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TOCYJAPCTBEHHDIMI HAY 4HO-MCCIEJOBATEMbCKUM MHCTHTYT PECTABPALMH 10. H. TPEHBEPT, C. A. IMCAPEBA MACJIHHbIE HPACKM XX BEKA VW SKCIEPTM3A MPOMSBEEHUM sKUBOMUCH. COCTAB, OTKPbITME, KOMMEPYECKOE IIPOM3BO],CTBO VM MCCIEQOBAHUE KPACOK 2-euszanne BBE 85.14 12+ rao ro reo TpexGepr 10. H., Iixcapesa C. A. ‘Macususse xpacks XX nexa akeweprusa mpoussenenuit musomucx. Cocras, 07 -XpsrTae, xonepsocKoe mpouspoxeTao m xcemegonaNe KpACoK. — 2-e anaRue. — CIIG, Hazavensorso «Jams»; Maqaremorpo «IJIAHETA MYBBIEM», 2017. — 192 ¢. — (Wae6emxx ana syoon. Cnenansuan sureparypa). ISBN 978-5-8114-2536-5 (Hazaremserso «Jlams>) ISBN 978-5-91938-397-0 (Hazaremscrso «ILIAHETA MY8BIKH») ‘igure wamtcaxa nexynpn cnenasucran » oftacra ueropH TexxOmOrID x rexHOAOTNNe- ‘oxoro ueenezosauua pousseseuu xcusomucn 10. H, TpeaGeprox, C. A. Ticapeso (TocHMHP), HLA. Tpuropsescil. ‘iayeenne odautansix, miveperypRAIx H apXHRENIX WoTowEKOS, naSopaTopHoe ueomex03e~ ae naprice Zoonenix0 antopen uoAyis wasGonoe nome a cerOmEsiaal ZexD MpOACTESNeNEG ‘Omrcensex i onyx Bomieevaax XyAON007DERSAIE MECASIIE HDACOK, NOUOHOVCNIX D3 Donut XX a, Buopanie nyGramyenail » aitoxe ofeene eavepitas onepeinaer some Bookonecers ‘2 npovexemins ofexranno, naysno oGoctonesion AzpOyi i sketepiae Hewesestaht MOR’ ‘Begemn pyonxod sorsoncH XX cromeraa. ‘Mouarpadua paccwxraxa wa ueTopuKOs HeKyCoTsa, Myselinix DAOOTHNXOS, akcteDTOS pow nexeusth sennoniten, aTHkDaD0s, KORTeRNOReDOS x Pecrespevopos, & axe ua UpenosaseTenel oryaewros yaootoensare n uexyccreouexvecasrs axyaurovos nusconx yeoGuare aanezenty ‘Yeaumuxon iy Aomoorbeuustx You x mupoR Kpyr b6wTenel x HOuNeTONDH ZOOSPARETEDUOTO onyeerse. BBE 85.14 Grenberg Y. L, Pisareva 8. A. Oil paints of the XX century and examination of works of art. Composition, disclo- sure, commercial production and research of paints — 2« edition. — Saint-Petersburg: Publishing house “Lan”; Publishing house “THE PLANET OF MUSIC”, 2017. — 192pag- (University textbooks. Books on specialized subjects). ‘The book ie weitton by Y. J. Grenberg, S. A. Pisareva (State RIR), I. A. Grigorieva, the lesding cxpartsin the foie of history of technology and technological research of works of art. ‘Te study of the official, iterary and srehival sources, laboratory testing of paintings allowed ‘the authors to obtain the most complete to date conception of the plgmente and binders of artic ollpalate used Inthe painting of the 20" century. For the first time published in sucha volume, the ‘terial opens up new possibilities in conducting objective, scientific attribution and examination, of unknown works of Russian ar ofthe 20” century. 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ILMB PACeMATPHBARK TOASKO XYAO;S- ACARICH RACOK, saroTosAaoMcE Ash, NUITARNOGTEK TeAgiKOREO MCHOALAYENEE EURTMIET, A TAK 388 mueaanice nit NPOUsSONCTRE MAC: AISI KPACO COBETCKDHE KIACONHH 1. CoBerckue IPOMBIMIAEHHBIE KPACKH" Turmenrst Poccuficxis xatnonucus ALAA CTOABTHS, KAK HX IPEAUIECTEH- ‘HHH, TIOAB3OBAAHCb KPACKAMH, IPHBOSMMBIMM 43 TEPMAHMH, DPAHITAM 1 -Aumauit Hx mP04ABAAIL30 MHLOTHX PYCCKICXTOPOSAK, MHOTHEXY4OXEHKH ‘BHINMCBIBAAH HX IIPAMO 3-34 PAHHIBi. B AKAAEMHH XYAOXKECTB, BCTIOMH- HABT A. PMAOB, BSAA AABONKA, IE IPOAABAAM KPACKH BHICUIBTO KAGECTBA. ‘«BECH TOBAP BLITHCHBAACA H3-3A TPAHHIBI BES MOULAMEBI. IAA3A PASBETA- [ACh Of 9THX XYAOKECTBEHEEX AAKOMCTE> [1]. B 1905 r. OH.PEpserr HCA: «HEAABHO B MOCKBE CAMBIMH PACTIPOCTPA- [HENHSINO KPACKAMIN BHIAH KrACKH [Ta#4tA. TIOTOM CTAAH PACKPOCTPA- HATCH... KPACKH Mosca. [loaBHAHCb SATEM KPACKH MOCKOBCKOM @A- BPHKH AOCEKHHLA H BHICTPO BOIIAH B YIOTPEBAEHHE. ...TAK KE IPHBHAHCE 3 Mocxse xacky IlEHoEAbAA. I C BOCBMMAECATHIX TOAOB YOTPEBARA xeacxx Tsitax > (2, ¢. 35]. B OrPARINBHEIOM ACCOPTHMENTE BENYCRANA -KPACKH MOAYKYCTAPHES @ABPHEH 3 TISTEPBYPTE @ABPHKA BPATSEB BACH- ADEBBIX, A B MOCKBE @ABPHKA OPHAAEHAEPA. B 1920-1927 rr. BOSHMKAH 1 -HOBBE HEBOABIIME IPOHSBOACTBA. H] XOTs BCS OHH MOAHOCTSIO PABOTAAH [HA MMIIOPTHIX TTMEHTAX, MPOHSBOAHMBIE HH KPACKH YCTVTIAAR 110 ‘KAMECTBY, IPHBOSHMBIM 43 EBPOmBI. TPH YETBEPTH MACASHBIX KPACOK HA TIMTMEHTAX HEMEUKHX MPM H OMPMBI ABOPAH BBITYCKAA H 3ABOA «KPAC- ‘HM XYOXEDLK> ~ HAMIMOMAAHSHPOBAHTAS TOCAE 1917 r, GABPHKA OPHA- azsara [3,c. 101]. COBETCKAS MPOMBIIAEHHOCTS EINE AOATO HE MOTAA OBECIEYHTE BHY- ‘TPEHHMM PBIHOK XOPOIIMMH KPACKAMH. HE CAYYAMHO KHMTA A.H.KanAMKA (OTEXHVKE MATEPMAAAX:KHBOMUCH, BBILEAIUAS 3 19291, SAKAHSMBABTCH ‘OPaSOii: , THCAA B 1936 r. ‘PEPBEPI; H OTMEAA, STO IIEPBHE BHICOKOCOPTHBIE KPACKH 3ABOAOB «I1AAH- oh» w «onoxecrananais 2-08 evan (9cxnS- ae), Cpox aBEaaiu 1119451 Taso, 66. ‘8.0 cassvioMpox BEMIECTBAX XFACOK CM. 3 (CARADIOMIEM PASAEAS. 9.7 MXIT 1213-44. B axcr ces ne man, yrosemacsc LVILIOG 31980 5. // Copan cramgartos 1 ‘TREMETECUN YoAOBHT HA TPOAREIHO askoxeaconlol! mrousumasisiocri T LM, 1952. .435, 10.7 MRT 1297-45, B raxcr mumcut AONOAHERIE 8 COOTSETCTBI 15 eusnuanay, aeexasinti » IV VILIb46 5. Tasoxe. 438, 1. Craararauosauuis—srosspocro- [ARTUBHOE BBIIECTSO, MCHOASSYEMOE Ais YayAIUNIN CROACTBA THINEETOR ‘co cesaviomM SEIECTBOM. 12, Cu. ers I Boaxouckour HTAAEO- 13,7 MXIT CU208-50. Kexca mace ASHRIE SEAKE KEXEATHIOMUME 2OA0- DXSCTBSHHMIE (na (oPExOROM NACAE). CrOK BBRAEHIGR 411950 r. // CsoPauK crassarT0s 1H TEXHOSECEIE YOAOBIA HA MPOKY- 1WiH0 AAKOKPACOSHOR MPOMBITIAEH crit LLM, 1952. €.438 1. Conerckwe HPOMSIIVIEHHBIE KPACEH Tlo CPABHEHMI0 C MPEVICKYPAHTOM 1938/1939 IT. B MEPEWEHS BBITYCKAE- [MGDX KPACOK AOTOABIATEABHO BOA: BLostreyans: [BEAILAA CBHHITODO-MIERKOBEES [REANAA HUEKOBMIE EMCTPOCOXEYINIE (¢ CHKKATHBOM) KOBAAST enoAzTORDIiL ‘kAsuuti amncomustiku opasDicenati[cvAs 074]. Bo2-ofirevmnz: MEKOBAS ATA (COMENOBAS ANNOREAS. BCE KPACKM, IIEPEMMCAEHHBIE B IIPEMCKYPAHTE 1938/193911. aBTY 19441, COME BOAKOHCKOHTA H KAAMILE KPACHOTO, HCTOASSOBAAH 3 AABONMCH H XIX, KPACKA WAPHKCKAR CHEAK (SEPAHHCKAR AASVPS), KAK IB TIPBACKY- PAHTE 1938/1939 rr., SHAYMAACh TOABKO CPEAH KPACOX BTOPOM PYTIMH. TlosKE EE CTAAH BBIIIYCKATD TOA HASBAHHEM AASYPb 2KEAESHAA; B 1983 r, (OHA omAA BUHCAO xPACoK L-o#lTPYTI. ByTSsPKAEHHBIM B 1947 r, MMHHCTEPCTBOM TOPTOBAM IIPEHCKYPAHT HEH HA MACASHBIE KRACKH LOH TRYIN, BBMTYCKAEWBIM 10 TY 1944 T, BONLAH xescua ‘KAAMOniL XEATBU CBETASI a TENE [19], B 1948 # 1950 rr. 8 TY 1944 u 1945 rv. BBIAH BHECEHSI WsMEHEHHA™”. Tlo- _MaIM0 TOTO, "70 OHH MPEAYCMATPHIBAAIL HCTIOASSOBAHKEB COCTABE KPACOK CTEAPATA AAFOMMHMA”, B HX BOTIAM M HOBBIE KPACKH: B L-ofrrynns: MAPTAHIIOBAS TOAYBAS HEPYABY KOBAABT SEAEHBIH CXOAOAMSIM OTTERKOM ‘KAAMM KPACHBIit CBETABH, TEMHDIi, OPAHDKEBBIM, OPAHIKEBO- ‘KPACHBIM H I1YPIYPHDI. Bo 2-of revans: SEARHAS SEMA". BB row 2 1950 1 BBIAM BREAEHD TEKHUSECKHE YCAOBIA HA " TM HE MEHBE, OKCTEP TH CCOBET PEKOMEHAOBAA AEHIIHTPAACKOMY SABOAY «CEPSESHO POBEPHITD I~ ‘SCOOSPASHOCTS BREAEHIAS B HEXOTOREE KPACKG I TIMI, B YACTHOCTH B KAAMIit, HATOAHTEAS - BAAHOHKCA>. A B AKT OBCAEAOBAHH B ORTESPE 1959 r. Konmocut 3KCTEPTHOTO COBETA OTMETHAA, “TO HONOBHAK PABOTA TMPODOAHTCR B AAFOPATOPHAX 3ABOAA M ABENHTPAACKOTO @H1AMAAA TVAIIA- 48.B HTOT, KAK BYAET BHIAO H9 AAABHEAILETO, BAAH@HKC CTAAH BEAIOTATD 3 COCTAB MHOTHX MACAKHIX KPACOK, 'B 19581. AEHHNTPAACKHL 2ABOA OTMPABMA 3 SKCTEPTHLI COBET 9TAAOE- -HGIE OBPASYBE EBETYCKAEMSIX KPACOK. B HX CHMCKS, CPEAM TIPOMIX, BBA HA- ‘SBANI ABE HODAIE KOACKLE C YKASABKEM AAT VX BAITYCKA? -MaPrammjono-Kaanommnas seasqas (XIL 1955 2) xoBAADT exoapTosstit cBETAsIt (I. 19561)”. 1B 1959-r, ABHUHTPAACKIHELSABOA AAS YAEEBIIEHHA TLOTEMHEHHAR CBMENO- [BSIx EAHA 110A ABSICTBIEM CEPOBOAOPOAA ATMOCOBPA HALA BBITYCKATD x 20%-10H AOEABKOH TpsKoBEIX BEAK [14,c. 37] 'B 1961 r.soancex TY 1944 r sta YTBEPACAEHT BHACHHIA AEHIIHTPAACKHM SABOAOM HOB CTAHAAPT HA MACASHIIE KPACKH TIEPSOM TPYTIM, LOATRED- AMDMIM BKAIONEILUE B COCTAB KPACOK 4 KAMECTBE CTABHAMSATORA CTEA- PATA AMOMUEMAD, H NPZSYCMATPHBABIIMA BKITYCK COBEPIISHEO HOBOH [KPACKHS HA OCHOBE IIHTNENTA, PASPASOTAKHOTO HA AYAEBCKOM KPACOSHHOM SAB0AE, ~ KOBAASTA CHEIETO CHEKTPAABHOTO". B 1963 r, ABHUHTPAACKUIL 2ABOA BAIIYCTHA HORKE IVHKOBSIE BEAIAA ~ [BEAHAA HHHKOBLLE HEXEATSIONNEE, IPHTOTOBAEHHIE HA HOBOM, CBASVIO- {IRM BEMIECTBE — MENTAS?HTOUTOBOM 9OUPE XHPHBIX KHCAOT HOACOAHE'- oro macaa [14,¢ 37]. 'A.b HOPMAX PACKOAA CBIPBS HA 1963 F. SABOAA , nrAsOnPERUKOM xotororo 3 1989 r. craHoBITeX KOO- asarap «Dane», 4 ¢ 1994 2 OAO ¢ MCTOASSOBAHHEM BMECTO MMMMEHTA MAPK M-1, ITHH- 24,TY 610-1313-72. Keacka macasuat — KOBMIXBEAMA MYO (neyonabunstx)", SOAOXECTREEAR mEanAA THTAKOBKE _B 1972 F. BIIRPEBIE SA BC!O HCTOPHIO COBETCKOM AAKOKPACOWHOM HFO- aK. Basan LL1973. [MGIIIABHHOCTH SBIAH PASFABOTAHBI TEXHHWECKHE YCAOBH HA BHITYCKAS- 2S. TY 610-1320-72. Tmunamat an 9 MYIOGAB EBPOME C CEPEAMUES20-X I. BEAYIO XYAOKECTBEKHVIO MACAAIYIO poxtcraninicx 1 syOXECTANNO- _ KPACKY - BEAMAATHTAOBBIE™. 97H TY, BHOAHMBIES ABHICTBUEC 19731, CO- coomaereascioncpAsor Bian CTY TAACHO HOPMATHTBAM AEHMETPAACKOTO 3A804A 1974 F, GAKTHMECKI BBLAH 301224-61,CTY301261-620TY8610-_THTAHOBO-IIMHKOBHIM, IOCKOABKY COAEPXAAK 25% IHHKOBBOX BEAMA. (6. (Swern ua TY 6-10.1320-77. B TOM x2 1972 ©, BHAM YTBEPAEHM TEXEMECKKE YCAOBMA HA 18 26 Mosremo mucio HIIO «Ili. ABV PSA TIMTMERTOS AAK KPAGOK XYAORECTSEHHBIX 1 XYAOKECTSEHHO- sum» » XBC (om X3C, 86) 8 OBOPMHITEARCKHX PABOT C YKASAHMEM XHMHECKOTO COCTABA KAXAOTO 13 Tromer rocysarcraanworo cruta>- UX, CDEAM TIPOSHX KPACOX B STOM AOKYMEHTE BIDEPSMIE HASBAH KAAMIL ‘TA cKPACKH XYAOKECTREMEKE MACAS- :KEATHI/ TEMHBIMt CYAOHA-CEAEHHA™, rununaicwaciaunum xarasoran —_B 1975 T. PYROROACTSO AEHMHTPAACKOTO HAYSHO-IPOUSBOACTBEEHOTO ‘AUDIO «fbiramur>, an aqcpes, OFSEAMBEHUGE «IIAIMEHT> HAIPABMAO B SKCHEPTHBLI COBET AAS COTAA- tons 19764), (Ta4e5, 1°11, 1976, COBAHUR TEPBYIO, A 19767. BTOPYIO PEAAKIIMIO TIFOEKTA HOBOTO CTARAAP- 4.30). ‘Ta *, TlOMMMO PLTOCT 1126-77. Kesce Mscisue HUPOSDIXKPACOK, BBEAEHUBLK BO BCE TY M [OCT HASHEAR C944, B 170 THEEDWUACATIGE sWAOKECTRBWIE. EXT BOILAM KPACKH TOAYEAS OL, SASHAS OL], BAPHAOHOBAS SEABHAS, THO- ‘Teuurmc yesoans, (Baan © HHAMTO WEPHAS, BEAUAA THTAHOBMIE.C 8 KPACOK, BRITYCKAEMBIX KAK TIEHTA- TOCT 11826-65 x TOCT $419-71). MACASHTSE TlPH STOM TOASEPKMIBAAOCS, WTO BHECEHESIE 8 IPOEKT HOBIE CCroxsanyest0LU778.B1963r.cr0x _ KOACEM, VCE BBITYCKAIOTCA TIO TEXHUSIECKHM YCAOBHSI. Asficroua mPoAAEH Ao 01.07.1988 r. B 1977 Fr. MPOEKT MOAYSHA CTATYC TOCYAAPCTBEHHOTO CTAHAAPTA™, 3- VisaaTEAsCTE0 CtaAAPTOR, 1984, ‘MEHMBIIETO Cosom [OCT HA MACASHBIE KPACKH 1966 1. a HA MHKOBHIE SEAUAA 1971 n°. B CRABHAME C MPOEKTOM [OCT HE HASHBABT KPACOK HA HOBS(K IIKTMENTAX, HO IPEAVCMATPUBAET BSITVCK BCEX BEABOX KPACOK KAK [REHTAMACASHX (UEPEUEHD APYTIX IIBHTAMACASHSIK KPACOX TIPHBEAEH 8 PARABEAS 0 CBAGYIOMUX BEINECTBAR). B 1976 1, Boxcowsnsin osbEauiaiue «COLOSKFACKAM BBA COTAACO- BAK C XYAOXECTBEHHEIM ©OHAOM CCCP 1 OKCTEPTHSIM COBETOM OBSEM POAYKIHH ABHHETPAACKOTO SABOAA HA 1977 I, KOTOFEIA, B NACTHOCTH, [HPEAYCMATPHBAA BBIIYCK, HAPAAY C KEACKOH BEAHAA THTAHOBBE, - BAIA ol4e Casayiomyie BEMECTBA ‘THTAHOBO-IIUNKOBBEX AAKSAMBIC. THXHUNECKHE YCAOBHA HA HOBIE BE- [AAA SBA PASPABOTAHBI AEHMHTPAACIOD OFBEAMHEHWEM B 197 1.113 TOM KE 1OAY, C YKASAHMEM HA OTHONIEHHE B COCTABE KPACOK TH- ‘TAHOBUIX # NUHKOBEIX SEAULA 1:1, OHH OMTYPHPYIOT B HOPMATHBAX AEHHH- TPAACKOTO SABOAA. OAHAKO K BOMPOCY 0 BBITYCKE STHX KPACOK BEPHYAHCE ‘TOABKO 5 1984, KOTAA BBAMEH TY 1977. BAM YTREPAABHDI TEXHMMECKME YoAOBHA HA «KPACKH XYAORECTBEHBIE AAKGIAHIE®®, BMECTE C TEM, YCTA- -HOBHTS GAKT KOMMEPECKOTO MPOMSBOACTBA AAKHAHBIX KPACOK HA CETOA- [HAUTE ABH HE YAAAOCS. (CBsx3yI0UME BEUECTBA (C TEX TOP, KAK HA CMEHY KAACCHMECKOM TEMIEPE IIPHIIAA MACASHAS “xumponucs, HHMTMERTSL 3 TEXEHUE HECKOABKIX CTOARTIAM CTHPAAM HA BAe (CHKAIOMNC PACTUTEASHNX MACAAK: B CEBEPHOML EBPOIIE ~ HA ABILAHOM, ‘A. JOM — Ha OPEXOBOM. Co BPEMEHEM B KPACKHI CTAAM BBOAWT IPH OAH CMOAM. SHAS, HTO TPH IPOSONXIITEASHOM XPAHERMM MACAKEDE PACK TYCTEIOT, KEAATUHUSHPVIOTCK H CTAHOBSTCA HEMPHTOAEBIM At [KUBOTCH, MACTERA HAI IX YEEHMNGE BIAOTS AO MORBARILH OABPHSHOTX [KPACOK CAM CTHPAAI HHTMEHTSC MACAOM HEBOABIIOM KOAMMECTHE HE TMOCPEACTBEHIO nEPEA P4S0TOD. H 9TO BBLAM AYSHIME BO HCEK OTHOMEHHAX -MACASHLIE KPACKH, KOTOPSIE 3HAAA MHPOBAS XHEBOTUACD. asasuiufioa 8 XVIILB. EPEXOA K TIPOMSIIAEHHOMY TIFOMSBOACTBY KPA Cox HOCTENEHHO NPUBEA K OTKAZY OT MHOTOBEXOBOA TPAAKIUAH MPHrO- ‘TOBASHILE CBASYIONIETO BEIUECTBA, X BBEAEHHIO B COCTAB KPACOK AAR CTA- [LASHOCTH HX KANECTBA PH AAIITEABHOM XPAHEHMM PASAIHEX AOBABOK, COsHLODPEMEEHO CHUDKAROMIHX APVILE UX KASECTEA. 'B MAGAAE XX B. CRESVIOMEE BENIECTHO MACASHBOX KPACOK MPEACTABARAO (COOH AOBOASHO MECTPYIO KAPTHY. HAMIPUME, XPACKH HEMBIIKHK O32, {XOTOPSIMH MUUPOKO HOASSOBAAICS FOCCHACKH XHBOTMCUN CTHPAAI HA [ASHIRHOM H MAKOBOM MACAE, GPAHIIVSCKOM CKHNMAAPE, SHTAPE Ht KOMLAZ- CCKOM BAASAue (ouDMA LIGHEKE); HA ABHAHOM, MAKOBOM HAN OPSXOBOM [MACAS, SHTAPS, CKUNUAAPS, ONHINEKHOM HEATH (IIIEHOBASA); HA KOTAAO- 30M MACASHOM AKG, HA MACAEKOTAHCKOTO BAABSAMA (Ouaaze) [4,149]. MOcKOBCKAE @ASPHKA KOACOK MMPOHOBHMA BHITYCKAAA B HAMAAE BEKA LHKEIKOBSIE BEAWAA, MH COAEPRAME HMKAKHX CHEXATHBOS [2,39]. TpAKTHKY MPMTOTOBASHUS MACAEHBDX XPACOK TEPBSIX AECATHABTHL XXe, AVKAAMK ~ oH M2 HAMEOAEE ABTOPMTETEAIX OTEXECTRSHEAIX CCSIWAAHICTOB 3 OSAACTHTEXIOAOTIEM 2XMBOTNCH H XYAOKECTBEKHSX MA TTEPHAAOB TOTO BPENSHH ~ OMCHIBAA TAK. «HASHHAR C CEPEAMEXIK CTO- ABT, BCBASVIOWJEM BEILECTBE MACAAHIX KPACOK TOSBASETCR TEAL DOCK, MPHAAIOMTAR 12 MACTOBHOCTD. B HACTOSIEE BPEMS 8 COCTABAEHIEHA MACAAHEIX KPACOK HABAIOAAIOTCA PASAMMHBIE TMOAXOABI. OAHM AAA STO o15e 28. Yanasitoe coommoMEIEHE nro, 3 MABOHEON ACCOPMIOUEETE, cO- raacosasios ¢ TopoxECTaBI ‘eougox CCCP, X3C Musncrocrsa seynarvaat CCCP u yramexaO8 B/O ~ 596; mauan coxaosim «K> ~ 50 sesmad Tarastoaute « HA OTHE C -MACAOM H HA 9TOM «TACTE> CTHPAAH KPACKH [21]. ORCHEPHMERTHPYA B11O- CKAX TIOAXOASIIETO CBaSvIOMIETO, [LILKOEAAOBCKHA IIPOBOBAA CTHPATS TIMTMEHTM HA OTCTOSBOIEMCS, OTSEAEHHOM H YIAOTHEHHOM HA ABTHEM CCOAHILE ¥ HA OTKPBITOM BOSAYXE ABELAHOM, OPEXOBOM, MAKOBOM KAM HOA CCOAMETHOM MACAE. Kax Ht KYIPHE, K HEBOABIIOMY KOAMMECTBY MACAA OH AOBABAKA OTBEABHEBIAl THEAHHBE BOCK 1 KA STOM (COCTABE PACTHPAA IMTMEHTM A 3ATEM OKORMATEABHO TEPETHPAA TOAYSEH- LHYIOTIACTY C OAHMM 3 MACEA HA KPACKOTEPHOA MAIIHHE [18, ¢, 85-86]. Of «yTOTPESASEMOM HHOTAA B XYAOKECTBEHHOR PABOTE> TOABKO B CCCP MANO HCCAEAOBAHHOM TOACOAHESHOM MACAE THHCAA B 1932 1 ©. H Papsepr [3,c. 104, 105]. A 1033KE YOMMHAA 2TO KAK HEHSY4EHEBIM IPO- Avi TRESYION{MR «CEPRESHOR, AAUTEABHOR HAA COBOH PABOTED> [9].0508- TIA CBOM OnsIT, A MKMMAHK OTKEYAA, $70 «KPACKH, TEPTRE HA OAHON (CHPOM TIOACOAHESHOM CIVIEHHOM MACAE, COXHYT OEE MEAAEHEO, OCO- [BEKO IMHKOBBIE BEAMAA, STO SATPYAHKET MHOTOCAOAHYIO XHBOMHGD HA -HEACHCHE rapAHTHPyET MPONHOCTH [20,¢. 32]. TIPABETAAH K PABAHSHISIM CTIOCOBAM «OBAATOPAKMBAKIG® OABPUUHECC KPACOK HEKOTOPSIB XYAOKHVKH 1B OCABAYIOMME OAM. TAK, HAIPAMER, ‘ToT xs KONUAAOBCKIAR HAVLAAKTHOHOS, KAK MAMIET A.B BHHHED, YAAAHB WS @ABPHTSHOMH KPACKAE MACAO, IEPETHPAAM EE BHOBD HA TAAHTPE, AOBABASE KPACOSHVIO TACTY MACAO COBCTBEHHOM ORPABOTKIL IA KOPHH, HE YAA- [AWIL MACAA, BBOAIIA HA TIAAITPE B KPACOMHVIO TIACTY KAHAACKHM, BAABSAM HAUL AAMMAPHBIM AAK YABOBHHOH KOHUSHTPAIAM, TOTAA KAK A.A. ABAHEKA AOBABAAA B KPACKIC HA TIAAHTPE 0 89 AAMMAPHOTO AKA [22]. B SOx — uasaas 60-x rm. 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OAHAKO'B APYTOM IVHKTS TOTO 22 AKTA,TO- ‘BOPHTCA, 4TO B SABOACKOMI AABOPATOPHM BEAYTCA PABOTSI «110 THOAYEHHEO -HEXEATEIOMIUK CRASYIONMX BEMIECTS HA OCHOBE TIEHTADPHTPHTOB SCHPOB 2KNPHBIX KHCAOT TOACOARESHOTO MACAA» H TO PABOTA UMEET TOAOXG- ‘TEABHBIE PESYSTATAI", HET PEWH OMOACOAHENHOM MACAS H B HPHAOXKEHHOM K TOMY AOKYMEETY AKTE OSHAKOMABHHA TOit 2K5 KOMUCCHH C PABOTAML 1959 r. aasoparorun IMIIM-4 Usereaasitofi SaBOACKOM AABOPATOPHHL B EPSOM CAYAE B HEM FOBOPHTCH 0 PASPASOTKE HOBOTO CHITTETHYECKO- TO CBASYIOMIETO AA XYAOKECTBEHHBX KPACOK, A BO BTOPOM ~ IOBTOPEH [VHT AKTA SKCHEVTHOTO COBETA 0 PASPASOTKE IEHTASPUTPHTOBHIX 90H- POB KMPHBIX KHCAOT TIOACOAHEXHOTO MACAA, H'STO STA PABOTA BYAET IPO- AOAKATECE 5 1960 1:®, HATIOMHUM, WTO KATAAOT-CHPABOSHUK AEHHHTPAA- (CKOTO SABOAA, TIOATSEPAAAIONI BSINYCK B 1959 T. CBMBLOBBIX BEAHA C AOBABABHISEN 20% OKCHAA IIAHKA, YKASBIBABT, YTO KPACKY BBITYCKAAM KAK WIPEXAE, HA OPEXOBOM J ABHEHOM MACAs [14,¢.37]. KAK YXE YIOMMHAAOCS, AB.BAHHEP HCA, $70 ABHMHTPAACKIA SABOA [BHITYCTMA HA TIOACOAHESHOM MACAE 8 1960 r, ONSITHY10 TIAPTHIO CBEHYO- ‘Bux REAMA [24], HAAO HOAADATD, 4TO KAK B 9TOM CAYMAE, TAK HB AKTE SKC- EPTHOTO COBETA 1959 1, PEMD MOTAA MATH TOAKO OB ONSITHOM NAPTIA (CBMHNOBBIX SEAMA HA IIEHTASPHTPHTOBOM 9OHPE XXMPHBIX KUCAOT OA- (COAHESHOTO MACAA. PASPABATBIBAS HOBOE CBASYIONE BEIKECTSO, ABHMHIPAACKII SABOA, KAK 1M MOCKOBCKHEE MIPEATIPHSTIL, IIPOAOAAA BMIMIYCKATS KPACKH HA CBASYIO- EM H3 PAQUHUPOBAHHOTO, OTBEAEHHOTO, TEPMHMECKH O5PABOTAHHOTO TOAMEPHIOBASHOTO ABEALHOTO MACAA. HI TOABKO 8 1963 F 3ABOA BAIEY- (CTMA KPACKY HA «HOBOM CBASYION]EM HA OCHOBE 9OHPOS KUPHBIXKUCAOT TOACOAHEIHOTO MACAA» C AOBABKAMI BEIIECTS, PETYAHPYIOMNUX KOHCH- (CTEHI[MIO H CKOPOCTS HX BBICHXAHMS. OAHAKO 9TO BHA HE CBAHHOBNE, AUHKOBBIE BEAHAA [14 C. 37]. 