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ReadingExtra
skillsactivities
A resourcebook of multi-level

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UNTVERSITY PRESS
Liz Driscoll
r
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F.
T Contents
tI
il
t Mop of the book 4
t Introduction 7
Ir
Thonksond qcknowledgements 9
I
Unit 1 Personolinformqtion 10
I
I Unit 2 Thefomily 16

I Unit 3 Doi[ octivities 22


t Unit 4 Homes 28
t Unit 5 Townond country 34
:r Unit 6 Trovelond tourism 40
a Unit 7 Foodond drink 46
lr Unit 8 Describingpeople 52
I Unit 9 Describingthings 58
:r Unit 10 Friendsond relotionships 64
I
Unit 11 Heolthond fitness 70
:r
:r Unit 12 Leisuretime 76

!r Unit 13 Educotion 82
!r Unit 14 Theworld of work 88
!r Unit 15 Money 94
I Unit 16 Postexperiencesond stories 100
I Unit 17 Scienceqnd technology 106
I Unit 18 Sociolond environmentolissues 112
il
I
!t
ir
!r
I
.#
E
1 Personalinformation
c
Elementary 1.1 Writearound
theworld
Keypars read-and-match readingforspecific
reading
information, for
40-50mins #
lntermediate 1.2 Thenumbers namesand read-and-do
detail
mainideas,
recognising 30-40mins
E
game norcnnel

characteristics
code-breaking reading
lntensive F
1.3 Famous
Upper-intermediate
words
last whatfamous
peoplesaid
quotations
matching
withpeople
textcohesion,
paraphrasing
40-50mins
E
beforetheydied
E
2 Thefamily
Elementary 2.1 77 yearsoI
marriage
longestmarried
couplein Britain
reading
comprehension
skimming fortexttypeand 40-50mins
topic,scanningforspecific
E
words,identifying
references,
pronoun
inferring E
informationfromtextual
text reconstruction
clues, E
2.2 What'sthe best marriageandthe note-taking for names,
scanning 40-50mins
lntermediate
aget0 get bestageto do it for detail,
reading #
married? lu:t9'.9g"qlliol
:,gplgtilg
Upper-intermed
iate 2.3 lsthatfur
comment?
theBritish
theirpets
and identifying idiomsin
a text,workingout
meaning
deducing
fromcontext
40-50mins fi
t h e i rm e a n i n g
t
3 Dailyactivities
Elementary 3.1 WheredidI see
you?
whathappened problem
lastweek through
solving
groupwork
key
extracting
information
40-50mins fr
question-and-answer,
roleplay
E
lntermediate 3.2 Menwhocook cooking note-taking topic, 40-50mins
to identify
skimming
mainideas,
recognising
fr
Uooer-intermediate3.3 Snailmail
thelines'
reading'between
meaning,
s n a i l s ' a d d i c t i o nu n d e r s t a n d i n g a n deducing 40-50mins
fr
to saliva authentic
article
newspaper inference, summarising
f
4 Homes
Elementary 4.1 Roomto let accommodationfor matchingpeoplewith for detail
reading 40-50mins
fr
lntermediate 4.2 How do you
students accommodat!on
language
urbanmyths readingabouta key
extracting 40-50mins
I
explainthat? with
connected
tl"-.Lgr" .ane1n!.nati9!
information,
andsuggesting
situation
Pt99i:!iic'!,9iyltn.
t
+o-sor'ri.l
upp.ii.i.ir.oiri. 4.3 Hi-techhomes homesof the
future
studentsmake
predictions
and
for specific
reading
information fi
5 Townand country
checkthemin a text
s
Elementary 5.1 Whatdoesthe
signsay? country
signs
signsintownand understanding
message,
main
understanding
identifying
40-50mins
E
paraphrasing
function,
lntermediate 5.2 Wherewouldyou cityor country note-taking speed-reading, 30-40mins
E
mainideas
recognising
upp..int.rr.Jiul.;.i
Rlefelto!1ve?
Animalcity
!lulng
wild animalsthat completing for detail,
a text,using reading 40-50mins
E
dwellers havebeen found cluesto workoutthe gap,
information -
in cities contentof anothertext recreatinga text _tr
6 Traveland tourism
a storyand textorganisation 40-50mins
f
Elementary 6.1 Lookbehindyou urbanmythabout ordering
itsending
driving suggesting
a terrifying
expeyience J
lntermediate intouch a tripto
6.2 Keeping ordering and
e-mails extractingkeyinformation 40-50mins -
I
NewZealand workingouta traveller's
itinerary -
journeyswith a separatingand speed-reading,text 40-50mins *-I
Upper-intermediate;.; How stupidcan
you be? difference orderingstories summarising,
organisation,
a text
recreating -l

--
I
.I
f'F
F 7 Foodand drink

F Elementary 7.1 Puttingyour


eatinghabitsto
healthy
diets questionnaire
completion
a personalised
making
responSe
40-50mins

F lntermediate
_ th"g
!g:t
7.2 lt'snotwhatyou food-and-drink matching beginnings sentence
structure, SO-+O
rin,
F e a ta n dd r i n k. . . quotations
it'swhatyousay
andendings
quotatlons
of paraphrasing

F
I
Upp;;.il;;ili;i; 7.3 Howto diet il;;;";;
approach
dieting
to
prediction
andtext
completion
text structureand
coherence,
humorous
identifying
ideas
40-50mins

8 Describingpeople

T
T
Elementary 8.1 How do I look? profileof a circus reading
performer
comprehension
skimmingfor gist,
recognising
mainideas,
textcohesion
40-50mins

i;i;;;i,i; 8.2 Hisor hers? escapefroma orderrng


a story textorganisafion +O-SO
mins

T prisoner-of-war
camp

T Upper-intermediate
8.3 Whatdo men
really
thinkof
cosmetic
cosmetic

surgery?
surgery note-taking readingfor detail,
identifying
sentence
topic
40-50mins

T 9 Describingthings

T Elementary 9.1 Don'tgo out


withoutyour
crimeprevention understanding
product gadgetworks
howa usingillustrations
deducemeaning,
to 30-40mins

t Intermediate
minder
9.2 Don'tforgetto holidayitems matching
textswith
extractingkeyinformation
for generalsense,40-50mins
skimming

I " ?9-i5:::
"
Upper-intermediate
9.3 Can'tlive pananaS readingcomprehension
scanningfor names, 30-40mins
without... of anauthentic extracting
keyinformation,
I 1i
bananas
@
newspaperarticle reading
for detail
10 Friendsand relationships
I Elementary 10.1 Whatisa friend? textbasedaround readingand recognising dictionary 40-50mins
T the word friendG) matching definitions andseparating
fromexamples, speed-

I reading,
specific
scanning for
words,skimming
for text type
, -
I Intermediate 10.2 Howto make
newfriends
wavsto meet
newpeople
note-taking reading
inferring
for detail,
information
;o-;o;;;
fromtextualclues
I Upper-intermediate
10.3 Fiancee losesher customs
and reading extracting
key 30-40mins
ringin Easter
I SWap
egg traditons comprehension information

T l1 Healthand fitness
Elementary 11.1 Dailywake-up
and exercise
routine following
instructions usingillustrations 30-40mins
t warm-uo andcarrying
exercise
outan
routrne
to deducemeaning

I lntermediate 11.2 WhatshallI do, jokes


health punchlines
matching canfanaa

crg:liol:_ p3t-lPlT?t.q
cfrr rair rra
30-40mins
11j!rot<e
upper-intermeoiate
rr.a iniane;J
I l- *31jr?"-.
understanding
authentic
an answenngyourown
newspaper questions
abouta text
40-50mins

article
T 12 Leisuretime
T Elementary 12.1 A lifeof leisure leisure
activities authentic
texts
everyday speed-reading,identifying
texttypesfromvisualclues,
40-50mins

I
readingforspecific

Intermediate 12.2 fhe National photography,

I
everydaytext reading
for specific 40-50mins
Museum of filmand (brochure) information
Photography,
Film television
andTelevision
l't Upper-intermediate
12.3 Adrenalin
'''''''',-''.''.."'..""','''',
capital extremesports gettingmainpoints identifying
topic, 40-50mins

IT frommini-texts paraphrasing,
choosingtitles
TE
.4
d
13 Education
Elementary 13.1 Cambridge usingguided
English activities predicting
pre-reading from
storyline 40-50mins
d
4
Readers readers (beforereadinga reader)cover,
blurb,chapter
listof characters,
headings,
" :lggoY'999ilg
i|Y:llglionlr
lntermediate 13.2 Bestday,
worsr oay
t...r,,"r;tnfrfr^J i.uJingcomprehension
worstdayatschool
readingfor mainmessage 40-50mins
andto identifywriter, 6
hamand partofa.lust
13.3 Bacon,
Upper-intermediate a dialogue-
ordering
unknown
meaning
deducing
words,
paraphrasing,
of

summarising
deducing40-50mins
textorganisation,
4
-€l
eggs Williamstory basedstory meaningof unknown words

14 Theworld of work I
Elementary 14.1 Startyourown
business
berng
boss
yourown read-and-do topic area,
identifying
recognising mainideas,
40-50mins
E
lntermediate 14.2 lt'sa risky
business
risks matching
work-related related
palagrapns checklng
reading,
intensive
reading
intensive
40-50mins #
Rledjctjons )
14.3 Work,sweetwork perksinthework
Upper-intermediate reading
comprehension
reading for gist,scanning Jo-aorinl -E l
information,
for specific
envtronment
paraphrasing,
detail
for
reading
E
15 Money 4
Elementary

i.l"rr.Jirle
15.1 Youknowyou're shoppingto

,
a s h o p a h o l i c exce55
*h-9n.::.:....
15.2 Thebestand
.
givingand
matching
of
andendlngs
hum-o19ys
se-nl9,l,cgt
note-taking
....
Structure,
beginnings sentence
paraphrasing

mainideas,
recognising
40-50mins

30-40mins
4
\I/nrci' nracpnf
l g,g
g"iYi,l
g"p'.._'.,ni: 'g?qli_c t.!Il|9:.
P.t*ggl =
ii.ic"u t.".i
Upperintermediate gold
thebiggest an
understanding extractingkeyinformation, io-+ori.t El
questionsbased

4
nuggetfoundin newspaper creating
authentic
Scotland article on a text

16 Pastexperiences
and stories 4

E
Elementary 16.1 Homeand dry a man'samazing readingcomprehension for detail,
reading 30-40mins
achievement of anauthentic keyinformation,
extracting
rgglinS'betweenthelines'
.
T*:p9P"-l?Il.-r'
rn,.ir.lir,. 16.2 JamesCook, CaptainJames textswith
matching scanningfor specific 40-50mins
navigator Cook vrSuatS words,skimming to identify -=
source,recognisingmain

a modern
uff.r-int.rr.Jiri. ri.i lrreFrogPrince- a story
ordering
ideas,
note-taking
textorganisation,
betweenthe
40-50mins
identifying
dJ
inthe21st versionofa differences -7
century tale
traditional tale
modernandtraditional

17 Scienceand technology ;
Elementary

r.i.rr.Jirl.
1 7 . 1L a sm
t a no n
the moon
17.2 Flameandfortunesteelworks
a5 SCtence
spaceexplorationreading

re-usedreading skimming
comprehension
words, 40-50mins
for specific
scanning
comprehension
mainideas
recognising
for gist,reading 40-50mins
information
forspecific
4
E
17.3 ldiotic
Upper-intermediate
inventions...
dndproducts we
"dugliyl"g
daftinventions
P3l
reading
choosing
a textand
a title,using
thetitleto workoutthe
keyinformation, 40-50mins
extracting
andanswering
asking
questionsabouta text,
-i
couldIivewithout contentof anothertext a text
recreating -E
18 Socialand environmentalisssues
Elementary 1 8 . 1 H o w m u cdho y o u e a r t h q u a k e s problem-solving missing
identifying 40-50mins
E
throughpairwork information
knowabout.
earlhquakes? quest]onand:answer E
rri.rr"Jiti. 30-40mins
1 8 . 2M u m m yo,h
Mummy
pollution
poem
linesin a
ordering textorganisation,
themain
understanding F
T.9::9c. .E
18.3 Guilty!
Upper-intermediate jokes
lawyer matchingpunchlines text cohesion, +o-io ri.t
withjokesituations paraphrasing
F
6
F
$ Personalinformation
Umfrt
{

Writeoroundtheworld {
.{

{
Worm up F{
you
d
1 Writethewordkeypalon theboard.Elicit
or explain issomeone
thatakeypal
exchange withasa hobbybutwhomyouusually
e-mails met.Encourage
haven't students
or penfriends
to talkaboutanykeypals thattheywriteto.

Moin octivity d
1 Explain of keypals.
thattheyaregoingto readdescriptions
to students fl
2 Giveeachstudent a photocopy. Readtheintroduction andlookat thechartwiththeclass
headings fromthe
d
f
Encourage students to workoutthemeaning of anyunknown
information already thein chart.
Asklhhois 24?Students readthedescrlptlons quicklyin ordertoanswerthe question.
Explain thatonepieceof information isgivenaboutfiveof thepeople; thecompletely

f,
emptysectionof thechartisfor thesixth.
Askstudents to readthedescriptions andcomplete thechart.Encourage students to
worktogether ln pairssothattheycanhelpeachother.
Aska question usingtheinformation already givenin
Check theanswers withtheclass.
#
t h e c h a r t t o i d e n t i f y e a c h p eer .sgo.nl A, , T L t o i s P o l i s h ? r h e n a s k H o w o l d i s s h e ? r N h e r e i s
shefrom?It\,hatis heriob?INhatareherhobbies?

d
d
PREPARATION
; ;

onephotoco#lJdi
d
each
studllt,,:,,.,.',;
"
*i:r*rli
,6x**r+' ffi :ffi$* _JJ
d
6 Tellstudents thephrase
to underline to thepicture
whichrefers
or sentence _J H

I'
-l

Divide
person.
theclassintopairsandallowstudents
Encourage themto thinkof reasons
to findthebestkeypal
fiveminutes
fortheirchoices.
foreach a
)

a
VttriteWe think (Paulo)is a goodkeypalfor (Maria) (because) . . . on the boardwhile
students areworking. Whenthetimelimitisup,getstudents to telltheclassabouttheir
choices,e g.We thinkClaudette is a goodkeypalfor Mikhael.He'sRussianandshewent :
to Russialastyear.
Encourage
Claudette
otherstudents to saywhytheyagreeor disagree,
is n goodkeypalfor Mikhael She's25 andhe's20.
Thereareno rightandwronganswers for thismatching
e.g.Wedon'tthink

activity.
Askstudentslt\4tois n goodkeypalfor you?Thenwritethe resultson the boardto
a
:

a
discover whoistheclass's favouritekevpal. -)E

Followup
.
anotherclass.
programme
in whichstudents
Setup anactivity become
students
Alternatively,
or usinga keypal
website.
(orpenfriends)
keypals
canfindgenuine
withlntheirownor
viaanexchange
keypals a
-)ta

10 5
Write oround the world
Do vou want to practise your English? Do you want to make friends around the world!Then read about

F the keypals below and start writing!

F
:
Hello!My nameis Bel6nLopezand I'm
lookingfor a keypal.I'm twenty-twoyears
old and I'mfrom Madridin Spain.l'm a
Hi!My nameis PauloDiasand l'm Brazilian.
I livein Riode Janeironearthe sea- | love
nurse.I work long hours,but water sports!| teachmusicin
t in my free time I do a lot of a school.I lovemusictoo!
sport. And I like eatingout What else?I'm twenty-four
I with my friends.In Spainwe yearsof ageand I'm single.
My box numberis 002.
I eat very late in the evening.
Write to me at Box001.
:r
:r
:r Hello.I'm a 20-year-old
student(engineering).
Russianuniversity
I livewith my family
I'm StefanZillikenand I work in a travel
agent'sin Munichin the southof Germany.
in Moscow.I want to write to other people I was 23 on January1st.My hobbiesare
I aroundthe world. My football- | play and I watch-
and walkingin the mountains.
I hobbiesare computergames
I alsoget somefree holidays
and the Internet.Please
write to Box003 to find out with my job! PerhapsI can
-
more.I nearlyforgot - my cometo your country!I'm at
a nameis MikhaelPavlov. Box 004.

=I
=f Hi!My name'sClaudette RomandandI'm I'm MariaSzopen,twenty-oneyearsold,
French. My homeis in Lyons,but I workin and l'm from Warsaw,the capitalof Poland.
- I'm a computerprogrammer.In the
Meribel- I'm a ski instructorthere.I work in
:r the winter- but in the summer
I liketo travel.(l went to Russia
eveningsI go to the cinema-
but Englishfilms are difficult
for me! I alsolikerunning-
I lastsummer.) I likephotography
l'm a memberof a big
too - so I alwayshavea camera
:r with me!Ohyes,l'm 25 years athleticsclub.Youwillfind
me at Box006.
old. Contactme at Box005.
ir
I
name
I
age 24
I
nationality Polish
I
=l home city Lyons

I job travel agent

=t hobbies computer
games,
=l lnternet

3I
Fr
il ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReading Press
University
@Cambridge 2004 11
Unit I Personalinformation J
gome
Thenumbers c
q
Worm up
E
=f
1 Askstudentsif theyeverdo magazine or questionnaires
quizzes thatallowthemto find
outmoreaboutthemselves. thattheyaregoingto reada textwhichwillallow
Explain H
f,
themto findoutmoreabouttheirpersonality.
2 Getstudentsto suggest personality
wordslo describe andwritea listonthe board.Elicit
or introduce
thewordsin Keylanguage,
whichareallinthetext.

Mqin octivity
Giveeachstudenta photocopy. Lookat theheading
Thenumbers
gamewiththeclass.
Ask
to lookquicklyat thetextanddecidehowthegameworks.Letters
students of the
alphabet
equalnumbers, whichcanbeusedto describepersonality
types.
Tellstudentsto readthe text asfar assoMary Brown'sluckynumberis three.Makesure
thattheyunderstand thattheycanfindoutwhatkindof personMaryis by reading the
description
of threes.
Writethefollowing
nameson the board:
AliceKing,Garethlones,CathyParker,SimonWest,
JaneLee,AIan Brown,SallyFrame,PeterCrisp,AnneThorne.

d
Explain
thatthenamesontheboardbelong to thepeopleinthepictures.Students follow
inthetextandfindouteachperson's
theinstructions luckynumberusingthelettersof their
name.Theythenmatchthepeoplewiththeirpictures. lf youlike,youcantelltheclassthat
thewomen'snamesareAliceKng, CathyParker,Jane Lee,SallyFrameandAnneThorne.
Checktheanswers
number.
Sayeachnamein turnandgetstudents
withthe class.
lf thereis anydisagreement,geta volunteer
boardandto workoutthe numberasforMary Brown.
to calloutthe
studentto copythenameontothe d
3
hsppi,

kind,

p.q,,ie
5 Getstudents to suggestthe nameof a famouspersonandwritethe person's
board.lf youlike,getstudents
listontheboard.
to suggest
adjectives
nameonthe
thispersonandwritea
to describe
4
to workoutthenumberof thepersontheychose.Askthemif theyagree
6 Tellstudents H
7 Askstudents
of thisperson.
withthe description
to workouttheirownnumber.
Askthemif theyagreewiththedescription. d
Followup d
o Students
writeanalternative for thelrownnumber.
description
theywouldliketo be,e.g.Eightsarethemostthoughtful
Tellthemto describehow
peoplein theworld.Theycan
d
thenreadallthealternative forthenumbers
descriptions anddecidewhichtheyprefer. ,d
sh6
*adr
4
migh!
texdai
ffiAl E
E l

A
1
FI

_€
1
-1t,.,,,.,:€ -G
The numbersgome 4 FOURS
Follo-r^r
these instructions and work out your luckv Foursarequickandclever,
- andtheycanmakepeople
number.Thenfind this number and read about

!I
laugh.They'renot shyabout
yourself.Youcan find out all about your friends or sayingwhattheythink,but
relatives.AII you need to know is the person's name. peopledon'talwayslikewhat
rneysay.
1 4 .6 o

A ,E' ,::. t:$i, D.,

II l

5
'.K:'
.U
:li.;tl+:::
w Y .
K

5 F|VES
Fivesarequickerthanmost
T people.They'remore
intelligent
too.They're
t interestedin lots of different
thingsandareveryfriendly.
Theylovetravelandtrying
T :,,Rrl:l:av:i
newthings.

I M
4 x I
t

2
f{

A
N

I 6 SIXES
T": ":o It ln-,""iT":
4 + 1 + 9 +ro
Sixesarethe happiest and
I 7+2+9+6+5+5=48 the mostoptimistic of allthe
numbers. Theyfind
T Keep adding until you have just one ,rrr*b"r. something goodevenwhen
4+8=12 thingsarebad.They'vegot
I 1+ 2 = 3 lotsof friendsbecause
they'reso nice!
I This nunrbet is yo.rr fri-endi lucky numbeq,
so Mary Biown's lucky number is three.
I
1 ONES 7 SEVENS
T Onesarethe mostconfident Sevens areclever,serious
andquiet,andusuallyhave
anddetermined of allthe
I numbers.Theycando onlyoneor two closefriends
Theylikebeingalone.They
anythingwhentheywantto.
I Oneshatepeopletellingthem
whatto do,buttheyliketelling
don'tlikenoisycrowdsand
largegroupsof people.

tT otherpeoplewhatto do. Sevensloveanimalsand


the countryside.

IT 2 TWOS
Twosare kind,shy,thoughtful
andpolite.Theyloveanimals,
readingandstayingat home.
8 EIGHTS
Eightsaresensible, reliable
andnice.In fact,they're
sometimes too kindto other
I Theyusuallyfeelreallyhappy
orsao.
people.Theyworkhardand
try hardat theirhobbies.
I
I
I 3 THREES 9 NINES
Threesare certainlynotlazy. Ninesarecleverand
I Theyalwaysdo theirworkon imaginative,but they're
timeandstillhavelotsof free sometimes lazy.Theylike
I timefor hobbies. They'realso havingfun,andtheyarefunto
h o n e s ts, e n s i b l er e, l i a b laen d bewith.People usuallylike
t patientwith otherpeople. e ninesa lot,butninesarenot
alwayskindto otherpeople.
I
I FromReading
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
@Cambridge
University
Press2OO4 13
$ Personalinformation
ffirxfit d
lostwords
Fomous
Worm up
1 B e a ri n m i n dt h a t d e a t hi s a t a b o os u b j e c a y .e g i nt h e
t n d s h o u l db e t r e a t e ds e n s i t i v e lB
tJ
I{

lessonby revisingandlorpre-teaching wordsassociated


explainthe differencebetweendied lstoppedliving)and killed(madesomeonedie).Write
the two words on the boardand givestudentstime to thinkof waysof dyingand waysof
with death.Ask studentsto
:r
F{

k i l l i n gE. n c o u r a gteh e mt o w o r kt o g e t h e ri n p a i r so r s m a l g
eachother"
l r o u p ss o t h a t t h e yc a n h e l p l
I-

2 . a k es u r et h a t y o u i n c l u d et h e f o l l o w i n g
C h e c kt h e a n s w e r sw i t h t h e c l a s sM w o r d sw h i c h :I
-J
t-
are all in the text: died: committedsuicide,drowned;killed: shot,hanged.
3 E x p l a i tno s t u d e n t st h a tt h e ya r eg o i n gt o r e a da n d d i s c u s s o m ef a m o u sl a s tw o r d s ,i . e .
w h a tf a m o u sp e o p l es a i db e f o r et h e y d i e d .A s ks t u d e n t si f t h e yk n o wo f a n ye x a m p l e sF. o r
-J
I€

' D y i n gi s a
e x a m p l eW , . S o m e r s eM t a u g h a mt,h e B r i t l s hw r i t e ri s s u p p o s e dt o h a v es a i d ,
v e r yd u l l ,d r e a r ya f f a i rA. n d m y a d v i c et o y o u i s t o h a v en o t h i n gt o d o w l t h i t ' b e f o r eh e
d l e di n 1 9 6 5 . =

Moin octivity )
l{

1 )
2
=
)'t'd

)
Tellstudentsto matchthe -.-
=J
E

)
,Y
PREPARAT]ON
Onephotocopyfor , -J
) 'E

eachpairofstudents- -E
cut intotwo parts{ther
Quotations andthe ,
a E
withthe
Situations, )
Situationscutinto -)E
sixieenstrips)

a D€

2
a
:

:
I€

Followup J
o Discuss
thequotations particularly
Whichdo students
withtheclass. like?
: Hr

:J Ld

:J f.G
I
J
F
14 I
I'I
I 1 | amjustgoingoutside CaptainLawrence Oates
t andI maybe sometime British
explorer,
a member illjated1912expedition
of Scott's to
outof thetentto hisdeath.
theSouthPole.
Saidashewalked
I
2 Theycouldn'thit an GeneralSedwick
I elephant
at thisdist ... AmericanCivilWarcommander;shotat the battleof Spotsylvania.
Foolishly
standingup andlookingat the enemyarmy.
I
3 lf I feelin goodform,I shall Albert I
x
I takethe difficultwayup. lf I do
not, I shalltakethe easyone.
Kingof Belgium,killedin a climbing
accident 1934.Tohis
comoanions as he set off on hisown route.
t I shalljoin youin an hour.
x
4 So hereit isl Cleopatra
t Queenof Egypt,committed suicide 30 BC.Onfindingthe
ooisonoussnakein a bowlof fruit.
t x
5 Shoot,Walter,shoot,as if it Williamll
I werethe devil. Kingof England, 1100.Tohisservant,
killedin a huntingaccident who
fired.but not at the deer.
T 6 Standaway,fellow,from my Archimedes
x
killed212BC.Tothe invading who
I diagram! Greekmaihematician,
killedhim.
soldiers

I i----------
I
j >c
7 | shallhearin heaven! i Ludwig van Beethoven ,
i Germancomposer,deaffor the last25 yearsof hislife,died1827.
I f f
-----------{
i
l

x
8 DidI not tellyou I waswriting WolfgangAmadeusMozart
t thisfor myself? Austriancomposer,died1791.Playinghisown 'Requiem'.
*
I 9 | hopeI havenot boredyou. ElvisPresley
American died1977.Hisfinalpressconference
rocksuperstar, ended
t withthesewords.
*
I 10 A horse,a horse,my kingdom Richardlll
for a horse! king,killedat the battleof Bosworth
English Field,1485.
I {According to Shakespeare'sRichard lll.)
*
I I guess
11 | am tiredof fighting.
thisthingis goingto getme.
Harry Houdini (ErichWeiss)
Americanmagician who hadperformed
andentertainer manyamazing
I died1926.
escapes,
*
12 | can'ifeelanything in my Monelete (ManuelLaureanoRodriguezSanchez)
I rightleg.I can'tfeelanything Spanish killedin the bullring1947.
bullfighter,
in my left leg.Doctor,aremy
I eyesopen?| can'tsee.
t 13 | haveoffended Godand Leonardoda Vinci
*
mankind because mv work Italian andartist.died1519
scientist
I did not reachthe qualityit
shouldhave.
il x
14 Goon, get out! Lastwordsare Karl Marx
I for foolswho haven'tsaid German philosopher died1883.Askedby his
andeconomist,
enough. housekeeperif he hada lastmessage
to theworld.
il
15 No.I camehereto die.Notto CherokeeBill
I makea speech. Thequicker American hanged1896.Askedif he hadanything
criminal, to say
thisthing'soverthe better.
I
I
il FromReodingExtroby LizDriscollO Cambridge
University
Press2004 15
\ r
I
* Thefamily
Umfi*

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ryrq

77 yeorsof morrioge =
lr{

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l-
.l
I

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-J
Worm up ts
I
1 Writethewordsandphrases fromKeylanguage ontheboardin randomorder.Tell -)
thesewords.Ask whatthey - E' l
studentsthattheyaregoingto reada textwhichincludes I
thinkthetextwillbeabout(someone's life). -J
E
_ - |
2 Askstudentsto putthestagesof lifein order.Whenyouchecktheorder,elicitthe past
tenseformof theverbs. )
I{
I I

Mqin octivity 2
'E l
1 G i v ee a c hs t u d e n t h e t e x t .T e l sl t u d e n t st h a t t h e y h a v eo n e m i n u t et o l o o ka t i t . T h e na s k -4
ts
a )w h e r et h e t e x t i s f r o m ,b ) w h a t l t i s a b o u ta n d c ) w h o i s i n t h e p h o t o s .D r a ws t u d e n t s ' ' l
I
attentionto the date of the article. I
I
r-
Answerl(ey
-d
a-
='.: tfr,;b $'fir$;6*gd*ru*i*iie*r;ifeii....$@u..111,.1;rr,,':L;;1'.,l!,ii..,*r'. J

-l
ld
A s ks t u d e n t st o r e a dt h e f i r s tp a r a g r a pahn df i n df o u r o f t h e s t a g e so f l i f eo n t h e b o a r d ' J

Explainthatnewspaper oftengivethemainpointsof thestoryinthefirstparagraph


articles .J
Askstudents thestagesof
in whichparagraph F
andthenreturnto themlaterin theartlcle.
lifearementioned Thenaskwhat
again. paragraph4 isabout. z
_F
-a
F
-J

reconstruction J-
1
: , .: ] . : -
TIIVIE r'
.1
40-50minutes -.b

I
F
I
-..f-

4
-E
I
_F
1

Pastsimple -F
-
_!-
PREPARATION
-
Onephotocopy for -F
eachstudent- cut intstwo .-
parts(thetextandthe _F
exercises) -4
t.!
4
lG

