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п ервы й го д о бу ч ен и я

ключи
Б. А. Сосис

430
тестовых упражнений
по английской грамматике
1-й год о б у ч е н и я

Грамматический справочник

Ключи

Издание второе, исправленное

Москва
«Лист Нью
2004
I V ''
ББК 81.2 Англ
С 66

Сосис, Б.А.
С 66 430 тестовых упражнений по английской граммати­
ке. 1-й год обучения.-2-е изд., и спр.;-М .: Лист Нью,
2004. - 320 с.

¡БВЫ 5-7871-0197-9

Предлагаемые грамматические и лексико-грамматические


упражнения, тесты, стихотворения, загадки, грамматические
кроссворды помогут учащ имся овладеть грамматическим
материалом, предусмотренным программой по английскому
языку для общеобразовательных школ. В конце книги име­
ются поурочны й Грамматический справочник, Ключи к
упражнениям и таблица форм неправильных глаголов.
Во второе издание (1 -е —2003 г.) внесены необходимые ис­
правления.
Для первого года обучения английскому языку общ еобра­
зовательных школ, колледжей, групп для начинающих, а так­
же самостоятельного изучения языка.

ББК 81.2 Англ

© Б. А. С осис, 2004
15ВЫ 5-7871-0197-9 © ООО «Лист Нью», 2004
Предисловие

П редлагаем ое ваш ему в н и м ан и ю пособ и е по а н г­


лийскому язы ку имеет целью помочь учащ имся 1-го года
обучения овладеть грамматическим м атериалом, предус­
м отренны м программ ой средней общ еобразовательной
школы.
Пособие состоит из 12 уроков.
Каждый урок включает:
1. грамм атические упражнения;
2. лексико-грам м атические упраж нения;
3. контрольную работу.
В конце пособия даны поурочны й грам м атический
справочник, клю чи к упраж нениям и таблица ф орм не­
правильны х глаголов.

Грамматические упражнения рассчитаны на первичное


закрепление грамм атического материала урока.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения не только повто­


ряю т грамм атический материал урока, но такж е способ­
ствуют закреплению в памяти лексических единиц учеб­
н ика по английском у язы ку для 1-го года обучения сред­
ней общ еобразовательной ш колы.
Л ексико-грам м атическое упраж нение № 29 «П ред­
ставьте себе» ещ е раз прорабаты вает весь пройденны й
грам м атический и лексический материал урока.
Л ексика упраж нений, в том числе построенных на базе
текстов, взяты х из худож ественной литературы , очень
проста. Это обеспечивает наиболее эф ф ективное усвое­
ние грамм атического материала.

3
Каждый урок содержит увлекательные загадки и крос­
сворды, смеш ны е стихотворения, которые не только тре­
нирую т память ученика, но также в легкой, заним атель­
н ой ф орме повторяю т пройденны й материал.
Перед вы полнением упраж нений необходимо прежде
всего усвоить соответствующий грамматический матери­
ал, указанны й в начале каждого урока, а также убедиться
в том, что слова, входящ ие в состав упраж нений, извест­
ны. Д ля повторения слов к упраж нениям прилагается их
тран скри п ц и я и перевод на русский язык.
У праж нения «Заполните пропуски» или «Раскройте
скобки» вы полняю тся по усмотрению учителя письм ен­
но или устно. У праж нения на перевод с русского язы ка
на а н гл и й ск и й реком ендуется вы п олн ять письм енно.
П о н р ав и вш и еся сти хотворен и я м ож н о заучивать н а ­
изусть.
Н адею сь, что данное пособие окаж ет сущ ественную
п ом ощ ь ш кол ьн и кам в усвоении програм м ного грам ­
м атического материала.
Автор
Урок I
Грам м атика:
1. Имя существительное: число; притяжательный падеж.
2. Артикли.
3. Местоимения: личные, притяжательные,указательные.
4. Понятие об инфинитиве. Повелительное наклонение
глагола.
5. Глагол £о Ьв в настоящем времени.
6. Порядок слов английского повествовательного пред­
ложения.

Грамматические упражнения

Упр. 1. Образуйте множественное число от сущ естви­


тельных.
а) a pen, a tie, a plate, a nam e, a pupil, a table, a bag, а
hand, a cat, a dog, a chair;
б) a glass, a dish, a page, a box, a house, a baby, a city, а
country, a family, a story
а реп [э'реп] - ручка a chair [эЧ/еэ] - стул
a tie [a'tai] —галстук a glass [a'glcts] —стакан
a plate [a'pleit] - тарелка a dish [a'dij] - блюдо
а п ате [э'пенп] - имя a page [a'peicfe] - страница
a pupil [3'pju:pl] —ученик a box [a'boks] —коробка
a table [a'teibl] —стол a house [a'haus] - дом
a bag [э'Ьаед] —сумка a baby [a'beibi] —младенец
a hand [s'haend] - рука a city [a'siti] - город
(кисть) a country [э'клпШ] - стра­
a cat [a'kset] - кошка на; деревня
a dog [a'dDg] - собака a family [a'fasmili] - семья

Упр. 2. Замените существительные личными местоиме­


ниями.
Образец: M ary — she

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1. Kate; 2. a girl; 3. a boy; 4. a m other; 5. a father; 6.
table; 7. a story; 8. a house; 9. pupils; 10. houses; 11. hands;
12. a chair; 13. a nam e; 14. friends
a girl [э'дз:1] - девочка a father [a'faiôa] —папа
a boy [э'Ьш] - мальчик a friend [o'frend] - друг
a mother [э'тлбэ] —мама Kate [keit] - Катя

Упр. 3. К каждому личному местоимению подберите притя­


жательное местоимение из данных в скобках.
Образец: they —their
1. we —
2. you -
3 .1 -
4 . she —
5. he —
6. it —
(his, her, its, my, your, our)
I [ai] - я it [it] —он, она (для неоду­
you [ju:] - ты, вы шевлённых существи­
we [wi:] —мы тельных)
he [hi:] - он they [5ei] - они
she [Д:] - она

Упр. 4. Переведите на английский язык.


1. моя книга; 2. наш и куклы; 3. твоя ош ибка; 4. их квар
тира; 5. моя сумка; 6. ваш журнал; 7. наш учитель; 8. твой
карандаш*; 9. его друг; 10. их дети
a magazine [a'mæga'zkn] - журнал
my [mai] - мой(я) (притяжательное местоимение)
our ['аиэ] - наш(а, и) (притяжательное местоимение)
your [jo:] —твой(я, и) (притяжательноеместоимение); ваш
their [без] - их (притяжательное местоимение)
his [hiz] —его (притяжательное местоимение)
Упр. 5. Употребите слова в скобках в притяжательном па­
деже.

б
1. its tail (the dog)
2. her toy (M ary)
3. their mistakes (the children)
4. her dress (my m other)
5. his bag (John)
6. her friend (Ann)
7. their pets (the girls)
8. his magazine (Fred)
9. her pencil (K ate)
10. his teacher (m y friend)
a toy [эЧш] - игрушка a tail [a'teil] - хвост
a mistake [э mis'teik] — Fred [fred] - Фрэд (муж­
ошибка ское имя)
a dress [a'dres] - платье Магу [теэп] —Мэри
a pet [s'pet] —любимое (женское имя)
животное John [cfetm] - Джон (муж­
a pencil [a'pensl] - каран­ ское имя)
даш Ann [æn] —Анна
a teacher [a'tiitfa] —учитель Peter ['pi:ta] - Пётр

Упр. 6. Переведите на английский язык.


1. квартира П етра
2. книга Кати
3. дом Д ж она
4. сумка М эри
5. книги моих друзей
6. письмо моего друга
7. ош ибки его друзей
8. платье моей мамы
9. ш ляпа Анны
10. оценки Петра
a flat [a'flaet] - квартира a hat [a'hæt] - шляпа
a book [э'Ьик] - книга a mark [э'пжк] —оценка
a letter [a'leta] —письмо,
буква

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Упр. 7. Образуйте множественное число.
Образец: 1. this flat - these flats
2. that chair —those chairs
1. this lamp
2. this table
3. this house
4. that building
5. this dress
6. that bag
7. that boy
8. this girl
9. this lesson
10. that question
a lamp [a'laemp] —лампа a question [a'kwestf^n]
a building [a'bildirj] - зда­ вопрос
ние a lesson [a'lesn] - урок

Упр. 8. Переведите на английский язык.


1. этот м альчик
2. этот дом
3. тот сад
4. те ручки
5. эти учебники
6. та тетрадь
7. те во п р о са
8. эти игруш ки
9. те карандаш и
1 0 .те девочки
a garden [a'ga:dn] - сад ап exercise book [sn'eksasaiz
а text [a'tekst] - текст buk] - тетрадь
а textbook [a'tekstbuk] -
учебник

Упр. 9. Попросите своего друга (подругу).


Образец: to read the text
Read the text, please.

8
1. to do this exercise
2. to give you a pen
3. to send you that book
4. to take the red pencil
5. to tell you an interesting story
6. to m eet Kate
7. to open the door
8. to write this word on the black-board
9. to com e to your place on Sunday
10. to close the window
an exercise [an'eksasaiz] - to open ['эир(э)п] - откры­
упражнение ваться); open - откры­
a black-board [s'blaekboid] — тый
классная доска to write [rait] —писать
to do [du:] —делать a word [a'w3:d] —слово
to give [givj —давать to come [клт] —приходить
to send [send] - посылать Sunday ['sAndi] —воскре­
to take [teik] - брать сенье
to tell [tel] - рассказывать; to close [klauz] —закры­
2) говорить, сказать ваться)
to meet [mi:t] —встре­ a window [a'windau] —окно
чаться)

Упр. 10. Переведите на английский язык.


1. П осм отри на мое новое платье, пожалуйста. 2. Н ай ­
ди м ой учебник, пожалуйста. 3. Д ай мне эту ручку, пож а­
луйста. 4. Р асск аж и м не о своём уроке, пож алуйста.
5. Пётр, иди к доске, пожалуйста. 6. Откройте ваш и к н и ­
ги, пожалуйста. 7. Н апиш ите новы е олова на доске, пож а­
луйста. 8. Подойди к столу, пожалуйста. 9. П рочитай эту
книгу, пожалуйста. 10. П окаж и м не твои подарки, пож а­
луйста. 11. В озьми эту книгу, пож алуйста. 12. Закрой
дверь, пожалуйста. 13. Встреть Анну, пожалуйста. 14. Рас­
скаж и мне об этом , пожалуйста. 15. П ом оги м не, пож а­
луйста.

9
Упр. 11. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол to be в
настоящем времени.
1 .1 (to be) Peter.
2. Не (to be) John.
3. We (to be) friends.
4. My m other (to be) a doctor.
5. H er father (to be) a teacher.
6. You (to be) here.
7. They (to be) pupils.
8. M ary (to be) a clever girl.
9. N ick (to be) a poet.
10. This baby (to be) funny.
Nick [nik] - Ник (муж­ clever ['kleva] - умный
ское имя) a poet [a'pauit] - поэт
here [hia] - здесь, туг, сюда funny [Тлш] - смешной

Упр. 12. Какую форму глагола to be выбрать?


1 .1 (is, am ) at home.
2. We (is, are) friends.
3. He (am , is) a pupil.
4. She (are, is) a good friend.
5. We (is, are) in the kitchen.
6. This boy (are, is) kind.
7. These teachers (is, are) good.
8. They (am , are) in the street.
9. My books (is, are) on the floor.
10. These pens (am , are) red.
a home [эЪ эит] - дом, kind [kaind] - добрый
жилище a street [a'stri:t] - улица
good [gud] - хороший a floor [a'flo:] - пол
a kitchen [a'kitfin] - кухня red [red] —красный

Упр. 13. Заполните пропуски определённым или неопре­


делённым артиклем, где это нужно.
1. This is ... dress.

ю
2. These are ... dresses.
3. T hat is ... book.
4. Those are ... books.
5. H er nam e is ... Mary.
6. Give me ... pencil, please.
7 .... baby is funny.
8. We are a t ... library now.
9 .... library is very large.
10.... Kate and I are ... friends.
a library [aiaibrsrij - биб­ large [la:d$] - большой
лиотека now [паи] - теперь, сейчас

Упр. 14. Какое местоимение выбрать?


1.... books are on the table, (we, our)
2 .... dress is on the chair, (she, her)
3 .... son is at school, (they, their)
4 .... teacher is at the table, (we, our)
5. The walls of the room are w h ite.... walls are white (it, its)
6 .... house is large, (he, his)
7 .... pen is bad. (you, your)
8 .... dress is long (she, her)
9 .... book is interesting. (I, my)
10.... pencils are black, (we, our)
a son [a'sAn] —сын bad [baed] —плохой
a school [a'skiri] - школа long [1ш]] - длинный
a wall [3'wo:l] - стена interesting ['intnstirj] —ин­
a room [э'гот] - комната тересный
white [wait] —белый black [blaek] - чёрный

Упр. 15. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Это моя комната.
2. То упраж нение короткое.
3. Эти сумки новые.
4. Те карандаш и плохие.
5. Эта девочка умная.
6. Э тот парк старый.

11
7. Это английский журнал.
8. Эти ком наты чистые.
9. Пётр — мой друг.
10. О н очень хорош ий друг.
a park [э'ра:к] - парк clean [kli:n] - чистый
English ['irjglij] - англий­
ским

Упр. 16. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на


порядок слов английского повествовательного
предложения.
Образец: bag, black, is, my.
My bag is black.
1. book, this, interesting, is, an.
2. flat, clean, my, is.
3. is, a, this, house.
4. book, under, table, my, the, is.
5. pen, this, red, is.
6. friend, Peter, my, is.
7. old, are, books, these.
8. are, friends, they.
9. boy, is, clever, N ick, a.
10. kind, is, m other, my.
old [auld] - старый

Упр. 17. Закончите предложения, подобрав нужное сло-


BOCOHeTaHHe.
1. T h is ... are new.
2. M a ry ... are in my room,
3. T h is ... is ten years old.
4. T h e s e ... is green,
5. This t e x t ... is old.
6. My g ran d fa th e r... is interesting,
7. This p e n c il... are books,
8.A n n ... is a pen.
9. W e ... is my friend.
12
10. These toys ... I is my school.

this [5is] - этот, эта, это a grandfather [a'grasnd'faida]


these [di:z] - эти - дедушка
a text [s'tekst] - текст

Упр. 18. Заполните пропуски подлежащими из данных в


скобках.
1.... am at the window now.
2 .... are at home.
3 .... are pencils.
4 .... are red.
5 .... is a pupil.
6 .... is funny.
7 .... are friends.
8 .... is under the table.
9 .... are in the yard.
10.... is ten.
(Mary, the children, the cat, they, the baby, Peter, the hats,
these, we, I)
a yard [s'ja:d] - двор | children ['tfildren] - дети

Упр. 19. Преобразуйте единственное число указательных


местоимений во множественное. Помните и об
остальных членах предложения!
Образец: 1. This is а chair. —These are chairs.
2. T hat is a book. - Those are books.
1. This is a pen.
2. That is a lamp.
3. This book is interesting.
4. This hat is red.
5. This coat is black.
6. That room is large.
7. That exercise is long.
8. This teacher is kind.
9. That boy is at hom e.

13
10. This is a good pen.

a coat [a'kaut] - пальто

Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Н аш дом новы й.
2. Пётр и Д ж он - друзья.
3. М оя кукла очень красивая.
4. М ама Кати —доктор.
5. М еня зовут Пётр.
6. Стены этой ком наты белые. Они белые.
7. Его зовут Н иколай. (Н ик)
8. А нна у окна.
9. Ч итайте текст, пожалуйста.
10. Мы в парке.
11. Эти девочки — ученицы.
12. Закрой книгу, пожалуйста.
13. Возьми эту ручку, пожалуйста.
14. Эта тетрадь тонкая.
15. М ой папа — учитель.
a doctor [a'dokta] - доктор | thin [0in] - тонкий

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Какую форму глагола to be выбрать?
1. Ruskin Bond ... a famous Indian writer, (are, is)
2. He ... famous for his book “ G randfather’s Private Z o o ” ,
(am , is)
3. This book ... interesting, (are, is)
4. I t ... about m onkeys, birds and snakes, (am , is).
5. Toto ... a funny monkey, (are, is).
6. Its eyes ... bright, (am , are)
7. Its teeth ... white, (is, are).
8. Toto ... my pet. (am , is)
9. My nam e ... Ruskin. (are, is).
10. I ... behind Toto now. (is, am)

14
Ruskin Bond ['rAskin a bird [э'Ьз.-d] - птица
'bond] —Раскин Бонд a snake [a'sneik] —змея
famous ['feimas] — знаме- bright [brait] —яркий,
нитый, известный блестящий
Indian ['indian] —индий­ a tooth [a'tu:0] - зуб
ский teeth [ti:0] - зубы
a writer [a'raita] - писатель Toto ['tautau] —Тото
private ['prarvit] - част- (кличка обезьяны)
ный, личный a pet [a'pet] —любимое жи-
a Zoo [a'zu:] - зоопарк вотное
a monkey [a'nurjki] — behind [bi'haind] - за, сза-
обезьяна ди, позади, после

Упр. 22. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов повествовательного предложения.
Образец: bag, her, red, is.
H er bag is red.
1. monkey, Toto, is, а,
2. eyes, Toto’s, bright, are.
3. nam e, his, Ruskin, is.
4. R uskin’s, is, Toto, pet.
5. tail, T oto’s, long, is.
6. white, its, are, teeth.
7. clever, Toto, monkey, is, a.
8. cage, in, the, Toto, now, is.
9. funny, is, Toto.
10. Ruskin Bond, India, from , is.
a cage [a'keidj] - клетка | India ['india] - Индия

Упр. 23. Заполните пропуски нужной формой глагола to be


в настоящем времени.
1. We ... in the Zoo.
2. Ruskin Bond and Toto ... friends.
3. These birds ... rare.
4. T he white c a t ... fat.
5. Its e y e s... clever.

15
6. These trees ... green.
7. Ruskin ... at his grandfather’s house.
8. He ... an Indian boy.
9. T oto’s hands ... quick.
10. R uskin’s g ran d fath er... very kind.
quick [kwik] - быстрый an eye [an'ai] —глаз
fat [fast] —жирный, толс­ eyes [aiz] - глаза
тый a tree [a'tri:] - дерево

Упр. 24. Раскройте скобки, употребив соответствующее


притяжательное местоимение.
Образец: (I) cat is big.
My cat is big.
1. (We) Z oo is small.
2. R uskin’s grandfather is in (he) Zoo now.
3. This bird is (I) pet.
4. (It) eyes are bright.
5. (They) pets are funny.
6. (H e) pet is Toto.
7. This parrot is (she) pet.
8. (They) Z oo is large.
9. (You) dog is old.
10. (We) cat is on the table now.
a parrot [a'paerat] —попугай

Упр. 25. Преобразуйте единс^Ьенное число указательных


местоимений во множественное. Помните и об
остальных членах предложения!
1. This is a snake.
2. That is a parrot.
3. That bird is my pet.
4. This m onkey is funny.
5. That dog is black.
6. This cat is grey.
7. This tiger is old.
8. This m ouse is big.

16
9. That Zoo is large.
10. This lion is young.
gray [grei] - серый a tiger [a'taiga] - тигр
a mouse [a'maus] - мышь, a lion [a'laian] - лев
mice [mais] —мыши

Упр. 26. Замените подлежащие на данные в скобках, не за­


бывая и об остальных членах предложения.
Образец: These are birds, (this)
This is a bird.
1. Peter is in front of the Zoo. (your friends)
2. These are rare flowers, (this)
3. The bird is in the cage, (the birds)
4. This is a m ouse, (these)
5. Those are parrots, (that)
6. T hat is a cat. (those)
7. The dogs are in the yard, (the dog)
8. The snake is in the basket, (the snakes)
9. These are little mice, (mouse)
10. The cats are under the table, (the cat)
rare [rea] - редкий a basket [a'ba:skit] - кор­
a flower [a'flaua] —цветок зина

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1 .... Toto and ... Ruskin are ... friends.
2 .... Toto is ... monkey.
3. Toto is in ... Zoo now.
4 .... Z oo is small.
5 .... T oto’s hands are quick.
6. Look a t ... this parrot!
7 . ... parrot is yellow.
8. T hat is ... snake.
9 .... Snakes are very clever.
10. These are ... rare birds.

17
small [smo:l] —маленький, yellow ['jelau] - жёлтый
небольшой

Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Раскин Бонд —известны й писатель. 2. Он из И ндии.
3. Он известен своей книгой «Личный зоопарк дедушки».
4. Тото —обезьяна. 5. Тото —лю бим ое ж ивотное Раскина.
6. Тото сейчас в клетке. 7. Тото — см еш ная обезьяна.
8. О на коричневая. 9. Руки Тото быстрые. 10. Зубы Тото
белые. 11. Этот зоопарк маленький. 12. Эта змея длинная.
13. П осмотри на эту птицу, пожалуйста. 14. Это редкая
птица. 15. П тица в клетке.
brown [braun] - коричневый

Упр. 29. Представьте себе:


Вы в гостях у своего английского друга. О пиш ите ему
по-английски ваше лю бим ое ж ивотное.
Эти слова вам помогут:
a pet, a monkey, a cat, a dog, a snake, grey, brown, a parrot,
yellow, green, quiet, a tail, eyes, cage, this, these, th at, black,
clever, white, long, short, teeth, its, his, her, is, are
short |Jb:t] - короткий

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) Какую форму глагола to be в настоящ ем врем ен
употребить, раскры в скоб ки в этом стихотворении?

T h is (to be) a c a t,
A n d th e s e (to be) c a ts .
T h e y (to be) so f u n n y
In t h e i r h a ts .

18
б) К ак реш ить кроссворд?

К ак будет по-английски?
По горизонтали (across):
1. М ножественное число от существительного «ручка».
2. М ножественное число от сущ ествительного «море».
По вертикали (down):
1. М нож ественное число от сущ ествительного «люби­
мое животное».

Контрольная работа
I. Образуйте множественное число от данных существи­
тельных.
a snake, a friend, a box, a cage, a garden, a monkey, a par­
rot, a pet, a nam e, a tiger
II. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходи­
мо.
1.... M ary is in ... Zoo.
2. M y nam e is ... Ann.
3. My cat and ... I are ... friends.
4 .... cat is on ... chair now.
5 .... dog is in ... yard.
III. Заполните пропуски указательными местоимениями this
или these.
1 .... books are interesting.
2 .... boy is my friend.

19
3 .... bird is black.
4 .... pencils are red.
5 .... dog is my pet.
IV. Заполните пропуски подходящими местоимениями из
данных в скобках.
1.... flat is large. (I, my)
2 .... house is old. (they, their)
3 .... teacher is kind, (we, our)
4 .... dictation is bad. (you, your)
5 .... m arks are good, (she, her)
V. Заполните пропуски нужной формой глагола to be в
настоящем времени.
1. This ... M ary’s cat.
2. The c a t’s eyes ... green.
3. Its t a i l ... long.
4. These ... my dogs.
5. T h e y ... black.
green [gri:n] - зелёный

VI. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Эти собаки очень умные.
2. К ош ки —мои лю бим ы е ж ивотные.
3. М ою кош ку зовут Мурка.
4. Эта кош ка белая.
5. Это попугаи.
Murka ['тз:кэ] —Мурка
Урок II
Грам м атика:
1. Have /H as (got).
2. Can.
3. Отрицательные повествовательные предложения с
глаголами to be, can, have got.
4. Общие вопросы с глаголами to be, have got, can.

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
Образец: Не is a good friend.
Не is not (isn’t) a good friend.
1. N ick is at the table.
2. M ary is in the garden.
3. K ate’s m other is her friend.
4. These texts are interesting.
5. These children’s bags are new.
6. This box is empty.
7. This coat is nice.
8. My parents are young.
9. H er eyes are blue.
10. This apple is good.
new [nju:] - новый young [jaq] - молодой
nice [nais] —хороший, blue [blu:] - голубой
милый an apple [an'aepl] - яблоко
empty ['empti] - пустой

Упр. 2. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму


и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
Образец: Kate is his sister.
Is Kate his sister? —Yes, she is.
1. Your nam e is Mary.
2. You are ten years old.

21
3. T heir children are at school.
4. N ick is at hom e on weekdays.
5. Your dog is here.
6. This chair is old.
7. Your friend is a pupil.
8. This text is long.
9. Your pen is on the floor.
10. The cat is on the sofa.
и year [3'j3:] - год ten [ten] - десять
a weekday [o'wi:kdei] - буд­ a sofa [a'saufaj —софа, ди­
ний ДсНЬ ван

Упр. 3. Заполните пропуски сказуемыми is, are, is not (isn’t),


are not (aren’t).
1.... your flat good?
2. His room ... large. It is small.
3. They ... in the garden.
4 .... you at hom e on Sundays?
5 .... Kate a pupil?
6 .... your friend at hom e?
7 .... they good friends?
8. Their house ... in the center o f the city.
9. Peter’s books ... in his bag.
10 ... that bird in the cage?
a city [a'siti] - город | the center [5a'sent3] —центр

Упр. 4. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: room , table, the, is, in, the?
Is the table in the room?
1. they, pupils, are?
2. window, the, Peter, at, is?
3. red, is, hat, M ary’s?
4. new, are, toys, these?
5. car, their, old, is?
6. pens, are, bad, his?

22
7. park, the, are, in, children, the?
8. my, is, big, bag?
9. window, table, near, the, is, the?
10. yard, is, the, cat, the, in?
a car [э'ка:] —автомобиль, near [шэ] —возле, у, около
машина

Упр. 5. Ответьте на вопросы утвердительно или отрица­


тельно.
1. Are you a pupil?
2. Is your friend a pupil?
3. Are you nine years old?
4. Is your m other a doctor?
5. Are your friends in the park?
6. Are your parents teachers?
7. Is your bag black?
8. Is your friend’s nam e Peter?
9. Are the walls o f this room yellow?
10. Is this room large?
nine [nain] - девять

Упр. 6. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Это мой попугай. 2. Дети во дворе? — Да. 3. К атя у
окна. 4. Стол больш ой. 5. Это платье новое. 6. М оему
другу десять лет. 7. М оя ручка плохая. 8. П етра нет дома.
9. О ни бываю т дом а только вечером. 10. К расная ручка
на столе? - Нет. 11. Эта кош ка пуш истая. 12. Эти дети
очень умные. 13. О на из М осквы ? — Нет. 14. Эти стулья
старые. 15. Э тот журнал интересны й? — Нет.
an evening [э'Ьтщ ] —вечер fuzzy flXzi] - пушистый
in the evening [in di'i:vnir)] Moscow ['rrraskau] —Моск­
- вечером ва

Упр. 7. Замените подлежащие на данные в скобках, не за­


бывая и о других членах предложения.

23
Образец: I ’ve got a car. (he)
He has got a car.
1. Mary has got a red bag. (I)
2. My friend has got a new flat, (we)
3. I’ve got a good friend, (you)
4. They’ve got very m any books, (he)
5. Mary has got two pets. (I)
6. Kate has got a red coat, (you)
7. Toto has got bright eyes, (their cats)
8. My m other has got a beautiful dress. (I)
9. N ick’s father has got two cars, (they)
10. I’ve got a new tie. (Nick)
to get [get] - получать, до­ to have [haev] - иметь,
ставать обладать
to have got - иметь

Упр. 8. Употребите правильную форму глагола to have в обо­


роте to have got.
1. We ... got a big house.
2. He ... got a black dog.
3. M a ry ... got dark eyes.
4. My parents ... got a new car.
5. N ick ... got an interesting book.
6. They ... got good friends.
7 . 1 ... got a piano.
8. Kate ... got a big doll.
9. P e te r... got a new suit.
10. A dog ... got four legs and a tail.
dark [da:k] - тёмный a suit [sju:t] - мужской
a piano [a'pjaenau] - пиа­ костюм
нино, рояль a leg [э'1ед] - нога (от бед­
a doll [a'dül] - кукла ра до ступни)

Упр. 9. Дайте краткие утвердительные или отрицательные


ответы на общие вопросы.
1. Has your friend got a new flat?

24
2. Have you got a good friend?
3. Has Mary got two pets?
4. Has Toto got dark eyes?
5. Has your m other got a beautiful dress?
6. Have you got a new hat?
7. Has N ick got two red ties?
8. Have you got a piano?
9. Have your parents got a house?
10. Has Kate got gray eyes?
beautiful ['bju:tif(3)l] - parents ['pe9r(9)nts] - po-
красивый, прекрасный дители

Упр. 10. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. They have got a big house.
2. Mary has got a new dress.
3. Peter has got a new bike.
4. My friend has got a car.
5. Kate has got a cat and a dog.
6. Toto has got white teeth.
7. T heir friends have got two houses in the country.
8. You have got a parrot.
9. My cat has got a fuzzy tail.
10. I have got two blue pencils.
a bike [a'baik] —велосипед, сокращенно от bicycle
['baisikl] —велосипед

Упр. 11. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: dress, got, Mary, a, has, good?
Has M ary got a good dress?
1. parrot, your, a, friend, at, got, has, home?
2. house, have, big, they, a, got?
3. cat, a, his, tail, got, fuzzy, has?
4. toys, the, got, children, have, new? .
5. car, I, old, got, an, have?
6. eyes, cat, the, got, green, has?

25
7. got, a, have, bike, you?
8. grandm other, pet, a, his, got, has?
9. Z oo, got, a, has, private, he?
10. book, Mary, an, got, English, has?
grandmother ['graend,mAd3] - бабушка

Упр. 12. Заполните пропуски словами, данными в скоб­


ках.
1 ... has got a parrot and a cat.
2 .... has got a new toy.
3 .... have got a big house in the country.
4 ... has got an English book.
5 .... has got a black coat.
6 ... have got two dogs.
7 ... has got a small flat.
8 ... has got white teeth.
9 ... has got a fuzzy tail.
10.... have got red apples.
(Peter, we, Mary, Nick, they, my grandm other, my cat, Toto,
I, the child)
Упр. 13. Переведите на английский язык.
1. У Тото умные глаза. 2. У дедуш ки Раскина есть л и ч ­
ны й зоопарк. 3. У м еня есть попугай. 4. У них есть змея.
5. У тебя есть дома лю бимое животное? 6. У него нет кош ­
ки, у него (есть) собака. 7. У попугая есть крылья? 8. У
них больш ой дом в деревне. 9. У м еня нет нового пальто.
10. У тебя есть велосипед? 11. У детей новы е игруш ки.
12. У него есть серый галстук. 13. У неё м ного ручек. 14. У
м оей сестры красивы е платья. 15. У них нет м аш ины .
Упр. 14. Раскройте скобки, не забывая об отсутствии час­
тицы to после глагола сап.
1. They can (to run).
2. Peter can (t© swim).
3 . 1 can (to jum p).
4. We can (to see).

26
5. You can (to read).
6. M ary can (to write).
7. These boys can (to play) football.
8. M ary can (to sing).
9. We can (to dance).
10. My m other can (to buy) this hat.
I can [кагп] - я умею to read [ri:d] - читать
(могу) to play [plei] - играть
to run [глп] - бежать, бе­ to sing [sir)] —петь
гать to dance [dams] - танце­
to swim [swim] —плавать вать, a dance —танец
to jump [ф \т р ] - прыгать to buy [bai] —покупать
to see [si:] —видеть

Упр. 15. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму


и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
Образец: Peter can write.
C an Peter write? —Yes, he can.
1. Peter can speak English.
2. They can run.
3. M ary can tell you about it.
4. This boy can jum p.
5. My friends can help you.
6. The child can read.
7. This baby can smile.
8. N ick can open this door.
9. They can build a house.
10. You can take my book.
to speak [spi:k] - говорить I to help [help] - помогать
to smile [small] —улы- to build [bild] - строить
баться, a smile улыбка

Упр. 16. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. N ick can tell you an interesting story.
2 . 1 can understand this rule.
3. Mary can play the piano.

27
4. T he baby can walk.
5. Peter can swim.
6. My m other can cook.
7. Kate can write.
8. They can go to the cinem a today.
9 . 1 can buy this book.
10. He can write the letter now.
to understand [^nda'staend] - понимать
to walk [wo:k] - ходить, идти пешком, a walk - прогулка
пешком
to cook [kuk] - стряпать, готовить пищу
to go [дэи] —идти, ходить

Упр. 17. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: now, you, do, can, it?
C an you do it now?
1. piano, he, the, play, can?
2. English, can, speak, you?
3. you, m e, see, can?
4. basketball, these, play, boys, can?
5. table, on, you, the, put, can, books, the?
6. cups, you, wash, can, the?
7. a, apples, eat, can, parrot?
8. talk, m onkeys, can?
9. that, you, can, text, read?
10. books, these, buy, you, can?
to put [put] - класть to talk [to:k] - говорить,
to wash [wbJ] - мыть(ся) разговаривать
to eat [i:t] - есть

Упр. 18. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. C an you dance?
2. C an your friend sing?
3. C an you tell us an interesting story?
4. C an you cook?

28
5. Can you swim?
6. Can your m other read English books?
7. C an you see two tables in this classroom?
8. C an you understand English words?
9. C an your parents speak English?
10. C an you go to the Z oo today?
a classroom [a'klcusmm] - класс, классная комната

Упр. 19. Вставьте артикли, если это необходимо.


1. I’ve g o t ... blue dress.
2. Peter c a n ’t give m e ... this book.
3 . 1 can see ... picture on the wall.
4. Mary is ... clever girl.
5. Mary and Kate are ... friends.
6. The baby has g o t ... new toy.
7. He c a n ’t write ... poems.
8. N ick has g o t ... black suit.
9. Tell me a b o u t... film, please.
10 ... book is interesting. I can give ... it to you.
a picture [a'piktfta)] - кар­ a film [a'film] - фильм
тина, рисунок please [pli:z] —пожалуй­
a poem [э'рэипп] - стихо­ ста
творение

Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Мы не умеем плавать. 2. Вы можете перевести этот
текст? 3. Я не могу это понять. 4. О н не умеет играть в
футбол. 5. К атя не ум еет прыгать. 6. Этот м альчик не
умеет читать. 7. Ты м ож еш ь написать это слово? 8. М эри
умеет играть на пианино? - Да. 9. Умеют ли кош ки п ры ­
гать? - Да. 10. Эта девочка умеет писать. И . М ой друг
умеет петь. 12. М эри не умеет готовить. 13. О н не может
сказать вам об этом . 14. О на не м ож ет нас встретить.
15. Пётр не умеет кататься на коньках.
football ['futborl] - футбол
to skate [skeit] - кататься на коньках

29
Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильную гла­
гольную форму.
1. Toto (to be) funny.
2. It сап (to run).
3. It can (to jum p).
4. It can (to smile).
5. Toto (not to be) in the
room now.
6. Toto (to be) in the kitchen
7. Look! Toto (to be) in the kettle!
8. The water in the kettle (to be hot).
9. Toto c a n ’t (to get out) o f the kettle.
10. R uskin’s grandfather can (to take) Toto out o fth e kettle.
a kettle [a'ketl] —метал­ water ['wo:t9] - вода
лический чайник hot [hot] - горячий
to take out —(зд.) выта­ cold [kauld] - холодный
щить to get out - (зд.) выбраться

Упр. 22. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную фор­


му и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопро­
сы.
1. Toto is a funny monkey.
2. My friends have got a cat.
3 .T h e c a t’s fur is soft.
4. Toto has got quick hands.
5. Toto has got a long tail.
6. Toto can play with its tail.
7. The tail can help Toto to take things.
8. Toto can take everything with its tail.
9. Toto is in the kettle.
10. The boy’s grandfather can take Toto out of the kettle.
fur [fa:] - мех things [ 0 iq z ] - веши;
soft [soft] - мягкий a thing [0ii]] - вещь,
everything ['evriGii)] - всё предмет

30
упр. 23. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. M ary’s dog is old.
2 . 1 can see a white bear in this Zoo.
3. N ick can buy a parrot.
4. We can see a red cat in this pet-shop.
5. Peter has got three dogs.
6. We have got a white cat.
7. This m onkey can smile.
8. Nick has got a horse.
9. My cat is on the table.
10. I can buy a monkey.
a bear [э'Ьеэ] - медведь | a horse [a'ho:s] - лошадь

Упр. 24. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов общего вопроса.
1. got, pet, you, a, have?
2. a, is, it, dog?
3. friend, horse, a, your, got has?
4. Zoo, zebra, we, in, can, this, see, a?
5. jum p, cats, run, can, and?
6. can, tail, its, Toto, with, play?
7. tail, it, its, things, take, can, with?
8. friend, monkey, your, got, a, has?
9. monkey, Z oo, this, you, in, see, red, a, can?
10. grandfather, cow, a, your, got, has?
a zebra [э'гкЬгэ] —зебра | a cow [э'каи] —корова

Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски глаголами сап или can’t.


1. G osha ... do a lot of things.
2. H e ... fly.
3. He ...jum p.
4. He ... say, “ My nam e is G o sh a.”
5. But G osha ... say everything.
6. He ... rem em ber num bers.
7. He ... ask m e questions.

