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萤火虫PTE真题预测

2019.8.08 – 8.14
全新编号
搭配萤火虫机经5.1

← 扫码添加小助手领机经
近期趋势:
近期有新题添加,主要集中在SST和WFD
写作、口语题库暂稳
每周新增的新题都会添加在每个模块的最后

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READ ALOUD
命中率分析: 命中率 ≈10-40%
优先级别: 低
备战策略: 机经题海练习>预测押题;积累单词更重要

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1.113 Legal Writing
Legal writing is usually less discursive than writing in other humanities subjects, and precision is more important than variety. Sentence
structure should not be too complex; it is usually unnecessary to make extensive use of adjectives or adverbs, and consistency of terms is
often required.
1.126 Electric Car
First-year university students have designed and built a groundbreaking electric car that recharges itself. Fifty students from the
University of Sydney‘s Faculty of Engineering spent five months working together bits of plywood, foam and fiberglass to build the
concept car. They developed the specifications and hand built the car. It's a pretty radical design: a four-wheel drive with a motor in
each wheel.
1.103 Major Breeding Areas
Major breeding areas, and breeding islands, are shown as dark green areas or darts. Open darts shown no-breeding records on
islands, and are also used for offshore sightings, that is from ships or boats. Other areas where species is not meant to be seen are
plain pale green, with pale green hatching where records are usually sparse.
1.114 Semiconductor
The semiconductor industry has been able to improve the performance of electronic systems for more than four decades by making
ever-smaller devices. However, this approach will soon encounter both scientific and technical limits, which is why the industry is
exploring a number of alternative device technologies.
1.99 Population Growth
How quickly is the world’s population growing? In the United States and other developed countries, the current growth rate is very low.
In most developing countries, the human population is growing at a rate of 3 people per second. Because of this bustling growth rate,
the human population is well on its way to reaching 9 billion within lifetime.
1.2 Carbon Dioxide Emission
When countries assess their annual carbon dioxide emissions, they count up their cars and power stations, but bush fires are not included
– presumably because they are deemed to be events beyond human control. In Australia, Victoria alone sees several hundred thousand
hectares burn each year; in both 2004 and more recently, the figure has been over 1 million hectares. 3
1.5 Father
Ever since I remembered, father woke up at five thirty every morning, made us all breakfast and read newspaper. After that he would
go to work. He worked as a writer. It was a long time before I realize he did this for a living.
1.102 Industrial Revolution
As to the Industrial Revolution, one cannot dispute today the fact that it has succeeded in inaugurating in a number of countries a level
of mass prosperity which was undreamt of in the days preceding the Industrial Revolution. But, on the immediate impact of Industrial
Revolution, there were substantial divergences among writers.
1.7 Pluto
Pluto lost its official status as a planet yesterday, when the International Astronomical Union downsized the solar system from nine to
eight planets. Although there had been passionate debate at the General Assembly Meeting in Prague about the definition of a planet
– and whether Pluto met the specifications – the audience greeted the decision to exclude it with applause.
1.9 Lincoln
Lincoln’s apparently radical change of mind about his war powers to emancipate slaves was caused by the escalating scope of the war,
which convinced him that any measure to weaken the Confederacy and strengthen the Union war effort was justifiable as a military
necessity.
1.1 Blue
While blue is one of the most popular colors, it is one of the least appetizing. Blue food is rare in nature. Food researchers say that
when humans searched for food, they learned to avoid toxic or spoiled objects, which were often blue, black or purple. When food
dyed blue is served to study subjects, they lose appetite.
1.125 Statistical information
The provision of accurate and authoritative statistical information strengthens modern societies. It provides a basis for decisions to be
made on such things as where to open schools and hospitals, how much money to spend on welfare payments and even which football
players to replace at half-time.
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1.132 Business School Admissions
Business school admissions officers said the new drive to attract younger students was in part the result of a realization that they had
inadvertently limited their applicant pool by requiring several years’ work experience. Talented students who might otherwise have
gone to business school instead opted for a law or policy degree because they were intimidated by the expectation of work
experience. 【 in part后面并没有漏掉of,in part 本身是一个词组,表示在某种程度上】
1.133 Online shopping environments
A unique characteristic of online shopping environments is that they allow vendors to create retail interfaces with highly interactive
features. One desirable form of interactivity from a consumer perspective is the implementation of sophisticated tools to assist shoppers
in their purchase decisions by customizing the electronic shopping environment to their individual preferences.
1.134 Hazard Assessment
A Hazard Assessment should be performed for work involving distillations of organic liquids and should thoroughly address issues
relating to residual water and possible decomposition of the solvent in question, as well as the physical placement of the distillation
apparatus and heating equipment to be employed.
1.124 Australian English
Australians do speak English. However, for some tourists and travelers, it can be difficult to understand the slang. Also, the links between
Australian and American English were seen to be very tenuous. At least some colloquialisms in Australian English does not exist in other
types of English.
1.108 Teacher’s instruction
In classes, your teachers will talk about topics that you are studying. The information that they provide will be important to know when
you take tests. You must be able to take good written notes from what your teacher say.
1.131 Public Demand for Education
Public demand for education has remained strong, reflecting the importance of education as a means of social progress. Aware of the
added value of education to the world of work, the government continues to innovate and update the education system in order to
produce a qualified and competent workforce.
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1.4 Productive Capacity
The core of the problem was the immense disparity between the country‘s productive capacity and the ability of people to consume.
Great innovations in productive techniques during and after the war raised the output of industry beyond the purchasing capacity of
U.S. farmers and wage earners.
1.12 Akimbo
Akimbo, this must be one of the odder-looking words in the language and puzzles us in part because it doesn’t seem to have any
relatives, What’s more, it is now virtually a fossil word, until recently almost invariably found in arms akimbo, a posture in which a
person stands with hands on hips and elbows sharply bent outward, one signaling impatience or hostility.
1.8 Fiscal Year
At the beginning of each fiscal year funds are allocated to each State account in accordance with the University’s financial plan. Funds
are allocated to each account by object of expenditure. Account managers are responsible for ensuring that adequate funds are
available in the appropriate object before initiating transactions to use the funds.
1.104 Diversity of Language
The diversity of human language may be compared to the diversity of the natural world. Just as the demise of plant species reduces
genetic diversity, and deprives humanity or potential medical and biological resources. So extinction of language takes with it a wealth
of culture, art and knowledge.
1.122 Orientalists
Orientalists, like many other nineteenth-century thinkers, conceive of humanity either in large collectives or in abstract generalities.
Orientalists are neither interested in nor capable of discussing individuals; instead, artificial entities predominate. ...very wide labels
every possible variety of human plurality, reducing it in the process to one or two terminal collective realities.
1.10 Shakespeare
A young man from a small provincial town -- a man without independent wealth, without powerful family connections and without a
university education -- moves to London in the late 1580‘s and, in a remarkably short time, becomes the greatest playwright of all time.
How was this achievement of magnitude made? How does Shakespeare become Shakespeare?
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1.120 Marketing Management
For any marketing course that requires the development of a marketing plan, such as Marketing Management, Marketing Strategy and
Principles of Marketing. This is the only planning handbook that guides students through step by step creation of a customized marketing
plan while offering commercial software to aid in the process.
1.123 Fast food 高度近似,有所不同
Hundreds of millions of people buy fast food every day without giving it much thought, unaware of the subtle and not so subtle
ramifications of their purchases. They just grasp a hamburger and unwrap it and tossed the wrap into the bin. The whole experience is
transitory and soon forgotten. (更新红色文字部分)
1.13 Yellow
Yellow is considered as the most optimistic color, yet surprisingly, people lose their tempers most often in yellow rooms and babies will
cry more. The reason may be that yellow is the hardest color for eyes to take in, so it can be overpowering if overused. (有修改,考场
真题是for eyes to take in)
1.17 Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and attains a depth of over a mile. While the specific geologic processes and
timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established
its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago.
1.112 MBA
Exhilarating, exhausting and intense. There are just some of the words used to describe doing an MBA. Everyone’s experience of doing
MBA is, of course, different through denying that it’s hard and a demanding work whichever course you do. MBA is one of the fastest
growing areas of studying in the UK so that must be a sustainable benefit against form in one pain.
1.106 Vanilla
The uniquely scented flavor of vanilla is second only to chocolate in popularity on the world’s palate. It’s also the second most expensive
spice after saffron. But highly labor intensive cultivation methods and the plant’s temperamental life cycle and propagation mean
production on a global scale is struggling to keep up with the increasing demand for the product.
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1.115 Two Sisters
Two sisters were at a dinner party when the conversation turned to upbringing. The elder sister started to say that her parents had been
very strict and that she had been rather frightened of them. Her sister, younger by two years, interrupted in amazement. “What are you
talking about?” she said, “Our parents were very lenient”.
1.116 Weakness
Weakness in electronics, auto and gas station sales dragged down overall retail sales last month, but excluding those three categories,
retailers enjoyed healthy increases across the board, according to government figures released Wednesday. Moreover, December sales
numbers were also advised higher.
1.117 Japanese tea ceremony
The Japanese tea ceremony is a ritual tour influenced by Buddhism in which green tea is prepared and served to a small group of
guests in a peaceful setting. The ceremony can take as long as four hours and there are many traditional gestures that both the server
and the guest must perform.
1.119 Russia
Long isolated from Western Europe, Russia grew up without participating in the development like the Reformation that many Russians
taking pride in their unique culture, find dubious value. Russia is, as a result, the most unusual member of European family, if indeed it is
European at all. The question is still open to debate, particularly among Russians themselves.
1.121 21st century
The beginning of the twenty-first century will be remembered, not for military conflicts or political events, but for a whole new age of
globalization – a ‘flattening’ of the world. The explosion of advanced technologies now means that suddenly knowledge pools and
resources have connected all over the planet, leveling the playing field as never before.
1.98 Incentive Pay Schemes
If bonus or incentive pay schemes work so well for chief executive and bankers, why does everyone not get them? After all, many jobs
involve making important decisions or taking risks. Is there anything about corporate decision and financial risks that makes these
categories of work special in terms of how they need to be incentivized and rewarded?
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1.6 Himalayas
Although it hails from a remote region of the western Himalayas. This plant now looks entirely at home on the banks of English rives.
Brought to the UK in 1839. it quickly escaped from Victorian gardens and colonized river banks and damp woodlands. In the Himalayas
the plant is held in check by various pests, but take these away and it grows and reproduces unhindered. Now it is spreading across
Europe, New Zealand, Canada and the US.
1.79 Introvert and Extrovert
Introvert tends to recharge by spending time alone. They lose energy from being around people for long periods of time,
particularly large crowds. Extroverts, on the other hand, gain energy from other people. Extroverts actually find their energy is sapped
when they spend too much time alone. They recharge by being social.
1.111 No ordinary book
This book is no ordinary book, and should not be read through from beginning to end. It contains many different adventures, and the
path you take will depend on the choices you make along the way. The success or failure of your mission will hinge on the decisions you
make, so think carefully before choosing.
1.101 Augustus
Augustus was given the powers of an absolute monarch, but he presented himself as the preserver of republican traditions. He treated
the Senate, or state council, with great respect, and was made Consul year after year. He successfully reduced the political power of
the army by retiring many soldiers, but giving them land or money to keep their loyalty.
1.130 Environmental Policy Course
Along with customary classes on subjects such as finance, accounting, and marketing, today’s MBA students are enrolling on courses for
environmental policy and stewardship. Indeed, more than half of business schools require a course in environmental sustainability or
corporate social responsibility, according to a survey of 91 US business schools, published in October 2005.

