Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 22

TRAINING

Loader crane

Scanreco P1

Original training documentation

2013/00
PALFINGER AG
Franz-Wolfram-Scherer-Straße 24
5020 Salzburg / Austria
www.palfinger.com
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

Index
1. System overview 2

2. Description 3

2.1 Radio transmitter 3


2.1-1 digital main functions 3
2.1-2 additional digital functions 5
2.1-3 proportional functions 5
2.1-4 testmode for radio transmitter 6
2.1-5 cable mode 6

2.2 Radio receiver 7

2.3 Electronicbox 8
2.3-1 construction 8
2.3-2 safety 9
2.3-3 electrical data 9
2.3-4 diodes on the electronicbox 10

2.4 Programming cable 11

2.5 Battery 11

2.6 Battery charger 12

3. Programming 13

3.1 Enter the mode 13

3.2 Program the system 14


3.2-1 working direction 14
3.2-2 modify start speed 15
3.2-3 modify maximum speed 15
3.2-4 modify MICRO-speed 16
3.2-5 acceleration ramp 17
3.2-6 deceleration ramp 18

3.3 Saving the adjustments 18

4. Special functions 19

4.1 Program a new transmitter 19

4.2 Expand the system 20

4.3 Workman basket 20

1
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
1. System overview
The Palfinger Radio Remote Control System is a product of the Swedish company SCAN-RECO, it is
specially developed to operate hydraulically operated mobile cranes.

The system includes the following parts:

 Transmitter with battery


 Radio receiver
 Electronicbox
 Battery charger
 Programming Cable

2
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

2. Description

2.1 Radio transmitter

The transmitter can operate as a standard 8 proportional and 20 digital functions.


This can be expanded by special software orders and switches.

2.1-1 Digital main functions

The radio transmitter has the following main functions:

4 6 5

3 2
1
 Emergency cut-off button (1)
If the button is pressed, the system is switched off and cannot be started.
The button can be released by turning it to the right.

3
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
 Start button (2)
Start
After releasing the emergency button, the system can be started by pressing the start button
once.
The system works if the receiver has power and the system is switched to radio.
Also there must be a battery in the transmitter, which has to be charged properly.
During normal radio operation, the red diode (5) on the transmitter is steadily on.

Frequency shift
By pressing the start button twice in short time, the system changes the frequency like a
manual synthesiser. 12 frequencies are programmed.
During changing the frequency the system beeps once and the red diode (5) flashes once.

Digital function OLP


Also the OLP-button is integrated in the start button of the system. If necessary, release the
overload protection system by pressing the start button once (also see description of OLP-
system).

 MICRO-switch (3)

The system can be operated in 6 different speed modes, they can be chosen by the MICRO
switch.

100%-mode The system can be operated with full speed.


The green diode (6) is off..

60%-mode Act the MICRO-switch once in left direction (ON).


The system operates with max. 85 % of the 100%-mode.
The green diode (6) flashes once in a 5 s interval.

50%-mode Act the MICRO-switch twice in left direction (ON).


The system operates with max. 70 % of the 100%-mode.
The green diode (6) flashes twice in a 5 s interval.

40%- mode Act the MICRO-switch three times in left direction (ON).
The system operates with max. 55 % of the 100%-mode.
The green diode (6) flashes three times in a 5 s interval.

30%- mode Act the MICRO-switch four times in left direction (ON).
The system operates with max. 40 % of the 100%-mode.
The green diode (6) flashes four times in a 5 s interval.

20%- mode Act the MICRO-switch five times in left direction (ON).
The system operates with max. 25 % of the 100%-mode.
The green diode (6) flashes five times in a 5 s interval.

 The speed modes can be changed during operating a function only in a lower mode.
 To come back in a higher mode put all proportional levers in neutral position and act the
MICRO switch once to the right. The system shifts back to 100% mode.
 When starting the system, the mode is adjusted as it was during the emergency cut-off
button (memory function).

4
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
2.1-2 Additional functions (4)

The system can act 20 additional digital functions, depending on the number of installed switches on.
The Palfinger standard system has 7 installed functions.

 rpm- / rpm+
Switch to increase and decrease the truck rpm, the signal can also be used for an other
function.

