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Det oe Oc ry ea aura Sener Roe ee ete cme a oes On ge oe eco Png keer et aah Oe en Dery een re Ey Ae eas PT ae eed rao ed PN Re ee eet Ta Distributed by Audion Press Chet eator Javier Lopez de Anca Original idea and Art vector Mig Jimenez ‘Editorial Monagement Carlos Cuesta Edteral coordination liaki Cantalapiedra Cover Antonio Alonso Layout Jorge Porto Ate Assistant Tain Hemilton “Akatsyar Photographer José lain Styg & Community Manager Elizabeth Wiese Steg Asstent Mila Gomez. Alsi Barbora A. Colaborators Javier Lopez de Anca ‘Alex Hernandez Matt McDougall Oto Drobile Vitor Costa Jang Hong Hwan Chemo Martine: Diego Quijanc rslaton César Oliva Marta Ramiter Gémer wee Printed Navara (pain) ‘The Weathering Airatt by ‘SHEDU ON DUTY, SL Printed in spain, sthenesthenasieatcom Quire Mogcee ISSN 2445-1185 June 2017 ‘When we think about starting a new project, ve modelers go over ots of different factors with the ut most care: the specific version of the arraft, kit quaity, available aftermarket options, and the painting ‘and weathering techniques we want to try on the model, among other considerations. But when itcomes. down foi, what realy catches our eye firsts the camouflage scheme andlor color, ‘As stated, an attractive scheme or colors oer which to apply weathering with a kind of effects is one of the most important factors when we choose our next madel. Some patterns can be of such complexity that, even when we really want to have a model of the subject in our collection, the challenge it implies forces us to delay the project... forever and ever. Its with that in mind that The Weathering Aicratt staff and cur contributors have spared no effort to Provide you with the best solutions for painting all types of camouflage schemes. From the simplest to 12 most complex, including those applied on cfficult to represent materials, as is the case with fabric ‘textures, Well aso study the best materials used to obtain a nice paintob or how to adjust the dilution rates ofthe paint to accommodate the specific finish we'e aiming at. We'l show you examples completed both free-hand and using masks; and even some masks which heve been custom-made by the authors thamselves. We have even included an article about a relly complex digital camo reproduced with decals But do not think that our study on camouflage painting ends here. We'll devote an important portion of the magazine to show how to blend the weathering effects into the finish depending on the different camouflage colots used, bringing the model to lfe and adding an extra dimension to the scheme, When You have finished reading these pages, you'll see even the most complex and realistic camouflage through rose-colored glasses! By Javier Loner de Anca ‘CAMOUFLAGE LOZENGE 20.68 Since the dawn of aviation history, airframes were painted for different motives and purposes. In the first place, It servod to protected the machine's canvas and metal surfaces from the ‘loments and corrosion for a longer servic life. Furthermora, paint also helped to conceal the aircraft from enemy's eyes, both in the air as well es on the ground. During WWM, 2 multitude of paint schemes in many different colors were developed. While some of them had the specific Purpose of concealment, others attempted to make the plane stand out and even frighten the enemy. Surely, we all have Manfred Von Richtofen’s red Fokker Dr. | in mind, a triplane that certainly didn’t pass unnoticed, But things would change in WWII, when the pilot's personal ry lost the importance it once had during the Great War. Any form of camouflage can be effective, as long asitis used under the correct circumstances. It was not long before all warring sides opted for color patterns that suited the specific theater of operations. To camouflage and operate an aircraft . Ewe 6 / THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT {CAMOUFLAGE ‘on the Northern African desert is quite different than on the. ficlds of Western Europe. In addition to this, the machines not ‘only have to be hidden from the enemy while on the alt, they also must be camouflaged while parked on the ground, when ‘the aircraft are most exposed. What's more, anti-aircraft arti llery savy a rapid development during the conflict, leading to ‘the painting of the undersides in shades matching the color of the sky, mostly grays and blues. Nor should we forget that ‘the absence of camouflage can be a form of concealment in itself the polished metal silver surfaces of which the plan constructed of, can make the aircraft ‘disappear’ in the sky as long as itis flying at high altitudes, Methods didn't changed much until the Vietnam War. From this point on, ar forces relied less and less on human vision as lectro- nic surveillance equipment has replaced simple visual detection of flying enemy aircraft. Meanwhile the development of increa- singly sophisticated missiles alo enlarged the engagement dix ‘ances, negating visual identification as wll. All these reasons combined have supposed a decreasing effectiveness of traditic- ral means of aircraft camouflage. Nowadays the flashy schemes have given way to gray shades and radar-absorbing paint. Se- veral studies have revealed that gray i the best possible color ‘to camouflage an aircraft against the sky, vanishing ftom sight almost immediately, One last advantage of avoiding complex co- lor schemes is the considerable weight and fuel savings, ‘There are some exceptions of course, asnot all modern aircraft are painted in single-color patterns, Everyone remembers Bri- ‘ch pink