-
--E

_F
I
-F
-
= E

-
h
I
16
I
F Longest celebrate
marriedcouple
t
I 77yearsof marriage
t
t Fredand0liveHodges,
beenmanied for77 years
whohave Back home
in April, Fredrenewed
in Northampton,
his friendship

tt areabout
of Records
married
toenter theGuinness Book with0live.Thecouole
as the UK'slongestsix-year
couple. Thecouple firstmet theirmarriage.
engagement
Theyhadtwo
hada
before

in 1915, thenwere separated bythe children, JohnandBrenda. Fred

t FirstWorld War. Theymetagainin became


1919andfell in love.Theygot company.
chief cashier
0livestayed
- but-orilywhile the childrengrew up.
atthegas
at home
'Mymother
gaveup herlifefor
T engaged

t000j9
and married
Tfrilsix years,
buy
when theyhadsaved
theiljtslhuss*
' The couple now have I I
g r a n d c h i l d raennd 1 2 g r e a t -
herfamily
opened
and
doors
home.
of
Ourparents
for
opportunity
t -T[Cbouple,
whoareboth102, met grandchildren - thelatest twojust us which they never had
in theirteensas theyskated ona yearsold.Twoyearsagotheyhadt0 themselves ustogo
andencouraged
I frozen riverinNorthampton in 1915. leavetheirownhomebecause 0f them.'
through
Fredhadleft school at 15 and Fred's poorhealth. Theynowlive
I startedworkfor the localgas together inanoldpeople's home in
company; Olivehadleftat 14and Wellsborough, Leicestersh ire.
T worked ina leather
'l wasn't
factory.
'Wehave lotsoflovely memories

T really
time,I justwanted
interested
tohave
at the butthebirthofourtwochildren
funonthe themostspecial,' said0live.
formewaswhen
And
is

T i c e , ' s a i0dl i v e . ' F r e


behind meandknocked
ca d m eu p thebestdecade
medown. He Fredretiredin the 1960s. His

IT toldmeyearslaterthathe did it retirement


becaus6 hewanted
But,three years
joined
to pickmeup.' spend
later, when hewas Fred somuch.
just meantwe could
moretimetogether.

dowithout
I don'tknow
him.'
I love
whatI
18,Fred thearmy andwassoon would
t fightingin France.
comrades were killed.Fred
Manyof his
published
T h e isr o nJ, o h n , 7 3a, r e t i r e d
a professor of genetics wholivesin
bookof hismemories, Menof 18in Austria, is full of praise for his
I 1918,in 1988. Inhisbook hedescribed parents.'The a yr e c o m p l e t e l y
signalled that devoted to eachother,' he said.
T howa sudden
warwasover.
tohave
silence
'NowI knew
a lifeafter all.'
I wasgoing 'Andmysister
more loving
andI could
parents.'
nothave

f.
T
I
I ExerciseA ExerciseB
Complete the sentences and write a summary of
I The sentencesbelow are not in the text. Use other
information in the text to decide if the sentences the newspaper article.
I are true or false. What information helped you? FredandOlivefirst 1.. i9l5. Theymet againin .?. war.
1 FredandOlivefirstmet in winter. ..-.., ;.:,:,. lnl925theybought1. married
Theyfell.?.engaged.
I 2Theywerefrom Northampton. rreoandolive .9.children.
,a','"ffJo;;:.,,r';;lii):.. rred 'Q' 1960s'
3 Fredjoinedthe armyin 1915. Thecouple.7' rcz rhevnowhave?. great-
I 4 Theygot marriedin April1925.
{*t:;
J14OUS
, ^ *;"$)
,, Theylive .?.home.Theyhavebeen1.9
grandchildren.
\
\-.liit---;-'
T 5 Theyboughta housein Northampton. innpril.Theyare 1.1longestmarried couple.
6 JohnandBrendadidn'thavechildren.
t
I ExtrobyLizDriscoll
FromReading University
@Cambridge 2004
Press 17
c
I

ffi The family


&$srilft

Whotsthebestogeto d
E{

getmorried? cd
Worm up
-J
J
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students thebestageto get !{
I
married.
Asktheclasshowmanystudents aremarried.Howlonghavetheybeenmarried?
Asktheunmarried if theywouldliketo getmarried.
students When? d
-)

Moin octivity -)I{


Divide theclassintopairs.Gveeachpairof students oneminute
thetexts.Allowstudents
-)I{
to findthenames of thefivespeakersandtheirpartners.
2 Check theanswers withtheclass.Writethenames ontheboard.(See Answerkeybelow.) H
3 Giveeachpairof students 1-4to thechartontheboard.Make
surethatstudents
Exercise
understand
A. Addcolumns
howtheexerciseworks. -J
)
IT

to copythecharton the board.Theythenreadthetextsandcomplete


Tellstudents the
chartwithinformationabouteachspeaker. -)Ig
Checkthe answerswiththeclassandcomplete thechartontheboard.Encourage ts
students for thelranswers
to findevidence for example,
in thetext.ForPaula, 1 Jamesand
I got manied,2 whenI was 35,3 I only metJamesthreeyearsago.It's a pity we didn't 2
meetsooner.
=
::ili:llirii;i;iiti::it'ltiriiirr;;iiiiri
:"". 'i ''i:'.''.,,i 2
2
j. ::. 3 ' !

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ieu "".i,;
2 ts
irai, 1 la
Brcwn+ Tgm:
,}n,ii${.a
: : . : :' . 2
^)E
Giveeachpairof students
ExerciseB.Explainthateachof thesixstatementsrefersto one
Gothroughanexample
of thespeakers. withtheclass.ElicitthatShecomes
from !=
Birminghamrefersto Katie. I
-A
Askstudents to workin pairs.Thevdecidewhoeachstatement
to continue refersto. E

Checktheanswers Thenaskstudents
withtheclass. factsor
describe
if thestatements 2
l4
opinions.
1
G

ln*ardu *r*t; , .1
{apinion}'
5 P'aula le
Allowstudentstimeto readeachprofileagain.Tellthemto underline factswith bluepen.Make .1
E
opinions,
agreesthat mostof the Information
surethat everyone
althoughsometimes thereis an overlapbetweenfact
expresses
and
the speakers'
opinion.Forexample, didVictoria's
opinion?
or isthat simplyVictoria's
:J
- lL
friendshaveupsanddownsin theirrelationships,
A
r

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E

-
_ta=

1
I
-
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18-',
'Myparents so I suppose saysVictoria
I wantedsecurityj
aredivorced,

F whomariedherpartner' whentheywereboth
Richard'
Kidman, a teacher
hewants
23.'Also,Richard'sparentswerequiteoldwhenhewasborn'and
l fertwe'dmade an importantstatement
to bea fatherwhenhe,sstilryoung.
the of
rest Sincewegot
ourlivestogether'
- thatwewanted to speno

I married, havehadrelationship
lotsof ourfriends
justgladwemadea commitment
upsanddowns'
whenwewereyounganddidn'thave
andI'm

t thoseproblems' maniedafterknowing
Getting eachotherforiusttwoyears
abouteachother'Getting to knoweacn

t meantwestillhadthingsto discover
otherasa married couplemadeit veryspecialJ

T
t 'Twenty{our
isjust too yorng,. ,"y,
t.rl:", 38. who ,urriuo
1,l at that

T :9:.lrt
9_1,,,1n
is now in the process
of
divorcedfrom her husband.

IT
rsu fldV€o'thad enough
experience
*..r,""1,yappreciJtethe person
.?].11t_:
you'rewith. William
felt he,dmisseJ
-11:t yglh becausehe had two
sm-atl children,and I felt l,d
missed
out on that carefree,
T i.ll.lroll"qre
tn
irresponsible
ontyalrowed
your.20s. Even though
to have
t married-youngwas
proof of commitment,
getting
the-ultimate
and I
I appreciate being a
relativeryyoung
20sareyouronty.i,"n.""
l:? I?rr
ror putting
I yourself
first.,

t 'It's
estimatedthat one third of couplesin
I 31,?];^:"Lr.^}.nanda
couples'
Brown.
.{na
Britain win be unmarrieduy tn"
mr p*"", iorn and r wil be one of rhose
I
we're both in our mid-thirtLr
I ten years.We havethree children,too.
married,but we don,t seewhy we should.
nor, *J-r",u" beentogethermore than
Tom and I havetalked;;t;;;;;;
We know we love eachother,so what
t do we have to prove to the world? prus
divorced- that has ratherput him
the fact that both Tom,s brothers are
orr muoiug". Atro, or "ou.re, getting

I ifiH Hl"jJ,T""t.,tion
-
rheceremony,
^;;;,the crothes.
N;,;;;;"
married

T
IT
I ExerciseA ExerciseB
1 ls shemarried?' 1 ShecomesfromBirminsham.
I lf the answeris yes, go on to question2. 2 Shehasthreechildren.
t lf the answeris no, go on to question4. 3 Shegot marriedwhenshewas24.
2 Didsheget marriedyoung? 4 She'spleased
sheandherhusband married
t lf the answeris yes or no, go on to question3. whentheywereyoung.
3 ls shehappythatshegot marriedwhenshedid? Shethinksgettingmarriedyoungeris betterfor
I lf the answerisyes or no, go on to the next
youif youwantto havechildren.
Shethinksyoudon'tknowwhatkindof person
t person.
Doesshewantto getmarried?
youwantto marryif you'reyoungwhenyou get
married.
I lf the answeris yes or no, go on to the next
oer50n.
I
I FromReading
ExtrobyLizDriscoll
@Cambridge
University
Press
2004 19
t The family
L$m$& q
FJ
isl

lsthotfur comment? d
EJ
1

Fi
I

Worm up
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto workwithsomeEnglish
to students
idiomisanexpression whosemeaning isnotobvious
idioms.
fromtheindividual
Explain
thatan
words.For
4
#
example, theappleof someone's eyemeansthepersonwho someone
proudof,butwe cannotknowthisby looking
mostand is aery
lorses
words.Thebestwayto
at the individual J
understand anldiomisfromitscontext.
theappleof someone's
adored
It shouldbe possible to workoutthemeaning
eyefrom this context:Pete'sdaughterwas theappleof his eye.He
herandshecoulddo no wrong.Encourage students to telltheclassanyEnglish
of
JI
.<
idiomsthattheyknow. H

2 Explain thattheyaregoingto readanarticle


to students
Askwhatpetstheythinkihe Britishhave.
andtheirpets.
abouttheBritish .J
F-

inthatthe useolfur in thequestion


3 Readoutthetitleof thearticle.Expla playsonthe :
questionIs thatfair comment?,
whichmeansIs that s reasonqble thingto say?Readout
thebi-line
belowthetitle.Explainthatthewriterfeelsthatanimals areportrayed =
negativelyin Englishidioms.
=
Moin octivity
:
to raisetheirhandassoonastheyknowwhich
Giveeachstudentthetext.Tellstudents
petthewriterhas.
=
l!.d
Askstudentsto findtheidiominthefirstparagraph.
Thenaskthemto workoutthe
meaningof theidiomfromitscontext andparaphrase English.
it in everyday :J
EJ

:J
:

PREPARATK)N T e l sl t u d e n t st o r e a dt h e t e x t s ,a n df i n d a n d u n d e r l i n e1 4 f u r t h e ri d i o m sw h i c ht h e ys h o u l d =
t h e nt r y a n d p a r a p h r a s eE.n c o u r a gset u d e n t st o w o r kt o g e t h e ri n p a i r so r s m a l lg r o u p ss o
Onephotocopyfoi
t h a tt h e y c a nh e l pe a c ho t h e r .P a r t i c u l a rilfys t u d e n t sa r es t r u g g l i n gp,o i n to u t t h a tt h e =
eachstudent- cut i d i o m sa r ea l lw i t h i nd o u b l eq u o t e s a , l t h o u g hn o t e v e r y t h i n ign d o u b l eq u o t e si s a n i d i o m .
intothreeparts(S+e studentsto readout an idiom
Checkthat studentshavefoundall 15 idioms.Getindividual :
paraphrases cufinto each.Do not checkparaphrasesat thispoint.lnsteadgiveeachstudenta set of paraphrases.
fifteenstrips,the text Askstudentsto matchthe ldiomswith the oaraohrases. :H
-l
andtheExercisel C h e c kt h e a n s w e r sw i t h t h e c l a s sR . e a do u t t h e i d i o m si n t h e o r d e ri n w h i c ht h e ya p p e a ri n
t h e t e x t .G e ti n d i v i d u aslt u d e n t st o r e a do u t t h e c o r r e s p o n d i ndge f i n i t i o nT. h ep a r a p h r a s e s
-1
E
Fi
on the worksheetare in the correctorder
G i v ee a c hs t u d e n t h e E x e r c i s eS.t u d e n t sc o m p l e t et h e s e n t e n c ew
s i t ht h e i d i o m s .
2
-
2
F
J
Ii
I
=

f
.=
J-
Followup
o Studentswritepersonalised Pointoutthatit ismore
usingtheidioms.
sentences I
important,
however, themeaning
forthemto recognise of anidiomthanto beableto use .F
it themselves. -tJ
F
1
E

1
20
!I X X Porophroses X
T lsthatfr|l I yiryl;*,i:l'lr i:q"T:l i. --ft:!::1::l-T{lla,---:,,-----j>
F e6*St[ffi?,.,,',,.
Ll'llllllElll:
,:,i:,:,rr.,;;11
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:::::::.:::,.:::: :i,:::. | ir an abbreviation
toey.r't
I |pjPo
"cril
forthecat*o'-;i
1ete1to.a alall i a
,9at
thanit wasinthepast
lesssuccessful
isbecoming
ororsanisation
country
-____ji =*
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F *r*.*1i,!!{,,ryr
miJr,rtttr*},o*rmgrrgr
" rniraar
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tt.glssand.the qnrase
-*itnot I
originated
lrgbab.lv
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u.','dut.yhere.unlortunate
,;;th;;;;; ;;;-*;;;;;'o_
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uq: dultryr l i nifl n rmal\
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sornethingto bepiouduf,aiguei
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'--"':1*,=::l:::,,.,,;,:r,.1':;..,..,.;
The.0titrdali:l,r,v*,1,thinki*g
abautthe
is that
[ Oaeconsolation cat's!------------;--.---- ,---- .-----.-.
[ *nomn; are ttre most desirable
i a manwho is unpleasantor notto be i

T my,dictionary, ',Jifr;.nalo
r.r:nr.
I. whishers.
someoneis annoyedwithanother i
t llir,
"d,i',{:1,T1:
?*,ll?.1{:111':l
| _r*,J,t,,
: I
ir;ffi iniil;;;;r# i
shrouded
syfi.c,.gla*{:*es'*,1+re.11sl.j_1tl in myitei,
butthereun'o*' i
personbecause
Aana
v v , , v
theyhave i
of something
l i n { a r m| |a, lu l, /
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r
-------it<
[ ilG#il;;ffi;ir;;;in
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one fiyto.qplail, br caloutofthe |-----1Y]=-l:':-'i::'l-


F at *ast'ji.fv*+use;'m,9an1
Pamgued leisure'
3t | lTo, lhe I somethingyousaywhichmeans
person ls
when
absent,
i

F ,rtrrst orJgt iieprrd i


I ur*;trorury, *re in authority i
i1.uy
nomeans physe
the,onty l people
willnotdo whattheyshould
do
$ I i."0"',o.,r,'r,iil;;;"#'r; ffii;
intheEngrii'i]f!,stlacelh'*.ofiflnt'_: ------ix
;;F;; 'ir- ;;r
t gtlt isxa missihle,.iinn
dads,lif.ir, misetable,sne'
t,hun,y
when
in I :;nf,.a*ine
i*3piJ
we| p*rinrvrrr*.*ilir.illiiein'uporc;;
i
ii' i----;;;;;;;;;;;y;"-th.,;;;pr;;;
lg]fla.p0{e lookingvery
lookingvery pleased
withthemselves
pleased
with
'something themselves
I

i
yere *t*no ooer;',r**nir., i
t lecome.less::ryt:1tl
F
"go
prrt.T tothedogs";
when*. | "poeticaily , rneanwiile,

*""ilfj | ,-r-"*-ilffi; ffiffi ''.r,t.i I i, often efrrained


as a
b".urie of
havedone
good that they
, iI
:

I 9:Tryh:ni,i:n.lt''$$
**.,tr,trt-.yti*rfr;,i
i-----11Y::::--------r:--------:-:-----
somethingyousaywhichmeansthat
i-
:de'sbreskfasf:,+fitllf,wefeet9aj_tvIr"*iutue
bad,we"rcnai,,,:Sii&,,,.9s,
: t . : . : . . 7 i . . : . .- r : . i : 1 :::
; dcg':I ;;il1il;i;-*U*ir*O j*r,,itnif,* i waysof
tf'ereareseveratpossibte I
I unatb.acfiy,
or,.,uttl**aW,oeode
a-re_
l ffi.6tff;;6*rr;..t,h"riliori" i -,",;ril;;y;;t6;;;;;b;;;il;---i>€ achieving (humorous)
something i

t n:tr:$1.::llffi::"'::
ugn'fi)wcoul0y0u' nes suctla qOgl l#
"Ugh,
hqt{:ceuldygil?:,lle'$sueh.a
*il1;;,ffi;ffi-J*,-
dogl" I -. ,s**a
dffi 1 r'iih: :rrrrr}rich.:
ecum anrr: : ,, I
I overflotrmd
with rubbish.
--- - ' sewase- - i
-'-- and thatisverysmall(informal) i ii
rulu ft$.'Y110.lrq!t*,!rytta.ll0rrende{
And
turdttmsewtro havelIIItqtEU
uus wtru lraYv initated
oroffended
ur urrErroEuI "^:;:J;^;-
II deadl-- - - - -"-:: : -:: -'-: -:- -'-- - - - - -
dead animars
---;;;-;;;; - - j >€
I usandcausedour arc
diSapproval
arct*1,
sent
1d gused.our,dit+eq,i1 [,,--- | M;ot_*rr*.Fhu**r,eeg+tirne,i
animalS.
to beextremety good i
to"thedogtnuse
T Cats'da,,'6:,,:'beikter,::,,They,,,'are,.,l.,,l];'.11'-,;:*-,",:-.,,.-"-".
o*r*d;; nr-*'r's'
*Jl',r- :r:'r'1Y*::rsrr T:l':rne,'.|.1
',il;-ffi;; | :"]''o:o_i:
,*l'.,].".',,i to tellpeople
,,-.L1
y,'ll
secretinformation,often I
to
withoutintending
[oremy-dot"i
I tFants
riil
the,qdEawcx
{"lYhile
iltr r}rqf,),0r,asdt saxsied;n;
Prct:t's cllryr-os!$llqs crtu#;.l
moto,ltove
oasonat
rrrrus I
fu,qX9lt
.:
I
uliarasl+t!,,when-it
1asii
. i----------
;::::T:iY::.',Y"::::',^",f:,Yl::?* iI
i
--------i>*

first seeing it or knowing what it is like,


I Although
Miscellanies
b00kcail; Ear*yEngltsh
{-rheeatthaj€s{b€|f*'}.nuyuPIffjf:j:: *rir";;;r,,,;.iii;;'ii:,,H";,..1
originallythe
withtheresutttharitmightnotbewhat
i
I

alsosubjectd
io unspeakabh
horrors
in I
: ",sj!tr.usein youwant i
I marry
ofthe.p*iras.eq,,!; i------'-::-::----------
I l*ll*,:l*"{!ni1ryy}v1ueen,'1],ry
ycuwillhave myj
------i>C
yousaywhenit israining
of theI redly
erergayip**, .,1*la.,,Arigin love
me, toaccept something I
T "lf
charmingBh,t, Or; t"ihanoneI boilsandpo(scan",it no'vmeans I
w;*,.v'1ry1r]s*tyrarwrth,mv
II v.,
veryheavily(old-fashioned) ;

dsegiss't'e" ,,i----;;;;;ffi;t;;;ril;;;;il;;;----l=€
-'
f. :"-.11+,'w';g*;*,g::;i
ti* o*k*$ur Theres gorgeouslit,e
i *:*1*xirt"rnr.flt.".'w"n''g" i
I
F Exercise
1 Youshouldhaveseenthe dressafterI ironedit.
8 Youcanpayby cheque,
you Know.
creditcardor cash....,

F It wasa comolete...
9 ... in my office.lt'stinyl

I
1 0 Shethoughtshewas ... withhernewhaircut.
2 | don'tlikeJimat all.He'sa real... .
1 1 I wastryingto keepmy agea secret,but my
3 l'vegot to do my homework, tidy my bedroom,
sonwentand ... .
thenhelpmy dad- ... .
1 2 Hewas ... afterthe meal.I don'tknowwhat
4 Someworkerssaythat thiscompanyhas ... .
he'deaten.
5 | forgotto post a letterfor my sister,so l'm
1 3 Yourbossmightregrettakingsucha long
really... .
holiday.Youknow,... .
6 There's waterrunningdownthe street.... out
1 4 Sonia'snewboyfriend doesn'tlikechildren,
there! '...',astheysaY.
andshe'sgotthree.
7 Kellygot top marksin the exam,so shewas
1 5 Booking a hoteloverthe phoneis ... . You
lookinelike... .
don'tknowwhatkindof roomyouwill get.
>< x
=romReodingExtroby LizDriscoll@ CambridgeUniversityPress2004 21
S Dailyactivities
ffim*t E
-F
WheredidI seeyou? Jfl
-H
Worm up H
Askstudents whatthevdidat theweekend. Makesurethattheyusethe pastsimple
correctly.Encourage themto askquestions did youdo on Saturday?
, e.g.It\4tat Did you €
go to thecinemaon Friday?
Explain thattheyaregoingto takepartin a roleplayin whichtheytalkabout
to students
F
whattheydidlastweek.Theyaregoingto workin groupsof four,witha diaryeach.They J
E
theyareoneof thefourdiarywritersandtheymustaskquestions to findout I

imagine
whichotheroerson didthesame thingat the same time asthemselves. -
E

Moin octivity :
E

1 Dividethe classintogroupsof four.Giveeachstudentinthe groupa different diary.


2 Drawthefollowing charton theboardandtellstudents to copyit. Theythen read their ;
diarvandcomplete thecolumnmewiththeactivity theydid.Point outthatit is not
E
necessary to understandeverywordin thediary,justthemainpoints. -a

me the others F
Monday -
F
Tuesday J

Wednesday F
Thursday
E
Friday
Saturday E
J
Askstudents to workin pairswithintheirgroup.Theytakeit inturnsto askeachother F
questionsuntiltheyfindoutonwhichevening theirpartnerdidthesameactivity astheydid.
Theythenwritethis person'sname next to the in
activity thecolumn the For
others. example, I
IF
Samwrites Pntinthe top rowof her chartbecause they both to
went a restaurant'
4 Tellstudentsto workwithallthreegroupmembers andcomplete theirchart. E
5 Check theanswers withtheclass.Encourage students to talkaboutwhentheydidwhat -
otherpeopledid,e.g.I'm Sam.On MondayPatandI wentto a restaurant. On FridayJo E
and I wentto the tmnis club.
Tellstudentsto findouta)theevening whennoneof thefourpeopledidthesamething,
E
andb)the evening wheneveryone didthesameasoneotherperson.
E
withtheclass.
theanswers
Check
E
-
E

E
E
E
E
E
t
Followup -
. Students iopy the chartagain.Theycomplete thecolumnmewithsixdifferent (imaginary)
andwritein the
t-
Theythenask
activities. questions to findout what students
other did
i --
otherscolumn the name of anystudent who didthe same activity.
L .t
i'
F
I -
Sam Pat
I Monday Monday
I I want to San Marco'su,rithsorvrepeopl.efrorvrwork.
I tova Itatian food!
1 u.znt to tlv, nawltalian rastaurant with Mum
and Dad. v6y n\ce.l

I Tuesday Tuesday
T I didn't f eaL weLL,
so I went to tha doctor's aftar
roork.Perhapsi,t was sorvrathingI ata last ni,ght?
I.n tl.s evenlg, 1 uznt la lrv. ayvwt&uth my
sistq. wa sarir ilv.latest band Frln.
T Wednesday Wednesday
T I didn't 9o to uJork.I dldn't feeL weLL,
so I stagad 1 aznt to my art cl*ss aFtq ur*. Unfor-furwtely,

T at hornea{.1dag. my paintingisn't gattng any bettw.

T Thursday
I didn't feeL grea{.,bu,t I de,cLdedto 9o to tha
Thursday
1 uznt flrimminguith R-ob.wa sur3.rnFiFly larylls -

T cinema. I sar,'ran awfut fi,trvrin Spanlsh. and talkad olll lrv f,rrel

T Friday
I ptagedtannis at tha cLubwith thrac friends.
Friday
uns l^avinga parly. r slayad
Orx. oF my colle,agues
T
T
Mct and I didn't win! For an f.our, than I u,vnTholre.

Saturday Saturday

IT I oent to a partg at rug neighbour Paut's house


oith Me[. We had a graat tirue!
1 wnt to tVv.tVvtlre. uth srre, papla.Fron uwk.
t lova.S&esoatra.l

'------l-
-l----
T Jo Chris
I tlonday Monday
I i "*-"t to the sr^rimmin3
poolafter uror(. I dilht
sfa5 lon3- Lhe waLerr^rasreall5 cold!
I pla4el tennis {or a couple o{ hours at hhe
club.-llen i4 started 4o rain.
t Tuesday Tuesday
I i "ntched a football match- | donI lille Kiru and I uten| 4o hhe cinetra a{her utorL.
fmlball, but ry 6roLh"r wasplaSin3! daues Bond fiitus ^ru- oar Qavouri4el
t Wednesday Wednesday
I L^*-"t to the ltalian resLauranLLhaLopeneA
hsl 'ronth. I hadro^" delicious
spa3hrtii!
I had 4o ao 4o hhe doc4or's a44er aor!.. I
needed soue ityections be{ore n4 holidatl.
t Thursday Thursday
I it ,.nr late-ni3ht openinSaL Lhemuseur,rr,
so I I nent 4o th.e dapaose eYhibi|ion at tho

I
,.r-nt for an hour after wor(. a$-?er aor!.. t toved .lhe ?iuonos.
trLusLunL

Friday Friday
i "*-nt to the tennis club after wor(. i glale| $oue oI u4 eolleaquesaere qoinq 4o a usine

II
reall5badl5! then. t diin't"stat1 lonq.
bar, so I nin| utihh"

Saturday Saturday
Ashle,lha| sometic(ets for Romeoon/ Juli.t. I utent to rrtt4{riend Paul's ?ar+4 in hhe
i f"ll arl""p in the middle! evortiwq.'lhereaere lohs o1 people hherel

II FromReading
Extroby LizDriscoll
@Cambridge Press2004
University 23
S Dailyactivities
#mR* tr
.E

lql
_!rl

Menwhocook {
-
t<
!<

Worm up F
I thatyouaregoingto discuss
Explain somewordsfromthetext.Dealwiththewordsin Key d
Writetheworddishontheboard.Explain
language. thata dishis botha shallowcontainer rd
forfoodanda typeof foodpreparedin a particularway.
Giveexamples of a dish,e.g. <
paella,beef
stroganoff.fhengiveexamples forthesedishes.
of ingredienfs Continue with _Fr
theequipment,e.g.a pan,andthentalkaboutwhereyouwouldcookthedish. <
,ts
Moin octivity -<
!-
Giveeachgroupof threestudentsthetexts.Askthemto checkthetopicof thetext.Tell
themthatthesetextsarebasedon anarticlefroma Britishcookerymagazine.
d

--ll
Askstudentsto readthetextsandworkoutif thewritersaremenor women.Encourage
students
to lookat onetexteach. n-
H

theanswers
Discuss butdo notconfirm
withtheclass, whether answers
students' arecorrect
h

-
rd
-/
H

-
r<

qJ
rrY r*rrleir*.ee' J
.H
I
-/
E
recipe
6 W r i t et h e q u e s t i o n isn t h e c h a r ti n A n s w e rk e yb e l o wo n t h e b o a r d .
.J
7 T e l ls t u d e n t st o c o p yt h e q u e s t i o n as n d c o m p l e t ea c h a r ta b o u tt h e t h r e em e n .A g a i n , hr
PREPARATION e n c o u r a gteh e mt o l o o ka t o n et e x t e a c h ,b u t t o s h o wt h e i rp a r t n e r st h e i n f o r m a t i otnh e y J
Onephotocopyfor havefound.Studentswho are lookingat the sametext can work together,and then report tr
eachgroupof three b a c kt o t h e i rg r o u p .P o i n to u t t h a t e a c hw r i t e rm a y n o t a n s w e ra l lt h e q u e s t i o n ss;t u d e n t s J
s h o u l dr e a d' b e t w e e nt h e l i n e sa' n d s u g g e stth e i rp r o b a b l ea n s w e r . ll
students- cut into.six
parts(thetexts.andihe . e ti n d i v i d u aslt u d e n t st o a n s w e ra q u e s t i o ne a c h .
C h e c kt h e a n s w e r sw i t h t h e c l a s sG .1
H
1;i I : j ::. : ; : I : : : ; !-:: i: : l::: , r: | : I : i , : I , I : i i i i : l: a:: : ;:r , I i: : I i : : i -i l

fhoto4, Answerkey. - :* "-: : : t t t l /


chri#opiur.,; ti
a
ll

wite,whqlovesfebd'' ; I /

nu*-ffil
H

i::x -,/
.F
l
gI
mv Aoes
;he'tlkbi,:i:,,::,.
I
tocking? i

:.::..,i"1::i:::i::;ir:: ffiiffi*':, -
J
14
I
l
5-T;*?":ffi-]ffi',
', ,f.dil1#r.
:ii.,,..,":, lr
riryH ete*J'l
r, ,,,"" ,; , ,,.. IY
-

-
-lf
Followup
o Tellstudents thatthewritershaveinvited
to imagine Which
themto eattheirspecialities. I
k
dish/mealwouldthevchoose? Whv?
o Students andplanstarters
workin groups, anddessertsto accompany thespecialities. -
JI
Studentsfromtheothergroupsthendecidewhichmealtheywouldprefer. Remember the
students willcookthismeal!
notthewriters <
*ts
24
qp
A A
I -<
'l
------r

I oftenperform fouror fivenightsa weekin concerts.


a greatconcert-goer,
Gwenda,
sowe tendto eatwhenwe gethome,betweenl0
and11pm.Ihat'snot idealfor digestion,
mywifq is

sowe try to eatlightly.'