 Motor Start/Stop
Switch to start and stop the truck engine, the signal can also be used for an other
function.

 HPLS On/Off
Switch to act HPLS, if the crane has no HPLS the outlets are available for other functions.

 Return oil utilisation On/Off


Button to switch the return oil utilisation system, only connect on PHT cranes.

2.1-3 Proportional functions

The standard transmitter is equipped with 6 proportional functions.


All of them have proportional controllability.

Due to safety reasons, all levers must be in neutral position during starting the system.
If this is not like this, the transmitter signalises this by indicating the number of the defective lever.

Example: If the system beeps five times during the starting process, lever 5 (from the left) is not
in neutral position.

The system can be operated now only without this defective function.

5
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
The following levers are available:

 linear control lever for 1 proportional function

 cross control lever for 2 proportional functions

 cross control lever for 3 proportional functions

If a lever is defective, it can be replaced easily by


opening the screws and changing the lever.
A modification from linear to cross control levers is not
possible without more modifications.

2.1-4 Testmode for radio transmitter

To control all levers and buttons on the transmitter a testmode can be entered.

Enter the testmode:

Press and release the emergency button on the transmitter.

Press 10 times quickly the start button.


The system is in testmode, when the green diode (6) flashes twice.

Test functions:

Now the proportional levers can be tested one by one by acting them. The transmitter gives
acoustical signals according to the angle of the lever.

The digital functions can be tested also by acting them. The systems beeps once by acting a
function.

Quit the testmode:

This is done by pressing the emergency cut-off button.

2.1-5 Cable mode

The system can also be operated in cable mode.


Therefore the system must be switched to „remote“ mode and the programming cable must be
connected between the transmitter and the „cable“ connection on the electronicbox.
Theoretically both would work now, radio and cable mode. But the system gives the higher priority to
the cable system, so there are no radio signals now.

If the battery is in the transmitter during the cable mode, it will be charged within 16 hours.

6
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

2.2 Radio receiver

The radio receiver gets the digital data diagram from the transmitter and gives it to the electronicbox.

The radio receiver gets electrical power from the electronicbox, if it is switched to „remote“.
If the receiver has power, the green diode nearby the antenna is on.

If the radio signal gets interference from other systems, the frequency can be changed by pressing
twice the start button on the transmitter.

The connecting cable of the radio receiver is marked with the letters RA and has to be connected to
the Radio connection on the electronicbox.

To guarantee signals without interference, the radio receiver should be mounted with the antenna
vertically.

7
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
2.3 Electronicbox

The electronicbox gets a digital diagram form the radio receiver (via the RA cable) and prepares the
signals for all users (control valve, magnetic valves ..)

Depending on the order, the system can be prepared for the following control valve types:

 voltage control, 1 plug per element Danfoss PVG32


 power control, 2 plugs per element VOAC L90 LS
 pulse wide modulation, 2 plugs per element Apitech VP 100

2.3-1 Construction

Connections:

Radio cable connection from the radio receiver


Cable cable connection to the transmitter (programming, cable mode)
On/Off Connection for additional digital functions (EX-cable)
+/- Feed line (at Palfinger with integrated emergency stop button
DV Dump valve
1-8 Control valve connections
switch Remote / Off / Manual, at Palfinger replaced by an external key switch
(Manual/Radio)

8
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
2.3-2 Safety

The system is protected with to car type


fuses and a „terrorist“ diode

Fuses

10 A in the „+“- line


30 A in the „–„- line

The diode only burns off, if the fuses are


no short connected.

2.3-3 Electrical data

The connected users (control valve, magnetic valves ..) are allowed to take a maximum of electrical
power as written here:

Dump valve max. 2 A


Digital function max. 1,2 A

If one connection takes more, the line will be switched off (short-cut protection)

The usage of electrical power on the proportional connections depends on the type of control valve.
Therefore have a look on the valve description.

Current consumption of the electronicbox:

60 mA without radio receiver


140 mA with radio receiver

Total current consumption

Can be calculated as the sum of all electrical users, the main fuse must be stronger than the
total current consumption.

Inlet voltage:

12 or 24 V system (+/- 20% !!) depending on the order.

