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A Demo a Week Makes Science Class the Peak

“Demonstrations for Elementary and Junior High Teachers”

“Demonstrations for Elementary and Junior High Teachers” Vinay Dulip Foy H. Moody High School 1818 Trojan

Vinay Dulip

Foy H. Moody High School

1818 Trojan Drive

Corpus Christi, TX. 78416

Email: vdulip@yahoo.com vmdulip@ccisd.us

Sabina Maza

Foy H. Moody High School

1818 Trojan Drive

Corpus Christi, TX. 78416

Email: SAMaza@ccisd.us

Students from: Moody HS Alexis Richmer JerriAnn Gonzalez Angela Trevino Christopher Villegas Jupiel Rabanzo and Eric Munoz

11-10-10

8:30 am 9:30 am

"CAST'10- HOUSTON, TEXAS"

Density:

1. SEWER LICE OR DANCING RAISINS:

Materials: Raisins, a can of Sprite or 7-Up, and a tall glass. Pour Sprite or 7-Up into the tall glass. Place 8-10 raisins into the glass. Watch after a few seconds the raisins will begin to go up and down. Notice that when the raisins are at the bottom, small tiny bubbles

form around them. When enough bubbles have been formed the raisins will become lighter and rise to the surface of the soda. Notice that as the raisins come to the top the bubbles burst and the raisins sink back into the soda. This process can continue for over an hour.

2. FLOATERS AND SINKERS:

Materials: A 10-15 gallon aquarium, and various unopened cans of diet and regular sodas. Fill the aquarium with tap water upto 2/3 of its capacity. Put the cans of diet Coke and Pepsi into the aquarium and notice that they float. Next place cans of regular Coke and Pepsi into the aquarium. They sink. Diet drinks use sugar substitutes and are lighter than the regular drinks which use sugar.

3. FLOATING AND SINKING - ICE CUBE:

Fill two clear plastic cups ¾ of the way with liquid A (water) and Liquid B (rubbing alcohol). In each drop a cube of ice. Observe. Ice in water will float and the one in rubbing alcohol

will sink.

4. RED, WHITE, BLUE

Materials: Blue colored Karo syrup, red colored lamp oil, Cremora and water solution, empty bottle. Take an empty bottle and carefully add equal amounts of blue Karo syrup, red lamp oil and white Cremora solution. They will come to rest in the bottle in three layers. The densest layer will be at the bottom and the lightest will be at the top.

5. Ivory soap

Materials: Tub of water, Ivory soap, Styrofoam dinner plate Drop the unwrapped soap into the container of water and watch it float. Another experiment with Ivory soap: cut the soap in half, and put one half of the soap on a dinner Styrofoam plate. Microwave it for about a minute… and observe.

Fire/Heat:

6. Burning Money

Materials: Rubbing alcohol, tongs, plastic cup, and matches. Put 100 mL of rubbing alcohol into a plastic cup. Soak the dollar bill in the alcohol. Hold the dollar bill with tongs and light it with a match. Watch the dollar bill give a blue flame but not burn. The flame soon burns itself out and the dollar bill is left intact and is cool to the touch. I also do this demo with a paper towel because it is larger and gives a flame that burns longer. (Do not wave the paper or the dollar money in air while burning.)

X7. The Mini Grain Elevator Explosion:

Materials: Lycopodium Powder, or starch, saw dust, Coffeemate, Beral pipet, short candle matches, an empty paint can, and goggles. Punch a hole in the side of a can as close as possible to the size of the beral pipet stem. Place a short candle that is lit into the bottom of the can. Close the can tightly with its lid. Fill the beral pipet over two-thirds full with lycopodium powder and place it in the side of the can. Make sure the lycopodium powder is near the end of the pipet. Tilt the pipet slightly upward and squeeze. The lid should explode from the can. Be careful.

8. Burning Water:

Materials: A glass container, lighter fluid, matches, and warm water. Place 5 mL of lighter fluid into a glass container (Erlenmeyer flask) Coat the container with the fluid. Add warm water or tap water. Light a match and place it on top of the water. The water will appear to be burning. This can be observed more effectively in a darkened room.