1.16 Yellow Tulip


How do we imagine the unimaginable? If we’re asked to think of an object – say, a yellow tulip – a picture immediately forms in our
mind’s eye. But what if we try to imagine a concept such as the square root of negative number?
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1.127 The preparation of abstract
The preparation of abstracts is an intellectual effort, requiring general familiarity with the subject. To bring out the salient points of an author’s
argument calls for skill and experience. Consequently a considerable amount of qualified manpower that could be used to advantage in other
ways must be diverted to the task of facilitating access to information.
1.128 Botswana (Official Guide原题)
Although Botswana’s economic outlook remains strong, the devastation that AIDS has caused threatens to destroy the country’s future. In 2001,
Botswana has the highest rate of HIV infection in the world. With the help of international donors it launched an ambitious national campaign
that provided free antiviral drugs to anyone who needed them, and by March 2004, Botswana’s infection rate has dropped significantly.
1.129 Shrimp
Shrimp farmers used to hold animals in nursery ponds for 30 to 60 days; now they try to move them into grow-out ponds in less than 30 days.
This reduces stress on the animals and dramatically increases survivals in the grow-out ponds. Many farms that abandoned nursery ponds have
gone back to them, and the results have been surprisingly positive. They're using the old, uncovered, earthen, nursery ponds.
1.3 Tesla and Edison (更新版本!)
Tesla's theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current electric power systems. Thomas Edison promised him almost one million
dollars in today's money to undertake motor and generator improvement. However, when Tesla asked about the money, Edison reported reply
"Tesla, you don't understand our American humor." The pair becomes archrivals.
1.110 Private Equity(旧题重现)
It isn’t rare for private equity houses to hire graduates fresh out of business schools, but nine times out of ten, the students who nab these jobs are
the ones who had private equity experience before even starting their MBA program.
新增 Bookkeepers
A national study into fraud by bookkeepers employed at small and medium-sized businesses has uncovered 65 instances of theft in more than
five years, with more than $31 million stolen. Of the cases identified by the research, 56 involved women and nine instances involved men.
However, male bookkeepers who defrauded their employers stole three times, on average, the amount that women stole.
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新增 Domestic Work
Traditional divisions of domestic work are understood to persist because of the strong association of the home with femininity and paid work with
masculinity - to challenge who does what in the home is arguably tantamount to challenging what it is to be a woman or a man.

新增 The only family


Imagine living all your life as the only family on your street. Then, one morning, you open the front door and discover houses all around you. You
see neighbors tending their gardens and children walking to school. Where did all the people come from? What if the answer turned out to be
that they had always been there—you just hadn’t seen them?
新增 Elephant
The elephant is the largest living land mammal. During evolution, its skeleton has greatly altered from the usual mammal, design for two main
reasons. One is to cope with the great weight of huge grinding cheek teeth and elongated tusk teeth, making the skull particularly massive. The
other is to support the enormous bulk of such a huge body. (订正红色单词huge,红色teeth不一定存在,到时候注意)
新增 The Most Memorable Benefit
Perhaps the most memorable benefit of the program has been the opportunity to meet in small groups. Something that is difficult to arrange such
a desperate organization. Many officers would have to work together for thirty years but would not know other’s weaknesses and strengths.

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无原文的高频长难词汇(必背)
Chronic deficit succumbed Bronze Age ruthless Arctic Antarctica glaciation
pharmacist pharmacy pharmaceutical practitioner prescription prescribed Apes & Chimps bringing
lenient “net-neutral” Sporadic present (n. & v.) diplomacy Macmillan intellectual cultural
indigenous property anthropology
undreamt inaugurating Renaissance multilingualism intertwining seasonality entail economist
propagation palate saffron solvent temperamental economy economic levees
virtuoso equatorial equator stewardship synthesis symphony synopsis hydration
heterogeneous depict lively mechanization portraiture Scotland quantitative qualitative
Egyptian tomb possesses philanthropy corridor

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REPEAT SENTENCE
命中率分析: 命中率 30-60%
优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测背诵押题>精听实力提升

备注:
加粗 完整句子无法确认,但加粗部分可以确认
下划线/斜线 可能出现的多种版本
(括号) 可能存在的词
红色 本周预测新做的改动

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1. I would like tomato and cheese sandwiches on white bread and orange juice.
2. I used to have coffee with milk and one sugar. 【确认全句】
3. I used to have milk and sugar for my coffee. (变体:coffee是最后一个词)
4. You should raise your concern with the head of school. 【消消确认】
5. Globalization has been an overwhelming urban and urbanization phenomenon.
6. I didn’t agree with the author’s argument, but his presentation is good.
7. In consultation with your supervisor, your thesis is approved by the faculty committee.
8. The bookstore is located on the main campus behind the library.
9. Organic food is grown without applying chemicals and possesses no artificial additives. 【之前多打了一个the,特此更正】
10. Number the beakers (烧杯) and put them away until tomorrow. 【有同学确认是until】
11. The US ranks 22nd in foreign aid, given as a percentage of GDP.
12. Meeting with mentors could be arranged for students who need additional help. 【确认全句】
13. Please make sure all works follow the department guidelines. 【确认全句】
14. Exam results will be available next week from the course office. 【确认全句】
15. The real reason for global hunger is not the lack of food, but poverty. 【确认全句】
16. Acupuncture is a technique involved in traditional Chinese medicine.
17. Today, we will be discussing the role of the government in preventing injustice. 【确认全句】
18. Arteries carry blood from heart to the other parts of the body. 【确认全句】
19. We didn’t have any noticeable variance between the two or three tasks. 【确认全句】
20. The hypothesis needs to be tested in a more rigorous way. 【确认全句】
21. Interpreters are not readily available in this department. 【确认全句】
22. We would like a videotape for the lecture. 【确认全句】
23. You should enquire about the Direct Deposit. 【确认全句】
24. Please explain what the author means by “sustainability.”
25. The sports/sport team members often practice on weekdays and play games on weekends.
26. It seems that language appeared from nowhere.
27. A renowned economist is selected to have a speech tonight at eight.
28. Don’t forget to hand in your assignment by next Tuesday
29. They have enough works to keep them going. (只能确定大意,原文措辞有误)
30. The university welcomes postgraduate students from all over the world.
31. Sport is the cause of traumatic brain injuries in the United States.
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1. Physics is a detailed study of matter and energy. 【matter确认是单数】
2. No more than four people can be in the lab at once. 【确认全句】
3. Would you prepare some PowerPoint slides with appropriate graphs?
4. The minimal mark for Distinction grade is no less than 75%. 【确认全句】
5. Nearly half of television outputs are given away for educational program. 【确认全句】
6. The ______ office opens on Mondays and Thursdays directly following the freshmen seminar session. (增补)
7. Basketball was created in 1891 by a physician and a physical instructor.
8. Fishing is a sport and a means for surviving.
9. It is good for the environment, and also good for your electricity bill. 【全句确认】
10. The office opens on Wednesday and Thursday.
11. The university supply a number of ____ scholarship for qualified students.
12. You can drop/change your courses on the website online during the registration period/session.
13. Would you please put the materials on the table?
14. Many health workers think that pensioners are too old to understand and . (待确认)
15. Please keep this/the medicine in the fridge.
16. You should go to the reception to get your student card.
17. Once more under the pressure of economic necessity, practice outstripped theory.
18. Your tutor is there for help, so do ask if you don’t understand anything.
19. Please pass the handouts along to the rest of the people in your row. 【确认全句】
20. Environmental friendliness is a new category in which campuses are competing. 【确认全句】
21. There will be an open book exam on Monday, the twenty-eighth. 【确认全句】
22. I expect a long and stagnant debate for a week or two on this issue. 【确认全句】
23. The cafeteria closes soon but the snack machines are accessible throughout the night. 【更新】
24. We are required to submit the assignment before Friday.
25. You are required to submit your/the assignment before Monday.【变体】
26. The Psychology Department is looking for volunteers to be involved in research projects. 【确认全句】
27. We’re constantly looking for ways to bring industry and agriculture close together. 【确认全句】
28. Please do not bring food into the classroom. 【确认全句】
29. The student welfare officer can help students with different issues.
30. The politics combine both …… and the political authorities.
31. To measure distance could take as much as three weeks. 【确认全句】
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1. All students on engineering courses spent one year working on the war/wall experience. 【确认全句】
2. Higher fees make students think more critically about what universities can offer.
3. I will be in my office every day from 10 to 12. (变形)
4. I will be in my office every day from 11 o’clock to 2 o’clock. (变形)
5. The gap between rich and poor is not decreasing rapidly as expected. (不确定谓语的时态)
6. The wheelchair lift has been upgraded this month. 【确认全句】
7. There is no entrance fee for tonight’s lecture.
8. All undergraduate students should participate in the seminar.
9. Try to explain how your ideas are linked so that there is a logical flow. (老机经重出江湖)
10. The small Indian state is a land of forests, valleys and snowy islands. 【有同学说可能没有逗号】
11. The study of archaeology requires extensive international fieldwork. 【intensive改为extensive】
12. The agricultural sector in that country has heavily subsided(削弱)/been subsidized(资助). (此词不明确,要看有没有been来推断)
13. Put the knife and fork next to the spoon near the edge of the table.
14. If you forgot your student number, you need to contact Jenny Brice. 【确认是:need to,其余确定】
15. The clear evidence between brain events and behavioral events are always fascinating. 【确认全句】
16. I missed yesterday’s lecture. Can I borrow your notes?
17. Elephant is the largest land living mammal. 【确认】
18. On behalf of our department, I would like to thank you for your participation. 【确认全句】
19. You can find the student service center on level one of Home Building. 【确认全句,Home仅是相似发音】
20. Much of the evidence been used has only recently become available. 【确认全句】
21. All of our accommodation is within walking distance to the academic buildings/teaching blocks. (有同学听到不一样的结尾,待确认)
22. History is not the simple collection of dates and events.
23. You can have student discount in many campus stores including the coffee house.
24. In this library, reserved collection books can be borrowed for up to three hours. 【确认】
25. The library is located on the other side of the campus behind the student center.
26. We must put great care when analyzing data.
27. 39.5% of Californian residents don‘t speak English at home.
28. Meteorology is a detailed study of earth’s atmosphere. 【确认全句】
29. The verdict depends on which side was more convincing to the jury.
30. The timetable for next/the new term will be available next week. (如果是next则无the,如果是new则有the)
31. The United States has become a coffee culture in recent years. (尚不全面待补充)
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1. Newspapers across the world reported stories of presidents. (将原来的are reporting改为reported)
2. It is important to take gender into account when discussing the figures.【确认全句】
3. We are delighted to have professor Robert to join our faculty. 【确认】
4. Being a vegan means not consuming any animal meat. 【消消确认细节】
5. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy.
6. Biographical information should be removed prior to the publication of results.
7. Portfolio is due to the internal review office no later than Tuesday.
8. Students can download the materials from the website. 【确认全句】
9. The lecture theatre one is located on the ground floor of the Pack Building.
10. You should include your name and identification number in the registration form. 【确认全句】
11. The contest includes both the land living history and the human history. (发音接近living,不确定)
12. In Europe, the political pressure is similar regarding globalization.
13. Make sure you correctly cite all your sources. 【确认全句】
14. The original Olympic Games were celebrated as religious festivals.【确认全句】
15. The author expressed an idea that modern readers invariably cannot accept. 【基本确定, the改为an】
16. All students and staff have access to printers and scanners. (have access之间没有the)
17. In 1830, periodicals appeared in large numbers in America. (具体年份之前没有the)
18. Our class is divided into two groups. You come with me, and the others just stay here. 【确认】
19. A computer virus (have) destroyed all my files. 【确认全句】
20. To receive the reimbursement, you must keep the original receipts.
21. It is clear that there is little accurate documentation in support of this claim.
22. The professor will be the last speaker this evening. (确认last)
23. To answer such a complex question with a simple yes or no is absolutely impossible.【确认全句】
24. I didn’t understand the author’s point of view on immigration. 【确认全句】
25. The glass is not the real solid, because it doesn’t have crystal structure.
26. A thorough bibliography is needed at the end of every assignment. 【确认全句】
27. Even with the permit, finding a parking spot on campus is ALMOST impossible. 【确认是almost】
28. Conferences are always scheduled on the third Wednesday of the month. 【确认全句】
29. The theoretical proposal was challenged to grass. (并非是grass,发音近似,可以直接照读这个发音)
30. There are no scheduled classes during the final exam weeks.