,-& 6,h €h ffi fA m ffi fA @--@--ffi--ffi.-

I 'l
do all thecooking. Gwenda lovesfood,so I likecooking for her.I'm

t happywiththisarrangement.
I likepreparing
'l
dinnerparties
startedcooking
lf I do thecooking,
for friendstoo.'
whenI wasa studentbecause
shedoesthewashing

I didn'thaveenough
up.

T moneyto eatout.I taughtmyself


alwaysusedrecipes.
to cookusingbooks.Untilrecently
Now,l'm starting to experiment andcreatemyown
I

T dishes.'
'We
owna \/VVCamper vanandwhenmyconcert tourstakemeout of
T London, we spendtheweekend
youcandowithtwo burners
in it.There's
anda grill.'
nooven,butit'samazing what

t 'My
favourite dishis risotto.
lt'sreallyrelaxing
because youhaveto stirall
fte time.lhericetakeshalfan hourto cook;I havea drinkwhileI'mdoing

T 'rt
andmywifeandI talkwhilel'm stining.'
'l
lovethefeelingof achievement thatyougetfromcooking. I feel

T -< comfortable in the kitchen andcookingis greatafterthestress of work.l

t 'lVhen
t I was10,mymother,
ThenI cooked
'l
throughout
whois an amazing
university,
cook,taughtmethe basics.
mainlybecause I gottiredof pasta.'

t tendto cookat weekends,


trat duringtheweek.Cooking
whenI havelotsof time,andthenliveoff
shouldbe relaxing,andI liketakinga long
F

t timeto cookthings.'
'l
havelotsof recipebooksby mybedandI lovereading them.I tendto .s{
-€ 9e
readlotsof recipes andputthemtogether. Following a recipewordfor \ ,\. .S.

I
YJ

wordis notrelaxing. Myspeciality is coqau vin,andmyownrecipecomes f i s :


:1 -F
s*:
fromreading threecookery books.'
I '\rlVomen
likethefactthat I cookuntiltheyfindoutthat I'ma
'a"Il
s,Sl:
'Il-ri

perfectionist.My girlfriendcooksverywell,but sherarelygetsa chanceto E F ]

T
T
cookfor me.I likecooking
realreason
for friendsandI cookfor mymumtoo.Butthe
thatboyslikecooking
mandratdisagrees
is becausetheylikeall thegadgets.
is lyinglWhenI firststartedmakingcoqauvin,I bought
Any
otl

myseffa heavy-bottomed panto cookthe chicken. lt's niceto havethe right


t equipment.'

T -

T 'My
dadis a greatcook.Hehashisownrecipes fromwhenheusedto

F cookin a pubhe managed with Mum.Hejustthrowsingredients


seeshowit turnsout,andit'susually delicious.
togethel
Weoftencooktogether
' dE: ,:

H.,
:S.

I andhe isveryencouraging. I tendto makethingsuptoo,butuserecipe


book for dishesI haven'ttriedbefore.'
'l ; l
.l

I
'E,l
lovethe process
of cooking. lt'sgreatfun andhelpsyouto relax.AndI F,l

likethesociable aspectof cooking for otherpeople.Lastyearmycooking

T
,!:

improved enormously because I livedin a flat withsixotherstudents.I ::8


cooked everyday- lunchanddinner- andeveryone elseateit. Our
fuvourite mealwasfreshtuna,withchilliandcoconut sauce.
Wehadthat 1B:

a lot.' z .;l
H .
'l plan z'
to become a chefandthenopenmyownplace.I grewup in
Switzerland andthereis a caf6therel'd liketo modelit on.Nextyearl'm
gettinga flatwitha friendwho likescooking too,sowe'llhaveto choose
ourkitchencarefully.'

FromReoding
Extrabytiz Driscoll Press
University
@Cambridge 2004 25
3 Dailyactivities
*Jm*t -E
d
Sn o im
l oil c4
Worm up H I

to students
1 Explain
Guardian,
thattheyaregoingto readan articlefromthe Britishnewsp
Thearticlehasnotbeen ln
simplified any way.In order
they
to improve
needto be
aperThe
theirreading
ableto try
H
it
andnotto slow down by reference
constant to a dictionary,
andwork outthe meaningof anyunknown words. Thiswillnot always be the exact €
meaning, buta probable or general
meaning-
2 Drawa snailontheboard.Getstudents to nametheanimal andto saywhattheyknow 4
slime.Writetheword
aboutit,e.g.softbody,shell,tentacles,nolegs,slow,Ieauestrailsof
snailon theboard.Thenaddmail andaskstudents whatthismeans 4

-d
Moin octivity
Tellstudents anddecideif the
to readthefirstparagraph
e
1 Giveeachstudentthearticle. J

isaboutsnails
article or
or aboutsnailmail, about both. -F
J
.F

E
2 Usetheenvelope to clarifythe meaningof saliaa,animalglueandseal'
3 Discussanyunknown wordsin the restof thefirstparagraph Ask
withthe class. E
a\ IMat is anotherwordfor'pillar boxes'?
bl lNhat is nnotherwordfor'slirny creatures'? E
c\ Wat haaethesnailsbeendoingto thepost?
E
-
.E
4 Discussthemeaning of thefirstparagraph withtheclass. Ask:Ihtlratproblem hasthe
common snailbeencausing? Studentsparaphrase thefirstparagraph E
5 Explainto studentsthattheyaregoingto readthe restof thearticleandfindout if the E
problemwassolved. lf yes,howwasit solved? lf not,whynot?
6 Giveeachstudenta setof wordcards. Tellstudents to continue
Tell
reading
them not
andto consider
to usedictionaries.
E
the questionsfor anywordthattheydo notunderstand.
7 Dividethe classintopairs.Askstudents in theirpairsto dlscuss thewordsonthe C
wordcards andhelpeachother withtheirmeaning. Encouragethem to asksimilar
questions about anyother unknown words in the article. E
8 Discusswiththeclasshowtheproblem wassolved, andwhatotherproblem thishascreated.
-
9 Discussstudents' of thewordson thewordcards'
understanding
1Opointoutthatthearticlealsocontainsreferences to Britain. questions:
Askthefollowing I
a\ rMhereis Dmon and Cornwall? c\ INhat is on aII British stamps?
b\ IMere is TTuro?
Truro? dl Do Britishpeoplelike snails? I
E
I
Followup t
o Discuss
theorganisation of thearticlewiththeclass.Makesurethateveryoneagreesthat
the mainpointsarein thefirst,thirdandfinalparagraphs,
and thatthe words
important to
understandon the wordcards and
werelicked,draughtexclrylers drawback- t
thearticlein 50 words.
o Tellstudents
to summarise
to compare withit. Didthey
theirversion
F
o Giveeachstudentthesummary. Askstudents
includeanything which
intheirversion
thatthesummary
the summary
included?
mention?
didn't Did theyforgetto F
mention anyihing
t
l.
F
:
X'lx
I foliage (line 10) t
I

I Lurking insidethe Noun,verbor adjective?


I
I
I
I

postbox: live?Whatdo theyusually


Wheredo snailsusually I

I eat?Canyousometimes findthisaroundpostboxes?
I
I
I
I

- - - - - - -j >
-*
I snail mail licked (line 19)
t Thecommonsnailhasbecomeaddictedto
Noun,verbor adjective?
Britishsalivaand the animalglueusedto seal
!r envelopes. All overBritain,it seems,slimy Notethat 'lick'herehasan idiomatic meaning. lt has
beenusedbecause of itsconnectionwiththe topic
creatureshavebeencrawlingup pillarboxes,
lr ; climbingthroughthe holeand droppingseveral
of the article,but hasnothingto do withsealing
envelooes. Readon andfindout if the PostOfficehas
feet into the pile of letterswhere they havebeen
!l solveditsproblem. Whatdoes'licked'mean?
munchingthroughthe post in greatsnailfeasts. -----------i>4
:I The problemwas first noted in Devonand
Cornwall,especiallyin postboxesset in stone
draughtexcluders(line21)
lr ro wallsand surroundedby foliage."Wewere Whatis the oppositeof
Noun,verbor adjective?
'exclude'?
finding20, even30 snails,at a time in the
bottom of boxes,"saidTomPotts,the man in Whereexactlyarethe snailsenteringthe postboxes?
I chargeof boxesin the south-west.'lt wasn't Howcouldyoustopsnailsgettingin,but stillallow
peopleto posttheirletters?Someihing with 'plastic
I just onesor twos. Theywere leavingtheir slime
rs everywhere,gettinginto the letters,lickingthe Something
bristles'? youput on the bottomof a door
whencoldair (a'draught')is gettingin?
I paste.But they left the stampsalone,very
respectfulof the Queen'simage.'
=I But the PostOfficethinksit hasgot the snail tickled (line 22)
mailphenomenon licked.TonyGilbert,a Truro Noun,verbor adjective?
I zo postman,cameup with the idea of fitting Whathappenswhenyou run a featheracrossthe
draughtexcludersto postboxes.Thesnails,it backof yourhand?Whatis thefeeling?
I seems,do not likehavingtheirstomachstickled
by the plasticbristles. culinarydelicacy(line 29)
I Hundredsof boxesaroundBritainhavebeen Whichis a noun?
Whichwordis an adjective?
!r zs fitted with excluders.'Peoplehavebeen
phoningfrom everywhere,saying"Whatcan we
Whatdo peoplein othercountries, do
e.g.France,
'
3r do aboutthem?"', saidMr Potts.
i with Do
snails? the British
do this? ____lx
delphinium(sline31)
The British.who tend not to view snailsas a 'Prize'
=I culinarydelicacy, alsohavea particulardislike Noun, verbor adjective? a noun,but i
isusually
:o of the creaturesbecausethey target prize
isit here? i
- delphiniums and vegetablegardens. Whatdosnails eat(or'target')?
Whattypeof thing i
do theyeatthatmightwin prizes?
:r Buttheirvalueis at lastbeingrecognised:
scientistsare trying to adapt hundredsof
combat/ epilepsy,dePressionand
I

:I poisonsfrom somesnailsinto drugsto combat


:s pain,epilepsy, depression and schizophrenia.
schizophrenia(lines34-35)
'drugs'with'pain'?
Youmaynot
Whydo we use
Thedraughtexcludersolutionhashad one
- what'epilepsy,
exactly
understand depression and
drawback,however.Installingthem has cut off are,but whatiype of thingarethey?
a a sourceof incometo the PostOfficeand its
parentcompany,Consignia.'We usedto put the
schizophrenia'
r----------- ----tx
-
i drawback (line 37) i
=I ao [damaged]envelopesin a plasticbag and then
va qruPgLr\
lrrrrv

Noun,verbor adjective?
vr f I
I

I
surchargethe addressee,'saidMarkLunnen, 'drawback' I

:I the Devoncollectionsplanningmanager. Readon andworkout if


'advantage' 'disadvantage'.
means i
i
or
dr F
i Summory
r
i
l
- j Snails climbintopostboxes. Theylickthe salivaandglueon envelopes, anddestroythem.ThePost i
of this is thatthe Post i
=r ^
i Otticehavefitteddraughtexcluders
I n,,'
to keepthe snailsout. Thedisadvantage
- -,r -r- .--^.^^:-,^;^.-^..r*,^^+L^r.l
Officecan'tchargepeoplefor puttingtheirdamaged
;i._:__::_:_::_:__
. . l - * ^ ^ ^ A t ^ + + ^ - - ; ^ r ^ ^ t . . + plastic
lettersinto i-x.I"
bags.
--j,>€
i

b<
F X X
ts
I
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReading University
@Cambridge 2004
Press 27
4 Homes
&jmEt E
j{

Roomto let E
g l

I
Worm up rr l
1 Explainto students
advertisements.
2 lf youareteaching
thattheyaregoingto readanddiscuss

location,
in an English-speaking
someaccommodation

students
inviteindividual to talkabout
4J
remind
theirown
students
accommodation. lf you teaching
aren't in
thattheywillneedto findaccommodation
an
if theygo abroad
location,
English-speaking
to studyEnglishor :.J
g1
work.
)
-H
Moin octivity )
1 Glveeachpairof students
the listof Advertisements rl
2 andthe letters
Drawthe chartfromAnswerkeybelowon the board.Writethe questions
A,
advertisement elicitthatif a :
inthechart.Workthrough anexample For
withtheclass.
sixthpersoniswanted,fivepeople live
already Encourage
there. to
students guessthe .J
l
ll
meanlng al
of mixed andb) bills.
l
-/
r{
)
Tellstudents
understand
needed
to copyandcomplete
every word in the
to carryoutthetask.
they
advertisements,
themthatit is notnecessary
thechart.Remind
onlyhave to flndthe
to
information a H

ld

Checktheanswers
asanopportunity
withtheclass.Encourage
themeanlng
to clarify
to justifytheiranswers
students
of anyunknown vocabulary.
andusethis
-J _)
}J

I(EY :
Answer,key,,; ,
Present .
sirnple )
lioq ry@.dq.rflit cost,Rlgnehful -J
'"
A.i s .. ;.r'', " - 1 , . . : ' . i : i )
PREPARATTON ]!d
Onephotocopy fur :Fl:
1
eachpairofstudents- c'r e4$[i:obtg+.Wpei',week);.biltE.., Lr'
cutintosevenparts :'0.' _1
lrl
ftnetistot e :'0
:l -1
Advertisementsand l. S$O,gq; , ,," ;' ..", ,:, , ,r.:, " Ld
I : :! !l
:i l!r.:ri:t::itnli
:::l::.il
J
5 Explainto studentsthat they are now goingto readprofilesof six peoplewho are goingto t1
Cambridgeto study Englishfor three months.Theyhaveto matcheachpersonwith the
4
m o s ts u i t a b l ea c c o m m o d a t i o n . trr
6 G i v ee a c hp a i ro f s t u d e n t sa s e t o f P r o f i l e sS. e ta t i m e l i m i t ,e . g .t e n m i n u t e sf,o r t h e z
matching. .Y

7 Write We think accommodation(A) is goodfor (Christophe)because.., on the board /


. h e nt h e t i m e l i m i ti s u p , g e t s t u d e n t st o t e l lt h e c l a s sa b o u t
w h i l es t u d e n t sa r ew o r k i n gW
^E+
their choices,e g We think accommodation A is goodfor Christophebecausethe house )
y1
has got parking spaceand he'sgot a utr. Encourageother studentsto say why they agree
or dGagree.Thereare no rlghtand wrong answersforthis matchingactivity,but on the
w o r k s h e etth e p e o p l ea r ep r o b a b l yn e x tt o t h e m o s ts u i t a b l ea c c o m m o d a t i o n .
J
.
J
Followup Ir-
. Encourage to lookforaccommodation
students in English-language
advertisements J
newspapers. Getstudents theywouldandwouldn't
to talkaboutwhichaccommodation !-

liketo livein.Askthemto brinsto thenextclass fortheirneeds.


thebestadvertisement -
-E-
J
tr
<
Er
}<
.F
28
Advertisements ChristophePiresis 2I yearsold and from
France.He hasdrivento Cambridge from

F
A Wanted:sixth person to his homein Lyons,and plansto driveback
share mixed house.Own theretwicea monthto seehis familyand
bedroom,share kitchen, friends.Christophedoesn'tlike childrenor
bathroomand garden. animals.He lovesmeetingnew peopleand

I Parkingspaceavailable. makingnewfriends.

T Only t275 per month +


bills.
F B Single parent offers free
Ekatarina Mostovoi is 18 years old and

F
from Russia.She has just left school and
accommodationin exchange this is her ftrst time abroad. Ekatarina
doesn't have much money, so she is

I for four hours a day childcare


(James,6,Helen,8). Hours:
looking for a very cheap room. She
wants to train as a nurse when she

F 8.30 am - 9.30 am, 3.00pm -


6.00 pm. Non-smoker.
goes back to Moscow.

F Weekendsfree.

I C Share city-centre
RobertoCostais a 29-year-oldengineer
from Sdo Paulo, Brazil. He travels a lot

F 3rd-floorflat with three


f o r e i g n s t ud e n ts.f1 0 0 p e r
for his job, so English is important to
him. Thisyear he has been to Egypt,
T week, plus electricity.
Turkeyand Germany.Robertodoesn't
like cooking, so he probably won't spend
l d e a l l yl o ca te dfo r sh o p s,
I restaurants,railway and
much time in the kitchen. He wants to
visit lots of places while he's in England.
I bus station.

I D House-sit lor three TomaszKarwanis 23yearsoldandcomes


fromPoland.HisEnglishis alreadyvery

T non+h5while owfier i5 away


tn Tur*ey.Cheaprent in
good,andhe hopesto become
teacher.
Tomasz
an English
lovesplantsandanimals,
I raturrl Qor answerin| Dhone
andgardening.
woud suit
andbeingoutdoors.Hisgirlfriend,
wantsto teachEnglish,
whoalso
maycomeandstay
I coupla.t-45O.OO
pom,all withhimin Cambridge.
inclusive.
t
T E Bedsitavailable from
end June.Bedroom-cum-
Dorothea Kohn is a L5-5ear-oll lan, stu/ent

tT
from Stutt3a.L, G"rman5. Dorothea is in
livingroom,pluskitchen Eqland Lo improve her Erylish. She also
.,ants to ?re?are lor her la, exams while she
facilities,
toilet and is here. She /oesn t plan to 3o out nruchwhile
shower.Basement, easy she's in CanbriASe. She uill pro!a6l5 sgend
t access to street.f600 per r+rostevenin3sat her /es(.
month+ bills.
t
t F Cat lover wanted to
share house with young
Carmen Morientes is an elementary student
of English. She is very keen to improve her

I married couple and two


cats. Six miles from city
English and would like to live with an
English family. Carmen is 22 years old, and

I
loves animals. She is also very keen on
centre. T?ansport needed. sport. She goes running three times a week,

t f,350 inclusive per


calendar month.
and cycling at the weekends.She comes
from Andalucia in southern Spain.

I
I X X X
I FromReoding
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
O Cambridge Press
University 2004 29
4 Homes
ffim$* _=

H
Howdoyouexploin
thot? d
EJ
Worm up J
to students
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto readanddiscuss
withthehome.Explain thatan urban
nobodyknowsif it istrueor not.
mythis a that
story is
foururbanmythsconnected
heardandrepeated
until d
d
2 Askstudentsif theyknowanyurbanmyths,particularly anyurbanmythsconnected with
the home.Encourage

Moin octivity
studentsto telltheclassanymythstheyknow.
I
_<
r{
1 Giveeachpairof students
theSituations. -_)
rl
workintheirpairsandreadeachsituation an
inturn.Theythendiscuss
2 Students
explanation andwritea shortending
forthesituation to thestory. :J
-r{ l
Discuss withtheclass.
students'explanations students
Getindividual to readouttheir
pair'sexplanation.
Encourage to comment
otherstudents on the likelihoodof the .J

a
Dd
explanation.
Giveeachpairof students to readtheexplanations
Tellthestudents
theExplanations. and Dd
compare
5 Discuss
themwith thelr
own.
withtheclass.
theexplanations Findoutwhichpair'sexplanationisclosestto the
:J
-
given.
explanation
a titlefor eachstory.
:J
l-rl
6 Askstudentsto continueworking intheirpairsandto choose
titleswiththeclass.Getstudents
students' to votefor the besttitlefor eachstory )
7 Discuss -)}J
lf youmention thatif someone
thetitlesbelow,elicitor explain iseagle-eyed,theynotice
}J
TIME
40-50minutes )
l-

)
KEY }J
Pastsimple J
H

)
lt

)
-I- l
-/
.ts
-J
ti
-J
.l-
-J
5 -J
ts
J
}1
J
l-

.E
J
-F
1
-ts
I
.l+
.1
-E-
30
F
F
t Situotions Explonotions
1 A couple came home one evening It seemed thatthecontainer
I and discovered an enormous hole holdingthewastefromthe
in their roof, their dog dead and
I ona passing
lavator ies plane had
their furniture covered in litres of
horrible-smelling matter. Upset
burstopen. Thecontents frozein
t by what they saw, the couple theatmosphere astheyfell
phoned the police who soon towards theground, andthe
I arrived to investigate. After r esulting
blockof icehad
several phone calls, the detective smashed throughtheroofofthe
I was finally able to explain to the unlucky couple'house,
s kill i ng

F couple what had happened.


theirdogbefore melting
theirbelongings.
allover

L 2 A man in San Diego bought a satellite dish and decided to set it up Thenextday,however, a fire
I himself. He climbed up the ladder and attachedthe dish to the side
of his house.Then, with his wife inside the houseshoutingto him
inspectorwasexam ining
bur ntr emains
the
whena sudd en
I when the reception was best, he adjusted it. When they were
satisfied, the man and his wife relaxed for the evening in front of
flashofsunlight
attention.
caught
Theinspector
his

I the TV. Even though the next day was very hot, the couple decided
to stay at home and watch eventuallyworkedoutthatthe
neighbour'ssatellite
dishhad
T
I
television. That afternoon they
heard fire-engine sirens and beenconcentrating thesun's
I lots of shoutingoutside.When
they went outside, they saw
raysonthecurtains
andhadcaused
ofthehouse
thefir e.Them an
T that the houseoppositewas on
fire. The fire was put out, but
wasfined$2,000 andforcedto
takedownhissatellite dish.The
F the firemen couldn't work out
how the fire had started. nextyearhegotcable.
r
I 3 An old man from Hanover, Germany,had had enough of his cat.
He was fed up with her scratching all the furniture and making a
Thenextday,however,
manmetanother
theold
friend,who
I mess. So he gave her to a friend, who lived on the other side of
town. He told his friend that he was getting too old to look after
asked himif hehadfoundhisc at.
Theoldm ansaidhehadfound
t her. A week later, on a very cold winter day, the old man returned
home from shopping and was heronhisdoor step. Hisfr iend
toldhim ,' 0h,
well,I wasonthe
I surprised to see the cat
shivering on his doorstep.The othersideoftownwhenI saw
I man was moved by the fact yourcatintheroad.Although
that his pet had found her way shehissed andstr uggled
allthe
I back from the other side of
town in suchcold weather.He
way,I droveherhomeandleft
heroutside yourdoor.'
I took the cat inside and gave
her lots of lovine attention.

4 In Vancouver, Canada, a burglar Eventually,


thehomeowners
broke into a houseand had filled his returnedandfoundthethiefin
bag with the owners' possessions
theirlounge.
W henthehusband
when he suddenly felt a pair of eyes
on him. Looking up, he saw an eagle
turnedonthelight,thethief
staring at him with cold, merciless couldseethattheeaglewas
eyes. At first the man was too Butit wastoolateandhe
stuffed.
frightened to move, but after ten wasarrested. Thehomeowner
minutes he tried creeping towards com m ented,' That
deadeagl e
the door. However, the eyes just wasbetterthananywatchdog, I
followed him and he couldn't move.
cantellyou.'

Y
oo

FromReading
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
@Cambridge
University
Press
2004 31
{$mlt4 Homes :
-
t-
S

homes
Hi-tech l-
r=
!<
(=

Worm up I
t=
thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students
1 Explain homesof thefuture. {
F
theclassintopairsor groups
2 Divide discuss
of three.Students homesof thefutureand
makenotesabouttheirfeatures. J
F
3 Discusspredictions
withtheclass. Studentstaketurnsto telltheclassoneprediction
A
each.Theotherstudents withtheprediction.
sayif theyagreeor disagree ts
I
Moin octivity F
G i v ee a c hs t u d e n t h e l i s to f P r e d i c t i o n S s .t u d e n t sc o n t i n u ew o r k i n gi n p a l r so r g r o u p so f a-

t h r e ea n d c h e c kt h a t t h e i rp r e d i c t i o nasr ei n t h e l i s t .T e l tl h e mt o a d d a n yo f t h e i r F
p r e d i c t i o ntso t h e l i s ti f t h e ya r em i s s i n g . a
k=
Elicitthe meaningof thumbsup andthumbsdown.tJsegesturesif necessary to make
J
c l e a rt h e m e a n i n g .
F
uyes J

ilffi:i: thumbi no
down: F
Explain thatstudents arenowgoingto readabouta hi-tech homewhichactually exists. Fa
E
Readoutthe heading of thearticleGeekhouse. Explainthatthe dictionary of
definition
butthe termcomputer geekts often
geekisa personwhois boringandnotfashionable,
withcomputers.
ts
usedto describe someone whoisobsessed

KEY LANIJUAbE
Readoutthe bi-lineNoteverygadget in hi-tech
home might
homeis a success.
not bea success.
Encourage students to tr
suggest whlchfeatures of a hi-tech
computergeek,geek, Giveeachstudentthearticle. Students readthetextanddecidewhichof the predictions l=
thumbsdown, in the listarementioned. They thendecide whichof thefeatures got thumbsup and
thumbsup whichgotthumbsdownintheoriginal house.Encourage students to continue working E
togetherin pairsor smallgroupssothattheycanhelpeachother' I

will future,active
- . and Tellstudents to addto the listanyfeatures thatarementioned in thetext,butarenot ts
passive already
Discuss
includedinthelist.
theanswers withtheclass.Askstudents if theyaresurprised by anyof the
tr
a-
chanses thatwillbe inthemodified house. l=
J

E
E
l E
E
; Followup E
,i o Studentsiephrasethe predictionsgivenin the activevoicein the passive,and viceversa
Forexample, GutterswiII collectrain waterfor washingandfor drinking,wertther E
wilt bereceiaed
forecasts by a satelliteand passedon to thecentralheatingunit'
o Askstudents or the modified
lf theywouldpreferto livein theoriginal house. E
E
E
E
I

E
32
p
h
F Predictions In Up/ Geekhouse

F
h
1 :' ' ',riater

- -
__
for washing
: -. ;rcatlon
--+^.1 i^ ^t t++^v-
cLLsuilrSULLEI).

2 - .ate i te willreceive
and(after
f o) r d r i n k l nw
g i l lb e

weather
text Down Not everygadget in hi-techhomeis a
successreportsMarcAmbasna-Jones

I n themiddle
ofa Hatfield parkisOrange's
business
I hi-techlivinglaboratory wherefor the past 12

h i - - : - i q r qa n dn a s st h e m I months, familieshavebeenwatchedBiq Brother


o nt o t h e style,whiletheyplayedwith the latestgismosand
:3'r.al heattng controlunit. gadgets. Fourfamilieshaveeachspentno morethan
-'e
h 3 k lchencomputer
":c ces.monitorfoodstocksand
willstore two weeksin the house. Andbasedon theirfeedback,
changeshavebeen madeto the houseand less
b : ' : ? ' a * t h eo v e na u t o m a t i c a l l y . commercially viabletechnologies kickedout. The

h 4 - g.i swilches
:.,cce.
-'e
willbe activated modifiedhousewill be a morerealistic
familiescouldlive.
view of how

b 5 to letwillanalyse youroutput
r - r g i v ea h e a l t hr e p o r t .
The famitieswere filmedthroughwall-mounted
cameras,andtheirbehaviour andtheiruseof technology

b A lr onrlnconl famnop6fgpg-

: : ' t r o l ' e dg a r d e n
w i l lp r o t e cpt l a n t s
wasstudied andanalysed
WorldResearch
byacademicsfromtheDigital
Centreat SurreyUniversity.

b ' " c n rp o l l u t i o n .
7 - c a s e r e r ts t o r a g sey s t e m
w i l lb e
According to project
biggestsuccess
managel
wastheafways-on
JonCarter,
broadband
byfarthe
Internet

5 '-n oYa computer.


8 li,rtwi\\ be suckedrnto c(eanKg
connection
computer
andthe abilityto wirelessly
access music,
gamesand DVDsfroma varietyof rooms,

F
usr\s\\tN\ttsNa\:e\\ertNe\i\r\s\N.\tus\..
systempipesin thewallsandthen In Mum and Dad'sroom,a largepull-down screen
collected in a centralunit. enabledDVDviewingor networkgamingfrom the
1l+ 9 Homeswillhavean entertainment bed.An interactive SmartBoardgavethe daughter
-l
roomwitha wall-sized screenfor access to webgames andcontrol of herSonyAibo dog.
!+ viervin g virtualrealityhdograms. Mobilewebpadswere usedas remotecontroland
h-" 1 0 r r e r ew i l lb e a s o u n d p r o o
mfo d u l e lnternetaccessdevices, andthe largeflat screenTV
q ':':eenagers. "
with accessto TivokDigitalVideorecorderwas a big
'l1 '.' hit with all ages".
H; :''. oeoplewillworkat home,so
--3, ,:!,I addofficemodules to Butnoteverything got sucha positivereport.
While
-': "OUSOS. thecompany gained useful information onwhatpeople
h .a
1 1
-
- - ' - -' O- iL -r L . ^ - , v i + ' ,
r _ i ) E L U j r L y S h U t t e r Sl i n k e d
likedandwanted to use,it alsodiscoveredwhatpeople
didn't want, and that'sa biggerlist. Firstof all,
h -: :3--qors
:
outsidewillbe fittedto
,',.0OWS.
traditionallight switches will replacethe voice-
\- activated onesof theoriginalhouse. Thesamegoesfor
\3 ,t5
a numberof otherhomecontrolareas.Automated
doorswill bereplaced, especialtyafteronefamily'sdog
b got lockedin the bathroom. Automatedheating

F 5
systems,
Internet
remote-controlled washingmachines
fridgesalsogotthe thumbsdown.Thesmart
and

F toiletthat ialls for in ambulance when it detects


something sinisterin the bowlgot the thumbsdown
suchas the face
F 16 too. Carteralsosaidthat devices
recognition door entry systemand the remotely
"a
operated digitalbathare longwayoff" in theminds
F
l-
1 7
"of consumers.
; ;;;ange's oncefullywired-upversionof the
Frl l8 futurehasbeendown-graded. Thecompany's initial

b wishwhenit firstbuiltthehouselast
upeverything. Thefourfamilies
yearwas
in
thatlived the
to wire
house

H
19
haveprovedthat peoplesimplyaren'treadyfor the
kindof remote-controlled, automated worldthat was
20 the original house. Onethingis certain: ourvisionis
nowa littlemorerealistic andit hasordinary people

F- andnotmenin whitecoatsto thankforthat.

