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Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) Open Source Edition v5.0 On Debian Etch
Version 1.0
Author: Oliver Meyer <o [dot] meyer [at] projektfarm [dot] de>
Last edited 02/06/2008
This document describes how to set up the Zimbra Collaboration Suite (ZCS) Open
Source Edition v5.0 on Debian Etch. The resulting system provides a full feature
d collaboration-suite with many features that I can't list all here - please hav
e a look at the feature list. It also comes with a nice (themeable) AJAX web int
erface for administration and user access.
This howto is a practical guide without any warranty - it doesn't cover the theo
retical backgrounds. There are many ways to set up such a system - this is the w
ay I chose.

1 Preparation
Install a standard Debian Etch system and update it. I used a network installati
on (only standard system).

2 Hostname
You have to assign the hostname to the server ip. It is very important that the
fqdn entry appears before the hostname.
vi /etc/hosts
It should look like this: localhost.localdomain localhost server1
# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

Afterwards insert the hostname into the hostname file ...

echo > /etc/hostname
... and reboot the system.
When the system is up again, the output of the both commands ...
... and ...
hostname -f
... should be:

You need a running DNS server in your LAN that contains a valid A & MX record fo
r this server - otherwise Zimbra won't work. I used another server (
0) running mydns for this howto. Add the nameserver's IP to the resolve configur
vi /etc/resolv.conf
The nameserver on your LAN has to be the first entry. It should look like this:

4 Exim
Deinstall Exim - Zimbra comes with it's own mailserver.
apt-get remove --purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light

5 Needed packages
Let's install some needed packages (maybe some of these packages are already ins
talled on your system).
apt-get install libc6-i686 sudo libidn11 curl fetchmail libgmp3c2 libexpat1 libg
etopt-mixed-perl libxml2 libstdc++6 libpcre3 libltdl3 ssh

6 Get Zimbra
Please take a look at to see whic
h is the latest version. Download and unpack it.
cd /tmp/
tar xvfz zcs-5.0.2_GA_1975.DEBIAN4.0.20080130234700.tgz

7 Install Zimbra
7.1 Start The Installation
Be sure that no other services like sendmail, postfix or mysql are running!
cd /tmp/zcs-5.0.2_GA_1975.DEBIAN4.0.20080130234700
./ -l
Read the license agreement and press "Enter" to continue. Zimbra will now check
if all prequisites are installed on the system. The output should look like this
Checking for prerequisites...
sudo...FOUND sudo-1.6.8p12-4
libidn11...FOUND libidn11-0.6.5-1
fetchmail...FOUND fetchmail-6.3.6-1etch1
libpcre3...FOUND libpcre3-6.7+7.4-2
libgmp3c2...FOUND libgmp3c2-2:4.2.1+dfsg-4
libxml2...FOUND libxml2-2.6.27.dfsg-2
libstdc++6...FOUND libstdc++6-4.1.1-21
openssl...FOUND openssl-0.9.8c-4etch1
libltdl3...FOUND libltdl3-1.5.22-4
Prerequisite check complete.
Checking for standard system perl...
perl-5.8.8...FOUND standard system perl-5.8.8

7.2 Select The Packages To Install

Install zimbra-ldap [Y] Y
Install zimbra-logger [Y] Y
Install zimbra-mta [Y] Y
Install zimbra-snmp [Y] Y
Install zimbra-store [Y] Y
Install zimbra-apache [Y] Y
Install zimbra-spell [Y] Y
Install zimbra-proxy [N] N
The system will be modified. Continue? [N] Y
Now the packages are being installed - this could take a while.

