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SCIENCE UNIT 4- NATURAL PHENOMENA (8.

AIR AND WATER)


Questions with Answers
#Q1. What is atmosphere? Name the different layers of atmosphere.
A1. The layer of air that surrounds the Earth is called atmosphere. The different layers of atmosphere of
Earth are: 1. Troposphere 2. Stratosphere 3. Mesosphere 4. Thermosphere 5. Exosphere.

#Q2. State the importance of air.


A2. Air is the prime reason of existence of life on the Earth. It supports plants, animals and other
organisms. The ozone layer present in the atmosphere protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays of
the Sun.

#Q3. Write the composition of air.


A3. Air comprises of mixture of gases. It has 78 % of nitrogen, 21 % of oxygen, 0.93 % of argon 0.04
% of carbon dioxide and other gases like hydrogen, helium, xenon, etc but they are present in very
minute percentage. Air also contains water vapour and dust particles in it.

#Q4. State the properties of air.


A4. The three main properties of air are (i)Air occupies space, (ii) Air has weight (iii)Air exerts pressure.

#Q5. What are impurities?


A5. Substances that pollute the water are called impurities. Eg- Sand, mud, many other chemicals etc.

#Q6. Differentiate between soluble and insoluble impurities.


A6.

Soluble impurities Insoluble Impurities


1. The impurities that dissolve in water are called 1. The impurities that do not dissolve in water are
soluble impurities. called insoluble impurities.
2. Salt and many other chemicals are soluble 2. Sand and mud are insoluble impurities.
impurities.

#Q7. What is ozone layer?


A7. The ozone layer is the region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of the sun’s ultraviolet
radiations.

#Q8. Mention the three ways in which we can purify water.


A8. We can purify water through boiling, through distillation and also through chlorination.
(1) Boiling - The simplest way of purifying water in households is to boil it for10 minutes. This will
kill the germs and make it safe for drinking.
(2) Distillation - In this process the water is heated to boil which converts the liquid water into water
vapour and the dissolved impurities left behind in the vessel. This vapour is then directed into a
condenser to cool. Upon water vapour turns into liquid water that is clean and safe for drinking.
(3) Chlorination - This is a method of purifying water by adding chlorine. Chlorine is added to water
which kills germs and makes the water pure.

Give reasons:

#Q9. Aeroplanes have pressurized cabins.


A9. The air pressure decreases as we move away from the Earth’s surface. The air becomes thinner and
people have difficulty in breathing. It is the for these reasons that the air craft cabins are specially
pressurized to keep the air pressure same as near the ground to avoid problems in breathing.

#Q10. People apply sun screen when they go out during the day in bright sunlight.
A10. People apply sunscreen when they go out during the day in bright sunlight to protect their skin
from harmful ultraviolet rays. Sunscreen blocks these rays greatly reducing the chances of sun
burn.

#Q11. The depletion of ozone layer is a matter of concern.


A11. The ozone layer present in the atmosphere protects the Earth from the ultra violet rays of the Sun.
This radiation is highly damaging as it causes skin cancer.

#Q12. The mountaineers carry oxygen mask with them.


A12. The amount of oxygen in the air decreases as the altitude rises. People face difficulty in breathing.
That is the reason why mountaineers carry oxygen cylinder while climbing high mountains to avoid
suffocation.

Contd pg...(2)
:2:

Write short note

#Q13. Sedimentation.
A13. The process by which insoluble impurities can be removed by allowing the impure mixture and
impurities to stand undisturbed for sometime in a container. The insoluble impurities that settle
down at the bottom of the container are called sediment. Eg- In villages, people use river water
which is generally contaminated with mud and sand. Hence by sedimentation water can be made
clean.

#Q14. Decantation.
A14. The process in which the clear water obtained after sedimentation is gently poured into another
container without disturbing the settled impurities is called decantation. Eg- Muddy water can be
made clean by using this process.

