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ФИПИ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ ИНСТИТУТ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ИЗМЕРЕНИЙ

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АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК
ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ И ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ
-------------- П О Д РЕДАКЦИЕЙ --------------

JL М. В. ВЕРБИЦКОЙ Л
ФИПИ
2015 ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ ИНСТИТУТ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ИЗМЕРЕНИЙ

ЕДИНЫЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ЭКЗАМЕН

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК
ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ И ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ
-------------- П О Д РЕДАКЦИЕЙ --------------

М.В. ВЕРБИЦКОЙ

15 ТИПОВЫХ
15 ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИХ
ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫХ
ВАРИАНТОВ
ВАРИАНТОВ

ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО

НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЕ
ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

Москва
2015
УДК 373.167.1:811.1.111
ББК 81.2Англ я 7
Е 31

Издание подготовлено при содействии


Федерального института педагогических измерений (ФИПИ)
Автор-составитель:
М.В. Вербицкая

Лля подготовки издания Федеральным институтом педагогических


измерений автору предоставлено право использования ресурсов
открытого банка заданий

ЕГЭ. Английский язык : тематические и типовые экзаменационные


Е 31 варианты : 30 вариантов / под ред. М.В. Вербицкой. — М. : Издательство
«Национальное образование», 2015. — 336 с.; ил. + CD. — (ЕГЭ.
ФИПИ — школе).
ISBN 978-5-4454-0533-7
Серия «ЕГЭ. ФИПИ — школе» подготовлена разработчиками контрольных
измерительных материалов (КИМ) единого государственного экзамена.
В сборнике представлены:
• 15 тематических вариантов по всем разделам кодификатора ЕГЭ по
английскому языку;
• 15 типовых экзаменационных вариантов, составленных в соответствии
с проектом демоверсии КИМ ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2015 года;
• инструкция по выполнению экзаменационной работы;
• аудиодиск с записью инструкций и текстов к разделу «Аудирование» ко
всем вариантам;
• ответы ко всем заданиям;
• критерии оценивания.
Тематические варианты предоставляют возможность систематической
подготовки обучающихся к государственной итоговой аттестации в форме ЕГЭ,
а выполнение заданий типовых экзаменационных вариантов — объективно
оценить уровень своей подготовки к экзамену.
Учителя могут использовать тематические и типовые экзаменационные
варианты для организации контроля результатов освоения школьниками
образовательных программ среднего общего образования и интенсивной
подготовки обучающихся к ЕГЭ.
УДК 373.167.1:811.1.111,
ББК 81.2Англ я7

© Ф Г Б Н У *Федеральный институт
педагогических измерений», 2015
© ООО «Издательство «Национальное
ISBN 978-5-4454-0533-7 образование», 2015
Содержание

В в е д е н и е .............................................................................................................. 5

ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Р аздел 1. А у д и р о в а н и е ......................................................................................................................................... 7
Вариант 1 . 1 .........................................................................................................................................................8
Вариант 1 . 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

Раздел 2. Ч т е н и е .....................................................................................................................................................12
Вариант 2 . 1 ...................................................................................................................................................... 13
Вариант 2 . 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 17
Вариант 2 . 3 ...................................................................................................................................................... 21
Вариант 2 . 4 ...................................................................................................................................................... 25

Раздел 3. Грамматика и л е к с и к а ..............................................................................................................30


Вариант 3 . 1 ...................................................................................................................................................... 31
Вариант 3 . 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 34
Вариант 3 . 3 ...................................................................................................................................................... 36
Вариант 3 . 4 ...................................................................................................................................................... 39
Вариант 3 . 5 ...................................................................................................................................................... 41
Вариант 3 . 6 ...................................................................................................................................................... 44

Р аздел 4. П и сь м о .....................................................................................................................................................47
Вариант 4 . 1 ...................................................................................................................................................... 48
Вариант 4 . 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... 49
Вариант 4 . 3 ...................... 50

ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ


И нструкция по выполнению р а б о т ы ........................................................................................................51
Вариант 1 ..........................................................................................................................................................52
Вариант 2 ......................................................................................................................................................... 63
Вариант 3 ..........................................................................................................................................................74
Вариант 4 ......................................................................................................................................................... 84
Вариант 5 ......................................................................................................................................................... 94
Вариант 6 ....................................................................................................................................................... 104
Вариант 7 ....................................................................................................................................................... 114
Вариант 8 ....................................................................................................................................................... 124

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4 СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Вариант 9 ....................................................................................................................................................... 134


Вариант 10 145
Вариант 11 156
Вариант 12 166
Вариант 13 176
Вариант 14 187
Вариант 15 198

ТЕКСТЫ ДЛ Я АУДИРОВАНИЯ ....................................................................................................... ... . 209

Ответы к тематическим вариантам ..................................................................................................269

П риложения к тематическим в а р и а н т а м ........................................................................................ 272


Тексты для аудирования к тематическим вариантам 1.1 и 1.2 ...........................................272
Критерии и схемы оценивания выполнения заданий 3 9 -4 0
к тематическим вариантам 4 . 1 - 4 . 3 .......................................................................................................281
Порядок определения процента текстуальны х совпадений
в задании 40 .......................................................................................................................................... 283
Порядок подсчёта слов в заданиях раздела « П и с ь м о » ....................................................... 284
Дополнительные схемы оценивания заданий 3 9 - 4 0
к тематическим вариантам 4 .1 - 4 .3 285
Д ополнительная схема оценивания задания 40 «Письменное высказывание
с элементами р а с с у ж д е н и я » ....................................................................................................................288

Ответы к типовым экзаменационны м в а р и а н т а м ........................................................................... 289

Критерии и схемы оценивания выполнения заданий раздела «Письмо» (2015 г.) . . . 304
Порядок определения процента текстуальны х совпадений в задании 40 ....................306
Порядок подсчёта слов в заданиях раздела « П и с ь м о » .......................................... ... 306
Дополнительные схемы оценивания задания 39 «Личное письмо» ........................................ 308
Д ополнительная схема оценивания задания 40 «Письменное высказывание
с элементами р а с с у ж д е н и я » ................................................................................................................... 323

ЗА ДА Н И Я УСТНОЙ Ч А С Т И ................................................................................................................... 324

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Введение
Цель данного пособия — дать обучающемуся и учителю дополнительные
материалы для развития иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции обу­
чаю щ ихся и успешной сдачи ими единого государственного экзамена по ан­
глийскому язы ку. Пособие содержит 15 тематических и 15 типовых вари­
антов со всеми необходимыми дополнительными материалами, которые
включают ответы, критерии оценивания заданий 39 и 40, дополнительные
схемы оценивания заданий 39 и 40, тексты для аудирования. Кроме того,
в пособии представлены примеры заданий к новому разделу «Говорение», ко­
торый планируется включить в экзаменационную работу в 2015 году. Типо­
вые варианты и все дополнительные материалы полностью соответствуют
проектам спецификации и демоверсии КИМ ЕГЭ 2015 г.
Тематические варианты соответствуют проверяемым в ходе государствен­
ного экзамена умениям и навыкам: 2 тематических варианта на контроль
умений аудирования, 4 тематических варианта на контроль умений чтения,
3 тематических варианта на контроль умений письменной речи и 6 темати­
ческих вариантов на контроль лексико-грамматических навыков, т.е. владе­
ние грамматическими формами и конструкциями, лексическими единица­
ми и способность оперировать ими в коммуникативно-значимом контексте.
Преобладание тематических вариантов «Грамматика и лексика» объясняет­
ся тем, что этот раздел КИМ ЕГЭ вызывает наибольшие трудности у обучаю­
щ ихся и даёт более низкий средний балл выполнения, чем другие разделы
работы. По структуре и содержанию, по формату заданий тематические ва­
рианты соответствуют разделам КИМ ЕГЭ.
М атериалы пособия могут использоваться на занятиях под руководством
учителя или в процессе самостоятельного повторения пройденного и под­
готовки к ЕГЭ. При использовании пособия в ш коле рекомендуется зада­
вать выполнение тематического или типового варианта на дом (с самокон­
тролем времени), а в классе разбирать вызвавш ие затруднения вопросы
и анализировать работы. Это не только повысит эффективность классных
занятий, но и будет повыш ать чувство ответственности обучающихся за ре­
зультаты экзамена.
Вместе с тем, тематические варианты, более короткие, чем типовые
и не требующие много времени для их выполнения, являю тся хорошим
материалом для самостоятельных работ в ходе промежуточного контроля.
В каж дом тематическом варианте указы вается отведённое на его выполне­
ние время. Можно такж е рекомендовать проведение письменных работ
с одним заданием 39 на 20 минут.
В процессе подготовки к ЕГЭ по иностранным язы кам 2015 г. рекомен­
дуется обратить внимание на уточнение критериев оценивания задания 40
в отношении продуктивного характера письменной речи экзаменуемых.

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6 ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Заученное наизусть «сочинение» из опубликованного пособия или интер­


нет-источника не может получить высоких баллов, т.к. не служ ит свиде­
тельством продуктивных умений экзаменуемого. Т акая работа будет оцене­
на в О баллов.
Все материалы пособия разработаны специалистами ФИПИ под руко­
водством и при непосредственном участии руководителя Федеральной пред­
метной комиссии разработчиков ЕГЭ по иностранным язы кам , Заслуж ен­
ного работника высшей ш колы РФ , доктора филологических наук, профес­
сора М.В. Вербицкой.

6 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических :


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ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 1. Аудирование

Инструкция по выполнению работы


Работа содержит 9 заданий, из которых первое и второе — на установление
соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трёх предложенных.
М аксимальное количество баллов за выполнение всех заданий данной работы — 20.
Н а выполнение работы отводится 30 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий не забудьте перенести свои ответы в Бланк
ответов № 1.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь
выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.
Ж елаем успеха!

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8 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 1.1
В ы услы ш ит е 6 вы сказы ваний. Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между вы сказы ва­
ниям и каждого говорящего A - F и ут верж дениями, данны м и в списке 1 -7 . И с­
пользуйт е каждое утверж дение, обозначенное соот вет ст вую щ ей цифрой, т оль­
ко один р а з. В задании есть одно лиш нее утверж дение. Вы услы ш ит е запись
дважды. Занесит е свои ответы в т аблицу.

1. I enjoy buying th ings to wear.


2. I can’t do w ithout sweeties to eat.
3. I like movies and spend a lot on DVDs.
4. I really appreciate a good company.
5. I always need som ething to read.
6. I wish I could go and see everything w orth seeing around th e world.
7. I easily spend my money on jewellery.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услы ш ит е диалог. Определите, какие из приведённы х утверж дений A - G


соот вет ст вуют содержанию т екст а (1 T r u e ), какие не соот вет ст вую т

(2 F alse) и о чём в т екст е не сказано, то есть на основании т екст а нель­


зя дать ни полож ительного, ни от рицат ельного от вет а (3 N o t sta te d ). —

Занесит е номер выбранного В ам и вариант а от вет а в т аблицу. Вы услы ш ит е


запись дважды.

The caller calls his classm ate w orking fo r th e E nglish Language C entre.

В The center offers courses in d ifferen t languages.

C The program is free fo r full-tim e stu d en ts.

D The next sem ester s ta rts in three m onths.

E I t ’s possible to apply fo r a course th ro u g h th e In tern et.

F The centre requires the evidence of th e ap p lican t’s financial credibility.

One can use mail to send the application docum ents to the centre.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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РАЗДЕЛ 1.АУДИРОВАНИЕ 9

Вы услы ш ит е интервью. В задани ях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


и ли 3, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и вариант у ответа. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

Ben indicates as one of th e biggest environm ental problems in Kenya.


1) loss of fo rest trees
2) grow ing num bers of cattle
3) lack of cu ltiv ated land
Ответ:
4 A ccording to Ben, the anim als which change th e ir h ab itat
1) are threaten ed by the people.
2) tend not to leave th e ir h u n tin g areas.
3) may be dangerous for the people around fo rest areas.
Ответ: j
5 Ben says th a t an anim al th a t was rejected by its pack
1) needs e x tra attention.
2) should be avoided by people.
3) has t o be destroyed.
Ответ:
6 Ben m entions th e charcoal production as
1) an easy way to earn e x tra money.
2) the business in which m ost K enyans are involved.
3) the m ain reason of deforestation.
Ответ:
7 Ben describes W angari M aathai as th e woman who
1) helps her people to live in new environm ent.
2) invented safari parks.
3) sta rte d ecotourism business.
Ответ:
8 Ben assures th a t the BBC W ildlife channel docum entaries on safari parks are
1) a cliche.
2) accurate.
3) not as good as the real thing.
Ответ:
9 The KW S w ardens are train ed to
1) serve and protect safari visitors.
2) feed the wild anim als.
3) find the anim als visito rs w ant to see.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ JV® 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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10 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 1.2
Вы услы ш ит е 6 вы сказы ваний. У ст ановит е соот вет ст вие между вы сказы ­
ваниям и каждого говорящего A - F и ут верж дениями, данны м и в списке 1 -7 .
И спользуйт е каждое утверж дение, обозначенное соот вет ст вую щ ей цифрой,
т олько один р а з. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды. Занесит е свои от вет ы в т аблицу.

1. I grew up together w ith my cat. 5. Cats are m ost b eau tifu l creatures.
2. Each cat has a character of its own. 6. My cat understands me like no one else.
3. Cats are easy to take care of. 7. Cats may make g reat company.
4. Cats are very independent.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услы ш ит е диалог. Определите, какие из приведённы х утверж дений A - G


соот вет ст вую т содержанию т екст а (1 T ru e), какие не соот вет ст вую т

(2 —F alse) и о чём в т екст е не сказано, то есть на основании т екст а нель­


зя дать ни полож ительного, ни от рицат ельного от вет а (3 N o t sta te d ). —

Занесит е номер выбранного В ам и вариант а от вет а в т аблицу. Вы услы ш ит е


запись дважды.

А A heavy rain has ju s t stopped.

В The couple lost a cherry tree in one of the previous th u n d ersto rm s.

С The couple has candles in case of electrical power failure.

D E lectricity w ent off when Phillip finished m ashing th e potatoes.

Е M ark refused the in v itatio n for dinner.

F The power company prom ised to rep air th e power line soon.

G M rs. Romero lives in the next house.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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РАЗДЕЛ 1.АУДИРОВАНИЕ 11

Вы услы ш ит е интервью. В задани ях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


и ли 3, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и вариант у ответа. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

In which way C ynthia’s life in her childhood was d ifferen t from th e lives of other
children in her town?
1) H er life was less adventurous.
2) She could trav el w ith h er m other.
3) She has been to far-o ff countries.
Ответ:

W hat feeling does C ynthia have before a new trip ?
1) Fatigue. 2) O verexcitem ent. 3) Fear.
Ответ: j
W hen did, according to C ynthia, she s ta r t to w rite?
1) A t th e tim e she rem em bers herself from .
2) A fte r w inning a poetry contest.
3) A fte r m oving to Columbia.
Ответ: | |
W hich of the following C ynthia DOESN’T m ention when she speaks about th e possible
ways she trav els in?
1) On foot. 2) By camel. 3) By tra in .
Ответ: j
As a trav el w rite r C ynthia finds it d ifficu lt to
1) fin d a place to w rite in when trav ellin g .
2) ta lk to as m any people as she w ants to.
3) judge her personal im pressions and observations.
Ответ: |
8 C ynthia considers her trip to New G uinea th e m ost th rillin g one because
1) she was learning to survive in m ost unusual conditions.
2) it was th e longest one.
3) she m et very dangerous people there.
Ответ:
C ynthia’s advice to fu tu re trav el w riters is
1) try to be good enough for TV program s.
2) learn w ritin g skills from Hemingway and M ark Twain.
3) be honest in your w riting.
Ответ: □
По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ М 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пуобелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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Раздел 2. Чтение

Инструкция по выполнению работы


Работа содержит 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания — на установление
соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх
предложенных. М аксимальное количество баллов за выполнение всех заданий
данной работы — 20.
Н а выполнение работы отводится 30 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий не забудьте перенести свои ответы в Бланк
ответов № 1.
Рекомендуется вы полнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны.
Постарайтесь выполнить к ак можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее
количество баллов.

Ж елаем успеха!

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 13

Вариант 2.1
Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между т екст ам и А -G и заголовкам и 1 -8 . Занеси­
те свои от вет ы в т аблицу. И спользуйт е каждую цифру т олько один раз.
В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. S ecrets of storin g for better ta ste 5. S ecrets of popularity


2. Elem ent o f culture 6. Shades m ake difference
3. From fields to tab les 7. R ecipes for a ll ta stes
4. From local use to in tern ational trade 8. D eceiving likeness

A. The firs t m entioning of coffee goes as fa r back as the n in th century. A t firs t,


coffee rem ained largely confined to E thiopia, w here its native beans were firs t
cultivated. B ut th e A rab world began expanding its trad e horizons, and the beans
moved into n o rth ern A frica and were m ass-produced. From th ere, th e beans entered
th e Indian and European m arkets, and th e p o pularity of th e beverage spread.
B. W hile processing, a coffee bean absorbs heat, and th e color sh ifts from green to
yellow and then to varying shades of brown. Depending on the color, the beans
are labeled from lig h t to very dark. D arker beans are generally sm oother, because
they have less fiber content and th e flavor is more sugary. L ighter beans have
more caffeine, which re su lt in a slig h t b ittern ess, and a stro n g er flavor.
C. Coffee is one of the w orld’s m ost widely consumed beverages. People often have
it in the m orning, when they feel tired or w ant to stay awake in the evening.
M any office w orkers take a coffee break when they have low energy. It happens
because coffee contains caffeine, a b itte r, w hite crystalline chemical th a t has a
v italizing effect in hum ans.
D. For the best quality of brewed coffee it is necessary to buy whole beans and grind
them before brew ing. If you keep an open package of beans in the freezer it rem ains
fresh fo r a m onth. G round coffee should be used up w ith in two weeks and also
kept in a tig h tly closed container in th e refrig era to r. B ut an absolutely fresh coffee
can be made from green beans th a t ju s t need to be roasted first.
E. For occasions when one w ants to enjoy the flavor of coffee w ith alm ost no
stim ulation, decaffeinated coffee is available. It is processed from beans while they
are still green by e ith er soaking beans in hot w ater or steam ing them . D ecaffeinated
coffee usually loses some flavor over reg u lar coffee, b u t it looks th e same and can
easily m islead inexperienced users by its smell and even taste.
F. The adoption of coffee created a unique social atmosphere th a t depends heavily upon
coffee, espresso in particular. Coffeehouses, the places where people can get together,
have traditionally been used not only for drinking coffee, bu t also as artistic and
intellectual centers. For example, cafes of Paris which are popular to u rist attractions
because they are also associated w ith artists, intellectuals and w riters.
G. A coffee bean is the seed of the coffee p lan t, which ripens around eight m onths
a fte r the emergence of the flow er, by changing colour from green to red, and they
should be harvested. In m ost countries, th e coffee crop is picked by hand. A fte r
th is coffee beans are wet processed and th en dried. Finally the last layers of dry
skin are removed; the beans are sorted by size and density, roasted and sold to
consum ers th ro u g h o u t the world.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

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14 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски A -F част ям и предлож ений, обозна­


ченны м и цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке А -G лиш няя. Занесит е циф­
ры, обозначающие соот вет ст вую щ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

The Show B egins


Му Uncle Jim took me to all th e Broadway shows in New York City, and I was
s ta r struck! A ctually he w asn’t my real uncle — th a t’s ju s t w hat we called him . He
was a close friend of my parents. He was a b it stocky w ith red h air, A _________________ .
I rem em ber th e th e aters on Broadway, В ______________________ . The cu rtain s were
made of th is real heavy, dark red m aterial. There were huge chandelier lig h ts hanging
from the ceiling. The walls were dark, paneled wood. The seats were red and cushy
C _______________________ .
The orchestra sat a t the base of th e stage in a p it. I usually w ent down to th e
fro n t to see the m usicians D _______________________ . They were all cram m ed into such
a tin y space. I played th e flu te m yself and my dad kept encouraging me th a t if I kept
it up, E ______________________ . B ut tru ly , I d id n ’t w ant to be tucked away down
there. I w anted to be on top, fro n t and center.
M ost people dressed ra th e r finely, and certain fragrances took cen ter stage as
various women passed by. The sounds of th e audience F '_____ _______________
at th e ir seats were clearly heard while last m inute patrons filled in. There was
electricity in th e a ir and then th e lig h ts would go down and up, and you knew it was
tim e for the show to get started . The lig h ts dimmed. The m usic began. A nd you were
swept up into a whole new world. I loved it!

1. and set real close together


2. g e ttin g ready and w arm ing up
3. laughing and c h atterin g away
4. which were so old and posh
5. and he had a beard and m oustache
6. I w asn’t th a t good a t music
7. I could be playing down th ere someday
А В С D Е F

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вую щ ую вы бранному В ам и
вариант у ответа.

The S lob ’s H oliday

Му husband and I w ent to Reno fo r o ur holiday last year. ‘Isn ’t th a t place where
people go to get a quickie divorce?’ asked my second son. ‘Yes’, I said, try in g to look
enigm atic and in terestin g . ‘You are not g e ttin g divorced, are you?’ he asked bluntly.
‘N o,’ I said, ‘we are going to an outdoor p u rsu it trad e f a ir .’ The children sighed w ith
relief and slouched away, m u tte rin g th in g s like ‘b o rin g ’. I call them children, b u t
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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 15

they are all grow n up. My eldest son has sta rte d to develop fine lines around his
eyes — fledgling crow ’s feet. A terrib le sig h t fo r any p aren t to see. Anyway, the
piece is n ’t about children. I t ’s about holidays.
The firs t th in g to be said about holidays is th a t anybody who can afford one should
be g ratefu l. The second th in g is th a t planning holidays can be hard work. In our
household it s ta rts w ith somebody m u tterin g , ‘I suppose we ought to th in k about a
holiday.’ This rem ark is usually made in J u ly and is received glum ly, as if the person
m aking it has said T suppose we ought to th in k about the Bolivian balance of paym ent
problem s.’
N othing m uch happens for a week and th en th e potential holiday-m akers are
rounded up and made to consult th e ir diaries. H ospital appointm ents are taken into
consideration, as are im p o rtan t th ing s to do w ith work. B ut o th er h ig h lig h ts on the
dom estic calendar, such as the c a t’s b irth d ay , are swept aside and eventually two
weeks are found. The next decision is th e m ost painful: where?
We travel abroad to work quite a lot b u t we re tu rn tired and w eary, so th e holiday
we are planning is a slob’s holiday: collapse on a sunbed, read a book u n til the sun
goes down, stag g er back to hotel room, shower, change into glad rags, eat well, wave
good-bye to teenagers, have a last drin k on hotel terrace, go to bed and th en lie awake
and w ait for hotel w aiters to b rin g th e teenagers from th e disco.
I never w ant to be guided around an o th er m onum ent, as long as I live. I do not
w ant to be told how m any bricks it took to build it. I have a sh o rt a tte n tio n span for
such details. I do not w ant to atte n d a ‘folk evening’ ever, ever again. The kind where
men w ith th e ir tro u sers tucked into th e ir socks wave handkerchiefs in th e direction
of women w earing puff-sleeved blouses, long sk irts and headscarves.
I also w ant to live dangerously and get brown. I w ant my doughy E nglish skin
change from w hite sliced to w heat germ . I like the simple pleasure of rem oving my
w atch stra p and gazing a t the patch of v irg in skin beneath.
I don’t w ant to make new friends — on holidays or in general; I can’t m anage the
ones I have a t home. I do not w ant to m ix w ith th e locals and I have no wish to go
into th e ir homes. I do not welcome to u rists who come to Leicester into my home. W hy
should the poor locals in H olidayland be expected to? I t ’s bad enough th a t we
monopolize th e ir beaches, clog th e ir pavem ents and spend an hour in a shop choosing
a su n h at th a t costs the equivalent of 75 pence.
So, the slob’s holiday has several essential requirem ents: a hotel on a sunny beach,
good food, a w arm sea, n ightlife fo r th e teenagers, a big crowd to get lost in, and the
absence of m osquitoes.
As I w rite, we are a t the planning stage. We have looked th ro u g h all the holiday
brochures, b u t they are full of references to ‘hospitable locals’, ‘folk n ig h ts’, ‘deserted
beaches’, and ‘in te re stin g historical sig h ts’. N ot our cup of tea, or glass of sangria,
a t all.

The p a re n ts’ choice of holiday destination made th e n a rra to r’s children feel
1) jealous.
2) excited.
3) alarm ed.
4) in d ifferen t.
Ответ:

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16 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

13 The n a rra to r’s words ‘A terrib le sig h t fo r any p aren t to see’ refer to
1) th e way children behave.
2) the fact th a t children are aging.
3) th e way children change th e ir image.
4) th e fact th ere is a generation gap.
Ответ:
14 W hen the need for holiday planning is firs t announced in the n a rra to r’ fam ily, it
1) is regarded as an im p o rtan t political issue.
2) is m et w ith enthusiasm by all the fam ily.
3) seems like an impossible task.
4) is openly ignored.
Ответ:
15 To fin d a two-week slot for a holiday potential holiday-m akers have to
1) negotiate the optim um period fo r travel.
2) cancel p rio r business appointm ents.
3) re-schedule individual sum m er plans.
4) make a list of the th in g s to be taken into account.
Ответ:
16 The slob’s holiday is the type of holiday fo r people, who
1) do not w ant to go on holiday abroad.
2) go on holiday w ith teenagers.
3) do not like public life.
4) p refer peaceful relaxing holidays.
Ответ: j
17 W hen the n a rra to r says ‘I also w ant to live dangerously’, she means
1) g ettin g lost in the crowd.
2) going sightseeing w ithout a guide.
3) choosing herself the parties to go to.
4) lying long hours in the sun on the beach.
Ответ:
18 The m ain reason the n a rra to r doesn’t w ant to m ix up w ith locals is because she
1) doesn’t let to u rists to her house at Leicester.
2) doesn’t w ant to add to th e ir inconveniencies.
3) is afraid to make friends w ith local people.
4) values her own privacy above all.
Ответ: j
По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 17

Вариант 2.2
Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между т екст ам и A —G и заголовкам и 1—8. Занесит е
свои от вет ы в т аблицу. И спользуйт е каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Personal style in a uniform 5. A hobby th at carries away


2. Old but dear 6. M eaning w ithout words
3. Get a holiday spirit 7. The num ber is not gu ilty
4. Dance com petition 8. Yes to school uniform

A. Dance is in my heart, in my blood and in my m ind. I dance daily. The seldom-used


dining room of my house is now an often-used ballroom . The CD-changer has five
discs at the ready: w altz, rock-and-roll, swing, salsa, and tango. Tango is a complex
and d ifficu lt dance. I take three- dancing lessons a week, and I am off to Buenos
A ires for th ree m onths to feel th e cu ltu re of tango.
B. Clothes play an im p o rtan t role in my life. My passion fo r fashion began when
I was in elem entary school. I attended a p riv ate school w ith uniform ed dress code.
A t firs t I felt bad th a t I could not wear w hat I w anted, b u t soon I learned to
display my creativ ity and style th ro u g h shoes and accessories. They can make each
of us unique, in a uniform or not.
C. I believe th a t music has a bigger place in our society th a n it is given credit for.
The single word ‘m usic’ covers so many styles. Rock bands and classical m usicians
make listeners get the m eaning from th e music. Music tells stories about life and
death, expresses feelings of love, sadness, anger, g u ilt, and pain w ithout using
words.
D. Even as an eighteen year old young ad u lt, I still feel the magic of C hristm as.
I believe in a real C hristm as tree. My fam ily has had a real C hristm as tree every
year of my life. W hen you get home and smell th e sweet pine needles, som ething
m agical goes into your soul, raises your sp irits. Every year we buy a real tre e to
fully embrace the sp irit of C hristm as.
E. People often try to get rid of the num ber th irtee n . Many hotels and office buildings
across the world do not have a 13th floor! I believe th a t th e num ber th irtee n is
not an unlucky num ber. I was born on Ja n u a ry , 13 and do not consider myself
unlucky in any way at all! I believe th a t th is num ber should have all th e rig h ts
and respect we give the re st of th e num bers.
F. M any kids th a t go to public schools don’t w ear a uniform . They like to show off
the new expensive clothes and often have trouble picking out o u tfits fo r school in
th e m orning. They are more w orried about w hether th e ir s h irt m atches th e belt,
ra th e r th an if th e homework is completed. I believe th a t th is is a fa u lt of our
school system and only causes problems.
G. They say th a t the m usic of your youth is the soundtrack of your life. I am 50;
I enjoy new a rtis ts and new m usic, b u t I still find words of wisdom in singles of
sixties and seventies, still believe th a t ‘you can ’t always get w hat you w ant, bu t
som etim es, you get w hat you need,’ th a t ‘all you need is love’. I like to listen to
the songs I grew up w ith.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

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18 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски A -F част ями предлож ений, обозна­
ченны м и цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е циф­
ры, обозначающие соот вет ст вую щ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

P ast and present

I believe we are not alone.


Even if I am on the other side of the world from the farm house I live in, I still
dream of the ancient vines out th e window, and the shed out back th a t my g ra n d fa th e r’s
fa th e r b u ilt in 1870 w ith eucalyptus tru n k s. As long as I can recreate these im ages,
A __________________________________ .
All of us need some grounding in our m odern world of constant m oving, buying,
selling, m eeting and leaving. Some find constancy in religion, others in friends or
com m unity. B ut we need some daily signposts th a t we are not d ifferen t, not b e tte r,
В ____________________________________.
For me, th is house, farm , these ancient vines are those roots. A lthough I came
into th is world alone and will leave alone, I am not alone.
There are ghosts of dozens of conversations in th e hallw ays, stories I rem em ber
about buying new plows th a t now ru s t in th e b arn y ard and ruined crops from the
same vines C __________________________________ .
All of us are n a tu ra l links in a long chain of being, and th a t I need to know w hat
tim e of day it is, w hat season is coming, w hether th e wind is blowing n o rth or from
the east, and if the moon is still full tom orrow night, D ________________________________ .
The physical world around us constantly changes, E _______________________________.
We m ust stru g g le in our brief existence to find some transcendent m eaning and so
find relief in the knowledge F ______________________________.
You may find th a t too boring, living w ith th e past as present. I find it refresh in g .
There is an old answ er to every new problem, th a t wise w hispers of the past are w ith
us. If we ju s t listen and rem em ber, we are not alone; we have been here before.

1. I never quite leave home


2. b u t hum an n a tu re does not
3. th a t we are now harvesting
4. b u t we as well as our heart did not
5. not worse th a n those who came before us
6. ju s t as the farm ers who came before me did
7. th a t our ancestors have gone th ro u g h th is before

Ответ: А В С D Е F

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 19

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 12—18. В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вую щ ую вы бранному В ам и
вариант у ответа.

U nleash in g th e power o f creativity


I have always been an optim ist and I suppose th a t is rooted in my belief th a t the
power of creativ ity and intelligence can make the world a b e tte r place. A nd th e life
did not disappoint me — m any tim es it proved me rig h t.
For as long as I can rem em ber, I have loved learning new things and solving
problem s. So when I sat down a t a com puter fo r th e firs t tim e in the seventh grade,
I was hooked. It was a clunky old Teletype m achine and it could barely do anything
compared to the com puters we have today. B ut it changed my life.
W hen my frien d Paul A llen and I sta rte d M icrosoft 30 years ago, we had a vision
of ‘a com puter on every desk and in every hom e’, which probably sounded a little too
optim istic a t a tim e when m ost com puters were th e size of re frig era to rs and cost as
m uch as a new m odern Japanese car. B ut we believed th a t personal com puters would
change the world. A nd they have.
A nd now, a fte r 30 years, I am still as inspired by com puters as I was back in the
seventh grade.
I believe th a t com puters are th e m ost incredible tool we can use to feed our
curiosity and inventiveness — to help us solve problems th a t even the sm artest people
could not solve on th e ir own.
Computers have transform ed how we learn, giving kids everywhere a window into all of
the world’s knowledge. And the only thing these youngsters should do is make the right
choice, which is not always an easy choice. Computers are helping us build communities
around the things we care about and to stay close to the people who are im portant to us,
no m atter where they live — next door or on the other side of the world.
Like my frien d W arren B u ffett, I feel p articu larly lucky to do som ething every
day th a t I love doing. He calls it ‘tap-dancing to w ork’. My job at M icrosoft is as
challenging as ever, b u t w hat makes me ‘tap-dance to w ork’ is when we show people
som ething new, like a com puter th a t can recognize your han d w ritin g or your speech,
or gestures, or one th a t can store a lifetim e’s w orth of photos or home videos and
they say, T d id n ’t know you could do th a t w ith a PCI’
B ut for all th e cool th in g s th a t a person can do w ith a PC, th ere are lots of other
ways we can p u t our creativ ity and intelligence to w ork to im prove o ur world. There
are still fa r too m any people in th e world whose m ost basic needs go unm et. Every
year, fo r exam ple, m illions of people die from diseases th a t are easy to prevent or
tre a t in the developed world.
I believe th a t my own good fo rtu n e brings w ith it a responsibility to give back to
the world. My wife, M elinda, and I have com m itted ourselves to im proving health and
education in a way th a t can help as m any people as possible.
As a fa th e r, I believe th a t the death of a child in A frica is no less b itte r or trag ic
th a n the death of a child anyw here else. A nd th a t it does not take much to make an
immense difference in these children’s lives.
I am still very much an optim ist, and I believe th a t progress on even th e w orld’s
toughest problems is possible — and it is happening every day. We are seeing new
drugs for deadly diseases, new diagnostic tools, and new a tte n tio n paid to th e health
problems in th e developing world.
I am excited by the possibilities I see fo r medicine. A nd I believe th a t th ro u g h our
n a tu ra l inventiveness, creativ ity and w illingness to solve tough problem s, we are going
to see some am azing achievem ents in th is area in my lifetim e.
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20 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

12 The n a rra to r considers him self an optim ist as he


1) has a stro n g religious belief.
2) believes in the power of hum an m ind.
3) believes the world is perfect.
4) knows how to develop one’s creativ ity .

13
Ответ:

A fte r the n a rra to r firs t used a com puter he
1) got fascinated w ith its size.
2) used it to solve his problems.
3) could no longer do w ithout it.
4) was amazed a t its unlim ited possibilities.
Ответ:
14 The in itia l dream of the n a rra to r and his frien d proved to be
1) naive. 3) w ishful th in k in g .
2) manageable. 4) optim istic b u t unreal.
Ответ:
15 The n a rra to r believes th a t com puters are perfect to
1) be hum an friends.
2) create new fields of knowledge.
3) provide people w ith creative ideas.
4) be used as an in stru m e n t to solve hum an problems.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r ‘tap-dances to w ork’ because he enjoys
16
1) m eeting new people.
2) w atching dancing contests.
3) teaching people basic com puter skills.
4) doing his job very much.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r believes th a t
17
1) a lot of people in th e world need help.
2) it is impossible to make the world b etter.
3) people in the world have too m any needs.
4) th e com puter is the only way to im prove the world.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r predicts th e developm ent of new
18
1) unknow n diseases. 3) technologies in medicine.
2) m ethods in education. 4) creative ways of th in k in g .
Ответ: □
По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ № 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и драгих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 21

Вариант 2.3
Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между т екст ам и А -G и заголовкам и 1 -8 . Занесит е
свои от вет ы в т аблицу. И спользуйт е каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Supercom puter 5. In tellig en t m achines in our life


2. Hum an in tellig en ce test 6. Computer in tellig en ce test
3. Man again st com puter 7. Computers change hum an brains
4. R obotic industry 8. E lectronic film stars

A. A rtificial intelligence is the a rt of m aking m achines th a t are able to ‘th in k ’. We


often don’t notice it, b u t artificia l intelligence is all around us. I t is present in
com puter games, in the cruise control in our cars and th e servers th a t d irect our
e-mail. Some scientists believe th a t th e m ost pow erful com puters could have the
power of the hum an brain. M achines have always been excellent a t tasks like
calculation. B ut now they are b e tte r th a n hum ans in m any spheres, from chess to
m ixing music.
B. The w orld’s m ost pow erful com puter is ASCI P urple, made by IBM in 2004. It can
carry out 100 trillio n operations per second and has th e size of two basketball
courts. A com puter w ith double power is expected in the next two years. A
spokesm an for IBM said th a t ASCI P urple is near the power of the hum an brain.
B ut some scientists believe our brains can carry out alm ost 10,000 trillio n
operations per second.
C. The possible dangers of intellig en t m achines became the stories of many science
fiction film s. In The T erm inator (1984), a com puter netw ork uses nuclear weapons
against the hum an race in order to rule the world. This netw ork then makes
intellig en t robots called ‘T erm inato rs’ which it program s to kill all th e hum ans.
In The M atrix (1999) and The M atrix Reloaded (2003), a m achine dom inates
hum anity, using people as b atteries to power itself.
D. In 1997, th e then world chess cham pion G arry K asparov played against IBM’s Deep
Blue supercom puter — and lost. A fte r six games, th e w orld-fam ous K asparov lost
2.5 to 3.5 to the com puter. In F ebruary 2003, K asparov resto red hum an rep u tatio n
by finishing equal against th e Israeli-built supercom puter Deep Ju n io r. K asparov
ended the game w ith the score 2-2 against US company X3D Technologies’
supercom puter X3D F ritz in November 2003, proving th a t th e hum an b rain can
keep up w ith the late st developm ents in com puting (at least in chess).
E. There are a num ber of d ifferen t m ethods which try to m easure intelligence, the
m ost fam ous of which is perhaps the IQ, or ‘Intelligence Q uotient’ te st. This te st
was firs t used in early 20th century P aris. The m odern day IQ te st m easures a
variety of d ifferen t types of ability such as memory fo r words and figures and
others. W hether IQ te sts actually te st general intelligence is disputable. Some
argue th a t they ju s t show how good the individual is a t IQ tests!
F. A nalysis shows th a t hum an intelligence is changing. W e are gaining abilities in
some areas of intelligence, while losing them in others, such as memory. So th is
generation may not rem em ber the great num ber of poems, th e ir abilities are g re a ter
in other areas. It has been discovered th a t wide use of video games improves
reaction tim e. B ut we could only dream of com puting w ithout calculators as fa st
as our g randparents did.

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22 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

G. In 1950, m athem atician A lan T uring invented a te st to check m achine intelligence.


In the T uring Test, two people (A and B) sit in a closed room, a th ird person (C),
who asks questions, sits outside. Person A tries to answ er th e questions so th a t
person C doesn’t guess who they are: men or women, while person В tries to help
him (C) in th e ir identification. T uring suggested a machine take th e place of
person A. If the m achine fooled th e hum an, it was likely to be intelligent.

А В С D Е F G

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски A —F част ями предлож ений, обозна­
ченны ми цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е циф­
ры, обозначающие соот вет ст вую щ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

H ealth y school m eals

C hildren a t Southdow n In fan ts School in B ath enjoy ta sty homemade meals such as
ro ast tu rk ey w ith fresh vegetables, chicken, salad and fresh fr u it fo r pudding.
Vegetables are A __________________________ . Instead of crisps, chocolate and sweets,
the school canteen serves organic carro ts, dried fr u it and fresh seasonal fr u it in bags
fo r Юр, В ___________________________ .
Southdow n’s healthy eating in itiativ e began fo u r years ago w ith the s ta r t of a
breakfast club.
Now Ms Culley, the head teacher of th e school, says th a t th e teachers very clearly
see the link between diet and concentration. ‘C hildren’s concentration and behaviour
C __________________________ .’ The teachers would also like to give th e children the
experience of eating together. It tu rn e d out th a t some children w eren’t used to th a t.
Pupils are also encouraged to find ou t more about where th e ir food comes from by
D ___________________________ .
P aren ts are also involved and are invited in to try school dinners on special
occasions, E __________________________ .
The e ffo rts of s ta ff, pupils and paren ts to create a healthy eating environm ent
were recognized earlier th is m onth F __________________________ the Best School
D inner award.
Ms Culley said: ‘W e are happy to win th is aw ard. H ealthy eating is a t th e centre
of everything we do. I t ’s really rew arding to see so many children enjoy real food.’
1. such as E aster and C hristm as
2. visitin g a local farm
3. local, fresh and organic where possible
4. provide good quality food
5. definitely im prove a fte r a good meal
6. and about 100 bags are sold each day
7. when the school was awarded

А В С D Е F

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 23

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному Вам и
вариант у ответа.

