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“ PowerPoint Presentaion to the Academic Performance of Student ”

Angelito Calapatia D,
12 - krieger
2020
i.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to express my special thanks to gratitude to my school mate in AMA BE

Laspinas and also to my teacher in Research who was the great role model , who

gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic “PowerPoint

Presentation” , Which also hlped me in doing a lot of research and I come to know

about so many new things.

I new really thankful to them.

Secondly I would like to thanks to my friends who help me a littlebit in finishing the

project within the limited.

It helped me increase my knowledge and skills.


ii.
ABSTRACT

This topic is all about proper using PowerPoint Presentation and how using effective your

powerpoint in your reporting. The purpose of this topic is to know when how many using the

powerpoint instead of using visuals in presenting your report and to see your classmates,

teacher listening to you when you using powerpoint because of some styles pics and etc.

This study is Quantitative research, it deals to the impact of PowerPoint presentation to

the academic performance of grade 12 students of AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas.

It also deals the improvement of traditional presentation such as visual aids to modern

presentation like PowerPoint presentation.

The summary of findings conclude that PowerPoint presentation has a big impact to the

academic performance of the respondents. PowerPoint may help the students to

present well and get high grade as a result. On the other hand, PowerPoint presentation

can assess students in terms of classroom activities. Students get more focused when a

teacher using PowerPoint presentation. Students should use PowerPoint presentation

as tool in presenting, Reporter must use PowerPoint presentation to get more satisfied

in presenting, Teacher should use PowerPoint presentation to get more focus his/her

students, Use PowerPoint presentation in giving quizzes.


1.
Table of Content

Acknowledgement .......................................................................................................... i.
Abstract ........................................................................................................................... ii.
CHAPTER 1 ...............................................................................................................
Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1
Background of the study.................................................................................................. 2
Conceptual Framework ................................................................................................... 3
Statement of the Problem................................................................................................ 4
Objective of the study ...................................................................................................... 5
Hyphotesis ...................................................................................................................... 6
Scope and Delimitations.................................................................................................. 7
Significance of the study ................................................................................................. 8
Research Framework ...................................................................................................... 9
Definition of terms ......................................................................................................... 10
CHAPTER 2 .........................................................................................................
Review Related Literature ........................................................................................... 11
Literature (Local- Foreign) ........................................................................................... 12
Synthesis....................................................................................................................... 13
CHAPTER 3 ................................................................................................... 14
Methodology and procedur e......................................................................................... 15
Respondents of the study.............................................................................................. 16
Research Instrument ..................................................................................................... 17
Data Gathering .............................................................................................................. 18
CHAPTER 4 ................................................................................................... 19
Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of Data .................................................. 20
2.

CHAPTER 5 ................................................................................................................. 21

Summary ....................................................................................................................... 22

Conclusion .................................................................................................................... 23

Recomendations ........................................................................................................... 24
3.

CHAPTER 1

I.INTRODUCTION

People know that people are on a 21st century generation. 21st century is a big

change not only in country but in a whole world. There are many technologies in our

generation. Computer is the one of our technologies nowadays. Stated in Wikipedea

that computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out arbitrary sequences

of arithmetick or logical operations automatically. The ability of computers to follow

generalized sets of operations, called programs, enable them to perform an extremely

wide range of tasks.

Such computers are used as control systems for a very wide variety of industrial

and consumer devices. This includes simple special purpose devices like micro ovens

and remote controls, factory devices such as industrial robots and computer assisted

design but also in general purpose devices like personal computers and mobile

devices such as smartphones. The Internet is run on computers and it connects millions

of other computers.

Since ancient times, simple manual devices like the abacus aided people in

doing calculations. Early in the Industrial Revolution, some mechanical devices were

built to automate long tedious tasks, such as guiding patterns for looms More

sophisticated electrical machines di specialized analog calculations in the early 20th

century.
4.

Conventionally, a modern computer consists of at least one processing element

typically a central processing unit (CPU), and some form of memory The processing

element carries out arithmetic and logical operations, and a sequencing and control unit

can change the order of operations in response to

stored information. Peripheral devices include input devices such as keyboards, mice,

joystick, etc, output devices like monitor screens, printers, etc. , and input/output

devices that perform both functions such as . Peripheral devices allow information to be

retrieved from an external source and they enable the result of operations to be saved

and retrieved. Many applications rise in computer. Several of these applications will help

us in terms of different activities in our academic profiles. The one of these is

PowerPoint Presentation. PowerPoint Presentation was made by Robert Gaskins.

Robert Gaskins was one of the inventors of PowerPoint at Forethought, Inc.. In the early

1980s he worked for Bell Northern Research Lee Gomes wrote in The Wall Street

Journal: Robert Gaskins was the visionary entrepreneur who in the mid-1980s realized

that the huge but largely invisible market for preparing business slides was a perfect

match for the coming generation of graphics-oriented computers. From the jacket copy

of the hardcover edition of Sweating Bullets: Notes about Inventing PowerPoint by

Robert Gaskins: Robert Gaskins invented PowerPoint, drawing on ten years of

interdisciplinary graduate study at UC Berkeley and five years as manager of computer

science research for an international telecommunications R&D laboratory in Silicon

Valley. Many original documents written by Robert Gaskins during the early history of
PowerPoint's strategy and development are online for public access. The term

"PowerPoint presentation" was coined when Microsoft introduced its software program

5.

PowerPoint. PowerPoint is commonly used by presenters as a digital aid when

presenting their topic to an audience. Microsoft has called this type of software a

"presentation", which is a misnomer. Many presenters often forget that they are the

presentation that the audience came to see, not their PowerPoint presentation.