3ABOACKHE HOPMATHBSI HA 1964 r. IPEAY- (CMATPHBAAW BEINYCK HMHKOBBIX SEAMA ABVX BHAOB. BEAHAA IMBKOBBIE, (COAEPKAIIHE B PABHBIX AOASX TIEHTASOUP GEPHBIX KHCAOT Ht MACAO ABH- [HOE HOAMMEPH20BAHHOE, H OKOAO 2% MACTHNHOTO AAKA; A TAK 2X5 BEAH- AA IIHHIKOBSIS HEXEATEIOMIME, COAEPRAMIUE TOABKO MEHTADOHP XUPHBIX KUCAOT H MACTHSHb1H AAK, BBITYCKABIIMECS H 3 TIOCAEAVIONMS TOABI. B 1966 1, SiIA YTBEPKABH BBOAHNGI C 1967 r. HoBKIi TOCT HA X¥AOKE- (CTREHUIE MACASHBIB KPACKH. B COOTBETCTBHH C HUN, BCE KPACKH AOAXGS [BMLAM BHIYCKATS «CO CBASVIOU)MM BEUTECTBOM, COAEPXAUTM CTIEHVAAS- ‘HO OBPABOTAHHBE MACAA [TE KAK H AO STOTO) HAH HX KHPHBIE KHCAOTEI, [HATYPAABHBIE CMOAM, BOCK { APYTHE BEMIECTBA, PETYAMPYIOMINE KOHCH- (CTEHIJMIO H CKOPOCT? BBICSIXAHHLS KPACOK»®. [10 KPACKAMI, COAEPKAIIZ- [Mt XHPHSIE KHCAOTS! MACEA, TIO\PASYMEBAAHCD TOABKO KPACKH BEATIAA. EBKOSIE H BEAHAA NMMKOBBIS «K>, YA: BLITYYCKABIINECE AEHHHTPAA- e24e Cassvionyan semnorS A. ceme sasogont. Cnsupassuiiit TOCT a BEAWAA WHHKOBKIE «K™, BELA ‘YIBEPHAEHTOABKO' 1971 1.8, KOTAATOM KPACKS ABHMHTPAACKOTO SABOMA, SMA HPHCBOSH FOCYAAPCTRELIIM SHAK KANECTBA. (MEXAY TEM, PABOTA HAA HOBMIM CAS3ViOMHM BEIIECTSOM, HAGATAR KOWIE SOL Fn, RPOAOLKAAACE, HB 1968 1: A OKOPCYECKI, OTMETHB HA SACEAAHIK SKCHEPTHOTO COBETA, WTO AAS P TOACOAHEYHOTO MACAA», COOBIIJEA TAK XE, #70 8 AA- OPATOPUM XYAOKECTBEMIIX KPACOK MECTHTYTA MHHEPAABHBDX ITATMEH- Tos (FMIMM) 970 cAgsYIOMEE VAG OTPASATBIBAETCA AAS KOBAASTA 3EASHOTO (CRETAOTO MEME AZCHTH HAHIMEHOBAHHM MACASHBIX KPACOK®, ‘TRXHUSECKUIE YCAOBIE HA TIOAVSEHIGE AAS MPOMBIAEHSIX EAR IE ‘TADOHDA.~ IBHTASPHTPHTOBOTO 301PA KHPHBCX RICAOT, HOAYEAEMOTO IPH EDEPASOTEE MOACOAHENHOTO MACAA, SBIAM YIBEPKAEHM B 1964 1!" [13, €.24]-A MERTASOUP 13 TOACOAHENHOTO H XAOTIKOBOTO MACAA, TPOHSBOAH- ‘uaiit 10 TY 1969 r, BALA VCE CIBLIAASHIO TIPEAHASHANEH AAR HSTOTOBA- [HK XYAORECTREHHSIX MACASHBDX KPACOR®, PEAAHSVR HAHIO TIPHMEHEHAE HOBOTO CBASVIONIETO BEIIECTBA, AEH TPAACKOE HAYSHIO-TIPOMBILAEHHOE OFBEAMHEHHE «IITMEHT> K CEPEAIEE ‘T0:x Tn. PASPAEOTAAO MPOEKT CTAHAAPTA XYAOKECTBENIISIX XPACOK HA EH: ‘TADPHTPHTOBOM 9OUPE KUPHBIX KHCAOT OACOAHFSHOTO HAM XAOTIKOBOTO MACAA>, IPHICROUB UO HAGBAHME «TEHTAMACASHBIE KPACKHES". B 1976 r ‘DRCTIEPTHDIA COBET BBIAA TPEACTASAEHA BTOPAA PEAAKH STOTO MPORKTAY, ‘Ab 1977 r.BBIA yrBEPAKAEHTOCT HA «KPACKH MACASHDIE H IIEHTAMACASHBIE ZVAORECTBEHHBIE®”. Ox MOATEEPXCAAA BBITYCK BOABIIMHCTBA KPACOK KAK [MACASHBEX, COTAACHOTOCT 1966, A SACTHKPACOK — KAK TIEHTAMACAREBIE. (OBA BHAA KPACOK 3 COCTABE CBASVIOMIETO COAEPKAAM HATYPAASHSIE CMOAS, Bock: CTABHADISIPVIOMNE BEMECTBA. XOTS HOBKIATOCT OOHIILLAASIIO BBO- (AAACH B ABACTBHE C 1 WioAs 1978 r, HOPMATIERS AEHEHTPAACKOTO 3ABOAA [MPEAYCMATPUBAAH BSIMYCK HEKOTOPX 19 OTUX KPACOK YER 19741. Coraacto FOCTY 1977 r HEHTTAMACASHSINI BELA KRACK: [BEAMAA IMIBKOBSIE" BEAMAATHTANOBSIN"* “***SEAMAA CBHEHOBO-UHHKOBEE **BEAMAA CBHEOBBIE “*"aPrAsIHOBO-KAAMEEBAM SEABHAS™?* KOBAABT SEAEHBII CBETAB XOAOAHBII $0. Troroxoa saceyanns XBC 16-17 XIE 1968, €.9. (DOHA X3C, 196A), SLCTY 30:21213-64 Timarasrurviero- ‘BSH 901? RUPEE KHCAOT MACEA, S2.TY 610871-9. Txerasmuronrossift ‘30UP AUPHRX KHCAOT NACEA. II70- ORT KOMARKANMIN MENTABPHTEHTA (© AHCTHLAAHPORARSIIO KPH RUICAOTIUGL TOACOARESHOTO. MACAA ‘WXAKOM @PARTHRIL RAPHE KHCACT xaomogoro sca. (343m HA TY 610871-75) [13,6232]. ‘3, HASBAEIIG BACEAAIL XAK MACAAHOIO TAK EHTAMACASHYDD RPACIS. 0256 I. Coserckie nPOMBIULIEHEBIE KPACKH SATY 6101607-77. Koc nome: (CTBEHIS AANGHAHRE. ARIAS A Aruswo TEM ssAMoMCTBIR sasoroocnoninx IICAOT H AMHOTOA $6.Tlneamea AHTIO Hh caBtaniA. (BsOMmTCA BER). (Pox asicrawa 0 01.07.1984. S7.TY 610:1607-84. Keacae svgoxe- (CTSEHOIE AAKMAHIE, (BsanEH TY 610:1607-77). Crox aufcraus a0 01071988. ConacosaHo © X9C 1801.38. Yrarpxysio ossaynaTEn . (Bsogarox amrsit) Yrasrmarint 0210984, Crox 4sst- cruz 01.11.1984 40 31.12.1985. GO.TY 610-100-218-85, Keacsse aacas- ius cojomucrmsums AKM. Crox saiteraux OLOLSS no 01.01:1987. ‘Yrasrxqnso 241.1985. OL TY 6102056-86. Keacia macnn B coorsercrsiu cTOCTow 1977 f. MACASHBIB KPACKH BSIYCKAIOTCA 110 CCeroALaImMMi gts, BHIMYCK TIEHTAMACASHIX KPACOK W3-SA NPEKPAMTEHAS OCTABOK MEHTASOHPA BHA MPEKPAIEH B HAYAAE 2000-52x 7. Ems 4o sszasuinia TOCTa 1977 1. Bexcowsvox osEAuHEHHE «COlsKPA- (CKA VIBERAMAO B 1976 F. ACCOPTHMEHT MPOAYKUIH AEHHETPAACKOTO 3A- BOAA HA 1977 1, IPEAYCMATPHBABIIUE, HAPAAY C TIPOUSBOACTSOM KPACKH [BEAHAA THTAHOBME «K», BBINYCK BEAHA THTAHOBO-UMHKOBBIX AAKHA- mune, PASPABOTKY AAKHAMDIX KPACOK BEA AHTIO «[IMrMsHT», KOTOPOS 8 1977, sunycTuso cooTsETeTBYiOMME TEXHITEECIUE YCAOBHA™, B HOPMA- ‘TaBAX ASHHETPAACKOTO SABOAA 1977 1 1978 rr. ABHICTBHTEABHO @HTYEH- PYST @KPACKA AAKHAHAM XYAOMECTREHHAS BEAHAA THTAHOSO-UIMHKOBMIE MICTPOCOXEVIHE>. Basas 1983 r, oBBEAMHEHME «IIMmMEHT» OSPATHAOCH B SKCHEPTHB CORET C MPOCSEOM COOBMTATS AAHHSIE 110 KANECTBY SAPYSEKISIX AHAAOTOS . AB ABKASPE TOTO KE TOAA BMECTE C TY 1977 1. TYAA 2E BMA TIPEACTABAEH HOBBIA MPOEKT TY HA «KPACKM XYAOKECTSEHEDIE AAKUAHBIE> C TIPUAOXE- HED SAKAIOWEHHLA O TEXHHMECKOM YPOBHE KPACKH, COOTBETCTBYIONIEM 3A- PYBEAHBIM AHAAOTAMS, TIRPBBIMGE TEXHHNECKHMIE YCAOBHAMIC HA AAKMAHSIE KPACKM, YTBEPAC |ABHHBIMM OXCTIEPTHSIM COBETOM 3 1983 r, CTAAH HE THTAHOBKIE BEALAA, A ‘KAAMHi KPACHBI CBETABHA. A's yons 1984 1. SKIAM YrBEPxAEHB TY HA AAKMAHMIE BEAMAA THTAMOBO-I[MMKOBBIB 1 KAAMMit KPACHDI CBETABII, HECMOTPS HA OAKT PASPABOTKM B YKASAHHBIE [OAS AAKMAHBIX KPACOK, CBE- ABHMII OB HX KOMMEPSECKOM BBITTYCKE CETOAHA HET. [Hapsay c PASPASOTKOML MENTAMACASHBIX Ml AAKMAHMIX KPACOK HCCABAO- AHH BEAHCD HB APYTOM HATTPABAEHUM. B HOPMATHBAX AEHICHTPAACKOTO SABOAA HA 1974, BIEPBSIE OMTYPUPYET AETHAPATUPOBAHHOE KACTOPOBOE MACAO PEHOAS™, COTAACHO HOPMATHBAM 9TO MACAO COCTABASAO OCHOB- HOM KOMMOHBHT — 96,5% ~ CBASVIOKJETO BEIJECTBA KPACKH BEAHAA ITAHKO- BIE, BOSMOXXHO, OIMTHAS APTHS TAKHX BEAMA BBIAA BBITYINEHA, OAHAKO, ‘KONOMEPSECKOE I1POMSBOACTBO TOTAA HE BAO OCVDIECTRAEEO. ‘TEXHIMECKHE YCAOBIS HA XY\OMECTBEHHSIE MACASHSIE XPACKM HA AETV = |APATHPORALIHOM KACTOPOBOM MACAE ~ BEAMAA HHKOBHIE AKM - ¢ HOMET- KOM «BBOASTCS BIIEPBME® HOSBMAMCE B KOHI[E 1984. CO CPOKOM AEACTSLR HA oAMHTOA®. AB 1985 r, AHTIO «ITMTMBHT» IPEACTABHAO HA COTAACOBA- HEB SKCTIEPTHBIM COBET HOBHIE TY HA KPACKM AKM ~ BEAMAA TUTAHOBBEE, (CBHHYOBHIE, IMHKOBNE Mt CBHHIOBO-IVHKOBHIE, SBOAMMSIE C AHBAPA 1986 1 sHBAPS 19871. OiaKo vate 8 cePEAMHE 1986 F. HOA TIEPBOHATAASHSIM HASBAHIEM H.C ‘TEM XE MPHMENAHHEM «BBOAATCS STEPEME® SMAM BSINIVIIEHN HOBBIE TY HA TIPOHSBOACTEO TOASKO KPACKM BEAMAA IMHKOBMIE AKM. A.B ABKABDE ‘TOPO :KE FOAA C SKCHEPTHBIM COBETOM BSIAO COTAACOBAHO «HSBENIEHUE> +266 Turerarya Ob HOMBHEHHH THTYABHOTO AHCTA TY 1986 r.B HOBOM PEAAKIHM HASBAHUE MMTAAOCS: «KPACKM MACASHBIE XYAOXECTBEHEBIE AKM>. A BBIITYCKATECS ‘AOAXKHDI BBIAMT KPACKH ~ BEAHAA IIEHKOBUIE, THTAHOBSIS, CBMYOBBIE 1 (ceunMono-uHKOBSIE®, «/3\EHEHUE», BHECEHHOE B 1990 r, TROAAEBAAO ‘cPox apticraiix aux TY Ao moar 1996 r* ‘BABEPRIAS OTOT PASAEA, HAAO OTMETHTS HEXOTOPSIE MOMEHTH,, KOTOPEIE -HEOBKOAMIMO YIHTHBATS IPH 9KCHEPTHOM OTPEAEAEHEH BPEMEHHE CO3\A- Hs U NOAAMHHOCTH HEUSBECTHHX NPOHSBEABHI, TIPERAE BCHTO, STO KACAETCH COCTABA CBABVION{ETO BEUIECTBA KFACOK. HE, -HYAHO SABHBATS, ¥TO XOTH TEKHUMECKUE YCAOBHA HTOCTS, BBOSHMBE HA -MACAAHIIE KPACKIA HA TOM HAH HOM HOBOM CBASYIOMIEM BEU[ECTRE, IPEAY- ‘CMATPHIBAAM KOHKPETHBIE AAT WAH OTIPEAEAEHHDII HHTEPBAA BPEMEHH HA- ‘WAAA HX KOMMEPYECKOTO IPOUSBOACTBA, STO HE UCKAIOYAAO BOSMOXHOCTH 'B IPEAEAAK Hx ABFICTSHA STINSOAUMECKH IPOUSBOAHTS KRACK HA CBASYIO- [IREM, IPHMEEABIIEMCH AO BX BBEAEHHLE. OCOBEHHO 970 OTHOCHTCA XBEABIM .KPACKAM, COCTAB CBASVION[ETO KOTOPLIX X TOMY EH BAPEHFOBAACA. (CABAYET TAKKKE TOMHHTS, NTO ECAH IEPHOA ABACTBHR CTAHAAPTA, PEDAA- [MBHTUPYIOU[ETO BBITYCK HOBHIX MACATHEX KPACOK, OKAHBAETCA CAMII- KOM MPOAOAKHTEASHBIM, BPEMEHEME TPAHMIISI COSAAHHA TIPOUSBEAEHIS, OMPEAEAREMSIE TIO COCTABY CBA3VION[ETO BEIIECTBA KPACKHL, OKASHBAIOTGH (CAEIKOM PASMAEIT BING, TlooTosy KAK B OTMX, TAK HB APYTHK CAYHARK ONPEAEASINA BPEMEHH (COS AAHHLA 1 NOAAHHHOCTH HEUSBECTHMIX KAPTHH, OCOBEHHO STO KACAETC ‘POUSBEAEHUII PYCCKOR MMBOTIHCH MEPROM MOAOBHEE XB, KPAFLHE BAX HOM OCTAETCA HABHTHOUKAMME HCIOABSYEMSIX B KAPTHEE MHTMERTOS, H [IFEXAE SCETO TEX, KOTOPLIE OBAAAAIOT B MPEAEAAX XX CTOABTHA CTPOTO AATMPYIOMUNAH MPUSHAKAM, AMTEPATYPA 1. Pasos A. Bocrovauasnes. M, 1954. C.74 sogoxacrammnts AM «Banana ona, (Baoaares snspaute). Crox asitevatx 1.07.86 s0 1.0791. 62. Mosomguvs 1 os wsxsssion TY 6-102056-86 Keacat macasmse 2 soxecrannants AKM «Beaune wont 6 Vaxconmime 0 2 TY 6102056-86. React Macnee 2ONOKECTSEINE AKM, asa aasgzsnes 1.019. (64 Tlogposms cu, rasqna, Beas rar ‘uaurat xeActai» 20 BT0P0R “ACTH. 2. Pernarr OH. Kescki i aPYT iS 3YAOHRECTBERHI COBPEMEHEME MATEPHAAS, MOCKOBCKOE TOBAPIIIECTBO TIMOR: HEKOR M, 1905. 23. Pernuer QU, Kygcoxatnx oePAceA My 1932, 4 Komaee AH. Tes xorsorcn. TID, Macastns xarponuce (sans 2-5, seatcTzABHO AoTIOAHEEIHOS). A, 1929. 5. AlaxoxeAconmLat n20MsUABIIHOCTD, CEOPEIK CTANIAAPTOR Med 193, 6. Cranaarra ancoxeacowsiofi nposaumassocra. MA, 1936. 7. THXHITAECEIS YCAOBILE HA AAKOKPACOTHN TPOAPRIEO. A.-M, 1936, {8 Tinnacencrm yoann a SOE MATTE HPT MACAO H SSAAEBSBXPACRL.. M1939. 9. ces Bi, Perserr @., Toran BB. XorsoncHstsXEACKK H 1X TFOHSBOACTBO. M, 1936. 10. Torun BB. Maraouaast TmMKA xoEBOMECH, M, 1962. 1. Banat AB, Marernanst uacaatton sexzomncit M, 1950. 12 Banase A.B. Macastas norm 138 MarzriAsat.M, 1960.C.47 13, Cupas artoasmpogvers gas aaKOxeAco™mOK MATEPHAAOB.TloA TEAAK. MALTOASABEPTA.M, 1978, o2Te {L. Cossresie mpoMsiIsIEHHIE KPACKH 14, Karanor-cmPAsosanx. XYAOHKECTBSEHE KPACKSY, MACAA, AAI, PASBABHTEAI, ABHITPAACKIA A B04 YAORECTREENICPACOK. A, 1964, 1S, Berar AB, Ankrion09 A. TEXEMKA cOBETCKOH OPTPETHOR UBONNCH.M, 196]. 16.Tesitcxveasr 1938/39. A, 2an04 AOMECTRNIMSDX PACOK 1938. 17, Brae A.B, MATEPRANSI TEXHUKA RUBOTHCH COBETCRI MACTEROB. M, 1958, 18, Dunster AB, Kaxcranoranor Macraea nuomitce M, 1965 19, Kaztaaton M3. Karasor-cnnanoranx aaKoxracoeno# nrogyantt. M.1948,C.99-100, 20.Kerasec AH Tania samonuce, TIL Macasaia somone (Ass, 3ansrmazorssatos).M=A, 1938, 21, Kom A.B. Mevoqsrn raxmnea xonpomucis // Oxusonncr M, 1959, C. 73-74 22. Breer A.B, Macasttas axmoncs ume MaTePHanwt M, 1956. 58-59. 23, Bunter A.B, Or aero exrxurt> xonceat, // «Xypoxtk,1960,N? 10,C. 58. 24.A.B [Bree], Suanre an oc exraPuaae xxesomucn,// , 1961, 3. 25, Parsuer OH, Kax may‘ueTscx mUCATD MACAON, Mii 1936, 26. Pusnnsos A, Texan MacasHoR xounorHCH, M, 1957. C, 90-91, 92. 27, Apumnaor A, Avon W T=XAONOT MARHKOORPASYIOMNCX BEMIECTB. 2A, 1938, C. 393,394, 28, Armaaer A 8. Teatonoria nastxoosPAs ONE BBMECTS. AL, 1955. IL. IlMrMEHTSI HW KPACKH XX BEKA. ‘KPOHOsOTHs HOAYSEHN, HATEHTORAHMA H KOMMEPHECKOTO POUSBOACTBA IIMIMERTOS KPACOK, BIEPBHE MOABHBIIEXCH HA OBIIEEBPOTEACKOM H POCCHICKOM PSIHKE BEASIE MHTMEHTSI H KPACKH CBMHnOBsIE BEAMAA (CAMHIOBMIE BEAHAA ~THAPOMRPYCCU, OCHOBHOH KAPBOHAT CBHEINA 2PbCO,Pb(OH) , 1 HEPYCCHT, KAPEORAT CBHTRNA POCO, - ROMA m 2sKNOMHICH XX R. HAPARHE C APYIHNIL ‘TPAAMIMONHO ICHOASSYEMBIDNH MIEFMENTAM MACASHOME KOIRONICH. BMCTS € THD A= [MEnTHBIR COCTABH CBASYIOMIEE REMIECTRO KPACKH «CRUMIORMI SEAHAA> HE OCTARAANCH [HEMMER HA MPOTSERE XR, [BHASAAEXX B, MNOCTPAHHIE OPN H OTESECTREHHSIE MPOSBOAMTEAH IIPOAABAAH 8 POC- (CHM CRUHIOBBIE BEAHAA TOA PASHSINGE HASBARVAEMU — KPEMMAUIIE, ITAOEPBEAAC, BEREIDAR- (CAO, TAMEYPTCKME, FOAAAKACKHE H AP. BOABIMHCTBO KPACOK BBIAO HEBHICOKOTO KARECTBA 1 SACTO COAEPRRAAO CMEC OCHOBHOTO KAPEOHATA CBMHIIA € MPVMECHIO THEAOTO MINATA, HIAMBOAEE SHICTSINIE AOFOTHMH, TOASSYIOWMGCS TIOTYASPHOCTSIO HB TIEPBRIE COBETCKHE TOMB, BMA CSHHI[OBNE BEAHAA, HASMRAEMBUE (KAK HHOTAA M CBMHIIOBO-/MHKOBSIE) OT OPAHTYSCKOK Ht HENEIVCAX HAIRAHME HA TIOBHKAX KPA- COK~ «BLANC DB Cxsuntr2> 1 BAITYCKABT CMECK CRMHIJOBSOX HIE -KOBAX BEAMA, KOTOPMIE BIPOAAKE «HASMRAIOTCS «KPEMHMTRHE> W COAEPRAT 2/3 IHTEKOBSEK 1/3 comgosanx BEAHA» [3]. HANI HCCAEAOBAHIE TIOCAEAHNDX AECSTH AET TIOKASAAH, WTO THTMEHTOM CBUHHOBSCX BB AA MPoMEaREARHIL PYCCKOM HTROMHCH XIX XX, CAYAA THAPOMEPYCCHT (OCHOBHOMTKAP- ‘BoHAT cBuxIZA) (1) HAK HAPOKIEPYCCHT C TIPHMECEIO HEPYCCHTA (KAPBOEATA CBHEIA) B BKAE .MeaKitx,~ 1-2. HTOAMATBIX KPHCTAAAOS B OOPME IPHM C THPAMMAAMI HA KOHIIAX (2). KATHE PEAKO B 2X7ROTHCH STOTO BPEMENHE BCTPENAIOTCK CBAHI[OBME SEAMAA C BOAEE XPYT- ‘HINA TPHOMANO IEPYCCHITA. [BMECTE C TEM B KAPTMHAX, BMAABAEMNX 3A POMSBEAEHUS PYCCKOM KUBONUCH TEPBOR 10- AQBHEEXX 8, KAK TIPABHAO, TIPRCYTCTBYIOT CBMHUOBBIE BEAMAA C KPYTTHBIMH MOROXPHCTAA- [ANG FEPYCCHETA B GOPME MPHE3M C THPAMMAAMH HA KOHIIAK H 8 GOPME BATIMPAMIA BEAHSHHOR 05-10 nH THTAHOBKIE BEAUIAA (3,4). C¥ASTIO BCENEY, TAKE CRIHITOBNE BEATAAA TOSBHANCD ‘HA BBPOTIEACKOM PBIHKE HE PAHEE OCARAHEA TPETH MAM 4BTBSPTH XB. (S). ‘BIOAAEAIAX IPOMSBEABHIA PCCKOM XCHROTIHCH YKASAHHOTO BPEMEH BCTPESAIOTR TAK 2G CBMBOBBIE BEANEAA, MPEACTABASIONUTE COBOM THAPOLIEPYCCHT ONEH BICOKOH, OF 0,7 AO 0,2 0x cTETIEHBHO AMCTIEPCHOCTI (6), TAK XB HE XAPAKTEPHOM AAS KAPTHH TIEPBOR TIOAOBIE 2. TIRPBME CBEAFHILE 0 CBNNIOBNIX BEANAAX AEHUHTPAACKOTO 2AROAA, OTHOCSTCE K KOHHY 30acrn [4] Tewvien wx 1FOMSBOACTHO CO BPEMEHEN COKPAIIAAOC TAK, TAAHMPYEMBIA BBITYCK KPACKH HA 1977 F. COCTABAEA BCETO S% OT OBITETO OBKEMA MACASHX KPACOK, BRIMYCKAEMBIX SABOAON, I SLA B TATE PAS MEHBIE NAAHHPYEMOTO BRITYCKA IIMHKOBKE BEATA, COCTABASBIIE 70 25%". Cys MO AOKYMEHTAM 60-x TT", ABKMHTPAACKHR 3ABOA B 9TH H B NOCAEAYOMIHE FOAB +296 IL, Turmmeranie xpacka XX BeKa AmAAITIEECULAN CABTIPYIONAS 9 AEECTPOMILAL MIEKPOCKOMIA CSUNIOBSIX SHANA (eserocxonJSM 5300, cumerromnre LINK ISIS). 3. Commonsts arama (ruaromzryceus, mEPycemT 2 opis BRmPAotns M PHON CHM-PAMEAASEN A KOMI ‘THPAUORSIE BRAMAN). TlOAAEAXA NOCAEANEH TPETMXX EB, » eopses umPanes PHIM CHOTA ADEA KOM, ‘Turawossox szamaa)-Toaanaxa nOcAIAMEH TPRTHXXS. 5. Commnosstz saan «Casocerre Warts O10-Hoxtaxp. 20087. (emqporezrvccirr, MOROKPHCTAAAS HEPYCCHTA, THTANOBBIE BLAHAA) 9PM? 2306 6. Commons snamaa suicoxoft auenzrenocrs. Tloaaxaxa nocaxanai Pera XX 8, OCTABAACS EAHHCTSENHBIM 5 CTPAME IPOHSBOAHTEAEM XYAOKECTBENHEDK CBUMU(OBBIX BEAIA BMIAOTD AO TOAHOTO MPEKPAMIEHWH HX MPOHSBOACTBA B KOHIIE BEKA. B 30x rr, cBASYIOMM BEMIZCTSOM BCEX NPOMBIIUAEHHDIX MACASHSIX KFACOK CAYACIAIE ‘PASAHSEBIE XOMMOSMIJMH ABHEHOTO PAGHAHPOBAHHOTO M OTEEAEHKOTO MACAA M MACAA, AONOAMMTEASHO HPOMIEAIIETO TEPMOOSPASOTKY*. BREAEHHME BIEPBSIE B CTPAHE 5 1944 1. ‘TEXHUSECKME YCAOBHA HA MPOUSBOACTBO XYAOMECTBEHHBIX MACALHBIX KPACOK, B SHCAE KO- ‘TOPIX BLLAM K CBHENOBME BEAHAA, OTPAKAS CAORHBLIVIOGK K 9TOMY BPEMEEH TEXHOAOTIO, [HPEAYCMATPUBAAM HX BMITYCK HA CBASYIOUIEM BEITECTBE, COCTOXUIEM 13 ASHAHOTO HAH OPE- XOBOTO MACAA, IMEAHHOTO BOCKA ¥ CMOA AAMMAPA MAM MACTHKC', TBXHHMECKIE YCAOBHK 1950 r. HA «HEXEATSIOMME> BEABIE MACASHBIE KRACK BHICIIETO COPTA HA OPEXOBOM MACAS [HPEAYCMATPHBAAH BBEABHME B HX COCTAS TOSEPXHOCTHO AKTHBHOTO BBIECTBA ~ CTEAPATA amos, IL, Tromerranie xrackt XX BEKA Cyqa 0 HOPMATHBAM ABHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA, 3 S0-X FT. CBHEIJOBME EEAUAA BSITD (CKAAH OAHOTO COCTABA C HEBOADIIHMM KOAEBAHHAMH KOMMOHEHTOB B BECOBBIX YACTAX. (Ockosy cBSSYIOUIST0 BELISCTBA XPACKH COCTABASAA BSATAK B PABHOML IIPOTOPLUM CECE (OPEXOSOTO Ht ABHAHOTOMACEA. Beanaa cautossts 1955-1958 rr. ‘BEAMAA CBHRYOSBIE 87,40 CTEAPAT AAOMHEES, os Cassyromzs: 13,1 ‘MACAO OPEXOBOEOTEEAEHHOE 48,75 ‘MACAO ABHSHOE TEPMHSECKH OSPABOTAHHOE 48,75 Bock maEAmHEIit 28 ‘Macrmxc 0,5 TIPOBEAEHHBIE HAMM HCCAEAOBAHMS SABOACKMX STAAOHHMIX OBPASIIOB CBMEIOBBIX [BEAMLA BBINYCKA 1957 x 1959 TT, NOKA3AAW, TO KPACKA COABPKAAA HEBOABIIVIO IIPVMECS ‘HMEKOBBIX BEAMA’. ‘Banas counopste ASXK 1959 r.Haxeacxa 1959 7.9PM x HKC2008 2" B 1939 1. AAs YMEHDUIEHHS NOTEMEEHIA CBHELOBBX BEAWA TIOA BAHAHHEM OKPYIRAIO- Ilg% CPEqSI ABHHETPAACKH SABOA TEPEXOAMT HA UX BBINYCK C 20%6-HOH AOBABKOM IH ‘xossix 58auA [5], A 3ATEM 1 HA HCNOABSOBAHHE ABHAHOTO NOAMMEPHSOBAHHOTO MACAA, (C¥Aa TO SABOACKHM PACKOAHRIM HOPMAM CHPD HA KPACKH 1964 1, AOBABKA UHHKOBLIX [BEAM B 3TO BPEMA {20 BCE MOCARAYIOUIHE TOAB! COCTABAAAA 25%. [Beauaa camnonsre 19641. BEAMAA CBMHMOBSIE 639 [BEAMAA MHKOBBIE M-1 17,2 * HnTERRETALgo RYEARYEUGECB DTOR WACT KET AK-CHBKTPOB CBASVIOUHE BENJEGTS KPACOK OM, BIV WACTH 326 [Bemhie HMTMEHTSI H KPACKEE CreaparAsiomunns, 09 Cassviomee: 140 ‘MACAO OPEXOBOE OTBEAEHHOE 50,0 ‘MACAO ABHSHOE TOAUMEPH2ORAHHOE, BEIK.21-22" 50,0 ‘Macrmxe 0s ‘Buauaa cpunmomnsx ASKK 1967 1, HaxrackA 1967, 3PM a HKC 2008 r ‘YrBuPxXAEHHDIA 3 1977 1. [OCT MPEAYCMATPHBAA BHIIVCK PAA KPACOK, B TOM NHICAE H (CBHHIOBEOX BEAWA, KAK EHTAMACARH0X, PHT OTOBAEHHSIX HA TIEHTASPHTPHTOBOMSOU?3, 2KUPHBIX KHCAOT HOCOAHEWHIOTO LAH XAOTIKOBOTO MAC. QSHAKO IIPOHSBOACTBO CBHH- LHOBBIX BEAIA HA 9TOM CBASYIONJEM EBIAO HPEAYCMOTPEHO HOPMATHBAMM ASHMHTPASCKO- TO 3ABOAA YG HA KPACKH 1974 T, TAM KE TIPHBEAEH COCTAS BEAHA CBHENOBEXMAPKH «i> (CYAVUIUEHHOAL AATE3HED, B COCTAB OBEHX KPACOK BKOAHAO 25% IIHHKOBEIX BEI. ‘BEAMAA CaMnTOBBIE 1974 [BEAMAA CBHEIOBSIE on BEAMAA qHKOBSIE MYO* 170 Crrapar AsioMHEES, 09 Cassviomzs: 15,3, ILEHTAD@HP XGIPHBIX KHCAOT 100,0 Macruxe 0s “C1978 MarKa BOM Beanaa counmonuue «Ke ¢ yarumennott aaresueit 1974 1 BEAMAA CBHEOBBIE O78 BEAMaa quMKOBSIEMY® 16,1 AgpocmaA-175” 08 (CreaPan TEXESECKA AL +336 TL. Tvranesrane xpaca XX BExa ‘SMOKCHAHAS CMOAA 3A-S 25 Cassviomze: 127 Tiss tas@up xupHBIx KACAOT 97,0 OAEMHOBAS KECAOTA 30 (CHRKATHE KORAABTOBEIM 1O%EMIH 0,5 (ORHOBPEMEEHO C TIEHTAMACASHSINH CBHHIOBBINU BEAHAAMH TIO PESEPBHOR PEETTY- 1r AEHUGITPAACKI 3ABOA MOT BBIITYCKATS KPACKH H KAK MACASHSIE, 1977 r, PeazeaHOE CBASVIOMIEE. ‘MACAO ABHAHOS HOAHMEPHSOBAHHOE ‘BaaKOCTEIO 21-22" 50,0 ‘MACAo MAKOBOE OTSEAEHOE 50,0 ‘Macraxe 948 B 1985 1m AHITO mPEACTABHAO HA COFAACOBAHUE 8 OKCMEPTHBIE COBET ‘TEXHMSECKHE YCAOBHA HA BEAKIE MACASHBIE KPACKH HA ABTHAPATHPOBAHHOM KACTOPO- ‘BOM MACAE, B KOTOPHIX @nITYPHPOBAAH CBULOBBIE BEAMAA"A.B CEPEAMEEE 1986 I. BMECTO HS, CIPAMEYAHHEM «BBOARTCH BTIEPEME», NOSBUAHCe HOBHIE TY HA BEAHAA HHHKOBBIE 2, ® KOTOPBIE AEKABPLCKUIM «HMSBEIIEHHEM> TOTO 2KB TOMA B MHICAO BHINYCKAEMBIX KPACOK BIAH BBEABHB SEAHAA CBHHIOBBIE, HOPMATHBH AEHWHTPAACKOTO SABCAA TEA: ‘YCMATPHBAAM B COCTABE KPACKH 25% HHKOBHIX BEAIA. Beawaa camuyossis AKM ASXK 1988 r. BEamAA cBHEHOBSIE 38 [BEAWAAIMEKOBSIE BIJO-M 16,0 AgPocA.A-300, A-380 47 KHCAOTA CTEAPHHOBAS Ot 0840 ‘Baubie MTMENT H KPAGKEE Cassviomes: 231 ARTHAPATMPOBAHHOEKACTOPOBOEMACAO 99,5, KMCAOTA OAEHHOBAS 35 B Mavans 90-X rr PEIYARPHBIM BHIIYCK CBMHIOBBIX BEAHA KAK XYAOKECTBEHHOHL MACAS- HOM KRACK B CCCP BBIA NPEKPALIEH, [HEKOTOPHIE SAPYBEXHBIE OMPMBI BBINYCKAIOT CETOAHA CBHEIOBMIE BEAIAA, COABPKAC myA8 2/3 AHKOBEEX ¥ 1/3 CBHHIORBIX BEAMA. Comrmumncr csumossis suanaa oxrsat Masiocnra (Hranna). Tpamevanns* 1.Cae Sacra nous. 28. 