Abby’s tidy drawer


One S atu rd ay m orning, A bby’s Mum came u p stairs to see Abby in h er bedroom.
There was a big mess on the floor and Abby sat in th e m iddle of it all reading a
book.
‘W hat a m ess,’ Mum said. ‘You need to have a clear up in here. Because th in g s
get broken or lost when th e y ’re all w illy-nilly like th is. Come on, have a tid y up now .’
‘B ut I ’m very b u sy ,’ Abby argued, ‘and i t ’s boring doing it on my own. Can’t you
help m e?’
‘No I can’t, I ’m busy too. B ut I ’ll give you e x tra pocket money if you do a good
jo b .’
W hen Mum came back la te r all the toys and clothes and books had disappeared.
‘I ’m im pressed,’ said Mum. ‘B ut I ’ll inspect it properly la te r.’
‘It was easy,’ said Abby. ‘Can I have my e x tra pocket money now ?’
‘All rig h t. Get it out of my change purse. I t ’s in th e kitchen tid y d raw er.’
In the kitchen, Abby w ent over to th e dresser and pulled open the tid y draw er. She
h unted for the purse.
‘It m ust be somewhere at the b o tto m ,’ Mum said. ‘L et’s have a proper look.’
She pulled the draw er out and carried it over to th e table. Abby looked inside.
There were lots of boring things like staplers and strin g , b u t th ere were lots of
in te re stin g th ings as well.
‘W h a t’s th is ? ’ Abby asked, holding up a plastic b ottle fu ll of red liquid.
‘Fake blood, from a Halloween p a rty years ago. Your Dad and I took you to th a t,
dressed up as a baby vam pire. You were really sca ry .’
Abby carried on looking th ro u g h the draw er. She found some vam pire teeth , w hite
face p aint, plastic w itch nails and h air gel. Mum pulled out a g litte ry h a ir band. It
had springs w ith wobbly balls on the top th a t flashed disco colours! Abby found some
sparkly h a ir elastics to m atch the h air band. She made h er Mum p u t lots of little
bunches all over her head so she looked really silly.
‘I rem em ber th is ,’ Abby said as she pulled ou t a plastic bag. ‘This is from my
p irate p a rty .’ Inside th ere was a black, false m oustache and some big gold earrings.
‘Come h e re ,’ Mum said and sm eared w hite face p ain t all over A bby’s face. She
dribbled the fake blood so it looked as if it was coming out of A bby’s eyes and m outh.
She p u t gel all over A bby’s h air and made it stand up into w eird, pointy shapes. Abby
p u t in the vam pire te eth and slipped on the w itch fingers. She made scary noises at
Wow-Wow, the cat. He ignored her and carried on w ashing him self on the seat next
to her.
Abby came to sit on her M um ’s knee.
‘I t ’s fun doing th is to g e th e r,’ she said.
‘Maybe. B ut we still haven’t found th e change p u rse .’
‘W ell, you know th ings will get lost, or broken, when th e y ’re all w illy-nilly.’
‘You cheeky monkey!’ Mum laughed. ‘B ut w hat shall I do w ith it all? ’
‘I know, i t ’s easy,’ Abby said and began to remove everything off th e table into
h er arm s. She p u t it all back in the kitchen draw er.
Mum looked a t her suspiciously.
‘L et’s go and inspect your bedroom, shall w e?’
© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»
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24 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Abby followed her u p stairs and into h er bedroom. Wow-Wow was s ittin g in fro n t
of her fish tank looking hung rily a t the goldfish. He dashed under th e bed when he
saw Mum and Abby. Mum kneeled down and lifted the bed cover to get him out.
U nderneath were heaps of Abby’s toys, books, tapes, clothes and shoes, em pty plastic
cups, w rappers and a half-eaten sandw ich on a plate.
‘Abby! W h a t’s all th is ? ’
‘I t ’s my tid y draw er,” Abby said. She wrapped h er arm s around h er Mum and gave
her a kiss. ‘L et’s so rt th is one ou t to g eth er now .’
12 W hen Mum came to A bby’s room she saw
1) her d aughter reading a t her table.
2) the cat looking a t th e fish.
3) a terrib le mess all over the place.
4) Abby dressed up as a vam pire.
Ответ:
13 Abby agreed to tidy up her room because M other
1) prom ised to take her to the Halloween party.
2) offered to give her e x tra pocket money.
3) prom ised to help her.
4) said th a t she would punish her.
Ответ:
14 W here did Abby find m any in te re stin g things?
1) In her M other’s change purse.
2) U nder her bed.
3) On the kitchen table.
4) In the tid y draw er in the kitchen.
Ответ:
15 A bby’s parents used m ost of th e in te re stin g things
1) when they dressed them selves up fo r Halloween parties.
2) as presents for Halloween p arties.
3) to dress her up for d ifferen t parties.
4) when they w anted to play trick s on Abby.
Ответ:
16 Abby p u t on the vam pire teeth , w itch nails and oth er th in g s from th e tid y draw er
because
1) she w anted to scare the cat.
2) she was going to a Halloween p a rty th a t evening.
3) she enjoyed dressing up w ith h er M other.
4) she had to dress up for a p irate party.
Ответ:
17 A bby’s M other decided to inspect Abby’s bedroom
1) a fte r she had seen Abby tidy up the kitchen table.
2) because she had prom ised she would do th a t.
3) before F ath er came home from work.
4) when they heard some stran g e noise from it.
Ответ:

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 25

W hen Abby’s M other looked under her d a u g h te r’s bed she saw
1) th e cat eating a sandwich.
2) th e tid y draw er from the kitchen.
3) her change purse.
4) all the Abby’s things.
Ответ:

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ОТВЕТОВ М П Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Вариант 2.4
Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между т екст ам и А -G и заголовкам и 1 -8 . Занесит е
свои ответы в т аблицу. И спользуйт е каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Chocolate m ania 5. Friend or enem y


2. H istory o f chocolate 6. S afe sw eetness
3. Like father, like son 7. Help to d en tists
4. B alanced diet 8. Problem s w ith w eight

A. Chocolate is made from the seeds of the tre e Theobroma cacao. The ancient Aztecs
used the beans of the cacao tree as a form of money. The A ztecs discovered th a t
by crushing th e beans into a paste and adding spices, they could make a refreshing
and nourishing drink. This drink was very b itte r, not like our chocolate drinks
today. 16th century European explorers b ro u g h t th e d rin k back from th e ir trav els,
added sugar, and soon it was popular as an expensive luxury.
B. You can receive a ‘sweet to o th ’ from your parents. R ecent study a t New York
U niversity suggests th ere is a genetic reason why some people p refer sugary foods.
The study was based on two groups of mice. The p aren ts of the firs t group were
given sweetened w ater and th e paren ts of the second - unsw eetened w ater. The
team found th e gene th a t was d ifferen t in th e two groups of mice and th en looked
for sim ilar genetic chains in hum ans.
C. All m odern chocolate products have large am ounts of su g ar, a fact which may
p a rtly explain why it becomes a so rt of drug fo r some people. An ability to
recognize sweet thin g s, and a tendency to like them was very useful fo r our
fo refath ers. Such a genetic q uality made prehistoric hum ans look fo r energy-rich,
healthy and ta sty food such as fr u it, and helped them avoid b itte r-ta stin g poisonous
plants.
D. Like other sweet food, chocolate helps endorphins, n a tu ra l horm ones, th a t give us
th e feelings of pleasure and well-being, to appear in our body. Chocolate also makes
us feel good by reacting w ith our brains. Scientists say th a t some people may develop
chocoholism — a dependency on chocolate. So i t ’s ju s t possible th a t, w ith every
b ar of chocolate, your brain changes step by step in order to make you love
chocolate more and more!

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26 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

E. Back in the 17th and 18th centuries, m any scientific works were w ritten explaining
th e advantages of chocolate fo r m edicine, and today i t ’s a reg u lar food in arm y
rations. Chocolate could help prevent to o th decay, according to scientists at J a p a n ’s
Osaka U niversity. The cocoa beans from which chocolate is made have an
antibacterial agent th a t fig h ts tooth decay. These p a rts of th e beans are not usually
used in chocolate production, b u t in fu tu re they could be added back in to chocolate
to make it friendly fo r teeth.
F. C alifornian scientist P rofessor Carl Keen and his team have suggested th a t
chocolate m ight help fig h t h e art disease. They say th a t it contains chemicals called
flavinoids, which th in the blood. R esearchers a t H arvard U niversity have carried
out experim ents th a t suggest th a t if you eat chocolate th ree tim es a m onth you
will live alm ost a year longer th an those who d on’t do it. B ut i t ’s not all good
news — chocolate has much fa t, which means th a t eating too m uch of it may lead
to obesity.
G. Being very fa t, or obese, is linked to m any h ealth problems including h e art disease
and diabetes. The causes of obesity are not yet fully understood. Both genes and
the environm ent play a role. The recent grow th of th e num ber of fa t people seems
to be linked to environm ental factors: people are much less active nowadays, fa tty
and sugary foods like chocolate are cheap, people eat larg er portions of food, and
the calories per person have increased.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски А -F част ями предлож ений, обозна­
ченны м и цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е цифры,
обозначающие соот вет ст вую щ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

W alk in g is not enough to keep fit


W alking may not be enough on its own to produce sig n ifican t h ealth benefits,
research suggests. A team from C anada’s U niversity of A lberta compared a 10,000 step
exercise program m e w ith a more tra d itio n a l fitness regim e of m oderate in ten sity .
R esearchers found im provem ents A ________________________were significantly higher
in the second group. They told an A m erican College of Sports Medicine m eeting th a t
gentle exercise was В _____________________________ , In to tal 128 people took
C ________________________. The researchers assessed influence on fitn ess by m easuring
blood pressure and lung capacity. They found out th e 10,000-step program m e did help
to get people m otivated — and was an excellent way to s ta r t D _________________________ .
B ut to increase the effectiveness, some in ten sity m ust be added to th e ir exercise.
‘A cross your day, w hile you are achieving those 10,000 step s, tak e 200 to 400 of
them a t a fa s te r pace. Y ou’ve got to do m ore th a n lig h t exercise and include
re g u la r m oderate a c tiv ity , and d o n ’t be shy to have an occasional period of tim e
a t an en erg etic level.’ The researchers were concerned th ere was too much focus
E ________________________, ra th e r th an on its in ten sity .
Professor S tu a rt Biddle, an expert in exercise science a t the U niversity of
Loughborough, said it was possible th a t the c u rre n t guidelines on how m uch exercise
to take were set too low. ‘However, you have got to find F ________________________.

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 27

The h ard er you make it, th e few er people will actually do i t . ’ P rofessor Biddle said
there was no doubt th a t energetic exercise was the way to get fit, b u t volume ra th e r
th a n in te n sity m ight be more useful in tackling issues such as obesity.

1. p a rt in the project
2. tak in g exercise
3. gave m arked health benefits
4. in fitness levels
5. on sim ply g e ttin g people to take exercise
6. not enough to get fit
7. a compromise between physiology and psychology

А В С D Е F

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и
вариант у ответа.

Mr. S ticky

No one knew how M r. Sticky got in the fish tank.


‘H e’s very sm all,’ Mum said as she peered at th e tin y w ater snail. ‘J u s t a black
d o t.’
In th e m orning Abby jum ped out of bed and switched on th e lig h t in h er fish tan k .
G erry, the fa t orange goldfish, was dozing inside the stone archway. It took Abby
a while to discover M r. Sticky because he was clinging to th e glass near th e bottom ,
rig h t next to the gravel.
A t school th a t day she w rote about th e m ysterious M r. Sticky who was so small
you could m istake him for a piece of gravel. Some of the g irls in h er class said he
seemed an ideal pet fo r h er and kept giggling about it.
‘I th in k h e ’s grow n a b it,’ Abby told h er Mum a t b reak fast th e next day.
‘J u s t as well if he’s going to be eaten up like th a t,’ her Mum said, try in g to pu t
on her coat and eat to ast a t the same tim e. ‘B ut I don’t w ant him to get too huge or
he w on’t be cute anym ore. Small th in g s are cute a re n ’t th ey ?’
‘Yes they are. Now h u rry up, I ’m going to miss my tr a in .’
A t the weekend they cleaned out th e tan k . ‘T here’s a lot of filth on th e sid es,’
Mum said. ‘I ’m not sure M r. Sticky’s quite up to th e job y e t.’
They took the fish out and p u t them in a bowl while they em ptied some of the
w ater. Mr. Sticky stayed out of the way, clinging to th e glass while Mum used the
special ‘vacuum cleaner’ to clean the gravel. Abby cleaned th e archw ay and th e filte r
tube. Mum poured new w ater into th e tan k .
‘W here’s M r. Sticky?’ Abby asked.
‘On the sid e,’ Mum said. She was busy concentrating on th e w ater.
Abby looked on all sides of the tank. There was no sign of the w ater snail.
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28 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

‘H e’s probably in the gravel th e n ,’ h er mum said. She p u t th e fish back in the
clean w ater w here they swam round and round, looking baffled.
T hat evening Abby w ent up to h er bedroom to exam ine th e tan k . The w ater had
settled and looked lovely and clear b u t th e re was no sign of M r. Sticky. She w ent
dow nstairs.
H er mum was in the stu d y surrounded by papers. She looked im p atien t when she
saw Abby in the doorway and even more im p atien t when she heard th e bad news.
‘H e’ll tu rn u p .’ was all she said. ‘Now off to bed Abby. I ’ve got masses of work
to catch up o n .’
Abby felt her face go hot and red. It always happened when she was fu rio u s or
offended.
‘Y ou’ve poured him out, haven’t y o u ,’ she said. ‘You were in such a ru s h .’
‘I have not. I was very cautious. B ut he is extrem ely sm all.’
‘W h a t’s w rong w ith being sm all?’
‘N othing a t all. B ut it makes th in g s h ard to fin d .’
‘Or n o tice,’ Abby said and ran from th e room.
The door to the bedroom opened and M um ’s face appeared. Abby trie d to ignore
her b u t it was hard when she walked over to the bed and sat next to her. She was
holding her glasses in her hand. ‘These are my new p a ir,’ she said. ‘E x tra pow erful,
for snail h u n tin g .’ She smiled a t Abby. Abby tried not to smile back.
‘A nd I ’ve got a m agnifying g la ss,’ Abby suddenly rem em bered and rushed off to
find it.
They sat beside each other on th e floor w ith the tan k between them and peered
into the w ater.
‘A h ha!’ Mum suddenly cried.
There, perfectly hidden against th e dark stone, sat M r. Sticky. And rig h t next to
him was another w ater snail, even sm aller th an him.
‘M rs. Sticky!’ Abby breathed.
They both laughed. Then Abby p u t h er head on h er m um ’s chest and smiled.

M r. Sticky was
1) a goldfish.
2) a piece of gravel.
3) a snail.
4) a tu rtle .
Ответ:

13 Abby d id n ’t w ant Mr. Sticky to grow too big because


1) there w ouldn’t be enough space in the fish tank.
2) he would eat too much.
3) he would leave a lot of d irt on the walls of th e fish tank.
4) she found small th ings to be very p retty .
Ответ: j

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РАЗДЕЛ 2. ЧТЕНИЕ 29

14 W hen helping her m other to clean ou t th e tan k Abby


1) polished th e walls of th e tank.
2) used a vacuum cleaner.
3) poured fresh w ater into the tank.
4) cleaned th e filte r tube of the fish tan k .
Ответ:

15 Abby came to her m o th er’s study
1) to tell her th a t Mr. Sticky h a d n ’t tu rn e d up.
2) when she had found M r. and M rs. Sticky.
3) because she d id n ’t w ant to go to bed.
4) to say goodnight.
Ответ:

16 Abby was angry w ith her Mum because
1) m other ignored her.
2) m other d id n ’t like M r. Sticky.
3) she th o u g h t th a t her m other had poured out Mr. Sticky.
4) m other was very s tric t.
Ответ: | |

17 M other came to Abby’s room to look fo r M r. Sticky w ith


1) her new glasses.
2) a filte r tube.
3) a m agnifying glass.
4) a vacuum cleaner.
Ответ: □
18 Abby fe lt happy and laughed because
1) she had a m agnifying glass.
2) they found M r. Sticky in the fish tan k .
3) th e w ater in th e fish tan k was very clear and clean.
4) her m other was try in g to make her laugh.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Инструкция по выполнению работы


Работа содержит 20 заданий, из которых 13 заданий — с кратким ответом
и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх предложенных. При
выполнении заданий с кратким ответом Вы долж ны самостоятельно записать ответ
в соответствующем месте работы. М аксимальное количество баллов за выполнение
всех заданий данной работы — 20.
Н а выполнение работы отводится 40 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий не забудьте перенести свои ответы в Бланк
ответов № 1.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь
выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.
Ж елаем успеха!

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 31

Вариант 3.1

П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами
1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию текстов.
Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соот вет ст вует
от дельному заданию из группы 19—25.

H onesty is th e best policy

To learn more about her students, my younger brother’s teacher sent home
a lengthy questionnaire at the beginning of the school year. There
___________________ a lot of questions about this and that. BE

20 She asked _______ about their likes and dislikes and about THEY
many other things.

She asked what they about their school in twenty THINK


years’ time.

22 I was 6 years ___________________ than my brother but some questions OLD


seemed very difficult even to me.

answer them offhand. NOT CAN

The ___________________ question, in my opinion, was the one relating BAD


to their self-image: ‘When you look in a m irror, what do you see?’

But my ten-year-old brother had no trouble with his answer: ‘Myself, and
everything b e h in d ___________________ .’ I

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32 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Christm as

26 Christmas is the most im portant annual festival in both Britain and North
America. In its origins, it combines the Christian ___________________ CELEBRATE
of the birth of Christ, on 25 December, with the ancient tradition of a
w inter feast during the darkest period of the year.

Christmas carols — a special kind of religious songs — are an im portant


part of it. You may hear th e m ___________________ times over the radio COUNT
but it is quite different when you listen to people sing carols around you
in church.

28 At this time, too, many carol ___________________ make door-to-door SING


visits to people at home, collecting money for this or th a t charity.

Many weeks before Christmas, shops start selling VARY


Christmas cards and Christmas gifts.

Shop ______ ._____________ decorate their shops with holly, mistletoe, OWN
candles and colourful paper chains and lanterns.

31 All kinds of traditional Christmas food are also WIDE


available.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

‘I t’s Only Me’


A fte r her husband had gone to work, Mrs R ichards sent h er children to school and
w ent u p stairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework th a t m orning,
because in the evening she would be going to a fancy dress 32 _____ w ith her
husband. She intended to dress up as a ghost and she had made her costum e the n ig h t
before. Now she was 33 to try it on. Though th e costum e consisted only of
a sheet, it was very effective. M rs R ichards p u t it 34 looked in th e m irro r,
smiled and w ent dow nstairs. She w anted to find out w hether it would be 35
to wear.

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 33

J u s t as M rs R ichards was entering th e dining-room , th ere was a 36 ____ on the


fro n t door. She knew th a t it m ust be the baker. She had told him to come s tra ig h t in
if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. Not
w anting to [37] ______ th e poor m an, Mrs R ichards quickly hid in th e small sto re ­
room under the stairs. She heard the fro n t door open and heavy footsteps in the hall.
Suddenly the door of the store-room was opened and a man entered. Mrs R ichards
realized th a t it m ust be the man from the E lectricity Board who had come to read the
m eter. She tried to 38 _____ the situ atio n , saying ‘I t ’s only m e’, b u t it was too
late. The man let out a cry and jum ped back several paces. W hen Mrs R ichards walked
tow ards him , he ran away, slam m ing the door behind him.

32 1) show 2) perform ance 3) p a rty 4) program m e


Ответ:

33 1) nervous 2) restless 3) ill a t ease 4) im patient


Ответ:

34 1) up 2) on 3) over 4) down
Ответ:

35 1) a ttra ctiv e 2) exciting 3) com fortable 4) convenient


Ответ:

36 1) knock 2) kick 3) h it 4) crash


Ответ:

37 1) fear 2) w orry 3) d istu rb 4) frig h ten


Ответ:

38 1) describe 2) explain 3) in te rp re t 4) clear


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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34 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 3.2
П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­
ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами
1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию текстов.
Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соот вет ст вует
от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

W here did the Olympic Games come from?

There are many different stories about the beginning of the Olympics. One
myth says th a t Zeus himself started the Games. A thletic games
___________________ as an im portant part of many religious festivals in HOLD
ancient Greek culture.

Olympia was one of the religious centers in the OLD


ancient Greek world.

T h e ___ sight at Olympia was the gold and ivory statue IMPRESSIVE
of Zeus.

The statue was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This
explains why Olympia ___________________ as the site for the most CHOOSE
im portant athletic competition.

Some athletes travelled hundreds of miles, from colonies. These colonies


were as fa r away as modern Spain, Egypt, Ukraine and Turkey. Any free­
born Greek (a man or a boy) ___________________ take part in the CAN
Olympics.

___________________ did not compete, they were also barred from WOMAN
attending the games, under penalty of death. Unmarried girls were allowed
to attend.

Unlike the modern Olympics, judges ___________________ from all over NOT COME
the world, but were drawn from Elis, the local region which included
Olympia.

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 —31.

Arbor Day and Earth Day

The first Arbor Day took place in April, 1872 in Nebraska. It was the
brainchild of Julius Sterling Morton (1832-1902), a Nebraska journalist
and ___________________ originally from Michigan. POLITICS

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 35

When he became a member of Nebraska’s state board of agriculture, he


proposed th a t a special day be set aside dedicated to tree planting and
increasing ___________________ of the importance of trees. Nebraska’s AW ARE
first Arbor Day was an amazing success. More than one million trees
were planted.

On April 22, 1970, Arbor Day ___________________ were modified to ACTIVE


emphasize the critical importance of the environment.

It was a time when cities were buried under their own smog and polluted
rivers caught fire. E arth Day was created to remind people of their
___________________ to protect the planet. RESPONSIBLE

Now E arth Day is celebrated around the globe. ANNUAL

W hat started as a day of national environmental recognition has evolved


into a worldwide campaign to protect our ___________________ GLOBE
environment.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

Tracy
Tracy was as excited as a child about h er firs t trip abroad. Early in th e m orning,
she stopped at a 32 _____ agency and reserved a su ite on the Signal Deck of the
Queen E lizabeth I I . The n ext th ree days she spent buying clothes and luggage.
On the m orning of the sailing, Tracy hired a lim ousine to drive h er to th e pier.
W hen she 33 _____ a t P ier 90, where the Queen E lizabeth I I was docked, it was
crowded w ith photographers and television rep o rters, and fo r a m om ent Tracy was
panic stricken. Then she realized they were interview ing th e two men p o stu rin g a t th e
foot of the gangplank. The members of th e crew were helping th e passengers w ith
th e ir luggage. On deck, a stew ard looked a t Tracy’s tick et and 34 ______ her to her
stateroom . It was a lovely suite w ith a private terrace. It had been ridiculously
expensive b u t Tracy 35 ______ it was w orth it.
She unpacked and th e n w andered along th e corridor. In alm ost every cabin th ere
were farew ell p arties going on, w ith lau g h ter and cham pagne and conversation. She
felt a sudden ache of loneliness. There was no one to see her 36 ____ , no one fo r
h er to care about, and no one who cared about her. She was sailing into a completely
unknow n fu tu re.
Suddenly she felt th e huge ship shudder as th e tu g s sta rte d to pull it ou t of the
harbor, and she stood [37] ______ the passengers on the boat deck, w atching the
S tatu e of Liberty slide out of 38 and then she w ent exploring.

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36 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

32 1) journey 2) trip 3) trav el 4) to u rist


Ответ:
33 1) achieved 2) arrived 3) entered 4) reached
Ответ:
34 1) set 2) came 3) headed 4) directed
Ответ:
35 1) determ ined 2) resolved 3) decided 4) assured
Ответ:
36 1) in 2) off 3) of 4) a fte r
Ответ:
37 1) among 2) along 3) between 4) besides
Ответ:
38 1) glance 2) stare 3) sight 4) look
Ответ: |

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Вариант 3.3

П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами
1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию текстов.
Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соот вет ст вует
от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

A lbert Schw eitzer, a N obel Peace Prize W inner

19 Albert Schweitzer is known throughout the world for his missionary work
in Africa. He was born on January 14, 1875 in Alsace, which was part
of Germany a n d ___________________ P art of France after W orld W ar I. LATE

20 He was a talented person. By the age of th irty , he KNOW


as an author, a lecturer, and a musician.

21 It was at this time th at he learned of the great need of medical doctors


in Africa. He decided to become a doctor of medicine. In 1913, Doctor
Schweitzer and his wife _______________ for Africa. LEAVE

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 37

22 The morning after the Schweitzers arrived, they started to treat their
patients in an old farmhouse. However, a new hospital building
with the help and the tru s t of the A frican people. BUILD

23 Their work was interrupted by W orld W ar I. Only in 1924, Dr. Schweitzer


was finally able to return to Lambarene to rebuild the hospital. When
Mrs. Schweitzer came back to A frica in 1929, the hospital was much
• LARGE

24 There was a growing staff of doctors and nurses. In 1953 Dr. Schweitzer
the Nobel Peace Prize. GIVE

25 He was g ra te fu l, b u t said, ‘No man has th e rig h t to pretend th a t he


enough for the cause of peace or declare himself WORK
satisfied.’

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Tourism in B ritain

Every year more th an eleven m illion to u rists v isit B ritain . Most


____________________ come in th e sum m er m onths when they can VISIT
expect good w eather.

T ourists ____________________ spend a few days in London, th en go USUAL


on to o th er well-known cities.

Perhaps the least visited places in England are old INDUSTRY


towns.

B ut m any people th in k th a t nineteen th -cen tu ry cities show th e


of B ritain. REAL

The __ of the past is to be still seen in th e ir old GREAT


streets.

The cheap, concrete buildings of th e 1960s look old and d irty , b u t fo r


the __________ to u rists these cities are fu ll of life and colour. ADVENTURE

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38 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

П рочит айт е текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

Looking for a job


Му new home was a long way from the center of London b u t it was becoming
essential to find a job, so 32 _____ I spent a whole m orning g ettin g to tow n and
applying to London T ransport fo r a job on th e tube. It tu rn e d out th a t they were
looking for guards, not drivers. This 33 ______ me. I couldn’t drive a car b u t I could
probably guard a tra in and perhaps continue to w rite poems between stations.
The next day I sat down, w ith alm ost a hundred other __ _______ fo r the
intelligence te st. Then I was sent into an o th er room fo r a psychological te st. The
exam iner sat a t a desk. You were signaled forw ard to occupy the seat opposite him
when the previous occupant had been 35 ____ . Sometimes th e person was rejected
quickly and som etim es a fte r quite a while. Obviously the longer interview s were the
m ost successful ones. Mine was th e only one th a t lasted a m inute and a half. I can
rem em ber t he questions now: ‘W hy did you leave your last job? And th e one before?’
I can’t 36) ______ my answ ers, except they were sh o rt at firs t and grew sh o rter as
we continued. His closing statem en t showed a lack of sen sitiv ity , which helped to
explain why as a psychologist he had risen no higher th an th e underground railw ay.
‘You have failed th is te st and we are unable to 37 ____ you a p o sitio n .’ Failing to
get th a t job was my low point. Or so I th o u g h t, believing th a t the work was easy.
A ctually, such a job 38 ______ exactly the so rt of elem entary responsibility a dream er
like me is unlikely to have. B ut, I was still fa r sh o rt of self-understanding as well as
short of cash.
32 1) finally 2) at the end 3) lastly 4) in conclusion
Ответ:
33 1) com forted 2) m atched 3) fitte d 4) suited
Ответ:
34 1) contestants 2) particip an ts 3) candidates 4) nominees
Ответ:
35 1) declined 2) dism issed 3) accepted 4) abandoned
Ответ:
36 1) recall 2) memorize 3) forget 4) rem ind
Ответ:
37 1) suggest 2) offer 3) recommend 4) propose
Ответ:
38 1) expects 2) orders 3) asks 4) demands
Ответ:

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в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 39

Вариант 3.4

П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грам м ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

Gym nastics

19 Modern world of sports knows many kinds of gymnastics. One of them,


rhythm ic gymnastics ___________________ out of modern gymnastics GROW
and the Swedish system of free exercise in the 19th century.

It was called ‘aesthetic gymnastics’ as the s tu d e n ts ___________________ CAN


express feelings and emotions through body movement. It combined
elements of ballet, gymnastics, and theatrical dance.

Young ___________________ exercised to music, moving from simple WOMAN


calisthenics to more energetic activities. A growing number of men are
participating in this kind of sport now.

In the 1880s in Switzerland various exercises to music were created. They


were designed to give grace of movement, and a m u ch ___________________ GOOD
pose.

23 A degree of difficulty for each movement ___________________ by the DEVELOP


European Sport Association after the W orld W ar I. So all the elements
were graded accordingly.

In 1906 rhythm ic gymnastics was introduced to North America, but the


sport ___________________ much popularity. NOT GAIN

Ten European countries ___________________ part in the first world TAKE


championship, held in 1973 in Budapest, Hungary. The United States did
not begin competing in the biennial world championship until 1973.

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за­
главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 —31, однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Australia

A ustralia is an island continent and the world’s sixth largest country.


The continent and the island of Tasmania, off its ___________________ SOUTH-EAST
coast, make up the Commonwealth of A ustralia.

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40 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

A u stralia is a federation of six states and two te rrito rie s. The largest
S tate, W estern A ustralia, is about th e same size as W estern Europe.
The country has a ___________________ system of adm inistration PARLIAMENT
modeled on the B ritish one, and the state and federal structures are
broadly similar.

A ustralia’s system of adm inistration is based on the DEMOCRAT


tradition.

A ustralia is still a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, but although


B ritain’s king or queen is the A ustralian Head of State, A ustralia is
_______________ autonomous. FULL

The British sovereign is represented by the governor-general and state


governors, whose ___________________ for the post is ratified by the NOMINATE
monarch of the day.

M inisters of the ___________________ are elected for a maximum of GOVERN


three years.
Voting is by secret ballot and is compulsory for persons 18 years of age
and over.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

A quiet house
It was A pril and Jo h n Moore was stu d y in g fo r an im p o rtan t exam ination. As the
date of the exam 32 n earer, he decided to fin d a q u iet, little tow n and work
th e re u n d istu rb ed . He 33 _____ his suitcase w ith clothes and books. In a railw ay
tim etable he found a tow n th a t he did not know, and b o ught a tic k e t to go th ere.
He did not tell anyone w here he was going. A fte r all, he did no t w ant to be
34
T hat is how Moore arrived at B enchurch, a small m arket town. Once a week it was
quite busy for a few hours. The re st of th e tim e it was a very quiet place. Moore
spent his firs t n ig h t a t the only hotel in th e t ow n. The landlady was very nice, b u t
the hotel was noisy. The second day he sta rte d 35 ____ fo r a house to ren t.
There was only one place th a t he liked. It was deserted and very lonely. It was a
big, old seventeenth-century house. It had b arred windows like a prison, and a high
brick wall all around it. It would be hard to im agine a more unwelcoming place. But
it 36 ____ Moore perfectly. He w ent to find th e local lawyer, who was responsible
for the house.
The lawyer was very happy to re n t th e house to him . ‘I t ’s been em pty so long th a t
people have sta rte d to 3 7 1______ a lot of foolish stories about i t , ’ he said. ‘Y ou’ll be
able to prove th a t the stories are w ro n g .’
Moore paid his re n t, and Mr. C arnford gave him th e name of an old serv an t to
look [38 ______ him. He came away from th e law yer w ith the keys of th e house in
his pocket.
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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 41

32 1) appeared 2) drew 3) moved 4) entered


Ответ: |__
33 1) wrapped 2) laid 3) piled 4) packed
Ответ:
34 1) bothered 2) intervened 3) in terfered 4) w orried
Ответ:
35 1) finding 2) looking 3) skim m ing 4) exploring
Ответ: '
36 1) fitte d 2) suited 3) fixed 4) m atched
Ответ:
37 1) extend 2) prom ote 3) gossip 4) spread
Ответ:
38 1) for 2) about 3) a fte r 4) around
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Вариант 3.5
П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­
ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номера­
м и 1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

The H istory of Man

How long has man been on earth? Let us travel 5,000 years into the
past. We are in the days before man learned to write. Recorded history
___________________ yet. NOT BEGIN

Yet there are people, about five million of them, LIVE


on all five continents.

T h e ___________________ true human being, Homo sapiens, appeared in EARLY


Europe more than 50,000 years ago.

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42 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Greek myths: D aedalus

22 Daedalus was a brilliant architect and inventor of ancient Greece. He was


so brilliant th a t King Minos of Crete ___________________ him as a KEEP
prisoner.

23 The K in g ___________________ to let him go back to his home in Athens. NOT WANT

24 Daedalus lived with his son Icarus in a tower of the palace, and King
Minos made him invent weapons of war th a t would make his army and
navy e v e n ___________________ than they already were. POWERFUL

Although Daedalus and Icarus had every comfort, they longed to return
home to Athens. Daedalus looked at the sea, and he realised th a t even
if they managed to slip out of the tower and find a little boat, they
would not be able to sail far. One of King Minos’s ___________________ SEAMAN
would spot and catch them very soon.

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Global Language

It is difficult to tell exactly how many languages there are in the world
to d a y .___________________ say there are about 2,700 languages, but no SCIENCE
one has ever made a more definite count.

In most countries there are at least two native languages, and in some
cases — as in Cameroon — there are hundreds. The number of languages
___________________ changes as tribes die out or linguistic groups are NATURAL
absorbed.

Nowadays, globalization influences t h e ___________________________ of DEVELOP


languages. New words appear, existing words acquire new meanings,
native words give way to international terms.

29 Almost all languages change. A rare exception is w ritten Icelandic, which


has changed so little t h a t ___________________ of modern Icelandic can SPEAK
read sagas w ritten a thousand years ago.

If you drew a map of Europe based on languages, it would be different


from a conventional map. For example, Switzerland would practically
___________________ , becoming part of the surrounding areas of French, A PPEA R
Italian, and German.

31 Italy, too, would appear on the map not as one language, but as a whole
________________ of broadly related but often m utually incomprehensible VARY
dialects.

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 43

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

V icky
Vicky F o rth was an optim ist, and she had been fo r all of h er life; even when she was
a child, her 32 ______ had been positive.
H er glass was always h alf full, never half empty; tom orrow would be a much b e tte r
day th a n today; the fu tu re was fu ll of prom ise and success. She 33 ______ her best
to look a t th e b rig h t side of things.
How rig h t she had been to encourage h er d au g h ter to be optim istic, to set her
sights on Oxford U niversity . W omen were not yet adm itted to m em bership of the
U niversity, b u t they could 34 ______ lectures, take courses, and sit fo r exam inations.
Grace Rose would be able to do all of these th in g s, and would be well 35
a fte r by Vicky’s dear old friend M illicent, now widowed, who had a lovely new house
in Oxford. It had been an inspired idea to w rite to her. Vicky was relieved and happy
for her daughter, who was a wonderful stu d en t. She hoped to be a h isto rian one day.
Vicky always th o u g h t th a t 36 ______ up children was so exciting.
She rem em bered th a t her husband was w aiting fo r h er dow nstairs. A fte r [37 ______
on her dress and stepping into m atching rose-colored shoes, Vicky w ent back to her
dressing-table and selected a p air of diam ond earrin g s and a m atching brooch made of
silver. She looked at herself in th e large looking glass in one corner of the room.
Vicky 38 she liked her appearance.
32 1) approach 2) position 3) a ttitu d e 4) view point
Ответ:
33 1) made 2) did 3) kept 4) held
Ответ:
34 1) v isit 2) attend 3) observe 4) present
Ответ:
35 1) watched 2) seen 3) viewed 4) looked
Ответ:
36 1) bringing 2) rearing 3) grow ing 4) raising
Ответ:
37 1) w earing 2) try in g 3) holding 4) p u ttin g
Ответ:
38 1) determ ined 2) chose 3) decided 4) resolved
Ответ:

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задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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44 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 3.6
П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­
ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

Pizza

The evolution of pizza was quite long and many cultures contributed to
it. L e t ___________________ have a glimpse of its history. WE

___________________ of ancient Egypt, Greece and later Rome had WOMAN


recipes similar to modern ones.

The Egyptians had a tradition to celebrate the Pharaoh’s birthday with


flat loaves ___________________ very much like our modern pizza. LOOK

The word ‘pizza’ appeared in printing at the end of the 10th century for
the _______________ time. ONE

23 A remarkable event took place in June 1889. The Italian queen M argarita
was staying in her summer palace in Naples. It was her birthday and the
owner of a very popular pizzeria cooked a special kind of pizza for her.
He named it ‘M argarita’. It was t h e ___________________ way to make GOOD
this pizza famous all over the world.

Now p iz z a ___________________ with tomatoes. However, when tomatoes COOK


appeared in Europe they were grown as an ornamental plant.

For a long time people believe th a t tomatoes were NOT CAN


edible.

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

The Power o f the Great Pyramid

26 In the 18th century a large number of foreigners came to the Great


Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt. One of the most ___________________ POW ER
people of th a t time, Napoleon Bonaparte, also visited the Pyramid.

His expedition to Egypt in 1798 was not only m ilitary but archeological
as well. He took w ith him specialists in different spheres of science. The
___________________ measured, explored and made many drawings of SCIENCE
Egyptian pyramids.

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА 45

One day Napoleon with se v e ra l___________________ came to the Great SERVE


Pyramid of Cheops. There he wanted to be left alone.

He ordered everyone to leave him and went into the DARK


______________ alone.

30 When he came out he was pale. ‘Are you all right, sir?’ asked the guide.
Napoleon was silent. Then he s a id ___________________ , ‘Never mention SAD
this m atter again. Ever!’

Years later, his friend Tomblier asked him what he had seen in the
Great Pyram id. Napoleon stared at Tomblier for a while, then said only
two words, ‘S o m eth in g ____________________ !’ He never spoke about it POSSIBLE
again.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

The secret tu nnel


In the middle of our village, th ere is a b eau tifu l old church, which dates back to
the beginning of the Middle Ages. It was reb u ilt several tim es, b u t some of its p a rts,
including the foundations, are 32
W ell, 33 ____ about resto ratio n , a while ago they decided to in stall a heating
system there, as it gets cold in w inter. Some of the local boys volunteered to help,
including myself.
The benches were connected in stacks, so it was h ard work to lift or to push them
away, b u t we m anaged it. Most of the church floor was covered w ith m arble-type
slabs, b u t under some benches th ere were ju s t some ancient-looking bricks.
We got really 34 _____ , as we had heard stories about an old underground
passageway leading from a crypt below the church to the castle in th e nearest city. It
is twelve miles 35
So, a frien d of mine and I sta rte d to dig down th ere. It was relatively easy to pull
out the top layer of bricks, and u n d ern eath them we found soil, which also moved
easily as it was completely dry. W e found th a t one side of th e hole was so soft th a t
you could ju s t 36 ______ a stick th ro u g h it. It was obviously th a t passageway! Then
some w orkmen came in and told us to stop. J u s t fancy that! We had to stop a t th e
m ost exciting moment.
A fte r a few days, the w orkmen p u t a layer of h ard cem ent over th e en tire floor,
so our find rem ained a m ystery. B ut I w on’t give 3[7 ______ . I still hope to go there
some day and find th a t secret tunnel. Maybe, th a t will become th e g reatest [38
of th e 21st century.

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46 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

32 1) n a tu ra l 2) original 3) real 4) genuine


Ответ:

33 1) com m enting 2) telling 3) saying 4) speaking


Ответ: j

34 1) excited 2) amazed 3) annoyed 4) anim ated


Ответ:

35 1) away 2) fa r 3) off 4) about


Ответ: 1

36 1) sh ift 2) pull 3) push 4) remove


Ответ:

37 1) in 2) up 3) on 4) at
Ответ:

38 1) innovation 2) invention 3) discovery 4) developm ent


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы,


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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Раздел 4. Письмо

Инструкция по выполнению работы


Работа состоит из 2 заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную
работу (написание личного письма и письменного вы сказы вания с элементами
рассуждения). Черновые пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями или
можно использовать отдельный черновик. Любые черновые пометки (черновик)
не проверяются и не оцениваются. Оценке подлежит только вариант ответа,
занесённый в бланк ответов № 2. М аксимальное количество баллов за выполнение
всех заданий данной работы — 20.
Н а выполнение работы отводится 80 минут.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь
выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.
Ж елаем успеха!

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48 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 4.1
Д л я от вет ов на задания 39 и 40 используйт е б ла нк ответов № 2. Черновые
пом ет ки могут делат ься прямо на лист е с заданиям и, и ли можно использо­
ват ь от дельный черновик. П ри вы полнении заданий 39 и 40 особое вним ание
обратите на то, что В аш и ответы будут оцениват ься т олько по записям,
сделанны м в Б Л А Н К Е О ТВ Е ТО В № 2. Н и к а к и е записи черновика не будут
учит ы ват ься экспертом. Обратите вним ание также на необходимость со­
блю дения указанного объёма т екст а. Текст ы недостаточного объёма, а т а к ­
же часть т екст а, превыш ающ ая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запиш ит е
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а зат ем от вет на него. Е сли одной стороны
б ланка недостаточно, Вы можете использоват ь другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Mike who w rites:

... I ’m going to join a youth language camp this sum m er. W e are going to speak
only in French! Do m any R ussian kids stu d y French a t school? W h a t foreign
languages are taught a t school? W h y have you chosen English? W h a t do you do
to m aster the language?
A s for the latest news, m y younger brother E d d y sta rts school this year ...

W rite a le tte r to Mike.


In your le tte r
— answ er his questions
— ask 3 questions about his b ro th er.
W rite 100 —140 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on th e following statem en t.

Life-long friendship exists only in books and film s.

W h at is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 200 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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РАЗДЕЛ 4. ПИСЬМО 49

Вариант 4.2
Д л я ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйт е б ла н к от вет ов № 2. Черновые
пом ет ки могут делат ься прямо на лист е с заданиям и, и ли можно использо­
ват ь от дельный черновик. П ри вы полнении заданий 39 и 40 особое вним ание
обратите на то, что В аш и ответы будут оцениват ься т олько по записям,
сделанны м в Б Л А Н К Е О ТВ Е ТО В JV? 2. Н и к а к и е записи черновика не будут
учит ы ват ься экспертом. Обратите вним ание также на необходимость со­
блю дения указанного объёма т екст а. Текст ы недостаточного объёма, а т а к ­
же часть т екст а, превыш ающ ая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запиш ит е
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а зат ем от вет на него. Е сли одной стороны
б ланка недостаточно, Вы можете использоват ь другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Stephen who w rites:

... You know, m y sister would like to be a school teacher. She likes children but
I wonder w hether i t ’s enough to m ake a good teacher.
W h a t qualities, in your opinion, are necessary for a ny teacher? A n d what
qualities are connected with a p a rticu la r subject he or she teaches? W ould you
like to try teaching? W hy or why not?
B y the way, yesterday we bought a new TV set w ith a large screen for our
living-room. ...

W rite a le tte r to Stephen.


In your le tte r
— answ er his questions
— ask 3 questions about his fav o u rite TV program m es.

W rite 1 0 0 —140 words.


Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

A t school students do not study enough modern authors and modern literature.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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50 ЕГЭ. ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вариант 4.3
Д л я ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйт е б ла нк ответов № 2. Черновые
помет ки могут делат ься прямо на лист е с заданиям и, и ли можно использо­
ват ь от дельный черновик. П ри вы полнении заданий 39 и 40 особое вним ание
обратите на то, что В аш и от вет ы будут оцениват ься т олько по записям,
сделанны м в Б Л А Н К Е О ТВ Е ТО В № 2. Н и к а к и е записи черновика не будут
учит ы ват ься экспертом. Обратите вним ание также на необходимость со­
блю дения указанного объёма т екст а. Текст ы недостаточного объёма, а т а к ­
же часть т екст а, превыш аю щ ая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запиш ит е
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а зат ем от вет на него. Е сли одной стороны
б ланка недостаточно, Вы можете использоват ь другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend A nn who w rites:

... One o f m y friends has recently been invited to spend a couple o f weeks in
Moscow this sum m er and it’s going to be his fir st tim e com ing here. W h a t places
o f interest and tourist attractions would you recom m end fo r him to see? W h a t are
your favourite ones?
H e ’s interested in art. I ’m sure there are a lot o f lovely m useum s in Moscow. W here
should he go first?
B y the way, m y sister got a new job...

W rite a le tte r to A nn.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her s iste r’s new job.
W rite 100 —140 words.

Rem em ber th e rules o f letter w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

Today young people th in k only about m aking money and career.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Инструкция по выполнению работы

Экзаменационная работа по английскому язы ку состоит из четырёх разделов (аудиро­


вание, чтение, грамматика и лексика, письмо), вклю чаю щ их в себя 40 заданий.
Н а выполнение экзаменационной работы отводится 3 часа (180 минут).
Ответы к заданиям 3 -9 , 12 -1 8 и 3 2 -3 8 записываются в виде одной цифры, которая
соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Эту цифру запиш ите в бланк ответов № 1.

КИМ Ответ: | 7 | 3 1 ШЗсгТТЛ Бланк

Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываю тся в виде последовательности цифр. Эту


последовательность цифр запиш ите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите
в бланк ответов № 1.

А В с D Е F Бланк
КИМ Ответ:
7 ч 6 2 5 3 117 4 6 2 5 3

Ответы к заданиям 19-31 записываются в виде слова (нескольких слов). Ответ запиш ите
в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.

КИМ Ответ: DOPSMOTSIMK 24&OESNOTSI NК Бланк

Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из 2 заданий (39 и 40) и представляет собой небольшую пись­
менную работу (написание личного письма и письменного вы сказы вания с элементами рассуж ­
дения). В бланке ответов № 2 укаж ите номер задания и запиш ите ответ к нему.
Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняю тся ярким и чёрными чернилами. Допускается использование ге­
левой, капиллярной или перьевой ручек.
При выполнении заданий можно пользоваться черновиком. Записи в черновике не учиты ­
ваются при оценивании работы.
Баллы , полученные Вами за выполненные задания, суммируются. Постарайтесь выполнить
к ак можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.

Ж елаем успеха!

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Вариант 1

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услы ш ит е 6 вы сказы ваний. У ст ановит е соот вет ст вие между вы сказы ва­
ниям и каждого говорящего A - F и ут верж дениями, данны м и в списке 1 -7 .
И спользуйт е каждое утверж дение, обозначенное соот вет ст вую щ ей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды. Занесит е свои ответы в т аблицу.