E
-{
V Y
oo

- :.:i'i ixtraby LizDriscoll


O Cambridge Press2004
University 33
ro
il
il Predictions In Up/ Geekhouse
f, text Down Not everygadget in hi-techhome is a
Rainwaterfor washing and(after successreportsMarcAmbasna-Jones
il purification)
for drinking
willbe
parkis Orange's
in gutters.
collected I n themiddleof a Hatfield business
ir A satelliie
willreceiveweather I hi-tech living laboratory where for the past 12
I months,familieshavebeenwatchedBig Brother
forecastsandpassthemon to the
ir centralheatingcontrolunit.
style,whilethey playedwith the latestgismosand
gadgetl Fourfamilieshaveeachspentno morethan
il Thekitchencomputer willstore two weeksin the house. Andbasedon theirfeedback,
recipes,monitorfoodstocksand changeshave been madeto the houseand less
a program the ovenautomatically.
Lightswitches willbe activated
commercially viabletechnologies kickedout. The
modifiedhousewill be a morerealisticview of how
= by voice. families couldlive.
Thetoiletwillanalyse youroutput The famitieswere filmedthroughwall-mounted
e andgivea healthreport. cameras,
wasstudied
andtheirbehaviour
andanalysed
andtheiruseof technology
byacademics fromtheDigital
An enclosed,temperature-
t controlledgardenwillprotectplants WorldResearch Centre at SurreyUniversity.
frompollution. According to projectmanagel JonCartelbyfarthe
I A basementstoragesystemwillbe
biggest success wasthealways-on broadband Internet
connection andthe abilityto wirelessly access music,
il runby a computer.
computer gamesand DVDsfroma varietyof rooms,
Dirtwillbe suckedintocleaning- controlled bya centralserverat thebackof the house.
I systempipesin thewallsandthen In Mum and Dad'sroom,a largepull-down screen
collected in a centralunit. enabledDVDviewingor networkgamingfrom the
I Homeswillhavean entertainment bed.An interactive SmartBoardgavethe daughter
roomwitha wall-sized screenfor access to webgames andcontrolof herSonyAibodog,
I viewingvirtual-reality holograms. Mobilewebpadswere usedas remotecontroland
1 0 Therewillbe a soundproof module Internet access devices, andthe largeflat screen TV
I for teenagers. with access to TiVo'sDigitalVideorecorder
"a
was big
hitwithallages".
1 1 M a n yp e o p l e
w i l lw o r ka t h o m es, o
I theywilladdofficemodules to Butnoteverything gotsucha positive report.While
theirhouses. thecompany gainedusefulinformation onwhatpeople
I 1 2 Automatic securityshutters linked
likedandwantedto use.it alsodiscovered whatpeople
didn't want, and that's a biggerlist. Firstof all,
t to sensors
allwindows.
outsidewillbe fittedto
traditionallight switcheswill replacethe voice-
a{tivatedonesof theoriginalhouse. Thesamegoesfor
t 13 a numberof other homecontrolareas.Automated
doorswill bereplaced, especially
afteronefamily'sdog
il 14 got lockedin the bathroom.Automatedheating
systems,remote-controlled washingmachinesand
T Internetfridgesalsogot the thumbsdown.Thesmart
15 toilet that calfsfor an ambulance when it detects
il something sinisterin the bowl got the thumbsdown
16 too. Carteralso said that devicessuchas the face
il recognitiondoor entry systemand the remotely
"a
operated digitalbathare longwayoff" in theminds
II 17 of consumers.
In fact,0range's oncefullywired-up version of the
il 18 futurehas beendown-graded. Thecompany's initial
wishwhenit firstbuiltthe houselastyearwasto wire
I '19 up everything. The{ourfamilies that livedin the house
haveprovedthat peoplesimplyaren'treadyfor the
f kindof remote-controlled, automated worldthat was
20 the originalhouse. Onethingis certain: our visionis
t now a little morerealisticand it hasordinarypeople
andnotmenin whitecoatsto thankfor that.
I
>( u------ --I-------- ----------------l
t V V oo
Y
:o oo

f :.cm ReadingExtraby LizDriscollO Cambridge Press2004


University 33
S Townand country
ffimEft F+
F+{

J
Whotdoesthesignsoy? :

Worm up :
!j{

1 Showtheclassphotosof various
wherethephotos
exactly
townandcountry
typical
weretaken.
scenes.
Tryto elicittheplacenames
Askstudents
A.
in Exercise
to say
J
2 Showeachphototo theclass Thistimetellstudents
again. to imagine thatthereisa sign :J
inthephoto.Whatcouldtheslgnsay?Elicit
suggestions, fishinsneara river.
e.g.l'lo
:
3 Explainto studentsthattheyaregoingto lookat somesignswhichcanbefoundoutdoors
- eitherin a townor inthecountry.
:
Moin octivity
a photocopy.
Giveeachstudent Askstudents to matchsigns1-'l2 withtheplacesin
5
ET

Exercise
A. Encouragestudents wherenecessary
to usea dictionary andto workin pairs
:
Answer key
ar2 b)6 c)e d)8 el12 fl7 g)s h)4 il11 j)10 k)3 l)1 :

Askstudentsto lookat signs13-18anddecide Point


wheretheywouldfindthesesigns.
:J
outthatthesixolaces A.
areinthelistin Exercise
:
u-i
. Answer key l I
I
: ::::.lt!,:i$:ASffe$fii ,,,rI 15 nebra riVei 17.ona beach t-1
. t:,,l.,4,outsid:g;n,fafm 16 at a railway
statlon . 18 outside
a building I
-/
for Dtr
Askstudents to decide in Exercise
whichsentence themainmessage
B explains
s i s n s1 3 - 1 8 .
}!r

KSY Answer key -J


Imperetives 'l3A 148 15A 16A 178 188 F
i i. l lll,iij,
J
. r i t et h e h e a d i n gfsr o mt h e c h a r tb e l o wo n
D i s c u sds i f f e r e nkt i n d so f s i g n sw i t h t h e c l a s sW ts-
PREPARATION t h e b o a r d .U s et h e n o t e sa n de x a m p l e isn t h e c h a r tt o e x p l a i nt h e m e a n i n go f t h e h e a d i n g s .
.a
onephotocopyfori lr
information prohibition warnrng instruction
eachstudsntiphotos 4
tellyouwhat t e l ly o u n o t t o d o tellyouabout tell you to do t-
anU
of typlcatiown qnmAthino
somethingisfor something danger .-
countryscgrres; t-
EXIT NO DIVINGFROM BEWAREOFTHE P U TY O U RR U B B I S H
dictionaries BULL I NT H EB I N
BRIDGE .A
lr
Askstudents inthechart.Pointoutthatsome
to putsigns13-18 intothefourcategories .J

of thesignsarein morethanonecategory. t-
: .-
l-
17 instruction .-
1EiniormationI instruction l-

! : 6 putsigns1-12tntothefourcategories.
Students for eachsign
Theythenwritea sentence 4
l-
themainmessage.
explaining
,] -
lE
Answer key
-
1 prohibitionYoumustnotcrosshere.YouTls^tusethe subway. t-
2 prohibltion - Youmustnotswimwhenthe redflagisflying. l-
3 info.rmation / instruction - Onlyprivatefishinghere.Stayawayfromthewater.
-
4 warning - Yournustbe careful. Rocks mightfall. L-

5 informatiorr 'You canparkherefor 20 minutes if Msiting theslation.


6 prohibition - Youmustnot leanyourbikeagainst thewindow. l-

7 warning/instruction-Youmustbecareful.Youmusttakecarewithcigarettes
t<
8 information - Youcanbuystrawberries, raspberries, potaLoes andhayhere. l-
9 information - Youcancamphereforf 10.00or f 15.00pernight.
r-
1 0 p r o h l b i t l o n / i n f o r m a t i o n - Y o u m u s t n o t r i d e a h o r s e o r b i k e . Y o u c a n o n l y-Fwa
11 information - Youcanentertheparkbetween thesehours.
- Youmustclosethegate.Youmustkeepyourdogon a lead. -
12 instruction F
3a.
T
I
1
!r
Do not cross NO
t here SWIMMING
whenthe red flag
il Use subway is flying
I
/Do noLlran\
il SHORT STAY
CAR PARK
|I Pickup and set downfor 5oYr,b,Kq
thts
railusersonly aqa(nst
"
I BEWARE 20 minutesmaxirnumlimit
\ window /.
FALLINGROCKS
lI @ o

I FIRE! per night


Tents
-
tl0.00 one or two People
DANGERTOTREES
I Take carewith cigarettes. 915.00- fomily size
o o

I
@

I Universitypark 9HEE?
Opening hours: ?leasealosegate.
I May-Sept: 6.30am-9.30pm Keepyourdo7
Oct-April: 8.30am-4.30pm on a lead.
I
I
13 14 15
I Orchard House
Slow down! Superiorfarmhouse
l Childrencrossing accommodation
DANGER

I 16 17 18
I O Queueherefor
ENTRANCETO bootsto Staff entrance
Seollslond
F ALL PLATFORMS ond
l(ittiwoke Cove
VISITORS Pleaseuse door
at front of museum

F
F ExerciseA ExerciseB
F Look at signs 1,-12.Match them Look at signs 13-18. Which sentence explains the
message for each sign?
F with the places below.
a) on a beach 13 A YoumustdriveslowlY.

F b) outsidea building
c) at a campsite
B Children mustwalkslowlY.
14 A Youmuststayhere.

F d) outsidea farm B Youcanstavhere.

F
!
e) by a field
f) in a forest
g) at a railwaystation
15 A Youmustbe carefulin the water.
B Youmustnot go intothe water.
16 A Youmustgo throughhereto catchyourtrain.

F
=
h) up a mountain
i) outsidea park
j) neara path
B Youmustnot go throughhereto catchyourtrain.
17 A Youcannotgo to Seallsland.
B Youmustwait herefor a boat.

F k) neara river
l) in a street
canusethisdoor.
18 A Visitors
mustnot usethisdoor.
B Visitors

F ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReadtng University
O Cambridge 2004
Press 35
s Townand country
e$ffiat ;-i
k

trq

Wherewouldyouprefer D-

<

to live? lr-

-
lh

<
!h

Worm up L

if theyarehappyliving wheretheydo.Orwouldtheypreferto livein a E-


1 Askstudents
differentenvironment? Explainto thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
students
Drr
in
living thecity and in
living thecountry.
2 Askstudents\Nhatarethegoodand badpointsof liuingin a ciQ?ThenaskIMat arethe E-
goodand badpointsof liaingin thecountry? Makefourlistson the board'
thattheyaregoingto readabouttheexperiences
to students
3 Explain of fourpeople.
Ask E-
to predict
students thekindof thingsthepeople willsay.Usetheheadings inthechartin
Answerkeybelow(after6)to guidethem.Addtheheadings to a chartontheboardasyou F
whatthepeople
discuss willsay.Thenwrltethefournames downthesideof thechart.
F
Moin octivity Answerkei
Glveeachstudent a photocopy.Allowstudents twominutes F
to findthenames of four and
cities fourcountry inthetext.
areas 4
F
Check theanswers withtheclass. Usea mapof Britainto
explain wheretheplaces are.
E-
Tellstudentsto copythecharton the board.Theythenread
thetextsquickly to findtheanswers to the questionsW*tere E-
doesthespeaker liuenowTandlNheredoesthespeaker want
east,presentapd
to liae?Theycomplete thechartwitheithercifyor countty. E
futuretenses
Checktheanswers withtheclassandwritetheminthechart .-
. ontheboard.Makesurethatstudents understandthatPatrick F
PREPARATION wasonlyonholiday intheCotswolds. G-

Onephotocopyfor I Askstudentsto readthetextagainandmakenotesinthelastcolumn of thechartto F


eachstudent;rnapof showthe reasons each gives
speaker forwanting to livein thecityor country.Remind €
Britain to usethefourlistsontheboardthattheydiscussed
students intheWarmup. E
J

b
A
F
Wheredoge whete dqq;
the speoker the sileaker . aJ
F
!r:. :', live now? want to live?
LI:}I cllvr: €
,.:::::: b

<
Er
4
F
I
t t , a
,:.]:i,
b
,eiff ',, E
F
;,'1,.,
:.:r;.,,. !r
. 4,:,:::' -
FI
7 Askstudentsal wo talkedaboutwheretheyusedto liae?bl lNholikedit? b

Rnswerkey a
E3
al Patrick,NlcolaI b) Patrick
-
l=
Followup t
o T e l ls t u d e n t st o i m a g i n et h a t a y e a rh a sp a s s e dA. l i c ea n dJ a k eh a v eb o t hm o v e d .B u t E!
s o m e t h i n gh a sg o n ew r o n g ,a n d l i f eh a sn o t q u l t ew o r k e do u t a s t h e yi m a g i n e dA! s k
studentsto write a paragraphaboutwhereone of them livesnow. ts
36
lr
il
Wherewould you preferto live?Write and tell us about your experiences.
3 '?atric(
The best thingabout travellin3b'1train ... is that
3 lou let bac(to London at th" endof it! I'v"just 6""nlo
th, Cots'olds for a ,""( and i couldn't 3et bac( to the citl fast
lr The villa3e*h""" i ,as staSiq was lerribll quiet. There
enor.t3h.
il we(e no shogs,no r.slaurants anA,il seews,har/15a\ ?eo?\e.
?""haps the houseswere ol1holi/a,1homes,and the owne(sua(e
=r havin3a bad season.i aon[ (nou - I n.r". foun/ anloneto os(. I
-
dont want to coo( eve(\ eveninl'h"n i'^ on holi/o1 but th"
=r n"aresl r.staurant wasa LO-ninute drive. Thqt's not too far, lou
'a
o
mi3ht sa1, but I Sane6t3train. ?erhqps Lher" was a cinemaand
I Lh"aL"ene*t to the r"slau.ant - i n.u"" foundthose either.
I'v" a1,.n5slivedin cities - tht counl"Sis nol the place lor me.
1

=
Allce: I work as an archilect. I werr[ lo
'{ unlvetsrly rn Ereler and then.ir,rsl suayed on
afl,ervrards. I've been here fol ten years now, but I
= don'l rea11ylike l,he noise and dirt, of ctly lii-e. So, I'm selhng
my f1ar,and moving to lhe Lake Dlstrlcl. \Mhen I was a chlld,
I used lo visil rny grandparents in [he Lake Disr,rrcl and I
loved it. X,fy grandfalher and I wenl walkrng every day, and
= my granomolher tauglll me l,o swlm in one of the lakes. \4y
goodness, lhe wa[er was coldl Thlee yeal's ago, I ]nel lwo
!{
other architecls at my g|andfather's funera,l, ln fact. I,A/egot talkiirg and soon became
weekends, l,hen lhey suggested r'har,] rnove up lhere
friencls. I sl,arled \'rsi[ing r,hem a,-L
= and starl workrng wi[h theni. Wha[ an opponunrtyl The air ls so fi'esh, and ttre vlews
are out of this world. I can'[ wail lo se]l my fla t .
-

i{
Nicola: I'm an outd.oor pursuits lnstructor and I sVsra a cntlaga
Durqg ll*, day, I taach
ri.rrththraa oF my cnlleagucsin 5nou.rd.onia.
r<
cl.ywitg, mou,.ntain-biklrg
e"d I lNc bains afisida.- AFler
rock-climbing.
- all ow
4 u,ork my *'ands and I taka turm to cook a mosl vk gYcr.'r
atn vagdables - and. then ou play cards or uatch 1\. wa'va gol
4 evwylhirg uJcread, hare,- ,t's lr*e, tVera. isn't d. 3rb or rastaurant
t - Fu mlles, brxl uy,'re all reasovwbla'caoks ar/. thera. ara' supartarkets
L-
- in lVlz rvarest tou.l'r.I v4& to uprk in a solicitor's oFFice,b*t I
t-
-
f.u.d. to MaY & suit and. fghts avay d.ay' I livad. in a block of
Aals rvar 1\a, canlre oF girmrgVv'm.t V,alad.my old. lifa' r don't
t - kro.u L",arr put up with it * lorg.
r{
t -
r{ loUtl'* igt teenyearsold and I liue in a small
I in the Peak Distnct,not t'ar from Noningham. I
t- uiLt"age
,- liue with my perents, and youngerbrotherand skter.I grew up in
t -
l- thisuillnge,so I hnow eueryonehere.That's not theproblem- the
r{
tl- - problem is that there'snothing to do, and nobody of my age to do
it with! At the momentI trauel into Noningham eueryday to the
- shop whereI worh.- there'sa bus at 7.30 in the morningand the
Lz Iastbus back in the eueningisat 5.30. From September, howeuer,
tl- - I'm goingto stay in Noningham with my aunt and uncle when
-
my cousin goesinto the Nary. I can use his room.l'm really
L-
,- lookingfonnard ro liuing in Nomngham - I'll be able to go our with my friends in the

L-
t-
euening,and I won't haueto get up so early in the morning.

L_
L' Press2004
University 37
t- FromReadingExtraby LizDriscoll@ Cambridge
LlmitS Townand country

Animolcitydwellers
Worm up
thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students
1 Explain Ask
animalcitydwellers.
themto nameanyanimals, domesticatedor wild,thatcanbefoundin cities.
2 AIsoexplain thattheyaregoingto workwitha partnerwhohasreada
to students
Theymustnotshowtheirpartnerthearticletheyhaveread.
article.
different

Moin octivity
Dividetheclassintotwo halves, A andB.GiveeachstudentA: Bigsnappertakes biteof
BigAppleandeachstudentB:Koalas try suburbanjungle.
Tellstudents to readtheirtext
andguess the missing phrases. Encourage to
students worktogether in pairs
or small
groupssothattheycanhelpeachother.
Donotchecktheanswers giveeachstudenta setof wordcards.
at thispoint.Instead
Explainthateightof thesephrases go inthegapsintheirtext.Geithemto matchthe
eightphraseswiththegaps.Again,do notchecktheanswers at thispoint.
Dividethe classintopairssothateachstudentA isworkingwitha studentB.Partners
checkthattheyhaveeachchoseneightdifferent phrases activity.
for thetext-completion
4 Check theanswers withtheclass.Thephrases on theworksheet arein thecorrectorder.
5 Remind students thattheothereightphrases go in thegapsin thearticletheyhaven't
read.Theseorovideusefulcluesasto itscontent.
Student A tellsstudentB whattheythinkarticleB isabout.ThenstudentB tellsstudentA
whattheythinkarticle A isabout.Theycanalsoaskquestions to findoutmore
information aboutthearticletheyhaven'tread.
Students summarise orallythe mainpointsof thearticletheyhaven'tread.Theymustuse
eachof the eight phrases.
Giveeachstudentthearticletheyhaven'tread.

Followup
. Discussthetitlesof thearticleswiththeclass.Elicitor explain thatBigAppleis oftenused
for NewYork.Explainthatjunglecanmeanan uncontrolled or confusingmassof things.ln
the phraselt's a jungleout there,it meansLifeis dfficult andyouhaaetofightfor what
youronnt.
o Studentscontinue workingwiththeirpartner. Theyhaveto findthreedifferences and
threesimilarities between thearticles.Giveoneor two examples to getthem started,e.g.
Difference:Big snapper is aboutoneanimalwhileKoalas is abouta groupof animals.
Bothtextsmentionan island.
Similarity:
IT
I
I

T takesbite
Bigsnapper l\rr(tt(r-r .^ t il
i 135metre
T | . " ' - - ' . ' - |' . - i: . qubulban
of BigApplefmffi Michael Ellison
r_ ffi
in NewYork
E i
I,
T ThenearestthingtoconfirmingtheurbaniJungteEfu*i--------------i'
i -
:fi:,:*T.sA"^T,:"jf:ly?::l""yj' W i rongoar*
i
T Y : | l I j yesterday
emerged P : ] ^ . ,when
: | : I a, Y
(1), ? T ^ " i t s o f N e w Y o r k i r o t , r , n B a r k h a m w i ; ; d ; " i
' 'r rJu'eJ
t r a s d i s c o v e r e dl i v i n gi n t h e w i l d .
alligatow
TomLloyd,a contractorout for a stroll ,
dy A d e t a i d . i - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 ) €
K o a t oasr et u r e b
- i closestnaturali
In searchof the Perfect suburbantf::yt:
T with hisfour-year-old
(2)
daugnter,saw a
. t h a t h e t o o k t o b e a t o y a m o n gi
i
i
a s w e l l a s p l e n t y o f ( 9 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , k o a l aI s
i rLit.i
-- i
i-.,
I the ducksandgeesein a streamon Staten I
l s l a n d . B u t w h e n p r o d d e d w i t h a s t i c k , t hi|e
.J*,ir6 a srick ihe
are.deserting
bathrooms
woodlandsforbackyards,
- - ' - - - - - - and cars L r rinAdelaide.
urnuLr4ruL'
i-------------'ii'5
i reotile rescre i
_ | , r
t objectcamealiveand snappedat him. i Local conservationistshave rescued j expert i
The(3)ofthecreature_i19:koalasfromthesubufal]ysle^^|-------------i>*
I ottigotor
-"'o- --
- is NorthCarolina, i (19) :""""':' :" ' compared
mississipiensrs
'-- --'l-'- - -
wittt iy1.z!,
i i
sightingsof the bear-likemarsupialin the
four statesaway.,,somebodyprobably i i t-shirt shop i
T dumpedhim in there,"saidBiilHolmstrom,
supervisor of Bronxzoo'sreptile
i
i
ttty six yearsago'
ClelandWildlifePark'soperations
i
i--------------i>€
i

T department.
"
I manager,GaryFitzpatrick,saidAustralia's
i-------------l
^,^,-^u ii
ii ,,,^^-,,,,
illegallv-owned
;: ft" officers, byrhecity,s i *"ry;J;;';-,;F;:;;""d
direcred
I (4)
residenr . , Roberr
shapiro, i :i*^'14-t,11*:,I"jlh:11"y*hed in
i-- -----------i>€
lassoedthe 16kggator'siaws,pulledit frome{elidt areasinceits
t thestream andtapeditsmouthshut.
'
i fe }llt
(11)
I introduction
"With high numbers of koalas, streets
| ,bengath
i
,,^^ i
^^,,^the
i
; i
T T h e n t h e y p u t t h e a l l i g a t o r , w h o s e a ig e
wasput at betweentwo andfiveyears,on
..
competitionfor territory is , - - - -
increasing, , - - .
and- j L , ________-r
i-------------'|)€

t :ii:':::ill8;"il;''*I ;"#,il3?;fi;ffiH*#.##;J
iffil,l'l,,Tl#l; itswav
on
i sent male koalas are moving towards urban
i
"There'salsomuch (12) ................
in the : i
lrrlrL D 4lDU lllqLrl \r4-, ...........
I Shapiro.
"Hewashissing, darting
buthewasn't at
i
iI metropolitan
lllgLlt l,Utlt4ll area
dLd rruw'
now,
lluwt w'rc'rD
which
wluLlr is
lt
'
F - - - - - - - - - - - - -
i
I
l
..|\.o
i-'o
l

i, ffJ.r"#tilff"
t -_ _-..!Li^^ ,, ^^:f ^,_ .L^^i,-^ ..,h^
us or anything,"
,,.^A-^A- ^{
saidMr Shapiro
,,6.^,-6+^^ -^a+itaa
hundredsof unwanted'reptiles-r'
i^
who h_-
has
+h^ ^-.1, ^+
- - in the backof
I
i
attr?.cting them."
o": 'r:
But rrl the
life in surruru-5
ur: suburbs rDnot
is
,,
a'.
'L'L all
'i
i
i
eucalyptus
leaves
'i
i
i
I 16)
wirhaboutfive
rheshopanddeats
...............
16)........... crocodilians
.... crocodilians- alligators,
alligators,
i snoozing
snoozing in
iI snackrng
snackingon
in backyards
backyards
gardengum
on garcen
aftera
after
gum tfees'
" Il19h::ry1:
night spent
of
Insteador
trees'lnsteaq
i-
i-------------i>€
.^-.- l
i - _ ,- -, ,- .year
t c,.ocodires
havebeen;;;i;
;';;;; ";";ov
handedover
-
and caymans each year.These
*nJ,' who
by owners and(r3)':""":"""' 'the
pytttottt and(I3)
have ii oltr'o"'
*h;;;;"
j
, th1s^ub*ban
contending with bushfires' di1so1sr_
suburban i
------- j
'
l------ -------i>€
_-L .-
i so lar this I

1."r." must keep.abeady eye out for dogs,


I decidedthat theycanno longer
rhem.
- lookafter i
i roads and railways.
i-----
i eadylast i
"lh;re wasone koalafoundc'"
T It haslongbeenanurbanmyththat i ^
. . a n h a t t al inv ec r o c o d i l e s
7 t . . . . . . . . . . . .o. f. M SouthEasternfreeway- they just seemto
:1: -
i century
i--------------i*
i

F and alligatorswhich havebeenflusheddown i


;;;;;;i;;;;;;;;i.;;;;;;.; vrrv I rv rvr rSEr vvqr'"
tkip acfossthere without any fear,"Mr
i Fitzp^tricksaid-By,h: arsofepofred , ii
more
,,^::;,;^"
:
I

I Lhem.
'Animals
I
discovered dead
anotner case ot akoala
on a railwayline with its (14)
vegetation

l--------------1X
i

T needto be basking
saidMr Shapirobeforethe newfindwas
in the sun,"
The
I llL clearing
Lrv4r ur5 vr native
of rr4 woodland has t

i monitorlizards '" "- i


I
I
l

I' alligatorkeeper i ttlno":: more than 8O%of the j"jlj


removed t-^
koala's
8l .......,.,......
to a registered T:t: :""".6uY::r:": i
in Pennsylvania. i naturalhabitat,butin someafeaswhere L-------------.i>e
I
they were introduced to help preserve i i

l i..5 i the species they have swiftly


reached
plagueproportions,(15) ................
with i
armsslicedoff I
i

F iheir voraciousappetite for eucalyptus


leaves.
i--------------
i
t oestro/ln$ t
j>q
i

F Hundreds of koalaswere airlifted off


Kangaroo island in southernAustralia
i trees
L - - - - - - - - - - - - - i \ . o i-.

F saveraretrees,birds
(16) ................1o
and wildlife in the national park.
i
i in lqgl
i-
i

I -
V
L------
V
--r--------
Y
-r-------------j>4
V
F ib db db db

=romReoding
ExtrabyLizDriscoll Press
University
@Cambridge 2004 39
S Traveland tourism
ffirafi& F?
Fr

lr-
lfr

you
Lookbehind F-
lr-

-l
TE

Worm up rE
l-
1 Explain
to studentsthattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscussa carjourney. --
F
2 Begin
thelesson byasking to namepartsof thecar.Usea picture
students of a carfroma
magazine asa prompt. -a
F
3 Giveeachpairof students
thepicture
andtheExercise. thegaps
to complete
Tellstudents
A
withtheverbs.Pointoutthattheycanusesomeof theverbsmorethanonce. F
4 Checktheanswers withtheclass.
Getstudents anddrawdiagrams
to mimetheactions,
onthe boardto illustrate
the meanins
of oaertakeandswerue. F
---
F

F
flashI useyourindicator.
use/ cl'ean / flashyourlights
F
useI soun{yourlhorn. .1

use/.fasten yourseJtbelt. F
cleanyourwindsclreen.
cheCk / startyourengine. tr
F
Moin octivity
KEY TANGUAGE
jumbled
Giveeachpairofstudentsthe putthepartsof thestoryin
Tellstudentsto
story. F
Whenpairsof students
order. theirorderwithother
havedonethis,theycancompare
engi ne,horn, i ndicator, pairs. F
Ii ghts,mirror, seoth
eft, 2 Check theorderwiththeclass. Getindividualstudents to readouta sentenceeach. I

tyres,windscreen; F
3 Explainto theclassthatthefinalpartof thestoryis missing. working
Askstudents, intheir
accelerate, brake, pairsagain, to workouthowthemanhadsaved the woman's life. them
Tell to writethe 1
F
check,clean,fasten, finaloartof thestorv.
F
flosh,lookin, oiertake, 4 G e ts t u d e n t st o r e a do u t t h e i re n d i n gt o t h e c l a s sD . i s c u stsh e s u g g e s t l o nwsi t h t h e c l a s s . E-
sound,start,swerve, T h e ne i t h e rg i v ee a c hp a i ro f s t u d e n t st h e f i n a lp a r t o f t h e s t o r y ,o r r e a di t a l o u dy o u r s e l f .
a-
Thenaskstudentsto suggesta title for the story. E
use
5 A s ks t u d e n t si f t h e yt h i n kt h e s t o r yi s t r u e .l t s e e m st o o u n l i k e l tyo b e t r u e .E x p l a i tnh a t i t I

Pasttenses is probablyan urbanmyth- a story that is heardand repeateduntilnobodyknowsif it is E


t r u eo r n o t .