PowerPoint is probably the most used and misused) presentation software program.

Microsoft estimates that over 30 million PowerPoint presentations are given daily

around the globe. PowerPoint also may affect the academic performance of the

students in many ways. Jerry Pournelle in 1989 praised PowerPoint for the Macintosh,

stating that "if you're in the business of putting on briefings and otherwise making

presentations, you might want to seriously contemplate getting a Mac II just so you can

use this program; it's that good. Highly recommended".Supporters say thatthe ease of

use of presentation software can save a lot of time for people who otherwise would

have used other types of visual aid—hand-drawn or mechanically typeset slides,

blackboards or whiteboards, or overhead projections. Ease of use also encourages

those who otherwise would not have used visual aids, or would not have given a

presentation at all, to make presentations. As PowerPoint's style, animation, and

multimedia abilities have become more sophisticated, and as the application has

generally made it easier to produce presentations even to the point of having an

"AutoContent Wizard" that was discontinued in PowerPoint 2007, suggesting a structure

for a presentation, the difference in needs and desires of presenters and audiences has
become more noticeable.Experienced PowerPoint designers point out that the

"AutoContent Wizard" caused a glitch which contributed

6.

greatly to on-screen freezing of slides. Many designers opt to use the "blank slide

layout" in lieu of the other layout choices for this reason.

II.Background of the Study

The students has a big role in this research. There are many students in to

Philippines. Las Piñas is one of the populous city in country. Las Piñas was one of the

earliest fishing settlements on the shores of Manila Bay, It was proclaimed as a

province of Manila province either in 1762 or 1797. Agustin, a Spanish historian, and Fr.

Juan de Medina placed it at 1762. Las Piñas was formerly called "Las Pilas" due to its

separation from Parañaque due to tribal conflicts. On the other hand, Manuel Buzeta

recorded the date at 1797. Felix Timbang was the first gobernadorcillo in year 1762

while Mariano Ortiz was the first municipal president of the town of Las Piñas.

Besides being famous for its Bamboo Organ, which was built by Fr. Diego Cera

and completed in 1824, the town of Las Piñas was also a major war theater during the

1896 Philippine Revolution, as it was occupied by forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Las

Piñas was occupied by the Japanese during World War II and liberated by the

combined American and Filipino forces.


In 1901, the municipality of Las Piñas was separated from Manila and

incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal pursuant to the Philippine

Commission Act No. 137. Two years later, in accordance with Act No. 942, it was

combined with the town of Parañaque with the latter as the seat of a new municipal

government.

7.

It was separated from Parañaque to become an independent municipality again

on March 27, 1907 by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 1625. On November 7,

1975, through Presidential Decree No. 824, Las Piñas was excised from the province

of Rizal to form Metro Manila Las Piñas became one of the municipalities making up

the region (wikipedea.org, 2017).

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 588,894. As stated in

wikipedea there 56 private schools in Las Piñas City. Many schools are there in Las

Piñas City. One of this is the AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas. According to the

admin of AMA Basic Education . There are 400 students in this school.350 students are

the in Senior High School and 151 of them are in Grade12. Selected students of each

Grade12 sections that conduct research in AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas.

III. Statement of the Problem

To evaluate the effiency of PowerPoint presentation on the academic

performance to the grade 12 students of AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas. In this line

will answer the following questions such as:


1. What are the effects of using PowerPoint presentation as a teaching tool to the

academic performance of the students?

2. How the PowerPoint presentation assess students’ classroom activities?

3. How the PowerPoint presention improves traditional presentation of students

in classroom activities?

8.

IV. Objectives of the Study

1. To determine the effects of using PowerPoint presentation as a teaching tool

to the academic performance of the students?

2. To determine how the PowerPoint presentation assess students’ classroom

activities?

3. To enumerate how the PowerPoint presentation improves traditional

presentation of students in classroom activities?

V. Null Hypothesis

There is no relation between PowerPoint presentation and academic

performanceto the grade 12 students of AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas.

VI.Theoretical Framework

The study undertaken with the following theories:

Jannette Collins(-2004). The effectiveness of any presentation does not depend

predominantly on the quality of the visual aids, but on the ability of the presenter to
communicate with the audience. Although the use of visual aids can dramatically

enhance the quality of a presentation, very effective presentations can be given without

using visual aids. The contrary is not true. No matter how great the visual aids are, if a

presenter does a poor job communicating with the audience, the presentation will suffer.

A review of speaker evaluations at a national radiology meeting showed that 74 (8.6%)

of 862 comments were negative and related to the delivery of the presentation. Thirty-

one (38%)

9.

of 81 speakers received one or more negative comments related to delivery (eg,

monotone voice, not loud enough, too many “ums” and “uhs,” didn’t speak well into the

microphone, shaking pointer, sloppy language, and didn’t use laser pointer/cursor).

This article will focus on how to communicate effectively with an audience of any

size. After reading this article, it is hoped that your next presentation will be better, by

virtue of my reminding you about some things that you already knew, and teaching you

some things you may not have known. After reading this article, you should be able to

emphasize two to five key points when giving a lecture; discuss the purposes of

rehearsing a lecture; describe several ways to make a lecture interactive and

entertaining; and describe appropriate posture, body movement and eye contact for

effective lecturing.

Collins also said that an old adage related to effective communication is “KISS.”

