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NEBOSH International General Certificate

in Occupational Health and Safety

UNIT IGC3: HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTICAL


APPLICATION

Student Name: Muhammad Arif

Student Number: 00523361

Date of Submission:
IGC3 – The Health and Safety Practical Application

Candidate and course provider declarations:

For completion by the candidate:

I declare that the work submitted for this practical application assessment i.e. the completed observation sheets
and the report to management, is my own work. I recognise that contravention of this statement constitutes
malpractice and may result in my being subject to the penalties set out in the NEBOSH Malpractice policy.

Name (Print):

Signature _______________________________

Date

For completion by a course provider representative (e.g. internal practical assessor):

I declare that the work marked is identical to that received from the candidate. I recognise that contravention of
this statement constitutes malpractice and may result in my being subject to the penalties set out in the NEBOSH
Malpractice policy.

Name (Print) _______________________________

Signature _______________________________

Date _______________________________

For completion by the course provider’s internal practical assessor:

I declare that I have marked this work and am both qualified and approved by NEBOSH to do so. I recognise
that contravention of this statement constitutes malpractice and may result in my being subject to the penalties
set out in the NEBOSH Malpractice policy.

Name (Print) _______________________________

Signature _______________________________

Date _______________________________

NB: This declaration must be completed in full, submitted and retained with the
candidate’s script. If this declaration is not submitted the candidate’s result may be
declared void.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Assessor’s marking sheet
(2011 specification)

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Date of practical application Name of assessor

Course provider Course provider


number name
Student
number
Student name
Muhammad Arif

NEBOSH
Maximum
Assessor’s moderated
marks
Criteria available
marks awarded marks
(if different)

1 Completion of observation sheets

1.1 Range and number of hazards/good practice 15

Identification of suitable control measures and


1.2 15
timescales

2 Report - Introduction and Executive Summary

Introduction providing an overview of the chosen


2.1 5
area

2.2 Executive summary 5

3 Report - Main findings of the inspection

Quality of interpretation of findings and clear


3.1 15
references to strengths and weaknesses

Identification of possible breaches of international


3.2 5
standards

3.3 Persuasiveness / conciseness / technical content 10

4 Report - Conclusions and Recommendations

Clear and concise conclusions which are clearly


4.1 related to report findings and are effective in 15
convincing management to take action

Recommendations which present realistic actions to


4.2 15
improve health and safety in the chosen area

TOTAL MARKS 100


Outcome: PASS (60% or more) REFER (less than 60%)

Date assessed ____ / ____ / ____

Assessor’s signature ______________________

Date received by course provider ____ / ____ / ____

Date received by NEBOSH


(if applicable) _____ / _____ / _____

Assessor’s additional comments on the practical application:

ASSESSED BY (name in block letters) ________________________________________________

The mark sheet must be retained by the Course Provider and sent to NEBOSH only if requested.

NEBOSH USE ONLY

NEBOSH Moderator’s comments:


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 1 of 7

Student name: SIJO RAJAN Student number:

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project Date of inspection: 23/03/12

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

1) Security checking in the main Continual Improvement To be continued


entrance of the site was quite
appreciable. W hich indeed help to
prevent unauthorised entry to site & its
premises?

2) Over speeding of vehicles were Establish & enforcement of site rules. Immediate
noticed in the site area. This could lead Drivers should be trained for safe driving. Immediate
to accidents.
Speed control system should be 1 week
implemented.

Segregated traffic routes for vehicles. 2 month

3) Elevation difference found in ROW If possible eliminate the hazard by Immediate


(Right off Way) its posing hazard of isolate the area from vehicle
vehicle falling in where the depth very movement / unauthorised entry.
from 3mts to 10mts in different location.
If not possible reduce the hazard Immediate
by providing dividers and hard barriers
the area with adequate caution boards

4) Excavation trench was found without Hard barriers around the excavation Immediate
any barriers & caution boards and the area and good visible signage’s including
welding crew moving very close, which Placing warning light for night as well.
would lead to serious accidents, such
as falling of persons & vehicles. Provide diversions for transport Immediate
movement & persons.

Provide flickering light if any activities 1 week


required at night

5) Found grit blaster was doing blasting Respiratory protection to be provided and 1 week
with out any respiratory protection and it shall be worn.
suitable PPEs, and found that there is Reduce air born dust by wetting To be continued
no suitable respiratory equipment cleaning, safety helmet, overalls
available at site / store. with hoods, gloves, hearing protection
shall be worn.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 2 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro project kohistan Kpk. Date of inspection:

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

6) Path way blocked by construction Remove material and tools from the path Immediate
materials such as brick and heavy way.
tools which may lead to slip, trip
and fall. Proper designated area should be proved 1 week
for the stacking of materials.

