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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG

Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

CHAPTER 1

Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The security of our children in school is one of the worries of the parents nowadays. They
have the feeling of being nervous whenever their children are at the school because of having
insufficiency of security. They have the bad thoughts like what if he/she did not go in the school
instead she/he goes somewhere else, what if he/she did not go at the school safely, what if she/he
is being bullied in school, etc. As the students are in the school, they should feel peace, safe and
comfortable as well as their parents. They should not be abuse, harm, bullied, etc.

Schools play a central role in the psychosocial development of youth by providing ecological
supports that can promote adolescents’ cognitive, affective, and behavioral adjustment (Eccles and
Roeser 2011). Adolescents spend most of their waking hours at school, and thus schools are
expected to provide safe and healthy learning environments. Despite this expectation, many youths
are exposed to aggression, violence, drugs, or other illegal activities at school. In 2011,
approximately 7% of high school students had been threatened or injured with weapon, 33% had
been in a fight, 20% had been bullied, and 26% had been offered, given, or sold drugs on school
property in the past year (Eaton et al. 2012).

Adolescents’ exposure to violent, aggressive, and drug-using behaviours are important


developmental issues in their own right (Krug et al. 2002; World Health Organization 2007, 2009),
but are particularly problematic given their strong association with academic problems and school
failure (Cook et al.2010; Lipsey and Derzon 1998; McEvoy and Welker 2000). Given that school
success is one key indicator of thriving for positive youth development (Scales et al. 2000), it is
crucial to understand what school contexts provide the most effective ecological supports for
promoting academic success among adolescents.

Having insufficiency of security in school have a great impact on the academics of the students.
First is the worries of the parents that can lead in having a trust issue in the relationship between
the parents and the students. Because of having a lack of security in school, the parents will think

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

that their children are not coming in school that can cause the students to loss their inspiration to
go to school. We know that senior high school students can easily hurt emotionally so having a
trust issue between them and their parents related in school can lead them to failure.

Second effect of insufficiency of security in school is the students can easily cut in their class.
We all know the fact that the students love to have a gimmick outside their school together with
their classmates. Because they have the idea that the school has insufficient security, they have no
fear to cut their class without their parents and teachers knowing it. Cutting classes can lead them
to accident and also it can lead them to fail academically. One of the reason why the students are
getting pregnant early is because of them cutting classes to go to vices like drinking liquor,
smoking and taking drugs.

Then, insufficiency of security can cause bullying in school. We can’t assure the safety of
every student if the school is lack of security. The school can’t maintain the peacefulness and can’t
stop bullying. Bullying can lead to physical and emotional stress to every students who was being
bullied. It has a very big impact to the academic performance of the students if he/she was being
bullied. It can cause them to not go in the school because of the fear that they will be bullied. It
can also lead them to drink liquor and take drugs that can ruin their performance in school and the
moat dangerous part is it can ruin their life.

Lastly, due to lack of security, the outsiders can easily enter in school. It is very dangerous if
everyone can easily enter in the school. For example having a bomb threat in school, the academic
performance of the students can easily be affected because they are afraid. They have the thought
like what if someone will go to school and leave bomb, because of insufficiency of school it can
cause them to not go in the school because of fear. Of course even the parents will not trust the
school because they can see that the security in school is low.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

This study aims to determine the effects of insufficiency of security to the academic
performance of senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag. Specifically, this
research sought answers to the following problems:

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

1. What is the importance of security in school?


2. What are the positive and negative effects of having insufficiency of security in
school?
3. What are the causes of having insufficiency of security in school?
4. How insufficiency of security does affects the academic performance of the
students?
5. How the school can solve the problem regarding the security awareness in school?

1.3 Significance of the study

Having insufficient security in school can affect the students in different ways. It can lead to
bullying, cutting classes, trust issues between the students and parents, and fear to its environment.
Security is one of the most important thing that the school should maintain because if the school
has insufficient security, we can’t assure the safety of every students and teachers.

The finding of this study will benefit the member of the society. Especially, the students who
are the most important subject in this research. When this research proved that having insufficiency
of security is effective, the school will benefit for effective policy. This strategy will implement
into other universities because of its success to our campus. Moreover, this research will also
provide recommendations on how the effects of insufficiency of security can affect the academic
performance of the senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag.

The reason why this study is significant can be explained in five aspects:

1. First, this study investigates how insufficiency of security do affects the academic
performance of the Senior High School students of ACLC College of Baliuag.
Therefore, the Senior High School students will know how the effects of security in
school can affect their academic performance. It also helps students to study easily,
enjoy and comfortable while studying.
2. Second, it is also beneficial to the school because they are the one who implied the
regulation which was to allow the security guards to protect the students and teachers
inside the school. The students and parents will trust the school because of having high
security.

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

3. Third, the teachers will also benefit this study because it will lessen the absentees.
Teacher can teach smoothly without being worried to the safety of his/her students. It
can also lessen their stress because the parents of the students will not bug them because
the school has high security.
4. Fourth, it is also beneficial to the parents because they will able to lessen their fear
towards the safety of their children in school.
5. Fifth, this study will also benefit the future researchers because they can get some
idea that having insufficiency of security in school has a great impact in the academic
performance of the students. We can use this study as their reference for their future
study.