9
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
2.3-4 Luminous diodes the electronicbox

The electronicbox is equipped with 9 luminous diodes, which show the different operating status and
which can be used also for fault monitoring.

Meaning of the diodes:

POWER power is on
DV dump valve has voltage
ON/OFF digital function is active
DIR.A: proportional lever is acted to direction A
The intensity of the diode depends on the angle of the acted lever.
DIR.B: proportional lever is acted to direction B
The intensity of the diode depends on the angle of the acted lever.
1,2,3,4: status display, important for fault monitoring

Normal operating status

Transmitter off, system in MANUAL mode: DV steadily on


Transmitter off, system in RADIO mode: POWER steadily on, 4 flashing

Transmitter on, RADIO mode, radio operating POWER, 2, 3; DV only short time
Transmitter on, RADIO mode, cable operating:POWER, 2,3,4, DV only short time

In mode, the DV-diode is always only on for 0,6 seconds, because there is an automatically
drop of the dump valve programmed on this system.

Fault seeking

If the system indicates an error, always diode 1 is flashing once, after this the error code (other
diodes) are flashing. To find out the mistake look on the instruction manual (comes together
with every system).

10
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

2.4 Programming cable

The programming cable comes together with the system and is as a standard 15 m long.

The cable can be used to program the system , to charge the battery in the transmitter or to operate in
cabele mode.

It has to be connected between the transmitter and the cable/opto connector of the electronicbox.

2.5 Battery

The system is equipped with 2 NiCa (Nickel-Cadmium) batteries.


The current of a fully charged battery is approx. 8 V.
The battery has 3 connections, the middle one is not used on the Palfinger system.

The effective operating time with a fully charged battery is approx. 8 hours.
If the battery is empty, the transmitter gives 3 short optical and acoustical signals.

After this, the battery should be used until the system stops itself.
If the battery is low, the system cannot be restarted again.

If there are not functions acted within 5 minutes, the system switches off automatically.

11
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
2.6 Battery charger

Also a 11-30 V battery charger comes together with the system.

The charger can be connected to constant plus.


It is protected by a 3 A glass type fuse.

The charger has two luminous diodes:

Red diode: indicates power on


Green diode: indicates charging a battery

The normal charging time is 12 hours.

The current consumption without battery is 10-20 mA.


The current consumption with battery is 130-140 mA.

The voltage on the battery connections is approx. the same as the voltage in the feed line.

The charger discharges a battery to a low level of 18 % and starts then the charging process.
Short power interrupts (during starting the truck etc..) are no problem (no memory effect).
Never take the battery out and put in again, the system starts to discharge again!

Attention:
Only charge empty batteries
Take out the battery only when you want to put it into the transmitter

Charging the battery in the transmitter

Put system to radio and use cable mode. Charging is only done during working!
Charging time approx. 16 hours.

Connection

On constant plus possible!


Blue wire is Plus!
Brown wire is Minus!

12
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

3. Programming
To have a well adjusted system, suitable for all the different requirements of different operators, the
system can be adjusted with the help of the transmitter.

The programming is done in three steps:

3.1 Enter the programming mode

3.2 Adjust the system

3.3 Quit the mode and save the adjustments

The programming is done in different levels, each of them is for a different kind of adjustment.
Totally 1024 levels would be available, in the case of a mobile crane only the first 6 levels are
important.

3.1 Enter the mode

To enter the programming mode, follow the mentioned steps:

 Remove the battery from the transmitter

 Connect the programming cable between the transmitter and the „cable/opto“ connection on the
electronic box.

 Press the emergency button on crane and transmitter

 Release emergency button on crane

 Release the emergency button on the transmitter

 press once the start button


The red diode starts to light steadily

 Give fast impulses with the MICRO-switch to the RIGHT (direction OFF), until the system gives a
long beep.

 wait 12 s until the system gives a second long beep


All the above steps must be done within 5 seconds, otherwise the programming mode is not
active.

