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Piping Inspection Code: In-service Inspection, Rating,


Repair, and Alteration of
Piping Systems
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1 Scope

1.1 General 1.2 Specific 1.3 Fitness-For-Service


Application Applications and Risk-Based
Inspection (RBI)
1.1.1 Coverage
1.2.1 Included 1.2.2 Optional Piping
1.1.2 Intent Fluid Services Systems and Fluid Services

1.1.3 Limitations
2 Normative References
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• API Publication 510, Pressure Vessel Inspection Code: Maintenance Inspection,


Rating, Repair, and Alteration
• API Recommended Practice 571, Damage Mechanisms Affecting Fixed Equipment
in the Refining Industry
• API Recommended Practice 574, Inspection Practices for Piping System
Components
• API Recommended Practice 576, Inspection of Pressure-relieving Devices
• API Recommended Practice 577, Welding Inspection and Metallurgy
• API Recommended Practice 578, Material Verification Program for New and
Existing Piping Systems
• API Standard 579-1/ASME FFS-1, Fitness-for-service
• API Recommended Practice 580, Risk-based Inspection
• API Recommended Practice 581, Risk-based Inspection Technology
• API Standard 598, Valve Inspection and Testing
• API Recommended Practice 651, Cathodic Protection of Aboveground Petroleum
Storage Tanks
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3 Terms, Definitions,
Acronyms, and Abbreviations
3.1.1 alloy material
3.1.22 examiner
3.1.21 examinations 3.1.2 alteration
3.1.3 applicable code
3.1.20 examination point
3.1.19 design temperature of 3.1 Terms and 3.1.4 ASME B31.3
a piping system component Definitions 3.1.5 authorization
3.1.18 design pressure 3.1.6 authorized inspection agency
3.1.17 defect
3.1.16 deadlegs 3.1.7 authorized piping inspector
3.1.15 damage mechanism 3.1.8 auxiliary piping
3.1.9 condition monitoring locations
3.1.14 critical check valves
3.1.13 corrosion specialist 3.1.10 construction code
3.1.12 corrosion rate
3.1.11 corrosion barrier
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4 Owner/User Inspection
Organization

4.2 Authorized Piping Inspector


4.1 General 4.3 Responsibilities
Qualification and Certification

4.3.1 Owner/User 4.3.2 Piping 4.3.3 Repair 4.3.4 Authorized 4.3.5 Examiners 4.3.6 Other
Organization Engineer Organization Piping Inspector Personnel

4.3.1.1 Systems
and Procedures

4.3.1.2 MOC
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5 Inspection, Examination, and Pressure Testing Practices

5.1 Inspection Plan 5.2 RBI 5.3 Preparation for


inspection
5.2.1 Probability Assessment
5.3.1 General
5.1.1 Development 5.1.2 Minimum
of an Inspection Contents of an 5.2.2 Consequence Assessment
Plan Inspection Plan 5.3.2 Inspection
5.2.3 documentation Equipment Preparation
5.1.3 Additional 5.2.4 Frecuency of RBI
Assessment 5.3.3 Communication
Contents of an
Inspection Plan 5.3.4 Piping Entry

Continua… 5.3.5 Records Review


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5 Inspection, Examination, and Pressure Testing Practices

5.6.1 General
5.4 Inspection for types 5.5 General Types of
and locations of damage Inspection and surveillance 5.6 CMLs 5.6.2 CML
modes of deterioration Monitoring
and failure 5.5.1 Internal 5.5.5 External Inspection
Visual Inspection of Buried Equipment 5.6.3 CML
5.4.1 Equipment Selection
5.5.2 On-stream
Damage Types Inspection 5.5.6 CUI Inspection

5.5.3 Thickness 5.5.7 Vibrating Piping and Line


5.4.2 Areas of Deterioration Measurement Inspection Movement Surveillance
for Piping Systems
5.5.4 External Visual
5.5.8 Supplemental Inspection
Inspection

5.5.9 Injection Point Inspection Continua…


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5 Inspection, Examination, and Pressure Testing Practices