17
1. What distinguishes him from others is his dramatic use of black and white photography. (纠正原题)
2. We would like a first draft of the assignment by Monday.
3. A demonstrated ability to write clear, correct and concise English is bigotry.
4. On this project, you will be asked to work as a group of three.
5. I can’t attend the lecture because I have a doctor appointment.
6. The first person in space was from the Soviet Union.
7. Student loans are now available for international students.
继《机经5.1》之后新增:
1. I don’t understand that what the comment of my essay means at all.(确认有at all)
2. Our fundamental realities, especially national needs, have seen the ability to flourish.
3. Our university has strong partnerships with industry as well as collaborative relationships with government bodies.
4. The United States has the maximum production of chocolate.
5. The current statistical evidence indicates the need of further research.
6. Anatomy is the study of internal and external body structures. 【确认全句】
7. Those reference books are too old, while the others are OK. 【确认全句】
8. You can only choose one subject from history and media. (待确认)
9. The student service center is located on the main campus behind the library. 【旧题变体】
10. The timetable will be posted on the website before the class start. 【确认】
11. The program depends entirely on private funding.
12. I can give you a hand if you need help.
13. If you want to sell your book, it must have a list of bibliography. (待确认)
14. It is now acknowledged that his work is groundbreaking. 【基本确认】
15. Since the problems we face are global, we need to find global solutions. (后半句待确认)
16. If she does speak the language, she is not going to sit around and wait for a translator. (结合句意,怀疑是does而非doesn’t)
17. Exam results will be available next week on the course website. (和机经的不一样)
18. Hypothetically, insufficient mastery in the areas slows future progress.
19. Our school of Arts and Technology accept applications at all points throughout the year.
20. There are a range of housing options near the university.
21. The new English class will start next Monday morning.
22. All source of materials must be included in your bibliography.
23. Negative discourse continues to be predominant in discussion of gender.
24. She told the faculty to be very supportive. 18
1. This lecture was meant to start at ten.
2. His objection to include scientific evidence has brought a lot of criticisms to him. 【原controversy改为criticisms】
3. The professor is going to discuss the conflict ……
4. Many undergraduate students go back home and stay with their parents after graduation.
5. The country’s economy is primarily based on tourism. 【确认全句】
6. In my free time, I would like to read current affairs and newspapers.
7. Students who wish to apply for an extension should approach their tutors. 【惊现Test Plus原题】
8. Essays with few or no citations will raise the concern/concerns of (the) lecturers. (感谢同学补全后半句,细节待确认)
9. The generic/genetic biology technology lab is located at the North Wing of the library. (注意听下划线是generic还是genetic)
10. The older equipment has been put at the back of the building.
11. We want to attract the very best students regardless of their financial circumstances.【确认】
12. I will/We need to make sure the school principal know about the changes. (不确定是否为School Principal,首字母记下的是S P)
13. Make sure the Financial Director knows the full details of the Pay Agreement.
14. Expertise in particular areas distinguishes you from other graduates (in a job interview). 【确认,可能有变体出现了括号内容】
15. Anonymous behaviors ……without intervention. (待确认,句意不明)
16. We didn’t mean to ask him to do it because he cannot manage it. (待确认)
17. I could not save my work as my computer got crashed.
18. … staff is always available for access … for application.
19. I don’t understand what the comment of my essay means at all.
20. In English, the month of the year is always capitalized.
21. This hypothesis on black hole is rendered moot as the explanation of the explosion.
22. Is hypothesis on black hole rendered moot as the explanation of astrophysics?
23. Most of the lectures begin promptly, so do not be late. (有同学说是Those lectures,但结合语法时态可以排除Those的可能性)
24. Your enrollment information, results and fees will be available online.
25. Students will not be given credits for assignments submitted after the due date. 【确认】
26. Students should book a library tour on the first week of the first semester.
27. More muscles are used in swimming than other sports.
28. He is almost never in his office.
29. Please prepare a PowerPoint presentation for tomorrow’s meeting.
30. You must ensure you do not include too much irrelevant information.
31. It’s within that framework that we’re making our survey.
32. It is interesting to observe the development of language skills of toddlers. 19
DESCRIBE IMAGE
命中率分析: 命中率60%
优先级别: 中
备战策略: 机经题海战术>预测押题

20
21
22
23
YES NO

近似图片,原图为黑白
24
25
消消手绘,非原图

26
27
Oceania

28
29
30
31
32
RETELL LECTURE
命中率分析: 预测命中率 80%
优先级别: 中
备战策略: 模板流利度>预测押题>机经押题
近期趋势: 题库很稳!
红色: 本周新增被列为高频的题目
加粗: 近期高频中的高频

33
Frequency: High
4.1.1 Australian Export 澳洲出口 4.1.26 Teaching 老教授谈教学 4.1.55 Underwater Fish Detectors 水下鱼群探测

4.1.2 Brain Development 大脑发育 4.1.27 Large Hadron Collider 大型强子对撞机 4.1.57 Poverty & Health Crisis 贫穷与健康危机
4.1.3 Darkness in galaxies 银河系的黑暗 4.1.28 Food Labeling 食品标签 4.1.59 The fourth dimensions 第四维
4.1.4 European Educational expenditure 欧洲教育 4.1.29 Civilization 人类文明进程 4.1.61 Labor practice 熟能生巧 (violin)
4.1.5 Bomb Calorimeters 弹式侧热议 4.1.33 Biomedical Engineering 生物工程
4.2.10 Edmund Wilson 艾德蒙·威尔逊
4.1.6 High LG and low LG 老鼠的舔舐和理毛 4.1.35 Latin America 拉丁美洲经济改革
4.3.1 Bilingual Parents 双语父母
4.1.7 Napoleon Paris Renovation 拿破仑改造巴黎 4.1.40 Loggerhead turtle 红海龟迁徙
4.3.2 Absolute Zero 绝对零度
4.1.8 Pavlov’s experiment 巴甫洛夫实验 4.1.42 European Economic Structure 欧洲经济结构
4.3.5 Agriculture and climate change 气候与农业
4.1.9 Wages, consumption & household debt * 4.1.43 Government blogging 白宫博客
4.3.6 Mega Cities 大城市人口与资源
4.1.10 Air Pollution 空气污染 4.1.44 Super power 超能力
4.3.7 Welsh Speaker 威尔士语
4.1.11 Monkey theorem 无限猴子定理 4.1.45 Earth and Mars 地球与火星
4.3.8 Robot 机器人做不到的事
4.1.12 Frogs 青蛙 4.1.46 Early Robot 早期机器人(图)
4.3.9 Social Identity 社会认同
4.1.13 Low birth rate 低生育率 4.1.47 Linguistics and authority 语言学
4.3.10 Internal and External Factors 内外因素
4.1.14 Thermodynamic & Kinetic Theory 热力学 4.1.48 Indian HIV Training 印度HIV培训
4.1.15 Dimensions 维度 4.3.16 Small Language 小语种
4.1.49 US Economy 美国经济
4.1.16 Open Border 打开国门 4.3.26 Aging in US 美国人口老龄化
4.1.50 The best rice 转基因大米
4.1.17 Visual Description 可视化描述 4.3.38 Truth and Rhetoric 真理与修辞学
4.1.54 Cloud Formation 云的形成
4.1.18 The Increasing Productivity 生产力的提高 4.3.42 British Standards Institution 英国标准协会
4.1.19 Poverty in rural areas 偏远地区贫困* 4.3.48 Happiness & Social Relations 幸福与社交
4.1.20 UK city population 英国城市人口
4.1.23 Dissociation of Personalities 多重人格
34
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修

图片非常近似
年份是2001

35
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
4.1.19 4.1.53 Economic & Technological Progress 经济科学发展

新增绿色内容 整段文字全部更新,整段替换,
原来版本并不准确

36
新题(未收录进5.1)
新. Patent 申请专利
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWnXHEjcBFQ [0:48-2:00] 新. The Speed of Sound and Light 光速与声速

新. Attention Interval 注意力集中的时间

37
ANSWER SHORT QUESTIONS

命中率分析: 命中率 90%


优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测押题>机经押题
(预测所列基本够用,有时间的话再看机经)
注意:
萤火虫教研团队已经做过实验,发现官方培训老师所说的 第一个答案必须正确 并不属实。
我们做了五套实验,均已证明:答案中无论先后顺序,只要存在正确答案即可得分。