schemes during the First Gulf War or the gatich Israel schemes, not to mention US Navy Squadron leaders’ mounts and their colorful tails. But, what does the future hold? digital (pixelated) camouflages patterns became widespr THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 7 8 / THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT { CAMOUFLAGE TEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT /. CAMOUFLAGE J 9 TAKOM 1/35 Javier Lopez de Anca ‘The V.2 ballistic missile wae designed by Wernher von Braun for use by the German Armed forces during WWII It wes a key step in the developmont of future rockets used by the Ameri- cans and Soviets during the Space Race that would follow. Its rolewasquite simple: flying over long distances and impacting, fon enemy territory It was mainly employed against targets in Belgium and Southern England, with over 3,000 rockets be- ing launched by the German Wehrmacht during the war. Nazi propagands presented the new missle as the perfect “reprisal weapon” (Vergeltungswatten) after the Allied bombing of the German cities that began in 1942, Despite the high human loss and the damage to civilian morale, this innovation didn't have a significant impact in the outcome of the wat. THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 11 ‘Theory prblem youl find whi bulbing akomskitishiding the 7) Fit, we chacked thatthe joint hes been perfectly hidden with jeint ofthe two main halves of the mises main body, We mast “Tari gry primer applied through the avbrush {do tts of sanding and filling and sancng and then re-engrave a ofthe lst inet details ‘Then we sand again to cbtsn a completely smooth surface forthe cmrautlage colors. The fins requte some putty to fil the gaps, but’ 2 simple and quick joo, One detail that faity easy to add and wll sigaiicantlyen- hance the fished model, & replacing the k's recessed ret etal whichis barely visble. This is simple to comrect with raised rivet heads made from Evergren sheet and a punch. ond de set on as eee pres ANGE” ton a aca i acca Ned anand icy tecnatoegin 12 | THEWEATHERING ARCRAET / & We begin with the lightest colo this case RAL SOO! Cremeweis (A.WMIG-017) This colori only aplied to the areas tat will emein| inthis color on the finshed schema, instead of spraying it over the ‘We salle some BhTack “snakes and put them along the edges ofthe ior patches that we have applied in the previous step. Wis essertial not to apoly excessive pressure in order to leave a small gap between the thickest part of the snake and the surface, Non ani ith great care to avoid overspray beyond the putty bar fir, we airbrush the second color RAL 7028 Dunkalgolb (MW) (AMIG-010, {T))_ The paint must dy for atleast an hour be: forewe can conti the mating work vath Blu-Tock. Take your time to create meander q ing lines, without abrupt ox shexp angles, as ie een on the real V2 THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 13 ‘The last eamoutage color & RAL 6003 Olvegtin opt? (AMIG-002). Being sucha dark tone, we must pay eda at tention to avoid over sraying the prev ‘ously applied colors a it would realy stand out and compromise the fs, [E) tishappens to you, and you inadvertently get oversray or any ‘other blemish on the camoutage calor, dont pani I fay easy to repa 14 | THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT J CAMOUFLAGE The nertstep isto caretuly remove the mass. Don't scrape BlinTack residue, Ary remaining shied cof putty canbe bites up with alerger piece of Bu Tack. al come ofthe surface vey eas, Here you can see the the colors ofthe camoufiage, from the AMO by Mig Sméner range. They are perfect matches for th scheme, without having to waste tne with custom paint ttisassimple as placing 2 rew piece of BlaTack inthe required spot and then resprayng the orginal clo. For the highights, we'll folow the inverse order used for the camoutlage colors. Well hightght the center of the Olvegrin panels fst using a mi of ths color and SO% Creme \ 4 @ 7 We comtiove withthe Dunéelgalb, 50% Cremewelss is added tothe bose coir to recat the same effet sing the same praces shown in the previous step, v , @ [F) Frnay, we hightghtthe Cremeweles,Forsuch aight color, Well have to retort telightering with 50% Matt White (AMIG-050) THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 15 TE) We decided not to shade the ret deal, ‘only the panel Ins. Orhenvise we'd have ended up with an awkward arid pattern. For the shadows, wa have used a rixure of ‘50% Chipping (A.VIG-044) and Matt Black (A.MG-046) luted with 90% thinners. LP s' AIN) The ne step the application of a dose coat wth fllads Aqua 7H) Then weapaly the ktsupplied ceca, with thehels of zo Set ane Gloss (ALC 600) We et it dry foratieast a couple of hous Sel. These decal solutions help the markings to conform and sete around the sed ret deta AP) No, we ate going toblerd te camouflage colors togetherby aE) After lating the wash dry fr half an hou, the exces is wiped of Fnaly, we have rorushed 3 couple thn coats of Mar abu matt varish asa final ste. THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 17 REVELL 1/72 18 / THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE ‘The Junkers Ju was one of the more versatile and effective planes used by the Luftwaffe during \WAWIt. It earned the nickname Dreifinger (three fingers) because of the long cowlings and was considered a “lack of all trades’, ast served os 2 bomber, dive bomber, night fighter, torpedo bomber, reconnaissance aircraft, heavy fighter, and. was even used as flying bomb (Miste) With mote than 16,000 units delivered, the Ju 88 was the ‘most produced German twin-engined aircraft of WWI. Barely any significant changes were made to the orig- inal design, the production spanned from 1936 up to 1945, being one of the most important assots of the Luftwaffe during the conflict. THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE | 19 Finis ‘The projects started by riveting the ene surface ofthe ‘mod, and then adding an overall dark wash using Taya Flat Black highly dled with alcohol wo make the new do- tats stand cut 7) Not, 2 fine primer coat is applied using Mr Finishing Surface from Mr Hobby thinned uth 70% Leveing Thinner fem the same brand, ©) We begin with painting the undersides. The base coat 's Gunze’s RUM65 ght Blue (HET): then we apoly high- lights with 2 high luted mix(€0% aleokoD of white and INTO Black Green (H6S). 