#Q15. Filtration.
A15. The process by which insoluble impurities can be removed by passing the impure water through a
filter paper is called filtration. Eg: When muddy water is poured through a funnel with a filter paper
the mud remains in the filter paper and clear water is collected in the container.

#Q16. Evaporation.
A16. The process by which dissolved soluble impurities could be separated by boiling the solution so that
the water changes into water vapour and the dissolved impurities are left in the container. Eg- Wet
clothes put under sun becomes dry due to evaporation.

#Q17. Distilled Water.


A17. The water collected by the process of distillation is called distilled water. It is the purest form of
water. It does not contain any impurities and is used in injections, medicines and also in car
batteries.

Q18. Write short note


A18.

a) Troposphere a) It is the lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere where weather changes take place.
b) Stratosphere b) The second layer of air above troposphere where aircrafts fly. The Ozone layer
presents here protects Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays of sun.
c) Mesosphere c)The region 50-80 Kms. above Earth’s atmosphere where temperature decreases
with increasing altitude.
d)Thermosphere d)It is the fourth layer of air and extends 90-500Kms. above the Earth. Space
shuttles orbit in this region.
e)Exosphere e) It is the outermost layer of Earth extending up to thousands of Kms. And has very
thin air.

Q19. What are the causes of disruption of atmospheric balance?


A19. Rapid development of industries causes disruption of atmospheric balance leading to environmental
problems like global warming, air contamination, ozone belt destruction and acid rain.

Q20. Prove air occupies space.


A20. A rubber tube filled with air inflates, but if we puncture the tube due toa air loss it deflates. This
proves air occupies space.

Q21. Prove air has weight.


A21. If we hang one inflated balloon one one side of a scale and deflated balloon on other side, the scale on
the inflated balloon side goes down indicating air has weight.

Q21. Prove air exerts pressure.


A21. When a glass filled with water is made inverted , tightly holding the cardboard against the rim of the
glass, on removing hand from the cardboard, the water will not fall. It is the pressure of air that is
exerted on the cardboard which is more than the pressure exerted by water inside the glass. This
proves air exerts pressure.

Q22.Mention the ways of removing Insoluble Impurities from water.


A22. Insoluble Impurities from water can be removed by the process of Sedimentation, Decantation and
Filtration.

Q23.Mention the ways of removing Soluble Impurities from water.


A23. Soluble Impurities from water can be removed by the process of Evaporation and Distillation.

Contd pg...(3)
:3:

Q24. Answer in one word and fill in the blanks


A24.

a)Lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere a) Troposphere


b) Gas essential for burning b) Oxygen
c) water fit for drinking c) Filtered water
d)Simplest way of purifying water d) Boiling
e)Method used by residential colonies to clean water in overhead tanks e) Chlorination
f) __________is used in making light bulbs f) Argon
g)Substances that pollute water are called_____. g) impurities
h)Layer of air that surrounds the Earth is called ____. h) atmosphere
i) In the process of ____ water is passed through a sieve. i) filtration
j) The impurities that dissolve in water are called____. j) soluble impurities

Thermometer

Water Out

Cold water

Condenser
Water In

Distilled water

Impure water

Distillation

Muddy water

Filter Paper

Residue

Clean water

Filtration

***********************************
SCIENCE UNIT 4- NATURAL PHENOMENA (8. AIR AND WATER)
Questions with Answers
#Q1. What is atmosphere? Name the different layers of atmosphere.
A1. The layer of air that surrounds the Earth is called atmosphere. The different layers of atmosphere of
Earth are: 1. Troposphere 2. Stratosphere 3. Mesosphere 4. Thermosphere 5. Exosphere.

#Q2. State the importance of air.


A2. Air is the prime reason of existence of life on the Earth. It supports plants, animals and other
organisms. The ozone layer present in the atmosphere protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays of
the Sun.

#Q3. Write the composition of air.


A3. Air comprises of mixture of gases. It has 78 % of nitrogen, 21 % of oxygen, 0.93 % of argon 0.04
% of carbon dioxide and other gases like hydrogen, helium, xenon, etc but they are present in very
minute percentage. Air also contains water vapour and dust particles in it.

