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MATH 142-4 PROJECT

HYPOTHESIS TESTING

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INTRODUCTION

Ms. Recca Kaye Read, a soon-to-graduate senior high school student this upcoming April, was
searching for a university as she was planning to take up Bachelor of Sciences in Chemical
Engineering. She managed to pass the entrance exam for her first-choice university which was
the University of the Philippines - Diliman, however she did not manage to get to the allotted
quota for her desired course. Her next step was to choose another university within Manila
and with the guidance of her family and friends, she lists another three possible university
choices which are the following: Mapua University, Adamson University, and De La Salle
University – Manila. She researched about these universities and compared their recent board
exam passing rates. Since she was curious about the performance of these three schools, she
decided to conduct a hypothesis testing by using One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). She
will be using α =5%. Her goal was to test the equality among the three universities by
examining their recent board exam rates dated 2018 to 2019 that are taken.

HYPOTHESIS

Recca Kaye claims that the passing rate of the board exam depends on the school a student
attend.

H0: u1 = u2 = u3; The mean is statistically equal among the three universities.
H1: At least one mean is not statistically equal.

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DATA ANALYSIS

Recca Kaye collected the data from PRC’s official website. SHE looked up for the results of the
Chemical Engineering licensure examination performance of three schools, Mapua University,
Adamson University, and De La Salle University – Manila, for May and November of 2018 and
2019. Here is what she came up with:

BOARD EXAM MAPUA ADAMSON DE LA SALLE

UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY -
MANILA
NOVEMBER 2019 56.60 73.68 93.33
MAY 2019 71.79 70.73 91.30
NOVEMBER 2018 68.18 70.27 90.91
MAY 2018 56.00 66.67 96.55

The highest values were from De La Salle University – Manila, particularly in May 2018 with a
96.55, while the lowest was also in May of 2018 with 56.00 from Mapua University. The data
were easily collected because of the readily available results provided by PRC.

Step 1: State the hypotheses and identify the claim.

She claims that there is at least one mean that is not statistically equal in the three universities
that she chose. At α = 0.05, can we conclude that the passing rate of the board exam is
dependent on which school a student attend?

H0: u1 = u2 = u3; The passing rate of the board exam is independent on the school.
H1: The passing rate of the board exam is dependent of the school.

Step 2: Find the critical value:

The critical value is 4.256495 since the degrees of freedom are (4-1)(3-1) = 6.

Step 3: Compute the test value.

The expected value was calculated first before the test value.

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Anova: Single Factor

SUMMARY
Coun Averag Varianc
Groups t Sum e e
252.5 63.142 64.6584
MAPUA UNIVERSITY 4 7 5 2
281.3 70.337 8.26049
ADAMSON UNIVERSITY 4 5 5 2
DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY - 372.0 93.022 6.65582
MANILA 4 9 5 5

ANOVA
P-
Source of Variation SS df MS F value F crit
1945.58 972.794 36.6747 4.72E 4.25649
Between Groups 9 2 4 4 -05 5
238.724 26.5249
Within Groups 2 9 1

2184.31
Total 3 11

Then, the test value is F = 36.67474.

Step 4: Make the decision to reject or not to reject the null hypothesis.

Step 5: Summarize the results.

Since the alternative hypothesis is accepted, then one of the means is not statistically equal
among the three. And so, the passing rate of the board exam is dependent on the school.

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SUMMARY

Recca’s hypotheses that the passing rate of the board exam depends on the school a student
attend was correct. Prior to the testing, she already noticed significant difference on the
passing rates among the three universities. Since she rejected the null hypothesis, she was
95% confident (1-α) that the mean passing rates among the three universities that she
checked is not statistically equal. However, since only one mean must be different to reject the
null, she wasn’t exactly sure which mean is/are different. In short, an ANOVA test will test that
at least one mean is different, but an additional test must be conducted to determine which
mean(s) is/are different.

Nevertheless, Recca Kaye Read was very happy to prove her that her claim was right by
applying what she learned in the quarter. Her decision, which university to choose from, lies
ahead on the next hypothesis testing technique to prove the best school among the three.