1.4 Scope and Delimitation of the Study

This study focuses on the effects of insufficiency of security to the academic performance
of senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag.

In this study, 100 senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag are randomize
selected to be the variables of the study.

This study is limited only to conduct a survey inside the campus. Respondents are also
came from senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag only. The study considered
one hundred selected students from different strands of senior high school coming from ABM,
ICT, GAS and HE. Each strand contains 25 students to be the variables of the study, because the
study was concern about the effects of insufficiency of security to the academic performance of
senior high school students.

The factors used in the research were all related to the study, factors that can help the
research to get the right data on what really are the effects of insufficiency of security to the
academic performance of senior high school students.

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Definition of Terms

The following terms were defined conceptual and/or operationally for clarity and
understanding.

Abuse – A corrupt practice or custom; improper or excessive use or treatment

Aggression – A forceful action or procedure (as an unprovoked attack); hostile, injurious, or


destructive behavior or outlook especially when caused by frustration

Crucial – Important or essential as resolving a crisis

Ecological – A science that deals with the relationships between groups of living things and their
environments

Failure – A state of inability to perform a normal function; a fracturing or giving way under stress

Gimmick – A method or trick that is used to get people’s attention or to sell something

Insufficiency – Something that is insufficient or falls short of expectations

Security – The state of being protected or safe from harm; things done to make people or places
safe

Thriving – Characterized by success or prosperity

Vices – A habitual and usually trivial defect or shortcoming

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

2.1 Related Theories

A safe and secure environment is a prerequisite for effective teaching and learning. Threats
to the safety and security of people and property can arise from natural hazards – for example
earthquake, floods and storms – or from human actions – such as vandalism, arson, and violent
crime. While catastrophic events and human tragedies cannot be eliminated entirely, there is a role
for facility designers, institutional managers, emergency response teams, and post-crisis
intervention in mitigating their negative impact. (PEB Exchange, 2008)

Security is the protection of a person, property or organization from attack. The theory of
security is to know the types of possible attacks, to be aware of the motivations for attacks and
your relationship to those motives.

The security or defense against such a threat is to make it difficult to attack, threaten
counter-measures, or make a pre-emptive attack on a source of threat.

1. Possible attacks 7. Vulnerabilities


2. Attack on person 8. Defense
3. Attack on property 9. Make it difficult
4. Attack on organization 10. Threaten counter-attack
5. Protect yourself 11. Pre-emptive attack
6. Motivations
There are criminally-minded people who may attempt to attack individuals, property or
organizations. An attack on an individual can be to cause physical or emotional harm. It may also
be intended to harm a person's reputation or to injure the person financially. A physical attack may
be meant to injure or even to kill the person. Property and buildings can be damaged or even
destroyed in an attack. Another type of attack on property is theft. Companies, organizations,
governments and countries may come under attack. The effort here is to destroy the structure of
the organization or perhaps take it over by force or subterfuge. (Kurtus, 2012)

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

You must protect yourself and provide security against a threat. You must be aware of possible
threats, establish an awareness, know the motivations of criminally-minded people and check your
vulnerabilities to those motives. (Kurtus, 2012)

The reasons a criminal would want to attack another person, property or an organization
include for financial gain, to get personal revenge, to promote a cause, or simply for kicks or thrills.
By relating the motives of criminal-mined people to your own situation, you can often determine
the real threat to your security. There are situations in which you or your property can be vulnerable
to attack. By knowing the possible motivations and using common sense, you can examine the
areas in which you may be vulnerable. (Kurtus, 2012)

Personal property outside a building is very vulnerable to being stolen. This includes your car.
Keeping things out of sight and keeping your car locked are good security measures. Property
within a company building can be easily damaged or stolen. You can defend against an attack by
having protective mechanisms or security measures in place. Rapid response to an attack is also
important. In some cases, a preemptive attack on suspected threats is an appropriate measure. The
first line of defense against an attack is to make it difficult for your enemies or the criminal-mined
person to make the attack. By displaying the ability to make a strong counter-attack, the criminal-
minded people can become discouraged. To make an attack would not be worth the risk. An alarm
system in a building or on a car is meant to alert the police to come an arrest the thief. Sometimes
you can attack your enemies before they get an opportunity to attack you. (Kurtus, 2012)

Security is required to protect a person, property or organization from attack. You need to
know the types of possible attacks, to be aware of the motivations for attacks and your
vulnerabilities. The security or defense against such a threat is to make it difficult to attack, threaten
counter-measures, or make a pre-emptive attack on a source of threat. (Kurtus, 2012)

2.2 Review of Related Literature

With funding being tied to academic scores even more so now due to policies like the No
Child Left behind Act, schools have an even greater interest in ensuring that their student
population achieve high marks on academic measures like standardized tests. One promising area

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that schools could invest in to raise their academic scores would be in school safety. While there
have been only a few studies that examined the effects of school safety on students’ academic
abilities in school, these few studies have shown that school safety has a significant impact on
academic achievement.