38
Frequency: High
1. What is the first paragraph of an essay? – Introduction
2. What do we call the thread in the center of the candle? – Wick (灯芯)
3. What are the mountains that can erupt? – Volcanoes.
4. What are the people who study history and historical evidence? – Historian.
5. Which symbol is used to complete a sentence? – Full stop / period
6. Where does a camel normally live? - Desert.
7. A document protecting someone’s intellectual property? – Copyright.
8. What is the job title for someone who makes meals in a restaurant? - Chef/Cook
9. Which part at the end of book can be used for further reading? An index or a bibliography? – Bibliography
10. What does a Sundial(日晷) measure? – Time
11. How many years are there in a passage of decade? – 10 years 【确认措辞,a passage of 指一段期间】
12. Who sits in the cockpit (驾驶座) of an airplane? – Pilot. (飞行员)
13. When your bone is injured and broken, what would you say you have? - Fracture.
14. How do you call the people who work for a company? – Employees.
15. Which one is more fuel efficient, a small car or a large truck? – A small car. 【确认措辞】
16. What is the big musical instrument that has 88 black and white keys? - Piano.
17. What is the meaning of “post” in the word “postgraduate”? – After
18. How many days are there added in February during a leap year? - ? 1 day 【狡诈的变体,注意听题】
19. How do you call a doctor who can sell prescribed medicines in a hospital? - Chemist/Pharmacist.
20. Which one would a vegetarian most likely to eat, sandwiches or fruit salad? – Fruit salad.
21. Which one has a lower humidity, a desert or a rainforest? - A desert.
22. If you have a toothache, do you go to a surgeon or a dentist? – Dentist.【确认措辞】
23. Animals with white ivory and long trunk? - Elephant
24. How many years does a centennial celebrates? - 100 years.
25. What do you call a list in front of a book which outlines the structure of a book? - Table of Contents
39
1. Which one has a higher humidity, a desert or a rainforest? - A rainforest.
2. Under which circumstance would you describe the economy as a good one, the one with high unemployment or low
unemployment? - Low unemployment.
3. How do you call the book where you collect all your photos together? – Album.
4. How many days are there in February during a leap year? - 29 days.
5. When you use Microsoft Word, what does “Times New Roman” mean? – Font. (字体)
6. Which organ is the blood pumped from? – Heart. 【确认措辞】
7. How would you describe someone who can speak two languages? – bilingual.
8. What is the outer part that protects fruits like oranges and bananas? – Peel. (果皮)
9. Where can students borrow reference materials in school? – library.
10. How do you call the money that citizens must contribute to the government for public use? – Tax. (大意,措辞待确认)
11. What kind of clothes and shoes do you wear to keep it comfortable when hiking? – Hiking outfit.
12. What is the hardest/toughest part of your hand? – Nails.
13. What is the hard object in the center of peaches, apples and pears? – Stone. (核)
14. In a grassland or a swamp can you normally see an alligator (鳄鱼)? - Swamp. (沼泽)
15. If you want to find the map of the US, what type of book should you use? – Atlas.
16. Where can you find the index in a book? – At the end.
17. What is the electronic device that wake you up in the morning? – Alarm clock. 【确认措辞】
18. How do you describe the line that divides a circle in two pieces? – Chord 【确认措辞】
19. When you react to a stimulus, is your response quick or slow? – Quick. 【确认措辞】
20. Why are bees so important to agriculture? – Pollination. 【确认措辞】
21. If you are happy with an agreement, what would you like to put at the bottom of the contract with the date? - Signature.
22. What is the natural material used to make a car tire? – Rubber【确认措辞】
23. What does the chemical symbol H2O stands for? – Water.
24. A newspaper is published everyday, and a journal is published every month. What do you call the publication that is
published four times a year? – Quarterly. (季刊)
40
1. In which reference book can you find synonyms and antonyms? – Thesaurus.(注意读音)
2. What kind of book is written by a person about their own life? – Autobiography
3. Which one would you use to describe the desert, humidity or aridity? - Aridity.
4. When your company’s assets have increased by triple, how many times does it increase? – Three times.
5. Some calendars begin the week on Sunday, what is the other day which commonly starts a week? - Monday.
6. How do you call the diagram which includes a horizontal line called X-axis and a vertical line called Y-axis? – Coordinate system. (坐标系)
7. Who is the person who works in a hospital and can do operations? – Surgeon.
8. What do you use to test the body temperature? - Thermometer.
9. What unit is used to measure a 200-meter sprint (短跑), hours or seconds? – Seconds.
10. Which of the following sports is more dangerous, parachuting or long-distance running? - Parachuting.
11. What is the force happened between the relative motion when objects are rubbed against each other? – Friction (摩擦力)
12. What is the opposite to “still”? – Moving. / Active. / Dynamic.
13. What do we call a festival which is held every four years gathering people together as a sporting event? - Olympics (Games).
14. What do you call an equipment we use to look at stars in space? — Telescope.
15. If someone’s response is simultaneous, is it quick or slow? – Quick.
16. What attitude would you have when you are in a job interview, enthusiastic or passive? – Enthusiastic
17. What do you call a very long essay, that students have to write for a doctor degree? – Thesis or dissertation.
18. What term is used for the amount of money we owe, asset or debt? – Debt
19. Apart from addition, subtraction, and multiplication, what is the other mathematical calculation method? – Division
20. Which one is not mythological animal? Unicorn, giraffe, dragon or mermaid? - Giraffe
21. What do you call the strap that circulates a person in a car or an airplane? - Seatbelt.
22. How many alphabets are there in English? – 26.
23. How would you describe the process in which snow becomes water? – Melting. (真题说的是snow,不是ice)
24. The name of the building where you can borrow books? - Library.
25. How do you call the seasonal flying from cold to warmer areas? Mitigation or migration? – Migration
41
1. What are the things that you touch with you left hand when you play a guitar? - Strings
2. What century are we living in now? – The 21st century.
3. What is the strings on shoes? - Shoelace.
4. What can bring astronauts to space? - Spacecraft.
5. When you fill in a form, what are the two options for ‘gender’? – Male and female.
6. What device is used to measure a 200-meter sprint (短跑)? – Stopwatch.
7. What does ASAP stand for? – As soon as possible.
8. What do we call a period of 1000 years? – Millennium.
9. Tomorrow’s lecture is canceled. If today is Tuesday, then on which day was the lecture canceled? – Wednesday.
10. What do bees collect from the center of flowers? – Pollen. (花粉)
11. What do we call the frozen water? - Ice.
12. How many hemisphere does the equator divide the globe into? - Two. 【确认措辞】
13. What kind of food that vegetarians do not eat? - Meat.
14. Which part of body do optometrists examine? - Eyes.
15. What natural resource is used by a carpenter? - Wood.
16. What is the device that shows the time of the day according to the shadow of sunlight? – Sundial.
17. What is the opposite to the word ‘artificial’? – Natural.
18. What is a dictionary of synonyms and antonyms called? – Thesaurus. [θɪ'sɔːrəs]
19. What device do you use to measure your weight? – Scale. (体重秤)
20. Which one has a higher humidity, a desert or a rainforest? - A rainforest.
21. What is the opposite to the direction of where the Sun rises? – West.
22. What fruit is used in a winery? – Grapes.
23. What does a thermometer measure? – Body temperature. (变体)
24. How much per cent is three quarters? -75%
25. What is one half of 100%? - 50%
42
1. What are the people who study ancient bones or plants in rocks? – Historian/Paleontologist. 【确认措辞,修正答案】
2. What is the opposite to “predecessor”? - Successor.
3. Which of the following is not a means of transportation: by plane, by public transportation or car model? – Car model.
4. Oral English is different from academic English. Which is the best example for academic English: “tolerant” or “put up with it” ? – Tolerant.
5. What is the joint between your shoulder and your forearm? - Elbow.
6. What is the opposite to convex ([‘kɒnveks])? – Concave (['kɒnkeɪv]).
7. Where would you normally see crosswords? - Newspaper
8. If you want to buy a ring, who do you approach, a jeweler or pharmacist? - Jeweler.
9. When something is given in a pair, how many of them are there? - Two.
10. What instrument would you use to examine very small life forms such as cells? – Microscope
11. What is the red liquid that flows from the heart to the rest of the body? – Blood
12. Which one has more academic articles, magazines or journals? – Journals.
13. Which one needs the most complicated mechanism: car, ship or air plane? – Air plane.
14. If a couple have a boy and a girl, how many children do they have? - Two.
15. Which one is not a mammal: elephant, kangaroo, butterfly or dolphin? - Butterfly.
16. A business doesn’t want to make a loss - what does it want to make? – Profit
17. What kind of book would you use to look up a word that you don‘t understand? – Dictionary
18. How many sides does a pentagon have? – Five
19. Which one is the quickest to finish 100 meters? Running, walking, or jogging? - Running
20. What do you need to see thing which are far away? – Binocular
21. In which direction does the Sun arise from? – East
22. Which one is easier to recycle, plastic or paper? – Paper.
23. What do these following belong to: chrysanthemum, roses, daisies, tulip, etc? - Flowers.
24. The instructions that tell you how to cook food? - Recipe.
25. What do these following describe: kilogram, pounds, tons? – Weight.
43
1. In a hospital, who is the person that can write prescriptions? – Doctor. 【确认措辞】
2. What will ice do when it is heated? – Melt. 【确认措辞】
3. Do ornithologists study people, birds, clocks, or poetry? - Birds. 【确认措辞】
4. What are the paintings or photos of people especially when it includes someone’s face, head and shoulder? – Portrait. 【确认措辞】
5. What does IT stand for? – information Technology.
6. How many years are there in a millennium? -1000 years.
7. Who produces books? – Publisher.
8. Which one has more interactions between teachers and students, a lecture or a tutorial? – A tutorial.
9. What is H2O in chemistry? – Water
10. A document protecting people’s works. - Patent/Copyright.
11. What is the opposite of ‘positive’? - Negative.
12. What do we call the alphabetical list, at the end of the book that tells you where to find specific information? - Index
13. How would you describe an animal that no longer exist on the earth? – Extinct
14. Whose job is to treat people that are ill or have an injury at a hospital? – Doctor
15. What do meter and millimeter measure, weight or length? – Length. (原来的问题有歧义,这里应该改为weight or length)
16. Which day is between Tuesday and Thursday? – Wednesday.
17. Does Altitude measure height or length? – Height.
18. What is the 25th letter that we use to write English words? – Y 【确认措辞】
19. What is the 26th letter we use to write English words? – Z (注意和上题区分)
20. Where do you go to send mails, a post office or a coffee house? – Post office.
21. What are the people who study history and historical evidence? – Historian.
22. What is the antonym of vertical? – Horizontal (注意反义词antonym的读音,有时题目会变成the opposite of)
23. What do you call the document that tells your qualification and work experience? – Resume/CV
24. In the sentence: “She went to ……” Which word uses a past tense? - Went. (具体句子不确定)
25. How do you call the pointing device that is connected to the computer? - Mouse.
26. If there are 8 black balls and 1 white ball, and I randomly pick one, which color is mostly likely to be picked? - Black.
44
继《机经5.1》之后新增题目:
1. What protects birds on the outside of their bodies? — Feather. (措辞待确认)
2. If a car is not stationary/stopping, what it is doing? – Running.
3. What is a book that describes stories with pictures and …? (题目不确定) 答案有可能是comic books
4. What is the document you submit before you submit your assignment at university? – Proposal. (不确定)
5. Does a scapegoat (替罪羊) receive or give a crime? – Receive.
6. In which section of a library can you use the books and materials as reference but cannot borrow them out of library? – Reserve Collection.
7. What clothes are used to hike mountains and are used to keep dry? – Outdoor jacket. 或 Jacket.
8. Where do you hang your coat, in a closet or in a drawer? – Closet.
9. What does green being helpful for? – Environment.
10. 国家之间的边界叫什么?- Border/Boundary. (提问措辞待补充)
11. What feature do violin, guitar, and cello have in common? – Strings.
12. What is the content in a cigarette that is often …(discussed?)… by a doctor? – Nicotine. (省略号的动词不确定,答案可能是尼古丁)
13. What’s the activity of inhalation of tobacco substance is dangerous? – Smoking. (措辞待确定)
14. 困住鸟的笼子? - Birdcage. (提问措辞待确认)
15. If you want to read tragedies or comedies, what kind of book do you read? – Fiction books/Novels.
16. What is the music that is recorded for a movie or a film? – Soundtrack. (电影配乐/电影原声带)
17. What will ice become when it is heated? – Water.
18. What’s the color of the medal that a champion gets? – Golden. [问的是颜色就说golden;如果问拿什么奖牌就要说gold medal.]
19. Where do people go for saving money? – Bank.
20. Where do people go for watching sports or games? – Stadium.
21. What are the two holes in your nose to breathe? – Nostrils. (鼻孔)
22. What do birds use to fly? – Wings.
23. What do mammals use to feed their next generations? – Breast.
24. What material are windows made of? – Glass.
25. 站在岸边救人的人叫什么?(措辞待确定) – Life Savers.
45
SUMMARIZE WRITTEN TEXT
命中率分析: 命中率99%
优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测押题(高频题库非常稳定)极少量新题
1) 抓主要内容点,兼顾语法
2) 不要死记硬背