31
8. He ... repeat my nam e after me.
9 .... your (your friend’s) parrot rem em ber your (his) tele­
phone num ber?
10.... we buy rare birds in the Zoo? N o , we ...
Gosha ['д ф ] —Гоша to ask [a:sk] —спрашивать,
a lot (of) [a'tot] —много (по)просить
to say [sei] - говорить, a number [э'плтЬэ] - чис­
сказать ло, номер
to fly [flai] - летать to repeat [ri'pi:t] - повто­
can’t = cannot рять
to remember [ri'memba] — a telephone [a'tehfaun] —
помнить телефон

Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, it is. Have you got a private Zoo?
2. N o, I have not. Is this Zoo large?
3. Yes, I can. C an your parrot sing?
4. N o, it c a n ’t. C an you show me your Zoo?
5. N o, he has not. Can I buy a white parrot here?
6. Yes, you can. Has your friend got a monkey?
7. N o, you can’t. Is this dog old?
8. Yes, it is. Can we see white parrots in this pet-
9. Yes, they have. shop?
10. N o, it is not. Is your friend’s dog brown?
Have zebras got stripes?
to show [[эи] —показывать a pet-shop [pet Jop] 300-

a stripe [a'straip] - полоса магазин

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1. N ick is in ... Zoo.
2. He can see ... lions and ... tigers there.
3 . 1 can show you ... our Zoo.
4. You can see ... zebra there.
5 ... zebra is very beautiful.
6. My friend has g o t ... white rat.

32
7. ...r a t is in the box.
8. He can give me ... rat.
9 . 1 c a n ’t buy ... rats in ... our pet shop.
10 ... rats can understand ... lot o f things.
a rat [a'rast] - крыса I a lion [э'1аюп] - лев

Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.


1. М ы в зо о п а р к е . 2. Тото (о б е зь я н а ) в зо о п а р к е .
3. Хвост Тото длинны й. 4. Тото м ож ет всё брать хвостом.
5. Тото не м ож ет брать всё руками. 6. П осм отри на Тото!
Он в чайнике. 7. Вода в чайнике холодная? —Нет. 8. Вода
в чайнике горячая. 9. М ожет л и Тото вы браться из ч ай ­
ника? — Нет. 10. Дедуш ка Р аскина м ож ет вы тащ ить его
из чайника. 11. В зоопарке мы мож ем видеть львов и тиг­
ров. 12. М ы можем там такж е видеть редких птиц. 13. Ты
можеш ь повести м еня в зоопарк? — Д а, конечно. 14. Я
могу рассказать тебе много интересного о наш ем зоопар­
ке. 15. Когда ты можеш ь показать м не своего попугая?
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Д ж он, ваш друг из Англии, знает, что у вас есть попу­
гай. Расскаж ите ему по-ан гли й ски , что ваш Гоша умеет
делать.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
can, good-bye, good m orning, to repeat, to walk, to talk,
to have got, the words, his, cage, to fly, about, the room , to be
green (blue, yellow), small, large
Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?
а) К акую глагольную ф о р м у у п о тр еб и ть, р аск р ы в
скобки в этом стихотворении?

I (to be) fro m A f r ic a .


B u t you
C an (to see) m e h e re in th e Zoo.

33
M y s tr ip e s (to be) d a rk
A n d so m e (to be) b r ig h t.
- (to be) y o u r n a m e z e b ra ?
- Y es, y o u (to be) r ig h t.

Africa ['aefrika] - Африка right [rait] - правый, вер­


you are right —ты прав ный, правильный, на­
(вы правы) право

б) К ак реш ить кроссворд?

1 1 2 3

2 4

К ак будет по-английски?
По горизонтали (across):
1. Ш ляпа (множественное число).
2. Д ерево (множественное число).
3. С этого слова начинается утвердительный ответ.
По вертикали (down):
1. Предлог.
2. Глагол «пытаться, стараться» в повелительном н а ­
клонении.
3. Глагол «видеть» в 3-м лице единственном числе н а ­
стоящ ем времени.
4. 19-я буква английского алфавита.

34
Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильную глагольную
форму.
1. I (to be) in my favourite pet-shop now.
2. They (to have got) a lot o f pets here.
3 . 1 can (to see) a white cat.
4. Its tail (to be) long and fuzzy.
5. The cat can (to play) with its tail.
6. It (to be) funny.
7. The dogs in the pet-shop (to be) funny too.
8 . 1 can (to see) rare birds here.
9. The birds (to be) green and blue and yellow.
10. Som e birds can (to talk).
(after “It’s a Trick” by Lewis Jones)
favourite ['feivarit] - любимый

II. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму и дайте


краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Kate has got a white cat.
2. M ary’s parrot can talk.
3. The children are in the pet-shop.
4. My dog is brown.
5. They have got two dogs.
III. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. The cat is white.
2. They have got a rat.
3. This bird can talk.
4. These dogs are brown.
5. The boy can see rare birds in the pet-shop.
IV. Заполните пропуски артиклям и, если это необходи­
мо.
1. My dog’s nam e is ... Rex.
2. Rex has g o t ... short tail.

35
3. He has g o t ... dark eyes.
4. They have g o t ... black cat.
5 ... cat is large and fuzzy.
V. Переведите на английский язык.
1. У м еня есть зелёны й попугай. 2. М ожет л и тво
попугай разговаривать? - Да. 3. У тебя есть лю бим ое
ж ивотное? — Нет. 4. К ош ка М эри серая. 5. У них есть
лош адь.
Урок III

Грамматические упражнения
v£Упр. 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол в Simple
Present (простом настоящем времени).
1 .1 (to know) him.
2. We (to speak) English.
3. He (to read) books every day.
4. They (to go) to the cinem a on Sundays.
5. She (to work) here.
6. Peter usually (to swim) in summer.
7. My m other (to read) books in the evening.
8. I often (to take) books from this library.
9 . 1 (to like) good books.
10. We (to walk) in the park every day.
every ['evri] —каждый summer ['saitis] - лето
to know [пэи] - знать a tale [a'teil] - рассказ
work [w3:k] —работа, to like [laik] - нравиться,
труд; to work —работать любить
a cinema [a'smima] — a day [a'dei] —день
кинотеатр

Упр. 2. Составьте вопросительные предложения, обращая


внимание на порядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: you, know, she, does?
Does she know you?
1. Sunday, you, on, work, do?
2. here, day, he, does, every, come?
3. summer, you, do, like?

37
4. books, they, read, do?
5. week, do, every, write, you, letters?
6. he, you, his, books, give, does?
7. park, you, Sundays, walk, do, the, on, in?
8. books, Peter, read, does, like, to?
9. friends, do, help, their, they?
10. Russian, does, speak, John?
Упр. 3. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму,
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Не writes letters every morning.
2. A nn usually reads books at hom e.
3. They com e here every day.
4. You know these boys.
5. The children want to go to the Zoo.
6. His father reads newspapers every day.
7. Mary wants to see this film.
8. Kate speaks English at her English lessons.
9. They live in the center o f the city.
10. My m other likes that park.
to want [wont] - хотеть I to live [lxv] - жить

\ Упр. 4. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. They like to walk in that park.
2. John wants to invite Peter to London.
3. N ick gets up at 7 o ’clock in the m orning.
4. You know all the words from this lesson.
5. My friend often phones me.
6. M ary reads books at the library every day.
7. You go to the cinem a on Sundays.
8. She loves her cat.
9. We always m eet them in the park.
10. Kate and A nn go hom e together.
to get up - встать, под- love [L\v] - любовь;
няться to love —любить
to phone [faun] - звонить

38
упр. 5. Замените подлежащие на данные в скобках, не за­
бывая и об остальных членах предложения.
Образец: I like it. (he)
Не likes it.
1. I d o n ’t read English books. (N ick)
2. They write letters every day. (we)
3. We live here. (Peter)
4. He knows English, (you)
5. I like apples, (he)
6. They send me books every week. (K ate)
7. My father works here, (they)
8 .1usually come home at 6 o ’clock in the evening, (my friend)
9. We buy newspapers every day. (Peter)
10. They live in a new flat, (m y friend)
usually ['jugirah] - обычно
a newspaper ['nju:s(peipa] - газета

Упр. 6. Заполните пропуски вспомогательными глаголами


do, does, don’t, doesn *t.
1.... you know English?
2 .... Mary know French?
3 .... you go to the library on Sundays?
4 .... Peter walk in the park every day?
5 .... they get up early?
6 ... Mary like tea?
7. Ann ... walk in the park every day.
8. They ... read newspapers in the m orning.
9. My m o th e r ... work at school.
10. I ... know that boy.
French [frentf] - француз- early ['з:Ь] - рано
ский tea [ti:] - чай

Упр. 7. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­


ках.
1.... Mary a good friend?
2 .... you com e to see us today?

39
3 .... they know English?
4 .... they doctors?
5 .... you know this rule?
6 .... he like his new suit?
7 .... Peter got a pet at home?
8 .... Mary and Kate at school?
9. Peter’s m o th e r... wake him up in the morning.
10. 1... speak French.
(can ’t, doesn’t, has, does, are, do, are, do, can, is)
a rule [э'ги:1] —правило
to wake up ['weik др] - будить; просыпаться
today [ta'dei] —сегодня

^ Упр. 8. Какой глагол выбрать?


1. Не always (tell, tells) us interesting stories.
2 . 1 (like, likes) such films.
3 . 1 (has, got, have got) a new bike.
4. Wfe (is, are) friends.
5. You (understands, understand) me.
6. They (wants, want) to see my pet.
7 . 1 (knows, know) this boy.
8. He (write, writes) letters to me every week.
9. They (sends, send) Kate interesting books.
10. I often (sees, see) Mary.
a story [a'stori] - рассказ I such [sAtJ] - такой(-ая, -ие)

N /Упр. 9. Дополните предложения недостающими глаголами


в Simple Present.
1. My m other usually... home at six o ’clock in the evening.
2. I often ... my father about my school.
3 . 1 u su a lly ... to the cinem a on Sundays.
4. M ary ... a lot o f pets.
5. We ... our m other very m uch.
6 .1 ... my working day at seven o ’clock in the morning.
7. My c a t ... a fuzzy tail.
8. English ... m y favourite subject.
40
9 . 1 often ... at school after the lessons.
10. We always ... good marks.
always ['d:1w 3z] - всегда
to begin [bi'gin] - начинать(ся)
to stay [stei] —останавливаться; жить; гостить; оставаться

Упр. 10. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Do you like English?
2. Does your friend help you to do your English lessons?
3. C an you read English texts from your textbook?
4. Is your friend’s nam e Kate?
5. Does your friend know m any English words?
6. Has your friend got m any English books?
7. Do you read English books together?
8. Does your friend live in Moscow?
9. Do you live in St. Petersburg?
10. Are you at your friend’s place now?

a place [a'pleis] - место

Упр. 11. Составьте утвердительные предложения, упот­


ребляя глаголы из второго столбика в Simple
Present.
1. My m other to be a teacher
2. We to get up early every day
3.1 to do my m orning exercises every day
4. I usually to leave the house at 8 o ’clock in the
m orning
5. My m other to get up early
also
6. She to prepare breakfast for us
7. After break­ to wash the cups
fast she
8.1 also to help my m other to wash the cups
9 .1 to com e hom e at 2 o ’clock in the
afternoon
10. My m other to come home at 6 o ’clock in the evening

41
to leave [lirv] —покидать, оставлять
to prepare [рп'реэ] - приготавливать(ся); готовить(ся)
breakfast ['brekfast] - завтрак
us [as] —косвенный падеж от “we”
a cup [э'клр] - чашка
afternoon [,a:fta'nu:n] - время после полудня

Y упр . 12. Задайте общие вопросы, употребляя глаголы в]


Simple Present.
Образец: to be а teacher (you)
Are you a teacher?
1. to speak English (you)
2. to help you to do your hom e-w ork (your m other)
3. to write English sentences on the black-board (you)
' 4. to have got three English books (your friends)
5. to be Peter’s friend. (John)
6. to be doctors, (your parents)
7. to like pets (your friend)
8. to have got a dog (you)
9. to want to have a cat (M ary)
10. to go to the library every day (you)
homework | 'hgumw3:k] —домашняя работа

Упр. 13. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Ты ж ивёш ь в М оскве? —Да. 2. О кно твоей ком нат
больш ое? — Нет. 3. У тебя есть зелёная ручка? — Нет.
4. Твой друг ж ивёт в новом доме? —Да. 5. Ты умеешь та н ­
цевать? —Нет. 6. Ты лю биш ь своих родителей? —Да. 7. Ты
рано встаёш ь? — Да. 8. У твоего друга есть сестра? — Да.
9. Твой друг часто ходит в библиотеку? - Нет. 10. Ты часто
приходиш ь к своему другу? — Нет. 11. Д ай мне эту книгу,
пожалуйста. 12. Хочешь пойти погулять? —Да. 13. Н ап и ­
ш и это слово, пожалуйста. 14. Ты часто гуляешь в парке?
— Нет. 15. Пётр и А нна —твои друзья? —Да.
often [o:fn] - часто

42

\
/упр. 14. Составьте отрицательные предложения, упот­
ребляя глаголы в Simple Present.
Образец: to like English (he)
He doesn’t like English.
1. to see my friend every day (I)
2. to understand this rule (Ann)
3. to like to get up early (my friend)
4. to have breakfast in the m orning (Peter)
5. to get bad marks (we)
6. to go to the library on Sundays (they)
7. to write m any sentences on the black-board (you)
8. to know English G ram m ar (K ate)
9. to stay at school after the lessons (I)
10. to wake me up in the m orning (my m other)
a sentence [a'sentans] - предложение
grammar ['дгаетэ] —грамматика

Упр. 15. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Мы не читаем такие книги. 2. О н не лю бит гулять в
парке. 3. О ни не хотят приходить сюда. 4. О на не знает
этого человека. 5. Вы не поним аете м еня. 6. Он здесь не
работает. 7. Они не ходят в библиотеку. 8. О на не лю бит
животных. 9. М ы не хотим играть в футбол. 10. М оя со ­
бака не лает на моих друзей. 11. О н не пом нит это прави ­
ло. 12. У нас нет попугая. 13. Д ж он не говорит по-русски.
14. Он не знает русского язы ка. 15. О на не может к нам
прийти.
to bark (at) [ba:k] —лаять (на)

Упр. 16. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, I сап. Are you engineers?
2. N o, I have not. Do they know English?
3. Yes, he is. Does she speak French?
4. N o, she is not. Does he rem em ber you?
5. Yes, they do. Is your sister here?

43
6. Yes, she does. Is he ten years old?
7. N o, he does not. Do they send you books?
8. N o, they do not. Have you got an English book?
9. Yes, we are. Has she got a new coat?
10. Yes, she has. C an you swim?
an engineer [эп,епфГшэ] - инженер

Упр. 17. Напишите предложения во множественном числе,


сделав нужные изменения.
Образец: I am a pupil.
Wfe are pupils.
1. He is a doctor.
2. She is a teacher.
3. This is a tie.
4. That is a plate.
5. He likes English.
6. T hat cup is green.
7. This is an English text.
8. He learns French.
9. She likes to read in the morning.
10. That song is beautiful.
to learn [1з:п] —учиться; a song [a'soo] —песня
учить(что-либо) that [daet] —тот, та, то

Упр. 18. Посоветуйте своему другу.


Образец: I am hungry, (to take this apple)
Take this apple, please.
1. I c a n ’t understand “The Simple Present Tense” , (to do
this exercise again)
2. I d o n ’t know this English word, (to find it in the dictio
nary)
3 . 1 can ’t hear Ann on the phone, (to close the door)
4 . 1 c a n ’t sit on this chair, (to take that chair)
5 . 1 c a n ’t get up at seven o ’clock in the m orning, (to go to
bed early)

44
6 . 1 can ’t open this bag. (to give it to me)
7 .1 love cats but I haven’t got a cat at hom e, (to buy it at the
pet-shop)
8 . 1 want to be fam ous, (to try to get good m arks at school)
9 . 1 want to read that book, (to take it from the library)
10.1 can ’t rem em ber this sentence, (to read it again)
hungry ['lurjgn] - голод­ a dictionary [3'dikf(9)nri] -
ный словарь
again [э'де(1)п] - снова, a bed [a'bed] - кровать
опять to try [trai] - пытаться,
to find [faind] - находить стараться

Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1 .1 like ... good books.
2. Look a t ... my parrot, please.
3. My friend lives in ... new house.
4 . 1 d o n ’t go to ... cinem a every week.
5. He doesn’t rem em ber ... text.
6. Wfe like to read ... tales.
7. Peter doesn’t know ... my friend.
8.1 want to ask ... M ary about it.
9. He wants to tell me ... interesting story.
10. Kate lives on ... Volga.
the Volga [da'vnlga] - Волга

Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.


1. М ой друг хочет стать учителем. 2. Ему очень н ра­
вится английский. 3. М не тож е нравится английский.
4. М оему брату 12 лет. 5. Он ходит в школу. 6. О н всегда
читает по вечерам. 7. Мы встаём в 7 часов утра каж дый
День. 8. М оя м ам а обы чно утром будит меня. 9. Мы часто
навещаем своих друзей. 10. О ни живут недалеко от н а ­
шего дома. 11. М оя м ам а работает в ш коле. 12. Я прихожу
Домой в 2 часа дня. 13. М ама приходит дом ой в 6 часов

45
вечера. 14. О на всегда очень занята. 15. Я стараюсь пом о­
гать маме во всём.
also ['o:ls3u] —тоже, также far [fa:] - далеко
а visit [a'vizit] — визит busy ['bizi] - занятой
to visit ['vizit] —навещать

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Present.
1 .1 (to be) Pinocchio.
2 . 1 (to love) my father.
3. He also (to love) me.
4. But now my father (to be) upset because I (not to want)
to go to school.
5. I (not to know) the ABC.
6. “All the children o f your age (to go) to school,” my fa­
ther often (to say) to me.
7. And he (to be) right.
8. O ur school (to be) very good.
9. The pupils (to like) it very much.
10. But I c a n ’t go to school because I (not to have got) good
clothes.
(After “The Adventures o f Pinocchio” by Carlo Collodi)
PinOcchio [pi'rmkro] - Пиноккио (имя)
upset [Ap'set] —расстроенный
the ABC [5i eibi'si:] —алфавит, азбука
because [bi'knz] —потому что; так как
clothes ['klaudz] —одежда

Упр. 22. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму


и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Pinocchio loves his father.
2. You love your parents.
3. Pinocchio is a good boy.
4. His father is upset.

46
5. Pinocchio wants to have good clothes.
6. We can read books.
7. They want to write a letter.
8. Your friend gets good marks at school.
9. They know the ABC.
10. You go to school every day.
Упр. 23. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. This book is about Pinocchio.
2. Pinocchio is clever.
3. Pinocchio wants to be a good boy.
4. Pinocchio has got a textbook.
5. He is happy.
6. My school is very good.
7. My school is far from my house.
8. Your friend can read and write.
9. He writes exercises at the lessons.
1 0 .1 know the ABC.
Упр. 24. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­
рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: now, is, at, he, hom e?
Is he at hom e now?
1. day, every, he, school, to, go, does?
2. old, school, is, your?
3. subject, his, English, favourite, is?
4. books, you, English, hom e, at, got, have, many?
5. school, your, your, far, is, house, from ?
6. school, at, get, m arks, you, good, do?
7. Pinocchio, you, the, about, book, know, do?
8. m aths, do, like, you?
9. like, he, English, does?
10. Pinocchio, write, can? ____________________
a subject [a'sAbcfeikt] - предмет (школьный), дисциплина
maths [mae6s] - математика, сокращенно от mathematics

47
Упр. 25. Замените подлежащие на данные в скобках.
Образец: I like English, (he)
Не likes English.
1 Kate isn’t at school, (they)
2 They speak English at their lessons. (Ann)
3 M ary doesn’t like History. (I)
4 They take a lot o f subjects at school. (Peter)
5 N ick doesn’t like to learn grammar, (we)
6 Are you very busy at school? (he)
7, We get up early. (M ary)
8 K ate’s m ark in English is good, (their marks)
9 After the lessons they go for a walk. (Peter)
10. I Uke to ask questions. (Nick)
Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1 Yes, it is.
. Do your friends like M aths?
2 N o, he does not.
. Are they pupils?
3, N o, I do not. D o they know English?
4 , Yes, I do. Are you in the fifth form?
5, Yes, he does. Is History your favourite subject?
6 N o, it is not. Does he know English?
7, Yes, I am. Do you like your school?
8 N o, they do not.
, D o you go to school on Sundays?
9 Yes, they are. Does he get good m arks at school?
10 Yes, they do.
. Is your school near your house?
a form [a'foim] - класс the fifth [Зэ'йЮ] - пятый
(в школе) History ['histan] - история

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1. Pinocchio wants to be ... good boy.
2. Has Pinocchio g o t ... good clothes?
3. Does he love ... his father?
4. Is P inocchio’s father ... poor m an?
5. Pinocchio’s father wants to s e ll... his coat.
6. He wants to buy ... textbook for Pinocchio.

48
7. Pinocchio likes ... textbook.
8. Now Pinocchio wants to go to ... theatre.
9. His father h asn ’t got m oney for ... ticket.
10. Pinocchio has g o t ... plan.
poor [риэ] - бедный a theatre [a'Giata] —театр
a man [э'таеп] (множ. money ['тлш ] —деньги
число men) —человек; a ticket [a'tikit] —билет
мужчина a plan [э'р1агп] —план
to sell [sel] —продавать

Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.


1. П иноккио не хочет ходить в школу. 2. О н не умеет
писать. 3. О н не знает алфавит(а). 4. П и н окки о хочет стать
хорошим м альчиком . 5. У П иноккио н ет хорош ей одеж­
ды. 6. Он лю бит своего отца. 7. Его отец расстроен. 8. У
П иноккио есть учебник. 9. Все его друзья ходят в школу.
10. О ни получаю т хорош ие оценки. 11. Его отец хочет
продать своё пальто. 12. Друзья П и н ок ки о часто ходят в
театр. 13. С ейчас они в театре. 14. П и н о к к и о не может
купить билет. 15. Отец П и н окки о очень беден.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Д ж он, ваш английский друг, хочет знать всё о ваш ей
школе. Расскаж ите ему по-ан гли й ски о своих учителях,
об уроках, о лю бим ы х предметах. О пиш ите здание ш ко­
лы.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
my school, is new (old), favourite subjects, n o t far from my
house (far from ), the lessons begin (start), building, M aths,
English, History, Geography, French, on weekdays, on Sun­
day, on Saturday, to learn, to take, interesting, to end in the
afternoon, to com e hom e, to go to school every m orning, to
like
Saturday ['saetadi] - суб- to end [end] —кончать; за­
бота канчивать

49
Упр. 3 0 . Знаете ли вы?
а) Какую форму глагола употребить, раскры в скобк
в этом стихотворении?

I can (to write) on it a sentence. M y name Is OCeg^


I can (to w rite) a word. Г
It (to be) in our classroom. ryN
It (to be) our... ’pjBoq-^OBiq ---- ¿C, _

б) К ак реш ить кроссворд? // /

1 2
см

со
со

К ак будет по-английски?
По горизонтали (across):
1. Глагол «сидеть» в Simple Present для всех лиц, кроме
3-го л и ц а единственного числа.
2. Глагол «сидеть» в Simple Present в 3-м лице единст­
венном числе.
3. С этого слова начинается отрицательны й ответ.
По вертикали (down):
1. Глагол «останавливать(ся)» в “ Simple Present” для
всех л и ц , кроме 3-го лица единственного числа.
2. Глагол «быть» в 3-м л ице единственном числе н а ­
стоящ ем времени.
3. Предлог.

50
Контрольная работа
I. Р а с к р о й т е с к о б к и , у п о т р е б л я я гл аго л ы в S im ple
p resen t.
1. M atilda (to live) in an English village.
2. She (to be) four years old.
3. She can already (to read) books.
4. She (to want) to read a good book.
5. She often (to ask) her father to buy an interesting book
for her.
6. Her father (not to want) to buy books for his daughter.
7. The village library (not to be far) from M atilda’s house.
8. M atilda (to want) to go there.
9. M atilda (to go) to the library every day.
10. M atilda (to be) very happy there.
(After “Matilda ” by Roald Dahl)
Matilda [ma'tilda] - Ma- a village [a'vilicfc] - деревня
тильда (имя) daughter ['data] —дочь

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Does M atilda like books?
2. Is M atilda four years old?
III. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму и дай­
те краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. M atilda goes to the library every day.
2. M atilda can read.
3. She lives in an English village.
4. The village library is old.
5. M atilda is happy at the library.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. She goes to the library every day.
2. I want to read this book.
3. The library is far from my house.
4. These books are interesting.
5. He likes such books.

51
V. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо.
1... M atilda goes to ... library every day.
2. N ow she is a t ... home.
3 .... M atilda’s house is small.
4 ... village library is old.
5. M atilda wants to read ... interesting book.
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. М атильде четы ре года. 2. О на уже умеет читать.
3. О на ходит в библиотеку каждый день. 4. Библиотека
недалеко от ее дома. 5. М атильда хочет прочитать очень
м ного книг.
very ['ven] - очень | many ['maem] - много
Урок IV
Грамматика:
1. Специальные вопросы.
2. There is /There are.
3. Some, any.

Грамматические упраж нения


Упр. 1. Переведите на русский язык.
1. Where does Peter live?
2. How old is he?
3. What foreign language do you learn?
4. When is he usually at home?
5. Why are you here?
6 . Whose book is it?
7. Whom do you often see here?
8 . How many foreign languages do you know?
9. What English books have you got at home?
10. Where do they work?
a language [a'lasrjgwicfe] - what [wut] —что? какой?
язык; речь why [wai] почему?
foreign ['form] - ино­ whose [hu:z] - чей, чья, чьё
странный; зарубежный whom [hum] —(косвенный
when [wen] —когда? падеж от who) —кого
where [wes] - где? куда? how ['hau] - как?

Упр. 2. Поставьте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


а) 1. Peter is a good pupil.
2. Mr. Brown teaches English.
3. My friend’s name is A nn.
4. Nick is at home now.
5. Kate is ten-
6 . These pencils are red.
7. The picture is on the wall.

53
8 . He is usually at home in the afternoon.
9. It is a large room.
10. You are nine.
to teach [tirtfl - учить, обучать
б) 1. You’ve got a pet.
2. He has got a flat.
3. My parents have got a house.
4. Peter can speak English.
5. They can show you the presents.
6 . They have got a lot of tovs.
7. My friend has got a bicvcle.
8 . You can ask Peter about it now.
9. They can give me Peter’s address.
10. You have got a lot of stamps about animals.
address [s'dres] - адрес I a stamp [a'staemp] - марка
в) 1. He usually goes to school in the morning.
2. They live in Moscow.
3. Mary gets a lot of letters.
4. Ann likes funnv stories.
5. Peter usually comes home at six o ’clock in the evening.
6 . You know the rule.
7. They love their mother.
8 . They walk in the park after dinner. .
9. My mother often writes letters.
10. Nick always helps Peter.
morning [mo:mr)] - утро I dinner ['dins] - обед

Упр. 3. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов специального вопроса.
Образец: name, his, what, is?
What is his name?
1. Peter, kind, is, what, of, pupil?
2 . he, morning, read, does, every, what?
3. dress, colour, your, is, what?

54
4 . morning, up, the, six, you, o ’clock, do, in why, get, at?
5 . say, can, parrot, your, what?
6 . got, you, have, pet, what?
7. usually, lessons, do, your, do, English, what, at, you?
8 . do, here, you, whom, know?
9 . live, they, where, do?
10. he, up, get, does, when?
colour ['кл1э] - цвет

Упр. 4. Заполните пропуски подлежащими из данных в


скобках.
1.... always go to school together.
2 .... are in my room.
3 .... comes home at six o ’clock in the afternoon.
4. Do ... get up early?
5. Does ... want an apple?
6 . Can ... help us?
7.... don’t know these words.
8 .... has got a lot of pets.
9 .... doesn’t want to go for a walk.
10.... like this tale.
(I, Mary, Peter, they, you, Kate, you, my brother, we, my
friends)
always ['o’.lwaz] —всегда
Упр. 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя соответствующее
притяжательное местоимение.
1. They know (I) friend.
2. I often come to (they) place.
3. Do you know (you) mark?
4. She often tells us about (she) school.
5 . 1 can ask (you) friend to help me.
6 . He doesn’t know (I) parents.
7. They want to show us (they) pets.
8 . Peter likek to talk about (he) teachers.

55
9. We always tell (we) teachers about (we) problems.
10. (They) house is old.
____________ __________________________________________
a problem [э'ргоЫэт] - проблема

Упр. б. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Какой это фильм? - Это очень интересный фильм.
2. Почему он дома? — Я не знаю. 3. Где Катя? - Она в
школе. 4. Кого ты часто видишь в школе? 5. Как он обыч­
но читает новые тексты? 6 . У меня есть интересная книга.
7. Кому Пётр обычно помогает? 8 . Как часто ты ходишь в
библиотеку? 9. Что вы обычно делаете на уроках англий­
ского языка? 10. Где вы покупаете книги? 11. Когда он
обычно встаёт? 12. Какая это книга? —Это “Зоопарк де­
душ ки” Раскина Бонда. 13. Какой иностранный язык он
знает? 14. Почему он всегда задаёт такие вопросы? 15. Ка­
кие тексты ты умеешь переводить на английский язык?
to translate [traens'leit] - переводить(ся) (с одного языка
на другой)

Упр. 7. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильную форму


глагола to be в обороте these is/there are.
1. There (to be) a large park in front of our house.
2. There (to be) a lot of pets in the pet-shop.
3. There (to be) two books and one exercise-book in my
bag.
4. There (to be) a book on the chair.
5. There to be) a mistake in your test.
6 . There (to be) very many children in the park today.
7. There (to be) a pen and two pencils on the table.
8 . There (to be) a carpet on the floor.
9. There (to be) a lot of people in the room.
10. There (to be) three trees in front of my window.
in front of [frAnt] - перед people [pi:pl] —люди
a carpet [a'kcrpat] —ковёр
упр. 8. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
i и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. There is a school not far from her house.
2. There are two apples on the plate.
3. There is a mistake in this article.
4. There are some books on the table.
5. There are two beds here.
6 . There is a chair in her room.
7. There are some boys in the yard.
8 . There is only one school in their village.
9. There is a tree under my window.
10. There are some pictures on the wall.
an article [эп'а:Пкэ1] - статья
some [sAm] 1. кое-кто, некоторые; 2 . некоторое коли­
чество
under [4nda] - под

Упр. 9. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. There are some toys on the table.
2. There are some men in the room.
3. There are some mistakes on this page.
4. There is a dog in my friend’s house.
5. There is a parrot and three cats in the pet-shop.
6 . There are some hats on the chair.
7. There are two tables in this room.
8 . These is a black-board in the classroom.
9. There are some copy-books in my bag.
10. There are some new words on the black-board.
Упр. 10. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­
рядок слов специального вопроса.
1. table, many, the, books, are, on, there, how?
2 . library, this, books, there, in, are, what?
3. chair, is, on, there, what, the?
4. city, there, in, theatres, your, are, many, how?
5. is, house, there, front, in, your, of, what?

57
6 . are, box, there, what, in, toys, the?
7. lamps, table, there, on, are, the, many, how?
8 . table, there, is, on, what, the?
9. there, books, on, many, are, how, shelf, the?
10. basket,there, this, is, what, in?
a shelf [a'Jelf] - полка, shelves [felvz] - полки
Упр. 11. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Are there many libraries in your city?
2. Do you often go to the library?
3. What kind of books do you like to read?
4. Do you like tales?
5. When do you usually go to the library?
6 . Does your friend often go to the library?
7. What kind of books does your friend like to read?
8 . Does your mother work at the library?
9. Is your library far from your house?
10. Is there a library in your school?
Упр. 12. Заполните пропуски словами из данных в скоб­
ках.
1. There are two ... and a dog here.
2. There is ... and two chairs in the room.
3. Are there a n y ... in the pet-shop?
4. There aren’t any ... in my flat.
5. Is there ... in his test?
6 . There are ... apples on the plate.
7. Is there ... in the centre of your city?
8 . There ... a garden in front of my house.
9. There ... any dolls on the sofa.
10. Are there ... pencils on the table?
(cats, a table, birds, pets, a mistake, some, a school, is,
aren’t, any)
Упр. 13. К данным предложениям задайте общие или спе­
циальные вопросы (цифры в скобках указывают
на количество вопросов).

58
1. John knows some Russian writers. (1)
2. They often visit their friends. (2)
3 . There is a park behind the house. (1)
4 . You are Peter’s friend. (2)
5. There are five roses in the vase. (1)
6 . My friend is ten. (2)
7. Mary’s hat is black. (2)
8 . You’ve got a car. (2)
9. Their garden is small. (1)
10. It is a thin copy-book. (1)
Russian ['гл/эп] - русский a vase [va:z] - ваза
a rose [э'гэиг] —роза
Упр. 14. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы:
а) общие вопросы
1. No, he does not. Сап you speak French?
2 . No, I do not. Does John speak English?
3. Yes, there is. Do you go to school on
4. No, there are not. weekdays?
5. No, there is not. Can your mother cook?
6 . Yes, there are. Are there many teachers in your
7. Yes, she can. school?
8 . Yes, I do. Is there a theatre in front of your
9. Yes, he does. school?
10. No, I cannot (can’t). Are there many birds here in
winter?
Is there a school near your
house?
Do you go to bed at eight
o ’clock in the evening?
Does Peter speak French?
б) специальные вопросы
1. He is ten. When do you usually come to
2. It is a big city. school?
3. He usually helps me. What colour is this hat?

59
4. They are blue. Where can you see tigers?
5. It’s an interesting tale. Where does Peter live?
6 . 1 usually get good What marks do you usually get?
marks. What kind of tale is it?
7. He lives in Moscow. What colour are yoUr friend’s
8 . 1 can see tigers eyes?
in the Zoo. Whom does Peter usually help?
9. It is black. What kind of city is London?
1 0 . 1 come to school at How old is your friend?
eight o ’clock in the
morning.
London ['Undan] - Лондон

Упр. 15. Выберите правильную форму глагола to be из дан­


ных в скобках.
1. There (is, are) very many good books in this library.
2 . (Is, are) there any books on this table?
3. There (are, is) not any chairs in this room.
4. There (are, is) a park not far from my school.
5. There (aren’t, isn’t) many pupils in our class.
6 . There (is, are) two boys and a girl in their family.
7. There (is, are) two lamps on my table.
8 . There (is, are) a pen and two pencils in the box.
9. There (are not, is not) any plates on this table.
10. (Are, is) there many apples on that tree?
a family [a'fasmili] —семья

Упр. 16. Задайте специальные вопросы, начиная с вопро­


сительного слова, данного в скобках.
1. There is a big tree in front of my window (What?)
2. He has got three big dogs. (How many?)
3. Peter lives in this house (Where?)
4. They can read easy texts. (What kind of?)
5. She comes home at six o ’clock in the evening. (When?)
6 . Nick is at home because he is ill. (Why?)

60
7. You’ve got two friends. (How many?)
8 . They are at school on weekdays (Where?)
9. There are two windows in this room. (How many?)
10. She wants to read my letter. (Whose?)
ill [il] - больной I easy ['i:zi] - лёгкий

Упр. 17. Переведите на английский язык.


1. В моей комнате два окна. 2. В этой библиотеке толь­
ко русские книги. 3. В этом зоомагазине много кошек.
4. В комнате стол и три стула. 5. Н а столе три книги и
тетрадь. 6 . Много ли книг в этой библиотеке? 7. Есть ли
на стене какие-нибудь картины? —Нет. Там нет никаких
картин. 8 . Есть ли ошибки в этом тексте? - Нет. 9. Есть
ли в этой библиотеке какие-нибудь английские книги?
- Да. 10. Что на столе? — На столе ручка. 11. Сколько
книг в твоей сумке? —Там две книги. 12. Много ли уче­
ников в вашем классе? —Да. 13. Какие птицы есть в этом
зоомагазине? —Там много попугаев. 14. Почему на улице
так много людей? 15. Много ли зоомагазинов в твоём го­
роде? — Нет.
Упр. 18. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­
димо.
1. You can see lions and tigers ... the Zoo.
2. Mary wants to show ... me her presents.
3. Go ... the black-board, please.
4. The cat is ... the floor.
5. Do you know ... this boy?
6 . What is there ... fro n t... your house?
7. There is a picture ... the wall.
8 . Peter is ... Moscow.
9. What do you do ... your English lessons?
1 0 . 1 like to walk ... the p a rk ... winter.
Упр. 19. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Как зовут твоего друга? —Его зовут Пётр. 2. Как ты
обычно проводишь воскресные дни? — Я провожу их с

61
друзьями. 3. Хочешь пойти со мной в кино? —Да. 4. П о­
чему у тебя в контрольной работе много ошибок? —Я не
знаю. 5. Сколько тебе лет? — Мне десять лет. 6 . Какого
цвета это пальто? —Оно красное. 7. Мама встречает тебя
после уроков? - Нет. 8 . Когда ты обычно приходишь до­
мой из школы? 9. Ты приходишь домой в 3 часа дня? -
Нет. 10. Какие предметы ты изучаешь в школе? —Я изу­
чаю очень много предметов. 11. Сколько ошибок в этой
контрольной работе? —Там нет ошибок. 12. В этом парке
много деревьев? - Нет. 13. Где сумка Кати? —Она на сто­
ле. 14. Твоя школа далеко от твоего дома? —Да. 15. У тебя
много друзей в школе? —Да.
Упр. 20. Спросите своего друга по-английски.
1. Что ты видишь на этом рисунке (картинке)?
2. Большая ли это комната?
3. Сколько окон в комнате?
4. Есть ли стол в комнате?
5. На столе три книги?
6 . Сколько ручек на столе?
7. Кошка под столом?
8 . Есть ли на полу ковёр?
9. Есть ли на стене картина?
10. У тебя есть кошка?

