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Greek Myths &


Greek
Mythology

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The Nine Muses Of


The Greek
Mythology

“Sing to me oh Muse”… The Nine


Muses of the Greek Mythology
were deities that gave artists,
philosophers and individuals the
necessary inspiration for creation.

Hesiod reveals that they were


called Muses or Mouses in Greek,
as the Greek word “mosis” refers
to the desire and wish. The word
museum also comes from the
Greek Muses.

The Nine Muses were: Clio,


Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomeni,
Terpsichore, Erato, Polymnia,
Ourania and Calliope.

All the ancient writers appeal to the


Muses at the beginning of their
work. Homer asks the Muses both
in the Iliad and Odyssey to help
him tell the story in the most proper
way, and until today the Muses are
symbols of inspiration and artistic
creation.

In painting the Muses are usually


presented as ethereal women with
divine beauty, holding laurels and
other items depending on their
faculty.

The 9 Muses are dancing while Apollo is


playing the lyre

The Muses In The


Greek Mythology

According to the Greek Myths, God


Zeus bewildered the young woman
Mnemosyne and slept with her for
nine consecutive nights. The result
of their encounter was the Nine
Muses, who were similar to
everything.

Μnemosyne gave the babies to


Nymph Eufime and God Apollo.
When they grew up they showed
their tendency to the arts, taught
by God Apollo himself.

They were not interested in


anything of the regular human
everyday life and they wanted to
dedicate their lives to the Arts.
Apollo brought them to the big and
beautiful Mount Elikonas, where
the older Temple of Zeus used to
be. Ever since, the Muses
supported and encouraged
creation, enhancing imagination
and inspiration of the artists.

Muses And Arts


According to the Greek Mythology,
two Muses invented theory and
practice in learning, three Muses
invented the musical vibrations in
Lyre, four Muses invented the four
known dialects in the language –
Attica, Ionian, Aeolian and Dorian –
and five muses the five human
senses. Seven muses invented the
seven chords of the lyre, the seven
celestial zones, the seven planets
and the seven vocals of the Greek
Alphabet.

Analytically The
Nine Muses Are:
1. Clio: The Muse Clio discovered
history and guitar. History was
named Clio in the ancient years,
because it refers to “kleos” the
Greek word for the heroic acts. Clio
was always represented with a
clarion in the right arm and a book
in the left hand.

2. Euterpe: Muse Euterpe


discovered several musical
instruments, courses and dialectic.
She was always depicted holding a
flute, while many instruments were
always around her.

3. Thalia: Muse Thalia was the


protector of comedy; she
discovered comedy, geometry,
architectural science and
agriculture. She was also protector
of Symposiums. She was always
depicted holding a theatrical –
comedy mask.

4. Melpomene: Opposite from


Thalia, Muse Melpomene was the
protector of Tragedy; she invented
tragedy, rhetoric speech and
Melos. She was depicted holding a
tragedy mask and usually bearing a
bat.

5. Terpsichore: Terpsichore was


the protector of dance; she
invented dances, the harp and
education. She was called
Terpsichore because she was
enjoying and having fun with
dancing ( “Terpo” in Greek refers to
be amused). She was depicted
wearing laurels on her head,
holding a harp and dancing.

6. Erato: Muse Erato was the


protector of Love and Love Poetry
– as well as wedding. Her name
comes from the Greek word “Eros”
that refers to the feeling of falling in
love. She was depicted holding a
lyre and love arrows and bows.

7. Polymnia: Muse Polymnia was


the protector of the divine hymns
and mimic art; she invented
geometry and grammar. She was
depicted looking up to the Sky,
holding a lyre.

8. Ourania: Muse Ourania was the


protector of the celestial objects
and stars; she invented astronomy.
She was always depicted bearing
stars, a celestial sphere and a bow
compass.

9. Calliope: Muse Calliope was the


superior Muse. She was
accompanying kings and princes in
order to impose justice and
serenity. She was the protector of
heroic poems and rhetoric art.
According to the myth, Homer asks
from Calliope to inspire him while
writing Iliad and Odyssey, and,
thus, Calliope is depicted holding
laurels in one hand and the two
Homeric poems in the other hand.

