Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA TOWARDS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

LEARNING

Mangaldan Integraterated School

JENICA JAM U. CABALLERO

RADNEY A. MOLINA

GRAIL MADRIAGA

BENNY MAYUGBA

FIDEL NARVASA

Senior High School Department

,Bantayan,Mangaldan,Pangasisinan

ACADEMIC YEAR 2019-2020

GAS 12

MARCH 2019

1
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers would like to thank the following who became a part for the completion of this

research paper. First of all, to the Almighty God who gives strength, wisdom, gift of life and

guidance. Next, to the parents of the researcher that gave financial assistance and full support.

Third, to Mrs. Elaine Soriano, the researcher’s adviser for sharing his expertise on the field of

research. And lastly, to the respondents who gave their precious time to answer the questionnaire

given by the researchers about the influence of social media towards their learning.

The special thanks coming from the researchers will always remain uncountable. Every help,

every effort and every knowledge that the researchers received will assure everyone that they

will use it properly and wisely.

2
Table of Contents

Page

TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii

LIST OF APENDICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv

LIST OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

CHAPTER

I. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Statement of the problem

Scope and Delimitation

Significance of the study

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURES AND STUDIES

Related Literature

Related studies

Definition of Variables

III. METHODS OF RESEARCH

Methods and Techniques

Population of the Study


Research Instruments

Data Gathering Procedure

Date Processing and Statistical

3
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Technology has been circulated all over the world. It includes machines like computers and other

gadgets. The common example of this is the smart phones. Anyone can buy a brand-new phone

or a second hand because of different kinds of brands that cost cheaper and affordable than

others.

“Think before you click” People nowadays are all digital native. Social media Network plays an

important role in everyone’s life. Using different websites like Facebook, YouTube, Instagram,

Wattpad and Twitter, people can gain profit, additional information, pass time, socialize with

other people globally. Unlike in the past, communication nowadays, revolves around the social

media world wherein in just one click, all of your friends and all other netizens will get notified

about it because of the internet connection everyone has.

Hale (2015) explained that social media in its presents form has been a relatively short term even

though you probably can’t imagine having without it now. Most people define it as the ability to

use the internet to share and communicate instantly. Year 1997 was the birth of social media and

the first invented website was the “Six Degrees” named after the six degrees of separation

theory. In 2004, Mark Zuckerberg launched Facebook. The number one social media website

today and it currently boasts over a billion users.

Social network site (SNS) has become the most dynamic Web 2.0 application which enables

students not only to socialize with friends but also interact with lectures. The growing popularity

of the sites is further influenced by the free access for whomever that desire to interact with

friends and lectures with a view to generating collective knowledge, (Hamat et al., 2012)
According to Camus (2017), in the digital shift, the Philippines has taken the global lead in at

least one measure: time spent on social media. The report, called Digital in 2017, showed that

Filipinos spent an average of 4 hours and 17 minutes per day on social media sites such as

Facebook, Snapchat and Twitter.

Teachers integrated the use of social media in the class to help the students understand the topic

in an easy way. They also asked their students to use their social media accounts because they

already send the pictures, documents, videos and other things that the students need in their

studies.

Social media provides too much stimulation and therefore can distract students from completing

their coursework (Hurt et al., 2012; Patera et al., 2008). Another reason for this may be that

students who spend more time on social media may have difficulty balancing their online

activities their academic preparation.

Mechmood and Taswir (2013) noted that “the use of social media networks and the Internet is

one of the most important factors that can influence educational performance of students

positively or adversely.”

Social networking and media offer students the opportunity to communicate with others, get in

touch, access information from the internet, research and chat. Social media can be used for

educational purposes but it may also lead to addiction and depression.

Using Social media accounts, people can express their feelings and emotions freely. Ramasubu

(2015), stated that “Other risks of extensive social networking among youth are loss of privacy,

sharing too much information, and disconnect from reality.”


Heffner (2018) refers perception as an interpretation of what we take in through our senses.

Positive perceptions obtained from users of social networking sites i.e. effective learning which

has resulted in an easy learning climate among students (Mazer, et al., 2010) . Social media can

influence the insights of a person positively or negatively because of the different articles, post,

and other opinions of people than they read.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This study investigated on how social media influence the learning of Grade 11 students of

Mangaldan Integrated School

Specifically, the researchers sought answers for the following problems:

Specific Questions:

1. Why students use social media inside their classroom;

2. How social media influence the students’ learning;

3. Is there a difference between a higher achiever and lower achiever students when it

comes to the influence of social media towards their learning?