 Enter the level you want by pressing the start button „x“ times
(Example: press 3 times for level 3)

13
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
3.2 Programming

After entering the programming mode, enter the level you want by pressing the start button.
The following levels can be entered now:

3.2-1 Level 1 change working direction


3.2-2 Level 2 modification of start speed
3.2-3 Level 3 modification of maximum speed
3.2-4 Level 4 modification of MICRO-speed (60% modus)
3.2-5 Level 5 acceleration ramp
3.2-6 Level 6 deceleration ramp

During programming the level can be changed by shifting to a higher level, a lower one cannot be
entered without restarting the program mode.

During programming, the system shows the actual level by optical and acoustical signals

Level 1-4 short signals


Level above for each 4 levels a long signal, then short signals
Ex.: Level 9: 2 long and one short Signal

3.2-1 Changing the working direction of a function

The working direction of a function can be changed.


The function will change it’s working direction when using the radio transmitter.

 Enter the programming mode

 Choose level 1 by pressing the start button once


(system signalises level 1 by beeping and flashing once in 5 s intervals)

 Move the required function with low speed (to avoid load shocks)

 Act once the MICRO switch to the LEFT or to the RIGHT until the function changes it’s
working direction .
The function will interchange both directions with this program!

 Modify all functions as required.

 If wanted, change to a higher level by pressing the start button.

 Save the program by pressing the emergency button.

14
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
3.2-2 Modification of start speed

The start speed of a function can be modified on all movements individual.


This allows for example very precise starting movements.

 Enter the programming mode


 Choose level 2 by pressing the start button twice.
(System signalises level 2 by beeping and flashing twice)

 Act the required function with start speed


(normally very slow movement)

 Modify the actual setting by acting the MICRO-switch


- to the LEFT (direction ON) to get higher speed
- to the RIGHT (direction OFF) to get lower speed

Similar to this all other movements can be adjusted.


It is not possible to modify more than one adjustment at the same time.

 Modify other movements if necessary.

 If wanted, change to a higher level by pressing the start button.

 Save the program by pressing the emergency button.

3.2-3 Modification of maximum working speed

The maximum working speed of a function can be modified.

 Enter the programming mode.

 Choose level 3 by pressing the start button three times.


(System signalises level 3 by beeping and flashing 3 times in a 5 s interval)

 Move the function you want to modify with maximum speed

 Modify the actual setting by acting the MICRO-switch


- to the LEFT (direction ON) to get higher speed
- to the RIGHT (direction OFF) to get lower speed

Similar to this all other movements can be adjusted.


It is not possible to modify more than one adjustment at the same time.

 Modify other movements if necessary.

 If wanted, change to a higher level by pressing the start button.

 Save the program by pressing the emergency button.

15
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
3.2-4 Modification of MICRO-speed (60%-mode)

In this level the MICRO-speed (60% - mode) can be modified,


all lower speed levels (50%, 40%, 30%, 20%) will be changed together automatically.

It makes no sense to adjust the MICRO-speed (60%) very low, because then the crane will not move
at all lower speed levels.

 Enter the programming mode

 Choose level 4 by pressing the start button four times.


(System signalises level 4 by beeping and flashing 4 times in a 5 s interval)

 Move the function you want to modify with fully acted lever.
(max. speed at 60% mode).

 Modify the actual setting by acting the MICRO-switch


- to the LEFT (direction ON) to get higher speed
- to the RIGHT (direction OFF) to get lower speed

Similar to this all other movements can be adjusted.


It is not possible to modify more than one adjustment at the same time.

 Modify other movements if necessary.

 If wanted, change to a higher level by pressing the start button.

 Save the program by pressing the emergency button.

 After this adjustment Palfinger recommends to test the crane with all MICRO speeds to
guarantee, that the crane is well adjusted. If necessary readjust the system.

Graphical description of the adjustment of level 1-4

Speed

max.
3 100 % Programming

60 % Level 1 working direction


4 50 % Level 2 start speed
Level 3 maximum speed 100%
1 40 %
30 %
Level 4 MICRO speed 60 %

A B 20 %

min. 2 Spool position


0
0 Start max.

16
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
3.2-5 Acceleration ramp

The maximum acceleration of a function can be adjusted.

 Enter the programming mode

 Choose level 5 by pressing the start button five times.


(System signalises level 5 by beeping and flashing once long and once short in a 5 s interval)

 Move the function you want to modify.

