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THE IMPACT OF NCAE RESULTS TO THE

CHOICE OF ACADEMIC TRACK

1AZIZI, ILIA DIYANAH S., 2 MERCADO, ALLY CHEN A., ₃OQUINIANO, CHLOE ATHENA V., 4PESARIT,
JETT MARK M., 5VESTIDAS, JANE LOREY P.
Pamantasan ng Cabuyao
Email: 1 diyanahazizi@gmail.com 2allychen24@gmail.com 3choeoquiniano@gmail.com 4pesaritj@gmail.com 5janeloreyvestidas@gmail.com

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Abstract- This research aimed to determine the impact of National Career Assessment examination to the students of Senior High
School students in choosing their strands. This is important to the students in order to know the preferred strand related to their
intellectual and physical skills. This research will discuss the relevance and irrelevance to the decision-making of the students to their
desired strand in accordance to their skills. This research could also be a great help to the students in gaining knowledge about NCAE.
To gather the data needed, the researchers compiled different references from internet. They will also conduct a survey and interview
to the Grade 11 students of Cabuyao Institute of Technology to gather the similarities in their research (Surveys) and ask them about
their understanding (Interview) about NCAE.
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Keywords- Impact of NCAE, Choice of Academic Strand

I. INTRODUCTION on how effective NCAE in determining the skills


and cognitive ability of the students for them to
Career decisions made by young adults know what strand they are going to take in Senior
have significant effects for their lives and personal High School. In this way they would avoid making
work satisfaction. It is a challenging task to make a the wrong decision in deciphering what career is
career decision; many face difficulties before or allotted for them.
during decision-making process (Campbell &
Cellini, 2010). It is an important task for young
II. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
people. Not all of them can make career decision
easily, and many, experience episodes of making
decisions before settling on a career path (Creed & The study is under the theory of Social
Patton, 2001) Cognitive Career Theory developed by Robert W.
Lent, Steven D. Brown, and Gail Hackett (1994)
Since students find it difficult to choose
utilizing Albert Bandura’s General Social Cognitive
their field, the National Career Assessment
Examination is administered among the students to Theory (1960). The SCCT theory states that three
be able to assess the students’ aptitudes and skills interrelated aspects of career development affects
as well to estimate what field or discipline they can the career choice: (1) how basic academic and
excel in (Malipot, 2017). The test takers are the career interests develop, (2) how educational and
Grade 9 students in both public and private schools career choices are made, and (3) how academic and
in the Philippines. career success is obtained. The SCCT provided 3
According to Department of Education, models to support their hypothesis based on its
NCAE aims to determine the learners’ aptitude and three main variables, self-efficacy beliefs, outcome
occupational interest on any of the senior high expectations, and goal. The three models of choice
school tracks. The NCAE also provided a basis for and career development (1) Interests Model (2)
depicting the learner’s aptitude in the four SHS Choice Model (3) Performance Model.
tracks such as Academic, Technical- Vocational-
Livelihood, Sports and Arts Design. Under the The Interest model showed that the activities in
Academic track are the following strands: school, home, and community engaged in one’s
Accountancy and Business Management (ABM);
childhood and adolescence may become a factor for
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
(STEM), and Humanities and Social Sciences interest in career relevant activities as a result of
(HUMSS). outcome expectations and self-efficacy behavior.
The model suggests that a person is likely to
The results of NCAE, DEpED said, will involve one’s self in activities where they feel
show the interest and career inclination of the
efficacious and where positive outcomes are
student. This way, the parents and students will be
expected.
guided on what career track is best to take after
high school graduation. DepEd also reminded that
the result of the NCAE is not “mandatory but
recommendatory”.