Perceptions of school safety can be affected by a myriad of factors. The presence of gangs
and drug problems can negatively affect students’ perceptions of school safety (Schreck & Miller,
2003). Security, surveillance, and other preventative measures can increase or decrease students’
feelings of safety within their schools depending on how they are implemented (Kitsantas et al.,
2004; Schreck & Miller, 2003).

Multiple factors influence students’ ability to achieve academically in school. English


language learners face additional obstacles in school, like language barriers, that may prevent them
from achieving academically at the same level as their English peers. However, English language
learners can achieve at the same level or even better than their English peers if they are given
strong academic and cognitive support and are placed in bilingual programs that teach material
that is grade-appropriate (Collier & Thomas, 2004).

Behavioural problems like truancy, violence, gang participation, and substance usage is
less likely to occur in smaller schools. School climate in general is more positive in smaller schools
than larger ones. Students are more likely to participate in extracurricular activities in smaller
schools than larger ones. Attendance, especially among minority and economically disadvantaged
students, is higher among students in smaller schools than larger ones and the two groups benefit
the most academically from smaller schools. Self-esteem is also higher among students in smaller
schools than larger ones.

2.3 Related Studies

Student fear may also contribute to psychological and emotional instability at school. A
cross-sectional survey conducted by Bowen and colleagues on a sample of 602 at-risk middle and
high school students examined the effects of student perceptions of school danger and teacher
support on their sense of school coherence. The researchers define school coherence as the extent

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to which (a) students perceive themselves as capable of handling demands and challenges they
face at school, (b) feel understood by others at school, (c) are able to structure the demands from
their environment; and (d) find school challenging and engaging (Bowen et al., 1998: 274).

The rise of zero-tolerance policies in many states and school districts has had the effect of
stiffening the penalties mandated for students who violate school rules and, in some cases, of
imposing criminal penalties on offenses that were previously treated as school disciplinary matters.
Additionally, the advent of zero-tolerance policies has coincided with many schools and districts
adopting strict security measures, including the installation of metal detectors and surveillance
cameras and the deployment of armed security personnel, all for the purpose of enhancing security.

Critics of zero-tolerance policies have pointed out that by narrowly focusing on security
many schools have ignored some of the services and school conditions that are essential to
academic achievement, student well-being, and school safety. Although millions of dollars are
spent each year on improving school security, not much has been done to assess the influence of
these strategies on violence or student fear.

Controlling for demographic characteristics of the sample, results of an analysis of


covariance indicated that student’s perceptions of danger at school negatively influenced student’s
sense of psychological engagement in school and confidence in their ability to meet school-related
demands and challenges (Bowen et al., 1998).

Over the years, concern about school crime and violence has led to a variety of responses
to increase the safety and security of schools. These responses include the use of security and
surveillance practices. Schools around the country use a wide variety of strategies to enhance
physical security, ranging from fairly mild measures such as ID badges, procedures for visitors,
and the use of phones or intercoms in the classrooms to more intense and intrusive measures such
as metal detectors, security guards, drug-, gun- or bomb-sniffing dogs, and surveillance cameras.
Despite the millions of dollars spent each year on improving school security, not much has been
done to assess the efficacy of these strategies in reducing school violence or student fear of
victimization.

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Advocates of the use of security measures in schools suggest these strategies may not only
reduce crime and disorder but also reduce student fear by sending a message that the school takes
violence seriously and is actively doing something to curtail it. Opponents of the use of security
practices argue that these strategies may actually increase student fear.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

This part of the documentation discusses the conceptual framework of the studies. The
conceptual framework was used in research to outline possible courses of action or to present a
preferred approached to project. The researches use the theoretical framework of the study as the
basis of designing the conceptual framework.

Independent Variable Dependent Variable

The Effects of Insufficiency Effects of Insufficiency of


of Security to the Academic Security to Academic
Performance of Senior High Performance of Senior High
School Students of ACLC School Students of ACLC
College of Baliuag College Baliuag

Paradigm 1. Conceptual Framework of the Study

Hypothesis:
Null Hypothesis: There is no relationship between the insufficiencies of security
to the academic performance of the students

Alternative Hypothesis: There is a relationship between the insufficiencies of


security to the academic performance of the students

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

CHAPTER III

METHODS OF RESEARCH

3.1 Introduction

This chapter discusses the methods and techniques that have been used in the collection
and analysis of the study, the population, sample study, the research instrument, the data
processing and statistical treatment. It explains the research design, sampling techniques and data
collection used; and described how data collected from the research have been analyzed.

Quantitative research methods have been used in carrying out the research. The overall
approach will be quantitative because quantitative method focuses to quantify the problem by way
of generating numerical data or data that can be transformed into usable statistics that attempts to
understand the attitudes, opinions, behaviours, and other defined variables – and generalize results
from a larger sample population.

The literature review and interviews are used to collect quantitative data.

Methods and Techniques of the Study

The main objective of the study is to ascertain the effects of insufficiency of security to the
academic performance of senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag. The
researchers used a quantitative research design.