PREPARATION
E
onephotb*i1r,ferfac4 Followup ]d
E
o Askstudentsif theyknowanyurbanmyths.Dotheythinksuchstories aretrue?
pairof students- cut
o Hereisanother urbanmythabouta driving Readthefirstsentence
experience. andget F
d

intotwo parts(thestory secondsentence and get


to predict
students whathappenednext.Thenreadthe
cutintothirteenstrips to makeanother
students prediction.
Repeat untilyoureachtheendof
thisprocedure .J
F
withthefinalstripkept thestory.
.1
separate andthe l-
a magazine
Exercise); E

advertisementof a car -t.


Ir-
lr

trl
F
al
F
ts
F

F
40
F
IT Exercise
I
f
I
I
I
I
I
I You can Yourcar can
. . . . .y. .o u rm r r r o r . yourhor n.
.......
t . . . . .Y. .o utrY r e s . . . . . . .y.o u rs e a t b e l t .
. . . . . . .o u ri n d i c a t o r .
y . . . . . .y.o u rw i n d s c r e e n .
t . . . . .y. .o u rl i g h t s . . . . . . .y.o u re n g l n e .
I
t StoryStrips
F t l

i n womanwasdrivinghomealonga countryroadlateonenight. i
t - - l

F
i emptyexceptfor onecar behindher.
fhe roadwascompletely
t F
ffre womanthoughtnothingof it untilthe othercar beganto overtake.
I F
i

fhen it suddenlybraked,swervedbackbehindher andflashedits lights.


I F
i

whenthe carflashedits lightsagain.


Thewomanfelt a bit nervous,particularly
I I
F
il
I
i but the othercarstayedrightbehindher.
Sheaccelerated, I
I

I F t----------
I
-----------i I

h
i terrifiedby the time shegot home.
ffre womanwasabsolutely I
I I
I

t F I.
l
I
I And,whatmadethingsworse,the othercarstoppedbehindher. I
I

L F
i wasto get intothe houseandphonethe police.
Heronlyhopeof escaping I

;r
I

F
i Snegot out of her carandbeganto run,but so did ihe driverof the othercar.
l F
I F
thatthe manwasn'ttryingto killher- he hadactually
Whenthe policearrived,the womandiscovered
I savedher life.
F
I
t
l
I
I @Cambridge
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReoding University 2004
Press
\
$m*t& Traveland tourism E=
F
Keeping
intouch J
5
- l
!r
Worm up F
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students a tripto NewZealand.
Theyaregoingto reada setof e-mails andworkoutthewriter'sitinerary. F
2 Askif anyonehasbeento NewZealand. Whatdidtheydo there?Askotherstudents what
theyknowaboutNewZealand. Canthey name any townsand cities? Explain
thatAuckland F
(onthe Northlsland) (ontheSouthlsland) isthe
Usethemap,fromthewebsite
capital.
city,butChristchurch
isthe largest
mentionedintheFollowup,to showthelocation t
of theseplaces. a
=q

Moin octivity t
Divldetheclassintopairs.Giveeachpairof students anda setof pictures.
a setof e-mails
Explainthatsomeone calledJanesentthesee-mails
Therewasa photoofJaneattached to eache-mail.
to herfriends
Students
backhomein England.
haveto matchthe photos
t
withthee-mails. F
Check theanswers withtheclass.Thepictures ontheworksheet matched
arecorrectly
withthee-mails.Thee-mailsarealsointhecorrect order,butreadouttheiropenings, e.g. F
Wedidn'tgo up in thehelicopter
yesterday,in randomorderandgetstudentsto holdup
thecorresponding pictures. F
3 Getstudents in theirpairsto identifypasteventsandfutureeventsin oneof the e-mails.
Forexample,We didn't go up in thehelicopter it was toowindy,we wentfor a
yesterday, t
walk on thegJacierarein the past,whilewe'respendingtonightandSundaynight,we're
goingto walk theRouteburn Trackarein thefuture. t
thattheynowhaveto putthe e-mails intothecorrectorder.
4 Explain
to students
Encourage the pastandfutureeventsin eache-mail.
themto identify Askonestudentto t
readouttheverb phrases whichareaboutthe pastand the otherto read outtheverb -
ohraseswhich areabout the future. F
.a
Whilestudentsareworking, copythedatesin the chartbelowontothe board.Write F
fu&:!gtr ARRMALandDEPARTURE nextto thefirstandlastdatesin the chart.
-
time"' Checktheorderof thee-mails to copyandcomplete
Thenaskstudents
withtheclass. the F
chartwiththenamesof theplaceswhereJanestayed. -
Checktheanswers Usethemapto confirm
withtheclass. itinerary.
Jane's F

t
-
F
-
F

F
t
-
F
r-
F
-
F
Followup -
F
o Students
readthe e-mails of eachday.
againandfindthe mainactivities
. Encourage to findfurtherinformation
students
www.NZ.com. Theycanalsoresearch
aboutNewZealand
places.
specific
on thewebsite:
Thewebsitefor the International
t
Centreiswww.iceberg.co.nz,
Antarctic for example. J

F
-t-

.F
-
F
h
h
F GreetingsfromNewZea[and!
yesterday.
Wearrivedin Auckland
Thismorningwe wentup SkyTower.
the streetsbetowbecause
Youcansee
the flooris madeof glass.Looking

F
k
I downgivesyou a verystrangefeeling.Thisafternoon we
L,. I visitedMum'scousin.Tomorrow we'regoingto Rotorua.Witl
writeagainsoon.

F F
F Wearrivedin We[[ington an houragoafteran a[-dayjourney

F from Rotorua.Wespenttwo nightsthere.After arrivingfrom


Auckland the daybeforeyesterday, we wentto the hot
springs- they're[ikea verysmetlyswimming
F poo[!Yesterday
we visitedthe Maoriculturalcentreandsawthe geysers
there.Theythrowhot waterinto the air everyfew minutes.
F Tomorrow we'regoingto TePapa- the NationaI Museum of

F Fci
NewZeatand. I've heardthat ifs fantastic.

,il Aftertwo nightsin Wetlington


we travetledto SouthIstandby

F ferry.Wetook the coachto Nelsondirectlyfromthe port and


spenttwo nightswith my boss'ssister- shewasveryfriendty.

F Shetook us to the Abe[Tasman NationaIParkyesterday.


We
spentthe dayon the beach.Verysoonwe'regoingto get on
anothercoach- this timeto Franz
F Josef.We'regoingto stay
two nightsthere.Wewantto go up in a helicopter
overthe

F F
glaciers.
It shouldbe fun!

F Wedidn'tgo up in the heticopteryesterday because it wastoo


windy.Instead,we wentfor a walkon the glacier.Wehadto

F
il
wearspecialbootsbecause
Queenstown,
the ice wasso slippery.
wherewe'respending
We'renowin
tonightandSunday
betweenwe'regoingto watkthe Routeburn
night.In
Track- this means
{ stayingtwo nightsin huts.Wehaveto carryourfood,clothes
I andsteeping bag.I hopemy rucksack isn'ttoo heavy.Wemight
staytwo nightsin Queenstown whenwe comebackso that we
il cango tandemskydiving on Monday.
}<t-
I Skydiving wasgreat!I'm gtadwe stayedan extranightin
Queenstown. Afterat[,ifs not everydayyoujump 4,000
I metresout of a plane!TheRouteburn was0K, but we got very
wet on our middleday.Wetraveltedto Dunedineartiertoday.
il Tomorrow we'regoingto the steepeststreetin the world.
We'realsogoingto takea boattrip to seesomepenguins and
il albatross- the biggestbirdsin the world.Thenwe'retaking

rr the coachto Christchurch


wi[[ soonbe over!
the dayaftertomorrow.Thishotiday

=I F
Wehavespenttwo nightsin Christchurch, andnowwe'reat
iI the airport.Yesterdaywe wentto the cathedral,the museum
- andanother
andthe park.Wealsoboughtoursouvenirs
il rucksack to carrythemhome!Wechecked in aboutthree
hoursago,thenwentto the International AntarcticCentre.
!l Thisis a ten-minute walkfromthe termina[.I lovedthe ride
on the Antarcticvehicte!Seeyou verysoon!
rr
!| " Y
$<L------ -----r------ ---------------r
oo db
Y V
db

I FromReading
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
@Cambridge
University
Press
2004 43
-\
&$er$*
& Traveland tourism -
-

t
Howstupidconyoube? E
F
Worm up F
1 Explain
to students
thattheyaregoingtoreadanddiscuss aboutjourneys
threestories
thatwentwrong.Askthemif theyhavemadeanyjourneys thatwentwrong.Forexample, F
havetheyevergoton a traingoinginthewrongdjrection?
J

E-
Moin octivity
Explain to students
thattheyaregoingto workin groupsof three.Eachperson willreada
F
differentstory.Theymustnotshowtheirstoryto theothersin theirgroup. I
F
Giveeachgroupof threestudents thejumbledstories.
Tellstudentsthattheyhavetwo
J
minutes onlyto workoutwhichsixparagraphs belong
to eachstory.Each studentshould F
collecttheparagraphs foroneof thestories.
a-

Check theanswers withtheclass.Readoutthefollowinglistsof words,whichshowthe E-


firstwordof eachparagraph in alphabetical
order.
F

E-
I
F

E-

t-
Askstudents
to workapartfromtheirgroupandputtheparagraphs of theirstoryin order.
Encourage
studentsto worktogetherin pairsor smallgroups withstudents whohavethe F
samestorysothattheycanhelpeachother.Tellstudents to writea 3O-word summary of I
whatwentwrongintheirstory.Donotcheckthesummaries at thispoint. EF
Students returnto theiroriginal
groupssothattheyareworkingagainwiththetwo I

studentswhohaveeachreada different story.


E-
i-l
Pointouttostudents thatafterdividing
the18paragraphs intothreestories,
theymust L-
knowa littleaboutthetwo storiesthattheyhaven'tread.Explainthatthetwo students
a
whohaven't readthestorymustasktheirpartner questions sothattheycanrecreate
the b-
story.Whentheyhavedonethis,theythenwritea 3O-word summary of whatwentwrong
in eachstory. <
l=
Studentscontinue
workingintheirgroups
andcompare
theirsummaries.
Arethereany J
differences
between thesummarles? E-
<
h

-
F
-
F
a-
i i i ' : : , i : ' :: l : : , : : . ::
E-
: 8
.
:'' l
{
h-

T'
l-

trl
F

E-
-
t:
Followup -l
Er
o Askstudents
to identify
thepointin eachstorywherethingswentwrong.Theythenwrite
analternative,
andmuchshorter, endingto thestories. t{
44 llr
Ib Onthe airplanewasa veryhappy
passenger. Mr Nicholas Scottiwas
A Western businessman
jaoanhadbeenwarnedabout
livingin ln early1983,a manfromthe Los
Angeles areahada greatidea:

T goingbackto hisnativecountryof
Italyafteryearsof livingin San
pickpocketsin the Tokyosubways.
Theygrabbedwalletsjust as
Whynot fly insteadof driveto his
girlfriend's
house?

F
il
Francisco. subwaydoorswereclosing,leaving
the victimon the train,but without
hismonev.
F
il Theplanemadea refuelling
at NewYork'sKennedy
stop
airporton
OnemorningtheWestern
businessman wasat hisusual
Andhowwouldhe do this?He
wouldgeta lightpoollounge

! its wayto ltaly.Mr Scotti,who


didn'tspeakEnglish too well,
subwaystopwhenthe trainpulled
in.Heboarded, andsureenough,
chairandattachheliumballoons.
Thenhe wouldsimplyfloat

F misunderstood
'refuelling
the words
stop'.Thinking he had
justasthetraindoorswereabout
to close,he felta manrub up
upwardintothe sky.Hewould
takewithhima beer* andan air

T arrivedat hisdestination, he got


off the olaneandwentintothe
againsthim. pistol,to popthe balloons
onewhenhe wantedto lose
oneby

il F t
airoort.
l I
altitude.

F Hisnephewsweren'tthereto meet
him,but Mr Scottiassumed they
Anxiously,
reached
the businessman
for hiswallet.lt wasgone!
At first,thingswentaccording
plan.Theballoons
to
rose,carrying

t hadbeencaughtin the notorious


Romantrafficthevhadtold him
aboutin theirletters.So he found
He lookedup asthe doorsbegan
to closeandsawthatthe manwho
hadrubbedagainsthimhadnow
the manandhisloungechairup
intothe sky.As the manachieved
hisdesired he got ready
altitude,
I hisownwayout of the airport. steppedoff the train. to shoota fewballoons. Hetook
aim ... andthendroppedthe air
I oistol.

il F
Hewasa littlesurprised at the Thinking fast,the businessman Consequently, the loungechair
changes therehadbeenin ltaly- reached hishandsbetweenthe keptrising.At ten thousand
I but, afterall,thiswas1977andit closingtraindoorsandgrabbed feet,the windstook himout
:r wasnaturalto assumethat manv
old buildings hadbeendestroyed
the sneering thief'sjacketlapels.
Thedoorsclosed, withthethiefstill
nearthe skiesof LAX- Los
Angeles Airport.
sincehe hadleft.Hewasalso on the platform,but with hislapels
il surprised by howmanypeople trappedbetweenthe doorsin the

II spokeEnglish, but, afterall,


Americantouristswere
everywhere. Therewereeven
streetsignsin English!
tightgripof the businessman.

F
I
-
ButMr Scottididn'thavetimefor
speculation. Hehadto meethis
As the trainbeganto pullaway,the
pickpocket beganscreaming as he
Soonairlinepilotsbeganto
reportto the airporttowerthe
sightof a manin a
relatives.Sohe askeda oolice ranalongthe platformwith the unusual

T officerin ltalianfor directions


busterminal. Thepoliceman,
h'c:sinadence wasfrom Nap/es,
to the
who
train.Finally,
halfwayalongthe
platform,the thiefgrabbedthe
stanchionnextto the doorandhis
loungechairin the air lanes.One
pilotreporteda UFO- it was
imposslble
thathecou/d
be
I ffwrered in fluentltalian.Whenhe jacketlapelsweretorn off. As the seeing a manin a lounge
chair
I
I ple coa secondpoliceman,he trainenteredthe tunnel,the witha beerat whatwasnow
I
I
I
milt so fudy. Howridiculous, businessman thoughtthat at least fifteenthousand feetabovethe
a
I h+ltrtrscotti, rhatthe he hadgot something for hisloss. earth...
t
I
f, lmmfirrst ernployed policemen
I,
l tr rq.$rrft speakltalian.
fr("--
EvenwhenMr Scottlwastold in Whenhe reachedhisoffice.he Finally
thewindsblewthe man
Italianthat he wasin the wrong calledhiswifeto get hiscredit andloungechairbacktowards
cityandcountry,he wouldn't cardnumbers so he couldcancel suburbia.Andasthe helium
believehismistake. As a policecar them.'Youleftyourwalleton the slowlyleakedout of the balloons,
rushedhimbackto the airport,he tablewhenvouwentto work the chairgradually
beganto
pointedat the speedingcarsand today,'shetoldhim. descend,andthen,fittingly,
said,'lknowl'min ltaly.That'show landedrightnextto a swimming
thevdrive.' ooot.
><: L
v
db db
v dt
v x
FromReoding
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
@Cambridge press2004
University 45
Ur*it7 Foodand drink E
t
Puttingyoureoting hobits E

to thetest G
rD

E
Wcrm up E
1 Revisefoodanddrinknouns.
Askeachstudent
to suggest
a nouninturn.Makesurethat E
theyinclude
thewordsin Keylanguage.
2 Writetheseadjectives
on the board.alcoholic,
fresh,full-fat,low-fat,skimmed, whole-meal. E
Getstudentsto matchtheadjectiveswiththefoodanddrinkitemstheyhavealready
mentioned.Thengetthemto saywhichfooditemscanbebaked,boiled, fried,grilled,roasted.
E
3 Practise
expressionsof quantity.
Readouteachexpression
anotherwayof sayingthis(onthe right).
to suggest
onthe leftbelow.Getstudents E
Fourorfewer Fewerthanfour E
Fouror more More thanfour
Betweentwo andfour Tznotofour E
4 Readouttheseadverbs of frequency. always,neoer,often,rarely,sometimes,usually.
Askstudentsto ranktheadverbs in orderfromleastfrequent
to mostfrequent. E
E
E
Askstudentsto predictwhattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss inthe lesson.
-
thattheyaregoingto answera questionnaire
Explain abouttheirdietandfindouthow Elr
healthy
theyare.Encourage studentsto saywhethertheyarehealthyeatersor not.

Moin octivity E
1 Giveeachstudentthequestionnaire. Allowstudents timeto readthequestions. Lookat t
question6 withthe class.Makesurethatstudents understandthatasercing is a portion,
e.g.an apple,a glassof orangejuice,a plateof salad,somecarrotswith their meal,etc. t
taketurnsto askandanswerthequestions.
2 Dividetheclassintopairs.Partners Theynote
theirpartner's
answers. E
3 Whenstudents
each letter
havecompleted
theirpartner
has, givethemthe key.
andworkedout howmanyanswers
the questionnaire
Partners
lookat the key and
together
of
E
workout howgoodtheirdietsare.
E
theresults
4 Discuss bythe results?
withthe class.ls anyonesurprised
-
F
Followup
o Readout eachof thefollowing
piecesof advice.
Askstudents if theyneedto followthis E
advice.Pointoutthatanyonewhohasanswered A or B to questions1-4 willneedto
followthisadvice. E
E
-
E

E
thenwritesimilaradvicefor theremaining
Students wheretheirpartner
questions
A or B.
answered E
E
E
E
E
E
F
P
-,

Putting your eoting hobits to the test


tt Do you pay enough attention to your diet? Answer the following questionsto find out
whether you are gttirg your body what it needs or putting your health at risk.
I
t How many glassesof 2 How many cups of coffee 3 How often do you eat
water do you drink every
t day?
and tea do you drink
every day?
whole-mealbread or
pasta?
a A Threeor fewer
B Fourto seven
A Eightor more
B Betweenfourandseven
A Rarelvor never
B Oftenor sometimes
- C Eightor more C Fewerthanfour C Usuallyor always

- How often do you eat On average,how many 6 How many servingsof


fried foods insteadof alcoholicdrinks do you fruit and vegetablesdo
I grilled,boiled,baked or have every day? you have every day,
roasted? includingjuice?
t A Usually
or always
A Morethanfour
B Twoor three A Fewerthantwo
t B Oftenor sometimes C O n eo r n o n e B Two,threeor four
C Rarely
or never C Fiveor more
I
How often do you eat fast How often do you eat 9 How many eggs do you
I food instead of healthier fresh fish? eat every week?
meals?
F A Usuallyor always
A Rarelyor never
B Onceeverymonthor two
A Fouror more
B Twoor three
T B Oftenor sometimes
C Rarelyor never
C Morethanoncea week C Fewerthantwo

F 10 How many servingsof 11 How many sugaryfoods 12 How often do you choose
F dairy produce - butter, and drinks do you have low-fat over full-fat
alternatives,such as
L milk, cheese,and red
meat - do you have
every day, includingsugar
in tea and coffee? skimmed milk for full-fat
every day? A Morethaneight milk?
il A Morethaneight A Rarelyor never
B Betweenthreeandseven
il B Threeto seven C Fewerthantwo B Threeto seven
C Twoor fewer C Whenever possible
I
I
I hobits to the test the
I
I

I
I
IT
t F<L-

F
Y
oo

FromReading
ExtrabyLtzDriscoll
@Cambridge Press
University 2004 47
F Food and drink
&$m$* EEd

=
d
Its notwhotyoueotond 4
drink it'swhotyousoy q
5
a a a

Worm up
q
wordsfromtheworksheet
1 Writethefollowing packnging
onthe board.tablemanners, q
materinls,
strrdents
to nredict
whatthelesson
the meaning
diet.Eltcitor explain
teetotnller,bnlanced
isabout(foodanddrink).
of thewords.Ask
q
Moin octivity FI
to students
Explain thattheyaregoingto readanddiscuss
anddrink.Pointoutthatsuchquotations
somequotations
areoftennotedfortheirgeneral
aboutfood
truth,and/or
Fi
humourl F
2 Giveeachpairof students beginings.
thelistof Quotation
3 UsetheNotesbelowto provide background aboutthesources.
information Explain
that F
n forAnonymous
Anon.is anabbreviatio andis usedwhenthewriter'snameis notknown.
Encourage studentsto predictwhatwordor whatkindof wordmaycomenext.In
F
an article(a/an,
quotation 1,for example,the nextwordis mostlikelyto be anadjective,
the\or a pronoun(what,when\.
F
Students
endings
workintheirpalrsandpredict
in a list.
of thequotations.
theendings Theywritetheir F
Giveeachpairof students endings.
thesetof Quotation to matchthe
Tellstudents F
endingswiththebeginnings.
KEY LANGUAGE 7 Checktheanswers withtheclass. students
Getindividual to readouta fullquotation
each F
balanceddiet,
packaging mdwials,
8 Askstudents to paraphrase
thequotations. F
I
tablemanners, E.
teetotsller J'
E-
PREPARATION I
E-
Onephotocopy for
eachpairof students- .a
F
cutintotwo parts(the
Quotationbeginnings F
Followup
andtheQuotation . . h i c hd o s t u d e n t sp a r t i c u l a r l yi k e ?W h i c hd o t h e y
s i t h t h e c l a s sW
D l s c u stsh e q u o t a t i o n w F
E-
endings,withthe a g r e ew i t h ?A r e a n yo f t h e i ro w n e n d i n g sb e t t e rt h a nt h e o r i g i n a l s ?
endingscrfrintotwelve F
strips)
F
4
F
-
l=
l|-
Er

-
F

ls
48
l'f, Quototionendings
t }(r
Quototionbeginnings i i
I 1 Hunger
is
1

i thebestsauceintheworld.
,
i
l
l

t I

T I
I
I
I

tT 2 l'm onlya beerteetotaller,


George Bernard
Show i
teeiotaller.
i not a champagne I
I

I
i>q
T 3 Onthe Continentpeoplehavegoodfood; theyhavegoodtablemanners
in England

t George
Mikes

T 4 Onecannotthinkwell,lovewell,sleepwell
unlessonehasdinedwell
T VirginiaWoolf

T
T 5 A food is not necessarily
essential
justbecause
yourchildhatesit
KatherineWhitehorn
T
T 6 Withpackagingmaterials
in shortsupply,
peoplemayhaveto eatfreshfood.
t TheEconomist

t
II 7 Nineout of ten peoplelikechocolate.
JohnG.Tulliss
Thetenthpersonalwayslies.

t 8 We eachday
dig our graveswith our teeth.
T Somuel
Smiles

T
T 9 My mamasaidlifewaslikea boxof chocolates.
Forrest
Gump
Youneverknewwhatyou'dget.

I
I 10 A dietis
a weighof life.

t Anon.

t dietis
11 A balanced
a cookiein eachhand
ft Anon.

I
t 12 Eat,drinkand be merryfor
tomorrowyou diet.

I
Anon.
- - J .
x
I J( oo
Y V
oo

I FromReading
Extroby LizDriscoll Press2004
University
@Cambridge 49
Llmit7 Foodand drink E
F
Howto diet E
1
E

Worm up E
1 Explainto students thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss dieting.
Askif anyof
themhavebeenon a diet.IMat rnastheirdietTIA,that wasit like?Did it workTCanthev
girsenny adaiceto anyoneelsewho is thinkingof goingon a diet?
H
2 Giveeachpairof students theSentence beginnings. Gothrough anexample withthe E
class.Dlscussthefirstsentenceandgetindividual studentsto suggest waysof completing
thesentence. Students thenworkwiththeirpartnerandcomplete theothersentences in F
theirownwords.
3 Compare
some,butnotnecessarily
all,of students'
suggested
sentence
endings. e
Moin octivity F
Giveeachpairof students
sentence
endings
thetext.Explain
thatstudents
haveto checkwhethertheir
fit intothetext.Theycanmodifyanyof theirendings
if theyno longer
F
makesensewithinthetext. .€
Giveeachpairof studentstheSentence endings.
Explain
thatstudents
haveto match
thesentence
endings withthegapsin thetext.Gothroughanexamplewiththe class. F
Askstudents endingfor gap3. (SeeAnswerkeybelow.)
to findthe missing
3 Askstudents
to complete thetextwiththesentence endings. G
4 Check
theanswers
withtheclass. €
.t??Y:::r!

:;:::;:i;fif',, €

e
:,ili:::;;ri;ri :i :i i i i i "i .. ::::!t
t::
Askstudents
to identifythewriter'sfunctionin creating
thistext.Themainfunctionisto
lli,j:ii
amuse,ratherthanto inform.Thenaskthemto identify whichpartsof thetexttheyfind
amusingandto explainwhy. .F
I
F
J
E-
I
li

F
-F
-
l-

.F
Followup
o Students continue workingin pairsandinventanexcuse for eatingbiscuits.
Givean
E
exampleyourself,e.g.I had to eatthis biscuit.Itwaslonelyin thepacketon its own. I
l{
Encourage students to maketheirexcuses asamusing aspossible. Theythentakeit in
turnsto tellthe classtheirexcuse(s).
Students votefor thefunniest excuse(s). E
f
l4
-
E
J
-l=

E
-
h

lr
How to diet Sentencebeginnings
-.'.lse of dietingrsto loseweight,so that 1 Thepurposeof dietingisto loseweight,so
... . Lotsof peopleovereatbecause thatyou ... 5
E

A goodwaYto reduceYourcalorie 2 Lotsof peopleoverealbecause'..


. - c t i o ni s ( 3 ). . . . . . . A. t r a i nf,o r e x a m p l e . I
3 A goodwaYto reduceYourcalorie $
; : a'e moredif ferent diets(4). .. .
. -ie F-Plan C,- P l a n , c .T h em o s t
e t consumPtioi sn. . .
- , . : d i e ti s { 5 ). . . O n eu s e f u l t i ipst o
diets...
4 Therearemoredifferent
Tnlsis really good for bigeaters
-,:: , 7 J . . . . . . .F i n a l lwy h, e ny o u ' v ef i n i s h e d dietis ...
5 Themosteffective
., eai it That'syourmealfor the day.
r ersarewhereyoucanlosea stoneIna 6 O n eu s e f u l t i iPst o . .
=. -".s is otherwise knownasamputatlon
: : r : . e r e a l l sy e r i o uyso uc a n( B ). . . . . . .' .B u t 7 Thisis reallygoodfor big eatersbecause."
- : - c e r t h a td o i n gt h i s( 9 ). . . . . ... .
8 F o rt h e r e a l l sYe r i o uYs o uc a n . .
: - i eatlessif youlearnto chewslowlyand
- -.' ,,rurfood.Youwillcut downyourfood 9 B u tr e m e m b et hr a td o i n gt h i s. . .
. . : c r ' a s t i c ailfl(y1 0 .) . . . . . . .A v o i du s i n gt h i s
-' 10 Youwillcut downyourfoodintakedrastically
; ; e d u r i n gi m p o r t a nbtu s l n e sl u snches. if ...