62
Лексико-грамматические упражнения
упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Present.
1. St. Petersburg (to be) a great Russian city.
2. It (to stand) on the Neva.
3. There (to be) a lot of palaces, museums and art galleries
in St. Petersburg.
4. St. Petersburg (to be) also famous for its parks, m onu­
ments and squares.
5. Tourists from different countries (to come) to St. Peters­
burg every day.
6 . They (to try) to visit the city in June.
7. June (to be) the time of the White Nights.
8 . Many people (to like) the White Nights.
9. They even (to read) during the White Nights.
10. The people of St. Petersburg (to love) their city.
St. Petersburg a square [a'skwea] - пло­
[sant 'pi:t3zba:g] - Санкт- щадь, сквер
Петербург a tourist [a'tuarist] - турист
The Neva [öa'nerva] —Нева different ['dif(3)rant] —раз­
a palace [a'paelis] —дворец личный
a museum [э mjir'ziam] - June [cfeu:n] - июнь
музей a night [nait] —ночь; вечер
art [a:t] —искусство The White Nights - белые
a gallery [э'дзеЬп] - галерея ночи
a monument [a'monjumant] even ['irvan] - даже
- памятник
Упр. 22. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. St. Petersburg stands on the Neva.
2. My parents often go to St. Petersburg.
3. Mary wants to go to St. Petersburg.
4. John wants to see the White Nights.
5. The people of St. Petersburg love their citv.
6 . Peter lives in St. Petersburg.
7. He likes the White Nights.

63
8 . They visit St. Petersburg every year.
9. St. Petersburg is famous for its m onum ents.
10. Tourists usually come to St. Petersburg in summer.
Упр. 23. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Ann lives in St. Petersburg.
2. You can read during the White Nights.
3. Peter knows all the museums o f St. Petersburg.
4. He is from St. Petersburg.
5. We want to go to St. Petersburg.
6 . They like to walk along the streets of St. Petersburg.
7. St. Petersburg is his favourite city.
8 . He takes me to the theatre every month.
9. This street is narrow.
10. He likes to read during the White Nights.
during ['djuarirj] - в теме- narrow ['nærau] - узкий
ние, в продолжение along [э'Ьд] —вдоль, по

Упр. 24. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную фор­


му и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопро­
сы.
1. You want to show Moscow to John.
2. The Hermitage is Peter’s favourite museum in St. Pe­
tersburg.
3. They like the White Nights.
4. These tourists often visit St. Petersburg.
5. Peter often tells John about Moscow.
6 . Moscow in the capital of Russia.
7. Peter can speak English.
8 . English is John’s native language.
9. You can see the White Nights in St. Petersburg.
10. John wants to come to Moscow this summer.
The Hermitage [6 a'h 3:miticfe] - Эрмитаж
the capital [da'kaepitl] - столица
native ['neitiv] —родной
упр. 25. Заполните пропуски подлежащими из данных в
скобках.
1.... stands on the Neva.
2.... wants to see St. Petersburg again.
3. Do ... know the history of the Moscow Kremlin?
4 .... can tell you a lot about Moscow.
5.... is my favourite theatre in Moscow.
6 . Where are ... from?
7. Does ... want to go to London?
8 .... live in the center of Moscow.
9. Where does ... live?
10.... is not far from my house.
(the Gorki Park, Ann, my friends, Kate, these tourists, the
Bolshoi Theatre, 1, you, John, St. Petersburg)
The G orki Park - Парк Горького
The Bolshoi Theatre [бэ'ЬоЦш 'Gista] — Большой Театр
The Tretyakov Gallery ['tretjakav 'gastari] — Третьяковская
галерея
Russia['гл/э] - Россия

Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, I do. Where does Peter live?
2. Yes, they do. Are your friends in St. Petersburg
3. He is in now?
Moscow. Is the weather good in St. Petersburg
4. Yes, it does. now?
5. Yes, he does. Are there many theatres in St. Peters­
6 . Yes, it is. burg?
7. Yes, there are. Is St. Petersburg a beautiful city?
8 . No, it is not. Does Peter like the White Nights?
9. No, they Does St. Petersburg stand on the
are not. Neva?
10. He lives in Where is Nick now?
St. Petersburg. Do they often go to St. Petersburg?
Do you love Moscow?

65
Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необ­
ходимо.
1. St. Petersburg stands on ... Neva.
2. They often go to ... Moscow.
3. Peter knows ... history of this museum.
4. Mary wants to see ... White Nights.
5.... Red Square is the main square in Moscow.
6 . John wants to come to ... Russia.
7. He is from ... London.
8 .... museum is very old.
9 . 1 know ... my native city.
10. Peter can take ... John to ... Tretyakov Gallery.
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Санкт-Петербург стоит на Неве. 2. Это очень кра
сивый город. 3. Там много дворцов, музеев и памятников.
4. В Санкт-Петербург ежегодно приезжают туристы из
разных стран. 5. Они обычно приезжают в Санкт-П етер­
бург в июне. 6 . В июне они могут увидеть белые ночи.
7. Мне тоже нравятся белые ночи. 8 . Мой друг живёт в
Санкт-Петербурге. 9. Он знает историю своего родного
города. 10. Он часто рассказывает мне о Санкт-П етер­
бурге. 11. Ты живёшь в Москве? —Да. 12. Москва —сто­
лица России. 13. Это очень большой город. 14. У меня
есть очень интересная книга о Москве. 15. Мой друг хочет
её почитать.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Вы живёте в Москве. Расскажите по-английски Джо­
ну, своему английскому другу, о достопримечательностях
Москвы.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
there is (are), wide streets, to come, to visit, Red Square,
the Kremlin, The Tretyakov Gallery, monuments, a lot of, mu-i
seums, parks, squares, favourite, the Bolshoi Theatre, shops,]

66
cinemas, theatres, to like, foreign tourists, different countries
0f the world, in summer, also, in winter
a shop [a'Jbp] - магазин

упр. 30* Знаете ли вы?


а) В каком времени употребить гла­
голы, раскрыв скобки в этом стихо­
творении?

There (to be) twenty towers


In the Kremlin wall.
(To know) you them?
I (to know) them all.

twenty ['twenti] - двадцать


a tower [эЧаиэ] - башня
The Kremlin [5e 'kremlin] - Кремль
all [э:1] —все

б) Как решить кроссворд?

1 2

2
3

Как будет по-английски?


По горизонтали (across):
1. Simple Present для все лиц, кроме 3-го лица единст­
венного числа от глагола «кататься на коньках».

67
2. Simple Present для 3-го лица единственного числа
от глагола «ходить».
3. Притяжательное местоимение «мой(я)».
4. Множественное число для существительного «ко­
робка».
По вертикали (down):
1. Кое-кто, некоторые; некоторое количество (в утвер­
дительных предложениях).
2. Множественное число для слова «ключ».
3. Глагол «иметь» в Simple Present для 3-го лица един­
ственного числа.
a key [a'ki:] —ключ

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя сказуемое в Simple
Present.
1. Sally (to be) an English girl.
2. She (to be) from London.
3. Her parents (to have got) a new house in a small town, ;
4. Sally (not to like) the new place.
5. There (not to be) many places of interest in that town. :
6 . There (to be) a school not far from Sally’s house.
7. It (not to be) large.
8 . She (not to want) to speak with the pupils.
9. They (to like) Sally very much.
10. Sally (to be) upset.
(After “Follow That Dream ” by M ary Hooper)
Sally ['saeli] - Салли (женское имя)
interest ['intrist] - интерес ♦

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Where is Sally from?
2. Does she like the new place?

68
III. Поставьте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Sally wants to go to London.
2. Her parents have got a new house.
3 . It is a big house.
4 . Sally’s parents like the new place.
5 . They love their children.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. She likes her native city.
2. There are some good shops there.
3. Sally wants to see her old friends.
4. Sally’s town is far from London.
5. The school is large.
V. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо.
1. Sally lives in ... small town.
2. Sally doesn’t like ... town.
3. Her parents Uke ... their house.
4. They are happy in ... new place.
5. Sally wants to be in ... London.
a town [s'taun] - город, городок

VI. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Салли из Лондона. 2. Её родителям нравится новое
место. 3. Салли не нравится этот маленький город. 4. Она
хочет повидать своих старых друзей. 5. Салли не понимает
своих родителей.
УрокУ
Грамматика:
1. Причастие настоящего времени (Present Participle).
2. Настоящее продолженное время (The Present Pro­
gressive Tense).

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. От данных инфинитивов образуйте причастия
настоящего времени.
Образец: to go —going
to read, to write, to speak, to tell, to take, to give, to buy, to
think, to do, to know, to try, to translate, to look, to say, to ask
to talk
to think [9ii)k] - думать | to look [luk] - смотреть

Упр. 2. Переведите причастия настоящего времени на рус­


ский язык.
Образец: doing —делающий
learning, teaching, giving, repeating, working, buying, go­
ing, tasting, telling, sending, asking, writing
to taste [teist] - пробовать; taste - (сущ.) вкус

Упр. 3. Замените подлежащие на данные в скобках, помня


и об остальных членах предложения.
Образец: I am talking now. (she)
She is talking now.
1.1 am reading now. (she)
2. He is standing at the black-board, (you)
3. We are walking in the park now. (he)
4. Nick is writing a letter now. (1)
5. Mary is playing the piano now. (you)
6 . We are sitting at the table now. (she)
7. They are playing football now. (Nick)

70
g. I am eating now. (you)
9 . He is looking at the picture now. (we)
10. He is speaking English now. (they)
to sit [sit] - сидеть

упр. 4. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму


и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Не is writing a sentence on the black-board.
2. You are looking at the Bolshoi Theatre now.
3. Peter is doing his homework now.
4. You are telling us an interesting story now.
5. Your teacher is asking you now.
6 . Your friends are playing in the school yard now.
7. Mary is looking for her cat now.
8 . The monkey is playing with its tail now.
9. Nick is doing this exercise now.
10. My friend is reading a book now.
Упр. 5. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1 . 1 am playing football now.
2. My mother is cooking now.
3. They are writing a test now.
4. The baby is playing with his new toy now.
5. You are talking with your friend now.
6 . 1 am thinking about it now.
7. Nick is going to school now.
8 . They are talking about their plans now.
9 . 1 am giving you three pens now.
10. He is sitting at the table now.
Упр. 6. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­
рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: writing, I, now, am? —Am 1 writing now?
1. now, you, a, reading, are, book?
2. waiting, now, are, for, Peter, you?
3. walking, the, now, children, park, in, are?
4. now, he, football, playing, is?

71
5. leter, are, the, writing, you?
6 . drinking, now, Mary, tea, is?
7. now, teacher, speaking, he, his, is, with?
8 . working, garden, father, the, your, is, in, now?
9. you, now, up, getting, are?
10 . baby, sleeping, the, now, is?
to wait [weit] - ждать to sleep [ship] - спать
to drink [drigk] - пить

Упр. 7. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов специального вопроса.
1. live, you, where, do?
2 . up, he, get, does, when?
3. are, now, what, reading, you?
4. looking, you, what, at, are?
5. saying, parrot, your, what, now, is?
6 . do, when, you, home, come?
7. tomorrow, you, what, doing, are?
8 . are, now, letter, the, writing, you, why?
9. school, does, when, usually, to, he, go?

Упр. 8. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. They are looking at the m onum ent now.
2 . Nick is opening the window now.
3. You are going to the library now.
4. He is speaking English now.
5. They are playing with their friends now.
6 . Nick is telling me about his plans now.
7. Peter is standing at the door now.
8 . Mary is washing the cups now.
9. We are writing the new words now
10. They are working in the garden now.
a door [a'do:] - дверь

72
Упр- 9- Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к данным
предложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на ко­
личество вопросов).
1. They are going to the park now. (2)
2 . You are looking for your book now. (2)
3 . He is giving me his pen now. (3)
4 . They are looking at our teacher now. (1)
5 . Nick is playing the piano now. (2)
6 . Mary is eating an apple now. (2)
7. The cat is playing with its tail now. (2)
8 . You are writing a sentence on the black-board now. (2)
9 . My dog is barking now. ( 1)
10. You are doing your home-work now. (2)
Упр. 10. Заполните пропуски нужными глаголами из дан­
ных в скобках.
1. W h at... you ... every day?
2. W h at... you ... now?
3. Where ... he ... every day?
4. Where ... you ... now?
5. W h at... you ... at now?
6 . Whom ... he ... with now?
7. What language ... they ... now?
8 . W h at... Mary ... in the kitchen now?
9. What game ... the children ... now?
10. What kind of books ... you ... to read?
(d o ... like, a re ... playing, is ... doing, d o ... do, a re ... speak­
ing, is ... speaking, are ... looking, are ... going, d o es... go, are
- writing)
Упр. 11. Задайте специальные вопросы, начиная с вопро­
сительного слова в скобках.
1. They often come here. (Where?)
2. Mary is speaking with her friends now. (Whom?)
3. He usually speaks English at his English lessons. (What
•anguage?)

73
4. He is telling us about his native city now. (What?)
5. They usually write grammar tests at their lessons. (What
kind of?)
6 . Her name is Mary. (What?)
7. She lives in the centre of the city. (Where?)
8 . The child is looking at the new doll. (What?)
9. This is an interesting book. (What kind of?)
10. The guests are coming tomorrow. (When?)
a guest [a'gest] - гость

Упр. 12. Заполните пропуски вспомогательными глаго


лами.
1 ... you like to play the piano?
2 ... he go to the cinema every day?
3.... he speaking with his friends now?
4 ... the boys playing basketball now?
5 ... they often write tests?
6 .... Nick standing at the black-board now?
7.... you doing your home-work now?
8 .... Mary reading now?
9.... you usually help your mother?
10.... you going to the library now?
basketball ['ba:skitbo:l] - баскетбол

Упр. 13. Измените предложения по образцу.


Образец: Не reads every day. (now)
He is reading now.
1. Peter swims in the river every morning, (now)
2. They play football every Sunday, (now)
3. He does his home-work in the evening, (now)
4. We go to the theatre every month, (tomorrow)
5. He comes to Moscow every year, (tomorrow) *
6 . We go to the Zoo every week, (now)
7. My mother buys a new dress every month, (now)
8 . My sister reads tales to her daughter every evening, (now)

74
9. They sell tickets on weekdays, (now)
10. He translates English articles every day. (now)
a river [ э ' г г у э ] - река I a month [э'тлпб] — месяц

упр. 14. Какое сказуемое выбрать?


1. She often (tells, is telling) me about her plans.
2. They (work, are working) at the library now.
3 . She usually (is washing, washes) the cups after breakfast.
4. We always (are helping, help) our mother.
5. Our lessons (are beginning, begin) at nine o ’clock every
morning.
6 . The teacher (sits, is sitting) at the table now.
7. Toto (the monkey) (smiles, is smiling) now.
8 . My friend’s dog usually (is barking, barks) at me.
9. My aunt (comes, is coming) to see us on Friday.
10. John always (is speaking, speaks) English with Peter.
an aunt [an'amt] - тётя
Упр. 15. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Не is working in the garden now.
2. My mother wakes me up at 7 o ’clock in the morning.
3. Mary is playing with her friends now.
4. There are two cats on the table.
5. He can write the letter now.
6 . He usually likes to read tales.
7. There is a large park in front of their house.
8 . He can speak two foreign languages.
9. My parents go to the South every summer.
10. She usually comes home in the evening.
the South [Sa'sauG] - юг
Упр. 16. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную фор­
му и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопро­
сы.
1. Не is always ready to help.

75
2. There is a Zoo near my house.
3. There are three Russian books on the table.
4. She has got a rare book about animals.
5. You can ask Mary about it.
6 . Ann is writing her test now.
7. Nick wants to go to the country.
8 . They like to stay at home in winter.
9. You are looking at my school now.
10. They know my friends.
ready ['redi] —готовый

Упр. 17. Заполните пропуски недостающими глаголами.


1. They ... basketball now.
2. She often ... to the cinema.
3 . 1 always ... home at 3 o ’clock in the afternoon.
4. He usually ... football on Sunday.
5. P eter... in the river now.
6 . Магу often ... letters to her friends.
7 . 1 ... you my pencil now.
8 . Nick usually ... books from this library.
9 . 1 ... to the library now.
10. They usually ... English in class.
Упр. 18. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. What do you usually do on Sunday?
2. What are you doing at your English lesson now?
3. What is your mother doing now?
4. Are you going to the theatre tomorrow?
5. Where does your friend live?
6 . Do you live far from your friend’s house?
7. What book are you reading now?
8 . What do you usually like to do after school?
9. Is your friend standing at the black-board now?
10. Is there a park in front of your house?
Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необ­
ходимо.

76
1. 1 can see ... them. They are sitting ... the first row.
2 . What are you looking ... ?
3.1 usually g o ... the library on weekdays.
4 . There are some new buildings ... the street.
5 . The children are ... school now.
6 . My school is far ... my house.
7. Give ... me this book, please.
8 . There are some new words ... this page.
9 . 1 want to take you ... the Tretyakov Gallery.
10. Red Square is ... Moscow.
arow [э'гэи] - ряд
Red Square [red 'skwea] - Красная Площадь

Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Где мальчики? —Они в школе. 2. Что ты сейчас чи­
таешь? —Я читаю новый английский текст из учебника.
3. О чём они говорят? — Они говорят о своих планах.
4. Мэри хочет получать хорошие оценки. 5. Как часто вы
играете в футбол? — Мы играем в футбол каждое воскре­
сенье. 6 . Где Ник? —Он играет с друзьями во дворе. 7. Я
не могу помочь тебе сейчас. Я делаю свое домашнее зада­
ние. 8 . Куда ты идёшь? - Я иду в книжный магазин. 9. Мы
завтра едем в Санкт-Петербург. 10. Ты любишь живот­
ных? — Да. 11. Я часто пишу пи сьм а своим друзьям.
12. Когда ты едешь за город? —Я еду за город в субботу.
13. Мой друг живёт за городом. 14. В воскресенье я не
встаю рано. 15. М эри сейчас читает? — Нет.
to the country —за город

Лексико-грамматические упраж нения


Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­
ном времени.
1. It (to be) a very old castle.
2. There (to be) a garden behind it.

77
3. The castle and the garden (to belong) to the Giant.
4. Now he (to be) not in his castle. He (to visit) his friend.
5. The garden (to be) very beautiful.
6 . We (to want) to play there every day.
7. There (to be) a lot of rare flowers in this garden.
8 . The grass (to be) green.
9. You (to see) birds in the trees?
10. They (to sing) now.
(After “The Selfish G iant” by Oscar Wilde)
a castle [a'kaisl] —замок the Giant [da'cfcaiant] -
to belong [bi'lcg] - при­ Великан
надлежать the grass [da'grars] —трава
to see [si:] - видеть

Упр. 22. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. This castle belongs to the G ian t.
2. There is a garden behind the castle.
3. The Giant is visiting his friend now.
4. The Giant often leaves his castle.
5. The children often play in his garden.
6 . They like to look at the flowers.
7. They want to sit on the grass.
8 . The grass in the garden is green.
9. You can hear the birds.
10. They are singing in the trees now.
упр. 23. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. It is an old castle.
2. The giant is visiting his friend now.
3. The children like the garden.
4. They can see rare flowers there.
5. The children want to play in the garden again.
6 . The G iant’s castle is very beautiful.
7. The children are looking at the castle now.
8 . My m other’s friends have got a big garden.
9. They like to work there.
10. They invite us to their place every week.
to invite [in'vait] - приглашать

Упр. 24. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную фор­


му и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопро­
сы.
1. The children are playing in the garden now.
2. The sky is blue.
3. The sun is shining.
4. The children can see birds in the trees.
5. They like to look at the rare flowers.
6 . They are happy in the G iant’s garden.
7. My friends are thinking about their summer holidays now.
8 . You usually spend your summer holidays in the country.
9. M ary’s parents like to stay at home in summer.
10. John is coming to Moscow tomorrow.
the Sun [бэ'влп] - солнце
to shine [fam] - светить, сиять
a holiday [a'hnbdi] - праздник, выходной день
summer holidays - (сущ.) летние каникулы
to spend [spend] - тратить, расходовать

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Упр. 25. Какой глагол выбрать?
1. The G iant often (visits, is visiting) his friend.
2 . The G iant (visits, is visiting) him now.
3 . The birds (sing, are singing) in the garden now.
4. The birds always (are singing, sing) in this garden in sum
mer.
5. The children (play, are playing) in the garden now.
6 . They often (are playing, play) there.
7. The sun (shines, is shining) now.
8 . The children (sit, are sitting) on the grass now.
9. They (look, are looking) at the sky now.
10. Some birds (fly, are flying) in the sky now.
Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. Yes, they do. Does your mother like to work in the
2 .Yes, they are. garden?
3 . Yes, he is. Is the Giant visiting his friend now? 1
4. Yes, they have. Are the children playing in the garden
5. Yes, I do. now?
6 . Yes, there are. Is your parents’ garden big?
7. They are red, What colour are the flowers in their
white and garden?
yellow. Have your parents got a garden?
8 . Yes, it is. Is your father working in the garden
9. No, she now?
does not. Do you like to play in the garden?
10 . Yes, he is. Do the children like the garden? .
Are there rare flowers in your garden?
Удр. 27. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необ­
ходимо.
1. This castle belongs ... the Giant.
2 . The Giant isn’t ... his castle now.
3. He often leaves ... the castle.
4. The G iant doesn’t love ... children.
5. The children like to play ... the G iant’s garden.
6 . There are rare flowers and old tre e s... the garden.

80
I 7 . They can see birds ...th e trees.
8 . They want to go ... the garden again.
9 . Are there any beautiful gardens ... your city?
10. Can you show them ... me?
ynp. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Этот замок принадлежит Великану. 2. Передо мной
прекрасный сад. (Я стою перед ...) 3. В саду редкие цветы.
4 . Великан не любит детей. 5. Трава в саду зелёная. 6 . Дети
часто играют в этом саду. 7. Великана сейчас в замке нет.
8 . Он навещает своего друга, (сейчас) 9. Этот сад славится
(знаменит) своими цветами. 10. Там также много деревь­
ев. 11. Деревья этого сада очень старые. 12. Детям нравит­
ся смотреть на них. 13. На деревьях всегда много птиц.
14. Они поют не только утром. 15. Они даже сейчас поют.
wonderful ['wAndaf(3)l] - удивительный, замечательный

Упр. 29. Представьте себе:


Ваш друг пригласил вас на дачу. Расскажите своим
друзьям по-английски, что вам там понравилось (не по­
нравилось).
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
in summer, grass, green, to go to the country, the summer
cottage, to stay at, river, there is/are, flowers, trees, rare, to
swim, to play, the sun, to shine, the weather, nice, the garden,
on Sunday, warm, water
the weather [Sa'weda] - погода
warm [wo:m] - тёплый

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) В каком времени употребить глагол, раскрыв скобки
в этом стихотворении?
I t (to be) a p le asu re
A fte r ra in
To see you
In th e sky ag ain .

81
W e (to feel) we (to be)
A t a co lo u r show
W h en we (to look) a t you,
Rainbow!

a pleasure [э'ркзэ] - удо­ to show [fau] - показывать


вольствие a show (сущ.) - 1. показ, де­
rain ['rein] —дождь монстрация; 2 . выставка
the sky [5a'skai] —небо a rainbow [э'гетЬэи] - ра­
to feel [fi:l] - чувствовать дуга
б) Как решить кроссворд?

Как будет по-английски?


По горизонтали (across):
1. Причастие настоящего времени от глагола «посы­
лать».
2. Причастие настоящего времени от глагола «делать».
3. Причастие настоящего времени от глагола «ходить».
По вертикали (down):
1. Причастие настоящего времени от глагола «читать».

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Контрольная работа
j. раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple Present
или Present Progressive.
1. Alice (to stand) in front of a wonderful garden now
2. There (to be) a lot of rare flowers there.
3. She can (to see) a very big yellow flower.
4. She (to like) it very much.
5. All the flowers in the garden can (to talk).
6 . There are some gardens where the ground (to be) very
soft.
7. In such gardens the flowers always (to sleep).
8 . But in that garden the ground (to be) very hard.
9. The flowers can’t (to sleep) there.
10. They usually (to talk).
(After “Through the Looking G lass” by Lewis Caroll)
Alice ['aelis] —Алиса
the ground [Sa'graund] - почва, земля
hard [ha:d] - твёрдый, жёсткий

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Where is Alice standing now?
2. What can these flowers do?
III. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Alice can see a big flower.
2. Alice likes the flower.
3. The ground is very hard in that garden.
4. The flowers o f that garden can talk.
5. The flowers are talking about Alice now.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Alice is talking to the flowers.
2. There is a yellow flower in the garden.
3. These flowers can talk.
4. The ground is soft.
5. Alice likes the big flower.

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ч V. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необходимо.
1. Alice can see ... a big yellow flower.
2. There are a l o t ... rare flowers there.
3. Alice is speaking ... the yellow flower now.
4. The flowers can’t sleep ... this garden.
5. Alice is standing ... fro n t... the garden now.
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. В этом саду много редких цветов. 2. Все цветы это
сада разговаривают (могут разговаривать). 3. Земля в этом
саду (этого сада) твёрдая. 4. Цветы этого сада не могут
спать. 5. Они обычно разговаривают.
г

Урок VI
Грамматика:
1. Простое прошедшее время (The Simple Past Tense).
2. Глагол to be в прошедшем времени.

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Отданных инфинитивов образуйте Simple Past.
а) to work, to travel, to want, to look, to watch, to like, to
listen, to discuss, to translate, to walk;
б ) to read, to get, to write, to speak, to tell, to say, to bring,
to take, to break, to go

to travel [traevl] - путе­ to discuss [dis'kvs] - об­


шествовать суждать
to watch [wotj] - наблю­ to break [breik] —ломать
дать, следить a break - (сущ.) —пере­
to listen [lisn] - слушать рыв; перемена в школе

Упр. 2. Измените предложения по образцу.


Образец: I do it every day. (yesterday)
I did it yesterday.
1. I do some exercises every morning, (yesterday)
2 . 1 wash the cups every morning, (yesterday)
3 . 1 listen to the radio every day. (yesterday)
4 . 1 go to school every day. (yesterday)
'5 .1 walk in the park on Sundays, (yesterday)
6 . 1 see my friend every day. (yesterday)
• 7.1 help my mother every day. (yesterday)
8 . My mother makes cakes every week, (yesterday)
9. Mary writes some letters every day. (yesterday)
<■10. Nick plays football every day. (yesterday)
yesterday ['jestadi] —вчера
a cake [a'keik] —торт, кекс
the radio [da'reidiau] - радио

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Упр. 3. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. You bought a black hat yesterday.
2. You saw Nick last week.
3. They asked Mary to help them.
4. The lesson began at 8 o ’clock in the morning.
5. They came home an hour ago.
6 . Peter visited his friend yesterday.
7. We returned home on Monday.
8 . The teacher asked us to translate the text.
9. You saw this film last year.
10. They wanted to know the truth.
to return [ri't3:n] - 1) возвращать; 2) возвращаться

Упр. 4. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. You saw him at the theatre yesterday.
2. Mary visited the Tretvakov Gallery last week.
3. They took the children for a walk an hour ago.
4. Ann asked him about it yesterday.
5. You wanted to see the film yesterday.
6 . He left the house five minutes ago.
7. They came home in the evening.
8 . The teachers discussed this question at the meeting yes­
terday.
9. Peter broke a plate yesterday.
10. You got a present yesterday.
a minute [a'rrunit] - минута I ago [э'дэи] - тому назад

Упр. 5. Заполните пропуски нужной формой глагола to be в


Simple Past.
1. They ... here ten minutes ago.
2. He ... at the cinema yesterday.
3. We ... in St. Petersburg last summer.
4. T h e y ... in the country last week.
5. P ete r... at school at ten o ’clock in the morning.

86
I
6 . Nick’s parents ... at home on Sunday.
7 . They ... in London in 1997.
8 . I t ... many years ago.
9 . You ... in London last year.
10. I ... at the theatre last month.
last [la:st] - последний last year —в прошлом году
(прил.); to last - продол­ last month - в прошлом
жаться, длиться месяце
1997 ['nai'ti:n 'nainti 'sevn] summer ['sAma] - лето
- 1997 год
Упр. 6. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. They talked about it yesterday.
2. I sent him a letter last week.
3. We wanted to ask him about his friend.
4 . Your friends were glad to see us.
5. He was a student five years ago.
6 . Mary wanted to see the film again.
7. Peter gave me his bike yesterday.
8 . Your parents lived in St. Petersburg last year.
9. You were in St. Petersburg last week.
10. You met your friend yesterday.
was [w d z ] — был (a) ( прошедшее время от “to be” для ед.
числа)
glad [glaed] - радостный
a student [a'stju:d(a)nt] - студент, ученик
were [w3:] —были (прошедшее время от “to be” для 2-го
лица ед. и множ. числа и всех остальных лиц во множ.
числе)

Упр. 7. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Past.


1. 1 ... this tale two days ago. (to read)
2 . 1 ... the pet last week, (to buy)
3. Peter ... a bad mark yesterday, (to get)
4. The child ... a new toy. (to want)
5. I ... to the Bolshoi Theatre a m onth ago. (to go)

87
6 . Магу ... for London yesterday, (to leave)
7. My parents ... a house last month, (to buy)
8 . Nick ... me the book yesterday, (to give)
9. She ... my cup yesterday, (to break)
10. Peter ... us on Monday, (to see)
Упр. 8. Какой глагол-сказуемое выбрать?
1. They (comes, came) here an hour ago.
2. Wfe (sees, saw) the film on Friday.
3.1 (go, went) to that museum last week.
4. Mary (writes, wrote) a letter to John yesterday.
5. They (returns, returned) an hour ago.
6 . The teacher (gives, gave) me a bad mark yesterday.
7. We (live, lived) in an old flat last year.
8 . The tourists (arrive, arrived) in St. Petersburg last week.
9. The workers (builds, built) this house last year.
1 0 . 1 (buys, bought) the ticket for the concert two days ago.
to arrive [a'raiv] —прибывать
a concert [a'konsat] —концерт

Упр. 9. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­


ках.
1. They ... here in the morning.
2. We ... this question yesterday.
3. They ... me about it.
4. P eter... to school on Friday.
5. Nick ... Mary to the theatre last week.
6 . 1 ... at home in the evening yesterday.
7. They ... to the football match last week.
8 . 1 ... this book last week.
9. Wfe ... a lot of exercises at the lesson yesterday.
10. There ... a lot of pet-shops in our city.
(were, didn’t discuss, asked, didn’t go, took, are, wrote,
bought, went, was)
foolball |'futbo:l] - футбол
a match [s'maetf] - 1) спичка; 2 ) матч

88
упр. 10. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­
ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. She visited her friend two days ago. (2)
2. He came home very early yesterday. (1)
3. You saw Peter at the theatre last week. (2)
4. Yesterday you discussed your plans. (3)
5. Nick went to London last year. (2)
6 . Mary’s parents went to the theatre last Sunday. (2)
7. She got a letter from John yesterday. (2)
8 . Peter finished school a year ago. (2)
9. The teacher told us funny stories at the lesson yesterday. (3)
10. John came to Moscow last week. (2)
to finish ['finiJl - заканчивать

Упр. 11. Заполните пропуски указателем времени из дан­


ных в скобках.
1. We write a lot of tests ....
2. He didn’t get up early ....
3. They don’t drink m ilk... .
4. 1 didn’t see Peter ....
5. The children didn’t play in the yard ....
6 . We go to the country ....
7. Peter helped Mary with her English ....
8 . My friend gives me books ....
9. John phoned me ....
10. Ann got a letter from John ....
(last Friday, every week, two days ago, on Saturday, every
month, every day, last week, yesterday, last Sunday, every sum­
mer)
milk [milk] - молоко

Упр. 12. Раскройте скобки, употребляя Simple Past Tense


или Present Progressive.
1. He (to talk) with his friend now.

89
2. He (to be) in this museum last year.
3. I (to write) a letter to my friend now.
4. Peter (to give) me his text book yesterday.
5 . 1 (to look) at the black-board now.
6 . 1 (to see) him an hour ago.
7. Peter (to run) after his dog now.
8 . They (not to want) to go out yesterday.
9. The baby (to eat) porridge now.
10. My parents (to work) in the garden last week.
porridge ['ptmcfc] —(овсяная) каша

Упр. 13. Раскройте скобки, употребляя Simple Present или


Present Progressive.
1. We often (to translate) English texts.
2. The children (to read) the text now.
3 . 1 (to sit) at my desk now.
4.1 (not to like) to sit in the first row.
5 . 1 always (to go) to the theatre with my friend.
6 . Where ... you (to go)?
7. My mother (to go) to London tomorrow.
8 . John (to play) the guitar every day.
9. He (to play) the guitar now.
10. Now John (to tell) his friends about his visit to Russia.
a desk [a'desk] —1) письменный стол; 2) парта
a guitar [э gi'ta ] —гитара

Упр. 14. Дополните предложения вспомогательными глаго­


лами.
1. I ... go to the theatre last Friday.
2. P eter... looking at his teacher now.
3. I ... see this book in the book-shop yesterday.
4. I ... playing chess now.
5. They ... want to go out yesterday
6 .... you always prepare your home-work at school?
7. Peter ... go to the library on Sundays.

90
8 . Не ... working at the library now.
9 ... Kate always come to school in time?
10. 1 ... see my friend yesterday.
chess [tjes] —шахматы

упр. 15. Задайте специальные вопросы, начиная с вопро­


сительного слова в скобках.
1. Peter lost his bag yesterday. (When?)
2. You found an interesting book in the library two days
ago. (What kind of?)
3. Peter is playing chess now. (What game?)
4. My mother works at school. (Where?)
5. They are talking about the new film now. (What?)
6 . Kate broke her pen yesterday. (Whose?)
7. You got a letter from your friend yesterday. (What?)
8 . Ann met Peter in the park last week. (When?)
9. The baby is two years old. (How old?)
10. Nick speaks three foreign languages. (How many?)
Упр. 16. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Did you come to school early yesterday?
2. Do you always come to school in time?
3. Are you sitting at your desk now?
4. Is Kate sitting in front of you?
5. Did you write many English exercises yesterday?
6 . What marks did you get yesterday?
7. Did you walk in the park yesterday?
8 . When do you usually walk in the park?
9. Do you write many exercises at home?
10. What language do you usually speak at your English les­
sons?
Упр. 17. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. Yes, he did. Is your name Nick?
2. Yes, they are. Did they ask you about it?
3. No, they didn’t. Does he often come to your place?

91
4. Yes, he does. Do they like such books?
5. Yes, they do. Are they visiting their parents now?
6 . Yes, it is. Did he know about it?
7. Yes, I am. What is Peter doing now?
8 . He is playing Did you tell Mary about it yesterday?
with his friends. Are you reading my book now?
9. Yes, I did. Are you in the fifth form?
10. No, I am not.
Упр. 18. П реобразуйте отрицательные предложения в
утвердительные.
Образец: 1 don’t know him. — I know him.
1 . 1 am not at school now.
2. He can’t speak English.
3. They aren’t writing a test now.
4. He doesn’t speak French.
5. John isn’t coming to Moscow tomorrow.
6 . Peter didn’t go to the cinema yesterday.
7. Mary didn’t translate this text last week.
8 . They didn’t see Peter at school yesterday.
9. Ann isn’t playing the piano now.
10. Kate doesn’t like to sit on the grass.
Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необ­
ходимо.
1 ... John came to ... Moscow last week.
2. He wanted to see ... Red Square and ... Kremlin.
3. He also wanted to go to ... St. Petersburg.
4. What did you do at ... English lesson yesterday? - We
read ... texts and translated ... them into Russia.
5 . 1 am reading ... book about famous people now.
6 ... day was nice and we decided to go for a walk.
7. Look!... sky is blue and ... sun is shining.
8 . Mary didn’t like ... new dress.
9 . 1 like ... roses.
10. Yesterday Peter gave me ... red rose.