The researcher uses their own questionnaire to conduct their research. It is a ten-item
questionnaire, nine of it is answerable by yes or no and 1 question is an opinionated question. The
researcher distributed the questionnaire to a 100 senior high school students of ACLC College of
Baliuag. They distributed the questionnaire by strand; 40 respondents in ABM strand, 20
respondents in HE strand, 20 respondents in ICT strand and 20 respondents in GAS strand. The
questionnaire is to know the idea of the respondents towards the effect of insufficiency of security
to the academic performance in their school.

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Research Instruments

The researchers conducted this study to learn the effects of insufficiency of security to the
academic performance. The researchers analyze the effects of insufficiency of security to the
academic performance in ACLC College of Baliuag for the school to know what they can do
towards the security. It also includes the reflections of the respondents that correspond to the given
questions.

Based on the problem of the study and evaluation of related literature and studies, the
researchers elaborated a questionnaire or instrument to be used in the study.

The questionnaire that was used in the study was made the researcher for the senior high
school students of ACLC College of Baliuag. The researchers used their own questionnaire to
conduct their research.

The questionnaires were allocated to the Senior High School students of ACLC College of
Baliwag.

Population and Sample of the Study

The participants of this study are the Senior High School students of ACLC College of
Baliuag

Summary of the Respondents of the Study

Respondents ( by strands ) Total Number of respondents

ABM 40
HE 20
ICT 20
GAS 20
Total Number of respondents 100

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The table shows the summary of the respondents of the study. On the summary of ABM,
there are forty students, in HE there are twenty students, in ICT there are twenty students while in
GAS there are twenty students.

Data Gathering

The data that the researchers have used were collected from the product of the own
questionnaire of the researcher for the respondents. The researchers have tabulated and computed
the questionnaire.

Data Processing and Statistical Treatment

The researchers distributed the questionnaire to the respondents to give their rating on
the statement on the given test. As the data that is answered by the respondents was collected, the
researchers tabulate the gathered data to validate and measure. Afterwards, the researchers
interpret the validated answers through a table and asked a question about the insufficiency of
security in school.

The researchers used the standard deviation formula to analyze the result regarding on the
effects of security in school. The researchers calculated first the total sum of the collected data to
get the average mean of each statement. Afterwards, the average mean of the statements is divided
by the number of questions that are included in the study to get the overall mean.

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Chapter IV

PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter presents and interprets the data gathered in order to answer the problems
mentioned in Chapter 1. This chapter is composed of ten parts.

Part 1 presents the answer of the respondents according to their safeness when they are in school

Part 2 presents the answer of the respondents according to their parents who trust them when they
are going to school

Part 3 presents the answer of the respondents according to their observance if their classmate/s
cutting their class

Part 4 presents the answers of the respondents about maintaining the peacefulness in school

Part 5 presents the answers of the respondents about the safeness in the school’s security

Part 6 presents the answer of the respondents according to their experience in cutting their classes

Part 7 presents the answer of the respondents if they are agree to have an exit pass in school

Part 8 presents the answer of the respondents if they believe that having a high security can help
them increase their academic performance in class

Part 9 presents the answer of the respondents if they believe that having a high security can lessen
the number of the students who cut their classes

Part 10 presents the overall answer of the respondents according to their recommendation to have
a better and safe school security

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Table 1

Safeness when they are in school

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

QUESTION NO.1
YES NO

NO
9%

YES
91%

Wherein, the ABM students answered that thirty-five of them feel safe when they are in
school and five of them stated that they don’t feel safe when they are in school. In GAS, all of the
respondents answered that they feel safe when they are in school. In HE, eighteen of the
respondents answered that they feel safe when they are in school, and two of them answered that
they don’t feel safe when they are in school. While in ICT, eighteen of the respondents answered
that they feel safe when they are in school and two of them answered that they don’t feel safe when
they are in school.

In overall, the graph shows that 91% of the students feels safe when they are in school
while the 9% of them didn’t satisfy nor didn’t feel safe in school.

Table 2

Parents who trust them when they are going to school

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

QUESTION NO.2
YES NO

NO
6%

YES
94%

Wherein, in ABM students thirty-six of them answered that their parents trust them when
they are going to school, while four of them stated that their parents didn’t trust them. In GAS,
eighteen of the respondents answered that their parents trust them when they are going to school,
while two of them answered that their parents didn’t trust them. In HE, all of the respondents
answered that their parents trust them when they are going to school. While in ICT, all of the
respondents answered that their parents trust them when they are going to school.

In overall, the graph shows 94% of the students answered that their parents trust them when
they are going to school, while 6% of the students answered that their parents didn’t trust them.

Table 3

Observance if their classmate/s cutting their class

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

QUESTION NO.3
YES NO

NO
37%
YES
63%

Wherein, in ABM twenty-four of the students answered that they observe their classmate/s
cutting their class while sixteen of them answered that they didn’t observe their classmates. In
GAS, twelve of the students answered that they observe their classmate/s cutting their class while
eight of them answered that they didn’t observe their classmates. In HE, fifteen of the students
answered that they observe their classmate/s cutting their class while five of them answered that
they didn’t observe their classmates. While in ICT, twelve of the students answered that they
observe their classmate/s cutting their class while eight of them answered that they didn’t observe
their classmates.