Conceptual Framework

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Gathering data of Grade 11


Facebook in relation to students
Learners of Mangaldan
Giving Questionnaire to Grade 11 emotional behavior of Grade 11
Integrated School
Learners of Mangaldan Integrated
 Problems encountered in
 Reasons of using social School
 Recommendations of
media
 Survey Learners
 Effects of social media
 Factors that affect
towards students
students

SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

The researchers aimed to determine what are the influences of social media on

Senior High school students towards learning during the School Year 2018-2019.

They also identified the target people who answered the prepared questionnaire. It

involved 20 students from the Senior High school Department of Mangaldan

Integrated School. The Descriptive Survey Method would be used while

conducting the said activity. The respondents answered the Questions given by the

researchers. The Influence of Social media on Senior High School students

towards learning were answered through a questionnaire.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


The researchers aimed to widen their knowledge with regards to influence of social

media on the perceptions of students towards learning. This research study

benefited the following:

Students. This research material was intended for those students who use social

media as a pass time, for school purposes and other use of different websites. And

they would understand if social media was really a helpful tool for them or not.

Parents. This research study helped the parents to track the usage of their child

with regards to social media.

Teachers. This research was designed for the current teacher of the Senior High

school Department to know if the integration of social media in their teaching

strategies is helpful on the Senior High school students’ academic performance or

the traditional teaching is better.

Future Researchers. This research aimed to help the future researchers to explore

more about this research.


CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter discussed the related literature, studies, theories and the definition of terms about

the influence of social media on the Senior High School students towards learning that will

support the entire study.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Social Media

Social Networking started as a place to connect with your friends in an easy and convenient way

(Jackson,2009). Social networking sites allow the individual in the family to share their daily

lives in a sure but public forum. Family members are able to organize events. Relative abroad

can communicate and share things every time in their own free time despite the fact that their

geographical distance.

A Social networking site can be a good way to make connections with people with similar

interest and goals (Steve,2008). Communication is one of the main things why there are social

networking sites, to gather information and to broaden their knowledge. Since social networking

sites is a huge place to gather information to what is trending nowadays. (Green,2008). Other

things in the social media are a great chance to gather ideas sine those articles are specified

(Green,2008)
In a survey conducted by Bagget and Williams (2012), students agree that social media is a

means to connect between individuals and is used as means to share common interests. Media

represents useful tools for communication and education, and provides an opportunity for

networking in any profession. With time constraints and demanding class schedules, social

media helps students to multitask because they do not want to spend time creating multiple

messages.

Victoria Rideout states that, among the younger generation, the time they spend on social media,

what she calls ‘entertainment media’ is ‘more than twice average amount of time spent in school

year’. Using social media, students’ multi-task between all the different media they use. For

example, they can be listening to music, sending a tweet and also posting on Facebook. Rideout

said that since social media is seven days a week, unlike school or having a full-time job, over

the years the amount of time one could spend over the internet “has exploded” (Rideout,2012,

p.5)

Related studies

Advantages and Disadvantages of using Social Media

A review study from Nottingham Trent University (2017) looked back over earlier research on

the psychological characteristics, personality and social media use. The authors conclude that “it

may be plausible to speak specifically of ‘Facebook Addiction Disorder’. because addiction

criteria, such as neglect of personal life, mental preoccupation, escapism, mood modifying

experiences, tolerance and concealing the addictive behavior, appear to be present in some

people who use [social networks] excessively.”


According to Walton (2017), there are five factors that affect our mental health. One study a few

years ago found that Facebook use was linked to both less moment-to-moment happiness and

less life satisfaction. Another study looked at how we make comparisons to others post, in

“upward” or “downward” directions that can lead to depressive symptoms. Followed by the

study that shows social media use triggers feelings of jealousy. Part of the unhealthy cycle is that

we keep coming back to social media, even though it doesn’t make us feel very good. Lastly, a

study found that more friends on social media don’t necessarily mean you have a better social lif

and it takes actual social interaction (not virtual) to keep up these friendships.