92
упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Когда вы писали диктант? - На прошлой неделе.
(Мы писали диктант на прошлой неделе.) 2. Какую оцен­
ку ты получил вчера? - Я получил двойку. 3. У тебя дома
хорошая библиотека? —Да. 4. В этом тексте много ош и­
бок? - Да. 5. Когда твои друзья вернулись в Москву? -
Два часа тому назад. 6 . Я был очень занят вчера. 7. Мой
друг попросил меня помочь ему. 8 . Я не хотел спрашивать
её об этом. 9. Вчера мы не водили детей гулять. 10. Когда
ты пошёл в школу? — Пять лет тому назад. 11. Я не могу
перевести это предложение. 12. Почему они смеются?
13. Почему он не пришёл вчера на собрание? — Он был
болен. 14. Тебе нравится английский язык? - Да. 15. Вче­
ра я купил очень интересную книгу о животных.
a dictation [dik'tei/эп] - диктант
to laugh [la:f] - смеяться

Лексико-грамматические упраж нения


Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол в Simple
Past.
1. The train (to be) full of people and its windows (to be)
open.
2. It (to be) an unusual train.
3. The people (to show) their tickets to the Guard.
4. The tickets (to be) very large.
5. The G u ard (to ask)
Alice to show him
ticket.
6 . Alice (not to
buy) any ticket.
7. She (tobe up­
set).

93
8 . Suddenly she (to see) a strange man in front of her.
9. The man (to advise) Alice to buy the ticket.
10. Alice (not to want) to be in that train.
(After “Through the looking G lass” by Lewis Carrol)
full [ful] —полный, целый suddenly ['sAdnli] - вдруг,
usual ['ju:3usl] —обычный внезапно
unusual [An'jugual] - не­ strange [stremcfc] - незна­
обычный комый; странный
the Guard [óa'gad] - to advise [a'dvaiz] - сове­
(зд.) проводник в поезде товать
a train [a'trein] —поезд

Упр. 22. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. Alice was in a train.
2. The train was unusual.
3. The people showed their tickets to the Guard.
4. Suddenly Alice saw a strange m an.
5. The Guard wanted to see Alice’s ticket.
6 . All the passengers had tickets.
7. Alice wanted to go home.
8 . All the people in the train wanted to talk.
9. That man wore paper clothes.
10. The Guard looked at Alice again.
a passenger ['passincfca] —пассажир
paper ['peipa] - бумага
to wear [wea] - носить (одежду)
Упр. 23. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Alice saw strange people.
2. They showed their tickets to the Guard.
3. The tickets were large.
4. The G uard looked at Alice.
5. Alice was upset.
6 . The man in white clothes was in front of Alice.
7. He advised her to buy the ticket.
8 . The people in the train talked about Alice.

94
9 . The G uard closed the window.
10. The train stopped.
to stop [stDp] - останавливать(ся)

ynp. 24. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­


ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. The passengers liked to talk. (2)
2. All the passengers looked at Alice. (2)
3. The m an’s clothes were white. (2)
4. The G uard closed the window. (1)
5. He wanted to see everybody’s ticket. (2)
6 . The windows of the train were open. (1)
7. The G uard saw Alice. (2)
8 . All the passengers of the train were strange. (1)
9. Alice saw unusual places through the train window. (2)
10. Alice wanted to see her mother and sister. (2)
Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­
ках.
1. Alice ... in the train now.
2. Whom ... Alice ... in the train?
3. The people in the train ... Alice.
4. All the passengers ... together.
5. Why ... the Guard ... at Alice?
6 . The man in white clothes ... to speak with Alice.
7. Alice ... to speak with him.
8 ... Alice ... the people in the train?
9. Alice ... to be at home.
10 ... Alice ... the ticket?
(did ... buy, wanted, did ... like, didn’t want, began, did ...
look, talked, did ... see, is, didn’t like)
together [ta'geda] - вместе
Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. No, they didn’t. | Was Alice glad to be in the train?

95
2. Yes, she did. Was it an unusual train?
3. Yes, they were. What did the passengers do?
4. Yes, he did. What kind of places did Alice see
5. No, she didn’t. through the window?
6 . He advised her to What did the man advise Alice? 1
buy the ticket. Did Alice like the man in front of
7. She saw unusual her?
places. Did the man wear white clothes? >
8 . They talked. Wfere the passengers strange?
9. Yes, it was. Did Alice want to go home?
10. No, she was not. Did the passengers like Alice?
Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необ-1
ходимо.
1. It was ... unusual train.
2. The people in ... train looked a t ... Alice.
3. Alice saw ... strange man in front of her.
4 ... man had ... large ticket in his hand.
5. Alice didn’t want to be in ... train.
6 ... passengers showed their ticket to ... Guard.
7 .... Guard looked at Alice.
8 . Alice didn’t want to speak with ... passengers.
9. She didn’t like ... them.
10 ... window of... train was open.
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Алиса увидела в поезде странного человека. 2. Ег
одежда была белой. 3. У всех пассажиров были билеты.1
4. У Алисы не было (никакого) билета. 5. Проводник по-1
просил пассажиров предъявить (показать) билеты. 6 . Ч е -1
ловек в белом (белой одежде) посоветовал Алисе купить!
билет. 7. Алиса не хотела покупать билет. 8 . Проводник
посмотрел на Алису. 9. Алисе не нравились люди в поезде. |
10. Проводник закрыл окно. 11 . Билеты были очень боль- J
шими. 12. Поезд часто останавливался. 13. Алисе зах о те-|
лось домой (пойти домой). 14. «Где твой билет?» —с п р о -|

96
сцл проводник. 15. «Почему Алиса не хочет покупать би­
лет?» —пассажиры спрашивали друг у друга.
упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Вы побывали в Петербурге. Расскажите Джону, ваш е­
му английскому другу, о своей поездке по-английски.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
to go by train (by car, by plane), museums, palaces, the­
atres, to see, cinemas, to visit, places of interest, my family, to
decide, were, for two weeks, exhibitions, the weather, in sum­
mer (spring, autumn, winter), the Summer Gardens, the Win­
ter Palace, the White Nights, the Neva River
a plane [a'plein] — winter ['winta] —зима
(разг.) самолёт spring [sprig] —весна
to decide [di'said] - решать autumn [o:tam] —осень
an exhibition [3n,eksi'bifen] the Winter Palace —Зим­
- выставка ний дворец

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) Какое время глагола употребить, раскрыв скобки в
этом стихотворении?
I (to be) on w heels,
I (to ru n ) along th e rails.
I saw a lo t of places
A nd (to h ear) a lo t of tales.
I (to w ork) in su n n y w eath e r,
In snow an d in ra in .
I (to be) alw ays v e ry busy.
You (to know ) m e,
I (to b e ) ...

97
б) О каком виде транспорта идёт речь?
sunny ['sAni] - солнечный I snow ['snau] - снег
в) Как решить кроссворд?

1
Как будет по-английски?
По горизонтали (across):
1. Что, какой?
2. Она.
3. Её.
4. Один.
По вертикали ( down):
1. Где?
2. Когда?
3. Множественное число
от существительного «туфля».]
a shoe [a'Ju:] —туфля;
ботинок

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple Past.
1. Ruskin’s grandfather (to decide) to travel by train.
2. He (to take) Toto with him.
3. He (to buy) a big bag for Toto.
4. Toto’s legs and tail (to be) in the bag.
5. Its head and hands (not to be) in the bag.
6 . Toto (not to want) to be in the bag.
7. He (to want) to get out of it.
8 . R uskin’s g ran d fath er (to show) the tick et to th e j
Guard.
9. Suddenly Toto (to smile).
10. The guard (to look) at Toto.
a head [a'hed] - голова
jj Ответьте на вопросы.
1. What did Ruskin’s grandfather decide to do?
2 . Was Toto’s head in the bag?
Ц1. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму и
дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Toto’s legs were in the bag.
2. Toto saw everything around.
3. The grandfather bought a bag for Toto.
4. The guard looked at Toto.
5. Toto wanted to get out of the bag.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Toto was in the bag.
2. Ruskin’s grandfather decided to travel by train.
3. He took Toto with him.
4. The bag was big.
5. The guard saw Toto.
V. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо.
1. Toto wanted to be in ... train.
2. Ruskin’s grandfather showed ... ticket to ... Guard.
3. Toto wanted to get out o f ... bag.
4 ... grandfather took ... monkey with him.
5 ...journey was interesting.
ajourney [э'фз:ш] —поездка, путешествие

VI. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Дедушка Раскина решил взять Тото с собой. 2. Он
купил для Тото большой мешок. 3. Ноги и хвост Тото бы ­
ли в мешке. 4. Тото очень хотел (быть) находиться в поез­
де. 5. Проводник посмотрел на билет.
Урок VII
Грамматика:
1. Причастие прошедшего времени. (Past Participle)
2. Настоящее совершенное время. (The Present Perfect
Tense)

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Отданных инфинитивов образуйте вторую, третью
и четвертую формы глагола:
а) 1. to work, 2. to live, 3. to travel, 4. to look, 5. to ask, 6 . to
walk, 7. to return, 8 . to talk, 9. to answer, 10. to discuss
to answer ['a:nsa] - отвечать
б ) 1. to be, 2. to go, 3. to come, 4. to become, 5. to read,
6 . to write, 7. to have, 8 . to speak, 9. to say, 10. to buy
Упр. 2. Переведите на английский язык.
а) разбитая чашка, написанное письмо, обсуждённый
вопрос, вымытые полы, переведённые тексты, данное
обещание, закрытое окно, потерянная сумка, исправлен­
ная ош ибка
б) улыбающееся лицо, движущийся поезд, прыгающая
лягушка, говорящий попугай, спящий ребёнок, изменя­
ю щийся мир, плачущая девочка, падающий снег
to move [mu:v] - двигать(ся); переезжать; шевелиться
to change [tfeinds] - менять(ся)
correct [ks'rekt] - правильный (прим.); to correct -
исправлять

Упр. 3. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­


рядок слов общего вопроса.
Образец: him, seen, you, have?
Have you seen him?
1 . book, have, this, read, you?

100
2 . problem, this, discussed, they, have?
3. to, Kate, London, been, has?
4. you, him, to, spoken, have?
5 . it, about, they, you, told, have?
6 . test, have, the, written, you?
7. exercise, done, has, the, Peter?
8 . o ’clock, you, nine, since, been, have, here?
9 . years, two, you, for, have, him, known?
10. you, the, the, explained, has, teacher, rule, to?
Упр. 4. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на по­
рядок слов специального вопроса.
Образец: read, you, book, have, what?
What book have you read?
1. Moscow, you, seen, in, what, have?
2 . have, many, how, read, you, books?
3. articles, she, what kind of, translated, has?
4. bought, you, have, what?
5. dress, bought, she, what kind of, has?
6 . done, you, just, have, what?
7. brought, you, how many, have, newspapers?
8 . you, found, book, have, whose?
9. mistakes, she, has, how many, made?
10 . writer, written, this, has, what?
Упр. 5. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. They have translated the article.
2. You have read this book.
3. He has seen this film.
4. She has written the letter.
5. Nick has returned from St. Petersburg.
6 . Mary has been to Moscow.
7. You have been here since nine o ’clock.
8 . Peter has done this grammar exercise.
9. Ann has made three mistakes in her test.

101
10. The pupils have discussed this poem.
1
since [sins] —с (предлог, обозначающий начало действия в
прошлом)

Упр. 6 . Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. We have visited this exhibition.
2. The writer has finished the novel.
3. Peter has done the exercise.
4. You have moved to the new flat.
5. Kate has read three English books.
6 . They have visited St. Petersburg.
7. You have just spoken to him.
8 . They have discussed this question.
9. They have known each other for three years.
10. Mary has lost the kev to her house.
each [i:tf] - каждый I other ['лбэ] - другой, иной j
Упр. 7. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Present Perfect.
1 . 1 ...ju s t... the window, (to close)
2. He ...ju s t... home, (to come)
3. John ... to Moscow, (to be) He can tell you about it. I
4. She ... to many foreign countries, (to travel)
5 . 1 ... my book at last, (to find)
6 . We ... a car. (to buy)
7. They ... all the books, (to sell)
8 . The b o y ... the toy. (to lose)
9. He ...ju s t... from England, (to return)
10 . 1 ... coffee for you. (to make)
just [cfe\st] - 1) как раз; 2) только что
coffee ['kDfi] - кофе

Упр. 8 . Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. They have left Moscow.
2. Mary has taken the children to the park.
3. Kate has made a dress for her doll.

102
4. You have seen my teacher.
5. They have sent Peter five books.
6 . I have bought a present for Mary.
7. They have sold their house.
8 . The street has become wide.
9 . 1 have found a ring.
10. Nick has given me his coat.
a ring [э'пг)] - кольцо; to ring - звонить

Упр. 9. Какой глагол выбрать?


1. 1 (reads, have read) all the novels by this writer.
2. John (come, has come) to Moscow.
3. My mother (buys, has bought) a new bag for me.
4. I (leave, have left) my book at school.
5. They (didn’t do, haven’t done) this exercise yesterday.
6 . Nick (draws, has drawn) a picture.
7. The child (saw, has seen) never a Zoo.
8.1 (read, have read) just this article.
9. The baby (has broken, breaks) the toy.
10. I (is choosing, have chosen) a good present for my
mother.
to draw [dro:] - рисовать

Упр. 10. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Present или


в Present Perfect.
1 .1 ... Peter every day. (to see)
2 . 1 ... ju s t... my teacher, (to see)
3. In his letter John ... about his life, (to write)
4 “ ... you ... the letter?” she asked, (to write)
5 ... you ever... to London? (to be)
6 ... you o fte n ... there? (to go)
7. We ... this question yet. (not to discuss)
8 . P eter... the last exercise, (not to write)
9. We ... the Tretyakov Gallery yet. (not to visit)
10. 1 ... to show you the city, (to want)

103
Упр. 11. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Past или в
Present Perfect.
1. Не ... to Kiev yesterday, (to go)
2. She ... never ... to Kiev, (to be)
3 . 1 ... already ... the cups, (to wash)
4. My sister ... to wash the cups yesterday, (not to want) i
5. N ick’s father ... the bicycle yesterday, (to repair)
6 ... your parents ... a dress for you? (to buy)
7. When ... they ... the dress? (to buy)
8 . He ... all his money, (to spend)
9 . 1 ... a week in the country last month, (to spend)
10. He ... two English lessons, (to miss)
Kiev ['kiijef] - Киев
to miss [mis] - упустить, пропустить

Упр. 12. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Present Progres­


sive или в Present Perfect.
1. Не ... the chair now. (to repair)
2. He ... already ... the car. (to repair)
3. He ... in the bathroom now. (to wash)
4. My mother ... a coat for me. (to buy)
5. We ... a nice coat now. (to look for)
6 . He ... the novel, (not to finish)
7. Peter still.... (to work)
8 . Nick is ill. We ... the doctor, (to call)
9. The telephone .... (to ring) Can you hear it?
10. We ... this question yet. (not to discuss)
to repair [п'реэ] - ремон­ still [stil] - (зд.) всё ещё
тировать; чинить to call [ko:l] - 1) звать;
to look for - искать 2) вызывать

Упр. 13. Измените предложения по образцу.


Образец: Не has done it. (yesterday)
He did it yesterday.
1. He has lost his cap. (yesterday)

104
2. They have visited the Tretyakov Gallery, (last week)
3. Peter has found a lot of money, (yesterday)
4. John has seen the Moscow Kremlin, (last summer)
5. My grandmother has bought a cow. (two days ago)
6 . We have chosen a nice dress for Mary, (yesterday)
7 . 1 have written out all the new words from the text, (at the
last lesson)
8. He has translated two short stories into English, (last
month)
9 . 1 have broken my favourite plate, (a minute ago)
10. Ann has found my bag. (yesterday)
a cap [э'кэгр] - кепка; шапка

Упр. 14. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Have you missed any English lessons this week?
2. When did you miss your English lesson?
3. Have you ever been to the Tretyakov Gallery?
4. When were you there?
5. Did you get a good mark for your English test last week?
6 . Have you read many English books?
7. Have you read the text about Toto, the monkey?
8 . When did you read it?
9. Have you read a book about animals?
10. Do you like to read books about animals?
Упр. 15. Составьте предложения по образцу.
now
Образец: I to write a letter just
yesterday
1 . 1 am writing a letter now.
2 . 1 have just written a letter.
3 . 1 wrote a letter yesterday.
now
1. We to discuss the film just
yesterday

105
now
2. They to go to the cinema
yesterday
now
3. She to translate the text
yesterday
now
4. He to write the text
yesterday
now
5. You to read this newspaper
yesterday
now
6 . We to buy a car
yesterday
now
7. He to speak with his friend
yesterday
now
8 . She to tell me about it just
yesterday
now
9. They to come here just
an hour ago
now
10. Somebody to knock at the door just
a minute ago
to knock [nnk] -- CTynaTb(cH) (at)

Упр. 16. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­


ках.
1. Wfe ... this exhibition last week.
2. Не ... ju s t... me about it.

106
3 . They ... this question now.
4 . I ... him yesterday.
5 . Peter ... a parrot. He is happy.
6 . I t ... at Peter’s guests now.
7 . I ... a bad mark for my grammar test yesterday.
8 . Mary ... her grandmother now.
9. Kate ... the piano now.
10. 1 ... to go to the theatre yesterday.
(didn’t want, is playing, is visiting, got, is looking, has
bought, didn’t see, are discussing, h a s ... asked, visited)
a guest [a'gest] - гость

Упр. 17. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. No, she has not. Have you bought this dress?
2 . I’am waiting for my Has she found her book?
friend. Why are you here?
3. No, I have not. What has Nick just written?
4. No, it does not. Have you ever been to St.
5. Nick has written an Petersburg?
English exercise. What are you looking at?
6 . Yes, she is. Where did you go yesterday?
7. No, he did not. Is Mary writing the exer­
8 . Yes, I have. cise now?
9. We went to the cinema Does the child want to go
yesterday. for a walk?
10 .1 am looking at my Did Nick go to school yes­
parrot now. terday?

Упр. 18. К данным предложениям задайте общие или спе­


циальные вопросы (цифры в скобках указывают
на количество вопросов).
1. Peter’s friends are discussing their problems now. (2)
2. Kate has just returned from London. (1)
3. John speaks two foreign languages. (2)
' 4. You are speaking with John now. (1)

107
5 . 1 visited my grandfather last week. ( 2 )
v 6 . My mother is preparing supper now. (2)
7. You have done your home-work. (1)
8 . The writer has finished the first part of the book. (2)
9. John is phoning Mary now (1)
10. You have made coffee for John. (1)
apart [a'pait] - часть

Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. This writer is famous ... his novels.
2. We are going ... St. Petersburg tomorrow.
3 . 1 like to skate ... winter.
4. We have just received a letter ... him.
5. Have you read ... this article?
6 . There are a lo t ... rare flowers... this park.
7. Have you ever b e e n ... London?
8 . He is working ... the garden now.
9. D on’t tell him ... it.
10. There is a school... fro n t... my house.
to receive [ri'sirv] - получать; принимать

Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Я только что видел Петра. 2. Вы были когда-нибуд
в Киеве? - Да. 3. Когда вы были в Петербурге? —Я ездил
туда в прошлом году. 4. Вы были в театре вчера? — Нет.
5. Вы прочитали эту книгу? - Да. 6 . Когда вы ходили в
кино? - Вчера. (Я ходил в кино вчера.) 7. Сколько у тебя
английских книг? - У меня пять английских книг. 8 . Их
не было дома вчера. Они ездили за город. 9. Кого вы здесь
ждёте? - Я жду свою сестру. 10. Я здесь с утра. 11. Я ни­
когда не видел этого человека. 12. Я только что посмотрел
этот фильм. 13. Где мой учебник? Я только что положил
его сюда. 14. Пётр не может сделать это упражнение. Его
не было в школе два дня. 15. Я посетил эту выставку. Я
могу рассказать тебе о ней..

108
Лексико-грамматические упраж нения
упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Present, Simple Past или в Present Perfect.
1. After that something strange, (to happen)
2. The table with the cakes on the plates (to begin) to fly
about the room.
3. “Oh! It (to be) now in the air in front of us,” said Uncle
A lbert.
4. He (to look) at Mary Poppins.
5. “ I am sure you (to do) it.
6 . 1 (to be) proud of you, Mary.
7. You know, I (to want) to begin with the cake,” he said.
8 . He (to cut) a large piece for everybody.
9. Then the children (to eat) the cake.
10. They (to like) it very much.
(After “Mary Poppins” by Pamela Travers)
to happen ['Ьэерэп] - слу­ a piece [a'pi:s] - кусок
чаться a plum [э'р1л т ] - слива
proud [praud] - гордый air [еэ] - воздух
to cut [kAt] —резать
Упр. 22. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. The table began to fly about the room.
2. The plum cake was on the table.
3. Uncle Albert looked at Mary Pop­
pins.
4. He was proud of her.
5. The table was in front
o f Uncle Albert.
6 . M ary P oppins
and the ch ild re n
were at the table.
7. Uncle Albert
cut the cake.

109
8 . The cake was good.
9. The children liked it.
10. Uncle Albert was happy.
Упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Uncle Albert was proud of Marv Poppins.
2. Uncle Albert was glad to see them .
3. Uncle Albert was a funnv man.
4. He was in the air.
5. The cups and the cake were on the table.
6 . Uncle Albert decided to cut the cake.
7. He cut the cake into large pieces.
8 . It was a plum cake.
9. Uncle Albert gave a piece of cake to everybody.
10. The children began to eat the cake.
Упр. 24. Какое сказуемое выбрать?
1. The cups and the cakes (didn’t fall down, have not fallen
down). They are still on the table.
2. Uncle Albert (cuts, is cutting) the cake now.
3. The children (look, are looking) at him now.
4. Uncle Albert (are, is) glad to see the guests.
5. “Why (are, is) he in the air?” the children thought.
6 . Uncle Albert (took, take) a knife and (began, begin) to
cut the cake.
7. “ I (cut, have cut) the cake. There are four pieces of cake
on the table now,” he said.
8 . “The cake (is, are) delicious,” Michael said.
9. The children (wants, wanted) some more cake.
10. “You (ate, have eaten) the cake. There are not any pieces
of cake on the table now,” Uncle Albert said.
a knife [a'naif] - нож
delicious [di'lijbs] - очень вкусный

Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­


ках.
1. “You ... something to the table. 1 am sure of it,” Uncl
Albert said to Mary Poppins.
2. Then something strange ...
3. Look! The table ... about the room!
4. “The table ... now in front of m e,” Uncle Albert said.
5. “ ... at the table, please,” Uncle Albert said.
6 . “ ... you ... the cakes?” he asked.
7. “You ... also in the air now,” he added.
8 . The children ... to be on the floor.
9. “We ... to come here again,” they said.
10. How many pieces of cake ... the children ... ?
(have eaten, want, didn’t want, are, d o ... like, sit down, is,
is flying, happened, have done)
something ['sAmGirj] - что-то
to be sure of ['Jus] - быть уверенным (в чем-л.)
to add [aed] - 1) прибавлять; 2) добавлять

Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, it is. Does Uncle Albert like to be in the
2 . Yes, they have. air?
3. Yes, they did. C an your mother make cakes?
4. Yes, they are. Do you like cakes?
5. No, they don’t. Were the children happy?
6 . Yes, it was. Was the cake good?
7. Yes, they were. Do the children want to be on the
8 . Yes, I do. floor?
9. Yes, she can. Are the children in the air?
10. Yes, he does. Did they like the cake?
Have the children eaten the cake?
Is the table flying about the room?

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. Mary Poppins to o k ... the children ... her uncle’s place.
2. They saw a large table ... the room.
3. Uncle Albert w as... the air.
4. The table was ... fro n t... Uncle Albert.
5. Uncle Albert greeted ... everybody.

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6 . The cups were ... the table.
7. Every body liked ... the cake.
8 . Uncle Albert gave a piece of cake ... everybody.
9. “You have eaten ... your piece of cake,” he said.
10. The children didn’t want to go ... home.
to greet [gri:t] - приветствовать
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Стол стал (начал) летать по комнате. 2. Мэри Поп-
пинс увидела своего дядю в воздухе. 3. «Теперь стол тоже
в воздухе», —сказал дядя Альберт. 4. «Твой дядя всегда в
воздухе?» —спросили дети. —«Нет», —ответила Мэри Поп­
лине. 5. Детям тоже хотелось быть в воздухе. 6 . Им не хо­
телось быть на полу. 7. «Я разрезал торт на четыре части», i
— сказал он. 8 . Торт был очень вкусным. 9. Я съел свой
торт. Моя тарелка пуста. 10. Я хочу начать с торта. 11. Я
только что купил большой торт. 12. Где торт? —Он на с т о -1
ле. 13. Ты умеешь печь? —Нет. 14. Какой это торт? —Это ]
сливовый торт. 15. Ты любишь пирожные, печенье?
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Вы были в гостях у Джона в Лондоне. Расскажите сво­
ей учительнице по-английски, чем он вас угощал.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
to taste, traditional dishes, to stay in London, for ten days,
scones with cream and jam, pasties, porridge, plum pudding,
fish and chips, cheese, cheese chips, tasty, tea, his mother, to
cook with pleasure, to be glad, to have a good time
traditional [tra'dijbnl] - a pasty [a'paesti] —пирог
традиционный (особ, с мясом)
a scone [a'skrin] - ячмен­ pudding ['pudir)] —пудинг
ная или пшеничная chips [ tfips] —чипсы, жа­
лепёшка реный хрустящий кар­
cream [kri:m] —сливки тофель
jam [ф е т ] - варенье, fish [fij] - рыба
джем cheese ['tfi:z] —сыр

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to have a good time - xo- I tasty ['teisti] - вкусный
рошо провести время

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) Следует ли заполнить пропуски в данном стихотво­
рении артиклями и какими?
I am in ... your every dish,
In ... your salad, in ... your fish
I’m important for ... world
I a m ... salt.
salad ['saelad] - салат important [im'po:t(3)nt] -
salt [salt] - соль важный
б) Каким временем глагола заполнить пропуски?
Every morning
I (to get) up
And (to have) tea
from my green cup.

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в нужном вре­
мени.
1. These (to be) a great plate of rice on the kitchen table
now.
2. It (not to be) for Toto.
3. Toto (to want) to eat the rice.
4. Toto (to be) on the table now.
5. It (to eat) the rice.
6 . Toto (to eat) all the rice. The plate is empty.
7. Some time passed. The grandmother (to come) into the
room.
8 . She (to see) the empty plate.
9. The grandmother (to shout).

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10. Toto (to throw) the plate at her and (to run) away.
rice [rais] - рис to shout [Taut] - кричать
to pass [pa:s] —проходить to throw [0 гэи] —бросать
II. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. What does Toto want to eat?
2. Has Toto eaten all the rice?
III. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму и
дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. Toto has broken the plate.
2. The grandmother shouted.
3. Toto is eating now.
4. Toto likes rice.
5. Toto is happy.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. The grandmother often cooks rice for the family.
2. She has just put the rice on the plate.
3. The plate is full o f rice.
4. Toto is hungry.
5. It is looking at the plate of rice.
V. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необходимо.
1. There is a plate ... rice ... the table.
2. Toto is ... the table.
3. Toto likes to e a t ... this plate.
4. Toto is looking ... the plate now.
5. Toto has broken ... the plate.
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. На столе тарелка риса (с рисом). 2. Тото ест рис сей­
час. 3. Тото часто ест с этой тарелки. 4. Обезьяна съела
весь рис. Тарелка пуста. 5. Тото хочет ещё немного риса.
Урок VIII
Грамматика:
1. Простое будущ ее время (The Simple Future Tense).
2. To be going to.

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Отданных инфинитивов образуйте Simple Future.
Образец: to read (you, she, they, I)
You will read.
She will read.
They will read.
I will (shall) read,
to like, to try, to explain, to buy, to be, to show, to help, to
come, to tell, to write
to explain [iks'plein] —объяснять
Упр. 2. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. They will explain it to you.
2. He will write the letter.
3. She will help you to translate the text.
4. Mary will agree with us.
5. Peter will try to get a good mark.
6 . They will be glad to see you.
7. You will like St. Petersburg.
8 . Ann will be at home on Sunday.
9. John will come to Moscow again.
10. They will see our guests in a minute.
Упр. 3. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Не will tell you about it.
2. I will write the letter now.
3 . 1 shall take your bag.

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4. He will remember that day.
5. They will go to the meeting.
6 . 1 will take you to the Tretyakov Gallery.
7 . 1 will get this book.
8 . 1 will speak with him now.
9. Ann will help you.
10. John will teach me to speak English.
a meeting [miitirj] - собрание; встреча

Упр. 4. Задайте специальные вопросы, начиная с вопроси­


тельного слова в скобках.
1. Kate is going to buy a beautiful dress. (What kind of?)
2. Nick is going to do the home-work. (What?)
• 3. They will be at home in the evening. (When?)
4. He will try to help you. (whom?)
5. They will take us to this museum. (Where?)
6 . They are going to meet their friends at the station. (What?)
7. They will have fish for dinner. (What?)
8 . Mary is going to wash the dishes after dinner. (When?)
9. They are going to translate the new words in the evening.
(What?)
10. You will understand this rule. (What?)
the station [da'steif(a)n] - станция; вокзал

Упр. 5. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­


ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. Не will come soon. ( 1)
2. You are going to learn German. (2)
3. Peter is going to invite John to Moscow. (2)
4. Nick will help me to do the exercise. (1)
5. My friends will be glad to see you. (1)
6 . I’ll eat the apple now. (1)
7. They are going to buy a new house. (2)
8 . The show will be interesting. (1)

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9. I’ll ask him about it now. (1)
10. I’ll carry that case for you. (1)
German ['фз:тэп] - не­ soon [su:n] - скоро, вскоре
мецкий язык to carry ['kaeri] - 1) везти;
to invite [in'vait] - пригла­ 2) нести
шать
Упр. 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Future.
1 . 1 (to show) you my room.
2. We (to discuss) it with him.
3 . 1 (not to give) you my pet.
4. You (to find) the book in my library.
5. She (not to ask) me about it.
6 . They (not to go) to the country.
7 . 1 (to take) your son to the doctor.
8 . He (not to forget) to do it.
9 . 1 (to write) this sentence down in my exercise-book.
10. You (not to make) such mistakes again.
a case [a'keis] - сумка; чемодан
to forget [fa'get] - забывать

Упр. 7. Какой глагол выбрать?


1. What (is, are) your plans for the week-end? - We (is go­
ing, are going) to the country.
2. When (do you come, will you come) to my place? — I
(will think, think) about it.
3 . 1 (help, will help) you to do your home-work.
4. Mary (are going, is going) to see the sights of St. Peters­
burg.
5 . 1 (see, saw) Kate at the theatre yesterday.
6 . 1 (are reading, am reading) my English text-book now.
7. W hen... you (did, does) discuss this problem? - We (dis­
cusses, discussed) it last week.
8 . 1 (doesn’t take, won’t take) the children to the park.

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9. Peter (want, wants) to buy a present for his sister.
10. John (haven’t been, hasn’t been) to the Bolshoi Theatre
yet.
the week-end —уикенд (время отдыха с пятницы или с J
субботы до понедельника, конец недели)
sights [saits] - достопримечательности
yet [jet] - ещё

Упр. 8. Заполните пропуски глаголами из данных в скоб­


ках.
1. We ... everything in this museum.
2 . 1 ... this park. It is very small.
3. What a nice hat you ...! When ... you ... it ? — I ... it las
month.
4 .... you ... at the party?
5. Where ... you ... ? — I ... to the station.
6 . Where ... you from? — I ... from Moscow.
7 . 1 ... my home-work. — I ... free now.
8 . Nick ... a very good present for his mother.
(have seen, has chosen, am, have done, am, are, am going,
are going, will sing, bought, did ... buy, have bought, don’t
like)
free [fri:] —свободный
a party [a'pati] - вечеринка, приём гостей

Упр. 9. Измените предложения по образцу.


Образец: I have done it. (yesterday)
I did it yesterday.
1. I have visited this exhibition, (last year)
2. He has read my letter, (yesterday)
3. We haven’t seen him for a week, (yesterday)
4. We have written the test, (two days ago)
5. The baby has broken his bottle of milk, (a minute ago)
6 . He has found a purse, (last month)
7.1 have been to this concert, (last week)
8 . Peter has bought a bicycle, (a week ago)

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9 . I have translated this article, (yesterday)
10. I have left my copy-book at school, (two days ago)
a bottle [a'botl] -бутылка I a purse [a'p3:s] - кошелёк

упр. Ю. Что вы сделаете, чтобы помочь своим друзьям?


Используйте словосочетания в скобках.
Образец: Ann feels bad. (to call a doctor)
I will call a doctor.
1. Kate often makes grammar mistakes, (to help her with
her grammar)
2. Nick has lost the keys to his flat, (to try to find them)
3. Peter is hungry, (to give him a sandwich)
4. The weather is bad but Kate wants to go out. (to ask her
to stay at home)
5. Your sister, a girl of five, doesn’t want to go to bed. (to
read a tale to her)
6 . Mary wants to buy a present for her mother but she has
not got any money, (to give some money to her)
7. John wants to see this film but he doesn’t want to go to
the cinema alone, (to go to the cinema with him)
8 . N ick’s suit is old. He can’t go to the party, (to give him a
new suit)
9. John wants to speak Russian, (to teach him)
10. Your mother will come home at ten o ’clock in the evening,
(to prepare supper for the family)
to feel bad - плохо себя alone [э'1эип] - один, оди­
чувствовать нокий
a sandwich [a'sasnwicfe] - supper ['sApa] - ужин
бутерброд
Упр. 11. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Present или
в Simple Future.
1. 1 ... you my collection, (to show)
2. Kate ... new toys every Sunday, (to buy)
3.... you ... read a tale to me? (to read)
4. He ... to the radio every evening, (to listen)

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5. John ... me roses today. I’m sure, (to give)
6 . 1 ... to look at the flowers, (to like)
7 . 1 usually ... a lot of apples, (to eat)
8 ... our grandmother ... us again? (to invite) — I hope she
will.
9 . 1 ... ready in a minute, (to be)
10. Mary ... at school now. (to be)
collection [кэ'1ек[(э)п] —коллекция
to collect [ka'lekt] - 1) собирать; 2) коллекционировать

Упр. 12. Заполните пропуски оборотом to be going to, обра­


щая внимание на форму глагола to be.
1. 1 ... post the letter tomorrow.
2. P eter... learn French.
3. My parents ... change their furniture.
4. Kate ... tell Peter about her plans.
5 . 1 ... make tea for you.
6 . We ... discuss this problem without Nick.
7. She ... make a new dress for her doll.
8 ... you ... buy a house?
9 . 1 ... look at your photo album.
10. M ary... collect stamps.
furniture ['fsnitfe] - мебель an album [an'aelbam] —аль-
a photo [a'fauta] —фотогра- бом
фия (сокр. от photograph)

Упр. 13. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Are you going to invite me to the theatre?
2. When will you invite your friend to the cinema?
3. What film are you going to see?
4. Have you bought the tickets for the film?
5. Have you ever been to the Bolshoi Theatre?
6 . When were you there?
7. Did you go to the cinema yesterday?
8 . Do you often visit museums?
9. What museum did you visit last month?

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10. Does your friend often go to the theatre?
упр. 14. Заполните пропуски словами или словосочетания­
ми из данных в скобках.
1. We go to the office ... .
2 . 1 have ... been to London.
3. Kate and Ann are flying to London ....
4 . 1 ... see Nick at school.
5. Г 11finish the exercise ....
6.... Mary is standing at the black-board.
7. We went to the Crimea ....
8 . They ... go for a walk in the evening.
9. Nick h a s ... written the sentence.
10 .1 spoke with your teacher ....
(an hour ago, already, usually, last year, at the moment, in a
minute, often, now, never, every day)
the Crimea [дэ krai'mia] - Крым
Упр. 15. Составьте предложения с оборотом to be going to,
используя слова, данные в скобках.
Образец: to read (I, he, they)
1. 1 am going to read the book
2. He is going to read the book
3. They are going to read the book
1. to learn French (she, you)
2 . to buy a new dress (I, they, we)
3. to take this book from the library (Peter, you, I)
4. to collect stamps (Nick, my friend)
5. to write a letter (I, Kate, we)
6 . to translate this text (they, you, he)
7. to discuss the problem (we, they, she)
8 . to correct the mistakes (I, you, he)
9. to make a cake (she, Arm, you)
10. to invite my friend to the theatre (1, he, Peter)
Упр. 16. Ваш друг заболел. Предложите ему (ей) свои ус­
луги, используя данные словосочетания.