7.3 Main Menu

After the packages have been installed you'll see the main menu. It should look
like this:
Main menu
1) Common Configuration:
2) zimbra-ldap: Enabled
3) zimbra-store: Enabled
+Create Admin User: yes
+Admin user to create:
******* +Admin Password UNSET
+Enable automated spam training: yes
+Spam training user:
+Non-spam(Ham) training user:
+Global Documents Account:
+SMTP host:
+Web server HTTP port: 80
+Web server HTTPS port: 443
+Web server mode: http
+IMAP server port: 143
+IMAP server SSL port: 993
+POP server port: 110
+POP server SSL port: 995
+Use spell check server: yes
+Spell server URL:
4) zimbra-mta: Enabled
5) zimbra-snmp: Enabled
6) zimbra-logger: Enabled
7) zimbra-spell: Enabled
8) Default Class of Service Configuration:
r) Start servers after configuration yes
s) Save config to file
x) Expand menu
q) Quit
Address unconfigured (**) items (? - help)
Points that are marked with asterisks to their left have to be configured manual
ly. As you can see you have to set the admin password. Enter "3" (without the qu
otes) and press "Enter" to switch to the corresponding submenu. The output shoul
d look like this:
Store configuration
1) Status: Enabled
2) Create Admin User: yes
3) Admin user to create:
** 4) Admin Password UNSET
5) Enable automated spam training: yes
6) Spam training user:
7) Non-spam(Ham) training user:
8) Global Documents Account:
9) SMTP host:
10) Web server HTTP port: 80
11) Web server HTTPS port: 443
12) Web server mode: http
13) IMAP server port: 143
14) IMAP server SSL port: 993
15) POP server port: 110
16) POP server SSL port: 995
17) Use spell check server: yes
18) Spell server URL:
Select, or 'r' for previous menu [r]
Enter "4" (without the quotes) and press "Enter" to modify the admin password. N
ow you'll be asked for the new password.
Password for (min 6 characters): [TR9Fm7uD]
Enter a desired password and press "Enter". Afterwards press "Enter" to switch b
ack to the main menu. The configuration is now complete and the output should lo
ok like this:
Main menu
1) Common Configuration:
2) zimbra-ldap: Enabled
3) zimbra-store: Enabled
4) zimbra-mta: Enabled
5) zimbra-snmp: Enabled
6) zimbra-logger: Enabled
7) zimbra-spell: Enabled
8) Default Class of Service Configuration:
r) Start servers after configuration yes
s) Save config to file
x) Expand menu
q) Quit
*** CONFIGURATION COMPLETE - press 'a' to apply
Select from menu, or press 'a' to apply config (? - help)
Enter "a" (without the quotes) and press "Enter" to apply the configuration. You
'll be asked a few questions - answer them as follows.
Save configuration data to a file? [Yes] Enter
Save config in file: [/opt/zimbra/config.5422]
Saving config in /opt/zimbra/config.5422...done.
The system will be modified - continue? [No] Y
Now Zimbra configures itself with the given configuration. This could take a whi
le - the output should look like this:
Operations logged to /tmp/zmsetup.02062008-135354.log
Setting local config values...done.
Setting up CA...done.
Creating SSL certificate...done.
Initializing ldap...done.
Setting replication password...done.
Setting Postfix password...done.
Setting amavis password...done.
Deploying CA to /opt/zimbra/conf/ca ...done.
Creating server entry for
Setting spell check URL...done.
Setting service ports on
Adding to zimbraMailHostPool in default COS...done.
Installing skins...
Setting zimbraFeatureIMEnabled=FALSE...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureTasksEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureBriefcasesEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting zimbraFeatureNotebookEnabled=TRUE...done.
Setting MTA auth host...done.
Setting TimeZone Preference...done.
Creating domain
Creating user
Creating postmaster alias...done.
Creating user
Creating user
Creating user
Setting spam training accounts...done.
Initializing store sql database...done.
Setting zimbraSmtpHostname for
Initializing logger sql database...done.
Initializing mta config...done.
Configuring SNMP...done.
Setting services on
Setting up zimbra crontab...done.
Setting up syslog.conf...done.
After all you'll be asked if you want to notify Zimbra of your installation. Pre
ss "Enter" if you want to do that, or enter "N" (without the quotes) and press "
Enter" if you disagree to that. Afterwards the system will be initialized - it s
hould look like this:
Starting servers...done.
Checking for deprecated zimlets...done.
Installing zimlets...
Initializing Documents...done.
Restarting mailboxd...done.
Moving /tmp/zmsetup.02062008-135354.log to /opt/zimbra/log
Press "Enter" to exit. Let's look if all Zimbra services are running proper - sw
itch to the Zimbra account ...
su - zimbra
... and enter the command:
zmcontrol status
The output should look like this:
antispam Running
antivirus Running
ldap Running
logger Running
mailbox Running
mta Running
snmp Running
spell Running
stats Running
If one or more services have not been started, enter the command:
zmcontrol start
Switch back to the root account via:
8 Zimbra Web Interface
I'll show you some screenshots, but no detailed information about the usage of t
he web interface - the possible settings are too extensive. Please have a look a
t the admin guide and the wiki.

8.1 Administration Console

You can access the administration web interface via
7071/zimbraAdmin/ . Log in with the username "admin" (without the quotes) and th
e password that you assigned to this account at step 7.3.
Welcome to the administration console - make yourself familar with it.
Click to enlarge
If you want to have mail adresses like $ instead of $user@server you have to create a new domain. Click on "Domains" in the main me
nu on the left side and afterwards on "New" in the window menu (Manage Domains).
Click to enlarge
Enter "" (without the quotes) as domain name, set the domain status t
o active and click on "Finish".
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click on "Accounts" in the main menu on the left side and afterwards on "New" in
the window menu (Manage Accounts) to create a new user.
Click to enlarge
A wizard will guide you through the creation of the new account. Take care that
you select the right domain ( for this account. Note: I created the
account .
Click to enlarge
Afterwards mark the new account in the accounts-list and click on "Edit".
Click to enlarge
Enter a desired password for the new account (Tab "General Information") and cli
ck on "Save" in the window menu. Note: I chose "howtoforge" (without the quotes)
as password.
Click to enlarge
Log out and proceed with the next step.

8.2 User Access

Open within your browser and log in with the user acc
ount that you created at step 8.1.
Make familar with the web interface.