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University Questions

May 2019
1. What are the characteristics of distributed system?
2. List the internet protocols their significance.
3. Define thread
4. Describe Core OS Functionality
5. What are the File System modules?
6. How are messages exchanged between a pair of NTP peers?
7. What do you mean by Concurrency Control?
8. What is time stamp ordering?
9. What are the characteristics of distributed multimedia system?
10. Define IDL

11. Explain the inter-process communication techniques in detail
12. (a) Explain in brief types of overlays
(b) Describe any two Internet Protocols
13. Explain the design choices that are relevant to minimize the amount of reply data held
at a server. Compare the storage requirements when the RR and RRA protocols are
14. Describe in detail the various services of CORBA
15. Explain flat services operation and directory services operation with appropriate
16. Explain in detail the X.500 Directory Services
17. Make a comparison of methods for concurrency control and explain in detail
18. Explain concurrency control in distributed transactions
19. What are the needs of Qos and explain how will you achieve it?
20. Explain XML security in detail

November 2018
1. What are the characteristics of Distributed Computing?
2. What are the challenges in distributed computing?
3. What is remote invocation?
4. Define the term process.
5. What is called Domain Name System?
6. What are global states?
7. What is meant by transaction?
8. What is meant by lock?
9. Write the characteristics of Distributed Multimedia system?
10. Explain the term IDL
11. Explain in detail about distributed computing system models
12. Discuss in detail about inter process communication with a neat diagram.
13. Explain the following:
(a)Operating System OS layer
(b)Protection,Process and threads.
14. Describe in detail about communication and invocation with a neat diagram?
15. Describe File service Architecture in detail with necessary diagrams
16. Explain in detail about Distributed debugging
17. Discuss in detail about transactions and nested transactions
18. Explain in detail about distributed shared memory
19. Explain in detail about Quality of Service with its structure
20. Discuss about Interface Description language

May 2018
1. What is spontaneous networking?
2. What are the two different interaction models of distributed systems
3. What are active and passive remote objects?
4. Differentiate heavy weight and light weight processes
5. What is the purpose of Name services
6. What is the need of election algorithm in the context of distributed systems
7. Briefly state what is lost update problem
8. Define the term commitment deadlock.
9. What is the purpose of leaky bucket algorithm
10. List the services included by CORBA

11. (a)Discuss in detail about the different types of distributed system architecture.
(b)Explain hoe heterogeneity and the openness of distributed systems become the
primary challenges to be considered in the design of distributed applications
12. Describe the characteristics of the distributed systems in detail which challenge the
design of distributed applications
13. What are the advantages of enabling client and server processes to possess more than
one thread? What are the possible architectures for multithreaded serve’s and how hey
maximize the throughput of servers?
14. Explain the Remote Procedure call(RPC) in detail.How will an RPC deal with loss of a
reply message to a remote call?What happens when a server crash during RPC?
15. (a)Explain the concept of Name resolution.
(b)Illustrate how service discovery can be made using the discovery services?
16. Outline the significance of synchronizing physical clocks.Explain any two internal clock
synchronization algorithms in detail
17. Elaborate on how the effects of an aborted transaction can be prevented from affecting
other concurrent transactions in the context of banking examples
18. Illustrate the concept of distributed deadlock and explain edge chasing deadlock
detection algorithm
19. (a)Analyze the characteristics of multimedia data and state the requirements of
distributed multimedia applications
(b)Discuss about the Quality of service negotiation with respect to multimedia
20. (a)Write short notes on CORBA architecture
(b)CORBA remote object references
November 2017
1. What are the significances of distributed systems?
2. Give examples of applications where the use of mobile code is beneficial
3. List the design issues of RMI
4. Compare Monolithic and Microkernel
5. What is mean by DNS?
6. Define Global state predicate.
7. What are atomic operations?
8. Write the properties of transaction?
9. Name various scaling methods for video.
10. Define the term filtering

11. Describe interprocess communication in detail.
12. Discuss in detail about group or multicast communication
13. Elucidate the architecture of kernel for a distributed system
14. Write short notes on Sun Network File System
15. Outline the methods by which client module could emulate the UNIX file system
interface sing our model file service
16. Explain clock events and processes in detail
17. Compare the methods of concurrency control
18. Briefly explain about replicating objects
19. Sketch on distributed multimedia systems and its QoS requirements
20. Discuss the aspects of heterogeneity addressed by CORBA

May 2017
1. List any four examples of Distributed Systems
2. What are the characteristics of inter-process communication?
3. Describe request-reply protocol
4. Define distributed shared memory
5. list any four distributed file system requirements
6. What is the role of Uniform Resource Identifiers(URIs)
7. Define Transaction in distributed computing.
8. What is starvation?
9. Define VOIP
10. What are the types of resource scheduling methods?

11. Explain in detail about various distributed system models
12. Explain in detail about multicast communication
13. Explain in detail about the remote procedure call mechanism
14. Explain in detail about the layers of distributed systems architecture
15. Explain in detail about the distributed file system architecture
16. (a)Explain in detail about the Name services
(b) Explain Clocks,events and process states
17. Explain in detail about concurrency controlmechanism
18. Explain in detail about how dead lock is managed in distributed computing
19. (a)Explain in detail about how quality of service is managed in distributed multimedia
(b)Explain in detail about the quality of service negotiation process in distributed
multimedia systems
20. (a)Explain in detail about Directory service
(b)Explain the CORBA architecture with a diagram

December 2016
1. Concurrency transparency is a desirable goal for distributed systems. Does centralized
system have this property automatically?
2. How to provide group addressing in group communication ?
3. Give the important characteristics of distributed event-based system.
4. What are the primary tasks of a microkernel?
5. How to provide write protection to the file exam4 in the current path
6. List the different issues in a token ring algorithm to provide mutual exclusion.
7. A Process with transaction timestamp 60 needs a resource held by a process with
transaction timestamp 120.What happen in Wait-die and Wound-Wait?
8. Compare flat and nested distributed transaction.
9. What is traffic shaping in distributed transactions?
10. List the various CORBA services

11. Explain various challenges in the construction of a distributed system in detail
12. (a)Write short notes on
i. Java API for TCP streams
ii. Java Object Serialization
(b)How does a newly installed PC connected to an Ethernet discover the IP addresses
of local servers.
13. What is the Principe of RPC in a client – server program?With a neat diagram explain
the various steps involved in RPC
14. (a)Write short notes on RMI invocation semantics
(b)What are the roles of observer in event notification
15. (a)Explain in detail Sun Network File System Architecture
(b)Write short notes on Resource records in DNS
16. (a)Explain happened –before relation with an example.
(b)Write short notes on Cristian’s clock synchronization algorithm with an example.
(c) With suitable example explain the Bully election algorithm in Distributed System. In
this algorithm a recovering process starts an election and will become the new
coordinator if it has a higher id than the current in the current .Is this necessary
feature of the algorithm.
17. Explain about two-phase protocol for providing concurrency control in distributed
system. list the drawbacks of locking
18. With suitable example explain in detail about sequential, weak and release consistency
19. (a)List the characteristics of distributed multimedia data
(b)Explain admission control and stream adaptation concepts in distributed system
20. Write short notes on
(b) XML security in web services