46
Frequency: High
6.1 Plug-in Vehicle 充电车 6.47 Children watching TV 约束孩子看电视
6.2 Rosetta Stone 罗塞达石 6.48 Midday Napping 午休的好处
6.4 American English 美式英语 6.49 Wine Industry 美国禁酒令
6.5 Malaysian Tourism 马来西亚旅游 6.52 Ageing world 老龄化世界
6.6 WWW 万维网 6.54 Moving back to Countryside 城市搬回农村
6.9 Overqualified employees 大材小用的员工 6.55 Skip breakfast 不吃早餐
6.17 Online Teaching & Learning 网上教育 6.56 Compulsory voting in Australia 澳洲强制投票
6.19 Vividness of TV and Newspaper 电视和报纸 6.57 Compulsory voting in UK 英国强制投票
6.21 Frog Amber 青蛙琥珀 6.65 Greenhouse Gases (Individual behaviors) 温室气体
6.22 Children Allowance 孩子的零花钱 6.82 Pre-service teachers教师职前培训
6.34 Technology Prediction 科技预测 6.83 Benefits of Honey to Athletes 蜂蜜对运动员的好处
6.36 Parents born order 出生顺序影响教育方式 6.99 Energy Demand 能源需求
6.37 Tree Rings 年轮
6.38 Comparative advantages 相对优势
6.39 School Liaison Police 校园联络警察
6.40 Computer programing in India & US 美印IT对比
6.41 Australian education 澳洲教育
6.43 Nobel Peace Prize 诺贝尔和平奖
6.44 London 伦敦的发展
6.45 Beauty contest 选美比赛
47
6.55 SKIPPING BREAKFAST 不吃早餐的危害
确认原文:(机经5.1未收录)
Skipping Breakfast Has Drawbacks - It’s no mystery why so many people routinely skip breakfast: bad timing. It comes at a
time when folks can be more occupied with matters of grooming, attire and otherwise making themselves presentable for a
new day. However, studies conducted both in the United States and internationally have shown that skipping breakfast can
affect learning, memory and physical well-being. Students who skip breakfast are not as efficient at selecting critical
information for problem-solving as their peers who have had breakfast.
For schoolchildren, skipping breakfast diminishes the ability to recall and use newly acquired information, verbal fluency, and
control of attention, according to Ernesto Pollitt, a UC Davis professor of pediatrics whose research focuses on the influence of
breakfast on mental and physical performance. Skipping breakfast can impair thinking in adults, also.
For both children and adults, a simple bowl of cereal with milk goes a long way toward providing a sufficiently nutritious start
to the day. Green-Burgeson recommends choosing a cereal that’s low in sugar — less than five grams per serving — and
using nonfat or one percent milk.
Frederick Hirshburg, a pediatrician at UC Davis Medical Group, Carmichael, says that babies and other preschoolers rarely
skip breakfast because “they’re usually the hungriest at the beginning of the day. Breakfast then becomes more of a “learned
experience” than a response to a biological need, Hirshburg says.
参考答案:(可替代5.1答案)
While bad timing is the reason why many people routinely skip breakfast, skipping breakfast can affect learning, memory
and physical wellbeing because it diminishes schoolchildren’s mental and physical performance and impairs thinking in adults,
but a simple bowl of cereal with milk goes a long way toward providing a sufficiently nutritious start to the day, whereas
babies and other pre-schoolers rarely skip breakfast which then becomes more of a “learned experience”.

48
机经5.1未收录新题
主题:To predict volcano eruptions 预知火山爆发 主题:Intelligence difference 人类智商差异
• To predict volcano eruptions relies on many events. Relying on • There is a lot difference in intelligence among people.
single event is not possible. • It is reasonable to explain it by using environment theory.
• Even though, each volcano has a different situation, so we need • Recently, psychologists embraced a more balanced view by
to analyze its own reliability, etc. using genetic theory to explain the difference, but they did not
• Some eruptions occurred even without previous signals. object to the environment theory.
• Prediction the eruption of a volcano needs long-term
observations and studies on that specific volcano. And local
residents may provide useful information and discoveries.
主题:High Fat Intake Diet 高脂饮食 主题:Organization三种类型
• Research found high fat intake diet is good and can facilitate Organization 可以分为三种,然后分别描述每种org的authority。
recovery. (文中单词很难,但是结构是总分结构,条理清晰,很多举
• But the study samples were elites and athletes. 例子都可以忽略,套模板就好)
• Later, they found high fat intake diet will bring risks to health
with cholesterol.
主题:How to avoid ‘shyness’? 主题:研究怎么提高美国学校的level
大意说的是如何克服害羞和恐惧。待补充 待补充

主题:Two types of aggression 主题:儿童学习节奏 Children learning pace(本周新增)


描述了两种aggression,思路简单,套模板即可。 有个人研发了一个网上学习的模式,因为Children的学习节奏
有快有慢,而且从作者女儿的身上他发现children should find
their own pace. 这个模式开始发展不错,后来过了几年也不太
好,出现了一下challenges,很多学校执行不下去,因为传统
教育模式还是根深蒂固。 49
WRITING ESSAY
命中率分析: 命中率99%
优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测押题,练习全部高频预测题
备注: 题库稳!命中率稳!

50
请参照机经5.1之作文思路观点词汇合集(P 485)
Topic 7. 旅游业的发展对于欠发达国家来说,利弊相当吗?In less developed Topic 46. 迟 交 作 业 学 校 该 不 该 扣 分? Some universities deduct students’
countries, are the disadvantages from tourism as great as the advantages? marks if work is given late. What is your opinion and recommend some
Topic 30. 大型商场替代小商铺?Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. alternative actions for this problem?
What is your opinion on this? Do you think this is a good or bad change? Topic 47. 学生不可能同时兼顾工作与学习,因为他们互相干扰。兼顾学
Topic 35. 图书馆只购入电子书,不买纸质书?With the increase of digital 习和工作是现实的吗?In order to study effectively, it requires comfort, peace
media available online, the role of the library has become obsolete. Universities and time. So it is impossible for a student to combine learning and employment at
should only procure digital media rather than constantly updating textbooks. Discuss the same time, because one distracts the other. Is it realistic to combine them at
both the advantages and disadvantages of this position and give your own point of the same time? Support your opinion with examples.
view. Topic 48. 难以兼顾工作和私人生活,有多普遍?会有什么后果? The
Topic 39. 政府应改善公交,不应该多修路?As cities expanding, some people time people devote in job leaves very little time for personal life. How
claim governments should look forward creating better networks of public widespread is the problem? What problem will this shortage of time cause?
transportation available for everyone rather than building more roads for vehicle Topic 48. 难 以 兼 顾 工 作 和 私 人 生 活 , 有 多 重 要 ? 为 什 么 做 不 到 ?
owning population. What’s your opinion? Give some examples or experience to Nowadays, it is increasingly more difficult to maintain the right balance between
support. work and other aspects of one’s life, such as leisure time with family members.
How important do you think is this balance? Why do people find it hard to
Topic 40. 无现金社会的好处和坏处?There are more and more situations using achieve?
credit cards instead of cash. It seems that cashless society is becoming a reality. How
realistic do you think it is ? And do you think it brings benefits or problems? Topic 59. 各国政府组织所面临的最严重的问题是什么?解决方案是什么?
The world’s governments and organizations are facing a lot of issues. Which do
Topic 42. 医学延长人们的寿命是好是坏?The medical technology is responsible you think is the most pressing problem for the inhabitants on our planet and give
for increasing the average life expectancy. Do you think it is a curse or a blessing? the solution?
【修订措辞】
Topic 60. 建筑设计正面地或负面地影响了人们的工作和生活? Some
Topic 43. 体验式学习在学校中有无好处?Some people point that experiential people think that the design of buildings has affect, either positively or
learning (i.e. learning by doing it) can work well in formal education. However, others negatively, on where people work and live. To what extent you agree or
think a traditional form of teaching is the best. Do you think experiential learning can disagree.
work well in high schools or colleges?
117. 与书本、正规教育相比,人生经历经验是更好的老师?Some people
Topic 45. 家 长 需 要 为 孩 子 的 行 为 负 责 吗 ? Should parents be held legally argue that experience is the best teacher. Life experiences can teach more
responsible for the actions of their children. Do you agree with this opinion? Support effectively than books or formal school education. How far do you agree with
your position with your own study, experience or observations. this idea? Support your opinion with reasons and/or your personal experience.

51
RE-ORDER PARAGRAPHS
命中率分析: 命中率 30%
优先级别: 低
备战策略: 预测押题>机经练习

52
Frequency: High
8.1 Indian IT 8.38 Carbon Pricing in Canada 8.79 The job of a manger
8.2 Foreign Aid 8.39 Wal-Mart* 8.81 Monash University student
8.3 Jet Stream 8.41 Objectivity of journalists 8.82 Voice higher than 5mhz
8.4 London Map 8.42 Competence and performance 8.84 Sustainable Development
8.7 Mother of Storm 8.43 Animal exploratory urge 8.85 Superpower
8.8 Charles Lindbergh 8.44 Language 8.86 Bankrupt
8.9 SEPAHUA 8.46 Memory and habits 8.87 Historical Records
8.11 International Date Line 8.47 Father-led Literacy Project* 8.88 Music Recording
8.12 Aviation 8.59 E-waste 8.92 Science and technology
8.15 Ocean Floor 8.60 Humanities 104 8.93 Accounting System
8.19 Carbon Detox 8.61 City Mayors 8.94 Earthquake in San Francisco
8.21 Underperforming company 8.64 How to answer questions? 8.96 Copernicus’s theory
8.25 Wagon way 8.65 Opinion Compromise 8.98 Fibers for clothing*
8.26 Engineers for green technologies 8.66 Arcelor-Mittal Takeover 8.99 Native English Speaker
8.28 Hypothesis 8.68 Martin Luther King 8.102 Hip Hop Culture
8.29 Railway profile 869. A $300 House 8.103 Copernicanism
8.30 Human worship Gods 8.70 Stem Cells 8.104 EU Fish Problems
8.32 Vegetarian 8.73 Sherbet Powder 8.105 New Ventures*
8.33 Choose a school 8.74 United Nations 8.106 Glow Worms
8.34 Heart Attack 8.75 Artificial Intelligence 新题 Desert Festival
8.35 Study Overseas 8.76 Silent students in tutorials
8.37 Scientific dishonesty 8.78 Diversity
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
8.47 Father-led Literacy Project 去掉原(3),新增(4) 8.105 New Ventures
改动:第三句分出第四句