This term does not refer to a rock band or physical communication with the lips. It

translates to “Keep It Simple Stupid”. The more complicated the presentation, the more
opportunity for trouble. The use of new technology can create havoc with a presentation

if the presenter isn’t completely familiar with how it functions. The presentation should

be focused on the objectives and not get sidetracked with special effects. In the best

presentation, every spoken word and every word on every presented slide will be

important and related to the objectives. Many speakers use PowerPoint (Microsoft,

Redmond, Wash) to create their presentation and end up writing too much text on the

slides. I recommend heavy editing, taking out sentences and replacing them with key

words and phrases, taking out excessive clip art, and taking out most punctuation

10.

Figure 1. Theoretical Framework

EFFECTIVE EFFECTIVEREP EFFECTIVE


LECTURING ORTING DISCUSSION

POWERPOINT
PRESENTATION
VISUAL AIDS

The figure 1 implies that when a times goes by the teachers, students,

businessman and etc., change their skill in reporting, lecturing and discussion by using

a PowerPoint Presentation . This impact may result an effective process in many

aspects.

11.

But not in all part that having a PowerPoint Presentation is affective in lecturing,

because it depends to how reporter reports their specific topic that reporter discuss. For

example , a teacher have a good PowerPoint presentation but the teacher are not good

in how he/she deliver his/her reports it may affects his/her overall performance .

VII.Conceptual Framework

Figure 2. Conceptual Framework

REPORTING

A
C
A
D
E
M
I
C
DISCUSSION POWERPOINT PRESENTATION P
E
R
F
O
R
M
A
ACTIVITY

The figure 2 implies that both students and teachers use PowerPoint

Presentation when they are reporting, in discussion and in different activities. This

scenario has a big

12.

impact to the academic performance of the students. The lines symbolizes that;

reporting, discussion and activity is connected to PowerPoint presentation; PowerPoint

presentation is connected to the academic performance. When teacher or student have

a great skills in how will they report or to discuss their specific topic it can affect to the

presentation. If the presentation affects by reporting, the academic performance may

also affects.

VIII. Scope and Limitations

The research has reached its aims, there were some unavailable limitations.

First, the research will conduct and observe students' academic performance in AMA

Basic Education of Las Piñas. Second, Grade 12 students are involve in this study. In
addition, since the academic performance is involve, we need to know the grades of

students that we will conduct.

IX. Significance of the Study

The study will be significant to the following:

Future Researchers. It can help to catch more ideas that related to their

research. According to Vocabulary Dictionary a researcher is someone who conducts

research, i.e., an organized and systematic investigation into something. Scientists are

often described as researchers. And so, researchers may use this as reference to do

their own work

Students. It will help to student’s presentation in their academic activities as a

guidelines. Thus, a student's presentation in the classroom becomes an important

element in delivering positive learning experiences. This paper explored the role of

students' presentation in the classroom from students and instructors' perspectives. The

13.

results of the study showed that forty-three percent of respondents indicated students

were required to present in two classes per semester for an average of 10 minutes.

(Khaled Alshare, 2004)

X. Definitions of Terms

The study uses the followingterms:

Academic Performance. The extent to which a student, teacher or institution

has achieved their short or long-term educational goals.


Discussion.The action or process of talking about something, typically in order

to reach a decision or to exchange ideas.

Impact. Have a strong effect on someone or something.

Lecturing. Deliver an educational lecture or lectures.

PowerPoint. A software package designed to create electronic presentations

consisting of a series of separate pages or slides.

Reporting. Give a spoken or written account of something that one has

observed, heard, done, or investigated.

Visual Aids. An item of illustrative matter, such as a film, slide, or model,

designed to supplement written or spoken information so that it can be understood more

easily.

14.

CHAPTER 2

Review of the Related Literature and Studies

The research needs overview of previous research on knowledge sharing. This

chapter contains primary research, literature, and studies to be conducted. Review of

related literature and studies may also help other researcher to get ideas. The review

should describe, summarize, evaluate and clarify this literature.

A. Literature
1. Foreign

PowerPoint is a complete presentation graphics package. The approach is easy

and the results add creativity and innovativeness to your presentation. PowerPoint gives

you everything you need to produce a professional-looking presentation. Whether you

are a student, an employee, a professor, or a professional, PowerPoint will help you in

designing your own presentation, as well as make your presentations more attractive

and, in a way, more persuasive.

With PowerPoint, you can choose from among the color schemes available in

your computer. PowerPoint's most innovative feature is its electronic slide presentation.

With PowerPoint, you can make slides, presentations, handouts, speaker's notes and

outlines (Que, et.al 2012).

Research shows that people learn better when information is presented visually.

A picture is indeed worth a thousand words or numbers. Presentation graphics are

programs that combine a variety of visual objects to create attractive, visually interesting

presentations. They are excellent tools to communicate a message and to persuade

people. People in variety settings and situations use presentation graphics programs to

make their presentation more interesting and professional. For example marketing

managers use presentation graphics to present proposed marketing strategies to their

superiors. Sales people use these programs to demonstrate products and encourage

customers to make purchases. Students use presentation graphics programs to create


high-quality class presentations. Three of the most widely presentation graphics

programs are Microsoft PowerPoint, Corel presentations, and Lotus freelance graphics

(Nordin, 2014).

All of the above applications involve interactions between a person interactions,

basically the 21st Century's answer to the 19th Century's telephone. Electronic mail or

email is already widely used by millions of people and will soon routinely contain audio

and video as well as text. Smell in messages will take a bit longer to perfect. The ability

to merge information, communication, and entertainment will surely give rise to a

massive new industry based on computer networking (Tanenbaum, 2013).

2.Local

On several occasions within the school year, you will be asked to do a class

presentation. If you have written an excellent research paper or an informative written

report, and your teacher will no doubt also ask you to present this in class. Class

presentations are oral reports of what you have written on paper, and you can enhance

these presentations using visuals. What better way to do this than to use a software like

MSPowerPoint.