Improve work layout with designated walk


way. 1 month

House keeping to be maintained


Every day

7) Workers were found smoking near Separate smoking booth/area to


the waste hazardous materials stacked be provided with adequate ventilator / 3 days
area, which may lead to a fire accident. exhaust and dustbin

Provide adequate signage & fire


extinguishers 1 week

Proper awareness training should be


provided. 2 week

8) No appropriate PPE”s is worn by Implement & enforcement of site safety


the workforce except helmet. rules. Immediate

Provide appropriate PPE”s.


Immediate
Regular Monitoring.
Every day
Conduct proper in-house training for the
usage of PPE”s & its importance. 2 week

9) 3nos. depressurized fire


extinguishers were found in the Mentioned fire extinguishers to be
hazardous material stacked area. replaced Immediate

Fire extinguisher to be inspected


periodically and records to be maintained Every month
rd
Approved 3 party certified fire
extinguishers to be in used Recommended
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 3 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project, Kohistan kpk Date of inspection:

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

10) Wedges were not provided on all Proper wedge should be provided. Immediate
the four sides of the stringed pipes
Following correct storing practices. Continue

Improve housekeeping. Every day

11) Uncertified lifting tools were used All lifting rdequipments to be certified by Every 6 month
for pipe lifting. approve 3 party. and follow up
Colour code to be applied.

All lifting equipment to be inspected


regularly.. Before in use
Lifting equipments should be kept in a
proper & designated area. Always
Trained personnel to handle. Safe working
practise

12) Observed that pneumatic air Wipe arrestor to be fitted on hose 1 week
compressor was using improperly connector.
Homemade chain is fitted in hose
connector instead of whip arrestor, Check the hoses and connections and Every day
hoses spread on floor and earthing / ensure they are in proper condition.
grounding not provided.
Lay the breeches properly so that they Every time
. do not pose a tripping hazard.

Proper earthing / grounding to be Immediate


provided to electric shock by static
electricity.

13) Workers doing their work in Immediate


extreme hot temperature. This will lead Regular work breaks should be provided
to health problems such as heat stroke. Every day
Provide adequate quantity of water
with dehydrated salt as per instruction
to
workers Immediate
Provide proper rest in shade. Every time
Adequate PPEs to be in used
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 4 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project. kohistan kpk Date of inspection:

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

14) It was noticed that worker working Stop working on the scaffolding Immediate.
on sub standard / in-complete
scaffolding at the site, there is a chance Scaffolding shall be erected by 1 week
of collapse and probability of fall of competent persons.
materials as well as workers. No toe
boards and guardrails are provided and Use standard materials for scaffolding 1 week
some place planks are missing.
Erect the scaffold properly. 1 week
Ensure the ground is level and firm. Use
base plates and sole plates.
Means of access and egress should be
only through ladders
Make sure there is no gap between the
planks.
Provide toe boards.
Guard rails and mid rails should be in
place.
All scaffolders should be experienced
and trained.
A trained scaffold supervisor should
supervise the job and inspect and
certify before use.
Scafftag to be in used
House keeping to be maintained

Provide netting for safeguarding others 1 week


from falling debris.
Safety harness should be used.

15) Flammable materials such as Handle the flammable materials safely. Every time
paint, fuel, and oil are stored in
properly at site. This may cause fire Provide proper shade with adequate 1 day
accident. signage.

Keep flammable material separately with Every time


name board.

MSDS to be maid available with the Every time


material.

Have the fire fighting equipment in Every time


readiness.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 5 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan Kpk Date of inspection:

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

16) It was observed that 25 ton mobile Stop the lifting activities Immediate.
crane used for laying the pipe in the
trench which was close to the overhead Eliminate the hazard by isolate / de- When required
power lines. energise the power line

If not possible reduce the hazard by


providing proper earthling and insulation
of power lines, or by maintaining safe
distance
safe distance from power line as below:
11 KV – 33 KV = 5.2 M
33KV – 66 KV = 6M
66KV – 132 KV = 6.7M
275KV = 7M
400KV = 7.3M

Training should be given to the operator Before restarting


and bandsman. the activity.

17) Chain pulley block serial Remove the chain pulley Immediate
no.08030128. With defective safety
latches in use for lifting operation Supervisor /foreman to ensure use of Always
proper chain pulley block

All lifting rdequipments to be certified by Every 6 month


approve 3 party. and follow up
Colour code to be applied.

All lifting equipment to be inspected Before in use


properly..