1. I believe m any people m isunderstand fashion.


2. I m ust have enough clothes to choose from .
3. Clothes make you look your best.
4. Thinking about fashion is a w aste of tim e.
5. I ’m sure clothes should be practical.
6. You and people around you should feel good about w hat you wear.
7. P aren ts often criticize fashion choices of th e ir children.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услы ш ит е диалог. Определите, какие из приведённы х утверж дений A - G


соот вет ст вуют содержанию т екст а (1 — T r u e ), какие не соот вет ст вую т
(2 — F alse) и о чём в т екст е не сказано, то есть на основании т екст а нель­
зя дать ни полож ительного, ни от рицат ельного от вет а (3 — N o t sta te d ). З а ­
несите номер выбранного В ам и вариант а от вет а в т аблицу. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

А Michael is n ’t enjoying his studies.

В Jan e is free on Saturday evening.

С M ichael’s favourite actor is Michael Douglas.

D Jan e agrees to go to the cinema.

Е Shops in B ath are less expensive th a n shops in Clifton.

F T here’re several good re sta u ra n ts in the new shopping mall in Bath.

G Michael and Jan e will go to B ath by car.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 1 53

Вы услы ш ит е интервью. В задани ях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


или 3, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и вариант у ответа. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

W hy does M ariela th in k th a t the firs t question is easy?


1) The answ er depends on her mood.
2) The choice of film s is lim ited.
3) She has her personal favourite.
Ответ:

W hy does M ariela name ‘A m erican B eauty’ th e best film ?


1) Because of acting.
2) Because i t ’s m ainstream .
3) Because of its plain plot.
Ответ:

W hy is ‘G ladiator’ not M ariela’s favo u rite film ?


1) I t ’s too m ysterious.
2) For her i t ’s a usual film .
3) I t ’s not exciting.
Ответ:

M ariela th in k s th a t ‘The Sixth Sense’ was


1) made by the best director.
2) th e m ost unanticipated success.
3) made to frig h ten people.
Ответ:

A ccording to M ariela, w hat is good about ‘All about my M other’?


1) It has a lovely beginning and sad ending.
2) There are more positive feelings in it.
3) It can touch feelings of anybody.
Ответ:

W hat does M ariela say about Jo h n T ravolta in ‘Pulp fic tio n ’?
1) His role was not typical for him.
2) He could play any p a rt in it.
3) H e’s the best as a bad guy.
Ответ:

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54 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

W hat does M ariela th in k about ‘Chicago’?


1) I t ’s the best m usical ever.
2) The choice of the actors determ ined its success.
3) This m usical is not for the cinema.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и дуугих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Food: eatin g habits 5. P opulation


2. E ntertainm ent w ith vegetab les 6. Time to relax
3. Food: its featu res 7. W ith nature
4. E ntertainm ent w ith anim als 8. Spain as a sta te

A. A unique food b attle festival known as La Tom atina is celebrated in Spain every
year on the last W ednesday of A ugust. It involves thousands of people engaging
in a b ru ta l battle, throw ing overripe tom atoes a t each other. The festival spans
more th an a week and although th ere are m any elem ents to th e festival, such as
parades, m usic, dancing and firew orks, they are all centered on th e tom ato fig h t.
B. Spanish cuisine is a heavenly m ix tu re of chicken, m ixed vegetables, fish and m eats.
M any of the m ost popular Spanish dishes are a type of Paella, which is a rice dish
th a t featu res a variety of ingredients. H ot chocolate and churros are very popular
desserts th ro u g h o u t the country. Spain is also fam ous fo r its arom atic wines and
other alcoholic beverages like Sangria, Cava and au th en tic Spanish beer.
C. Spain is very rich w ith trad itio n s, especially those associated w ith food. For
b reakfast, some fam ilies buy fresh churros, pair them w ith hot chocolate and enjoy
a leisurely m orning routine. Lunch is an o th er im p o rtan t meal of th e day, and it
is usually heavier th an b reak fast. This is sometimes followed by a siesta, an
afternoon nap to get thro u g h post-lunch drow siness. D uring th is tim e, shops close
and then open again a fte r two or th ree hours of rest.
D. Spain is an im p o rtan t restin g spot fo r m igratory birds, and a home fo r many
anim als. B ut, u n fo rtu n ately , many species of w ildlife face th re a ts from h a b itat loss
and pollution. Due to centuries of tree c u ttin g , large forests are now found only
in a few areas in the country. Spain has created m any national parks and refuges,
b u t they cover only about seven percent of th e country.

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ВАРИАНТ 1 55

E. A lthough th ere is a national parliam ent, Spain is one of th e m ost decentralized


democracies in Europe. Each of its 17 regions m anages its own schools, hospitals,
and other public services. The to u rist services in d u stry drives S pain’s economy,
b u t a t the same tim e, since 1986, when Spain joined th e European Com m unity, it
has worked to diversify its economy, by building im p o rtan t in d u stries such as
m ining, shipbuilding, and textiles.
F. B ullfighting is one of the m ost fam ous tra d itio n s in Spain. This risky sport evolved
from the ancient Roman gladiator games, w ith hum an m atadors opposing charging
bulls. However, th is tra d itio n has lately become widely debated and younger
generations and anim al-rights activ ists p ro test against bullfig h tin g . E ith er way, it
rem ains an iconic p a rt of the country and b u llfig h ts take place in m any Spanish
tow ns and cities.
G. La siesta is a well-known aspect of Spanish culture. Seeking to balance work w ith
pleasure, Spaniards have long practiced th is tra d itio n , when stu d en ts and
professionals re tu rn to th e ir homes around m idday fo r a big lunch, followed by a
few hours of re st and fam ily tim e. Many businesses also sh u t down fo r a sh o rt
break. However, 21st-century big cities move a t a fa ste r pace, and don’t take
siestas, b u t many people in sm aller towns and villages still take a siesta each day.

А В С D Е F G

11 П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски A - F част ями предлож ений, обозна­
ченны м и цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е цифры,
обозначающие соот вет ст вующ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

Language and m obility

European Union citizens have the rig h t to live and work in o th er member states
besides th e ir home country. The European Union (EU) makes it possible fo r people to
go where the jobs are. Knowing other languages is the key to real m obility in the EU,
A __________________________ across th e continent.
L earning th e local language is not only th e key to g ettin g a job in an o th er country,
В ___________________________ . This often provides a whole new perspective on w hat
it is to be European and on w hat th e EU is creating jointly. The national histories
and cultural heritage of the different countries may differ, C .______________________ .
Being able to speak to one another raises aw areness of w hat people have in common
and at the same tim e increases m utual respect fo r cu ltu ral differences.
A study undertaken for the European Commission shows D ___________________________
th ro u g h a lack of language skills. This is p articu larly the case fo r small and m edium ­
sized enterprises E ______________________________. According to the study, nearly
1 m illion firm s have lost contracts w ith potential clients in oth er EU countries because
of language b arriers. The study also emphasizes th e necessity of m ultilingualism for
w inning business in world m arkets. M ultilingualism itse lf is an economic grow th
sector. In th is context, English is the key language, F ___________________________ .

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56 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

1. it also creates a bridge to th e cu ltu re of th e local people


2. th a t EU firm s can lose business opportunities
3. b u t the EU ’s collective objectives fo r the fu tu re are closely in tune
4. th a t are failing to use export opportunities in oth er EU countries
5. employing native speakers to work in export m arkets worldwide
6. b u t the study also stresses th e im portance of Chinese, A rabic and R ussian
7. enabling all EU citizens to take advantage of job and trav el opportunities
А В С D Е F

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 12—18. В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и
вариант у ответа.

W hen I grow up
W hen I was in kindergarten , my class was asked, “W h at do you w ant to be when
you grow up?” Colorful crayons danced across sheets of paper to illu stra te our dream
occupations and cherished jobs. O ur draw ings were hung in th e school hallw ay fo r our
p aren ts to see a t Back to School N ight. I rem em ber looking down th e line and seeing
pictures of p re tty ballerinas dancing, brave firefig h ters p u ttin g out a blaze, and
fearless astro n au ts leaping across the moon — adm irable careers th a t were seen as
typical dream s of five-year-old kids.
My picture showed a stick fig u re w ith brow n disheveled h air holding a carton of
orange juice over a large rectangle th a t was supposed to be a counter. U nderneath was
my barely legible handw riting: “W hen I grow up, I w ant to w ork at th e M arket B asket
because it would be fu n to swipe orange juice across the scanner and talk to custom ers.”
To th is day my parents w on’t let me fo rg et th a t out of everything I could have aspired
to be, my five-year-old self wished to work a t the local grocery store.
W hen we are young, questions of w hat we w ant to be when we grow up are
common. Yet we are not expected to respond w ith an answ er th a t is likely to come
tru e . However, when we become teenagers, we are asked the very same question twice
as often. The difference is, now we are supposed to answ er w ith confidence.
Teenagers are expected to know exactly w hat they w ant to be and how they are
going to achieve th a t goal. N ot all of us can be so sure at th is age. Even though I am
in high school, I cannot answ er convincingly. B ut I don’t consider th a t a bad th in g .
How am I supposed to know w hat I will w ant to spend my tim e doing a t the age of
th irty or forty?
W hen I th in k about the fu tu re , I definitely don’t see m yself w orking a t the counter
of the M arket B asket, b u t in reality , if th a t was w hat would make me happy, I would
do it. So, the next tim e someone asks me w hat I w ant to be when I grow up, I will
sim ply say, “I w ant to be happy.” And it is hope th a t drives us in th is direction.
“Hope is not a grain of san d ,” the Gambian poet, Lenrie P eters, echoes, b u t no
m a tte r how tin y it is, it would still be su fficien t to keep th e youth alive and sane in
m ost extrem e circum stances. It is hope th a t spurs th e youth on, to be up and doing.
It is hope th a t keeps the youth going no m a tte r how hard it is. Nelson M andela as
a youth hoped against all hope fo r th e liberation of his people and he actually lived
to see his hope being fulfilled. Robinson Crusoe, cast away on an uninhabited island,

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ВАРИАНТ 1 57

hoped against all hope fo r survival and th is propelled him to s ta r t from scratch and
build a compound and large farm single-handedly.
F ar away in “A nother C ountry: th e Land of L ite ra tu re ,” S ister Eileen Sweeney
sum s up thro u g h her w ritings th a t Hope is th e anchor th a t keeps “the ship” called
“y o u th ” steadfastly held tog eth er no m a tte r th e high and storm y sea of passion, pain,
distress or trib u latio n th a t b a tte r against it.
H appiness is a destination fo r everyone. We may w ant to walk d ifferen t path s in
life, narrow or wide, crooked or s tra ig h t, b u t we all w ant to be happy w herever we
end up. Choose your path , b u t don’t w orry too m uch about choosing wisely. Make
a m istake or two and try new thin g s. B ut always rem em ber, if you’re not happy,
you’re not a t the end of your journey yet.

12 In w hat way did the children in the k in d erg arten answ er th e question about th e ir
dream occupation?
1) They described th e ir p a re n ts’ actual occupation.
2) They took pictures of p aren ts a t th e Back to School N ight.
3) They drew people of th e ir dream careers in action.
4) They made up a list of the m ost common and w ide-spread professions.
Ответ: j
13 W hy did the a u th o r w ant to work in th e local grocery store?
1) It seemed to be an enjoyable occupation.
2) It was quite a realistic career goal.
3) H er parents spoke a lot about it.
4) She liked to make orange juice.
Ответ: |
14 A ccording to th e au th o r, when you grow up th e questions about career choice become
1) less convincing.
2) less common.
3) more frequent.
4) more stressfu l.
Ответ:
15 “T h a t” in “B ut I don’t consider th a t a bad th in g ” (paragraph 4) refers to
1) knowing in your teens exactly w hat you w ant to be.
2) w orking a t the counter of the M arket B asket grocery store.
3) being unsure of your fu tu re career when in high school.
4) having a definite idea of how to achieve one’s career goal.
Ответ:
16 W hat would th e a u th o r m ost probably like to do in the fu tu re?
1) W rite poems about difficulties of youth.
2) W ork as an independent farm er.
3) W ork for a local superm arket chain.
4) Do a job th a t brings her satisfaction.
Ответ:

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58 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Examples w ith Nelson M andela and Robinson Crusoe are m entioned by th e a u th o r to


1) illu stra te wise and successful career choices.
2) prove how im p o rtan t it is not to lose hope.
3) inspire teenagers to believe in th e ir own effo rt.
4) show w hat to do in extrem e circum stances.
Ответ:

18 W hat conclusion does the a u th o r make?


1) Make a wise choice when th in k in g of your fu tu re profession.
2) Look for an activ ity th a t makes you happy.
3) Do not forget about the happiness of o th er people.
4) Be careful not to make a m istake when try in g new things.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

П рочит айт е приведённые ниже т екст ы. Преобразуйт е, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечат анны е заглавны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номера­
м и 1 9 -2 5 , т ак, чтобы они грам м ат ически соот вет ст вовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

The largest sn ow fall in decades

This w eek’s snowfall in B razil is one of th e larg est in decades. As snow


on the ground is not a very common landscape in a so-called tropical
country, everybody ____________________ excited when th ey saw FEEL
stre ets in snow.

In th e cities by the sea people are used to spending th e sum m er sun


bathing. They ____________________ very m uch when they saw snow SURPRISE
covering the city.

It ____________________ long before social media became loaded w ith NOT BE


pictures of w hite fields and roads, and snowmen.

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ВАРИАНТ 1 59

Flood in S an ta C laus’ home

The usual images of the N orth Pole are im pressive ice sheets, bu t
scenes from a webcam th ere reveal a d ifferen t story. M eteorologists
have reported th a t tem peratures in early Ju ly were one to th ree degrees
C e lsiu s____________________ th a n th e y ear’s average over m ost of the HIGH
A rctic Ocean.

Thanks to rapidly m elting ice, S anta Claus n o w ____________________ HAVE


his own swimming pool. The N orth Pole is currently a lake, Canada.com
reports.

The lake is about a foot deep, ____________________ entirely of the CONSIST


m elted ice itself. It shows a dram atic change is th e A rctic clim ate.

In fact, a pool of m elted w a te r ____________________ a t th e N o rth Pole FORM


every year now since 2002. The m ythical home of S anta Claus has been
officially flooded!

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

R ussia in space

Some of the g reatest and m ost prom inent inventions in the quest to
explore space have a R ussian connection. The fa th e r of theoretical
astronautics, K onstantin Tsiolkovsky, was a Soviet. His works have
been an in spiration to ____________________ R ussian rocket engineers LEAD
V alentin Glushko and Sergev Korolyov.

S o v ie t____________________ paved the way to the well-known success SCIENCE


of the R ussian space program . S putnik I, th e firs t a rtificial satellite
orbiting the E a rth , was launched in 1957.

On A pril 12, 1961, Y ury G agarin made th e firs t SUCCESS


hum an trip to space.

29 Since then, m any other R ussian and Soviet records in space


followed. EXPLORE

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60 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

30 Even now, R ussia continues to be the in satellite LEAD


launching.

It is also the sole tra n sp o rt provider fo r space ____________________ . TOUR


O ther Soviet contributions to th e developm ent of space flig h ts include
the invention of space food, space suits, hum an spaceflight, and hum an
space orbit.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

S t. P a u l’s School
I have sweet memories of my childhood and my fam ily. I also 3 2 1 ________ going
to St. P a u l’s School a t the age of eleven. There I was made to work really h ard for
the firs t tim e in my life. A t my prep school I was top in alm ost every subject w ithout
having to do much more th an any oth er child, and [33 I was called sw ot”
or “sw otty”, it never w orried me. A t St. P a u l’s th ere tu rn e d [34 to be several
boys who were clever, b u t none of them could touch me when it came to m aths.
I enjoyed a subject so m any of my classm ates seemed to dread. I couldn’t w ait fo r the
next algebraic equation, a fu rth e r geom etric puzzle or th e challenge of solving an
a r ithm etic te st in my head while others in the form sucked th e ir pencils as they
35 ________pages of figures.
I did quite well in o th er subjects and although I was not m uch good at games
I to ok up the cello and was invited to join the school orchestra, b u t my form m aster
3 6 1 ________ none of th is was im p o rtan t because I was obviously going to be
a m athem atician for th e re st of my life. I d id n ’t u n d erstan d w hat he m eant a t the
tim e, as I knew Dad had left school a t fo u rteen to help my g ra n d fa th e r to sell fr u it
and vegetables a t his small grocery. Mum had gone to London U niversity, b u t she
37 had t o work to keep Dad “in the style to which h e’d become accustom ed.”
Or th a t’s w hat I 38 to hear Mum tellin g him a t b reak fast from tim e to
tim e.

32 1) review 2) rem ind 3) rem em ber 4) repeat


Ответ:
33 1) however 2) although 3) therefore 4) nevertheless
Ответ:
34 1) over 2) off 3) in 4) out
Ответ:
35 1) reflected 2) tho u g h t 3) considered 4) judged
Ответ:
36 1) spoke 2) said 3) talked 4) told

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ВАРИАНТ 1 61

1) still 2) even 3) ju st 4) so
Ответ:

1) held 2) used 3) kept 4) made


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛ АН К ОТВЕТОВ Л? 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д л я ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйт е б ла н к ответов № 2. Черновые


пом ет ки могут делат ься прямо на лист е с заданиям и, и ли можно использо­
ват ь от дельный черновик. П ри вы полнении заданий 39 и 40 особое вним ание
обратите на то, что В аш и от вет ы будут оцениват ься т олько по записям,
сделанны м в Б Л А Н К Е О ТВ Е ТО В № 2. Н и к а к и е записи черновика не будут
учит ы ват ься экспертом. Обратите вним ание также на необходимость со­
блю дения указанного объёма т екст а. Текст ы недостаточного объёма, а т а к ­
же часть т екст а, превыш ающ ая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запиш ит е
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а зат ем от вет на него. Е сли одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использоват ь другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Elisabeth who
w rites:

...Yesterday I finished reading a book about the 14th century England. W h a t


kinds o f books do you like reading? W h a t do th in k the m ost interesting period in
R ussian history is and why? I f there were a tim e machine, w hat country and w hat
era would you like to visit?
I got a new camera for m y birthday this year! ...

W rite a le tte r to Elizabeth.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her b irth d ay th is year.

W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

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62 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Comment on th e following statem en t.

I t ’s im portant for high school stu d en ts to stu d y compulsory subjects, even if they
don’t see any need for them in the near future.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an introduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 2

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услы ш ит е 6 вы сказы ваний. У ст ановит е соот вет ст вие между вы сказы ва­
ниям и каждого говорящего A - F и ут верж дениями, данны м и в списке 1 -7 .
И спользуйт е каждое утверж дение, обозначенное соот вет ст вую щ ей цифрой,
т олько один р а з. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды. Занесит е свои от вет ы в т аблицу.

1. P u ttin g pocket money aside may be useful in th e fu tu re.


2. G etting pocket money makes children plan th e ir own budgets.
3. There are m any m inuses about having pocket money.
4. Receiving pocket money can teach a child about economics.
5. Some parents th in k th a t pocket money should be earned.
6. C hildren can spend pocket money doing kind things.
7. Pocket money should be spent on small pleasures.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услы ш ит е диалог. Определите, какие из приведённы х утверж дений A - G


соот вет ст вую т содержанию т екст а (1 — T ru e ), какие не соот вет ст вую т
(2 — F a lse) и о чём в т екст е не сказано, то есть на основании т екст а нель­
зя дать ни полож ительного, ни от рицат ельного от вет а (3 — N o t s ta te d ). З а ­
несит е номер выбранного В ам и вариант а от вет а в т аблицу. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

А Jack always has a headache in museum s.

В Jack has never been to th is m useum before.

С Tracy finds going to m useum s useless.

D Tracy w ants to be a fashion designer.

Е Jack prefers still life paintings.

F Jack is hungry.

G Jack would like to see some still life paintings.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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64 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вы. услы ш ит е интервью. В за да ни ях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


и ли 3, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и вариант у ответа. В ы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

W hich of the following is TRUE about th e US In s titu te of In tern atio n al Education?


1) Jan e Brown is its president.
2) It works for the S tate D epartm ent.
3) I t ’s not a commercial organization.
Ответ:

W hich of the following is NOT TRUE about the recent statistic s of in tern atio n al
education in the USA?
1) There were 23% more in tern atio n al stu d en ts th is academic year.
2) The 2011-2012 year had the highest am ount of in tern atio n al stu d en ts.
3) The num ber of in tern atio n al stu d en ts has grown substantially.
Ответ: □
W hat does Jan e Brown say about A m ericans who stu d y abroad?
1) Only a few of them do so.
2) Their percentage w ent up slightly.
3) They p refer to study in China.
Ответ:

W hy, according to Jan e Brown, do young Chinese people go to stu d y abroad?
1) They w ant to trav el around th e world.
2) Chinese education is of low quality.
3) T heir fam ilies can afford it.
Ответ: !

From which country do m ost in tern atio n al stu d en ts come to America?


1) China.
2) India.
3) Korea.
Ответ:

8 W hy, according to Jan e Brown, do m any in tern atio n al stu d en ts choose to come to
Am erica?
1) U niversities in A m erica are large.
2) They have a wide choice of colleges.
3) A m erican universities p refer them to A m erican students.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 2 65

How many in tern atio n al stu d en ts are th ere in A m erica in com parison w ith domestic
students?
1) A small am ount.
2) A big percentage.
3) An equal proportion.

Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами A —G и заголовками 1—8. Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. How people used to treat them 5. How they confuse th e scien tists
2. How they get th eir food 6. W hen they scare the people
3. W here they live 7. How they breed
4. How people sta rt to collect th eir im ages 8. W hat endangers them

A. Flam ingos are very social and often live in large groups, called colonies, th ro u g h o u t
the world. They are found in both th e E astern and W estern hem ispheres. The
A m erican Flam ingo is the only one th a t lives in th e wild in N orth A m erica, and
on m any Caribbean islands such as th e Bahamas, Cuba, and H ispaniola. It also lives
in n o rth ern South Am erica, the Galapagos Islands, and p a rts of Mexico.
B. Flam ingos fish while w alking in shallow w ater and m ud. W hen a flam ingo notices
its potential dinner (for example, shrim p, snails, and plantlike w ater organism s),
it plunges its head into the w ater, tw ists its head upside down, and scoops th e fish
up using its upper beak like a shovel. Flam ingos get th e ir pink coloring from the
carotenoid pigm ent in th e ir food, which is the same pigm ent th a t makes carrots
orange.
C. Flam ingos build nests th a t look like m ounds of m ud along w aterw ays. The p aren ts
take tu rn s sittin g on the egg to keep it warm and a fte r about 30 days the egg
hatches. Young flam ingos are born w hite, w ith soft, downy feath ers and a stra ig h t
bill. Both ad u lt birds look a fte r th e newborn flam ingo. The young leave th e nest
a fte r about five days to join o th er young flam ingos in sm all groups, re tu rn in g to
th e ir parents for food.

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66 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

D. Scientists a re n ’t 100% sure why flam ingos stand on one leg, b u t they have some
theories. One theory says th a t it is to keep one leg warm. A nother idea is th a t
flam ingos are drying out one leg at a tim e. A th ird theory states th a t it helps
them deceive th e ir catch, because one leg looks more like a p lan t th an do two.
W hatever the reason, it is tru ly am azing th a t these top heavy birds can balance
on one leg for hours at a tim e.
E. A ncient E gyptians believed th a t flam ingos were th e living rep resen tatio n of the
god Ra. In the A m ericas, the Moche people of ancient P eru w orshipped n a tu re and
paid a g reat deal of atte n tio n to these birds and often depicted flam ingos in th e ir
a rt. However, A ndean m iners killed flam ingos fo r th e ir fa t, which is believed to
be a rem edy fo r tuberculosis, and in A ncient Rome th e ir tongues were considered
a delicacy.
F. Many people have plastic flam ingos in th e ir yards as ornam ents. This is a fun and
inexpensive way to add some elegance to one’s landscaping. In many p a rts of the
world flam ingos are popular collectibles, appearing in the form of m agnets, w ater
globes, and jewelry. They are also said to be an im age th a t people find to be calm ing
and exciting a t the same tim e. For these purposes people buy m illions of plastic
flam ingos annually all around th e world.
G. Flam ingos have been affected in many ways by global w arm ing. One of th e biggest
concerns is m aking nests and laying eggs. Flam ingos depend on rain fall to help
them m ate and w ithout adequate rain they won’t engage in it. Many researchers
find th a t global w arm ing reduces th e chance of ra in and can cause d ro u g h t in some
of the areas where they live. This could mean a sig n ifican t reduction of offspring
in the years ahead.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски A -F част ями предлож ений, обозна­
ченны ми цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е цифры,
обозначающие соот вет ст вующ ие части предлож ений, в т аблицу.

R unning a m u ltilin gu al European U nion


The use of 23 official languages is the public face of the European Union (EU).
The reasons A __________________________ are not hard to identify: they are democracy,
transparency and the rig h t to know. New legislation m ust be published and made
available in a language all EU citizens can und erstan d . The use of all official languages
also makes it easier for people to particip ate in public debates and consultations
В __________________________ .
Its law -m aking function and th e d irect involvem ent of its citizens explain
C __________________________ like the U nited N ations or NATO, which operate only
a t th e intergovernm ental level w ith no legislative function. The U nited N ations,
w ith more th a n 190 mem bers, uses only six languages. The Council of Europe,
D _______________________, publishes official docum ents only in English and French,
as does NATO.

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ВАРИАНТ 2 67

R unning a m ultilingual EU comes a t a price. B ut it is a m odest price when set


against the resu lts. The annual cost of tra n slatio n and in te rp re ta tio n is about 1% of
the EU budget, E __________________________ . The to ta l cost has risen by only a small
m argin despite the arriv al of 12 new countries since 2004.
The EU in stitu tio n s have adjusted th e ir procedures over th e years to handle the
rising num ber of official languages. Translators work w ith w ritten texts, and in terp reters
w ith the spoken word. B ut they m ust be able to tra n sla te or in te rp re t into th e ir m ain
language, F __________________________ , from a t least two o th er EU languages.
1. w ith more members th an the EU
2. which is usually th e ir m other tongue
3. th a t the EU launches, often online
4. which is a little over 2 for every citizen
5. why the EU uses so many official languages
6. th a t was earlier tran slated into th ree m ain languages
7. why the EU uses more languages th an m u ltin atio n al bodies

А В С D Е F

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и
вариант у ответа.

Internet safety issu es


The fact is th a t 93 percent of kids are online.
Even if p aren ts lim it or ban in te rn e t access, kids have access a t school, th ro u g h a
frie n d ’s sm art phone, libraries, and schools. The in te rn e t is a tool th a t our children
need to use and m aster w ith wisdom dispensed by p aren ts. We need tech-savvy youth
who will grow up to be leaders of the com m unity.
Many schools use w ebsites such as EdModo to connect stu d en ts and teachers. My
friend Reem is the vice principal of an Islam ic School. She says th a t m any teachers
assign work from school th a t children need to research online. Some of the best
homeschooling resources are online.
Far too m any parents do not allow th e ir children m onitored access to the in te rn e t,
leading to two scenarios. Their children end up lying and using it behind th e ir back;
or are so sheltered th a t they do not know how to conduct them selves online when they
finally do get access.
On the o th er hand, more often th an not, th ere are paren ts who freely give
unm onitored access.
B ut caretakers raising children in to d ay ’s world need to th in k about several issues:
• How does a p arent know if h is /h e r child is engaging in in appropriate In te rn e t
activities?
• How would a p aren t know if h is /h e r child is cyber-bullied if he or she does not
tell them ?

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68 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

According to Common Sense Media, “Y oung teens don’t yet have an “o ff” sw itch
in their brains. T hat m eans th a t they often act im pulsively. This lack of impulse
control, combined w ith online anonym ity, could lead tow ard dangerous behaviors:
cyber-bullying, inappropriate photo or video uploads, illegal downloads, m eeting
stra n g ers - even cheating. Because socializing is so im p o rtan t to young people, online
interactions can become p re tty intense - w hether th ey ’re playing games, c h attin g w ith
friends, or sh arin g w ork.”
U sing open com m unication and th o u g h tfu l in terv en tio n , parents can help th e ir
w ired offspring learn how to m aneuver electronic gadgets and th e W orld W ide Web.
Here are some tip s on how to give children m onitored access to th e In tern et:
• spend tim e w ith your children online.
• ask to see th e ir Facebook page, th e ir Instagram s, and T w itter feed. It may seem
like a foreign te rrito ry , b u t it is im perative th a t paren ts talk to th e ir children about
social media. A t th is stage, it is not our job to try to protect them by isolating them .
It is our job to teach them how to deal w ith inform ation and w ith people.
• younger children often play on w ebsites such as Movie S ta r P lan et, Moshi
M onsters, and new ones pop up every day. Most of these sites teach extrem e
consum erism as children ‘play’ to accum ulate points or currency and use it to ‘b u y ’
stu ff: fu rn itu re , VIP passes, etc.; u rg in g your child to become ‘Rich and Fam ous.’
As responsible p arents, we need to prevent children from becoming m indless consum ers.
If you do allow your child to v isit these sites, then w atch them while they play.
• teach them not to talk to or chat w ith random stran g ers. T hat person w ith
a name G irlie45 could, possibly, be a m iddle-aged predator. Teach them th a t everything
th a t they p u t online is there forever. Anyone can cu t, copy and paste pictures and
te x t. Teach them how to be safe online because today it is as im p o rtan t as safety
basics about locking the door or not playing w ith m atches.

12 W hat does the a u th o r th in k about educational value of prohibiting children from


in tern et?

1) It is useless.
2) It is im portant.
3) It is effective.
4) It is advisable.
Ответ:

13 W hat way of using in te rn e t in education does th e a u th o r m ention (paragraph 2)?

1) Finding ready-m ade research papers.


2) Online in stru ctio n by school ad m in istratio n .
3) Com m unication platform for teachers and stu d en ts.
4) Teaching from home.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 2 69

W hat, according to the au th o r, can the p a re n ts’ refu sal to allow th e ir children
supervised in te rn e t access lead to?

1) C hildren become overprotected.


2) C hildren use in te rn e t in schools un d er te ac h e r’s control.
3) C hildren tu rn to m isconduct in schools.
4) C hildren s ta r t cheating on th e ir parents.
Ответ:

W hat does the phrase ‘don’t have an “off” switch in their brains’ (paragraph 5) mean?

1) They are unable to re stra in from spontaneous actions.


2) They are m aking reckless decisions.
3) They are acting anonym ously online.
4) They are considering the consequences of th e ir actions.

A ccording to the te x t, the best way to protect children from in te rn e t hazards is to

1) m onitor th e ir accounts in social netw orks.


2) follow them online.
3) ban them from using social netw orks.
4) lim it th e ir access to com puter.
Ответ:

The danger of online games is, according to th e au th o r, in

1) th e possibility of losing one’s money.


2) availability of VIP passes.
3) g ettin g used to spending money easily.
4) th e ir accessibility.
Ответ:

W hat idea is em phasized in the last paragraph?

1) C hatting w ith stran g ers online can be dangerous.


2) Nicknames conceal the real id e n tity of a person online.
3) Learning in te rn e t security is essential fo r young people.
4) P ictures should be uploaded wisely.

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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70 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

W hy do th e Chinese ca ll the Y ellow R iver in China “China’s Sorrow ”?

The H uang He, or Yellow R iver, in China is called “C hina’s Sorrow ”


by th e Chinese them selves. Since long ago, flo o d in g ___________________ BE
a serious problem.

20 The ____________________ , m ost sorrow ful flood on record happened BAD


in 1931.

21 The w aters began to rise in Ju ly , and by November of th a t year, more


th a n 40,000 square miles had been flooded, ____________________ LEAVE
80 m illion people homeless.

A rabbit and a tortoise

Once th ere lived a rabbit and a to rto ise. The rab b it challenged the
tortoise to have a race w i t h ____________________ . The tortoise agreed HE
and they sta rte d the race.

The rabbit ran ____________________ th an th e tortoise, and in a few FAST


m inutes he was near the crossing line. He couldn’t see the tortoise, so
he decided to re st for a while till the to rto ise arriv ed and th en he
would quickly cross th e line.

24 The rabbit lay down under a tree and soon he was asleep. W hen he
awoke, he saw th a t the tortoise ____________________ th e line. CROSS

25 The tortoise ____________________ th e m atch, showing th a t i t ’s more W IN


im p o rtan t to be steady and active th a n to be fast.

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ВАРИАНТ 2 71

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже т екст . Образуйте от слов, на п еча т а нны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

S co ttish inventions

Do you know how the re frig e ra to r was invented? It is one of th e most


im p o rtan t ____________________ of th e Scots to th e world. CONTRIBUTE

If Jam es H arrison (1816-1893), a Scottish im m igrant to A u stralia,


d id n ’t ____________________ push eth er gas into a m etal tube, people ACCIDENTAL
m ight still be using boxes filled w ith blocks of ice to cool th e ir food.

The m ain problem was how to overcome th e need fo r ice in the


____________________ process. REFRIGERATE

Ice had to be cut fresh from frozen lakes and stored inside an
underground house until it was ready to be used as a ___________________ . COOL

30 A ustralians had d ifficu lty gaining access to __ ice NATURE


since A u stralia does not enjoy th a t m any lakes.

31 H arriso n ’s discovery was beneficial th e world over, b u t especially


im p o rtan t for A u stralia because now it could export frozen m eat to
Europe. He even tried one such journey to Europe, b u t th e eth er had
leaked d u rin g the voyage and ruined the en tire cargo. H arrison went
b an k ru p t b u t his legacy m eant a huge ____________________ to the DIFFER
A u stralian economy.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты,
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

A t home
The holiday tim e was approaching. H arry h ad n ’t been 32 ______forw ard to the
holidays; not ju s t because he wondered if h e’d ever see his frien d Giles again, b u t also
because it m eant 33 to No. 27 A shton Road. He would have to share a room
w ith his uncle, Stan.
H a rry ’s days a t A shton Road [34 ______ into a w ell-ordered routine: up a t five,
one slice of to ast for b reakfast, rep o rt to M r. Deakins a t th e new sagent’s by six, stack
the papers in the correct order, then deliver them . The whole exercise took about two

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72 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

hours, [ 3 5 |________ him to be back home in tim e fo r a cup of tea w ith Mum before
she w ent off to work. A t around e ig h t-th irty H arry would set off fo r th e library,
where he would m eet up w ith his best frien d , Billy. Billy was always sittin g on the
top step w aiting p atiently for him.
In the afternoon, H arry would report for choir practice, as p a rt of his 36 ________
to St Bede’s. He never 3 7 1________ it as such because he enjoyed singing so much.
In fact, he often prayed, “Please, God, when my voice breaks, let me be a tenor
and I ’ll never ask for anything else.”
A fter spending the evening going [38 _____ old exam papers, H arry would climb
into bed around ten. He quickly fell asleep because he felt tired at the end of the day.

32 1) seeing 2) looking 3) w atching 4) glancing


Ответ:

33 1) replacing 2) re tu rn in g 3) resto rin g 4) rem oving


Ответ:

1) kept 2) held 3) went 4) fell


Ответ:

35 1) agreeing 2) ad m ittin g 3) allowing 4) accepting


Ответ:

36 1) agreem ent 2) obligation 3) requirem ent 4) responsibility


Ответ:

37 1) regarded 2) respected 3) th o u g h t 4) found


Ответ:

38 1) about 2) w ith 3) over 4) into


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ J\ls 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и драгих дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 2 73

Раздел 4. Письмо
Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые
пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. П ри выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы, будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend M ary who w rites:

...My aunt lives in A rkansas and last week her house was ruined by a tornado.
W hat do you think are the most horrible natural disasters? Which of them are
typical of the place where you live? W hat can people do to protect themselves from
them?
M y history teacher got the annual award “B est teacher of the year”, I ’m so
happy for her!...

W rite a le tte r to Mary.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her h isto ry teacher.

W rite 100—140 words.


Rem ember th e rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem en t.

Childhood is the safest period of human life.

W h at is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 —2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 3

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A - F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. G irls are supposed to like it.


2. This holiday has a m eaningful history.
3. One of th is holiday’s trad itio n s has changed over tim e.
4. This holiday can p u t you in a very special mood.
5. People can behave any way on th is holiday.
6. This holiday is a tim e for new hopes.
7. This holiday su its my character perfectly.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T ru e), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N o t sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А Joey is n ’t glad to have come back to England.

В Joey took only a few photos du rin g his trip .

С K athy likes spending her holidays in Greece.

D Joey did some w ater sports in A u stralia.

Е Joey stopped playing tennis because of an in ju ry .

F K athy and Joey are going to have a tennis game tom orrow .

G K athy is still a student.

Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 3 75

Вы услы ш ит е интервью. В задани ях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


и ли 3, соот вет ст вующ ую выбранному В ам и вариант у ответа. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

3 W hat is TRUE about the allowance paren ts give to children?


1) It should be as much as children w ant.
2) Its am ount varies in d ifferen t fam ilies.
3) It should be eith er weekly or m onthly.
Ответ:
4 W hat, according to Lora Johns, should paren ts NOT do when giving pocket money?
1) Give more a fte r kids have spent it.
2) Teach children how to spend it.
3) Discourage children to spend it quickly.
Ответ:
5 W hat does Lora Jo hns say about kids earning pocket money?
1) They should use it to s ta r t a business.
2) C hildren should be required to give money to ch arities.
3) R outine chores shouldn’t be paid.
Ответ:
6 W hat does Lora Johns NOT list as a positive th in g to do w ith pocket money?
1) P u ttin g it aside. 2) Buying p resents. 3) G iving it to friends.
Ответ:
7 How do banks benefit from offering services to children?
1) The children bring th e ir parents to th e bank.
2) The children become clients in the fu tu re.
3) The banks spend less money on advertising.
Ответ:
8 According to Lora Johns, saving teaches children to
1) budget. 2) invest in banks. 3) set costly goals.
Ответ:
9 W hat, according to Lora Johns, is good about having a savings account fo r a child?
1) A child can finally have a big sum of money.
2) It teaches some basic rules of investing your money.
3) The money is la te r invested in business.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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76 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение
Уст ановит е соот вет ст вие между т екст ам и А -G и заголовкам и 1 -8 . Занесит е
свои от вет ы в т аблицу. И спользуйт е каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. See a snake craw ling down 5. Lost city


2. N atural wonder 6. The really cool place
3. Created to protect 7. Go there now
4. M ysterious rocks 8. A ncient sculptures

A. E ight thousand feet above sea level, th is five-century-old pre-Columbian site was
once home to the Incas. U ntil A m erican h isto rian H iram Bingham publicized his
findings of the area in a book called “Across South A m erica,” the m ountain-top
ru in s were widely unknow n to anyone living outside of the U rubam ba Valley. Since
Spanish colonialists had no idea of M achu P icchu’s existence, Incan arch itectu re
and design of the buildings were preserved.
B. Does the arrangem ent of the 25-ton sandstone blocks at Stonehenge suggest some
sort of spiritual prediction? No one really knows. Theories about the nearly 5,000-year-
old circular stone stru ctu re vary. The most in triguing tim e to visit Stonehenge is at
sunset when a yellow-orange glow can be seen through the m agnificent tow ers’ arches
m aking some people believe th a t it was originally a place of healing, while others
think it was used for ancestor worship.
C. The 1,500-year-old pyram ids, located near the town of M erida, may be less popular
th a n th e ir equivalents in Egypt, b u t they are ju s t as rem arkable. A lthough there
are many stru c tu re s there like the Temple of the W arrio rs or the W all of Skulls,
the m ain a ttra c tio n is El Castillo, the 78-foot, 91-step cen tral pyram id. The absolute
best tim e to travel to El Castillo is a t sunset when shadows give the illusion th a t
a large serpent is sliding down th e pyram id.
D. The E a rth ’s southernm ost point, A n tarctica, is the d riest and coldest of the seven
continents. For a place th a t is 98 per cent covered in one-mile-deep ice, it is hard
to im agine why anyone would w ant to v isit it a t all. B ut th ere is a stran g e beauty
about A n tarctica th a t is incom parable to anywhere else on the planet. Anyway,
while A ntarctica has no perm anent residents, th ere are often up to 5,000 researchers
w orking th ere at a tim e.
E. It is believed th a t hundreds of years ago th e natives of E aster Island carved massive
heads out of stone to honor th e ir ancestors. Today, th ere are 887 “m oai,” as the
statu es are called, which create a m ysterious, yet in trig u in g landscape on th is
Polynesian island, which is a four-and-a-half hour flig h t from Lima, P eru. The
tallest statu e on the island, named Paro, is 33 feet high and weighs 82 tons.
F. N orth A m erica’s Red Canyon is 277 river miles long, eighteen miles wide, and one
mile deep, and if it doesn’t make your m outh drop w ith surprise, then you m ight
not be human! Most tou rists go there by car and there are plenty of spots along the
way to pull the car over and have a look from the top. You can also go down into
the canyon’s depths and experience th e very h eart of the canyon by going ra ftin g
on the Colorado R iver, and even spend the night at a hotel below the rim .

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 3 77

G. Thousands of miles long, the G reat W all of China is th e larg est cu ltu ral object
hum ans have ever built. It m ajestically snakes th ro u g h China, w inds around risin g
and falling hills, tw ists th ro u g h an enorm ous countryside, and stretch es from
Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Lake in the west. However, th e wall was constructed
more th an 2,000 years ago not to amaze people, b u t in an attem p t to keep out
invading tribes from th e n orth.

А В С D Е F G

П рочит айт е т екст и заполнит е пропуски А - F част ям и предлож ений, обозна­


ченны м и цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесит е цифры,
обозначающие соот вет ст вующ ие част и предлож ений, в т аблицу.

Finding your sportsm an spirit

Doing sports, we can really te st our physical fitn ess in contest, and it is one of
the only ways th a t nations clash peacefully. Sportsm en and sportswom en are to d ay ’s
w arriors — the contests A __________________________ on the pitches and courts are
the closest th ings we have to gladiatorial fig h tin g .
If sportsm en are like w arriors, then th e ‘sportsm an s p irit’ could be considered the
closest th in g we have to a w a rrio r’s code — to bushido or to chivalry. If you develop
good sportsm anship then th is means th a t you take joy in th e contest and a t th e same
tim e В __________________________ , th a t you win graciously and th a t you don’t cheat.
If you have p u t tim e and effort into tra in in g then you are aware of the blood, sweat
and tears th a t the opposition has p u t in as well. They will have had the same dedication
to th e ir game as you have and you will know precisely C __________________________ .
In th is way you are brothers (or sisters) and the only difference between you is
D ________________________________d ifferen t team s. For th is reason they deserve your
respect.
There are m any trad itio n s in m any sports to help us re ta in good relationships w ith
our opponents. This means th ings like shaking hands at th e end of a tennis m atch,
and th is is E __________________________ and honourable ra th e r th an ju s t being m uddy
skirm ishes.
You m ight have perform ed b rillian tly on the pitch, b u t you are kidding yourself if
you believe F __________________________ of your own doing. If nothing else, the
w eather and luck will have played a role in the outcome, and if you’re playing a team
sport then you are only one cog in a m achine.

1. w hat keeps sports civil


2. who can’t keep th e ir tem per
3. th a t you chose
4. th a t you respect your opponent
5. th a t your victory was entirely
6. th a t are played out
7. w hat they have been through
А В С D Е F

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78 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

П рочит айт е т екст и вы полнит е задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запиш ит е


в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2, 3 и ли 4, соот вет ст вующ ую вы бранному Вам и
вариант у ответа.

