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Hedeoma todsenii

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Hedeoma todsenii

Conservation status

Imperiled (NatureServe)

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

Clade: Tracheophytes

Clade: Angiosperms

Clade: Eudicots

Clade: Asterids

Order: Lamiales

Family: Lamiaceae

Genus: Hedeoma

Species: H. todsenii

Binomial name
Hedeoma todsenii


Hedeoma todsenii is a rare species of flowering plant in the mint family known by the common
name Todsen's pennyroyal, or Todsen's false pennyroyal. It is endemic to New Mexico in the
United States, where it occurs in the San Andres and Sacramento Mountains.[1] It is federally listed
as an endangered species of the United States.[2]
This plant was discovered on the White Sands Missile Range in 1978 by Thomas K. Todsen (1918-
2010) and described to science and named for him the following year.[2] It is a rhizomatous perennial
herb growing up to 20 centimeters tall with fragrant lance-shaped leaves. The tubular flowers are
red-orange or occasionally yellow in color and bloom in the summer rainy season.[1] Flowers occur
rarely, with only 20% of the plants flowering in a given season.[3] The plant reproduces vegetatively,
forming wide mats of many clones all arising from the rhizome of one plant.[4] What appears to be a
large colony of many stems may actually be a single plant.[3]
The plant grows on steep mountain slopes composed of gypsum and limestone. It occurs in pinyon-
juniper woodland habitat dominated by the Colorado Pinyon (Pinus edulis) and one seed
juniper (Juniperus monosperma). It grows among grasses such as muhly grass (Muhlenbergia sp.)
species. It occurs in shady spots in the habitat where moisture remains for a longer period of time.
The rare plant may be a relict species from a time when the region was cooler and not as dry.[3]
There are three occurrences of the plant in the San Andres Mountains and fifteen occurrences in the
Sacramento Mountains. The plant, as a relict, may be naturally rare. It reproduces by cloning itself.
Flowering occurs rarely, and successful seed set is relatively uncommon. Few pollinators visit the
flowers. When a plant does produce fruit, it usually produces only one or two nutlets together,
instead of the quartet that is possible. Furthermore, most of the seeds do not germinate.[3]
Threats to the species include its low reproductive rate and genetic diversity, illegal grazing of
domestic animals, and damage from insects and other wild animals.[3]

1. ^ Jump up to:a b Hedeoma todsenii. New Mexico Rare Plants.
2. ^ Jump up to:a b USFWS. Determination of two New Mexico plants to
be endangered species and threatened species with critical
habitat. Federal Register January 19, 1981.
3. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e USFWS. Hedeoma todsenii Revised Recovery
Plan. January 2001.
4. ^ Hedeoma todsenii. Archived 2010-12-15 at the Wayback
Machine Center for Plant Conservation.

External links[edit]
 USDA Plants Profile
 The Nature Conservancy

 Wikidata: Q5697204
 Wikispecies: Hedeoma todsenii
 ECOS: 1081
 EoL: 579445

 GBIF: 2926696

 GRIN: 320056

 iNaturalist: 163547

 IPNI: 447696-1

 IRMNG: 11384656

 ITIS: 32509

 NCBI: 608510

 Plant List: kew-96553


 POWO: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:447696-1
 Tropicos: 17601462

 WCSP: 96553
 NatureServe imperiled species
 Hedeoma
 Flora of New Mexico
 Plants described in 1979
 Endangered flora of the United States
 Endemic flora of the United States
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 This page was last edited on 11 January 2020, at 13:05 (UTC).
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