Lifting equipments should be kept in a Always


proper & designated area.
Safe working
Trained personnel to handle. practise
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 6 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk. Date of inspection: 20/01/20

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

18) A JCB had began digging trench Stop the digging activities Immediate
with in civil area for control building
area. The trenching was performed All activities shall be performed by proper Always
unsupervised, with out PTW supervision

All activities should be carried out under Implement and


coverage of PTW system continues follow
up

19) Workers were found carrying full Use mechanical hoist for raising and 1 month
cement bags from the ground floor to lowering materials.
the third floor. There was no special
tools or equipments provided for Load can be evenly distributed to the safe 1 week
handling such heavy load. It may lead limit
to musculoskeletal disorder due to poor
posture and awkward movement. Training of employees in manual handling 2 week
techniques.

Provide appropriate PPE Immediate

20) Found that compressed gas Proper storage shade to be made 1 week
cylinders stored improperly. Acetylenes
and Oxygen empty & full cylinders kept Compressed gas cylinders to be handled
together and some cylinders are lying and stored safely.
on the ground at cylinder storage area. The oxygen and acetylene
cylinders must be separated and
should maintain a distance of 20 feet
away from each other in the storage Immediate /
area. always
Empty and full cylinder of both oxygen
and acetylene must be separated.
Valves of the cylinder must be protected
with caps.
Transportation of the cylinder must
be done either in trolley or by
vehicle. (Manual handling is strictly
banned)
Both cylinder must be in upright
position in a trolley & they should be
chained properly also.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE Candidate’s observation
(2020 specification) sheet

IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 7 of 7

Student name: Muhammad Arif Student number: 00523361

Place inspected: Dassu hydro power project , kohistan Kpk Date of inspection: 20/01/2020

Observations Control measures Timescale


(immediate,
Hazards / Good practice Immediate, medium and longer-term actions
1 week, etc)

21) W orkers ablution blocks are in a Provide well and hygienic refreshment Immediate.
poor unhygienic condition & pose a facilities to the workforce.
serious health risk. There does not
appear to be a regular cleaning, Ablution blocks to be clean frequently Every day
maintenance or inspection schedule.
Cleaning schedule to be in place 2 days

Maintaining good house keeping. All ways

22) W orkers’ bathroom showers are Provide well and hygienic refreshment Immediate.
dirty, broken, with no shower heads, facilities to the workforce.
tabs or taps. There does not appear to
be a regular cleaning, maintenance or Bathroom shower to be clean frequently Every day
inspection schedule, due to the amount
of mould found in the shower trays and Damaged showers to be replaced. 1 week
walls.
Cleaning schedule to be in place. 2 days

Maintaining good house keeping. All ways

23) Stress is high due to high target of Defined work hours Immediate
works, poor weather condition and
overtime works. Achievable targets Immediate

Provide adequate rest and holiday 1 week

Job rotation 1month

24) Welfare / sanitary, lack of soap and Supply items when needed Immediate
paper towels, in a number of toilets.

25) Site safety team giving their full Appreciated Continue


effort to give good working environment
to the workforce and implementing the
safety standards
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND
SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number: 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review: 20/01/2020

Introduction:

This report is generated on the basis of inspection conducted at Dassu hydro power project,
kohistan kpk from 10:00 hrs – 16:00 hrs on 20/01/2020. This inspection was a part of
ongoing survey of all the major construction sites across the state to identify health &
safety standards maintained in all the companies. The construction site activities were
ongoing thus I observed certain and highlighted some of the more serious deficiencies
below, which will require immediate attention. The listed observations, together with
actions, which will require to be taken ensuring the construction site presents a safe place to
work. The inspection sheets are appended to the back of this report.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) Candidate report template

UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number: 00523361

Location : Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review 20 /01/2020

Executive Summary

The construction activity was a combination of so many activities such as mechanical,


electrical, instrumentation, civil, scaffolding, material handling, lifting operation etc ,Were
we observed numerous hazards within the (construction site), some of which require
managements immediate action as they breach current health and safety legislation and
provide unsafe working conditions for employees/ staff even visitors.

1). Khyber pakhtunkhwa workers’ compensation Act ,2013

2) Provincial Employees Social Security Ordinance, 1965


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification) UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND
SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number: 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project .,Kohistan Kpk Date of review: 24/01/2020

Main findings of the inspection:

1) Observation No: 3

Elevation difference found in ROW (Right off Way) its posing hazard of vehicle falling
in where the depth very from 3mts to 10mts in different location.

Recommendations:

It is recommended that If possible eliminate the hazard by isolate the area from vehicle
movement / unauthorised entry and If not possible reduce the hazard by providing
dividers and hard barriers the area with adequate caution boards.

Cost: Approximately Pkr : 40,000/-

Legal Requirement: Khyber puhktunkhwa Act , 2013.

2) Observation No: 5

Found grit blaster was doing blasting without any respiratory protection and suitable
PPEs, and found that there is no suitable respiratory equipment available at site / store.

Recommendations:

It is recommended that Respiratory protection to be provided and it should be worn.


Reduce air born dust by wetting cleaning, safety helmet, overalls with hoods, gloves,
hearing protection shall be worn.

