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Clock Calibration Expiry Soon

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

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Copyright

© Ericsson AB 2011, 2013–2015. All rights reserved. No part of this document


may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the copyright
owner.

Disclaimer

The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to
continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall
have no liability for any error or damage of any kind resulting from the use
of this document.

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Contents

Contents

1 Overview 1
1.1 Description 1
1.2 Prerequisites 4

2 Procedure 5
2.1 Analyzing the Alarm 5
2.2 Repairing a Failed or Degraded Reference 6

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Overview

1 Overview

This instruction concerns alarm handling.

1.1 Description
The alarm is a secondary alarm. The alarm is issued by the MO
Synchronization.

The alarm informs that the radio clock is about to enter FREE_RUNNING_MODE.
The alarm is issued if there is no synchronization reference configured on the
node, or as a result of a fault indication in the corresponding primary alarm,
which can be:

• TU Synch Reference Loss of Signal

• Network Synch Time from GPS Missing

• GPS Out Loss of Time

• Loss of HPTSI Sync Reference

• Loss of Tracking

• Synch Reference Path HW Fault

• Packet Server Availability Fault

• Synch Reference Not Reliable

• Sync Reference Excessive Wander

• Sync Reference PDV Problem

• Sync Ref 1000BASE-T Not Slave

• Sync Ref Quality Level Too Low

• Ethernet Sync Ref ESMC PDUs Missing

• PDH physical path termination: PDH Loss of Signal, PDH Loss


of Frame, PDH Alarm Indication Signal, PDH Degraded
Signal, or ET Hardware Fault.

• SDH physical path termination: Loss of Signal, Loss of Frame,


MS Alarm Indication Signal, MS Degraded Signal, MS
Excessive Bit Error Rate or ET Hardware Fault.

• IP Synchronization reference: NTP Server Reachability Fault, or


Gigabit Ethernet Link Fault

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The additionalText indicates the date with format yyyy-mm-dd, when the
clock enters FREE_RUNNING_MODE and when the System Clock Quality
Degradation alarm will be issued. The additionalText can be:

• DATE: expiry date of the calibration.

As a consequence of the fault, the clock fulfills the accuracy requirements for
normal operation, both for transport and radio interfaces, but only for a limited
time. During this period, the required accuracy is maintained for traffic over
radio interfaces, and over SDH or PDH transport interfaces.

Table 1 Alarm Causes

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Overview

Alarm Cause Description Fault Reaso Fault Locati Impact


n on
Synchronizati No Synch Configuration Synchronizati Services
on references ronization fault on MO requiring time
not defined references (phase) sync
are defined hronization
might be
Synchronizati Synchronizati Hardware Timing Unit,
taken out of
on references on references fault or Exchange
operation.
not available have the valu network fault Terminal,
Services
e FAILED or Time Server,
requiring
DEGRADED or synchr
frequency
onization
synchronizati
reference
on continue
Synchronizati Synchronizati Hardware Time Server operating
on references on references fault or without
not available have the configuration disturbance
value NOT_ fault of time for a limited
RELIABLE server period of
time.
Synchronizati Synchronizati Dimensionin Transport
on references on references g, hardware network
not available have the fault or
value PDV_ network fault
PROBLEM
Synchronizati Synchronizati Hardware Timing Unit
on references on references fault or or synchr
not available have the valu network fault onization
e LOSS_OF_ reference
TRACKING
Synchronizati Synchronizati Hardware Timing Unit
on references on references fault or Exchange
not available have the valu Terminal or
e REF_PATH any hardware
_FAILED_A between the
or REF_PATH synchronizati
_FAILED_B on reference
and the TU
Synchronizati Synchroniz Configuration Transport
on references ation refere fault or network or
not available nces have network fault Synchronizati
the value on MO
QL_TOO_LOW
Synchronizati Synchronizati Configuration Adjacent
on references on references fault node, Sync
not available have the valu hronization
e ESMC_PDU MO, or sync
S_MISSING hronization
reference
Synchronizati Synchroniz Configuration GigabitEther
on references ation refere fault net MO
not available nces have
the value
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NOT_SLAVE 3
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1.2 Prerequisites
This section provides information on the documents, tools and conditions that
apply to the procedure.

1.2.1 Documents
Before starting this procedure, ensure that you have read the following
documents:

• System Safety Information

• Personal Health and Safety Information

1.2.2 Conditions

Before starting this procedure, ensure that the following condition is met:

• The Network Synchronization Plan is available.

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Procedure

2 Procedure

2.1 Analyzing the Alarm


Do the following:

1. Examine the Synchronization MO. If no references are defined,


continue with the next step. If there are any references defined, go to
Step 4.

2. Configure a synchronization reference in accordance with the Network


Synchronization Plan.