121
Образец: to wash the dishes — Shall I wash the
dishes?
1. to call a doctor
2 . to cook dinner
3. to switch off the radio
4. to read a funny story to you
5 . to close the window
6 . to open the door of your room
7. to phone your m other
8 . to stay with you for two days
9 . to tell you about the lessons at school
10. to give you a glass of milk
to switch [switj] — включать I to switch o ff - выключать

Упр. 17. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Future или


Present Progressive.
1.1 can’t find this book in my library. 1 ... to the book-shop
(to go)
2. D on’t worry. I ... you to do this exercise, (to help)
3 . 1 like the poem very much. I ... it again, (to read)
4. Ann is ill. I ... her. (to visit)
5. Peter hasn’t got any English books. I ... an English book
for him. (to buy)
6 . He doesn’t want to go out. He ... at home, (to stay)
7. I can’t see anything on the black-board. I ... my place,
(to change)
8 . Tomorrow is Kate’s birthday. Her m o th e r... a new dress
for her now. (to make)
9.1 have broken my bicycle. My fath er... it now. (to repair)
10. This tale is very funny. I ... it again, (to read)
to worry ['wati] — беспокоиться

Упр. 18. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, 1 can. What is he doing now?
2. Yes, 1 will. Why are they looking at you?
3. Yes, he has. Where do you usually go on
4. No, we are not. Sundays? »
5. Yes, she will. Does she come to her lessons
6 . Yes, I do. in time?
7. No, she doesn’t. Do you know your h o m e­
8 . 1 don’t know. work?
9. We usually go to the Will she com e to M oscow
cinema. again?
10. He is drawing a rose. Are you going to the South
tomorrow?
Has he written the article?
Will you teach me to speak
English?
Can you draw?
in time [taim] —вовремя

Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1. Will you take part in ... competition?
2. The teacher asked the pupils to read ... text again.
3.1 often walk in ... Gorki park.
4 ... sun is shining.
5.1 didn’t like ... Peter’s answer.
6 . Is ... museum open on Sunday?
7. Do you understand ... question?
8 . How many museums are there in ... Moscow?
9. I’ll buy ... interesting book for John.
10. Where is ... your bag? — It is on ... table.
a competition [9,knmpi'tij3n] - 1) соревнование; 2) конкурс
a birthday [3'b3:6dei] —день рождения

Упр. 2 0 . Переведите на английский язык.


1. Подожди меня, пожалуйста. Я буду готова через м и­
нуту. 2. Я всё тебе объясню. 3. Как ты собираешься ему
помочь? 4. Он никогда не был в парке Горького. 5. Джон

123
не знает Москвы. 6 . Завтра мы идём к Анне надень рож­
дения. 7. Почему девочка плачет? - Она потеряла свою
игрушку. 8 . Ты побывал (посетил) во всех музеях Москвы?
- Нет. 9. Когда вы поведёте детей в цирк? 10. Я никогда
не забуду этого человека. 11. Сколько комнат в вашей
квартире? — В нашей квартире две комнаты. 12. Когда у
вас будет телефон? - Мы не знаем. 13. Как зовут вашего
друга? - Джон. 14. Ты мне расскажешь о своём путешест­
вии? —Да. 15. Я не собираюсь выступать (говорить) на
собрании.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­
ном времени.
1. The boys (to begin) to take the old things out of the build­
ing.
2. Just at that moment Tony (to see) an old piano in the
comer.
3. “John,” he said to the farmer’s son, “we (not to throw) it
away.”
4. “ But my father (to want) this building for his garage. He
(to be) going to buy a new car,” John said.
5. Tony (to find) a chair and (to sit) down at the piano.
6 . “Can you play the piano?” “No, I can’t. But I (to want)
to play very m uch.”
7. “ ... your father (to give) the piano to me?” “ I don’t know.”
8 . “(To go) and (to ask) him. I can help you to take the
piano to your house.”
9. “ My house (to be) very small and there (to be) five chil­
dren there.”
10. “ I (to want) to take the piano to our village school.”
11. “There (to be) not any pupils there in summer and the
door is open.”
(After “The Piano” by Rosemary Border)

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a thing [э'вщ] - вещь, to take out - (зд.) выносить
предмет a garage [э'дагга:з] - гараж
a corner [э'кэ:пэ] - угол
упр. 22. Задайте общие вопросы и дайте краткие ответы
на них.
1. Tony saw a piano in the old building.
2. He wanted to have that piano.
3. Tony’s house was very small.
4. The farmer decided to buy a new car.
5. He wanted that building for his garage.
6 . Tony asked the farmer to give the piano to him.
7. Tony’s family was large.
8 . Tony asked his friends to take the piano to the village
school.
9. The village school was empty in summer.
10. John offered Tony his help.
Упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Tony worked on the farm
2. He wanted to help his family.
3. John always helped Tony.
4. He was Tonv’s friend.
5. The farmer wanted to throw the piano away.
6 . Tony opened the piano
7. The piano was in the corner of the room.
8 . He began to play an old song.
9. The farmer was a kind man.
10. Tony wanted to keep the piano in the class-room.
a farm [a'faim] - ферма, to offer ['trfa] - предлагать
хозяйство a farmer [a'faima] - фермер

Упр. 24. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. Tony liked his work on the farm.
2. That building was old.
3. Tony’s family was poor.
4. The village school worked in summer.

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5. The village teacher closed the door of his school.
6 . Tony wanted to play an old dance.
7. The boys threw the old boxes away.
8 . Tony told the farmer about the piano.
9. The village boys helped Tony.
10. Tony worked from morning till night.
from morning till night - с утра до ночи

Упр. 25. Какой глагол выбрать?


1. They (doesn’t throw, didn’t throw) the piano away.
2. The farmer (didn’t want, don’t want) to have the piano.
3. Tony and John (was, were) friends.
4. The village school (didn’t work, don’t work) in summer.
5. “ I (has come, have come) to help you,” John said.
6 . “The farmer (didn’t give, will give) the piano to m e,”
Tony thought.
7. Tony (play, played) an old song.
8 . The piano (will be, was) very old.
9. The farmer (like, liked) Tony.
10. Tony’s parents (was, were) poor.

Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, I сап. Does your sister take music les­
2. Yes, he is. sons?
3. Не began to play the Will you play the piano every day?
piano an hour ago. Are you going to te ach your
4. Yes, they have. mother to play the piano?
5. Yes, we are. Can your mother play the piano?
6 . No, it is not. Is your family large?
7. No, she can’t. Are you going to the concert to­
8 . No, 1 am not. day?
9. Yes, I shall, (well) Have your parents bought a piano?
10. Yes, she does. When did he begin to play the pi­
ano?

126
Is your friend playing the pi­
ano now?
Can you play the piano?
music ['mju:zik] - музыка

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1 ... piano was very large.
2 ... village school was far from ... farmer’s house.
3. “ I can’t play ... piano,” the girl said.
4 ... John liked to help ... Tony.
5.... boys saw ... old piano in ... building.
6 . “There are so many ... old boxes here,” Tony said.
7 ... farmer wanted ... building for ... his garage.
8 . He wanted to buy ... new car.
9 ... building was old.
10.... farmer asked Tony to throw o u t... old boxes.
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Тони увидел пианино в этом старом здании. 2. «Мой
отец только что купил новую машину», — сказал Джон.
3. Фермер попросил Тони выбросить старые коробки.
4. Тони не хотел выносить пианино. 5. Он открыл пиани­
но. 6 . Тони начал играть. 7. «Ты умеешь играть на пиа­
нино?» —спросил Джон. «Нет, но мне очень хочется иг­
рать», —ответил Тони. 8 . Это была очень красивая старая
песня. 9. «Я могу играть», - подумал Тони. 10. Тони решил
попросить фермера не выбрасывать пианино. 11. Маль­
чики отвезли пианино в свою школу. 12. Тони был очень
рад. 13. Летом школа была пуста. 14. Дверь школы была
открыта. 15. Тони приходил в школу каждый день.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
У вас есть пианино, но вы не хотите и не умеете иг­
рать. Ваш друг прекрасно играет на пианино, но дома у
него нет пианино. Отдадите ли вы ему свой инструмент?
Объясните по-английски, почему.

127
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
I, he, can (can’t) play, the piano, to want, to come ever
day, to love music, to listen to music, to go to music school, to
decide, to give the piano to him, not to give, to ask my par­
ents, to become a famous musician
Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?
а) В каком времени употребить глаголы, раскрыв скоб-

A nd th e n th e lions (to come).


I (to like) th e circu s so much!
I (to go) th e re ag ain .

a circus [3's3:kas] —цирк


б) Как решить кроссворд?

1 3 4
2
2
1
СО

Как будет по-английски?

128
По горизонтали (across):
1. Простое прошедшее время глагола «платить».
2. Простое настоящее время глагола «бегать» в 3-м ли ­
це единственном числе.
3. Предлог «у», «в».
По вертикали (down):
1. Простое прошедшее время глагола «бегать».
2. Простое прош едш ее время глагола «класть, п о­
ложить».
3. Неопределенный артикль.
4. Простое настоящее время глагола to be в 3-м лице
единственном числе.
to pay [pei] —платить

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правильном вре­
мени.
1. Tony came to school every day and (to play) the piano.
2. He (to be) very happy.
3. Mr. Gordon, the village teacher, (to decide) to close the
door of his school.
4. He (to come) into the class-room.
5. He (to see) Tony there.
6 . “W h at... you (to do) here?” he asked the boy.
7. Tony (to explain) everything to his teacher.
8 . “ If you like,” said Mr. Gordon, “ I (to give) you music
lessons.”
9. “ But my parents (to be) poor and I can’t pay for my les­
sons,” Tone said.
10. “I (not to want) any money and I (to be happy) to give
music lessons to you,” was the answer.
II. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Was the teacher a kind man?
2. Where did Tony go to play the piano?

129
III. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям.
1. They are going to buy a piano.
2. Mary will sing an English song for us.
3. Nick bought a guitar last week.
4. He has just played his favourite song.
5. Mary is singing now.
IV. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1. Nick will teach you to play the guitar. *
2 . 1 am going to play the piano.
3. My parents have bought a piano.
4 . 1 want to play the guitar.
5. You are singing my favourite song now.
V. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо.
1 ... group of famous musicians came to our city last week.
2. Can you teach me to play ... guitar?
3 . 1 want to take ... music lessons.
4. Will you buy ... guitar for me?
5. I liked ... song very much.
a group [gru:p] - группа
a musician [mju:'zi/(3)n] - музыкант

VI. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Я люблю русские народные песни. 2. Родители тол
ко что купили мне гитару. 3. Ты научишь меня играть на
гитаре? 4. Он не играет (не умеет играть) на пианино.
5. Наш учитель музыки очень добрый.
Урок IX
Грамматика:
Имя прилагательное (The Adjective). Степени сравне­
ния прилагательных.

Грамматические упраж нения


Упр. 1. Образуйте степени сравнения для следующих при­
лагательных.
а) big, nice, bright, deep, tall, young, strong, cold, small,
long, wide;
б ) interesting, important, beautiful, famous, comfortable
deep [di:p] - глубокий strong [strog] - сильный
tall [to:l] - высокий
Упр. 2. Переведите прилагательные на английский язык и
дайте их степени сравнения.
добрый, молодой, сильный, светлый, плохой, хоро­
ший, большой, важный, красивый
Упр. 3. Проведите сравнение по образцу.
Образец: Your pen is good. (M ary’s pen)
Mary’s pen is better than yours.
1. Peter is tall, (your brother)
2. Kate is young. (Ann)
3. This test is difficult, (that test)
4. Your room is large, (my room)
5. My bicycle is old. (my friend’s bicycle)
6 . Kate is beautiful. (Mary)
7. Peter is kind, (your friend)
8 . This theatre is popular, (that theatre)
9. A nn’s coat is warm. (M ary’s coat)
10. My chair is comfortable, (my m other’s chair)
difficult ['difikalt] - трудный
popular ['pt>pjub] - популярный

131
Упр. 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя прилагательные в
превосходной степени.
Образец: This is the (good) room in the house.
This is the best room in the house.
1. This is the (beautiful) toy I have ever seen.
2. This is the (popular) theatre in our city.
3. It is the (important) problem for us.
4. These are the (good) apples I have ever eaten.
5. This is the (interesting) lesson in the textbook.
6 . This is the (old) park in the city.
7. This is the (long) tale in the book.
8 . It is the (bad) film I have ever seen.
9. This is the (short) exercise I have ever done.
10. This is the (light) room in the house.
Упр. 5. Составьте предложения по образцу.
Образец: this house, that house (older)
This house is older than that house.
1. my bag, your bag (better)
2 . this dress, that dress (more beautiful)
3. this man, that man (nicer)
4. these books, those books (more interesting)
5. this shop, that shop (worse)
6 . this museum, that museum (more popular)
7. this question, that question (more important)
8 . this car, that car (more comfortable)
9. winter, autumn (colder)
10. my mother, my father (younger)
Упр. б. Какую степень сравнения выбрать?
1. This is (more interesting, the most interesting) film 1ha
ever seen.
2 . 1 decided to put on my (better, best) dress.
3. The weather is (the worst, worse) today than it was yes­
terday.
4. My room is (the lightest, lighter) than yours.

132
5. The window in my room is (the largest, larger) than in
yours.
6 . My bag is (the smallest, smaller) than yours.
7. Kate’s mark for the test is (the best, better) than Mary’s
(mark).
8 . Which is (longer, the longest) river in Russia?
9. This room is (lighter, the lightest) in the house.
10. This is (worse, the worst) story 1 have ever read.
ever f'eva] —когда-либо I a river [a'rivs] —река

Упр. 7. Заполните пропуски нужной степенью сравнения


прилагательного из данных в скобках.
1. This is ... street in this town.
2. My tea is ... than yours.
3. This is ... salad I have ever eaten.
4. Our house is old. But your house is ... than our house.
5. My table is ... than yours.
6 . This park is ... in this area.
7. St. Petersburg is one o f... cities of Russia.
8 . Your answer is ... today than it was yesterday.
9. “ I’ve g o t... doll in the world,” the child said.
10. My parrot is ... than yours.
(younger, the best, the best, better, the most beautiful, the
oldest, larger, older, hotter, the widest)
an answer [an'ansa] - ответ

Упр. 8. Составьте предложения по образцу.


Образец: - Nick is nice. And John?
—John is nicer than Nick.
1. Peter is short. And Tom?
2. Mary has got so many English books! And Ann?
3. Peter’s test is bad. And Mary’s test?
4. This lesson is difficult. And that lesson?
5. My flat is large. And Peter’s flat?
6 . My car is old. And your car?

133
7. Mary’s marks are good. And A nn’s marks?
8 . These pens are bad. And those pens?
9. This book is interesting. And that book?
10. A nn’s dress is beautiful. And Mary’s dress?
more [mo:] —больше (сравн. степень от many)

Упр. 9. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Is your school the oldest in the city?
2. Is your friend shorter than you?
3. Are your English lessons more interesting than other les
sons?
4. Are your marks worse than your friend’s marks?
5. Are there more mistakes in your test than in your friend’
test?
6 . Is your flat less comfortable than your friend’s flat?
7. Is your friend the best pupil in the class?
8 . Are you the tallest boy (girl) in the class?
9. Is your father older than your mother?
10. Is your mother the best mother in the world?
worse [w3:s] —хуже {сравн. степень от bad)
less [les] - менее; меньше (сравн. степень от little)

Упр. 10. Дополните предложения недостающими прила


гательными.
1. This is the ... park in the city.
2. Our teacher is the ... teacher in the world.
3. Peter wants to buy a ... present for his mother.
4. This is the ... museum in our city.
5. They got a ... flat last year.
6 . This book is ... than that book.
7. My tea is ... than yours.
8 . We discussed a very ... question yesterday.
9 . 1 don’t like ... colours.
10. Nick is the ... pupil in the class.

134
упр. 11. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­
ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. You have visited all the museums in Moscow. (1)
2. John has read two Russian books. (2)
3. It is the best book about England. (1)
4. A nn’s test is better than Peter’s test. (1)
5. My friends saw a very funny film yesterday. (2)
6 . The tourists are looking at the oldest building in the city
now. (2 )
7. My tie is brighter than yours. (1)
8 . John is Peter’s best friend. (1)
9. My friends live in St. Petersburg. (2)
10. Red Square in the most beautiful square in Moscow. (1).
Упр. 12. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. Yes, they are. Are you younger than your brother?
2. Yes, it is. Are you going to buy a present for your
3. Yes, there are. father?
4. N o, I don’t. Is it the best story in the book?
5. Yes, he is. Has Ann bought the most beautiful
6 . No, I am not. dress in the shop?
7. Yes, she has. Are you older than Mary?
8 . Yes, it is. Is Nick taller than Peter?
9. Yes, I am. Do you like winter?
10. Yes, I am. Are there more pupils in my class than
in yours?
Is this article longer than that article?
Are your pencils better than my pencils?
Упр. 13. Раскройте скобки, употребляя Simple Present или
Present Progressive.
1. Peter (takes, is taking) John to the Tretyakov Gallery to ­
morrow.
2 . 1 often (am visiting, visit) the Bolshoi Theatre.
3. Every morning Mary (is doing, does) her morning exer­
cises.

135
4. Kate (looks, is looking) for her dog now.
5 . 1 often (am reading, read) tales to my younger brother.
6 . The Petrovs (move, are moving) to the new flat now.
7. I (to like) to listen to the radio in the morning.
8 . He always (is coming, comes) at six o ’clock in the
evening.
9. Somebody (waits, is waiting) for you in the kitchen
now.
10. 1 usually (am getting up, get up) at six o ’clock in the
morning.
Упр. 14. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям.
1. My pen is better than yours.
2. Nick has got more books than Peter.
3. The weather is worse today than it was yesterday.
4. Your flat is larger than Mary’s flat.
5. Kate is younger than Mary.
6 . Ann is the most beautiful girl in your class.
7. Nick is busy on weekdays.
8 . Moscow is older than St. Petersburg.
9. There are more theatres in my city than in yours.
10. My grandfather is older than yours.
Упр. 15. В данных предложениях замените прилагательные
в сравнительной степени на противоположные по
значению.
Образец: The weather is better today than it was
yesterday.
The weather is worse today than it was
yesterday.
1. My flat is more comfortable than yours.
2. Mary is taller than Ann.
3. This lesson is more interesting than that lesson.
4. This room is lighter than that room.
5. Nick’s dictation is worse than Peter’s dictation.
6 . Kate’s dress is longer than A nn’s dress.
7. Peter is younger than John.

136
8. Mr. Brown is poorer than Mr. Smith.
9 . My cat is fatter than yours.
10. My room is smaller than my brother’s room.
ynp. 16. В данных предложениях замените прилагательные
в превосходной степени на противоположные по
значению.
Образец: Mr. Brown is the richest man in the city.
Mr. Brown is the poorest m an in the city.
1. This is the best salad 1 have ever eaten.
2. This is the most comfortable car.
3. Peter’s test is the worst in the class.
4. This room is the lightest in our flat.
5. He is the tallest boy in the class.
6 . This lesson is the most interesting in the textbook.
7. It is the shortest way to Red Square.
8 . John is the strongest boy in our class.
9. Mr. Smith is the richest man in the city.
10. It is the coldest season of the year.
Упр. 17. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Simple Past или
Present Perfect.
1. 1 ... already... the article, (to translate)
2 . 1 ... Peter last week, (to phone)
3 . 1 ...ju s t... your teacher, (to see)
4. When ... you ... the letter? (to get)
5. We ... here since nine o ’clock, (to be)
6 . 1 ... two English books, (to read)
7. Kate ... home an hour ago. (to come)
8 . 1 ... to tell you about it yesterday, (to want)
9. John ...ju s t... from St. Petersburg, (to return)
10. They ... Moscow last year, (to visit)
Упр. 18. Заполните пропуски глаголами в Present Progres­
sive или в Present Perfect.
1. I ... your, favourite salad at the moment, (to prepare)
2. Mary ... ju s t... the salad, (to taste)
3. Peter ... the teacher’s question now. (to answer)

137
4. They ... already ... all the questions, (to answer)
1
5. Kate is in the store now. She ... a present for her mother
(to choose)
6 . Mr. Brown ... already... a nice coat for his wife, (to buy)
7. W hy... the boy ... ? (to cry) - He wants another piece of
cake.
8 . Nick ... breakfast now. (to have)
9. 1... St. Petersburg. I can tell you a lot about it. (to visit)
10. John ... everything in the Tretyakov Gallery, (to see)
a store [a'sto:] —магазин, another [э'плдэ] - ещё один
универмаг (другой)

Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. They are more mistakes ... my test than ... yours.
2. Are we standing... fro n t... the oldest museum ... the city?
3. He showed us the shortest way ... Red Square.
4. I want to take you ... the best theatre.
5. Give ... me the biggest apple, please.
6 . My parrot doesn’t want to be ... the cage.
7. “You are the worst p u p il... the class,” the teacher said to
Nick.
8 . L ook... the black-board, please.
9. This is the highest building ... our street.
10. “ Maths is the most difficult subject... m e,” Mary said.
Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Это самый интересный фильм, который я когда-ли
бо видел. 2. У меня самая лучшая мама на свете. 3. Я мо­
ложе своей сестры. 4. Ваш журнал интереснее моего. *
5. Они сейчас обсуждают важнейшую проблему. 6 . Наша
квартира больше вашей. 7. Пётр сильнее Джона. 8 . Я по­
стараюсь получить лучшую оценку завтра. 9. Февраль -
самый холодный месяц года. 10. Июль —самый жаркий
месяц года. 11. Он самый популярный актёр в этом театре.
12. Мои оценки хуже твоих. 13. Это самое короткое уп-

138
аЖнение в этом уроке. 14. Пётр вы ш е своей мамы.
*¡5 Какая улица самая длинная в вашем городе?
February ['februari] - февраль
July [cfcu'lai] - июль

Лексико-грамматические упраж нения


упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­
ном времени.
1. Little Hans and big Hugh (to be) friends.
2. Hans (to be) poor and Hugh (to be) rich.
3. Hans (to work) in the garden every day and (to bring) his
flowers, plums and apples to the market.
4. Hugh often (to take) the flowers from H an’s garden and
(to eat) his plums and apples.
5 . “ He (to be) my best friend and friends (to share) every­
thing with each other,” Hugh often said.
6 . But when winter (to come) Hans (not to bring) his flow­
ers and apples to the market.
7. He (to be) hungry and cold.
8 . His rich friend (not to help) him.
9. He (not to visit) Hans in winter.
10. “You (to be) his best friend. (To help) him ,” people of­
ten said to Hugh.
(After “The Devoted Friend” by Oscar Wilde)
Hans [hasns] - Ганс (муж­ to share [|еэ] - делить(ся)
ское имя) a market [a'maikit] - рынок,
Hugh [hju:] - Хью (муж­ базар
ское имя)

Упр. 22. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте


краткие ответы на них.
1. Hugh was richer than Hans.
2. Hugh often ate plums from his friend’s garden.
3. Hans brought his flowers to the market.
4. He went to the market in summer.

139
5. His house was less comfortable than Hugh’s house.
6 . Hans shared everything with Hugh.
7. Every day Hans worked in the garden.
8 . In summer Hans sold his plums and apples.
9. Hugh liked apples.
10. Hugh visited Hans only in warm weather,
sold [sauld] —(npoiu. время от sell)

Упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. Hans worked in his garden.
2. He took the apples to the market.
3. His friend visited him in summer.
4. Hans was a very kind man.
5. Hans loved Hugh very much.
6 . Hans always helped him.
7. He was Hugh’s friend.
8 . Hans was unhappy in summer.
9. He liked to grow roses.
10. Everybody liked H an’s roses.
(After “The Devoted Friend” by Oscar Wilde)
Упр. 24. Раскройте скобки, употребляя прилагательные в
сравнительной или в превосходной степени.
1. H ugh’s house was (comfortable) than his friend’s house.
2. H ans’s house was (small) than Hugh’s house.
3. His flowers were the (good) in the village.
4. Hugh was (rich) than Hans.
5. He was the (rich) man in the country.
6 . H ans’s house was (comfortable) than Hugh’s house.
7. Your roses are (good) than my roses.
8 . They are the (beautiful) flowers in your garden.
9. Your house is (old) than our house.
10. It is the (old) house in our city.
Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски прилагательными из данных
в скобках.
1. “ Hans is my ... friend,” Hugh said.

140
2 . “ Hugh is ... man in the world,” people thought.
3. Hugh was ... than Hans.
4. “ I don’t want to eat my apples. Your apples are ...”
5 . “Your plums are ...”
6 . “The trees in your garden are ... than in my garden,”
Hugh said.
7. “Winter is ... season for m e,” Hans said.
8 . “ My house is ... than yours.”
9. “This is ... garden we have ever seen.”
10. “ In summer I am ... man in the world,” Hans said,
(higher, the happiest, the most beautiful, bigger, the most
difficult, juicy, better, the worst, best, richer)
Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. No, I have not. Did John come to Moscow last
2. Yes, I do. year?
3. Yes, there is. Does John know Russian?
4. Roses (My favourite Has John been to Russia?
flowers are roses.) Does he live in Russia?
5. Yes, I have. What is his name?
6 . His name is John. Have you got a friend?
7. No, he does not. What are your favourite flowers?
8 . Yes, he has. Is there a garden behind your
9. Yes, he does. house?
10. Yes, he did. Do you share everything with
your friend?
Have you ever seen blue roses?
blue [blu:] - голубой

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. Hans brought his plums, flowers and apples ... the mar­
ket.
2. The trees ... his garden were tall.
3. People didn’t like ... Hugh.
4. Hugh didn’t want to help ... Hans.

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5. He often took flowers ... Hans’s garden.
6 . Hans was very happy ... summer.
7. Everybody loved ... him.
8 . Hans worked ... morning ... night.
9. There aren’t any roses ... my garden.
10. I’ve bought these roses ... my mother.
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Ганс был беден, но у него было много друзей. 2 . Он
был самым добрым человеком на свете. 3. Зима была са­
мым трудным временем года для Ганса. 4. «Мне нечего
нести на рынок, и мне холодно», - часто говорил он.
5. Весной, летом и осенью Ганс работал в своём саду с
утра до ночи. 6 . Хью был богаче Ганса. 7. «Деревья в твоём
саду выше, чем в моём», —сказал Хью. 8 . «У тебя больше
яблок, чем у меня», — добавил он. 9. «Ты мой лучший
друг». 10. «Я готов поделиться с тобой всем», —ответил
Ганс. 11. Ганс всегда помогал своему другу. 12. Хью не хо­
тел помогать Гансу. 13. «В вашем саду много роз», —ска­
зала Мэри. 14. «Это самая красивая роза, какую я когда-
либо видела». 15. «Розы —мои любимые цветы», —доба­
вила она.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Вы беседуете с английским мальчиком Джоном. Рас­
скажите Джону по-английски о своём московском друге. ;
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
the kindest, the best, taller than, shorter than, to share joy
with him (her), to prepare home-work together, to spend holi­
days
to visit museums, to go to the cinema (theatre), to read, to
discuss books, films, often, to see each other, older, younger
than, to understand each other
Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?
а) В каком времени употребить глагол, раскрыв скобки
в этом стихотворении?

142
We (to share) everything together.
We (to be) always ready to give a hand.
We (to meet) in good or rainy weather.
It (to be) so nice to have a friend!

б) Почему буква “T,t” похожа на остров? (Как будет


по-английски слово «вода»?)

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя прилагательные в срав­
нительной или превосходной степени.
1. Everybody knew Abul. Не was the (rich) man in the city.
2. He didn’t like to spend money and always said, “ I want
to have (much) money.”
3. Even the (poor) men in the city spent (much) money
than Abul.
4. He ate the (cheap) food and his clothes and shoes were
very old.
5. People laughed at him and said, “ Look at your shoes!
They are (old) than you.”
6 . “Why are they laughing at me?” he asked his friend. —
“ Because they are (poor) than you but their shoes are (good)
than yours,” was the answer.

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7. One day Abul’s friend went to the market and bought the
(beautiful) shoes for Abul.
8 . “ Do you like them ?” he asked Abul. - “Yes, of course.
They are (good) than my old shoes.”
9. “They are the (soft) shoes 1 have ever seen.”
10. “They are even (expensive) than your shoes. But 1 can’t
wear them. They are too good for the street,” he added.
(After “The story o f Abul Gasim El-Tamburi”
by A. S. Hornby)
Abul f'aebul] - Абул (муж- expensive [iks'pensiv] - до-
ское имя) рогой
cheap [tfi:p] - дешёвый

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Why was Abul the most popular man in the city?
2. What kind of shoes did Abul’s friend buy for Abul?
III. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Everybody knew Abul.
2. Abul’s friend went to the market.
3. He bought new shoes for Abul.
4. All the people laughed at Abul.
5. Abul liked his old shoes.
new [nju:] —новый

IV. Заполните пропуски нужной степенью сравнения при­


лагательного из данных в скобках.
1. Не w as... man in the city.
2. He wanted to have ... money.
3. He wore ... clothes.
4. “ I’ll buy ... shoes for Abul,” his friend thought.
5. “These shoes are ... than yours,” Abul said.
(more expensive, the best, the cheapest, more, the richest)
V. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необходимо.
1. Abul’s friend w en t... the market.

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2. He bought new shoes ... Abul.
3. “These shoes are too good ... the street,” Abul thought.
4. Abul was the richest man ... the city.
5. He didn’t want to wear ... the new shoes.
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Я куплю тебе самые красивые туфли. 2. Они тебе
понравятся. 3. «Я богаче тебя», - сказал Хью своему луч­
шему другу. 4. Почему ты покупаеш ь самую дешёвую
одежду? 5. Эти туфли слишком хороши для улицы.
Урок X
Грамматика:
1. Наречие (The Adverb)
2. Образование наречий от прилагательных

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Переведите на английский язык.
а) обычный, медленный, спокойный, быстрый;
б) обычно, медленно, спокойно (тихо), быстро;
в) быстрая музыка, спокойный голос, скорый поезд,
медленный танец;
г) ходить быстро, читать медленно, говорить тихо
(спокойно)
quiet ['kwaiat] - спокой­ fast [fa:st] - быстрый, ско­
ный; тихий рый (прил.)\ быстро (на-
quietly —спокойно, тихо реч.)
slowly ['sbuli] - медленно а voice [ 3 ' v d is ] - голос

Упр. 2. Составьте предложения, обращая внимание на мес­


то наречия и прилагательного в предложении.
Образец: а) well, dances, he.
Не dances well.
6 ) pencil, a, green, is, it.
It is a green pencil.
1. well, speaks, he, English.
2 . is, train, fast, a, it.
3. always, slowly, writes, he.
4. fast, eat, she.
5. quiet, was, night, it, a.
6 . does, quietly, he, everything.
7. he, better, text, to, wants, this, read.
8 . marks, always, 1, good, get.
9. likes, slow, he, music.
10. student, bad, is, a, he.
Упр. 3. Вместо наречия often употребите наречия usually или
always.
Образец: I often do it.
I usually do it. I always do it.
1. He often plays the piano in the evening.
2. They often take English books from the library.
3. We often write grammar tests.
4 . 1 often read my textbook at my English lesson.
5. N ick’s father often works in the garden on Fridays.
6 . Peter often swims in the river.
7. You often visit England in summer.
8 . They often go to the Bolshoi Theatre.
9. Kate often asks her mother to buy sweets.
10. We often travel by car.
Упр. 4. Поставьте предложения в вопросительную форму
и дайте краткие ответы на эти общие вопросы.
1. You usually walk to school.
2. Your friend often comes to see you.
3. Your mother and you often go to the circus.
4. They are usually at school at this time of the day.
5. He always knows his home-work.
6 . The teacher often reads tales to her pupils.
7. Mary often stays at school after the lessons.
8 . His parents usually get up at seven o ’clock in the m orn­
ing.
9. They always work in the garden after work.
10. You usually live in the country in summer.
Упр. 5. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.
1 .1 often go to the market on Sundays.
2. Nick always helps me to do my lessons.
3. My friend and 1 often discuss new films.
4. Peter always buys books in the best book-shops.
5. Mary often plays with her dog.
6 . Kate always tells the truth.

147
7. They often play football at the stadium.
8 . My mother always tells interesting tales to me.
9. Peter often reads books at the library.
10. They always speak English at the English lessons.
the truth [d3'tru:0] - правда
a stadium [a'steidjam] - стадион

Упр. 6. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.


1. The teacher always answers Peter’s questions.
2. They usually spend their winter holidays in the countr
3. Nick always makes grammar mistakes.
4. The teacher often calls Peter to the black-board.
5. They usually play basketball at the school stadium.
6 . Your teacher always gives you good marks.
7. Your grandmother often tells you interesting stories.
8 . They usually buy English magazines here.
9. Peter is always glad to see his grandmother.
10. He usually eats fresh bread.
fresh [frej] - свежий

Упр. 7. Напишите предложения, поставив наречия неопре­


делённого времени в скобках на должное место.
1. Mary likes to play the piano in the evening, (usually)
2. Kate goes home after school, (always)
3. Peter takes his younger brother for a walk, (often)
4. Mr. Brown writes tales, (usually)
5. 1 am busy on Friday, (usually)
6 . We go to St. Petersburg, (often)
7. We speak Russian after our English lesson, (usually)
8 . Nick plays the guitar, (often)
9. Peter is hungry, (always)
1 0. 1 see him at my friend’s place, (often)
Упр. 8. Переведите предложения на английский язык, об­
ращая внимание на место наречий неопределённого
времени.

148
1. Я часто встречаю его в школе.
2. Мы обычно обсуждаем наши проблемы вместе.
3. Он всегда приходит домой в шесть часов вечера. *
4. Я никогда не делаю уроки в школе.
5. Я всегда выполняю все упражнения.
6 . Она обычно пьёт кофе утром.
7. Он часто спрашивает меня о моих учителях.
8 . Мы всегда готовы им помочь.
9. Они обычно бывают дома вечером.
10. Н ик всегда получает плохие оценки.
11. Этот музей обычно закрыт по понедельникам.
12. В будни моя мама всегда на работе.
13. Эти деревья обычно растут на юге.
14. Я часто слушаю музыку.
15. Ты всегда прав.
Monday ['imndi] —понедельник

Упр. 9. Раскройте скобки, употребляя нужное прилагатель­


ное или наречие.
1. Tom is a (quiet, quietly) boy.
2. “Where is my mistake?” she asked (quiet, quietly).
3. He walked (slow, slowly) to his room.
4. He likes (slowly, slow) trains.
5. Why is Peter so (quiet, quietly) today?
6 . We spent a (quietly, quiet) day in the country.
7. John usually gets (well, good) marks.
8 . You read the texts (well, good) yesterday.
9. I always buy (well, good) books.
10. Yesterday Mary read the text (good, well).
well [wel] - хорошо
Упр. 10. Заполните пропуски наречиями или прилагатель­
ными из данных в скобках.
1. Не always walks ....
2.1 like ... trains.

149
3. Peter can’t speak.... 9
4. The music was ....
5. They began to ta lk ....
6 . My mother cooks ....
7. It was a ... day. Щ
8 . When do you ... do your lessons? fl
9. We had a very ... time in the country yesterday. «
10. This i s ... music I have ever heard. Ш
(the best, good, usually, usual, well, quietly, slow, slowly,
fast (прил.), fast (нареч.)) П
to hear [hia] - слышать я
Упр. i i . Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Do you always get up early?
2. Do you usually get bad marks at school?
3. Do you often play football?
4. Do you often go to the theatre?
5. Do you always get good marks in Maths?
6 . Does your mother often speak with your teachers about
you?
7. Do you always tell your parents about your English les­
sons?
8 . Are your marks in English good?
9. Do you often stay at school after classes?
10. Does your friend often ask you to help him with his Eng­
lish?
Упр. 12. Определите, является подчёркнутое слово наре­
чием или прилагательным. Переведите предло­
жения на русский язык.
1. You are reading better now.
2. My pen is better than yours.
3. He likes fast music.
4 . 1 don’t like slow trains.
5. He does everything slowly.
6 . This is the best poem in the book.

150
7. He is usually very quiet.
8 . The cat sat quietly under the table.
9. This is a good pencil.
10. Kate can dance very well.
better ['beta] (сравн. степень от good) — 1. лучший;
2. лучше (нареч.)

Упр. 13. В каждом из предложений найдите наречие и за­


дайте к этому наречию вопрос.
1. My friend speaks French well.
2 . 1 like to walk slowly.
3. He is going to write the letter tomorrow.
4. They saw him yesterday.
5. Peter wants to see his friend today.
6 . They can play football well.
7. Ann sat quietly in the corner of the room.
8 . Your bag is here.
9 . Nick wants to go to the cinema tomorrow.
10. My father likes to work fast.
Упр. 14. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. I’ll tell him about it now. Is Peter a good swimmer?
2. Because she is upset. Can you run fast?
3. Yes, he does. Can Ann speak English?
4. No, I am not. Does he play football well?
5. Yes, I do. Are you older than your friend?
6 . 1 usually get up at 7 Do you like fast trains?
o’clock in the morning. When do you usually get up?
7. It is here. Where is my textbook?
8 . Yes, she can. Why is Mary crying?
9. No, I can’t. When will you tell him about
10. Yes, he is. it?
Упр. 15. Раскройте скобки, употребляя прилагательные в
сравнительной или превосходной степени.
1. This is the (good) stadium in our city.
2. My dress is (expensive) than yours.

151
3. This is the (short) way to Red Square.
4. This is the (interesting) tale you have ever told me.
5. My school is (old) than yours.
6 . My bag is (cheap) than yours.
7. This is the (cheap) coat I have ever bought.
8 . Today the weather is (good) than it was yesterday.
9. The days in June are (warm) than in May.
10. This is the (difficult) test I have ever written.
Упр. 16. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­
ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. Peter showed John the oldest building in St. Petersburg. (2)
2. My mother is older than yours. (1)
3. You like to walk slowly. (2)
4. Yesterday my mother bought a very expensive table. (3)
5. Your skirt is longer than your coat. (1)
6 . You usually eat fast. (2)
7. John’s car is more comfortable than yours. (1)
8 . Your elder brother is twenty. (2)
9. Children always like to ask questions. (1)
10. Nick has got more pets than Peter. (1)
a skirt [s'sk3:t] — юбка

Упр. 17. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­


ном времени.
1. N ick’s mother ... just (to buy) a new school uniform for
him.
2. My friend and I (to go) to the Zoo yesterday.
3. When ... your brother (to go) to school? — He (to go) to
school three years ago.
4. Where is Peter? —He (to work) at the library now.
5. “ I (to cook) your favourite dish now,” my mother said.
6 . We (not to see) him at school yesterday.
7. Nick (not to see) this film. He is going to see it tom or­
row.