8.98 Fibers for clothing 原(2)拆分为(2)(3)句,原(3)(4)合并为一句。


新题:解谜实验(待补充)
1. When I was a young scholar, I do a ….research that change my perception…
2. I invited one student from their school each time, set them comfort and then give
them a puzzle.
3. One is very easily, another is very hard.
4. The students do the question with confuse and….
5. I observe their behavior and record their strategies
8.88 Music Recording in Brazil 原(2)(3)句互换顺序
新题:Festival in the Desert 沙漠节日
1. The "Festival in The Desert" is a celebration of the musical heritage of the
Touareg, a fiercely independent nomadic people.
2. It is held annually near Essakane, an oasis some 40 miles north-west of Timbuktu,
the ancient city on the Niger River.
3. Reaching it tests endurance, with miles of impermanent sand tracks to negotiate.
4. The reward of navigating this rough terrain comes in the form of a three-day
feast of music and dance.
54
FILL IN THE BLANKS – READING & WRITING
命中率分析: 命中率 70%
优先级别: 中高
备战策略: 预测押题>机经题海战术
截至4月17日预测以来的所有新题和修正内容都已同步更新至萤火虫机经5.1版本。

55
FIB(下拉) Frequency: High
9.1.1 Pinker 9.1.67 C. S. Lewis 9.1.161 Interior Design
9.1.2 Video-conferencing technology 9.1.70 What makes you happy 9.1.163 The narrative of law
9.1.3 Australian Higher Education funding 9.1.71 UBC expeditions 9.1.164 Interdisciplinary Centre
9.1.5 Edison 9.1.73 EE & AVG (两版) 9.1.165 Foreign Policy
9.1.6 Impressionism 9.1.76 Trip to Germany*(下页更新) 9.1.168 Nutrition scientists
9.1.8 Poverty 9.1.77 Sales representatives* 9.1.169 Film
9.1.9 Indian Onion 9.1.80 Behavior of Liquids 9.1.170 Intelligence of Animals
9.1.10 Seatbelt 9.1.81 Move to a new region 9.1.173 Northern spotted owls (真题挖空不太一样)
9.1.12 Ocean floor 9.1.82 What‘s a herbal 9.1.177 Progressive enhancement* (下页更新)
9.1.22 Jean Piaget 9.1.85 Legal Deposit 9.1.181 Language comes naturally
9.1.26 Wine and Ale 9.1.86 Serving on a jury 9.1.182 Chemistry*
9.1.27 Oxford Medical School 9.1.87 DNA on the crime scene 9.1.183 English is changing
9.1.28 Job-hunting 9.1.88 Water security 9.1.184 SpaceX Dragon Capsule
9.1.29 The horned desert viper 9.1.89 Use your time well 9.1.191 History Books
9.1.31 Space work for an astronaut 9.1.90 Maya Descendants 9.1.199 The United Nations
9.1.33 A dog 9.1.93 Primates 9.1.200 Children sleep patterns
9.1.35 Alaska Island 9.1.95 Opportunity cost 9.1.203 The Origins of Music
9.1.36 Peter Garrett 9.1.102 Diversity of the Amazon Basin 9.1.204 Retirement
9.1.38 Complementary therapies(很高频) 9.1.105 Allergies 9.1.206 Bizarre Universe (更名Dark Energy)
9.1.39 Mike’s Research 9.1.113 Charles Darwin 9.1.207 Sociology
9.1.41 Egg-eating snakes 9.1.119 Good looks win votes 9.1.191 History books
9.1.42 Flower attract insects 9.1.120 Conservancy(实际为拖拽) 9.1.193 Online Campus
9.1.43 Two farms 9.1.124 Wind (往期没有) 9.1.194 Scientists’ job
9.1.46 Olympic medalists 9.1.125 Two sentiments 9.1.201 Politics & International Relations
9.1.47 David Lynch 9.1.126 Paris is very old 9.1.206 Bizarre Universe
9.1.50 Essay 9.1.127 Significance of instinct 9.1.208 Parasitic Plants
9.1.129 Global Textile Industry 9.1.209 Australian women novelists
9.1.51 Estee Lauder
9.1.139 Joseph Engelberger
9.1.54 Movement in Painting
9.1.140 Two siblings
9.1.55 Genetically modified food
9.1.141 Promoting good customer service
9.1.57 Farming 9.1.147 Wind moving
9.1.61 Lure new students (实际为拖拽) 9.1.156 Distance learning
9.1.66 Outer Space affect human body 56
9.1.158 Papal Reform
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
9.1.177 Progressive Enhancement 9.1.77 Sales Representatives

9.1.182 Chemistry
挖空不是一个单词,而是词组
9.1.168 Nutrition Scientists 找到原文

9.1.76 Trip to Germany

57
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
新增 9.1.211 The new book on Kiwi 高频 新增:Headless Horseman
有一篇长期高频的题目,尚未搜索到原文,欢迎大家补充:
[以万圣节原型“无头骑士”Headless Horseman作为比喻,讽刺现代社
会科技高速发展下潜藏的危机]
As the world changes into the future, each day bringing new, astonishing
technology advances, our society runs the risk of becoming not only
Washington Irving’s headless horseman, but also a [heartless] horseman...
其余挖空:
… [feelings/connection]…
… [ignored/interrupted/available]…
… [collectedly(镇静地)/collectively(共同地)]…

新增 9.1.211 Teens Writing 高频

58
FILL IN THE BLANKS – READING [DRAG]
命中率分析: 命中率 40-50%
优先级别: 中
备战策略: 预测押题>机经题海战术
备注:
截至4月17日预测以来的所有新题和修正内容都已同步更新至萤火虫机经5.1版本。

59
FIB(拖拽) Frequency: High
9.2.1 Teenage daughter 9.2.37 Microorganism 9.2.85 Gun violence
9.2.2 Plainness 9.2.38 The Sun and the Moon 9.2.87 Anthropologist
9.2.3 University Science 9.2.39 Symbiosis 9.2.92 Most Respected Companies
9.2.4 Sportswomen 9.2.41 Environmentalists 9.2.100 National Gallery of Canada
9.2.6 Reality 9.2.43 Exams looming
9.2.101 Japan and China*
9.2.8 Kashmiri (第六空 attacked) 9.2.44 Science Warm Global Warming
9.2.102 Enigma
9.2.7 Ikebana 9.2.46 Steven Pinker
9.2.103 Walt Disney World
9.2.9 Orchestra 9.2.48 Just-in-time
9.2.10 Planes 9.2.49 Wolf’s perspective 9.2.104 Bach in Venice and Germany
9.2.12 Rampant Corruption 9.2.51 Colorful Poison Frogs 9.2.106 Folklore
9.2.15 Child-centric Mother 9.2.56 TV Advertising 9.2.107 First-year students
9.2.16 Ice Storm 9.2.57 People and exercise 9.2.108 Education & Wellbeing
9.2.19 The horned desert viper 9.2.61 Impressionist painters 9.2.109 Number and form
9.2.21 Sustainable job growth 9.2.64 Health Professionals 9.2.110 Linguistic Effect
9.2.22 Omniscience(实际为下拉) 9.2.69 People’s savings 9.2.111 Liquidity
9.2.24 Shark’s personalities 9.2.70 Agrarian party* 9.2.112 Clones
9.2.25 Shark bite 9.2.72 The amount of sleep
9.2.118 Wrinkle Cure
9.2.26 Study space 9.2.73 Civil society and the market*
9.2.119 Chaucer’s Tales
9.2.34 Surface water 9.2.75 UW course description
9.2.120 Biological systems*
9.2.30 Allure of books 9.2.76 Plagiarism
9.2.31 Statistical theory 9.2.121 Fingerprint*
9.2.78 Plates
9.2.32 Treat students * 9.2.122 Undernutrition*
9.2.79 Psychology
9.2.35 Australia and New Zealand 9.2.123 Morality of welfare state*
9.2.80 Climate
9.2.36 Volcanoes 9.2.124 Can dogs tell our emotions?*
9.2.82 The resultant force
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
9.2.73

原文是not to,但真题里没有该选项。
正确答案是rather than,干扰项other than不要选。

加空:removed

61
新增:未收录进机经 5.1

本周新增

62
SUMMARIZE SPOKEN TEXT
命中率分析: 命中率 90%,老题>新题
优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测押题,主攻拼写+语法等
备注: 近期陆续出现新题,题库扩充不可避免,加强实力训练!!!
星号*: An updated version different from 5.1 has been posted on the following pages.
红色: 本周预测中出现了和往期不同的修订/新增
加粗: 高频中的高频

63
Frequency: High
10.1 British Environmental Law 英国环境法 10.44 Wildlife as food and income 野生资源* 10.128 Buildings with design flaws 有设计缺陷的建筑*
10.2 Sound Receptor 声音接受器 10.45 The Big Bang Theory 宇宙大爆炸 10.130 Negative Emotion 负面情绪
10.4 Female Novelist 女小说家 10.47 Obese Women 女性体脂实验 10.131 Basic Vocabulary 基本词汇*(重要更新)
10.6 Citizenship curriculum 公民教育* 10.48 Decline of bees 蜜蜂数量下降 10.133 Water Recycling 水循环*
10.8 Biology DNA & RNA 生物学与DNA 10.49 Earthquakes and faults 地震* 10.135 Inequality in children 儿童成长不平等*(更新)
10.11 Laughing and humor 笑与幽默 10.50 Language death 语言灭绝 10.136 Precision 精确表达*
10.12 Development of Genes 基因五千年 10.51 Smart Consumers and brand 顾客与品牌 新增之高频 (尚未收录进机经5.1,请看下页)
10.13 Vitamin D 维他命D * 10.52 Misuse of drugs 用药不当的危害 10.138 Why do we read the Republic? 为何读理想国?
10.15 Talent War 人才之争 V2*(三大成因) 10.53 Human rights in UK 英国人权* 10.144 Alternative energy 替代性能源
10.15 Talent War 人才之争 V3*(吸引移民爷爷版) 10.54 Australian housing price 澳洲房价*(答案更新) 10.145 Industrial Revolution 工业革命
10.16 Indian Peasants印度农民 10.55 HTML 网页历史 10.149 The history of laundry 洗衣机历史
10.18 Stanford Management 斯坦福管理学课程* 10.56 Sign Language 符号语言 10.150 Practicing Lawyer 见习律师* (找到原音频)
10.57 Genes affect behaviors 基因影响行为
10.19 Government Power Devolution 权力下放* 10.153 New Zealand Diversity 新西兰超多元社会
10.58 Pandemic Transmitting 传染病
10.20 Government Use Tricks 政府伎俩* 10.154 Instinct 直觉* (补充音频)
10.59 London Architecture 伦敦丑建筑*(找到原文)
10.21 University competition 高校竞争 10.155 Stone Age Diet 石器时代的饮食
10.60 Industrialization & Adam Smith 亚当斯密
10.22 Agriculture and Urbanization 农业与城市* 10.158 Fast Radio Burst 快速射电暴
10.62 Market Economy 市场经济(老题重现)
10.23 Globalization 全球化的定义* 10.159 Globalization and IT 全球化与IT
10.70 Climate Change Prediction 气候变化预测
10.24 Drug Advertisements 药品广告 10.160 Museum History Course 博物馆历史课
10.79 Facial Recognition 面部识别(老题重现)
10.25 Einstein 爱因斯坦 10.162 Judgement in short time 短时间评判
10.117 Effects of crops on climate 庄稼影响气候
10.31 Amory Lovins 艾莫利·拉文斯 10.163 Poverty Control in China 中国扶贫*
10.119 Canned food 罐装食品
10.35 Forgetting cards in ATM 取钱忘取卡* 10.164 The Role of Women 女性角色的转变
10.120 Roman City 罗马城市规划
10.41 The Definition of Risk 定义风险 10.166 Digital Information World 数码信息时代
10.122 Mars and Earth 火星与地球
10.43 Implicit and Explicit Memory 两种记忆* 10.167 Shakespeare’s works 莎士比亚
64
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
10.6 Citizenship Curriculum 公民教育 10.13 Vitamin D 维他命D

