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a piece of writing that usually has

figurative language and that is


written in separate lines that often
have a repeated rhythm and
sometimes rhyme A poem is an
arrangement of words containing
meaning and musicality. Most poems
take the form of a series of lines
separated into groups called stanzas. A
poem can be rhyming or nonrhyming,
with a regular meter or a free flow of
polyrhythms. There is debate over how
a poem should be defined, but there is
little doubt about its ability to set a
mood.
ryhme

A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounding words occurring


at the end of lines in poems or songs.
A rhyme is a tool utilizing repeating patterns that brings
rhythm or musicality in poems which differentiate them
fromprose which is plain. A rhyme is employed for the
specific purpose of rendering a pleasing effect to a poem
which makes its recital an enjoyable experience.
Moreover, it offers itself as a mnemonic device smoothing
the progress of memorization. For instance, all nursery
rhymes contain rhyming words in order to facilitate
learning for children as they enjoy reading them and the
presence of repetitive patterns enables them to memorize
that particular poem effortlessly. We do not seem to forget
the nursery rhymes we learnt as a kid. Below are a few
nursery rhyme examples with rhyming words in bold and
italics: Baa
baa black sheep, have you any wool?
Yes sir, yes sir, three bags full!
One for the master, one for the dame,
And one for the little boy who lives down the lane.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the King’s horses, And all the King’s men
Couldn’t put Humpty together again!
Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any
regular recurring motion, symmetry" (Liddell and Scott
1996)) generally means a "movement marked by the
regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of
opposite or different conditions" (Anon. 1971, 2537). This
general meaning of regular recurrence or pattern
in time can apply to a wide variety of cyclical natural
phenomena having a periodicity or frequency of anything
from microseconds to millions of years.
In the performance arts rhythm is the timing of events on a
human scale; of musical sounds and silences, of the steps
of adance, or the meter of spoken language and poetry.
Rhythm may also refer to visual presentation, as "timed
movement through space" (Jirousek 1995,[page needed]) and a
common language of pattern unites rhythm with geometry.
In recent years, rhythm and meter have become an
important area of research among music scholars. Recent
work in these areas includes books by Maury
Yeston (Yeston 1976), Fred Lerdahl and Ray
Jackendoff, Jonathan Kramer, Christopher Hasty (Hasty
1997),Godfried Toussaint (Toussaint 2005), William
Rothstein, and Joel Lester (Lester 1986).
In Thinking and Destiny, Harold W. Percival defined
rhythm as the character and meaning of thought
expressed through the measure or movement in sound or
form, or by written signs or words Percival 1946, 1006.
poems are found in poems where the writing appeals to the senses. Imagery is one
of the seven categories of figurative language.

This is an excerpt from Preludes, an imagery poem by T. S. Eliot. You can almost
see and hear the horse steaming and stamping and smell the steaks:

The winter evening settles down


With smell of steaks in passageways.
Six o'clock.
The burnt-out ends of smoky days.
And now a gusty shower wraps
The grimy scraps
Of withered leaves about your feet
And newspapers from vacant lots;
The showers beat
On broken blinds and chimney-pots,
And at the corner of the street
A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps.
And then the lighting of the lamps.

Eliot also used imagery in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock:

Let us go then, you and I,


When the evening is spread out against the sky
Like a patient etherised upon a table;
Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells
A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting
that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise
unrelated object. It is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things
without using either "like" or "as". It is not to be mistaken with a simile
which does use "like" or "as" in comparisons. Metaphor is a type of
analogy and is closely related to other rhetorical figures of speech that
achieve their effects via association, comparison or resemblance
including allegory, hyperbole, and simile.

One of the most prominent examples of a metaphor in English literature


is the All the world's a stage monologue from As You Like It:

A metaphor is a comparison between two things that replaces the word


or name for one object with that of another. Unlike a simile, a type of
analogy that uses “like” or “as” (you shine like the sun!), a metaphor
does not use these two words (a famous line from Romeo and Juliet has
Romeo proclaiming “Juliet is the sun”). Metaphors are commonly used
throughout all types of literature, but rarely to the extent that they are
used in poetry.