Your am azing brain


You carry around a three-pound mass of w rinkly m aterial in your head th a t controls
every single th in g you will ever do. From enabling you to th in k , learn, create, and
feel em otions to controlling every blink, b reath , and h eartb eat — th is fa n ta stic control
center is your brain. It is a s tru c tu re so am azing th a t in th e forew ord to Discovering
the B ra in , fam ous scientist Jam es W atson w rote, “The brain is th e m ost complex
th in g we have yet discovered in o ur universe. It contains hundreds of billions of cells
in terlinked th ro u g h trillio n s of connections. The brain confuses the m ind.” Obviously
to u n derstand brain function, we need to confront its complexity.
Im agine your kitten is on the kitchen counter. She’s about to step onto a stove. You
have only seconds to act. Accessing the signals coming from your eyes, your brain
quickly calculates when, where, and at w hat speed you will need to dive to intercept
her. Then it orders your muscles to do so. Your tim ing is perfect and she’s safe. No
com puter can come close to your b ra in ’s awesome ability to download, process, and
react to the flood of inform ation coming from your eyes, ears, and other sensory organs.
Y our brain contains about 100 billion microscopic cells called neurons — so many
it would take you over 3,000 years to count them all. W henever you dream , laugh,
th in k , see, or move, i t ’s because tin y chemical and electrical signals are racing between
these neurons along billions of tin y neuron highw ays. Believe it or not, th e activity
in your brain never stops. Countless messages zip around inside it every second like
a supercharged pinball m achine. Y our neurons create and send more messages th an all
the phones in the en tire world. A nd while a single neuron generates only a tin y
am ount of electricity, all your neurons to g eth er can generate enough electricity to
power a low -w attage bulb.
N eurons send inform ation to your brain a t more th an 150 miles
(241 kilom eters) per hour. For example, a bee lands on your bare foot. Sensory
neurons in your skin relay th is inform ation to your spinal cord and b rain at a speed
of more th an 150 miles (241 kilom eters) per hour. Y our brain th en uses m otor neurons
to tra n sm it the message back th ro u g h your spinal cord to your foot to shake th e bee
off quickly. M otor neurons can relay th is inform ation a t more th a n 200 miles
(322 kilom eters) per hour.
R iding a bike seems impossible a t first. B ut soon you m aster it. How? As you
practice, your brain sends “bike rid in g ” messages along certain pathw ays of neurons
over and over, form ing new connections. In fact, th e s tru c tu re of your brain changes
every tim e you learn, as well as w henever you have a new th o u g h t or memory.
It is well known th a t any exercise th a t makes your h e art beat fa ster, like ru n n in g
or playing basketball, is g re a t fo r your body and can even help improve your mood.
B ut large-scale effo rts of scientists from a group of in stitu te s from the N ational
In stitu te s of H ealth have recently showed th a t fo r a period of tim e a fte r you’ve
exercised, your body produces a chemical th a t makes your b rain more receptive fo r
gaining new knowledge. So if you’re stuck on a homework problem, go ou t and play
a game of soccer, then try the problem again. You ju s t m ight discover th a t you’re
able to solve it.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 3 79

12 A ccording to the te x t, the m ost distinctive ch aracteristic of th e brain is its


1) ability to control the body. 3) size.
2) elaborateness. 4) w eight.
Ответ:

13 The claims th a t the b rain is b e tte r th an any com puter because it
1) processes more inform ation.
2) works faster.
3) can download inform ation from d ifferen t sources.
4) reacts to inform ation more adequately.
Ответ:

14 According to th e te x t, the work of brain neurons influences


1) electricity production. 3) everything we do.
2) our dream s. 4) ch aracter of messages we send.
Ответ:

15 The n a rra to r compares the work of neurons to a pinball m achine to


1) show the character of brain work.
2) raise the aw areness of the b ra in ’s n atu re.
3) stress the am ount of inform ation th a t th e b rain processes.
4) illu stra te the shape of the neuron highways.
Ответ:

16 Com paring sensory and m otor neurons, we can make a conclusion th a t


1) m otor neurons tra n sm it inform ation faster.
2) th ere are more m otor neurons.
3) sensory neurons tra n sm it inform ation faster.
4) th ere are more sensory neurons.
Ответ: Q

17 The s tru c tu re of brain changes when


1) our memory fails. 3) we are rid in g a bike.
2) new neurons appear. 4) we acquire new knowledge.
Ответ:

18 Physical exercises proved to be good fo r ...


1) th e production of b rain chemicals.
2) solving homework problems.
3) giving the brain a rest.
4) m aintaining a good mood.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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80 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

New Zealand: geography

New Zealand consists of two m ain islands and a num ber of sm aller
islands so scattered th a t they range from th e tropical to the A n tarctic.
New Zealand ____________________ about 2,012 km southeast of LOCATE
A ustralia.

The two m ain islands are the N o rth Island and the South Island,
____________________ by Cook S tra it. The N o rth Island is 829 km long SEPARATE
and volcanic in its south-central p a rt.

South Island has the S outhern Alps along its west coast, w ith M ount
Cook being the ____________________ point. O ther inhabited islands HIGH
include S tew art Island, the C hatham Islands, and G reat B arrier Island.

Enough is enough

A woman came to P resident A braham Lincoln and told him w ith a


com m anding air: “Mr. P residen t, you m ust make my son a general.
Sir, I dem and it not as a favor, b u t as a rig h t. My g ra n d fa th e r
____________________ a t Lexington. FIGHT

23 My fa th e r was the only man who away at NOT RUN


Bladensburg.

My husband a t M onterrey.” KILL

“I guess, m adam ,” said Lincoln, “your fam ily ___________________ DO


enough for the country. It is tim e to give somebody else a chance.”

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ВАРИАНТ 3 81

П рочит айт е приведённы й ниже текст . Образуйте от слов, напечат анны х за ­


главны м и буквам и в конце строк, обозначенны х номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, т ак, чтобы они грамм ат ически и лексически соот вет ст вовали содер­
жанию т екст а. Заполнит е пропуски полученны м и словами. Каждый пропуск
соот вет ст вует от дельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

The heart of Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital of Thailand. Its num erous high-rise


____________________ , heavy tra ffic congestion, intense heat and BUILD
naughty n ig htlife may not im m ediately give you th e best im pression.

Don’t let th a t you. LEAD

28 It is one of A sia’s m ost cosm opolitan cities w i t h ____________________ IMPRESS


tem ples and palaces, authentic canals, busy m arkets and a v ib ran t
n ig htlife th a t has som ething fo r everyone.

The h e art of Bangkok is ____________________ its m agnificent Grand PROBABLE


Palace, which is one of the arch itectu ral wonders of th e world.

30 It is a ___ of highly decorated holy tem ples and COLLECT


m onum ents.

Its asym m etry and eclectic styles are due to its o rg a n ic _____________ , DEVELOP
w ith additions and rebuilding being made by successive reig n in g kings
over 200 years of history. It is w orth spending a t least a fu ll m orning
or afternoon th ere. A t n ig h t the palace is lit up and glows in vivid
colour.

П рочит айт е т екст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные вариант ы
ответов. Запиш ит е в поле ответа номер выбранного Вам и вариант а ответа.

“Looking for A lask a” by John Green

“Looking for A laska” , w ritten by Jo h n Green, is a sto ry th a t will leave the reader
moved by the characters. The readers will [3 2 j________ th in g s about them selves they
may have never known.

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82 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

The a u th o r graduated from Kenyon College and worked fo r th e “B ooklist” journal.


He reviewed hundreds of books, p articu larly lite ra ry fiction. In 33 he
critiqued novels for “The New York Times” Book Review. His firs t novel Looking for
A laska” was m ostly [34 by his experience a t a boarding school. This book
made the “Top 10 Best Book fo r Young A d u lts” and undoubtedly [35 it.
The novel is flaw lessly w ritten , m oving and stim u latin g . All th e ch aracters are
real and can create connections w ith th e ir audience. They no longer seem to behave
like fictional characters, b u t ra th e r real people th a t have sim ilar problems and ideas
as young a d u lts nowadays. 36 ______ of th is, readers are able to recognize th e ir
own search fo r self-identity or lab y rin th s they m ust escape th ro u g h th e m ain
characters.
Overall, I would recommend th is novel to kids in high school. The characters in
th is story showed me the good and bad p a rts of life and still [37] ________ me w ant
to live th ro ugh them . This novel generated a spectrum of em otions w ith each page
and I could 38 ________ p u t it down.

32 1) find 2) invent 3) open 4) discover


Ответ:

33 1) contrast 2) addition 3) general 4) comparison


Ответ:

34 1) im pressed 2) involved 3) inspired 4) included


Ответ:

1) deserved 2) earned 3) defended 4) confirm ed


Ответ:

1) Besides 2) Because 3) Instead 4) Despite


Ответ:

1) tu rn ed 2) kept 3) held 4) made


Ответ:

1) hardly 2) merely 3) really 4) nearly


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 3 83

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Ju d y who w rites:

...We’ve moved to Chicago. I love it here! Where would you like to live, if you
could choose? W hy do you think so many people move to big cities? Is it easy for
young people in Russia to change where they live, why or why not?
B y the way, my brother M ike got a new job!...

W rite a le tte r to Judy.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her b ro th e r’s new job.

W rite 100—140 words.


Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

The circus is the best entertainm ent for children.

W h at is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 00 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons for th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 4

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7.
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. V olunteering can help your academic career.


2. W hen you volunteer you gain a more profound u n d erstan d in g of life.
3. If you organize your life, you’ll find tim e fo r volunteering.
4. If you do kind things, i t ’ll re tu rn to you.
5. V olunteers sometimes need to be p ersisten t.
6. V olunteering dem ands too m uch of your tim e and energy.
7. V olunteering can expand your world.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T ru e), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А M atthew is good a t cooking.


И J ill w ants to cook som ething simple.
Ъ M atthew ’s grandm other is an im m igrant.

D In J ill’s fam ily, soup is a common dish.

Е M atthew prefers H ungarian cuisine to French.

F J ill will have to buy special equipm ent to make H ungarian soup.

G J ill has decided w hat soup to cook.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 4 85

Вы услы ш ит е интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запиш ит е в поле от вет а цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному В ам и вариант у от вет а. Вы услы ш ит е
запись дважды.

Tom B urk is going to speak about how to


1) make friends.
2) influence people.
3) make a favourable im pression.
Ответ:

A ccording to Tom B urk, when m aking an acquaintance one should NOT look to be
1) interested. 2) too self-confident. 3) friendly.
Ответ:

W hat does Tom B urk th in k about a ta le n t fo r com m unication?
1) People are born w ith it.
2) It can be developed.
3) Few people have it now.
Ответ:
W hat

is Tom B urk's a ttitu d e tow ards online com m unication?
1) He is against it.
2) He prom otes it.
3) He th inks it could be problem atic.
Ответ: □
W hat does Tom B urk say about the ‘to tal honesty’ policy?
1) I t ’s a very useful policy.
2) I t ’s not for the beginning of an acquaintance.
3) I t ’s a policy the psychologists don’t agree about.
Ответ:

W hich of the following topics would be suitable fo r th e firs t m eeting conversation
according to Tom Burk?
1) Personal problems. 2) People around you. 3) C ultural events.
Ответ: □
According to Tom B urk, com m unication problems may happen when
1) p aren ts are s tric t w ith th e ir children.
2) people begin to discuss d ifficu lt issues.
3) people meet a fte r a long period of tim e.
Ответ: □
По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы
в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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86 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Good enough for th e royal fam ily 5. From childhood and on


2. From wom en to th e m ilitary 6. From m ovie stars to every wom an
3. The com pany m oves overseas 7. Changes in cinem atography, changes
4. N ew products, new leaders in m ake-up
8. New place, new m ake-up

A. Max Factor is often called the fa th e r of m odern make-up. The success story started
in M ax’s early years. He was born Max Faktorowicz in Lodz, Poland, near the
R ussian border, around 1877. W ith 10 children, his paren ts could not afford
form al education fo r th e ir children, so a t th e age of eight Max was placed in an
apprenticeship to a pharm acist. Years of m ixing potions fo r th e pharm acy developed
his fascination w ith cosmetics.
B. Eventually, Max opened his own shop in a suburb of Moscow, selling hand-made
cosmetics. “H ealth and beauty products” became an im portant business for him.
A traveling theatrical troupe bought and wore M ax’s make-up and wigs while
perform ing for Russian nobility. Soon Max became the official cosmetic expert for
members of the Russian court, the Imperial Grand Opera and the Ballet.
C. In 1904, Max and his fam ily moved to th e U nited States. Max Faktorowicz was
now Max Factor, th e name given to him a t Ellis Island by im m igration officials.
Now Max F actor was dream ing of movie actors and actresses using his products.
He moved his fam ily to Los Angeles. In 1914, Max Factor created a make-up
specifically for movie actors th a t, unlike thick th eatrical m ake-up, would not crack.
D. The developm ent of color film production required the Max Factor company to
develop a new line of products. The existing make-up reflected su rro u n d in g colors.
As a resu lt of how bad they looked, m any actors and actresses refused to appear
in color film s. A t th is tim e F rank Factor, M ax’s son, took the lead and developed
a suitable product. It had a solid cake form and was applied w ith a damp sponge,
which concealed skin im perfections.
E. Soon actresses and other women w orking on movies sets were stealing new m ake­
up to use in th e ir personal lives. Its only disadvantage fo r everyday use was th a t
it made the skin too dark u n d er reg u lar lights, having been designed fo r the
pow erful lights used in film studios. Frank Factor began developing lig h te r shades.
In 1937, new “Pan-Cake” make-up was released to th e public and it became one of
the fa stest selling cosmetic item s.
F. A fte r Max F actor’s death, Frank Factor took the name Max Factor, J r ., and
expanded the still private cosmetics firm . The company began development of a
sm ear-proof lipstick which would not fade. A special machine was constructed to
te st the form ula’s resistance. The resu lt was “Tru-Color” lipstick in six shades of
red. D uring W orld W ar II, Max Factor developed make-up shades for use by the US
M arine Corps in camouflaging faces.

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ВАРИАНТ 4 87

G. Max Factor, J r ., continued his commercially successful developm ents, such as


cream make-up supplied in stick form . Soon the company offered shampoo fo r men
and its firs t perfum e called “E lectrique”. The early 1960s saw the company go
public and list its stock on th e New York Stock Exchange. This period also saw
th e th ird generation of the Factor fam ily rise to senior positions w ithin the
company.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

11 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

The discovery of three p lanets

In 1781, W illiam H erschel, view ing th e sky, recognized th a t an object in the


constellation of Gemini was moving against the background of stars. A t firs t, he
th o u g h t he was looking a t a new comet, b u t upon fu rth e r in vestigation realized
A ___________________________ .
H erschel named his discovery ‘th e G eorgian p la n et’ a fte r his patron,
George III. O ther names proposed included H erschel and U ranus. Eventually U ranus
became the universally accepted name. U ranus is sim ilar in com position to N eptune,
and both В __________________________ larg er gas g ian ts J u p ite r and S atu rn .
In th e 19th century it became evident th a t the orbit of U ranus did not follow
N ew ton’s law of G ravitation. Many astronom ers began to question w hether N ew ton’s
theory applied to an object so fa r from th e sun. However, two astronom ers, Jo h n
Couch Adams in England and U rbain Le V errier in France, both independently came
up w ith the theory C __________________________ by a more d ista n t planet.
W orking to Le V errier’s calculations, astronom ers at the Berlin O bservatory
D __________________________ . They had discovered th e eighth planet of the solar
system , N eptune. It was observed on 23 September 1846 by Johann Galle, and its largest
moon, T riton, was discovered shortly th ereafter, though none E ____________________
telescopically u n til the 20th century.
A fte r the discovery of N eptune, astronom ers F __________________________ the
solar system for a n in th planet. In 1930, an A m erican astronom er discovered the last
of the known w orlds of our solar system , Pluto.

1. of them realized
2. were able to identify th is planet
3. th a t he was looking at a new planet
4. th a t th e orbit of U ranus had been disturbed
5. sta rte d to look fu rth e r into th e depths of
6. are of d ifferen t chemical composition th a n the
7. of the p lan et's rem aining 12 moons were located
Ответ: А В С D Е F

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88 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Ordeal by w ater

It is tem pting to see th e riv e r Thames as an o th er a rte ry in London’s in teg rated


tra n sp o rt system , the same colour blue on th e map as th e V ictoria U nderground line.
In th is ideal world, passengers move effortlessly from riv er fe rry to tra in , bus or
Tube, continuing th e ir seamless journey carefree.
U nfortunately, th a t is not exactly how it is. F ath er Thames is not as kind and
even-tem pered as it m ight seem as one is looking a t the map. It is a m uddy, tidal
creek whose flukish c u rren ts insidiously rip round the base of bridges. N avigation is
hard. And the riv er is not stra ig h t: it does g ian t loops, especially around the Canary
W h arf financial d istric t. A passenger alig h tin g from a riv er fe rry often has to walk
five or ten m inutes to the nearest land connection.
W ith London’s Tube and buses b u rstin g a t the seams, a succession of en trep ren eu rs
have braved these negatives and tried unsuccessfully to set up com m uter services on
th is natu ral highw ay. Sean Collins reckons he is th e 15th since 1905 — b u t th is tim e
th ings may have changed. His business, which started as Collins R iver E nterprises in
1999, shows every sign of surviving its second decade, despite th e economy’s woes
and volatile fuel costs. Thames Clippers, as the firm is called these days, carried 3.2m
passengers in 2009, ru n n in g fa st catam arans between Woolwich, dow nriver of th e city
centre, and W aterloo.
Perhaps M r. Collins, now its m anaging director, sim ply was lucky enough to pick
the rig h t tim e. The past decade has been kind to the Thames. Big property developm ents
have sprung up on both sides of the riv er, and more are on th e ir way before th e 2012
Olympic games. A nd so fa r, a t least, Canary W h arf seems to be w eathering the
financial storm . B ut th ere has been still another advantage: both public and p rivate
backing for the firm have been crucial.
Thames Clippers gets a small subsidy from T ran sp o rt fo r London (TfL), p a rt of the
G reater London A uth o rity . A big step tow ards welcome in teg ratio n came in November,
when passengers were firs t allowed to use their TfL O yster fare cards on Thames
Clippers, too. And recently, Greenwich Council agreed to pay J2 6 9 ,0 0 0 fo r guaranteed
service between Greenwich and W oolwich over the next fo u r years.
One big problem is the jum bled ow nership and m anagem ent of landing piers: TfL
owns 7 of the 13 in central London and various property developers th e re st. A t piers
used jointly, the situ atio n does not favour th e ferries try in g to stick to a tim etable.
They can be delayed by to u rist boats hanging on fo r passengers. To have more control
of its schedule, Thames Clippers took over th e lease of the privately-ow ned London
Bridge City P ier in November.
A nother im pedim ent is the unnecessarily rigid restrictio n on speed. The P o rt of
London A u th o rity (PLA) imposes a 12-knot lim it west of W apping, which means th a t
boats can show th e ir ex h ilaratin g 30-knot cruising speed only on the eastern stretch es
of the river.
The PLA supports the plan to get more people on the riv er b u t in sists th a t safety
is param ount. It also points out th a t to u rists and fre ig h t, not ju s t com m uters, use the
Thames. So fo r the m om ent, Thames C lippers’ civilised catam arans to and from
W aterloo rem ain a secret pleasure fo r the cognoscenti.
© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»
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ВАРИАНТ4 89

A ccording to paragraphs 1 and 2, the Thames is


1) fully in teg rated into London’s tra n sp o rt system .
2) not perfectly fit for solving London’s tra n sp o rt problems.
3) an ideal way to trav el round the city.
4) providing a sh o rter journey th a n on-land tra n sp o rt.

13 The words “the natural highway” in “tried unsuccessfully to set up com m uter services
on th is n a tu ra l highw ay” (paragraph 3), stan d for
1) th e city centre. 3) th e Tube.
2) th e railw ay. 4) th e Thames.
Ответ:

14 W hich was the m ost im p o rtan t facto r fo r Thames C lippers’ success?


1) Huge num bers of passengers.
2) The luck of the owner.
3) P riv ate and public investm ents.
4) New and fa st catam arans.
Ответ: |

15 “Their” in “allowed to use th e ir TfL O yster fare cards on Thames Clippers, too”
(paragraph 5) refers to
1) T ransport fo r London.
2) the passengers.
3) Greenwich Council.
4) Thames Clippers.
Ответ:

W hich im pedim ent for Thames Clippers operations is NOT m entioned in th e tex t?
1) Inadequate fares fo r boat trip s.
2) U ncertainty about the tim etable
3) Jo in t ow nership of th e piers.
4) Speed lim it fo r riv er tra n sp o rt.
Ответ:

Calling the catam arans “a secret pleasure for the cognoscenti”, the author means th a t
1) they are not very suitable.
2) they offer a good way to spend your free tim e.
3) th ere are few of them compared to the to u rist boats.
4) th e possibility to use them is not appreciated by everybody.

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90 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

A ccording to the title of th e article, the a u th o r th in k s th a t th e riv er tra n sp o rt


1) needs im provem ent.
2) is not very prom ising.
3) is suitable only for to u rists.
4) provides big business opportunities.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дучгих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Р аздел 3. Г р а м м а ти ка и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

D oes it ever snow in Brazil?

D uring w inter and sometimes even au tu m n and spring it snows in some


cities of southern B razil. There are several c itie s ____________________ KNOW
fo r th e ir snow, like U rupem a and U rubici.

These c itie s ____________________ all in high areas, b u t even places at BE


sea level can have snow, although in small am ounts and not every year.

B razil ____________________ to be a “tropical paradise” which is very THINK


w rong. Foreigners who trav el to sou th ern B razil d u rin g au tu m n or
w inter in search for some heat and beaches are often disappointed.

The N orth Pole is m eltin g

Do you know how the global w arm ing affects the A rctic? A survey by
the Jap an Agency for Science and Technology shows th a t A rctic ice is
m elting a t a fa r ____________________ ra te th an anticipated. Today QUICK
A rctic ice is m elting a t previously unseen rates.

The coastal ice in p a rts of Canada and A laska has become quite b rittle .
Ice easily breaks away in large pieces and m elts in the open ocean.
Now th ere is also __________________ sea ice in th e A rctic Ocean. LITTLE

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ВАРИАНТ 4 91

24 It happens because ice into th e A tlan tic Ocean. FLOAT

Scientists say th a t the lack of ice represents clear proof th a t the planet
____________________ . Back in the past it could take th ree years to WARM
get th ro u g h the w aterw ay's thick ice successfully, now — ju s t a few
weeks.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

The m ost im portant liquid on Earth

W ater is a v ital elem ent in each of our lives. Not only is it essential
to our health, b u t we also use it for ____________________ household VARY
tasks. Every day we use w ater for cooking, b ath in g , and cleaning, and
drinking; b u t how often do we th in k about its source?

27 ____________________ receive th e ir w ater from one of two sources: a CONSUME


private well, or a com m unity w ater system.

A pproxim ately 15 percent of the U.S. population relies o n _____________ INDIVIDUAL


owned and operated sources of drink in g w ater, such as wells, cisterns,
and springs. The m ajority of household wells are found in ru ra l areas.

Those who receive th e ir w ater from a p riv ate well are solely
for the safety of the w ater. RESPONSE

30 P riv ate wells are not subject to d ifferen t fe d e ra l_____________ REGULATE


and are generally regulated on a very lim ited basis by states.

31 Local health departm ents may assist well owners w ith __________________ PERIOD
testing for bacteria or n itrates, b u t the bulk of th e responsibility for
caring for the well falls on the well owner.

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92 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

A t the office
The following m orning I visited our local new sagent Mr. Bales. He always seemed
to know exactly w hat was going on in the neighbourhood and was only too happy to
32 ______ his knowledge w ith anyone who w anted to pass th e tim e of day. Then I
33 ______ at the office of Jo h n D. Wood in M ount S treet. I had to w ait fo r some
tim e, b u t eventually one of fo u r assistan ts came over, introduced him self to me as
Mr. P alm er and asked how he could help. A fte r a closer inspection of the young man,
I doubted th a t he could help anyone. He m ust have been about seventeen and was so
pale and th in he looked as if a g u st of wind m ight blow him 34 ________. “I ’d like
to know some details concerning N um ber 147 Chelsea T errace,” I said. “W ould madam
please excuse m e?” he 35 and walked over to a filing cabinet. He 36
no atte m p t to invite me in or even to offer me a chair. He placed the single sheet on
the countertop and studied it closely.
“A greengrocer’s shop,” he said. “Yes. W h at price is th e owner asking fo r the
property?” I asked. I was becoming more and more annoyed by being so obviously
ignored. “One hundred and fifty guineas is being asked fo r th e shop,’ 37
the assistan t, his eyes fixed on th e b o ttom line of the schedule. The shop tu rn e d out
to be ridiculously expensive. I made my 38 ________back to Chelsea, only too aware
юп of buying a shop in the neighbourhood.

32 1) divide 2) split 3) share 4) separate


Ответ:
33 1) arrived 2) reached 3) achieved 4) completed
Ответ:
34 1) about 2) over 3) around 4) away
Ответ:
35 1) spoke 2) said 3) talked 4) told
Ответ:
36 1) made 2) did 3) took 4) held
Ответ:
37 1) adm ittec 2) agreed 3) stated 4) expressed
Ответ:
38 1) track 2) road 3) path 4) way
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ JV? 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 4 93

Р аздел 4. П и сьм о

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы. можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Nancy who w rites:

...This year we had a school costume p a rty for Halloween. I t was a big success.
W hat costume would you fancy wearing to a costume party? W hat would you rather
do: make a costume yourself or buy one, and why? W hat do you think of costume
parties in general?
Our history teacher is taking us to a museum for a field trip next week...

W rite a le tte r to Nancy.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about the museum .

W rite 100—140 words.


Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

40 Comment on the following statem ent.

I t ’s easier to make friends than to keep them.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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Вариант 5

Р аздел 1. А у д и р о в а н и е

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­


ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. W hen you don’t have much money, hitch-hiking is one way to travel.
2. T here’s a very inspirational movie about hitch-hiking.
3. H itch-hiking works because i t ’s based on the principle of give-and-take.
4. W hile traveling i t ’s best to have everything pre-planned.
5. To make hitch-hiking safe and fu n , you should follow several rules.
6. There are some pluses and m inuses about hitch-hiking.
7. H itch-hiking is a popular basis fo r film plots.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А Jack has had a busy week.

В Jack and Irene are fond of music.

С Jack loves country music because it has a lot of m eaning.

D Jack and Irene like Tracy Chapman.

E Irene has never been to Tracy Chapm an’s live concert.

F Jack is ready to pay a lot of money to go to Tracy C hapm an’s concert.

G Jack and Irene are going out fo r the night.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 5 95

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

W hat conclusion does the new medical stu d y suggest?


1) People have become healthier.
2) People now live longer.
3) Men now live longer th a n women.
Ответ:

W hat is R ichard H o rto n ’s opinion of the recent medical statistics?
1) They are controversial.
2) They present really bad news.
3) They are positive in m any ways.
Ответ:

According to the recent medical statistic s, more people now die of
1) m alaria. 2) poor diet. 3) ТВ.
Ответ:

W hich of the following is NOT m entioned by R ichard H orton as ‘a big disease which
won’t go aw ay’?
1) AIDS. 2) ТВ. 3) Measles.
Ответ: □
According to Mike Cohen, h e art diseases are now related to
1) one’s lifestyle. 2) infections. 3) low -fat diet.

8
Ответ:

W hat does Lora Johns say about non-communicable diseases?
1) They are m ostly caused by smoking.
2) More people su ffe r from them th a n from infectious ones.
3) The m ost common among them is stroke.
Ответ:

W hat conclusion does Jo sh u a Salomon make of the research?
1) Chronic illnesses are still a big problem.
2) D isability is a m inor problem.
3) R educing m o rtality is th e m ain goal fo r medicine.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы
в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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96 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Р аздел 2. Ч те н и е

Установите соответствие между текстами A —G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. V arieties o f th eatre 5. Stars for a repertoire


2. A step to a wider variety 6. Modern problem s
3. N ot the lea st im portant 7. Origin of th eatre
4. Theatre and p olitics 8. Ladies enter

A. M odern W estern th e a tre conies in large m easure from ancient Greek dram a, from
which it takes technical term inology, classification into genres, and many of its
them es, stock characters, and plot elem ents. The Greeks also developed th e concepts
of dram atic criticism , acting as a career, and th e a tre arch itectu re. The th e a tre of
ancient Greece consisted of th ree types of dram a: tragedy, comedy, and the saty r
play.

B. W estern theatre developed and expanded considerably under the Romans. The Roman
historian Livy wrote th a t the Romans first experienced th eatre in the 4th century
BC. The theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse a rt form , ranging from
festival perform ances of street theatre, nude dancing, and acrobatics, to the staging
of broadly appealing situation comedies, to the high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.

C. Theatre took on m any d ifferen t form s in the W est between the 15th and 19th
centuries, including commedia dell’a rte and m elodram a. The general tren d was
away from the poetic dram a of th e Greeks and th e Renaissance and tow ard a more
n atu ra listic prose style of dialogue, especially following th e In d u stria l R evolution.
Theatre today, broadly defined, includes perform ances of plays and m usicals,
ballets, operas and various oth er form s.
D. The eighteenth century in B ritain introduced women to the stage, which would
have been extrem ely inappropriate before. These women were looked at as celebrities
b u t on the other hand, it was still very new and revolutionary th a t they were on
the stage and some said they were unladylike and looked down on. Charles II did
not like young men playing the p a rts of young women, so he asked th a t women
play th e ir own p arts.

E. T heatre took a big pause d u rin g 1642 and 1660 in England because of Cromwell’s
Interregnum . T heatre was seen as som ething sinful and th e P u rita n s tried very
hard to drive it out of th e ir society. Because of th is stag n an t period, once Charles
II came back to the throne in 1660, th e atre (among oth er arts) exploded because
of a lot of influence from France, where Charles was in exile th e years previous
to his reign.

F. S tagecraft is a term referrin g to the technical aspects of theatrical, film , and video
production. It includes constructing scenery, hanging and focusing of lighting,
design and procurem ent of costumes, makeup, props, stage m anagem ent, and
recording and m ixing of sound. Considered a technical ra th e r than an artistic field,
it is equally crucial for the practical im plem entation of a designer’s artistic idea.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 5 97

G. W hile m ost m odern th e a tre companies rehearse one piece of th e atre a t a tim e,
perform th a t piece for a set “ru n ” , re tire the piece, and begin rehearsing a new
show, rep erto ry companies rehearse m ultiple shows a t one tim e. R epertory th eatre
generally involves a group of sim ilarly accomplished actors, and relies more on the
rep u tatio n of the group th an on an individual s ta r actor.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

A Y oung Mayor

This is a very unusual case, b u t as you will see, unusual doesn’t mean impossible.
An 18-year-old school girl has become th e youngest m ayor of a B ritish town in
history. A m anda B racebridge, A __________________________ , won leadership of Clun
village council in a dram atic election last n ig h t. The tin y village only has 122 voters
and A m anda won th e election by ju s t two votes from th e only o th er candidate, 69-year-
old Fred G ardner of the C onservative p arty . A m anda, В __________________________ ,
was an independent candidate. She was su rp rised by h er success, C ____________________
__________ . “My election prom ise was to make sure D ___________________________ ,”
she told us. She was re fe rrin g to the plans from a large company to buy up farm land
and build fla ts there. “W e live in one of the m ost b eau tifu l villages in Shropshire and
I w ant to make sure it stays th a t w ay.”
Amanda, who is in her last year at nearby Bishop’s Castle High School, E _______________
and her exams which she takes in two m onths. “I t ’s going to be a p re tty busy few
m onths,” she said. “B ut when th e exams are over I will be able to concentrate
completely on helping my village” .
A m anda had plans to go to univ ersity b u t is now going to s ta rt a year later
F __________________________ . “I ’ve talked to Leeds U niversity and they say my place
will w ait for me” . And w hat is she going to study? Politics? “No, actually, I am going
to do sociology and economics”.

1. who is not a member of any political p a rty


2. b u t it was not a total shock to her
3. being a politics stu d en t a t the univ ersity
4. th a t our village would be protected from outside in terests
5. so she can do her job as m ayor properly
6. will have to fin d tim e for her work as m ayor
7. who is only ju s t old enough to vote herself

А В С D Е F

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98 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Internet

In te rn e t is one of the g reatest tools we have today. Billions of bits of inform ation,
unlim ited ways to connect, games to play, videos to w atch, th in g s to learn. T here’s
som ething fo r everyone. We Facebook, tum ble, stum ble, and tw eet more now than
ever. Social media is connecting us in incredible ways. You can create com m unities of
like-m inded people th a t would never meet before on th e In te rn e t. B ut, due to th is, we
are spending copious am ounts of tim e on th e W orld W ide W eb, and i t ’s slowly
changing who you are as a person.
I w ent for a long period of tim e where I d id n ’t read a book. I finally got around
to picking up a few new books and as soon as I sta rte d reading them , I struggled.
I couldn’t hold concentration like I used to. I would read a whole parag rap h w ith my
m ind elsewhere or had th is constant anxious feeling to do som ething else, even when
there was absolutely nothing else to do. My m ind would jum p from one th o u g h t to
another and I barely could read a chapter in one sittin g . A talked to a few people
about th is, and I even looked to th e tru s ty In te rn e t fo r my solution. I found th a t I ’m
not alone, m any people rep o rt th e same type of concentration sh ift. The reason for
th is is the inform ation overload via In tern et.
We take in 34 gigabytes of inform ation each day now. T hat is 5 tim es more th an
we did 20 years ago. There is so m uch going on in our m inds th a t we rarely spend
any tim e on one p a rtic u la r b it of inform ation because th ere is always som ething new
and more in trig u in g ju s t around th e corner. W hen we land on a webpage, we spend
the average of about 50 seconds, if th a t, and know th a t th ere are a t least 5 other
links we can click on the page. W e can still concentrate, b u t our m inds would much
ra th e r be focused on a series of th in g s, not one th o u g h t.
Not only is it alterin g our concentration on reading long w orks, b u t i t ’s changing
“how” we read. We no longer read; we skim . This is our way of adapting to th is
inform ation overload. It would take too long to process all th is inform ation and we
don’t need everything. W e sift th ro u g h th e inform ation and get to the m ain point or
relevant m aterial.
The way th ings are w ritten online is changing fo r us as well. For anyone who has
w ritten a blog post, i t ’s a much d ifferen t style of w ritin g compared to novels and
even new spaper articles. The th in g s we read online are as clear and concise as possible.
A djectives are a th in g of the past. The inform ation is usually already condensed for
you, and is separated into neat headlines th a t make it easy to scan th e page in a few
seconds. We don’t focus on com prehension anym ore, we know w hat w e’re looking for
and we find it quickly.
The way we are reading th in g s is ju s t the s ta rt, the way we are th in k in g is
changing too. Before, we had calm linear th o u g h ts, one th in g led to another. Now,
our th o u g h ts are jum ping back and fo rth between so m any th in g s. W e have one
th o u g h t, which leads to fo u r or five o th er non-related th o u g h ts, and th en some tim e
la te r we re tu rn to the original th o u g h t. This is a d irect resu lt of our a tte n tio n being
focused on so many th ings for so little tim e on th e web. There is always a link th a t
can take us somewhere new and s ta r t a new tra in of th o u g h ts.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 5 99

W e’ve developed a m uch more fluid way of th in k in g . And i t ’s not a bad th in g . I t ’s


m aking us more creative. You are much more efficient a t combing and filterin g
th ro u g h ideas, which in essence is w hat in sp iratio n is. Linear th o u g h t is very organized
and does not leave room fo r new ideas.
So, the In te rn e t has become an essential p a rt of our daily lives. B ut i t ’s also
im p o rtan t to disconnect fo r a while and to take care of your body and m ind. Create
a balance of tim e online and in the real world, so you can reap the positive cognitive
abilities the In te rn e t is giving you and avoid form ing an unhealthy set of habits th a t
will cost you la te r in life.

A ccording to the au th o r, In te rn e t changes people because


1) of th e am ount of inform ation it provides.
2) it adds lots of friends.
3) they spend too much tim e online.
4) it helps to create new com m unities.
Ответ:

W hy does In te rn e t, according to the au th o r, influence reading concentration?
1) It leaves less tim e for reading.
2) It provides excessive inform ation.
3) The inform ation there changes too fast.
4) The bits of inform ation there are very short.
Ответ:

W hich of the following is NOT a featu re of an online tex t?
1) Lots of descriptive words. 3) Reduced size.
2) Inform ative headline. 4) C larity.
Ответ: □
The way people read has changed because
1) they had to read faster.
2) they lost in te re st in serious lite ra tu re .
3) they don’t need all the inform ation they read about.
4) they had to ad ju st to new conditions.
Ответ:

A ccording to the a u th o r the new way of th in k in g helps people
1) filte r useless inform ation. 3) develop creativity.
2) choose rig h t thin g s. 4) browse th e In te rn e t effectively.
Ответ:

The a u th o r calls for
1) allowing more tim e fo r personal life.
2) giving equal atte n tio n to real world and In tern et.
3) a healthy life style.
4) developing th in k in g abilities.
Ответ:

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100 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

It can be im plied from the te x t th a t the a u th o r’s a ttitu d e tow ards In te rn e t is sooner
1) positive. 3) skeptical.
2) neu tral. 4) negative.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­
ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

R ussian inventions: holography

Do you know w hat holography is? It is a te c h n iq u e __________________ BASE


on lasers, which enable 3-D (three-dim ensional) images to be made.

In 1962, Soviet physicist Y uri D e n isy u k ____________________ up w ith COME


the firs t reflection hologram also known as th e “Denisyuk hologram ” .

Now th e tech n o lo g y ____________________ in m ost holographic displays USE


and it was the firs t to allow m ulti-color image reproduction in
hologram s.

Grey hair

Jo h n n y noticed a change in his m o th er’s appearance. “Mommy, some


of your h airs ____________________ grey. W hy?” th e curious child TURN
asked.

The m other tried to use th is occasion to teach her child: “It is because
of you, dear. Every bad action o f ____________________ shows on my YOU
hair.

It one my h airs grey!” TURN

The child replied innocently: “Now I know why my grandm other has
only grey h a ir on her head.”
M ost children are __________________ th a n ad u lts th in k . SMART

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ВАРИАНТ 5 101

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Can anim als think?

In his q u a rte rs a t the U niversity of A rizona, Alex is com m enting on


all th a t he sees. “Hot!” he w arns as a ____________________ picks up VISIT
a m ug of tea. Alex spots a plateful of fr u it and announces his choice:
“G rape.” Alex is an A frican grey p arro t.

For th e last 16 y e a r s ,____________________ Irene Pepperberg has been BIOLOGY


exploring the degree to which th e bird und erstan d s w hat he is saying.

Alex also com m unicates w hat appear to be VARY


feelings.

29 A re the p a rro t’s w o rd s ____________________ a collection of sounds he MERE


em its when fru stra te d , or does th is one-pound b ird know w hat he is
saying?

30 For centuries, philosophers argued th a t ____________________ and THINK


language separate hum ans from oth er species. L ater, scientists had
reason to be critical of claims concerning anim al intelligence.

Today innovative probes of anim al intelligence have convinced most


scientists th a t other species really share w ith hum ans some higher
m ental ABLE

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Cats leave their mark on centuries o f books

Once, an academic Em ir Filipovi was researching a medieval Italian m anuscript. It


was a book which he 32 ______ from the S tate Library A rchives. He discovered

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102 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

th a t the m anuscript was stained w ith inky cat paw p rin ts. The discovery has placed
Filipovi at th e centre of a social media w hirl, and he says h e’s still surprised
33 ____ how popular the photograph has proved to be.
“I 34 _____ out th a t one of the m ain reasons why people had a positive response
to it is down to the fact th a t it makes you im agine the scene in your head when the
cat jum ped onto the book. This especially 35 ________to cat owners, who are fam iliar
w ith such typical cases, b u t also to people who do not own pets since they can still
identify w ith the u n fo rtu n ate w rite r,” Filipovi says.
‘One other im p o rtan t th in g is th a t some people [36 to associate the past
tim es w ith h istory as a boring school subject focused on politics and w ars. They forget
th a t th e past was full of ‘norm al’ everyday events like today, and th a t [37
people who lived in the past were not m uch d ifferen t from us. This p ictu re w ith the
cat paw p rin ts 38 ________ everybody about i t . ”
The cat owners know how annoying it is to have a p u rrin g cat try in g to climb onto
our keyboards while we’re w orking, and I love th e th o u g h t of a medieval w rite r being
sim ilarly irrita te d .

32 1) lent 2) borrowed 3) rented 4) hired


Ответ:

33 1) at 2) w ith 3) in 4) of
Ответ:

34 1) looked 2) got 3) worked 4) took


Ответ:

35 1) a ttra c ts 2) appeals 3) favours 4) in terests


Ответ: |

36 1) look 2) see 3) show 4) appear


Ответ:

37 1) yet 2) ju st 3) ju st 4) still
Ответ: |

38 1) rem inds 2) revises 3) recollects 4) recalls


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 5 103

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут учиты­
ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения
указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть
текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала
номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка
недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend M ary who w rites:

...Yesterday I saw a docum entary film about tigers. Don’t you think docum entary
film s about anim als are often better than feature films? W hat do you think people
can do to help endangered animals? W hat anim als do you find most am azing and
why?
N ext week we’ll have a fancy-dress ball a t school, I can’t w ait ...

W rite a le tte r to Mary.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about th e fancy-dress ball.

W rite 100—140 words.


Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

School classm ates make the best friends.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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Вариант 6

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказывания­
ми каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 . Исполь­
зуйт е каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только
один р а з. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. Perfum e can’t be a good present fo r m any reasons.


2. Best presents are presents th a t create shared memories.
3. Practical presents are not good presents.
4. This so rt of present can be good fo r everybody.
5. Good perfum e is th e best present th a t is always easy to get.
6. This present is a good way o u t, b u t not always perfect.
7. Think of a person’s lifestyle while choosing a present.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N o t sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А P eter seldom goes to the library.

В P e te r is satisfied w ith his term studies.

С P e te r hopes to do as well in the course as his classm ates.

P e te r prefers to work a t his com puter a t home.

Jan e does not expect P e te r to pass his language exam.

Jan e has always been the best stu d en t in th e group.

Jan e has some problems w ith one of her subjects.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ЗАРИАНТ 6 105

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

W hat, according to M ichael M itchell, is th e biggest plus of V intage Inns?


1) P icturesque locations.
2) N ostalgic landlords and landladies.
3) T ourists from all over the world.
Ответ:

W hat point does M ichael M itchell make about V intage In n s’ gardens?
1) They are perfect for any season.
2) All V intage Inns m ust have them .
3) They are an altern ativ e to dine in good w eather.
Ответ:

W hy does not M ichael M itchell do any th in g to advertise his inns?
1) They are close to local places of in terest.
2) They are not fa r from city centers.
3) They are situ a ted around London.
Ответ:

W hat is typical of all the V intage Inns?
1) T raditional old style.
2) V ictorian design.
3) Good food and atm osphere.
Ответ:

A ccording to M ichael M itchell, V intage Inns menus
1) preserve tra d itio n a l style in cooking.
2) m odernize tra d itio n a l dishes.
3) offer m ainly in tern atio n al food.