In overall, the graph shows that 63% of the students observes their classmate/s cutting their
classes while 37% of the students answered that they didn’t observe their classmates.

Table 4

Maintaining the peacefulness in school

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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QUESTION NO.4
YES NO

NO
21%

YES
79%

Wherein, in ABM twenty-eight of the students answered that the school security is
maintaining the peacefulness in school while twelve of them answered that the school security
does not maintaining the peacefulness in school. In GAS, nineteen of the students answered that
the school security is maintaining the peacefulness in school while one of them answered that the
school security does not maintaining the peacefulness in school. In HE, all of the students answered
that the school security is maintaining the peacefulness in school. While in ICT, twelve of the
students answered that the school security is maintaining the peacefulness in school while eight of
them answered that the school security does not maintaining the peacefulness in school.

In overall, the graph shows that 79% of the students answered that the school security
maintains the peacefulness in school while 21% of them answered that the school security doesn’t
maintain the peacefulness in school.

Table 5

Safeness in the school’s security

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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QUESTION NO.5
YES NO

NO
29%
YES
71%

Wherein, in ABM twenty-six of the students answered that they feel safe in the school’s
security, while fourteen of them answered that they don’t feel safe with the school’s security. In
GAS, fifteen of the students answered that they feel safe in the school’s security, while five of
them answered that they don’t feel safe with the school’s security. In HE, sixteen of the students
answered that they feel safe in the school’s security, while four of them answered that they don’t
feel safe with the school’s security. While in ICT, fourteen of the students answered that they feel
safe in the school’s security, while six of them answered that they don’t feel safe with the school’s
security.

In overall, the graph shows that 71% of the students answered that they feel safe with the
school’s security while 29% of them answered that they don’t feel safe.

Table 6

Experience in cutting their classes

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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QUESTION NO.6
YES NO

NO YES
44% 56%

Wherein, in ABM twenty-four of the students answered that they have an experience in
cutting their classes while sixteen of them answered that they do not have an experience in cutting
their classes. In GAS, eight of the students answered that they have an experience in cutting their
classes while twelve of them answered that they do not have an experience in cutting their classes.
In HE, seven of the students answered that they have an experience in cutting their classes while
thirteen of them answered that they do not have an experience in cutting their classes. While in
ICT, seventeen of the students answered that they have an experience in cutting their classes while
three of them answered that they do not have an experience in cutting their classes.
In overall, the graph shows that 56% of the students have an experienced in cutting their
classes while 44% of them does not have an experienced in cutting their classes.

Table 7

If they are agree to have an exit pass in school

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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QUESTION NO.7
YES NO

NO
30%
YES
70%

Wherein, in ABM students twenty-seven of the students agree to have an exit pass in school
while thirteen of the students answered that they are not agree to have an exit pass in school. In
GAS, twelve of the students agree to have an exit pass in school while eight of the students
answered that they are not agree to have an exit pass in school. In HE, fifteen of the students agree
to have an exit pass in school while five of the students answered that they are not agree to have
an exit pass in school. While in ICT, sixteen of the students agree to have an exit pass in school
while four of the students answered that they are not agree to have an exit pass in school.

In overall, the graph shows that 70% of the students are agree to have an exit pass in school
while 30% of the students are not agree to have an exit pass in school.

Table 8

If they believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic
performance in class

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

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QUESTION NO.8
YES NO

NO
41% YES
59%

Wherein, in ABM students thirty of them answered that they believe that having a high
security can help them increase their academic performance in class while ten of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic
performance in class. In GAS, thirteen of them answered that they believe that having a high
security can help them increase their academic performance in class while seven of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic
performance in class. In HE, twelve of them answered that they believe that having a high security
can help them increase their academic performance in class while eight of the students answered
that they do not believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic
performance in class. While in ICT, four of them answered that they believe that having a high
security can help them increase their academic performance in class while sixteen of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic
performance in class.

In overall, the graph shows that 59% of the students believe that having a high security can
help them increase their academic performance in class while 41% of the students answered that
they do not believe that having a high security can help them increase their academic performance
in class.

22
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Table 9

If they believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the students who cut
their classes

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

QUESTION NO.9
YES NO

NO
18%

YES
82%

Wherein, in ABM students thirty-six of the students answered that they believe that having
a high security can lessen the number of the students who cut their classes while four of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the students
who cut their classes. In GAS, fifteen of the students answered that they believe that having a high
security can lessen the number of the students who cut their classes while five of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the students
who cut their classes. In HE, eighteen of the students answered that they believe that having a high
security can lessen the number of the students who cut their classes while two of the students
answered that they do not believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the students
who cut their classes. While in ICT, thirteen of the students answered that they believe that having
a high security can lessen the number of the students who cut their classes while seven of the
students answered that they do not believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the
students who cut their classes.

In overall, the graph shows that 82% of the students believe that having a high security can
lessen the number of the students who cut their classes while 18% of the students answered that

23
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

they do not believe that having a high security can lessen the number of the students who cut their
classes.

