Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

A Technical Report Writing

On
E3-SHELTER
{Eco-Friendly; Economical & Energy-efficient}
By:-
Name Registration Number
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06. CHHOTU KUMAR 18101131016

Department of Civil Engineering


Purnea College of Engineering, Purnea
(2018-2022)
Semester :- Third (3rd)
TABLE OF CONTENTS :-
01. Abstract
02. Objectives
03. Methodology
04. Foundation work for E3-Shelter
 Selection of Site :
 Levelling :
 Marking on Ground :
 Excavation :
 Column Designing & Construction work :
 Construction of Column :
05. Results
06. Conclusion
07. Future Scopes

LIST OF FIGURES :-
Fig.(i) showing E3 Shelter with Glass
Bottle Walls
Fig(ii) cross sectional view of plan
Fig(iii) sectional elevation of the
Foundation
ABSTRACT:-

Shelter being the primary needs of all human


beings, aesthetically designed hygienic
affordable houses with basic amenities for all
sections of the society is the concern of the
time. Waste materials being generated at an
alarming rate due to the use and throw concept
of consumerism, recycling the same for building
purposes get importance. Locally available eco-
friendly materials, innovative design and
methods of construction will drastically reduce
the cost of the shelters other than enhancing
the look and improvement in the microclimatic
conditions such as light and temperature inside
the shelter. Arches being the load bearing
components various types of arched opening
could be explored for the construction to bear
the load of the structures and improve the
aesthetic look of the building. Glass Bottles of
beer and other beverages (WOBO- Waste of
Bottles) having enough strength and regular
dimensions can be utilized for the constructions
with minimal cost in an eco-friendly manner to
give enough light, thermal insulation and eco-
friendly environment for the shelters.

Funicular dome structures being self-load


bearing structures with discarded coconut
shells can also be used to make roofs without
any steel bars reinforcement. By doing this, it
will not only benefit the low income people
providing an E3 - economical, energy efficient,
eco-friendly shelter but also helps in keeping
the environment clean by recycling the
materials.

Fig: Showing E3 Shelter with glass bottle walls,


various types of arched openings and coconut
shell funicular dome roof.

Fig(i) showing E3 Shelter with Glass


Bottle Walls
KEYWORD : E3 Shelter, WOBO shelter (Waste
of Bottles), Economic, Eco-friendly, Energy
efficientshelters.
Objectives:
The primary objective of the project is to plan,
design, estimate and construct an E3 (energy
efficient, eco-friendly, economical) shell roofed
shelter having various arched openings with
Waste of Bottles (WOBO) masonry and coconut
shell concrete shell roof to understand the
efficiency and performance of the same.

Methodology:
In order to achieve this objective, the layout,
plan, design, 3D modelling, estimationand
construction of 8’x8’x8’ shelter of empty beer
bottles (understanding the various engineering
properties from the earlier studies) have been
made on existing WOBO pillars erected by
previous batch. Innovative approach of using
simple waste materials such as discarded empty
glass bottles, coconut shells, tyres, cardboards,
gunny bags, coconut piths and a lot of scrap
materials has been adopted in the centering,
moulding and construction of walls, roof and
various arches viz: Tre-foil arch, corbelled arch,
lancet arch and segmental arch for windows
and doors. Fig: showing E3 Shelter with glass
bottle walls, various types of arched openings
and coconut shell funicular dome roof.
Foundation Work for the E3 Shelter:-

Selection of Site:

There is no specific criterion followed in the


selection of the site for construction. The
available site with 10’ x 10’ dimension near the
sand pit next to the SADANANDA open air
auditorium in NMAMIT Campus, Nitte has been
identified for the construction of WOBO
shelter.

Fig(ii) cross sectional view of plan


Levelling:

Before the excavation for the proposed


foundation, the site has been cleared of
vegetation, brushwood, stumps of trees etc., up
to 30 cm below the foundation level. The pits
formed due to roots of trees, old foundations
etc. has been filled up with soil and compacted
ramming it.

Marking on ground:

A reference bench mark has been established


on the existing boundary constructed at the
site. The centre lines of the walls were marked
by stretching strings across wooden pegs driven
at the ends. The centre lines of the
perpendicular walls were marked by setting out
the right angle with steel tapes for marking
dimension of plan 8’ X 8’ square is marked on
ground.