5 The finshed lower areas with the Fghlghs completed The effect willbe toned down considerably during the subsequent waatherng sages. 20 | THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE Aer masking the previous work, we apaly the fet color to the upper eur faces, in this case RIM71 Dark Green (6a) ts better to apply several thin coats diluted with atleast 65% alcoho! Lunt] we get enough opaciy, rather than flooding the surface. "Now we ac highights inthe same mar ‘ne we have done onthe undersides, but this tee adding Sail Clr (H85) to the ri. We must reach strong enough contrast nithout overstessng the effec. Hewever, if we cate excessive conwas, wwe can cay tone it down by simply sing after layer We mask the surface in advance forthe second camoulage color; RLM7O Black Green (HES). During the prevous step, ‘we have apoted highights even on the arom that were to be covered wth the darker color. Here we see the impor. tance of abusing vary thin coats of pint, sing the base color asa oreshed: ing tad dept 10 the Fish If you wart to obtain Eghter highlights, 209 litle Dark Yelow Q.69) fom Tamiya to the base color an thin the ‘max down wth aloha as before. this way, we can add stronger highights of fects on some areas and moce subtle on others. THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 21 5) The finished highlights on te sacond camouflage colt [[) Tee masks ae pected of vath great cae, then we ‘weak and adjust ary possible mistakes, Here you ‘an S08 the result withthe first two colors ofthe camoutloge scheme applied We mask off the camouflage one more time, In ‘order to apolythe tied color: RLM9 Sandy Brown Po Re imporent to use wel-thined pant when sng mass, 28 prevents a ip fom ap pearng along the edges of the masking, Me. Hobby (Gunze Sengyo) and Tamiya acgics havo boen dluted with Mr Cote Thinner ane 159% Leveling Thinner. Ths imeroves paint law though the aibrush,alowing fr a finer apelicaton and asatin finch 22 | THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE )_ Before we start paining the camoutage ‘makes the eee models arbrshed wth Nee Aqua Ges: Tre vamsh jer protectal th previous work enabling us toceect ary sal mistake tac may occur whe atbrsing thes ine Ines, TE) The ‘snakes’ on the upper surfaces ere painted using RIMES Light Blue (H67) sightlyightened with wie ‘and déuted with about 70% aleohal. The resulting mix shoul ready lide ofthe sides of a plastic container ‘hon removing the exces pat rom she brush [The mast important consideration when painting thin camouflage ins isa good balance botween pant elu- tion, ai pressure (we he to use 1, 2bau/t4 ps, dstonce from the models surfaces you can se in the pictre) and the aifrush’s tigger contol (you must spray al ‘most no paint to get ver ine lines. [F_We should try to vary the thickns ofthe ines 2 It tl bit: some ticker and some finer, These camouflage patterns were apied haphazard using sory guns on ies close to the font lines. Looking through our reference photos, we find examples with Ines of cifere lent thicknesses on several areas ofthe ara. ‘As much as possible, we shuld apply the lines in a sine {ge pass by contcling the arfow and adjsting the de tance ofthe atbush to the madel Although is alas possbe 1 retouch the pattern to emphasize the color ‘xland erlarge the nes. 7 ‘THE WEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE / 23 F Independenty of the scale we'te working on, this type of cam ‘oulage requies complete concentration, and it sa good iden to make some tes on an ld model or some srap plastic fist 10 ‘ny ou hand, Buti is completely normal to rake some mistakes neverthles, and we can fic them by masking and sprayng the base color again, "E) There ae alo camoufage ‘snakes! on the lower surfaces. They have baen painted i the same manner as those on the inner ae ‘as, 1n tis case using RLIM70 Black Green (HES) fr ther. 24 | THEWEATHERING AIRCRAFT / CAMOUFLAGE ) Asyou can see on a couple of areas inthe picture, f we get some paint spattering due to how close the nozzles tothe surace, wel be abe to wipe them of using 2 cotton swab moistened with wa- ter Thisis the reason we have applied avarish coat in advance of this ky painting step, Here you can see the ished ‘sakes’ on the upper surfaces, We ‘Should take seme breaks from time to time, 35 this kindof work ‘eauireslots of concentation ard finesse with the aibrush. Iisa ways batter to store some of the paint min abotleand continue working iter rather than rushing t nish the paintiobin one 90 | end ring AB. Although we have fourd neither pictures, nor mentions of, it ‘seems highly likely that this plane had the symbols of the Mate. ‘anean theater appied on tho ower suriaces, So, we have applied them ising masks and white paint with afew drops of fght grey mixed in