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Control of the Practice of Pharmacy 6.

Physical-chemical analyses for medical devices used in


aid of administration of pharmaceutical products
R.A. 10918: Philippine Pharmacy Act 7. Administration of vaccines as approved by the FDA
- “An act regulating and modernizing the practice of pharmacy in 8. Conduct or undertake scientific research in all aspects
the Philippines repealing for the purpose R.A. 5921 (Pharmacy involving pharmaceutical products and health care
Law).” 9. Provide other services where pharmaceutical knowledge
is required
Legal Control
Article 1, Section 3 Requirements for the Opening and Operation of
1. Standardization and regulation of pharmacy education; Pharmaceutical Outlet or Establishment (Article 4, Section
2. Administration of licensure examination, registration, 38)
and licensing of pharmacists; § In accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed
3. Supervision control, and regulation of the practice of by Phil. FDA
pharmacy in the Philippines; § Application is signed by a Filipino registered
4. Development and enhancement of professional pharmacist
competence of pharmacists through continuing
professional development, research, and other related Administration of Adult Vaccines (Article 4, Section 40)
activities; § Trained pharmacist shall administer adult vaccines
5. Integration of the pharmacy profession § Doctor’s prescription (n.m.t 7 days) is required for the
vaccination
Board of Pharmacy § Submit a monthly vaccination report and Adverse Event
§ Chairman + 2 members Following Immunization (AEFI) to DOH
§ Supervised by the Professional Regulation Commission
(PRC) Definition of Terms (Article 1, Section 5)
§ Functions: • Brand Name. Proprietary name given by the
o Examine applicants for the practice of manufacturer to distinguish its products from
Pharmacy competitors
o Issue certificates of registration of pharmacists • Generic Name. Scientifically and internationally
o Reprimand any pharmacist or suspend or recognized name of the active ingredients
revoke his certificate of registration • Medicines. Drugs in their appropriate dosage forms,
o Promulgate rules and regulation as necessary
with assured quality, safety and efficacy for humans and
o Regulate and monitor the practice of pharmacy
animals
in the Philippines
• Dispensing. Sum of processes performed by a
pharmacist, from reading, validating, validating &
Practice of Pharmacy (Article 1, Section 4)
compounding prescriptions, preparing, packaging,
1. Prepare, compound or manufacture, preserve, store,
labeling, record keeping, dose calculations, and
distribute, procure, sell, or dispense, or both, any
counseling or giving information in relation to sale or
pharmaceutical product or its raw material
transfer of pharmaceutical products, with or without
2. Render services such as:
prescription.
a. Clinical pharmacy
b. Drug information • Cosmetics. Substance or preparation intended to be
c. Regulatory placed in contact with external parts of the body or with
d. Pharmaceutical marketing teeth and the mucous membrane of the oral cavity
e. Medication management • Household Remedies. Any preparation containing
Whenever the expertise and technical knowledge of the pharmaceutical substances of common or ordinary use
pharmacist is required to relieve common physical ailments; may be dispensed
3. Engage in teaching scientific, technical, or professional without medical prescription in original packaging
pharmacy courses in a school or college of pharmacy • Biopharmaceuticals. Pharmaceutical products that are
4. Dispense pharmaceutical products in situations where used for therapeutic or for in vivo diagnostic purposes
supervision of dispensing pharmaceutical products is (i.e. vaccines, sera, and drug derived from life forms
required using biotechnology)
5. Chemical, biological or microbiological analyses and • Institutional Pharmacies. Pharmacies of institutions,
assay of pharmaceutical products, food/dietary organizations and/or corporations that provide a range
supplements, health supplements, and cosmetics of pharmaceutical services, given exclusively to the
employee or their qualified dependents
• Medical Device. Instrument, apparatus, implement, • Drug Products. Finished product form that
machine, etc. intended by the manufacturer to be used contains the active ingredients, generally but not
alone, or in combination, for human beings necessarily associated with inactive ingredients
• Adulterated/Deteriorated Pharmaceuticals, • Drug Outlets. Drugstores, pharmacies, and other
Proprietary Medicine or Pharmaceutical Specialties. business establishments that sell drugs
Any drug, preparation or mixture of drugs, mixed under • Complimentary List. List of alternative drugs
a trade name and intended for the cure, mitigation, or used when there is no response to the core essential
prevention of disease drugs or when there is a hypersensitivity reaction to
• Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Products. the core drug or core drug cannot be given
Pharmaceutical products with do not contain the • Core List. List of drugs that meet the health care
amount as claimed; with wrong ingredients; without needs of the majority of the population
active ingredients; or with insufficient quantity of active Generic terminologies are used by (Sec. 6):
ingredients 1. All government agencies and their personnel during
• Food/Dietary Supplements. Processed food products the entire medication use process
intended to supplement the diet that contains one or 2. All medical, dental, and veterinary practitioners in
more of the dietary ingredients (i.e. vitamins, minerals, prescribing
herbs, amino acids, dietary substances) 3. Any organization or company involved in
• Health Supplements. Products that are used to manufacture, importation, repacking, marketing
maintain, enhance, and improve health function of the and/or distribution of drugs and medicine
human body and contains herbal fatty acids, enzymes, 4. Drug outlets, including drugstores, hospital, and
probiotics, and other bioactive substances. non-hospital pharmacies and non-traditional outlets
such as supermarkets and stores
R.A. 6675: Generics Act of 1988
- “An act to promote, require, and ensure that the production of Ethical Control
an adequate supply, distribution, use and acceptance of drugs and Ethics
medicines identified by their generic name.” § Philosophical science dealing with the morality of
