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LBS in LTE Networks
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MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks
MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL
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MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in


Похожие издания
LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

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 __________________________________________________________________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 1 of 19

MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

Editor(s): Shedman Tam, Alcatel-Lucent


Contributor(s): Hunter Lee, ZTE
Document Source: MSF Services Working Group
Chair: Bhumip Khasnabish, Verizon
Vice-Chair: Frank Suraci, NCS/DHS

Version Number: Msf2009.173.03


Day and Date: April 2010

Abstract and Executive Summary


Support for Location Services (LCS) in LTE is an important network requirement driven by the
following considerations:
• Вы читаете
  Operators must comply отрывок
with regulatory requirements for emergency services such as
E911 in North America, E112 in Europe and 110 in China, in terms of accuracy as well
as speed Загружайте свои документы, чтобы

скачивать
  Location Based Services другие
(LBS) areдокументы.
considered by many to be a key driver for future
revenue growth from mobile services
Загружайте свои документы,
Location services for the чтобы
purposeскачивать другие
of regulatory compliance and/or commercial services are
документы
already commonly supported in today’s deployed 2G and 3G wireless networks. The LCS
solution in LTE therefore will be required to:

ИЛИ…
  Provide a cost-effective solution which will meet the accuracy and volume demand of
existing as well as new and growing LBS applications and users
Чтобы читать и скачивать документы
•   Provide a smooth transition
полностью, with continuous
оформите location
подписку на Scribd. services from the 2G/3G wireless
networks to LTE.
Испытайте 30 дней БЕСПЛАТНО
This paper discusses the network architecture of such a LCS solution, based on the on-going
specification work in 3GPP and OMA.

 _______________________________________________________
 __________________________ ________________________________________ 
___________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 2 of 19

MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

Table of Contents

1.0  Introduction ...............


...............................
...............................
..............................
...............................
......................
...... 4  

2.0  Problem Statement ......................................


.....................................................
..............................
...................
.... 4  

3.0  A Survey of Current Industry Solutions ...................


.................................
..................
.... 4  
3.1  C-plane LCS Solution ...............................
.................................................
...................................
...............................
.............. 5  
3.2  U-plane LCS Solution ...............................
.................................................
...................................
...............................
.............. 6  
3.3  Positioning Methods .................
...................................
....................................
....................................
.............................
........... 7  
3.3.1   Network-assisted GNSS Methods .............................................. ...............................8  
.............................................................................8 
3.3.2   Downlink positioning .................................................................................................9  
Вы читаете отрывок
3.3.3   Enhanced Cell ID .......................................................................................................9  
Загружайте свои документы, чтобы
4.0  Use Cases........................................
.......................................................
..............................
...............................
................10  
скачивать другие документы.
4.1  Location Support for Emergency Services .................
...................................
...........................
......... 10  
4.2  Location Support for Commercial
Загружайте Services .................
свои документы, ...................................
.........................
....... 10  
4.3  Proposed Interop Evскачивать
Event
чтобы ent (based on Maturity)
Ma turity) ...................
другие .....................................
....................
.. 11  
документы
5.0  MSF SWG-Recommend
SWG-Recommended
ed Solution Option(S)..............
.........................
........... 11  
5.1  MSF Architecture Based Implementation.........................................
Implementation.....................
ИЛИ… ........................
.... 12  
5.1.1   Architecture
ЧтобыGap(s)
читать  
.................................................................................................14 
и скачивать документы
5.2  полностью,
High-Level оформите
Call Flows подписку на Scribd.
.............................
...............................................
....................................
..............................
............ 15  
5.2.1   Protocol andИспытайте 30 дней.............................................
Control Gap(s) БЕСПЛАТНО ......................................17  
...................................................................................17 

6.0 Summary and Conclusions ...............


..............................
..............................
..............................
...............17  
7.0 Acronyms and Abbreviations..............
............................
.............................
............................
............. 18  
9.0 References ...............
...............................
................................
................................
................................
........................
........ 19  

 _______________________________________________________
 __________________________ ________________________________________ 
___________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 3 of 19

MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

1.0
1.0 Introduction
Introduct ion

Location services (LCS) in a wireless network deals with the capabilities to locate target UEs,
triggered by either external or internal requests. It makes available the location information
information to
Location Based Services (LBS) for value-added applications which are accessible to mobile
subscribers or to other third parties.

Wireless network and devices are in a unique position to provide LCS due to the inherent geo-
location capability of radio signals as well as the user mobility tracking of the system through
 procedures such as paging and location
loca tion updates.

Location-based services for regulatory compliance and for navigation applications are already
commonly deployed in 2G and 3G wireless networks. With the availability
availability of smart handsets
and significant increase in wireless bandwidth brought on by technologies such as LTE, it is
expected that the demand for LBS applications will grow rapidly.
Вы читаете отрывок
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2.0
2.0 Probl em Statement
Statement
Загружайте свои документы,
Drivers for LCS in the LTE network include:
чтобы скачивать другие
документы
  Complying with local regulation:

o  Ensure compliance with mandates for personal emergency localization


ИЛИ…
  Developing existing revenue streams:

o  Enhance existing service utility through greater location accuracy


Чтобы читать и скачивать документы
o  Provide greater customer satisfaction of existing LBS
полностью, оформите подписку на Scribd.
  Creating new revenue streams:

o  Offer newИспытайте 30 дней БЕСПЛАТНО


services, differentiate on high accuracy localization

The LTE LCS solution is required to:


•   Provide a cost-effective solution which will meet the accuracy and volume demand of
existing as well as new and growing LBS applications and users
•   Provide a smooth transition with continuous location services from the 2G/3G wireless
networks to LTE.

