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Designation: D 2683 – 98 An American National Standard


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Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Copyright ASTM

Standard Specification for

Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-
Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 2683; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope D 3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and

1.1 This specification covers polyethylene socket-type fit- Fitting Materials4
tings for use with outside diameter-controlled polyethylene F 412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems3
pipe as specified by Specifications D 3035 and D 2513. Re- 2.2 Federal Standard:
quirements for materials, workmanship, dimensions, and pres- Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)5
sure performance are included. Where applicable in this 2.3 Military Standard:
specification, “pipe” shall mean “pipe and tubing.” MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage5
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded 3. Terminology
as the standard. The values in parentheses are given for
information only. 3.1 Definitions are in accordance with Terminology F 412
1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the and abbreviations are in accordance with Terminology D 1600,
test method portion, Section 8, of this specification: This unless otherwise specified. The abbreviation of polyethylene
standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, plastic is PE.
if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user 3.2 standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio (SDR)—
of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health the ratio of pipe outside diameter to wall thickness. It is
practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limita- calculated by dividing the average outside diameter of the pipe
tions prior to use. by the minimum wall thickness.

2. Referenced Documents 4. Classification

2.1 ASTM Standards: 4.1 This specification covers polyethylene fittings of the
D 618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics and Electrical socket type made as specified in 5.1 and 5.2
Insulating Materials for Testing2 4.1.1 Fittings covered by this specification are normally
D 1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe molded. In-line fittings such as couplings, unions, bushings,
Under Constant Internal Pressure3 caps, nipples, etc., may be extruded or machined from extruded
D 1599 Test Method for Short-Time Hydraulic Failure Pres- stock. Special fittings such as transition fittings and tapping
sure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings3 teets shall be assembled and fabricated in accordance with
D 1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to procedures agreed upon between the manufacturer and the
Plastics2,3 purchaser.
D 2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Ther- 4.1.2 Fittings covered by this specification are intended to
moplastic Pipe and Fittings3 be joined by heat fusion to PE pipe; observe the cautions
D 2513 Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe, stressed in Note 2.
Tubing, and Fittings3 4.1.3 Fittings intended for use in the distribution of natural
D 2657 Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene gas or petroleum fuels shall also meet the requirements of
Pipe and Fittings3 Specification D 2513.
D 3035 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe 5. Materials
(DR-PR) Based on Controlled Outside Diameter3
5.1 This specification covers polyethylene fittings made
from polyethylene plastics compounds as defined in Specifi-
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-17 on Plastic cation D 3350.
Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.10 on Fittings.
Current edition approved April 10, 1998. Published August 1998. Originally
published as D 2683 – 68 T. Last previous edition D 2683 – 95. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.02.
2 5
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.01. Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 08.04. Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.

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D 2683
NOTE 1—The Plastics Pipe Institute has recommended a hydrostatic 6.1.2 The maximum angular variation of any opening shall
design stress of 630 psi (4.34 MPa) for pipe compounds designated as PE not be more than 2° off the true centerline axis.
2406 800 psi (5.51 MPa) for pipe compounds designated as PE3408. 6.1.3 The minimum wall thickness of fittings shall be 125 %
NOTE 2—Some polyethylene materials that meet the requirements of
the PE24 or PE34 grades are not easily heat fusible to themselves or
of the minimum wall thickness of the pipe with which they are
intermixed. Since the effects of intermixing pipe and fittings made of designed to be joined. For reducing fittings, the smallest size
different polyethylene compounds have not been fully determined, the wall thickness shall be 125 % of the smallest pipe wall.
user shall assure himself of satisfactory long-term performance of such 6.2 System Pressure Test Requirements:
joints. 6.2.1 Short-Term Rupture Strength—The minimum short-
5.2 Rework Material—Clean rework material generated term rupture strength of the fitting and fused pipe shall not be
from the fitting manufacturer’s own production may be used by less than the minimum short-term rupture strength of the pipe
the same manufacturer, as long as the fittings produced or tubing in the system when tested in accordance with 8.5.2.
conform to the requirements of this specification. The test pressures shall be as shown in Table 4. Test specimens
shall be prepared for testing as described in 8.5.1.
6. Requirements 6.2.2 Sustained Pressure—The fitting(s) and fused pipe or
6.1 Dimensions and Tolerances: tubing shall not fail (as defined in the Descriptions of Terms
6.1.1 Fittings, sockets, dimensions, and tolerances shall be Section of Test Method D 1598) at the test pressures given in
as shown in Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3 when measured in Table 5 when tested in accordance with 8.4. To ensure
accordance with 8.4. For reducing fittings, socket and inside uniformity in preparation of assemblies for sustained pressure
diameter minimums for the appropriate size shall apply. evaluation, all test joints shall be made in accordance with heat