Pressure:

9. Implosion of Aluminum Can:

Materials: An empty soda can, a heat source, a container of cool water, and tongs. Place 5-10 mL of water into the can and heat it until it boils for a minute or two. Note the steam coming out of the can. Using tongs place the open end of this hot can into the container of cool water. It should implode immediately.

10. Egg out of a Bottle:

Materials: 1 gallon empty bottle of apple juice, two hard boiled eggs which have been peeled, paper towel, tongs and matches. Put a long piece of paper towel into the mouth of the bottle. Then hold the towel with tongs. Light it with matches and push the towel into the bottle. As the paper continues to burn place one hard boiled egg with its pointed side down into the bottle opening. Make sure that the egg is moist so as to make it slippery. Notice that the egg will bounce up and down a few times and as the flame is going out, it will get sucked into the bottle. The trick is not only to get the egg into the bottle in one piece but also to get it out of the bottle in one piece. Ask students for suggestions. Turn the bottle over and take out as much burnt and unburnt paper towel as you can. Now position the egg with the pointed side towards the opening of the bottle, hold the bottle up against your mouth and blow hard. Then move your mouth out of the way quickly. The egg will pop out of the bottle.

11. Hooting Tubes:

Materials: A toy known variously as a "whirl-a- tube," "boggle," or "hummer," is available from Toys- R-Us for under $2.00 ($ store). Hold the corrugated tube over your head and twirl it at different speeds and notice the different frequencies of sound produced. From time to time cover the mouth of the tube with your palm while twirling and notice that no sound will be produced because no air is able to flow.

12. The Heavy Newspaper:

Materials: One or two full sheets of newspaper,

a stick of pine wood (1/4" x 1" x 2') or an old

wooden ruler or yard stick, and a large smooth surface.

Place the ruler or stick on a table with a smooth surface and let it protrude over the edge of the table about 8-10 cm. Ask students, "What will happen if I hit the end of the stick?" Strike it and let the students catch the flying stick. Now cover the table with newspaper. Smooth the newspaper down well to remove any air- pockets. Strike the protruding end of the stick with your right hand like a karate chop. The stick will break.

X13. BABY BOTTLE AND SOFT DRINK:

Materials: A nursing glass bottle with a nipple and

a can of soda.

Quickly fill a plastic or glass baby nursing bottle to the top with a cold soft drink. Immediately screw on the cap with the nipple to avoid the loss of gas bubbles. Cover the hole by using super glue. Gently rock the bottle back and forth in an upside down position. All of the soda should be held in the inflated nipple.

14. FILM CANISTER ROCKET:

Materials: Empty Fuji Film Canister, Alka- Seltzer, Water, or dry ice. Put a small amount of water into the empty canister. Next place about 1/3 to 1/2 tablet of Alka- Seltzer into the canister. Close the lid and place the canister upside on the table surface. Wait a few seconds and the cap should pop.(You may have to practice this several times.)

Chemical Reactions:

15. Goldenrod Messages:

Materials: White candle or Scotch Tape (invisible type), Goldenrod Paper, Windex with ammonia. Write a message with the candle on the goldenrod paper or use the scotch tape to write a message on the paper. Spray the paper with Windex with ammonia. The message will remains yellow. The paper will change to red.

16. Magic Ink:

Materials: Phenolphthalein indicator solution in alcohol, 1 spray bottle of glass cleaner Windex or Glass Plus with ammonia, a paint brush and a white paper towel or poster board. Using a paint brush write a secret using phenolpthalein on a white paper towel or poster board. After the message has completely dried you are ready to reveal it. Spray the poster-board or paper towel with window cleaner with ammonia. The message will appear in a shade of pink. The pink color disappears as the solution dries. The process can be repeated again.

17. O.J. OR COKE CLOCK:

Materials: A battery operated clock, (this can be obtained from Target, Wal-Mart, or K-Mart), 2 strips 1/2 cm wide and 12 cm in length of copper and zinc or magnesium, 2 alligator clips, 2 pieces of wire and a clear plastic cup to hold the coke or the orange juice.

a clear plastic cup to hold the coke or the orange juice. Set up the apparatus

Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram above. Make sure the copper and zinc or magnesium ribbons do not touch each other. The clock will run for several hours or even days powered by just coke or O.J. or any soda. X18. RAINBOW TUBE:

Materials: Clear straw, vinegar and universal indicator solution, saturated sodium carbonate solution, hot-glue gun. Hot glue one end of the clear straw. Carefully fill it with a mixture of vinegar and universal indicator solution. Add 2-3 drops of saturated solution of sodium carbonate which will sink to the bottom slowly due to its higher density. Add 2-3 drops more of saturated sodium carbonate solution. Hold the straw upright to see the colors ROY G BIV.