8
Ответ: □
W hen is the m enu likely to be more varied?
1) S aturdays. 2) W eekdays. 3) Sundays.
Ответ:

W hat is the booking policy of V intage Inns?
1) It is not an accepted practice there.
2) You need to book well in advance.
3) Booking is possible only on Fridays.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ № 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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106 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Р аздел 2. Ч те н и е

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Travel m em ories 5. Popular hobby


2. A nim al lover m agazine 6. Fam ily m agazine
3. Travel to stars 7. People and nature
4. S tar dreams 8. A nim als in danger

A. Most people who spend a holiday trav ellin g take a cam era w ith them and photograph
anything th a t in te re sts them — sights of a city, views of m ountains, lakes,
w aterfalls, men and women, children, ru in s of ancient buildings, and even birds
and anim als. L ater looking th ro u g h th e ir album s they will rem em ber the happy
tim e they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.

B. Of course, d ifferen t people dream of d ifferen t things. Someone wishes a calm and
quiet life; others im agine th e ir life as a never-ending adventure. The m ajority
dream of som ething concrete: a villa in some w arm place, an account in a Swiss
bank, a splendid car... I t ’s in te re stin g to know w hat th e dream s of people who
already have all th is are. C elebrities, as we know, never hide th e ir unusual hobbies,
and often shock us w ith th e ir ex trav ag an t behaviour.

C. It is J u n io r Baseball M agazine’s m ission to provide inform ation th a t enhances the


youth baseball experience fo r th e en tire fam ily. The player im proves his skills and
is more successful. The fam ily enjoys th e activ ity more and shares th is precious
tim e in th e ir life. J u n io r Baseball emphasizes good sportsm anship, safety, physical
fitness and wholesome fam ily values.

D. The seas are in danger. They are filled w ith poison like in d u strial, nuclear and
chemical waste. The M editerranean Sea is already nearly dead; th e N orth Sea is
following it. The A ral Sea is on the b rin k of extinction. If nothing is done about
it, one day nothing will be able to live in th e seas. Every ten m inutes one species
of anim al, plant or insect dies out forever.

E. Lots of people all over th e world enjoy collecting stam ps. Stam ps are like little
pictures. Very often they show th e flowers or th e trees which grow in th is or th a t
country, or they can show d ifferen t kinds of tra n sp o rt of the country. Stam ps may
also have p o rtra its of fam ous people on them . Some stam ps show a rt work from
the h istory of the country.

F. “F riend” is the title of my fav o u rite m agazine. It consists of 70 pages, w ith lots
of colourful and b rig h t pictures and provides in te re stin g and useful inform ation
for people who love anim als. The m agazine includes num erous articles devoted to
various topics connected w ith domestic anim als, ways to take care of them , pet
food, anim al health and m any o th er topics crucial for any anim al lover.

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ВАРИАНТ 6 107

G. People are beginning to realize th a t environm ental problems are not ju s t somebody
else’s. M any people join and support various in tern atio n al organizations and green
parties. H um an life is the m ost im p o rtan t, and polluted air, poisoned w ater,
w astelands, noise, smoke, gas, exhaust all influence not only n a tu re b u t people
them selves. E verything should be done to improve ecological conditions on our
planet.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

11 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Mobile phones
On New Y ear’s Day, 1985, M ichael H arrison phoned his fa th e r, Sir E rn est, to wish
him a happy new year. S ir E rnest was chairm an of Racal Electronics, th e owner of
Vodafone, A __________________________ .
A t the tim e, mobile phones weighed alm ost a kilogram , cost several thousand
pounds and provided only 20 m inutes talktim e. The netw orks them selves were small;
Vodafone had ju s t a dozen m asts covering London. Nobody had any idea of th e huge
potential of w ireless com m unication and th e dram atic im pact В _______________________.
H ardly anyone believed there would come a day when mobile phones were so popular
C __________________________ . B ut in 1999 one mobile phone was sold in th e UK
every fo u r seconds, and by 2004 th ere were more mobile phones in the UK th an
people. The boom was a re su lt of increased com petition which pushed prices lower and
created innovations in the way th a t mobiles were sold.
W hen the governm ent introduced more com petition, companies started cu ttin g prices
to a ttra c t more custom ers. Cellnet, for example, changed its prices, D __________________ .
It also introduced local call ta riffs.
The way th a t handsets them selves were m arketed was also changing and it was
F inland’s Nokia who made E __________________________ . In th e late 1990s Nokia
realized th a t th e mobile phone was a fashion item : so it offered interchangeable covers
which allowed you to custom ize and personalize your handset.
The mobile phone in d u stry has spent the la te r p a rt of the p ast decade reducing its
m onthly charge F __________________________ , which has culm inated in the fig h t
between the iPhone and a succession of touch screen rivals.
1. try in g to persuade people to do more w ith th e ir phones th an ju st call and te x t
2. th a t there would be more phones in th e UK th an th ere are people
3. and relying instead on actual call charges
4. th a t mobile phones would have over th e next q u a rte r century
5. the leap from phones as technology to phones as fashion item s
6. and his son was m aking the first-ev er mobile phone call in th e UK
7. the move to digital technology, connecting m achines to w ireless netw orks
Ответ: А В С D Е F

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108 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Llandudno
Llandudno is tru ly a fine and handsome place, b u ilt on a generously proportioned
bay and lined along its broad fro n t w ith a huddle of prim b u t gracious nineteenth-
century hotels th a t rem inded me in the fading lig h t of a lineup of V ictorian nannies.
Llandudno was purpose-built as a reso rt in the m id-1800s, and it cultivates a nice
old-fashioned air. I don’t suppose th a t Lewis C arroll, who fam ously strolled th is fro n t
w ith little Alice Liddell in the 1860s, would notice a g reat deal of change today.
To my consternation, the town was packed w ith w eekending pensioners. Buses from
all over were parked along the side streets, every hotel I called at was full, and in
every dining room I could see crowds — veritable oceans — of nodding w hite heads
spooning soup and conversing happily. Goodness knows w hat had b ro u g h t them to the
W elsh seaside a t th is bleak tim e of year.
F a rth e r on along the fro n t th ere stood a clutch of guesthouses, large and v irtu ally
indistinguishable, and a few of them had vacancy signs in th e ir windows. I had eight
or ten to choose from , which always p u ts me in a m ild fre t because I have an u n errin g
in stin c t for choosing badly. My wife can survey a row of guesthouses and in sta n tly
id en tify the one ru n by a w hite-haired widow w ith a fondness fo r children, and
sparkling bathroom facilities, w hereas I can generally count on choosing th e one ru n
by a guy w ith a grasping m anner, and th e so rt of cough th a t makes you wonder where
he p uts the phlegm. Such, I felt, would be th e case to n ig h t.
All the guesthouses had boards out fro n t listin g th e ir m any am enities — COLOUR
TV, H O SPITALITY TRAYS, FULL CENTRAL HEATING, and the coyly euphem istic
E N SUITE ALL ROOMS, m eaning p rivate bathroom s. One place offered satellite TV
and a tro u se r press, and another boasted CURRENT FIRE CERTIFICATE — som ething
I had never th o u g h t to look for in a B&B. All th is heightened my sense of unease and
doom. How could I possibly choose in tellig en tly among such a v ariety of options?
I selected a place th a t looked reasonable enough from th e outside — its board
prom ised a color TV and coffee m aking facilities, about all I require these days fo r a
S aturday n ig h t — b u t from th e m om ent I set foot in th e door I knew it was a bad
choice. I was about to tu rn and flee when th e owner em erged from a back room and
stopped my re tre a t w ith an u n en th u siastic “Yes?” A sh o rt conversation revealed th a t
a single room w ith b reak fast was fo r £19.50. It was en tirely out of th e question th a t
I would stay th e n ig h t in such a dism al place at such an ex o rb itan t price, so I said,
“T hat sounds fin e ,” and signed in. W ell, i t ’s so h ard to say no.
My room was everything I expected it to be — cold and cheerless w ith lam inated
fu rn itu re , grubbily m atted carpet, and those m ysterious ceiling stains th a t b rin g to
m ind a neglected corpse in the room above. There was a tra y of coffee th in g s b u t the
cups were disgusting, and the spoon was stuck to the tray .
The bathroom , fa in tly illum inated by a d ista n t lig h t activated by a len g th of strin g ,
had curling floor tiles and years of accum ulated d irt packed in to every corner. I peered
a t the yellowy tile around the b ath and sink and realized w hat th e landlord did w ith
his phlegm. A b ath was out of th e question, so I threw some cold w ater on my face,
dried it w ith a towel th a t had th e te x tu re of shredded w heat, and gladly took my
leave.
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ВАРИАНТ 6 109

Llandudno is described as a
1) fashionable 19th century resort.
2) b eautiful grow ing resort.
3) place where Lewis C arroll lived.
4) place fam ous fo r its com fortable hotels.
Ответ:

The phrase “veritable oceans” in parag rap h 2 refers to


1) hotel dining rooms.
2) hotel guests w earing w hite hats.
3) old people dining in cafes.
4) buses crowded w ith old W elsh people.
Ответ:

W hen choosing a guesthouse the n a rra to r was w orried because he


1) w asn’t good a t m aking the rig h t choice.
2) could not find a place ru n by a kind old widow.
3) did not know w hat to look for.
4) m issed his wife fo r help.
Ответ:

15 The n a rra to r th o u g h t th a t the choice of a guesthouse used to be easier because


1) all hotels had a p rivate bathroom .
2) th ere were few er options on offer.
3) th ere were few er guest houses.
4) they were all of B&B type.
Ответ: j

W hy did the n a rra to r agree to th e room?


1) He felt sorry fo r the landlord.
2) He could not refuse the offer.
3) It was really cheap.
4) There was a TV and a coffee m aker.
Ответ: j

W hy was the b ath out of th e question?


1) The w ater was too cold.
2) There was no hot w ater.
3) The b a th tu b was d irty.
4) There was no light.
Ответ:

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110 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

18 W hat is the n a rra to r’s a ttitu d e tow ards th e room he stayed in?
1) Surprised.
2) In d ifferen t.
3) Positive.
4) C ritical.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и долгих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами
1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов.
Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует
отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

A cup of coffee

19 Once I was trav ellin g in Italy. It was a lovely day. I w andered along
the stre e t u n til I came upon some parasol-shaded tables which seemed
t o ____________________ very nice. I settled and opened my book. I

20 It was tak in g a long tim e for th e w aiter to arriv e, b u t I was in no


h u rry . I was sure th a t the w a i t e r ____________________ soon. COME

21 B ut finally, becoming im patient, I tu rn e d to signal fo r service and saw


the neon sign. That was th e ____________________ m om ent ... BAD
I discovered th a t I was s ittin g outside a store selling garden fu rn itu re .

The Great W all o f China

22 The G reat W all of China runs fo r 6,700 kilom eters from east to west
of China. It is one of t h e ____________________ wonders of th e world. GREAT

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ВАРИАНТ 6 111

The G reat W all _________ in order to p ro tect the country BUILD


form d ifferen t aggressors.

The construction of the W all ___________ in th e 6th century BEGIN


BC and lasted u n til the 16th century AD.

25 Since then, the G reat W all of China ____________________ a Symbol BECOME


of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and a m onum ent to
Chinese nation fo r many hundreds of years.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

UK: C onservation and Environm ent

Going for a walk is the m ost popular leisure activ ity in B ritain . Despite
its h i g h ____________________ density, the UK has m any unspoilt ru ral POPULATE
and coastal areas.

Twelve N ational P arks are freely accessible to th e public and were


created to conserve th e ____________________ beauty, w ildlife and NATURE
cu ltu ral heritage they contain.

Most of the land in N ational P arks is privately owned, b u t adm inistered


by an independent N ational P ark A u th o rity which works to balance
the expectations of ____________________ w ith th e need to conserve VISIT
these open spaces for fu tu re generations.

29 The UK also works to improve the global environm ent and has taken
global w a rm in g ____________________ ever since specialists discovered SERIOUS
the hole in th e ozone layer.

30 In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding developed


countries to reduce em issions of the six m ain greenhouse gases. The
Protocol declares environm ental ____ PROTECT

Nowadays B ritish ____________________ are tak in g p a rt in one of the SCIENCE


largest in tern atio n al projects th a t is u n d ertak en to p rotect endangered
species.

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112 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Amos
It w asn’t unusual for Amos to go to Deravenels on Saturday, even though the
offices were closed over th e weekend. He 32 ____ to go to tidy up his paperwork
and do other small jobs he couldn’t atten d to d u rin g the week.
B ut on th is S aturday m orning he had a specific purpose when he arrived a t the
grand old building on the S tran d . The uniform ed doorm an 33 ____ Amos close his
um brella and take off his raincoat. Then he touched his cap and said, “Good m orning,
M r. F in n iste r” .
Amos had come to th e office to 34 a few telephone calls. His firs t call was
to the Royal London H ospital, W hitechapel, where he quickly discovered the records
office was not open on weekends. He then dialed R avenscar and was p u t th ro u g h to
Edw ard Deravenel.
“Good m orning, A m os,” Edw ard said. “I ’m assum ing you have some news for m e.”
Amos then relayed all the inform ation he had gathered the n ig h t before.
“W ell done, Amos!” Edw ard exclaimed. “Thank you fo r going into all th is

I th in k th a t Grace Rose should also know w hat happened to h er m other. It will finally
p u t her m ind a t re s t.”
“I agree, sir. I will telephone you on M onday” . Amos walked home, [38 no
atte n tio n to the heavy rain . He felt happy.
32 1) held 2) took 3) used 4) kept
Ответ:
33 1) looked 2) gazed 3) stared 4) w atched
Ответ:
34 1) take 2) do 3) make 4) give
Ответ:
35 1) w orry 2) trouble 3) bother 4) mess
Ответ: ■

36 1) at 2) on 3) in 4) of
Ответ:
37 1) tell 2) speak 3) say 4) talk
Ответ:
38 1) tu rn in g 2) paying 3) draw ing 4) bringing
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы
в БЛАН К ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 6 113

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Thomas who w rites:

M y friend and I often quarrel about things that to my mind are unimportant.
Do you think i t ’s OK for friends to quarrel? Do you ever quarrel with your friends
and why? Can true friendship be free of quarrels?
I am planning a short vacation — I would like to go to see the museums of
London...

W rite a le tte r to Thomas.


In your le tte r
— answ er his questions
— ask 3 questions about his trip to London.
W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

40 Comment on the following statem ent.

The most im portant thing in life is work.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 -2 5 0 words.
Use th e following plan:
— make an in troduction (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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Вариант 7
Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В зад ании ест ь одно ли ш нее ут верж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. I feel unhappy because I can’t change public a ttitu d e to o ur planet.


2. I would like to see new energy saving laws introduced.
3. I am afraid of the after-effects of hum an activities.
4. I am sure th a t wise a ttitu d e to basic earth supplies is necessary.
5. I do not w ant my fam ily to live in polluted environm ent.
6. I am for the use of energy saving practices in house construction.
7. I find many simple ways to help o ur p lanet in everyday life.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T r u e ), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А W hen leaving school Emily already knew th a t she would study medicine.

В Emily left M elbourne to get new experiences.

С Em ily moved to Finland because she found h er lab work in London boring.

D In Finland people a t univ ersity p referred to speak Finnish w ith Emily.

Е David is not happy about his experience of learning French in France.

F David would like to go by the trans-Siberian tra in one day.

G Emily is going to London again to continue h er studies of im m une system .

Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 7 115

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

The Portobello Festival differs from festivals in Cannes and Venice as it


1) is ru n n in g its second season only.
2) is not so fashionable and well-known.
3) does not a ttra c t celebrities.
Ответ:

The festival was initially founded to
1) let independent film m akers dem onstrate th e ir work.
2) help d ifferen t film m akers earn money.
3) advertise video equipm ent b u t not to show film s.
Ответ:
A ccording to the fe stiv al’s director they made the festival free because
1) they get enough money fo r placing advertisem ents.
2) th ere are no expensive prizes and launch parties.
3) sponsors and funds provide good financial support.
Ответ:
One ch aracteristic featu re of the Portobello Festival is th a t
1) 700 film s are shown each festival season.
2) only sh o rt film s are chosen for th e festival annually.
3) stu d en t film s are shown tog eth er w ith professionals’ works.
Ответ: □
The fe stiv al’s director believes th a t th e ir film s are
1) of b e tte r quality th an TV film s.
2) w orthy to be shown on TV.
3) th e w orld’s top hits.
Ответ:

The fam ous film m aker whose firs t film was shown a t th e festival is
1) Jo h n M alkovich. 2) Guy R itchie. 3) Jo n ath a n B arnett.
Ответ:

Speaking about fu tu re plans, the fe stiv al’s director
1) th in k s the festival will be united w ith G lastonbury or E dinburgh events.
2) believes the festival should tu rn to oth er a rts m ostly.
3) sounds optim istic about the festival extension.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАН К


ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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116 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами A —G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В за да ­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. P erfect for a quiet holiday 5. Perfect for an active holiday


2. Land o f nature wonders 6. D ifficu lt start
3. Bad for anim als 7. N ew perspectives
4. A v isit to th e zoo 8. New rules to follow

A. The m ountains of Scotland (we call them the H ighlands) are a wild and b eau tifu l
p a rt of Europe. A golden eagle flies over the m ountains. A deer walks th ro u g h
th e silence of the forest. Salmon and tro u t swim in th e clean, pure w ater of the
rivers. Some say th a t not only fish swim in the deep w ater of Loch Ness. Speak
to th e people living by th e Loch. Each person has a story of th e m onster, and some
have photographs.
B. Tresco is a beautiful island w ith no cars, crowds or noise — ju st flowers, birds, long
sandy beaches and the Tresco Abbey Garden. Jo h n and W endy P y a tt welcome you
to the Island Hotel, famous fo r delicious food, com fort and b rillian t service. You
will appreciate superb accommodation, free saunas and the indoor swimming pool.
C. The Camel and W ildlife S afari is a unique m ix tu re of th e tra d itio n a l and m odern.
K enya’s countryside su its the S afari purposes exceptionally well. T ourists will have
a chance to explore the bush country near Sam buru, to trav el on a camel back or
to sleep out under the stars. M odern safari vehicles are always available fo r those
who p refer com fort.
D. A rrival can be the h ardest p a rt of a trip . It is late, you are road-w eary, and
everything is new and strang e. You need an affordable place to sleep, som ething
to eat and d rink, and probably a way to get around. B ut in general, i t ’s a w onderful
trip , full of w onderful and unusual places. W h eth er it is th e firs t stop on a trip
or the fifth city visited, every trav eller feels a little overwhelmed stepping onto a
new stre et in a new city.
E. No zoo has enough money to provide basic h ab itats or environm ents fo r all the
species they keep. M ost anim als are p u t in a to tally a rtificial environm ent, isolated
from everything they would m eet in th e ir n a tu ra l h ab itat. M any will agree th a t
th is isolation is harm ful to th e m ost of zoo in h ab itan ts, it can even am ount to
cruelty.
F. A new London Zoo P roject is a ten year project to secure the fu tu re fo r th e Zoo
and fo r m any endangered anim als. The plan has been devised by both anim al and
business experts to provide w orld-leading accommodation fo r all our anim als, to
more fully engage and inform people about conservation issues, to redesign certain
aspects of Zoo layout.
G. Leave-no-trace cam ping is an increasingly popular approach to trav el in w ilderness
areas. As the term suggests, th e goal is fo r the cam per to leave as little im pact
as possible on the place he is visiting. One of its m ottos is “Take nothing bu t
pictures. Leave nothing b u t fo o tp rin ts.” Its sim plest and m ost fundam ental rule
is: pack it in, pack it out, b u t it goes beyond th a t.

А В С D Е F G

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ВАРИАНТ 7 117

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

London Zoo
London Zoo is one of the m ost im p o rtan t zoos in th e world. There are over 12,000
anim als a t London Zoo and A ______________________! Its m ain concern is to breed
threaten ed anim als in captivity. This means we m ight be able to restock th e wild,
should disaster ever befall the wild population.
P a rtu la Snail, Red Crowned Crane, A rabian Oryx, Golden Lion T am arin, Persian
Leopard, A siatic Lion and S um atran Tiger are ju s t some of the species London Zoo is
helping to save.
T hat is why it is so im p o rtan t th a t we fig h t to preserve th e h ab itats th a t these
anim als live in, as well as elim inate oth er dangers В _____________________ . B ut we
aim to make your day a t London Zoo a fu n and memorable tim e, C ____________________ .
In th e A m bika Paul C hildren’s Zoo, fo r instance, youngsters can learn a new love
and appreciation for anim als D _______________________ . They can also learn how to
care for fav ourite pets in the P et Care Centre.
Then there are num erous special H ig h lig h t events E ___________________________
unforgettable pony rides to feeding tim es and spectacular anim al displays. You will
get to m eet keepers and ask them w hat you are in terested in about th e anim als they
care for, F ___________________________ .
W hatever you decide, you will have a g re a t day. W e have left no stone u n tu rn ed
to make sure you do!
1. such as h u n tin g exotic anim als and selling fu rs
2. as well as the ins and outs of being a keeper a t London Zoo
3. which take place every day, from
4. because they see and touch them close up
5. despite th e serious side to our work
6. which dem and much tim e and e ffo rt
7. th a t is not counting every an t in th e colony

А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

R eunion

The last tim e I saw my fa th e r was in G rand C entral Station. I was going from my
g ran d m o th er’s in the A dirondacks to a cottage on th e Cape th a t my m other had
rented, and I w rote my fa th e r th a t I would be in New York between tra in s fo r an
© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»
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118 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

hour and a half, and asked if we could have lunch together. His secretary w rote to
say th a t he would m eet me at the inform ation booth a t noon, and at twelve o’clock
sharp I saw him coming th ro u g h the crowd.
He was a stra n g er to me — my m other divorced him th ree years ago and I h a d n ’t
been w ith him since — b u t as soon as I saw him I felt th a t he was my fa th e r, my
flesh and blood, my fu tu re and my doom. I knew th a t when I was grown I would be
som ething like him; I would have to plan my cam paigns w ithin his lim itations. He
was a big, good-looking m an, and I was terrib ly happy to see him again.
He stru ck me on the back and shook my hand. “H i, C harlie,” he said. “H i, boy. I ’d
like to take you up to my club, b u t i t ’s in the Sixties, and if you have to catch an
early tra in I guess we’d b e tte r get som ething to eat around h ere.” He p u t his arm
around me, and I smelled my fa th e r the way my m other sn iffs a rose. It was a rich
compound of whiskey, after-shave lotion, shoe polish, woollens, and the rankness of a
m ature male. I hoped th a t someone would see us to g eth er. I wished th a t we could be
photographed. I w anted some record of our having been together.
W e w ent out of the statio n and up a side stre et to a re sta u ra n t. It was still early,
and th e place was em pty. The b arten d er was q u arrellin g w ith a delivery boy, and th ere
was one very old w aiter in a red coat down by the kitchen door. W e sat down, and
my fa th e r hailed the w aiter in a loud voice. “Kellner!” he shouted. “Garcon! You!” His
boisterousness in the em pty re sta u ra n t seemed out of place. “Could we have a little
service here!” he shouted. Then he clapped his hands. This caught th e w a ite r’s
atte n tio n , and he shuffled over to our table.
“W ere you clapping your hands a t me?” he asked.
“Calm down, calm dow n,” my fa th e r said. “It is n ’t too much to ask of you — if it
w ouldn’t be too much above and beyond the call of d uty, we would like a couple of
B eefeater G ibsons.”
“I don’t like to be clapped a t,” th e w aiter said.
“I should have brought my w h istle,” my fa th e r said. “I have a w histle th a t is
audible only to the ears of old w aiters. Now, take ou t your little pad and your little
pencil and see if you can get th is stra ig h t: two B eefeater Gibsons. R epeat a fte r me:
two B eefeater G ibsons.”
“I th in k you’d b e tte r go somewhere else,” the w aiter said quietly.
“T h a t,” said my fa th e r, “is one of the m ost b rillian t suggestions I have ever heard.
Come on, C harlie.”
I followed my fa th e r out of th a t re s ta u ra n t into another. He was not so boisterous
th is tim e. Our drinks came, and he cross-questioned me about th e baseball season. He
then stru ck th e edge of his em pty glass w ith his knife and began shouting again.
“Garcon! You! Could we trouble you to b rin g us two more of th e sam e.”
“How old is the boy?” the w aiter asked.
“T h a t,” my fa th e r said, “is none of your business.”
“I ’m sorry, s ir ,” the w aiter said, “b u t I w on’t serve the boy an o th er d rin k .”
“W ell, I have some news for yo u ,” my fa th e r said. “I have some very in te re stin g
news for you. This doesn’t happen to be th e only re sta u ra n t in New York. They’ve
opened another on the corner. Come on, C harlie.”
He paid the bill, and I followed him out of th a t re sta u ra n t into another ...

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ВАРИАНТ 7 119

12 The n a rra to r was looking forw ard to m eeting w ith his fa th e r because he
1) hoped th a t his parents would get back together.
2) expected to get a valuable present from him.
3) w anted to stay w ith him in New York.
4) m issed the feeling of being w ith him.
Ответ:

13 The n a rra to r’s request to m eet was accepted by his fa th e r


1) unw illingly.
2) w ith g reat pleasure.
3) in business-like m anner.
4) w ith much hope and expectation.
Ответ:

14 The n a rra to r w anted to be photographed w ith his fa th e r because
1) it was th e happiest tim e of his life.
2) he was proud of his fa th e r’s good looks.
3) he w anted to boast of his fa th e r to his friends.
4) he wished to rem em ber th e ir m om ents together.
Ответ:

15 The fa th e r did not invite his son to his club because


1) th e son was pressed for tim e to catch a tra in .
2) it was necessary to book in advance to en ter the club.
3) the m an feared th a t his son would not behave properly.
4) it was a closed club w ith no children allowed.
Ответ: □
16 The fa th e r’s behaviour in the firs t re sta u ra n t was inappropriate as he
1) was too boisterous in an em pty re sta u ra n t.
2) could not afford to pay the bill.
3) trie d to boast of his knowledge of foreign languages.
4) tre a ted the w aiter in a rude m anner.
Ответ:

17 The w aiter in the next re s ta u ra n t refused to b rin g them more drinks as


1) th e son looked pale and fain t.
2) the boy was too young to drink alcohol.
3) the re s ta u ra n t was closing soon.
4) the w aiter got angry w ith th e son.
Ответ:

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120 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

18 The title of th e story “R eunion” actually im plies th a t the


1) son found his lost fa th e r a fte r decades of separation.
2) son now would be living tog eth er w ith his fath er.
3) son made an attem p t to re-establish relations w ith his fa th e r.
4) “fa th e r — son” relations is w hat both sides feel th e need for.
Ответ: Q

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

A phone call

19 Among the e-mails w aiting for me a t work one m orning was one from
a member of my sta ff. It was sent from his personal e-mail address
and th ere was only his home phone num ber. T hinking som ething was
w rong, I im m ediately c a lle d ____________________ . HE

20 A sleepy female voice answ ered and told me he was a t work and
____________________ home late in the evening. COME

21 The m om ent was when I rem em bered th a t I had BAD


recently asked s ta ff members to give me th e ir home num bers. I went
rig h t down to the employee’s office to apologize fo r my call.

22 ____________________ , however, he thanked me. I had awakened his LATE


daughter, who had an exam th a t m orning b u t had fo rg o tten to set her
alarm . Thanks to my call, she h ad n ’t missed th e exam.

March 8 in R ussia
23 In English-speaking countries they celebrate V alentine’s Day and
M other’s Day. In R ussia we celebrate the In tern atio n al W om en’s Day.
Though i t ____________________ ‘In te rn a tio n a l’, it is observed only in CALL
R ussia and some CIS countries.

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ВАРИАНТ 7 121

Boys and ____________________ bring flowers and sm all presents to MAN


girls and women they work or study w ith.

I t ____________________ a tra d itio n fo r husbands to do all house work BECOME


on th a t day. There are m any jokes about it being th e only day of the
year when they do this.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Chicago from above

Following a recent renovation, th e new Hancock O bservatory invites


you to enjoy Chicago’s best views from th e city ’s highest open-air
Sky walk. It has quickly gained ____________________ w ith both POPULAR
Chicagoans and visito rs of the city.

Skywalk is Chicago’s highest open-air view ing area. It is 1,000 feet in


the air! Everyone here can feel the stro n g wind and hear the dynamic
buzz of th e city below. The friendly s ta ff will ____________________ CERTAIN
tell th e real story behind Chicago’s “W indy C ity” nicknam e.

For those who feel ____________________ about such a g reat height COMFORT
there are more relaxing indoor audio Sky Tours.

29 These 30-m inute personal audio to u rs give a unique “overview” of


Chicago’s w onderful sights and ____________________ history! Sky REMARK
Tours are available in E nglish, Spanish and German.

30 H istory W all is another p o p u la r____________________ . More th a n 100 ATTRACT


photos on a g reat 80-foot display show Chicago’s rise from a small
settlem ent to a g re a t city.

31 As a to u r guide I have been to th e Skywalk COUNT


tim es and still I can’t help adm iring it.

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122 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

A stra n g e girl
Stephen pulled up the collar of his coat as he walked along the platform . Overhead
a dim fog clouded the station. He was [32 _____ tra in s move slowly, throw ing off
clouds of steam into the cold air. E verything was d irty and smoke-grimed.
Stephen th o u g h t w ith revulsion: “W h at a foul country — w hat a foul city!” He
had to 33 ______ th a t his firs t excited reaction to London — its shops, its re stau ran ts,
its well-dressed a ttra c tive women — had faded. Supposing he were back in South
A frica now... To 34 ______ the tru th , he fe lt a quick pang of homesickness.
Sunshine — blue skies — gardens of flowers. A nd here — d irt, grim e and endless
crowds — m oving, h u rry in g , jostling.
He got on a tra in and passed along th e corridor, looking fo r a place. The tra in was
full. It was only th ree days before C hristm as. He 35 ______ to go to his paren ts for
C hristm as... And th en , suddenly, he caught his b reath , looking into a carriage. This
g irl was differen t. Black h air, rich cream y pallor, the sad proud eyes of the South...
It was all w rong th a t th is g irl should be sittin g in th is tra in 36 these dull
drab looking people. She should be somewhere splendid, not squeezed into th e corner
of a th ird class carriage.
He was an observant man. He did not fail to 37 th e shabbiness of her
black coat and sk irt, the cheap quality of her gloves, 38 ___ splendor was the
quality he associated w ith her. He th o u g h t: “I ’ve got to know who she is and w hat
she’s doing h ere.”
1) w atching 2) looking 3) starin g 4) gazing
Ответ:
33 1) adopt 2) accept 3) adm it 4) agree
Ответ:
34 1) say 2) talk 3) speak 4) tell
Ответ:
35 1) held 2) used 3) took 4) kept
Ответ:
36 1) among 2) between 3) besides 4) along
Ответ:
37 1) observe 2) note 3) spot 4) rem ark
Ответ:
1) N evertheless 2) Neverm ore 3) A lthough 4) Therefore
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ Л? 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 7 123

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ М 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Kevin who w rites:

L ast week we flew to Florida for my a u n t’s birthday. I t was awful! We were
three hours late boarding the plane and then spent another hour w aiting for the
take-off. I f we had gone by car, we would have got there more quickly. Do you prefer
to travel by car, train or airplane and why? Do you agree th at air travel is not
always the quickest? Which is the most dangerous in your opinion?
I am planning to take driving lessons soon...

W rite a le tte r to Kevin.


In your le tte r
— answ er his questions
— ask 3 questions about his plans fo r driving lessons.

W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.


The most im portant thing in life is family.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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Вариант 8

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. I would not re tu rn to using chemical cleaners th a t are bad fo r my fam ily.


2. I find recycling necessary to keep our planet clean.
3. I would like people to care m ore about our planet w ater resources.
4. I am sure our clean and safe fu tu re is w orth new green habits today.
5. I am concerned about the long-term effects of pollution in big cities.
6. I am try in g to stop people from polluting the air.
7. I w ant people stop and th in k about th e way we tre a t waste.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N o t sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

J e rry does not w ant to trav el to a crowded place th is sum m er.

J e rry th inks th a t his last year journey to P aris was perfect.

K ate would p refer to go to a popular European to u rist reso rt.

D J e rry is going to swim in the sea in Egypt.

E J e rry will take p a rt in several archeological excavations held in Luxor.

F K ate th inks th a t booking in advance is im p o rtan t.

G J e rry has discovered th a t prices a t th e chosen five stars hotel are ra th e r high.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 8 125

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

3 W hat does Jam es Sm ith mean using th e w ord “dream ”?


1) A wish or a desire of a person.
2) H um an cognitive abilities.
3) The process of sleeping.
Ответ: | |
4 One possible reason for having d ifficu lties in realizing one’s dream s is
1) criticism from other people.
2) w rong life values.
3) low self-esteem.
Ответ:
5 W hat is necessary to u n derstand one’s dream s?
1) C om m unicating w ith people.
2) Deep self-reflexion.
3) A nalyzing o th e rs’ plans.
Ответ:
6 W hat of the following is NOT Jam es S m ith ’s recom m endation?
1) R anging one’s goals
2) M aking a list of one’s goals.
3) S haring one’s goals w ith friends.
Ответ:
7 W hat is, according to Jam es Sm ith, the usual outcome of not following his advice?
1) H aving no dream s and goals.
2) Losing friends.
3) Feeling sorry in the end.
Ответ:
8 W hen saying “live out dream s” Jam es Sm ith means
1) fu lfillin g them . 2) u nderstan d in g them . 3) fo rg ettin g them .
Ответ:
9 A ccording to Jam es Sm ith your dream s depend on your
1) joys and reg rets. 2) fam ily and friends. 3) ta len ts and abilities.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАН К


ОТВЕТОВ Л? 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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126 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. N ation al language 5. Geography


2. Freedom o f m edia 6. Leisure and sport
3. Custom s and traditions 7. Modern history
4. Public transport 8. Econom ic outlook

A. L ithuania is situ ated on th e eastern Baltic coast and borders L atvia in the n o rth ,
th e K aliningrad region of th e R ussian Federation and Poland in th e southw est, and
Belarus in the southw est and east. The geom etrical centre of Europe lies in eastern
L ithuania 25km n o rth of its capital V ilnius. The landscape varies between lowland
plains and hilly uplands and has a complex netw ork of rivers.
B. L ithuania has historically been the least developed of the Baltic republics, w ith a
sm aller in d u stria l base and g re a ter dependence on ag ricu ltu re. Sugar beet, cereals,
potatoes and vegetables are th e m ain crops. L ith u an ia’s foreign trad e has gradually
changed d u rin g the 1990s, and now the European Union, not R ussia, is its m ain
tra d in g p artn er.
C. L ithuanian is the m other tongue fo r 80% of th e population. A fte r the country
joined the European Union in 2004 th is language has become one of the EU official
languages. L ithuania has a large num ber of dialects fo r such a small te rrito ry ,
including H igh L ithuanian and Low L ithuanian.
D. L ithuania offers d ifferen t opportunities fo r a nice vacation. You can explore a
range of large sand dunes and pine forests while hiking in th e C uronian Spit
N ational P ark , take p a rt in some action sports in N ida, a village th a t makes a tru e
paradise for sailing, w indsurfing, paragliding and k itin g , or try out more extrem e
sports, such as h ot-air ballooning and gliding.
E. Those who are in terested in folklore may enjoy th e ir stay in L ith u an ia in any
season of the year. The M ardi Gras celebrations are held in various L ithuanian
cities and sm all towns a t th e beginning of February. The Folklore Festival is held
in V ilnius’ Old Town d u ring in May. There you can see c ra ft fairs, ta ste trad itio n al
dishes, join song and p arties and listen to psalms.
F. L ith u an ia’s TV m arket is dom inated by commercial channels. The radio m arket is
sim ilarly com petitive. L ith u an ia’s media are free and operate independently of the
state, and there are no governm ent-ow ned new spapers. However, politicians do
occasionally attem p t to influence editorial policy.
G. In cities and towns th ere are buses and trolleybuses, which usually ru n from 05.00
to 23.00, b u t tim es do vary between routes. You can’t pay th e fare to th e d riv er
in cash b u t you can buy coupons from him . Coupons can be also bought a t news
kiosks before boarding. M inibuses are less crowded b u t more expensive.

А В С D Е F G

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ВАРИАНТ 8 127

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Harry P otter course for un iversity stud en ts


S tudents of D urham U niversity are being given th e chance to sign up to w hat is
th o u g h t to be the U K ’s firs t course focusing on th e world of H arry P o tter. A lthough
every English-speaking person in the world knows about H arry P o tte r books and film s,
few have th o u g h t of using them as a guide to ... m odern life.
The D urham U niversity module uses th e works of JK Rowling A __________________
m odern society. “H arry P o tte r and the Age of Illusion” will be available fo r study
next year. So fa r about 80 undergrad u ates have signed В __________________ a BA
degree in Education Studies. F u tu re educationalists will analyse JK R ow ling’s
fanfiction from various points of view.
A univ ersity spokesman said: “This module places th e H arry P o tte r novels in a
w ider social and cu ltu ral co n tex t.” He added th a t a num ber of them es would be
explored, C __________________ the classroom, bullying, friendship and solidarity and
the ideals of and good citizenship.
The module was created by the head of the D epartm ent of Education at Durham
University. He said the idea for the new module had appeared in response D ________________
body: “It seeks to place the series in its w ider social and cu ltu ral context and will
explore some fundam ental issues E __________________ . You ju s t need to read the
academic w riting which sta rte d F __________________ th a t H arry P o tte r is w orthy of
serious stu d y .”

1. up for the optional module, p a rt of


2. to emerge fo u r or five years ago to see
3. to exam ine prejudice, citizenship and bullying in
4. such as the response of the w riter
5. including the world of ritu a ls, prejudice and intolerance in
6. to grow ing dem and from the stu d en t
7. such as the m oral universe of th e school

Ответ: А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

I arrived a t the cloud forest in Ecuador ten days ago. I was one of a group of
twelve volunteers th a t w anted to save the rain fo rest. My reasons fo r going on th is
trip were twofold: firstly , I w anted to collect and b rin g back alive some of the
fascinating anim als, birds and reptiles th a t inhabit th is region; secondly, I had long

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cherished a dream to see South Am erica: not the inhabited South A m erica w ith its
macadam roads, its cocktail bars, its express tra in s ro arin g th ro u g h a landscape
denuded of its flora and fau n a by the beneficial influences of civilization. I w anted to
see one of those few rem aining p a rts of the continent th a t had escaped th is fa te and
rem ained more or less as it was when A m erica was firs t discovered: I w anted to see
its rain fo rests, its vast lands of untouched, pure, n a tu ra l w ildlife. We were w orking
together w ith local people and scientists and we were learning and seeing new things
every day. O ur lodge was com fortable, had b reath tak in g views and was in the middle
of the rain fo rest. It was a tw o-hour walk from th e nearest road, and it was even
fu rth e r to the nearest village.
The ra in fo rest is tru ly an astonishing place. There are thousands of species of
plants here and more th an 700 species of birds. There are m illions of insects and
scientists th in k there may be around fo rty mammal species th a t haven’t even been
discovered. B ut w hat I was really amazed a t how everything depends on everything
else for survival.
Every tree in the rain fo rest is covered in a species of an o th er kind. The black wasp
uses the ta ra n tu la as a nest fo r its eggs, plants need monkeys fo r seed dispersal, and
the clouds are necessary for th e survival of th e whole rain fo rest. This is because they
provide m oisture. The problem is, clim ate change is causing the clouds to rise by 1—2
m eters every year. W hat will happen to th e plants th a t need th is m oisture? W h at will
happen to the anim als th a t need those plants?
Our job was to w atch th is changing ecosystem. One of my fav o u rite projects was
the bird survey. Every day a group of us set out a t around five o’clock w ith a local
scientist. A t th is tim e of the m orning th e a ir was filled w ith th e sound of b ird song.
W e had to identify the birds we hear and see and w rite down our findings. L ater, we
entered all our inform ation into a com puter at the lodge.
We also set up cam eras to record pum as, spectacled bears and o th er large mammals.
It was always exciting to see pum as because it m eant th ere were o th er anim als around
th a t they would norm ally h u n t. W e fixed the cam eras to trees around the reserve,
and every day a team of volunteers collected the cam eras memory cards.
There was a lot to do in th e rain fo rest, b u t at least I felt like we were m aking a
difference.
However, soon I sta rte d collecting some anim als and insects. I realized th a t as soon
as the h u n tin g got under way and the collection increased, m ost of my tim e would be
taken up in looking a fte r the anim als, and I should not be able to w ander fa r from
camp. So I was eager to get into the fo rest while I had th e chance.
N evertheless, I should m ention the fact th a t w ithout th e help of th e natives you
would stand little chance of catching th e anim als you w ant, fo r they know th e forest,
having been born in it. Once th e anim al is caught, however, it is your job to keep it
alive and well. If you left th is p a rt of it to th e natives you would get precious little
back alive.

12 W hich reason for the trip to th e rain fo rest was NOT m entioned?
1) Dream of visitin g South Am erica.
2) G athering a collection.
3) T h irst for adventures.
4) Saving rainforests.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 8 129

13 W ho did NOT take p a rt in the work in rain fo rests?


1) Zoo keepers.
2) R esearchers.
3) V olunteers.
4) People living in the area.
Ответ:
14 A ccording to the n a rra to r scientists believe th a t
1) plants in th e rain fo rest do not need so m uch w ater.
2) i t ’s impossible to control the anim als and birds in th e forest.
3) they should stu d y anim als w ithout catching them .
4) th ere is a num ber of unknow n types of anim als in th e rain fo rest.
Ответ:
15 W hat type of work did the volunteers have to do?
1) Study the b ird s’ singing.
2) Search for pum as and bears.
3) Observe the changes in th e w ildlife.
4) L ist the types of plants in the rain fo rest.
Ответ:
16 The phrase “we were making difference” in parag rap h 6 means
1) they were im proving fau n a of the rain fo rest.
2) they were changing the ecosystem of th e place.
3) they made life in the fo rest more diverse.
4) th e ir job would help in saving th e forest.
Ответ:
17 W hy did the n a rra to r go to the fo rest any tim e he had a chance to?
1) He liked h u n tin g w ith local people.
2) He d id n ’t have chance to do any oth er work.
3) He w ouldn’t have enough tim e fo r th a t later.
4) He had to feed anim als th a t he had caught.
Ответ:
18 A ccording to th e n a rra to r he worked w ith local people because they
1) protected th e anim als.
2) were fam iliar w ith the place.
3) saved his life.
4) knew anim als b etter.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы, в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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130 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует отдельному заданию из группы 19—25.

S in g in g in the car

My elder b ro th er likes all kinds of m usic. He prefers jazz b u t also


listens to pop m usic and som etim es goes to classical m usic concerts.
B ut when driving ____________________ in his car, he in sists on I
listening to heavy-m etal music.

For a long tim e I u n d erstan d why he was doing NOT CAN


it.

He knew very well th a t fo r me it was the kind BAD


of music.

One day I decided to ask him why he always chose th is type while
driving. “W ell, s iste r,” he relu ctan tly replied, “to be fran k , i t ’s m ainly
so you can’t sing along.” He added th a t he ____________________ to LISTEN
anything else if only I prom ised not to sing along.

S t. P atrick ’s Day, March 17

St. P atrick is the patron sain t of Ireland. On M arch 17 th ere is a great


celebration w ith the m ajor parade in Dublin and sm aller parades all
over Ireland. In New York t h e ____________________ St. P a tric k ’s Day ONE
celebration took place in 1762.

24 On M arch 15, 1992 St. P a tric k ’s D a y ____________________ in Moscow. CELEBRATE


Thousands of delighted M uscovites gathered a t Novy A rb at to w atch
the parade of m arching bands, Cossack horsem en and floats of R ussian
and Irish companies.

Since then, St. P a tric k ’s Day parades in Moscow HOLD


every year.