Statement of Policy (Sec. 2) human act
§ Promote, encourage, and require the use of generic § Deals with right conduct directed towards the formation
terminology of the individual
§ Ensure adequate supply of drugs with generic names at Special Ethics
the lowest possible cost and free to indigent patients § Deals with application of the general principles or
§ Encourage the extensive use of drugs with generic name morality to the particular actions of man as individuals
through a rational system of procurement and and as a member of society
distribution
§ Emphasize the scientific basis for the use of drugs Professional Ethics
§ Promote drug safety by minimizing duplication in § The less the public know about the quality and
medicine techniques of a human activity, the greater is the
Definition of Terms (Sec. 3) opportunity of transgressing the standards of equity and
• Brand Name. Proprietary name given by the charity by those who have the know-how
manufacturer to distinguish its products from § For self-government of its members
competitors
• Generic Name. Identification of drugs by their Objectives of Professional Code of Ethics
scientifically and internationally recognized active 1. To define professional privileges, behavior and
ingredients or their official generic name as responsibilities towards the members of the same
determined by the FDA and DOH. profession and towards the members of the community
in general
• Generic Drug. Drugs not covered by patent
2. To promote professional quality, professional conduct
protection and are labeled solely by international
and a moral method of procedure
non-proprietary or generic name
3. To defend private professions from undue interference
• Active Ingredient. Chemical component
by the government or other private agencies
responsible for claimed therapeutic effect of the
4. To preserve the dignity of the profession and the
product
confidence of the public
• Chemical Name. Description of the chemical 5. To defend clients from unscrupulous professionals
structure of the drug and serves as the complete 6. To fix certain standards of compensation for services or
identification of a compound work
o Fees should commensurate with the
Ethics of Pharmacy services rendered and with the
§ Primary consideration = SERVICE professional training
§ Dedicated to preservation, promotion, and protection of § Pharmacist-Patient-Prescriber relationship
the nation’s health o Promote a close relationship with
§ Economic gain is important, legal compliance is patients
compulsory and social prestige is desirable - Personal contact in receiving and
o Material gain is necessary but could remain a delivering Rx
secondary motive - Attend and supervise sales of
o We cannot legislate morality OTC and other supplies
o Service and not material gain is the true - Provide professional advice and
measure of success counsel
§ Serves as guidelines for pharmacists in their relationship o Strengthen pharmacist-prescriber
with professional relationship
1. The public - Invite him to pharmacy
2. Other members of the health profession - Keep him informed of unusual
3. Fellow pharmacists patient problems, reactions, and
progress
The Public - Provide updates on medications
§ Drugs of good quality - Participates in inter-professional
o Reputation and integrity of the meetings
manufacturer should be considered
o Consult references like USP/NF Other Members of the Health Profession (Inter-
§ Conformity to laws professional Relations)
o Explain the pertinent legal § Drug consultant
requirements, the purpose of those o Drug experts = most knowledgeable
requirements, and the proper person regrading drugs
procedure to follow § Diagnosing and Prescribing
§ Confidential information o Pharmacist are not qualified to
o Only when patient’s welfare is at diagnose and treat diseases
stake may such a secrecy may be o Auto-therapy (self-medication)
disclosed Advantages disadvantages
§ Physical facilities Relieve the overloaded Treats only symptoms and not
o Appropriate environmental medical profession the cause
condition for storage, quality of Human instinct to self- Misuse and abuse of drug
professional service, professional medicate therapy
appearance of pharmacy staff, Home remedies are highly Misinterpretation of printed
displays, and general décor effective and are now strictly directions & precautions
o Should describe complete dedication regulated
to advancing public health through Self-medication can be Delays treatment
professional practice psychologically useful
§ Civic responsibilities
o Be an example of responsible § Compounding and dispensing prescription
citizenship o Pharmacists are responsible for the
- Informed and enlightened voter, accuracy, quality, and safety of the
supporter of constructive efforts prescribed medication
for public welfare, firm upholder § Clandestine arrangements
of duty constituted authority, o Exploitation of patients by certain
participate in community arrangements of the pharmacist with
program on public health other members of the healthcare
§ Renumeration team should never be done
o The value of life itself represents the o Conflict of interest
actual worth of their services § Interpersonal Relationship
o Requires combined and cooperative
efforts of a team
o Opportunities for a successful inter-
professional relationship
1. In-service visits between
practitioners
2. Co-sponsored seminars and
other professional meetings
3. Participation in inter-
professional and public health
activities
4. Formal and informal
correspondence related to
problems and plans of mutual
interest
5. Social and community
intercourse

Fellow Pharmacists (Intra-professional Relations)


§ Self-improvement
o Regular reading is the key to keeping
current with the practice
o Pharmaceutical research is valuable
tool of self-improvement
§ Recruitment
o Pharmacists should attract and
encourage promising, responsible
and superior student of good
character to pursue pharmacy
programs
§ Instruction
o Every pharmacist is a teacher by
precept and example
§ Professional Organization
o Pharmaceutical problems need group
effort
§ Unethical Practices
o Prevention and elimination of
unethical practices
o To function effectively, a profession
should police itself
§ Intra-professional relations
o Selfish interest should be
subordinated to public interest
o Service should always be the primary
objective of every pharmacist

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