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SCIENCE UNIT 1- THE WORLD OF THE LIVING (4.

WHERE ANIMALS LIVE


- ADAPTATIONS)
Questions with Answers

ANIMAL KINGDOM

Land or Water or Aquatic Aerial animal Arboreal animals


Terrestrial animal
animals
Terrestrial Animals Arboreal Animals Aquatic animals Aerial animals
1. Animals that live on land. 1. Animals that live 1. Animals that live in 1. Animals that can fly and
mostly on trees. water. spend most of their time
in air.
2. Eg: Lion, Tiger, Lion, Tiger, 2. Eg: Monkeys, 2. Eg: Fish, whales 2. Eg: Birds, bats, insects
Cow. Chameleon

#Q1. Define
A1.

a) Adaptations a) It is the evolutionary process where an organism becomes better suited to its habitat.
b) Habitat b) It is a natural home o an animal.
c)Migration c) Mass movement of birds from a colder to a warmer place. Example : Arctic Tern is a
migrating bird.
d)Hibernation d) The inactivity during winter months or winter sleep by some animals is called
hibernation. Example : Bats and bear
e) Camouflage e) It is the ability to blend into the surrounding environment.
f)Amphibian f) An animal that can live both on land and water. Example : Frog

#Q2. Mention two adaptive features of the following animals


A2
a) Camel a) (1) Long, strong legs keep its body further away from the hot sand.
(2) Broad and flat leathery patch at the bottom of its hooves prevents it from
sinking into the sand.
(3) Fat stored in the hump helps it survive long periods without food and
water.
b) Polar bear b) (1) The hair on the soles of its feet help it to walk on the slippery ice and snow.
It walks with toes pointing inward to avoid slipping.
(2) The fur on their body provides camouflage against ice. Webbed toes make them a
great swimmer. They have good sense of smell and can sniff dead animals beneath
the snow.
(3) A thick layer of fat called blubber under the skin protects it from harsh cold.
(4) Large front paws with partially webbed toes make it a great swimmer. It
paddles with its front legs and uses its hind legs as rudders.
C) Penguin c) (1) It has webbed feet for swimming (2) It’s tightly-packed feathers overlap to provide
waterproofing and warmth (3) dark-coloured feathers of a penguin’s back surface
absorb heat from Sun, helping it to keep warm.
Contd .... Pg2
:2:

#Q3. Give reasons


A3.

a) Fishes have streamlined body a) (1) This shape is well suited to its habitat.
(2) This shape allows water to easily pass over it.
b) Whales must come to the surface of the b) Whales are mammals and have lungs for
water respiration. So take oxygen they come to the
surface of the water.
c) Sea turtle can live in sea water c) (1) They can live in sea water with no need for a
fresh water source.
(2) They have salt gland to rid their bodies of
excess salt.
d) Ducks have webbed feet d) Webbed feet are used for padding through water
and to walk on mud without sinking.
e) A frog is an amphibian e) (1) It lays eggs in water.
(2)The eggs hatch into tadpoles which live in
water and breathe through gills.
(3) The tadpoles grow into frogs and develop
lungs to breathe on land.

#Q4. Name the following A4.

a) A mammal that can fly. a) Bat.


b)The body of an animal that is covered with hard shell b) Snail.
c) An animal having spines which can injure enemies c) Porcupine
d)Animal which defend themselves by using poison d) Snakes, wasps, scorpions.
e) The animals have the ability to puff up to about twice its e) Puffer fish or blow fish.
normal size
f) They are capable of drinking at temperatures that approach f) Flamingo.
the boiling point
g) The ability to observe an environment using sounds. g) Echolocation.

#Q5. Write the adaptive feature of (FLIGHT ADAPTATIONS IN BIRDS )


A5.

Birds  Birds have very large breast muscles which control the wings and feathers during flight.
 They have hollow bones filled with air sacs which make them light weight and easy to fly.
 Feathers on their wings support the bird on flying and feathers on their tail prevent them
from tilting in the air.