 Modify the actual setting by acting the MICRO-switch


- to the LEFT (direction ON) to increase the ramp (longer time)
- to the RIGHT (direction OFF) to decrease the ramp (shorter time)

The higher the acceleration ramp is adjusted, the longer it takes to get maximum speed on a
function.
The acceleration ramp can be done in 15 steps:
Step acceleration. time step acceleration time
0 0,0 s 8 1,0 s
1 0,1 s 9 1,2 s
2 0,2 s 10 1,5 s
3 0,3 s 11 1,7 s
4 0,4 s 12 2,0 s
5 0,5 s 13 2,5 s
6 0,6 s 14 3,0 s
7 0,8 s 15 5,0 s

 Change all functions like this according to your the your wishes or save the changing by
pressing the emergency cut off button. If required, change the program level to a higher on by
pressing the start button again.

Graphical description of programming in level 5 and 6

Speed
Programming
100 %
Max. 5 60 %
6 Level 5 acceleration ramp
Level 6 deceleration ramp
50 %
40 %
30 %
20 %

Min.
0 Time
0 Acceleration Deceleration

17
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
3.2-6 Deceleration ramp

The maximum deceleration of a function can be adjusted.

 Enter the programming mode

 Choose level 6 by pressing the start button five times.


(System signalises level 6 by beeping and flashing once long and twice short in a 5 s interval)

 Move the function you want to modify.

 Modify the actual setting by acting the MICRO-switch


- to the LEFT (direction ON) to increase the ramp (longer time)
- to the RIGHT (direction OFF) to decrease the ramp (shorter time)

The higher the acceleration ramp is adjusted, the longer it takes to get maximum speed on a
function.
The acceleration ramp can be done in 15 steps:
Step acceleration. time step acceleration time
0 0,0 s 8 1,0 s
1 0,1 s 9 1,2 s
2 0,2 s 10 1,5 s
3 0,3 s 11 1,7 s
4 0,4 s 12 2,0 s
5 0,5 s 13 2,5 s
6 0,6 s 14 3,0 s
7 0,8 s 15 5,0 s

 Modify other movements if necessary.

 If wanted, change to a higher level by pressing the start button.

 Save the program by pressing the emergency button.

3.3 Saving the adjustments

After adjusting all necessary movements, the adjustments can be stored in the system by pressing
the emergency cut-off button.
Together with this you leave the programming mode.

Now it is possible to enter the programming mode again or to start the normal operation.

18
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1

4. Special functions

4.1 Program a new transmitter

General it is possible to program each transmitter to an existing receiver.

During programming this, the new transmitter gives it’s digital system address to the receiver, so that
again both radio parts are able to work together.

Programming

 Remove the battery and connect the programming cable.

 Put the key switch to “radio” operation.

 Press the emergency button on the crane and on the transmitter.

 Release the emergency button at first on the crane, than on the transmitter.

 Press the start button and hold it for at least 10 s.


After this 10 s the system starts to beep a few times.

 Press the emergency button, remove the programming cable and put the battery in.

 Start and test the system.

After programming a new transmitter to an existing system, only the new transmitter can control the
crane.

General

It is always possible to use any transmitter in cable mode without programming anything.
In this case, the cable has the highest priority and the address of the radio parts is not
important.

19
TRAINING
M 2-2.1 Scanreco P1
4.2 Expand the system

If an existing system should be expanded to more functions, so is this generally possible.

But up to now it is only possible to expand the transmitter without any problems, the receiver can not
be modified because of it’s cast construction.

On the transmitter the following modifications can be done

 Expand the proportional functions up to a maximum of 8

 Get up to 20 digital functions on the system

 Program already integrated special functions, which only have to be activated in the software
(workman basket speed control, dead mans handle ..)

On the receiver, it is necessary to change the electronic box in any case.

4.3 Workman basket speed control

Together with workman baskets it can be necessary by law to reduce the speed to a certain
maximum.

On Palfinger systems this is generally possible by modifying the software and programming this
option. This can easily done in the Palfinger plant.

If a programming is necessary external (at the Palfinger service workshops) please contact Palfinger
to get the software or an already programmed transmitter.

20