TABLE 1 Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene PipeA

A Socket Entrance DiameterB B Socket Bottom DiameterC,D C D

Maximum Maximum Socket Inside Diameter
Nominal Average Tolerance Average Tolerance on
Out-of- Out-of- Depth,
Pipe Diameter on Diameter Diameter Diameter min max
Round Round min
Size, in.,
in. (mm)

12 0.810 +0.005 60.008 0.804 +0.005 60.008 0.625 0.648 0.804
(20.57) (+0.127) (60.203) (20.42) (+0.127) (60.203) (15.88) (16.46) (20.42)
−0.010 −0.026
(−0.254) (−0.660)

34 1.020 60.008 60.010 1.012 +0.008 60.010 0.625 0.814 1.020
(25.91) (60.203) (60.254) (25.70) (+0.203) (60.254) (15.88) (20.68) (25.91)
1 1.275 60.008 60.010 1.267 +0.008 60.010 0.687 1.020 1.275
(32.38) (60.203) (60.254) (32.18) (+0.203) (60.254) (17.4) (25.91) (32.38)
11⁄4 1.620 60.008 60.012 1.612 +0.008 60.012 0.875 1.301 1.620
(41.15) (60.203) (60.305) (40.94) (+0.203) (60.305) (22.22) (33.04) (41.15)
11⁄2 1.860 60.010 60.012 1.849 +0.010 60.012 0.875 1.496 1.859
(47.24) (60.254) (60.305) (46.96) (+0.254) (60.305) (22.22) (38.0) (47.22)
2 2.335 60.010 60.012 2.324 +0.010 60.012 0.875 1.885 2.334
(59.31) (60.254) (60.305) (59.03) (+0.254) (60.305) (22.22) (47.88) (59.28)
3 3.455 60.015 60.015 3.439 +0.015 60.015 1.000 2.780 3.454
(87.76) (60.381) (60.381) (87.35) (+0.381) (60.381) (25.4) (70.61) (87.73)
4 4.450 60.015 60.015 4.434 +0.015 60.015 1.125 3.575 4.449
(113.03) (60.381) (60.381) (112.62) (+0.381) (60.381) (28.58) (90.80) (113.00)
Minimum dimensions have zero negative tolerance. The sketches and designs of fittings are illustrative only. Entrance chamfer or radius is optional.
Measured at top of socket wall taper, just below entrance radius.
Dimensions of tools should be checked for consistency with fittings used. Socket bottom diameter must be equal to or smaller than entrance diameter.
Measured at bottom of socket wall taper, just above bottom radius.

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D 2683
TABLE 2 Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene TubingA

A Socket Entrance DiameterB B Socket Bottom DiameterC,D C D

Nominal Maximum Maximum Socket Inside Diameter
Average Tolerance Average Tolerance on
Tubing Out-of- Out-of- Depth,
Diameter on Diameter Diameter Diameter min max
Size,in. Round Round min
in. (mm)

12 0.585 +0.010 60.010 0.575 +0.010 60.010 0.625 0.500 0.585
(14.86) (+0.25) (60.25) (14.61) (+0.25) (60.25) (15.88) (12.70) (14.86)
−0.007 −0.007
(−0.18) (−0.18)

