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Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. Write the full form of ORS.

2. Excess loss of water in our body causes _____.
3. Write the disease caused due to deficiency of calcium in adults.
4. Write any two examples of proteins from plant resources.
5. (a) Calcium and magnesium are what type of minerals?
(b) Peanuts and rice are of different shapes and sizes. What method you will use to separate them?
6. You have a mixture of newspaper bits (or paper bits) and rice. Which method you will think is the best
to separate them?
7. Mention the process in which we get common salt from seas.
8. A solution of mass 2.90 grams has 0.08 grams of salt. What is the mass of water in it?
9. Mention any one process of turning yarn to fabrics (example, cotton fabrics)?
10. Name any one country which is producer of jute.
11. Name the fibre obtained from husk of coconuts.
12. What is lustre? Name any two matters (or material) that has a good lustre.
13. How can you say that an object (or material) is rough?
14. The objects that allows
(a) partial light to come in, and (b) whole light to come in, are called what ?
15. Name any two gases that cannot dissolve in water.
16. Give any two example of irreversible change.
17. Is freezing a reversible change? If yes, why and if not, why not?
18. Burning of wood is ______ change.
19. Which state of matter expands the most?
20. Which state of matter contracts the most?
21. What is the smallest unit of our body?
22. Animals like Amoeba are multicellular or unicellular?
23. When mimosa pudica senses a touch of a man’s figure, than it suddenly closes its leaves. What is the closing
of its leaves called?
24. Animals that feed on dead bodies of animals are called _______.
25. Give example of secondary consumers (any two).
26. What is the meaning of the word abiotic?
27. Mention the different layers of soil.
28. Why an bulb is filled with ‘inert gas’?
29. What is the paste contained in a dry cell?
30. Through which terminal electric current flows out?
31. Mention the two types of electric cell, giving one example of each.
32. Say true or false: Electric current does not flow through when the wires of the circuit form a close loop.
33. In an opened circuit the switch is on or off?
34. Name a material that causes electric current to flow through it.
35. Rubber controls the flow of electric current. So, what is rubber called?
36. Give example:
(a) Two insulators.
(b) Devices that uses secondary cells.
(c) Electrical appliances.
(d) Unicellular organisms.
(e) A stimulus.
(f) Life processes.
(g) Rough materials.
(h) Shiny materials.
(i) Sources of iron minerals.
37. Small gaps in railway tracks are called ______.
38. Cooking of food and rusting of iron nails are examples of which type of change?
39. Water contracts on cooling till the temperature reaches ______ (in degrees).
40. Fill in the blanks:
(a) Jammed metal lid of a jam jar can be opened by _______.
(b) Breaking of glass in an example of ______ change.
(c) Materials that does allows to pass light throw it: ________.
(d) Materials that can be attracted by a magnet is called _______.
Short Answer Type Questions
41. (a) What is honey? How is it made?
(b) What is curdling? Name the food material made by this process.
42. (a) Explain, how curd is made by adding microbes (like bacteria).
(b) What is the main difference between a carnivore and a herbivore animal?
(c) Give two examples of carnivore and omnivore animals.
43. Are human beings omnivorous animals? Also, state the reason to support your answer.
44. (a) Name any two features of a herbivore.
(b) How does the long sticky tongue of chameleon help it to catch its prey?
45. (a) Give example of a carnivore which swallow its prey whole.
(b) What is the difference between the preys of a carnivore and an omnivore animal?
46. Define: (a) scavengers, and (b) decomposers.
47. What are carbohydrates? Mention the two types of carbohydrates with example of each.
48. Differentiate between saturated and unsaturated fats.
49. (a) Name the condition which occurs as a result of excess storage of fat in our body.
(b) Mention the importance of protein in our body. Give examples of food from this group.
50. Mention the vitamins present in vitamin B complex.
51. Define macro and trace minerals, and give examples of each one, separately.
52. Name the component of food which helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system.
53. (a) Mention the importance of drinking water.
(b) Write the full form of ICDS.
(c) What is the function of magnesium in our body?
(d) What is dehydration? What should be done in that situation?
54. How does farmers separate grains from stalks?
55. Name the process of separation of substances, in which the lighter components fly away and the heavier
components gets collected in the container (or nearby).
56. Match the following.
Column I Column II
(a) Osteoporosis (i) Vitamin A
(b) Helps in blood clotting (ii) Calcium
(c) Kwashiorkor (iii) Deficiency of proteins
(d) Green leafy vegetables (iv) Vitamin K
57. Explain why, a labourer needs more carbohydrates than a man sitting in his office, doing some work.
58. (a) What should be the properties of a particle, so that it can be separated by hand-picking method?
(b) Threshing is generally performed in which field?
(c) In which process of separation of substances, the wind plays an vital role?
59. (a) What are husks?
(b) What is filtration? Give any two examples of mixture that can be separated by this process.
(c) Your mother has given you a solution (or mixture) of mud and water. Which process you will prefer to
separate two components (here, mud and water)? Also, state reasons to support your answer.
60. Explain the process, how we get salt from sea water.
61. Mention any two ways in which we can increase the solubility of a substance.
62. Define: (a) Weaving, (b) Knitting.
63. A mixture of rice and water weighs 250 grams. If 75% (75 per cent) of the mixture is water, than find the
amount of rice in the mixture.
64. (a) In what type of soil a cotton plant grows well?
(b) What is retting? How is it done?
(c) Name a rough material, a lustrous material, and a soft material.
65. Why does the cooking pot is not made of plastic, but made of metals?
66. (a) Why a rose bud changing into rose is a irreversible change?
(b) Give example of expansion in a liquid.
67. When a thermometer is kept inside a glass filled with water, the mercury in it rises. Why is that so?
68. What is life process? Give one example of life process.
69. What is an electric switch?
70. Differentiate between insulators and conductors of electricity.
Long answer Type Question
71. Explain the structure of a dry cell, and drawing a sketch of it.
72. Explain the expansion and contraction of solids, liquids and gases with one example.
73. (a) Name the doctor who gave advice to the sailors to protect them from scurvy in 18 th century.
(b) Draw a chart on minerals and its functions, deficiency diseases and sources.
74. (a) Why we should not take excess fats?
(b) How you can prove that a given food sample has starch in it?
75. Explain the process of photosynthesis in a plant.

Multiple Choice Questions

76. __________ fat is solid at room temperature.
(a) saturated (b) permanent (c) unsaturated (d) non-permanent
77. ________ and __________ chemicals are used to prove the presence of proteins in food.
(a) Potassium permanganate and Butane (b) Sodium hydroxide and copper sulphate
(c) Magnesium hydroxide and Copper sulphate (d) Sulphuric acids and Acetone
78. ______ are body building foods.
(a) Proteins (b) Carbohydrates (c) Fats (d) Dietary fibres
79. Too much fat consumption causes
(a) gonorrhoea (b) AIDS (c) Obesity (d) Cretinism
80. Which of the following disease is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin B1?
(a) Addison’s disease (b) Grave’s diseases (c) Night blindness (d) Beri-Beri