Table 10

Recommendation to have a better and safe school security

ABM, GAS, HE and ICT Students

Students Recommendation

ALL OF
THE MORE
GIVEN CCTV
25% CAMERAS
35%
MORE
SECURITY GATE
GUARDS PASS
25% 15%

MORE CCTV CAMERAS GATE PASS MORE SECURITY GUARDS ALL OF THE GIVEN

Wherein, 35% of the students recommend to have more CCTV cameras inside the school.
15% of the students recommend to have a gate pass inside the school. 25% of the students
recommend to have more security guards inside the school. While 25% of the remaining students
answered that, the school should have all of the given choices to have a better and safe school
security.

Therefore, with a total of 35% of the students who recommend to have more CCTV
cameras, we conclude that the school should have more CCTV cameras to have a better and safe
school security.

24
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

CHAPTER V

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter presents the summary of the findings, the conclusions and recommendations
made by the researchers for this study.

The general problem in this research is to know the effects of insufficiency of security to
the academic performance of the senior high school students of ACLC College of Baliuag

Specifically, this study is required answering the following questions:

1. What is the importance of security in school?


2. What are the positive and negative effects of having insufficiency of security in
school?
3. What are the causes of having insufficiency of security in school?
4. How insufficiency of security do affects the academic performance of the students?
5. How the school can solve the problem regarding the security awareness in school?

The respondents of this study were the 3 – N and 3 – O major in Technology and Livelihood
Education of Bulacan State University – Bustos Campus. The first part of the questionnaire that
the researchers used were ‘The Inner Coach’ Self – Confidence Scale, developed by Keith Collins
(2009). He has a master’s degree from Columbia Journalism School where he focused on science
writing and digital media.

Summary of Findings

Recommendation
Instead of spending time into such ineffective and inefficient exercises, an educator must
be devoted to his/her profession to provide self – confidence. Sometimes it can be hard to develop
Self-Confidence, either it is because of personal experiences that is why others find it difficult to
be confident.
The following recommendations are presented:

25
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

1. A person must not fall into depression. Depression leads a person to downfall. They
may never notice it but depression will overkill them little by little until they lose their
hope and Confidence to stand again.
2. Learning to value. Once people treat themselves with respect and integrity, it will
enable them to understand and motivate their self.
3. Facing their fears. Challenges make a person better and stronger, trials may seem scary,
but facing fears may help a person to gain more Confidence.
4. Accept the failures. Accept failures and learn from it. Making the same mistakes will
not lead a person to what he/she wants to reach. Try other methods or ways to achieve
it. Be wiser and stronger. A person must not trapped him/herself to past.
5. Reflect on them. No one else will help a person but their self alone. Helping themselves
and proving that they can do better can boost their confidence. Taking time to think of
what they good of is a great practice.
6. Learners must look on what they had already achieved. Learners may easily focus if
they give their best to do better on what they haven’t done. Being focus can help a
person gain Confidence.
7. Setting goals and aiming to attain it. It can help them prove to their selves that they can
make things done like others do. Building Self-Confidence may be hard but trying can
open opportunities to showcase their selves.
8. After discussion the students must have an activity to improve their confidence. It can
be a group activity for the students to socialize with his/her other classmates. It is the
start to gain self – Confidence in which they can share their ideas and thoughts about a
given topic. It can also be an individual activity so they can prove to themselves that
they can be independent enough to do such activity all by themselves.

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

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Burgo-Tucker Joycelyn (2017), Kids and self-esteem, Relationship to building strong


families. Retrieved from http://extension.missouri.edu/BSF/selfesteem/index.html

Christ Centered Girls (2016), When God wants you to grow he makes you
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you-uncomfortable/

Cutler, David (2014). Why New Teachers Needs Mentors January 20, 2014 From
Https://Www.Edutopia.Org/Blog/Why-New-Teachers-Need-Mentors-David-Cutler.

Cytowic, Richard E. M.D. (2012), The key self-esteem accomplishment,January 20,


2012. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-fallible-mind/201201/the-key-
self-esteem-accomplishment

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ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Denga (2001) Study Habits and Students Performance from


Http://Edumaterials.Com.Ng/User/Image/Study-Habits-And-Students-Performance-In-
Physics.Pdf

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Elger, Don (2000). The Theory of Performance from


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%20of%20Performance.pdf

Good Therapy (2014), The Psychology of trust issues and ways to overcome them,
October 8, 2014 retrieved from, http://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/the-psychology-of-trust-
issues-and-ways-to-overcome-them

Hammond, Darin (unknown), 11 reasons why you need more independent retrieved from
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Health Guides (2016), Self-Esteem, August 18, 2016 retrieved from


http://youngwomenshealth.org/2012/05/30/self-esteem/

Kanter Moss, Rosabeth (2014) Overcome the Eight Barriers to Confidence from
//Hbr.Org/2014/01/Overcome-The-Eight-Barriers-To-Confidence

Keith Collins (2009) “The Inner Coach” Self-Confidence Scale.