3.0
3.0 A Survey
Survey of Curre
Current
nt Indust
ndustry
ry Solutions

LCS in the LTE network is a work-in-progress in both the 3GPP and the OMA standard bodies.

 _______________________________________________________
 __________________________ ________________________________________ 
___________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 4 of 19

MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

•   LCS C-Plane based solution is being worked in 3GPP Release 9. The functional and
network architecture have been finalized, stage 3 definition is expected to be frozen end
of 2009.
•   The U-Plane based solution is being worked in the OMA. SUPL 2.0 with enhancement
to support emergency services and LTE access is awaiting validation in upcoming test
fests.

These two solutions will be described in this section. Many existing 2G and 3G networks have
already deployed either a C-plane or a U-plane solution.

While the C-Plane and the U-Plane solutions are distinct in the type of bearers and protocols
used to carry and communicate LCS requests and responses, to control and deliver required
assistance data and radio measurements, they both utilize and support a similar set of positioning
technologies which enable the network to accurately locate a mobile user. The set of positioning
methods being specified for LTE in 3GPP will also be described briefly in this section.

Вы читаете отрывок
3.1 C-
3.1 C-Plane
Plane LCS Solu
Solutio
tio n
Загружайте свои документы, чтобы
The LCS Control Plane скачивать
solution was originally
другие introduced in the GSM network to support
документы.
emergency services. The Serving Mobile Location Center (SMLC) (SMLC) is the key functional
component in GSM to support LCS. It manages the overall co-ordination and scheduling of
Загружайте свои документы,
resources required for the location of a mobile. It also calculates the final
final location and velocity
чтобы скачивать другие
estimate, as well as estimates the achieved accuracy.
документы
The Control Plane solution is later adopted in the UMTS network with the introduction of the
ИЛИ…
Standalone SMLC (SAS) functional component in place of the SMLC in the GSM network.
Чтобы читать и скачивать документы
In GSM and UMTS, both the positioning methods and signaling protocols used have dependency
interfaceполностью,
on the air interface technology.оформите
While theподписку Scribd.
наned
3GPP-defi
3GPP-defined positioning methods for LTE are also
dependent on the air interface, the LTE
Испытайте Positioning
30 дней БЕСПЛАТНОProtocol (LPP) is designed to be forward
looking and to accommodate other positioning technologies in the future.

The location service architecture specified for LTE consists of the evolved SMLC connected to
the MME over the new SLs interface. With this architecture, location service continuity is
 possible during intra-eNB and inter-eNB handovers without MME relocation.

The E-SMLC communicates with the UE for location services and assistance data delivery using
the new LPP protocol. It communicates with the
the eNB for eNB almanac
almanac and other assistance data
using the LPPa. External or network initiated location service requests are forwarded through
through
the GMLC to the MME via the SLg, which performs the LCS user subscription authorization
function.

The following figure illustrates the LCS Control Plane architecture in LTE.

 _______________________________________________________
 __________________________ ________________________________________ 
___________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 5 of 19

MSF Whitepaper on Location Services in LTE Networks


MSF-TR-SERVICES-005-FINAL

S1-MME

UE eNB MME GMLC LRF


SLg
LTE-Uu SLs
M1 e (e.g. E2)
E-SMLC
S1-U
SGii
SG
ignaling Serving PDN PSAP
IMS
ata/voice Gateway S5 Gateway
onnection via
ntermediate entities
modified
modified interface
Possible new interface

Figure 1: LCS Control Plane architecture with E-SMLC


Вы читаете отрывок
3.2
3.2 U-
U-pl
plane
aneЗагружайте
LCS Solu
Solutio
tioдокументы,
свои n чтобы
скачивать другие документы.
The U-plane LCS solution is based on user plane technology which is independent of the
underlying network type. SUPL is the U-plane location technology developed by OMA (Open
Загружайте свои документы,
Mobile Alliance) for positioning over wireless network based on secure user plane IP tunnels. It
чтобы скачивать другие
is an application layer protocol operating over the interface between the SUPL Location Platform
документы
(SLP) and the SUPL Enabled Terminal (SET).

ИЛИ… the SUPL Location Centre (SLC) and the SUPL


The SLP consists of two functional entities:
Positioning Centre (SPC). The SLC is responsible
responsible for coordination and administrative functions
functions
Чтобы читать и скачивать документы
to provide location services, while the SPC is responsible for the positioning function. These are
полностью,
architecturally analogous to the оформите
GMLC andподписку на Scribd.
the E-SMLC in the C-Plane solution.
Испытайте 30 дней БЕСПЛАТНО
The core strength of SUPL is the utilization, wherever possible, of existing protocols, IP
connections, and data-bearing channels. SUPL standards are complementary to and compatible
with C-Plane standards. SUPL supports C-Plane protocols developed for the exchange of
location data between a mobile device and a wireless network, including RRLP, RRC and TIA-
801.

SUPL also supports the MLP (Mobile Location Protocol), RLP (Roaming Location Protocol)
and ULP (User Plane Location Protocol). MLP is used in the exchange of Location based
Service (LBS) data between elements such as an SLP and a GMLC, or between two SLPs; ULP
is used in the exchange of LBS data between an SLP and a SET.

The following figure illustrates the U-plane architecture in OMA.

 _______________________________________________________
 __________________________ ________________________________________ 
___________ 
 
Copyright © 2009 MultiService Forum Page 6 of 19

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