Cost: Approximately Pkr : 25,000/-

Legal Requirement: Khyber puhktunkhwa Act 2013.


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) Candidate report template

UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review 24/01/2020

Main findings of the inspection

3) Observation No: 12

Observed that pneumatic air compressor was using improperly. Homemade chain is
fitted in hose connector instead of whip arrestor, hoses spread on floor and earthing /
grounding not provided.

Recommendations:

It is recommended that Wipe arrestor to be fitted on hose connector. Check the hoses
and connections and ensure they are in good condition. Lay the hoses properly so that
they do not pose a tripping hazard and Proper earting / grounding to be provided to
electric shock by static electricity.

Cost: Approximately Pkr : 20,000

Legal Requirement: Khyber puhktunkhwa Act 2013.


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) Candidate report template

UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review 24/01/2020

Main findings of the inspection

4) Observation No: 14

Observed that worker working on sub standard / in-complete scaffolding at the site,
there is a chance of collapse and probability of fall of materials as well as workers. No
toe boards and guardrails are provided and some place planks are missing.

Recommendations:

It is recommended that Scaffolding shall be erected by skilled persons with use of


standard materials. Erect the scaffold properly (Ensure the ground is level and firm,
Use base plates and sole plates, Means of access and egress should be only through
ladders, Make sure there is no gap between the planks, Provide toe board, Guard rails
and mid rails should be in place and Scafftag to be in used.), A trained scaffold
supervisor should supervise the job and inspect and certify before use, provide netting
for safeguarding others from falling debris, full body harness should be worn and
house keeping to be maintained
.
Cost: Approximately Pkr : 4,50,000

Legal Requirement: Khyber puhktunkhwa Act 2013.


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) Candidate report template

UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review 24/01/2020

Main findings of the inspection

5) Observation No: 20

Found that compressed gas cylinders stored improperly. Acetylenes and Oxygen empty
& full cylinders kept together and some cylinders are lying on the ground at cylinder
storage area.

Recommendations:

It is recommended that proper storage shade to be made, compressed gas cylinders to


be handled and stored safely (Thy oxygen and acetylene cylinders must be separated
should maintain a distance of 20 feet away from each other in the storage area, empty
and full cylinder of both oxygen and acetylene must be separated, valves of the
cylinder must be protected with caps, transportation of the cylinder must be done
either in trolley or by vehicle (Manual handling is strictly banned), All compressed
gas cylinder must be in upright position in a trolley & they should be chained
properly)

Cost: Approximately Pkr : 50,000/-

Legal Requirement: Khyber puhktunkhwa Act 2013.


INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) Candidate report template

UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number 00523361

Location: Dassu hydro power project, kohistan kpk Date of review 24 /01 /2020

Conclusions

I sincerely thank management for giving a nice opportunity to inspect an ongoing site. It is
highly appreciated by the workforce when enquired about the well being and also
congratulates and appreciates management for taking step forward towards positive safety
culture.

I observed various range of hazards from low risks to high risks and given necessary input to
management, I am also glad to notice few good practices followed in the work site and I
sincerely appreciate management for their efforts.

It is advised that the recommendations included in this report are implemented in order to
improve health & safety and aid legal compliance. All improvements should be monitored
and reviewed to establish effectiveness.

There are financial costs involved to implement these health + safety improvements within
this department which are detailed in this report. Long term financial costs can be built into
future departmental budgets

Although as previously mentioned in this report there are a number of health and safety
issues that cause concern, overall the site is generally well run and with very little cost it
would be able to become an excellent example of health and safety practice which could be
shared throughout.
To ensure that staff and users feel that health and safety is priority within the site I would
recommend a general programme of inspections and awareness initiatives by management,
this will help to demonstrate a positive health and safety culture. This is especially important
with young person’s working in the area.
INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2020 specification) UNIT IGC3 – THE HEALTH AND
SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICAITON

Student number: 00135935

Location: Dassu hydro power project , Kohistan Kpk Date of review: 24/01/2020

Recommendations:

Recommendation Likely resource Priority Review date


implications

3) Providing dividers and


Pkr . 40,000/- High 02/02/2020
hard barriers the area with
adequate caution boards.

5) Providing respiratory
PKr . 25,000/- Medium 02/02/2020
protection and appropriate
PPEs to the blasters

12) Providing wipe arrestor


and earthling / grounding
Rs. 15,000/- High 02/02/2020
for the pneumatic air
compressor.

14) Providing standard


scaffolding materials, Pkr. 4,50,000/- High 02/02/2020
safety nets and full body
harness.
Conducting safe
scaffolding erection
training to the work force.
20) Providing proper
Rs. 20,000/- High 02/02/2020
compressed gas storage
yard / area.
Making trolley and cage for
transporting the cylinders.