King, Jessica (2016), Stop over depending on others cut puppet string and be real,
retrieved from https://tinybuddha.com/blog/stop-over-depending-on-others-cut-puppet-strings-
and-be-real/

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Zimmerman, Mark. From http://emotionalliteracyeducation.com/abraham-maslow-


theory-human-motivation.shtml

Markman, Art Ph. D (2012), Comparison creates confidence, Posted January 3, 2012.
Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ulterior-motives/201201/comparison-
creates-confidence

Menken, H.L. (2016), Trust issues retrieved from https://www.psychalive.org/trust-


issues/

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Psych Alive (2016), Self-Worth retrieved from https://www.psychalive.org/self-worth/

Roberts, Emily MA, LPC (2014), A client’s low self-esteem healed ones past life
regression retrieved from www.newpathwaytohealing.com/counseling/a-clients-low-self-esteem-
healed-in-one-past-life-regression/

Ruffin, Briana (unknown), Why you shouldn’t base you self-esteem on your grades
retrieved from http://www.centerforcommunication.org/why-you-shouldnt-base-your-selfesteem-
on-your-grades/

Safaa Mohammad Al-Hebaish (2012). The Correlation between General Self-confidence


and Academic Achievement in the Oral Presentation Course from
Http://Www.Academypublication.Com/Issues/Past/Tpls/Vol02/01/08.Pdf

Smith and Harte (2015), How family impacts self esteem


http://www.dummies.com/health/mental-health/self-esteem/how-family-impacts-self-esteem/

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Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Streep Peg (2014), The Trouble with Trust March 25, 2014 retrieved from
Https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/tech-support/201403/the-trouble-trust

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image.html

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student-in-the-career-decision-making-process.html

Valazza, Gerardo (2011). Professional Development: Teacher Development and


Confidence. FromHttp://Www.Onestopenglish.Com/Methodology/Methodology/Professional-
Development/Professional-Development-Teacher-Development-And-Confidence/146473.Article

YouVersion.com John 1:18 (NIV)

Zender, Zach (2011), Questions for god is it okay that I feel awkward when I talk to god
January 14, 2011 retrieved from http://www.youthesource.com/2011/01/14/questions-for-god-is-
it-okay-that-i-feel-awkward-when-i-talk-about-god/

APPENDICES

Name: __________________________________ Date: ______________________________


Strand & Section: ________________________ Signature: __________________________
Research Title: “THE EFFECTS OF INSUFFICIENCY IN SECURITY TO THE
ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF ACLC
COLLEGE BALIUAG”
Direction: Kindly answer the following questions properly.

30
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

Put (✓) if your Put (×) if your


Questions
answer is Yes answer is No
1. Do you feel safe when you are in
school?
2. Do your parents trust you when you are
going to school?

3. Do you observe your classmate/s


cutting their classes?

4. Do the school security maintain the


peacefulness in school?

5. Do you feel safe in the security that you


have in the school?

6. Have you experience in yourself to cut


your classes?

7. Do you agree to have an Exit Pass in


ACLC?
8. Do you believe that having enough
security in your school can increase the
academic performance of the students?

9. Do you believe that having a high


security can lessen the number of
students who cut their classes?

(For question No.10, kindly write your answer in an opinionated way)


10. As a Senior High School student, what will you recommend to have a better and safe
school security?
Answer:
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

31
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

ALAMBRA, XAYZA INGRID


#438 Sto. Cristo Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add: xayza.alambra@yahoo.com
Contact number: 09051297455

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: December 24, 2000 Birth Place: Rizal, Kalinga


Age: 17 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’0” Weight: 45 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Manolo Malonzo Occupation: Deceased
Mother’s Name: Amelita Alambra Occupation: Domestic Helper

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Mariano Ponce National High School
2013 - 2017 Bs. Aquino Ave. Bagong Nayon, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Rizal Central School
2006 - 2013 Babalag East, Rizal, Kalinga

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

32
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

________________________
XAYZA INGRID ALAMBRA
ALVAREZ, LENARD O.
Sto. Cristo, Pulilan, Bulacan
Email add: alvarezgaara@yahoo.com
Contact number: 0935-255-8606

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: April 12, 1999 Birth Place: Pulilan, Bulacan


Age: 19 Sex: Male
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’3” Weight: 50 kgs
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Nino Caravana Occupation: N/A
Mother’s Name: Maricel Alvarez Occupation: Therapist

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2018 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
General Academic Strand (GAS)
Junior High School Bajet Castillo High School
2013 - 2017 Longos, Pulilan, Bulacan
Elementary Sto. Cristo Elementary School
2006 - 2013 Sto. Cristo, Pulilan, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

33
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

________________________
LENARD O. ALVAREZ
DE GUZMAN, JOYCE F.
Purok Pinagpala, Pinagbarilan, Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add: joycedeguzman43yahoo.com
Contact number: 0906-947-2488

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: May 6, 2001 Birth Place: Baliuag, Bulacan


Age: 17 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 4’10” Weight: 40 kgs.
Religion: Iglesia Ni Cristo Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Edilberto De Guzman Occupation: Mason/Carpenter
Mother’s Name: Gina De Guzman Occupation: Vendor

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Virgen De Las Flores High School
2012 - 2016 Virgen De Las Flores, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Pinagbarilan Elementary School
2006 - 2012 Pinagbarilan, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