2, PEBVAGTATC WCTTITARIC KPACOK MACARHIXXYADKECTSEAHSIX OTEMECTSHMSIX POUSBOACTS (CEPA ‘Msp MaPTHH 1963-65 rr). (APxuB TocHHMP. oHA X3C, ¥*7). {3. SuIRTOAHCHEPCHONI PTTEHOSCKIL AGIOAILAARS (CKAHKIYIOULA SAEKIPOMHS BOMKPOGKOT JSMS610Ly,oceamsswa cuzxtrOMETPOM INCA). 4. Tloapossix o cassyoMEM SEMIECTSE MACAEHSOX KPACOK STOTO BPEMBH CMB ACTH S. TV HKAT 1213-44, Kent MACAMHIE-YAORECTRRHHIE 1-8 yn, // CrAMAAPTO 4 THRIEECKAS ‘YOAOBHA HA AAKOXPACOSHBIEMATEPHANB. BUICK 6.M, 1946, 63. (6. TY MATT CM 208-50. Keaces MACASHBIE AMIE KEXEATHIONME XYAOKECTSEIONE «SNCHIKA COPT (aa axonoxcatacas). // CSOrionx CTAHAAPTOR I TEXHHSECKME YCAOSAR HA IPOSYILIMIO AAKOXPACOMHOR ‘MPOMILHABHIOCTH T.LM, 1952.C. 438, {7.YIR cnsxrvac Er¥crPuposadh HA CIEKTPOMETPH ¢ HPEOBPASOBAKHEM OyPAE TusAMONICOLET,IR20O. PsomH® AHAMASOH 400-4000 CA, SLCAO CKAHOS 30, PASPEMLEHHE 4 CA, TTPOBM TPMTOTOSASH 5 SHAS ‘TABAETOX MPECCOBAEHOTO,TILATEASHO BHCYMEHHOTO SPOMHAA KAAS, {8 HAKDACIOK 9TAAOHEADX O5TASIOH, PEACTABABSEIEY QKCTEPTHNA CORET 8 1988 1989 r, XPARITCH sTocHMMP, “TY WTOCT, CoMAKH HA KOTOPSI AH BTSACTH, SABC H AAABIIE IPHEEASHS 8 COKPAMLEHHOM PEAAKICIL 0856 . Taroimsrasie krack XX BEKA 9. TOCT 11826-77. KeAciut MACASHIE H IEBTAMACASHIUE XYAOKSCTSRIIS. TEXHUMECKGE YOAOSAS, “Msqarzascrs0.craHaAr70R, 1984 ToAPOSHEE CN. NATL CAMSYIOWHE BELLECTBA, 10. Bucoxoaycn°CHAs ABVOXHCS KPEMGIS, HOATEAEMAS HCKYCCTRENESIN TIYTEM. 1. TY6-10-100218-85. Keacion cAcasnee yAOECraE AKM, 12 TY 610-2056-86 Keacca macsanas OROAECTREHESE AKM AwTEpAryPA 1. Kamau A, Texsonka RuOnMCH-T.L KeACOSEIE MATETUAAR A, 1929 2. Parsaer OU, Xoposeaunx 0 meaceax. MLA, 1932. ‘3. .vean BH, Punsenr OH, Tiorouinnx BB. Korporncue Packt Wx MrOwSBOACTBO.M, 1936.C.37 4 Tlneicxymaser 1938/39 1. A, 3404 xYAORECTIEHEK KOACOR. 1939, ‘5. Karanor-cupasowinx. X9AORSCTBEMEME KPACIN4 MACAA, AAI, PASEABHTEAUL AEHHETPAACKHIE 3A30A, SYAORECTREREMIKPACOK. Ay 1964.C.37. LHHKOBSIE BEAHAA Timxosne HEAMAA~ ox roms Za -omAGCD SaEDORMCS XX KAR APYTHE TRAAKIHOREO _omsvaistt RHTMEHTS! ACARI HIDONIICE. OASAKO COCTAS CBAS7IONSFO BEIRECTBA ROACH, umycannof coBz7cxo KPACoNTOM Ox:mRASROCTEO, ETOAITSCKMENAACS. TluraTOM, BSITYCKABMBIX Y HAC HUHKOBBIX BEAMA, SKIA SHLCTBIMI OCHA HUHKA, OSHA KO B HATAAE XX B, BHINYCKAAM M IMHKOBBIE BEAMAA HASKOTO KAWECTBA C PASAMMHBIMIL HA- TOAHUTEAAMH, HATIPAMBP, AO SOS THIICA, A B KOHUE XB, MAM B CAMOM HASAAE 2000-7, 'B HX CTAAH AOBABASTS THTAHOBHIE BEAVAA. ‘Buaxcaa uunexonnia ¢rattcom. 3PM. H.lhxrOcAUN, KAPOMNXEAN € POTOMBEIA. (COCTAB CREAYIOUIETO BEIJECTBA IMHKOBBIX BEAMA IIEPHOAMECKH MEHEACS, TPHSEM, 2B ONPEAEAEHHOE BPEMS — KAPAUMAASHO. TEXHWMECKHE YCAOBHX 1944 1. OMCMBAAH 3366 ‘BENBIE TMIMEHTHI W KPACKEE LNUEKOBME BEAHAA KAK KPACKY, BBITYCKAEMYIO C CHKKATHEOM, B COCTAB KOTOPOMl BXOAH- AV. ABHSHOE MAH OPEXOBOE MACAO, IMEAMHM1 BOCK M CMOAB AAMMAPA HAH MACTIKC'. A _BBEAEHHBIEB 19SOr. TY HA «HHEKEATSIOUIME® BEASIE MACASHBIE KPACKH IPEAYCMATPUBAAH. HPOMSBOACTEO MHKOBSLX BEAMA U3 OKCHAA IIMHKA MAPKH M-l (13 9AEKTPOANTHYECKOTO .METAAAHMECKOTO IMHKA) 1 CBASYIOMIETO BEIIECTBA HA OPEXOBOM MACAE™ (C¥As 110 HOPMATHBAM ASHHHTPAACKOTO 3ABOMA, IMHKOBHLE BEAHAA BBITDYCKAAH TAB AO KOHI[A 1950-X1T, KAK H CBHIIOBBIE, HA CMECH B PABHOM IIPOTIOPLM OPEXOBOTO H ABHAHO- POMACAA. ‘Beauna umnxonwis 1955-1988 rr BEAMAA HHAKOBSEM-I 328 Caxsyroues: 18,0 ‘MAcA0 OPEXOROE OTREAEHHOE 48,78 (Maco AsHSHOE TEPMITIECIO OBPABOTAHHOR 48,78 Bock mimamustit 219 ‘Macrae os (CHRKATHE KOBAABTORSI LONE 02s ‘Beams qumuonsis ASKK 1953 r, 9PM uc KC 2008 r B caPEAMHE $O-X TT. COBETCKAS MPOMBUIAEHHOCTS HASHMAET IEPEXOATS HA BUICK XYAOKECTAEHHBX KPACOK HA ABHSHOM TIOAMMEPHSOBAHHOM MACAE. MOCKOBCKHMt SABOA « BBIITYCKAA HX BE CMOA B COCTABE CBASVIOM[ETO, a IIPOUSBOACTBEHHBIM KOMBUHAT XYAO- -KECTRENHOTO @oHAA CCCP CO CTEAPATOM AAIOMHHIS, 2376 TL, Turnzarsne xpacka XX Bexa Saoa «Keacustit xygoxaen 1963. [BEAMAA UHEKOBBIE 732. ‘Macao asnanion 48 Tiponspoacrssssi xoussatar 1963. [BEAMAA IHEKOBDIE 843 Macao asnanon 15,0 ‘Aax janowaveai’ 0,2 (Creapar AMIOMHERES, as B 1963 r, ABHMHTPAACKMi SABOA TEPEXOAHT HA BBINYCK UMHKOBBIX BEAMA HA IIPHHUITMAAL- HO HOBOM CBA3YIOUIEM ~ IEHTASPHTPHTOBOM 90HPE KHPHBIX KHCAOT TIOACOAHESHOTO MAC- Aa*[1]. OAHAKO, CYAX NO HOPMATHBAM, SABOA B TEMEHME PAAA AET OAHOBPEMEHHO BUINYCKAA KPACKY «BEAMAA UMHKOBHE», B COCTAB KOTOFOMt B PABHOM HPOTIOPIIMM BXOAMAM HEHTASOUP 2XXMPHBIX KMCAOT 1 ABHAHOE MOAMMEPUSOBAHHOE MACAO, Hl KPACKY «BEAHAA I[MHKOBBIE HE- 2REATEIOME>, TOABKO HA IIEHTASOMPE RHPHBIX KHCAOT. ‘Brauas HMHKOBSIE 19641 Beamaa yamKopete M-1 82,0 Cassviomze: 18,8 TlnHTA3oMP 2xaPHBIX KUCAOT 49,3 MACAO ABESHOE TOAMMSPHSOBAHHOEBSSK.21-22" 49,3, AAKMACKHSEBIH 30%-H5IH 47 CHKKATHBKOBAABTORSI 10%-HBIH 0,2 BEAMAA HHHKOBBIE HExEATEIOMuUE 1964.7 BEAMAA MRKOBMIE M-1 796 Cessviomss: ua TinwrA9@HP KHPEBIX KICAOT 98,5 ‘Aa MACTITEE 3056-0 18 Cmacarme XosAAsTODSTE 10S 2 ‘TaMoke HPHBEABH COCTAB KPACKH BEAMAA HUHKOBMIE «KC» C YAYEIIEHHOR AATESHER. BEALAA HHHKOBSEE «K» C VAYHINEHHOM A4rasuaz 1964.7 BeaMaa amkonsts MYO a SmOKCHAHAS CMOAA BAS 23 (Coxsviomze: 22 Tlsmrasonp xupHux KHCAOT 100,0 CHKKATHB KOBAASTOBEIH10%-BE 0,5 Haxonan, TE RE HOPMATHBSI 19641. IPEAYCMATPHBAAMBBITYCK NUHKOBIXEE- |AUA, B COCTAB KOTOPSIX BKOAVA CTEAPAT AAIOMHHIA, AB CBSSYIONIEE ~ PACTHTEABHBIE MACAA. B80 [Bese MMPMRHTAI H KPACKIE ‘BEAMaA umsxosuie pEsupsunss 1964 7 BEAMAA WuHKOBSIE MY 817 Creapar asonmast Os Ceasviomee: 18,8 ‘Macao asnaHOR MOAMMEPHSOBAHBOE BS3K. 21-22" 49,30 ‘MACAO MAKOBOE OTBEAEHHOE 49,30 ‘AAK MACTIRIEBI 30% aU 47 (Cuxxarus KOBAABTOBBU 10%-151% 02 Keackn BEAMAA IMBKOBME M BEAAA HMHKOBME «K» somast » TOCT 1966 r7.B 1971 ‘TOCARAHME BAIAM YTBEPR AEH HOBBIM TOCToM!, IL, Tnrameerapir xPacea XX BEKA HopMarupst AEHHHTPAACKOTO 3ABOAA HA KPACKH 1974. IPEAYCMATPMBAAM HEKOTOPSIE VSMEHEHVA COCTABA CBASVIOMIETO BEIECTSA IJMHKOBMIX EEAKA, XOTOPBIM{ OCTABAACK TA- KOBEIM M5 19881. ‘BEAUAA HEKOBHIE ‘HOABMAMCS B xOHIE 19841.°.A.s 1985 r.8 OXCKEPTHDIM COBET BMIAM TIPEACTABAEHN HA COTA (COBAHHE HOBME TY Ha BEAMS KPACK AKM, CAE KOTOPHIX BSIAM Mf IMHKOBME BEAIAA". B ‘cEPEAMEE 1986, HOA IEFBOHAWAABHDIM HASBAHHEM Ht C TEMJKE IPHMBYAHHEM «BBOASTCA BIIBPBDIE® OSBHAMCS HOBIE TY HA NPOMSBOACTBO XPACKH BEAMAA UuHKoBBIE AKM", ‘BAHAA uuMOmBIE AKO AHIIO Ilracas, Haxracea 19861 9PM x HKC2008 Beawaa nprxonste AKM ASKK 1988 1 BEAMAA HMEKOBUIE BLO-M 194 AppocuA A-300, 4-380 0,8 Consvomzs: 23,1 AsruarAruposaHHOEKACTOPOBOEMACAO 10,8 Kacaora oanmnonas 40 (CHKKATHE KORAABTOBSI 10%-nstit 02 [Baaxaa nummnonain 3KX .(Baosatce ana ‘ust), Cox anicrsus c 1.07.86 4o 1.0791. 13.Coctas csasviomro ssaZicrna, OFOS1AURIIAH 124 HOSIEAX XPACKH. AMTEPATYPA 1. Karor-cnasourne, XYAOMSCTBEIE KDACKH MACAA, ARH, PAQBABIEDEAU. AEICTEAACRIHE SABO snoxucrauuacx xeacox A, 1964, 23,37, CBHHI}OB0-IMHKOBBIE BEAMAA (Cammmono-smuKoBuitEEAIAA, BPOAABABUIUBCH'S POCCH ¢ HAGAAA XX, 3APYSEXESIMICH OTEUE- ‘CrBEHNLnE MFONSBOAITEAH, A SATEM BUNYCHARGIE COBETCKOH HPOMSIMARNMOCTSIO, TAIT AICS 0 KANHECTHY, COOTHOMIEHNO MAENTOD H COCTABY CRASYIONZTO REMUECTBA. To CAOBAM COBPEMEHHHKOB CBIMOSO-TMHKOBSIE BEAHAA 30-X TT. TIPEACTABAS- ‘AH COBOM CMEC MUTMEHTOS B PASHBIX nPoMOPHuAX. B 1936 r. OMPEPBEPT MHCAA, “70 (CBULHLOBO-INEHKOBMIE BEAHAA 3ABOAA «KPACHBIM XYAOIKHHK>, HASMBAEMME B TIPOAAKE “ MACAIBIE KPACK IPEAY- (CMATPHBAAH(3 HX COCTABE CBHELOBBIE H LHKOBHIS BEAMAA B OTHOMIEEHH 1:1”, AOKYMEH- ‘Tut 60-XIT. 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BEAMAA caunmyos0-MHKoBHIE 1955-1958 rr, BEAMAA CEMEMOBEIE 83 ‘BEAMAA qMEKOBBIEM-1 433 Cossvomss: 143 ‘MAcAo opsxosos OTsEAEHHOE 48,75 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE TEPMATIECKIE ‘OSPABOTAHHOE 48,75 Bock wazamustit 25 ‘Macraxe 045 OpHAKo TPOBEAEHLIMIL HAMM AHAAIIS SABOACKHX STAAOHHIX HAKPACOK CBHHIIOBO- +486 IL, Turnssranie nracka XX sexe [HMHKOBBIX SEAMA BHIIYCKA 1987 1. 199 F, IOKASAA, NTO B HX COCTABE CBHEIOBKE BEAH- ‘AA cOCTABARIOT oxOAO 1/3% Tlocas 1958 ¥. 8 COCTAB CBHHIIOSO-IIMHKOBHIX BEAMA AEHHIHTPAACKOTO SABOAA BOMBA (CTEAPAT AAIOMOSHAS, A KPACKY CTAAM BRITYCKAT HA TIOAMMEPH3OBAHHOM ABHAHOM MAC- As, OT CBMH[OBMX BEAMA STOPO BPENEHH KPACKA OTAMAAACD TOASKO OTHOMIEHHEM (CBHHNOBEIX H HTHKOBSIX BEAHA. BEAWAA CBHHIYOBO-I1HHKOBMIE 1964 r BEAWAA CEHEOBEIE 431 [BEAMAA RHKOBSIE M-1 43,1 Creapar asoonnas, 95 Cassvromes: 142, ‘MACAO OPEXOBOE OTSEAEHHOE 30,0 ‘MACAo AbEAHOS: TOAMMEPHSOBAHHOE,BaSK.21-22" 50,0 ‘Macraxe 0s ‘Baamas commyono-synmkonsis ASKK 19575, ‘BaAWAA casnunjono-zpnmKomstE ASXK 1967. 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TOCT 1977 r, nPEAyCMATPHBAA BBITTYCK CBMELOBO-IJMHKOBHIX BEAMA KAK TIEHTAMACAS- [SIX PHTOTOBAEHHIX HA TIEHTADPHITPUTOBOM 90UFE JXKHPHBX KCAOT HOACOAHEYHO- TO HAH XAOTIKOBOTO MACAA', OAHAKO BBIMTYCK STHX BEAMA, OBOSHAMEHHSIX MAPKOF «K>, [HPEAYCMOTPEH HOPMATHBAMH ABHUBTPAACKOTO SABOAA YES 19741 ‘BeAMAa CsHENOBO-UMHKOBNE «K» 19747. ‘BEAMAA CBHBKOBBIE 25 [BEAMAA uuHKOBSIE MYO 28 (CTEAPAT AAOMHEES, 0,5 Cassviomse: 15,5 0440 ‘Baus HMTMHTSE H RPACKH Tee tAs0Mp xuPHBD KHCAOT 1000 Macruxe 0,5 B TEX XB HOPMATHBAX IIPMBEAEH COCTAB CBASYIONIETO CBHHIOBO-UMHKOBDIX BEAKA ‘@K> C YAVUIIEHHOM AATESHEA H COCTAS PESEPBHOTO CBASYIOMIETO. ‘BEAMAA CAMHORO-MHKOBSIE «K> C YAYYIIEHHOM AATESHEH 1974 BEAMAA CBHRIOBSIE Ad BEAWAA quMKOBSIE MY 39,5 ABPOCHA A-175, 16 (CrEAPHH TEXEMSECKHT wh ‘STOKCHAHAS CMOAA3A;S 28 Cassviomze: 149 ILEHTASOMP XEIPHEIX KHCAOT 7 Oxsmnonas xucaora 23 CHKKATHB KOBAASTORSIH 10%-uBIH 0,05 Prsupsuos cassviomze 1974 ‘MACAO ABHSHOE MOAHMEPH3OBAHHOE BASKOCTSIO 21-22" 49,3 ‘MACAO MAKOBOE OTSEAEHHOE 493 AAx MACTHSHBI 30% Hi 47 CHKKATERKOBAABTORMLIO%-HBIH 0,2 ‘Beant commmonosuanomnts ASKX, KeACKA TY 610-1207-77-9PMx UKC 20087, B 1985 x. » OxCHEPTHNIA COBET SIAM MPEACTABAEMB! 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Knact MACASHHIE SEAGIE HESCEATHIONIUE SYACAECTRGHHKE <33ICIDA COPT (ex orsxonounaces).// Csormne CRltaaPTon TEXHMNECKHE YCAOBIE HA IDOAPKIIED AAKOKPACORHO _nPoMusIAEIENOCTIL T.LM, 1952.C. 439. $3 Hagoncxst oTAAOHIS OBPASYOB, MPEACTABAEIINIEB XYAOMCTSEHMO-OKCTRPTHE COBET 3 1958 1 1959 rr, xssanea pTocHMMP, 4 TOCT 11826-77, Kraciot acuta u mmerawacamrun maoxucTanans, TRCHITECKME YCAODiC. Us anraascrB0 CtANAAPTOS, 1984 5 TY 610100-216-85, Kenciat macamiis smyoKECTBEHSE AKM. Cook apiicrsur OL0L86 10 101.1987 6.TY 6-102056-86, Kracks wacasnass xygoncecranas AKM «Brana untxostie. (BBogeTox 83? aus). Cox aiicran 1.07.86 yo 1.0781. 0460 ‘BRUIBIE TMTMESTE H RPACKIC ‘7 Mismemsons 1 op wanes TY 6-102056-86 Keactat wacasits xyoxncrannams AIM B MPOMBIASHHOM MACIITABE, ABEPICHBIIHECA® 19161. ‘MOAYEHMEM TATEHTA. TOTAA 25 TITAN COMPANY A/S HAYAAA CTFOHTEADCTBO SABOAA B Fampmixstap (Hossri), sirycTHsmiero STOT MMFMEET 8 1918 r. THTAHORMIE BEAHAA ‘Troanverr KRONOS, TOAYEEHHBIE OCARABHHEM TiO, HA CYADOAT BAPILR, HEA CHAYAAA BET KFACKOM, MCA 3 CBOEN KAACCHNECKOM TPYAE 0 MATEPHAAAX H TEXHMKE CUBOMUCH, NTO HX TIFHMEHA- JOT B AKBAPEAM, TEMIIEPE I @PECKE, HO B MACAAHOM AHBOMMCH OHM TAOXO COKHYT BNCTPO KEATEIOT; A 19361, ~ 470 MPOAABAEMBIE KPACKH HEPABHOUBHEM 10 KASECTBY* [13]. KWeutre, ormetas B 1938 F, BOABIIYIO KPOIMIYIO CHAY THTAHOBHX BEAMA, TOA- MEPKUBAA MX CKAOHHOCTS K HOXEATEHMI [14]. H MHOTO M03KE, B 1956 r. B.CAAHCKHi 'MHMIBT, TO THTAKOBSIE BEAMAA NOCTABARIOTCR B HEONPEAEAEHEESIX COPTAX, H [15]. AKTHBHEE TH TAHOBSE BEAMAA B KAMECTBS XYAOAECTBEHEBIX KPACOK HANHHAIOT HCTIOADSOBATS BES- Pons 8 $0-x rr. H, HAKOHEL, 8 1967 r. K WEHLTE IMUIET, YTO B MOCABABME AECATHABTHA THTAHOBBIB BEAVAA C TOAKSIN EPABOM BOLIAK B PONSBOACTBO XYAORECTAESERIX KPA- cox [10]. B paBOTE 1975 r, R.MAYER BIEPBIE YIIOMAHYA O CYILECTSOBAHHH THTAHOBO- uaitkossix sean (7, 39], OAHAKO THTAHOBME BEAHAA OMPMS AEOPAI H3 HAILBM KOA- [AEKITHH OBPASIIOB MACASHBIX KPACOK 1967 F.7KB COAEPAAH IIPHMEPHO 25-30% OXCHAA [WHHIKA, A BEAWAA OHPMOI TAAEHC IIPEMO HASMBAAMCD THTAHOBO-LIMHKOBBIMI H COAB?- KAA TAKOE KE KOAMECTBO OXCHAA UMHKA. B 70-X0. 34 FYSEROM THTAHOBMIS BEAMAA BBITIYCKAAM H HA AAKHAHOM CBSSYIOUEM’. ‘BEARAA TMTAROBEIE AsoPast 1967 Haspaca 19671, 9PM HKC2008 r. +490 Tl, Tivramerenie epacsa XX Baa ‘Ao KOHI,A 202 rr 8 COBETCKOML X¥AOKECTREMHOM CPEAE © THTAHOBBIX BEAHAAX HOST ‘uugwuro HE BMIAO MOBECTHO. Hi OMLPEPREDY, ru VLKHILANK 0 THTAHOBSIX SEAMAAX® CBO- ‘AX PABOTAX2O-IT. HE YHOMUILAIOT ADKYPHAA «MAASPHOE AAO», HABBIBAS 3 1930. THTA- LHOBBIE BEAHAA «MAASPHOA KPACKOH BYAYINETO», TIMCAA, NTO «IIPOMSBOACTBO THTAHOBSDX BEAMA BECbMA CAOXKHOE AZAO M TEXHHKA IIPHMEHEHHS HX B CCCP EUIE HEAOCTATOYHO asyaua» (16) ‘Aunty 3 1932 r. PEPSEDT BEDALE SAMEYAET: , KOTOPSIMH TOABSVIOTCE IYAOKHHKH HA 3ATAAE, OCOSRIIIO B CKAHAMHABHE. «. MEKAY TEM, B 1930 r. SABOA «KPACHBIMi XYAO2KHHK», IO CAOBAM PEPBEPTA, TIPOUS- ‘BEA TAPTHIO THTAHOBUIX BEAMA, 0 KOTOPSIX OH! CAMIIAA BAATOTIPHLATHBIE OTOSIBBX¥AOR: ‘HOB. TAM KE PEPBEPT YKASHIBAET, UTO «IIPOH3BOACTBO THTAHOBBIX BEAHA TIOCTABAEHO ‘HA SABOAE «AAKOKPACKA» [17, €.79 #83]. O TOM, ¥TO MPEACTABAAAA COBOMI KPACKA STOTO 3ABOAA B 1936 I, - «THTAHOBBIE BEAMAA ‘Tarra (SEAAK KOMBHEIIPOBAHIAR)»,~MORHO CYAHTS110 PABOTE A. 5, APHHSFTA PHBO- [Aguaro EE COcTAB, Hs 100 BECORMX SACTEHL KPACKIIPHRXOAHAQCS 20,3 ACTH AHOKCHAA THTAHA, 6/4 ~ HEKOBICK BEAIL, 52,2 ~ HOKEAOTO IIMATA 0. YABTPAMAPELLA 120 ACTER ‘oxen [18]. TlousTH0, 10 78th HE ILAA 0 XYAOMECTBEHIOHE MACASHIOH KPACKS. OusHKA COBETCKMMH CITEUMAAMCTAMH MMTOPTHBIX OBPASLOB THTAHOBBIX BEAHA COOT- BETCTBOBAAA MHEHKIO EBPOMEACKHX xoaaer. B 1933 r. A.PHIBHHKOS MHCAA: «BOMPOC TH- ‘TAHOOBSIX BEAMA B KASECTBE MACAAHOM KPACKH AAA KHBOTMCH AO HACTORIIRTO BPEMEHH ‘TEMEE, H 110 BECbMA KOMILETEHTHBIM HABAIOAEHHAM ©.V1.PEPBEPTA TIOKA PEIIAETCA OTPH- UATEABHO». Toro 2KE MHBHHMA OH TIPHABPAHBAACA H B 1937 r. [19]. CAM2KE PEPBEPT B PABO- 11819361. MCA, STO: «THTAHOBBIE BEAMAA HE MOLYT PEKOMEHAOBATBCA AAA IPHMENEHIA [HX B KAWECTBE KPACKH AAS KHBOMHCH, TAK KAK MHOTONHCAEHHSCE OMBITH, IPOAEAAEEBIE °50° ‘Bemuie nunaenris u xPACHHE ‘HAS CMECAMU OTUX BEAILA B AABOPATOPIIH 9ABOMA «KPACHSIILXYAOMHK® HOKASAAM, 1TO OHM CLOCOECTSVIOT BAINBETAHIOO HAM BMSSIBAIOT OTEMEEHUE XPACOK....KPOMB TOTO, {TWTALOBME BEAILAA BPEAHO BAJLEIOT HA MIABHKY MACAA, YCKOPAA EE pasPymastut» [20]. B ‘PASOTE 1937 r, KHALI HOMECTIA THTASORMI REAUAA B PYEPHKE 1 BSIPAEATSIBAET AOBPOXASECTASHEBIE THTAHOBHI BEAHAA C 1930 r [22], cazaysr ckasaTs, 470 TIOCAE I'YBAMKANIIH PEPEEPTA [17] 0 NPOUSBOACTRE Y HAC THTA- HOBEIK BEAHA AAS XABOTCH IHMKTO BOABIIS HE VIOMHEAA AO HASAAA 6O-XITS. B 1961 5. BAA VIBEPXCAEE BBOAUOMI B Apficrsus 19631. TOCT Ha TATMERTHVIO ABYO- xuce TwTAMLa’.B 970 BPEMA HAIIA HPOMBILAEHHOCTS BMIIVCKAAA ANOKCHMA THTASEA TPK- LMEKAEMGUHL 3 , ABV MAPOK ~ FYTUABHOH H AHATASHOM: BEAKAA ‘THTAHOBO-BAPHTOBHI ~ TIO, 25-30%, M SEAMAA THTAHOBO-XKAABLIMEBHIE ~ TIO, 30% [23] (OguaKo, HECMOTPs HA 7o, #70 NPOMSIIDAEILHOS MPOHSBOACTBO THTAHOBHIX HEAIA B CTPAHE "RPOAOAXAAO YBEAENHBATECA, A AAKOKPACOSIAK IPOMSIIIAEHHOCTS NOTPESASAA OKOAO 60% NMTYCKAEMOTO AMOKCUAA THTAILA, ZIRE 3 1974 f,OTMEAAOC, HTO X HEI [2] BEPBMIS THTAHOBMIE SEA, KAK XYAOKECTBEHHYIO KPACKY, Y HAC HANAAM BBICKATE 3 1961 rb BHAE MOAHBHHUAANSTATHOM TEMIIEPH - KPACKH, IPHTOTOBAEKHOH HA BOAHOR MYABCH CHETETHTIECKOM TICAMBHERAALETATHOM CMAs! (24, c.67-68]. ‘A AK XYAOMECTBEHEVIO MACASHYIO KPACKY THIAHOBHIE SEAMAA HE BBUIVCKAAIE EIIE AOATHE TOAH, MOXHO BHLAO BMI HPEAIOAGHRIETS, WTO CORBICKHE XYAOXAMKI, HECMOTPS HA KPUTWSECKOE OTHOMIEHME OTEYECTBRHNIX CIENMAAKCTOB X THTAHOSSIM BEAHAAM, LHCTIOASSOBAAH KPACKY 2APYEEXHOTO MPOHBBOACTBA. OAKAKO B MYBAMKAMIRX S0-60-x rr, COREPRAMIHX BSICKASDIBAIOE BEAVII COBETCIAEX MACTEPOB 2KUBOTIHCH © METOAAK 1K PASOTH I HCTLOASOYEMBIX MATEPHAAAX, B TOM SHICAB H HMIOPTHBDX KPACKAS, HET HAMEKA HA RDUMEMEHMUS THTABOBMIX REAM [25-27], H 9TO HE CAYGAMIO. HECMOTPS HA TO, TO 3A- SERIE @MPNB IPOAOAKAAI TIOCTABASTD HA EBPOMBACKIL PSIHOX THTAHOBBIE BEAKAA, OTHOMIEHIAE K HUM CP24d OTEMECTBEHHEIX CIEIAAHCTOB 10-IPEXIIEMY OCTABAAOCD OT- Pamyarzasisne Tax, BBTioTioH Mx 3 19621: ICA $TO B MACASEESX KPACKAK 9TH BEAHAA 2XEATEIOT, OTPHYATEABHO BAMLIOT HA TIFONHOCTS MACASHOH ABH HE XOPOMIM B CME- cox c maxorortine xPackanct [28] CCABAYET, OHAKO, HASLONILCTS, 170 B 19671, 10 ASBKE XY\OECTBEHHOTO OOHAA CCCP [BMA 2AKVILABHA OT PAMEHHAS TAPTHOA KPACOK 3APYBEXCIBDX HPL, CPEAH KOTOPHIK BHA 2 YKASAIICSI BBS THTAHOBBLE BEAKAA’. TlepBits CREABHIAA 0 THTAHODHIX BEAMAAX KAK O XYAOACECTSEHHOM MACASHOB KPACKS.CO- _BETCKOTO MPOMSBOACTBA OTHOCATOA 19725, KOTAA HA HIX BHA YTBEPKASHSI BBOAUMSIE (C HATAAA 1973 7, TEXHHMECKHE yCAOBHs". A B 1974 Tr. AEHMHTPAACKMM 3ABOA TPEACTABHA ‘3 OXCHEPTHLMM COBET B TYBE HB BAB HAKFACKH «SEAMAA THTAHOBME K (AHATASHBIE)>, ‘KOTOPEIE BBIAH HM YTBEPAAEHBI’, B BEAMAAX BBIA MCTIOAB3OBAH AMOKCHA THTAHA B O0?