152
8 ... Peter (to swim) in the river now? —No, he is not.
9 . We (to write) our English test yesterday.
10. My school (to be) far from my house.
упр. 18. Заполните пропуски глаголами в нужном времени
из данных в скобках.
1. The teacher ... this rule now.
2. What mark ... you ... yesterday?
3. I ... a nice present for Mary.
4. They always ... cold tea.
5. He always ... home at this time.
6 . 1 ... never... this song.
7 ... you ever ... to London? —Yes, I have.
8 . When ... you there? - I ... there last year.
9.1 ...ju s t... my English teacher.
10. Why are you so happy? - I ... a poem.
(have written, have ... seen, went, were, have ... been, have
... heard, comes, drink, have bought, did ... get, is explaining)
Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­
димо.
1. They wanted to send their daughter to ... best school.
2. Are you going to have ... birthday party? - Yes, I am.
3. My favourite teacher is ... teacher of English.
4. There are ... lot of new words in this text.
5 ... test wasn’t difficult and Peter g o t... good mark for it.
6 . “Why did you stay a t ... office after work?” we asked her.
7. When did ... film begin? - It began ... hour ago.
8 . I’ve g o t... good library at home.
9. We always speak French a t ... French lessons.
10. Mary is ... my best friend.
Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Он всегда ест быстро. 2. Я люблю скорые поезда.
3. Он всегда так медленно читает? —Да. 4. Мы обычно
делаем уроки дома. 5. Я никогда не видел такого высокого
человека. 6 . Это лучш ая книга в наш ей библиотеке.

153
7. Пётр —лучший ученик в нашем классе. 8 . Мы часто
остаемся в школе после занятий. 9. Ты написал письмо?
- Н е т . Я всё ещё пишу его. 10. Вы смотрели этот фильм?
- Нет. 11. Мы собираемся посмотреть этот фильм на бу­
дущей неделе. 12. Завтра наша учительница поведёт нас
в Большой театр. 13. Почему ты так расстроен? —Я по­
терял свои ключи. 14. Ты сделал много ошибок в конт­
рольной работе? —Да. 15. Когда вы писали контрольную
работу по английскому языку? —Мы писали ее на прош­
лой неделе.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Из данного текста выпишите наречия и переведите
их на русский язык.
“Michael, Jane, what are you doing there?”
The children came slowly into the room.
“This is your new nurse. Her name is Mary Poppins.
And these are the Twins. They are babies, ” the mother said.
“They are usually very quiet,” she added. “Will you take
care of them ?”
Mary Poppins looked at all the children attentively.
“I’ll take care of them ,” she said sternly.
“ How did you come to our house?” Jane asked suddenly.
“The wind brought me here,” was the answer.
(After “Mary Poppins” by Pamela Travers)
a wind [a'wind] - ветер care [кеэ] - забота;
a nurse [a'n3:s] - няня to take care (of) —забо­
Mary Poppins ['mean титься
'popinz] — Мэри (имя) attentively [a'tentivli] - вни­
Поппинс (фамилия) мательно
a twin [a'twin] - близнец sternly ['st3:nli] - строго (па­
stern [st3:n] - строгий рен.)
Упр. 22. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте
краткие ответы на них.
1. Mary Poppins was their new nurse.

154
2. The wind brought Mary Poppins to that house.
3. The house was very old.
4. The children came slowly into the room.
5. Mary Poppins looked at all the children.
6 . She agreed to take care of them.
7. The Twins noticed Mary Poppins.
8 . The Twins were in their beds.
9. They were glad to see Mary Poppins.
10. The children liked Mary Poppins very much.
to agree [ag'ri:] - соглашаться
to notice ['nautis] —замечать
Упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Mary Poppins was an unusual nurse.
2. Her eyes were blue.
3. She took off her hat.
4. Mary Poppins opened her bag.
5. It was a funny bag.
6 . She took a small bottle out o f her bag.
7. Mary Poppins gave the Twins some milk.
8 . The Twins looked at Mary Poppins.
9. They were quiet babies.
10. Mary Poppins loved the children.
Упр. 24. Раскрой те скобки, употребляя
нужное наречие или прилагатель­
ное.
1. Mary Poppins was a very (well, good)
nurse.
2. It was a (usually, usual) day for Mary Poppins.
3. The Twins moved (slow, slowly) in their beds.
4. They understood Mary Poppins (good, well).
5. The Twins were (quietly, quiet) babies.
6 . The children (usual, usually) went to bed early.
7. “Children, go to bed,” Mary Poppins said (stem, sternly).
8 . The children’s mother came (quiet, quietly) into the room.

155
9. “Our nurse is very (the kindest, kind),” Jane said.
10. Mary Poppins opened the small bottle (quiet, quietly).
Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски нужной сравнительной или
превосходной степенью прилагательного из дан­
ных в скобках.
1. “ Mary Poppins is ... nurse in the world,” the children said.
2. This is ... house in our street.
3. Jane w as... than Michael.
4. Michael was ... than Jane.
5. The Twins were ... members of the family.
6 . “ My juice is ... than yours,” Jane said.
7. “A cold wind is blowing. I ’ll put on my ... c o a t,”
Mr. Banks said.
8 . The wind became ....
9. Their house was ... than other houses.
10. His friend was ... man in that area.
(the richest, worse, stronger, warmest, better, the young­
est, younger, older, the biggest, the best)
juice [cfeuis] - сок juicy [cfcursi] - сочный

Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. Yes, she was. Did Mr. Banks work every day?
2. Yes, they did. Was Mary Poppins young?
3. Yes, she did. Was Michael younger than Jane?
4. Yes, they were. Was her hat large?
5. The wind brought What colour were her eyes?
her to that house. How did Mary Poppins come to
6 . They were blue. that house?
7. Yes, it was. Did Jane like her juice?
8 . Yes, he was. Were the Twins the youngest
9. Yes, she was. members of the family?
10. No, he did not. Did the children love Mary Pop­
pins?
Was Mary Poppins the best nurse
in the world?

156
упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необ­
ходимо.
1. His wife wanted ... new nurse.
2. Everybody liked ... new nurse.
3.... children were happy to have ... Mary Poppins.
4. Mary Poppins was ... wonderful nurse.
5. “ I have never seen such ... bag Michael said.
6 .... family lived in ... old house.
7. Mr. Banks didn’t work on ... Sundays.
8 . “ I’ve g o t... best children in the world,” he often said.
9.... Michael and ... Jane liked to sit a t ... window.
10.... babies always smiled a t ... Mary Poppins.
Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.
1. «Это ваша новая няня», —сказала она. 2. Мэри Поп-
пинс внимательно посмотрела на детей. 3. Она согласи­
лась заботиться о детях. 4. Детям Мэри Поппинс очень
понравилась. 5. «Как ты сюда пришла?» — спросила
Джейн. 6 . «Меня принес ветер», - ответила М эри П оп­
пинс. 7. «Дует сильный ветер. Я надену свое самое тёплое
пальто», —сказал мистер Бэнкс. 8 . Семья Бэнксов жила
в старом доме. 9. Они были не очень богаты. 10. Мистер
Бэнкс был беднее своего друга. 11. Каждый день Мэри
Поппинс водила детей на прогулку. 12. Близнецы были
всегда спокойны . 13. М эри П оппинс бы ла строгой.
14. «Мэри Поппинс, ты всегда будешь с нами?» —спросил
Майкл. 15. Дети не хотели расставаться с Мэри Поппинс.
to part with - расставаться

Упр. 29. Представьте себе:


Джон, ваш английский друг, хочет всё знать о вашей
семье.
Расскажите ему по-английски о ней.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
a large (small) family, mother, father, sister, brother, friendly,
to share everything with smb, to work at an office (a factory,
school);

157
to be very busy, a teacher, a doctor, a pupil, a student, an
engineer, to spend time together, to go to the country, ski, in
winter, to have a good time, usually, on Sunday, on week-days
friendly ['frendli] (зд.) - дружный
a factory [s'fasktari] - завод
to ski [ski:] - ходить (кататься) на лыжах

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) Какое время глагола употребить, раскрыв скобки в
этом стихотворении?
E verybody (to w ork)
in m y fam ily.
Even m y little
s is te r Em ily.
B u t th e y (n o t to like)
W h en I (to talk ).
T hey say, “(to go) an d (to w ork)!”
A re we a frie n d ly
fam ily ?
Emily ['emili] —Эмили (женское имя)
б) Как ответить на вопрос стихотворения?

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильное время гла­
гола.
1. “Why ... you (to cry), Michael?”
2. “ Mary Poppins (to want) to leave us.”
3. “ Please, don’t cry. She (not to leave) us, I’m sure,” Jane
said.
4. But the expression of Jane’s eyes (to be) sad.
5. She also (to love) Mary Poppins.
6 . Suddenly the door opened and Mary Poppins (to come in).
7. She (to give) the children their supper and they were
happy to see her again.

158
8 . “ Now,” she said, “ I (to want) to go downstairs. I (to
com e) back in a minute.
9 . She (to go) out and closed the door behind her.
(After “Mary Poppins” by Pamela Travers)
downstairs ['daunfteaz] - вниз

Ц. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Did Jane love Mary Poppins?
2. Why were the children upset?
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя нужное наречие или при­
лагательное.
1. Michael and Jane ran (quick, quickly) to the window.
2. Mary Poppins was very (quietly, quiet) that afternoon.
3. She (usual, usually) spoke with the children quietly.
4. “The wind is blowing (wild, wildly),” Michael said.
5. Mary Poppins and the wind understood each other very
(good, well).
wild [waild] - дикий, wildly ['waildli] - дико

IV. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо.


1.... Mary Poppins opened ... umbrella.
2. “ ... wind is in the West,” Michael repeated.
3.... children waited for Mary Poppins in ... their room.
4. Michael and Jane lived in ... very old house.
5. Mary Poppins wore ... blue hat.
V. Переведите на английский язык.
1. На Мэри П оппинс была голубая шляпа. 2. «Она со­
бирается уехать от нас (покинуть нас)», —сказал Майкл.
3. Мэри Поппинс быстро раскрыла зонтик. 4. Это был
самый маленький дом на этой улице. 5. Дети надеялись
увидеть Мэри П оппинс снова,
an umbrella [эп лш'ЬгеЬ] —зонтик

159
Урок XI
Грамматика:
1 . Числительные (Numerals).
2. Предлоги (Prepositions).

Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1. Прочтите числа вслух и напишите их словами.
9, 11,15, 12, 14, 13, 16, 2 0 ,4 5 ,5 6 ,8 1 ,7 9 , 94, 34,98, 10
Упр. 2. Переведите на русский язык.
the first lesson, the tenth page, the fifth month, the twenty-
fifth exercise, the thirty-seventh question, the ninth week, the
third lesson, the fourth leter, the sixteenth magazine

the first (дэ fast] - первый the ninth [дэ'патв] - де­


the tenth [бэЧепВ] - вятый
десятый the third [09'03:d] —тре­
the twenty-fifth [9э 'twenti тий
'fif0 ] —двадцать пятый the fourth [5эТэ:0] —чет­
the thirty-seventh [дэ '03:ti вёртый
'sevanG] - двадцать the sixteenth [дэ siks'tiin©]
седьмой —шестнадцатый
Упр. 3. От количественных числительных образуйте поряд­
ковые.
1. one —
2 . two —
3. three —
4. twenty-three —
5. thirty —
6 . fifteen —
7. sixty-seven —
8 . ninety-two -
9. eighty-one -
10. ninety-nine —

160
fifteen ['fif ti:n] - пятнадцать
sixty-seven ['siksti'sevn] - шестьдесят семь
ninety-two ['nainti'tu:] —девяносто два
eighty-one ['eiti'wAn] - восемьдесят один

Упр. 4. Переведите на английский язык.


а) две книги, шесть ручек, двадцать страниц, десять
мячей, три карандаша, двадцать семь учеников, девять
сумок;
б) двенадцатый месяц, десятый урок, четвёртое уп­
ражнение, первый визит, третье правило, пятая комната,
одиннадцатая страница, второй день
a ball [э'Ьэ:1] —1) мяч; 2) бал (танцевальный)
the twelfth [Sa'twelfB] —двенадцатый
the eleventh [di i'levn0] - одиннадцатый
the second [ds'sekand] - второй

Упр. 5. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте


краткие ответы на них.
1. There are twenty-five girls in his class.
2. Peter has been to five foreign countries.
3. Kate read ten English books last month.
4. They are writing the third exercise now.
5. January is the second winter month.
6 . December is the twelfth month of the year.
7. He was the third child in the family.
8 . Ann liked her first day at school.
9. It was his second visit to the Bolshoi Theatre.
10. They are leaving Moscow on the fifth of July.
Упр. б. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Не came to Moscow in 1997.
2. Mary took three books from the library yesterday.
3. The guests are coming on the third of Mav.
4. You have written out twentv-five new words.
5. Nick made ten mistakes in his test yesterday.
6 . He has just bought two interesting magazines.

161
7. Ann can’t translate the fifth sentence.
8 . My friend was born in 1990.
9. There are three hundred pages in this book.
10. Peter has got three pets at home.
three hundred [0 ri: 'hundred] - триста

Упр. 7. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.


1. It was my first visit to England.
2. They are sitting in the second row.
3. The seventh chapter of the book is interesting.
4. Peter bought three roses for Mary yesterday.
5. The mistake is on the fourth page.
6 . We have translated two English texts into Russian.
7. I’ll visit you on the first of April.
8 . It is the tenth of August today.
9. He is translating the twentieth sentence of the exercise
now.
10. It was his first English book.
April ['eipr(9)l] - апрель the twentieth [da'twentuG]
August ['o:gast] - август —двадцатый

Упр. 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя порядковое или ко­


личественное числительное.
1. It was his (one, first) lesson at school.
2. I saw (the third, three) English films yesterday.
3. St. Petersburg is (two, the second) capital of Russia.
4. Kate has got (the fourth, four) cats at home.
5. There are (the sixth, six) books in my bag.
6 . 1 am in (five, the fifth) form.
7. Peter takes (the ninth, nine) subjects at school.
8 . There are (the tenth, ten) girls in this group.
9. I’ve got (the thirty-fifth, thirty-five) English books at home.
10. I don’t know (eleven, the eleventh) letter of the ABC.
Упр. 9. Заполните пропуски порядковыми или количест­
венными числительными из данных в скобках.

162
1. There are ... pictures on the wall.
2 . I’ve b o u g h t... pencils for you.
3. June is ... m onth of the year.
4. Mary is ... years old.
5. She knows ... foreign languages.
6 . The teacher repeated ... question again.
7. My mother b ought... books for my father yesterday.
8 . I am going to write ... tests next week.
9. They moved to this house in ...
10 ... question was the most difficult.
(the fifth, 1998, seven, two, the first, three, eleven, the sixth,
four, five)
the sixth [da'siksB] - шестой

Упр. 10. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. How old are you?
2. When is your birthday?
3. How many members are there in your family?
4. How many good (bad) marks did you get yesterday?
5. Is March the third month of the year?
6 . How many days are there in a week?
7. How many days are there in a year?
8 . When did you go to the theatre for the first time?
9. How many subjects at school do you take?
10. Can you name the fifteenth letter of the ABC?
March [ma:tj] - март

Упр. 11. Замените порядковые числительные на количест­


венные, изменяя при этом и другие члены предло­
жения.
Образец: Name the fourth letter of the ABC.
Name any four letters of the ABC.
1. Name the nineteenth letter of the ABC.
2. Name the seventh letter of the ABC.
3. Name the thirteenth letter of the ABC.

163
4. Name the eleventh letter of the ABC.
5. Name the twenty-fifth letter of the ABC.
6 . Name the twenty-second letter of the ABC.
7. Name the third letter of the ABC.
8 . Name the fifth letter of the ABC.
9. Name the eighth letter of the ABC.
10. Name the twelfth letter of the ABC.
any — (в утвердительном предложении) - «любой»
to name [neim] — называть, назвать

Упр. 12. Задайте общие или специальные вопросы к пред­


ложениям (цифры в скобках указывают на коли­
чество вопросов).
1. Не wrote out twenty new words from the text an hour
a g o .( 2 )
2. It was Peter’s first visit to London. (1)
3. Kate will be sixteen next week. (1)
4. Peter is going to buy her a good present. (1)
5. There are ten boys and seven girls in our group. (2)
6 . They came into the hall after the third bell. (2)
7. Nick gave his mother eleven roses yesterday. (2)
8 . My friend’s favourite holiday is the First of April. (1)
9. Ann has got one green and two yellow parrots. (2)
10. You have made three grammar mistakes in your dicta­
tion. ( 2 )
to write out - выписывать a bell [a'bel] - (зд.) звонок
a hall [ho:l] —зал

Упр. 13. Заполните пропуски количественными или поряд­


ковыми числительными.
1. There are ... English teachers in our school.
2 . 1 take ... subjects at school.
3. Russian children go to school at the age o f ....
4. July is the ... m onth of the year.
5. August is the ... month of the year.
6 . February is the ... winter month.
7. September is the ... autumn month,
g “ B” is the ... letter of the ABC.
9.1 am going to read ... English books this summer.
10.1 usually come home a t ... o ’clock in the afternoon.
S e p te m b e r [sep'temba] - сентябрь

ynp. 14. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.


1. No, I am not. Do you take five subjects at school?
2 . Yes, it is. Did you like your first day at school?
3. Yes, I do. Is Kate in the eighth form?
4. Yes, I did. Have you got three sisters?
5. No, she is not. Is December the twelfth m onth of
6 . No, I have not. the year?
7. No, he does not. Are you in the sixth form?
8 . No, he is not. Is your friend’s birthday on the first
9. No, I did not. of May?
10. No, it is not. Did you go to school in 1998?
Does he come home at six o ’clock
in the evening?
Is your father thirty-five years old?
December [di'semba] - декабрь
May [mei] - май

Упр. 15. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­


ном времени.
1. She often (to invite) friends to her place.
2. There (to be) ten schools in my town now.
3. My brother (to finish) school in 1998.
4. You (to make) five mistakes in one sentence.
5. I (to buy) three red pens and two of them are bad.
6 . My younger sister (to go) to school five years ago.
7. “You (to take) more subjects in the sixth form ,” the
teacher said.
8 . I (to buy) ten pencils yesterday.
9 . 1am hungry. I (to be) going to eat two plates of porridge.
10. 1 (not to know) this rule. Explain it to me, please.

165
Упр. 16. Задайте специальные вопросы, начиная с вопро­
сительного слова в скобках.
1. My mother knows three foreign languages. (How many?)
2. They discussed three im portant questions yesterday.
(How many?)
3. He will repeat the third question for you again. (Which?)
4. You want to learn four foreign languages. (How many?)
5. He liked the second text of the lesson. (Which?)
6 . There are three book-shops in their town. (How many?)
7. Kate found the ninth page. (Which?)
8 . They are coming to our place on the 7th of July. (When?)
9. February is the shortest month of the year. (Which?)
10. Alice decided to open the first door. (Which?)
Упр. 17. Заполните пропуски наречиями из данных в скоб­
ках.
1. The child ... drinks milk in the morning.
2. Wfe ... sing English songs.
3. Tom can’t speak Russian ....
4. “ I won’t tell him about it,” he said ....
5 . 1 like to work ....
6 . Have you ... tried to write a poem?
7. He began to speak ....
8 . I have ... been to Africa.
9. Michael ran ... into the room.
10. She ... works on Sundays.
(always, quickly, slowly, never, ever, fast, quietly, well, of­
ten, usually)
Упр. 18. Раскройте скобки, употребляя сравнительную или
превосходную степень прилагательного.
1. The second lesson is (interesting) than the first lesson.
2. This is the (long) chapter in the book.
3. Our class-room is (large) than yours.
4 . 1 am (old) than my brother.
5. Nick is (tall) than his father.

166
6 . My hat is (expensive) than yours.
7. This is the (good) poem 1 have ever read.
8 . Mary’s voice is (loud) than yours.
9. My coat is (bad) than A nn’s coat.
10. My house is the (high) building in the area.
a chapter [a'tfaepta] - глава
loud [laud] - громкий (прил.); громко (нареч.)

Упр. 19. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. Не doesn’t know the last le tte r... the ABC.
2. There are twelve months ... a year.
3. Russian is more difficult... him than English.
4 . 1 live ... the fifth floor.
5. How many houses are there ... this street?
6 . November is the eleventh month ... the year.
7. John often tells me ... London.
8 . Peter’s friend lives ... London.
9. I’ve got a dog, S p o t... name.
10. Spot barks ... everybody.
Упр. 20. Переведите на английский язык.
1. “ В” —вторая буква английского алфавита. 2. “С ” —
третья буква английского алфавита. 3. Ты можешь назвать
пятнадцатую букву алфавита? 4. В году двенадцать ме­
сяцев. 5. В неделе семь дней. 6 . Январь - второй зимний
месяц. 7. Август - восьмой месяц года. 8 . Сентябрь —пер­
вый осенний месяц. 9. Какую главу книги ты сейчас чи­
таешь? —Я читаю вторую главу. 10. Грамматические пра­
вила на первой странице. 11. В нашем классе тридцать
учеников. 12. Я никогда не забуду свою первую учитель­
ницу. 13. Я вижу (могу видеть) своих друзей. Они сидят в
третьем ряду. 14. Сколько школ в твоём городе? — В на­
шем городе десять школ. 15. Я вчера сделал много ошибок
в контрольной работе.
January ['фаегуиэп] — январь

167
Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильное время
глаголов.
1. The farmer’s family (to love) Tony very much.
2. “ I (to give) him only three lessons but I see that he is
gifted,” Tony’s teacher said.
3. “ I am sure he (to win) the com petition,” he added.
4. Mr. Gordon (not to want) to take money for the music
lessons.
5. “You (to become) a famous musician,” Tony’s teacher
said to him.
6 . The day of the competition (to come).
7. It (to be) the greatest holiday for Tony.
8 . Many musicians (to try) to show their skill at that com­
petition. • .
9. Some of them (to be) twenty, others (to be) older, Tony
(to be) the youngest.
10. He (to win) the competition and shared his joy with his
teacher, the farmer’s family and his parents.
(After “The Piano ” by Rosemary Border)
a gift [a'gift] - подарок, gifted [giftid] - одарённый

Упр. 22. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте


краткие ответы на них.
1. The farmer’s wife has bought a new suit for Tony.
2. Tony is wearing the new suit now.
3. There are very many musicians in the hall now.
4. Tony is the youngest of the musicians.
5. He wants to win the competition.
6 . He is playing the piano now.
7. Tony’s teacher is listening to him.
8 . The farmer’s wife is proud of Tony.
9. There are tears in her eyes.
10. Tony has won.
tears ['tiaz] —слёзы I to win [win] —побеждать

168
упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Tony liked the new suit.
2. The farmer’s family loved Tony very much.
3 . Mr. Gordon was Tonv’s teacher.
4. Tony was a gifted pupil.
5. The competition began in the morning.
6 . It was a music competition.
7. Tony tried to play well.
8 . Tony saw young and old musicians in the hall.
9. Tony won the competition.
10. It was the happiest day for Tony.
Упр. 24. Раскройте скобки, употребляя порядковые ::ли
количественные числительные.
1. Tony got up at (the seventh, seven) o ’clock in the m orn­
ing.
2. It was the day of his (one, first) competition.
3. At (the tenth, ten) o ’clock Mr. Gordon and the farmer’s
family were already in the hall.
4. Their seats were in the (three, third) row.
5. (The twentieth, twenty) minutes later the competition
began.
6 . It lasted for (the eighth, eight) hours.
7. Some musicians were (the twentieth, twenty) years old.
8 . Tony’s friend was (seventeenth, seventeen).
9. More than (fiftieth, fifty) musicians came to the compe­
tition.
10. “You will win the (two, second) competition too ,” Mr.
G ordon said to Tony. t
a seat [a'siit] - сиденье, место
Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски порядковыми или коли­
чественными числительными из данных в скоб­
ках.
1. Tony had ... music lessons a week.
2. Mr. G ordon wanted to give him ... lessons a week.

169
3. Each lesson lasted for ... hours.
4. Tony decided to win ... prize.
5.... part of the competition began at 3 o ’clock in the after,
noon.
6 . More than ... musicians took part in the competition.
7. Each musician played f o r ... minutes.
8 . The competition began a t ... o ’clock in the morning.
9. It was Tony’s ... competition.
10. Tony saw his teacher in ... row.
(the third, first, ten, fifty, the second, the first, two, six, five,
forty-five)
Упр. 26. К ответам подберите подходящие вопросы.
1. Yes, he was. Did John want to play the piano?
2. Yes, he did. What was the name of Tony’s
3. Yes, it was. friend?
4. Yes, they were. What kind of competition was it?
5. He was seventeen. Did the co m p etitio n last for
6 . It began at 10 o ’clock eight hours?
in the morning. When did the competition be­
7. Yes, it did. gin?
8 . It was a music How old was Tony’s friend?
competition. Was it the happiest day for Tony?
9. His name was John. Did Tony play the piano well?
10. No, he didn’t. Was Mr. Gordon a good teacher?

an hour [эп'аиэ] —час a finger [a'firjga] - палец

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необхо­


димо.
1. John always helped ... Tony.
2. Tony wanted to take the piano ... the village school.
3.... summer the village schood was empty.
4. Every day Tony played ... the p ia n o ... t e n ... 6 o ’clock in
the evening.
5. The day ... the competition came.

170
5 .... the day ... the competition Tony got up very early.
7 . Tony saw a l o t ... people ... fro n t... him.
8. The piano was ... the middle ... the stage.
9 . Tony sat down ... the piano.
10. Tony g o t... the first prize.
a stage [a'steicfc] - сцена I prize [praiz] - приз, премия

упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.


1. Родители Тони были бедны. 2. Тони очень хотел иг­
рать на пианино. 3. Фермер отдал ему своё старое пиа­
нино. 4. Летом ш кола была открыта с утра до вечера.
5. Мистер Гордон не хотел брать денег за свои уроки.
6 . Мистер Гордон был любимым учителем Тони. 7. Он
гордился Тони. 8 . Тони был одарённым (способным) уче­
ником. 9. Вскоре настал день конкурса (соревнования).
10. Соревнование было трудным. 11. Многие музыканты
хотели победить. 12. Мистер Гордон и семья фермера бы­
ли в зале. 13. Тони увидел их в третьем ряду. 14. Победи­
телем оказался (был) Тони. 15. Это был самый счастливый
день в его жизни.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Джон, ваш английский друг, рассказал вам о своём лю ­
бимом празднике.
Какой его любимый праздник? Как он его отмечает?
Расскажите об этом по-английски своей учительнице.
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
his favourite holiday, Christmas, the Christm as tree, at
home, traditional British dishes, roast beef, Yorkshire pudding,
to give (get) presents, a family holiday, to celebrate, to send
(get) Christmas cards, to prepare tasty dishes, to have a lot of
fun, to play games, to dance, to sing, merry Christmas!, happy
New Year!
a holiday [s'holidei] — a Christmas-tree
праздник [a'krismas'tri:] —рождест­
венская ёлка
pudding ['pudirj] - пудинг game [geim] - игра,
to celebrate ['sehbreit] - веселье
праздновать merry [men] - весёлый,
fun [fXn] - шутка радостный

Упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) В каком времени употребить глаголы, раскрыв скоб­
ки в этом стихотворении?

I t ’s a special day,
I t ’s y o u r b irth d a y to d ay .
“H appy b irth d a y to you!”
W e all (to say).
W e (to dance),
W e (to play),
A nd ag ain we (to say),
“M any happy re tu rn s
of th e day!”

special ['spe/(9)l] - специальный; особый


many happy returns of the day [rit3:nz] —поздравляю с
днём рождения, желаю вам (тебе) многих лет жизни
б) Как решить кроссворд?

Как будет по-английски?

172
По горизонтали (across):
1. Первый.
2. Двадцать.
По вертикали (down):
1. Четвёртый.
2. Второй.

Контрольная работа ‘

I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правильном


времени.
1. “Come in! Come in!” a loud voice said.
“ 1 (to be) so glad to see you.”
2. But Mary Poppins and the children (not to see) Uncle
Albert in his room.
3. A large table with four cups and cakes on it (to be) in the
middle of the room.
4. Mary Popponis (to look) up at the ceiling.
5. “Oh! Uncle Albert! Why (to be) you in the air? Why ...
you (to laugh)? (to be) it your birthday today?” she asked.
6 . “ I’m sorry, but today (to be) Friday and I (to think) it (to
be) my birthday.
7. If I (to laugh) on Friday I become very light like a baloon
and I can’t (to stand) on the floor.
8. 1 (not to want) to laugt but I can’t stop,” he said and (to
begin) to laugh again.
(After “Mary Poppins” by Pamela Travers)
a ceiling [a'siiliQ] —потолок light [lait] —(зд .) лёгкий
sorry ['son] —огорчённый a balloon [э'Ьэ'1и:п] - воз­
I am sorry —виноват, душный шар
простите Friday ['fraidi] - пятница

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. What did Mary Poppins and the children see in Uncle
Albert’s room?
2. Where was Uncle Albert?

173
III. Раскройте скобки, употребляя количественное или по
рядковое числительное.
1. “There are (the second, two) of us in the air now,” Uncle
Albert said to Jane.
2 . “ Michael, do you want to be (three, the third)?”
3. “And Mary will be (four, the fourth), I am sure.”
4. “There is only (the first, one) table in my room and it is
in the air now,” he added.
IV. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Uncle Albert began to laugh on Friday.
2. The table was in the air.
V. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необходи­
мо.
1. The table was ... the middle ... the room.
2. They didn’t see Uncle A lbert... the room.
3. Uncle Albert didn’t want to be ... the air.
4. Mary Poppins looked ... her uncle.
5. Uncle Albert wanted to be ... the floor.
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Дверь дяди Альберта была первой справа. 2. Мэр
Поппинс и дети вошли в комнату. 3. Они увидели стол в
комнате. 4. «Дядя Альберт, почему вы в воздухе?» —спро­
сили дети. 5. «Я хочу быть (стоять) на полу, но я не мо­
гу», —ответил он.
Урок XII
Грамматика:
1 . The Sim ple Present Tense в сравнении с The Present
Progressive Tense.
2. The Sim ple Past Tense в сравнении с The Present Per­
fect Tense (повт орение).

Грамматические упраж нения


Упр. 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Present.
1. My friends often (to come) to my place.
2. We usually (to discuss) our problems together.
3 . 1 (to walk) in the park every morning.
4. Peter always (to help) his friend.
5 . 1 often (to wake) my brother up in the morning.
6 . My parrot (to greet) me every morning.
7.1 always (to tell) my mother about my friends.
8 . Mary often (to write) letters to her friend.
9. My m other usually (to buy) clothes for me.
10. My younger brother often (to ask) me questions.
Упр. 2. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте
краткие ответы на них.
1. Your friends live in the center of the city.
2. Peter always likes to talk about the weather.
3. They write letters every day.
4. You get two newspapers every day.
5. Kate usually does her grammar exercises at home.
6 . My friend often goes to England.
7. Your parents travel every summer.
8 . Kate always buys books about famous people.
9. You have got two bicycles.

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10. Your house is far from your school.
Упр. 3. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. They often invite you to St. Petersburg.
2. My father likes to swim in winter.
3. There are two hundred pupils in this school.
4. Kate can speak French well.
5. She reads French books in the evening.
6 . Ann often buys shoes.
7. My mother knows three foreign languages.
8 . You want to know English well.
9. They often sing songs.
10. My uncle teaches French at school.
Упр. 4. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Мой друг часто ездит в Англию. 2. Мы любим книги
об актёрах. 3. Они получают три газеты и два журнала
каждый день. 4. Я всегда выполняю (делаю) домашнее
задание дома. 5. Мы часто слушаем хорошую музыку.
6 . Они не часто к нам приходят. 7. Моя сестра хорошо
говорит по-французски. 8 . Она преподаёт французский
язык в школе. 9. Наш дедушка знает пять иностранных
языков. 10. Я обычно вовремя возвращаю книги в биб­
лиотеку. 11. Ты любишь собирать марки? —Да. 12. Где мои
книги? —Они на столе. 13. Как вы обычно проводите зим­
ние вечера? —Дома. (Мы обычно проводим зимние вече­
ра дома.) 14. Он не любит говорить о своей работе. 15. В
этой школе триста учеников.
Упр. 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глагол в Present Pro­
gressive.
1.1 (to do) my English now.
2. They (to discuss) the most important problem at the
moment.
3. They (to build) the house now.
4. They (not to write) the test at this moment.
5. Peter (to speak) with his teacher now.

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6 . Kate (to choose) a present for Mary now.
7 . Ann (not to sit) at the window now.
8 . They (to leave) for London tomorrow.
9 . The guests (to talk) now.
10. My younger sister (to play) with her doll now.
to choose ['tfu:z] - выбирать

упр. 6. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и кратко


ответьте на них.
1. You are thinking about it now.
2. Peter is writing questions now.
3. Mary is discussing this problem with her mother at the
moment.
4. Our teacher is explaining the rules now.
5. You are preparing your home-work now.
6 . John is leaving Moscow next week.
7. You are drinking tea now.
8 . They are walking in the wood now.
9. Ann is looking at her dress at the moment.
10. The dog is barking at your guest now.
Упр. 7. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. You are sitting at the table now.
2. Mary is choosing a hat at the moment.
3. They are waiting for Peter now.
4. The delegation is coming tomorrow.
5. You are choosing a pet in the pet- shop now.
6 . The cat is eating fish at the moment.
7. Mary is looking at the picture now.
8 . Nick is throwing the ball at Peter at the moment.
9. The dog is running fast. I can’t catch it.
10. Kate is singing her favourite song now.
Упр. 8. Переведите на английский язык.
1. В данны й момент М эри выбирает подарок маме.
2. Делегация приезжает завтра. 3. Моя кошка сейчас пьёт

177
молоко. 4. Когда вы едете в Москву? - Через неделю. (Мы
едем в Москву через неделю.) 5. С кем сейчас разговари­
вает твоя мама? 6 . Что ты ешь? —Я ем свой любимый са­
лат. 7. Где гости? - Они гуляют в лесу. 8 . Пётр обсуждает
сейчас этот вопрос со своим отцом. 9. Мама в данный
момент варит овсяную кашу. 10. Джон в самолёте. Он ле­
тит в Москву. 11. Что ты делаешь в следующее воскре­
сенье? - Мы с другом едем за город. 12. Вы сейчас гуляете
по самой старой улице Москвы. 13. Мы уезжаем в Киев в
пятницу. 14.0 чём ты думаешь? - О своём друге. (Я думаю
о своем друге.) 15. Ты идешь с нами? —Да.
Упр. 9. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Сколько иностранных языков ты знаешь? —Я знаю
один иностранный язык. 2. На каком языке Джон сейчас
разговаривает с учителем? —Он разговаривает с ним по-
английски. 3. Этот книжный магазин работает каждый
день. 4. Пётр занят. Он в данный момент пишет письмо
другу. 5. Как часто вы получаете письма? — Каждую не­
делю. (Я получаю письма каждую неделю.) 6 . Я не пишу
письма каждый день. 7. Где кошка? —Она спит под сто­
лом. 8 . Ник часто переводит статьи с английского на рус­
ский. 9. Сейчас он переводит очень интересную статью.
10. Мы обычно читаем книги дома. 11. Пётр в библиотеке.
Он готовится к контрольной работе. 12. Я всегда уезжаю
за город летом. 13. Я еду за город на следующей неделе.
14. Он всегда пишет много упражнений дома. 15. Я сейчас
пишу очень длинное упражнение.
Упр. 10. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Simple
Past.
1. Kate (to come) to London yesterday.
2. My brother (to finish) school three years ago.
3. They (to come) to Moscow in 1980.
4. We (to discuss) our plans last week.
5.1 (to spend) last summer on the Volga.