34
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

________________________
JOYCE F. DE GUZMAN

35
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

GUIDOTE, MARY JANE


#300 NIA Road, Catulinan, Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add: maryjaneguidote@gmail.com
Contact number: 0926-270-8929

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: March 5, 2000 Birth Place: Capiz, Tarlac


Age: 18 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’4” Weight: 46 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Guillermo Guidote Occupation: Barangay Chief/Referee
Mother’s Name: Judith Guidote Occupation: Vegetable Reseller

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Mariano Ponce National High School
2013 - 2017 Bs. Aquino Ave. Bagong Nayon, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Catulinan Elementary School
2006 - 2013 Catulinan, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

________________________
MARY JANE GUIDOTE
36
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

MALLARI, SHERILYN O.
#336 Purok 5 Dalayap, Candaba, Pampanga
Email add: sherilynmallari6@gmail.com
Contact number: 0926-768-9163

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: August 13, 2001 Birth Place: Candaba, Pampanga


Age: 17 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’4” Weight: 50 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Ferdinand DC. Mallari Occupation: Driver
Mother’s Name: Evangeline O. Mallari Occupation: House wife

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Talang High School
2013 - 2017 Talang, Candaba, Pampanga
Elementary Dalayap Elementary School
2006 - 2013 Dalayap, Candaba, Pampnga

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.

_____________________________
SHERILYN O. MALLARI
37
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

MIRANDA, MARICAR C.
#037 Ulingao, San Rafael, Bulacan
Email add: maricarmiranda15@icloud.com
Contact number: 0926-168-0482

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: September 15, 2000 Birth Place: Sta. Maria, Bulacan
Age: 17 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 4’10” Weight: 59 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Melchor R. Miranda Occupation: N/A
Mother’s Name: Elenita C. Miranda Occupation: Vendor

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Mariano Ponce National High School
2013 - 2017 Bs. Aquino Ave. Bagong Nayon, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Sabang Elementary School
2006 - 2013 Sabang, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
_______________________
MARICAR C. MIRANDA
38
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

OBUTA, JENNIFER S.
Purok 3 San Rafael, Bulacan
Email add:
Contact number: 0965-125-0838

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: October 6, 1998 Birth Place: San Rafael, Bulacan


Age: 19 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’2” Weight: 40 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Jennifer H. Obuta Occupation: Overseas Filipino Worker
Mother’s Name: Norma S. Obuta Occupation: House wife

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Mercedes National High School
2012 - 2017 Mercedes, Eastern Samar
Elementary Masville National High School
2005 - 2011 Sucat, Paranaque City

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
____________________
JENNIFER S. OBUTA

39
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

RANCE, RODARICK B.
JP Rizal St. Makinabang, Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add: jerickzz14@yahoo.com
Contact number: 0967-630-4014

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: July 20, 2000 Birth Place: Baliuag, Bulacan


Age: 18 Sex: Male
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’2” Weight: 49 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Cloudio Q. Rance Occupation: Farmer
Mother’s Name: Julieta B. Rance Occupation: House wife

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Bajet Castillo High School
2012 - 2016 Longos, Pulilan, Bulacan
Elementary Makinabang Elementary School
2006 - 2012 Makinabang, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
_________________________
RODARICK B. RANCE
40
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

SANTOS, NICOLE S.
#0573 Rivera’s St. Tiaong, Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add: nics2030@gmail.com
Contact number: 0912-321-7574

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: March 30, 2000 Birth Place: Baliuag, Bulacan


Age: 18 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’3” Weight: 45 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Nelson R. Santos Occupation: Car Painter
Mother’s Name: Neriza S. Santos Occupation: Vendor

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Open Door Christian Academy
2012 - 2016 Sta. Barbara, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Sta. Barbara Elementary School
2006 - 2012 Sta. Barbara, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
________________________
NICOLE S. SANTOS

41
ACLC COLLEGE OF BALIUAG
Poblacion Baliwag, Bulacan

TAGUBA, GRACIELLA V.
#0791 Poblacion Little Baguio, Baliuag, Bulacan
Email add:
Contact number: 0965-550-8729

PERSONAL DATA

Date of Birth: February 25, 1999 Birth Place: Baliuag, Bulacan


Age: 19 Sex: Female
Civil Status: Single Citizenship: Filipino
Height: 5’4” Weight: 48 kgs.
Religion: Roman Catholic Dialects: Filipino/English
Father’s Name: Gaspar V. Taguba Occupation: Vendor
Mother’s Name: Adora L. Biazon Occupation: Vendor

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Senior High School ACLC College of Baliuag


2017 - Present 329 Benigno Aquino Ave. Poblacion, Baliuag, Bulacan
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM)
Junior High School Mariano Ponce National High School
2013 - 2017 Bs. Aquino Ave. Bagong Nayon, Baliuag, Bulacan
Elementary Engr. Vicente R. Cruz Memorial School
2006 - 2013 Tibag, Baliuag, Bulacan

CHARACTER REFERENCES

Ms. Erica S. Lubian


Research Paper Adviser
ACLC College of Baliuag
Baliuag, Bulacan
I hereby certify that above information/data given are true and correct to the best of my knowledge.
________________________
GRACIELLA V. TAGUBA

42