- {Mz AGLATAGA (MAPHGE AO-110), A HE'D @OPME PYTHAA, KAK B EBPONEILCKHX BEAHAAX BTOPOR ‘onopiist XX 2ExA. KPOME TOTO, 9TH BEAHAA BHIAK KOMIIOSHTOM, COCTOSLIH, COTLACHO [HOPMATHBAM ABHBITPAACKOTO 2ABOAA 1974 IOCABAYIONHOX ABT 13 AMOKCHAA THTTAHA o5le IL, Tarumarasir xeacka XX sexe 14 25% uHKOBSEX BEAMA. CBSSYIOMUM BEMIECTBOM KPACKM CAYUA HENTASPITPHTOBSID ‘90HP KHPHEIX KHCAOT PACTHTEABHBLE MACEA, BEAWAA THTAHOBBIE «K» 1974-1988 rr ‘Tara ABYoKuCS WArMEHTHASAO-1 59,4 ‘BEAMAA HEKOBEIE MYO" 149 Cassvomze: 26,7 TlsptAv@ur xuPHBocKucAoT 96,1 (Osranonas KHCAOTA 42 (CRATE KORAASTA 02 "loss BOM [B TEPENENS XYAOKECTBESIHBIX KPACOK, BBIITYCKAEMBIX 110 'OCTY 1977 7, THTAHOBSIE BE- AMAA BOUIAM KAK TIEHTAMACASHLAS KPACKA", CABAYET, OAHAKO, CKASATS, STO BBITYCKAAM ‘TOTAA THTAHOBHIE BEAHAA B CPABHHITEAGHO HEBOABIIOM KOAHYECTBE, TAK, HX OBBEM, TAA- HUPYEMBI HA 1977 F, AAs ABHHLETPAACKOTO SABOAA COCTABAMA BCETO OKOAO 1/10 O5IHETO (OBDEMA BBITTYCKAEMBIX SABOAOM BCEX BEABIX MACAZHX KPACOK, HAPaAy C THTAHOBSIMHT BEAMAAMM, BEITTYCKAEMSINH C HATAAA 70-X rr, 3 1977 r, BAM PASPABOTAHD{ THTAHOBO-MHKOBME BEAHAA HA AAKHAHOM CBASYIONEM", COTAACHO HOP- -MATHBAM AEHHETPAACKOTO SABOAA HA 1977 1, KPACKA AAKHAHAS XYAOKECTBEHAA ,OAFAKD, HAMETRAY RATAAETRGTO MANNA 1932-1937 CATIRAAA Hx SHATEAD EYEE TONGKO x 1957. B 1938 COORNAAOCS 0 HAABTERCKOM $180, KOTOPAA SYAETNPOWS¥OATD THTABDOBME SEAL, A 140 ~ 0 ANY OMBFHSE SABOQAX 3AS- MHETPAAS H S1POCAABAE [29-33], B 1939 F. BBULAN BFEMEHMME TEXHHMECKHE YCAOBHA HA IIPOMSBOACTBO CYXOTO AMOKCHAA THTAMA, 3 TOM HHCAE K AA «MAAAPHOM mposotmmazenocra [34], 48 1941 r.- ma |STORGA TAKA TREX COFTOR «AA MAAEPEAE RA C Coaseaa TO, 9% (TY HXT 3541 ‘Asyocice zs), // CrastazTa TKInHCKUEYCAOBHK A. AARORDACOMU MAPEPRAAS BECK. Turns M, 196. Cavs OANAAPTON 1 EEAOSECRIEX YAO HA ROAPAIIO AARORPACONEO MPOMBIEAEHHOCTH. T. IT M, 1952. C. 32), B 50-x ri, HAYAAM OCBAMBATD HOAYYEHME THTAHOBSIX SEAHA B (SOPME PYTHAA, 1K 1960, 3HAYHTEABHO YAYUIMAM WX UBET M TMTMERTHSIE CBOHCTBA [35, 36]. S. sus ermoncaoerAson oxen THTANORAK HAA, BAO 2AIS A AO CTPAMU EPEC |AaHT vc HEAOCTATION CMAAACD RAK HA PEPSEUA, IRSHEDAH APYTHK ABTOROB, EAH HA HOH 1S ASTRE ssangs a ShREORA OTPHATEAS OM RLIOA HA APY XDA, HAAS CO CAEAO™ ‘IEA TIYBARKAIMM (KAK MOABSOBATSCA MACASHBIMH KPACKAMOL M., 1951), 0 THTAHOBBIX BEAMAAX BUHEP smcorqa Bons HE YMOBOMEAA 6TOCT 9808-6. Trak pvoxtceaTNTHAR YEREPRARE 13 1961, CPOx gasses IVIL 19681 1] Aakit, KPACKM BCTIOMOTATEABHBIE MATEPMAAH. YI. 2. M, 1965. C. 268). 7.x Sacre mn. 8.794610 1313-72. KescRA MACAREARSONORCTREIUA RUAN THTARORSE «Ks, BREAENGEOL.OLIST 9.TIPOTOKOA SACEAAHIE XBC COBETA OT 16-18 ATKABPH 19741, OBPASIIS HE COXPAHHAMCS. (APXHBTOC- BHP. 08496, 98). {0.Tasnrasuraso soma sumpcxanannes noTOCTY 998-45 A.C 01.07.77 noTOCTY 9808-75. §N.TOCT 1189677 Kona aca 3974 ASH YA OHSCTRENSSE. TSSNSECKEE YAO ‘agacnancrno craxaAoros, 1984, (Cu Ac cy BEMECTA) 12. acre 28, 2566 ‘Beets MMMEHT H KPACKEE 13, TY 610:607-77. Keucns SojOMECTAHMI AEGIS, ANGIANIGE HAM NOOO COAG ‘coxa noxuoouru oA WAENGte PM BAUOOASECTELA MEOTOATOMCEECTHFTOR (HARPS ERAS. ern) caaioroocromnsne xucaoT»0: [36] 14. Basrower ~mastons4HOcrs AOA ONOAMUTEASHOSBEIECTR,HENOAAYEMOE AAR YAS 15, TY 610:1607-64 Kono opoxscrantiss Antigmue,(Boauss TY 610-1607-77) Crox aaiersut 4001.07 199, Coranconano ¢X3C 1801.84, Yranpegato opssjymmmt «Comsx7acia> 060734. 161¥6.10100218-85.Krscaracacuunsoyoxacrastinus AKM,Crox astcnaus01.0186n001.011987. Vrnancjano 24111985, 17.7 6.102086-86.Keacrt eacamnstes9goxacromnay AKM [5]. C nosaasuine » Eavons ox0a0 1910 1, KPACHOTO, A SATEM Hf OPAHXEBOTO CYAROHA- (CEABEMAA KAAMILS, KPACHBIM CYABOWA KAAMHE,11O-BHAMMOND, IIEPECTAAH TIFOMSBONATD. COPASDKEBHI 28 CYABOMA KAAMPLE MPOAOAKAAH BDITYCKATD It NOSKE. HAMPHME, IPHH- CRYPAHT OUPMBL AEOPAH TPEAAATAA OPAHXEBS CYAMOWA KAAMILE ~ OPAIOKEDSIX 1 KPACHBIX KAAMIISBBIX KPACKAX, IPOAABABIIHXGR PAS- HBIMH EAPOTEACKHNH OHTPMAM B POCCHM, TCA » 1905 r. QHLPEPBEPT. «OPAEDKEBDIA KAANUHA oasPa sr, Taiiae lsHozasaa, ABOPAHA M ANEAWiCKuE nPEBOCKOAH,..YTHAAK 1 BYPXKYA ECT KAAMMM KPACHDIMi ELLE HE MCIBITAHHBI MHOW». «XoPomtM ¥ MOBECA.. -KAAMMA CRETARIELH TEMA [ATE] (40 HE OPAEDKEBDIA H xPACHELA)» [8] HA MMIIOPTHBOX IMTMERTAX MACASHBIE KAANHEBKIE KPACKH IIPOHSBOAHAA MOCKOS- ‘CKAS OABPHKA KPACOK B,AOCEKHMHA.B 1912 r, AOCEKHIE IIACAA, STO KAAMBL OT AHMOHHO- 0 AO KPACHOTO ~ . «SIACTALSI KPACKH IIPEACTABASIOT ‘KPMCTAAADI, OT BEAM4MHBI KOTOPBIX M SABMCHT EE TOH. KA AbIM OTTEHOK IIPEACTABARET (CAMOCTORTEABHYIO KPACKY H HE MOKEY BHT OAYSEH ITEM CMEIIEHHS APYIHK OTTEK- xors [9]. YiIOTPEBAEHHRE POCCHIICKIANI KHBOMACIAM KPACHOTO CYABOHAA KAAMHS OPPARISII- [BAETCS, O-RAAUMOMY, ABYMEITEPRELMI AECHTHAETHAMM XX B, BO BCRKOM CAVA, PABO- 1 1921 x, Pesupr sro voce us ynomaasr (10). KPACHBIM CYABOHA KAAMHA MAEHTHOMIMPOBAH HAMM B STKOAE M, HECTEPOBA HAYAAA 1900-x r. 48 KAPTMHE B, TOAEHOBA, AATHPYEMOM 20-MiLIT;; KPACHO-OPAKKEBMI ~ B KAP ‘Twix ILariomngixosa 19151, A OPAROKEBB~ 8 KAPTIHE K. Maassicea 1912 r 2596 IL, Taruseranis nracta XX seca 00 10 200 300 400 $09 600 79 $00 900 1000 KY agnor acmsit CAS. 3PM. M.HECrEPo. S710, WASAAA 1900-X1r. (Os HcTIOASSOBAIIIOK S COBETCKOM AUBONUCH OPAHDXEBOTO CYABOWAA KAAMIA PEPBEPT CAA Eu 3 1932 r. [11]. HASMBAIOT KAAMML OPAIDKEBHIM H TEXIAHYECKHE YCAOBHA HA BEITIYCKAEMBIE MACARHBIS KPACKGE 1944 1! OAHAKO B KOHUE 40-X1T, ETO, BEPONTHO, YE HE ROHSBOAMAM: B 1949 1. AM.ARHTOBCKHM CPRAM KPACOK MACARHOM HBOMUCH © HEM HE mamer [12], a 5 HSMEKERHYTO 5 1948-1950 rr. PEAAKMMIO TY 1944 1. OPAHDKEBHH H KPAC- ‘Houit KAMA Y2KR BOIIAM KAK CYABCHA-CEAEHIIA KAAMGL. Tpmwesanns 1. TY HXTT 1213-44, Kosces acest xyaoxcrasiniss 1 revama.// CraMgAPTaC ricanezcaaae YCAOBHL HA AAKOKPACOSERIS arcana Baycx 6.M, 1946.C.63. 2. TY MXIT 1213-44, Keaciss wacacis xygoncrasanss Irvin. BYaxcr SHECENG MCRPABASHIA 3 coorsBrcrait cMENEHEKH,yTEEP KASH LVIL1948u 391950": // CSOPHMK CTARAAPTOR H TEXHH- “ECKUEXYCAOBHA HA NPOAYKLNIO AAKOXPACONHOR HPOMBIIIABHROCTHT.1.M, 1952.C.438. Awreparyea |, FaDLER LAND BarARo M.A. Canotruw Yantows, Onanoxs aN Raps // Anrisrs PromsnrsVil. NY, 1986, 268,68. 2 Punsco F. DICTIONNAIRE DES MATERIAL DU PELNTRE Pais. 2005. P.410 ‘3. Fiawen A, UAMER CADMIUMGELS, CADMICMORANGE UND CADBTUMROT:// aRBEN ZaITUNG 1908.43, 44 4, RvR A, MALMATERIALIENKUNDE. BERLIN 1909.5.143-144, S. Zon Trea pan Ouwatenst, NACH DEN NEUSTEN GRUNDSATZEN UNTER BaRDCKSICHTIGUNG DER _KonsnavizRUNG UND REsTAURATION DER OLGEMALDE SEARBEITET VON FHIEDAICK KROHN DARMSTADT. LEIPZIG, 1903 5.20. 6. Branzasumnrs Larnanc. Panis, 1930_P 10 7. Kony H, Baaauaraniasten, PGMENTE UND BrNDEMITTaL // RUCLAMS HANDBUCH DBR KONSTLERISCHEN ‘Tucan BL Srorrcane, 1998 5.23, 8 Prosurr QU, XoActat ut qrvrius XONORECTBENUGIE CORPEMERSESE MATEPHLAA. M, 1908.C. 1436 60° [PACHBIE H OPAHSCEBBIE MAMEHTSI H KPACI 9. Aocrnus B. 0 xyAOxCCraENBKX MATHPAAAAK M, 1912. C4445, 10, Pepserr OF. TIAAMrPA cOBPEMEEWOrO xyAGHGLIKA.M, 1921. 1 Pepserr OF Xv4oxsux 0 RPACKAK. M, 1982. C. 3536 12, Arron A.M. Texuoaoria xoxsOmMCHIX MATEPAAAOR. A.-M, 1949, KAAMHi KPACHBIH H OPAIDKEDBIL (conpona-ceaztia Kasse) ‘Kaguaulopanscanst,oPAxxO-XPACHDIR,CHET40-KPACHIH, TEEHO-KPACH, NYPEYPUIH -C- {STCCTBEHO HOA UAENOUE HAFMETA,HPEACTARAMNOWDER COBOM PAA FBEPAMEE PACTBOFOD CTAGOIRMA a CHARA Kaavonx onm gornrsnt CASS ran cOCEABAADY OF 005-016 40 0,60-070 Lar (OrTE4OK AIAGUETA SABNCHT OF XOAMTACTBA CRAERA,€ HORBERERNEY HOTOPOTO NET MENUETCS OF ‘oraroxebor0 AO T=xa0-xrAcHOrO i HYPUVPHOTO IDUPHOE COAHTAANIC CRABIA BHRTMEETAS CO cxananar coormrrcransno 12, 15 20,25, 35,45 $0 oss Se 4 1 noas Ci. B xawscras xamnenuro> _aryaBABTea TOADKO C¥ABONA CHAINS MAAS, KPLCTAAANSYIOMUECAB PEKCATORAASHOH CHETO {H.B MPOMBCCE HFONSBOACTBA MACARIDIX KAJOOHEEDOX XPACOK HX COCTAB OMAITHO BBOAET HE ‘rraasmit mauroaserzas naatouxe [1,2]. B 1892 r, Watz (TePMAHHA) BiIA BMIAAH TATERT HA TOAYAEHE KPACHOTO CYAOMA- ceazuaa xaanata (3, 4]. Kax mumeT R.MAYER, 9TOT THTMEHT «BBEA» BTsPMAHHH HAEN 8 1907, (5]. 970 BPEMa TOATSEPAAABY H A.ELBNER, NMCABIIHA 8 1908 1, ¥TO «B HOBEMIEIES ‘PEMA NOCTYIMA B IPOAAKY IHTMEHT - TAYBOKOTO HBETA OPAIDKEBLII KAAMM, OBO3HA- IABMDIE HHOTAA KAK KPACHBIE KAAMUH H MMBIOMMit HHO# XHMHMECKHil COCTAB, HEM "H- (CTH CyADOMA KAAMBIAD» [6]-BCE MOCAEAYIONNSE ABTOPM ATOM HAYAAA IPOMBIINAEHHOTO TIPOMSBOACTSA KPACHOTO CYABOHA-CEAEHHAA KAAMILE HASHIBAIOT 1910 r, ~ OKOAO HAH HE PAHEE SOTO ToAA [4, 7-12]', EIBNER TIHCAA, 470 NOPOUIOK KPACHOTO KAAMHA, CTEPTHIA C ‘MACAOM, ABT TIPEKPACHBI IIBET CBETAOHt KMHOBAPI, HOAYUHT KOTOPBIH MOXKHO TOADKO ‘BCAYYAE MOAXOAAIIETO COOTHOULEHHA CYABOMAAH CEAEHHAAKAAMH, AB COCTAB KPACKH BBECTH BEABIM CYBCTPAT ~ TOKEASI umaT, TIOAAEAR, TO CMBILAB MIMTMEHT IIPHBAHSH- ‘TEABHO C 76% ILIIATA, MOKHO IIOAY4HTB CBETABIE COPTA, A C 58% - TEMESIE, OF OMIMBAACS, (CSHTAS, ITO PASAHMHIE OTTEHKH KPACHOTO KAAMUX [8], A PEPBEPT mica 8 1921 r, “61. IL, Turmeursise xpacka XX BEKA ‘w70 <8 HOCAEAHE BPEM HOABUAMCh KPACHBIE KAAMIM ABOPAILA3 4x OFTEHKAX» [13], 10 -BCTD KPACHLEE KAAMEBHE KPACSDE COBPEMEEHOM IBETOBOR TANDMB. Tlo-BUAH4MOMD, KPACHBIA KAAMIIL AAAEKO HE CPASY CTAAM IPHMEHAT® B UBOMICH. TAK, ‘HamHusy, KWEBITE TIACAA, 370 TOABKO CHYCTS AECETHATILE HOCAE HANAAA TIROHIBOA- CBA KPACHOTO KAAMIA MOXKHO BSINO HAPITH OTY KPACKY. «ABTOP, ~HIIET OH ~KYTIA CBO "HEPEDL NOPOMIOK XPACKOTO KAMhHAA BIVRE Ha Crste Hog TLaPiokEA» 1926 r» [7]-Tloener- (CTBOBAAA PACHPOCTPAKEHIAIO HOBOM KPACKH 1 BEICOKAA TIEHA, KHAOTPAMM CYXOTO THT- {MEHTA KPACHOTO KAANIMA CBETAOTO CTOKA B 1925. B MAPHOMCKOM MATASMME < ARTES» 210 ‘erauiko3, A yPMTPHOrO ~2$S. TOT4A KAK, HANPHMED, KHAOTPANM 2KEATOTO KAAMIAS ~CTOHA ‘TAM TOAEKO 105, A NICHKOBEEX BEAMA - BCETO 7 @PAsKOB. Hs CAYEARHO 8 1930 F. TOPTOBKIA ATAAOT @HPMB AEODAH VE BOABK AECKTH AET POAABABIIEA OPAIDKEBSIE, KPACHRI CBET- ‘ASL, TEMA 1 TIVPTYPHBI CYADOHL CEABIINA KAM OMECTHA PEKAAMEYIO BKABAKY C "HEPEWHCAEHMEM OAOXHTEABHIX KAUECTB OTH KPACOK H OSPAIEHMEM X KYHHBIIUDK PE- KONEHAOBATS Hx APvTHa xyaoxCTHKAM [16]. A.Kuaak TCA 0 KPACHOM KAAMBH, KAK 0 «HOBOM MCKYCCTBEHHOM KPACKE PASAU- HBX OTTEHKOB, HORBHBUIEZICA B XGIROMHCH OKOAO 1914 1+, H KOTORAR «HAO TIOAATATD, (CKOPO BHITECHHT KAHOBAPD, YOTPEBABHHE KOTOPOIt AO MOCAEAHETO BPEMEEM OBBECHSET- (om OTCYTCTBHEM APYTHX PABHOCHABHBIX Ef 10 UBETY KPACOK> [17]. B 1921 x. QM.PareEPr DUCA, TO XPACHLIM KANE OPM AFOPAK, SAMBILLX BCE OTTEHKH KUHOBAPH H CYPHEA 1 Wl TIPMBOAMA OPAHLYSCKOE, AHTAUICCKOE 1 HEMEKOE HASBAHMS{IIPOAABABIIMXCR B MOCKBE KPACOK. TAM 2X8 OH OTMEAA, NTO « (C HOMETKOH «BBOAATCA BILEPBME® TEXHHYECKME YCAOBHA HA XYAOKECTAEHHME AAKMA- [BBE KPACKH KAMA KPACHBI CRETAMH?.A.» ui0As 1984 7 BAW YIBEPKAEHB HoBDIE TY, 3 KOTOPSIX YAAE SHAYHANCb KPACKH THTAKOBSIE BEAMAA H KAAMUMt KPACHBIM CBBTALI, ABE- Ccreyiomyms ao 19891.°, Buia AM TOTAA OCYIIECTBAEH KOMMSPYECKWiK BHLTYCK 9TOH KPACKE, EEMSBECTHO, PACKOAHBIE 2X5 HOPMBI HA CHIPBE AAK KPACOK AEHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA HA 1988 r. MPEAYCMATPUBAAM UX BHINYCK HA CBASYIONEM OCHOBHOMt FELENITYPH, USBECTHOH CHAIAAA70-Xrr Teumexanas 1, Cosaascs Ha paBOry OULPaPsarra (KeACAi 1 APYTHR XYAOKECTSEEHIS COBPENEMHDE MATBTIAAM IM, 1905) asorsi» SoAzy PARE VSAuEKAIDO (1OVLTERBET. OF BAIOMCKOTO HOPTPETA AO NOCTHMIIPEC- CHonawa, Viroris TEXHONOTHH CrANKOSOM sOrHCH.M, 2003 42004, C138 Thrmaoxs) CAA (0 mPa KPACHOTO CvABOVA CEAEHICAA KAAMS 8 1905 TlOSAGE HAM CTAAO XCHO, "120 PEPSBPT MOT ETD BBEAY TOABKO COABOHA KAABILE 2. Bo nroPon 3AARV KTH KHMAMK MIE, S70 KPACHH AANA «BUBPBSIB HORBHACHY HAC OKORO 1912.5; ma Saag [koacen] crans uasecruns TAR HERAAOArO Ao 3ToTO SPEEA» [18]. +646 ‘RPACHBIE H OPAIZKEBBIE IIATMEBTSI 1 KPACKEL 3.TY HIKKT 1213-4, Keacuor wacasuce aowacrssmnnes 1 evan. // Crasqarras ¥ TECHNECHOS ‘Yoaosid Wa AaxoxPacowne MATEPHAADL BUMYCK 6.M,1946.C. 63. 4: TY MATT 1213-46 Kenora MncasEtE AOXECTSENIOE I Tey, B-EKCT REECE MCTPABARIS 3 ‘coorssrcrauan ¢ ussancmstmany, yrastac yuna LVILIS48 4 3V.1980%.// CHOPHINR CEAELAAPTORH TERE ‘sroxx yonositlt a nPog HO AAKOKPACOSTIOA TFOMAIUAEETHOCTHT.1M, 1952, C438. 5. 3ano4 «Keacenit xxgoxaunos, Hora PACOAA ChPSA HA 1963 FHA NACASHMIE XYAORECTREREBE voacaa 5 Tysax I revmm, (APxus TocHMMP. Oona X3G, W $).[mmogunaus ABBAKEPOM AAs 0 PASAUSHOM TIPOLSHTHOM COABPRANMH BAAHOMKCAB CBETARX H TEMIX KKAMMEBHEKKPACKAK [23] 408 Cctsosauae xr Assur 1909, [12] 1 MCHOT OTHOMIERHL X KPACEAM,BAITYCKABIDHMCS ABSCE- FPAAcIOMG H MOCKOBCRIM sABOAAMH, [23], KPACHBA 1 OPAIEAEEN CHABOHS-CEABILA KAAMIR, B COCTAB OTOPOTO BxOAH4A0 495% xAMMILE 1 29,5% BAABOUKCA, SITYEAAA 8 1963 1 TOABKO TIPOHABONCTREREL osmistar Xsyeouaa CCCP. (CeastnrRAHax PRIBITYPA X9AOKECTSENMDOX MACASHBIX KPACOK [TPIS ona X3G 5) 6. Tfserias xara, XYAOABCTBSHHMI MACASHIEE KPACKI ABHCOBEAPKOSA. SABOA XWAORECTRENESX KPA- ‘cox, BurmrorrHsqar AO-I732/1. 1. TOCT 11826-66, Paupss 724 xPACOK MACASHMXXOAORECTBEHEBX, VIBEPRABIA B/O «CORSKDACKA® 29.05.1972 1. (BOHAXSC, 6). 8 Beans nowzaroaowscxs(ravarvits Haut nBoaeasus) CTY 36-13-808-62, Toss santas TY 29- 401-72, 9. TY 610-100-172-83. KPACKH XOAOKECTSERNMIE AAKIANMIE KAANOIA KPACHNUR CRETABR. (Bao,HTCS szpsn). Ceox asficrsua 90 0107.19841. 10. TY 6-10-1607-84, Koxcxst x7AOXECTBBEHIE AAKMASBIE. (BaAves TY 610-1607-77). CeOx gzRevanx 10 01.07.1989. Cornacosaso CXC 18.01.84, YrauPKABHO OSSEAICHEEIEM «COMSKPACKA® 0607.84.10: ‘posses cu. cro 1. Casavious EMCTBA, AMTEPATYPA 1 Beans, Peco HB Kuna TSRHONOTHR MRF. A, 1974 C32 2. Cumss x mommmogyas 4a AAROKDACOIAEE UATRPIUAOR. CHPABONHOR TOCORWD TOA FEAAKE, Macronsgpurea M, 1978 C347 4. Keyasn M.D. HistoxY OF MODERN SYATHEIIC INORGANIC AND ORGANE ARTE’ rcaNTS// ISTE CCou.zcns NepenLan,ICN-ronsari0y, Nona I, Ma! 2000 (BA: BRIGTRRESLAND QC) 4. iu H. BaanwaremaLi, Pronmers xp BINDmATTE, // RACLANS HANDBUCH DER KONSTLERISCEN “Teese B.SrovrGARr 1998 $22, 5S. Maran R Tas Auris Haxonoox o Mareuats ap Tacinrgpns. N.Y, 1957 47. Tus Arzsn's Huo1008. NY, 1884 22 6. Bw Une cADMIUELS, cxDNEAORANGS UD CADAUARD// FaRBEN Z=ITONG SC N44, 7 Wes K. WenxsTorre un TaceNnees Di MALERSL RAVENSBURG, 1967 S12. & ScAnseYB Tocca was. DL. Paac 1986, (CA BCaAnCRA, Tra nom M, 196. C. 44). 9. Garmns Rano Sor GL. Panerne MATERIALS A Hons ENcieLoPEDtA NY, 146.10 10. Toc Mans, Pann, RasronaTION NawyYORE, 193) 11. Pengo F. DIcTrON AIRE DES MATERIA DU PEOVER. PARI. 2005 P. 642. 12. Bmvne A. MaxaneRLALENKUNDA. BERN 1909. .1463-144, 13, Pansr OH. asseo4 cosrmncesioro x7HOxICHEA.M, 1921.C.30. 14 Fnanl ano Raran MA. Cannan Yio, OnaNGes A80 Rans/ Ait Prosanrs¥1 NY. 1986 P81 +656 IL, Tinrwenraeie xpacku XX Bua 1S. Dosen M Masssriat un stars Vanwanune im Burp MONCHES, 9215.38, 16 Brasussumrs Lesaanc Pas 1990 P12 usxasiixa nexay c 121613. 17. Renae Tex nono. 1 Keacosis arvana A. 1995.C.38 38, 18. Kurmsae A. Texan xrsommics (Maqanns 2, sasereasto aoronsanos) Ba. LA, 1929.C.110, 19, Perso OH Yona 0 KOACRAX M.-A, 192, C31-32. 2 Papeurr OU Kak HAVSHTECH CATS MACAOM, Mnf, 1936 C21. 