10.18 Stanford University 斯坦福管理学课程

10.35 Forgetting cards in ATM 取钱忘取卡

65
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修

最完整原文

66
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
10.44 Wildlife as Food and Income 野生资源

10.23 Definitions of Globalization 全球化的定义

67
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
10.49 Earthquakes and Faults 地震与断层 10.43 Implicit and Explicit Memory 隐性记忆和显性记忆

10.53 Human Rights in UK 英国人权

68
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
10.59 London Architecture 伦敦丑建筑
找到原文(黄色高亮为重点信息) 10.131 Basic Vocabulary 语言的基本词汇

确认原音频:https://upclose.unimelb.edu.au/episode/127-ocean-away-african-nations-roots-
southeast-asia [4:03 - 5:00]

69
萤火虫机经 5.1 版 – 精修
10.133 Water Recycling 水的循环利用 10.135 Inequality in children 儿童成长的不平等(标题更新,答案确认)

10.136. Precision 表达清晰


10.128 Buildings with design flaws 有设计缺陷的建筑

新增 10.139 Young students’ social communities 年轻人的社交群体

新增 10.143 Internet and Email System 互联网和电邮

逻辑彻底更新

70
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
新增 10.138 Why should we read the Republic?为什么读理想国
https://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-202/lecture-8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=GwbvFb1ccrE [00:00-1:20]

71
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
新增 10.148 Bilingual Babies 双语宝宝

新增 10.147 Australian Public Transportation 澳大利亚公共交通

新增 10. 149 The history of laundry 洗衣机历史 更新


原音频: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pCe_selAtM&feature=youtu.be
[00:25-01:43]

72
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
新增 10.152 Do what you like doing 做你喜欢的事
新增 10.150 Practicing Lawyer 见习律师 确认原文
原音频:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Hoj3lvNwLk [00:21-01:42]

原音频:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=khOaAHK7efc [00:00-1:23]
新增 10.153 New Zealand Super-diversity新西兰超多元社会
原音频:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Fwp4W9lHdE [5:50-7:26] 纠错

新增 10.154 Instinct and relex 本能与反射

原音频:https://study.com/academy/lesson/instinct-definition-lesson-quiz.html [00:00-01:02]
新增 10.155 Diet in Stone Age 石器时代的饮食
新增 10.151 Market Research and Customers 市场调查和顾客

73
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
新增 10.156 Space and Learning 空间与学习实验 新增 10.159 Fusion of Globalization and IT 全球化与IT融合

原音频: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xww6-KEBPTE [6:06-7:08]


新增 10.157 Construct an Argument 如何写议论文
新增 10.160 History course in museum 博物馆历史课

新增 10.158 Fast Radio Burst 快速射电暴


原音频:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hGiIST2NLs [00:00-01:40] 新增 10.161 Music and the Brain音乐影响大脑 确认答案

74
新增:未收录进机经 5.1
10.165 The History of Clothing 穿衣的历史
新增 10.162 Judgement in a short time 短时间评判

10.167 Shakespeare’s works 莎士比亚

新增 10.163 Poverty Control in China 中国扶贫

本周更新答案(整合自“原10.165” )
10.164 The Role of Women 女性角色的转变

10.166 Digital Information World 数码信息时代 答案更新


10.170 Ocean Environment 海洋环境

75
FILL IN THE BLANKS (LISTENING)
命中率分析: 单词命中率50%
优先级别: 中
备战策略: 预测单词 都要做到:会听辨、会拼写
加粗: 高频

76
下列为考题组合,在同一篇文章中出现
(灰色括号) 是指原文中,在空格前后出现的与之搭配的单词
1. Sound, technician, interest, context, overseas 25. Everywhere, infrastructure, application,
2. industrial, distinctive, city (landscape), matchbox (men), portrait 26. Teamwork, productive, produce, opt (for)
3. speed (up), situation, demographic, obvious 27. Constitutes, deduction, natural, development, creativity
4. share, opening, neighbor/neighbour 28. Climate, green, warmer
5. fashions, followers, discipline, schedule 29. Travel, decline, salted (fish), depression, confusing, trading
6. Fashions, followers, spirit, movements 30. (was) untinned (可能是untanned? Untinged?), financial
7. Materials, revenue, million, delivering, failed 31. Negative, risks, lying
8. bored, five, twenty-six/26, irrelevant 32. Incentive, ultimately, concussive, whatever, generated
9. single, constant, vary, spread 33. ridiculous, assumption, branding, atmospheric
10. enlarge, medium, wisdom, patriotism, partial 34. Popular, essentially
11. managers, training, promotion 35. Initially, technically, relationship
12. Journalists, electronics, pragmatic, imagine 36. Premium, communities
13. (all) disciplines, modes, confirm, (this is how) science (works), 37. provides, histories, existence, session/section
contract (muscles), 38. Insights, disciplines, complicated, inevitable (decline)
14. Right, them, theories, computer, phonographs 39. seemingly, Habitat (H要大写,机构名称), sales, convergence
15. Clothing, properties, overseas, label, _____ 40. Stolen, happen, permission, scary [主题:电脑入侵]
16. Validity, different, role, describe, ______ 41. Dawn, origin,
17. Premium, true, constant, single 42. Massive, months, Tokyo [主题:地震]
18. restricted, personality, career 43. ground, recognized, disappeared, sustainable
19. Mathematics, controversial, demographic, atmospheric 44. Convergence,spectrum,million,sales (forces)
20. Promotional, work, complex, simple, training 45. predicament, beleaguered
21. Describe, historian, trusted, ideas, actually [主题: 历史学家] 46. emit (for), spirit, oceanographer, [主题: 碳排放]
22. materials, minimise/minimize, revenue, factors, delivering 47. Tightly, tiny, clot,
[主题: Lead-in time] 48. system, statistics, exercises
23. Hydrogen, apparent, urgency, growth 49. Rules, system, elementary, investigate
24. Wisdom, medium, enlarge, patriotism, partial 50. dramatically, special, practical

77
下列为考题组合,在同一篇文章中出现
(灰色括号) 是指原文中,在空格前后出现的与之搭配的单词
1. Tremendously, force, common, commonly 27. Intentional identical stirring
2. Perception, control, experiencing 28. Primarily/primary, technician,
3. Complained, profession, encouraging
4. University, subject, relationship, three
5. apologized, ferry, expectations, spectacle [主题:英国女王来悉尼]
6. Key, manufacture, instinct
7. emphasized, revolutionized (注意英美), prosperity, predominant
8. Insights, operational, galaxies [主题:欧洲观测太空望远镜]
9. Science, occurs, psychological
10. Heart, results, supplemented, reversed
11. Incorporating, sculpture
12. Monetary, sold, percent, cash, control [主题: 金融类]
13. Sound, technician, behavior [主题:展会安装工人]
14. Galaxies, tightly, key, crucial, untraditional
15. Positive, negative, emulated, ______
16. Permanent, frustrated, increasing, face
17. Every, huge, meet, represents
18. Matchstick, some, distinct, success
19. Challenge, portraits, crises (注意:crisis的复数是crises)
20. Colors/colours, Volume, attract
21. Nutrition, spreading, spectacle
22. Actually, lighting, sounds, knowledge
23. Temporary, rammer, craft, popular, project, vernacular
24. ground, deformed, disappeared, horns(发音像,不确定) [主题:蜜蜂
蜂巢]
25. Determining, dealing, particular, subordinated
26. Loosely, phenomena, structures [主题:Nanotechnology]
78
已找到原文(持续更新)
William Shakespeare
For all his fame and celebration, William Shakespeare remains a mysterious figure with regards to personal history. There are just two
primary sources for information on the Bard: his works, and various legal and church documents that have survived
from Elizabethan times. Naturally, there are many gaps in this body of information, which tells us little about Shakespeare the man.

Integrated Ticketing
Well in 2004 we integrated ticketing in South East Queensland, so we introduced a paper ticket that allowed you to travel across all the
three modes in South East Queensland, so bus, train and ferry and the second stage of integrated ticketing is the introduction of a
Smart Card, and the Smart Card will enable people to store value so to put value on the card, and then to use the card
for travelling/traveling around the system.

Contract Patterns Generator (CPG)


In animals, a movement is coordinated by a cluster of neurons in the spinal cord called the central contract patterns generator (CPG).
This produces signals that drive muscles to contract rhythmically in a way that produces running or walking, depending on the pattern
of pulses. A simple signal from the brain instructs the CPG to switch between different modes such as going from a standstill to walking.

79
无原文的高频长难词汇(必背)
Ingredients undoubtedly envisions boast (up) debate relying intelligence urgency
potential electronically aftermath death dependence growing Church intensive
coercive nutrients social nutrition accumulating whatever ultimately every
shadow application represents underneath unashamedly face intentional identical
stirring apologized ferry individuality expectations spectacle huge faith
apologised
squabble graphics spices particular supporting qualifiers historical particles
large funding operational galaxies supplemented similar casually radically
massive enormous critically overseas ancient coaching emphasized paradox
emphasised
paradoxical Shakespeare conversion factory field force commonly equations
initially heart watch intentionally graphic burning movements occurs
occurring occupies emphasis/emph Subordinated perception experiencing minimize strategy
ases 确认 minimise
insurance agency experience permanent discursion expansion instilled emit
mentioned Personality career reversed introduced months subsiding imaging
imagining
deformed economic (注意 character(s) competitions everyone Assumption atmospheric propulsion
不是economical)
government increasing embrace Figurative awoke phenomena Generated psychological
dealing investigate elementary leans predict restores brought communities
80
无原文的高频长难词汇(必背)
pedal (boat) observable immense clout/clot nearest individual neighbouring emergency
(注意辨音) neighboring
powered field fundamental charity proportion stolen constant package
discovery technology subscribes spectrum representative turned ravel (long story) translated
sequentially expressions branding curing shadow tropical forests institutions
undeniable productivity constitute(s) incredibly huge occurrence absolutely appalling
discuss variety sociable depth shallow floor profound tiny
tightly getting compatible synthesis constitution determine classical characters
coaching principally exhibit consistent laboratory articles passive Nitrogen
journalism prospective femininity clusters distinction monetary opt (for) technologically
thrown foreshadowed system engineering forecast extreme graduate role
obscure getting situation demographic moderation addition natural emulated
subconsciously communications phenomenon complex rush aggressive serve challenge
knowledge propose purpose improvements readably vernacular institutional admit
whole turned photographs rapidly lenient discovered covered dispersion
arbitrated root necessarily professionally introduced different relatives environment
technological lined universe brilliant colloquial innovator optimizing representatively
search quantitative qualitative modes Patriotism crisis scary stabilized
convincible repetition revolutionized confidential channel gathering
revolutionised
81
WRITE FROM DICTATION
命中率分析: 3中3 or 4中3(遇新题时)
优先级别: 高
备战策略: 预测为主,搭配萤火虫网站WFD真人纯正发音练习
备注:
P83-85: 结合近三个月观察,将高频删至80句,命中率为3/3或3/4。放心背~ 你考的都在这。
P86: 机经5.1未收录的新题,在考场中最多只会遇到一句!也别掉以轻心~
【确认】 全句确认(经萤火虫教研与高分8炸9炸学员确认)
加粗 完整句子无法确认,但加粗部分可以确认
下划线/斜线 可能出现的多种版本
(括号) 可能存在的词