Excavation:

The marking done for pillar is excavated up to


two feet depth. Excavation is carried out
manually by means of pick axes, crow bars,
spades etc.

Column Designing and Construction Work:

For the construction of Column, the


following dimensions and specifications
have been designed:

Bottom Base size of column = Square mould of


40 cm x 40 cm

Height of base = 20 cm

Diameter of column = 9 inches

Height of column = 8 feet


Type of coarse aggregate used = 6mm jelly

Type of cement used = OPC

Grade of concrete = M25

Construction of Column:
The steps followed in the construction of the
pillars are given below.

 Placed the circular mould enclosed by


square mould on base.

 Checked the straightness of mould using


plumb bob.

 Prepared concrete using cement, sand,


aggregate in the ratio 1:1:2 and water

 Upon this place seven grouted bottles and


filled the space with concrete.
 Each layer has been tamped with tamping
rod very well to prevent formation of honey
combing

 Then levelled the surface and placed seven


bottles again and filled it with concrete.

 Same process has been continued up to 8


feet height.

 After 24 hours de-moulded the concrete.

 Proper curing for 28 days has been carried


out to avoid cracking.
Fig(iii)

sectional elevation of the


Foundation
Results:
The execution and experience of this
construction project with empty glass
bottles and used coconut shells proved that
these waste materials can be effectively
utilized for building shelters of utility
without compromising on strength,
durability, hygiene and aesthetic view
without any reinforcement bars.
Translucency and thermal insulation of
empty glass bottle walls being the known
factors are added advantages to provide the
required lighting and microclimatic control
for the E3 shelter. This technology can be
effectively used for construction of bus
shelters, Kiosks, traffic posts, toll tax
counters, petty shops, public toilets, etc.,

Conclusion:
1. Although designing and building of E3
shelter is still an upcoming practice and
relatively new methodology of
construction, it has enormous uncapped
potential in the construction sector.

2. The execution and experience of this


construction project with empty glass
bottles and used coconut shells proved
that these waste materials can be
effectively utilized for building eco-
friendly, cost effective, energy efficient
decent shelters of utility without
compromising on strength, durability,
hygiene and aesthetic view.
3. Translucency and thermal insulation of
empty glass bottle walls being the known
factors are added advantages to provide
the required lighting and microclimatic
control for the E3 shelter. Generally the
bottle houses are bio-climatic in design,
which means that when it is cold outside
is warm inside and vice versa.

4. Re-using the glass bottles as the building


materials can have substantial effects on
saving the building embodied energy by
using them instead of bricks in walls and
reducing the CO2 emission in
manufacturing the cement by reducing
the percentage of cement used.

5. Recycling coconut shells and constructing


funicular dome roof can save a lot of
energy since they don’t use any steel
bars for reinforcement without
compromising the stability of the
structure. Moreover, these coconut
shells or their dent will act as concave
lenses for illuminating the room with
solar powered LEDs.

6. The construction found to be easy


without any skilled labours since the
bottles are of light weight compared to
the heavy laterite bricks which required
additional trimming and finishing.

7. The comparative analysis of the cost


estimation with the laterite bricks shelter
of same dimension revealed that up to
22% of the cost can be saved in empty
beer bottle construction with coconut
shell funicular dome roof.

8. Construction cost per square feet using


empty beer bottles found to be Rs.
760.54 whereas those for laterite brick
shelter is Rs. 971.5, demonstrating a
saving of up to Rs. 3.29 per sq. feet
construction.
9. It is found that about three fourth of the
cost can be saved through the effective
participation of the client or community
and recycling the discarded materials in
construction.

10. The construction cost of E3 shelters of


empty beer bottles and coconut shell
funicular dome roof with community
participation found to be highly
affordable to low income family since the
cost of construction worked out to be as
low as Rs. 255.39 per square feet.

11. This kind of construction can be


adopted for construction of Bus shelters,
kiosks, Traffic posts, Toll tax counter,
small stationary shops, shelter for
monuments, public toilets, etc.

Future Scope:
Dome shape roof for bigger span can be
designed and tested. Thermal insulation
properties, temperature variation, photo
effectiveness, etc. may be studied. Plan,
design and estimate for a low income family
house should be made and constructed for
proving its efficacy in providing affordable
shelter for all.

Reference Source:
Internet .

The End

Оценить