5.7 Condition 5.8 Pressure 5.9 Material 5.10 Inspection 5.11 In-service 5.12 Inspection 5.13 Inspection
Monitoring Testing of Piping Verification and of Valves Inspection of of Flanged Organization
Methods Systems’General Traceability Welds Joints Audits

5.7.1 UT and RT 5.8.3 Test Temperature


5.8.1 Test Fluid and Brittle Fracture
5.7.2 Other NDE Techniques Considerations
for Piping Systems 5.8.2 Pneumatic 5.8.4 Precautions
Pressure Tests and Procedures
5.7.3 Surface
Preparation for NDE
5.8.5 Pressure Testing
5.7.4 UT Shear Wave Alternatives
Examiners
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6 Interval/Frequency and Extent of


Inspection

6.1 General 6.2 Inspection 6.3 Piping 6.4 Extent of 6.5 Extent of 6.6 Extent of Small- 6.7 Inspection and
During Inspection Visual External Thickness bore, Auxiliary Maintenance of
Installation and Planning and CUI Piping, and Pressure-relieving
Measurement
Service Changes Inspections Threaded-connections Devices (PRDs)
Inspection
6.2.1 Piping 6.2.2 Piping 6.3.1 General Inspections
Installation Service Change
6.3.2 RBI for 6.6.1 SBP Inspection 6.7.2 Quality Assurance
6.3.4.1 General Inspection Planning Process for PRDs
6.3.3 Inspection 6.6.2 Auxiliary
6.3.4.2 Class 1 Intervals Piping Inspection 6.7.1 General
6.3.4.3 Class 2
6.3.4 Piping Service 6.6.3 Threaded- 6.7.3 PRD Testing and
6.3.4.4 Class 3 Classes connections Inspection Inspection Intervals
6.3.4.5 Class 4
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7.1.1 Remaining Life Calculations


7.1 Corrosion Rate
7.1.2 Newly Installed Piping Systems or Changes in Service
Determination
7.2 MAWP Determination 7.1.3 Existing Piping Systems

7.3 Required Thickness Determination


7.6.1 Permanent and
7.4 Assessment of Inspection Findings Progressive Records
7 Inspection 7.6.2 Types of Piping Records
7.5 Piping Stress Analysis
Data Evaluation, 7.6.3 Operating and
7.6 Reporting and Records for Piping
Analysis, and System Inspection Maintenance Records

Recording 7.7 Inspection Recommendations for 7.6.4 Computer Records


Repair or Replacement 7.6.5 Piping Circuit
7.8 Inspection Records for Records
External Inspections 7.6.6 Inspection Isometric
7.9 Piping Failure and Leak Reports Drawings (ISOs)
7.10 Inspection Deferral or Interval Revision
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8 Repairs, Alterations, and Rerating of Piping Systems

8.1 Repairs and 8.2 Welding and 8.3 Re-rating


Alterations Hot Tapping
8.1.1 General
8.2.1 General 8.2.4 Design
8.1.2 Authorization 8.2.2 Procedures,
8.2.5 Materials
Qualifications, and Records
8.1.3 Approval
8.2.3 Preheating and PWHT 8.2.6 NDE
8.1.4 Welding Repairs 8.2.7 Pressure Testing
(Including On-stream) 8.1.4.1 Temporary Repairs

8.1.5 Nonwelding Repairs 8.1.4.2 Permanent Repairs


(On-stream)
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9 Inspection of Buried Piping

9.1 General 9.2 Types and 9.3 Frequency and 9.4 Repairs to Buried 9.5 Records
Methods of Inspection Extent of Inspection Piping Systems

9.2.1 Above-grade Visual Surveillance 9.3.1 Above-grade Visual Surveillance

9.2.2 Close-interval Potential Survey 9.3.2 Pipe-to-soil Potential Survey

9.2.3 Pipe Coating Holiday Survey 9.3.3 Pipe Coating Holiday Survey

9.2.4 Soil Resistivity 9.3.4 Soil Corrosivity

9.2.5 Cathodic Protection Monitoring 9.3.5 Cathodic Protection


9.2.6 Inspection Methods 9.3.6 External and Internal Inspection Intervals

9.3.7 Leak Testing Intervals


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