21, Temtcvenir 1938/39, 3480 X7AOEC TREE KPACOX. 1939, 22. Kasyauo8 M3. Karanor-TPAROSIK AAROKPACONHO MPOAYXIDIL.M. 1948. 99-100, 23. A.B [Brana] Seasrs a Bs naTErAAAS ORBOMICH. CAS-ZaS max CdS-nZn0, OsPAsrOMyIO a4 ‘ToP430x PACTHOPOD RPNCTAAANVIOMEXGAS SABHCHOCTI OF COOTHONIEHIE OMIIORERTOB BKTBE: ‘2cxod mast FENCATOMAARHOM CEPVETYPS, AB KPACKE KAAMOMH BATA Y=MB CEAAHMCHOABSOBATD (CaS nCaSe~ craneua-ceammma KAMER. BrtoqPosHoM PASsOPE COCTABA KAAMMEBLOX MUTMEHTOB AEIBNER S PABOTAX 1908 1 1909 Tr TCA 0 HK TOABKO KAK © C¥ABOMAE KAAS [1,2], BEIYCKAEMEIS CHPMOME ABOPAH BCE2KEA- ‘THE KAAMMEBHIE KPACKH B KATAAOTE 1930 T, TAK 2KE OBOSHAYEHBI KAK CYABOHA KAAMEx [3]. +67. [. Tlurmenusie pack XX BexA CBEAEHIM © HAMAAE [IPOMSBOACTBA XKEATSIX KAAMMEBBIX KPACOK, COAEPKAINHX COEAMHEHMS WAKA, SAPYSEXKOMAUTEDATYPE, BKAIOAS HOCAEAHI2 HAMEOAEE KOMIIETEEETHI HSAAEDAS, sue [45] Her vx o Kouta 40-171. HAIIESL AUTEPATYPEO MATEPHAAAX KHBOTIACH 18 PABO- "TAY EACAOMOUG IPOMBILAEHOTO TIPOHSBOACTBA HCATSIXKAAMMBEBBIX KPACOK. ‘Beasors 1932 r. QHLPEPBEPT MICA 0 OAY'SEHIH 8 AABOPATOPHSIX YCAOBUSX HA 3430- ‘AB , I MPHBOAHAM IPHMEPHDIA MHTMEHTHEIM COCTAB CBETAO DKEATOTO KAAMHA- 3CdS-ZnS [9]. Torya 2x8 A.M.AEHTOBCKMM OTYBAMKOBAA PELIENT TIOAY- ‘YEHIUA AUMOHHOTO KAAMILE C OKCHAOM HHSIKA H OBN'HOTO KEATOTO KAAMIA B BECOBIIX sactax [10]. Cepmoxncastixaguait = 15 15 Tanocyasour eoro 10 20 KAAsmMHMPOBAMHAZCOAA - 2 UHKORME BEAHAA Ls - ‘Keagaot sara CAS. 9PM. aqui sxnarsrf ranemntt CAS-nZn0. 3PM. Aiaasoncisnl, KennoCT® A BEDETY MOPS 1890-277. ASXK HAKPACEA 1959. +686 Keron mMrnRHTeL 1 KPACKH Tlo-suauoMs, » KONE 40-x ~ HAUAAE SOX rn, ABHMHIPAACKHM 2AB0Q HAUAA BBILY- (CKATS :XEATHIAKAAMI, B COCTAB KOTOPOTO BKOAHA CEPHICTIA IGIK HA OKCIA EKA, 0 Wau ICAL AEHTOBCKIIA. BO BCEKOM CAYHAE,CYAA TIO SABOACEIM HOPMATHBAN, TAKGEE ‘PACK BRIMYCKAAN B CRPEAMHE SO-KIT, TO TIOATBEPAAIOT H HAMM HCCKEAOBAHHS 3TA- ‘AOHHSIX HAKPACOK BCHX BH[AOB XCEATOTO KAAMH, 1D2\CTABAEHHSIX AEHUHTDAACKHM SA BOAOM B 1958 H 1959 rr. HA YTBEPKAEHHE OKCIEPTHBIM COBETOM’, KATAAOT-CIPABOWHHE ASHUMHTPAACKOTO 2AROAA 1964 F, ONMCHBART RCE KEATHIE KAAMILERME TMTMESTM, KAK ‘OTBEAIOMIHIE OBUIEH @OPMYAE CaS ZAS, TAE MEHAETCH OT O AAR TEMESIX OTTEHKOB AO 035-040 — am cuprasix u cosaniux [11] ‘ro KACAETC# KAAMI2KEATOTO TEMHOTO, TO,XOTH HOPMATHESI AEKUETPAACKOTO 3A- BOA CEPEAUHB S0-X IT. IPEAYCMATPHBAAH ETO NPOUIBOACTRO KAK CYABOLA‘CEABHIA AMIS, ANAAHS VEAGAHSIAX 9TAAOHHIX HAKPACOK 12 OFHAPYIXHA B HX CEABILA, CAE- AYER, OSHAKO, CKASATS, 970 AKT OBCABAOBAHHE AEHMHTPAACKOTO 2ABOAA KOMMCCHBIL SKCHEPTHOTO COBETA 3 OKTAEPE 1959 T. OTMEEAA, NTO HA SABOAE COBMECTKO C ABO: PATOPUEM XYAORECTBEMEISIX XPACOX I'MIIVL-4 BEAYTC ONMITHSIE PABOTSI NO «YCOBEP- MIEHCTBOBAHINO TEXHOAOTHTECKOTO MPOHECCA HPOMSBOACTEA AEATSIX KAAMMEBEX TMIMEHTOB»’. HE HCKAIOYEHO, ¥TO PEWS MOTAA HATH H O KAAMHM KEATOM TEMHOM, MOCKOABKY AHAAHS 3TOTO NMIMEHTA, BSATOTO C HAKPACKH «L[BETHOH KAPTEI> 1964. ABHIHTPAACKOTO 2ABOAA, YAE NOKABAA B HEM HAAHWHE CEAztEA [12]. HAAO HOAATAT, TO KPACKY KAM REATIIE TEMHDI, KAX CYABOMA-CEABHIA KAAMHZ, CTAA BBILY- CKATb MEXAY 1959 H 1964 rr. Toro KE COCTABA KPACKA AEHHHTPAACKOTO 3ABOAA HAEH- ‘THOHUPOBAHA HAMI HB HAUIRHL KOAABKUMH ORPASLIOB MACASHBIX KPACOK BBITYCKA 1967. B TEXHMYECKHX YCAOBILAX 1972 FHA TIHTMEHTSI AK MACASHBIX KPACOK XHMHSECKHA COCTAB NIMBHTA KAAMUML KEATS TEMHBI OnUcAst ooPMyA0R CaS.nCdSe.B cTPAROM. [HHKE AAKOKPACOMIX MATEPHAAOS 1978 TB CCMAKE HA 9TOT AOKYMEHT HOKAGAHO, 970 BEAMIHEEA n = 0,0S-0,08 [13]. 977 COCTAR KPACKH AEHHHTPAACKOTO 2ARO4A OCTABAACS noctoauusia 3 70-80-x rn, IL. Tarmsrasis xpackm XX sua Kaquuna xeareid Tame. 197 1. Kasponit xearsnit TEM 553 BAAHOHKC 23,7 (CreAPAT AuOMEE 14 Cassyroms: 20/6 ‘MACAO ABHSHOE OTBEAEHHOE 4921 ‘MACAO ASHSHOE OAMMEPHSOBABHOE BaaKOCTSIO 21-22" 49,21 Bock muzaumsrit 198 Tirumssanus 1.0. Keaton OPATDKER 1 KPACH (CYRBOHEA KAANO). 2. Cac Kagan act onan (CHASet CEABHA RANE). 3-TY HXTT 213-44, KeACior MACARHIGE TAORECTREHERE I roy, // COABpAPTS HC PEXHUSECK ‘YoNOBHS HA AAKOKDACONEMIE MATEPHAAGE BSIVCK..M, 1946.C. 63 4 Keactc suscaautevsORCCTAEHNGE I TpyTm, TY MXIT 1213-4. B TSKCT BHECRNGE MCMPABARHE 3 ‘CooTaEYCTnA CHIMEHEHILNUG,YTBEP AREA LVIL1948 31950". // CSOPHIK CTARAAPTOB HTEXHH- ‘teensex vexoaul Wa HPOAYHIqINO AAKOXPACOMHOM HPOMBITABHHOCTH. T.1.M, 1952.C.435, 5. Haxoacxs xoysueres 8 TocHMU/R, 6. Aur oscazgouasts [12-17 oxrasra 1959 7] SABOAA XYAORECTBENHEX XPACOK AEHHTPAACKOTO CO- _auarnoaa, (Anxxs TocHMP. DosaX3C,¥ 14.28). ‘VT 6 10-1320-72.Tlamcenat ss 27, ORECTBSREX 1 ACHECTRER-ODOPMEETEASCKIEE P4307: (103- xn anynust Ha TOCT TY 6.10-1320-77). ANTEPATYPA 1. Einwen A, UBBER CADMICGELE, CADIGUMOBANCE UND CADMAUMBO. // FARBEN ZEETUNG, 1908.43, 44, 2, wan A, MatscarznnaLtecUNDE BERL, 1909S. 143-144 5 Bzanuasuars Lerman. Pans, 1990.2 10. 4 Anmiss'Proaenrs V. LNY.1986, §.Panago F. DICTIONNAIRE DBS KATERIALX DU REINTRE, PARIS. 2005, 6 Parserr OH Xogoxsa o xoacuan. MA, 1982.C. 101 7. Teficrvmasr 1938/39, 34804 S¥AOMECTAEHLIC KPACOK, 1939. 8 Kanaaniog M3, Karanor-canoxmtik AAKOKPACO'IOH TPOAYEHD M, 1948. C.99-100. 9, Baasuseae EO, Pucans HB, Xmas n rexsoaoriaa mursanTon. Ay 1949.C. 317-318, 10, Azsroscral A.M, Texronori samorncunne MATEPHAAOS. A.-M, 1949.36. 1. Keranoreneanoremik, XYsoRBCTOBNIIE KRACK, MACAA, AKI, PASEABITEA AZHMTPAACKDI28- ‘304 xvaaxcranssx KrAcO. A, 1964,C.22. 12, Lservias XAT, KyAGECTBESINS MACASHIS KPACEI AKHCOBHAPKOSA. SABOA XYAOMECTBEHSIX KDA cox. Busmrrorrusant AO-1732/1. 13. CMeBE H MOA/TPOATETRE AAR AAKOXPACONIHEZ MaTEPHAAOB. CHPABOTHOS MOCOEHED.ITOA PEAARN. MaMcTomnassrra.M, 1978. C332. ©7706 ‘SEABHBIE TNT MEHTSI RPACKHL SEAEHDBIE NHIMEHTHI H KPACKH BoaxKoncxonT ‘BOsKOWCKOWT MUMIA OF CHHE-2EABHOTO AO SEABHO-CHIBTO HBETA ~ BOAMIIB CUAMKAT OXCHAA [POMA, TAITHOSEMA BC KEAESA', HEBOABINE MECTOPOARHIK BOAKONCKDRTA, OTKPRITOE 8 1830 1.8 [iePMCKo#ryREPHHN, NOBECTHMTOABKO B POCCHI—B ILPRYPAABE HHA KOKHOM YPAAE. COSEPRARIE 1 MIIHRPAAE THAPATA OKCHAA XPOMA Cr,0,/H,0 COCTABASET AO 34% A MRPEPABOTARHDIH IMIDE ‘TENHO-SEAEHOTO MBETA COAEPRRET AO 70% OKCHAAXPOMA CeO, [1,2]. BosMoxsioct HCHOABIOBAHIA BOAKOHCKOMTA B KAWECTBE KPACKIE BKIAA BSICKABASEA [IPHLBTO OTKPMITRM. OAHAKO B TEXEHE CTA ABT OH HE IPHBAEKAA X CEBE 3HMMAHKB TOM KASHCTaE. Tlo-BHAMMOMY, MEPRNIMH HA BOAKOHCKOMT, KAK HA IIEPCIIEKTUBHEIR B 9TOM TAAHE MATEDHAA, OSPATHAM BHUDEASIE 8 BSICIIEM XYAOKECTBEEHO-TEXHMECKOM 1k CCrMTyTE. «B 1927 F OABPHKA XYAOKECTBEHHBIX KPACOK BXYTEVIHA, ~ COOBIIAA 8 1930. .XYPHAA «MAASPHOE AEAO>,~ BIEPBBIE BMIIVCTILAA B IPOAAKY KOACKY « [4,5]. 19361. OH VIKE RICAN 0 BOAKONCKOMT, KAK 08 «OuEHS TPONHOM KRACKE® [6] BMECTE ¢ TEM BOAKOHCKOHT HE CPASY MPHBABK SHIMANE -XUBOMMCHES. TAK, APupxnKos » 1933 % & 1937 Tr. AMIN BCKOASSS YHOMEHYA BOAKOHCKOIT, KAK BHOBD O7- xestryto xeacky [7].A AJAKHMAMK B 1EPBOM TOME BIIEPBBIE TOSBASETCH «BOA- KoHCKAS KPACKA> [8]. B IPRICKYPAETE OTIVCKHBOE IEE 1938/1939 TT. ABHHEETPAACKOTO SABOAA BOAKOHCKOUT YAtE SHANHTOK B HEPEWE KPACOK nEPBOM ryan [9]. B TEXHIGE- (CKHEX YCAOBHSX HA MACAAHBIE KPACIGE, BBEAEHHBUX B ABACTBHE 1972 r, TTMGET BOAKOE- (CKOHE HETIPABHASHO ONMCAH KAK . Bacar 1966 , [OPH B TIHCEME AMPSKTOPY AYAEBCKOTO SABOAA HAIOMHHAA, YTO HA 3A- OME PASPABOTAA PELISITYPA TMFMEHTA , OBPASTS KO- ‘TOPOTO BBLAH IIEPEAAHSI AEHHHTPAACKOMY SABOAY. B AASOPATOPHIX YCAOBHLAX H3 TOTO TMTMEHTA BBIAM HSCOTOBAEHS! OBPASI[M MACARHOMi KPACKI, TIEPEAAHHBIE XYAOKHHKAM. ‘«XYAOAGIMKH, ~ TIHCAA ToPUH, ~ OMPOOBAAH 9TY KRACKY ITIPOCHAK... BBICTPEE OPTAHH- SOBATB EE BHIIYCK». B KOHIIS HCBMA OH BLIPAXKAA CORAAEHHE, YTO MHOTO MECHIIEB « [1]. SEAEHYIO SEMAW, COOTBETCTSYI0D[YO 10 COCTABY MIMEHTA TAAYKOHHTY, B TEYEHME AOATOFO BPEMERM KAK IPOMBIIAEHHYIO XYAONECTBEHHVIO KPACKY ¥ HAC HE IPOHSBO- ‘van. Ee HET 8 Torrossix KATAAOrAx 1938/1939 H 1947 rr [2,3] w 8 TEPESEEE MPUPOAHSEX |SEMASHBIX KPACOK, BRIITYCKAEMBIX COBETCKOM MPOMBIMIASHHOCTBIO B 1948-1950 rr? HET ‘TAAYKOHMTA H B HOPMATHBHBIX MATEPHAAAX 1963 I. 3ABOAA «KPACHBII XYAOKHEK»*. ViccAEAORASME STAAOHHN OSPASIIOB KPACKH SEAEHAS SEMA, TPUCAAHHEDK 5 1958 1959 rr, ASHVHTPAACKUM SAROAOM B SXCHEPTHI COREY H OBPASOB HA «LIBETHOM KAP- ‘Te» 1964 r [4], HOKARAAO, WTO 8 ABHCTBHTEADHOCTHC KPACKM IPEACTABARAM COBOR BOA- KOHCKOWT (cu, BoAKOHCKOMZ), KATAAOT-CHPAROSEMK AEHHHTPAACKOTO SABOMA 19641 TAK [XE YEASBIBABT, WTO KPACKA SHASHAR SEMA IIPEACTARASET COBOMl «PASHOBHAHOCTD BOA- KOHCKOWTA», OTAHYALOWVIOCS BOAEE TETABIM H BOAEE T=NHDIN OTTEHKOM [10]. ‘SHARNAK amnAS ASK. Iperaan xAPrA 19643. 9PM KPACKH BBIIYCKA 1963 r.~ SBABHAK 3EMAs (SEMAX SEASHAM TPYSUHCKAK H TPYSHECKAR SEAEHAS') ITOACABCKOTO 3ABOAA (ITPOHSBOACTBEHHOTO KOMBHHATA XYAOXSCTBEHHOTO ‘@0H4A CCCP) i KPACKA FAAYKOHMT ABHMHTPAACKOTO 3ABOAA, BIEPBLIE HASBAHDIB TABAH- 1B PESYAMTATOR MCIISITAHMH CRPMIAHBIX MACASHBLX KPACOK 1963-1965 rr, HECMOTPA HATO, ‘wro BTOCT 1966 r, BONA TOABKO KPACKA 3EMAK SEABHAM TPYSHHCKAA’, ABHRTPAACKIL 3ABOA MIPOAOAXKAA M AAABIIIE BBINYCK FAAYKOHHTA. (CPEAH OOHIHAABHO YTBEPXAEHHBX TEXHHMECKHX YCAOBHtH HTOCTOB HAXYAOKECTBEN- MIE MACAHBIE KPACKHL, TAAYKOHHT OTCYTCTBYET. TIMMMEHT PAAYKOHMT, OTBEYAIONIAT The ‘BenRHBIE IMMMENTSI H RPAGKEE ‘TY 21-46-01-89, ncresTHAca HAM AMID 3 HOPMATHBE AEHUHIPAACKOTO 3ABOAA 1995 r. Taavxonmr 1995 1 TAAyKOHET 64,1 Cassviomee: 09 ‘MACAO AbHSHOE OTREAEHHOE 49221 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE HOAHMEPHSOBABHOE ‘BasKOCTS10 21-22" 49,21 Bock wazamnsnit 198 1. Conau opment CocTAB MORIEPAAA 3%: SO, 474-5295 ALO, §2-18,6;K,0 40-95; FeO, FAO, {68-3675 0334-345; MgO 24-45, Ni,0 00-30 2 Keno ACasins Y4OXSCTRENRE [rvs TY MXIT 1213-46 BTERCY RHC HCRABARIOLE 8 ‘ootmercravo xanarmsay,yrnsexassnnt 1VILIS4813VI9S0% // CEOPkK CTARAAPTOBH TERE ‘oxen YeAOBHf A MPOSPEIMIO AAKOEPACOSHOM MPOMAINABHHOCTH T.-M, 1952.C. 4, 334804 «KoACuBA yO, ODM PACKOAA CHIPS A 1963 A MACA SHI YA ORECTRERE Ae ‘oot revrms. (APxasTOCHTIMP, @oHAX3C,¥85). 4 Haxoncxn xownres a Foc ST ato, RET SAY HATYPAASAS SEARHAR SEMA, AOSMBARIAECA 3 AEAAIVIKOM ECT” ronan ns Axaaspixa 3 ova 6 Prsynsaas UCTS XPACOK MACASHCSX 2ONECTBEIEN OTISCTARCEA ROMEIBOAC (BPE sis tarTi 1968-45 rr). (@0KAX3C,¥#7) 7.TOCT 1896-66. Keacot mAcasnite xyjonac ann. Crox mages 1VILI967. AmrEpATyPA 1. Prosser OH Xoyomstx 0 xoAcKA. MA, 1952. C 53-54 ‘2. TIpaRcxspaser 1938/39 A, 3AB0A XYAOAECTIEHEX KPACOK. 1939, 2B. IL, Turnarsce xeackmt XX BEKA $3. Kuluason M3, Ketanor-cneasossnnx aaxoxeacosson nossa, M,1948.C. 99-10. 4. Users xapra, KYAOAECTBEEIE MACAAHDIE KPACIL ABKCOBEAPSOSA, SABOA XTHOKECTBERHDX KPA (cox. Bueurrorrisaat, AO-1732/1, ‘KOBAABT SEAEHBIMI C XOAOAHBIM OTTEHKOM KosAsvr SEASHBiit ojMH 83 CAMGIX PACHPOCTPANEIDULIX SEAEIBIX HHTMEITOS BIOPOH HOAOBINS ‘IK XX, [lo xmarexcrovy coctABY ~TaERABtil PACTBOP ONCHAAOEAASTAM ONCHAA MMMKA OFIEIL ‘sornerast CoO w2n0, 07 cooromsuu xovoruox sasnteur Gur mureant4 [1-3], KoBAADT SEAEHBI CBETASIM C XOAOAHBIM OTTEHKOM — OTEUECTBEHHBI HHTMSHT, BTIEP- [BALE OMTYPMPYET B HMEHERHOMEB 1948 #1950 Tr, PEAAKIH TEXRUYECKUX YCAOBHA 1944.* KATAAOT-CMPABONHHK AEKMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA 1964 1. OMHCHBAET SEAEHBIE KOBAAS- ‘TOBMS TMTMEHTHY, KAK OTBEYAIOME OBUIEA #OPMYAE CoO-«Zn0yAl,O,, [pustza TEMEIA IMTMENT HACBINIEHIIOTO SEASHOTO BETA OTAWHABTCA OT CBETAOTO (GABAHO-SEAEHOTO) _MEHISIIMM XOAHECTBOM OKCHAA IHIHRA. KOBAADT SEAEHBIH CBETAMII C XOAOAHIM OTTEHKOM (CKOPEE C CHHEBATHIM) — TBEPASI ‘actor mmnHHEAEft MgAl,O,, CoAl,O, xt CoO c AOBABASHHEM UMHKOBLIX EEAWA ~ OTAWHABT- (CA HECPABHEHHO SOABUIMM COAEPKAHMEM AAIOMMHHA H UPACYTCTBHEM MATHILE [4]. Coraacto rexxurazckmn ycaonnan 197212 TY ASKX-A-7), MIMEHT HMBAH CABAYIO- ‘mya coctas: Kosaasr seasusif Temeift- CoO-15Zn00,03Al,0,0,26Mg0. KosaAsr seAsnnif cprtasti - Co0-$0Z1040,03A1,0,, Kosaabr srAsst CHETAMI C XOAOAHBIM OTTERKOM ~ 0,5-0,5SC0O-1SZn0-1,3AL0,2Mg0,, Tle 1lOcTOsHHOM IMT MEHTHOM COCTABE COCTAB CBASYIOMIETO BEIRECTBA KOBAABTA 3E- |ASHOTO C XOAOAHISD OTTEHKON ABHHHTPAACKOTO SABOMA EPHOAUSECKH MEHEACR, Konaasr seasHifi CaETABUE C XOAOAHBIM OTTEHKOM 1958.1, ‘KoBAAbT SEazHsti XOAOAHBI ora Baanouxe 13,9 Creapar Asommnns, 0,14 Cassyrourze: 18,3 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE OTBEAEHHOE 49,8 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE TEPMHUECKH OPASOTAHHOE 49,8 Bock 1aeammerit 198 -KosAAS? S2ASHBI CRETABI C:XOAOAHBIM OTTEHKOM 1964-1978 rr Cexsvomss: ‘MACA© ABHAHOE OTBEAEHHOE 49,28 "MACA0 ABHAHOR NOAMEPH3OBAHHOE BASKOCTSIO 21-22" 49,25 Bock mazamustit 1,98 B coorsercrsux c TOCTom 1977 r. KOBAAST SEAEHSIA TEMEBIMY BAIIVCKAAH HA MACILE- HOM H TIEHTAMACASHOM CBASVIOUIEM, A KOBAAMT SEAEHMIMI CBETAM H KOBAABT SUABHBIML °T66 ‘SENEHEIR TIMTMEHTSI H KPACKEE (CBETAMIE C XOAOAHLIM OTTEHKOM - TOASKO HA TIEHTAMACASHOM’, OAHAKO, KAK IIEHTAMAC- ‘ASHAR KPACKA, KOBAAST SEAEHI CBETABI C XOAOAHBIM OTTEHKOM, 110-SHAHMOMY, T105- BHACA DOSE, MOCKOABKY B HOPMATHBAX AEHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA HA 19781. ETO EIDE HET. ‘Kosaas szazuif cuerantit cxoaogeia oTTERKOM 1988 r, ‘Kosaanr seasnstii xoaoamni 6293 Baaouxc 947 BEnTOmMT opraHoouasEniit' 3,81 Cassvromes: Tne TAsPHTPHTOBBIi 90MP MPHSIX KHCAOT 99,24 Kucaota oazmnosas 126 3 i Te ria KosAasr snasuncit arnt (1), easrasui (2), exososusna orvamone (3) ASXK, Hakeackst 1967 5. 9PM. CotAACHO HOPMAM PACXOAA CMPD AEHMETPAACKOTO 3ABOAA, B COCTAB KPACKHA KOBAABT ‘SEAEHSI CBETABII 3 CHP2AMHE 9O-XIT. BXOAMA SEAEHBIZ OTAAOMLMAHMHOBBIA IATMERT. eT IL, Taramurasce xpactm XX BEKA KosaAsr ssasusiit cazranti c xoaoausim orranxom 19961. KoBAAMr SEAEHBIMA CRETASIL 9,0 TlarMant sEanuotit OTAAONMANMMOBSHL OL Bapuil CEPHOKUCABH 142 Creapar aiomaans, LL Cossvomzs: 17,1 MACAO ASHSHOE OTBEAEHHOE 4928 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE IIOAHMEPH3OBAHEOE BASKOCTBIO 21-22" 49,28 ‘Bock 1HEAMEEI 1,98 Treen 1 Knncra scacasmisexygonecrazinns [ rey. TY MXIT 1213-44, B TEXcr SHECREB MCHPASASHIRE B coormercraiat ceases, vrai 1VIL1948 4 3901980r.// CSOPHK CTANAAPTOSH TEXE- ‘secxin YouOBtE HA MPoAYRIND aAKONDACONIHOM nFoMGIMAREHOCTHLT.LM, 19521.C.438. 2.7 610-1320-72. Tumanera xe 39AOxICTRNENEK 42AORECTESHO-CoOTMALTEABCEENEEASOT:(TO3- sas suscnmsn a TY 610132077) 3. Tor aux coctas mursaeros mimaseasn 3 pasoTe [2] 3 xATAAOTE «TIMEMERTS AAR TOAORECTSERIN aco. 5.2, AHTIO «Tle spxaceus, 1984 16-27. 4. TOCT 11826-77. Keacat MACARHSI HERTAMACAEHILE OAORECTBEHABIE.TEXHWECKHS YCAOBIK. TI ‘AATEABCTBO CTARAAPTOB, 1984 CACANA2000-x Fr. KRACK BSITYCRAAM XAK MACAAIIE, §. Bunrrour — pAsionusHOCTS KAOAHINTA ~ AOTOAHTEASHOS BEMECTBO, HCTOASSVEMIOE AAA VOTE AMTEPATYPA |. AaxoxpacoMnaUs warsouaas H NoarnPosveTs. CHRABONEK, [Ton PRAAKH.HLELCATIIeA M, 1961,C. 25-26, 2. Comoe wosvpogyarn 4X AAKOKPACO‘BUE MATEPHAAOB, IToM PRAAKGL M.D. Tonsasee7A. M, 1978, 370. 3 Beassansf BO, Prensa WB. Nunane @ TERHOAOTHA MMIMERTOR. Ay 1974 C458 459 4 Kassaor-caPaBsiutk.XYAOKECTBSRHME KPACKI MACAA, AKI, PASSABICEAML ABHKOTPA ACKER SABOA, YAOMBCTBEHHAEXKPACOK. A, 1964.C.23-24, ‘MAPTAHIIOBO-KAAMHEBAS 3EAEHAS. “Marrasmono-SAAMInEnAS - £PKO-SIAIHAA KPACKA, MEXANICGECKAK CMECE MAPTAITIOBOH TOATEOH (cat cums mercer) kaqun amaconnoro memmycKAAAch ToABKO'B CCCP [1]. BMEPEME KPACKA MAPTAHIIOBO-KAAMHEBAS 3EAEHAS C AATOM EE BHITYCKA - AEKABPD 19551, - @uTYPHPYET B COMPOROAHTEABHOM CITHCKE K 9TAAOHHBIM OBPASIIAM MACASHBIX KPACOK, HANPABABHHEIX 8 1958 r, ABHHIITPAACKHM 2ABOAOM B OKCTIEPTHBIM COBET'. A HA SACEAAHHH OKCHEPTHOTO COBETA 1957 T. OTMEYAAACD HEAOCTATOHAR CBETONPOSHOCTS “«NAPTAHI[OBO-KAAMHEBOfl,B COCTAB KOTOPOIt BKOAUT MAPTAHTIOBAS FOAYBASD>? TIuragetsTHbI COCTAS KPACKH AEHHHTPAACKOTO SABOAA OCTABAACH HOCTOAHHSIY, A CO- (CTAB CBASYIONISTO BEMECTBA IEPHOAWECKH MEHAACE, 2786 ‘BENENBIE TMIMEHTEI H KPACKH Mapranmoso-xasunenas szaznax «K> 1988 1 Marramosas roaysas 39,5 Kaqnnit anommstit 26 Baanouxc 410 CTeAPAT AMOMHEHS. os (Cessviomee: 18,5 ‘MACAO ADHSHOE TEPMHYECKMOBPABOTAHHOR 47,84 ‘MACAO OPEXOBOE OTBEAEHHOE 47,84 Bock mzammniit 198 Macruxe 2,88 B 1961 r. MAPTAHTIOBO-KAAMHEBAS SEABHAN BOIIAA B TEXHIMECKHE YCAOBL, BLINYCKAS- 1MSDX TIPOMBIILAEHHOCTSIO MACARHBIX KPACOR’, Marraujoso-xagunnnas abasias 1964 Coxsvomzs: ‘MACAO ABHAHOE OAHMEPHSOBANHHOE ‘BasKocTs10 21-22" 4784 ‘MACAO OPExOBOE OTBEAEHHOE 4784 Bock muzamnsiit 195 Macraxe 2,88 B HOPMATHBAX ABHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA MAPTAHHOBO-KAAMMEBAS 3EAEHAS © 1974 r. (OUEYPPYET KAK MEHTAMACAXHAK KPACKA, XOTH B STOM KANECTBE OHA BAIAA BKAIOWEHA B TOCT roasxo 8 1971 Maprasrjoso-Kaquinzpas sEazzAz 1974-19781 Cassyome: Tlup1as9up xupHnrx KECAOT 95,62 Bock mIEAMESIi 191 Macruxe 2,87 Tlocas sazaztsta TOCTA 1977 T. KPACKY BHIMYCKAAH Hf KAK MACARHVIO, 10 ¢ SAMEHO (OPEXOBOTO MACAA~ MAKOBBIM. 