19. SUPERABSORBENT MATERIAL:

Materials: 1 gram of material, a 16 oz Styrofoam cup (do not use a clear cup), and water.

Put the super absorbent material in a cup without drawing attention to it. Then take a pitcher of water and pour about 100-150 mL of water in this cup. Distract the audience by telling a joke or something for 30-40 seconds. Then turn the cup over. No water will fall. Water has disappeared. You can tell the audience that you will bring back the water from the same cup by just adding salt to it. While the cup is sitting on the table add several spoons of salt and wait for a minute or two. Turn the cup over into another cup and the water will begin to flow. This is the material that is used in Ultra-Pampers.

X20. SILLY PUTTY TYPE OF MATERIAL:

Material: Elmer's glue, a 4 % Borax solution, water, food coloring, a popsicle stick, a plastic bag

The popping sound confirms that the gas is hydrogen. Do not hold the juice bottle/baby food jar in your hand.

(for storage), and three 5 oz paper cups. Write on Cup one glue. In the second cup - Borax. Use these cups also to measure out the required amounts. In the third cup add 1/3 cup of glue, a few drops of the desired food coloring and mix well. Then

Ghost Crystals /Spheres (put them in colored

water): Materials: Distilled Water, Soil Moist™ crystals, thread, and a clean glass jar with a lid. A vial appears to contain only water and a small string noose hanging down into it. When the

25.

add

1/5 cup of borax solution to the third cup and mix

string is lifted out a large shiny crystal is found to be

well

again. The material produced is like silly putty.

tied up in the noose. When the string is lowered back into the water, the crystal again becomes invisible.

21. POLYURETHANE FOAM:

Materials: 5 oz paper cup, a popsicle stick, a

Take 15 mL or 1/5 cup of Craft Cast A and

26.

POLYVINYL ALCOHOL OR GUAR GUM

paper towel, food coloring, Craft Cast A and Craft

SLIME:

Cast B from any hobby shop.

Materials: Polyvinyl alcohol or Guar Gum powder, borax, food coloring, paper cups, a

add

5-7 drops of the desired food coloring to it. Then

popsicle stick, zip-lock bags, and a 16 oz soda

mix

it. Next add 15 mL or 1/5 cup of Craft Cast B. Stir

bottle.

this

with a Popsicle stick. Place the cup on a paper

Fill the 16 oz bottle with water and add 2-3

towel and wait for 2 minutes. Foam will come out of the cup. Do not let the students touch it. Let it sit over- night so that it can be cured. If you get it on yourself clean it off with nail polish remover.

teaspoons of Borax powder. Put the cap on and shake well. (All of the borax will not dissolve). You now have a saturated borax solution. Take a zip-lock bag and place 1/5 cup of a 4 % polyvinyl alcohol solution into it. Then place 3-5 drops of the desired food

22.

A REACTION IN A BAG:

coloring into it and mix well. Add about 1 or 2 more

Materials: Baking soda or powder, acid/base indicator: red cabbage juice, phenol red, or universal indictor, citric acid, a zip-lock bag, 2 teaspoons and water. Place one spoonful of baking soda and one of citric acid into a zip-lock bag and shake well. Add 3-4

capfuls (16 oz bottle cap) of borax. Mix well and you have a slime material. Keep it stored in the zip lock bag. Alternate method of making the slime is to use Guar Gum powder. Take a zip lock bag and add 1/2 cup of water, 3-5 drops of the desired food coloring, and mix well. Next add 1/8

teaspoons of red cabbage juice and seal the bag. Tilt the

teaspoonful of Guar Gum powder, and mix well. To

bag

back-and-forth to wet the entire solid. Observe the

this mixture add

reaction. If the bag gets tight due to pressure, open the

1 or 2 capfuls of a saturated borax solution. The

seal

release some pressure and reseal the bag. Also note

mixture should gel in a minute or two.

that

the zip-lock bag gets cool.

