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Module 19: Meaning and Types of Motivation


is a process whereby goal-directed activity is instigated and sustained. (Schunk, Pintrich, &
Meece, 2008.

An inner drive to do something and persevere at something. While ability refers to what
children can do, Motivation refers what these children will do. We persist working on that same
thing through thick and thin until its completion.

Indicators of a High Level of Motivation

Your students level of motivation is shown in his/her choice of action, intensity, persistence of

A Highly Motivated Student is:

 Excited about learning and accomplishing things.

 Takes initiative without being pushed by his/her teachers and parents.
 He/She has goals to accomplish and dreams to realize.
 Convinced that accomplishing the things he/she is asked to accomplish in class will help
him/her realize the goals she has set for himself/herself to achieve his/her dreams in
 Willing to give up temporary satisfaction for a long-term and more important goals.
 Doesn't give up easily
 Learns much more than the one who isn't as motivated.
 He/She persists and perseveres in his/her studies even when things turns out to be

A Student who isn't Motivated to Learn

 Does not enjoy learning.

 Does not study unless "pushed".
 When faced with difficult times he/she easily gives up.
 He/She lacks perseverance.

In, summary motivated students:

 have positive attitudes toward school and describe school as satisfying.

 persist on difficult tasks and cause few management problems.
 process information in depth and excel in classroom learning expertise.

(Stipek, 1996, 2002 cited by Wooltok, 2013)

Two types of motivation:


1. Intrinsic motivation - When the source of motivation is from within the person
himself/herself or the activity itself.
It is motivation to engage in an activity for its own sake. (Schunk et al, 2008).
Example: Sam is a 6th grade pupil and excels academically in class. He carry out his
task just because he likes and enjoys what he is doing.
2. Extrinsic motivation - Motivation is extrinsic when that which motivates a person is
someone or something outside him/her.
Example: May is a 5th grade pupil and excels academically in class. She is motivated to
obtain high grades.
The role of extrinsic motivation
 Extrinsic Motivation is necessary to develop the love for learning among poorly
motivated students.
 External Motivation in the form of rewards, incentives or punishment.
 It is expected, however that this extrinsic motivational factors be gradually replaced by
internal motivation.
 Hopefully the students will develop the genuine love for learning in the process.
 We may begin employing extrinsic motivation at the start but this should fade away as
the students get intrinsically motivated themselves.

Prepared by:
Basare, Somaya B.
Sumaguina, Cadidja T.