178
6 . I (to return) the book to the library yesterday.
7 . 1 (to visit) my grandmother last week.
8 . I (to see) Peter last Sunday.
9. My mother (to buy) this dress two days ago.
10. The weather (to be) fine yesterday.
Упр. 11. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и кратко
ответьте на них.
1. They visited two foreign countries last year.
2. You saw your friend in the park yesterday.
3. Kate was in the pet-shop three days ago.
4. Nick wanted to translate that article yesterday.
5. You took your friend to the Bolshoi Theatre last month.
6 . He began to write the novel a year ago.
7. They were students five years ago.
8 . You swam in the river last Sunday.
9. Kate gave me three English books yesterday.
10. He wrote this poem in 1990.
Упр. 12. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. You met your friend last week.
2 . Nick went to school seven years ago.
3. The teacher asked you five questions yesterday.
4. Peter spoke English well last year.
5. You were at the theatre on Sunday.
6 . She told Peter about it a week ago.
7. Ann lost her ball yesterday.
8 . You went to the Tretvakov Gallery last month.
9. They lived in Moscow last year.
10. You saw rare birds in the Zoo yesterday.
Упр. 13. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Мы не обсуждали этот вопрос вчера. 2. Вы были вче­
ра в кино? - Нет. 3. В прошлом году Пётр хорошо говорил
по-английски. 4. Вчера учитель задавал нам много вопро­
сов. 5. Куда вы ездили в прошлом году? — Мы ездили в
Санкт-Петербург. 6 . Я встретил их вчера на вокзале. 7. Мы

179
не ездили за город в прошлое воскресенье. 8 . Когда он
здесь был? - Он здесь был час тому назад. 9. Вы были в
школе вчера? - Нет. 10. Ник получил двойку на прошлой
неделе. 11. Я не ходил в библиотеку в прошлую пятницу
12. Вчера была хорошая погода. 13. Прошлым летом я
прочитал три английские книги. 14. Вчера я получил
письмо от Джона. 15. Мы не делали это упражнение на
прошлом уроке.
Упр. 14. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present
Perfect.
1 .1 already (to read) this book. I can give it to you now.
2 . 1 (to see) this picture. I can tell you about it.
3. Mary (to wash) the cup. It is clean now.
4. My mother (to buy) a red bag for me. I want to show it to
you.
5. We ... already (to know) each other for five years.
6 . John ... never (to be) to St. Petersburg.
7. We ...just (to return) from London.
8 . 1 ... never (to see) a red parrot.
9. Peter ... already (to do) his home-work.
10. I ...just (to phone) John.
Упр. 15. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и кратко
ответьте на них.
1. Mary has lost her bag.
2. They have seen all the museums in London.
3. Nick has found a rare stamp.
4. You have been to the Bolshoi Theatre.
5. You have received a letter from your friend.
6 . Kate has eaten all the sweets.
7. You have just seen this man.
8 . The children have read this story.
9. He has finished his novel.
10. You have made only one mistake in the test.
Упр. 16. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.

180
1. You have just done the most difficult exercise.
2. Kate has shown her bag to me.
3 . They have eaten the apples.
4. Mary has bought six green pens.
5. Ann has written the letter.
6 . You have translated three articles into English.
7. He has opened the window. It is open now.
8 . They have found our dog. I am very glad.
9. My mother has cooked fish for me.
10. You have broken your father’s c u p .
Упр. 17. Переведите на английский язык.
1. Я побывал в этом музее и могу вам о нём рассказать.
2. Пётр сделал домашнее задание, 3. Я перевёл уже три
статьи с английского на русский. 4. Катя дала мне свой
адрес. Я могу её найти. 5. Пётр расстроен. Он потерял
свою тетрадь. 6 . Мы не видели его с 1997 года. 7. Ты про­
читал статью? —Да. 8 . Я выписал все новые слова. 9. Анна
сделала много ошибок в контрольной работе. 10. Я только
что об этом услышал. 11. Мои родители только что купи­
ли мне пять английских книг. 12. Почему ты съел все кон­
феты? 13. Я ему всё объяснил. Он знает, что делать.
14. Пётр никогда не видел белых попугаев. 15. Я не читал
эту книгу.
Упр. 18. Заполните пропуски предлогами, если это необ­
ходимо.
1. Sit down ... the table, please.
2. He will come ... a minute.
3. Where are you ... ? — I am from Moscow.
4 . 1 don’t like to e a t ... ice-cream ... winter.
5. There is a p a rk ... fro n t... our house.
6 . 1 received a le tte r... John ... Friday.
7. Where do you usually go ... summer?
8 . There is a lamp ... the table.
9. Where is Ann? —She is ... school.
10. The museum is open ... 10 ... 17.

181
Упр. 19. Переведите на английский язык.
а) 1. Перед нашим домом находится (есть) школа.
2. Слева —стадион (находится). 3. Справа - библиотека
(находится). 4. Я не работаю по понедельникам. 5 . Уроки
обычно начинаются в девять часов утра. 6 . Мой брат по­
шёл в школу в 1995 году. 7. Мы часто ездим за город. 8 . Я
нахожусь в школе с девяти до трёх. 9. Посреди комнаты
стоит (есть) стол. 10. За домом есть сад. 11. Ты был вчера
в библиотеке? —Да. 12. Джон приезжает в воскресенье.
13. Я вчера ходил в Большой театр. 14. Моя мама работает
с 9 до 6 . 15. Джон живёт в Англии.
б) 1. Вы получили учебники? - Да. 2. Когда вы их
получили? —Мы получили их вчера. 3. Я не видел Петра
три недели. 4. Когда он окончил школу? — Он окончил
школу в прошлом году. 5. Ты всё ещё изучаешь англий­
ский язык? 6 . Я не был в театре с лета. 7. Что ты делаешь
в субботу? - Я еду с друзьями за город. 8 . Как часто ты
навещаешь своих друзей? - Я навещаю их раз в неделю.
9. Они купили хороший дом? - Да. 10. Когда они купили
дом? - Они купили его на прошлой неделе. 11. Я тебе
сейчас всё расскажу. 12. Пётр очень хорошо написал
контрольную работу. 13. Анна не умеет готовить. 14. У
нас две собаки. 15. Я не собираюсь покупать машину.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правиль­
ном времени.
1. The aunt (to stay) with the Burnells for some time and
then (to go) back to town.
2. A week later she (to send) the children a doll’s house.
3. The girls (to be) very happy to get such a gift from
Mrs. Hay.
4. The doll’s house (to be) perfect.
5. It (to be) green and yellow, with four windows and it (to
be) very big.

182
6 . “We ... never (to see) anything like th at,” the girls said.
7 . “ Patrick, please, (to come up) to us and (to open) the
doll’s house,” the girls shouted.
8 . Patrick (to open) the door of the house and the girls (to
see) four rooms and a kitchen.
9. “Oh! The rooms (to be) marvellous. (To look) at the tables
and chairs and at the beds in the bedrooms,” said Isabel.
10. The children (to want) to tell everybody at school about
the doll’s house.
(After “The Doll’s House” by Catherine Mansfield)
an aunt [an'a:nt] —тётя
a doll’s house - кукольный дом
marvellous ['maivibs] - изумительный, удивительный
The Burnells [дэ'Ьз:пэ1г] - семья Бэрнелл
Упр. 22. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям и дайте
краткие ответы.
1. The aunt went back to town.
2. She sent the children a doll’s house.
3. The house was very big.
4. The girls were happy.
5. They liked the doll’s house.
6 . The windows of the house were big too.
7. Patrick opened the door of the doll’s house.
8 . The girls wanted to tell everybody about the doll’s house.
9. Isabel was older than her sisters.
10. The girls came to school early.
Упр. 23. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Isabel told her friends about the doll’s house.
2. The children saw four rooms in the doll’s house.
3. Mrs. Hay sent the girls a good present.
4. The girls liked the bedrooms very much.
5. Every morning they opened the house.
6 . The house was green and yellow.
7. The girls saw tables and chairs in the rooms.

183
8 . Their mother liked the doll’s house.
9. She often looked at the table lamp.
10. The lamp was white.
Упр. 24. Какой глагол выбрать?
1. “We never (saw, have seen) such a house,” the girls said
2. The girls (received, have received) the doll’s house two
days ago.
3. Mrs. Hay (has stayed, stayed) with the Burnells for some
weeks.
4. Then she (has sent, sent) the children a doll’s house.
5. The girls (have liked, liked) the house very much.
6 . They (have seen, saw) cups and plates and a big jug in
the kitchen.
7. Every evening they (have closed, closed) the door of the
doll’s house.
8 . “ I (wanted, want) to show the doll’s house to my friends,”
Isabel said.
9. Her mother (has advised, advised) her to show the doll’s
house only to the rich girls.
10. Isabel (has agreed, agreed) with her mother.
Упр. 25. Заполните пропуски прилагательными или наре­
чиями из данных в скобках.
1. It was а ... autumn day.
2. The girls got up ....
3. Their school was n o t ... from their house.
4. On their way to school they ... spoke about their school
friends.
5. Isabel said to her sisters, “ I’ll tell our friends about the
doll’s house. I am ....”
6 . “We also want to tell them about the doll’s house” , Kesia
said ...
7. “ D on’t do i t ...,” Isabel said.
8 . “Why are you walking so ... ?” she asked.
9. “ I like to w alk...,” she added.

184
¡0 ..all their friends knew everything about the doll’s house,
(quiet, soon, fast, slowly, now, quietly, the eldest, usually,
far,_early)_________________
Isabel ['izabal] — Изабелла (женское имя)
Kesia [ka'zais] - Кезая (женское имя)
the eldest [di'eldast] - самая старшая

Упр. 26. Заполните пропуски порядковыми или коли­


чественными числительными из данных в скоб­
ках.
1. There are ... small cups and ... jug here.
2 . “ M y ... dolls will sit on the chairs in front of these cups,”
the younger sister said.
3. “And my dolls will eat from these small plates,” ... sister
said.
4. Soon the girls came into the classroom and took their
places in the ... row.
5. After the lesson Isabel said, “There are more th a n ... rich
girls in our class.”
6 . “We shall invite ... girls every day.
7. And in ... days all the girls will see our doll’s house.”
8 . “ I have already made the list of the names. There are ...
names there.”
9. On Monday only ... girl came to see the doll’s house.
10. The next day ... other girls came to see it.
(four, six, eight, two, three, one, sixteen, fifteen, second,
the third)
a jug [э'с&лд] - кувшин

Упр. 27. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необхо­


димо.
1 ... Patrick opened ... door of... doll’s house.
2 .... doll’s house was perfect.
3 .... door of... house was yellow.
4 .... windows were green.

185
5. Isabel liked ... lamp best of all.
6 . I ’ve never seen such ... lam p” , she said.
7. A ll... rooms were marvellous.
8 .... kitchen was very comfortable.
9. “ I want to be inside ... doll’s house and look out o f ...
windows,” the younger sister said.
10. “And I want to drink tea from ... small white cup,” Isabel
said.
Patric ['paetrik] — Патрик (мужское имя)

Упр. 28. Переведите на английский язык.


1. «Патрик, что ты там делаешь?» - спросила Изабел­
ла. 2. «Открой дверь кукольного дома, пожалуйста», -
попросила она. 3. П атрик открыл дверь. 4. Девочкам
очень понравился кукольный дом. 5. Он был большим, с
четырьмя окнами. 6 . Дом был зелёным, а его дверь была
жёлтой. 7. «Здесь четыре комнаты и кухня», — сказала
Изабелла. 8 . «Мне очень нравятся спальни», — сказала
младшая сестра. 9. Кухня кукольного дома была очень
удобной. 10. Девочки увидели чаш ки и кувшин на столе.
11. Стол и стулья были очень маленькими. 12. «Мои кук­
лы будут сидеть на этих стульях», —сказала младшая сест­
ра. 13. «Они будут пить чай из этих чашек», —добавила
она. 14. Дети гордились своим кукольным домом. 15. Они
хотели рассказать всем о кукольном доме.
Упр. 29. Представьте себе:
Джон, ваш английский друг, пригласил вас к себе в
Лондон. Что вы ему повезёте в подарок?
Эти слова и словосочетания вам помогут:
to give, to buy, for, his stamp collection, books about, a
p ho to album , stam ps, Russia, Russian cities, Moscow,
St. Petersburg,the Tretyakov Gallery, the Winter Palace, the
famous sportsmen, musicians, actors, as a present, to like to
collect, a lot of, to be very glad, the first (second, third) visit to
London

186
a sportsman [a'spoitsman] - спортсмен
an actor [an'aekta] - актёр

упр. 30. Знаете ли вы?


а) В каком времени употребить глаголы, раскрыв скоб­
ки в этом стихотворении?

I (to have got) a new big bike.


I t ’ (to be) a g if t fro m U ncle M ike.
I (to be) glad to have th e b ike,
(to th a n k ) you, d e a r U ncle Mike!

to thank [Gaerjk] — благодарить


thank you - спасибо (вам, тебе)

б) Каким наречием заполнить клетки?

Контрольная работа
I. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильное время гла­
голов.
1. “There (to be) only one school in this area. We can’t (to
send) our children to a good school,” the girls’ parents often
said.
2. The Burnell children (not to like) their school because
rich and poor children (to study) there together.
3. Elsie and her sister (to be) the poorest girls in the class.
4. The rich girls (not to want) to speak with them.
5. Even the teachers (to have) a special voice for them.
6 . “ ... you (to see) the doll’s house? When ... you (to see)
it?” the rich girls asked each other and they (to talk) and (to
talk) about it.
7. Elsie and her sister also (to want) to see the doll’s house.
8 . “You can (to come) and see our doll’s house if you (to
want).”
9. “ But your mother (not to want) it,” Elsie said.
10. “ She (not to see) you,” Kezia answered.
The Burnell children - дети семьи Бэрнелл
Elsi t'elsi] - имя девочки

II. Ответьте на вопросы.


1. Were the teachers kind to Elsie and her sister?
2. Why didn’t the Burnell children like their school?
III. Заполните пропуски прилагательными или наречиями
из данных в скобках.
1. Elsie’s mother was а ... woman.
2. Elsie and her sister were the ... girls in the class.
3. They also wanted to see th a t... doll’s house.
4. “Come and see our doll’s house,” Kezia said ....
5. It was the ... day in the girls’ lives.
(happiest, quietly, wonderful, poorest, poor)
IV. Задайте вопросы к подчёркнутым словам.
1. Elsie and her sister wanted to see the doll’s house.
2. The girls usually closed their doll’s house in the evening.
V. Заполните пропуски артиклями, если это необходимо,
1.... Elsie and ... her sister were poor.
2. They didn’t hope to see ... doll’s house.
3.... Kezia invited ... them to see ... it.
4 .... girls were happy.
5. B u t... Kezia’s mother didn’t want to see ... poor girls.

188
VI. Переведите на английский язык.
1. «Только богатые девочки увидят наш кукольный
дом», —сказала Изабелла.
2. Элси с сестрой (и ее сестра) тоже хотели увидеть ку­
кольный дом.
3. «Ты видела кукольный дом? Когда ты его видела?» —
спрашивали девочки друг друга.
4. Кукольный дом был очень красивым.
5. «Мои куклы будут сидеть на этих стульях», - сказала
Кезая.
Грамматический справочник

Урок I
Имя существительное (The Noun)
Число (Number)
Исчисляемые существительные (их можно пересчи­
тать) образуют множественное число при помощи “s” или
“es”, которое прибавляется к основе единственного чис­
ла:
a boy - boys,
a match —matches.
Окончание множественного числа читается как [s] по­
сле глухих согласных:
a cup —cups [kAps],
как [z] после звонких согласных:
a bag —bags [baegz],
как [iz] после s, ss, sh, ch, x:
a box - boxes ['büksiz]
a match —matches ['maetfiz],
как [iz], если существительное в единственном числе
оканчивается на согласный звук + у:
a city —cities.
Некоторые существительные образуют множествен­
ное число иначе:
a tooth —teeth
зубы зуб
a mouse —mice
мышь мыши
a child —children
ребёнок дети

190
Притяжательный падеж
(Possessive Case)
Существительное в притяжательном падеже указывает
на то, что кому-то что-то принадлежит:
Peter’s flat —квартира Петра
Mary’s flower —цветок Мэри.
Существительное в притяжательном падеже является
определением и ставится перед существительным, к ко­
торому относится:
John’sbook, Kate’s pencil.
В притяжательным падеже употребляются, главным
образом, одушевлённые существительные. Притяжатель­
ный падеж существительных в единственном числе об­
разуется путем прибавления к существительному ’s (т. е.
знака апостроф и буквы s). Окончание - ’s произносится
так же, как и окончание -s множественного числа су­
ществительных. Притяжательный падеж во множествен­
ном числе образуется путём прибавления только апостро­
фа:
the boys’ pens —ручки мальчиков
the pupils’ marks —оценки учеников.
Если у существительного во множественном числе нет
окончания -s, то притяжательный падеж образуется так
же, как и в единственном числе:
the children’s father - отец детей

Артикли
(Articles)
В английском языке два артикля:
Неопределённый артикль а (ап) и определённый the.
Неопределённый артикль употребляется с исчисляемым
(которое можно посчитать) существительным только в
единственном числе и только тогда, когда это исчисляе­
мое существительное упоминается впервые:
а book, а dress.

191
С существительными во множественном числе неоп­
ределённый артикль не употребляется:
a book —books
a dress —dresses.
Определённый артикль the употребляется с сущест­
вительными как в единственном, так и во множествен­
ном числе, когда и слушающий и говорящий знают, о ка­
ком предмете или предметах идёт речь:
The book is interesting. — Книга интересная.
Определённый артикль употребляется с названиями
театров, музеев, рек, морей:
The Bolshoi Theatre, The Volga.
Существительные, обозначающие собственные име­
на, употребляются без артикля:
Peter, Mary, Bob, Smith.
Но когда говорят о всей семье, употребляется опреде­
лённый артикль the:
The Petrovs —семья Петровых (Петровы),
The Smiths - семья Смитов (Смиты).
Артикли (определённый и неопределённый) не упот­
ребляются, если перед существительным есть притяжа­
тельное или указательное местоимение:
my book, this pen.
Без артикля употребляются существительные, обозна­
чающие названия стран, городов, улиц, парков, пло­
щадей:
Red Square, Moscow, London, England, Russia.
Ho: The Gorki Park.

Местоимение
(The Pronoun)
Местоимение —это часть речи, которая употребляется
вместо имени существительного или прилагательного:
Mary is a doctor. She is a doctor.

192
а) Личные местоимения
Личные местоимения в именительном падеже явля­
ются подлежащими.
Единственное число Множественное число
1-е л. I —я 1-е л. we —мы
2 -е л. you —ты 2 -е л. you —вы
3-е л. вЬе —она 3-е л. they - они
Ье —он
и —он, она, оно
(для неодушевлённых
существительных)

Местоимение it употребляется вместо предмета или


живого существа, пол которого нам неизвестен:
a baby —it, a table —it, a child —it, a dog it.

б) Указательные местоимения
This - [dis] —эта, этот, это.
Указательное местоимение “this” указывает на пред­
мет вблизи от говорящего:
Take this book, please.
This pencil is red.
Во множественном числе this имеет форму “these”:
Look at these dogs.
These books are interesting.
That —тот, та, to .
Указательное местоимение “th at” указывает на пред­
мет, который находится вдали от говорящего.
Во множественном числе “th at” имеет форму “those” :
those maps - те карты,
those trees - те деревья.

в) Притяжательные местоимения
Каждому личному местоимению соответствует притя­
жательное местоимение. Притяжательные местоимения

193
отвечают на вопрос Whose? Чей? и указывают на то, что
что-то или кто-то кому-то принадлежит.
Единственное число
Личные Притяжательные
местоимения местоимения
1-е л. I —я 1-е л. т у —мой, моя, моё, мои
2-е л. you - ты 2 -е л. your —твой, твоя, твоё, твои
3-е л. she —она 3-е л. her —её
he —он his —его
it —оно its —его, её
(^ (я неодушевлённых предметов)
Множественное число
1-е л. we —мы 1-е л . our - наш (наша, наше, наши)
2 -е л. you —вы 2 -е л. your —ваш (ваша, ваше, ваши)
3-е л. they —они 3-е л. their —их

Притяжательные местоимения могут переводиться на


русский язы к местоимением свой (своя, своё, свои).

Понятие об инфинитиве
И нфинитив (неопределённая форма глагола) называ­
ет действие и соответствует в русском языке неопределён­
ной форме глагола, которая отвечает на вопросы «Что де­
лать? Что сделать?»
to read —читать;
to write —писать, написать.

Повелительное наклонение
Когда советуют или приказывают что-либо сделать,
глагол употребляется в повелительном наклонении. Ф ор­
ма глагола в повелительном наклонении совпадает с фор­
мой инфинитива, но частица “to ” опускается:

194
to write —Write! (Напиши(те!)
to stand up - Stand up! (Встань(те)!)

Глагол "to be" в простом настоящем времени


Утвердительная форма
Единственное число
1-е л. I am —я есть
2 -е л. you are —ты есть
3-е л. he is - он есть
she is - она есть
it is —он (она, оно) есть
Множественное число
1-е л. we are —мы есть
2 -е л.you are —вы есть
3-е л. they are —они есть

Порядок слов английского


повествовательного предложения
В английском повествовательном предложении под­
лежащее всегда стоит перед сказуемым. Подлежащее час­
то выражается существительным или местоимением:
John is from London.
He is from London.

Урок II
Вопросительная форма глагола "to be" в простом
настоящем времени (The Simple Present Tense)
Единственное число М ножественное число
1-е л. am I? l -ел . are we?
2 -е л. are you? 2 -е л. are you?
3-е л. is he? is she? is it? 3 -ел. are they?

195
Отрицательная форма глагола "to be"
в простом настоящем времению
(The Simple Present Tense)
Единственное число Множественное число
1-е л. I am not 1-е л. We are not (aren’t)
2 -е л. you are not (aren’t) 2 -е л.You are not.
3-е л. he is not (isn’t) 3-е л. They are not.
she is not (isn’t)
it is not (isn’t)

Have (has) got


Глагол “to have” употребляется в значении «иметь, об­
ладать»:
I have a red pencil.
У меня есть (я имею) красный карандаш.
В 3-ем лице единственном числе в настоящем времени
глагол “to have” имеет форму “has”:
Не has a red pencil.
У него есть (он имеет) красный карандаш.
Вместо глагола “to have” в настоящем времени очень
часто в значении «иметь, обладать» употребляется оборот
“have (has) got”:
I’ve got (have got) a good book.
У меня есть (я имею) хорошая книга.
Не has got (he’s got) a black pen.
У него есть (он имеет) черная ручка.
В вопросительной форме глагол have (has) ставится пе­
ред подлежащим:
Have you got an interesting book at home?
Has he got a black pen?
В отрицательной форме после глагола “have (has)” ста­
вится отрицательная частица “not”:
Не has not got (hasn’t) got a red tie.
У него нет красного галстука, (он не имеет)

196
I have not (haven’t) got a brown suit.
У меня нет коричневого костюма.

I(yo u , she, they) can


Когда хотят подчеркнуть, что кто-то может (умеет)
что-то делать, употребляется глагол сап в значении могу,
умею (может, умеет), за которым следует инфинитив без
частицы to:
I can swim.
Я умею плавать.
Не can tell you about it.
Он может рассказать вам об этом.
У глагола “сап” одинаковая форма для всех лиц. В во­
просительной форме глагол “сап” ставится перед подле­
жащим:
Can you? Can he? Can they?
Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи отри­
цательной частицы “not”. Отрицательная частица “n o t”
с глаголом “сап” всегда пишется слитно:
Не cannot (can’t) read.
They cannot (can’t) swim.

Общие вопросы
Вопросы, которые требуют ответа Да или Нет, назы­
ваются общими вопросами.

а) Общие вопросы с глаголом “to be”


Общий вопрос с глаголом “to be” начинается с соот­
ветствующей формы глагола “to be” :
Is the cup green?
Чашка зелёная ?
Are they at home?
Они дома ?
Как правило, на общие вопросы даются краткие от­
веты. Краткий ответ состоит из Yes (да) или No (нет), под­

197
лежащего, выраженного местоимением, и формы глаго
“to be” , употребленной в вопросе: 4
Are the boys at school? - Yes, they are. (Да.)
Is your dog white? - No, it is not. (Нет.)
Are the boys at home? - No, they are not. (Нет.)

в) Общий вопрос с оборотом have (has) got


Общий вопрос с have (has) got начинается с глагола
“have (has)”.
“Have (has)” также будет употребляться в кратком от­
вете:
Have you got a pen? - Yes, I have. (Да.)
Have they got a car? - No, they have not. (Нет.)
(haven’t —сокращённая форма)
Has Mary got a red hat? —No, she has not. (hasn’t)

с) Общие вопросы с глаголом “can”


Общие вопросы с глаголом “сап” начинаются с него,
и в кратком ответе также употребляется глагол “сап”:
Can you speak English well?
Ты хорошо умеешь говорить по-английски ?
Yes, I сап. (Да.)
Can she swim? - No, she cannot. (Нет.)
(cannot = can’t —сокращённая форма)

Урок III
Формы английского глагола
У английского глагола четыре основные формы.
I форма —инфинитив (the Infinitive):
to write —писать.
II форма —простое прошедшее время (The Simple Past
Tense):
wrote —писал (a), translated - работал(а).

198
III форма —причастие прошедшего времени (Past Раг-
tic*Ple): , , ..
written —написанныи, translated —переведенный.
IV форма - причастие настоящего времени (Present
participle):
writing —пишущий, translating —переводящий,
discussing —обсуждающий.

J Простое настоящее время


(The Simple Present Tense)
The Simple Present Tense образуется при помощи пер­
вой формы глагола (инфинитива) без частицы to:
They want to go to the cinema. We learn English.
В 3-ем лице единственном числе к основе глагола при­
бавляется окончание “s” или “es” :
Не reads books every day.
Peter gets up at 7 o ’clock every morning.
Вопросительная форма Simple Present образуется при
помощи вспомогательного глагола “do” (“does” для 3-го
лица единственного числа) и инфинитива без “to ”.
В вопросительной форме “do (does)” ставится перед
подлежащим:
Do you learn English?
Does he learn English?
Отрицательная форма Simple Present образуется при
помощи вспомогательного глагола “do (does)” для 3-го
лица единственного числа), отрицательной частицы
“not” и инфинитива без частицы to:
I do not (don’t) write letters every day.
Я не пишу писем каждый день.
Не doesn’t live in Moscow.
Он не живёт в Москве.
Простое настоящее время (Simple Present) употребля­
ется для выражения действия, которое происходит в нас­
тоящем времени вообще, а не в момент речи.

199
С Simple Present часто употребляются такие слова, как:
always ['o:lwiz] всегда, usually ['jirsuali] обычно, often [Dfn]
часто, sometimes f'sAmtaimz] иногда, а также такие слово­
сочетания как:
every day —каждый день;
every morning (evening) —каждое утро (вечер);
every week - каждую неделю (на каждой неделе);
in the morning (in the evening) - утром (вечером);
in the afternoon —днём.
He usually writes letters in the evening.
Он обычно пишет письма вечером.
We often come here.
Мы часто приходим сюда.

Общие вопросы с глаголом в Simple Present


В общих вопросах с глаголом в Simple Present вспомо­
гательный глагол “do (does)” выносится на первое место
в предложении:
Do you learn French?
Вы изучаете французский язык ?
Does he learn French?
Он изучает французский ? (изучает ли он ?)
Краткий ответ состоит из Yes (да) или No (нет), подле­
жащего, выраженного местоимением, и формы вспомо­
гательного глагола “do(does)” , употреблённой в вопросе:
Do you go to school every day?
—Yes, 1 do. (Да.)
Does he go to school every day?
—Yes, he does. (Да.)
Does Mary go to school every day?
—No, she does not (doesn’t). (Нет.)
Do they go to school every day?
—No, they do not (don’t). (Нет.)

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Урок IV
Специальные вопросы
Вопросы, начинающ иеся с вопросительного слова,
называются специальными вопросами. Они относятся к
отдельным членам предложения и задаются, когда инте­
ресуются подробностями.
Вопросительные слова:
Who? —кто?
What? —что? какой?
When? - когда?
Where? - где? куда?
How —как?
Why —почему?
whose —чей?
Специальные вопросы с глаголом “to be” :
What book is it? - Какая это книга?
Whose pen is it? - Чья это ручка?
Where is Peter? — Где Пётр?
Специальные вопросы с глаголом в Simple Present:
When do you usually get up?
Когда вы (ты) обычно встаёте?
When does he usually get up?
Когда он обычно встаёт ?
What books do they like?
Какие книги им нравятся ?
What books does she like?
Какие книги ей нравятся ?
Специальные вопросы с глаголом “сап” :
Where can I get this book?
Где я могу достать эту книгу ?
Why can’t you do it?
Почему ты не можешь это сделать ?

201
Специальные вопросы с have (has) got:
What books have you got at home?
Какие книги у тебя есть дома ?
How many pets has Mary got?
Сколько любимых животных у Мэри ?

Оборот there is/there are


Оборот there is/there are выражает наличие или отсут­
ствие какого-то лица или предмета в определённом месте:
There is a book on the table.
На столе книга, (наличие книги на столе)
There are books on the table.
На столе книги.
Предложения с оборотом “there is/there are” перево­
дятся на русский язык с конца.
Глагол “to be” в этом обороте имеет форму “is” , если
за ним следует существительное в единственном числе,
и форму “are” , если за ним следует существительное во
множественном числе:
There is a Zoo in my town.
В моём городе есть зоопарк.
There are three books in my bag.
В моём портфеле ( в моей сумке) три книги.
В вопросительных предложениях “is, are” ставится
перед словом “there” :
Is there a Zoo in your town?
В твоём (вашем) городе есть зоопарк?
Are there many boys in your class?
В вашем классе много мальчиков ?
В отрицательном предложении после “is, are” ставится
отрицательная частица “n o t”:
There is not (isn’t) a Zoo in our town.
В нашем городе нет зоопарка.

202
There are not (aren’t) many boys in our class.
В нашем классе немного (мало) мальчиков.
Если в предложении есть перечисление предметов, то
«is” или “are” согласуются с первым из них:
There is a table and four chairs in the room.
В комнате стол и четыре стула.
There are four chairs and a table in the room.
В комнате четыре стула и стол.

Some, any
“ Some” в значении «несколько, немного» употребля­
ется для обозначения небольшого количества предметов
или вещества:
“ Some” употребляется в утвердительных предложе­
ниях:
I’ve got some interesting books.
У меня есть несколько интересных книг.
There are some pencils on the table.
На столе несколько карандашей.
“Any” в значении «какой-нибудь, какие-нибудь» упот­
ребляется, как правило, в вопросительных и отрицатель­
ных предложениях:
Has the child got any toys?
У ребёнка есть какие-нибудь игрушки?
Are there any books on the table?
На столе есть какие-нибудь книги?
В сочетании с отрицательной частицей “n o t” “any”
означает никакой, никакие:
Не doesn’t know any foreign language.
Он не знает ни одного иностранного языка.
There aren’t any books on the table.
На столе нет никаких книг.
The child hasn’t got any toys.
У ребёнка нет никаких игрушек.

203
УрокУ
Причастие настоящего времени (Present Participle)
Present Participle является четвертой формой глагола
Present Participle соответствует русскому причастию
делающий (пишущий, идущий) и образуется при помоцщ
прибавления окончания “ing” к основе глагола:
to write —писать
writing —пишущий
to think —думать
thinking —думающий

Настоящее длительное время


(The Present Progressive Tense)
The Present Progressive Tense образуется при помощи
вспомогательного глагола “to be” в настоящем времени
(is, are, am) и четвёртой формы глагола (т. е. Present Parti­
ciple): причастия настоящего времени:
They are reading now.
Они сейчас читают.
I am reading now.
Я сейчас читаю.
Не is reading now.
Он сейчас читает.
В вопросительной форме is, am, are ставятся перед
подлежащим:
Are they reading now?
Они сейчас читают ?
What is he doing now?
Что он сейчас делает ?
Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи отри­
цательной частицы “not” , которая ставится после is, are
или am:
I am not reading now.

204
I

They are (aren’t) not reading now.


The Present Progressive Tense употребляется для выра­
жения действия, которое совершается в момент речи.
Слово “now” и словосочетание “at this m om ent” —в нас­
т о я щ и й момент подчёркивают момент речи.
The Present Progressive Tense также употребляется для
выражения будущего действия, которое намечено зара­
нее, запланировано.
В этом случае часто употребляются указатели буду­
щего времени:
We are going to the theatre tomorrow.
Завтра мы идём в театр.
John is coming to Moscow next Sunday.
Джон приезжает в Москву на будущей неделе.

s/ Урок VI
Простое прошедшее время
» (The Simple Past Tense)
По способу образования простого прошедшего вре­
мени английские глаголы делятся на правильные и не­
правильные.
Правильные глаголы образуют Simple Past при помо­
щи прибавления во всех лицах окончание “ed” к инф и­
нитиву без частицы “to ” .
I worked.
Я работал(а).
They asked me about it.
Они спросили меня об этом.
Неправильные глаголы образуют Simple Past другими
способами.
Не took.
Он взял.
I
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They knew.
Они знали.
Вопросительная форма Simple Past образуется при
помощи вспомогательного глагола did и инфинитива без
частицы “to ” .
Вспомогательный глагол did ставится перед подлежа-
щим.
Where did you see him yesterday?
Где вы его вчера видели ?
Did you see him yesterday?
Вы его видели вчера ?
Отрицательная форма Simple Past образуется при по­
мощи вспомогательного глагола did, отрицательной час­
тицы not и инфинитива без частицы “to ” .
I didn’t know.
Я не знал(а).
They didn’t know.
Они не знали.
Simple Past употребляется для выражения действия,
которое имело место в прошлом. С Simple Past часто упот­
ребляются такие указатели времени, как: yesterday - вче­
ра, last week —на прошлой неделе, last month - в прошлом
месяце, last year - в прошлом году, in 1999 - в 1999 году,
some years ago —несколько лет тому назад:
I saw him last week.
Я видел его на прошлой неделе.
She began to read the book yesterday.
Она начала читать книгу вчера.

206
Глагол "to be" в Simple Past
Единственное число Множественное число
1-е л. I was —я был (а) 1-е л . we were —мы были
2-е л. you were —ты был(а) 2 -е л. you were —вы были
3-е л. he was —он был 3-е л. they w ere- о н и были
she was —она была
it was —он, она (это)
было

В вопросительной форме “was, were” ставятся перед


подлежащим:
W&s he at the theatre yesterday?
Он был вчера в театре ?
Yes, he was. (Да.)
No, he was not. (Нет.)
Where were they yesterday?
Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи отри­
цательной частицы “not” , которая ставится после “was,
were”:
Не was not (wasn’t) at school yesterday.
Его не было в школе вчера.
They weren’t at the theatre last week.
Их не было в театре на прошлой неделе.

Урок VII
Причастие прошедшего времени
(Past Participle)
П ричастие прош едш его времени является третьей
формой глагола. Past Participle соответствует русскому
причастию «сделанный».
У правильных глаголов Past Participle образуется при
помощи прибавления окончания “ed” к инфинитиву без

207
частицы “to ” , то есть так же как и Simple Past. Причастие
прошедшего времени неправильных глаголов образуется
различными способами.
Формы неправильных глаголов следует заучивать на­
изусть.
to write - писать
written —написанный

Настоящее совершенное время


(The Present Perfect Tense)
“ Present Perfect” образуется при помощи вспомога­
тельного глагола have (has для 3-го лица единственного
числа) и Past Participle смыслового глагола (т. е. третьей
формы глагола:
I have seen this film.
Я посмотрел этот фильм.
Не has written the letter.
Он написал письмо.
В вопросительной форме глагол have (has) ставится пе­
ред подлежащим:
Have you seen this film? (общий вопрос)
What has he written? (специальный вопрос)
В отрицательной форме после глагола “have(has)” ста­
вится отрицательная частица “not” :
Не has not (hasn’t) seen this film.
Present Perfect употребляется:
а) для выражения действия, которое совершилось
прошлом, но результат которого есть в настоящем време­
ни:
Не has written a book.
Он написал книгу.
(Результат в настоящем времени — вот она, можете
прочитать её.)

208
Peter has read the book.
Пётр прочитал книгу.
(Результат в настоящем времени — Пётр знает содер­
жание книги.)
Present Perfect обычно употребляется без указателей
времени, так как нас интересует результат прошедшего
действия в настоящем, а не время совершения действия:
Mary has made two mistakes in her test.
Мэри сделала две ошибки в контрольной работе.
(Результат в настоящем времени —в контрольной ра­
боте есть две ошибки).
б) Present Perfect обычно употребляется с такими сло­
вами как ever — когда-либо, never — никогда, already —
уже, just —только что.
I have just seen him.
Я только что его видел.
в) Present Perfect употребляется для выражения дей­
ствия, которое началось в прошлом, но еще не закончи­
лось. В этом случае Present Perfect переводится на русский
язь!к настоящим временем, и в предложении очень часто
употребляется предлог “since” , который указывает на на­
чало действия в прошлом или предлог for (в течение), ко­
торый указывает на период продолжения действия:
I have been here since morning.
Я здесь с утра.
Peter has lived in St. Petersburg since 1998.
Пётр живет в Санкт-Петербурге с 1998года.

Present Perfect НЕ употребляется:


а) если дано точное указание времени в прошлом: yes­
terday, last week, five years ago, in 1996 и т. д. В таких случаях
употребляется Simple Past:
I saw Ann yesterday.
Wfe went to the theatre last week.

209
J

6)Present Perfect никогда не употребляется в вопроси


тельном предложении, которое начинается с вопроси­
тельного слова “W hen”:
When were you in St. Petersburg?
Когда вы были в Санкт-Петербурге?
When did you see him?
Когда вы его видели ?
I

Урок VIII
Простое будущее время
(The Simple Future Tense)
Простое будущее время (Simple Future) образуется при
помощи вспомогательного глагола’^ЬаИ” (для 1-го лица
единственного и множественного числа) и “will” (для
всех остальных лиц) и неопределённой формы смысловое
го глагола без частицы “to ”:
Не will ring you up at 10 o ’clock in the morning.
Он позвонит тебе (вам) в 10 часов утра.
I shall help you to do it.
Я помогу тебе (вам) это сделать.
В современном английском языке с “ I” и “we” упот­
ребляется вспомогательный глагол “will”:
I will have coffee.
Я выпью кофе.
We will tell you the truth.
Мы вам скажем правду.
В вопросительных предложениях “shall, will” ставятся
перед подлежащим. С 1-м лицом единственного и мно­
жественного числа в вопросительном предложении упот­
ребляется только “shall”:
When will you write the letter?
Когда ты напишешь письмо?