#Q4. State the properties of air.


A4. The three main properties of air are (i)Air occupies space, (ii) Air has weight (iii)Air exerts pressure.

#Q5. What are impurities?


A5. Substances that pollute the water are called impurities. Eg- Sand, mud, many other chemicals etc.

#Q6. Differentiate between soluble and insoluble impurities.


A6.

Soluble impurities Insoluble Impurities


1. The impurities that dissolve in water are called 1. The impurities that do not dissolve in water are
soluble impurities. called insoluble impurities.
2. Salt and many other chemicals are soluble 2. Sand and mud are insoluble impurities.
impurities.

#Q7. What is ozone layer?


A7. The ozone layer is the region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of the sun’s ultraviolet
radiations.

#Q8. Mention the three ways in which we can purify water.


A8. We can purify water through boiling, through distillation and also through chlorination.
(1) Boiling - The simplest way of purifying water in households is to boil it for10 minutes. This will
kill the germs and make it safe for drinking.
(2) Distillation - In this process the water is heated to boil which converts the liquid water into water
vapour and the dissolved impurities left behind in the vessel. This vapour is then directed into a
condenser to cool. Upon water vapour turns into liquid water that is clean and safe for drinking.
(3) Chlorination - This is a method of purifying water by adding chlorine. Chlorine is added to water
which kills germs and makes the water pure.

Give reasons:

#Q9. Aeroplanes have pressurized cabins.


A9. The air pressure decreases as we move away from the Earth’s surface. The air becomes thinner and
people have difficulty in breathing. It is the for these reasons that the air craft cabins are specially
pressurized to keep the air pressure same as near the ground to avoid problems in breathing.

#Q10. People apply sun screen when they go out during the day in bright sunlight.
A10. People apply sunscreen when they go out during the day in bright sunlight to protect their skin
from harmful ultraviolet rays. Sunscreen blocks these rays greatly reducing the chances of sun
burn.

#Q11. The depletion of ozone layer is a matter of concern.


A11. The ozone layer present in the atmosphere protects the Earth from the ultra violet rays of the Sun.
This radiation is highly damaging as it causes skin cancer.

#Q12. The mountaineers carry oxygen mask with them.


A12. The amount of oxygen in the air decreases as the altitude rises. People face difficulty in breathing.
That is the reason why mountaineers carry oxygen cylinder while climbing high mountains to avoid
suffocation.

Contd pg...(2)
:2:

Write short note

#Q13. Sedimentation.
A13. The process by which insoluble impurities can be removed by allowing the impure mixture and
impurities to stand undisturbed for sometime in a container. The insoluble impurities that settle
down at the bottom of the container are called sediment. Eg- In villages, people use river water
which is generally contaminated with mud and sand. Hence by sedimentation water can be made
clean.

#Q14. Decantation.
A14. The process in which the clear water obtained after sedimentation is gently poured into another
container without disturbing the settled impurities is called decantation. Eg- Muddy water can be
made clean by using this process.

#Q15. Filtration.
A15. The process by which insoluble impurities can be removed by passing the impure water through a
filter paper is called filtration. Eg: When muddy water is poured through a funnel with a filter paper
the mud remains in the filter paper and clear water is collected in the container.

#Q16. Evaporation.
A16. The process by which dissolved soluble impurities could be separated by boiling the solution so that
the water changes into water vapour and the dissolved impurities are left in the container. Eg- Wet
clothes put under sun becomes dry due to evaporation.

#Q17. Distilled Water.


A17. The water collected by the process of distillation is called distilled water. It is the purest form of
water. It does not contain any impurities and is used in injections, medicines and also in car
batteries.

Q18. Write short note


A18.

a) Troposphere a) It is the lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere where weather changes take place.
b) Stratosphere b) The second layer of air above troposphere where aircrafts fly. The Ozone layer
presents here protects Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays of sun.
c) Mesosphere c)The region 50-80 Kms. above Earth’s atmosphere where temperature decreases
with increasing altitude.
d)Thermosphere d)It is the fourth layer of air and extends 90-500Kms. above the Earth. Space
shuttles orbit in this region.
e)Exosphere e) It is the outermost layer of Earth extending up to thousands of Kms. And has very
thin air.