A PowerPoint presentation is one type of visual aid. It is a computerized

presentation in which you can show actual pictures, video clips or a movie about a topic.

Discover the versatility of PowerPoint as you go through each page in this part of the

book.
In a school show or a cultural program, you might be asked to create a

presentation for a large audience. Such as presentation may be used by your teacher

as a visual aid to make a point or a good impression, or both. A slide show for the

display booth of your school organization can show footages of the school fair or

science week exhibit. A presentation that will feature questions in a school quiz show

can be interesting (Pasadas, 2016).

The alternative for pure abstraction in learning and teaching appears to be such

concrete materials or illustrations as the pupils may see, feel, and manipulate. Most

schools could not afford to provide a concrete basis for all educational activity, even

though it were possible or desirable. In teaching and in learning, visual devices supply

one form of aid to attention, understanding, imagination, and incentive to action. Visual \

devices are used to attract attention. The teacher who has a repertoire of good visual

devices at hand usually maintains full class attention. Visual devices are also used to

facilitate reasoning and understanding. Visual devices are further used to stimulate

imaginations and provide incentives to action. The teacher must use the power of word

symbolism and concrete materials to fire the imagination, arouse the emotions, and

incite to actions. Unfortunately, teachers have seriously cramped the larger possibilities

of intellectual development of the pupils through the failure to adequate stimulation of

the imagination and the will to intellectual activity (Gregorio, 2012).

To become a good, effective, successful, exiting and ideal teacher is the


aspiration of each and every teacher, whether teacher is a new in the professional or

has been in it for years. And who is the parent who would not want his or her child to be

placed in a class handled by a teacher with such qualifications? The fact is, we need

good, effective, successful, exciting and ideal teachers and people mean those teachers

who can really teach, Who can deliver the goods and who can facilitate the attainment

by students of specified instructional objectives or desired learning

outcomes(Aquino,2015).

B. Studies

1. Foreign

PowerPoint (© Microsoft Corp.) is a widely used presentation programme that

originated in the world of business but has now become commonplace in the world of

educational technology. However, its use is far from controversial in this educational

context and opinions as to its use range from highly supportive to significantly negative.

Using IT in the undergraduate classroom. One of the major problems is that its current

use is frequently limited to an information transmission mode, often with excessive

content, a usage that obscures the wider potential for diverse professional and

pedagogically-sound presentations. I have been using PowerPoint to deliver all

appropriate classes since 1996, as well as delivering staff development sessions on

both the programme and the pedagogy of its use. It is my contention that it is a valuable

aid to presentation providing that its use has been carefully considered in terms of
pedagogy. This paper examines some of the key issues that must be considered at both

an individual and an organisational level.

Part of the difficulty in objectively evaluating the use of PowerPoint in education

stems directly from one of its most favourable features, namely the ease of use and the

relatively shallow learning-curve required to achieve basic-level usage. This has

resulted in, often questionable, practices within educational contexts. It particularly

includes poorly thought-out use in lectures where it becomes simply an alternative form

of presenting largely text-based material that used to be delivered using ‘old technology’

(chalk and talk): this makes little use of the new and flexible opportunities offered by use

of PowerPoint within the educational field.

This paper provides an overview of both the benefits and the problems

associated with its use and suggests some key pedagogical decisions that should be

considered when adopting its use. It will not discuss the nature of the academic content

since that

will be discipline-specific and must remain an issue for the academic staff alone. I also

wish to emphasise that I am not advocating its compulsory adoption under all

circumstances and by all staff. However, I do hope that, by providing information and

direction on best practice, I may persuade those currently contemplating its use that the

benefits, when appropriately used, far outweigh the potential negatives for both staff

and students and that it offers an excellent and powerful tool to facilitate the improved

delivery of many courses and modules.


Today the new technologies have transformed the world into a ‘global village’. It

is increasingly becoming clear that the global village would need a global lingua franca

and English has emerged as the preferred language for global communication.

Whereas languages have traditionally been taught from the view point of their cultures,

we will now have to think of new techniques and materials so that global language

learners can meet the challenges of the emerging global civilization and use the global

language for their diverse needs.

In this scenario, it is obvious that teaching of this language based merely on the

literary texts would not be appropriate. This is clear from the fact that most learners in

majority of the countries, where English has traditionally been taught as a second or

foreign language, find no relevance for the formal traditional class room teaching of

English. The use of technological tools such as PCs, laptops, interactive smart board,

over head projector, internet or mobiles in the classroom for instructional delivery has

become very common and it has been found very effective. The smart classroom

concept

is the modern buzz word for school and college classrooms around the world which are

in a process of transition from traditional to technology supported classroom instruction.

The Smart Classroom integrates voice-recognition, computer-vision, and other

technologies to integrate a tele-education experience with a real classroom experience

(Oommen, 2012).
Microsoft PowerPoint is a type of presentation software developed by Microsoft.

It is one example of a technology that migrated from business and industry to education.

It was first adopted by business executives and sales people who used it to give reports

at meetings and presentations to clients. It’s capability to demonstrate and clarify

information became evident and it began to make its way into education. It allows one to

show colored text and images with simple animation and sound. PowerPoint is an

effective pedagogical tool in the classroom. PowerPoint presentations can be used in

the classroom for initial teaching, for student projects, for practice and drilling, for

games, for reviews, and for tests. This format is attractive to learners, and it appeals to

learners' diverse learning styles, such as visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and creative by

employing multimedia methods, such as sounds, images, color, action, design, and so

on. Therefore, it is believed that Power Point presentations can improve the efficiency of

English language classroom instruction. In addition, they can help teachers organize

their thoughts and present their information in an orderly, attractive manner and learners

to better understand the instruction of the teacher (Jones, 2013).