The Nine Muses have been


inspiring artists since the antiquity
and there countless paintings,
drawings, designs, poems and
statues dedicated to them. All
artists of the Renaissance
acknowledged their importance in
artistic creation, dedicating their
works to the Muses.

Today, the most famous depiction


of the Muses in sculpture is in
Greece, in Corfu; the Empress Sissi
of Austria had their statues made
for her, in order to ornament the
garden of her retreat house in
Corfu, the famous Achilleion.

Greek Myths

43 Thoughts On
“The Nine Muses Of
The Greek
Mythology”

Cassie
January 27, 2010 at 17:15 | Reply

This website is very


informational and it helped
me a lot:)

Kaytlin
February 19, 2010 at 01:08 | Reply

great info! it helped A


LOT!!

bob
April 11, 2010 at 20:17 | Reply

i love this site and every


one on it

Luke
April 26, 2010 at 23:46 | Reply

FLVS student here, this site


is the best

MiNa
April 27, 2010 at 07:41 | Reply

thanx a lot it really helped


me with my power
point!!!!!!!!!

robert pitts
May 27, 2010 at 19:56 | Reply

ITS PERFECT :):):):):):):)

luvubabe
May 28, 2010 at 00:17 | Reply

thanks a lot you helped me


with my speech!!!!!! i think
you spelled the one
specializing in stars wrong
though…..I’ m not quite
sure.

JT
June 1, 2010 at 23:13 | Reply

This site about Greek


Mythology helped me a lot
with my English
assignment. Thanks

JC
June 22, 2010 at 18:14 | Reply

One theory holds the nine


stripes on the Greek flag
represent the nine muses.
The more popular belief is
that the nine stripes
represent the nine syllables
in the Greek words
meaning Freedom or
Death, though I can’t
remember the word for
freedom.

Katia
June 30, 2010 at 18:38 | Reply

the Greek word for


freedom is eleftheria
(ελευθερία)

I'm not writing my name


June 24, 2010 at 04:51 | Reply

Thankss…? : )

Naty
July 1, 2010 at 02:30 | Reply

This site about Greek


Myths was really useful

amber
July 2, 2010 at 20:16 | Reply

I’m a FLVS student and


this helped me alot.

Amanda
August 5, 2010 at 04:00 | Reply

I’m a Student this helped


me a whole bunch.

Dee
August 18, 2010 at 13:46 | Reply

awesome site. it helped me


a lot on my research
assignment.
=)

Jake
September 21, 2010 at 04:48 |
Reply

Thanks a lot this really


helped me on my
Literature assignment

Gabby
October 2, 2010 at 18:34 | Reply

I’m a middle school


student and this was really
helpful on my power point.
This is such a great site : )

Gabby
October 2, 2010 at 18:36 | Reply

By the way, Ourania can


also be spell Urania

CharliefuckingG
November 29, 2017 at 15:36 |
Reply

Where did you get


Urania? I have heard of
urantia though quite
similar in name and
spelling

why should i tell yoou what my


name is
October 2, 2010 at 18:44 | Reply

Great site! I’m a middle


school student and this
was immensly helpful on
my power point! By the
Way, Ourania can also be
spelled Urania

Tom
October 3, 2010 at 22:51 | Reply

Thanx
this really helped me out!
hope u post more

Efterpe Dakoglou
October 10, 2010 at 23:27 | Reply

Thank you for the


informative information
about my name Euterpe.
For many years and, it still
is, very difficult for people
to pronounce my name.

I would like to know why


the second letter of the
name is written with the
Greek letter u instead of
the English letter f since
the rest of the letters are in
English? It is pronounced
differently when written
with the u instead of f.
Thank you,
Efterpe
PS: Would be nice to start
a club with people named
Efterpe.

Kristina
October 12, 2010 at 19:28 | Reply

Jeg kunne godt tænke mig


at vide om de ni musers
beklædning

Taylor
October 16, 2010 at 21:17 | Reply

Amazong job.
The information was very
helpful!
Great site to turn to for
reports:)

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