1977 u 1978 rr Caasvromee: ‘MACAO ABHAHOE 1OAUMEPHSOBAHEHOE ‘BasKocTs10 21-22" 4781 ‘MACAO MAKOBOE OTSEAEHHOE 4731 Bock mazamustit 491 Macruxc 2,87 796 IL. Tarserapin xeacku XX Buxa 1LCrutcox stuscton macasetncxencox (Anes TocHHUP. ona X3C,\ 6a). Haxmacior macereasTocHMMAR 2, Cramornanaca sactaasts X3C 24 nas 1957 (OHA X3C,M#2, ¢.144), ‘3. CTY 30 12186-61, Kaces macarons xyoxcrasxan rym. (Baan TY 1213-4). ‘4 TOCT 11826-77, Kracxa seacaaua u eaacamn maoxacrasnis, Texirasceus yeaonis. s- AATEARCTBO CTAMAAPTOS, 1984, CHAEAAA 200057 KPACKY SBINVCKAAI AK MACAAIEND. ‘AwrEpATyPA 1. Karaaor-onasor. NYsORECTRBMEISE ACIDE, MACAA, AREY PASBABICTEAM, AEMMETPAACIER A304, 1968. 6.43. Maprannopas SEAEHAT lexvecrasanu marist reno10aA0TO IDETA, NO XIRGMHECKOMY COCTABY - OCHOMMOA THO- essa arnt BaMaO nBa(OH), ras 1-25 [2,2]. B 1840 r, BERZELIUS BIIEPDBIE YTOMAHVA XHMMIECKOE COEAMHEHHE MAHTAHAT BAPHLA, KO- ‘TOPOE 1860 r, CTAAO HaBECTHO KAK MHTMEHT [3]. I]OSE KAYECTBO THTMEEFTA BELAO YAY" ‘ISHO HB 1894 T, O MAHTAHATE BAPH COOBIJAAOCD KAK © SEAEHOMt KPACKS, HASMBAEMOML KOMTAMHA BASF AG (TPAAsI:g) TOADTEHAA B 1921 r.mmcanxset maven [4]. B30sC9T. MEMMEHET IINPOKO HCHOABSOBAAH 3 IPOHSBOACTBE BOAOPACTSOPHIMBTX KPACOK, AB HAGAAE S0-X I. OH BMA BHTECHER @TAAOUMANCHOBSIASE- ‘snc marycesox [5] (CBEAEHILA 0 MACAEHOM KPACKE SAPYBERHOTO MPOMSROACTBA HA OCHOBE MHTMBHTA 35- ‘AsnasitB HA CRPOAHAIIMIAA ABU HET, Cosercxort nmoMsIMAEHHOCTSIO OPCAHVMECKHTH SEABHAM HHTMT BALA BHIYEIEE 3 1936. mo, HASBARMEM Tlarasir 3eAEHDIM XK - EATOBATOTO 1 TIMTMEHT SEABHBC—CH- HEBATOTO OTTEHKOS 1 T1PEAHASHAVAACA AAS MPHMEREHIA BPESHSIOBOM MPOMBIIIABHO- cri’, BHIYCEB HASBIBAET «IIHIMEHT 3EAEHBIM» - KOMMAEKCHOE COEAMHEHME HHTPO3O- BAAOTOA, YKASAHHOM OOPMYAM, ~ B PABOTE 1939 r, CPEAH IIHIMEHTOB, HCOABSYEMBIX B Axaapzantiontsxrmomci (6), 1B 1949. Ha , CPEAM KOTOPHIX HA3BAHA KPACKA TPABSHAS 3EAEHAS®, M3 OTYBTA AABOPATOPHH AEHHH- TPAACKOTO SABOAA BHAHO, "TO B RE COCTAB B OTHOUIEHUH 1:1 BXOAHAM THTMBHT SEABIEA M BAAHOMKC*. A IIPOEKT TY HA KPACKH «HEBA», IIPEACTABAEHHEIM B HAYAAE 1958 r,B KC- THEPTHIM CORBY, YTOWHAET, WTO B KPACKY TPABSHAT SEARHAS, BKOAHT MHTMEHT SEABHSI2, SAMYCKARE 10 YKASAHHOMY TOCTY 1949 1 KATAAOT-crPABONHAK AEHKETPAACKOTO SABO 1964 F, TAK KE OMHCBIBABT AKBAPEABHYIO KPACKY SEABHAR TPABAHAS, KAK 7IMEIO- [UD 8 COCTABE «OPTAHIWECKHMTMTMBHT SEAEHB [8], 1B 1971 r. AEHMTPAACKUM 3AB04 TDEACTABHA B OKCHEPTHME COBET TEXEHSECKHE YCAO- [VK HA IPOUSBOACTSO HA OCHOBE THTMENTA SEAEUIIM B MACARHOM KPACKH — SHPHAOHO- ‘BAS SEABHAS® KPACKA BOMIAA B [OCT 1977 1:', OAHAKO OHA OUTYPHPYET B HOPMATHBAX AE- HMROPAACKOTO BABOAA YiKE HA 1974 BupugoHOBAS SEARHAS 1974.2. TnrMEur sEAEHBIS (OPTAHHSECKHILKPACHTEAS MAPKAB) 25,7 Tharwenr ears 4K 2 +81. IL, Tarsenrapir neack XX BEKA Cossromes: 68,1 ‘MACAO ASHLAHOE PAOMEEPOBAEHOE OTBEAEHEOS 48,74 ‘MACAO ASHLEHOS HOAMMEPHSOBAHEOS BasKOCTBIO21-22" 48,74 Bock nisamnniit 1,95 Aaswara 097 Burugouosas Seasnas 1977-1988 21 Bcocras cassyiomro soxAEH CHKKATHS HO-1 096 Bupigowosas seastas 1988 Thurman seasmsni marin (OPTAmMMECKHXPACHTEAS) — 18,0 Tinrsenr 2xsarsti ComromPOussit 14 BaPuT CEPHOKHCABI 233 Consvromas: 53,6 ‘MACAO ABHAMOE PAOHIHPOBAHHOE OTSEAEHHOE 48,29 ‘MACAO ABEHOE HOAHDMEPHSOBANHOE ASK. 21-22" 48,29 Bock n4eamnpiit 492 Aawmeara 2,00 (Conxscarats MAPROEIKKCL 090 Tpumesanns 1. CT/PONTI-27/2590, Ortasaeseceoi merase. Tharsaner saasnact, Crox spsgenis 1.X.1936. Tar sar seas K mast C nPs4cTARAME? COBO KOMIAEKCHOE CORAUISHIIS MUTPONO-BETANAGTOAAC > |ABsoM, SMRUAPHHECKAR @OPMAA C,H.N,0 Fe. ANAOTH HHOCTPAREOMY THTMEHTY ~ CM. TASAILA [Divanua FARBSTOFFTABELEN, aA 7, ACTIN’ S w COLOURINDES, 34 19240... 2. TOCT 4579-49. Tlarsrs auarsaut(orraxarescaf xpactrans).Cpox saqznctLIV.I949 7, TY MATTOMII8S-55. Keacin waniae. TlPORKT. (TAM, cu16:128). 6.Orsar o anersasocr# X3C 34 1971 1. (OOHAXSG¥ 13). 7.TOCT 11826-77. KoAcRo MACASHE TEHTAMACASHDISXOROXECTSENNGIE. THXIDTMECKID YOAOEA. Vianaraascro CraRAAPTOR, 1984 AmTEPATYPA 1 Cups uonvmpogviers Aas 4AxoxPACONEIX MATEPHANOS, [TOA PEAAKE, M.MToans3Pr4. M4, 1978 ca, 2, Beast EO, Puciame HB Xwnees w TexHOAoris MHTMEHTOR. AL, 1974, C 589-590 3, Ue u Prosamxave PrxOB0CTB0 HO MPOHIROACTHY MHHEPAASHIX XPACOK IEP. C HEMET, Ty 1934.12 +826 SenEHSIE MHTMCENTS H KPACKH 4. Keyzax M, . HistoRy OF MODERN SYNTHETIC INORGANIC AND ORGANIC ARTISTS Proxans.// INSTITUT (Contacris Nepxmaxo, ICN-Inroxuxri0N, Numa I, Ma 2000, (EMAUL: BRIGTREISLAND@ICN). $5. Panaco F DICTIONNAIRE Dis MATERIAL DU PELNTRE Pass 2005.P.227 (6.Tvces BH Axnavaas. A, 1938.C.38 7. AAKoXeACO‘i MATEPHAAM 1 NOATPOAYKTDL CoPaso‘itik TIOs PEAK, WLH.CAITHRA, M, 1961. C 98 8. Karanor-crraso‘ok, XYAOXECTSEMEIE KPACKI MACA.A, AKI, PASEABHTEAL. ASHHTPAACKAA3ABOA VROECTEEHEEX XEACOK A, 1964,C.78. SEAEHBIM H CHEMI ©TAAONHAHMHOBSIE MHTMERTSI ‘@rasonmammnonsce mtrasnrot- OFFARNSECKHE COEAIREI, OAY GARMAN SDCHRCHID YAN _osPASTIoMOEE CAMOCTORTRASHTIO FVII KYACITAAR ~ KOMILAEKCEIE COAM TETPABERGONOPOHPA- SHA € META, OTAAOMDEARIEEONSE HHTCERTD OKPANIERM SCHUH H SEARRGLL REY, BKAIOUAR ‘uronazaro EAS OTTENKM B RATECTON MTOSHTOS PHDORISDOY 6A AOWHAIHIOSEE Cx (@TAAO aus ng) - monocenaas (nau rzauora) roxvsol C,H, Ca APK0 CHHTO BETA; @TAAOWRA- xomopsri suaxmasit (x1oPsPos nil or4AONARIE MAR) -MONOCEPAAS (HAMP2AMOrzH)sEARHS C,HCL,N,Ox ~ arxoro camy-seazmoro HBTs; eTAAOTMANHONDEH sEazuosaro-roAyHOR (@raA0- LANG me copcaM aEEAAAA) ~ NTSC? HPKOTO 9EABHOBATO-TOAYPOTO HBETA. QTAAONHARIE _Suamtt, 1 COAEPAAMI \ETAAAL, BHIEYCRAETEH TAK HE 3 BHA EAOPHPOBASIOFO HPOMYICA HOM asnaxRmcMomOcrPAs se4sx27 [1-3]. B 1928 r.» [otaamas 1a sanogax oxpmnx Scommisi Dvss Lrp. » nPomacce mposamm- AEHHOTO TIOAYIEHILE OTAAHNHAA BHLAO OSHAPYXKEHO HOBOE X/MMYECKOE COEAMHERIS, (crasy ake mpunAzxnize suvimarte, B 1929 7. SMAK HATATSI ETO HCCAEAOBAHK, TPOAOA- 2xABIHEGE AO 1933-19341, xorAA RPLINSTEAD, GIIBYRNE 1 AR.LOWE OMYEANKOBAAH B AHTAMACKOM YPHAAS IEPBBIE CTATSH# O XHMEUNECKOM IPHPOAE H CTPYKTVPE HOBOH TPYT- TIBI OPTAHETMECKMX KPACHTEARII H O EE TAABHOM IIPEACTABHTEAS - @TAAOUMAHMHE [4, 5]. B 1928-1936,7.BBIAO BExAAHO HECKOABKO EPHTARCKIX H HEMELIKIEK RATESITOB HA OTKPBITAR HIPOH3B0ACTBO CHHETO H SEAEHOTO oTAAOMHAHHIA [68]. B 1935 x. xomanns ISI Lrp. (AHraa) MPOUSBEAA CHHHM OTAAOUMAHHHOBEIA HT ‘MEHT 1104 HASBAHHEM MONASTRAL Fast BLUE BS (6, 8, 9], 4 » 1935-1996 rr. xonmanHs IG. Faxsennvpustaie AG, (TerMAHite) BITYCTHAA 2TO TOA HASBAHHEM HELIOGENBLAU B. Power. B 1936. PATSHT HA MPOUSBOACTBO THTMEHTA TOAYHAA El. Du Pons Ds NEMOURS ‘& Com. Inc. (CIA) [6]. RMavar u H.KOHN mumyt, 110 HEME OTAAONMAHMHOBHIE TET- MENTE, HOAYTAEMGIE 13 OTAAEBOTO AHTHAPHAA Ht MEAHOM{ COAH, BIIEPBKIE OSBHAHCD 5 ‘nPoAAx6.5 1936. [10, 11].B1983 r-KoMmasHs BASF FG, 3anagstax TEPMASHS, BITYCTIAA B-MoqHoMKAWJHI0 CHHETO @TAAONMAHMHA OA HASBAHHEM HELIOGENBLAU BG [6]. (Cutnmit oraAouMasttnonitit MHTMEHT 5E3 METAAAA TIOA HASBAHKEM MONASTRAL Fast Bove suinycrHaA B 1939 r KoumTas#« ISI Lip, 8 1945-1955 rr. sro MPOHSBOACTBO BBIAO 3A- [MEHEHO Ha B-MOAMOUKAIIHIO CHHETO oTAAONMAHHHA Mar [6]. SEAEHDIE @TAAOUMAMHHOBEIA TIHTMEHT — XAOPHPOBAHEDIA OTAAONMANME MEAH — 1936 r.ctasATPoUSBOAKTS KoMMTAHHAISILD.,» 1937--IG. FARBENINDUSTRIEAG, AB 1940 - EL pu Powr ps Na@ouas & Com. INC. HA¥AAO KOMMEPSECKOTO IIPOHSBOACTBA SEAEEOTO ‘@TAAOYMAHMHOBOTO MHTMEHTA OTHOCHTCA K 1938 r. [12]. 2836 IL, Darvmurence epackn XX BERA B SOx rn, HYTEM OAMOBPEMEHHOTO XAOPHPOBAHIS H BPOMMPOBAKILS OTAAONAHHHA LMEAM HASAAH BBINVCEATS XAOPO-SPOMOMEAHBIA OTAAONJAAHHHOSSIA THTMERT PKO- ‘ABABHLOTO BETA C XKEATOBATBIM OTTEHKOM, B KOTOPOM ACTS XAOPA SAMBHEILA BFOMOM. B 1957, murManr TOA HARBANMEM. VIRIDINE-GREEN SMA HOAY'EH KOMMARHEM HARMON Cotors (CIA), 3 1959. EL bu Pont ps Nexcours & Cont, INC. OCYIJECTBMAA ETO 11°0- ‘HS3BOACTBO. B 3amaaHoit IEPMAHKM IMTMBHT IPOR3BOAMACS KOMMAHMEA BASF FG 104, LHASBANHEM HELIOGENSLAU 6G (1960 r) m HitiocENGRUN 8GA (1967 r), A KOMIIAKHEA ICL, (Azarasis) no, HaaBAxMEa MONASTRAL Fast GREEN 6YS B 1961 r. [3,6] TepS3t2 CHMMS H SEAEHMIE XYAORECTBERHBIS MACASIESIE KPACKHC HA OCHOBE @TAAOIA- [HUBOBMX MATMEHTOB SBLAI NPOUSREAENGI 3 AHTAMHC HB HMAZPAABAAX. OHPMA BAHSOP x He1orom sutnycria > 1937 1, CHOW, A 31939 1, 32ABHYIO OTAAOLANHHOBVIO KPACKY. B 19407. OBE KPACKIC Tio KASBAIHHERN Cubist PEMSPAHATA 4 SEABHAR PEMBPAHATA OSBH- ‘utc B KATAAOTE ou TLAEAC [6]. [BUsors CTEM @nAAOTJAAHLIHORECEXPACKH HOAYMAM PACTIFOCTPABEHH TOABKO TOCA BTO- ‘Pot arpo3of pom, TIPS, 3 PAGOTAX O TEXIIKE Hf MATEPHAAAX KMBOTIMCH, IVEAMKOBAS- _muIKc 0 BroPO# HOAOBIEE XR, THM IITMEETAM OTBOSHAOCS ONEHD HISHASHETEABHOEME- (10. 32ASLMIE @7AAOWHAEHHOBUUE TTC, KAK PABA, B HK BOOBLIE HE VIOMMEAAHCS. <, A 0 SEABHOMTOABKO, 3TO HsuiocENondN G 3 AKBAPEAM MPEANOYTUTEABHEE OxCHAA KPOMA [5]-B 1984r, RMAYER SSANEMABT, TO OTAAOUMAHUHOBDI CHAU BBITECHABT BEPAMHCKITO AASYPS [16]. B COBEICKOi{ AMTEPATYPE O TEXHHKE H MATEPHAAAK XHBORUCH CBEAEKULE 0 @TAAOIHA- [HMNBORDIX IMTNEHTAX STBPBHIS NOASHANCD » FABOTAX BHLIYCEBA OF AKBAPEADHCE XPA- eax. B 1939 1: TCHS, SAMBA, STO MOHOCTPAAB CHEEAM (TEAMOTEH CHM) MOET BITS PEKOMEHAOBAM AX OTBETCTBEHMBIX PABOT, BMIMOAHAEMBIX 5 AKBAPEASHOM TEXHUKG, rmacaa, ¥70 8 CCCP murMent Hs nponssoavrcs [17]. B TEKCTE 270 nyBAMKAHX 1947 5. [MUTMEET HE YROWIHYS, HO TEAMOTEH TOAYEOM (wOKOCTPAAS) POHSBOACTEA HHOTIMK [BKAIOSEH HMB IIBPESEHD KPACOK, PEKOMEHAYEMBX AA AKBAPEABHBIX PABOT, 3B TABAHUY casrocrofixnx xeacsmpox xmscrs {18}, B 19507: TAABAHMAMEIIPOM YTBEPAMA ACCOPTHMEHT IIMEMEHTOS AAR MOAMTPACHIECKOM [RPOMGIULAEHHOCTH, BKOTOPOM SHIA IATMEHT TOAYEOA oTAAOTMARMHOSHA'{19].B 1982.1. AM TauPx AEH TOCTM HA POAYSOME SEABHI O7AAONMAHKHOBBL TTMENTS PEA? HASHLAUEHEDIE,PhABHBIM OBPASOM, AAS IOAMTPAGIFIECKOM Ht KAPARAAIIHOM IPOMBIUIAEH- xocri [20]. Tews, 8 TOCTs HA MAEMEHT FOAYEOR @TAACLMAHHHORSIA YKASHIBAAOCS, "WTO BTO BMILYCKAIOT ABYX OTTEEKOB ~ KPACHOBATOTO H SEAEHOBATOTO. +846 SENEHSIE HMTMEHTSI H KPACKH Aas XOAOMECTREMHBIX I]EABA OTAAONMAHMHOBBIE TIHTMENTSE BIEPBSIE CTAAI UC [OABSOBAT® B POMSBOACTSS AKBAPEABHLX KPACOK. B 19855 r BHIAH BREAFH! TEXHHECKHE YCAOBHR HA AKBAPEABHBIE KPACKH MAPK «AB -aurpag».B COCTAB HABOPOBN? | w NP2.9THX KPACOK BOUAA KRACKA TOAYEAR OLP.A US ‘OTUETA BAROACKOHL AASOPATOPIH AEHHHTPAACKOTO SABOAA CAEAYET, NTO KPAGKY «HS LMPYAHO SEAEHYIOn B STHX HABOPAX MSTOTOBASAM 13 3EABHOTO , 3 KOTOPOM PHCYT- CTBOBAAM TMrMEHTH ToAysOH OL (TOCT 62-20-52) n seazenii OL (TY MXI13289-52). [BIEPEYHE KPACOK 9TOTO MPOEKTA, MO-TIPEXHEMY, SHASHAACS TOAYSAR OL, A THTMERT suABHIA OL] BMECTE C MMTMERTOM 2KEATSIM CBETOIPONHBIM BXOAHA B COCTAS KPACKH [IEPMAHEUTT AEARHY TEXHHMECKHE YCAOBHS 1960 FHA HABOPH KPACOK «ABHHAHTPAA™, -BBEABHHDIE BMECTO TY 1955 r, HOROTO OB STHX IIATMEHTAX HE COAEPKAAM'. 'B 1964-1. QXCIEPTHSIM CORET IOCTYTMA HA YIBEPKCARHIC TPORKT TOCTA , B KOTOPOM HAPSAY C TOAYEOM OL] C BAAHOMKCOM, HA- SBAHA ail3YMPYAHAR 3BAEHAS»> ~ ITHTMEHT 3EAEHRIA OTAAOIUAHMHOBAIH M BAAHOUKCS, ‘KE BBITYCKABIIASCA AEHMHIPAACKHM 3ABOAOM [21, C. 78]. C1961 r. «naysteyqnvi0 SEARHYIO> HS SEAEHOTO OTAAOIMAHMEOBOTO MHTMBHTA AE- -HUBITPAA\CKI 3ABOA BBITYCKAA H.KAK DMVABCHOHHYIO HOAMBHHEAALETATHYWO TEMIIEPY [21,c.69]. HECMOTDS HA TO, $TO TEXHMYECKHE YCAOBHs 1959 7. IPEAYCMATPHBAAH HCTIOADSOBA- ‘HUE MUNDMEHCTA 2EABHLA OL] B IPOHSBOACTRE TYANIEBNEC KPACOK’, YC HET HMB TIEPESHE XXPACOK, BBINYCKARMBDX AEHMHTPAACKHM SABOAOM, HH B OMHCAHHH HX COCTABOS EME 11964, [21]. BEPBRIE YAIIEBHIE KPACKH HA CHHETETHMECKOMI OCHOBE BKLAM MPEACTAB- ABHBI 5 SUCTIEPTHBIA COSET 5 1964 T. 3TO BRIAK SEAEHAR OTAAOUMAHMHOBAS, TOAYEAR OTAAONMARMHOBAS, SEAEHAS SOAOTHAS (3EABHAS OL] H KEATBIA CBETOMPOSEDI) Ht 35- ABHAS AAAOXCKAS (FOAYBAS OL 1 XEATAIA CBBTOMPONHEIA). ‘iro KACAETCS @/TAAONMAHHOBKIX MACASHDIX KPACOK, YTIOMMHAH! 0 HIE MET HH 5 ogo Ms onvEAMKORAMEEIX 8 CCCP PASO, KACAIONUXCH TEXHHKH H MATEPHAAOB 2i- ‘Bonucit, Aum B 1967 r, HA SACEAAHHM SKCTEPTHOTO COBETA OTMEYAAOCS, 470 AEEHE- TPAACKHH.3A504 3 1966 r BACHIMPILA ACCOPTHMBLHT XYAOKECTEEHHX MACASHBIX KEACOK HA OCHOBE HCTIOAB3OBAKH CBETOMPOWHSIX SEAEHOTO M CHHETO OTAAOLIHAHHHOBBIX ‘MUrMsHro3. OBPASISE STHX KPACOK BMA AAEM HA OTSMIB AEHHTPAACKHAM X¥AOKHH- KAN, ATIAAH 3ABOAA 1967. IPEAYCMATPHBAA HX IIPONBIIABHHRIA BBITYCK. K IPOTOKOAY ‘SACEAAHM IPHAOXEHA PYKOTACHAR SATIICKA (10-BHAMMOMY, IPOEKT PEUIEHHA), PAS- PEILAIOIIAS ABHIIHTPAACKOMY SABOAY B 1969 F, BBITYCK HOBNX XYAOMECTBEHHX MATE- ‘PHAAOS, B TOM SCAB OTARONBAKMHOBEIX KPACOK’, 'B 197] TOAY TEKHUWECKHIE YCAOBH AEHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA HA IIPOHSBOACTBO MAC- _ATHIMX KPACOK ~ FOAYEOM. M 3EAEHOM TAAOIMAHHHOBOA ~ BRAM COTAACOBAHB: C SKC- "MEPTHIM CORETOM, Tlosace, 3 1976 r, MPOEKT TOCTA HA MACASHME H TIEHTAMACASHIBIE XPACKH, COOBIIAET, ‘WTO BHECEEHUEB HETO KPACKM TOAYEAS H 3EABHAS OL] ¥2XE BMINYCKAIOTCS NO TEES can yenonviane!.B 1977 r. OSE KPACKH BOMAM B HOBKIATOCT™ 856 Tlumcnranie xeacka XX naxa ‘KPACKH rOAVBAS 1 SEAEHAS OL ABHMHTPAACKOTO SABOAA EMEIOT OAMHAKOBAIit COCTAS cassvomEro. Toavsaau seanuas OL 19741988 1. Tiurueat roaysoit OI 314 BAAomKe a1 TiurMenr sEaEHiit OL 32,6 BAAHORKC 32,6 Cassvromze: 422 MACAO ABHAHOEPACHHHPOBABHOEOTSEAEHHOE 48,74 ‘MACAO ASHAHOE OANMEPHSOBAHHOE BA3K.21-22" 48,74 Bock MHEANESIit 198 Awoura 0.97 BOO rr. HA ABHUHTPAACKOM SABOAE AAS YAYSIIEHMA UBETOBMX KAYECTB MACASHBIX [KPACOK KOBAAST SEASHBIM CBBTAMI H USYMPYAHAS SEAEHAS K OCHOBHOMY TIHTMEHTY AO- BABAMAH COOTRETCTBEHHO 0,1 2,6 4ACTH TIMTMBHTA sEAzHOTO OL, Tipuustanna 1. BM wopremocenf nastnanr HeTosssvanif 3 NOAHTACHDX HRTMGHT PONYEOH OTAAOHAINIEORLA 3 onornaesnt 19527. [19,187]. 2. TY MXIT OU 295-85. Keacear carat «Amuaureaye, Crox sBsQsn ISIVI9S5 1. // Ceoesn cTAx- |aarTon 2 Taxroreackiex ¥caoni A NPOAPKITANO AAKOKPACOSHOM MoMUARHNOCTH.T.IN-M, 1959. C. 21s. {3 Busca us orvaos [esreaastiof aBosCKOM AABOPATOPHGE 0 TaN NW § 341955 41957 rr. (APD TocHMMP. @ona XC, 1, ¢ 139). 4, PTY PCOCP. Kear axsarensitexyaccraseeis avast «Assanrpag,TeouK. (TAM 3, ¢.116— 134m 144, mers. 3). °866 ‘SEnEHBIE TIMTMENTSI H KPACKIL S.TY AmnCXN 3306S-60.KeackaeAKBAPEASHIAOMECTHSHAIE APIO «ASHUTDAA. (BEANEN TYNE (O01295-S5). Crox sseasux27.L19600, 6 Tironxr TOCTA ma axsansannics xPAciot, 1964 (OKA KIC, N?6) 7.-TY Aen CXW 33016-59. Kea goxecrBeHsKe ryAMEBRE, (B8AaCEH TY MXTIOUL-44-48) 8, vam s7AOXECTIMHHAS HA CHETETIEECKOR OciTORE. HOBME MAPK, oyeoeatine x MPOTOKDAY XBC (07 11.03.1968. KnroEery npwaoxaHs HAKDACKE, (00114X3C, 07). 9.Troroxon saceaaiex X9C or 6 ama 19671: (TAM, NY 6A, A102" 11). 10. Orerr o ausrzassocra X3C 3419711 (TAM, 013). 1. Tronxr rocyaArcrstnworo CrAHAAPTA «KPACKH S9\ORECTRINNGI: MACASHIS it ERTAMACASIED® (easeasorau AHTIO «Taran, 2-48 PEQAKKDR, WOH 19761.) (TAM 2, W 11.1976, 4:31) 12, TOCT 1186-77. Keackn wacnenbis EHTAMACASHE XyAOHECTEONAE, CPOK wREAasti8 OLOTT&. isgarsancrao ctaHaAPTOS, 1984. AMTEPATYPA 1. Adxoxeacousams MATERHANB' HOAYIPOAYTHL TOA PEQAKH, VLH.CAmTHPA.M, 1961, C113, 2. BaasusratE@, Pucxas HB, Kus W TEXHONOTAR IMTMERTOR. 424, A, 1974.C.59, ‘3. Chron u nouvpoqvicrat AK AAKOKPACOSHIK MATEPHAAOB. Thy PENRO MACTOADAREPEA. M1978 c.380. 4. Loverzan RP. REPORTS OP BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR ADVANCEMENT OF SCUENCE 1933. P.4SS. 5. Brava GI, LasreaD RP. ano Lows AR, Praatoctanmas ANEW Tvox ox Srevsimc COLOURING MAST #38 // Jounal or Cuzutcas Soctery. 1934.2. 1016-1039. 6 Kuyesn M, ns, Hisrony oP MODERN SYNTHETIC INORGANIC AND ORGANIC ARTIST’ PicMRNTS,// INSTITUT (Coutacria Nepsx:ans, ICN-in#ORMATION, Nowages 1, MA1 200, (Euan: SRIGTREISSLAND ICN). 7. Wars K, WanasrOrre uno TaCuNIKEN DER MALEREL RAVENSBURG, 1967. S165 {8 Panuco F DICTIONNAIRE DES MATERLAUX DU PEINTRE PARIS. 2008.P. 115,772. 9. Marax , Tas Axrist’s HaNDBOOK OF MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES. N.Y, 1957 P.65,90, 92 10, Marex R-ADDrcriowany o Tens AND TaciNrques. NEW YORK, 1969. .293. 11, Kou H, FasaMaTaRsALinn. PicM@NTE UD BovDEMITTHL // RECLANS HANDRUCH DER KONSTLBRISCHEN ‘Tacaosncan.B. 1. STUTTGART, 1998 $.40, 12, GzumensR J. aND Stour G.L Pawrin MATERALS. A SHORT ENCICLOPEDIA.N.Y, 1946.0. 137. 13. KouanM, Das Starmastiio osx Nevzar.// RECLAMS HaNDBUH D5n KONSTLRRISCHEN THCHNIREN. B, 1. Sruzr ant AvrLacs 1998,5.398, 14, SLANSFB.TucuNca MALBY DL PRACHA, 1956, 15.Doznae iM. MazacaTensaL WD SsINER VERWANDUNG IM BIDE, STUTTGART, 1960 5.76, 78, 16, Maren R. Tos Aurst's HanDx00K N.Y, 1984, P81. 17. Tvces BH. ARAPEAs A, 1938. 38,87. 18. Dycus BH. Axsarnasite xeACis M, 1947. C.69,70, ABA. A BEABINCS C. 42/43 19, Peorrmmacooi B. Taracurat 8 nosurea@Ht, M, 1952.C. 191 20.TOCT 6220-52. urns rosys0M evaAonatmonst (MowoCTPAAS roaysoxB)-TY MXIT 3289-52. urnaar sxqenut @TAAOUMAKHHORM (P=AMOTEH 2E45HT).// AAKOKOACONISIE MATETUAAS 1 1049 "arogyri. CurABowui To, PRAAKH, HLELCaTTAPA. M, 1961. TABA.c. 124-125, 126-127, 21, Kesasor-cmPaBOSHER, XYNORECTRENHNE KPACKY, MACAA, AKU, PASBABHTEAH, ABKICHTPAACKE 2h 1304 XYAORECTBEEIBEK KPACOK. Ay 1964 +876 IL, Tarnmnranin xpacka XX Beka CHHME IHIMEBTHI H KPACKH Marrannopas roaysaa (arrantiosas custss) ‘MaPrisiMOBA TOAYSAA ~ HCKYCCTOERHDIH NUIT 4PKOTO HEBECHO-TOAYSOTO IBA. T130MOPO- HAR CHECH THOMANTAILATA BAPAC CYABOATOD BAPIOE H mHDKECSIO BuO cocrasA.