Higher education is experiencing a technological revolution that directs attention to the

ways we teach and the ways students learn. PowerPoint is often the first step for faculty

incorporating technological into their courses. This study attempted to analyze the value

of computer-generated presentations and how students perceive their impact.

Overall, it appeared that PowerPoint had a positive effect on lectures. Most


students preferred PowerPoint presentations over the traditional blackboard or

whiteboard. One of primary benefits of PowerPoint presentations seemed to be student

access to printable copies of the slides. In some courses, students were able to

download the files from the Web, so that they could use these materials for studying,

note taking, identifying key points, and organizing course material. Furthermore, the

majority of learners believed that PowerPoint lectures helped to hold their attention.

They did not believe that PowerPoint was a strong motivator or deterrent in attending

class.

An important aspect of creating effective PowerPoint slides is designing

presentations that emphasize key points and provide supporting examples, including

visual images. Students depend on these presentations for organizing and processing

course content. The challenge seems to be in balancing the amount of lecture detail

with the student benefit of taking notes. When posting PowerPoint files to the Web prior

to class, student attendance may be a consideration in determining the amount of slide

detail. There is also a balance between the students' desire for visual images and their

desire for small files that download and print quickly. During the Power Point lecture,

instructors should be aware of their pace and monitor student note taking. There may

be a tendency for instructors who use Power Point to talk more quickly (Frey, 2013).

2. Local

In both the USA and Philippines, students used the tutor software for 80 minutes.

However, due to the different time scheduling practices of the schools, students in the
USA used the software during two sessions on separate days whereas students in the

Philippines used the software during a single session. In both the USA and Philippines,

students had not explicitly covered scatter plots in class prior to the study. Before using

the software, students viewed conceptual instruction, delivered via a PowerPoint

presentation with voiceover and some simple animations.

We repeatedly collected data on each student’s pattern of behaviour during tutor

usage, using the quantitative field observation method from. In this method, each

observation lasted twenty seconds, and the coder repeatedly observed each student in

a specific order determined before the class began. During each observation, the

observers stood diagonally behind or in front of the student being observed and avoided

looking at the student directly, in order to make it less clear when an observation was

occurring and to minimize the risk of observer effect. Any behaviour by a student other

than the student currently being observed was not coded. Each observation lasted for

20 seconds – if a student was inactive for the entire 20 seconds, the student was coded

as being inactive. If two distinct behaviours were seen during a single observation, only

the first behaviour observed was coded (Rodrigo, 2013).

Basic computer literacy, dealing with hardware and software/applications without

necessarily being connected to teaching and learning – basic computer parts and

functions; operating systems; software applications – MSOffice applications(not

necessarily linked to teaching/learning), which include word processing (MSWord),

spreadsheets (MSExcel), presentations (MSPowerPoint); website; navigation and


internet searching (Internet Explorer, Netscape); e-mail (MSOutlook, Eudora, Pegasus,

etc. ), website development/designing (FrontPage, Dreamweaver); graphics and

drawing (Paint Shop Pro, PhotoDraw, Adobe Illustrator, Inspiration); databases, data

entry, programming (MSAccess, Pascal, Coldfusion); desktop publishing (Publisher,

PageMaker, etc.); designing print materials; scanning text and graphics; video

production and editing; chatting, discussion groups (ICQ)

Basic computer literacy in support of teaching and learning activities – the same

topics under category one are also given but are more linked to teaching and learning.

Some of these course contents are: creating student reports in Word, Access and

others; using Excel to create class list, for record-keeping, assessment; creating

animations for integration into art studies; using WebQuests; using PowerPoint for

presentations in classroom for varied curriculum areas; using NetMeeting in the

classroom (including use of chat, whiteboard sharing, files, cameras & microphones);

file management for teachers for creating folders, moving files, renaming files, etc. for

their assignments and documents; using Publisher software to create class newsletter;

using FrontPage/Dreamweaver to create classroom webpage for teaching/learning (web

publishing in the classroom); using Internet for online research in relation to

teaching/learning; effective searching strategies and techniques; using e-mail for tele

collaboration; developing productivity tools like templates, tests, mark sheets; creating

multimedia presentations for teaching a lesson.


Contents Points that integrate the use of ICT and pedagogy – ICT and pedagogy

integration (instructional technology and use in various models of 24 teaching/learning

as well as design and principles for integration into subject curriculum and classrooms);

integrating ICT into teaching specific subjects; use of online communication tools;

technology management and installation; linking schools with the

community(Domingo,2014).

One major development that changed the environment of the class is the

development of teaching technology. The lectures – two a week -- of the course are

given to around 200 students in the large lecture room of the School. The big class is

broken up into small discussion classes of 20 to 30 students for the third class hour of

the week. It is led by a teaching fellow. In the early years, the technology for teaching

had the professor lecturing through microphone and using slide projections and

transparencies where he would make his drawings and charts. Before the advent of

these improvements some semesters and school-years back, the blackboard was the

primary visual used. By the 2002, PowerPoint presentation became the instruction

mode. The PowerPoint slide presentation accompanies the lecture and has become an

effective means of demonstrating graphical work. Graphs could be drawn in steps to

demonstrate a process in doing the elementary part and then some graphs can be

pulled back for recall easily. This process of change has made the teacher adept and

fulfilled in manipulation of point


and click technology to change the image projected within a given slide and as one

progressed between slides.

