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Gender Equality Results

Cambodia: Tonle Sap Sustainable

Livelihood Project (TSSLP)

Gender Specialists' Workshop 2010

October 26-28, HQ, Manila – Philippines

Toptosseda UK
Cambodia Resident Mission
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the
Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee
the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The
countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily
conform to ADB's terminology.
Project Background
„ Objective: to improve livelihoods by increasing access
to assets in the 37 target communes and 316 villages in
five provinces that adjoin the Tonle Sap Lake.
„ Classification: Gender Equity (GEN)
„ Project cost: $20.3 million of which 15million is granted
by ADB, $4.7million is grant funded by the Government of
Finland and $0.6million
$0 6million is contributed by Royal
Government of Cambodia.
„ Project Duration: 4.5 years (effective date is
/ / )
„ Completion Date: 31 December 2010
„ Executing Agency (EA): Ministry
Mi i t off Interior
I t i
Target Provinces

Project Outputs
„ Output 1: Support community-driven development to
deliver demand-driven
demand driven services more equitably,
efficiently, and effectively.

„ Output 2: Safeguard core areas of natural resources

to protect their functions, products, and attributes.
ll d in
i July
J l 2009)

„ Output
O t t 3:
3 Build
B ild skills
kill and
d awareness att central,
t l
provincial district and commune levels for
sustainable livelihoods to strengthen
g institutions and
processes. 4
Gender Integration in Project Design + GAP
„ Gender analysis showed that in project areas women are more than
half the population and heads of at least 13,500 households; women
are poorly represented in decision-making bodies; women lack
equal access to and control of resources.

„ GAP was prepared during the grant design and included in the RRP
core appendix. It was later revised to strengthen gender training in
allll aspects
t off the
th project
j t and
d improving
i i product
d t marketing
k ti strategies
t t i

„ GAP was covenanted under the grant agreement with the following
assurances: (i) “the
the Government and Ministry of Interior (MoI) will
ensure the participation of village or commune special interest
groups including women’s groups and ethnic minorities; and (ii)
criterion of any activity financed by the Community Livelihood Fund
(CLF) will include “demonstrable
demonstrable benefits to the poor
poor, women
women, ethnic
minorities and other vulnerable groups”.

„ The Project specifically targeted vulnerable women, female headed

h ld tot ensure their
th i effective
ff ti participation
ti i ti iin commune
development planning and resource allocation.
Gender Action Plan Achievements
Project Output 1: Support community-driven development to deliver demand-driven
services more equitably, efficiently, and effectively.

GAP Output Indicators Achievements

Gender- • Compulsory gender sensitization • Each Commune Council (CC) has

responsive training for all PMO staff, female members (some communes
Community- commune councils and commune have female councilors) who promote
Driven planning and budget committees the interests of women in the community
Development • Establishment of GFPs in each • Each CLFT includes one member from
provincial CLFT the PDWA who is specifically tasked
• 50% women commune with consideration of gender issues at
facilitators commune and d village
ill llevell
• 50% participation of women from • Among 31 CLFT members, 8 are
poor HH and men in all community women
g • 21 out of 74 commune facilitators are
• At least 2 members of each women (28%)
provincial departments of
Women’s Affairs (PDWA) will
serve on CLFTs to represent
women’s priorities
Gender Action Plan Achievements
Project Output 1: Support community-driven
community driven development to deliver demand-
driven services more equitably, efficiently, and effectively.

GAP Output Indicators Achievements

Maximizing • Each commune will have a • There are no specific women’s

Women’s women’s planning group and planning groups formed at the commune
Participation at selected leaders will be level but majority of women from all the
the Commune trained in gender
responsive target villages actively participate in the
Level planning and development, village and commune level planning
leadership development and meetings for the identification of local
accountability. They will development priorities.
represent women in
Commune Planning and
Budget Committee (CPBC),
bidding committee, Project
Management committee and
Community Fisheries
• Gender-responsive
commune development plans
ill b
be reviewed
i dbby th
women’s planning group
Gender Action Plan Achievements
P j t Output
Project 1 Support
O t t 1: S t community-driven
it d i d
l t tto d
li d
driven services more equitably, efficiently, and effectively.