— Ba (Mx0,) ‘BS B20, r9sn=10-16,m=13, [1,2]. -MAPIAHIJOBY10 OAYBYIO BITEPBBIE TOAYYMA BONG 5 1907 r. B 19351. LG. FARBENINDUSTRIE 1G (Tpmasia) nOAYSMAA OPAHLYSCKHA MATEHT HA EE TIFOHSBOACTSO, A 8 1936 r. AG. [FARBENINDUSTRIS ~ IIATEH'T HA MMTMEHT YAYSUUEHHOTO KAYECTBA. SATEM IATEBTBIEA 1PO- [HSBOACTRO MAPTAK[OROR TOAYEOH BMA BSIAAHD 4 APTI CrPaHax [1,3-6]. THIKOHN YKASMAAET "TO MAPIAHI{ORAX TOAYEAA MOCTYNHAA B TPOMWY HESAAOATO AO 1935 1 [5] A RMav, 70 OKOAO TOTO TOMA KPACKA BBIAA BBEAEKA B XYAOMCECTBEEYIO smpaxraxy [7]. B KATAAOTE O;PMG AEOPAH MAPTAETIOBAR TOAYEAS (BLEU AZURAL) PACT cerayetc 1938, [6], A KATAAOTE OnPMON TAAEHC~ C 1942, TAB HE MPOMSBOACTBO B 1988 r [BHIAO IDEKPAINEHO H SAMEHEHO B 1993 r IIPOHBOACTEOM TOAYEOH @TAAOHIHAHIHOBOH [4]. BoABAIHHCTBO ARTOPOS CHITTART, "TO MAPTAHIOBAK TOAYEAS, KAK XYAOKECTREHHAS KPA- (CKA, OAVUHAA IIMPOKOF PACTIPOCTPAHEHME BAYDKE K CEPEAMHE XX 8, K, WEHLTE OTHOCHT [EE [2]. Llepvasya OTCYTCTBVET 3 TEXHMMECKUX YCAOBMSX HA KPACKH 1944 1!, HO BKOAMT B UX ‘H3MEREHHY1O B 1948 w 1950 rr. PEAAKIMI0*. OAHAKO KPACKY TOTAA BBITIYCKAAM, I10- BHAK- -MOMY, HA UAOPTHBIX MUTMEHTAX. B 1938-1939 7. HA AYAEBCKOM KPACOSHOM SABOAE IPOBOAMAM OFT 110 TOAYBEIO [HEPYABYMA AAS O4POOPOROM MPOMBIILAEHHOCTH, KOTOPBIE BOBOSHOBHAN B 1955 rH LOAY- ‘NWAM THTMSHT AAW XYAOKECTBERIIBIX KPACOX, BAUSKUILT1O TOHY SAPYSEXCEBIM OBPASILAM, [HO C KOARBAMIAEMM 3 TOHAABHOCTH [3]. B 1959 T. HAA TIOAYSEHHEM UEPYAEVICA PABOTAAH 3B AEHHHTPAACKOM OHAMAAS I'MIIM-4, A B 1961 Fr. COOBIJAAOCE, YTO PEKOMEHAYEMAS TEX- [HOAOTHA MPOMSBOACTBA EPVAEYMA AAS XYAO:KECTEBHTEBIX KPACOK IPHHRTA K BHEAPEHICO Asuuntreaaciamt2n04on [4]. BIIEPBBIE KPACKA HEPYAEYM (MMIMEET N? 78) OMIYPHPYET B HOPMATHBAX MOCKOBCKOTO ‘SABOAA «KPACHBIA XYAOKHHK> HA KPACKH 1963 1. Upepyazya 19631 ‘Tiarment N78 76,54 Baasouxe 7968 Bockonoii PAcTBOP 9,92 MACAO AbHAHOE OTBEAEHHOE 5,89 KPACKH HEPYAEYM HET B HOPMATHBAX ASHHHTPAACKOTO SABOAA AO KOHIA 60-X I, HO (OHA YKBECTD BHOPMATHBAX HA 19641. TOTAA KS MUTMEHT HEFYAEYM SBIA ONCAH B SABOA- ‘CKOM KATAAOTE-CIIPABO'HHKE, KAK OAOBSHHO -KOBAASTOBAR KPACKA CAETKA SEAEHOBATOTO roua [5]. Userazrc 1964.0 197820 Taare >2KAPOCTORREH HEBECHO-TOAYOHN°78 84,0 (CTEAPAT AMIOMHEES 13 Cassyoms: 167 ‘MACAO AbHSHOE HOAMMEPHSOBAHHOE ‘BasKOCTIO 21-22" 4784 ‘MACAO OPEXOBOE OTBEAEHHOE 47,84 2906 (Cons marcus H PACE Bock wazamnntit 195 Macruxe 288 C1974. ypryasya ssunyckann s coorsercTBuit CTOCTow 1977 KAK MACARHIBH TIBH- TTAMACASHBIE KPACKH, hervazyas 1974-1977, 1988 11 Cassviomze: TlseTAsPHrPHTOBDi 90HP .KUPEIX KHCAOT MACEA. 98,62 Bock mazannetit 191 Macruxc 287 (CHAKA 2000-1 7, KPACKH BRITYCKAAH KAK MACASHBIE, Truman 1. TY HIQCT 1213-44, Koaciornexcasmamssygonicrananas 1 revmna,// CramaAPra TENCE YCAOBUE HA AAKOKPACOSHE MATEPHAAK BRITVCK 6.M, 1946.C- 63. 2. MXIT 1213-44, Keaciat MAcASHE XYAOMGCTBNAIKE I rPYI. B TEKCT BHBCKE MCHPABAEHILA 3 ‘CooraeTeTInGH ¢ HSMEKEISNEH, yranPxmsI LVILI848u 3V1960r.// CsoPHux cEAsAAPTOS TEER ‘wrcxux youoHa HA mPO,yKIND AAKoKPACOMHOH rrONGSMAREHOCTHL TM, 19521.C. 43. {3 ART CAHAKOMARIONx € TAARARDK 1 PASOTAMIE AABOPATOPKM XYAORECTREKUIX KBACOK ABHOUAAAA TMI, (Arcus TocHUMP. Ou, X3C 2" a,c. 33). 4.3404 «ikoacut x9NOskme. HPN PACKOAA CHPAs HA 1963 TO, HA MACASIES20OXSCTSERSIE soacxte 3 7y54x rev. (OHA X3C, 5). S.TOCT 11826-77. Keacsor cami WAOACASHSLE9AONSCTBSENGBIE. THXEMTSCRIE YCAOBUS. V- MERARCTBO CTARAAPTOB, 1984 Aureparyra 1. Cua w noAynPo,yxrss AM AAKOXPACONHIX MATETHAAOB. FIOM PEAARI. MIMTOABASBPTA. M1978. cast, 2. Ives AH, Panssor OU, Tonoxsux BB, Kumoncess xeAcha Hix HPOUDBOACTBO. M, 1936. . 54 3. Traawos CF. womsix KORAASTOREX MHTMENTAK MAX SOAOHECTSEENIDE KPACOX. // BcsCOWSHOE [MAyYWIO-TECHUSBCKOR COBEITANUE 10 MHTAGHTAM AAS AAKOKPACOMOM POMGSIEASHHOCTIL TESUCH AD eaAoa A, 1962.36. 4, AaxoxBACONITE MATEPHAAK HX TPROAEHENE, 1961, 192. .18-20, 5. Keranor-crPasownk XojOxcCTRSHEMI KPACKI,MACAA, AAR, PASEABHITEA ABILISTPAACRCE 24904 {OAORECTARHEREKKPACOK. A 1964.C.43, KOBAABT CHEM CHEKTPAABHBIA [KOSAAST Cet CEKTDAAGI (RONDESP'CKOE HASBARIE) ~ THEI WHCTOTO CHIATO NBETA,OPTO- (HANIKAT KORAAMT-INLA, NOAYWABUGI HPOKAANBAMEM CMECH OKCHAOB KORAASTA, IAEA 2 PED: ‘um ~Co,S10,Za SiO, ast CoZSiO , Tew assis 3 MUTATE RESOASMIOTO KOANTEECTBAZ90 HA OKCHABE ‘MEAOESEX EAGLE AOTHOBEMEAGHSEX METAAAOB NOAYSAIOT MAEMERTM SHCTOTO H XPKOFO RETA [1] «916 IL, Turomrane xpacka XX BEKA (Cuil HMPMGET HA KOBAABTOBOM OCHOBE BBA PASPABOTAH AAR KEPAMITHECKOR I1PO- LMBIILAEHHOCTHE OA PYKOBOACTSOM HAYYHOTO PYKOBOAUTBAS AYAEBCKOTO KPACOSHOTO saB0qa CLTystaHiona. [IEP505 COOBKIEHHE 0 HEM BBIAO CAEAAHO B 19567. «OCO5O HETEH- CCHBHYIO ciakONO OXPACKY, - CAA TYMAHOS, ~ AAIOT XOSAABTOBMIE CHAMKATS BHAAENH- ‘ToBOTO PaAA (ZnO-SiO, 8 KOTOPOM ¥ACTS ZnO SAMEHEHA CoO). [IPH TPOKAAKEABMH TEC- HOH CMECH THX OKCHAOB OAYYAIOT CIIEKH YABTPAMAPHHOBOTO BETA, KOTOPSIS OCA PASMOAA H CAYKKAT OCHOBAHHEM AAS BCEBOSMORISX HHTEHCHBHBX CHHMX OKPACOK® [2]. Tancoxe site nPHBEAEH MPHMEPHELA MPONEHTHA COCTAS MMIMEHTOB: Oxuice OBAASTA 25,0 1429 Oxncsiyuaxa — $0,0 $7.14 Kary, 250 28,87 B TOM KE rOAY OTH AAS CO CCBIAKOMt HA PEUEITTYPY AYAEBCKOTO SABOAA BBLAH OTTY- ‘BAMKOBAHBI B CBOAHOMi PABOTE O KEPAMH'ECKHX KPACKAX [3]. Tlocas nyBankaNi 1956 r, 0 HOBOM KOBAASTOBOM MHTMBHTS 3 CIISHMAASHOM XHMITIS- (CKO AHTTEPATYPE AO HAYAAA 60X17. HEYTOMEEHAAOCS [4 5]. 3B 1961 r.1104 HASBANMEN ,(Anxus TocHHHP, Pou, X3C, N85). 4, Pasyautarat WonarraMad REACOK MACARELEX X74 OXSCTREUIX OTETECTRESIGEX RPOHBOACTS (CHP: ‘uss naproa 1963-65 rr). (Tacx, 07) 5. TiymauAtqs© HODOM KOSAASTOPOM NHDMBNTE 2ARSPUAUIC HA 9TOR CrAAHt czars: CETYMALIOR, AdMusuruna,A.BBwereucos, Tosruss cxanex seasanarronsex mirsmurtos psnoft ToRansitocrt | (Crago wamranca 7.26 1969 90 1.€.35-38 ‘ANTEPATYPA 1. Bearuasant 2, Pcions LB. Xin Texosorix mirwsneton. A, 1974, 454-485. 2.Prhuwos CI. Crores emmarmcion xescox | som sanorescamocromsr smn M, 1956.C. 264-272. $3. Marrunios M.A. Burau BA. TxstOAOTus MeOwsBONCTBA KEPANFIECIED HPACOK KEE, 1956.C, 58-59, 4. Beanmaxa E0), Puce HB, Kins TEXHONOTHA HTMEETOR 3H, 1960 S Aaxoxracoumain Marzruaast in noammPogvens Canasossnx. Tog reqasa H.HCasrira.M, 196, 6 Trauuos CI. 0 once KOSAAMTOBIOE HMTSENTAT AAE XYAORECTEEIM KPACOK.|/ BCECOISHOE [HAyHO-TEXHIIECKOE COBELIAHIE 10 THTOEBTAM AM AAKOKPACO'MOR NPOMBUANLNOCTHL TESUC Ao- anaon A, 1962.36, 7. Karanor-curasovine XYAOHECTSEAISE KPACIY, MACAA, AKI PASBABHTEAE, AUITPAACEA 34804, Ay 1964.64. 936 IL, Tlarweeranis xpacks XX BEA = Tlucinaa CA.O rrexecrxcosionof Boni, // Kogoracramesoe nace: 120-208 C.13-185, 9. PIsaRavA S.ANors ON Cosats Srucrna // STupiss 1 ConssxvaTion.V.$0,N3,2008.P 190-192 XPOM-KOBAABT CHHE-3EAEHBIi H 3EAEHO-TOAYBOH ‘XPOM-KOBAABT CHNE-SEARNBI H 3EAKHO-TOAYEOM! MCKYCCTAKIMMS HMTSHT3, ANEMAIOME IPO ‘MaxyTOSHOE NOAOKCEHME MEXAY CHM H SEABHGIN IISETOM,IIMTMERTS! OTBEGAIOT 0OPOTAE Cr,0, (Co0/Al,0,, BOARE AEA OTTEHOK MHTERTA CBRRAH € SOABUIMIK COARPAANHNY-TPOMA,XPOMOETIO {3EARHYI0, KOTOPAS MOTAA AABATL MOMCECTSO OTTEHKOB OT SEAEHO-KEATOTO AO SEAEHO-TOAYEOTO H. {POAYSOr0, 10 HITE WE TOTOBVI0 AAS HCHOASSOBANUS 3 XOIBONUCH NPEAAOHGHAB 1859'.A.SatvirAT. B xoun XDC 2, RLzMorw x C. DU MANOIR BAICKABAAH CROH COORPAREEA HO NOBOAY ‘uagurrusutoro murusita [1], XPOM-KOBAAST CHHABRA OBHAPYACE BKAPTIHE 18621 [2]. [B MPOWSBEASHEX PYCCKOHL HHRONUCH TOT 28 TIMFMEL'T KABHTHOMLJMPOBAH 3 TEEX KAP- susiax BBopucona-Mycarosa xouma XIK a, [3]. KWeHITE 8 1975 7. HASBAA 9TOT MAMEHT XPOMOBSI CHHE-3BAHIM [4]. B 1932 r. DUPEPSEPT MHCAA, WTO B AABOPATOPHE SABOMA TPOROAHAH HCHBITAHVS OBPASI[OB XPOMOBO-KOBAASTOBAIX HT- [MBHTOB MHOCTPAHHBIX OMPM, . PEDEEDT NOAATAA, ‘y70 xP0MO30-KOBAAMTOBMIE KPACKH «ACAVRHBAIOT AAASHEIIETO HSYSEHIE> ITO OHH SAMMYT BHITTYCKA 1964 T TIOAOABCKOTO SABOAA BHITTYCKA 1963 I. H XPOM-KOBAABT CHHE-SEAEHSIM H 3EAEHO-TOAYBOR ‘ASHMHT2AACKOTO SABOAA BDITYCKA 1963 1% 1964 r PHCYTCTBYIOT HB TABAKIES PESVABTA- ‘TOB MCIIBITAHH KPACOK, NPOBEAEHHBIX B AABOPATOPHH TMMILa 8 1964 1’. B KATAAOTE- (CHPABOWHHKE AEHHETPAACKOTO 8ABOAA 1964 1. KPOM-KOBAAST CHHE-SBAEHBI 1 SEABHO- TOAVGOM HASBAHD KAX KPACKH, BMIIVCKAENBIS HA OCHOSS TIMTMSHTOB THIIA IINHHEAEH, THOAYYASMBEX U3 OXCHAOB XPOMA, KOSAASTA, Astonia HERA [7]. B 1966 r. KPACKM XPOM-KOBAABT CMHE-3EAEHBIA H SEABHO-TOAYBOH BOMLAH B'OCT, BBo- AuMatit B AEACTBHE B 1967 r5, TOCT 1977 r, BROAHMBIE C 1978 1), IPEAYCMATPHBAA TPOH3- ‘BOACTBO OBEMX KPACOK KAK HEHTAMACAAHI, [IPH STOM, COTAACHO HOPMATHBAM AEHIIE- TPAACKOTO 3AROAA, COCTAR OBEMX KPACOK OTAMMAACH TOASKO MHTMBHTON. Xpon-xosaAst cone azanHh 1964-1978 rr Tlurment xaPocroaxnit Buprozonstit xpomonsiit (1 609) 788 CTEAPAT AMOMBES 1,0 946 (Comme maramnrst 1 RPACKE ‘Xvon-KoBAAsT 38a8H0-roaysOA 1964-1978 rr. Tinruser xarocroixuit SEAEHO-TOAYEOHXPOMOBBIEN® 904 77,2 (Craarar amoumias Al Cassviomss: 23,8 24,7 (MACAO ABHSHOE PACHEMPOBAHHOE (OTBEAEHHOE 92,84 Bock mEANHBIi 749 Macruxc 46 ‘XPON-KOBAAKT CHEE-azABHB 1988 r Turmenr xapocrowixui Buriosonniii xroMonstii 8609 66,7 BEHTOHET OPrAHOOHADHDLt 346 XPOM-KOFAABT 32A8H0-ToAYBOM 1988. Tmennr xarocrominit SEAEHO-TOAYEOHN? 904 66,87 BEHTOHNT OPTAHOOHASHEIL 3,46 Cossviomes: 3497 TnnrAsPmrPHTosstit 20uP xHPHEIX KUICAOT MACEA 97,50 Kurcaora oarmmonas 1,01 Bock waeammstit* 1,99 31988 n pomcxosanur suarmo-rosvsoll sunvexana u no raKEnTyes 0-x-70:27. (C HAAA4 2000-x IT, KPACKH XPOM-KOBAABT BHIIVCKAAH TOABKO KAK MACASEBE, Tpaursanns 1B sanerreax 0 sPAckAC ATRBIGGIEP MUCAA 0 H (0OCOOPHOKICASIH MAPTAHEL!) ouPM AEOPAH u Buxaor. Torga Xe BH.TYcEsBiM SSA HOAYGEH NOAOBHBIit THTMEHT, HA KOTOPOM TFHTO- ‘TOBHAK AKBAPEABHY1O KPACKY, IOABEPTHYTYWO ABYATOAHSHOM UcmBTAHUIO [4]. ABBAHHEP TMMIET, 4TO 5 1956 r. 3A804 «KPACHBIM XYAOKHUK> BBITYCKAA [5]. B AAHHOM CAYHAE BUHHED, 11O-BHAMMOMY, HE OMLMBABTCS: MAPTAHIIOBAS OHOAETOBAK CO CCHAKOM HA TY 1957 r!, HASBAHA B IEPEYHE KPACOK 3AROACKOTO IIPOEKTA TEXHHMMECKHX YCAOBH 1962 1, IIEVICAAHHOM HA COZAACO- BAHUS ¢ OKCTEPTHMIM CORETOM # 1963 1?, OHIYPHPYBT OHA H'B HOPMAX PACXOAA CIPS SABOAA «KPACHBIH XYAOKHHK® A 1963 12 Marranyosaz anoazrosas 1963 1. ‘MAPrAHOBAS ¢uoAzTOBAS 78,74 Baawouxe 3,08 Bockopoit PAcTsoP 558 ‘MACAO ABHAHOE OTSEAEEHOE 7,60 BMECTE C TEM, B TABAMIE KCUSITAHMA CEPHAHMX TIAPTHMt MACASHBIX XYAOKECTBEH- HBX KPACOK 1963-1965 TF. OTEMECTSEHERIX TPOUSBOACTS (B TH. Hf SABOAA «KPACHBIM XYAOKHUK» ), MPOBOAMMEIX B AABOPATOPHH TMMITA, MAPIAHIOBAS @HOARTOBAS OTCYT- crsver', 966 ‘SuoneToRse MMrARHTH H RPACKIE B 1964 1. AsHMHTPAACKUIH sA30q BITYCTHA 12 HODMIX HAHMEHOBAHHH AKBAPEASHEIX KPACOK NAPH «/AEHHTPAA®, CPEAM KOTOPMX BMAA MAPTAHOBAK GHOAETOBASS. OUTY- PHPYET TIHTMBHT MAPTAHNOBAK @HOABTOBAK UB PACKOAHBIX HOPMAX HA IPOH30ACTSO 'MEMEHTOB HA 19741. OAHAKO APYTHX CBEAEHIIT, OBBOASIONIMK TOBOPHTD O BSITYCKE 3A- BOAOM STOR MACASHOM KPACKH, HET, Oounpsaasibte CoBETCKHE HcTOTHUKH - TY 4 OCT ~MAPrAHIIOBYIO GHOABTOBYIO HE LHASBIBAIOT. A CIIPABOTHHK AAKOKPACOTHEIX MATEPHAAOB 1978 1. YRASBIBABT, YTO TAT MET MAPTAHIOBAS @HOAETOBAS COBETCKOMt IIPOMBIMIAEHHOCTSIO HE BHITTYCKAETCA [6]. TpmMewanns 1L-TY «Kpacusta Xyson> 103-57, 2. CTY 36-138 4 19622 ma xoAcxn macammen 9AOACrBEHEE Pym Baas BTY MW 1223-S5, 90x _mnsaunet 8 XIL1962, (Arse TocHHVP. Pox, X3C, NS) $3. Horna acs cari 1963209 HA ACASHBIE XAOS KPACKGB AKT FOYE (TANCE). 4, Posvautarn: emt KPACOX MACAREIXXYACHICTBESHBX OTEXECTBBHHNX TPOUSBOACTS (CEP as narra 1963-65 rr). (oma X9C,M7), S. Pravabrarat AAsoPATOPEIX VICHMTAN OBPASHOB AKSAPEADHX KPACOK,IIPMAOKEHUS X TROTOKOAY X3C oF 1.03.1965 (Tasca). AMTEPATYPA | Beemasort EO, Puce 13, Xana rexwosoras maromros. A, 1974, C47. 2. Kun H, Farnnaenaasen Piovawre np BINpeMrrrm, // Rectan HANDBUCH DER KENSTLERISCHEN ‘ecu BL. SrorraaRr. 1998, 5.39. 3. Panaco F Dicriownatns oss caT=RiAux Du ssvrns Panis 2005.P. 783. 4 Parsnor OH Xosoxsek o npacxax. MA, 1982. C.67, ‘Buna A.B. Macasax nacsomntcs 1 EF MATzPuAaxt M.19S6 (38, 20001. 300)- 6.Cesmun nt nosmpogyrru ax AAKOKPACONaE MATEPHAOB TOA PEAAKIL MMTOAKAEEPEA.M, 1978.C.376. KoBAABT @HOAETOBBIT ‘Kosiasr enoarTonsil--ssssoqnsti ooceur xosaasa Co(PO,),— cxvocrnassit mE, OTKPBE- ‘raitn 1869 rm noavsuaun nosice MAsBAuUEE «OSAAKE @MOAETOBLIE TESA, IEPORD HCHOASSYE- ‘ox xammomucut mo macrommns nsx 1, 2).B XX.» AAMECTHS @HOAETOSUEX KOSAASTOSSOXIMEMESTOD, (CTAAILNCTOASSOBATS H APYINE COHAN ORAATA. B AUTEPATYDE 0 TEXHIKE M MATEPHAAAX AUIDOTMCH HAPAAY C KOBAASTOM OHOAETO- ‘BM TEMHSIMMOCTOSHHO YIOMMHAETCS KPACKA KOBAAST @HOAETOBBI CBETAR. BLEP- ‘BME OHA BBIAA HASBAHA B KATAAOTAX @HPMBI BuH30P H Hbworox 1928. [3] 4 ompmnt AEO- ast 1930-r [4]. O nm micaam H.Waonss [5], RJ Garzzns x GL.Stour [6], WSasn%ski (7] « apvras sapvsmacasis abroPs, AY HAC HEOAHOXPATHO A.B Basen? [8, 9]. OnreAe- ASSL STOR KPACKE TIP MCCAFAOBAHM KAPTHE KOBAAMT H MBIIIBAK, IMEMENT MAEH- ‘THOUMHPOBAAH C OTKPLITIIN B 1880 r. APCEHLATOM KOBAABTA Co,(AsO,),!, OAHAKO 11PO- [BEAENHBE B HOCAZANE TOAS HCCAEAOBAA BOATHX C KAPTHH OHOABTORBIX KPACOK, COAEPRAMLUX MBIIIBAK, HOSBOAIOT NPHATH X BSIBOAY, WTO 2 AEMCTBHATEABHOCTH 9TOT TUMFMBNET MPEACTABAAA COBO APCEHAT HE KOBAAMTA, A APCEHAT MATHLE-KOBAABTA 97 IL, Tvrmsserepie xpacka XX BEKa SSNS ‘Mg,Co(AsO,),~ MAERTHOMINMPOBAHHBIA 1 B KAPTHHAX KOHA 1960-x rr, TIP 970M BOABUIA HACTD HCCAEAOBAHHSIX OBPASI[OB TIPEACTABAZAA CO5OR CMEC APCEHATA -MATHIU-KOBAABTA C MEHBIIM KOAHHECTBOM ®OCOATA KOBAASTA [3]. 9TOT KE MUTMEHT BBIA HABHTHOHUMPOBAH HAMH HB OTABABHSDX TPOHSBEAEHHAX PYCCKOM XUBONUCH sP502 moaoBHHst XK. 1929 r, BUEPEBIE COOBIIAAOCS 0 CHHTESE APYTOTO OHOABTOBOTO HHTMEHTA - OKTA- TUAPATA OPTOBOCOATA KOBAABTA Co,(PO,),*8H,O, HO SHCA MOAEKYA BOA TOTAA HE HASBIBAAOCS. CCHAKEE HA KOBAABT @OCSAT TETPATHAPAT BAM B CTATSE, OYEAM- KOBAKHOM B 1933 T. OAHAKO EO OMCMBAAH KAK BAEAHO-TOAYEOM H TOAYSORATO- ‘OHOABTOBLIE, A HE @HOAETOBO-PO30BHI H TAYSOKMH OHOAETOBBIR, XAK 3TO BHIAO B 50- ‘ABE O3AHUX KCTONRMKAX, BIEPBME OH BMA HAEHTHOUIMPOBAH 3 HBOMHCH B 20021, 3A PYBEXOM STOT IIMIMEHT ECTS B POAAKE [3]. B PABOTE 2005 F, NHTMEHT OTLMCAH KAK ‘onoazrosntt [10]. ‘Tesroua » 97004 PPYIITE MMTAEHTOS CTAA BIEPBLIE YTOMANYTS B HAYIHOH ANTEPATY- 2B 194] r, oPTOoOCOAT AztrHi8-KOBAABTA LiCoPO, OHPMA FERRO CORP. TOAYSHAA TATERT [HATO TIFOMSBOACTBO B KATECTBE TMTMEHTA B BEASTHH B 196S FH AMEPHKAHCKAM TATERT 18 19737, CETOAHR AMTHi KOBAABT @OCOAT ECTD HA PHIHKE [3]. Vi, HAKOHEL, 8 CTATSE, ONYBAMKOBAHHOM 8 1943 r, BIEPBDIE BALA ONUCAH B KAGECTBE HUMMBHTA OPTOCOCOAT AMMOHHL-KOBAASTA - CONH,PO,H,O, ToavsuBmiait HASBAHHE KOBAAST oMOABTOBSIA CBETABIA [11]. KPACKA KOBAAST @HOABTOBMIi{ CBETABIE (BHIIVCK OZBPAAS 195611) BHEPBAIE BCTPETHAACD 3 COBETCKHX HCTOYHUKAX B CHUCKE 9TAAOHHBIX OBPASI[OB KPACOK, PEACTABABHESIX AB- HUBITPAACKHM SAB0AOM3 1958.3 OxcrEPTHBtIL COBET’. TIposEqzHHMA HAMM AHAAMS OTOH KPACKH, A TAK 2KE KPACKM HA «L[BETHOH KAPTE® 1964 1? 1 KPACKH TOTO 2X8 ABOAA HS HAILEA KOAAEKUUH MACATEBIX KPACOK 1967 I, THOKA- ‘AA, TO BXOAAUIMH B KNX IIMTMEET IPEACTABAAET COBOMTUAPAT OPTOBOCOATA ANOKOHHS- KOBAABTA CoNH,PO,-H,0. B KATAAOTE-CIPABOUHUKE AEHUHTPAACKOTO SAB0AA 1964 T. ‘XAMUMECKHH{ COCTAB IMTMEHTA TAK CE ONUGAH KAK ABOMILA AMMOHHPHO-KOBAABTOBAS. con® oP ToeoceoPHO# KUCAOTH [12].B 1966 KPACKA KOBAAST @HOABTOBBIH{ CBETABII{ BO- ‘MAA B TOCYAAPCTBEHHBIA CTAHAAPT BMILYCKABMBIX MACARHBIX KPACOK', A TEXHMMECKHE YCAOBHE 19721, ONMCHBAIOT KHMHYECKHM COCTAB THTMEHTA TOF 2KE @OPMYAC. "HLaMIM MHOTOAETHM AABOPATOPHMS HCCAEAOBAHILATIOKASHIBAIOT, YTO KPOME KOBAABTA HOABTOBOTO TEMHOTO MMHOTAA BCTPEYAIOMRTOCK 5 TIPOUSBEASHUAX KHBOTHCH APCE- HATA MATHHS-KOBAASTA, B MPOHSBEAEHHAX COBETCKOM XHBONHCH, HAYHHAS CO BTOPOIL OAOBHHIs XX B. INMPOKO HCTOABSYETCR THAPAT OPTO@OCATA AMMOHULA-KOBAABTA, Tleq nocrosHHOM TMTMERTHOM COCTABE KPACKH AEHMTPAACKOTO SABOAA COCTAD EE (CBESVIOMIETO BENIECTBA MEHAACS. KosAasr omoasvoswtit caztawtt 1958 r. Kosaasr ouoastonsiii castastit (rmapar optococoxns auoxms-xosaasta) 707 Creapar AoMuHUs 24 Cassviomzs: 29,7 ‘MACAO ASHSHOE OTSEAEHHOE 49,8 © 986 ‘@MOWRTORBIE MATMELTAI H KPACKH ‘MAcAo abHaHOE TEPMHSECKH OBPASOTAHHOE® 928 Bock mzaumatit 198 * BorMairushs 1964 1 7EPMEECRH OSPABOTAHOB MACAO 3AMEREKO AGI HOARMEDYE20RASIEE MacnontnsakocTs¥0 21-12 Tpmuesanns 1. B soane rannnit maauneanga (]OMLTPmusErT. 7 @AIOMCKOTO NOFTPEEA AO HOCTHMIIPECCHOEHSMA. rors raxosorins ctastosoft xussomcu, M. 2003 12004, C. 139 Tuaoasnuts) asrort, CCMAARCE [HA aru paso 743008 OMHEONHO WASMIBAAH 1850. ATOM OTKPRTH COMPENNOH XPACRH KOBAAST €10- ‘asTosuif CorTaB B pasors [2 . 451] O5 APCERATE KOBAABTA CHASAMG, ‘TO H-3A TOKCHIHOCTA OH HE axoquT npanasHsE, 2. Cicox stasonos MAcasunx xeacox AsnaearPAgcxor0 aA80A. (Armts TocHHMP. O0%AX9C, 86a), Haxnacrorxnasierea »TocHHMP, 83. Users xara XyAOXECTaMENAE MACAAIIGE KEACKH AEECOBEAPLOSA. SAROA XYAOKECTBEHEMK KPA ‘cox, BearroPrasqat AO-1732/1. 4 Keace uacaannis ypoxecrsnnmin TOCT 11826-66.Crox sazasnuix VILI967 TY 6-10-1320-72, manera a x9oxcsCTREROOX H 2YRORECTSHNNO-OOOMNOETEADCRIX PAST: (TO3+ xs sannnnx ua TY 6.10-1320-77), ‘AMTERATYPA 1, Course noayrirosricst Aas AAKORPACOMHEDX MATEPHANOS. TOA PEAK, M.MLTOAMABHDCA. M, 1978 c376-378. 