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ВАРИАНТ 8 131

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Ray Bradbury

Ray Douglas B radbury is a US w rite r of fan tasy , h o rro r, science fiction


and m ystery. He is ____________________ considered to be one of the WIDE
20th c en tu ry ’s g reatest and m ost popular w riters of science fiction.

His works have been tran slated into more th a n 40 languages and have
sold tens of m illions of copies in d ifferen t countries. His
____________________ continues in th e 21st century. POPULAR

D uring his long w ritin g career, B radbury has w ritten alm ost 600 short
stories, eleven novels, as well as ____________________ poems and VARY
plays.

He firs t became fam ous for his M artian Chronicles, a collection of


sh o rt stories concerning colonization of the planet M ars. In it, B radbury
portrayed the stre n g th s a n d ____________________ of hum an beings as W EAK
they encountered a new world.

B radbury w o n ___________________ lite ra ry aw ards, th e m ost im p o rtan t COUNT


of them coming from the N ational In s titu te of A rts and L etters.

M illions of science fiction readers all over th e world are g ra te fu l to


Ray B radbury for his o u tstanding ____________________ in th e field ACHIEVE
of fan tasy and science fiction.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Dinner
Amos F in n ister was a private detective. In all his years as a policeman and a
p rivate inv estig ato r, he had learned about people. He gained a psychological in sig h t
into m ost as he 32 ____ them do foolish th in g s. He was a t ease w ith people from
all walks of life, and in consequence they were a t ease w ith him.
A nd th is was m ost apparent on Friday evening, when M ajor Cedric Craw ford din ed
w ith him a t the R itz re sta u ra n t. Amos 33 to dine th ere when he lived in New
York.

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By the tim e they were halfw ay th ro u g h dinner, Amos had the m ajor laughing and
sharing stories, some of which were funny. By the tim e they had eaten th e main
course, Amos felt fe lt com fortable enough to 34 th e answ er to an im p o rtan t
question. “I wonder if you have ever come across T abitha Jam e s.”
Cedric 35 _____ knowing T abitha w ith no sign of em barrassm ent or reluctance.
“To 36 the tru th , I knew h er quite well, actually. She was a close frien d of
a fellow guards officer, Sebastian Lawford. She fell in love w ith him at f ir s t sight.
They were going to m arry b u t u n fo rtu n ate ly th a t did not come to p ass.”
“And why was th a t, M ajor, do you know?”
“Oh, yes, I ’m afraid I do. T abitha had contracted pneum onia b u t 37 no
atte n tio n to her illness. Before I knew it, she was dead and gone. As fo r Sebastian,
he rejoined the arm y when th e wa r broke out and was killed. A sad story, is n ’t it? ”
Amos nodded. So m uch depended 38 _ _ _ _ _ th is inform ation.

1) w atched 2) stared 3) looked 4) gazed


Ответ: |

1) took 2) used 3) held 4) kept


Ответ:

1) seek 2) ask 3) pose 4) search


Ответ:

1) agreed 2) adm itted 3) accepted 4) adopted


Ответ:

36 1) say 2) tell 3) speak 4) talk


Ответ:

37 1) paid 2) broug h t 3) tu rn ed 4) took


Ответ:

38 1) of 2) at 3) in 4) on
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 8 133

Раздел 4. Письмо
Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые
пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend K aren who w rites:

You know, we’re going to Spain for our sum m er holiday. I ’m afraid of flyin g and
I ’m afraid of telling my paren ts about it. W hat is your experience of air travel? Do
you have air travel anxiety? W hat do you think I should do about mine? I need
your advice.
Tonight I ’m going to meet my sister’s boyfriend — he’s coming to our fam ily
dinner...

W rite a le tte r to K aren.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her s iste r’s boyfriend.
W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

The most im portant thing in life is friendship.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an intro d u ctio n (state the problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 9

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A —F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7.
Используйт е каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. I eat a lot try in g to forget шу problems.


2. I cannot lose w eight as I combine exercising and eating u n healthy food.
3. I have gained w eight a fte r changing my habits.
4. I would like to lose w eight w ithout changing my habits radically.
5. I feel very unhappy because I cannot help eating unhealthy food.
6. I expected to gain w eight b u t in fact I haven’t.
7. I don’t have any w eight problem s in spite of eating w hatever I w ant.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A —G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

Sally likes “Alice in W onderland” more now, as she und erstan d s it b etter.

Sally’s fa th e r loved “Alice in W onderland” when he was a kid.

C The Mad H a tte r’s character makes Sally th in k of h er own personality.

D “Alice in W onderland” did not make a good im pression upon Susan.

E Sally is sure th a t not everything is openly expressed in the book.

F Susan has seen all th e film adaptations of “Alice in W onderland”.

G Sally respects Disney fo r not changing an y th in g in th e story.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 9 135

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

The n a rra to r says th a t th e Union is a body which


1) includes both — the stu d en ts and the teachers.
2) is of a political character.
3) does not represent all groups of stu d en ts.
Ответ:

A ccording to th e n a rra to r th e behavior of th e Union members shows
1) a high level of intellect.
2) a lack of m atu rity .
3) a sense of responsibility.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r ran fo r the office because
1) he had supporters.
2) he w anted the position.
3) he was sure he would make it.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r is not happy about the Union because th e members
1) are not aware of the c u rre n t political situ atio n in th e world.
2) are too young to u n derstand the in te re sts of m ature students.
3) tend to discuss th e ir p rivate a ffa irs and problems.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r th inks th a t the Union should
1) be abolished. 2) do its work b etter. 3) a ttra c t more atten tio n .

8
Ответ:

The n a rra to r believes th a t the Union members are in terested in
1) g e ttin g more money for th e ir work.
2) increasing th e ir experience.
3) having fu n together.
Ответ:

For th e n a rra to r the univ ersity is a place to
1) e n tertain him self. 2) study hard. 3) make friends.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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136 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между текстами A —G и заголовками 1—8. Занесите
свои ответы в таблицу. Используйт е каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Expenses 5. P lace to stay in


2. W ays o f behaviour 6. E ating out
3. N ig h tlife 7. N ation al lan gu ages
4. Favourite food 8. Great outdoors

А. Norway is firs t of all a land fo r those who love n a tu re . The 1


in the southw est of the country and Europe’s larg est glacier are N orw ay’s most
a ttra ctiv e places, b u t th ere are m any oth er reasons to v isit th is country in the
n o rth of Europe. There are w onderful opportunities to enjoy skiing, fishing and
rock-clim bing. O thers can take pleasure in th e charm of th e N orwegian countryside,
w ith its countless valleys, high m ountain lakes and unbelievable views.
B. Many to u rists coming to Norway in th e sum m er p refer to stay in a cottage used
by n o rth ern Norwegian fisherm en d u rin g th e w in ter cod-fishing season. Equipped
w ith all the necessary facilities, these cottages are leased to holidaym akers,
providing an a ttra ctiv e form of accommodation. They will often be actually over
th e w ater. C atching your own fish and cooking it on th e fire will add a few pleasant
m om ents to your holiday.
C. Norway has a long h istory of fishing, although much of the high quality shellfish
and other species caught off the coast are exported. However, fish rem ains a
common dish, along w ith m eat, potatoes and oth er root vegetables, although tastes
have changed in recent years to involve a w ider in tern atio n al choice, including
pizzas and burgers. The m ost popular tra d itio n a l hot snack is a form of sausage,
sold a t num erous outlets.
D. T raditionally e n tertain m en t in th e country is largely home-based, b u t th is has been
changing in recent years. M ost N orw egians tend to go ou t only on Fridays and
S aturdays, the re st of the week being fairly quiet. This is in no sm all p a rt due to
the high prices of food and drink, and th e fact th a t th e w orking day s ta rts early.
A nd a t weekends, it is norm al fo r the N orw egians to enjoy drin k s a t home before
leaving it as late as 11.00 p.m.
E. R estau ran ts tend to be concentrated in city centres, while in recent years th e pub
cu ltu re has been gradually arriv in g in Norway. Cities are nowadays well supplied
w ith a wide choice of bars, many of which offer food th a t has a lower price
compared to the re sta u ra n ts. Most villages of any size have a t least one cafe or
re sta u ra n t where it is possible to d rin k and eat out.
F. Norwegians are generally sincere and polite, though com m unication doesn’t often
come easy — it is usually up to you to break the ice and establish contact. They
can be very d irect and rarely say ‘please’, which may seem rude, b u t i t ’s due to
the fa c t th a t the N orw egian language rarely uses th e word. On th e o th er hand,
they say ‘th an k you’ for alm ost everything. They also tend to address people by
th e ir firs t name even on m any form al occasions.

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ВАРИАНТ 9 137

G. Norway is an expensive country. As labour is costly here, an y th in g th a t can be


seen as a ‘service’ will generally be more expensive th an you expect. T ransport
costs can also be a killer, because th e country is large and distances are long. But
th ere is one good point: Norway has a high quality of tap w ater. So buying bottled
d rinking w ater is usually unnecessary and th is will save your budget.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обо­


значенными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите
цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

L aughing and evolution


The firs t hoots of lau g h ter from an ancient ancestor of hum ans could be heard at
least 10 m illion years ago, according to the resu lts of a new study.
R esearchers used recordings of apes and babies being tickled
A __________________________ to the last common ancestor th a t hum ans shared w ith
the m odern g reat apes, which include chim panzees, gorillas and orangutans.
The finding challenges the opinion В ________________________________ , suggesting
instead th a t it em erged long before hum ans sp lit from th e evolutionary p ath th a t led
to our prim ate cousins, between 10m and 16m years ago.
“In hum ans, laughing can be the stro n g est way of expressing how m uch we are
enjoying ourselves, b u t it can also be used in oth er contexts, like m aking fu n of
someone,” said M arina D avila Ross, a psychologist a t P ortsm o u th U niversity. “I was
in terested in C __________________________ .”
D avila Ross travelled to seven zoos around Europe and visited a w ildlife reserve in
Sabah, Borneo, to record baby and juvenile apes D __________________________ . G reat
apes are known to make noises th a t are sim ilar to la u g h ter when they are excited and
while they are playing w ith each other.
D avila Ross collected recordings of lau g h ter from 21 chim ps, gorillas, orangutans
and bonobos and added recordings of th ree babies th a t were tickled to make them
laugh.
To analyze the recordings, the team p u t them into a com puter program . “Our
evolutionary tree based on these acoustic recordings alone showed E __________________ ,
b u t fu rth e s t from orangutans, w ith gorillas somewhere in th e m iddle.” said Davila
Ross. “W hat th is shows is strong evidence to suggest F _________________________ .”

1. w hether laughing em erged earlier on th an hum ans did


2. to create th e evolutionary tree linking hum ans and apes
3. th a t lau g h ter is a uniquely hum an tr a it
4. th a t hum ans were closest to chimps and bonobos
5. th a t laughing comes from a common prim ate ancestor
6. while th e ir caretakers tickled them
7. to trace the origin of la u g h ter back
А В С D Е F

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138 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Scarcely had we settled into R eution th e Straw berry-pink Villa before my m other
decided th a t I was run n in g wild, and th a t it was necessary fo r me to have some sort
of education. As usual when a problem arose, th e en tire fam ily flu n g itse lf w ith
enthusiasm into the task of solving it. Each member had his or her own idea of w hat
was best for me.
S ittin g under th e open window in th e tw ilig h t, I had listened w ith in te re st, not
unm ixed w ith indignation, to th e fam ily discussion of my fate. Finally my m other
decided th a t George would be a good teacher fo r me. Now it was settled , I wondered
vaguely who George was, and why it was so necessary fo r me to have lessons. B ut the
dusk was thick w ith flow er-scents, and the olive-groves were dark, m ysterious, and
fascinating. I forgot about the im m inent danger of being educated, and w ent off w ith
Roger to h u n t for glow-worms in the spraw ling bram bles.
L ater I discovered th a t George was my b ro th e r’s frien d and he had come to Corfu
to w rite. There was nothing very unusual about th is, fo r all L a rry ’s acquaintances in
those days were eith er authors, poets, or painters.
My new teacher came over to the villa to discuss my education w ith M other, and
we were introduced. We regarded each o th er w ith suspicion. George was a very tall
and extrem ely th in man w ith a brown beard and a p air of large spectacles. He had a
deep, melancholy voice, a dry and sarcastic sense of hum or. However, he was not
upset by th e fact th a t th ere were no school-books available on the island; he simply
looked th ro u g h his own lib rary and appeared on th e appointed day arm ed w ith his
own selection of books. He p atien tly ta u g h t me Geography from th e maps in th e back
of an ancient copy of P ears Encyclopedia, English from books th a t ranged from W ilde
to Gibbon, French from the book called “Le P e tit Larousse” , and m athem atics from
memory. From my point of view the m ost im p o rtan t th in g was th a t we devoted some
of our tim e to n a tu ra l history, and George carefully ta u g h t me how to observe and
how to note down observations in a diary. A t once my en th u siastic in te re st in n atu re
became focused, for I found th a t by w ritin g th in g s down I could learn and rem em ber
m uch more. The only m orning th a t I was ever on tim e fo r my lessons were those
which were given up to n a tu ra l history.
Every m orning a t nine George would come into th e little dining-room of the villa,
sit a t the table m ethodically a rran g in g th e books. He would droop over th e exercise-
book pensively, pulling a t his beard. Then in his large, clear w ritin g he would set the
task for me to solve.
“If it took two caterpillars a week to eat eight leaves, how long would four
caterpillars take to eat the same num ber? Now, apply yourself to th a t” .
W hile I was stru g g lin g w ith th e apparently insoluble problem of th e caterp illar
appetites, George was practicing some dancing moves in th e hall as at th a t tim e he
was engaged in learning some of th e local dances, fo r which he had a passion. Through
all th is I would be w atching him , fascinated, th e exercise-book lying fo rg o tten in
fro n t of me. M athem atics was not one of o ur successful subjects.
In geography we made b e tte r progress, fo r George was able to give a more zoological
tinge to the lesson. W e drew g ian t maps and th en filled in th e various places of
in te re st, tog eth er w ith draw ings of the m ost exciting anim als and birds to be found
there.

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ВАРИАНТ 9 139

12 In paragraph 1 “7 was running w ild” means th a t th e boy


1) hardly spent any tim e a t home.
2) led an uncontrolled life.
3) became very angry.
4) had an unhealthy lifestyle.
Ответ:

13 How did the boy’s fam ily react to th e problem of his education?
1) A ctively discussed the situation.
2) Avoided any disputes on th is topic.
3) Showed no desire in solving it.
4) Felt in d ifferen t.
Ответ:

14 George was
1) a teacher.
2) a dancer.
3) a w riter.
4) a m athem atician.
Ответ:

15 How did the boy and George feel when they firs t m et?
1) They tre a ted the situ atio n w ith hum or.
2) They were upset about th e ir studies.
3) They d id n ’t tr u s t each other.
4) They liked each other very much.
Ответ: □
16 W hy did th e boy enjoy his lessons of n a tu ra l history?
1) He rem em bered much more from those lessons.
2) He got very in terested in the subject.
3) He learned how to focus on the lesson.
4) He finally learn t how to w rite.
Ответ:

17 The boy couldn’t solve the m athem atics problem because he
1) d id n ’t like to make any effo rt.
2) was not in terested in caterpillars.
3) refused to do m athem atics in general.
4) was distracted by his teach er’s dances.
Ответ:

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140 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

The geography lessons were more successful because


1) George knew geography b e tte r th a n m athem atics.
2) the boy was fond of draw ing maps of the continents.
3) the boy knew lots of in te re stin g places already.
4) George also m anaged to involve th e boy’s in te re st in fauna.

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Р аздел 3. Г р ам м атика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

Excuses, excuses...

For years my husband, Tom, and I had com plained b itte rly about the
lack of sidewalks in our village. W e d id n ’t have enough exercise b u t
w e ____________________ jog because th ere were no sidewalks. NOT CAN

Tom had often t o l d ____________________ , «If only we had sidewalks, I


we would jog or walk daily and become models of fitness».

So we were th rilled when a com m unity sidewalk project was announced,


and w atched eagerly as paving neared com pletion. Then the
____________________ th in g happened: w ishful th in k in g and reality BAD
collided.

«Well, dear,» Tom said. «W hat’ll we use as an excuse fo r not w alking


now?» I said I ____________________ of some excuse. THINK

M em orial Day

In the USA, M emorial Day is the last Monday in May. M emorial Day
____________________ a national holiday in 1971. DECLARE

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ВАРИАНТ 9 141

B ut the tra d itio n of honoring those who died in defense of


____________________ country goes back to th e Civil W ar. The tra d itio n THEY
to hold m em orial services, v isit the cem eteries, decorate th e graves
w ith flowers and w reaths originated in W aterloo, New York, in 1866.

Since then, the tr a d itio n ____________________ . Nowadays, on M emorial CHANGE


Day A m ericans honor not only soldiers who perished in w ars b u t those
loved ones who have died.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

A nim als

The im portance of anim als in B ritish life is reflected in m any ways.


In the past, landow ners liked to be portrayed w ith th e ir dogs and
horses. ____________________ pictures of th is kind can be seen in a rt COUNT
galleries and priv ate residences.

A nim als are ____ used in ad v ertisin g in m agazines WIDE


and on television.

The Royal Society for t h e ____________________ of C ruelty to A nim als PREVENT


(RSPCA) is one of the largest charities in B ritain.

RSPCA is a p a rt of a more general ____________________ in support MOVE


of anim al rig h ts th a t has em erged recently in B ritain and th e USA.

Anim al rig h ts organizations u s e ____________________ tactics: picketing VARY


stores th a t sell fu rs, harassing h u n te rs in th e wild, or breaking into
laboratories to free anim als.

31 T heir m ain aim is to ban th e cruel tre a tm e n t and k illing of anim als
both in laboratory experim ents and in factory farm ing. The irresponsible
and neglectful tre a tm e n t of anim als by some zoo and pet
____________________ is also th e ir concern. OWN

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142 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Before Christm as

Vicky gave th is p a rty every year, ju s t before C hristm as. She [32 ____ to do it
before the w ar and she was doing it now, when th e w ar was over. It was always the
same people who came. It stru ck h er suddenly how clannish they all were, b u t then
the Deravenels in p a rtic u la r were somewhat addicted to th e ir fam ily. Vicky knew th a t
she could always depend [ЗЗ ]______ her relatives in a crisis.
She was 34 the guests greet each o th er and share the news. Vicky th o u g h t
of her sister-in-law K athleen, not present to n ig h t. Vicky m issed h er presence. W hen
W ill had arrived to n ig h t, he had [3 5 ]______ th a t K athleen was really sick. “B ut not
Spanish flu ,” he had added sw iftly, observing the look of apprehension crossing her
face, “ju s t a heavy cold.”
Fenella’s voice bro u g h t her out of h er reverie, and she looked across at h er old
frien d , who was saying, “How is Charlie feeling?”
“H e’s relieved he is safely home, but his wounds still h u rt and he feels depressed...”
She looked a t Fenella as if 36 advice.
“Mr. Ridgely made a rem ark to me the o th er day th a t he wished th ere was
somewhere wounded soldiers could go, to have some so rt of recreation, talk to other
soldiers,” said Fenella.
“T h a t’s an in te re stin g idea” Vicky glanced a t th e others, 37 ______ a brow.
“Don’t you agree?”
“To 38 ____ th e tru th , I do,” Stephen answ ered, always ready to back his wife
in her project. “I th in k such a place would be quite m arvelous fo r the wounded men
who are now coming hom e.” Fenella nodded.

32 1) used 2) kept 3) held 4) took


Ответ:

33 1) on 2) at 3) in 4) of
Ответ: ]

34 1) looking 2) starin g 3) w atching 4) gazing


Ответ:

35 1) adm itted 2) adopted 3) agreed 4) accepted


Ответ:

36 1) searching 2) posing 3) asking 4) seeking


Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 9 143

37 1) falling 2) heaving 3) risin g 4) raising


Ответ:

38 1) say 2) tell 3) speak 4) talk


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19-38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Р аздел 4. П исьм о

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend M oira who w rites:

Today I ’ve cooked the Irish stew and everyone loved it. I like cooking and can
make it my profession one day. Do you like cooking — what in p articu lar or why
not? W hat is a Russian traditional meal like? Do Russians really eat borsch and
kasha every day?
N ext week I ’m going to visit my grandparents in Brighton...

W rite a le tte r to Moira.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her gran d p aren ts.
W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

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144 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Comment on the following statem en t.

The most im portant thing in life is love.

W h a t is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem e n t?

W rite 200—250 words.


Use th e following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith the opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 10

Р аздел 1. А у д и р о в а н и е

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­


ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. Clear in stru ctio n s a t work are very im p o rtan t.


2. Personal discussions in th e office can d istra c t from work.
3. It is im p o rtan t to th in k about gender differences in office work.
4. Em ployees’ health m ust be the top p rio rity fo r office m anagers.
5. Positive atm osphere is im p o rtan t a t work.
6. E ffective com m unication is im p o rtan t fo r both employers and employees.
7. Team sp irit is a key to success both fo r the office and its employees.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N o t sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А M ary’s m other is not in terested in Robin Hood.

В A vintage inn is an average countryside pub.

С Food prices in a vintage inn are ra th e r high.

D V intage inns offer only tra d itio n a l B ritish cuisine.

Е V intage inns are often close to local sights.

F The level of service can vary in d ifferen t vintage inns.

G M ary has a map of vintage inns.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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146 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

W hy did Helen change her original name?


1) She w anted to break her trib e trad itio n s.
2) People found it d ifficu lt to pronounce it.
3) She did not like its m eaning.
Ответ:

W hich tra d itio n , according to Helen, is still alive in Navaho lifestyle?


1) Horse riding.
2) Clothes.
3) Houses.
Ответ:

How does Helen characterize her fam ily?


1) They stick to the reservation area.
2) It tries to preserve old trad itio n s.
3) It is unusually big fo r Navaho tribes.
Ответ:

W hat is H elen’s opinion about keeping Navaho trad itio n s?


1) Navaho people m ust assim ilate into w hite cu ltu re.
2) T raditional lifestyle is appropriate only in reservations.
3) There should be a balance in accepting w hite culture.
Ответ:

W hat does Helen say about her knowledge of th e Navaho language?


1) She used to be b e tte r a t it.
2) She still has an excellent command of it.
3) H er speaking skills are b e tte r th a n h er w riting.
Ответ:

W hich of the following weekend activ ities does Helen NOT m ention as h er habit?
1) W atching film s.
2) Taking p a rt in tra d itio n a l ceremonies.
3) M eeting peers.
Ответ:

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 10 147

W hat does Helen dream of visiting?


1) Local places of in terest.
2) A m erican cities.
3) C ountries on other continents.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и дунгих дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Р аздел 2. Ч те н и е

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один ра з. В за да ­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. F ootb allers’ diets 5. Secret born in the U SS R


2. Ideal footb all shape 6. S tress or relaxation
3. Length m atters 7. F lying fru it
4. Puree in stead o f pasta 8. R eferee’s perspective

A. Good footballers m ust have som ething in th e ir genes. Scientists have discovered a
link between the length of a fo otballer’s rin g fin g er and th e ir ability as a player.
They compared the rin g and index fingers of top players. Players whose ring
fingers were longer compared to th e ir index fingers were more likely to be elite
players. Some of the players found to have long rin g fingers are Bryan Robson,
Ossie A rdiles, Glenn Hoddle, S ir Stanley M atthew s and Gazza.
B. Fitness training is absolutely necessary for a first-rate football team. Jogging up and
down the stadium a few times is not enough. W hat footballers really need is a quick
start. Footballers can get this ability to s ta rt running very quickly by using a training
method called ‘plyom etrics’. In the 1960s, athletes in the Soviet Union used plyometric
exercises to improve their results in jum ping. Step by step, the method has become
very im portant for many sports th a t include sprinting and jum ping.
C. In the past, footballers used to have a big fried b reak fast — or even a roast
dinner — before a football m atch. In th e new era of professional football, the menu
of m odern players has been radically reform ed. A rsenal m anager, A rsene W enger,
is known for his scientific m ethod of feeding his team . W hen he f ir s t came to the
club in 1996, he at once changed the players’ dinner m enus. S ugar, red m eat,
chips, fried foods and dairy products were out. Vegetables, fish, chicken and plenty
of w ater were in.

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148 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

D. French diet specialists heavily criticised th e pre-m atch diet of th e England players
in Euro ‘96. Their m enu of tom ato soup and sp ag h etti was said to be more likely
to produce wind th an a win. Potatoes, according to French scientists, make the
best meal on the day of a game. They have glucides, which give the player a lot
of energy. They also include useful vitam ins. A ccording to one piece of research,
a player should eat 200-3 0 0 gram s of m ashed potatoes, boiled fo r 20 m inutes,
exactly th ree hours before going to th e game.
E. Physics can explain a football wonder — the banana kick. This happens when a
ball suddenly changes its direction a t th e end of its flig h t. A t a certain speed, the
a ir flow ing over a flying ball becomes ‘tu rb u le n t’. This means th a t th e a ir moves
irreg u la rly over the ball. As th e ball slows down, th e a ir becomes ‘sm ooth’ again.
This slowdown makes th e ball tu rn dram atically, creating the w onderful ‘b an an a’
kicks th a t the spectators like so much.
F. These days, footballs are made in a design based on the ‘Buckm inster Ball’. The
American architect Richard Buckm inster Fuller came up w ith the design when he
was trying to find a way for constructing buildings using a minimum of m aterials.
The ball is a series of geometrical figures, which can be fitted together to make a
round body. The modern football is in fact a Buckm inster Ball consisting of 32 pieces.
W hen they are joined together and filled w ith a ir they make a perfect sphere.
G. R esearch has shown th a t w atching the W orld Cup is good fo r our h ealth — even
if your team goes out on penalties. The scien tists suggest th a t a common in te re st
and a nationalistic pride are very im p o rtan t. The com petition makes people less
concentrated on th e ir own problem s. They are also more p a tien t and can cope w ith
crises m uch easier. W atching football can, however, also be disappointing, especially
when it comes to the decisions of referees and officials. Besides, w atching penalties
can be very nervous.

А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

N en ets culture affected by global w arm ing


For 1,000 years the indigenous N enets people have m igrated along the 450-mile-
long Yamal peninsula in n o rth ern R ussia. In sum m er they w ander northw ards, tak in g
th e ir reindeer w ith them . In w inter they re tu rn southw ards.
B ut th is rem ote region of north-w est Siberia is now being affected by global
w arm ing. T raditionally the N enets trav el across th e frozen R iver Ob in November
A __________________________ around Nadym. These days, though, th is annual w in ter
m igration is delayed. Last year th e N enets, to g eth er w ith m any thousands of reindeer,
had to w ait u n til late December В __________________________ .
“Our reindeer were hungry. There w asn’t enough food,” Jak o v Ja p tik , a N enets
reindeer herder, said. “The snow is m elting sooner, quicker and fa ste r th a n before. In
spring i t ’s d ifficu lt for the reindeer to pull th e sledges. They get tire d ,” Ja p tik said.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 10 149

H erders say th a t the peninsula’s w eather is increasingly unpredictable — w ith


unseasonal snow storm s C __________________________ , and m ilder longer autum ns. In
w inter, tem peratures used to go down to -50°C. Now they are norm ally around -30°C,
according to J a p tik . “Obviously we p refer -30°C. B ut th e changes a re n ’t good fo r the
reindeer D __________________________ he said, settin g off on his sledge to round up
his reindeer herd.
Even here, in one of the m ost rem ote p a rts of th e planet, E ___________
_______________. Last year the N enets arrived a t a reg u lar sum m er cam ping spot and
discovered th a t half of th e ir lake had disappeared. The w ater had drained away a fte r
a landslide. The N enets rep o rt o th er curious changes — th ere are few er m osquitoes
and a stran g e increase in flies. Scientists say th ere is unm istakable evidence
F __________________________ .

1. when the ice was finally thick enough to cross


2. th a t the im pact on R ussia would be disastrous
3. the environm ent is under pressure
4. and in the end w hat is good for th e reindeer is good fo r us
5. and set up th e ir camps in the sou th ern forests
6. th a t Y am al’s ancient perm afrost is m elting
7. when the reindeer give b irth in May

А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

H a z litt’s H otel

I took a cab to H a z litt’s H otel on F rith S treet. I like H a z litt’s because i t ’s


intentionally obscure — it doesn’t have a sign or a plaque or any th in g a t all to b etray
its purpose — which p uts you in a rare position of stre n g th w ith your cab driver. Let
me say rig h t now th a t London cab drivers are w ithout question the fin est in th e
world. They are tru stw o rth y , safe and honest, generally friendly and always polite.
They keep th e ir vehicles spotless inside and out, and they will p u t them selves to th e
m ost ex trao rd in ary inconvenience to drop you a t the fro n t entrance of your destination.
There are really only a couple of odd th in g s about them . One is th a t they cannot drive
more th an two hundred feet in a stra ig h t line. I ’ve never understood th is, b u t no
m a tte r where you are or w hat the driv in g conditions, every two hundred feet a little
bell goes off in th e ir heads and they ab ru p tly lunge down a side stre et. A nd when you
get to your hotel or railw ay statio n or w herever it is you are going, they like to drive
you all the way around it so th a t you can see it from all angles before alighting.
The other distinctive th in g about them , and the reason I like to go to H a z litt’s, is
th a t they cannot bear to adm it th a t they don’t know th e location of som ething they
feel they ought to know, like a hotel, which I th in k is ra th e r sweet. To become a
London cab driv er you have to m aster som ething title d The Knowledge — in effect,
© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»
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150 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

learn every stre et, hospital, hotel, police statio n , cricket ground, cem etery and other
notable landm arks in th is am azingly v ast and confusing city. It takes years and the
cabbies are ju stifiab ly proud of th e ir achievem ent. It would kill them to adm it th a t
there could exist in central London a hotel th a t they have never heard of. So w hat
th e cabbie does is probe. He drives in no p a rtic u la r direction fo r a block or two, then
glances a t you in the m irro r and in an overcasual voice says, “H a z litt’s — th a t’s the
one on Curzon S treet, in n it, guv? Opposite th e Blue Lion?” B ut th e in sta n t he sees a
knowing smile of dem urral form ing on your lips, he hastily says, “No, hang on a
m inute, I ’m th in k in g of the H azelbury. Yeah, th e H azelbury. You w ant H a z litt’s,
rig h t? ” H e’ll drive on a b it in a fairly random direction. “T h a t’s th is side of Shepherd’s
Bush, in n it? ” he’ll suggest speculatively.
W hen you tell him th a t i t ’s on F rith S treet, he says. “Yeah, th a t th e one. Course
it is. I know it — m odern place, lots of glass”.
“A ctually, i t ’s an eighteenth -cen tu ry brick b u ild in g .”
“Course it is. I know i t .” A nd he im m ediately executes a dram atic U -tu rn , causing
a passing cyclist to steer into a lam ppost (but th a t’s all rig h t because he has on cycle
clips and one of those geeky slip stream helm ets th a t all b u t invite you to knock him
over). “Yeah, you had me th in k in g of the H azelbury” th e d riv er adds, chuckling as if
to say i t ’s a lucky th in g he sorted th a t one out fo r you, and then lunges down a little
side stre et off the S tran d called R unning Sore Lane or S phincter Passage, which, like
so m uch else in London, you had never noticed was th ere before.

12 The n a rra to r said th a t he liked London cab d rivers because they


1) can be tru s te d and nice to deal w ith.
2) can drive in a s tra ig h t line.
3) know all the hotels and stre ets in th e city.
4) make friends easily.
Ответ:

13 W hich of the following statem en ts about London cab drivers is tru e according to the
n a rra to r?
1) They p refer driving in a s tra ig h t line.
2) They p refer side stre ets to m ain streets.
3) They have little bells in th e ir cars.
4) They let you see your hotel from all angles.
Ответ:

A reason why the n a rra to r liked to go to H a z litt’s was th a t


1) cab drivers liked driving there.
2) it was in th e center of the city.
3) cab drivers did n ’t know w here it was.
4) it was an old brick building.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 10 151

15 A ccording to the n a rra to r, to be a London cab driver, one has to


1) be ready to study th e city for years.
2) be knowledgeable.
3) be proud of the city.
4) know all stre ets and places in London.
Ответ:

16 A ccording to the n a rra to r, if the cab d riv er did not know a hotel in London he would
1) panic. 3) use a map.
2) ask the passenger. 4) never adm it it.
Ответ:

17 A ccording to th e n a rra to r, when the d riv er finally knows where to go, he would
1) speed up.
2) say you are lucky he knew th e place.
3) tu rn the car in the opposite direction.
4) adm it he was confused at first.
Ответ:

18 W h at is the n a rra to r’s general a ttitu d e tow ards London cab drivers?
1) Ironic. 3) A ccusatory.
2) Supportive. 4) C ritical.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ N° И Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ст вует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

A s old as a brontosaurus

As we walked around the P rehistoric P ark in Calgary, I had my six-


year-old son, Jo rd ie, pose for a picture w ith a b rontosaurus in the
background. A fte r I took the photo, I ___________ _________ help NOT CAN
crying.

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152 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

20 «W hat’s w rong, М от?» Jordie asked. I explained th a t when I was his


age, my parents had taken my p ictu re stan d in g in exactly the same
spot, and I was feeling ra th e r nostalgic. I added th a t perhaps one day
he ____________________ his son’s picture here. TAKE

Puzzled, he looked several tim es from the bro n to sau ru s to


I

A nd then came the ____________________ m om ent of my life. My son BAD


said, «But ... when you were a g irl ... it was alive th en , right?»

' Y

V ictory Day

On th is day, R ussia celebrates th e victory over N azi G erm any and


honours 20 m illion Soviet people who died in the w ar. May 9
____________________ , since on th e n ig h t of th e 8 th /9 th of 1945, the CHOOSE
N azi G erm any surrendered to the Soviet Union and th e A llies in Berlin.

In R ussia, alm ost every fam ily has at least one person who
____________________ p a rt in the w ar. TAKE

Older citizens who did not fig h t d u rin g th e w ar worked in factories


to make weapons, which was n o t ____________________ th a n fig h tin g . EASY
They, too, are honoured on V ictory Day.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

W hy do we sleep?

A recent study may have an answ er to one of the g reatest unsolved


m ysteries in science — w hat is th e purpose of sleep? The work suggests
i t ’s ____________________ about m aking anim als function more REAL
efficiently in th e ir environm ents.

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ВАРИАНТ 10 153

____________________ from th e U niversity of C alifornia, Los Angeles, SCIENCE


conducted a stu d y of the sleep tim es of a broad range of anim als. They
discovered much variation.

You may th in k i t ______________ b u t some m ig ratin g birds can POSSIBLE


fly non-stop fo r up to 90 hours.

Pythons and b ats are among the longest a t over SLEEP


18 hours a day.

H um an babies need 16 hours and th e ir health and intellectual


___________________ depend on sleeping properly. DEVELOP

31 Most of us probably feel we need around eight hours sleep to function


well. Some people have ____________________ in g ettin g enough sleep DIFFICULT
and th is may lead to serious health problems.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32—38. Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

M usic lessons

It was a hard w inter fo r M other. She som etim es pleaded w ith F ath er b u t no one
could ever tell F ath er anything. He continued to stan d like a rock against stopping
my m usic lessons.
To 32 the tru th , F ath er had certain n a tu ra l g ifts fo r debate. In the firs t
place his voice was pow erful and storm y, and he 33 to let it out a t fu ll
stre n g th . As a second g ift, he was convinced at all tim es th a t his opponents were
w rong. Hence, even if they won a point or two, it 34 ____ them no good, fo r he
dragged the issue to some other ground th en , where he and T ru th could prevail. W hen
M other said it surely was plain enough th a t I had no ear fo r m usic, w hat was his
reply? W hy, he said th a t the violin was th e noblest in stru m en t 35 ______ by man.
H aving silenced her w ith th is solid prem ise he declared no boy should expect to learn
it im m ediately. It required persistence^ E verything, he had found o u t, required
persistence. His m otto was, “N ever give 36

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154 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Не said th a t M other should be s tric te r w ith me, if necessary, and make me try
h ard er. He also said th a t none of us realized w hat he had had to go 37
M other sta rte d to cry and said, “B ut y ou’re downtown, you don’t have to hear i t ” .
F ather was outraged. His fin al argum ent, I rem em ber, was th a t my violin had cost
tw enty-five dollars, if I d idn’t learn it, th e money would be w asted, and he couldn’t
affo rd it. B ut it was p u t to him th a t my younger b ro th er Ju lia n could learn it instead.
F ath er was defeated, though he d id n ’t 38 ______ it, and I was set free.

32 1) tell 2) speak 3) say 4) talk


Ответ:

33 1) kept 2) held 3) used 4) took


Ответ:

34 1) gave 2) took 3) made 4) did


Ответ:

35 1) discovered 2) invented 3) opened 4) explored


Ответ:

36 1) of 2) in 3) up 4) on
Ответ:

37 1) over 2) into 3) th ro u g h 4) down


Ответ:

38 1) accept 2) adm it 3) agree 4) adopt


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛ АН К ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 10 155

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ М 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend K ate who w rites:

M y friend and I got the special prize for our Russian folk dance a t the A rts
festival this week. We owe this success to your advice and the music you’ve sent
to me. W hat kind of arts festivals and contests do you have in your school? Do
you take p a rt in them or do your prefer sports competitions? I ’ve heard of Foreign
Language Olym piads in Russian schools — what are these?
I want to continue my dance lessons...

W rite a le tte r to K ate.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her dance lessons.
W rite 100—140 words.
Rem ember th e rules of le tte r w riting.

40 Comment on the following statem ent.

The most im portant thing in life is health.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 - 2 5 0 words.
Use th e following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 11
Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A —F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7.
Используйт е каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В зад ании ест ь одно ли ш н ее ут верж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы, в таблицу.

1. M any people u n derstand the im portance of healthy eating.


2. Some children know very little about food and cooking.
3. Good food is very expensive nowadays.
4. You can im prove your eating habits by grow ing food yourself.
5. Local food is ta stie r and b e tte r fo r your health.
6. People have lost th e tra d itio n of fam ily meals.
7. For many people the quality of food is less im p o rtan t th a n o th er th in g s.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T r u e ), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

Jo h n is going to send a V alentine to one person.

M ath teachers receive the m ost V alentines.

People generally buy more C hristm as cards th a n V alentines.

D There is a survey about selling V alentines.

E The m ost typical V alentine’s Day presents are flow ers and sweets.

F M ary knows about some V alentine’s Day tra d itio n s in a foreign country.

G Jo h n considers colours when buying a bouquet.

Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 11 157

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

3 In his course Steven R oberts uses original film s w ith


1) original subtitles. 2) no su btitles. 3) English subtitles.
Ответ:
4 W hat language in p u t does S teven’s course comprise?
1) Slang free language. 2) M odern language. 3) T raditional word lists.
Ответ:
5 Steven designed his film -based course because
1) people have problems w atching TV abroad.
2) film s reflect real life com m unication.
3) w atching film s is the m ost popular hobby.
Ответ:
6 W hat activ ity does Steven NOT m ention as a p a rt of his course?
1) G ram m ar exercises. 2) Audio tasks. 3) Essay w riting.
Ответ:
7 W hat kind of learners does Steven aim his course at?
1) A ny level. 2) Top level. 3) Lower level.
Ответ:
8 How can one get S teven’s book on his film -based course?
1) O rder by post.
2) Download fo r free from the In te rn e t.
3) Buy in a book shop.
Ответ:
9 One of the advantages of a movie club, according to Steven, is th a t it
1) helps one find new friends.
2) gives a chance to w atch new film s.
3) is not expensive.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 циф­
ры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каж­
дую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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158 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т о лько один раз. В зада­
н и и один заголовок ли ш н и й .

1. Training th e m ind 5. Too fa st


2. W elsh roots 6. Losing control
3. Quick reaction 7. U nexpected prize
4. Chem istry in ten n is 8. Ads w ith w ings

A. By now W imbledon has become a popular national festival, to g eth er w ith Ascot
and the Cup Final. M any people in B ritain don’t know th a t tennis was firs t played
in W ales. It was there, in 1873, th a t M ajor W alter W ingfield played a game w ith
the recently invented rubber balls and enjoyed it so m uch, th a t he decided to
develop the standards of the game. He published th e firs t book of tennis rules
la te r th a t year. The firs t W imbledon cham pionship was held a few years la te r in
1877 and the B ritish Lawn Tennis A ssociation form ed in 1888.
B. Good m ental p reparation is necessary fo r professional ten n is players. In a long
m atch they can be on the court fo r several hours w ith nobody to talk to. There
can be hundreds of stops from th e crowd, th e ir opponent and, especially at
W im bledon, the rain. Players need to practice m ethods fo r im proving th e ir
concentration and for m otivating them selves when the game is going against them .
They are often ta u g h t to im agine some situ atio n s, such as a tense tie-break. Then
they im agine w hat to do w ith it.
C. M any players find it impossible to stay calm in th e stressfu l situ atio n of a long
tennis m atch and let th e ir tem per out. Jo h n McEnroe was fam ous fo r his quarrels
w ith referees. Several players have been given w arnings fo r throw ing th e racket
or sw earing. Some players lose m atches they could easily win because th e ir m ind
lets them down. P a t R after said th a t he couldn’t breathe in his 2000 W imbledon
final. The stress of being near th e victory can be too much fo r a person.
D. The power of today’s tennis game is only p a rtly created by the ath letes them selves.
Much of it comes from th e ir rackets. New designs mean players can h it the ball
w ith more speed and accuracy th a n ever before. It sta rte d in the 1970s when the
trad itio n al wooden racket was replaced w ith m etal. Since th en d ifferen t m aterials
have been used. G raphite has made th e biggest influence. Now th e g rap hite can
be mixed w ith m aterials such as boron and tita n iu m to produce even stro n g er, and
lig h ter, rackets.
E. Speed is n ’t always a good th in g . Many fans are com plaining th a t the speed of the
game is m aking tennis boring to w atch. A fte r two years of testin g , a new ball has
now been invented which could slow down ten n is and make it more exciting to
w atch. The ball is p u t togeth er in exactly th e same way as th e one used now, b u t
is 6% larg er in diam eter. The bigger ball gives th e receiver 10% more reaction
tim e in which to re tu rn the serve. So th e num ber of aces — serves in a m atch
th a t the receiver fails to re tu rn — will be fa r fewer.
F. W hen Irishm an Jo h n Boland travelled to A thens fo r th e firs t m odern Olympic
Games in 1896, he had no idea he would re tu rn home w ith the gold medal in
tennis. B ut then, he had no idea he would compete eith er — he w ent to w atch the
competion. In com parison, to d ay ’s Olympic ten n is players include some of the best

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ВАРИАНТ 11 159

athletes in the world. They are used to fiv e-star hotels and hundreds of thousands
of dollars, b u t a t the Olympic Games they will stay in th e Olympic Village and
compete for nothing b u t a gold medal.
G. The W im bledon tennis tournam en t is fam ous fo r pigeons th a t sometimes come
flying on to Centre C ourt and stop th e game. So, producers of a video tennis game
designed fo r PlayStation2 decided to use specially train ed hom ing pigeons, decorated
w ith the gam e’s logo. Twenty birds will be spray-painted w ith the V irtual Tennis
2 logo and train ed to fly in and out of th e home of B ritish ten n is d u rin g the
m atches of th e W imbledon cham pionship. The ad v ertisin g pigeons will go stra ig h t
for the fans and show th e ir logos to them .