3. Wait for the alarm to cease. Normally, this takes up to 16 minutes. If the
alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, continue
with the next step.

Note: If the synchronization reference is an IP or a Packet Frequency


synchronization reference, it can take up to 3 hours for the alarm to
cease.

4. Examine the value of the attribute syncRefStatus in the MO


Synchronization.

For all the defined references with the value FAILED or DEGRADED, follow
the steps described in Section 2.2 on page 6.

For all the defined references with the value REF_PATH_FAILED_A or


REF_PATH_FAILED_B, follow the steps described in Section 2.2 on page 6.

For all the defined references with the value NOT_RELIABLE, go to Step 5.

For all the defined references with the value PDV_PROBLEM, go to Step 7.

For all the defined references with the value LOSS_OF_TRACKING, go to


Step 9.

For all the defined references with the value NOT_SLAVE, go to Step 11.

For all the defined references with the value QL_TOO_LOW, go to Step 13.

For all the defined references with the value ESMC_PDUS_MISSING, go


to Step 15.

Otherwise, go to Step 17.

5. Look for the alarm Synch Reference Not Reliable in the alarm list.
If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go
to Step 17.

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6. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Synch Reference Not Reliable. If
the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 17.

7. Look for the alarm Sync Reference PDV Problem in the alarm list. If
there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go to
Step 17.

8. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Sync Reference PDV Problem. If
the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 17.

9. Look for the alarm Loss of Tracking in the alarm list. If there is an
alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go to Step 17.

10. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Loss of Tracking. If the alarm
ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go to Step 17.

11. Look for the alarm Sync Ref 1000BASE-T Not Slave in the alarm list.
If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go
to Step 17.

12. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Sync Ref 1000BASE-T Not Slave.
If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 17.

13. Look for the alarm Sync Ref Quality Level Too Low in the alarm
list. If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go
to Step 17.

14. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Sync Ref Quality Level Too Low.
If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 17.

15. Look for the alarm Ethernet Sync Ref ESMC PDUs Missing in the
alarm list. If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no
alarm, go to Step 17.

16. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Ethernet Sync Ref ESMC PDUs
Missing. If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not
cease, go to Step 17.

17. Consult the next level of maintenance support. Further actions are outside
the scope of this instruction. The alarm might be caused by a problem
in the network.

2.2 Repairing a Failed or Degraded Reference


Do the following:

1. Look for the alarm Synch Reference Path HW Fault in the alarm
list. If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm,
go to Step 3

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Procedure

2. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Synch Reference Path HW Fault.
If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

3. Look for the alarm Sync Reference Excessive Wander in the alarm
list. If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm,
go to Step 5.

4. Act on this alarm, using the instruction Sync Reference Excessive Wander.
If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

5. Identify the reference with the highest priority, using the information in the
attribute syncRefPriority in the MO Synchronization.

6. Examine the value of the attribute syncReference.

If the reference is a Timing Unit, a GPS, an HPTSI, a Packet Frequency, a


Packet Time synchronization reference, or a GPS Out synchronization link,
continue with the next step.

If the reference is extracted from a PDH traffic link, go to Step 9.

If the reference is extracted from an SDH traffic link, go to Step 11.

If the reference is an IP reference, go to Step 13.

7. Look for the corresponding synchronization reference alarm in the alarm


list. If there is an alarm, continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go
to Step 15.

8. Act on this alarm, using the relevant instruction from the following:

• TU Synch Reference Loss of Signal

• Network Synch Time from GPS Missing

• GPS Out Loss of Time

• Loss of HPTSI Sync Reference

• Packet Server Availability Fault

If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

9. Look for the corresponding PDH alarm in the alarm list. If there is an alarm,
continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go to Step 15.

10. Act on this alarm, using the relevant instruction from the following:

• PDH Loss of Signal

• PDH Loss of Frame

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• PDH Alarm Indication Signal

• PDH Degraded Signal

• ET Hardware Fault

If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

11. Look for the corresponding SDH alarm in the alarm list. If there is an alarm,
continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go to Step 15.

12. Act on this alarm, using the relevant instruction from the following:

• Loss of Signal

• Loss of Frame

• MS Alarm Indication Signal

• MS Degraded Signal

• MS Excessive Bit Error Rate

• ET Hardware Fault

If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

13. Look for the corresponding IP alarm in the alarm list. If there is an alarm,
continue with the next step. If there is no alarm, go to Step 15.

14. Act on this alarm, using the relevant instruction from the following:

• NTP Server Reachability Fault

• Gigabit Ethernet Link Fault

If the alarm ceases, exit this procedure. If the alarm does not cease, go
to Step 15.

15. Consult the next level of maintenance support. Further actions are outside
the scope of this instruction.

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