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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

SHEAR STRESSES
FOR BEAMS IN BENDING

Dr. S VENKATESWARA RAO


Assistant Professor
Civil Engineering Department
30-10-2017 1
Most beams have both shear forces and bending moment present.

It is only occasionally that we encounter beams subjected to pure


bending, that is to say having zero shear force.

The flexural formula was developed on the assumption of pure


bending in order to eliminate complicating effects of shear force.

For engineering purposes, the flexure formula is valid no matter


whether the shear force is present or not.

Transverse section of a beam subjected to bending moment and


shear force.
A C

B dx D
M + dM
M A C
da
E
N
y1 y1 F y
A

B D
At any section AB the BM is M and shear force is S.
Another section CD at a distance dx from section AB, the BM is
(M + dM) and S F is (S + dS).
It is required to find shear stress intensity on the section AB at a
distance y1 from the NA.
On the c/s of the beam, Let EF is a line at a distance y1 from NA.
y
N A
Shear stress distribution for a beam of rectangular section:
Consider a rectangular section of width b and depth d.
Let the section is subjected to shear force S.
A B
F
E
q
y
N
A qmax
d

C D
b
Shear stress distribution for a beam of solid circular section:

E F
N y A
E F q
N y A qmax
Shear stress distribution for a beam of I - section:

d b y D
N A

B
d b D
y
N A

B
d b D
N A

B
Q. A steel beam of I – section is 600 mm deep. Each flange is
250 mm wide and 25 mm thick. The web is 15 mm thick. The
beam section is subjected to a shear force of 500 kN.
Determine the shear stress distribution for the beam section
i) when the web is vertical and ii) when the web is horizontal.
25 mm

275 mm 550 mm
X 15 mm X

275 mm

25 mm
250 mm
25 mm 2.89 N/mm2 48.17 N/mm2

275 mm 550 mm
N 15 mm A
63.46 N/mm2
275 mm

25 mm
250 mm
ii) When the web is horizontal:

117.5 mm
15 mm
250 mm
Y Y

117.5 mm

550 mm
25 mm 25 mm
117.5 mm
15 mm 59.33N/mm2
250 mm
5.21N/mm2
Y Y 59.33N/mm2
117.5 mm

550 mm
25 mm 25 mm
HW. An I – section has flanges of width b and overall depth is 2b.
The flanges and the web are of uniform thickness. Find the
ratio of the max. shear stress to mean shear stress. (A:2.25)
Q. A simply supported beam carries a u d l of intensity 30 N/mm
over the entire span of 1m. The c/s of the beam is a T – section
having the dimensions as shown in Fig. Calculate the
maximum shear stress for the section of the beam.
125 mm
25 mm

70.83 mm 175 mm
X 25 mm X

129.17 mm
125 mm
25 mm

70.83 mm 175 mm
X 25 mm X 4.23 N/ mm2

129.17 mm

Q. A beam of square section is placed horizontally with one


diagonal placed horizontally. If the shear force at a section of
the beam is S, draw the shear stress distribution diagram for
the section.

Ans. Let the length of the diagonal is d.


A
x
Q
d/2 P
N A

d/2
A
x
Q qmax
d/2 P
N A

d/2 qmax
Q. The beam section as shown in Fig. is subjected to a shear force
of 35 kN. Sketch the shear stress distribution for the section.
25 mm 25 mm 25 mm
A A

37.5 mm 41.25 mm
B B
N A
37.5 mm
33.75 mm
C C
25 mm 25 mm 25 mm
A A

37.5 mm 41.25 mm
B 13.86 N/mm
B
N A 9.24 N/mm2
37.5 mm 9.35 N/mm2
33.75 mm
C C
Q. A simply supported timber beam carries u d l of 15 kN/m
(including self weight) over its entire span of 4 m. If the
permissible stresses for timber are 12 MPa in compression, 10
MPa in tension and 0.8 MPa in shear, design a suitable
rectangular beam. Take the width of rectangular beam as one
third of depth.
THANK YOU

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