34 0.835 60.010 60.010 0.825 60.010 60.010 0.625 0.750 0.835
(21.21) (60.25) (60.25) (20.96) (60.25) (60.25) (15.88) (19.05) (21.21)
1 1.075 60.008 60.008 1.070 +0.008 60.008 0.625 0.850 1.078
(27.30) (60.20) (60.20) (27.18) (+0.20) (60.20) (15.88) (21.59) (27.38)
11⁄4 1.330 60.008 60.010 1.322 60.008 60.010 0.687 1.250 1.330
(33.78) (60.20) (60.25) (33.58) (60.20) (60.25) (17.45) (31.75) (33.78)
Minimum dimensions have zero negative tolerance. The sketches and designs of fittings are illustrative only. Entrance chamfer or radius is optional.
Measured at top of socket wall taper, just below entrance radius.
Dimensions of tools should be checked for consistency with fittings used. Socket bottom diameter must be equal to or smaller than entrance diameter.
Measured at bottom of socket wall taper, just above bottom radius.

TABLE 3 Minimum Dimensions from Center to End of Sockets (Laying Length) for Tees and 90° Elbows PE Socket-Type Pipe Fittings,
for SDR 11.0 Pipe, in.

Nominal Pipe G, min

Size in. (mm)

12 58⁄ (15.88)

34 34⁄ (19.05)
1 7⁄8 (22.22)

11⁄4 1 (25.4)
11⁄2 11⁄4(31.75)
2 11⁄2 (38.10)
3 23⁄4(69.85)
4 4 (101.60)

TABLE 4 Burst Pressure Requirements for Water At 73°F (23°C) TABLE 5 Sustained Pressure Test Options
for SDR-PR PE Plastic Pipe Fittings Test Option 1 - 1000 h Option 2 - 1000 h Option 3 - 170 h
Burst PressureA, min, psi (MPa) Options at 73.4°f +/− 3.6° at 176°f +/− 3.6° at 176°f +/− 3.6
PE 2406, PE 3408 500 (3.45) (23°c +/− 2°) (80°c +/− 2°) (80°c +/− 2°)
The fiber stresses used to derive the pressure is 2520 (17.37). Material PE 2406 PE3408 PE2406 or PE3408 PE2406 or PE3408
(only) (only)
fusion practices found in D 2657.
Pipe Fiber 1320 PSI 1600 PSI 580 PSI 670 PSI
StressA (9 MPA) (11.02 (4.0 MPa) (4.6 MPa)
7. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance MPa)
7.1 The manufacture of these fittings shall be in accordance A
Fiber Stress listed are to be as calculated on the pipe being used in the test, not
with good commercial practice so as to produce fittings the fitting.
meeting the requirements of this specification. Fittings shall be

