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Match each work of literature, or character, to a corresponding theme, motif, or description.

You may use each

letter more than once.

1. ____ Orpheus
2. ____ Antigone (play) the tension between
3. ____ Odysseus
4. ____ Hermes individual action and
5. ____ “Through the Tunnel” (short story)
6. ____ Julius Caesar (play)
7. ____ A Christmas Carol (novel)
8. ____ Polyphemus
the tension between
9. ____ The Odyssey (epic poem) individual loyalty and
10. ____ Antigone
11. ____ Scrooge loyalty to the state
12. ____ Brutus
personal and/or
Match each quotation or statement correctly to its corresponding literary work, subject, or genre.
A. Antigone (play)
B. Sophocles (playwright)
H. The Odyssey (epic poem) even
I. Julius Caesar (play)
C. Greek Drama (topic) J. Aduring
Christmas Caroldifficult
D. “The Myth of Orpheus” (Greek myth) K. “Through the Tunnel” (short story)
E. “The Myth of Prometheus” (Greek myth) circumstances,
L. Greek or Roman Mythology (topic)equals
F. “The Myth of Persephone” (Greek myth) M. The Trojan War (topic)
G. “The Myth of Narcissus” (Greek myth) fulfillment of the hero’s
____ 12. "You would think that we had already suffered enough / Forquest
the curse on Oedipus.”
the importance of
____ 13. "There was no one visible; under him, in the water, the dim shapes of the swimmers had
____ 14. “Many cities of men he saw and learned their minds, / many family
pains he suffered, heartsick on the open
sea, / fighting to save his life and bring his comrades home.”
____ 15. “Into one pile, he put the rich organs and the nourishing meat, intelligence and
craftily hiding them away in the ox’s
____ 16. This was a time when the singing of dithyrambs would be heard at Dionysian spring festivals.
____ 17. “We mortals are wretched things and the gods who know no care have woven sorrow into the pattern
of our lives. Even the sparrow on the branch, even the wren in the willowrealizing
knows more of it is never
sorrow than the
thundering gods, who have never felt the cold hand of death closing around their hearts. But you, you mighty
too late to be
gods, you have known the sweet pains of love. You have felt Aphrodite’s shining shafts. Great Hades, imagine
those summer months, when Persephone is gone, lasting forever. Imagine, if you can, her pale face crumbling
into dust. That is how it is for mortal man.”
____ 18. “Remember March, the ides of March remember…” seeing that music is
____ 19. “No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting
the food of love
rain less open to entreaty. Foul weather didn’t know where to have him.”
____ 20. “From this gaping crevice in the ground emerged the awe-inspiring God of the Underworld, Hades,…”
____ 21. “Then Olympian Zeus gathered up all fire and hid its flame fromstupidity
man.” and anger
____ 22. “Water surged into his mouth; he choked, sank, came up. The rock, lately weighted with boys,
seemed to rear up out of the water as their weight was removed. They were flying down past him now, into the
water; the air was full of falling bodies.” isolation,
determination, failure,
independence, conflict
____ 23. “Come, come, the cause: if arguing make us sweat, / The proof of it will turn to redder drops. Look; / I
draw a sword against conspirators; / When think you that the sword goes up again?”
____ 24. “The three ancient sisters were brought before him, the first who spins out the thread of a life, the
second who measures its length and the third who cuts it.”
____ 25. “Numberless are the world’s wonders, but none / More wonderful than man; the stormgray sea /
Yields to his prows, the huge crests bear him high…”
____ 26. “He felt his senses quicken, overwhelmed with wonder— / this was a god, he knew it well and made
at once / for the suitors, a man like a god himself.”
____ 27. “Suddenly, the sky clouded over and became black and ominous. Swift-footed Hermes quickly sped
away as a fierce wind began to batter the lonely figure chained to the frostbitten cliff.”
____ 28. “He stooped down to drink, and saw his own image in the water; he thought it was some beautiful
water spirit living in the fountain.”
____ 29. “The arms were very long and muscular; the hands the same, as if its hold were of uncommon
strength. Its legs and feet, most delicately formed, were, like those upper members, bare. It wore a tunic of the
purest white, and round its waist was bound a lustrous belt, the sheen of which was beautiful.”
____ 30. “The flowers sang joyfully of her return, while her mother beamed with pride.”
____ 31. “He got his head in, found his shoulders jammed, moved them in sidewise, and was inside as far as
his wrist.”