Contd .... Pg3

:3:
Q6. Write the following (On terrestrial animals )
A6.

a) Mention three features of terrestrial animals a) Three features of terrestrial animals are (1) they
have strong legs to move (2) they have lungs to
breathe (3) they have well- developed sense
organs that help them to protect themselves and
find food and shelter.
b) Which terrestrial animal do not have legs? b) Snakes. They move by crawling.
How do they move?
c) How does a snake adapt itself to move? c) Snakes move by crawling using some of their
wide scales on their belly to grip the ground.
Strong muscles also help them crawl efficiently.

Q7. Write the following (On arboreal animals )


A7.

a) Mention three features of Arboreal animals a) Three features of arboreal animals are (1) they
spend most of their lives in trees (2) they have
long limbs that allow them to swing efficiently
from one branch to another (3)some have long
tails called prehensile tails which can grab
branches and act as an extra limb.

b) Two animals that uses their tails to move b) Spider monkeys, chameleons.
and balance themselves in tree canopy
c) Animal that has flexible ankle joints. How is c) Squirrel have flexible ankle joints that allow the
it useful? foot to point backwards enabling the claws to
hook into the tree bark when they move down.
d) What type of feet Chameleons have and d) Chameleons have mitten-like feet to grasp
why? branches,.

Q8. Write the following (On water or aquatic animals )


A8.

a) Mention three features of aquatic animals a) Three features of aquatic animals are (1) they
are found in fresh and salty waters (2) they have
fins and tails to move (3) they have gills for
breathing.
b) How fins and tails help a fish to move? b) The tail keeps a fish propelling in water. Fins
guide their movement and control their direction.
c) Mention three adaptive features in a Fish c) (1) The tail keeps a fish propelling in water. Fins
guide their movement and control their direction.
(2)Specialized sense organ called lateral line
helps them navigate in dark and misty water (3)
they have powerful sense of sight, touch, taste
and good sense of smell and hearing.
d) Mention three adaptive features in a Sea d) (1) They are strong swimmers (2) their body
turtle design make movement in water very easy (3)
they have salt gland to rid their bodies of
excess salt.
e) Name a marine mammal e) Whales.
f) Mention three adaptive features in a Whale. f) (1) They have blubber allowing to maintain body
heat and survive in extreme cold environments.
(2) they use echolocation to navigate (3) they
have adapted their lungs to hold breathe easily
when submerged underwater.
g) Mention three adaptive features in a g) (1) They have long legs to wade into deeper
Flamingo. water (2) Webbed feet allow them to swim at the
surface while feeding (3) they are capable of
drinking water at boiling point.
Contd .... Pg4

:4:
Q9. Write the following (On AMPHIBIANS and aerial animals )
A9.

a) Give example of an amphibian. How does an a) A frog is an amphibian. It adapts itself by (1) lays
amphibian adapt itself? eggs in water (2) eggs hatches into tadpoles
which have long finned tails to help them to swim
(3) tadpoles grow into frogs with change in their
body, tail changes to legs and they develop lungs
to breathe on land.
b) Name 3 birds that cannot fly b). Ostrich, kiwi, penguin.

Q10. Write the following (On FLIGHT ADAPTATIONS IN INSECTS & bats )
A10.

a) How does an insect adapt themselves in a) (1) Honey bees wings strike incredibly fast (200
flying? beat / sec) making distinctive buzz , it can fly
for 6 mile at 15 miles / hour visiting thousand
of flowers to collect nectar.
(2) Butterflies have scaly wings to fly from
flower to flower to suck nectar.
(3) Dragonflies have thin and sheer wings with
small crisscross veins to add strength. They
can beat their wings together or separately
enabling them to turn in air easily , hover
and fly backward.
b) Which mammal can fly? b) Bats.
c) How does a bat adapt them in flying? c) They have variety of skeletal adaptations that
allow them to fly. Like birds they have reduced
and shortened bones making them light to take to
the air.