To emphasize recall, each of the PowerPoint lectures are summarized in

handouts that are presented through an Adobe .pdf file and made publicly available in

the University Virtual Learning Environment (UVLE). The UVLE is a web-based learning

system in the UP that enables all students enrolled in a course to avail of a

communication system between teacher and students. Its usage depends initially on the

professor’s inclination to make it a communication system for exchanging information,

ideas, class readings, and other interactive materials. Unfortunately, the system is only

gradually being utilized by students who have computers. (Also, the system could only

be used by faculty who had progressed to the required level of computer literacy.) By

the last count 70 percent of all enrolled in the course students access the UVLE. To be

sure that those who are excluded out of the UVLE for lack of computers still get the

web-based storage of teaching materials, lecture handouts are also copied to the UP

Economics Library where students could avail of the same and photocopy them for their

use if necessary(Sicat,2015).

C. Synthesis

As a summary, PowerPoint Presentation has a big impact in terms of effective

teaching skills based on related literature and studies. As times goes by, PowerPoint

presentation helping many people to improve their presentation. Technology is one of

the
most important thing nowadays. Technology do people works become easier. In the

past years, visual aids is popular medium to presentation now become an alternative in

this generation. PowerPoint presentation presentations has many animation and

transition of slides aim to attract listeners and get focus to the topic that been discuss. It

doesn't matter if professor or not, PowerPoint presentation will help to do own design

and layout. Many different teaching skills to do the presentation well. The objective of

teacher is to be a good, successful and effective teacher. PowerPoint presentation also

contain many graphs to do the graph of different activities. Computer is a big role in

people's learning. Computer has many things can do such as communicating socializing

and etc. Some people use their creativity and they use computer as a presentation.

Computer supports in teaching skills in many ways. PowerPoint presentation can also

insert images and videos unlike to the traditional visual aids. Computer Presentation

that has aim to a good impression to the listener. And lastly if they listen carefully they

will improve/pass their academic performance. Creating effective PowerPoint slides is

designing presentation that providing support examples that will do visual aids in

presenting reports, lecture and discussion. Designing presentation will make

presentation more attractive and effective.


CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

This chapter has aim to present the different methods and steps in the certain

study. It contains Research Method, Research Locale, Respondents of Study, Testing

27.

Hypothesis, Research Instrument, Validation, Data Gathering Procedure, and Statistical

Treatment.

Research Method

This study is Quantitative research, it deals to the impact of PowerPoint

presentation to the academic performance of grade 12 students of AMA Basic

Education of Las Piñas. It also deals the improvement of traditional presentation such

as visual aids to modern presentation like PowerPoint presentation.

Quantitative research is systematic empirical investigation and it support by a

statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. This research used the

descriptive-survey method.

Research Locale

This study was conducted at AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas since the target

respondents are the grade 12 students of this school.


Respondents of the Study

The respondents of the study are the grade 12 students of AMA Basic Educattion

of Las Piñas who will help to determine the impact of PowerPoint presentation to

academic performance.

Using random sampling method the students were chosen as a respondents.

Random sample is determining how many target population are in the certain group and

the accuracy of result with considering margin of error in surveyed portion of population.

It deals to reach the level of accuracy, the smaller population will be, the larger

percentage of students will be surveyed. Also the larger the population will need a

smaller percentage of students will be surveyed.

One of a random sampling technique is the Slovin’s Formula that has aim to

estimate the sampling size. The formula is

n=N/ (1+Ne2).

whereas:
n= number of samples

N= total population

e= margin of error

Table1 shows the number of students-respondents such as Grade 12

participated in the survey.

Number of Grade 12 students Sample size

Tally 159 114

The sample population presented in Table 1 was computed as follows:

Given:

N= 159 students (population)

e=.05(95% level of accuracy)

n= 159/ [1+ (159)(.05)2]

n=159/ (1+.3975)

n=159/1.3975

n=113.77 or 114 sample student-respondents

Testing Hypothesis
The research used Chi-Square to test relationships on categorical variables. It

examine the null the null hypothesis that the variables are independent. The formula

below was used to compare the observed data to a model that distributes the data

according to the expectation that the variables are independent:

(𝑂 − 𝐸)2
𝑋2 = ∑
𝐸

Legend:

O= frequency observed

E= frequency expected

∑= the ‘sum of’

Research Instrument

The instrument used was survey questionnaire made by researcher to collect the

needed data from the student-respondents. The abstract of the questionnaire was made

out of researcher’s readings, previous studies and other thesis that is relevant to

studies. This questionnaire has aim to answer the research questions. Each statement

contains the situations of students pertaining to answer the scale that has preparedness

of the respondents. This instrument that was given to the students to attain valid

responses of the students. At last, is supports open responses to different sensitive

issues. Moreover the instrument was consult by a great professional before putted on

the study.
Data Gathering Procedure

The respondents for the questionnaire was taken from AMA Basic Education of

Las Piñas. The researchers has a connection to the respondents that will help them to

explain details in the survey questionnaire.

Personal distribution of survey questionnaires in the respective school was

undertaken.

The collecting of data for this present pursuing was separated into phases which

stated the detailed procedures:

Phase 1. The survey questionnaire was made by the researchers.

Phase 2. On approval by the professor, a questionnaire will be distributed to the

student-respondents. The researchers give the survey questionnaire to every

respondents of the study. The respondents will answer the survey questionnaire at the

same time. The researchers collect the questionnaires after the student has finished

answering the questionnaire

Phase 3. The data collected from the questionnaires will be analyzed and

explained by helping the applicable statistical tools.