____ 32. “‘Now go! Leave my palace! Leave my realm, and she will follow you. But do not look behind you. Do
not look over your shoulder until the light of the sun shines full on your face.’”
____ 33. “Fortunate is the man who has never tasted God’s vengeance!”
____ 34. “Will you decide what men shall live, what men shall die? It may be, that in the sight of Heaven, you
are more worthless and less fit to live than millions like this poor man’s child.”
____ 35. 496 BC to 406 BC
____ 36. “Let them set on at once; for I perceive / But cold demeanor in Octavius’ wing, / And sudden push
gives them the overthrow.”
____ 37. composed near the end of the year 1843
____ 38. “The ways were foul and narrow; the shops and houses wretched; the people half-naked, drunken,
slipshod, ugly.”
____ 39. composed near the end of the 8th century BC
____ 40. “The ideal condition / Would be, I admit, that men should be right by instinct; / But since we are all too
likely to go astray, / The reasonable thing is to learn from those who can teach.”
____ 41. “As the sun sprang up, leaving the brilliant waters in its wake, climbing the bronze sky to shower light
on immortal gods and mortal men across the plowlands ripe with grain—the ship pulled into Pylos, ...where the
people lined the beaches, sacrificing sleek black bulls to Poseidon, god of the sea-blue mane who shakes the
____ 42. Wisdom gained through suffering
____ 43. “He let himself down into the water with another big stone in his arms, so that he could lie effortlessly
on the bottom of the sea. He counted.”
____ 44. “So he made his way back to the living world and he devoted himself to his music, which was more
beautiful than ever, woven through with a silver thread of sorrow.”
____ 45. It uses a heightened language and includes incidents that arouse pity and fear in the audience. At the
end, there must be an emotional purging, a catharsis, based on the inevitable downfall of the main character.
____ 46. “So, she climbed into the chariot and bid her husband farewell, as Hermes sped them off to the
middle realm of mother earth, the home of her devoted mother.”

____ 47. “He taught mortals to understand their environment, to calculate, to read and to write, to build houses
and sailing ships, and to tame wild animals for food, labor, and protection.”
____ 48. “They knelt down at its feet, and clung upon the outside of its garment.”
____ 49. “And when he died, it is described that when he came to Hades, he did not stake claim (the chair) as
the greatest poet but gave Aeschylus respect…”
____ 50. composed around 441 BC
____ 51. “She kept near him, however, and when he exclaimed, “Alas! alas!” she answered him with same
____ 52. “Upon his entry to the Underworld, the messenger Hermes was amazed at what he found. Instead of
finding a frail and fearful girl, he found a radiant and striking Queen of the Dead.”
____ 53. “She hurried to the door, and met her husband; a man whose face was careworn and depressed,
though he was young.”
____ 54. “Dark blood gushed forth, life ebbed from her limbs—they quartered her quickly, cut the thighbones
out and all according to custom wrapped them round in fat, a double fold sliced clean and topped with strips of
____ 55. “‘Set a great three-legged cauldron over the fire—do it right away!’ And hoisting over the blaze a
cauldron, filling it brimful with bathing water, they piled fresh logs beneath and lit them quickly. The fire lapped
at the vessel’s belly, the water warmed. …’Now look to the lid yourself and bind it fast with a good tight knot, so
no one can rob you on your voyage—drifting into a sweet sleep as the black ship sails you home.’”
____ 56. “He looked down into the blue well of water. He knew he must find his way through that cave, or hole,
or tunnel, and out the other side.”
____ 57. “‘Art thou some god, some angel, or some devil, / That makest my blood cold and my hair to stare? /
Speak to me what thou art.’”
____ 58. “‘I will carry her far away Out there in the wilderness, and lock her Living in a vault of stone.’”
____ 59. “‘Why show me this, if I am past all hope?’”
____ 60. “Her bones were changed into rocks and there was nothing left of her but her voice.”
____ 61. composed in the year 1599
____ 62. “‘My ship? Poseidon god of the earthquake smashed my ship, he drove it against the rocks at your
island’s far cape, dashed it against a cliff as the winds rode us in.’”
____ 63. “And then his arms closed around empty air and she was gone.”
____ 64. “Demeter attempted to offer the child the gift of immortality, by sticking him in the fire each night and
removing him every morning before dawn. When the child's mother found him in the flames, she was horrified.