Q11. Why do animals need to adapt?


A11. Animals need to adapt to live and grow in their environment.

Q12. Write the following (On adaptations for protection )


A12.

a) How do a Chameleon and Leaf Frog adapt to a) They can change their appearance to match
protect? their surroundings and deceive their predators.
b) How does a Stick insect adapt to protect itself? b) Their appearance look like sticks, which their
predators avoid thinking them as non-eatable.
c) How does a Zebra adapt to protect itself? c) Zebras use camouflage to fool their predators
like lion as they look more like a mass of black
and white stripes instead of a prey.
d) How does a Turtle shell adapt to protect itself? d) It tucks its head and legs inside looking like
rocks to deceive its predators.
e) How does an Arctic Fox adapt to protect itself? e) Arctic Fox can change its fur colour to grey in
spring and summer and to white before start of
autumn and winter to avoid being detected by
its predators.
f) Which animals protect them in a shell? f) Garden snails, clams, crabs and tortoise.
g) How do Garden snails, clams and tortoise g) Garden snails, and tortoise can pull their
adapt to protect it? head, legs and whole bodies inside their shell
while clams protect themselves by closing their
shells.
h) How does Porcupines adapt to protect itself? h) Porcupines raise their long, stiff spines when
their enemies try to approach them.
Contd .... Pg5

:5:
Q12 Continued . Write the following (On adaptations for protection )
A12.

i) Name animals that use poisons to protect it? i) Centipedes, cobras, wasps and scorpions.

j) How does blowfish or puffer fish adapt to j) The animal have the ability to puff up to about
protect it? twice its normal size in response to a predator’s
advance. It gets spherical in shape with spines
and scales protruding.
k) How does opossum adapt to protect it? k) When threatened the opossum falls over and
curls with its tongue hanging out and eyes
look lifeless. This act fools the hunting animal.
l) How does skunk and bombardier beetle adapt l) A skunk defends itself by spraying a smelly
to protect it? mist at its attackers while the bombardier
beetle squirts a smelly , boiling hot spray.

Q13. Guess the animal A13.

a) Uses some of the wide scales on its belly to grip the ground while pushing a) snake
forward with others
b) Nostrils can be closed that help in keeping away sand during strong b) camel
sandstorms.
c) The hair on the soles of its feet helps it to walk on the slippery ice and snow c) polar bear
d) Tightly packed feathers overlap to provide waterproofing and warmth d) penguin
e) It has long legs and can wade into much deeper water e) flamingos
f) In order to survive in the ocean they adapted their lungs so that they could f) whale
breathe easily and hold their breath for extended amounts of time when
submerged underwater

Q14. Fill in the blanks A14.

a) Many _____ animals have long limbs that allow them to swing efficiently a) arboreal
from branch to branch
b) ____ are capable of drinking water at temperatures that approach the boiling b) flamingos
point
c)____ shells look like rocks when they tuck their head and legs inside c) turtle
d) ____ can beat their wings together or separately d) dragonflies
e)_____ is the ability to blend into the surrounding environment e) camouflage
f) A swimming fish will have a __body to allow water to pass over it f) streamlined
g) The natural home of an animal _____ g) habitat
h) Sea turtles spend almost all of their time in_____ h) water
i) The __ can change the colour of its fur to match the colour of its surroundings i) Arctic fox
j) Only mammals that are capable of continued flight____ j) bats
k) Arctic tern shows ___ k) migration

Contd .... Pg6

:6:
PARTS OF A FISH

TAIL FIN or Caudal Fin


GILL COVER

SCALES

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SCIENCE UNIT 1- THE WORLD OF THE LIVING (4. WHERE ANIMALS LIVE
- ADAPTATIONS)
Questions