 

27.

INVISIBLE GLUE:

23.

MAKING OXYGEN:

Materials: Rubber cement, newspaper, baby-

Materials: Fleischmann's yeast, 3% hydrogen peroxide, a clear plastic cup, matches, and a wooden splint.

powder, and pair of scissors. (Wine bottle and string demo) Apply a thin coating of rubber cement on newspaper.

Fill a cup 1/4 full with hydrogen peroxide. Add 1/4 teaspoon of yeast. Make sure that the Popsicle stick is glowing and ready. Within a few seconds bubbles will begin to rise in the cup. Bring the glowing wooden splint into contact with the bubbles. The wooden splint will re-ignite. The gas produced is oxygen.

Sprinkle baby powder to cover the entire surface. Pour excess powder from the newspaper into the trash can. Cut the news paper in thin long strips. Take a strip and fold it over as if to cut into two pieces. Cut with scissors, open the paper and it will not be in two pieces.

28. DRY ICE:

X24. MAKING HYDROGEN:

Materials: A wide mouth flower vase, dry ice,

Materials: Aluminum foil, lye (Sodium hydroxide) solid, water, baby food jar with lid, empty juice bottle, matches, plastic cup. Tear a 15 cm x 15 cm piece of aluminum

food coloring, a metal spoon, a balloon, a candle, catches and Joy detergent. USE CORRECT GLOVES OR TONGS TO HANDLE DRY ICE. DO NOT USE BARE HANDS.

sheet into many smaller pieces, crumble these pieces

a) Light a candle and fill 1/3 of a vase with

into

small balls. Place several pieces of lye into a baby

warm water and place a few small chunks of dry ice

food

jar, add two mL of water, then add several balls of

into it. It will bubble and a dense white cloud of gas

aluminum. Hydrogen gas will start production. Capture it in the juice bottle or another baby food jar. When enough is collected cap it. Light a match, and place it

will be produced. Tilt the vase until you can pour the gas onto the candle and watch the flame go out. Be careful not to pour the water out. Some fire

into

the juice bottle with the collected hydrogen gas.

extinguishers are indeed made of carbon dioxide.

b) Fill 1/2 of a vase with warm water and

add a few drops of food coloring and a few drops of Joy soap. Put a few small chunks of dry ice into the vase. It will bubble and eventually the bubbles will overflow the vase. Be prepared to clean-up. c) Place a piece of dry-ice on the table top and watch it change from a solid directly into a gas. No mess is left behind. Place a spoon or another metal object on the surface where the dry ice is and it will make a sound. Move the object back and forth and listen.

d) Goblin Gulp Punch: Serves 18 - 1 cup

servings

1 envelop Kool-Aid Cherry Flavor unsweetened

1 envelope Kool-Aid Grape Flavor unsweetened

1 envelop Kool-Aid Tropical Punch unsweetened

2 3/4 cups sugar

4 1/2 quarts water Carbonated with dry ice.

e) Floating bubbles: Get a large container.

Place a few small pieces of dry ice into it and let it sit

for a few minutes. Then blow bubbles onto it carefully. Voila, you have floating bubbles.

f) Leaky faucet: See the demo and take notes

and draw a diagram.

X29. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON LIGHTSTICKS:

Material: 2 light sticks, 2 containers: one with hot water and the other with ice. Place containers with hot water and ice on the table. Twist two light sticks. Immediately place one stick in the hot water and the other in ice water. Notice the difference in the light intensities. The one in hot water is much brighter than the one in the ice water.

Physics:

30. BERNOULLI'S PRINCIPLE:

Material: A Hair dryer and 2 ping pong balls. Plug the hair dryer into the outlet. Turn it on high. Place one ping pong ball carefully on top of the air flow. Watch it balance. Next try to balance the second ball on top of the first. This can be used to explain the lift of an airplane.

31. BALANCING A PIECE OF PLYWOOD ON THE

TIP OF INDEX FINGER:

Materials: A piece of plywood and a belt. Challenge the student to balance the plywood object on the tip of index finger. No other fingers can be used to hold it down. Let several students try. If they all fail then take your belt and place it in the grove in the plywood such that it will just balance. You have just shifted the center of gravity of the wood.