1. My brother was boiling mad. (This implies he was too angry.)


2. The assignment was a breeze. (This implies that the assignment
was not difficult.)
3. It is going to be clear skies from now on. (This implies that clear
skies are not a threat and life is going to be without hardships)
4. The skies of his future began to darken. (Darkness is a threat;
therefore, this implies that the coming times are going to be hard
for him.)
5. Her voice is music to his ears. (This implies that her voice makes
him feel happy)
Personification is a figure of speech in which a
thing, an idea or an animal is given human
attributes. The non-human objects are
portrayed in such a way that we feel they have
the ability to act like human beings. For
example, when we say, “The sky weeps” we are
giving the sky the ability to cry, which is a
human quality. Thus, we can say that the sky
has been personified in the given sentence.
 Look at my car. She is a beauty, isn’t it so?
 The wind whispered through dry grass.
 The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.
 Time and tide waits for none.
 The fire swallowed the entire forest.
A simile is an easy way to compare two
things, so examples of simile poems include
any poem that makes comparisons using the
words "like," "as," or "than." As long as you
compare one thing to another, whether or
not the two things you are comparing are
actually alike or not, you can consider it a
simile poem
. Here is an example of a simile poem
written by Denise Rogers:
Your teeth are like stars;
They come out at night.
They come back at dawn
When they’re ready to bite.
Poem", "Poems", and "Poetic" redirect here. For other uses, see Poem
(disambiguation), Poems (disambiguation), and Poetic (disambiguation).

Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic[1][2][3] qualities of


language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke
meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

Poetry has a long history, dating back to the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh. Early
poems evolved from folk songs such as the Chinese Shijing, or from a need to
retell oral epics, as with the Sanskrit Vedas, Zoroastrian Gathas, and the Homeric
epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. Ancient attempts to define poetry, such as
Aristotle's Poetics, focused on the uses of speech in rhetoric, drama, song and
comedy. Later attempts concentrated on features such as repetition, verse form and
rhyme, and emphasized the aesthetics which distinguish poetry from more
objectively informative, prosaic forms of writing. From the mid-20th century,
poetry has sometimes been more generally regarded as a fundamental creative act
employing language.

Poetry uses forms and conventions to suggest differential interpretation to words,


or to evoke emotive responses. Devices such as assonance, alliteration,
onomatopoeia and rhythm are sometimes used to achieve musical or incantatory
effects. The use of ambiguity, symbolism, irony and other stylistic elements of
poetic diction often leaves a poem open to multiple interpretations. Similarly
figures of speech such as metaphor, simile and metonymy[4] create a resonance
between otherwise disparate images—a layering of meanings, forming connections
previously not perceived. Kindred forms of resonance may exist, between
individual verses, in their patterns of rhyme or rhythm.

Some poetry types are specific to particular cultures and genres and respond to
characteristics of the language in which the poet writes. Readers accustomed to
identifying poetry with Dante, Goethe, Mickiewicz and Rumi may think of it as
written in lines based on rhyme and regular meter; there are, however, traditions,
such as Biblical poetry, that use other means to create rhythm and euphony. Much
modern poetry reflects a critique of poetic tradition,[5] playing with and testing,
among other things, the principle of euphony itself, sometimes altogether forgoing
rhyme or set rhythm.[6][7] In today's increasingly globalized world, poets often
adapt forms, styles and techniques from diverse cultures and languages.
John Keats also wrote lyric poetry. Following is an example from his lyric poem Ode on a
Grecian Urn:

What men or gods are these? What maidens loth?

What mad pursuit? What struggle to escape?

What pipes and timbrels? What wild ecstasy?

Experience, though noon auctoritee

Were in this world, were right ynogh to me

To speke of wo that is in mariage;

For, lordynges, sith I twelf yeer was of age,

Thonked be God, that is eterne on lyve,

Housbondes at chirche dore I have had fyve -

For I so ofte have ywedded bee -

And alle were worthy men in hir degree.


Resource : wikipedia

:your dictionary.com