2 Beasmncel E, Puce 1, Kusoun w T2xOAOrHEA HATMAHTOR. A, 1974, 461-462 3. Conse MC, Ceanzan JP, Mornar EA. Ti CHARACTERIZATION OF CORALT VIOLE Maes. // STUDIES 15 Consaavarion V.47.2002.P.237-249, 4 Branuissumers Lernanc. Pas 1930.2. 12, 5. Waanen H Dit Konpanranaan, 1928. (Cu Bare TKPACOMDRMHTMBTH. A, 1938. C.228) 6, Gemrans RJ ano Srovr GL. asin MATERALS.N.Y, 1966.P. 19, 17 Sussiisea W. Na czmk 1 CoM MALOWANO W DOBLE ROMANTYZMO W KRAKOVIE.// ZPRAVY Pauovs fs, 1969.N2.8117-130. 8. Bune A.B, Kax nossosar¥C MACAREIMIE KEACKAMH, M. 1951. ©. 33, 9. BuaHED A.B, MACARHAS KUBOTA HEE MATEPHAAM. Me, 1956,C. 8-58, 10, Paasco F.Dicriowwatna oss MaTERIAUX DU PROTA PRLS 2005.P. 781 11, Dannans M. ano Mons C, Posters au conat:// La CHIMEE DBS PEOCTURES, BRURELLAS. 1943, 106. . 2-126. 12, Ketanor-cnpanownik. XYAORBCTSEHMSIEKPACKGS MACAA, AKI, PAIEABHTEAM, ABHHITPAACEI 24 304 S7AOALCTREENILE KPACOR. fy 1964, C, 18. IIL. WAEHTHOnKAIMA NMTMEHTOB B MHKPONPOBAX KPACOYHOTO CAOS HTPYHTA TIPEABAPHTEABHBIE SAMEWAHHS LMicCABAOBAHME UEAECOOBPASHO HAYATS C PEHTTEHOOAYOPECSHTHOTO AHAAMSA (POA) nOBEPXHOCTH KPACOUHOTO CAOK KAPTHHLEL, HOSBOAAIOMIETO CYAHTS O IPHCYTCTBHH 1B HEM THX HAM HH MATMEHTOS H UPEABAPHTEADHO OB HX QAEMBHTHOM COCTABS. TH 3TOM HAAO YHATHBATD, ‘WTO 8 PEHTTEHORCKOM CUEKTPE HICCAEAYEMOTO YHACTKA MOTYT [HPHCYTCTROBAT OABMEHTHL HUDKHIX KPACONHSIX CAOES H?YHTA. 2, OTBOP MPOB KPACOYHOTO CAO H IPYHTA AAA TIOCAEAYIONMETO HCCAEAOBAHHA TIPOBO- [AAT 1108 BUHOKYAAPHMIM MUKPOCKOTOM C TOMOMDIO MPETAPOBAABHOM HIAM B OTPAXKEH- [HOM CBETE TIP YBEAMSERU 25°. BEAWSIGA HIPOBM AOAXHA BBITS AOCTATOWHOM, TOBE ONPEAEAMTS EE COCTAB, A KOAHECTBO POS ONPEABASETOH PASHOOBPASHEM IBETOBHIX ‘YEACTROR. 3. Tlog MUKPOCKONOM b OTPAXEHIIOM COBTE ONPEAEASIOT CTPATHTPAOIIO TOSS, TOS- TOTABAMBAIOT EB K HCCARAOBAHILIO 8 OAAPHSAILHOHHOM MHKPOCKOIIE Hy IPM HEOEXOAR- MOCTH, K HCCAEAORAMINO APYFHMIE METOAAMH AHAAHSA, OCYIECTBASIOT MUKPOXHMIE- cia Haan. 4. KaK KAIOSEROM| MOMEET HAEHTHOMKAUIAN IIMTMEHTOB MOMS? BAITD FEKOMEKAOBAHO OCAEAOBAHHE B OAEPHSAKMOHHOM MHKPOCKOMIE. 9TOT METOA TOSBOAKET YEHABTS BCE XOMMOHEHTM, COCTARASIOINME IPOBY, OTAMSHT® HEOPTAEMGECKHE IMTMEHTS OT OPTAE- NECKHX, ONEHIET® KAACC MAHEDAAOB (CHAMKATS, CYABOATM, KAPSOHATS); CPABHMBAS A- CCTAIALTIPOBS!C 3TAAOHLANU, OTPEAEAMTH PA MHHEPAAOB, M OTAMSHTS IPHPOAHBIE MIHE- PAASI OT HX HCKYCCTBEHHSIX AHAAOTOB. 5. BCA HCCAEAOBANIE B NOASDIESOBAHHOM CRETE HS-SA CXOKIDC OTITHECKINE KAPAKTE- PHCTAK HE 1OSBOARET ONPEAEAMTS TIATMEHS OAHOSHANHO, IPHMEHSIOT TAKE AKAAITH- “NECKAE MBTOAM KAK KANECTREHEDA MAKPOXIDOCTECKOAA AHAAMS, SAEMBHTHIIY WAM CTPYK- ‘TvPHEA, ANAAWRS, MiMKORUMUSIECKU TECTH OMIPRAEAEHNE THATMEHTOS OTHCAHS! HIOKE. Damurerusct (BMUCCHOHE, AASEPH, MUKPOPEHTTEHOCIERTPAABHDIA), CTPYKTYPHOIA (cenTrsHOsCKAR AMOPAKIIA) 1 MOAEKOAAPHIIA CTEKTPAASH (HK-CTETPOCKOTIAA) ABA ‘A381 -HPOBOAAT 10 CTABAPTHBIM METOAUKAN, CPABHMBAS TAYE PESVASTAT C COOT- _BBTCTSVIOUVMHCTABAULUAN TANOHOB. ‘BEABIE MMTMEBTSI (Comunosstn SEAMAA. HanHkoSIE SEAMLAA. THTAHOBMIS BEAMAA. BAPHTOBDLE BEAMAA, ‘AuronoH. CYAbOATHDIB BEAIEAA. CYPSDIRHDIE BEAMLAA. Mu. Kaabii. uc. Kaoaus, (Cuuunonnin sRamaa - r2qroneryccutr 2PbCO,Pb(OH), nutzPvccHT PBCO,. POA. OBHAPYREHHE PD, HEOBXOAMMGIE H AOCTATONHBIE METOAN. Tlouspuscyuonvas suxpoceonus. B 1OASPMSOBAHHOM CBETE B SABHCMMOCTH OT COCOA OAYUEHHA BHTASART KAK TOSEWEGIE CBSTSINMECK NACTHIS, KAK MEAKME UTOABIATME °100+ Bem nunasrt KPHCTAAAS (PH3MBI C TTMPAMHAAMH HA KOHIJAX), KAK KPYTHBIE MOHOKPUCTAAABI (11PH- MBI C TMPAMH§AMM HA KOHIIAX BHTIMPAMIIAS!), AMO KAK TORKOAHCTERCHSIE HOPO- WOK. Minepewecd mec, TMAPOWEEYCCHT HEPYCCUT CO BCTEHHBAKUEM PACTROPSIOTCE 8 MIKHEPAAGHOM XHCAOTE, BUAEAGS VEAEKHCASIA TAS CO, B PACTBOP TEPEXOAHT HOH PO". COsnarracuns Pa. OSSSEA PEAKIQAK C 3%-BIM PACTROPOM RONACTOTO KANIR KJ, 3 PE SyAuTATS KOTOPOMEBBILAAAIOT APKO-XGATHI ABCTAIIUS KOUCTAAAS! HOAUIAA CBIEIEA Py HEAOCTATOWIO UVBCTBHTEASHA (SFEAEA OSHAPYAEHUIR 0,2 okt). TIOSTOMY 35 CARAYET HROSOAHTS B YKCYCHOKUCAOML COEAE (IDMMEKEHIES A2OTHOME KCAOTSE MOXET TIDHBEC- {UL K BHAEABHIHIO KOVCTAAAIIECKOTO OMA, “TO SATPYAHT AKAAMS, A TAK NOHIGHT ‘oncrantreasttocts PEAKauti), ECA TOGA ONES MAAA, HPOBOAST BHICOKOWSCTSH- "Tuabit0 PEAK HO OTPAGORAIIEA CEPHOKHCAOTO CRKKIUA PbSO, HA TPEAMEPHOE CTEEAO TROMEUIALOT RATAYO HICCAEAYEMOTO PACTBOPA, A PRAOM MAASHBIOW KAMIAIO KORKENTEH- POBAIMOMECEPHOM KUICAOTE, ATEN KATIA COFAMIERIOT CTEKARIIOR NAAONKOR, KATIAID \VIAPHBAIOT AO HAGAAA BHAASIIEE BEABIX TAPOB H OCTABARIOT AA OXAARAERI HA 10-15 ‘arn, CyAbOAT CBHI BHAEAAETOR B BHAE MEAKICX MPHSM POMGHNECKOR ooPMB,ILPH [HASHTEABHOM COAEPRAKIAH CBHHIYA NOAYUAIOTCA CAORHSIE SETSACTBIEKPUCTAAABEKPE- croosnasitofi eons TirzazA osHAPYXEHHA 0,04 Mxr Pb™. IIPEAEABHOE PASBABAEHHE 1:25 000. _Maspopenmeenacseepansti cvasta, OMPEAEAEHS Pb (OMP=AEASHE Zn x Pb Ux COOT- HOMIEHMA B KPACKAX IPOUSBEAHME XX.B.). AOOAHHTEASHBIE METOAS ‘Tepuasecsuii mecm, Tle To 310°C yppyccu, A mpu To 800-1000°C ruapousrycci 1EPE- OAAT BH -XGATHIA OKCHA CBHEIIA PbO - MACCHKOT. Cinpyemypoié avaaus, [1OSB0ASET OTAMSHTS THAPONEPYCCHT OF HEPYCCHTA M ONPEAEATS HX CMECS. Lmmkonnie BEAHAA ~ OKCHA 1HHKA ZnO. POA. OsnaryxeHus Zn. Hzosxopusiit 1 AOCTATOSHBE METOAS. Tleaspusayuonnas muxpoceonus, TOHKOAACIEPCHS( NOPOMLOK, HESKAS UHTEPOEPEENON- HAR OKPACKA; B CKPEIEHIISIX HAKOAAX BHIEAIAST KAK CKONAEHAS MEASCAFIIUX MACTAL, AAIOUTHX OTLAAOBY10 (HETIPOSPA'HYIO BEAYIO) OKPACKY. “Musposwatuvecradi mecm, XOPOUIO PACTBOPAIOTCA B ASOTHOM KHCAOTE TIP HATPERAHMY, ME4ABHIIO GE® HATPSDANIUN, TACTHIS KAK BI TAIOT, PACTBOPSICH O7 KPARB K HEHTPY. ‘Osnarraamas Ze”. K KATIE ADOTHOKHCAOTO PACTBOPA MIPMBABAAIOT KATIAIO 0,1%6-HOTO PACTBOPA GFASOATA MAH H KATIA TETPAPOAAHOMEPRYPHATA anoniex NH,[Fg(CNS),) (Aas mpuroroBAEHHA PEAKTHBA PACTBOPSIOT 2,7 F XAOPHCTOM PrYTH HgCl, #3 r POAAHU- ‘AA anawontix NH,CNS 100 aa Boas.) OxPAavETCs @HOAETOBIIH OCAAOK ABORHOHE COA "TETDAPOAANOMEPKVPHATA MEAIE 1 LuEEKKA Cal Hig(CNS),]-Za[Hg(CNS),) Tlesqza oSHAPYoxaHA: 0, aks" Zn", ILPEABABHOE PASBABAEHIE:1:10000. +101. IL, Mxirvenxaxgan narasiron 8 MUKPOTPOBAX KPACONHOTO GIO HTPYHTA ‘Mucpopenmecrocnesmpassvoti anasus, OMPEABAEHHE Zn (OPEAEASHKE TI KPACKAX 1POHS- Bearnai XXs.), AonoasTEaBEBIE METOABL. Tepmacecrd mecm The 40 1000°C Hs MERRIOTCR. Srenewmse anasus, ONPEAEAEHHE Zn. Cpr aaa, ‘THTAMOBBIE BEAHAA~ axOKCHA THTAHA TIO, (AHATAS 1 FYTHA). POA. OsHapyxEHHE Ti, CAH TIO, MPHCYTCTBYET 8 AOCTATOSHO TOACTOM CAOE KFACKH. Vis-3A HAAOEHIOT HA OCHOBHBIS AMM THTANA AME BAPILE, KAK IPABHAO, OBSSATEABHA 'IPOBEPKA MPHCYTCTBHST) METOAAMH 9AEMEETHOTO AKAAMSA. HE sxoqHOMR H AOCTATOSHIE METOASL Trxspusayuoenas mixpocconus. TiO, TPYAHO AUATHOCTUPYEMOE 3 IPOXOAAUEM CBETE BEDE" ‘CTBO, MOSBOARIOUIES TOASKO MPEAFIOAATAT MPHCYTCTBME OKCHAA THTAHA. B CKFEMIEHEBX HNKOASX CKOMAEHIK TOHROAMCTIEPCHOTO BEIECTBA, 3-34 BMICOKOTO IOKASATEAS TPE- ‘AOMABHILE SACTHIIS BEITASAST TEMEKIMH, HEMPOSPATHIMIL OBKSATEABHO MOATBEPKAEHUE DMETOMAMGL SAEMEHTHOTO AHANHSA. “Murpopennzesoonermpassistlanasus, OMPEAEAEEME Ti, ECAH CTOABSOBAH SCTE AHOK- (uty TH TAA, A'TAK HE Bo, Ca, ZB PASABSISOX XOMITOSHTHIX THTAHOBSDX BEAHAAX ~ B CME- (TiO, ¢ CvaBOATOM SAPHA HA KAABUT, HAH OKCHAOM AERA, Copyemyprnit anasns. Aonoannreasisre meTOAs. ‘Tepmueteersi mecm. Tea © 40 1000°C Hs MEHAIOTCA, ‘Muposwsaveceul meen. XvOMHS5CKM MHEPTHI, HB PACTBOPHMSI B BOAB,B OPTAHHSECKHX 1 [BOABIMHCTBE HEOPTAHHTYECKHX KHCAOT. OTAWEAIOTCH CTOMIKOCTSIO K ABRCTBIAIO AMOKCH- ‘AA cpnt SO, CEPOBOAOPOAA H,S. C KOHINEHTPHPOBAHHOR CEPHOM H MAABHKOBOM KACAO- ‘TAMIL AMOKCHA THTAHA OBPASYET CYABOATBI H OTOPHAB THTAHA, Ossarraznns Tit¥). K KAMAB CEPHOKHCAOTO PACTBOPA AOBABAEIOT KATIAIO 3%-HOTO PAC- ‘TROPA MEPEKHECH BOAOPOAA H,O,,BSABHCHMOCTH OT KOHLEHTPAMMH THTAIA PACTEOP OKPA- IIMAETCS B BOAEE HAH MSHS MHTEHCHSHMA XEATHA BET. TIrqza osnapvoxsis 2.mxr Ti(LV), [lprqEADHOE PASBABABHEE 15000000, ‘BAPHTOBSIE BEAMAA, BAAHOMKC—CVABOAT BAPuHABaSO,, [lPMPOAMDIMIEHEPAA BAPHTHC- KYCCTBEHEBII THTMENT - BAAHOUKC, POA. Ostaryaciue Ba, OBA3ATEABHA TIPOBEPKA HA TPHCYTCTBUS Ti METOAAMH SAEMEHT- [HOTO AHAAHSA 13-3A HAAOMEHA OCHOBHBIX AMHUIi, YACTO, KAX IPHPOAHAR IFHMECD, TPH- corcrayer Sr. Hao sxoauntis 1 AOCTATOSHDIE METOABL Tloaspwsaquonnas suspocconus, Keys KPUCTAAAS, SA¥ACTYIO B BHAE OCKOAKOB TIPAMOY- TOMSHOM AM HEOTIPEAEAEEHOM OOPMI; HETEPOEPEEIDIOKHAR OKPACKA ~ OT BEAOIE AO CEPOR. _Murpopesmzesocncempasv anaaus, OTPEAEABHUE Ba u Se 102+ AQHOAHHTEASHLIE METOAS ‘Tepaaeceuti neem, TIP MPOKAAHBAHHM HE MEHSIOTCS. _Muxpossuusseceul meem. HE PACTROPUNBIB BOAE, HEOPTAHHNECKHX KHCAOTAX M INEAONAX. AAS TIEPEBOAA B PACTBOP SACTHTY IMMEHTA CILAABASIOT 8 HESOABIIOM THTAB CILETHXPAT- HIM KOAHWECTBOM YTABKHCAOTO HATPHS NA,CO, ITOCAR OXAAXASHHS ILAAB HECKOABKO PAS TIPOMBIBAIOT BOAOMl, SATEM PACTBOPSIOT B COAZHOM KHCAOTE HCI B OTHOMENHM 1:2.B PACTSOPE IIPOBOAAT OSHAPYXKEHUE HOHA Ba". Osnaprxamus Be*, KAIIAK COASHOKHCAOTO PACTBOPA BBIITAPHEAIOT AOCYXA, CMANHEAIOT KAIIAEML YKCYCHOMI KACAOTSI, PRAOM IOMBLYAIOT KAILAIO PACTBOPA SHXPOMATA KAAS, KAIT- AU COEAMHLEIOT CTEKASHIHOM TAAONKOR. IIPH 9TOM OBPASVIOTCR CBETAO-KEATHIE KPUCTAA [ABI XPOMATA BAPHA B SHAE KYSHKOB, KBAAPATHBIX H IIPAMOYTOABHBIX IAACTHHOK. TIPEAEA OBHAPYRXEHHA 0,08 MKT Ba™. IIPEAEABHOE PASBABAEHUE 1:12500. Cmpyremyprs aan. AWTOMTON. MEXAHHECKAS CMECb CYABOATA BAPIR BaSO, H CYABOHAA HMHIKA ZnS. POA. Osnaryxanus Ba, Zn. Hirosxo,#Nss H AOCTATOSEHIE METOAB. Tlspuseyuonsan saacpocconus. TOHKOAMCTEPCHBIA HOPOITOX, NO OTTHEECKHM XAPAKTE- PHCTHKAM CKOX C TATAHOBSINIE BEAIAAMIE Marpossuuneceu mecn. [LACMEHT HE NOABEPREH ABACTBIGO MRA; TOA ABACTSHEM NEOPTARUSECKIX KHCAOT TPOHCKOAMT PASAOXBHME CYABOH\A IMEKA C BSIAEAEHHEM CEPOBOAOPOAA, AETKO OSHAPYUBAEMOTO TIO SAIIAXG, If HO PEAKIIMIE HA CYABOMA-HOH C -murrearou caPE5PA AgNO, B OTAMSHE OT THTAHOBKIX BEAHA, AHTOTIOH TIOA AECTBHES AgNO, CTAHOBHTCR KOPHEREBIEM, TOrAA KAK THMTAHOBSIS BEAULAA OCTASOTCS BEASIMH. [TO (CAB PACTBOPEHLIS IPOBAIB KHCAOTE, B PACTBOPE MPOBOAST OBHAPY.XEHHE HOHOB Zn (cu, “fusixonste Szs1444), HEEACT3OPUNDR OCTATOK HCCAEAYIOT TAK KE, KAK B CAVEAB BAPHTO- BRIX BEAMA (cut BAPHTOBHIEBEAILAA). Maspopecmaesocresmpausredl cuasss, OOPEAEAEHUE Ba, Zn 1 S, AQHOAHITEASHBIE METOAS. ‘Tepaarseceuit ecm. Tipu? 40 1000°C HE MERAETCS. Cmpyerypusd nas. Cyasearmere BEAMAA — OCHOBHOM CYAKOAT CBHEIYA PbO-2PDSO, HEATPAABHBIFE CHABOAT PbSO, ocHOBHOM cyabouT 3PbSO,Pb(OH),. POA. Osuapyxenms Pb. HomxoQansiz H AOCTATOUENE METOAM. Tlosspwscxuoran muxpocconus, TOHKOSMCHEPCAME TIOPOMKH, B CKPENISHHSIX HHKOASX UNTEPOEPEHIIMOHHAK OKPACKA CYLECTBEHHO HIOKE, EM OBSISHBIX CBKHUOBHX BEATA ‘OcHOBHOTO KAPEOHATA CELIA. Musrpowureccuil mec. PACTBOPSIOTCE B MUMEPAABHBIX KUCAOTAK BES BBIAEAPHIA 1+ SBIPBKOB TASA, STO OTAMMABT HX OT HOPMAABHBIX CBMIHIJOBIX BEAHA. B PACTBOPE TIPO BO- 21036 LIT. Vieermomxanaa nurugsros 8 nirkPOmPOBAX KPACOSHOTO GOR H TPYHTA ‘AST OSHAPYACEHU KOHA comma (cut Cautmosate BEANLAA). Peumseiotceas Duppacyus. AAK HAAEXHOM UAEHTHOHKAIMA YCLAHOBAEHILE TOMO‘ XHMSECKOM SOPMNABL AomonsarTEABHIE METOAB. Macpopaonsevocneempasonid cna. Oxr2azassts Pb, (Crpnuomms seamaa — oxcua c¥Ps¢x(Il) Sb,0, POA. Osuapyxcnits Sb. Hnosxoayosi qocrATOUIBIE METOAB. Tlouspusaquonna seacpocconss. ANCTIEPCHSIA TTMEBT, 3 1POXOASUIEM CBETE— HEIPOSPAS- "HME TEMIBIB KOMI, CKPEIIEHHX HUKOASX - HEGKAS HITEPQEPENIIHOHHAR OKPACKA. _Maneposusseceul mec, TIMOXO PACTBOPABTCA B MUSEPAADHBIE KHCAOTAX. IIOCAB PACT3O- Pars B CoARHO‘E XCAOTE (HCI 1) MPOBOART OBHAPYAEHILE CPEB. Osuaryaczuns S(I)-B KATIAO HCCAEAYEMOTO PACTBOPA BBOAET KPHCTANAHK HOAHCTOTO anger KJ 1 RP25 HEKOTOPOS BPEMK KPHCTAAAMK XAOHCTOTO WssHK CsCl B MPHCYTCTBEHE CyPob OSPASYVIOTC OFAHLKEBO-KPACHDIE XPHCTAAAM HOAUAA HESHA H CyPHMB Cs, Sb]. Tipeaza OBHAPYDKEHHZ 0,01 mexr Sb(IIl), TIeaAeaBHtoE PASBABAEHHE 1:100000. AoTonsHTsaBHaUE MTOR. ‘Tepucrveceul mecm. Tea t® ao 1000°C x manesrcs, Stescnmotanaaus, Onpeasastene Sb Conpyemyprst ana, ‘Ma m kaaBIMET ~ KAPSOHAT KAABIIHA CaCO, POA. Ostaryacexss Ca HEOBXOAMMBIE H AOCTATOSEIE MBTOAM. Tloaspuseyuonwas suxpoceonus. OTPEAEASHUE B IIPOBE PASAMSHIX IIPMPOAMBIX 1 HCKYC- (CTBEHHDIX OOPM KAABIDHTA: KAPBOHAT KAABIVS IPHPOAHOTO MPOHCKOMAEHUS (KAASUIMT, KSBECTHAK, MPAMOE) B [MPOXOA SIEM TIOASPHSOBAHHOM CRETE BHITASAMT B BHAE OCKOAKOS BECKIBETHHX KPHCTAA- ‘AOB C OCTPBIMM KPASMM; B CKPEMISHHBIX HUKOARX XAPAKTEPHSVETCS BHCOKOM PAAYKHOH. -ETEPORPEHUMOHHOHE OKPACKOI ‘MEA OTAMUABTCH OT APYTHX BMAOB KAABIMTA IPHCYTCTBHEM 3 TIPORE OPATMEHTOS (CKEABTOB OAHOKAETONHEIX BOAOPOCABM - KOKKOAMTOB, MMEIONMX XAPAKTEPHYIO GOPMY, OSBOASIOUIVIO AHATHOCTHPOBAT MEA TOABKO C HOMOINBIO HOAKPHSAMHOHHOTO MHKPO- (CKOMIA, HE TPEBVA AOTIOAMMTEABHBDX UCCAEAOBAHH. VsBECTKOBSIE SEAHAA OTAMYAIOTCH OT APYIX MHHEPAAOS KAASIIMTA XAPAKTEPHOM MOPOOAOTHEM NACTHI, HECKOABKO HANOMMHAIOMLX MEA, HO HE SBARIOMUNCH KOKKOAH- ‘TAM, ATAIOKE HMEIOUJAX HUSKVIO MHTEPOEPEHI|MOHHY}O OKPACKY, HE CBOMCTSEHHYIO TPH POKHKIM KAPBOHATAM KAASI{H8. ITOASPHSAMMOHHAS MHKPOCKOMIE ~ AOCTATOHBIH METOA ABETTHOWKAINMH HSBECTKOBIX BEAMA, HSPEAKA BCTPEYAIOIHINGH B TPYHTAK KAPTHH. 1046 AonoasMTEABHEIE METOAN, Tepauwccei meom. Tew ® 800-1000°C CaCO, npExoastt» CaO, se MEHR BETA, Mxposussreceut meen. BCE @OPNBI KAABIITA CO BCTIEHHBARUEM PACTBOPAIOTCA B KHC- AOTAX C SYPHBIM BOIAEAEHHEM YEAEKHCAOTO TAA CO,, B PACTBOPE NPHGYTCTBVIOT HOH ca Osuaryxeume Co”, OAHA H3 HAMBOAEE 4YBCTBMTEABHBIX 1 XAPAKTEPHDIX PEAKIHi HA -KAABIWL ~ PEAKIES OBPAQOBAHILA KPUCTAAAOB rincA CaSO,2H,O, HA MPEAMETHOE CTEK- ‘AO TOMEIIAIOT KATIANO HCCAEAYEMOTO PACTBOPA H OTAEABHO ~ KAILAO 21 PACTBOPA KIC: ‘OTL KATAM COEAMILEIOT MPH OMOMYH KANAN ROA YEPES HECKOASKO MUHYT 3 BOAHOM OHE BHILAAAIOT KPHCTAAAK ICA, HMSIONIE BHA TA H POSETOX, TipgagA osnapyacenns 0,04 mr MOHA Ca™. [IPs ABABHOE PASBABAEHHE 1:25000. Dnemenmerosii anaaus, OMPEABABHME Ca. Cmppeyprati cvasss. ONPSAEAEHIE 30 BCEX PAQHOBUAHOCTAX KAPSOHATA KAABLIAA (CaCO, ~KAADNeTA HAM APATORUTA. Tame auraapar - CaSO,2H,0, noaysoginarh rac -CaSO,-0,5H, 0, attrayrurr - CaSO, POA. OsuaPy.xen Ca, S. HEOSXOAHMBIE H AOCTATOSERIE METOAW. Tlouspuscyuormas suaepocconus, KPHCTAAAB THTICA UMEWOT HIEDKIA{ HOKARATBAD HPEAON- ‘Annis (IPAKTHECKH CAMBAIOTCA B MPOKOAAUIEM HOAAPH3OEAHHOM CEBTE C KAHAACKHM [BAABSAMOM), KAPAKTEDHYIO GOPAY B BHAE TAOCKHX CTOABHATBIX ACTIN SLA HrA (B CAY- ‘AB AHTHAPHTA) H HHSKYTO CEPYIO HHTRPOEPEHIHOHHVIO OKPACKY, ‘Muxporwacteceui meon.B OTAUSHE OT MEAA H CBLKHOBIX SEAHA THIIC PACTBOPAETCA B KOHIEHTPMPOBAHHOM ASOTHOM KHCAOTE TOABKO IPH HATPEBAHI 1 BES BBLAEAEHUR TA3A, Beacruops neucyrersvior nowt C2" SO?. Osxarrscemats Ce”. TIO XPASN KAILA WEPES HEKOTOPOE BPEMA OFPASVIOTCR KAPAKTEPLSIE -HTOASYATE KPHCTAAAB THIICA, 9TO OAHA 13 CAMBIX XAPAKTEPHBUX PEAK A THENC, Tlezqa osHaPy xmas 0,04 mer Co", IIPEAEASHOE PASEABAEIUE 1:25000, Osuarrxcums $0,°, ECAH K KANAS UCCAEAYEMOTO PACTBOPA IPHBABUTD KANLANO 196-4070 aCTBORA aNETATA county Pb(CH,COO), 8 5% 2108 yEcycHio#t xxtcAoTE CH,COOH, 70 B6i- THAAABT OCAAOK CaPHOKCAOTO CBUHIIA PESO. KPHCTAAAM KOTOPOTO HMEIOT OOPMY AEH- APTOS HPOMEOB. ‘Muxpopemeesooncempassodianzsua, OMPEAEABHUE Ca HS. AONOARMTEABHEIE METOA Gmpyemypr anasus. 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TEMHO-KPACHE IPO3PANHIE KPUCTAAAM, BOAEE KPYILSIE {AAS IIATAERTA 13 TIPHPOAHOTO MUHEPAAA SE TOHKOAMCTEPCHSIA MOPOMIOK AAK HCKYC- (CTBEHHOTO AKAAOMA; B CKPBINEHHINX HHKOASX IIPO3PASHOCTS COXPAHSETCS, IBET CTAHO- ‘BUTCABOABE APKUM. 10 OMTHSECKHM XAPAKTEPACTHKAM HCKYCCTBESHISAIDTMEBT XOX (XPACHRIM CYABOMA-CEAEHM{AOM KAAMIL HO WACTHIIB KPACHOFO KAAMIMB CKPEUIEHHSIX -HHKOASX HETPOSPANHL. ‘Tease mec. Tho 659°C nosroussrcs. _Muxpossaweteeeu mec. CTORKA 110 OTHONIEHH K KHCAOTAM H MEAOSAM 1 PACTBOPSET- (C8 TOABKO B IAPCKOR BOAKE (CMECE OAHOTO OSBEMA KOHIEHTPHPORAHHOM ASOTHOR KC- ‘AOTC TPEMG OFSEMAMH KOHI[EHTPHPOBANHOME COASHON KHCAOTH). BYAY' CYABOMAOM, KMHOBAPS TOA ABACTBIEEM KACAOT BBIAEASET CEPOBOAOPOA, OBHAPYAUBAEMBA TIO SATAXY H.C OMOMIBIO MUKPOXHMUECKICX PEAK (cat, YasrPAnaPit. Osmasraceuns H(t). K KAMAE PACTBODA, COREPKAUSIO PTY, IPHBARASIOT KATLAIO CME- (CH KORERTPUPOBAHHSIX PACTBOPOB POMAHKAA ADMOHHA NH,CNS H HMTPATA KOBAABTA Co(NO,),. Tle 270M OSPASVIOTCH TEMHO-CHHME KPHCTAAA TETPAPOAAHOMEPKYPHATA KOBAABTA Co[Hg(CNS),] 5 SHAE ¥rA, MPHaM, CPOCTKOB. TAK KAK OBMHO IPHXOAMTCH PA- [OTATS C MAABIMH KOAHYECTRAMH BBILECTBA, KANIAIO PACTBOPA BSIAPMBAIOT AOCYXA, She ‘TEM CMASHBAIOT PEATSHTOM. Tire qza OBHAPY>XGHA 0,04 mR HE(II) IIREAEABHOE PASBABASHEE 1:25000, AoTioARrTEABHSIE METOAR. Cmpyemypret anasus. PEAABEAP — IIPUPOAHBIME MHHEPAA COCTABAASS, POA. OBHAPYAEHHE AS, HEOBXOAHMABIE H AOCTATONHIBIE METOAM. Tlosspusayuowias surpocconus. OPALDKEBBIE MPO3PAYHBE NACTHIIS, BES ONPEAEAEHEBX ‘OOP, B CXPEM|EHHBIX HUKOASX OCHOBHAS MACCA - OPAIOKEBKIE HEPOSPANHSIE HACTHISS, HO B OTABADHBIX KPHCTAAAAX IEHTP SEPEBI. ‘Tepmccveceu mecm, Tou t $34°C sosroHsercs. Muxpopeumsenocnexmpassistl anaius, ONPEAEAEHUE-As,S. °107*