Her mortal mind could not comprehend the actions of the Goddess, and she asked her to leave their home at
____ 65. Relied less on the chorus and more on developing characters
____ 66. “Gentle Epimetheus observed his brother’s creative activity with amazement and with envy…”
____ 67. “‘He is a dreamer; let us leave him: pass.’”
____ 68. composed by a blind poet, according to legend
____ 69. “‘You will remember What things I suffer, and at what men’s hands, Because I would not transgress
the laws of heaven.’”
____ 70. “‘No, Spirit. Oh no, no!’”
____ 71. “Any crewmen who ate the lotus, the honey-sweet fruit, lost all desire to send a message back, much
less return, their only wish to linger there with the Lotus-eaters, grazing on lotus, all memory of the journey
home dissolved forever.”
____ 72. composed in the year 1989
____ 73. “‘But now I know what you meant; and I am here To join you, to take my share of punishment.’”
____ 74. “He made his way through the tunnel of stone. And then at last he was out of the cave and breathing
the fresh air of the living world. Above him the sky was bright with shining stars. ‘Soon,’ he thought to himself,
‘the dawn will break and the light of the sun will shine on my face.’”
____ 75. “He would do it if it killed him, he said defiantly to himself. But two days before they were to leave—a
day of triumph when he increased his count by fifteen—his nose bled so badly that he turned dizzy and had to
lie limply over the big rock like a bit of seaweed, watching the thick red blood flow onto the rock and trickle
slowly down to the sea.”
____ 76. “A pale light, rising in the outer air, fell straight upon the bed; and on it, plundered and bereft,
unwatched, unwept, uncared for, was the body of this man.”
____ 77. “The monster wrenched the spike from his eye and out it came with a red geyser of blood— he flung
it aside with frantic hands, and mad with pain he bellowed out for help …”
____ 78. “This nymph saw ...a beautiful youth, as he pursued the chase upon the
mountains. She loved him and followed his footsteps. O how she longed to address him in the
softest accents and win him to converse! but it was not in her power.”
____ 79. “‘He thinks too much: such men are dangerous.’”
____ 80. “Nohbdy’s killing me now by fraud and not by force…”
____ 81. “He brought his lips near to take a kiss; he plunged his arms in to embrace the beloved object. It fled
at the touch, but returned again after a moment and renewed the fascination.”
____ 82. Often tells about the pain and suffering that results when humans go against authority.
____ 83. “Et tu, Brute!”
____ 84. The beginning of the universe, the birth of the gods, the ascendancy of Zeus, some on the origin of
____ 85. Paris was judge of the beauty contest between Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera that started it.
____ 86. “He made his way across the shadowy kingdom until he came to the river’s edge. When they reached
the river-bank he stepped out of the boat and behind him he could hear footsteps, soft footsteps following him.”
____ 87. “‘Let her find her husband in Hell!’”
____ 88. “Far above the darkness of the Underworld, her mother continued to wander the forlorn earth.
Eventually she found her way to the town of Eleusis, where she rested by a flowing fountain.”
____ 89. “‘There are some upon this earth of yours, ...who lay claim to know us, and who do their deeds of
passion, pride, ill-will, hatred, envy, bigotry, and selfishness in our name, who are as strange to us and all our
kith and kin, as if they had never lived. Remember that, and charge their doings on themselves, not us.’”
____ 90. performed in honor of Dionysus
____ 91. “But even after he had made the decision, or thought he had, he found himself sitting up on the rock
and looking down into the water; and he knew that now, this moment, when his nose had only jBut even after
he had made the decision, or thought he had, he found himself sitting up on the rock and looking down into the
water; and he knew that now, this moment, when his nose had only just stopped bleeding, when his head was
still sore and throbbing—this was the moment when he would try.””
____ 92. “He was a very handsome youth, but wholly inaccessible to the feeling of love.”
____ 93. “‘Doth not Brutus bootless kneel?’”
____ 94. “He resolved to do whatever was necessary to insure man’s survival, regardless of the risk to himself.
During the next moonless night, the clever Titan stole up to Mount Olympus, home of his cousin Zeus and the
other immortal gods.”
____ 95. lasting influence was addition of a third actor to performances
____ 96. “‘I dared. It was not God’s proclamation. That final Justice That rules the world below makes no such
____ 97. “Then down they sat by the sacred olive’s trunk to plot the death of the high and mighty suitors.”
____ 98. “‘Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears…’”
____ 99. “His own heart laughed: and that was quite enough for him.”
____ 100. sought to teach about the world and about nature through stories