ANIMAL KINGDOM

Terrestrial Animals Arboreal Animals Aquatic animals Aerial animals

Eg: Eg: Eg: Eg

#Q1. Define

a) Adaptations
b) Habitat
c)Migration
d)Hibernation
e) Camouflage
f)Amphibian

#Q2. Mention two adaptive features of the following animals

a) Camel
b) Polar bear
C) Penguin

#Q3. Give reasons

a) Fishes have streamlined body


b) Whales must come to the surface of the water
c) Sea turtle can live in sea water
d) Ducks have webbed feet
e) A frog is an amphibian

#Q4. Name the following

a) A mammal that can fly.


b)The body of an animal that is covered with hard shell
c) An animal having spines which can injure enemies
d)Animal which defend themselves by using poison
e) The animals have the ability to puff up to about twice its normal size
f) They are capable of drinking at temperatures that approach the boiling point
g) The ability to observe an environment using sounds.

#Q5. Write the adaptive feature of (FLIGHT ADAPTATIONS IN BIRDS )


Birds

Contd .... Pg2


:2:

Q6. Write the following (On terrestrial animals )


a) Mention three features of terrestrial animals
b) Which terrestrial animal do not have legs? How do they move?
c) How does a snake adapt itself to move?

Q7. Write the following (On arboreal animals )


a) Mention three features of Arboreal animals
b) Two animals that uses their tails to move and balance themselves in tree canopy
c) Animal that has flexible ankle joints. How is it useful?
d) What type of feet Chameleons have and why?

Q8. Write the following (On water or aquatic animals )


a) Mention three features of aquatic animals
b) How fins and tails help a fish to move?
c) Mention three adaptive features in a Fish
d) Mention three adaptive features in a Sea turtle
e) Name a marine mammal
f) Mention three adaptive features in a Whale.
g) Mention three adaptive features in a Flamingo.

Q9. Write the following (On AMPHIBIANS and aerial animals )


a) Give example of an amphibian. How does an amphibian adapt itself?
b) Name 3 birds that cannot fly

Q10. Write the following (On FLIGHT ADAPTATIONS IN INSECTS & bats )
a) How does an insect adapt themselves in flying?
b) Which mammal can fly?
c) How does a bat adapt them in flying?

Q11. Why do animals need to adapt?

Q12. Write the following (On adaptations for protection )

a) How do a Chameleon and Leaf Frog adapt to protect?


b) How does a Stick insect adapt to protect itself?
c) How does a Zebra adapt to protect itself?
d) How does a Turtle shell adapt to protect itself?
e) How does an Arctic Fox adapt to protect itself?
f) Which animals protect them in a shell?
g) How do Garden snails, clams and tortoise adapt to protect it?
h) How does Porcupines adapt to protect itself?
i) Name animals that use poisons to protect it?
j) How does blowfish or puffer fish adapt to protect it?
k) How does opossum adapt to protect it?
l) How does skunk and bombardier beetle adapt to protect it?
Contd .... Pg3
:3:

Q13. Guess the animal

a) Uses some of the wide scales on its belly to grip the ground while pushing forward with others
b) Nostrils can be closed that help in keeping away sand during strong sandstorms.
c) The hair on the soles of its feet helps it to walk on the slippery ice and snow
d) Tightly packed feathers overlap to provide waterproofing and warmth
e) It has long legs and can wade into much deeper water
f) In order to survive in the ocean they adapted their lungs so that they could
breathe easily and hold their breath for extended amounts of time when
submerged underwater

Q14. Fill in the blanks

a) Many _____ animals have long limbs that allow them to swing efficiently from branch to branch
b) ____ are capable of drinking water at temperatures that approach the boiling point
c)____ shells look like rocks when they tuck their head and legs inside
d) ____ can beat their wings together or separately
e)_____ is the ability to blend into the surrounding environment
f) A swimming fish will have a __body to allow water to pass over it
g) The natural home of an animal _____
h) Sea turtles spend almost all of their time in_____
i) The __ can change the colour of its fur to match the colour of its surroundings
j) Only mammals that are capable of continued flight____
k) Arctic tern shows ___

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