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dsc = 75 mm

Compression Steel
φ Bending = 0.8 5 - 1616 bars `
2
φ Shear = 0.7 Asc = 1005 mm
f'c = 32 MPa
f'cf = 3.394 MPa Shear Reinf.
fsy = 500 MPa 66 - 150 mm crs
εu = 0.003 (Conc. Strain CL8.1.2.2) 2 legs dst = 667 mm
Es = 200000 MPa fsy.f = 500
500 MPa
2
εsy = 0.0025 (Steel Strain limit) Asv = 56.55 mm
D= 750 mm

Tension Steel
5 - 1616 bars
2
Ast = 1005 mm
BENDING CALCULATIONS
Minimum Tensile Reinf. CL8.1.4.1 b= 1000 mm
Ast / bd > 0.22(D/d)2 f'cf / fsy
2
Ast > 1259 mm Min. longitudinal reinf. not satisfied

γ = 0.85 - 0.007(f'c - 28) with the limits 0.65 to 0.85 SHEAR CALCULATIONS
γ = 0.822 Minimum Shear Reinf. CL8.2.8
Asv.min = 0.35bvs / fsy.f
Concrete compressive force, Cc = 0.85f' c γ d n b Asv.min = 105 mm 2 Min. shear reinf. not satisfied unless
V*<0.5phiVuc (BEAMS ONLY)
Cc = 1194.88 kN
Ultimate Shear Strength (excl. shear reinf) of reinf. Beam:
Compressive steel force, Cs = A sc E s [ ε u (d n -d sc )/d n ] Vuc = β1β2β3bvdo(Astf'c/bvdo)1/3 CL8.2.7.1
Cs = -243.32 kN Vuc = 267.07 kN β1 = 1.1(1.6 - do/1000) > 1.1
φVuc = 186.95 kN β1 = 1.100
Tensile steel force, T = A st E s [ ε u (d st -d n )/d n ] = A st f y β2 = 1.0
T= 502.65 kN β3 = 1.0
Ultimate Shear Strength provided with min. shear reinf:
Equate C s + C c - T = 0 to find Neutral axis depth, d n Vu.min = Vuc + 0.6bvdo CL8.2.9
dn = 53.44 mm #####
Find dn Vu.min = 667.27 kN
φVu.min = 467.09 kN
Compression Stress block depth, a = γ dn
a= 43.93 mm Maximum Ultimate Shear Strength:
Vu.max = 0.2f'cbvdo + Pv CL8.2.6
Ductility of beam section, k u = d n /d st Vu.max = 4268.8 kN
ku = 0.080 ku < 0.4, Section is Ductile, therefore OK φVu.max = 2988.16 kN

Calculate M u , taking moments about the top fibre: Contribution to shear strength by shear reinf:
Mu = T s d st - C c a/2 - C s d sc Vus = (Asvfsy.fdo/s) cot θv CL8.2.10
Mu = 327.27 kNm Vus = 0.00 kN θ= 90 deg
φMu = 261.82 kNm φVus = 0.00 kN (45o conservative)

Based on AS3600 CL8.1.3 IF ku > 0.4 then Compression Steel, Asc > 0.01bd n Design Shear Strength of a beam:
2
Ascmin > 534.42 mm Sufficient Asc provided. Ignore warning if φVu = φVuc + φVus
section is Ductile φVu = 186.95 kN
With k u = 0.4:
dn = 266.80 mm (neutral axis depth)
a= 219.31 mm (stress block depth) SUMMARY
Cc = 5965.22 kN (Compressive force)
Cs = 402.12 kN (Compressive reinf.)
Cc + Cs = 6367.34 kN (Tensile force T) φMu = 261.82 kNm

Taking moments about the top of the section:


M ud = T s d st - C c a/2 - C s d sc φVu = 186.95 kN
M ud = 3562.74 kN
Notes: (i) Spreadsheet prepared using AS3600 and examples from "Concrete Structures Book" by RF Warner

(ii) It is assumed that there are no prestress forces present in the beam
Strength reduction factor φ obtained from AS3600 Table 2.3
(iii) The Structural Engineer shall comply to all the detailing rules given in AS3600 including CL8.1.8.4,
φ = 0.8M ud /M u but greater than 0.6 CL8.1.8.5, CL8.1.8.6, CL8.1.8.7, CL8.1.8.8, CL8.2.4, CL8.2.12, CL9.1.3, CL13.1 & CL13.2

φ = 8.71 This φ only used when ku > 0.4

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