11 A greatideato makeyouthinktwiceabout
e a t i n gi st o c o n s i d e.r. -

12 Youcanalsolry a treatssystemwhere "

>4
Sentenceendings
a) whereyou'regoingto storethe foodyou eat
w h e ny o u rs t o m a c ihsa l r e a dfYu l l
b) the X-Plandiet,however;you caneatanything
as longas it hasan X in it'
c) haveyourjawswiredtogether,whichmeans
you haveto existon energydrinks.
willbecomemorealtractiveto the opposite
sex,who willtheninviteyououtto expensive
dieil
f'm followingo newrevolutionary restaurants whereyou caneat likea hog'
e) keepa listof everything youeat.
A greatideato makeyouthinktwiceabout f) foodis nevermorethana 30-second walk
:a:ingisto consider (11) . Forexample, away,in ourabundant society.
-agrnethathugesliceof chocolate cakebeing g) youcheweachmouthful 380times,as it will
.::'ed onyourthighs. Goeasywith this take you a week to get through a cheese
technique
. ...ralisation because youmightstartto
sandwich.
'ssociate yourthighwithchocolate cakeandwake
compiling the listcancul downthe timeyou
-,: ro findyourself
munching awayat yourleg.
spendeating
Youcanalsotry a treatssystemwnere impactand
mightalsohavea detrimental
12) . . Really fat peoplewho eatnothing
they ne[ativeeffecton yourcareerin telesales'
but junk foodareusingthe samesystem:
with tastyjunk foodalltheir voupunishyourself witha stick6f 6slsryfor
rewardthemselves bar
punish by an earlydeath iunchandreward yourself witha chocolate
livesand themselves
for afters.
- '
k) to locateyourself in wilderness wherelhereis
;;fil
to eatbiscuits'
thanexcuses
l) nowadays
t-------
-

Y V
oo
Y
oo
oo

Press2004
University
51
Extraby LizDriscoll@ Cambridge
FromReacling
people
#mitS Describing -
Fi

Howdo I look?
d
d
Worm up
4
E
1 Tellstudents
circus.
thattheyaregoingto reada magazinearticleaboutsomeone
Writethewordcircuson the board.Getstudentsto suggest
whoworksin a
wordsassociatedwith J
e.g.clown,monkey,
circus,
languageif students

Moin octivity
andwritethemon the board.Introduce
don'tmentionthemthemselves.
the wordsin Key
4
E
-J
Askstudentsa\ 1'4hatis thenameof thewomanin the
1 Giveeachstudenta photocopy.
photo?b)INhatis herjob? 5 -1/
F1
d
withtheparagraphs d
c4
theheadings

to readthetextagain.Theyfindthewordsin thetextfromB andworkout


Askstudents
whattheyreferto.
d
q
d
each.Makesurethatstudents
to readouta sentence understand and
taught,bought F
Encourage
restored. themto workoutthemeaningfromcontextandto helpeachotherif .1
necesSary. It-
I
E-

F
F
a-

F
I
c-
J
eachstudent F
t ' d

F
J
F
'-
t4
E-
'',''.,'' r-
Fr

II
. . . ' : . . . ." : . . 'r ts-
,.,. . ..,
Followup ET
E-
Why?/ Whynot?
if theywouldliketo workin a circus.
o Askstudents
al
F
d
E
-
F
a
F
I
I
I
t
I
How do
I
I
I lodk?
NellGifford,circus performer
I
l I get up eady every morning and practise on my
II horse.Perlois a very good horse.He kneels.
standson his back legs,goesbackwardsand
i sideways.I learnedto ride when I was a child. t
s
I But I didn't want to work with horsesthen.I
wanted to tre a monkey trainer. I had about 30
T tov monkeys.The circus is now my life - trut I
don't want to work with monkeys.I understand
r{

\
T that they are lrery difficrrlt to tffiin.I studied at U

the Circus Roncalli in Germanyunderlhsmin


I Smarr.Sheuught me a lot about training
4 Toti and I live in a 1940swooden wagon.The
wagon was in a terrible state when we bought
T circus horses.
\I-v husbandToti and I started Giffords Circus
it.We restored it, and now it's like a little flat. It's
small,Lrutvery warm, with afi cooker and

tT ln 1999.I design the costumes for lhe show.I


use many different things - short skirts, fancy
jackets, ballet shoes,feathers in our hair.'Wb all
electric heating. It's also got funning water -
much tretter than most circus caral"ans.
5 Ytru have to be fit ina circus.The work is very
look very glamorous. Eressiag up' for the show
T is wonderful . hard, so you have to look after yourself.Wedo a
t$/chCIw afternoon and evcning performance

IT -{s a circus performer. vou have to wear a lot of


make-up,tco.I wear a lot on m)aeyes and I like
it to be perfect. It's really important to clean
rour skin after wearing make-up.But sometimes
I'm ver.vtired at nighr,,and:tr:fofgpt.{offennnveit.
er,ery dayrI need to be at my best then. For half
an hour before each show,I like sitting on my
bed and doing nothing. I have to relax like
this because I'm both a performer and gi
the host! ffi

R.eadthe text. Match the headings (a-e) with the paragraphs.


a '"'. - 33i. b My home c My lifewithhorses d My face e My clothes

i'*hat do these words refer to?


1 - ' = - : = ' a 1 ' t 2 t h e y( p a r a 1 )3 w e ( p a r a 4 )4 i t ( p a r a 4 \ 5 t h e n ( p a r a 5 6) t h i s ( p a r a 5 )

C - nderline the sentencesin the text about the past. Then answer these questions.
1 , ' -, : ' : : N e l l e a r nt o r i d e ?
2 ; ' , ' = , ; : s h ew a n tt o b ew h e ns h ew a sa c h i l d ?
3 ,',-='= r rt shelearnto traincircushorses?
!, ,',- - ; : shestartGiffords with?
Circus
5 '',-,: ,',:sihe wagonlikewhenTotiandNellboughtit?
6 i , ' . - : : r h e yd o t o t h ew a g o n ?

D f .U is a circus performer. \zVhatkind of performer is she?\zVhatthree other things does she do in


ier job?

E f eti asks:HoiudoI took?How does she hope to look at the beginning of a show?

:'t cy LizDriscoll@ Cambridge


University
Press2004 53
ffiDescribingpeople
ffisn*t !-
Ir-

F
Hisor hers? -<
l<

F{
IH

Worm up !-
ld

1 Reviseitemsof clothing,
including
theitemsinKeylanguage. Writetheseitemsontheboard: l-
H
belt,cap,hat,jacket,Ieggtngs,
mnckintosh, Askstudentsif these
muff, skirt,aeil,waistcoaf.
itemsaremen'sor women's clothine. -
It-
<
lr

<
2 Writebarbed wireon the board.Elicitor explain
themeaning of barbedznire.Askstudents l-
whereyoufindbarbed themeaning
wire.Elicitor explain of camp,Askstudents to suggest
-<
a Iinkbetween barbedwire andcamp.Repeatthisprocedure withthe otherwords: E-
canteen,Commandant, gate,password, tunnel.Encourage
prisonerof war,sentry,soldiers,
ctr rdpntc tn nredirt the tnnir nf thc ctnrv thev:rp onino tn rp:d <
.F
Moin octivity <
!-
Giveeachpairof students to puttheparagraphs
Tellstudents
theStorystrips. of thestory .-
in order. F
Check theorderwiththeclass.
Readoutthefirstsentence fromeachparagraph
or phrase -J
in order. Fl
I
Explainthattheprisoner
wascalledHeinz Justus Askstudents
andthatthisisa truestory. 4
.F
Heinzworewhenhewasdisguised
to readthetextagainandto makea listof everything l
asa)Mr Budd,andb)thewoman. -1
:: .H
barbeidryire,belt, Check
theanswers
withtheclass. l
-/
camp, tanteentcep, -ts
Com* ,ffitS.i;,.lltttttt -1
hat, jacket,leggin!1, E-
mockl{!!!$1,{?}.Vffi -a
:;;.,:1,1,,;.,.
',1 thequestions
to discuss
5 G i v ee a c hn a i ro f s l r r d e n ttsh e E x e r c i s eA.s kstudents intheir lr
password, pairs. Encourage themto answerthe questions frommemory, andthento returnto the -
prisonerof wor, ient;ry, textto checkwhattheyremember andforfurtherdetails. Explain
thattheiranswers t-
Ekirt,.$oldf jl
#;:1.r:{hnellrr:i;r:1!.
j:1i: should form a summary of the text. I
!r
',dijrnrot$fr*sf.,.'t'1 6 Check
theanswers
withtheclass.
Getindividual to giveonepartof thesummary
students
:
"'.'',..t,!'..::..,:.,. EOLI I <
Pasttenses . :. h

I
|!-
PR=P,4tltTi#$.,..:.,irtttr,;,'.
n
Onephotocopy for lr-
each ,ifudeiit$1,,',,.,,j
pair,eif <
!!-
cut into,tws,nAtX.,{!ne,1.,.',,,1..
storyandtheexercise I
lE
withthestorycutinto
1
ten strips) b-


H

-,
-
E-
Fd

J
l-
Followup 1
o Ask studentswhat they thinkof the story.What kind of man was Heinz?Wouldthey have F-
t r i e dt o e q r a n el i k eh e d i d ?
I
l!-
o A s ks t u d e n t si f t h e y k n o wo f a n yo t h e rf a m o u se s c a p es t o r i e s .
-
E-
54
!
I
F
- _ _ - _strips
- < _Storv

I
I
I
I

I
:
I wastakenasa prisonerof war in .luly1917to Colsterdale

schemes whichwas,rroweverldiscouer"d

Mr Budd.So I startedwatchinghimas he leftthe campevery


askedhimfor the password.Everybody knewMr Buddtoo
camp,nearMasham,
there.I triedseveraltimesto getthroughthe barbedwireand I alsotook

evening.
wellfor
I
that.This
part

that
noticed
was
the
also,
andI didn'tmftl
in oneof the tunnekry
by the Britishjust beforethe tunnelwascompleted'

ThenonedayI hadan idea- | wouldwalkoutthroughthe gatedisguised asour Englishcanteenmanagef

of
sentriesnever
course,rathera
T
I
I
drawback;but my ideawasto escapein the eveningafterdark'
{

b ;< i-
I understood thateverymalepassengerin thosewardayshadto producea document whenbuyinga railway
I
I
I

IF travelasa woman' I
; ticket,particularly
uLAgL, to
whentraveiling London.
L fL u t q f As I
Iydidn'twantto walk I
there, to
decided I
I Pqf I
- - _ - - - - - r - {
_ l
I

I began
I
I ThenI heardthatMr Buddwasgoingto be sentto anothercamp.I hadno timeto lose,so
andthe hat and muff weremostly
i
an outfitin the camp.My skirtwasmadeout of an old blanket,
collecting
composedof partsof fur waistcoats.
F -i
h Thedayof the escapearrivedandI put on allthe clothes,manandwoman'smixedtogether.
-wty as Mr Budd.I worea falsemoustache
the gatedisguised and a pairof in
spectacles
I approached
the
exactly wayMr Budd

F
ts -!-
*or! th"r. .up, mackintosh
leavethe campeveryevening.
andbagwerealsoexactreplicas
was
My friendsallthoughtI really
of
Mr
the
Budd
oneswith
when
which
they saw
Mr
me'
Budd usedto

to eight'Some
Mr Buddusedto leavethe campat about8 pm,so I decided to leaveat aboutten minutes

F
F
friendsof minewouldkeepthe realMr Buddbusyin the canteenuntilshortlyaftereight.
wereusuallychangedat eignto'clocksharp, I wassurethat the new sentrywould
the secondandrealtVtrguddleavingthe camp.5o I walkedto the gatesmokingmy
Buddaftera day,sworkat the canteen.I shouted
not be
As the sentries
surprisedto see
pipeas if I wereMr
'Guard'as Mr Budddid.Thesentrycalledout, 'who's

F -i-
'Right,'
there?''Budd,'I answered.
e e v v ,
he saidandopenedthe bigdoor'
'
I

F I walkedslowlyawayfromthe camp.lt wasa two-hourwalkto Mashamstation;but


distancewhenI sawour commandant
I hadonlygonea short
comingtowardsme.I tore off the moustacheandspectacles as,of
'Good
F course.I didn,twantthe Commandant thefalseMr Budd.As I
to address
ha
passedhim, I justsaid
I

h
a rranino'
EVEI llll5 qal n ldu cn d
Jv v rivd I r v . I
,

-i
I
.-r
I

i A littlefurtheron I decidedto changeintoa woman.I exchangedMr Budd'scapwith the woman'shat and


I
vertwnrcnI carrredin my bag,andtook off
.,
my mackintosh,whichcovereda bluejacket,trimmedwith all
I
| -;;;ilr..
^ + - ^ { r - ^ n - ^,.d-U"*r.
A r r n r ' c tvty
r r / l iliirt
r r c t z*u, r : c hup
i r r r rheld r r n ia
e t dwith t h eround
i t h a l e abelt
, vleather o u nhips,
r b e l t r my , s o l uthe
h i pI sundid
d m Vso d t h eand
n d ibelt beltand

F
i|
, , , r r - ^ - r - : . - ! , . . ^ r - r r .r, ^ - ^ ^ e t z i e + a i nin r a a e h a d down h e o ground,
t n tthe
d n r , v nto m vmy
r o t l n d . s oso i n g s w e l were
leggings
i released the skirt.Luckilyfor r. skirts + those h n c a a ldays
r r r c reached lesQ

completely coveredby the skirtandcouldn't be seen in the dark'


i
L

- ;----------
aboutthrowing
Aftersometime I noticedthreesoldiersfollowingme.Theywerefromthe camp.I thought
Thesoldiers camecloserandcloseruntil finally they overtook me'
awaymy bag,butthiswasimpossible.

E
'Good evening, miss.Haveyouby anychanceseen a man with a bag like
Theythenstoppedandsaid
has escaped and we areout looking for him.'
youistA prisoner
r----:---------------------------
of war
-----------'r
- I

own'Couldtheyhavea
i t triedfor a timeto speakin a highvoice,askingthemnotto speakto a womanon her i

E i .uiiiuozt refusJd,
;;k;,ir.1. Org-r butt knewthatit wasalloverwithme.I wasfoundout'
of course, i
I
| - - - - - - - - - - J

- L - - - - - - - - - -

Exercise
6 Howdid Heinz'sfriendshelPhim?
1 Howdid Heinzdecideto escape fromthe camp?
7 Whydidn'tthesentryaskhimfor the password?
2 Whydid he decideto dressasa womanafterhis
escaoe? 8 Wouldthe realMr Buddgo pastthe samesentry?
9 Whendid Heinzchangeintothewoman's clothes?
3 Howdidhe getthewoman'sdisguise?
himself 10 Whathappened spoke
whenthe soldiers to him?
4 Onthe dayof hisescape,howdidhe disguise
asMr Budd?
5 Whydid he decideto leaveat ten to eight?

2004
Press
University
@Cambridge
55
byLizDriscoll
Extra
FromReading
t$m&t people
S Describing H
Ir-

E=
Whotdo menreollythink tA
D-

surgery?
of cosmetic 4
4
Worm up
c
)
to students
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss cosmeticsurgery.On
Whatdo think
students of -
whichpartsof thebodydo people surgery?
havecosmetic -/
l-
cosmeticsurgery? Dotheyknowanyone whohashadit?
2 Explain
thatstudents aregoingto readtheviewsof eightmen.Askstudents to predict )
l-
whatkind of things
the men will
say.Usethe headingsin thechartin keybelowto
Answer
guidestudents. Buildup a chartontheboardasyoudiscuss whatthemenwillsay. )
Fi
Moin octivity r-.l
)
Dividetheclassintogroupsof four.Giveeachgroupa setof opinions. to copy
Tellstudents
)
thechartontheboardandcomplete abouteachman"Pointoutthat
itwithinformation I
l- J
sometimes in response questions,
to theYeslNo theymayhaveto answer not
information
or no.Encouragestudents
to work )
or anotheranswer
gir:enor notreleoant, otherthanyes -l- l
togetherin pairswithinthegroupsothattheycanhelpeachother.
2
Check theanswers withtheclassandcomplete thechartontheboard. -lr l
nnrdqr [ey -/
-l- ]
F&,;;".' -/
.haS ;' ., Fl
,
:surge4P:: l
t4
,Farire* ,Nibslai ,:.., ',..'.
r.SC,: ^F
$9' :, ino#-'
'
Jo€{:.,
';. .: -1
,." : t-
','i
,,,
,[fi;"; i:;',,. n t ; .1
:r
' *:T@;
i9$:.. .'
tr^" -a
,
.
: ! ' .

i:,:::::1tl:r:.ll:r.
: . h-

il , l.,
;l ,' a

l:;lri;;:::::i:
.,] l-

.YSs:-, J
:::::!:i;:l!!: F-
5'AFUrd ,
' { t p . ,' :l : ' , i -
tryrei :
' Stjs:$iii::,ii hb ::., rii+]:'r l-
-
, : " . , lE

Explainto students thatthisarticleisfromtheBritish magazineWoman.ln thearticle, €


lr-
eachviewwasaccompanied bya caption, i.e.a sentence or phrasefromthearticlewhich
summarised thewriter'sview.Thlswasshortandsnappy, eightwordsat themost, -
-
sometimes it includedthewordI, but neverreferred to thewriter'spartner.Giveoneor
two examples fromAnswerkeyin 5 below. --
h-
Askstudents to continueworking intheirgroups andgetthemto suggest thebest
captionfor eachview. -
tr.
Discusstheanswers withtheclass. Theoriginal captions fromWomanaregivenbelow.
meanthattheyarewrong. -
suggestions
lf students' are this
different, does not necessarily t-

F
d
F
I
lr
,J
E-
d
ts
lr
ir
il DarrenAppleby,a 31-year-oldart director, Joel Orme ls a 24-year-oldtelevision
is marriedto Nicola,3O.Theylive in researcher.He lives in Manchesterwith
il Cheshire. his girlfriend LyndseyEvans,24.
Nicolaloatheshernoseandwouldlovesurgeryto Ninetimesout of ten,youcantellif a woman's had
il makeit smaller, but evenif I wasthe richestmanin cosmeticsurgery,particularly
a facelift,becauseit
BritainI wouldn'tpayfor herto haveit done.Aside looksso unnatural.Butnosejobsaretheworst- they
=l fromthe factthat l.loveher exactlythe waysheis,why usuallylooklikethey'vebeenstuckon.As a child,I
go underthe knifeneedlessly? lt seemsso vain.Any usedto get teasedbecausemy earsstickout a bit. I
t operation is worrying,so I wouldn'twantherto be put askedmv dadif I couldhavethemoinnedbackandhe
at riskunnecessarily.Nicolaknowshow I feel,so l'dbe alwayssaidno.l'mgladhe did now,because I realise
t reallyupsetif shehadsurgerybehindmy back- she'd thev'repartof whatmakesme who I am.
no longerlooklikethewomanI fellin lovewith.
F F
t Steve Kingn28, lives in London and works Simon Wellsn 44, and RebeccaOwen, 59,
in the media. He's single. both teachers, live in London.
{ - it wasthe
I don'thavea problemwithanyonehavingsurgeryto I hadn'treallvnoticedRebecca's wrinkles
pinbacktheirears,but havinga tummytuckis lazy lineson my forehead thatpeopleusually commented
-
andcouldbe sortedoutwithhealthyeatingand on. Butaftershereadaboutprocedures to ironout
exercise.I alsoquestion the reasons somepeople lines,shesuggested we bothtriedit. I wasmore
il havesurgery. Forexample, if a womanis unhappy with impressed with the resultsthanshewas,but I won't
her appearance and it'shavinga psychological effect haveanymore.I don'tmindif Rebecca wantsto, but
=
on her,thenthere'snothingwrongwith doing onlyif shedoesit for herself.
l'mconvinced I wouldn't
something aboutit. Butsurgery justto pleasea noticea newhaircut, neverminda smoother face.
il boyfriend is simplyridiculous.
=r F
!r RichardShorney,40, a businessadvisern Michael Briggs,56, is married to Linda,48.
lives in Cambridgeshire
with his wife They run a website business together and
il Sarah,32. live in Norfolk.
Womenalwaysaspireto looklikecelebrities, but I bet Lindahadcosmetic surgerythreeyearsago.I wasdead
I moststarshavespenta fortunemakingthemselves againstit andworriedaboutthe healthaspectmore
that way.I hatethe 'Hollywood'
look- womenwith thananything. Shehada lowerfaceandnecklift,an
:| rigidfacesfromtoo manyfacelifts.Theylooklike upperandlowereyelift,lasertreatmentto removefine
clonesof eachother.I actuallv
thinkit'sindividualitv Iinesandexcess fat removed fromaroundhereves.She
t andthe imoerfections thatmakewomenbeautiful. I wasbatteredandbruisedafterwards, but once

:r wouldn'twantSarahto haveplasticsurgery,even
thoughtherearebitsof hershedoesn'tlike.I think
everything settleddownshelookedamazing.
thenl'vehadcosmeticdentistry
Since
to realignmy teethand

:r she'sgreatthewaysheis. l'maboutto haveexcess


uppereyelids.
fat andskinremoved
l'ma cosmetic surgeryconvert.
frommv

I F
Andy Barden, 35, lives in Kent with his JamesPalmer,32, is a farmer from
il wife Sandra,46. Cambridge.He'smarriedto Alison, 27.
Sandra's goingto havea faceliftlaterthisyearand There'sno needto be unhappy withyourappearance
l nothingI saywillchangehermind.I don'tthinkshe thesedays.l'd havesurgeryif I hadthe money.l'd
needsit andI reallycan'tunderstand whyshewants havethe bumpon my noseremoved, althoughl'd
l to put herselfat risk.There'salsothe factit'sso neverhavepectoralimplantsto makemy chesibigger.
expensive andtherearefarbetterthingsto spendthe You'dhaveto be reallyvainto do something that
t moneyon.We'vehada few arguments aboutit, but drastic.Alisonsaysif bitsstartto droopor sagasshe
t l'mresigned to thefactthatshe'llgo ahead.I just
don'tthinklooksarethatimportant - it'swhata
getsoldershe'llhavethemseento. I wouldn'twant
herto changeherappearance but if
dramatically,
personis likeon the insidethatcounts- people she'dbe happieraftersurgery, thenwhy not?
:
shouldgrowold gracefully. Cosmetic surgeryseems
t sucha vainthingto do.

tI ><; -ti
x
oo
x
do
i
oo

F
F FromReoding
ExtrabyLizDriscoll University
@Cambridge Press
2004 57
things
S Describing
Umf;t

Don'tgo outwithoutyour cq
=

mrnoer
. l
H
4
E
Worm up
1 Bearin mindthatpersonal attackisa delicatesubjectandshouldbetreatedsensitively.
lf thestreetsof theirtownor cityaredangerous.Havetheyeverfeltin
d
Askstudents
personaldanger? Askstudents whattheywoulddo if theyfelt danger.
ln d
2 Explain thattheyaregoingto reada Ieaflet
to students theycoulduseif
aboutsomething
d
e
theywerein danger.

Moin octivity
I GiveeachstudentPicture1.Askstudents whattheycanseeandto sayhow
to describe q
theythinkthisgadgetcouldhelpthemwhenin danger. thewordskeyand
Pre-teach
of howthegadgetworksat
predictions
keyringusingrealones.Donotconfirmstudents'
e
thispoint.
2 Writethewordalarmon the board.Askstudents
the gadgetin the pictureis a personal
whatanalarmclockdoes.Explain
attackalarm.
that cq
3 GiveeachstudentPicture 2. Usethispictureto pre-teachtheotherwordsfromKey
language.Doesthis picture confirmstudents' of howthegadgetworks?
predlctions
4 Giveeachstudentthetext.Askstudents thesentence
to underline howthe
explaining E
gadgetworks.Theansweris in thethirdsentence.
5 Askstudents to continuereadlng
(Theanswerisextremely
ear-piercing,
untiltheyfindanexpression
loudinthe paragraph headedWarning.)
means
intheleafletwhich 4
abouthowthe
information -
6 Askstudents reading
to continue untiltheyfindmoredetailed
E
c
gadgetworks.
to paraphrase
7 Askstudents the paragraphheadedTooperate yourMinderAlarm"
8 Askstudents (Aminderis someone
to lookup thewordminderin theirdictionary. who
public /
protectsanotherperson, a famousperson,
especially fromdangerandunwanted H
Askthemif theythinkminderis a goodnamefor thisalarm.
attention.)
9 Explain withthegadgetwhenyougetit. Remind
thatthisleafletis provided studentsthat E
it isn'tnecessary to understand everyword in a such
leaflet asthis.
The important thingis
how
to understand the gadget works. E
10 Tellstudents to lmagine thattheyhaveboughta Minderandthattheymustanswera
friend's questions aboutit. Giveeachstudentthe Exercise andaskstudents to readand E
findtheanswers to thequestionsin pairs. -
I-
11 Tellstudents to changepartners. Theyaskandanswer thequestionsorallytogetherasa
roteotav.
t
F
-
E

E
-
l=

t
F+fiiI Followup E=
F,;l.l
. to findfurtherinformation
students
Encourage products
aboutcrlmeprevention on this -
andotherwebsites.
t=
l::,i4.::i i i
-
[.:,;;', F
| ....i.:

F
F
F
I MG6ffid@ffi
I PersonolAttock Alcrm
t Feelsecure witha PersonalAlarmbyyourside.
Compact, powerful, thePersonal
efficient, Alarmis invaluable
t situations.
in alldistress
Pulltheripcordforanear-piercingalarm.
lI Policeandsecurityadvisersrecommend theuseof Personal
to minimise rape,animalattack
thethreatof assault,
|I Alarms
andobscene phonecalls.

a Warning
alarmisdueto itsextremely
of theMinder
Theeffectiveness
I loudand powerfulsiren,whichproduces 130decibels of sound
prolonged
Asa result,
at source. exposure cancause
ir permanent hearingdamage.
Do not activatethe alarmunnecessarily In particulaltake
il careto avoidendangering smallchildren pets.
and
Themanufacturer anditsagentswillnotaccept any
t F foranyloss,damage
responsibility or personal injurysustained
whilein possession
of thisproductwhatever thecause or
il reason.
Powersupply
il TheMinderispowered by3 x LR44orA76batteries'
il Picture 2
Toensurethatyouralarmisalways at thepeakof efficiency,
please:
a 1 Check thebatteries' byactivating
regularly
condition the
alarmfora shortperiod.
il 2 At thefirstsignof a weaksound, thebatteries
replace with
newones.
-I TooperateyourMinderAlarm
t Simplypullthecordto remove
activated
thepin.lhealarmwillbe
thepinisremoved
immediately andwillonlystop
e Minder
whenit isreplaced.
batteries.
will runupto onehouronfresh

=r Tochangethe batteriesin yourMinderAlarm


cover(picture2)'
e 1 Unscrew
2 Remove thecover
screwonbattery
thePhillips
andreplace thebatteriet ensuringthatthe

e newbatteriesareinsertedasshownin picture
of thebatteries
insertion
Note:Incorrect
2.
willpreventyour
=r Minderfromworking
3 Replace
properlyand
thescrewandre-tighten
will damage
screw.
the alarm'

il thebatteries.
testthealarmafterchanging
4 Always

= Forinouiries: LTD.
JNE MARKETING
Exercise Tel;01978-855054
-t 1 Howloudisthe alarm? Couldthisbe dangerous? www.inemarketing.co.uk
2 Howmanybatteriesdoes the Minder need?How
-r longdo theylast?

F
il
Howcanyou checkif the batteriesareworking?
Howdo you knowwhento changethe batteries?
4 Howbig is the Minder?Wherecanyou buy it?
I 5 Whathappens if the Minderdoesn'twork?

F F<L
= V
oo X X
b
t- ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReoding University
@Cambridge 2004
Press 59
LlnitI Describing
things t
t
Don'tforgetto pock o a o E
E
Worm up E
1 Begin thelesson
byasking
students exoticholiday
to suggest e.g.TheMaldives,
locations,
Fiji,TheCaribbean. t
2 Explain thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students fouritemsthatthey
mighttakeon holiday. t
Moin octivity t
a setof photos.Allowstudents
Dividetheclassintopairs.Giveeachpairof students time F
to lookat thepictures
anddiscusswhatthefouritemsarefor.
Discuss eachphotowiththeclass.Getstudents whattheycanseeandto
to describe F
suggest a namefor eachitem.Guidethemtowardsthenamesof theitems:BeltBank,
KepiHat,Transit Pillow,Bed Specs andencourage students
to suggest whythesenames E
werechosen. Writethefournamesonthe board.Askstudents if theyhaveusedanyof
theseitems. F
Giveeachpairof students a setof jumbleddescriptions.
Explain
thattheyhaveto match -
thedescriptionswiththe photos.Thefullnameof the itemis missing fromthefirstgapin F
eachdescription.Themissing wordin eachlatergapissimplyoneof thesewords(belf,
hat,pillow,specs).
Theymustdecidewhichisthefirstparagraph of thedescriptionfor F
eachpicture.Pointoutthatit is notnecessary
to understandeverywordin the
justthegeneral
descriptions, sense. t
Checktheanswers
withtheclass.Thedescriotions arewiththecorrect
ontheworksheet
pictures. E
Tellstudentsto lookat thefirstparagraph
item'smainselllngpoint.Getthem
for eachitemandfindthe
of thedescription
of no morethan15wordsfor each
to writea sentence
t
one.Whilestudents
sentences
aredoingthis,writethebeginning
in Answerkeyin 6 belowonthe board.
andending of eachof the
F
Comoare
thesentences
withtheclass. E
e
E
-
F

t
Askstudents paragraphs
to readthe remaining for eachitemandfindthe item'smain -
if thereisone.Askthemto underline
drawback(s), thesentencesin the paragraphs. Ii
Checktheanswers
withtheclass. -
F

.F
-
F
-
F
Discuss Which
takeanyof themon holiday?
the itemswiththeclass.Wouldstudents -
F
one(s)?
Why?
-
.F
Followup -
o Askstudents thattheyhaveentereda competition
to imagine to wina holidayin the F
exoticlocationtheymentioned Theyhaven't
earlier. wonfirstprize,buttheyhavewona
runners-up writea paragraph
prize-oneof thefouritemsin the photos.Students saying -
F
whichitemtheywouldchoose, andwhy.Theythenwritea secondparagraph sayingwhy
thevwouldn'tchoosetheotheritems. -
F
-
F
-
-tF
<

It
l.
T
I
I T h e. . . . . . . . . . .l.o. o
. .k. s T h e . . . . . . . . . .i.s.a. .c.a. P T h e . . . . . . . . . .i.s.a. .m. .u s t Youneeda pairof

F
t
likea regular
madefromblackcotton
withbrownleather
anda metalbuckle.
trim
witha curtainaround
the neckto keepout
thesun'srays.Theonly
drawback isthatyou
for anyone whowants
to sleepon long-haul
f l i g h t sT.h e. . . . . . . . . . . .i s. . . .
shaped likea horseshoe.
to makethe
mostof thetelevision
yourhotelbedroom
whileyou'reaway.
in

However, on the inside couldlooklikeLaurel Thematerial is rather Theseglasses arefitted


t thereisa 60-centimetre andHardyinthe1931 likea verythickand withsmall,mirrored

I zipwhichcloses
thinpocketwhereyou
canstoremoneyto
a long, filmBeauHunks,when
theysignedup for the
Foreign Legion.
heavyspongeWhich
holdstheshapeof the
neckandheadfora long
prismsfor eacheye.
Thismeans
be able to
thatyouwill
lieflaton
:r helpyouif youshould time,allowing shoulder
to relaxand
yourbackin bedwhile
stillcatching essential
T loseyourbagor wallet. muscles
youto sleep. viewing.
L - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - {

ir F
Thereisalsoenough T h e. . . . . . . . . . . .i s. .a. c. t u a l l Y NASAactually develoPed T h e. . . . . . . . . . .w. .o. .r .k
ir roomto carrya basedon a Victorian
the
thematerial fromwhich surprisingly
reflected
well.The
imageof the
! photocopy
passport
of your
in the
. Then,if
design, although
Velcrothat attachesthe
curtainflapto the backis
t h e. . . . . . . . . . .i.s.m
fortheirastronauts
thespaceprogramme.
. . .a d e ,
on screenis evenbig
enoughto letyouread
t yourpassport and
walletarestolen,you
probably a lateraddition.
T h e. . . . . . . . . . .i.s.a. .l s. o
Thesechapsfacedsome
of thelongest-haul flights
somesubtitles.
frames,in attractive
The

linedto aidcooling. The -to spaceandback.The tortoiseshell, aresolid


il canwalkintoan
detachable rearflap material wasusedto andcomfortable.
embassy andprove
ir immediately whoyou
are.Veryusefull
coversyourneckand
earsexceedingly well.
helpastronauts
withtheenormous
cope
G-
you
t Whenit isdetached,
areleftwitha regular
forcesexperienced
take-off andlanding.
at

cap.
-l
F
e T h e . . . . . . . . . .i.s. . . . .
available in one,very
Aswellaswhite,the
. . . . . . . . . . .i.s.a. .l s. o
Theonlydrawback is
t h a t h e. . . . . . . . .......i s.
T h e s.e. . . . . . . . . .m
also be very useful
. .i.g. .h t
for
bulky.lt is alsoweightY hospital patients who
=l largesize,whichwillfit available, rather
- 6649-although, of wantto reada bookor
a 100-centimetre waist. appropriately, in sand.lt
Butyoucaneasilycut it comesin a choice of course, thisis notsuch eattheirfood,butfind
- or
downto size.lt isn'tthe slzes. a problemif yournext it uncomfortable
tripis in zerogravity. perhaps impossible to
il mncf
| | , v J L
cl-rrlich
J L I " J '

lookdown.
on the market,butyou
E don'twantan

IE r k
expensive-looking
if it isalsoa
discreetsecurity aid.