The results of the survey from the student-respondents was validated.

Statistical Treatment

To determined better results and maintain the accuracy in interpretation. This are

the following statistical techniques:


Percentage:

The percentage is compute as:

%= f/n x 100

Whereas:

f= number of times an item appear

n= number of population

Weighted Mean. The weighted mean has aim to measure the central tendency.

The formula is:

WM = ∑f(x) / n

Whereas:

WM= weighted mean

∑= summation sign; the sum of the scores in a distribution

f= frequency of scores

x = weight in the Likert Scale (5 , 4 ,3 , 2 ,1 )

n= number of scores in a sample.

Interpretation of Likert Scales. This is for the interpretation of the respondents’

ideas, the researchers used the summated scale or 5 point Likert scale ( 1 will be the

lowest and 5 is the highest).


The acquired weighted means were interpreted using the following range:

4.6 - 5.0 Highly Aware/Very Satisfactory/Strongly Agree

3.7 – 4.5 Aware/Satisfactory/Agree

2.8 – 3.6 Fairly Aware/Fair/Fairly Agree

1.9 – 2.7 Unaware/Unsatisfactory/Disagree

1.0 – 1.8 Highly Unaware/Very Unsatisfactory/Strongly Disagree

Student’s survey questionnaire contained three parts.

Part I referred to the effectiveness of PowerPoint presentation to the academic

performance.

4.6 - 5.0 Very Highly Effective

3.7 – 4.5 Highly Effective

2.8 – 3.6 Average

1.9 – 2.7 Low Effective

1.0 – 1.8 Very Low Effective

Part II referred to the assessment of PowerPoint presentation to the classroom

activity.

4.6 - 5.0 Very Highly Assessed

3.7 – 4.5 Highly Assessed


2.8 – 3.6 Average

1.9 – 2.7 Low Assessed

1.0 – 1.8 Very Low Assessed

Part III referred to the improvement of traditional presentation

4.6 - 5.0 Very Highly Agree

3.7 – 4.5 Highly Agree

2.8 – 3.6 Average

1.9 – 2.7 Low Agree

1.0 – 1.8 Very Low Agree


CHAPTER 4

Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of Data

This chapter presents, interprets, and analyzes the data gathered from the grade

12 students of AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas with support of different statistical

tools .

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effiency of PowerPoint

presentation on the academic performance to the grade 12 students of AMA Basic

Education of Las Piñas. In this line will answer the following questions:

1. What are the effects of using PowerPoint presentation as a teaching tool to the

academic performance of the students?

2. How the PowerPoint presentation assess students’ classroom activities?

3. How the PowerPoint presention improves traditional presentation of students

in classroom activities?

1. What are the effects of using PowerPoint presentation as a teaching tool to the

academic performance of the students?


The survey questionnaire revealed that using PowerPoint presentation as a

teaching tool was highly effective to the academic performance of the students. Table 2

shows the weighted mean value of students that effects the academic performance

when using PowerPoint presentation.

The item “PowerPoint presentation as an alternative tool use in reporting.” ranked first

with an average weighted mean value of 4.08. The item “My grades get higher when I

use PowerPoint presentation in reporting.” got lowest rating with an average weighted

mean value of 3.46.

Table2 . The effectiveness of PowerPoint presentation to the academic

performance

STATEMENT WEIGHTED RANK VERBAL


MEAN INTERPRETATION
VALUE
I am using PowerPoint presentation in 3.73 4 Highly Effective
reporting.
My grades get higher when I use 3.46 5 Average
PowerPoint presentation.
I deliver my report clearly when I am 3.79 3 Highly Effective
using PowerPoint presentation.
PowerPoint presentation as an alternative 4.08 1 Highly Effective
tool use in reporting.
I get more satisfied when I use 3.94 2 Highly Effective
PowerPoint presentation in my reporting.
Combined Weighted Mean Value 3.80 Highly Effective
The overall weighted mean value of effectiveness of PowerPoint 3.80. This

means that grade 12 students of AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas was highly affects

their academic performance when students use PowerPoint presentation.

2. How the PowerPoint presentation assess students’ classroom activities?

The survey tells that the assessment of PowerPoint presentation to students’

classroom activities was verbally interpreted as Average. Table 3 shows the weighted

mean value of assessment of PowerPoint presentation to students’ classroom activities.

Rank 1 is the item “I am more focused when my teacher use PowerPoint

presentation.” (WMV=3.71). The item “I get high scores in quizzes when teacher use

PowerPoint presentation.”is in the lowest ranked (WMV=3.34).

Table 3.The assessment of PowerPoint presentation to the classroom activity.

STATEMENT WEIGHTED RANK VERBAL


MEAN INTERPRETATION
VALUE
I am more focused when my teacher use 3.71 1 Highly Assessed
PowerPoint presentation.
I feel attentive when reporter use 3.55 3 Average
PowerPoint presentation.
I get more knowledge when reporter use 3.60 2 Average
PowerPoint presentation.
I get high scores in quizzes when teacher 3.34 5 Average
use PowerPoint presentation.
I easily understand the reporting when 3.53 4 Average
the reporter use PowerPoint presentation.
Combined Weighted Mean Value 3.55 Average
The combined weighted mean value of assessment of PowerPoint presentation

to the classroom activity is 3.55. This means that PowerPoint can assess the classroom

activity of the students.

3. How the PowerPoint presentation improves traditional presentation of students

in classroom activities?

The survey reavealed that the traditional presentation is still using while

PowerPoint is in there. Table 4 shows the weighted mean value of the improvement of

traditional presentation.