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A —F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из част ей в списке 1 - 7 л и ш н я я . Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

D uration o f life and its social im plications

The w orld’s population is about to reach a landm ark of huge social and economic
im portance, when the proportion of the global population over 65 outnum bers children
under 5 fo r the firs t tim e. A new rep o rt by th e US census bureau shows
A ______________________ , w ith enorm ous consequences fo r both rich and poor nations.
The ra te of grow th will shoot up in th e next couple of years. The В __________________
__________ a com bination of the high b irth rates a fte r the Second W orld W ar and
more recent im provem ents in h ealth th a t are b rin g in g down death rates a t older ages.
S eparate UN forecasts predict th a t th e global population will be more th an nine
billion by 2050.
The US census bureau was the firs t to sound th e C _________________________ . Its
late st forecasts w arn governm ents and in tern atio n al bodies th a t th is change in
population s tru c tu re will bring w idespread challenges at every level of hum an
organization, sta rtin g w ith the s tru c tu re of the fam ily, which will be tran sfo rm ed as
people live longer. This will in tu rn place new burdens on careers and social services
providers, D _________________________fo r health services and pensions system s.
“People are living longer and, in some p a rts of th e w orld, h ealth ier lives,” the
authors conclude. “This represents one of th e g reatest achievem ents of th e last century
b u t also a significant challenge E ______________________ population.”
A geing will p u t pressure on societies a t all levels. One way of m easuring th a t is
to look a t the older dependency ratio , F ______________________ th a t m ust be supported
by them . The ODR is th e num ber of people aged 65 and over fo r every 100 people
aged 20 to 64. It varies widely, from ju s t six in Kenya to 33 in Italy and Jap an . The
UK has an ODR of 26, and the US has 21.

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160 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

1. which recently replaced Italy as the w orld’s oldest m ajor country


2. alarm about these changes
3. a huge sh ift tow ards an ageing population
4. change is due to
5. while p a tte rn s of work and retirem en t will have huge im plications
6. which shows the balance between w orking-age people and the older
7. as proportions of older people increase in m ost countries
А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Lily and I had planned a movie m arathon weekend. I was exhausted from work and
she was stressed out from her classes, so w e’d prom ised to spend th e whole weekend
parked on her couch and subsist solely on pizza and crisps. No healthy food. No diet
Coke. A nd absolutely no s tric t, official clothes. Even though we talked all the tim e,
we h ad n ’t spent any real tim e to g eth er since I ’d moved to the city.
W e’d been friends since the eig h th grade, when I firs t saw Lily crying alone a t a
cafeteria table. She’d ju s t moved in w ith h er grandm other and sta rte d a t our school
in Avon, a fte r it became clear th a t h er p aren ts w eren’t coming home any tim e soon.
The day I found her crying alone in the cafeteria was th e day her grandm other had
forced her to chop off her d irty dreadlocks and w ear a dress, and Lily was not very
happy about it. Som ething about th e way she talked, th e way she said, “T h a t’s so nice
of you ,” and “L et’s ju s t forget about i t ”, charm ed me, and we im m ediately became
friends. W e’d been inseparable th ro u g h th e re st of high school, and lived in th e same
room fo r all fo u r years a t Brown College. Lily h ad n ’t yet decided w hether she p referred
girlish dresses or rough leather jackets, b u t we complemented each o th er well. And
I m issed her. Because w ith her f ir s t year as a g rad u ate stu d en t and my exhausting
w ork, we h a d n ’t seen a whole lot of each o th er lately.
Lily was studying fo r her Ph.D . in R ussian L iteratu re a t Columbia U niversity and
w orking odd jobs every free second she w asn’t studying. H er grandm other barely had
enough money to support herself, and Lily had to pay fo r th e studies on her own.
However, she seemed to be fond of such a way of life. She loved R ussian cu ltu re ever
since her eighth-grade teacher told her th a t Lily looked how he had always pictured
Lolita, w ith her round face and curly black hair. She w ent directly home and read
N abokov’s “L olita” , and then read ev erything else Nabokov w rote. A nd Tolstoy. And
Gogol. And Chekhov. By the tim e we finished school, she was applying to Brown
College to work w ith a specific professor who had a degree in R ussian L iteratu re. On
interview ing a seventeen-year-old Lily th e professor declared h er one of th e m ost well-
read and passionate stu d en ts of R ussian lite ra tu re h e’d ever m et. She still loved it,
still studied R ussian gram m ar and could read an y th in g in its original.
I couldn’t w ait for th e weekend. My fo u rteen-hour w orkdays were reg isterin g in
my feet, my upper arm s, and my lower back. Glasses had replaced th e contacts I ’d
worn fo r a decade because my eyes were too d ry and tired to accept them anym ore.
I ’d begun losing w eight already as I never had tim e to eat properly, although I was
drinking an enorm ous am ount of coffee. I ’d already w eathered a flue infection and
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ВАРИАНТ 11 161

had paled significantly, and it had been only fo u r weeks. I was only tw enty-three
years old. A nd my boss h ad n ’t even been in the office yet. I knew I deserved a
weekend.
S aturday afternoon found us p articu larly m otivated, and we m anaged to sau n ter
round th e city center fo r a few hours. W e each bought some new clothes fo r the
upcom ing New Y ear’s p a rty and had a m ug of hot chocolate from a sidew alk cafe. By
the tim e we made it back to her ap artm en t, we were exhausted and happy and spent
the re st of the n ig h t w atching old movies and eating pizza.

12 W hat did the g irls hope to do th a t weekend?


1) Talk all the weekend.
2) Have some more studies th a t weekend.
3) Go to the cinema.
4) Have a quiet weekend in.
Ответ:
13 W hen the g irl f ir s t m et her friend, Lily
1) lived w ith her parents. 3) ju s t came to live in Avon.
2) visited her grandm other. 4) had ju s t lost h er p arents.
Ответ: i
14 Lily was crying when the girl firs t m et h er because
1) she m issed her parents.
2) her grand m other d id n ’t like the way she talked.
3) she had to w ear clothes she d id n ’t like.
4) her grand m other had cu t her h a ir short.
Ответ:
15 W hy did the girl become friends w ith Lily?
1) She liked Lily’s dress.
2) She became fascinated w ith her.
3) They had common problems.
4) She w anted to com fort her.
Ответ:
16 “We complemented each other well” in parag rap h 2 means th a t they
1) were a perfect m atch. 3) supported each other.
2) liked the same things. 4) found a common language.
Ответ:

17 W hy did Lily have to do some occasional jobs?


1) She had to pay for her studies.
2) She had to support her grandm other.
3) She liked to change jobs.
4) She spent a lot on her clothes.
Ответ:

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18 The g irl “couldn’t w ait for the weekend” because she


1) w anted to eat properly a t last.
2) needed to get well a fte r a flue infection.
3) w anted Lily to have a break from her studies.
4) needed a re st from her job.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дуигих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­
ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

A Sm art Boy

19 M r. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in th e same office. Their


____________________ were good friends. One day Mr. Jones invited W IFE
M r. Brown to a small p arty.

20 M r. Brown w ent into the oth er room and telephoned. He


____________________ very much by his telephone conversation. SURPRISE

21 W hen he came back M r. Jones asked him , “Have you spoken to your
wife already?”
“No, she ____________________ th ere when I phoned. My small son NOT BE
answ ered the phone. I asked him , “Is your m other th e re ? ” A nd he said,
“She is somewhere outside” .

22 “W hy is she outside?” I asked. “S h e ____________________ fo r me” , he LOOK


answered.

M aslenitsa

23 Have you ever celebrated M aslenitsa? It is one of


the ____________________ festivals in R ussia. It signals the end of POPULAR
w in ter and welcomes th e coming of spring.

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ВАРИАНТ 11 163

R ussian pancakes — blini — are very im p o rtan t in th e celebration of


M aslenitsa. Blini ____________________ w ith jam , sour cream , and of EAT
course, lots of b u tte r.

W arm , round, and golden — blini are th e symbol of th e sun! A ncient


R ussians actually believed th a t when eating a pancake,
they ____________________ a p a rt of th e S u n ’s life energy. GET

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Future population

The U nited N ations (UN) has published its prediction about th e size
and age of the w orld’s population th ree hundred years from now. This
rep o rt can help e n v iro n m e n ta l____________________ and policy-makers SCIENCE
to u n d erstan d dram atic changes in the w orld’s population in th e fu tu re .

27 The rep o rt suggests th a t if the b irth rates stay the same, th e re ’ll be
a huge expansion of t h e ____________________ population. GLOBE

28 You may th in k it is ____________________ b u t th ree centuries from POSSIBLE


now th ere may be over one hundred and th irty trillio n people.

29 The rep o rt says th a t the w orld’s population is likely to be


____________________ older. The average age will be fifty while today SIGNIFICANT
it is tw enty six.

A lm ost a q u a rte r of all the of the planet will INHABIT


live in A frica.

____________________ th in k th a t India, China and the U nited S tates RESEARCH


will continue to be countries w ith the biggest population.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

M argaret
Old M argaret was ju s t th e kind of cook th a t we w anted. Lots of cooks can do
rich dishes well. M argaret couldn’t. B ut she 32 _____ to cook sim ple, everyday
dishes in a way th a t made o u r m ouths w ater. H er apple-pies were the best pies I ’ve
ever ta sted .
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164 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

B ut to 33 ______ the tru th , even M argaret som etim es m iscalculated. A large,


royal-looking steak would be set before F ath er, w hich, upon being cu t into, would
tu rn 34 ______ to be underdone. F a th e r’s face would darken w ith disappointm ent.
He would raise his foot and stam p slowly and heavily th ree tim es on the rug.
A t th is solemn 35 ____ , we would hear M argaret leave th e kitchen below us
and come up the stairs to the dining-room door.
“M argaret, look a t the stea k .”
M argaret would peer w ith a shocked look a t th e p la tte r. She would then seize the
p la tte r and make off w ith it.
F a th e r and M argaret were u n ite d by th e in ten se in te re st th ey both took in
cooking. Each understood th e o th e r in stin ctiv ely . I have to 36 th a t they
had a com plete fellow -feeling. M o th er’s g re a t in te re st was in babies. She loved her
children and h er happiness depended 37 _______ them . She w anted to keep F ath er
pleased somehow, and if it was too d iffic u lt or im possible she d id n ’t always care
about even th a t.
A t table it was F ath er who carved th e fowl, or sliced the ro ast lamb or beef. I liked
to 38 ______ him take th e knife and go a t it. A nd usually th e cooking had been as
superb as the carving. Sometimes it was so perfect th a t F ath er would sum m on M argaret
and say in a low voice, “You are a good cook”.

32 1) held 2) took 3) kept 4) used


Ответ:

33 1) talk 2) tell 3) say 4) speak


Ответ:

34 1) into 2) of 3) out 4) over


Ответ:

35 1) gesture 2) sign 3) movement 4) signal


Ответ: f

36 1) adm it 2) agree 3) accept 4) adopt


Ответ:

37 1) at 2) on 3) of 4) in
Ответ: j

38 1) look 2) see 3) w atch 4) gaze


Ответ: {

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 11 165

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Sheila who w rites:

L ast week we had a sports competition a t school. I was the third ... from the
end of the list! I ’ve decided to join one of the sport clubs a t school. Do you have
any sports clubs a t school and do you p la y sports in your free time? Do you think
everyone should do sports? W hat does sport mean to you personally?
I ’ve got a lovely kitten as my birthday present...

W rite a le tte r to Sheila.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her k itten .

W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on th e following statem ent.

Technical progress is always harmful for the environment.

W h a t is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is sta te m e n t?

W rite 2 0 0 -2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an intro d u ctio n (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 12

Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A —F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7.
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. I eat little and ra th e r irregu larly .


2. I am try in g to get used to everyday healthy activities.
3. I feel unable to stop m yself from eating.
4. I am afraid of having the same h ealth problems as my relatives do.
5. I am w illing to re tu rn to a healthy lifestyle despite being tired .
6. I am sure th a t I exercise enough while carrying out my everyday duties.
7. I feel now like s ta rtin g a healthy life again.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А M ike’s adm inistrative work was very well paid.

В M ary did not do well a t U niversity because she had to earn h er living.

С M ary was younger th an the oth er stu d en ts at h er un iv ersity .

D M ary th inks th a t reg u lar classes are ra th e r tim e-consum ing.

Е M ary th in k s th a t she can’t stud y b e tte r th a n when she was younger.

F Distance learning seems to be very convenient fo r M ary.

G Mike does not feel disappointed about going to U niversity.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 12 167

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

The n a rra to r was brought up m ainly in


1) D enm ark. 2) England. 3) th e USA.
Ответ:
The n a rra to r is not happy about D anish grocery stores because of
1) the quality of th e products.
2) th e ir size.
3) th e poor choice of foods.
Ответ:
The n a rra to r criticizes
1) th e lifestyle in Denm ark.
2) Danish superm arkets.
3) the Danish diet.
Ответ:
The prices in th e Danish stores are quite high because
1) the level of service is very high.
2) everything is im ported from abroad.
3) th ere are no a rtificial foods.
Ответ: □
A ccording to the u n w ritten rules of D anish superm arket culture
1) you pack all the food you buy on your own, w ithout any help.
2) shop assistan ts are always ready to pack your food fo r you.
3) th ere are clerks whose duty is to help you w ith your bagging.
Ответ:
W hen the n a rra to r says, “I do miss American convenience” it m eans th a t he
1) w ants ready-m ade dinners to be delivered to his place.
2) w ants to re n t a fla t near a big superm arket.
3) doesn’t like to spend m uch tim e cooking his meals.
Ответ:
H aving lived in D enm ark for a few years as a stu d en t, th e n a rra to r
1) feels nostalgic about the USA.
2) believes it to be a good place for him.
3) pities D anish people.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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168 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйт е каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. C ontrolling skies 5. B locked roads


2. Lack o f sa fety 6. Paid roads
3. Bicycle is faster 7. Im proving railw ays
4. Office at home 8. B uses in stead o f cars

A. The w orld’s firs t public passenger railw ay was b u ilt in G reat B ritain in 1826 and
ran between the in d u stria l n o rth -eastern towns of Stockton and D arlington. A fte r
180 y ears’ experience the B ritish say th a t th e ir tra in s still don’t seem to ru n
efficiently or even safely. On average, about 500 accidents w ith broken rail tracks
happen in the country every year.

B. The B ritish governm ent is prom ising to give £33.5 billion to m odernise the
railw ays before 2010. A nother £30 billion is to come from the p riv ate sector. The
m ain ta rg e t is to increase safety and speed. For example, new London-to-Scotland
high-speed tra in s significan tly reduce journey tim es and in 2004 a w arning system
was installed th ro u g h o u t th e country.

C. S tatistics show th a t only 12% of all journeys made in B ritain are by public
tra n sp o rt. The rem aining 88% are made by car. Every year B ritish people spend
about two weeks trav ellin g to and from work including nine days in th e ir own
cars. B ut anyone will say th is is n ’t a quick and easy way to trav el. In fact, a
journey from London to M anchester freq u en tly takes seven hours. A cyclist could
get there quicker.

D. Every year there are about h alf a m illion tra ffic jam s in B ritain . T hat is nearly
10,000 a week. There are hundreds of big tra ffic jam s every day. A ccording to
the forecast, the num ber of jam s will grow by 20 per cent over th e next ten years.
N early a q u a rte r B ritish people fin d them selves in a jam every day and 55 per
cent a t least once a week.

E. Nowadays many B ritish people take th e ir children to school by car. Twenty years
ago, nearly one in three p rim ary school children made th e ir own way to school.
Now only one child in nine makes th e ir own way. D uring th e school year a t 08:50
a.m . one car in five on the roads in any B ritish town is tak in g children to school.
The solution could be special school buses widely used in the USA.

F. Many scientists hope th a t new technologies allowing more people to work a t home
may help w ith tra ffic problems. Fewer people will work from 9 to 5 and trav el to
and from work d u rin g the ru sh hour. B ut only 15% of people now w ant to spend
more tim e w orking a t home. The workplace is, fo r m any people, a place to meet
other people and to talk to them , so they would miss it if they worked from home.

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ВАРИАНТ 12 169

G. In 1903, the W rig h t b rothers made th e firs t aeroplane flig h t. It only lasted
12 seconds b u t changed the world forever. A cen tu ry later, a ir trav el is no longer
a m iracle, it is p a rt of everyday life. One billion a ir passengers now fly every
year — th a t’s equivalent to a six th of the w orld’s population. To make sure
everything runs sm oothly, th e re are special a ir tra ffic control centres in each
country which w atch every aeroplane.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

11 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

E lephants sense ‘danger’ clothes


St A ndrew s U niversity researchers discovered th a t elephants could recognise the
degree of danger posed by various groups of individuals.
The study found th a t A frican elephants always reacted w ith fear
A _______________________ previously worn by men of th e M aasai trib e. They are
known to dem onstrate th e ir courage by В _______________________
The elephants also responded aggressively to red clothing, which defines trad itio n al
M aasai dress.
However, the elephants showed a much m ilder reaction to clothing previously worn
by th e Kamba people, C _______________________ and pose little th re a t.
The researchers f ir s t presented elephants w ith clean, red clothing and w ith red
clothing th a t had been w orn for five days by D _______________________.
They revealed th a t M aasai-sm elt clothing m otivated elephants to trav el significantly
fa ste r in the f ir s t m inute a fte r they moved away.
They then investigated w hether elephants could also use th e colour of clothing as
a cue to classify a potential th re a t and found th e elephants reacted w ith aggression
E _______________________. This suggested th a t they associated the colour red w ith
the M aasai.
The researchers believe the distinction in th e elep h an ts’ em otional reaction to smell
and colour m ight be explained by F _______________________. They m ight be able to
distinguish among d ifferen t hum an groups according to the level of risk they posed.
«We regard th is experim ent as ju s t a s ta r t to in v estig atin g precisely how elephants
‘see the w orld’, and it may be th a t th e ir abilities will tu rn ou t to equal or exceed
those of our closer relatives, the monkeys and apes,» researchers added.

1. eith er a M aasai or a Kamba man


2. who do not h u n t elephants
3. when they detected the smell of clothes
4. who carried out the research
5. th e am ount of risk they sense
6. spearing elephants
7. when they spotted red b u t not w hite cloth
А В С D Е F

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170 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

Cry-baby
It was alm ost m idnight before they got around to giving the Oscars to the really
well-known personalities. A t firs t a series of guest sta rs had aw arded the prizes: to
the best designer, to the best special-effects m an, fo r the best technical invention for
m otion pictures d u ring the year, and to all the oth er people, so unknow n outside the
in d u stry , b u t so significant w ithin it.
I looked around the th e atre, recognizing m ost of th e w eighty faces in th e business,
b u t not caring much. You see, I was p re tty nervous. M yra Caldwell, whom I had
brought to the ceremony, was s ittin g th ere beside me, and rig h t across th e aisle was
Joan W eyland. Now, to get th e picture properly, you have to rem em ber th a t d u rin g
th a t p a rtic u la r year M yra had played the sensational supporting role in The Devil
Loses and had been called the g reatest find in th e h isto ry of pictures. B ut th a t was
the same year th a t Joan W eyland had stolen a big p ictu re called Calumet Centre rig h t
out from under the nose of one of the m ost fam ous fem ale sta rs in th e in d u stry . The
only other actress nom inated was not given much chance. Now in a few m inutes, they
were going to announce who had won th e Oscar fo r th e Best S upporting A ctress of
the year. It was the h o tte st Contest and everybody was aw are of it. F urth erm o re, it
was no secret th a t the two leading co n testan ts would be delighted to boil each other
in oil — win, lose, or draw . And here they were across th e aisle from each other. Do
you get why I was nervous?
Then the lig h ts w ent down. They were going to ru n sh o rt scenes from th e pictures
for which the actors and actresses had been nom inated. The supporting-actress pictures
were coming on, and here was Jo an W eyland in her grand scene from Calumet Centre.
The audience sta rte d to applaud as soon as they saw her.
A fte r th a t they ran a sh o rt episode from W hirlwind, showing th e o th er nominee, a
refugee actress called Tanya B raden. I had never seen th e p icture of the actress, and
the picture h a d n ’t made much money, b u t th ere was no doubt she could act! She
played the s ta r ’s m other and she made you believe it.
Then they ran M yra’s big m om ent in The Devil Loses. A fte r it was over, I tried to
guess who had the biggest chance.
“I th in k I w on,” M yra said to me.
The lights w ent up. The old actor, who had won the S upporting A ctor aw ard the
year before, came th ro u g h the cu rtain s and prepared to p resent the aw ard. I d id n ’t
see how I was going to live th ro u g h th e n ex t few m inutes. He got the envelope and
began opening it very slowly.
He was loving every second of it, the old man. Then he looked a t the little piece
of paper.
“The W in n er,” he said, th en paused again, “is Miss Tanya B raden, fo r her
perform ance in W hirlwind.”
W ell, I ’m not too sure about th e sequence of events th a t followed. I don’t rem em ber
the applause, because Joan let out a loud cry from across the aisle th a t drowned out
everything else. Then M yra sta rte d to cry. I don’t mean cry like th e ordinary person,
b u t I mean cry so th a t the building shook.
Then Joan jum ped to her feet and sta rte d out, and her m other accompanied her.
B ut I couldn’t do anything w ith M yra. The show was in te rru p te d and th e whole
th e a tre was sta rin g a t her. I picked her up and carried her out.
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ВАРИАНТ 12 171

It w asn’t a very pleasant perform ance, b u t I th in k th ere is some excuse. A fte r all,
Joan is 8 years old, and M yra is only 6, and she is n ’t used to being up so late. I ’m
a little on her side anyway. And why not? I ’m her fath er.

12 A t th e beginning of the Oscar ceremony prizes were awarded


1) to th e m ost fam ous sta rs among th e w inners.
2) to th e best director.
3) fo r the best film .
4) to the secondary members of shooting crews.
Ответ: !

13 Jo an W eyland and M yra Caldwell were p resent at th e ceremony because they


1) had both played in one film which had an Oscar nom ination.
2) had been nom inated as two of the Best Supporting A ctresses of the year.
3) w anted to see the well-known personalities of th e film in d u stry .
4) accompanied the nominees.
Ответ:

14 The phrase M yra “had been called th e g reatest find in th e h isto ry of p ictu res” means
th a t
1) she found the best way to perform her role.
2) she was aw arded w ith a prize for th e best perform ance in th e h isto ry of cinema.
3) her debut was called very successful.
4) she revealed sensational facts in th e film “The Devil Loses” .
Ответ:

15 “Calum et C entre” was
1) a p icture by some popular a rtis t.
2) a film in which a fam ous actor starred .
3) a p icture painted by a fam ous female star.
4) a film in which Joan was given a role instead of a fam ous actress.
Ответ:

16 The n a rra to r describes the relations between Jo an and M yra as
1) friendship.
2) rivalry.
3) sym pathy.
4) p artnership.
Ответ:

17 The n a rra to r liked the perform ance of th e th ird nominee, Tanya B raden, because she
1) played her p a rt very convincingly.
2) was very b eautiful.
3) was a well-known actress.
4) played as a p a rtn e r of a w orld-fam ous star.
Ответ:

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172 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

M yra’s and J o a n ’s reactions to th e announcem ent about T anya’s victory could be


excused because they
1) were very proud of them selves.
2) had perform ed th e ir roles b e tte r th an Tanya.
3) were very young.
4) were very fam ous actresses.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10-18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ Л® 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Р аздел 3. Г р ам м ати ка и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

N atural W onders: M eteor Crater

Some of the n a tu ra l w onders are known fo r th e ir beauty. The M eteor


C rater is not one of them . It looks like a big hole in th e desert. It
____________________ by a m eteorite h ittin g the e arth thousands of CAUSE
years ago.

The c ra te r is 4,145 feet across, and 570 feet deep. It is the


____________________ im pact c ra te r in th e en tire world. LARGE

W hen Europeans discovered it in 1871, they it THINK


was th e top of a volcano.

Since then, s c ie n tis ts ____________________ th e c ra te r fo r m any years, EXPLORE


b u t th ere are still m any secrets and m ysteries hiding inside it.

It w as sim ple

One day last sum m er my nine-year-old d au g h ter w ent off to th e camp.


All her t h i n g s ____________________ in a sm all bag. PACK

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ВАРИАНТ 12 173

Two weeks later, A nna came back home and I unpacked h er th in g s.


E verything was clean and well folded. “Camp sure has changed you.
Your th ings look m u c h ________________ _ _ _ th an u su al.” GOOD

25 “It was simple, M om,” she answ ered. “I d id n ’t unpack. Many


did th e sam e.” CHILD

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Invention o f P otato Chips

26 The potato chip was invented in 1853 by George Crum who was a chef
a t a re sta u ra n t in New York. Fried potatoes were popular at the
re s ta u ra n t because they were r a t h e r ____________________ , b u t one day EXPENSIVE
a v isito r complained th a t th e slices were too thick.

27 Crum made th in n e r slices, b u t the custom er was NERVE


still dissatisfied.

Crum finally made fries th a t were too th in to eat w ith a fork, hoping
to annoy the ____________________ d ifficu lt custom er. EXTREME

29 B ut the custom er was happy — and th a t was the INVENT


of potato chips!

30 ______________ m anufacturing of potato chips began in Cleveland, INDUSTRY


Ohio, in 1895.

31 The chips gained even m o r e ____________________ in 1926 when a wax POPULAR


paper potato chip bag was invented th a t helped to keep them fresh and
crisp.

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174 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

H elping M other
“Liz! Rem ember to clean up th e basem e n t, ok?” M rs. P a rk e r called out. Liz, who
was still lying in bed, sighed heavily and 32 ____ . “All rig h t, m om ,” she answered
flatly , dragging herself out of bed. She got changed and headed dow nstairs fo r
b reakfast. As usual, the whole f amily was already seated a t the dining table. Liz
greeted everyone and sat a t a 33 ______ seat next to her elder b ro th er Evan. “Pass
me the b u tte r, bro ,” she said. “S u re,” Evan replied and passed it to her. “T hanks,”
Liz said, and 34 ____ a th in layer of it onto h er toast. M rs. P ark er placed an arm
onto her d a u g h te r’s shoulder. “Honey, I know i t ’s going to be a tirin g day fo r you,
and I ’d like your b ro th er to help too. B ut h e’s got to head back to school fo r a day­
long band p ractice.” Liz sat still and d id n ’t u tte r a 3 5 1 ______ word. She was mad
th a t Evan had band practice and did not need to help in the 36 ______ chores.
“I know wh at y o u 're thin k in g , Liz. B ut honey, we really need your help. D ad's away
on a 37 _____ trip , you know, his boss has sent him . E van’s busy w ith band
practices, and I ’ve got to help your grandm a. You know, h er h e alth ’s been poor these
days” “Ok, ok. Enough of it, mom. I ’ll clean up th e b asem ent,” Liz said. Sometimes
she wished her m other would n ’t explain th e reasons to her. Anyway, she th o u g h t to
herself, i t ’ll be good to 38 ______ the basem ent a little. She h ad n ’t stepped into it
since they moved in here a couple of m onths ago. “W ho knows som ething in terestin g
will pop out of now here,” she grinned.
32 1) waved 2) nodded 3) bowed 4) bent
Ответ:
33 1) clear 2) unfilled 3) blank 4) vacant
Ответ:
34 1) spread 2) extended 3) divided 4) covered
Ответ:
35 1) separate 2) single 3) only 4) sole
Ответ:
36 1) housework 2) homework 3) household 4) housekeeping
Ответ:
37 1) w orking 2) official 3) company 4) business
Ответ:
38 1) discover 2) research 3) explore 4) analyze

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАН К ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31 буквы
записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 12 175

Р аздел 4. П и сьм о

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Alice who w rites:

Yesterday I went to the cinema with Sam — for the first time. I chose a
romantic comedy. Sam fell asleep during the film, and I got angry. We quarreled.
Do you think it was my fault — I had chosen the wrong film? Or was it S am ’s
fault? Do you ever quarrel with your friends, what about? Should I phone Sam
or should I w ait for him to do it?
N ext week I have to take an exam in history...

W rite a le tte r to Alice.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her exam.
W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

The growth of cities is harmful for the environment.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 -2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 13
Р аздел 1. А у д и р о в а н и е

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­


ниями каждого говорящего A - F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В зад ании ест ь одно ли ш нее ут верж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. I buy only hardback books as they can be used longer.


2. I have found out th a t the choice of books read by young people is ra th e r lim ited.
3. I read books th a t give food fo r th o u g h t.
4. I am fond of books about people who succeed in overcom ing difficulties.
5. I w ant to convince m yself not to keep books I don’t need any more.
6. I have difficu lty g e ttin g in terested in some books despite th e ir enjoyable language.
7. I would like to share books w ith oth er people.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A —G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T r u e ), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А Tom is unhappy about th e Danish people being unfriendly.

В Jack th inks th a t the character can be explained by th e clim ate.

С Tom believes th a t i t ’s only in D enm ark th a t you can be insulted in public places.

D Jack th inks th a t we should respect th e rules of o th er cultures.

Е Tom w ants to re tu rn to Denm ark.

F Jack claims th a t public tra n sp o rt in D enm ark leaves much to be desired.

G Tom comes from D enm ark b u t lives in th e USA.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 13 177

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

The n a rra to r made m istakes in his scheduling because his weekly planner
1) was w ritten in a foreign language.
2) included a lot of additional inform ation.
3) listed the days of th e week in an unusual order.
Ответ:
The planner contains the calendar th a t lets you know
1) m any useful facts about n a tu ra l phenomena.
2) how to organise your w orking tim e efficiently.
3) w hat places of in te re st are w orth v isitin g in th is season.
Ответ:
The m ain idea of “The Book of Days” was
1) to make people loosen th e stress of life.
2) to show the significance of each season.
3) to help th e readers to realise th e ir dream s.
Ответ:
The project of “The Book of Days” was not finished because of a lack of
1) new ideas. 2) enthusiasm . 3) finance.
Ответ:
“The Ecological C alendar” is
1) completely identical to “the Book of Days” .
2) absolutely d ifferen t from “the Book of Days” .
3) p a rtly sim ilar to “the Book of Days” .
Ответ: □
A ccording to “The Clock of the Long Now” people should
1) fo rg et about the tim e.
2) expand th e ir concept of tim e.
3) not care about th e ir fu tu re .
Ответ:
The n a rra to r w ants to
1) give up calendar projects.
2) make somebody else m anage his project.
3) see his ideas accomplished.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАН К


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. П ри переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пуобелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

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178 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Р аздел 2. Ч те н и е

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т о лько один ра з. В зада­
н и и один заголовок ли ш н и й .

1. U sefu l Invention 5. V erbal M isunderstanding


2. U S Y ounger Generation 6. B ritain, the W orld Empire
3. Modern Branch of Industry 7. A ll in One
4. H istorical Separation 8. Old Enough

A. For 150 years A m erica was a B ritish colony. A t th a t tim e B ritish and A m erican
English were alm ost exactly th e same. W hen A m erica won the W ar of Independence
in 1776, it became a free country. The USA was quickly grow ing richer, and
m illions of Europeans came to settle here. They b ro u g h t new words and expressions
to the language. As a resu lt, English in A m erica began to develop in its own way
and today, th ere are certain differences in pronunciation, gram m ar, vocabulary
and spelling between A m erican and B ritish English.
B. Typical A m erican teenagers are in fact very ordinary. They th in k th e ir teachers
make them work too hard, they love th e ir p aren ts b u t are sure they don’t
u n derstand anything, and th e ir friendships are th e m ost im p o rtan t th in g s in th e ir
lives. Some of them do have a lot of money to spend, b u t usually they have earned
it them selves. Most young people take jobs while they are in school. They work
a t movie th e atres, fast-food re sta u ra n ts, gas statio n s, and stores to pay fo r th e ir
clothes and en tertain m en t. Maybe th is is w hat makes them so independent from
th e ir parents a t such a young age?
C. Is it possible to have one device w ith the functions of a TV-set, a PC and the
Internet? W ith the advent of In tern et TV it has become a reality. Imagine w atching
a film on TV and g etting inform ation on the actors in the film at the same time!
To enter web-addresses and w rite e-mails you use a remote control and an on-screen
keyboard or an optional wireless keyboard. By clicking a bu tto n , you can also read
adverts, ‘c h at’ w ith a friend, plan your holiday and play your favourite video games.
And in the fu tu re you’ll be able to change the plot of the film you are watching!
D. W hen do you stop being a child and become an ad u lt? There are lots of laws about
the age when you can s ta rt doing th in g s. In B ritain , fo r example, you can get
m arried a t 16, b u t you cannot get a ta tto o u n til you are 18. In m ost A m erican
states you can have a driving licence a t 17, b u t you cannot d rin k u n til you are
21. In R ussia you can be p u t in prison when you are 16, b u t you cannot vote u n til
you are 18. In fact, m ost European countries and th e US have the same age fo r
voting: 18. Many people, however, th in k th a t th is is u n fair. They would like to
vote a t an earlier age.
E. Blue jeans were a by-product of the Gold R ush. The man who invented jeans, Levi
S trauss, em igrated from G erm any to San Francisco in 1850. Levi was 20 years
old, and he decided to sell clothes to the m iners who were in C alifornia in search
of gold. W hen he was told th a t durable tro u sers were th e m ost needed item of
clothing, Levi began m aking jeans of heavy te n t canvas. Levi’s jeans were an
im m ediate success. Soon he sw itched from canvas to a cotton fabric which came
from Nimes, a city in France. The m iners called it ‘denim ’ and bought a lot of
tro u sers from S trauss.

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ВАРИАНТ 13 179

F. Some fifty years ago people h a d n ’t even heard of com puters, and today we cannot
im agine our life w ithout them . Com puter technology is now the fastest-grow ing
in d u stry in the world. The f ir s t com puter was th e size of a m inibus and weighed
a ton. Today, its job can be done by a chip th e size of a pinhead. A nd th e revolution
is still going on. Very soon w e’ll have com puters th a t w e’ll wear on our w rists or
even in our glasses and ear-rings. Such wearable com puters are now being developed
in the USA.
G. Some A m erican words are sim ply unknow n on th e o th er side of th e A tlantic, and
vice versa. But a lot of words exist in both v a ria n ts, and these can cause trouble.
B ritish visitors to A m erica are often su rp rised a t th e d ifferen t m eanings th a t
fam iliar words have acquired there. If an Englishm an asks in an A m erican store
for a vest, he will be offered a w aistcoat, if he w ants to buy a handbag fo r his
w ife, he should ask fo r a purse, and if she w ants to buy a p air of tig h ts, she
should ask for pantyhose: tig h ts in A m erica are w hat b allet dancers wear.

А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из част ей в списке 1 - 7 л и ш н я я . Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

C ulture and custom s

In less th an tw enty years, the mobile telephone has gone from being rare, expensive
equipm ent of the business elite to a pervasive, low-cost personal item. In many countries,
mobile telephones A ______________________ ; in th e U .S., 50 per cent of children have
mobile telephones. In many young a d u lts’ households it has supplanted the land-line
telephone. The mobile phone is В ______________________ , such as N orth Korea.
Paul Levinson in his 2004 book Cellphone argues th a t by looking back th ro u g h
h isto ry we can fin d m any precursors to th e idea of people sim ultaneously w alking
and talk in g on a mobile phone. Mobile phones are the n ex t extension in portable
m edia, th a t now can be C ______________________ into one device. Levinson h ig h lig h ts
th a t as the only mammal to use only two ou t of our fo u r limbs to walk, we are left
two hands free D ________________________ — like talk in g on a mobile phone. Levinson
w rites th a t “Intelligence and inventiveness, applied to o ur need to com m unicate
regardless of where we may be, led logically and eventually to telephones th a t we
E _______________________
Given the high levels of societal mobile telephone service p en etratio n , it is a key
m eans for people F ________________________. The SMS featu re spawned the «texting»
sub-culture. In December 1993, th e firs t person-to-person SMS te x t message was
tra n sm itte d in Finland. C urrently, te x tin g is the m ost widely-used d ata service;
1.8 billion users generated $80 billion of revenue in 2006.

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180 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

1. to perform other actions


2. outnum ber tra d itio n a l telephones
3. to com m unicate w ith each other
4. combined w ith the In te rn e t
5. to serve basic needs
6. banned in some countries
7. carry in our pockets
А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18. В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

A G ifted Cook
If there is a gene for cuisine, Gabe, my 11-year-old son, could splice it to perfection.
Somewhere between Greenwich Village, where he was born, and the San Francisco Bay
area, where he has grow n up, the little kid w ith the stubborn disposition and freckles
on his nose has forsaken Boy Scouts and baseball in favor of w ielding a kitchen knife.
I suppose he is a mem ber of th e Em eril generation. Gabe has spent his form ative
years shopping a t the Berkeley Bowl, where over half a dozen varieties of Thanksgiving
yam s, in lesser m ortals, can in still em otional paralysis. He is blessed w ith a critical
eye. “I th in k Em eril is really cheesy,” he observed the o th er n ig h t while w atching a
p u ff p astry segm ent. “He makes th e stu p id est jokes. B ut he cooks really w ell.”
W ith its m anifold indigenous cu ltu res, Oaxaca seemed th e perfect place to push
boundaries. Like the mole sauces fo r which it is ju stly fam ous, the region itse lf is a
subtle blend of ingredients — from dusty Zapotec villages where Spanish is a second
language to the zocalo in colonial Oaxaca, a sophisticated town square brim m ing w ith
stre e t life and vendors selling tw isty, one-story-tall balloons.
A ppealing to Gabe’s in n er Iron Chef seemed like an in d irect way to introduce him
to a place where the a rtfu l approach to life presides. There was also a selfish motive:
Gabe is my soul m ate, a fellow food w anderer who is not above em bracing in san ity to
follow his appetite w herever it leads.
M onths ahead of tim e, we enrolled via th e In te rn e t in the daylong W ednesday
cooking class a t Seasons of My H eart, the chef and cookbook a u th o r Susana T rillin g ’s
cooking school in the E lta Valley, about a 45-m inute drive n o rth to town. In her
cookbook and PBS series of the same name, Ms. Trilling, an A m erican whose m aternal
g randparents were M exican, calls Oaxaca “the land of no w aste” where cooking
techniques in some ancient villages have endured fo r a thousand years.
I suspected th a t the very notion of w hat co n stitu tes food in Oaxaca would te st
Gabe’s m ettle. A t the suggestion of Jacob, his older b ro th er, we spent our second
n ig h t in Mexico a t a Oaxaca G uerrero baseball game, where instead of peanuts and
Cracker Jack, vendors hawked huge tra y s piled high w ith chapulines, fried grasshoppers
cooked in chili and lime, a local delicacy. Gabe was bug-eyed as he w atched the man
next to him snack on exoskeletal m unchies in a paper bowl. “I t ’s probably less gross
th an a hot dog,” he adm itted. “B ut on th e rim of th e bowl I saw a bunch of legs and
served body p arts. T h a t’s revolting!”
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ВАРИАНТ 13 181

Our cooking day began a t the W ednesday m arket in Etla, shopping fo r ingredients
and sam pling as we w ent. On th e way in the van, Gabe had made friends w ith Cindy
and Fred Beams, fellow classm ates from Boston, sh arin g opinions about Caesar salad
and bem oaning his b ro th e r’s preference fo r plain pizza instead of H aw aiian. Cindy
told Gabe about a delicious sauce she’d ju s t had on h er omelet a t h er В & В. “It was
the best sauce — to die fo r,” she said. “Then I found ou t the provenance. Roasted
w orm s.”
The Oaxacan ta ste fo r insects, w e’d learn — including the worm salt spied a t the
superm arket and the “basket of fried locusts” at a nearby re sta u ra n t — was a source
of protein d ating back to pre-H ispanic tim es.
W hen our cooking class was over I saw a flicker of re g re t in his face, as though
he sensed th e w orld’s in fin ite v ariety and possibilities in all th e dishes he d id n ’t learn
to cook. “Mom”, he said plaintively, surveying th e sensual offerings of th e table. “Can
we make everything when we get home?”
Gabe’s m other th in k s th a t he is
1) lazy. 3) selfish.
2) determ ined. 4) th o u g h tfu l.
Ответ:
Gabe is supposed to represent the Em eril generation because he
1) is fond of criticizing others.
2) feels happy being alone.
3) is in terested in cooking.
4) is good a t m aking jokes.
Ответ:
The n a rra to r w anted to take Gabe to Oaxaca because
1) he could speak Spanish.
2) th ere are a lot of en tertain m en ts fo r children there.
3) he knew a lot about local cultures.
4) he was the best to keep her company.
Ответ:
Gabe was stru ck when he
1) was told th a t local cooking techniques were a thousand years old.
2) saw the man next to him eat insects.
3) did not find any dish to satisfy his appetite.
4) understood th a t a hot dog was less gross th an a local delicacy.
Ответ:
The Oaxacan people eat insects because th is kind of food
1) tastes pleasant.
2) is easy to cook.
3) contains an essential n u tritio n al elem ent.
4) helps to cure many diseases.
Ответ:

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182 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

17 A t th e end of the class Gabe fe lt re g re t because


1) th ere were a lot of dishes he could not make on his own.
2) th e dishes he made were not tasty .
3) he did not w ant to go back home.
4) he had not m anaged to m aster all the dishes he liked.

18 In paragraph 3 “brimming w ith” means


1) lacking.
2) being filled w ith.
3) astonishing w ith.
4) beckoning w ith.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы, в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ JV? 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры, записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Р аздел 3. Г р а м м а ти ка и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 1 9 -2 5 , так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию т ек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

The C lim ate o f R ussia

19 R ussia has a varied clim ate. A lm ost all of R u s s ia ____________________ SITUATE


in the N orth Tem perature Zone.

20 The clim ate is continental; however, th e flu ctu atio n s in tem p eratu re
a r e ____________________ th an in oth er European countries. GREAT

21 The extrem e n o rth is a cold bare region — th e tu n d ra . For more th an


six m onths i t ____________________ in snow. BURY

22 This region can be called the land o f ____________________ rivers. FREEZE

23 In May the tem perature begins to rise. The gloomy n ig h t is succeeded


by continuous daylight, when the s u n ____________________ below th e NOT SINK
horizon fo r several m onths.

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ВАРИАНТ 13 183

The b e tte r p a rt of R ussia is not influenced by the w arm w inds of the


A tlantic and Pacific Oceans. There are no m ountains in the n o rth to
form a b a rrie r against the cold winds ____________________ from the BLOW
A rctic Ocean.

The extrem e west of R ussia has a tem perate clim ate. Thus, the
sum m ers in th e Baltic are cool and th e w inters m ild. If we go
____________________ east, the clim ate will become more continental. FAR

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

Tourism in A ustralia

26 | The grow th of tourism in fra stru c tu re related to the base of Ayers


Rock, or U luru began in the 1950s. Soon it sta rte d to produce
adverse ____________________ im pacts. ENVIRONMENT

It was decided in the early 1970s to remove all accom m odation-related


to u rist facilities and re-establish them outside th e park. In 1975, a
____________________ of 104 square kilom etres of land beyond the RESERVE
p a rk ’s n o rth ern boundary was chosen as th e site fo r a new reso rt.

A year or two later, t h e ____________________ of a to u rist facility and DEVELOP


an associated a irp o rt, to be known as Y ulara started .

The camp ground w ithin the park was closed in 1983 and the motels
closed in late 1984, coinciding w ith th e opening of th e luxurious reso rt.
In 1992, the m ajority in te re st in the Y ulara reso rt held by th e N o rth ern
T e r r ito r y ____________________ was sold and the reso rt was renam ed GOVERN
A yers Rock R esort.