L .
.

T
I
r
::
I

=rn Reoding
Y
do

2004
Press
University
@Cambridge
ExtrabyLizDriscoll
Y X
61
X
things
S Describing
t$rysHt
= I
-1
H

I
Con'tlivewithout a a a =i
J

=i
t.<

bononos d
E-
-1
i
E

Worm up I
1 Explainto studentsthattheyaregoingto reada newspaper articleaboutbananas. Elicit l-
thatin newspapers therearebothnewsstories -
andfeaturesarticles aboutparticular )
topics. thata newsstorymightbeabouta specific
Elicit theftof bananas, whilea feature l#
mightbeaboutthe general
benefitsof bananas.
eating )
2 Explainthatthisarticle
appeared tnTheGuardian.ltsummarises articles
fromother l-
l
newspapers. Askstudentsif theycannameanyBritish newspapers. --
l-
Moin octivity F
G--

1 Giveeachstudenta photocopy. oneminuteto findthenamesof seven


Allowstudents
news0a0ers. F
2 Checktheanswerswiththeclass. havea Sunday
mostdailynewspapers
Pointoutthatin Britain,
FOCUS' - lndependent
/ lndependent
onSunday, / SundayTelegraph.
DailyTelegraph l-
_t
equivalent
--J
Answerkcy t-
Dailynewspapers Sundaynewspapcrs
lndependent undayPeople I-
DajlyTelegraph mirrot
1rn{1V :
l-
TlfuE -'-
30-40 minutes Lookat the openingparagraphof the text with the class.Explainthat go bananasis an ^l-
i idiomwhich meansget angy or excitedand pleased.ltis probablybeingusedhereto saythat
KEYLANGUNEE. B r i t i s hp e o p l ea r eg e t t i n gv e r ye x c i t e da b o u tb a n a n a s . F
article,broadsheet, A and matchthe newspapers
in Exercise
Askstudentsto readthe descriptlons with the -a
Encourage studentsto worktogetherin pairsso that they canhelpeachother.
l-
descriptions.
feature,ga banonaso
F
tobloid : l-
F
IF
PREPARATION
0ne photocopy for each F
-a

British
student;
newspapers(ifavailable) TF
5 Askstudentsto readthe text againand decideif the sentences B aretrue or false
in Exercise I

t-
6 Checkthe answerswith the class.Encourage studentsto justifytheir answersby referring
t o t h e t e x t . U s et h i so p p o r t u n i t tyo c l a r i f yt h e m e a n i n go f a n yu n k n o w nw o r d sa n d i d i o m s . F

F

'E-
-
F
E
-F
FI
F

F
Followup L
o Explain
thattheSunday People,
Sunday MirrorandSunaretabloids(popular newspapers
withsmallpages,morepictures, stories)
andshort,sensational andTheObserver,Daily -
-F
Tetegraph,
lndependent on Sundayandlndependent arebroadsheets (larger
newspapers,
withmoreserious reporting).
anddetailed to the
if theythinkthereferences
Askstudents -!

62 newsoa0ers withinthetextshowthlsat all.


Can'tlive without ... bananas

'.
f i b r ea n dv i t a m i n si t: i s r i c h. i i : : : z : 3 - - . - :

Can't ...
livewithout c a l o r i e sl t. i s a l s oa f i r s t - c l a shsa n g i . ; ' - - ' . : - = -
b l o o do r e s s u raen ds o o t h e h
d o n ' te n dt h e r e . S h e s a y si t
s e a r t b u r n .i i"s : a - - : -
isthe
' ' p e r f e cfto c c ' : '

bananas w e a n i n gb a b i e sa n d
" y o uc a n e v e nu s et h e s k i n sa s
gardenfertiliser I t i s a s t o n i s h i n gvley r s a t i l e "
T h e r ei s m o r e T . h et h i c ks k i n n e du, n z i p p a b lfer u i t i s a
chemical p o w e r h o u soen a p a rw i t h a n y t h i n gd i s h e do u t
" B a n a n acso n t a i nc h e m i c a ltsh a t
bythe doctor.
s t i m u l a t teh e p r o d u c t i oonf s e r o t o n iann d d o p a m i n e ,
the sameneurotransmitters set off by Prozacand
"ln short,bananasare
ecstasy," says The 0bserver.
h e a l t h-y a n dt h e yg i v ey o ua b u z z .l t i s t h e u l t i m a t e
f o o d :a m b r o s i ian a s a f f r o ns k i n . "
What'smore,the bananano longerhasto be kepton
" t h e s t r a i g hat n d n a r r o w " '
w h a tt h e I n d e p e n d ecnatl l s
" E u r or u l e sb a n n i n gb e n d yb a n a n aasn d
L a s tw e e k ,
c u r v yc u c u m b e rlsw e r e d ] eclared i l l e g a il n t h e h i g h
c o u r t , "s a i dt h e S u n .
B u t t h e r ei s m o r et o a b e n tb a n a n a t h a nd o u b l e
entendreY s .o um i g h tt h i n ko f i t a s a h u m b l ef r u i t ,b u t
" s p e c i ael c o n o m i icm p o r t a n caes a s y m b ool f t h e
it has
p o t e n co yf western c a p i t a l i s m "a,c c o r d i ntgo T h e
: ' - : : i s f a n a n a s , s" a y st h e S u n d aP yeople. 0bserver. W h e nt h e B e r l i nw a l lf e l l ,g r o u p so f E a s t
- - . - . - . : - s : : o u sB r i t o nw
s i l l m u n c ht h e i rw a y " h o l do u r h a n d sa n dt a k eu s t o
G e r m a ncsh a n t e d
' ' . : - - - : . - - 1 Ct o n n e s obf a n a n a s t h i s y e a T rh.i"s " m e a n tf r e e d o ma t l e a s ti n
b a n a n al a n d "b e c a u s iet
- : . : : . - : - l r : eU K ' sm o s ip o p u l af r u i t " ,s a y st h e
termsof middle-class aff luence, lf you haveaccessto
S - . r a - ,M i r r o r . W es p e n dm o r em o n e yo n b a n a n a s bananas, y o u m u s th a v ec o n t r ool f w o r l dt r a d ea n d
: - . ' . - . ' : ' s r l p e ' m a r krette ma p a r tf r o mp e t r o al n d s h i p p i n gA. n d i f y o ud o t h a t ,t h i n g ss u r e l yc a n n o b te
:::-^ - :.:::s and morethan 95% of our households t h a t b a d '.
"Bananas
t :-:- :!'eiy week,"addsThe Observer.
- : - : : = ' J .
Britain'sfavouritefruit has its detractors,
" H o wI h a t eb a n a n a s ,s"i g h sA d a mE d w a r d sH. e
however.
- : - : . . : a s b e e nd o i n gi t s b i t .F o ra l m o set v e r y
T : - : : r - : r t" i s n o wc o n s i d e r et d o be indispensable
concedes that they havea certainstatusas the last
t h i n gE l v i sP r e s l eayt e ,t h a t t h e yc o m ei n t h e i ro w n

tT : : . : ' . : e l w e e ns e t sa n dr a l l i e s "s,a v sT h e "recyclable d ,i s p o s a b cl eo n t a i n e r "a,n dt h a t t h e ya r e


: : 1 e r : , s p e r f e c t lsyu i t e dt o t h e t e s i o s t e r o n e - " a v e r i t a b lgeo u r m est u p p o rst y s t e m "A. n dy e t : " t h e
= - ' . : ^ ' s i l o n k e y sw , l t ht h e i rt e m p e tr r a n t r u m s , bananais not as otherfruits- it hasnevergrownup. lt
. 1 ' - a . - a s r m i a nb e h a v i o u rs,a" y sA d a mE d w a r disn i s n o t i n t h e s a m ec l a s sa s t h e a p p l e t, h e o r a n g et ,h e
DailyTelegraph. GregRusedski, notesthe lndependent peach,or anyotherof God'sgreattakeaways'" You
T S;nday
' : u r n st h ef o l d i n go f h a l fa b a n a n ainto c a n ' td i s t i li t i n t ow i n e ,a s y o uc a nt h e g r a p ey; o uc a n ' t
use it to reachgastronomic heights.
T ' - : - , - : s n r p o r t a ne tn o u g tho h a v ei t s o w n
. = - - = : ' g a n r s a t i ot nh .e B a n a n G a r o u pS. p o k e s m a n
" l t r e m a i nas j u v e n i l de e l i n q u e n t ot b e s q u a s h ei dn
"a
s a n d w i c h e sc, o " n c l u d eE s d w a r d s , o n e - d i sw h onder
- : : i . . . ' - ' ; a 1e x p l a i n et h d e f r u i t ' sa p p e atlo T h e s u i t e do n l yf o r t h e p a l a t eo f a c h i l d . "
'
l : s : - r e r : , s e a s yt o o p e n i: t i s p a c k e w d i t he n e r g y ,

E x e r c i sA
e ExerciseB
I r e\\-spaperswith the descriptions.
l L Decide if these statements are true or false.
likea drug,canglveyoua feelingof
F -.: r'llre benefits of eatingbananas
- .- 3 ' t l s hb a n a n a - b u y h
i nagb i t s
1 Bananas,
excitement.
thanother
-: c
^ - + i 6 ^- r ' h ^ w i m b l e d o n t e n n i s
q - g q L i l t s q L L rr E 2 Britishpeoplespendlesson bananas
:' CS
supermarket fooditems.
t o b a n a n aast a h i s t o r i c a l
- . ; :'e"ence 3 Most tennis players eata banana
at Wimbledon
m
d u r i n gt h e i r a t c h e s .
3ananas
negatively withotherfruit 4 'Banana land'wasa countrythatdidn'ttradewiththe
restof theworld.
-: :hangesin the lawwithregardto
5 Youcanmakewinefrombothbananas andgrapes.
hadto be
lawthatbananas
6 lt usedto be European
straight.

63
$# Friendsand relationships
*$m*fi a-
l-

-<
l=r

Whqtis o friend? t<


t-
f-
r-

Worm up rrl
h
1 Askstudents howtheywoulddefinethewordfriend.Encourage suggestions,
students' t-l
butdo notconfirm at thispoint.
theiranswers l-
2 Explainthatyouwantstudents
to reada dlctionary it with
entryforfriendandto compare -
theiranswer.
R-
-
l-
Moin octivity
'-
Giveeachstudenta dictionary entry.Askstudents to checkthedefinition forfriendandto F
highlight the meaning sothatthisis separate fromtheexamples. EIicit thatflendhastwo
,-
m e a n i n g sa( p
1 e r s o n w h o m y o u l i k e , 2 a p e r s o n o r o r g a n i s a t i o n w h o h e l p s a n d s u p pForts
someone or something). Askstudents whatotherinformation thedictionary entryglves
which {
aboutthe wordfriend(3a definition of Friendsof the Earth,4somesayings F
includethewordfriendl.Vtlrite theabovefourpointsin a liston theboard.
Explainto studentsthattheyaregoingto lookat a varietyof different texttypesin English, F
whichallinclude or
thewordfriend friends. each
Give student a set of texts.Allowthem -
two minutes thewordfriend(s)tnthetexts.
or highlight
to underline F
3 Dividetheclassintopairs.Askstudents wheretheythinkthesetextsarefrom. --
F
4 Checkthe answers withtheclass.Writetheseven texttypes in a listandbeginto buildup
a chartontheboard.
F
Students readthetextsanddecideif thewordfriend(s) relatesto meaning 1 or meaning2
ontheboard. F
6 Check theanswers withtheclass.Explainthatprouerbsis anotherwordfor sayings. -
whoexactly
7 Askstudents definition.
wouldreadthedictionary thatthiscouldbea
Elicit F
of English,
student wantingto checkwhichverbsandprepositionsto usewithfrimd(s). .-
F
StudentsreadtextsA-Gagainanddecidewhoexactly wouldreadeachtext.Howand
whywouldtheyreadthetext?Wouldtheylookat thewholetext (skim)? Orwouldthey -5
F
(scan)?
information
lookonlyforspecific
I
Checktheanswers withtheclass.Emphaslsethe pointthatln oureveryday livestheway E'
we readsomething depends onthereasonwhywe arereading.
.-
.
. . .
t ' . . . ' F
a-

rt$lit F
-
F
A
l-
student$ -

':*l:*1
F
Onephotocopyfor eaeh -
student- cut intotwo ''-;,.''.,t.i F
parts(thed*cttonaryEntry,
andallthe otheiiex.ts)
Tl qi
chilsrerl .' ;
teenagerS ." , ffi,il';iffitr$'ffii' -
F
F :
-
b
ts
IF

#ffiHffi -
t .

:l#,.J*P|
- I
h

tr

Followup F
o Askstudehtsto thinkof othertexttypesin whichtheymightfindthe wordfriend(s).Ask
examples
themto collect beforethenextlesson. ---L
64,
wnat rs a Tngng? ro.iFi
IT
Ortord woman rescuesfriend
T from river k n o ww e l la n dw h o my o uI i k ea l o i .i , i , ' . - :
- 22-','ear-old nof a memberof yourfamilyShe'smy
t womanwas rescuedfrom the Thameson Friday
:.:- ng. Joelle Parkes,from Osney,fell overboardat Godstow besUoldesUclosestfriend - we'veknowneacn
-::.i near Oxford.RachelPowers,the boat'sowner,jumpedinto other sincewe werefive. He'so family friend/frienc
t -3 ,','aterand rescuedMiss Parkes.Both womenwere takento
-: John RadcliffeHospital.but were laterreleased.
of the family. We'vebeenfriends(=havelikedeacr
other)for mqny yeors.lose and Pilorare (good)
I friendsol ours(=v7slikethem).We'relgoodl friends
Cambridge a l a t t a a a o a o a a a l a a a a a a o a a
with Josdand Pilar.Shesardthat sheand Peterwere
t English
Readerslevel3
: friends
' I used to feel lonelyevery night
tr: iust (good) friends(=they werenot havinga serious
or sexualrelationship). Emilyhasmade frlendswith
I '.3wse
editor:Philip
Se!'ies
I until my fathersaid,
:
:
(=formeda relationship with andlikes)o newchildin
lustGoodFriends "\a&at you need is a specialfriend her clsssat school.Nowchildren,can'tyou be
il PennyHancock
i
I you cancuddlein your bed."
l
:
friends(=behavein a pleasant waythat showsthat
it s Stephanyand a o you likeeachother)and play quietlytogether?A
I l,4ax'sfirst holiday a
a
Firstlhadateddy,
a
a personor organisation that is a friendto/of someone
awaytogetherand a
a thenlrladadog,
a
a or somefhing helpsandsupportsthem.Thankyou
il they want to get to a
a thenlhadapanda,
a
a for beingsucha good friendto me, whenI hsd qll
knoweachother.They a a
that trouble.TheFriendsof (=16" organisation which
r go to ltaly and stay at
Stephany's friend
a
a
a
a
a rabbit and a frog.
Thenlhadatiger,
a
a
a
a
supports) the Royal Academy
the costof the exhtbrtion.
raised il 0a00
Friends of the Earthis an
bwqrds

r Carlo'sflat in a
Mediterranean village.
o
a
a
a
a snake and then a bat,
a lion and an elephant,
a
a
a
a
international
environment
organisation
(saying)
which aimsto protectthe
'Withfriendslikeyou,who needs
But Carlo'swife is not a a zebra and a cat. o

-t very happyto see


a
a - -
a
a enemies' meansalthough youaremyfriend,youare
r Now my bed is full of friends, a
(saying) 'Whatarefriends
Stephany- and the a a treatingmevery badly.
r bui ihe problem is, you see, a
{ two couplesfind out a a for?/Thal's whatfriends arefor'meansthatsomeone
r though none of them feel lonely a
particular thingtheyhavesaidor
why,and a lot of other a ' a hassaidor donethe
thingsabouteach r there's no room left for me. a
your friend.
= a a donebecause theyare
other,in a hot ftalian a a a a a a a a a a o a a o a a a a a a a a a a

.l >< summer. J
I
>4
{
wouldchangetr
Whatmyfriends With a friend at your side,no road
I
I
I

aboutme
I

seemstoo long. I
I
I
1 gri,'r',gi.t,--readers reveal what annoys their J A P A N E S EP R O Y E R B I
I

mates most! Hold a true friend with borhyour hands.


I "They'd
changethe fact that l'm alwayslate for - 1 , / I G E R lN/ P R O Y E R B
= everythingl lt's not my fault:my mum'slike thattoo. I One can do without people,but one has need
lry to be on time but somethingalwaysseemsto go of a friend.
1 wrong.especially whenI'm tryingto get to schoolin CHlNESE PROYERB
the morningl" Basia,London
A mile walb.edwith a friend containsonly a
{
"They'd makeme go to theirschoolso we couldall be hundred steps.
1 At the momentI go to a differentoneacross
together. R U S S l , 4 NP R O T E R B
town andI hateit thereandmissthem." Eilish,Kent
1 Friends Membership Card
PLAYHOUSE
=
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v ,"","n 0 0 3 6 7 0 1
z friends of
the earth
intetnotionol focus on foe groups
- february
Expiry date: End 03 / 03
- D aboutfoei
Name(s):Miss E.M. Driscoll
r- Q member area
CER DET
ceFdevfoe Bolivia
no whenbooking
quoteyour membership
Please
z
J suppott foei giants
clashes with corporate
A sfte map read on-line

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Box Office: 01865 305305 THE OXFORD PLAYHOUSE

z http://www.foei.org/
{i espanol }
{.francais

text version
} When bookingalwaysask for your FriendsDiscount.
Ouoteyour membershipnumberwhen booking
Pleasebringyour card with you when collectingtickets.
order your print copy
' - order your foei t shirts here!
Yourmembershipcard is validuntilthe expirydate shownon the front'
This card is your receiptand proofof membership- pleasekeep it safe at all times
"how
to eat sustainably"

1 t
1
ExtrabyLizDriscollO Cambridge
FromReadrng Press2004
University
a
$ffiFriendsand relationships
&$mfr* JFi
I
F
Howto mokenewfriends EI
I

FI
Worm up FI
1 Explain thattheyaregoingto readaboutanddiscuss
to students waysto makenew
friends
outside Askstudents
workor school. howtheymettheirfriends. Alsoencourage F
themto suggestotherwaysto meetnewpeople. Writea liston the board,e.g.join a club, I
usepublictransport. F
l
Moin octivity F
l
Divide theclassintopairs.Giveeachpairof students thetexts.Allowstudents two minutes
to findhowmanyof thesuggestions inthelistonthe board arementioned in thetexts. F
Discuss theanswers withtheclass.Writea listof suggestions,plusnames of thewriters, F
on the board. (Seethechart in Answer keybelow.)
Askstudents to turnthetextsfacedownontheirdesks.Makesurestudents areaware F
thatthefourwriters aretalkingabouttheirownpersonal experiencesof making new A
friends.Askstudents whatkindof thingsthewritersmentioned,
to identify e.g. F
whatotherpeople
success/failure, do/suggest,ratherthanspecific experiences.
.-
'1-4to thechartontheboard.Make F
Giveeachpairof students Addcolumns
theExercise.
surethatstudents understandthatthenumbers referto thequestlonsintheexercise. -.-
to copythecharton the board.Theythenreadthetextsagainandcomplete
Tellstudents
F
abouteachwriter.
thechartwithinformation
E-
theanswers
Check thechartontheboard.
withtheclassandcomplete
Lr
nni*rr:Lry' :" : .1
: :
a " ' : ., E-
1.. :
",' ; ,
.A

xr 5 r ]. . .,.tgr
i :,,""if*'t'
: ' E.
--
E-
'' ; ,t - : l
F
r ,
,;;

']
* ' *, ,,.,:
textsandthe,fxercise) F
iiit"
lffi'.
ili;:ili;:
**.t '
:.i;::
E-

; ; ' t-
Fu'.', *,,'". . * - . : = .t'
E-
Askstudents to readthetextsagainandto findout if ihe fourwriterswantto meetnew
people in or newpeople
general sex,or both.Explain
of theopposite thattheymustalso F
findinformationin thetextto support decision.
their
withtheclass.
theanswers
Discuss
ts-
E
:.
-
lb

-
-F
-
F

-F
-F
Followup .F
66, s r i t ea p a r a g r a pahb o u th o w t h e ym e t s o m eo f t h e i rf r i e n d s
o Studentw
il How to makenew friends tJ;
ll
7 Youwant to meetsomeonespecial... or simplysome new people.What'sthe
best way to makenew friends?Writeand tell us aboutyour experiences.
z ---r.-
I think a goodwayto meetpeople I wantedto meet
7 is to go to publicplaces,likecaf6s someone special,but I
andgalleries, evenlaunderettes. didn't knowthe bestway to do
1 There's alwaysa lot to talk aboutin this.I didn'twantto go to a dating

z a museum, isn'tthere?Andthe
peopleareall likelyto be interested
agencybecause
expensive.
that couldbe
5o I decided to answera
z in the subjectmatter.I metoneof
my friendsat the theatre. We both
personal ad in the
wrotea letterto the
local paper.I
girl,thenshe
hadsingle ticketsandsatnextto eachother. Sheand phoned me.Wespokea couple of times,thenwe
I talkedabouttheperformance in theinterval
and arranged to meetin a pubhalfway between our
= thenwentoutfor a mealaftennrards. Now,wego to homes. ontime.andwaitedandwaited...
I arrived
thetheatretogether regularly.
Another wayto meet That'sright,shedidn'tturnupat all! ButI started
people in
isto enrol an evening class.
My joined
sister talkinoto oneof thebarmaids andwe'vebecome
anltalianclasstwo yearsago.Learning a language goodiriends. Anotherwayto meetpeople isto joina
= givesyoumanyopportunities to starta conversation. sportsclub.You canget fit aswell asmeet people.I
Shestarted talkingto oneof themenin herclass- joineda mountain-biking clublast year- but the
I andthey're offto ltalyonholiday togethernext othermembers areallmale. That'swhyI answered the
monthlPerhaps l'lljoinanevening classnextyear! personar ao.
= Kate aged25 aged23
Jonny,
-a

= Youcanmeetpeopleon holiday.I went gvg,ili


lnternet a1"'a1tssff15
'
on a groupwalking-holiday in Cretelast the newestandeasiest rr,::llii
I year.Theholidaywasgreat,and,it's wayto talkto strangers
true,I met lotsof people. Howevelthey worldwide. That'swhat my
= wereall fromthe southof England and brothersays,andhe doesit a
l'm fromthe north-west. lt wouldbe lot.Hechatsto peoplefromall
I difficultfor meto meetup with them overthe world.ButI don'tlike
veryoften.I tookthe planehometo Manchester on the ideaof meetingpeopleon
= my own,andstartedtalkingto the girl nextto me. the Internet. Youhearawful
WetalkedaboutCreteall the wayback.We're stoliesaboutwhatcanhappen. Also,I wantto meet
1 planning to go backtogethernextyearlThisgirl, peoplelocally. I thinkthe bestwayto meetnew
Sonia, worksfor 0xfam.Sherunsoneof theircharity peopleis throughmutualfriends. 5o,if a friendof
=
shops, andshesaysthey'realwayslookingfor mineoffersmethe lastplacein a holidaycottage,
volunteers - peopleto helpin the shop.Whydidn'tI invitesmeto a partyor asksmeto makeup a four
< do voluntary workoneSaturday a month?I'm more for tennis,I jumpat the chance!| meetquitea few
, ' of an outdoorperson, so I didn'twantto spendall peoplqbothmaleandfemale, thisway.Andthat's
that timeindoors. I joineda localconservation group, I
how met my girlfriend- at a friend'spartyexactlya
instead.l've met lots of people of all ages. I alsolike yearago!
{
to thinkl'vehelped theenvironment too!
Tim,aged 24
{ Adele,aged 22

4
{ Exercise
1 Didhe/shetry thiswayto meetnewpeople? Doeshe/she talkaboutsomeone who metnew
l{
lf the answerisyes,go on to question 2. peoplelhisway?
IZ is
lf the answer no,go on to question 3. lf the answerisyes,go on to question 4.
t - lf the answeris no, go on to the nextwayto meet
I
2 Washe/shesuccessful in meetingnewpeoplethis
r{ way? people.
t - lf the answerisyes or no, go on to the nextwayto Doeshe/she wantto try thiswayof meetingnew
L' people?
t - meetpeople.
t-
l<
lf the answerisyes or no, go on to the nextwayto
t - meetpeople.
t-
H ExtrabyLizDriscoll
FromReadrng Press2004
Universrty
O Cambridge 67
I
I
Unit I0 Friendsand relationshiPs E
losesherring in
Fionc6e d
H
eggswop
Eoster d
E
Worm up 4
1 Explainto studentsthattheyaregoingto reada newspaper
whyandhowpeoplecelebrate Makesure
Easter.
eggsto friendsandfamilyisan Easter
students
articleaboutEaster.
areaware that
traditionin somecountries.
giving
Askthem
chocolate E
q
Easter
losesherring in Eastereggswapon the board.Elicitor
2 Writethetitleof the articleFiancde
e
explainthatswapmeansexchange
3 Askstudents
andafianc1eis a womanwho is engaged
Donot
whatthearticleisaboutandwhatcouldhavehappened.
to suggest
at thispoint.
predictions
confirmstudents'
to bemarned.

c
;
Moin octivity
1 Giveeachstudenta photocopy. to workin pairsor smallgroupson A,
students
Encourage
sothattheycanhelpeachother.
d
lit €
i:
ii
ail
.?;.
'ii

r: :il
It
Askstudents
misslng
to completethesentences in B,usingthetextto helpthem.Check
wordswiththeclassfirst.Thenaskindividual
eachin thecorrectorder.
students
the
to readouta sentence IF
F
--
F
thequestions
to workin pairsto answer
students
3 Again,encourage in C.
F
-a
F
J
F
z
F

F
Writethefollowingquestions in speechbubbleson the boardasif theywerepartof a -
.F
conversation:Do you likeyournan ring?IMich ring?Askstudentswho mighthavesaid
thesethings. Studentswillprobablyallagreethatthemanandwomanmighthavesaid I

thethings.Thenaskhowthecouplemusthavefeltwhentheydicovered whathad F
happened. -
F
Writethe modalverbsfromKeylanguage onthe board.Encourage studentsto usethe
verb formsin sentences aboutthe young couple
, e.g.
He shouldn't hit
harte her,Shecan't -
Er
haoelikedplain chocolate.
-
Askstudents howtheywouldhavefeltandwhattheywouldhavedoneif theyhadbeen l-
the youngmanor woman,e.g.I wouldn'thnaeswapped theegg,I wouldhaaeboughta
-
cheaperring. F
Askstudents whattheywouldhavedoneif theyhadfoundthe ringwhenthe eggwas -
resold,e.g.I'dhaaetakenit backto theshop. F
J

Followup F
o Students
imaginewhathappened next.Theythenwritethearticlewhichappearedin the J

newspaperthefollowing
Sunday (Aprll22ndl. there
Unfortunately, wasno article
follow-up F
inTheObserveron SundayApril22nd,sowhoknows what happened! -
F
A Read the article. Put the words and phrases under the correct symbol.
Mole Femole
.26Year-oldlawgaduate
tl * ry,