32. TORNADO IN A BOTTLE:

Materials: Two empty soda bottles (16 oz, 20 oz , 1L or 2 L) and a special bottle connector. Fill one bottle with water. Attach the special bottle connector, and on top connect the second bottle.

Make sure the bottle with water is on top. Swirl the top bottle such that a circular flow starts from the top bottle to the bottom one. You will observe a tornado. Flip the bottle over and repeat and enjoy the tornado.

33. CARTESIAN DIVER:

Materials: Empty 2 L soda bottle with cap and a medicine dropper. Soda bottle must be plastic Fill the soda bottle with water. Fill the medicine dropper with just enough water so that it can float (try this in a cup or a glass first). Place it into the soda bottle. Close the bottle and squeeze the sides and make the diver (dropper) go down. Release the sides and let the diver come up.

34. A MAGICAL COIN:

Materials: A wire coat hanger, and a penny (or any other coin). Pull the longest arm of the hanger out into a long narrow shape. Let the hanger hang on your index finger and place the penny on the end of the wire carefully. This requires lots of practice. Start to swing the hanger back and forth first. Then do full loops counter-clockwise. When you want to stop slow the swing and try to catch the penny.

35. TONIC WATER:

Tonic water, black light and a clear glass container. Place some tonic water in a clear container, shine the black light on it and the tonic water should glow.

X36. CHEMILUMINESCENCE:

Materials: Luminol, Lye, water, a Popsicle stick and household bleach. Take 150 mL or a cupful of water, add a few grains of lye and stir with a Popsicle stick. Add a pinch of luminol to the above mixture and stir again. Pour this into empty 16 oz soda pop bottle. To this mixture add bleach until the reaction stops. A bright blue glow is given off which lasts for a few seconds. Cover the bottle with its cap and dispose of it in the trash. It is safe to do this.

37. BUBBLES:

Materials: Joy dishwashing liquid, distilled water, clear Karo syrup, a small plastic pool, hula hoop, and a plastic or wood object to be placed into the pool as a stand. Bubble solution: 1/2 part syrup, 1 part Joy soap, 8 1/2 parts of distilled water.

Place the solution into the plastic pool, and place the object to stand on in the center. Get a volunteer to stand on the object. Swirl the hula-hoop in the solution and lift it quickly up around the person standing in the pool. With practice you can enclose a 6' 2" person in the bubble for a second or two. You can use different shaped objects to make bubbles. Practice. Let your imagination run wild.

38. BALLOONS AND BAMBOO SKEWERS:

Materials: Balloons of various sizes, (but not larger than 9" long) and a bamboo skewer. Fill the balloon with air and tie a knot. Take a bamboo stick and select the correct spot and slowly push in the stick. Once it gets into the balloon continue moving until you can get it to come out the other side.

39. PENCIL POKING:

Materials: 2 or 3 pencils, a zip lock bag, water and a partner. Fill a zip lock bag 3/4 full of water and seal it. Have several sharpened pencils. Let partner hold the bag filled with water and the other person poke the pencils from one side through to the other. Be sure to poke through the water.

40. Turkey Bester shooter

Materials: Rubber bulb, coleman lamp striker, alocohol, and ping-pong ball

41. Windbag Have a student blow air from one and

count how many breaths it takes to fill it up. Then show how you can use science to fill it up in one or two breaths.

42. Airzooka and Visualizer

43. Glowing Blood

Materials: 20 mL detergent, tonic water, and 1 spoon of petroleum jelly and black light. Start with 2 spoons of tonic water in a ziplock bag. To it add a spoon of petroleum jelly, 4 spoons of liquid detergent and mix all this to reach even consistency. Finally, add a drop or two of desired food coloring. Best results are obtained with green and blue food colors. Shine the black light on the ziplock bag to see the effect.

Bibliography:

1. Becker, Robert. Summer, 1993.

2. Hauge, George and Others.

3. Katz, David. Chemistry in the Toy Store,

Chemed, 1989 and 13th th ICCE, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

4. Kelter Paul, Kelter’s Favorite

Demonstrat989.

5. Liem, Tik L. Invitation to Science Inquiry, Ginn Press, 1987.

6. Sae, Andy. Chemical Magic in Grocery Store, ACS Regional Meeting, 1990.

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