GAP Output Indicators Achievements

Design of • The gender focal • Women villagers from all the target villages
Gender- points will meet and actively participate during meetings
responsive assist Commune conducted in the villages to identify and
Commune Councils (CCs) and prioritize the need of the villagers.
Development CPBC to identify and
Plans prioritize the needs of • In order to ensure women’s identified
women to be supported priorities and needs are integrated into the
by CLF projects (i.e. Commune Planning and Budgeting Plan for
water supply and implementing the proposed CFL projects, the
sanitation, health GFPs have to work together with the
services, small commune
co u e cou
c osa and
d co
u ep planning
a g
i f
infrastructure)) and budgeting committee (CPBC).

Gender Action Plan Achievements
P j t Output
Project 1 Support
O t t 1: S t community-driven
it d i d
l t tto d
li d
driven services more equitably, efficiently, and effectively.
GAP Output Indicators Achievements

Delivery of • The CLF small scale • Livelihood activities being supported

Investment infrastructure projects in the through CLF projects have 56% women
villages should reserve half of
Packages the unskilled jobs for women out of 1,220,568 beneficiaries:
((intra village
g roads, wells, and ƒSocial Infrastructure ((SI):
) 57%
latrines) to provide income ƒIncome Generation (IG): 55%
generating opportunities. ƒCommune Fisheries (Cfi): 53%
• Women’s employment • The CLF/SI projects have provided
q p
y for equal
q work considerable opportunity
pp y for women’s
should be promoted labor participation and for wage earning
• Women should make up at
least 40% of the board • Project Owner Groups (POGs) have
member for the water and been established for all water supply
pp y and
sanitation user groups sanitation CLF projects and there is
•Ensure appropriate health training provided for the members to
education materials and ensure effective management of the
utilize women in O&M of facilities.
WSS facilities

Gender Action Plan Achievements
j p 3: Build skills and awareness at central,, provincial
Output p district and
commune levels for sustainable livelihoods to strengthen institutions and
GAP Output Indicators Achievements

• Increase • Provide gender •Gender Sensitization training materials

awareness of sensitization training to CFs have been developed and the training
gender related and ensure that all CFs have started in mid-October 2010 for CLFT as
issues t it to
opportunity t attend
tt d the
th TOT and d then
th training
t i i for
f POGs
POG (3
• Refresher- training members from each POGs participate
training on • All project staff including the training)
gender CCs are able to attend the • The training and awareness materials
sensitization to training related to land rights and gender have
project staffs and • Male and female been developed and this training has
Commune beneficiaries in saving groups been delivered to CCs in Battambang
councils (CCs) have equal access to the and Siem Reap
• Specific
training • 51% women (the total number of the
training provided general POGs beneficiaries who
to the saving attended the training) Project Owner
group (Credit) Group members attended training on
members community organizing and savings
based on their chosen business
Gender Action Plan Achievements
Project Output 3: Build skills and awareness at central, provincial district and
commune levels for sustainable livelihoods to strengthen institutions and
GAP Output Indicators Achievements
• Integrate • Training materials are • Gender-sensitive training materials that
gender issues gender sensitive and use are easy to understand have been
into the training understandable language of developed for community organizing for
materials and instruction to be used by the National and Provincial TOT and
programs training service providers in marketing information
the conducting training and • Skills and capacity development training
for small business management have
•Small in training materials.
been completed and the need for three
• A market
a et feasibility
eas b ty is s
Business priority
i it ttraining
i i courses/subjects
/ bj t (i (i.
Management conducted before providing Community organizing; ii. Marketing
Skills Training any vocational skill training. information; iii. Gender sensitization) were
• Conduct small business identified
g skills training
g • 42% women (It is the % of women who
to small business owners are the POGs committee members and
• Ensure that both male and have participated in provincial TOT
female business owners training) out of 1,711 participants
have equal access to the participated
p p in the p
provincial TOT on
training. community organizing and savings for
POGs in all the 5 target provinces.
Gender Action Plan Achievements
Project Output 3: Build skills and awareness at central
central, provincial district and
commune levels for sustainable livelihoods to strengthen institutions and
GAP Output Indicators Achievements