82
1. That means that we have so many struggling overlaps. 【确认最后加粗的四个字】
2. That means that we have several structural overlaps.【有可能是这种版本,请注意听】
3. The article reflects a number of very interesting experiments. 【老题重现】(前半句语速很快小心听动词)
4. The aerial photographs were promptly registered for thorough evaluation.【确认】
5. The teacher asked the group to commence the task. 【确认】
6. The library holds a substantial collection of materials on economic history. 【千真万确是单数】
7. The massive accumulation of data was converted into a communicable argument. 【确认】
8. Control systems in manufacturing provide a high level of accuracy. 【确定介词是of,不是in】
9. It is absolutely vital that you acknowledge all your sources. (老题重现)
10. They were/had/have been struggling last year to make their service pay. (有同学说感觉清晰听到了been)
11. The application process may take longer than it’s expected. 【确认有it’s】
12. The evaluation forms will be reviewed by university personnel.
13. The ways in which people communicate are constantly changing. 【确认全句】
14. You are required to complete the research paper by Monday.
15. Those seeking formal extension should contact their faculty for information.
16. Teaching assistants will receive a monthly stipend for housing. 【确认】
17. Everyone must evacuate the premises during the fire drill. 【确认】
18. We study science to understand and appreciate the world around us. 【确认】
19. Mutually exclusive events can be described as either complementary or opposite. 【确认】
20. She used to be the editor of the student newspaper. 【确认是the】
21. Many graduates of journalism can get jobs in the communications field.
22. Food cannot be eaten in the main library.
23. University departments carefully monitor articles and other publications by faculty. 【确认monitor是动词原形,没有过去式】
24. The commissioner will portion the funds among all the sovereignties. 【全句确认】
25. The artistic ties to conservative politicians earned their own roles of critics. 【确认ties,所以artistic ties可能是一个名词词组:
「和保守政治家之间的艺术纽带让他们赢得了作为批评家的一席之地」】
26. The synopsis contains the most important information.【确认】
27. Radio is a popular form of entertainment throughout the world.
28. Your lowest quiz grade has been omitted from the calculations. 【确认】
29. The paper challenged many previously accepted theories. 【确认,没有new这个词】 83
30. When workers ask for higher wages, companies often raise their prices.【确认没有their】
31. Tribes vied (竞争较量) with each other to build up monolithic statues. 【确认是vied】
32. Animals raised in captivity behave differently than their wild counterparts. 【确认】
33. You will need to purchase an academic gown for the commencement/commencements. 【确认是for, 注意听单复数】
34. You can contact all your tutors by email.
35. The chemistry building is located near the entrance to the campus.
36. The city’s/cities/cities’ founders created a set of rules that became law. 【确认能听到city+s音,三个都写上】
37. Most of these students have not considered this issue before. (有同学听到了these students)
38. Our professor is hosting the business development conference. 【确认】
39. We/We’ll no longer respond to any reference material requests. (待确认)
40. The business policy seminar includes an internship with a local firm.【确认】
41. Scientists were unsure when the first men left Africa. 【确认first men】
42. Traffic is the main cause of air pollution in many cities.
43. The sociology department is highly regarded worldwide.
44. A good research delivers practical benefits for real people.
45. While reconciliation is desirable, basic underlying issues must first be addressed. 【确认】
46. The same issues featured both explanations of the problem. 【确认】近期很高频
47. The qualification will be assessed by using a criterion reference to approach. 【全句确认】
48. The toughest part of postgraduate education is funding. 【确认】
49. Assignments should be submitted to the department office before the deadline. 【确认department】
50. Resources and materials are on hold at the library reference desk.(老机经重出江湖)
51. The placement test of mathematics and statistics is offered every semester.
52. Most of these features were part of the previous system. 【确认是were】
53. The students were instructed to submit their assignments before Friday.【确认】
54. We can’t consider any increase in our prices at this stage. 【确认是can't】
55. Observers waited nervously and with bated breath for the concert.【确认】
56. Clinical placements in nursing prepare students for professional practice. 【确认professional,确认placements复数】
57. Climate change is now an acceptable phenomenon among reputable scientists. 【确认now】
58. Students have the options to live in college residences or apartments. 【确定option是复数,确定to live in】
59. Supply and demand is one of the fundamental concepts in economics. 84
60. Free campus tours run daily during summer for prospective students. 【确认Free】
61. All of your assignments should be submitted by next Tuesday.
62. Native speakers are exempt from the language tests in their own language. 【确认全部细节】
63. Undergraduate students may pursue their specific interests within specific programs (programmes).【确认有两个specific】
64. Behind the group, there is a flat cart drawn by mules.
65. Scientists are always asking the government for more money.
66. I thought it was through a small meeting room. 【确认没有within,有同学确认a】
67. The nation achieved prosperity by opening its ports for trade.
68. The railway makes long-distance travel possible for everyone. (long-distance的连字符不算分;主谓单数)
69. The first assignment is due on the 14th of September. 【确认,可以写阿拉伯数字】
70. It was hard to anticipate how all the different characters would react.
71. The theme of the instrumental work exhibited more of a demure compositional style.
72. Student concession cards can be obtained by completing an application form. 【确认student没有s】
73. This morning’s lecture on economic policy has been canceled (美式拼写)/cancelled (英式拼写).
74. Review all your sources before drawing any conclusions.【确认是your】
75. The celebrated theory is still the source of great controversy.
76. If finance is a cause of concern, scholarships may be available. 【确定,不要写maybe!要分开写may be!】
77. Before submitting your dissertation, your advisor/adviser must approve your application. (老题重现)
78. The department is organizing a flight to London in July. (原机经5.1句子修正版)
79. The shipwreck of this year ruined some artifacts which were interested by historians. (artifacts美式;artefact英式)
80. They developed a unique approach to training their employees.

85
新增:未收录进机经5.1
1. Students should leave their bags on the table by the door.
2. Castle was/Castles were designed to intimidate both local people and enemies.
3. Graphs and charts allowed data more easily to be understood.
4. Blue whale is the largest mammal ever lived.
5. The opening hours of the library is reducing during the summer.
6. A laptop computer has been found in the biology lab. 【确认】
7. His appointment to the Minister of Culture is seen as a demotion. 【确认】
8. Measures must be taken to prevent unemployment rate from increasing. (待完善)
9. The coffee machine (located) on the third floor is not working today. (待确认)
10. Muscle cells bring parts of the body closer together.
11. You will learn how to rationally assess your arguments.
12. Journalism faces the crisis in the light of the digital revolution. (冠词等细节待确认)
13. It takes a long time to walk to university.
14. University staff provide advice on renting and accommodation.
15. Photography can be very useful to geography research.
16. Request for late submissions will not be accepted under any circumstances.
17. Slides and handouts can be downloaded after lectures. (待确认)
18. International exchanges form/formed the important part of our study program.
19. The transformation of media has changed the way information both used and studied.
20. Salt is produced from the sea water or extracted from the ground.
21. Career services provide tips on how to approach job interviews. (除了主谓单复数不确定,其他所有单词都确定)
22. The science we used featured both explanations of the problems. (变体)
23. The … will not be received until the following weeks. (待确认)
24. You did not need a special knowledge to enjoy this book.
25. We see the stars that … billion years ago. (大意为我们能看到几十亿年前的星星。动词待补充。)
26. Scientists were unsure when the early man left Africa.
27. The northern campus car park is located behind the library.
28. As a union member, we can influence the changes of the university. (不确定是否有student,加粗单词可以确定)
29. Neuroscience is a compound of completely separate parts.
30. More graduate training is needed after university is finished.
31. The horizontal line on the graph indicates there was no periodical change
32. The horizontal line on the graph indicates there was no change in the period. 86
1. Our facilities include five libraries in the university.
2. Purity is one feature that makes gold expensive.
3. He was regarded as the foremost economist at that time.
4. Even simple techniques need to be practiced to become better.
5. Your ideas are sophisticated in seminars and tutorials. (不确定那个形容词是什么,但确定所有名词都是复数)
6. Studying history can help you better understand the present.
7. Our study program equips students with essential skills for university.
8. Renovation works have been undertaken throughout the building.
9. Academic libraries across the world are steadily incorporating social media.
10. The food crops require a large amount of water and fertilizer[US]/fertiliser[UK]. 【满分学员确认】
11. The course covers architecture planning and construction on the international scale.
12. Imported packages are likely to be used in many computers. (可能是imported)
13. You will be tested via quiz and dissertation.
14. The university provides different facilities for students and staff.
15. New developments in manufacturing are constantly changing the way we live.
16. Studying medicine is always with a wide range of opportunities.
17. Classical mechanism is considered as a branch of mathematics.
18. Studying history can help you better understand the present.
19. Students should put their bags on the table behind the door.
20. The advanced course requires a basic knowledge of scientific theory. 【scientific theory是固定搭配,不会是science theory】
21. We are rethinking …… for the society.
22. New materials and techniques are changing the way of architecture.
23. This course aims to develop your knowledge of statistics.
24. Professors with higher educational standard trained them extremely seriously. (待确认)
25. A good abstract shows the key points of a/the paper. 【确认abstract】
26. You will need to read Chapter One before the management class.
27. The university provides excellent legislations for students and staff.
28. There is a new chemistry test next week.
29. Eating fish twice a week is recommended for a healthy diet.
30. Information technology has changed the way people work today.
31. The library will stay open until midnight this week.
32. Two sides have disagreed on how to solve the problem.
33. New media journalism is an exciting area to study.
87
1. Honey can be used the food and health product.
2. Babies can distinguish between what is language and what is not.
3. Farmers need to adapt (due) to the changes of climate. 【确认粗体,可能含有due】
4. Psychologists say what we have experienced influences our behaviors.
5. Many university lectures can now be viewed on the internet.
6. Practical experiments are essential parts of (the) chemistry course/courses.
7. History economic is the tricks of the subject. (待确认)
8. The department is doing research on ……
9. When … roots of the plants … failures(?), the ……suffers.
10. An effective business manager is always opened to new ideas.
11. The department works closely for/with business community/communities.
12. Urbanization[US] provides/emphasizes[US] on the expenses of other community.
13. Audition of the university will be held/on hold until next week. (待确认)
14. There is an accounting assessment for finance students.
15. Relying on natural ability will not get you far on science. (待确认)

88
萤火虫PTE真题预测
2019.8.08 – 8.14
全新编号
搭配萤火虫机经5.1

← 扫码添加小助手领机经
近期趋势:
近期有新题添加,主要集中在SST和WFD
写作、口语题库暂稳
每周新增的新题都会添加在每个模块的最后

89