Q19. What are the causes of disruption of atmospheric balance?


A19. Rapid development of industries causes disruption of atmospheric balance leading to environmental
problems like global warming, air contamination, ozone belt destruction and acid rain.

Q20. Prove air occupies space.


A20. A rubber tube filled with air inflates, but if we puncture the tube due toa air loss it deflates. This
proves air occupies space.

Q21. Prove air has weight.


A21. If we hang one inflated balloon one one side of a scale and deflated balloon on other side, the scale on
the inflated balloon side goes down indicating air has weight.

Q21. Prove air exerts pressure.


A21. When a glass filled with water is made inverted , tightly holding the cardboard against the rim of the
glass, on removing hand from the cardboard, the water will not fall. It is the pressure of air that is
exerted on the cardboard which is more than the pressure exerted by water inside the glass. This
proves air exerts pressure.

Q22.Mention the ways of removing Insoluble Impurities from water.


A22. Insoluble Impurities from water can be removed by the process of Sedimentation, Decantation and
Filtration.

Q23.Mention the ways of removing Soluble Impurities from water.


A23. Soluble Impurities from water can be removed by the process of Evaporation and Distillation.

Contd pg...(3)
:3:

Q24. Answer in one word and fill in the blanks


A24.

a)Lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere a) Troposphere


b) Gas essential for burning b) Oxygen
c) water fit for drinking c) Filtered water
d)Simplest way of purifying water d) Boiling
e)Method used by residential colonies to clean water in overhead tanks e) Chlorination
f) __________is used in making light bulbs f) Argon
g)Substances that pollute water are called_____. g) impurities
h)Layer of air that surrounds the Earth is called ____. h) atmosphere
i) In the process of ____ water is passed through a sieve. i) filtration
j) The impurities that dissolve in water are called____. j) soluble impurities

Thermometer

Water Out

Cold water

Condenser
Water In

Distilled water

Impure water

Distillation

Muddy water

Filter Paper

Residue

Clean water

Filtration

***********************************
SCIENCE UNIT 4- NATURAL PHENOMENA (8. AIR AND WATER)

Questions
#Q1. What is atmosphere? Name the different layers of atmosphere.

#Q2. State the importance of air.

#Q3. Write the composition of air.

#Q4. State the properties of air.

#Q5. What are impurities?

#Q6. Differentiate between soluble and insoluble impurities.

#Q7. What is ozone layer?

#Q8. Mention the three ways in which we can purify water.

Give reasons:
#Q9. Aeroplanes have pressurized cabins.

#Q10. People apply sun screen when they go out during the day in bright sunlight.

#Q11. The depletion of ozone layer is a matter of concern.

#Q12. The mountaineers carry oxygen mask with them.

Write short note

#Q13. Sedimentation.

#Q14. Decantation.

#Q15. Filtration.

#Q16. Evaporation.

#Q17. Distilled Water.

Q18. Write short note

a) Troposphere b) Stratosphere c) Mesosphere d)Thermosphere e)Exosphere

Q19. What are the causes of disruption of atmospheric balance?

Q20. Prove air occupies space.

Q21. Prove air has weight.

Q21. Prove air exerts pressure.

Q22.Mention the ways of removing Insoluble Impurities from water.

Q23.Mention the ways of removing Soluble Impurities from water.

Q24. Answer in one word and fill in the blanks

a)Lowest layer of earth’s atmosphere


b) Gas essential for burning
c) water fit for drinking
d)Simplest way of purifying water
e)Method used by residential colonies to clean water in overhead tanks
f) __________is used in making light bulbs
g)Substances that pollute water are called_____.
h)Layer of air that surrounds the Earth is called ____.
i) In the process of ____ water is passed through a sieve.
j) The impurities that dissolve in water are called____.
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