• Strengthening • Identify appropriate • Market information training material

market linkages for markets for women’s has been developed and delivered to
p products through
p g trade fairs, CLFT/CFs ((as Trainingg of Trainer
• Strengthening the marketing study tours for (TOT) at the provincial level and
community groups select trainees from each CCs/POGs at commune level)
and individuals by training so that they can
effective delivery of serve as resource p people
p in • To raise communityy awareness on
health and hygiene their communes. health and hygiene issues, village
messages • Develop awareness meetings discussed water use and
• Increasing
among women, men and sanitation issues and informed
knowledge and children on health and villagers
g of the location of water points
understanding of hygiene issues related to and latrines.
Community water use and sanitation.
Fisheries strategies • Include women in
community fisheries related
Gender Action Plan Achievements

Project Management

GAP Output Indicators Achievements

• Gender- •The gender focal point (GFP) will • Each provincial CLFT (PIU) includes
sensitive project be placed within the Project one representative from the PDWA who
management Implementation Unit (PIU), is specifically tasked with consideration
regular monthly meetings should
• Follow up b conducted
be d t d withith th
the GFP tto
of gender issues at commune and village
activities on the assess gender related challenges level and acts as the GFP for the PIU.
projects and achievements during project
provided. implementation. • Project monthly and quarterly reports
• Follow upp on the p projects
j include detailed information on training
• Quarterly
Q t l and d provided to the group courses conducted which document the
annual report beneficiaries such as income
inputs participation of women.
generation group to see their
• Incorporate the gender-related
gender related
achievement and sex-
disaggregate data in quarterly,
annual reports and project
completion report.

Impact Story
„ Mrs. To Sinan: 39 year-old widow living in Sambour commune, Kralanh district, Siem
Reap province; grade 4 education, can read and write well; has a 6 year-old son with
no ((died);
); lives in a cottage
g on a relative’s land and owns no rice field. Before she
joined the project, her sources of income were from agricultural work and
construction on a seasonal basis w/wages from 7,000-10,000 riels per day; sale of
Thai lottery twice a month for 20,000 riel per month and raising and selling chickens .
She normallyy had jjust enough g food for herself and her son to eat for about 3-4
months of the year. The remaining time, she had to borrow money from others to buy
food. Thus, she was deeply indebted which caused her a lot of worry.

„ In November 2009
2009, she joined an eel raising group supported by the TSSLP
TSSLP. As one
of the group leaders, she received one full day training on eel raising and one full day
study tour to Battambang province. After training, she received 30kg of eel and eel
raising materials from the project provided as a grant. Every one or two days she
spent about 1000 riel a day to buy food to feed the eels
eels. The duration of eel raising
took about 5-6 months. In April 2010, she sold the eels for 10,000 riels per kg and
earned a total of 600,000 riel (or $150). To continue the activities she bought 20 kg
of eel for 200,000 riel. The remaining amount of 400,000 riel she used to repay her
debt buy rice and food for her family and save for eel food
debt, food.
Story-- in her own words
Impact Story
Regarding such an important turning point in her life, she expressed
h satisfaction,
her ti f ti

"I am very happy with the project. I gained knowledge on eel

raising and I can earn additional income from raising and
selling eels. The money I earned from eel raising and other
labor employment activities can now help me improve my
f il ’ liliving
family’s i condition.
diti Id
do nott need
d tto b
borrow any more
money for food but instead I can slowly repay my debt which
has been the problem for me to worry about in the past. More
importantly my kid can now go to school"
school .

--Mrs. To Sinan, Sambour commune, Kralanh district, Siem Reap province

Role of Gender Specialist (GS)

ƒ The ADB GS has supported TSSLP since July 2009

ƒ Joined the review missions to assess the progress of the
Project’s GAP implementation
ƒ Joined project follow up meetings conducted by ADB’s
Project officer
ff with EA, project implementation staffff
including project consultant team
ƒ Work closelyy with EA,, Project
j Consultant teams,, and the
Gender Focal Points at the provincial level to ensure
gender integration in project activities in respective areas.
ƒ Follow up with EA on Gender Sensitization Training
Materials Development

Next steps
„ Follow
F ll up with
ith EA on G
d sensitization
iti ti
„ Project Final Review Mission (Nov.-Dec.
„ GAP implementation evaluation for PCR.

Thank you

Thank you