I
T
I B Complete the sentences with he or s/ze.Then number the sentencesin the order in which
= they happened.
a . . . . . . . . . .p. .u. .tt h er i n gi n s i d e
t h ee g g . tr
a . t h a tt h ee g gw a sp l a i nc h o c o l a taen dd e c i d e tdo e x c h a n gi te
b . . . . . . . . . .s. .a. w T
= c . . . . . . . . . .w. .e. .n tt o t h es h o p b , u ts o m e o neel s eh a db o u g htth ee g g . T
d . . . . . . . . . .g. .a. .v et h eo t h e rp e r s o tnh ee g ga sa n E a s t eprr e s e n t . T
= e . . . . . . . . . .t.o. .o. kt h ee g gb a c kt o t h es h o pa n dg o ta m i l kc h o c o l a toen e . T
f . . . . . . . . . .d. "i .s.c o v e r et hda tt h eo t h e rp e r s o nh a de x c h a n g et hdee g g . T
{
g . . . . . . . . .d. i d n ' tk n o wt h a tt h e r ew a sa r i n gi n s i d e t h ee g g . tr
{ h . . . . . . . . . .b. .o. .u g hat p l a i nc h o c o l a teeg ga n da n e n g a g e m erni n t g. T
a C Anr*et these questions.
1 Whathappened whenthe couplediscoveredthatthe ringhadbeentakenbackto the shop?
{ 2 Howdidtheyoungwomanget herminorinjuries?
3 Whodidshego andsee?
H 4 .',.y havelegalpapersbeenprepared?
H 5 '/Vnat
','lhat
doesLucaMaorithinkwillhappento the ring?
6 doeshe thinkwillhappento theyoungcouple'srelationship?
H
H
Fianceeloses her ring in Easteregg swap
F by Philip Wiltan

F Rome

Fr 3 0 - y e a r - o l dp l u m b e r ,r u s h e db a c k found a gold ring with a heart-


s h a p e dd i a m o n da n d t h r e e r u b i e s

b to the shopwhere he h a d
p u r c h a s e dt h e e g g , o n l y t o f i n d i n a p l a i n c h o c o l a t eE a s t e re g g t o
t h a t i t h a d a l r e a d yb e e n r e s o l d . r e t u r n i t t o t h e s h o P .T h e r e i s a

F
H
T h e m i s s i n gr i n g h a s P u t t h e
relationship
s t r e s sw
u n d e rc o n s i d e r a b l e
, ith angry wordsfrom the
'l
h a n d s o m er e w a r d , h e s a i d . h a v e
a l l t h e l e g a l p a p e r sr e a d y t o c l a i m
d a m a g e sf r o m t h e b o y f r i e n d ,b u t
d o n o . ra n d t e a r s f r o m t h e u n l u c k Y w e w i l l w a i t f o r t h e m o m e n t . '

F
recrprenr. M a o r i s a i dh e w a s n o w m o r e
' T h e e p i s o d eh a s c a u s e da l o t o p t i m i s t i ct h a t t h e c o u P l ew o u l d
A " e x p e n s i v ee n g a g e m e n tr i n g
- d d e n a s a s u r p r i s ei n a o f t e n s i o n ,e v e n r e s u l t i n gi n a s t o p a r g u i n ga n d g e t b a c k
:hocolate Easteregg has glven very strongslap in the face for t o g e t h e r a g a i nt h a n t h a t t h e y
' F o ro n e

E enormous pre-marital tension to t h e p r o s p e c t i v eb r i d e , ' L u c a w o u l d r e c o v e rt h e r i n g .


a - i o u n g l t a l i a nc o u p l e . M a o r i , a P e r u g i al a w y e r s a i d t h i n g , t h e f i a n c 6 eh a s p r o m i s e d
T h e f 1 , 3 0 0r i n g h a s g o n e yesterday.'5he contacted me, s h ew i l l l e a r nt o l i k e P l a i n
:'.,rssing after the fianc6e, a 26- b e c a u s es h e w a s t h i n k i n g a b o u t c h o c o l a t e ,h' e s a i d .
t a k i n g l e g a la c t i o na g a i n s th e r 5 o f a r t h e c o s t l ys u r P r i s eh a s
- , e a r - o l dl a w g r a d u a t e ,d e c i d e dt o
: x c h a n g et h e p l a i n c h o c o l a t ee g g f i a n c 6f o r h e r m i n o r p h y s i c a l c a u s e dm u c h m o r e
' c . a m i l k c h o c o l a t ee q u i v a l e n t . injuries.' d i s a ppointmenthan the Plastic
l V h e n h e d i s c o v e r e dw h a t h a d Maori y e s t e r d a ym a d e a n t o y s u s u a l l yf o u n d i n c h o c o l a t e
r a p p e n e d , h e r h u s b a n d - t o " b ea, a p p e a l o n t e l e v i s i o nt o w h o e v e r e9gs.
{Jnit'*'l Healthand fitness E
d
ond
Doilywoke-up d
worm-up iE
Worm up
to touchpartof their
E
E
1 Askstudentsto namepartsof thebody.Inviteindividual students
bodyandsaythe corresponding
includethewordsin Keylanguage.
word.Writea listonthe board.Makesurethatyou
ts
to students
2 Explain thattheyaregoingto readandcarryoutan exercise Explain
routine.

thattheexerciseroutineis partof anauthentic butthe
text.lt hasn'tbeensimplified, I
accompanying willhelpthemto workoutwhatto do.
pictures
Ei
Moin octivity E
Getstudents
Giveeachstudentthe listof exercises. the
to readthetextandunderline

r*
partsof thebodythatare mentioned
witha partner.
Encourage
intheexercises. to compare
students E
:tl thelranswers
:!:!
.T
'lii Checktheanswerswiththeclass.Addanyextrawordsto the liston the board.Makesure F
thatstudents thesepartsof the body.
canallldentify
: !:i
N rlr
! iri
l. i:
F
*; ::l
ii':il
41J..,tr F
Explainto students thattheyarenowgoingto matcha pairof pictures witheachexercise.
F
Giveeachstudenta setof pictures.
pictures withtheexercises.
Again,students canhelpeachothertomatchthe t
Check theanswers withtheclass. Thepictures on theworksheet oppositearecorrectly t
matched withthetext.
Explalnto students thattheyarenowgoingto do theexercises. Makesurethattheydon't E
haveanymedical conditionsor injuries
thatprevent them from doing certainexercises.
Tellstudents to standup andmakesurethattheyhaveenoughspaceto do theexercises.
F
Readouteachinstruction for
Gothroughthefirstexercise
students
withthe classasan example.
to follow.Breakup eachsentence intoparts,e.g.StandtaII/ with yourfeet
E
apart/ andkneesslightlybent.Demonstrate the actionsyourselfasyou
shoulder-width
readouttheinstructions.
t
Tellstudents to workin pairs.Theyusethepictures
Goaroundtheclass,helping anddemonstrating
to workout howto do eachexercise.
wherenecessary.
t
Explainto theclassthatyouwantpairsof students to demonstrate anexercise to the rest F
of theclass. Theotherstudents must identify
the Point
exercise. outthatthey can referto
the textwhile they are watching a demonstration,but notto the pictures.
Tellstudents to t
putthe pictures away.
Askpairsof students to taketurnsto demonstrate. Theotherstudents saythe nameof F
the corresponding exercise.
E
Followup E
o Students workin pairsandprepareinstructions Theythentaketurns
for anotherexercise.
to givetheirinstructions Theotherstudents
to theclass. mustdo theexercise.
t
-
.E

F
F
t
t
I
F tsl------ -----1---------------:

T
I

i errowlirts I @ -=@--
I i't Standtallwithyourfeetshoulder-widthapartandknees
i
yourfingertips
ffil
"m ffiffi'
onyourshoulders with

iI I slightly bent.Place i
your ffi
i yort elbows closeto yourbody.Raise elbows i I Yl | .X l
i s t r a i g h t i n f r o n t o f y o u a n d c o n t i n u e t o r a i s e t hI e m a s h i gl lh\ l l/ll
i uriscomfortable i ll \\ // \i
i 2 outtothesides in
andthenback \
T ::]ls l"^:::hows i l I I
I
again.Repeat.
x
I
I 'fiHi1#li,[i1+:;ii#+:'.Hr,f:li;iiiff,'
Neckturn I ($ ffi

I
I
i ffi ffi
2 furnyourheadto theleftasfarasyoucancomfortably i
m a n a g e . H o l d f o r t w o s e c o n d s . T u r n b a c k t o t h ei f r o n t ,
fl il I/\ I
/l \\ ll \\

II pauseandrepeatontheotherside

Torsotwist
i
A I H K
x
I 41, 4ffi
apartandknees slightlyi *
l 1 Standwithyourfeetshoulder-width dh
bent.Pullinyourtummymuscles, tuckyourbottom I W W
I underneath you,andfoidyourarmsat shoulderlevel.
i {S i%
2 rurnthetophalfof yourbodyto theleftasfarasyoucan i IA I I /\ I
il go,whilekeeping front.Repeat
yourhipsfacing to iheright.I
// \ \ I / \\
untilyouhavecompleted
Alternate eighton each side'
f i 0Il bU / /
)l \l
\ >
ix
IT Hip swing
1 Standwith yourfeetslightlywiderthanhip-widthapart.

F Bendyourkneestowardsyourtoes.Putyourhandson
yourhips.

T 2 Withyourbottomtuckedunderneath you and bothknees


bent,
equally swingyour hips slowlyfromsideto side.

x
Side bends
1 Standwith yourbackstraight,feetshoulder-width apart,
kneesslightly bentandhandsbehind yourhead.
2 Tucking your bottom underneath you,bendfromthe
waistto the left andthen Repeatto the right.
straighten.

i----------
r i
x
l @ '
Squats i t w f f i i
apart.
1 Placebothfeetflat on the floor,shoulder-width i, E
d t
&
- g
bs %
- ,
i
Lookstraight ahead.
| trl yKh- i
2 Bendyourkneesoveryourtoeswhilebendingslightly
forwardsat the waist.Placeyourhandson the top of
i! f f\ l\\ i l \\\\
i
w i lut ({l^( '
i|
yourthighsasyou bendto supportyourback.Returnto I
I t t { t
tt tI \ \ \ \
an uprightposition. it
d -
H {
b J
b l
l
r t
- - - - - - J

- v
-- l------- J - - - - - - - - - -

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ExtrabyLizDriscoll Press2004
University
O Cambridge
-€$ Healthand fitness
&-$sxE€ E
lh

E--

WhotshollI do,Doc? t-

F-

Worm up F-
1 B e g i nt h e l e s s o nb y w r i t i n gt h e w o r d sf r o m K e yl a n g u a g oe n t h e b o a r d E l i c itth a t t h e s e
a r ea l l p a r t so f t h e b o d y .A s ks t u d e n t sw h a t m e d i c apl r o b l e m sy o u c a nh a v ew i t h t h e s e F-
oartsof the bodv,
2 E x p l a i tno s t u d e n t st h a t t h e ya r eg o i n gt o r e a da b o u ta n d d i s c u s s1 ' 1 ' 1 9 6nl irrn: lh l e m c E-

Mqin octivity ts-


1 G i v ee a c hp a i ro f s t u d e n t sL h el i s to f Q u e s t i o n s . E-
2 A s ks t u d e n t st o l o o ka t e a c hq u e s t i o ni n t u r n a n d d e c i d ew h o i s s p e a k i n tgo w h o m .T h e n
get them to suggesta reply,e.g.1 Don't eat so nruchsugar,2 I fell off my bike. E-
D i s c u stsh e a n s w e r sw i t h t h e c l a s s .
h-
t",'.,.1"1'l:;.''"i Answer key
FOCUS" I 1 pafient- doctor 6 {riend- friend -,doctor
1l!,'patient ts-
Sentence
st ti.rre,,,,' 2 frlend* friend / palrenl- oofior 12 pedestrian* pedestrian
3 dentlst- patient ,8 friend*,friend t3 patient_-droqtQr ts-
paraphrasing 4 patient* doctor 9 Bati*nt= do-ctor t4 doct0ri:*Batient
5 dactor* patiil'nt 10'friendr-friend 15 patient,-doftor ts-
TIME
. . . . . , U s et h e j o k e sb e l o wt o i n t r o d u c e
t h e i d e at h a t t h e q u e s t i o n as r ea c t u a l l tyh e f i r s tl i n e so f
30*40*'nutur , t w o - l i n ej o k e s .
b-
, Jokes b-
KgYLAHGUAGE 1
'How 'My
did the accidenthappen?' wtfe fell asleepin the back of the car.'
urm,bone,brain,eye , 'Wut 'Diet.' E-
2 ruill yott do when yorlre as big as your mother?'
fingernail,fuof;
toofh -'
D i s c u stsh e f i r s tq u e s t i o no n t h e p h o t o c o p yw i t h L h ec l a s sA
. s ki f a n y o n ec a ns u g g e s t F-
p u n c hl i n e .
PREPARATION
Studentw s o r ki n t h e i rp a i r sa n d p r e d i c t h e p u n c hl i n e sT . h e yw r i t et h e i rp u n c hl i n : : - ' t-
Onephotocopyfor list.
eachpeirsf students * E
G i v ee a c hg r o u po f s t u d e n t sa s e t o f P u n c hl i n e sT. e l sl t u d e n t st o m a t c ht h e p u n c h ' = .
cut intotwo parts,(the w i t h t h e q u e s t i o n sT.h ep u n c hl i n e ss h o u l db e o r d e r e da s s h o w no n t h e w o r k s h e e t .
Questions andthe 8 C h e c kt h e a n s w e r sw i t h t h e c l a s s .
E
Funchlines,withthe 9 A s ks t u d e n l st o p a r a p h r a steh e p u n c hl i n e s E
Punchlfnescut into
Suggested answers
fifteenstrips|
1 D o n ' te a t a l ld a y .
E
2 | f e l lo v e rt h e s t e p s .
3 You'rehurtingmy foot.
E
4lwrllkillyou.
5 B e c a u s fei s hh a v eh u n d r e d so f b o n e s l t
6 M e e t i n gm y w i f ew a sa m i s t a k e .
7 B u ty o u h a v e n ' gt o t a p a i ni n y o u rr i g h tf o o t . t
8 H e w e n to u t e v e r yn i g h t .
9 Y o uc a nb i t ef i n g e r n a i lws i t h t e e t h ,b u t n o I c u r et h e h a b i to f b i t i n gt h e m . G
1 0 H eh i t a t r a i n .
1 1 T e ad o e s n ' tg i v ey o u a p a i ni n t h e e y e . E
1 2 A v e h i c l ew i l lh i t y o u ,a n d a n a m b u l a n c w e i l lt a k ey o u t o h o s p i t a l .
1 3 A c a rw i l lk n o c k , y odu. o w n , E
1 4 l s m o n e ym o r el m p o r t a nt h a nh e a l t h ?
1 5 Y o uh a v e n ' gt o t a b r a i n . E
E
Followup
o A s ks t u d e n i sw h i c ho f t h e j o k e st h e yp a r t i c u l a r l yi k e ,a n dw h y -
-
o E n c o u r a gset u d e n t st o t e l la n yj o k e st h e yk n o wi n E n g l i s h .
D
h

72 C
rr
ir
I Punch lines --------------'t
$<l
a;";.i;;;
I
I

I
I
I
I
I
I

=l 1 l'mputtingon too muchweight.WhatshallI awayfromthetablethreetimesa day


i Pushyourself
I
do,Doc? I

I
I

x
I 2 Howdidyoubreakyourarm? Well,I didn't.
Youseethosesteps?

:l x
3 | haven'ttouchedyourtoothyet, havel? No,butyou'restanding
on mYfoot.
iI
T x
rr What
Doctor,I oftenfeellikekillingmyself.
s h a lIl d o ?
Leaveit to me.

x
F 5 Doeseverybonein yourbodyhurt? Yes,l'mgladl'mnot a fish.

F x
F 6 Haveyoueverhada caraccident? Well,I met my wifeat a petrolstation.

F *

F for the painin my


Whatdo yourecommend Trywalkingwith the otherone.

F leftfoot, Doc?
x
F 8 5o Jonesis dead.Didhe Ieavehiswifemuch? Oh,nearlyeverynight.

t x
b goodfor bitingfingernails?
9 r'r'hat's Sharpteeth

F
h 10 -:'v didvourbrotherhavehisaccident? Hetriedto fly hisplanethrougha tunnelwithout
x
thetraintimetable.
h checking
x

F
11 ,',-', do I get a sharppainin my lefteyeevery Takethe spoonout of yourcuP.
: -e i drinktea?
__----jx
'12,',-ai's the quickestwayto get to the hospital? Standin the middleof thisroadfor a while.

x
'lll
3 ,',- -r'sthe bestwayto stayhealthy? Notto getsick.

x
11 :: - c youpayfor an operation
if I thought Doc,if I couldn'tpay
Wouldyoufindit necessary,
--: rr:c nerOCC:ftl7
| , v v v J J u ' for it?
x
t ,

'll -: ;, I don'tknow.Howold areYou?


5 l n g C d na m a n l i v ew i t h o u t a b r a i n ,D o c ?
- - - - - - J

v . x Y
73
Unit trt Healthand fitness !!:
I-

'lnsone' skis
doredevil
r=
G
IT

downEverest
a
E

E
E
Worm up
1 Explain
to studentsthattheyaregoingto readanarticlefromthe BritishnewspaperThe F
Thearticlehasnotbeensimplified
Observer. lotsof wordsthatthey
in anyway.lt contains
mayhavenevermetbefore. E
Encourage to saywhattheyknow
students
thatthetextisaboutMountEverest.
2 Explain
aboutMountEverest - factsandfigures,
andalsowhattheyknowof the dangers, E
disasters
anddeathsthere.
F
Moin octivity t
Writethe titleof the article'Insane' skisdownEaerest
daredeail on the board.Elicitor
explainthe meaningof insane(mentallyill, although
(someone
anddnredmil
oftenusedinformally)
sports
Writethe bi-lineExtreme
E
whodoesdangerous thingsandtakesrisks).
heroslidesto a record on theboard.Invitestudents'comments aboutthe person/story. t
Askstudents whattheywantto knowaboutthisstory.Elicitoneor two questions, e.g.
INhois thedaredeail? How old is he?fhen dividethe classintopairsor groupsof three. t
Tellstudents to writeat leasttenquestionstheywantthetextto answer. Astheywork,
writea few promptson the board.Forexample, weather, publicity,
feelings, alone,
ascent, t
money,first mountain,first atternpton Eaerest.
Getstudents to readouta question each.Tellotherstudents to addanyextraquestions E
to theirlist.
Giveeachstudenta photocopy. Studentsreadthetextandfindanswers to theirquestions
t
in pairsor groups of three.
withtheclass.
theanswers
5 Discuss
t
1
6 Remind students thattheycanfocuson aspects of grammar whenreading a text. F
Forexample.
a ) G e t s t u d e n t s t o i d e n t i f y w o r d sewnhdiicnh- i n g . A s k t h e m w h i c h w o r d s f u n c t i o n a s
E
nouns.Thengetstudents to rephrase sentences fromthetextwhichincludethe-ing J

formasa verb.Forexample: Sloaenian Daao Karnicar yesterday became ... whenhe E


triumphedoaer ... and people raho had dismissed him as mad.
b) Getstudents to identify wordswhichendin -ed.Askthemwhichwordsfunctionas
E
adjectives.
thatappearbeforenouns,e.g.in thefirst
t
Getstudents to identify adjectives
d
i.:ii paragraph: extreme, treacherous, first.fhen askwhichcanbe omittedfromthe text. I=
a.:
I :r!
Elicitthatmostof theadjectives in thistextareverystrong,andadda lot of colour.lt
| :11
isn'tessential to understand theirmeaning, however. F
i !i :3
-
t
; iiiE .F
tt!
ifilS
i,ii
E
,..i
:.:5
E
,iii
;t
:"#
Followup --
.i-{
. Encourage to findfurtherinformation
students andhisexpedition
aboutDavoKarnicar on Ir
i;ir;;;.1:lli.i
:i.!,-i*:i:i !! Theycanalsofindout
thewebsite. more about on
expeditions
Himalayan thiswebsite:
iiiiii!6-t'u
i!l:ait.;::i

l?]ii .":;i i
www.everest.com. .E
iilil';ix::.F
t!:lt;-.t;.,
TT:*::: i
-E
ii$isi's -
riliiliiiid -t
:ii"i?i.:s
tiiij: ts f
:3Bi::tr .E

ii:!
i:;S
.F
:,s
riS
s
'lnsane'daredevilskis down Everest
Extremesportsheroslidesto a record,reportsPaul Harris

Triumphing overextreme cold,tleacherous iceand Thanks to strategicallyplaced cameras onthemountain


people dismissing himasmad,Slovenian DavoKarnicarandoneattached tohissafety helmet, hundreds of
yesterday became thefirstperson t0skinon'stop down thousands of people in morethan 70 countries
Mount Everest. witnessed hisdescent ontheinternet. During therun
more than 650,000 hits were registeledonthe
Aftera dramatic plummet overalmost sheer cliffsof
website - www.everest.si mobil.si-
snory boulders andice,38-year-old Karnicar emerged expedition
jamming it fora timeasothers triedto access thesite.
exhausted butexhilarated
in hisbasecampafterfive Ihose successful in
hours ofskiingthatgave logging onshared inthe
newmeaning to thewords drama. Atone stage
offpiste. Karnicar prompted deep
concern afterhefailedto
Atonestage hehadto
radio into hissupport
speed overstretches ofice
teamjustbefore he
I thatcollapsed
underneath
and broke
himandcould
negotiated
outcrop
a notorious
calledtheHillary
I have senthimtumbling
intothedeepcrevasses
Step. Buttherehadbeen

It
nodisaster. lt wasjust
thatdotthemountain. weathel
theextreme
'l feelonlyabsolute
hampering theoperation
happiness andabsolute of hisradio batteries.
fatigue,'hesaidafterhis
lnfacttheconditions
successful runlanded him
I intherecord books and
weresosevere
plans
abandoned torest
thathe

IT notched
series
another
ofbizane
Everest
ina
firsts
thatalready
of
onthesummit
attempting
Instead,
before
to descend.
suffering from
includeslaunching a

t paraglider
metre
fromthe8,850-
summit.
fatigue,
reached
assoon ashe
thetopheput

t Thedescent bythefather
@ PANAdaertisingAgency
ofthree hadbeen seen by himself back down the
onhisskisandflung
mountain.

IT many asinsanely
website,
deaths,
which
called
dangerous.
documents
TheDarwin
andapplauds
thedescent'madness'
Awards
foolhardy
andurged people
Hehadalready
Matterhorn,
skied
theEiger
down MontBlanc,
andAnnapurna,
the
butEverest
the
was
'Keep thelast great challengeof the extreme side of
to logontointernet broadcasts oftheattempt.
t y0ureyes peeled fora liveDarwin Award,' it said.
skiingworld.
Tacklingthemountain hadalready costKarnica two
I However,
corpse
theonlybodyto makenewsyesterday
0fanunknown m0untaineer which Karnicar
wasa
fingerswhena failedattempt get
sawhim frostbite as

t zipped pastashedescended,
cadavers, thought
oneofanestimated
tolittertheslopes.For Karnicar
120
it
a fierce
Karnicar
storm
comes
lashed thepeak.
fromanillustrious skiingfamily in
t wasa reminder ofthepotential perils
ofhissport, but Slovenia andtookpartinhisfirstHimalayan
then he has been
skiing
tireless in
tT it didnotstophim. expedition in 1989.Since
'Thismountain raisingfunds andsponsorship formore expeditions,
isalways futlof surprises,seeing a dead goal.
withEverest astheeventual
manoutthere wasa really shockingexpedence,' he 'Extreme skiingismysport,mythinking andlifeitself,'

F said.
hesaid.

ft
F Extroby LizDriscoll
FromReading Press
University
@Cambridge 2004 75
tlnit 12 Leisuretime t-
lb

Fl
A lifeof leisure Fl
a-l
Ei

Worm up J
E-
lives.Writea llstof l
1 Askstudents whattheyreadln theirownlanguage intheireveryday
book,letter,adrsertisement.
text typeson the board,e.g,newspaper, Makesurethatthe list F
includes theitemsin Keylanguage. 4l
l
t-
2 Explain thattheyaregoingto lookat a varietyof different
to students texttypesin English

Mqin octivity
F
l
Giveeachstudenta setof texts.Allowthemjustoneminuteto iookat theseventextsand F
workoutwhereeachtextcomesfrom.
Check theanswers withtheclass. Writetheseventexttypesin orderin a newliston the F
board.(SeeAnswerkeybelow.)
Askstudents to lookat theseventextsagainandidentifythe exacttopic.AskIMat is the
t
recipeforT \Nhatis the leafletabout?,etc.
F
j':::'::,i::il;'i
i ::.,;,;i;t; F
F
ii*tflffifi$ili*ffii F
Explainto theclassthatthediaryisJane's diaryandthattheothertextsallrelateto Jane's
week.Students takethe roleof Jane. F
Dividetheclassintopairs.Giveonestudent in eachpairtheStudent A questions andthe
otherstudenttheStudentB ouestions. Askstudents to findtheanswersto their F
questions. thentaketurnsto askeachotherthequestions
Partners theyhavejust
answered. F
Checktheanswers withtheclass.Pointoutthatthesearethetypeof questions we ask
whenwe readsuchtextsin everyday life. F
jl;:1j
E
E
F
E
E
d
E-
d

Followup E
o Getstudents to bringasmanydifferenttypesof textsastheycanfindto the nextlesson d

Tellthemto supply for eachone.Allthestudents


a question thenlookat theclass t
selection of textsandquestions, andtry to answerasmanyof thequestions astheycan
-
l n 1 5m i n u t e s . l-

E
=.
E
d
E
d
ts
t
-
F
A
FITNESSAT FERRYSPORTSCENTRE2OO2
A QUICK TOTHE
GUIDE FITNESS WEOFFER
CLASSES
Poncokes Filling TOAVOID
DISAPPOINTMENT INADVANCE
BOOKING
WERECOMMEND
1009ploin flour 1 x 2159 tin solmon
MONDAY 9.30- 10.30om MOVE& STRETCH
solt 4 springonions,chopped
5.45- 6.45pm STEP
AEROBICS
1 egg 600m1white souce 7 - 8.00Dm CIRCUIT
TRAINING
300m1 nilk solt ond pepper TUESDAY 9.30- 1O.3OOM BUMS& TUMS
LEGS,

F
oil for frying 1009grotedCheddorcheese 12-12.45 pm AEROBICS
6 - 7.00om BODYCONDITIONING

c SIAX IHEATRE
fi$e

F
PO}'I-AVON
S'RATFORIHJ

Plf?lll:^^.,-'' ,,' ', ' naYil-


SfiAKESPEABE
COMFAHY
D Hi,Tanel&ot lour mo66ag,on Fridal.
My aoacharrivasin Orfordal n)5 on
:.., , .,.,::.. I ,:
SYHLLIAMSHA{E$PEARE , ,.
, : , : : ' ' : . : . : : : : : _ : ' ': '_ '
:; You'llmasima,won'i1ou?
uladnesdal.
mSATURDAY
6thJULY
2002

F ml?,li-'
er7.30PM
1 ROWA Seat46
GALLERY

G
l'. Extinct TheDodo(R)Why did
in the 17th
thedododisappear
F

Phoenix
I JULY Monda* M*,.,
F
!
Big BrotherFridayNight's
EvictionNightwith
?icturehouse Z JU!-Y Tue€/og
?aLrlhere lor Ainner
DavinaMcCall Sal 6 - bu5 tin ol
T FriendsTheOneWithThe
rNc.
*'01;H,MoNSrERs,
[u]
? JULY \^le*'e€dE

I RedSweater BENDIT LIKEBECKHAM


2.00,9-00
t12] M e e {G a i la t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 JULY Thurs/ag
AMADEUS: DIRECTOR'SCUTtPGl
I Big BrotherDavinaMcCall 4.00,7.30
Off ror(
- Dal in ,ith Gail
OCEAN'S ELEVEN[12J

F
l Sun 7
,,-,.s* 9, ifiii,Fffi11t5:i,,,:,
ABOUTA BOY[12]
430,6,rt5 5 JULY Frila,.r
andDa/
Dinner'ith Murn-
R"nenb"r to video
12.00,2.15
t ,o$ord
ti}T,l** BENDIT LIKEBECKHAM [12] 6 JULY Satuda,a
' O " O 2.00,9.00 - lnlTA pn Stratford
il 0xford London Oxford ' London AMADEUS:
4.30
DIRECTOR'SCUT[PG]
7 JULY SunJqg
, Paddington: ;Paddington
ocEAN'SELEVEN
il l ogts
I
ro11 , ttts , 1214
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THEROYALTENENBAUMS
8.0

rl
I StudentA StudentB
rr 1 ls lhe RoyalTenenbourns
Friday?
showingat the cinemaon 1 Canyou bookfitnessclasses
2 Whendid Gailgetyourmessage?
in advance?

il 2 Arethereanylunchtime fitnessclasses? 3 Whichepisode of Friendsis on TV?


3 Whereareyousittingat the SwanTheatre? 4 Whattime is Bendit likeBeckhamshowingon
t 4 Whattimedoesthe 11.15 traingetintoPaddington? Saturdayevening?

rr 5 Who'scomingfor dinneron Tuesday?


6 Howmuchcheesedo youneedfor Savoury
filled
5 Whatkindof flourdo you needfor the pancakes?
6 Howlongdoesthe trainjourneyfrom Oxfordto
a oancakes? London takeapproximately?
7 Whattime is the news? i 7 ls yourStratfordticketfor the afternoonor evening?
t 8 Whichdayis Gailcomingto Oxford?
I

i 8 WhenareyouseeingMumandDad?
z v
db

z ExtrobyLizDriscoll
FromReoding University
@Cambridge 2004
Press 77
tr2Leisuretime
t,"Fnlt D
I

I
I

TheNotionolMuseum of T
Film ond
Photogrophy, -
I

t
Television t
t
Worm up I
1 Askstudents in photography.
if theyareinterested Encourage themto talkabouttheir
interes