Since listin g the park as a W orld H eritage Site, th e annual num ber of
____________________ rose to over 400,000 people by the year 2000. VISIT

Increased tourism provides regional and national economic benefits. It


also presents an ongoing challenge to balance conservation of
values and to u ris ts ’ needs. CULTURE

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184 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

M ausoleum of M ausolus

The M ausoleum of H alicarnassus (present Bodrum , Turkey) was a tomb b u ilt in


350 BC for king M ausolus and A rtem isia, his wife.
In 377 BC, H alicarnassus was th e capital of a small regional kingdom on th e coast
of A natolia. In th a t year th e ru le r of the region died and left th e kingdom to his son,
M ausolus. Before his death the fa th e r king 32 ______ control of several of the
neighboring cities and d istric ts. M ausolus [33J______ th e te rrito ry of th e kingdom as
fa r as the southw est coast of A natolia. M ausolus and A rtem isia ruled from th e ir
capital over th e surrounding te rrito ry 34 tw enty-four years. M ausolus,
although he was descended from local people, spoke Greek and 35 the Greek
way of life and governm ent. He founded m any cities of Greek design along th e coast
and 36 _____ Greek dem ocratic trad itio n s.
M ausolus decided to build a new capital, a city as safe from capture as m agnificent
to be seen. He chose the city of H alicarnassus. M ausolus and A rtem isia spent huge
37 _____ of ta x money to embellish the city. They commissioned statu es, tem ples
and buildings of gleam ing m arble. In the center of th e city M ausolus planned to place
a restin g place fo r his body a fte r his death. It would be a tom b th a t would forever
show how rich he and his queen were.
In 353 BC M ausolus died, leaving A rtem isia broken-hearted. As a trib u te to him ,
she decided to build him the m ost splendid tom b, a stru c tu re so fam ous th a t it became
one of the Seven W onders of the 3 8 1 W orld.

32 1) captured 2) took 3) achieved 4) required


Ответ:

33 1) extended 2) lengthened 3) prolonged 4) doubled


Ответ:

34 1) by 2) in 3) w ith 4) for
Ответ:

35 1) w orshiped 2) adm ired 3) beloved 4) fancied


Ответ:

36 1) insisted 2) suggested 3) encouraged 4) persuaded


Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 13 185

37 1) am ounts 2) num bers 3) q uantities 4) figures


Ответ:

38 1) A rchaic 2) P rehistoric 3) A ntique 4) A ncient


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов А? 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend Ken who w rites:

I know the results of my exam s are not good enough for the M edical School
a t the U niversity of M ichigan. Should I think of a different profession or should
I take exams again next year? W hat do you think? H ave you chosen your future
profession? W hat is it? How do you know it is right for you?
I ’m planning a short vacation - I would like to go hiking for a week...

W rite a le tte r to Ken.


In your le tte r
— answ er his questions
— ask 3 questions about his vacation.
W rite 100—140 words.
Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

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186 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Comment on th e following statem en t.

Travelling abroad helps to understand your own country.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an intro d u ctio n (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re sta tin g your position

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Вариант 14 ji ■ ■)

Раздел 1. Аудирование
t ...

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­


ниями каждого говорящего A —F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы, в таблицу.

1. I ’m afraid of becoming overw eight. 5. I w ant to stay fit for years to come.
2. I w ant a stable financial position. 6. I feel upset by my frie n d ’s problems.
3. I m ight get held a t gunpoint. 7. I ’m anxious to get a decent job.
4. I ’m concerned about my parents.

Ответ: Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A -G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N o t sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

А C arter w ants to discuss w ith Holly professor Label’s lectures.

В Holly is ready to give her notes to C arter till tom orrow .

С C arter is too tired d u rin g the m orning classes.

D C arter failed his last exam.

Е Holly and C arter are going to m eet in th e lib rary later.

F Holly and C arter like P rofessor Label’s slides.

G Holly and C arter are going to have some ice cream in the evening.

Ответ: Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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188 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами вариант у ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

Fred describes the outgoing year as th e one which


1) brought him new financial problems.
2) seriously changed his whole life.
3) m arked the end of his construction business.
Ответ:

Fred worked w ith the children who


1) lacked some physical ability.
2) attended a weekend school.
3) had to stay in a hospital.
Ответ:

W hen dealing w ith the children Fred was in stru cted to


1) be aw are of th e ir depression.
2) try to avoid g e ttin g them excited.
3) behave in the usual way.
Ответ:

The new experience helped Fred to become more


1) p ersistan t.
2) determ ined in doing w hat he w anted.
3) p atient.
Ответ:

Fred says th a t before becoming a fa th e r he was p articu larly good at


1) loosing the tim e.
2) spending the leisure hours.
3) en tertain in g his friends.
Ответ:

The parenthood made Fred


1) pay more atte n tio n to sports activities.
2) spend less tim e a t work.
3) more responsible.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 14 189

Fred m entions as his special fa th e r’s ta le n t th e ability


1) to u n derstand his wife.
2) for a sound sleep.
3) to calm down a crying child.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ J\s 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. Lucky escape 5. Ordering in


2. Long journey 6. F ast food is unhealthy
3. Good way to m eet 7. A new way to buy
4. Growing in popularity 8. Too m uch choice

A. W hen you are tire d and don’t w ant to cook, ju s t pick up th e phone. R estau ran ts
are expensive and take some tim e and e ffo rt to reach if you don’t live in th e centre
of town. O rdering food for home delivery is cheap and these days th ere is a huge
choice. Indian and Chinese are the m ost popular b u t I p refer to get in a pizza.
B. A school group on a skiing holiday to Italy narrow ly avoided d isaster when th e ir
coach le ft the road and fell eighty m eters into a valley. Trees slowed down the
falling coach and because of th e fresh new snow the vehicle landed quite softly.
A m azingly no one was injured.
C. A teenager from London is m aking news around th e world. On his recent holiday
in A u stralia he set off w ithout his mobile phone. E xperts are amazed th a t he is
still alive a fte r w alking fo r fourteen days, surviving extrem e tem p eratu res and
living off the land. However, a lot of A u stralian s are unhappy w ith him . The
rescue cost is estim ated a t more th an 100,000 dollars.
D. You can buy alm ost anything, new or second hand, on th e in te rn e t. On one site
you can offer the price you w ant to pay fo r som ething. W hoever offers the highest
price can buy th a t item . R ecently I made the highest offer fo r a nearly new pair
of skis. However, I only paid half of w hat they would have cost new in a shop.
E. M aking new friends on the in te rn e t makes so much sense. You can see someone’s
photo and read if they share your in te re sts and opinions. The im p o rtan t th in g is
you can spend tim e g ettin g to know people who are a ttra ctiv e to you and looking
fo r the same th in g s in life th a t you are. S till, fo r personal safety, m ost sites
recommend th a t in person you m eet in itially in a public place like a cafe or
a gallery.

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190 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

F. I like eating out b u t some re sta u ra n ts have huge m enus. A nd usually every item
sounds m outh w atering. The trouble is I like to read about everything on offer
and som etim es w aiters w ait fo r me ra th e r th a n on me! The oth er issue is how they
can offer so much w hilst m ain tain in g quality? I ’d ra th e r take one of five options
knowing th a t each one was b rillian t.
G. “Facebook” is a social netw orking website th a t has 250 m illion members and despite
lots of criticism by employers, governm ents and m edia, continues to a ttra c t
thousands of new users daily. In spite of claims of concerns about privacy, safety
and w asting tim e a t work, “Facebook” is one of the m ost rapidly establishing
phenom ena of recent years.

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Му S tage

Му fam ily moved to Rockaway, New Jersey in th e sum m er of 1978. It was there
th a t my dream s of stardom began.
I was nine years old. H eather Lam brix lived next door, and she and I became best
friends. I th o u g h t she was so lucky A _________________________. She took tap and
jazz and got to w ear cool costum es w ith b rig h t sequences and m akeup and perform on
stage. I w ent to all of her recitals and В _________________________,
My living room and sometimes th e garage were my stage. I belonged to a cast of
four, which consisted of H eather, my two younger sisters, Lisa and F aith , and I. Since
I was the oldest and the bossiest, I was th e director. H eather came w ith h er own
costum es C _________________________. We choreographed m ost of our dance num bers
as we went along. Poor F aith ... we would throw her around D _________________________.
She was only about fo u r or five ... and so agile. W e danced around in our b ath in g
suits to audiocassettes and records from all th e Broadway m usicals. W e’d p u t a small
piece of plywood on the living room carpet, E _________________________. A nd I would
im itate her in my sneakers on the linoleum in the hall. I was a dancer in th e m aking.
My dad eventually converted a p a rt of o ur basem ent into a small th e ater. He hung
two “sp o tlig h ts” and a sheet for a cu rtain . W e perform ed dance num bers to tu n es like
“One” and “The Music and the M irro r” from A Chorus Line. I sang all the songs from
A nnie. I loved to sing, F _________________________. I ju s t loved to sing. So I belted
out songs like “Tom orrow” , “Maybe” and “W h at I Did For Love.” I knew then, th is is
w hat I w anted to do w ith my life.

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ВАРИАНТ 14 191

1. like she was a rag doll


2. w hether I was good a t it or not
3. wished I, too, could be on stage
4. and I designed the re st
5. and I was s ta r struck
6. so H eather could do her tap routine
7. because she got to go to dance lessons
А В С D Е F

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

A voidance a ctivity
I am in B irm ingham , s ittin g in a cafe opposite a h a ird re sse r’s. I ’m try in g to find
the courage to go in and book an appointm ent. I ’ve been here th ree q u arters of an
hour and I am on my second large cappuccino. The table I ’m sittin g at has a wobble,
so I ’ve sp ilt some of th e firs t cup and m ost of th e second down the w hite tro u sers
I was so proud of as I swanked in fro n t of th e m irro r in my hotel room th is m orning.
I can see th e hairdressers or sty lists as they p refer to be called, as they work.
There is a man w ith a ponytail who is peram bulating around the salon, stopping now
and then to frow n and grab a bank of custom er’s h air. There are two g irl stylists: one
has had her w hite blonde h a ir shaved and th en allowed it explode into hundreds of
hedgehog’s quills; the o th er has h air any self-respecting woman would scalp for: thick
and lustrous. All th ree are dressed in severe black. Even u n d ertak ers allow them selves
to w ear a little w hite on the neck and cuffs, b u t u n d ertak ers don’t take th e ir work
half as seriously, and th ere lies the problem. I am afraid of hairdressers.
W hen I sit in fro n t of the salon m irro r s tu tte rin g and blushing, and saying th a t
I don’t know w hat I w ant, I know I am th e client from hell. Nobody is going to win
S ty list of the year w ith me as a model.
‘M adam ’s h a ir is very th ...’,they begin to say ‘th in ’, th in k b e tte r of it and change
it fo r ‘fin e’—ultim ately, coming out w ith the hybrid word ‘th in e ’. I have been told
my h air is ‘th in e ’ many tim es. A re they ta u g h t to use it a t college? Along w ith other
conversational openings, depending on th e season: ‘Done your C hristm as shopping?’
‘Going away for E a ster? ’ ‘Booked your sum m er holiday?’ ‘You are brown, been w ay?’
‘N ights are draw ing in, a re n ’t th e y ? ’ ‘Going away fo r C hristm as?’
I am hopeless a t sm all talk (and big talk). I ’m also averse to looking a t my face in
a m irro r for an hour and a half. I behave as though I am a prisoner on th e ru n .
I ’ve looked a t wigs in stores, b u t I am too shy to try them on, and I still rem em ber
the h o rro r of w atching a bewigged man jum p into a swimming pool and then seeing
w hat looked like a m edium sized rodent break th e surface and float on the w ater. He
snatched at his wig, th ru s t it anyhow on top of his head and left the pool. I d id n ’t
see him for the re st of the holiday.
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192 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

There is a behavior tr a it th a t a lot of w riters sh are—it is called avoidance activity.


They will do an ything to avoid s ta rtin g to w rite: clean a d rain , phone th e ir m entally
confused uncle in P eru, change th e c a t’s litte r tra y . I ’m prone to th is m yself, in
sum m er I deadhead flow ers, even lobelia. In w in ter I ’ll keep a fire going stick by
stick, anything to p u t off the m om ent of scratching m arks on v irg in paper.
I am indulging an avoidance activ ity now. I ’ve ju s t ordered an o th er cappuccino,
I ’ve given m yself a sever talking: For God’s sake, woman! You are forty-seven years
of age. J u s t cross th e road, push the salon door open, and ask fo r an appointm ent!
It d idn’t work. I ’m now in my room, and I have ju s t given m yself a do-it-yourself
hairdo, which consisted of a shampoo, condition and trim , w ith scissors on my Swiss
arm y knife.
I can’t w ait to get back to the Toni & Guy salon in Leicester. The s ta ff th ere
haven’t once called my h air ‘th in e ’ and they can do wonders w ith th e savagery caused
by Swiss arm y knife scissors.

12 The n a rra to r was afraid to en ter th e h a ird re sse r’s because she
1) had spilt coffee on her w hite tro u sers.
2) doubted th e qualification of local sty lists.
3) was strangely self-conscious.
4) was pressed for tim e.
Ответ:

W atching th e sty lists, the n a rra to r concluded th a t they


1) were too im pulsive.
2) had h a ir anyone would envy.
3) had strange hair-dos them selves.
4) attached too m uch im portance to th e ir ‘c ra ft’.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r calls herself ‘the client from hell’ m ainly because she
1) doesn’t like to look a t herself in the m irro r.
2) never knows w hat she w ants.
3) is too im patient to sit still.
4) is too dem anding.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r doesn’t like sty lists as they
1) are too predictable in th e ir conversation.
2) have once suggested th a t she should try a wig.
3) are too insensitive to clients wishes.
4) are too talkative.
Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 14 193

A ccording to th e n a rra to r the avoidance activ ity is


1) common to all w riters.
2) m ostly perform ed in w inter.
3) talk in g to oneself.
4) a trick to postpone th e beginning of work.
Ответ:

The n a rra to r finally


1) talked herself into going and fix in g an appointm ent.
2) got her h a ir done a t a hotel.
3) cut her h a ir a fte r sham pooing it.
4) spoilt her h a ir completely.

The last paragraph means th a t the Toni & Guy salon in Leicester is the

1) only h a ird re sse r’s she has ever risked going to.
2) salon she tru s ts and is not afraid to go to.
3) place where she is a special client.
4) the firs t place she has ever tried.
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

W ho really discovered Am erica?

Everybody knows th a t C hristopher Columbus discovered Am erica. W as


he really the f ir s t to reach the continent? The great N orwegian explorer
Thor H eyerdal believed th a t ancient people were able to build boats
th a t _______________ cross oceans. CAN

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194 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

То te st his ideas, H eyerdal decided to build a copy of the ancient


Egyptian boat and sail across th e A tlantic. On May 25, 1969 th e boat
called Ra left a po rt in Morocco and headed across the
____________________ p a rt of th e A tlantic. WIDE

On May 17, 1970 Ra successfully crossed th e A tla n tic ,_________________ PROVE


th a t ancient civilizations had enough skill to reach A m erica long before
Columbus.

Greek myths: A pollo and Cassandra

22 In ancient Greece there were m any tem ples b u ilt fo r Apollo. He was
the god of youth, beauty, music and poetry. Besides, Apollo had one
very special skill — he could see the fu tu re . One day Apollo came to
the tem ple in Troy. Among o th er ____________________ he saw WOMAN
Cassandra, a young and beautifu l priestess, who worked a t th e temple.

Apollo by h er grace. IMPRESS

The m inute Apollo saw C assandra, h e ____________________ in love. It FALL


was love at f ir s t sight.
Apollo offered her a deal. He would give Cassandra th e g ift of being
able to see th e fu tu re , if she gave him a kiss. C assandra agreed.

W ith a laugh, Apollo gave her th e g ift, ____________________ about DREAM


the rew ard. In stan tly , Cassandra could see the fu tu re . She saw Apollo,
in the fu tu re , helping to destroy Troy.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 2 6 -3 1 , однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

The W orld’s Language

The English language is fam ous fo r the richness of its vocabulary.


W ebster’s New In tern atio n al D ictionary lists 450,000 words, and the
new Oxford English D ictionary has 615,000, b u t th a t is only p a rt of
the to tal. Technical a n d ____________________ term s would add m illions SCIENCE
more.

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ВАРИАНТ 14 195

27 The w ealth of existing synonyms means t h a t ____________________ of SPEAK


English have two words for som ething denoted by one w ord in a
d ifferen t language. The French, fo r instance, do not distinguish
between house and home, between mind and brain. The Spanish cannot
d ifferen tia te a chairman from a president.

28 In R ussia, th ere are no native words fo r efficiency, challenge and


engagement ring. Of course, every language has areas in which it
needs, f o r ____________________ purposes, to be more expressive th an PRACTICE
others.

The Eskimos have fifty words fo r types of snow, th ough th ere is no


word fo r ju s t plain snow. ____________________ , A frican languages NATURAL
have no native word fo r snow.

Nowadays, globalization influences th e of DEVELOP


languages.

Some native words giving way to in tern atio n al APPEAR


term s.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 3 2 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 3 2 -3 8 , в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

Mark’s V isit to R avenscar

M ark and Fenella were the firs t to arriv e a t R avenscar. M ark had not been to
R avenscar fo r a long tim e, b u t even so he had not fo rg o tten the spectacular [32
from th e lib rary windows. As he and Fenella were ushered into the room by Cecily
D eravenel, he 33 his best not to ru sh over to th e windows to enjoy the view.
“I t ’s lovely to see you b o th ,” Cecily was [34 , and th en h er face broke into
sm iles. “Ah, h ere’s Bess, your g reatest adm irer, Fenella. A nd N anny w ith the other
ch ild ren .”
A m om ent la te r Fenella and Cecily were surrounded by th e youngsters, all clam oring
for atten tio n , and M ark took th e opp o rtu n ity to walk to th e other end of the room.
M ark always th o u g h t th a t [3 5 ]_______up children was so boring.

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196 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

T urning around M ark allowed his eyes to sweep th e room fo r an adm iring moment,
tak in g in long shelves of books, several mem orable pain tin g s, and th e handsome
antiques, made of dark, ripe woods. There were [36 ______ sofas and chairs arranged
near the huge stone fireplace. 3 7 1______ the w arm w eather, a log fire was blazing.
It was a pleasure to be in such a nice room.
His eyes settled on Fenella, who was m om entarily preoccupied w ith th e youngsters,
and he had to adm it he had never seen such b eau tifu l children in his life. They m ight
have ju s t stepped out of a p o rtra it by one of the g reatest a rtis ts of th e eighteenth
centu ry , Thomas G ainsborough, George Romney, S ir Jo sh u a Reynolds. Suddenly he
38 ______ he had had children.

32 1) look 2) gaze 3) view 4) stare


Ответ:

33 1) made 2) held 3) kept 4) did


Ответ:

34 1) saying 2) speaking 3) telling 4) talk in g


Ответ:

35 1) raising 2) bringing 3) rearin g 4) grow ing


Ответ:

36 1) com fortable 2) relaxing 3) convenient 4) suitable


Ответ:

37 1) A lthough 2) Unlike 3) Instead 4) Despite


H T
Ответ:

38 1) w anted 2) longed 3) wished 4) willed


Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19-31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

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ВАРИАНТ 14 197

Раздел 4. Письмо

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 40), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend B arbara who w rites:

W e’ve moved to a new house. Now I don’t have to share the room with my sister.
Tell me about the place where you live. Is it a fla t or a house and what does
it look like? W hat is your favourite place a t home? W hat kind of home would you
like to have in future?
I am thinking of how I will decorate my room...

W rite a le tte r to B arbara.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her room.
W rite 1 0 0 -1 4 0 words.
Remember the rules of le tte r w riting.

Comment on the following statem ent.

Playing sports helps to reduce stress.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 -2 5 0 words.
Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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Вариант 15
Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ва­
ниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7.
Используйт е каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. The speaker criticizes books on tim e m anagem ent.


2. The speaker believes our schedule shouldn’t ignore personal wishes.
3. The speaker recommends balancing our weekly activities.
4. The speaker considers physiology in tim e m anagem ent.
5. The speaker advocates concentration on each task.
6. The speaker recommends concentrating on one big aim a t a tim e.
7. The speaker advises doing task s in order of im portance.

Говорящий А В С D Е F
Утверждение

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A —G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T rue), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нель­
зя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ).
Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

P e te r dislikes going to th e cinema.

В P e te r has a stro n g opinion about Indian film s.

C Indian film s are long because of th e view ers’ demands.

D Indian film s are very expensive in m aking.

E Dancing in terferes w ith u nderstan d in g the plot in Indian film s.

F Most Indian film s reflect everyday life in th e country.

G Bollywood produces more film s a year th a n European studios.

Утверждение А В С D Е F G
Соответствие диалогу

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ВАРИАНТ 15 199

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3 - 9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1.


или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите
запись дважды.

Sharon is invited to speak about how


1) her work influences her fam ily life.
2) she feels about w orking all over th e world.
3) she is bringing her children up.
Ответ:

How many children does Sharon have?
1) Two. 2) Four. 3) Three.
Ответ:
W hat

does Sharon say about her husband’s job of a com puter scientist?
1) He had to leave it.
2) He manages to keep it.
3) He hopes to get it.
Ответ:

S haron’s husband’s name is
1) Finnian. 2) Rowan. 3) Ju lia n .
Ответ:

Sharon tries not to stay away from her fam ily fo r more th a n five weeks because
1) she th in k s i t ’s her physical and em otional lim it.
2) she prom ised th is to her husband.
3) i t ’s general practice of the Red Cross.

8
Ответ:

The firs t place in S haron’s h e art is occupied by
1) aid work.
2) both her fam ily and aid work.
3) her fam ily.
Ответ:

W hat according to Sharon helped her rem ain tru e to h er calling?
1) H er husband’s help.
2) Support of her children.
3) The n a tu re of her job.
Ответ: □
По окончании выполнения заданий 1 -9 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК
ОТВЕТОВ М 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания,
начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры запи­
сываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру
пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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200 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Раздел 2. Чтение

Установите соответствие между текстами А -G и заголовками 1 -8 . Занесите


свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру т олько один раз. В зада­
нии один заголовок лишний.

1. For parents and friends 5. Mobile future


2. R adiation threat 6. Mobile booking office
3. Threat for kids 7. N ew language
4. F eelin g o f safety 8. SM S to prem ier

A. Mobile phones use ‘radio w aves’ to send signals. Since th e 1920s, scien tists have
known th a t radio waves can cause th e heating of the skin and influence th e nervous
system . B ut mobile phones don’t produce many radio waves. Still children should
be especially careful about mobile phone use because th e ir nervous system may be
h u rt. C hildren should only use mobiles fo r sh o rt calls.
B. It is known th a t the stre n g th of radio wave rad iatio n decreases w ith distance. It
suggests th a t hands-free sets may be effective in avoiding all the dangers of mobile
phones. B ut another study described an increase in rad iatio n th a t reached th e user
of a hands-free set. It says th a t the cable of the hands-free set acted as an antenna,
directing more radio waves into th e u s e r’s ear.
C. Train passengers will soon be able to buy tickets on th e ir mobile phone. C hiltern
Railways plans to sell tickets th ro u g h mobile phones. The new technology sends a
code to a mobile phone in a te x t m essage, which passengers can th en scan a t the
statio n tick et b a rrie r. I t ’s hoped th e m ethod will make buying tick ets easier for
passengers and help fig h t against queues at stations.
D. Many parents now use mobiles to control th e ir ch ild ren ’s behaviour. It gives parents
peace of m ind and makes young people feel protected. P a re n ts say th a t young people
are safer w ith mobiles th an w ithout them . B ut, while paren ts said they liked to call
th e ir children on the mobile to actually hear th e ir voice, young people liked to send
te x t messages to parents.
E. A research showed th a t those young people who have a mobile feel more independent
and often use it to plan m eetings both relatives and peers. In p a rtic u la r, young
people often use mobiles to ask th e ir paren ts if they can come home later. The study
showed th a t girls more often te x t p aren ts to let them know they were safe than
boys. They also use te x t m essaging fo r socializing purposes.
F. It is not only parents who w ant to connect w ith young people through mobile
technologies. Nowadays politicians and different organizations look for ways to use
te x t messaging as a channel for communication w ith the young. In late 2004, the UK
governm ent offered people the opportunity to ‘te x t Tony’. People were invited to send
a tex t question to the prime m inister to be answered as p a rt of a ‘mobile ch at’.
G. The popularity of te x t messages led to th e developm ent of a special system of words
or ‘chat speak’. For example, acronym s, th a t are words made from the firs t letters
of other words, are often used both in online chatroom s and te x t messages sent to
your mobile phone. This ‘chat speak’ is very popular w ith children who are fa s t at
tex tin g . P aren ts m ight be in terested to know th a t ‘PA W ’ means ‘paren ts are
w atching’!

Ответ: А В С D Е F G

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 15 201

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A -F частями предложений, обозна­


ченными цифрами 1 -7 . Одна из частей в списке 1 - 7 лиш няя. Занесите цифры,
обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Cat’s pu nctuality

Sergeant Podge, a N orwegian Forest Cat, disappears from his ow ner’s home in a
small town in K ent, every n ight. B ut w hat baffles his owner, Liz B ullard, m ostly is
the fact th a t th e next m orning, th e 12-year-old cat always pops up in exactly the
same place, A _________________________ . A nd every m orning Ms. B ullard takes her
son to school before collecting Sergeant Podge.
She said th a t the routine had set in earlier this year, when Sergeant Podge disappeared
one day. Ms. Bullard spent hours telephoning her neighbours В _______________________.
A n elderly woman living about one and a half miles away called back to inform
Ms. B ullard th a t she had found a cat m atching S ergeant Podge’s description. Ms.
B ullard picked him up b u t w ithin days he vanished from sig h t again. She rang th e
elderly woman C ___________________________.
She said a ro u tin e has now become established, where each m orning she takes her
son to school before driving to collect Sergeant Podge D _________________________ .
It is th o u g h t Sergeant Podge walks across a golf course every n ig h t to reach his
destination.
Ms. B ullard said: “If i t ’s rain in g he may be in th e bush b u t he comes ru n n in g if
I clap my hands.” All she has to do is open the car passenger door from th e inside
for Sergeant Podge to jum p in.
Ms. B ullard also makes the trip at weekends and d u rin g school holidays —
E _________________________ ,
She does not know why, a fte r 12 years, Sergeant Podge has begun th e routine b u t
explained th a t another woman who lived nearby used to feed him sardines, and th a t
he may be F _________________________ .
His owner doesn’t m ind his w andering off a t n ig h t as long as she knows where to
collect him.

1. on th e look-out for more tre a ts


2. from the pavem ent between 0800 and 0815 GMT
3. to discover Sergeant Podge was back outside her home
4. on a pavem ent about one and a half miles (2.4km ) away
5. to iden tify if anyone had bumped into him
6. when her son is having a lie-in
7. collected by car every m orning

Ответ: А В С D Е F

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование*


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202 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 1 2 -1 8 . В каждом задании запишите


в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами
вариант у ответа.

So fa r th ere are only two ways to get into space — you eith er have to be an
astro n au t or very rich. C ountries such as R ussia and th e USA have space program s,
b u t you need to be highly qualified and very determ ined if you w ant to become an
astro n au t. Only a few of the thousands of applicants make it th ro u g h the tra in in g and
selection program . A lternatively, if you have the money and are fit enough, you may
be able to buy a place on the space journey, as the US m illionaire, Mike Melwill did
in 2004. B ut soon th ere may be another way.
A sif Mahsood is a 14-year old P ak istan i w ith big plans. He dream s of g ettin g a job
in space, b u t hopes he doesn’t need to become an a stro n au t. And th e idea is not so
fa n tastic. Many experts believe th a t the trav el in d u stry will be revolutionized during
the next decades by the developm ent of space holidays.
Most people know about the space statio n s th a t are already circling the E arth .
They are used for research and are operated by professional astro n au ts. B ut soon a
space statio n could be b u ilt for commercial purposes. A holiday in space would not be
cheap, b u t there are probably already plenty of people who would be prepared to pay.
This is where A sif’s dream comes in. He w ants to be th e m anager of th e w orld’s
f ir s t orbiting hotel. It is likely th a t rocket ships will provide the tra n sp o rt. They
could be launched from the E a rth ’s surface, or even from a c arrie r a irc ra ft high in
the atm osphere. The space hotel will be designed w ith a landing platform fo r the
rocket ship. The passengers could then move into th e hotel th ro u g h a large tube
connected to the hotel entrance. This would be necessary because th ere is no g ravity
in space. However, inside the space hotel th ere would need to be a system creating
a rtificial g ravity, so th a t guests could move around norm ally.
N aturally, if hotels are b u ilt in space, th ere will also be new jobs in space. G uests
will need all the norm al services found in a hotel on E arth , b u t th ere will also be
some new possibilities. For example, all so rts of recreation activities could be designed
to take advantage of th e zero g rav ity conditions in space. Being able to float around
a room, bounce off the walls and ceiling would be very a ttra ctiv e fo r to u rists looking
for a new experience. Games of three-dim ensional football, basketball or volleyball
would certainly be very in terestin g . The hotel would also have telescopes to look out
a t the universe, and to look back at the E a rth below.
A space hotel will need to have other facilities th a t are not necessary in norm al
hotels. It would be more like a small city in some ways, w ith its own hospital,
com m unication system , police force and fire departm ent.
In the m eantim e, A sif is going to keep studying hard a t school so th a t he can find
a job w orking in one of the big in tern atio n al hotels in Lahore or K arachi. He w ants
to qualify in hotel m anagem ent and continue to stu d y business ad m in istratio n . The
hotels are m uch the same, so A sif believes th a t th e best p reparation fo r a job in space
will be gaining plenty of experience w orking in E a rth hotels.
The whole idea of hotels in space may sound a little like science fiction, b u t
30 years ago technology such as mobile video phones and the In te rn e t seemed to be
ju s t a crazy dream , w hereas today they are a norm al p a rt of everyday life, and it is
hard to im agine our world w ithout them .
© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»
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ВАРИАНТ 15 203

12 W ho is Mike Melwill?
1) The founder of a new space program .
2) A n A m erican scientist.
3) A highly-qualified astro n au t.
4) A man who paid fo r a space travel.
Ответ:

13 A sif’s final aim is to

1) become an astro n au t.
2) go on a space holiday.
3) be a hotel m anager in Pakistan.
4) work in a new type of a hotel.
Ответ:

14 W hat will be new in the operations of space statio n s in th e fu tu re?
1) Scientific research will be perform ed on them .
2) They will be used fo r tra in in g professional astro n au ts.
3) They will be used fo r m aking money.
4) They will be less expensive.
Ответ:

15 In space hotels, a large tube will be necessary for


1) creating artificia l gravity.
2) connecting the hotel to the landing area.
3) linking hotels w ith the E arth.
4) launching the rocket ships.
Ответ:

16 W hich of the following is NOT described as possible e n tertain m en t in space hotels?


1) W alks in the open space.
2) Ju m p in g on th e ceiling.
3) W atching th e E a rth th ro u g h a telescope.
4) Playing e x tra dim ensional volley-ball.
Ответ:

17 Space hotels will require


1) exactly th e same services and facilities as norm al hotels.
2) absolutely d ifferen t services and facilities th an norm al hotels.
3) more services and facilities th a n norm al hotels.
4) less services and facilities th a n norm al hotels.
Ответ:

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204 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

The a u th o r argues th a t
1) m any th ings th a t used to be science fiction exist nowadays.
2) rich people should finance th e space exploration.
3) space hotels are ju s t a crazy dream .
4) i t ’s already hard to im agine our world w ithout space travelling.

По окончании выполнения заданий 10—18 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК


ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, на­
чиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записыва­
ются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Р аздел 3. Г р а м м а ти ка и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, сло­


ва, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номера­
ми 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию тек­
стов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответ­
ствует отдельному заданию из группы 1 9 -2 5 .

The Em peror’s Seed

Once th ere lived an old em peror who had no children. He NOT CAN
choose his successor for a long tim e.

Then he called all the young people in the kingdom to g eth er and said,
«I’ll give each one of you a seed today. I w ant you to go home, plant
it, w ater it and come back here one year from today w ith w hat you
have grow n from th is one seed.» A boy named Ling also got a seed.
He came home and told his m other th a t he ____________________ the GROW
best plant.

She h e lp e d _________ p lan t th e seed. Every day he w atered HE


it b u t nothing grew.

A year passed and Ling took his em pty pot to the palace while all the
re st brought some b eautiful plants. The em peror said, «Lying is the
____________________ th in g in th e world. I gave you all spoilt seeds. BAD
N othing grows from spoilt seeds.» So Ling became the new em peror.

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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ВАРИАНТ 15 205

R oald Dahl

Roald Dahl, a fam ous B ritish w riter, was N orw egian by b irth . Dahl
____________________ a fte r the Polar explorer Roald A m undsen, a NAME
national hero in Norway a t the tim e. D uring the Second W orld W ar
Dahl served in the Royal A ir Force as a fig h te r pilot.

Dahl became well-known in 1940s w ith works fo r both CHILD


and adults.

One of his highly popular tales was ‘Charlie and the Chocolate F actory’.
Since 1945 his books ____________________ in alm ost 50 languages. PUBLISH

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных за ­


главными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 26—31, однокоренные
слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содер­
жанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 2 6 -3 1 .

E n tertain ing gu ests

The m ost usual way to e n tertain friends a t home is to in v ite them for
a meal, eith er in the evening or a t lunch-tim e on a Sunday. W hen
guests are invited for a meal, they often sit and chat while they have
a d rin k before th e meal, and coffee is ____________________ served USUAL
afterw ards.

Several close friends are sometimes invited a t once to make a small


p a rty to celebrate a birth d ay , a child’s coming of age or some special
ACHIEVE

28 These parties are alm ost always ____________________ , th ere is no FORMAL


dress code and in sum m er, when the w eather is fine, people may hold
a barbecue in th e garden.

Form al occasions, official receptions fo r foreign v isito rs, when w ritten


____________________ are sent, rarely take place in people’s homes, INVITE
although they did in the past.

The host often p ro v id e s ____________________ kinds of en tertain m en t, VARY


or a t least en tertain s guests w ith in te re stin g stories and m erry jokes.

The ____________________ meal is often followed by p a rty games or TASTE


dances which are intended to am use or in te re st people in a way th a t
gives them pleasure and make them enjoy the p arty .

© 2015 Федеральный институт педагогических измерений, © 2015 Издательство «Национальное образование»


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206 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32 -3 8 . Эти номера


соответствуют заданиям 32—38, в которых представлены возможные варианты
ответов. Запишите в поле ответа номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

F ather F eels Starved


In th e sum m ers, when we w ent to the country, we usually hired a tem porary cook
to go w ith us, so th a t M argaret could stay in town. W e hated to leave her, b u t the
idea was th a t somebody m ust stay to 32 _______ care of th e house.
B ut th is d id n ’t work well. No m a tte r how few th e su b stitu te ’s fa u lts were, F ath er
had no patience w ith them . One sum m er, I rem em ber, th ere was a nice woman Delia
who got on well w ith M other because she was so obliging and pleasant, b u t who d id n ’t
33 ____ F a th e r at all. “I don’t give a dam n how obliging she is ,” he 34 ______
to say. ”If she w on’t oblige me by cooking som ething fit to eat, she can go.”
This d id n ’t sound unreasonable, b u t to 35 the tru th , Delia cooked well
to 36 no atte n tio n to F a th e r’s
grum bling. A t b reak fast F ath er would p u t down his coffee cup in d isg u st and roar:
“Does she call th is confounded mess coffee? Take it away!” A nd while M other and
Delia were fran tically m aking a fresh pot, he would eat all of his omelet and bacon,
and then declare th a t he was starved.
The longer Delia stayed w ith us, th e more alarm ed F ath er became. He ate h eartily,
b u t he said he d id n ’t feel nourished. A t last M other had to 37 _____ th a t it was
impossible to go on like th is. “This is D elia’s last n ig h t. I do hope you will like Tobo,
they say, he is a very good cook.”
The next n ig h t, F ath er found out, th a t the firs t dish was too O riental and the
m eat underdone. So M other sent fo r M argaret. She knew she could always depend
38 ______ M argaret.

1) help 2) make 3) give 4) take


Ответ:

1) agree 2) su it 3) fit 4) m atch


Ответ:

1) held 2) kept 3) used 4) took


Ответ:

1) speak 2) talk 3) say 4) tell


Ответ:

1) Рау 2) draw 3) bring 4) tu rn


Ответ:

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ВАРИАНТ 15 207

37 1) adm it 2) adopt 3) decide 4) promise


Ответ:

38 1) in 2) on 3) a t 4) of
Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19—38 не забудьте перенести свои ответы


в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 11 Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего
задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 19—31
буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и дригих дополнительных символов.
Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке
образцами.

Р аздел 4. П исьм о

Д ля ответов на задания 39 и 40 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые


пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использо­
вать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое внимание
обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям,
сделанным в БЛАН КЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Н икакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость со­
блюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а т ак­
же часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите
сначала номер задания (39, 4 0 ), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны
бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

39 You have received a le tte r from your English-speaking pen-friend A ngela who w rites:

Today I ’ve seen how the old building of the town library was destroyed. A new
library has already opened but this old one was my favourite place in our town...
W hat is your favourite place? W hat do you like about it? W hat do you like to do
there?
M y birthday is next week and Em planning a party...

W rite a le tte r to Angela.


In your le tte r
— answ er her questions
— ask 3 questions about her b irth d ay party.
W rite 100—140 words.
Rem ember the rules of le tte r w riting.

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208 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

Comment on the following statem en t.

H aving pets helps to reduce stress.

W hat is your opinion? Do you agree w ith th is statem en t?

W rite 2 0 0 —250 words.


Use the following plan:
— make an in troduction (state th e problem)
— express your personal opinion and give 2 -3 reasons fo r your opinion
— express an opposing opinion and give 1 -2 reasons fo r th is opposing opinion
— explain why you don’t agree w ith th e opposing opinion
— make a conclusion re statin g your position

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ТЕКС ТЫ Д Л Я А У Д И Р О В А Н И Я

Вариант 1

Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. К аж ды й текст прозвучит


2 раза. После первого и второго прослуш ивания у Вас будет время для выполнения
и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное
воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены. По окончании выполнения всего
раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в Бланк ответов № 1.

Задание 1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между вы сказы ­


ваниями каждого говорящего A -F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1 -7 .
Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой,
т олько один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверж дение. Вы услышите
запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker A
If you ask ше, I th in k fashion is kind of u n n a tu ra l. I mean who cares about tin y
details like pockets here or pockets th ere. I believe clothes should serve th e ir purpose.
W hen i t ’s hot, they shouldn’t be too w arm and when i t ’s cold they should keep you
w arm and protect you from winds when i t ’s necessary. I ’d never buy a coat or a jacket
ju s t because th e y ’re said to be fashionable now — to buy an item of clothing I m ust
feel com fortable in it.
Speaker В
I argue w ith my p aren ts all the tim e — ju s t really all th e tim e — because they
say I ’ve got loads of clothes which in th e ir opinion I never w ear. They ju st don’t
u n derstand it — I do need all these clothes. I may spend too m uch tim e in the m orning
choosing w hat to p u t on — okay, I adm it th a t. To be perfectly fran k , I m ust also
adm it th a t som etim es I forget w hat I have in my w ardrobe. B ut i t ’s g reat having a
choice. My parents ju s t don’t get it.
Speaker C
From tim e to tim e I may sw itch on a fashion channel or look th ro u g h a beauty
m agazine. My elder siste r is a shopping consultant and she tells me about the h o ttest
trends when I ask her to. She helps people create th e ir own style in clothes and she
says th a t clothes are fashionable only if they become you. You m ust consider your
style, your looks and fig u re when you w ant to buy som ething new because otherw ise
you w on’t look good.
Speaker D
I t ’s not th a t I ’m really a passionate follower of fashion — no, nobody would say
th a t about me. B ut I spend a lot of tim e in clothing shops and I do care about w hat

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210 ЕГЭ. ТИПОВЫЕ ЭКЗАМЕНАЦИОННЫЕ ВАРИАНТЫ

to p u t on each day and I never w ear th e same o u tfit two days a week. I look th ro u g h
fashion m agazines to find out the la te st tren d s. I do all those th in g s ju st because
I feel i t ’s a sign of respect fo r yourself and the people around you when you pay
atte n tio n to your clothes and looks.
Speaker E
I th in k when people talk about fashion they often mean stre e t fashion — w hat
people w ear every day. I don’t th in k i t ’s tru e fashion. I t ’s more like a kind of
hysteria — she has such a dress — I w ant such a dress too. Real fashion is top
fashion, runw ays and lim elight, fam ous designers like D&G and big brands. These
clothes are expensive and anyway you w on’t p u t them on when you go to work and
they are im practical — they are ju s t beautiful.
Speaker F
Fashion? I never w aste my tim e th in k in g about it. I have so much to do fo r my
studies th a t I sim ply p u t on w hatever I find in my w ardrobe — usually i t ’s a p air of
jeans and a T -shirt. I never go to clothes shops — my mom knows my size and she
buys me w hat she th inks I need. I tru s t h er ta ste and I believe she knows best really.
I ’m too practical and dow n-to-earth a person to th in k about m atching colors or s tu ff
like th a t so I ju s t don’t care about it.

You have 15 seconds to com plete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)


Now you w ill hear th e te x ts again. (R epeat.)
This is th e end o f th e task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
(Pause 15 seconds.)

Задание 2

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A —G


соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — T ru e), какие не соответствуют
(2 — F alse) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя
дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — N ot sta te d ). Занеси­
те номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись
дважды. У Вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Jane: Hello, Michael. A re you finished already?


Michael: Yeah. I ’m so tired! I can ’t believe th is week is over. So m any lectures —
I ’m exhausted! A nd th a t sem inar on H istory — torture! I don’t know how I ’ll manage
th is term . Thank God tom orrow is Saturday.
Jane: My week w asn’t so tirin g .
Michael: T h a t’s because you love w hat you are doing. You know I have entered
th is place ju s t because my paren ts w anted me to. I som etim es th in k I hate every
m inute I spend here!
Jane: So, S aturday. We could have some fu n . I have plans fo r the evening b u t my
m orning and afternoon are totally free. A ny ideas?

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ТЕКСТЫ ДЛЯ АУДИРОВАНИЯ 211

Michael: How about a film ? They are showing a new blockbuster a t th e movie
th e ater. You know, th e one sta rrin g M ichael Douglas.
Jane: A film ? D uring th e day?
Michael: Yes, why not?
Jane: W ell, I don’t know ... I p refer w atching film s in the evening really.
M ichael: Okay. W ell, why don’t we go to th e sports centre then? W e can go
swimming; they have opened the swim m ing pool a fte r the renovation. It m ust be
fantastic!
Jane: There are always lots of children in th e pool on S aturdays. Besides, I don’t
like swimming very m uch.
M ichael: You are so capricious today! W ell, how about shopping then? I hope you
w on’t tu rn down th is offer!
Jane: Yes, I definitely like shopping more th an swimming!
M ichael: Look how enthusiastic you are now! Okay, where shall we go? T here’s
th a t new shopping centre in B ath. The ads look in v itin g .
Jane: Shopping in a new mall! T hat does sound like fun. A nd w hat about the shops
in Clifton? Oh, w ait, no, I ’ve fo rg o tten th a t th e shops are more expensive there.
Michael: Yeah, I was going to say th a t too, and besides C lifton’s very crowded on
the weekend. If we come across som ething we like, we’ll spend half the evening in
line at the checkout.
Jane: All rig h t, all rig h t, w e’ll go to B ath then.
Michael: I th in k the new shopping centre in B ath m ust have a good re s