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Recycling system for domestic waste water

treatment in rural areas

I. Introduction
In Romania, most of the buildings in rural areas do not have the
ability to connect to a centralized sewage system. Most of them
have a toilet in the backyard, where WC is situated above holes in
the ground. These are so-called latrines. When faeces are deposited
there, soil and water are affected. If the house is supplied with a
septic system anaerobic effluent treatment pollute the soil and the
water. According to Council Directive 91/271 / EEC of 21 May 1991
concerning urban waste water treatment, as amended by
Commission Directive 98/15 / EC on 27 February 1998 transposed
into Romanian legislation by Government Decision no.188 / 2002
approving the rules the waste water discharge conditions in the
aquatic environment, modified and completed by Government
Decision no. 352/2005 for agglomerations with more than 2,000
more than 10,000 L. E. coastal, before being discharged into
receiving waters, it is necessary to achieve “appropriate treatment”
that take into account local conditions. Also, for all agglomerations
with more than 2,000 that are located in hilly or mountainous
areas, the geo-morphological and climatic require specific solutions
and individual: sewage plants small natural treatment in lagoons or
other methods of treatment unconventional. The system for the
treatment and recycling of waste water using an aerobic digestion
process using an invention. Simplicity technical solution creates the
premise of obtaining low-cost production system. Unlike traditional
septic system, aerobic digestion produces a high quality effluent
that can irrigate the plants root across leaching field and collected
but can be sterilized and used for surface irrigation.

II. Description
The system consists of a circular tank and a drainage pipe that
continues to the soil surface by a pipe absorption of air, due to
chimney effect created by sewage pipe ventilation inside the
building (STAS1795-87) or an outer pipe diameter larger than the
pipe through which air is drawn. Drainage pipe that pierces the walls
of the tank has on the bottom circumference, rectangular slots,
paused at the base, thus creating a drain. Above the drainage pipe
is the pipe waste water, discharge the drainage pipe. The system is

located in a leaching field.

1. Absorption pipe 2. Drainage pipe with slots 3. Drain 4. Slots
5. Leaching field 6. Tank 7. Wastewater pipe

III. Operation
The process is continuous and consists of:
1. Pre-mechanicaltreatment which fats and solids with a larger
size than the slots fall in tank. In the fall of waste water
entering in tank, the drainage pipe due to Coanda effect until
the liquid seeps slots where water enters the drainage pipe
flowing then drain pipe outside the pit drainage.

2. Aeration through pipe absorption due chimney effect created

sewerage pipe ventilation inside the building (STAS1795-87)
or an outer pipe with larger diameter than the barrel of
absolve, which ensures that the aerobic organisms soil digest
organic waste from waste water.
3. Disinfection is optional.
Liquid fats, due to molecular cohesion, trickle on the outside of
the pipe in tank. Every overcoming the level pipe drainage of water
inside the pit, and leaving it in the field percolation oils, fats and
bodies organics are withheld due to viscosity or larger size than the
slots drain pipes and macerated by stirring of waste water in fall.
These are decomposed by aerobic microorganisms naturally
activated by air pumped through the ventilation pipe of sewage.
Digestive movement is amplified by aerobic microorganisms and
organic matter due to the presence of increased turbulence pipes
and vents to the ebb and flow of water. After decomposition, they
enter the field of leaching to the drainage pipe drainage. Fields
percolation water treatment achieved through two main processes:

-shallow water filtration underwent treatment by suspended solids

are removed by retaining the bedrock pores. Since the suspended
solids are retained both mineral and biological origin, that the
filtration process removes superficial and a significant portion of the
organic load of water subject to treatment;
- aerobic digestion dissolved polluting load of the water subjected
to the treatment by the dissolved organic matter (measured by
BOD) and ammonia cal and organic nitrogen is converted to a film-
biological biochemical aerobic organisms that are formed on the
surfaces of the granular material. Aeration within the granular layer
is enhanced as the movement of the convection caused by
infiltration of water through the granular media, and the air
diffusion from the surface of the bed of granular material in the
layers by adsorption on porous media they represent. Biochemical
oxidation of organic material is accompanied by the development of
the bacterial culture, i.e., thickening of the organic film. Recycling
system for domestic waste water treatment in rural areas
Biodegradation and disintegration of organic compounds is
continued by aerobic microorganisms in the soil, the air sucked out
further. If the ground base on which is built the bed infiltration is
water, the bed infiltration is carried straight into the base without
any isolation, while if the ground base on which the build bed
infiltrating permeable then isolated infiltration bed to the floor base
with a waterproof membrane. Value sizing founding leaching fields
is approx. 1.5 m2 / e.p. The performance of the purification plant
are obtained by infiltration-percolation fields are as follows:
- Reduction of BOD5 (below 25 mg / l) COD (below 90 mg / l), and
suspended solids SS (below 30 mg / l) in the effluent from the
- Virtual complete nitrification; -
- Denitrification limited, the values obtained are different depending
on the type of plant, namely: reduction of the amount of nitrogen
up to 40%.
- Reduction of phosphorus is relatively high (60-70%).
- Possibility of eliminating contamination with bacteria from feces, if
there is a sufficient height of the layer of granular material if the
filtration is carried out as evenly in the granular layer, with
preferred routes (yield reduction up to 1000 times the number of
fecal bacteria for every 1 m layer thickness of the granular
Treated water is absorbed finally in top and side layers of soil
and plant transpiration eliminated by spraying and irrigation.
They are installed and operated without problems for
almost two years, over a hundred pilot systems.