The researchers will conduct a study


regarding this matter to be aware and be assured
Figure 1: Career related interests and choices model mathematical ability, beliefs on this ability and
performance targets. Blanco (2011) applied SCCT to
identify Spanish psychology students’ interest and
The Choice Model suggests that career choices are choice goals in participating in statistics related to
sometimes driven by self-efficacy expectations, academic or personal activities.
outcome expectations and environmental
The Social Cognitive Career Theory was used in
influences. It is said that one’s interest strongly
building the K-12 Program itself and has been a
influence the academic and occupational choice
foundation for existing studies related to academic
with the external force’s support (see Figure 1).
and occupational choices. The researchers seek to
External forces such as economic issues, family
explain the factors affecting the decision making of
pressures, or educational limitations are the
students in a culture driven country like the
common barriers for undesired outcomes.
Philippines.
The Performance Model defined by stronger versus
weaker self-efficacy beliefs. The model focuses and
two different aspects (1) The success they obtained III. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
from educational and occupational pursuits (2) The Statement of the Problem
degree of persistence in the face of obstacles. These Quantitative
aspects came from ability, self-efficacy, outcome 1. What is the demographic profile of
expectations, and performance goals on success the respondents in term of?
and persistence. (Ability) where people tend to 1.1 Age
persist in activities with positive outcomes or 1.2 Gender
activities where self-efficacy is present. The model 1.3 strand
suggests that people who have stronger efficacy 2. What is the academic strand of grade
beliefs are likely to success than those who 11 students in Cabuyao Institute of
underestimates their abilities; as a result of ability technology in terms of NCAE result?
and motivation.
3. What is the significant relationship of
Selecting the right strand is crucial in the life of NCAE result in regards to the choice of
academic strand of grade 11 students in
each individual and primarily before reaching the
Cabuyao institute of technology?
next stage of their lives. The Social Cognitive
Career Theory has been used to observe vocational Qualitative
interest in different tracks or field of study back in
1. What are the lived experiences of
2002, Smith demonstrated how the social cognitive
grade 11 students who followed the
variables can predict information technology ncae results?
interest. Cunningham et.al (2005) used SCCT in 2. What are the lived experiences of
studying one’s intention in pursuing career in grade 11 students who did not
sports and leisure. Academic achievement in followed the ncae results?
mathematics was also partially described by SCCT. 3. ACTION PLAN
(Cupani et al. 2010). This study proposed that
successful academic performance is related to
IV. HYPOTHESES n= total number of respondents
The following hypothesis will be tested: N= population size
1) Null Hypothesis: The NCAE e= margin of error
results received by the students n= N
does not affect their strand 1+Ne²
preference. This study uses convenience sampling method whom
2) Research Hypothesis: The
happen to be most accessible to the researchers. The
incidence of students following
participants are selected because of their convenient and
the referred strand by the NCAE
availability to volunteer for the research study.
results are higher than those
who diverted from the referred
strand. Instrumentation and Procedures
The Mixed Method study includes both Qualitative
V. RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES and Quantitative approach. The researchers will use
3 methods of data gathering:
There are many factors that can effect the students'
decision in choosing the right academic strand for them Survey
especially at their age. In line with Brad Fulton's analysis The survey from provided options that can be rated on
about Young Adolescents Developmental Characteristics the scale of 1-5 based on (1) Strongly Disagree, (2)
(2015) the intellect development of a young adolescent Disagree, (3) Neither agree or disagree, (4) Agree, (5)
is a transition to more complicated cognitive skills and Strongly Agree. Confidentiality of personal information
curiosity. Thus they'll explore what career is made for are assured by the researchers and provision of
them in the future. As stated by Taylor and Harris (2015) personal data needs consent from the respondents.
Parents and guardians display a sinificant role in
choosing a career. Without their support the child is Questionnaires
unsure to pursue or explore what lies a head in their The setup follows a normal conversation and inquiries
future strand. Meanwhile Slaver (2015) stated that it is regarding the students’ opinion that will help the
important for the students to have a better understanding progress of the study. Confidentiality of the information
of who they are. Meaning their likes and dislikes, skills, will be given freely and respondents may provide ideas
personality that can affect on determining their career than what’s needed. Answers will not be modified by
choice. On the other hand, Lalerger (2015) noted that the researchers to ensure the credibility of the words
every individual especially adolescents seeks to meet the given by the respondents.
requirement of one's environment and the people around
them like their peers. Often times they confide with what Interviews
is "in demand" career in the society. In order to avoid Interviews will be taken using a video on limited
mistakes in taking future decisions Mohit Satyanad students. Structured Interviews will provide freedom for
stated that taking aptitude exams is important to fully the respondents to express more answers than what’s
grasp that having interest neccesarily mean you are good needed. Answers will not be modified by the
at it hence taking aptitude exam influences the students researchers to ensure the credibility of the words given
to analyze their full potential and interest. In this way by the respondents.
there will be less mistakes in choosing the right strand
thus a student will more likely to have a successful Statistical Treatment
career. The data to be gathered in this study will be subjected to
the following statistical treatment:
VI. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
FOR QUESTION #1:
Population and Sampling The frequency of the each respondence will be
This study targets the population consisting grade 11 determined on the number of the respondents who will
students in Cabuyao Institute of Technology. For check in the particular item. The demographic profile of
gathering the quantitative data, the participants will be the respondents will be determined by using the formula
given a questionnaire wherein they rate the following of percentage.
statement that applied to himself/herself. Nevertheless, P = F x 100 where:
qualitative data involves surveying participants where N P=Percentage
they answer the following questions. F= Frequency
To determine the number of respondents, the researchers N= Total number of respondents
uses Slovin's formula to calculate an appropriate sample FOR QUESTION #2:
size from a population which computed as; Pearson’s product momentum correlation coefficient is a
measure of the strength of the linear relationship
between two variables. If the relationship between the
variables is not linear, then the correlation coefficient
does not adequately represent the strength of the
relationship between the variables.
The symbol for Pearson’s correlation is “p” when it is
measured in the population and “r” when it is measured
in the sample. It will be determine if there is correlation
between the NCAE result of grade 11 students to the
choice of their academic strand.

where:
N= number of samples
X= first variable/ dependent variable

Y= second variable/ independent variable


To know if there is a relationship between the two
variables Pearson product momentum of correlation
coefficient was utilized with 0.05 level 0f significance.
Survey Form
. 1 2 3 4 5
Questionnaires
1. I am sure of my chosen
1. What are the factors that influenced your
strand.
choice in academic strand? Specify?
2.My NCAE results evaluated
2. What is the result of your NCAE? How accurate
my cognitive and
is it?
physiological skills accurately.
3. Are the results helpful in identifying your
3. I followed what is written in strengths and weaknesses?
my NCAE result.
4. Did NCAE somehow provided you the
4.I considered my NCAE description of strands in senior high school?
result in choosing the strand I 5. Did NCAE play a major role for your choice of
took.
academic strand?
5.There are other factors that
influenced me in choosing my
strand (i.e. Family, Friends,
Environment, and/Interest).
6.The NCAE results made me
aware of what strand is
preferable for me.
7.I was able to avoid regretting
the strand I chose because of
my NCAE result.
8.I chose my strand in the
subject in which I excel the
most.
9.I chose my strand because of
my NCAE.
10.I took my NCAE with
preparation.
11.My NCAE result is
effective for me.
12.My skills somehow related
to my track.
13.I think the strand I chose is
perfectly suitable for my skills.
14.I want to excel on the
strand that I chose and pursue
a course that is related to it.
15.The strand I am at can
improve my skills and
abilities.
16.I chose this strand because
it is in demand.
17.I did not consider my
NCAE result.
18.I did not get the strand that
I want.
19.I chose my track because I
idolize this kind of work.
20.The strand that I chose has
nothing to do with my interest.