The item “PowerPoint presentation is easier to do than visual aids.”ranked first

(WMV=3.84). The item “I present well when I use PowerPoint presentation in

reporting.”got the lowest ranking (WMV=3.46).

Table 4. The improvement of traditional presentation

STATEMENT WEIGHTED RANK VERBAL


MEAN INTERPRETATION
VALUE
I use PowerPoint in reporting instead of 3.74 3 Highly Agree
using visual aids.
PowerPoint presentation is easier to do 3.84 1 Highly Agree
than visual aids.
PowerPoint presentation is useful than 3.62 4 Average
visual aids
I present well when I use PowerPoint 3.46 5 Average
presentation in reporting
PowerPoint presentation is affordable 3.75 2 Highly Agree
than visual aids.
Combined Weighted Mean Value 3.68 Average
The overall weighted mean value of the improvement of traditional presentation

is 3.68. This means that there is an improvement from traditional presentation to

PowerPoint pr

CHAPTER 5

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter presents the summary of the discovery of the study, the conclusions

that were obtain and the recommendations would be consolidate the impact of

PowerPoint presentation in classroom activity to the academic performance of the

students in AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas.

I. Summary of Findings

This study was conducted in AMA Basic Education of Las Piñas, with a total of

one hundred fourteen respondents of grade 12 students. The researchers used the

survey-questionnaire method in order to reveal the impact of the variables.

Specifically, the study need answers to the statement:

The effects of using PowerPoint presentation as a teaching tool to the academic

performance of the students.


1. PowerPoint presentation as an alternative tool use in reporting (WMV=4.08).

2. More satisfied when using PowerPoint presentation in reporting (WMV=3.94).

3. Deliver report clearly when using PowerPoint presentation (WMV=3.79).

4. Students using PowerPoint presentation in reporting (WMV=3.73).

5. Grades get higher when use PowerPoint presentation (WMV=3.46).

The assessment of PowerPoint presentation to the classroom activity.

1. Students more focused when teacher use PowerPoint presentation (WMV=3.71)

2. Students get more knowledge when reporter use PowerPoint presentation

(WMV=3.60)

3. Students feel attentive when reporter use PowerPoint presentation (WMV=3.55).

4. Students easily understand the reporting when the reporter use PowerPoint

presentation (WMV=3.53).

5. Students get high scores in quizzes when teacher use PowerPoint presentation

(WMV=3.34).

The improvement of traditional presentation.

1. PowerPoint presentation is easier to do than visual aids (WMV=3.84).

2. PowerPoint presentation is affordable than visual aids (WMV=3.75).


3. Students use PowerPoint in reporting instead of using visual aids (WMV=3.74).

4. PowerPoint presentation is useful than visual aids (WMV=3.62).

5. Students present well when they use PowerPoint presentation in reporting

(WMV=3.46).

II. Conclusion

The summary of findings conclude that PowerPoint presentation has a big impact

to the academic performance of the respondents. PowerPoint may help the students to

present well and get high grade as a result. On the other hand, PowerPoint presentation

can assess students in terms of classroom activities. Students get more focused when a

teacher using PowerPoint presentation. Teacher use PowerPoint presentation in many

ways to help academic performance of students such as discussing a lesson, give

quizzes and etc. Lastly, PowerPoint presentation improves the traditional presentation

although visual aids is in there. Students also get easier to do PowerPoint presentation

than visual aids.

III. Recommendations

Based on the conclusion of the study, researchers make the following

recommendations:

1. Students should use PowerPoint presentation as tool in presenting.

2. Reporter must use PowerPoint presentation to get more satisfied in presenting.


3. Teacher should use PowerPoint presentation to get more focus his/her students.

4. Use PowerPoint presentation in giving quizzes.

5. If reporter doesn’t enough money to make a visual aids, use PowerPoint presentation

instead.

6. Use creative skills in PowerPoint presentation if have a lack of knowledge in doing

visual aids.

40.

SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE

The Impact of PowerPoint Presentation in Classroom Activity to the Academic Performance of Grade12 Students in AMA
Basic Education of Las Piñas.

Purpose: To know the effectiveness of PowerPoint presentation to the academic performance of Grade 12 students in AMA
Basic Education of Las Piñas.

Direction: Check the box that corresponds to your answer. Use legend as your guide.

LEGEND: 5-ALWAYS 4-OFTEN 3-SOMETIMES 2-RARELY 1-NEVER

STATEMENT SCALE
A. The effectiveness of PowerPoint presentation to 5 4 3 2 1
the academic performance.
1. I am using PowerPoint presentation in reporting.
2. My grades get higher when I use PowerPoint
presentation.
3. I deliver my report clearly when I am using
PowerPoint presentation.
4. PowerPoint presentation as an alternative tool use in
reporting.
5. I get more satisfied when I use PowerPoint
presentation in my reporting.
B. The assessment of PowerPoint presentation to 5 4 3 2 1
the classroom activity.
1. I am more focused when my teacher use
PowerPoint presentation.
2. I feel attentive when reporter use PowerPoint
presentation.
3. I get more knowledge when reporter use PowerPoint
presentation.
4. I get high scores in quizzes when teacher use
PowerPoint presentation.
5. I easily understand the reporting when the reporter
use PowerPoint presentation.
C. The improvement of traditional presentation 5 4 3 2 1
1. I use PowerPoint in reporting instead of using visual
aids.
2. PowerPoint presentation is easier to do than visual
aids.
3. PowerPoint presentation is useful than visual aids
4. I present well when I use PowerPoint presentation in
reporting
5. PowerPoint presentation is affordable than visual
aids