According to Udurie (2015), “A new study has found that teenagers who engage with social

media during the night could be damaging their sleep and increasing their risk of anxiety and

depression. Teenagers spoke about the pressure they felt to make themselves available 24/7 and

the resulting anxiety if they did not respond immediately to texts or posts. Teen are so

emotionally invested in social media that a fifth of secondary school pupils will wake up at night

and log on, just to make sure they don’t miss out”

As many studies suggest (Ellesfen et al., 2016), “Social media has potential as an educational

tool that could improve student motivation and in-class participation levels. However, use and

implementation of social media in the classroom depends on both student and instructor.”

Tapscott and Williams (2010) in their study showed how social network applications can

significantly improve student learning and knowledge acquisition, critical thinking. Social

network/media technologies in this context include Blog, Wiki, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter,

online discussion forum and others.


Arnold and Paulus (2010), found that even when social media is used for educational purpose,

students incorporate the technology into their lives in a way that may differ from the intentions

of the course instructor.

Malaney (2005) found that some students in multiple studies in 2000 and 2003 reported that their

grades had suffered as a result of too much time spent on social media. Banquil et al., (2009)

found evidence of continuing drop of grades among students because social networking.

According to Ahn (2011), Social media has many uses, from networking to news to quality

information but the concern is around whether these students are using these social media

platforms for all these reasons and whether these users are managing to organize their time.”

(Valkenburg & Peter, 2009), “The longer use of the Internet was rekated to increased depression,

loneliness, and smaller social circles. The results suggest that Internet use isolates individuals

from their friends and family, and has a negative impact on one’s psychological well-being.”
DEFINITION OF TERMS

Facebook depression defined as emotional disturbance that develops when preteens and teens

spend a great deal of time on social media sites is now a very real malady.

Social Media Marketing refers to the process of gaining traffic or attention through social

media site.

Social Networking started as a place to connect with your friends in an easy and convenient way

Social Networking sites allow the individual in the family to share their daily lives in a sure but

public forum.

Theory of Planned Behavior (TBP) this theory attempts to predict deliberate behavior, because

behavior has the potential to be deliberate and planned.


Chapter III

METHODOLOGY

This chapter discussed the methods and techniques, population of the study, research

instruments, data gathering procedure, and data processing and statistical treatment.

Research Design

Descriptive survey method was used while conducting this research as the research suggest.

Descriptive research describes what is. It involves the description, recording, analysis, and

interpretation of the present nature, composition or processes of phenomena. The focus is on

prevailing conditions, or how a person, group, or thing behaves or functions in the present. It

often involves some type of comparison or contrast (Manuel and Medel, p.25) This method is the

most appropriate to use to analyze, describe and understand the influence of social media on the

perceptions of the student towards learning.

Three main purposes of research are to describe, explain, and validate findings. Descriptions

emerges following creative exploration, and serves to organize the findings in order to fit them

with explanations (Krathwol, 1993). Many research studies call for the description of natural or
manmade phenomena such as their form, structure, activity, and change over time, relation to

other phenomena, and so on.

Population

Table 1 Shows the respondents coming from the Senior High Department of Mangaldan

Integrated School composed of 20 students

Table 1

Population Sample

Respondents Total
With honors
Non honors
Total 20

Primary sources of data were obtained from Senior High students of Mangaldan Integrated

School

During the School Year 2019-2020 , which were involved in the study . Purposive or Judgmental

sampling method was used in this study.


Research Instrument

To gather all the data needed from the respondents , the researchers constructed a checklist

method. The first part was intended to know the student’s profile . The second part was the

checklist survey questionnaire that answers the questions of the researcher.

Data Gathering Procedure

In survey method research, participants answer questions administered through questionnaires .

After participants answer the question, researchers describe the responses given. In order for the

survey to be both reliable and valid it is important that the questions constructed properly.

Questions should be written so they are clear and easy to comprehend .


Chapter IV

PRESENTATION , ANALYSIS , AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter contains the results , analysis , and interpretation of data gathered which helped in

answering the research problems posed by the researchers . Previous studies and literature

consulted by the researcher served as the basis in analyzing and interpreting the data gathered.
Research Instrumentation and Data Gathering
Statistical Treatment