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D 2683
homogeneous throughout and free of cracks, holes, foreign Condition the test specimens at the selected option
inclusions, or injurious defects. The fittings shall be as uniform test temperature for not less than 6 h.
as commercially practicable in color, opacity, density, and Test the specimens with water, in accordance with
other physical properties. Test Method D 1598 at the selected option of stress and hours
of testing.
8. Test Methods Pressure the six specimens at the selected pressure
8.1 Conditioning—Condition the test specimens at 73.4 6 (610 psi, 669 kPa) for a period of 1000 h at the required
3.6°F (23 6 2°C) for 40 h minimum prior to test in accordance pressure for the temperature used.
with Procedure A of Methods D 618, for those tests where Failure of the same fittings on any two of the six
conditioning is required and in all cases of disagreement. specimens tested shall constitute a failure of that particular
8.2 Test Conditions—Conduct tests at the standard labora- fitting. Failure of a fitting in one of the six specimens is cause
tory temperature of 73.4 6 3.6°F (23 6 2°C). for retest of six additional specimens. Failure of the same
8.3 Sampling—Select at random sufficient quantity of fit- fitting in the retest shall constitute failure of the test for that
tings from each lot of shipment and test to determine that the fitting.
basic properties and dimensions are in conformance with this
specification. 9. Packaging and Package Marking
NOTE 3—For individual orders or specifications, only those tests and 9.1 Fittings shall be marked with the following:
numbers of tests specifically agreed upon between the purchaser and the
manufacturer need be conducted.
9.1.1 Manufacturer’s name or trademark,
9.1.2 Material designation (such as, PE 2406, or PE 3408),
8.4 Dimensions—Measure in accordance with Test Method
9.1.3 Fittings intended for the transport of potable water
D 2122.
shall include the seal or mark of the laboratory making the
8.4.1 Maximum out-of-round tolerance on sockets applies
evaluation for this purpose,
to the actual measured average inside diameter.
9.1.4 Size, and
NOTE 4—Example—In the 1-in. IPS size, if the actual measured 9.1.5 This designation number, D 2683.
average inside socket entrance diameter was 1.281 in. (32.54 mm) then the
extreme measured diameters due to ovality can be 1.291 in. (32.79 mm)
9.2 Where the size of the fitting does not allow complete
maximum and 1.271 in. (32.28 mm) minimum when the out-of-round marking, identification marking may be omitted in the follow-
tolerance is 60.010 in. (2.54 mm). ing sequence: size, designation number, material designation.
8.5 Pressure Test: 9.3 All required markings shall be legible and so applied as
8.5.1 Prepare test assemblies in such a manner that each, to remain legible under normal handling and installation
whether individual fittings or groups of fittings, is a system practices. If indentation is used, it shall not reduce the wall
incorporating at least one length of pipe or tubing and one or thickness to less than the minimum value for the fittings, and it
more fittings in addition to end closures. Fuse all fittings’ should be demonstrated that these marks have no effect on the
outlets with the appropriate size pipe or tubing. One piece of long-term strength of the fittings. In addition to the above, the
pipe in the system shall have a minimum length equal to five fittings shall bear an appropriate code number that will assure
pipe diameters. identification on the fittings as to month of production and resin
8.5.2 Short-Term Rupture Test—The test equipment, proce- formulas used in the production of said fittings. The manufac-
dures, and failure definition shall be as specified in Test turer shall maintain such additional records as are necessary to
Method D 1599. Increase the hydrostatic pressure at a uniform confirm identification of all coded fittings.
rate such that the specimen fails between 60 and 70 s from the
start of the test. Minimum failure pressures are shown in Table 10. Quality Assurance
3. 10.1 When the product is marked with this designation,
8.5.3 Sustained Pressure Test—Prepare six fitting speci- D 2683, the manufacturer affirms that the product was manu-
mens as prescribed in 8.5.1 factured, inspected, sampled, and tested in accordance with this Select the test temperature and pressures from one of specification and has been found to meet the requirements of
the test options in Table 5. this specification.

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These requirements apply only to federal/military procurement, not domestic sales or transfers.

Responsibility for Inspection—Unless otherwise specified in material shall be packaged in accordance with the supplier’s
the contract or purchase order, the producer is responsible for standard practice in a manner ensuring arrival at destination in
the performance of all inspection and test requirements speci- satisfactory condition and which will be acceptable to the
fied herein. The producer may use his own or any other suitable carrier at lowest rates. Containers and packing shall comply
facilities for the performance of the inspection and test with Uniform Freight Classifications rules or National Motor
requirements specified herein, unless disapproved by the pur- Freight Classifications rules.
chaser. The purchaser shall have the right to perform any of the
inspections and tests set forth in this specification where such Marking—Marking for shipment shall be in accordance with
inspections are deemed necessary to ensure that material Fed. Std. No. 123 for civil agencies and MIL-STD-129 for
conforms to prescribed requirements. military agencies.
NOTE S1.1—In U.S. federal contracts, the contractor is responsible for NOTE S2.1—The inclusion of U.S. Federal Government procurement
inspection. requirements should not be construed as an indication that the U.S.
Packaging and Marking for U.S. Government Procurement Federal Government uses or endorses the products described in this
Packaging—Unless otherwise specified in the contract, the specification.


This requirement applies whenever a Regulatory Authority or user calls for the product to be used
to convey or to be in contact with potable water.

S3. Potable Water Requirement—Products intended for health effects portion of NSF Standard 14 by an acceptable
contact with potable water shall be evaluated, tested, and certifying organization when required by the regulatory author-
certified for conformance with ANSI/NSF Standard 61 or the ity having jurisdiction.

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This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and
if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards
and should be addressed to ASTM Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible
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views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428.

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