlOT cBoe06pa3HbIH pl1TM M5HKl1X npannpcno« (Hfl11. 1 1). Iloaxe B C130HX MOllellHX Eaneucuara pa3BJ.1SaeT 11 rpa nctpopv npye r l111elO «o sa.s a» B paau ooopaau ux aapuaa r ax: B H3P5[ne C npanaponxon, HaBe5IHHOM ofipa- 301v! C KapTHHhI KHCTI1 Cypfia pau a (Hfl11. 12); B nna n,e , Kl6Ka KOTOPO-

r o I1MeeT cPOPMY LlaWeYKI1 UBeTK3 c paCKpb!TbIMI1 He)KHbIMI:I nc n cc rKaMJ.1, BHYWJ.1TenbHbIH 06beM 11 n p n 310M Heo6bILlati.HYIO n e r ko c'r s (>11111. 13); B OlleBHH11 POCKOWHOM q)OPMbI, npe,llCTaSJl5IJOUJ,eM c06011 YllsOel-lHblH 6anJlOH H HanOMI1H3JOweM fHfaHTCKHH )KJ.1BOnJ.1CHblH 6al-lT (>11111. 15). Beui a, cosnau aue B 3TOM CTHJ1e, CBJ.1.D,eTeJ1bCTBYlOT 0 co se.puie aHOM BJIaneHt-IJ.1 MaCTepOM npHeMaMI1 MYJ15I)I(I-lOfO MeTOlla patio ru.

OtleSVI.1lHO, HMeHHO no npWIHHe 60r3TCTBa CHJ1Y3THoro pJ1CYHKa, OCHOBaHnoro Ha «OS3J1bHbIX» J1HHI151X, BeWI-! raxoro CTHJ1H nOH34aJ1Y OTHOCHJ1H K paspnny onexau )l11~ asrxona. D011blllYIO pons urpana 11 diaxrypa TKaHM, oc06eHHO 3q)cPeKTHO BbILf151n.e.I13 radrra - TOHKaH H ynpyras, OHa XOPOWO «aepxana» cP0PMY

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