210
Shall 1 go there?
Мне пойти туда ?
Вопросительное предложение типа “ Shall 1?”, “ Shall
we?” выражает предложение что-либо сделать:
Shall I help you to carry the case?
Помочь (мне помочь) вам донести чемодан ?
Shall we discuss it with Peter?
Нам обсудить это с Петром ?
Отрицательная форма образуется при помощ и отри­
цательной частицы “n o t” , которая ставится после воспо-
могательного глагола:
I will not phone Peter.
Я не позвоню Петру.
They will not understand me.
Они меня не поймут.
В разговорной речи используются сокращ енные фор­
мы:
, 1 will - I’ll
shall not - shan’t [fa:nt]
will not —won’t [waunt]
Simple Future употребляется для выражения действия,
которое совершится в будущем.
I won’t read his letter.
Я не буду читать его письмо.
We won’t see him again.
Мы больше его не увидим.

Оборот "to be going to"


Оборот to be going to - собираться, намереваться что-
либо сделать употребляется, когда кто-то собирается,
намеревается что-либо сделать в будущем:
I am going to learn French.
Я собираюсь изучать французский язык.

211
He is going to discuss this problem with his parents.
Он собирается обсудить эту проблему
со своими родителями.
Оборот “to be going to ” He употребляется с такими гла­
голами, как: to go, to come, to arrive, to leave. В этих случаях
употребляется настоящее длительное время (Present Pro­
gressive):
We are leaving for London next week.
Мы уезжаем в Лондон на будущей неделе.
В вопросительной форме глагол “to be” оборота “to
be going Ш”ставится перед подлежащим в соответствую­
щей форме:
Are they going to buy a car next week?
Они собираются покупать машину на следующей неделе?
Отрицательная форма “to be going to ” образуется при
помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая ставится
после соответствующей формы глагола “to be”:
I am not going to tell him about it.
Я не собираюсь рассказывать ему об этом.

Урок IX
Имя прилагательное
(The Adjective)
Степени сравнения прилагательных
Именем прилагательным называется часть речи, ко­
торая обозначает признак предмета и отвечает на вопрос
“ Какой?” .
У английского прилагательного три степени сравне­
ния.
1. положительная степень:
long —длинный
big —большой

212
2. сравнительная степень:
longer —более длинный (длиннее)
bigger —больший
3. превосходная степень
(the) longest - самый длинный
(the) biggest —самый большой
Сравнительная степень односложных (коротких) при­
лагательных образуется при помощи суффикса “-er” , ко­
торый прибавляется к прилагательному в положительной
степени:
long —longer
big —bigger
Превосходная степень односложных прилагательных
образуется при помощи суффикса “-est” , который при­
бавляется к прилагательному в положительной степени:
^ long —(the) longest
big —(the) biggest
Сравнительная степень многосложных (длинных) при­
лагательных образуется при помощи слова “more” (бо­
лее) или “ less” (менее) и прилагательного в полож и­
тельной степени:
more interesting - более интересный(ая)
interesting - , .
less interesting - менее интересныи(ая)
Превосходная степень многосложных прилагательных
образуется при помощи слова “m ost” (самый, наиболее)
или “least” (наименее) и положительной степени прила­
гательного.
Существительное, перед которым стоит прилагатель­
ное в превосходной степени, употребляется с определён­
ным артиклем:
This is the biggest room in the house.
Это самая большая комната в доме.

213
■■

ЗАПОМ НИТЕ:
Прилагательные good (хороший), bad (плохой) обра­
зуют степени сравнения иначе:
good —better —(the) best
лучший (наилучший)
bad —worse (the) worst
(худший) наихудший (самый плохой)

Урок X
Наречие. Образование наречий от прилагательных
(The Adverb)
Наречия неопределённого времени
Наречие —это часть речи, которая объясняет, как, где,
когда или при каких обстоятельствах совершается дейст­
вие, выраженное глаголом.
Большинство наречий образуется от прилагательных,
к которым прибавляется суффикс “ - 1у” :
slow —slowly
медленный —медленно
quiet —quietly
спокойный (тихий) — спокойно (тихо)
Но есть наречия, которые по форме не отличаются от
соответствующих прилагательных:
far —far
далёкий, дальний, далеко
fast —fast
быстрый быстро
little —little
маленький мало

214
Наречия неопределённого времени
Наречия
usually —обычно
often —часто
rarely - редко
always —всегда
never —никогда
называются наречиями неопределённого времени. Они
показывают, как часто совершается действие и ставятся,
как правило, перед смысловым глаголом:
Не always gets up at 7 o ’clock in the morning.
Он всегда встаёт в 7 часов утра.
Но в повествовательном предложении с глаголом “to
be” эти наречия ставятся после соответствующей формы
глагола “to be” :
Peter is usually at school in the morning.
Утром Пётр обычно бывает в школе.

Урок XI
Числительные (Numerals)
1. Именем числительным называется часть речи, ко­
торая обозначает количество предметов или порядок
предметов. Имена числительные бывают количествен­
ные и порядковые.
а) Количественные числительные обозначают коли­
чество предметов и отвечают на вопрос How many? (Сколь­
ко?):
I’ve got three books.
У меня три книги.
There are ten pens on the table.
На столе десять ручек.

215
Количественные числительные от 13 до 19 оканчива­
ются на “teen”:
th irteen — 13
fourteen — 14
fifteen — 15
sixteen — 16
seventeen — 17
eighteen — 18
nineteen — 19
Количественные числительные, обозначающие десят­
ки, оканчиваются на “ty” :
sixty —60, seventy —70, ninety —90
В английском языке числительные, обозначающие де­
сятки с единицами, образуются так же, как и в русском
языке:
twenty-three - 23 (двадцать три)
fifty-nine —59 (пятьдесят девять)
У числительных hundred — сто, thousand — тысяча
million —миллион нет окончания “s” , когда перед ними
стоит числительное two, three и т. д.
б) Порядковые числительные обозначают порядо
предметов и отвечают на вопрос Which? (Который?):
first —первый
second —второй
third —третий
fourth - четвёртый
fifth —пятый
sixth —шестой
seventh —седьмой
eighth —восьмой
ninth —девятый
tenth —десятый
eleventh —одиннадцатый

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twelfth —двенадцатый
thirteenth —тринадцатый
fourteenth —четырнадцатый
fifteenth —пятнадцатый
sixteenth —шестнадцатый
seventeenth - семнадцатый
eighteenth —восемнадцатый
nineteenth —девятнадцатый
twentieth - двадцатый
twenty-first - двадцать первый
twenty-second —двадцать второй
twenty-third —двадцать третий
twenty-fourth —двадцать четвёртый
twenty-fifth —двадцать пятый
twenty-sixth - двадцать шестой
twenty-seventh —двадцать седьмой
twenty-eighth —двадцать восьмой
twenty-ninth —двадцать девятый
thirtieth - тридцатый
Порядковые числительные с существительными упот­
ребляются с определённым артиклем, который ставится
перед порядковым числительным:
the first lesson —первый урок
the sixth page —шестая страница
Все числительные, обозначающие десятки с единица­
ми от 21 до 99 пишутся через черточку.

Предлоги
(Prepositions)
Предлоги —служебные слова, которые стоят перед су­
ществительным или местоимением и указывают на связь
слов в предложении.

217
Основными предлогами английского языка являются
следующие:
on (на, в)
The book is on the table.
Книга на столе.
I shall come on Monday.
Я приду в понедельник.
in (в, через)
The boy is in the room.
Мальчик в комнате.
Peter will be here in ten minutes.
Пётр будет здесь через десять минут.
to (к, в)
I am going to the library.
Я иду в библиотеку.
Ann, go to the blackboard, please.
Анна, иди к доске, пожалуйста.
from (от)
1 got letter from John yesterday.
Я вчера получил письмо от Джона.
from ... till (с ... до)
The library works from 10 till 20.
Библиотека работает с 10 до 20.
of —указывает на принадлежность; передается роди­
тельным падежом
the pupils of our school
ученики нашей школы
with (с)
1 am going there with my friend.
Я иду туда с моим другом.

218
about(о)
Tell me about it.
Расскажи мне об этом.

at (за, у, в)
Kate is at the window.
Катя у окна.
We are sitting at the table now.
Мы сейчас сидим за столом.
They came home at six o ’clock in the evening.
Они пришли домой в 6 часов вечера.
for (для)
I bought a present for Peter yesterday.
Я вчера купила Петру (для Петра) подарок.
behind (позади, за)
There is a garden behind the house.
За домом сад (находится).
Ключи к упражнениям
Урок I
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
а) pens, ties, plates, names, pupils, tables, bags, hands, cats,
dogs, chairs;
б ) glasses, dishes, pages, boxes, houses, babies, cities, coun­
tries, families, stories
Упр. 2
1. she; 2. she; 3. he; 4. she; 5. he; 6 . it; 7. it; 8 . it; 9. they;
10. they; 11. they; 12. it; 13.it; 14. they
Упр. 3
1. our; 2. your; 3. my; 4. her; 5. his; 6 . its
Упр. 4
1. my book; 2. our dolls; 3. your mistake; 4. their flat; 5. my
bag; 6 . your magazine; 7. our teacher; 8 . your pencil; 9. his
friend; 10. their children
Упр. 5
1. the dog’s; 2. Mary’s; 3. the children’s; 4. my m other’s;
5. John’s; 6 . A nn’s; 7. the girls’; 8 . Fred’s; 9. Kate’s; 10. my
friend’s
Упр. 6
1. Peter’s flat; 2. Kate’s book; 3. John’s house; 4. Mary’s
bag; 5. my friends’ books; 6 . my friend’s letter; 7. his friends’
m istakes; 8 . my m o th er’s dress; 9. A nn’s hat; 10. P eter’s
marks
Упр. 7
1. these lamps; 2. these tables; 3. these houses; 4. thos
buildings; 5. these dresses; 6 . those bags; 7. those boys; 8 . these
girls; 9. these lessons; 10. those questions

220
Упр. 8
1. this boy; 2. this house; 3. that garden; 4. those pens;
5. these textbooks; 6 . that exercise-book; 7. those questions;
8 . these toys; 9. those pencils; 10. those girls
Упр. 9
1. Do this exercise, please. 2. Give me a pen, please. 3. Send
me that book, please. 4. Take the red pencil, please. 5. Tell me
an interesting story, please. 6 . Meet Kate, please. 7. Open the
door, please. 8 . Write this word on the black-board, please.
9. Come to my place on Sunday, please. 10. Close the window,
please.
Упр. 10
1. Lock at my new dress, please.
2. Find my textbook, please.
3. Give me this pen, please.
4. Tell me about your lesson, please.
5. Peter, go to the black-board, please.
6 . Open your books, please.
7. Write the new words on the black-board, please.
8 . Come up to the table, please.
9. Read this book, please.
10. Show me your presents, please.
11. Take this book, please.
12. Close the door, please.
13. Meet Ann, please.
14. Tell me about it, please.
15. Help me, please.
У пр.11
1. am; 2. is; 3. are; 4. is; 5. is; 6 . are; 7. are; 8 . is; 9. is; 10. is
У пр.12
1. am; 2. are; 3. is; 4. is; 5. are; 6 . is; 7. are; 8 . are; 9. are;
10. are
Упр. 13
1. a; 2. - ; 3. a; 4. - ; 5. —; 6 . a; 7. the; 8 . the; 9. the; 10.

221
У п р .14
1. our; 2. her; 3. their; 4. our; 5. its; 6 . his; 7. your; 8 . h er
9. my; 10. our
Упр. 15
1. This is my room.
2. That exercise is short.
3. These bags are new.
4. Those pencils are bad.
5. This girl is clever.
6 . This park is old.
7. This is an English magazine.
8 . These rooms are clean.
9. Peter is my friend.
10. He is a very good friend.
Упр. 16
1. This is an interesting book.
2. My flat is clean.
3. This is a house.
4. My book is under the table.
5. This pen is red.
6 . Peter is my friend.
7. These books are old.
8 . They are friends.
9. N ick is a clever boy.
10. My mother is kind.
У п р.17
1. This is my school.
2. Mary is my friend.
3. This is a pen.
4. These are books.
5. This text is interesting.
6 . My grandfather is old.
7. This pencil is green.
8 . Ann is ten years old.
9. We are in my room.
10. These toys are new.

222
Упр. 18
1.1; 2. we; 3. these; 4. the hats; 5. Peter; 6 . the baby; 7. they;
g. the cat; 9. the children; 10. Mary
У п р.19
1. These are pens.
2. Those are lamps.
3. These books are interesting.
4. These hats are red.
5. These coats are black.
6 . Those rooms are large.
7. Those exercises are long.
8 . These teachers are kind.
9. Those boys are at home.
10. These are good pens.
Упр. 20
1. Our house is new.
2. Peter and John are friends.
3. My doll is very beautiful.
4. Kate’s mother is a doctor.
5. My name is Peter.
6 . The walls of this room are white. They are white.
7. His name is Nick.
8 . Ann is at the window.
9. Read the text, please.
10. We are in the park.
11. These girls are pupils.
12. Close your book, please.
13. Take this pen please.
14. This exercise-book is thin.
15. My father is a teacher.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. is; 2. is; 3. is; 4. is; 5. is; 6 . are; 7. are; 8 . is; 9. is; 10. am

223
Упр. 22
1. Toto is a monkey.
2. Toto’s eyes are bright.
3. His name is Ruskin.
4. Toto is Ruskin’s pet.
5. Toto’s tail is long.
6 . Its teeth are white.
7. Toto is a clever monkey.
8 . Toto is in the cage now.
9. Toto is funny.
10. Ruskin Bond is from India.
Упр. 23
1. are; 2. are; 3. are; 4. is; 5. are; 6 . are; 7. is; 8 . is; 9. are;
10. is
Упр. 24
1. our; 2. his; 3. my; 4. its; 5. their; 6 . his; 7. her; 8 . their;
9. your; 10. our
Упр. 25
1. These are snakes. 2. Those are parrots. 3. Those birds a
my pets. 4. These monkeys are funny. 5. Those dogs are black.
6 . Those cats are gray. 7. These tigers are old. 8 . These mice
are big. 9. Those Zoos are large. 10. These lions are young.
Упр. 26
1. Your friends are in front of the Zoo.
2. This is a rare flower.
3. The birds are in the cage.
4. These are mice.
5. That is a parrot.
6 . Those are cats.
7. The dog is in the yard.
8 . The snakes are in the basket.
9. This is a little mouse.
10. The cat is under the table.

224
Упр. 27
1. - , —, —; 2. - , а; 3. the; 4. the; 5. —; 6 . — ; 7. the; 8 . a;
9. - ; 1 0 . -
Упр. 28
1. Ruskin Bond is a famous writer.
2. He is from India.
3. He is famous for his book “G randfather’s Private Z oo”.
4. Toto is a monkey.
5. Toto is Ruskin’s pet.
6 . Toto is in the cage now.
7. Toto is a funny monkey.
8 . It is brown.
9. Toto’s hands are quick.
10. Toto’s teeth are white.
11. This Zoo is small.
12. This snake is long.
13. Look at this bird, please.
14. This is a rare bird.
15. The bird is in the cage.
Упр. 30
а) 1. is; 2. are; 3. are
б)К россворд
По горизонтали: 1. pens 2. seas
По вертикали: 1. pets

Контрольная работа
I . 1. snakes; 2. friends; 3. boxes; 4. cages; 5. gardens; 6 . mon­
keys; 7. parrots; 8 . pets; 9. names; 10. tigers
II. 1. - , the; 2. — ; 3 - , - ; 4. the, the; 5. the, the
III. 1. These; 2. This; 3. This; 4. These; 5. This
IV. 1. my; 2. their; 3. our; 4. your; 5. her
V. 1. is; 2. are; 3. is; 4. are; 5. are
VI. 1. These dogs are very clever.
2. Cats are my pets.

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3. My cat’s name is Murka.
4. This cat is white.
5. These are parrots.

Урок II
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
1. Nick isn’t at the table.
2. Mary isn’t in the garden.
3. Kate’s mother isn’t her friend.
4. These texts aren’t interesting.
5. These children’s bags aren’t new.
6 . This box isn’t empty.
7. This coat isn’t nice.
8 . My parents aren’t young.
9. Her eyes aren’t blue.
10. This apple isn’t good.
Упр. 2
1. Is your name Mary? —Yes, it is.
2. Axe you ten years old? —Yes, I am.
3. Are their children at school? —Yes, they are.
4. Is Nick at home on weekdays? —Yes, he is.
5. Is your dog here? —Yes, it is.
6 . Is this chair old? —Yes, it is.
7. Is your friend a pupil? —Yes, he is.
8 . Is this text long? —Yes, it is.
9. Is your pen on the floor? —Yes, it is.
10. Is the cat on the sofa? —Yes, it is.
Упр. 3
1. is; 2. isn’t; 3. are; 4. are; 5. is; 6 . is; 7. are; 8 . is; 9. are;
10. is
Упр. 4
1. Are they pupils?
2. Is Peter at the window?
3. Is Mary’s hat red?

226
4 . Are these toys new?
5 . Is their car old?
6 . Are his pens bad?
7 . Are the children in the park?
8 . Is my bag big?
9 . Is the table near the window?
10. Is the cat in the yard?
Упр. 5
1. Yes, I am. (No, I am not)
2. Yes, he (she) is. (No, he (she) is not.
3. Yes, I am. (No, I am not).
4. Yes, she is. (No, she is not).
5. Yes, they are. (No, they are not).
6 . Yes, they are. (No, they are not).
7. Yes, it is. (No, it is not).
8 . Yes, it is. (No, it is not).
9. Yes, they are. (No, they are not).
10. Yes, it is. (No, it is not).
Упр. 6
1. This is my parrot.
2. Are the children in the yard? —Yes, they are.
3. Kate is at the window.
4. The table is large.
5. This dress is new.
6 . My friend is ten years old.
7. My pen is bad.
8 . Peter isn’t at home.
9. They are at home only in the evening.
10. Is the red pen on the table? —No, it is not.
11. This cat is fuzzy.
12. These children are very clever.
13. Is she from Moscow? —No, she is not.
14. These chairs are old.
15. Is this magazine interesting? —No, it is not.
Упр. 7
1. I’ve got a red bag.
2. Wfe’ve got a new flat.
3. You’ve got a good friend.
4. He’s got very many books.
5. I’ve got two pets.
6 . You’ve got a red coat.
7. Their cats have got bright eyes.
8 . I’ve got a beautiful dress.
9. They’ve got two cars.
10. Nick has got a new tie.
Упр. 8
1. have; 2. has; 3. has; 4. have; 5. has; 6 . have; 7. have; 8 . has;
9. has; 10. has
Упр. 9
1. Yes, he has. (No, he has not)
2. Yes, I have. (No, I have not).
3. Yes, she has. (N o, she has not).
4. Yes, it has. (No, it has not).
5. Yes, she has. (No, she has not).
6 . Yes, I have. (No, I have not).
7. Yes, he has. (No, he has not).
8 . Yes, I have. (No, I have not).
9. Yes, they have. (N o, they have not).
10. Yes, she has. (N o, she has not).
У пр.10
1. They haven’t got a big house.
2. Mary hasn’t got a new dress.
3. Peter hasn’t got a new bike.
4. My friend hasn’t got a car.
5. Kate hasn’t got a cat and a dog.
6 . Toto hasn’t got white teeth.
7. Their friends haven’t got two houses in the country.
8 . You haven’t got a parrot.
9. My cat hasn’t got a fuzzy tail.

228
10. I haven’t got two blue pencils.
У пр.11
1. Has your friend got a parrot at home?
2. Have they got a big house?
3. Has his cat got a fuzzy tail?
4. Have the children got new toys?
5. Have I got an old car?
6 . Has the cat got green eyes?
7. Have you got a bike?
8 . Has his grandmother got a pet?
9. Has he got a private Zoo?
10. Has Mary got an English book?
Упр. 12
1. Peter; 2. the child; 3. they; 4. Mary; 5. Nick; 6 . I; 7. my
grandmother; 8 . Toto; 9. my cat; 10. we
У пр.13
1. Toto has got clever eyes.
2. Ruskin’s grandfather has got a private Zoo.
3. I’ve got a parrot.
4. They’ve got a snake.
5. Have you got a pet at home?
6 . He hasn’t got a cat, he has got a dog.
7. Has a parrot got wings?
8 . They’ve got a large house in the country.
9 . 1 haven’t got a new coat.
10. Have you got a bicycle? (a bike).
11. The children have got new toys.
12. He has got a grey tie.
13. She has got a lot of pens.
14. My sister has got beautiful dresses.
15. They haven’t got a car.
У п р.14
1. can run; 2. can swim; 3. can jump; 4. can see; 5. can
read; 6 . can write; 7. can play; 8 . can sing; 9. can dance; 10. can
buy

229
У п р.15
1. Can Peter speak English? - Yes, he can.
2. Can they run? —Yes, they can.
3. Can Mary tell you about it? —Yes, she can.
4. Can the boy jump? —Yes, he can.
5. Can my friends help you? —Yes, they can.
6 . Can the child read? —Yes, it can.
7. Can this baby smile? —Yes, it can.
8 . Can Nick open this door? —Yes, he can.
9. Can they build a house? —Yes, they can.
10. Can you take my book? —Yes, you can.
Упр. 16
1. Nick can’t tell you an interesting story.
2 . 1 can’t understand this rule.
3. Mary can’t play the piano.
4. The baby can’t walk.
5. Peter can’t swim.
6 . My mother can’t cook.
7. Kate can’t write.
8 . They can’t go to the cinema today.
9. I can’t buy this book.
10. He can’t write the letter now.
Упр. 17
1. Can he play the piano?
2. Can you speak English?
3. Can you see me?
4. Can these boys play basketball?
5. Can you put the books on the table?
6 . Can you wash the cups?
7. Can a parrot eat apples?
8 . Can monkeys talk?
9. Can you read the text?
10. Can you buy these books?
Упр. 18
1. Yes, I can. (No, I cannot) (can’t).
2. Yes, he can. (No, he cannot).

230
3. Yes, I can. (No, I cannot).
4. Yes, I can. (No, I cannot).
5. Yes, I can. (No, I can’t).
6 . Yes, she can. (No, she can’t).
7. Yes, I can. (No, I can’t).
8 . Yes, I can. (No, I can’t).
9. Yes, they can. (No, they can’t).
10. Yes, I can. (No, I can’t).
У пр.19
1. a; 2. - ; 3. a; 4. a; 5. - ; 6 . a; 7. - ; 8 . a; 9. the; 10. the, -
Упр. 20
1. We can’t swim.
2. Can you translate this text?
3 . 1 can’t understand it.
4. He can’t play football.
5. Kate can’t jump.
6 . This boy can’t read.
7. Can you write this word?
8 . Can Mary play the piano? —Yes, she can.
9. Can cats jump? —Yes, they can.
10. This girl can write.
11. My friend can sing.
12. Mary can’t cook.
13. He can’t tell you about it.
14. She can’t meet us.
15. Peter can’t skate.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. is; 2. can run; 3. can jum p; 4. can smile; 5. isn’t; 6 . is;
7. is; 8 . is hot; 9. can’t get out; 10. can take
Упр. 22
1. Is Toto a funny monkey? - Yes, it is.
2. Have my friends got a cat? —Yes, they have.
3. Is the cat’s fur soft? - Yes, it is.

231
4. Has Toto got quick hands? —Yes, it has.
5. Has Toto got a long tail? Yes, it has.
6 . Can Toto play with its tail? —Yes, it can.
7. Can the tail help Toto to take things? —Yes, it can.
8 . Can Toto take everything with its tail? — No, it can’t.
9. Is Toto in the kettle? —Yes, it is.
10. Can the boy’s grandfather take Toto out of the kettle? -
Yes, he can.
Упр. 23
1. Mary’s dog isn’t old.
2 . 1 can’t see a white bear in this Zoo.
3. Nick can’t buy a parrot.
4. Wfe can’t see a red cat in this pet-shop.
5. Peter hasn’t got three dogs.
6 . We haven’t got a white cat.
7. This monkey can’t smile.
8 . Nick hasn’t got a horse.
9. My cat isn’t on the table.
10. I can’t buy a monkey.
Упр. 24
1. Have you got a pet?
2 . Is it a dog?
3. Has your friend got a horse?
4. Can we see a Zebra in this Zoo?
5. Can cats run and jump?
6 . Can Toto play with its tail?
7. Can it take things with its tail?
8 . Has your friend got a monkey?
9. Can you see a red monkey in this Zoo?
10. Has your grandfather got a cow?
Упр. 25
1. can; 2. can; 3. can; 4. can; 5. can’t; 6 . can’t; 7. can’t;
8 . can’t; 9. can; 10. can, can’t
Упр. 26
1. Is this dog old? —Yes, it is.

232
2. Have you got a private Zoo? —No, I have not.
3. Can you show me your Zoo? —Yes, I can.
4. Can your parrot sing? —No, it can’t.
5. Has your friend got a monkey? —No, he has not.
6 . Can I buy a white parrot here? —Yes, you can.
7. Can we see white parrots in this pet shop? — No, we
can’t.
8 . Is this Zoo large? —Yes, it is.
9. Have zebras got stripes? —Yes, they have.
10. Is your friend’s dog brown? —No, it is not.
Упр. 27
1. the; 2. - , - ; 3. - ; 4. a; 5. the; 6 . a; 7. the; 8 . the; 9. - ,
- ; 10. - , a
Упр. 28
1. Wfe are in the Zoo.
2. Toto (the monkey) is in the Zoo.
3. Toto’stail is long.
4. Toto can take everything with its tail.
5. Toto can’t take everything with its hands.
6 . Look at Toto! It is in the kettle.
7. Is the water in the kettle cold? —No, it is not.
8 . The water in the kettle is hot.
9. Can Toto get out of the kettle? - No, it can’t.
10. Ruskin’s grandfather can take Toto out o f the kettle.
11. We can see lions and tigers in the Zoo.
12. We can see rare birds there too.
13. Can you take me to the Zoo? —Yes, of course.
1 4 .1 can tell you a lot of interesting things about our Zoo.
15. When can you show me your parrot?
Упр. 30
а) 1. am; 2. see; 3. are; 4. are; 5. is; 6 . are
б) Кроссворд
По горизонтали: 1. hats 2. trees 3. yes
По вертикали: 1. предлог “at” 2. try 3. sees 4. S “es”

233
Контрольная работа
I . 1. am; 2. have got; 3. see; 4. is; 5. play; 6 . is; 7. are; 8 . see-
9. are; 10. talk
II. 1. Has Kate got a white cat? —Yes, she has.
2. Can M ary’s parrot talk? —Yes, it can.
3. Are the children in the pet-shop? —Yes, they are.
4. Is your dog brown? - Yes, it is.
5. Have they got two dogs? - Yes, they have.
III. 1. The cat isn’t white.
2. They haven’t got a rat.
3. This bird can’t talk.
4. These dogs aren’t brown.
5. The boy can’t see rare birds in the pet-shop.
IV. 1. — ; 2. a; 3. —; 4. a; 5. the
V. 1. I’ve got a green parrot.
2. Can your parrot talk? —Yes, it can.
3. Have you got a pet? —No, I have not.
4. Mary’s cat is grey.
5. They’ve got a horse.

Урок III
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
1. know; 2. speak; 3. reads; 4. go; 5. works; 6 . swims; 7. reads;
8 . take; 9. like; 10. walk
Упр. 2
1. Do you work on Sunday?
2. Does he come here every day?
3. Do you like summer?
4. Do they read books?
5. Do you write letters every week?
6 . Does he give you his books?
7. Do you walk in the park on Sundays?
8 . Does Peter like to read books?
9. Do they help their friends?

234
10. Does John speak Russian?
Упр. 3
1. Does he write ... ?
2. Does Ann usually read ... ?
3. Do they come ... ?
4. Do you know ... ?
5. Do the children w a n t... ?
6 . Does his father read ... ?
7. Does Mary w a n t... ?
8 . Does Kate speak English ... ?
9. Do they live ... ?
10. Does my mother like ... ?
Упр. 4
1. They don’t like ....
2. John doesn’t w a n t....
3. Nick doesn’t get up ....
4. You don’t know ....
5. My friend doesn’t often phone me.
6 . Mary doesn’t read ....
7. You don’t go ....
8 . She doesn’t love ....
9. We don’t always m e e t....
10. Kate and Ann don’t go ....
Упр. 5
1. Nick doesn’t read ....
2. We write ....
3. Peter lives here.
4. You know English.
5. He likes apples.
6 . Kate sen d s...
7. They work ....
8 . My friend usually com es....
9. Peter b u y s...
10. My friend lives....

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Упр. 6
1. do; 2. does; 3. do; 4. does; 5. do; 6 . does; 7. doesn’t;
8 . don’t; 9 . doesn’t; 10. don’t
Упр. 7
1. is; 2. can; 3. do; 4. are; 5. do; 6 . does; 7. has; 8 . are;
9 . doesn’t; 10. can’t
Упр. 8
1. tells; 2. like; 3. have got; 4. are; 5. understand; 6 . want;
7. know; 8 . writes; 9. send; 10. see
Упр. 9
1. comes; 2. tell; 3. go; 4. has got; 5. love; 6 . begin; 7. has
got; 8 . is; 9. stay; 10. get
Упр. 10
1. Yes, I do. (No, I do not). 2. Yes, he does. (No, he does
not). 3. Yes, I can. (No, I can ’t). 4. Yes, it is. (No, it isn’t /is
not). 5. Yes, he (she) does. (N o, he (she) doesn’t /does not).
6 . Yes, he (she) has. (No, he (she) hasn’t /has not). 7. Yes, we
do. (No, we do not). 8 . Yes, he (she) does. (No, he (she) does
not). 9. Yes, I do. (No, I do not /d o n ’t). 10. Yes, I am. (No, I
am not)
Упр. 11
1. (My mother) is ...
2. (We) get up ...
3. (I) d o ...
4 . 1 usually leave ...
5. gets up
6 . prepares
7. washes
8 . help
9 . come home
10. comes home
Упр. 12
1. Do you ... ?
2. D o es... help ... ?
3. Do y o u ... ?

236
4. Have ... g o t... ?
5. Is ...?
6 . A re ... ?
7. Does ... like ... ?
8 . H ave... got?
9. Does ... w an t... ?
10. Do ... go ... ?
Упр. 13
1. Do you live in Moscow? —Yes, I do.
2. Is the window in your room large? —No, it is not.
3. Have you got a green pen? —No, I have not.
4. Does your friend live in a new house? —Yes, he does.
5. Can you dance? - No, I can’t (cannot).
6 . Do you love your parents? —Yes, I do.
7. Do you get up early? —Yes, I do.
8 . Has your friend got a sister? —Yes, he has.
9. Does your friend often go to the library? —No, he doesn’t,
(does not)
10. Do you often come to your friend’s place? — No, I do
not. (don’t).
11. Give me this book, please.
12. Do you want to go for a walk? —Yes, I do.
13. Write this word, please.
14. Do you often walk in the park? —No, I do not.
15. Are Peter and Ann your friends? —Yes, they are.
Упр. 14
1 . 1 don’t see ....
2. Ann doesn’t understand ....
3. My friend doesn’t like ....
4. Peter doesn’t have breakfast....
5. We don’t g e t....
6 . They don’t go ....
7. You don’t write ....
8 . Kate doesn’t know ....

237
9 . 1 don’t stay a t ....
10. My mother doesn’t wake ... up ....
У пр.15
1. We don’t read such books.
2. He doesn’t like to walk in the park.
3. They don’t want to come here.
4. She doesn’t know this man.
5. You don’t understand me.
6 . He doesn’t work here.
7. They don’t go to the library.
8 . She doesn’t love animals.
9. We don’t want to play football.
10. My dog doesn’t bark at my friends.
11. He doesn’t remember this rule.
12. Wfe haven’t got a parrot.
13. John doesn’t speak Russian.
14. He doesn’t know Russian.
15. She can 4 come to our place.
У пр.16
1. Can you swim? 2. Have you got an English book? 3. Is h
ten years old? 4. Is your sister here? 5. Do they send you books?
6 . Does she speak English? 7. Does he remember you? 8 . Do
they know English? 9. Are you engineers? 10. Has she got a
new coat?
У пр.17
1. They are doctors.
2. They are teachers.
3. These are ties.
4. Those are plates.
5. They like English.
6 . Those cups are green.
7. These are English texts.
8 . They learn French.
9. They like to read in the morning.
10. Those songs are beautiful.

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Упр. 18
1. Do this exercise again.
2. F in d ...
3. C lo se...
4. T ake...
5. G o ...
6 . G iv e...
7. B uy...
8 . Try...
9. T ake...
10. R e a d ...
Упр. 19
1. - ; 2. — ; 3. a; 4. the; 5. the; 6 . — ; 7. — ; 8 . - ; 9. an;
10. the
Упр. 20
1. My friend wants to become a teacher.
2. He likes English very much.
3 . 1 also like English.
4. My brother is 12 (twelve).
5. He goes to school.
6 . He always reads in the evenings.
7. We get up at 7 o ’clock every day.
8 . My mother usually wakes me up in the morning.
9. Wfe often visit our friends.
10. They live not far from our house.
11. My mother works at school.
12.1 come home at 2 o ’clock in the afternoon.
13. My mother comes home at 6 o ’clock in the evening.
14. She is always very busy.
15 .1 try to help my mother in everything.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. am; 2. love; 3. loves; 4. is, d o n ’t want; 5. don’t know;
6 . go, says; 7. is; 8 . is; 9. like; 10. haven’t got

239
Упр. 22
1. Does Pinocchio ... ? —Yes, he does.
2. Do you love ... ? - Yes, I (we) do.
3. Is Pinocchio ... ? —Yes, he is.
4. Is his fa th e r... ? - Yes, he is.
5. Does Pinocchio w an t... ? —Yes, he does.
6 . Can you ... ? —Yes, we can.
7. Do they w a n t... ? - Yes, they do.
8 . Does your friend g e t... ? —Yes, he does.
9. Do they know the ABC? —Yes, they do.
10. Do you go ... ? - Yes, I do.
Упр. 23
1. isn’t; 2. isn’t; 3. doesn’t want; 4. hasn’t got; 5. isn’t;
6 . isn’t; 7. isn’t; 8 . can’t; 9. doesn’t write; 10. don’t know
Упр. 24
1. Does he go to school every day?
2. Is your school old?
3. Is English his favourite subject?
4. Have you got many English books at home?
5. Is your school far from your house?
6 . Do you get good marks at school?
7. Do you know the book about Pinocchio?
8 . Do you like Maths?
9. Does he like English?
10. Can Pinocchio write?
Упр. 25
1. They aren’t at school.
2. Ann speaks English at her lessons.
3 . 1 don’t like History.
4. Peter takes a lot of subjects at school.
5. We don’t like to learn grammar.
6 . Is he very busy at school?
7. Mary gets up early.
8 . Their marks in English are good.
9. After the lessons Peter goes for a walk.
10. Nick likes to ask questions.

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Упр. 26
1. Is your school near your house? 2. Does he get good marks
at school?3. Do you go to school on Sundays? 4. Do you like
your school? 5. Does he know English? 6 . Is History your
favourite subject? 7. Are you in the fifth form? 8 . Do they know
English? 9. Are they pupils? 10. Do your friends like Maths?
Упр. 27
1. a; 2. - ; 3. - ; 4. a; 5. - ; 6 . a; 7. the; 8 . the; 9. the; 10. a
Упр. 28
1. Pinocchio doesn’t want to go to school.
2. He can’t write.
3. He doesn’t know the ABC.
4. Pinocchio wants to become a good boy.
5. Pinocchio hasn’t got good clothes.
6 . He loves his father.
7. His father is upset.
8 . Pinocchio has got a textbook.
9. All his friends go to school.
10. They get good marks.
11. His father wants to sell his coat.
12. Pinocchio’s friends often go to the theatre.
13. Now they are at the theatre.
14. Pinocchio can’t buy the ticket.
15. Pinocchio’s father is very poor.
Упр. 30
а) 1. write; 2. write; 3. is; 4. is
б) Кроссворд
По горизонтали: 1. sit 2. sits 3. no
По вертикали: 1. stop 2. is 3. in

Контрольная работа
1. 1. lives; 2. is; 3. can ... read; 4. wants; 5. asks; 6 . doesn’t
want; 7. is not far; 8 . wants; 9. goes; 10. is
II. 1. Yes, she does.
2. Yes, she is.

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II I . 1. Does Matilda go ... ? —Yes, she does.
2. Can Matilda read? —Yes, she can.
3. Does she live ... ? - Yes, she does.
4. Is the village library old? —Yes, it is.
5. Is Matilda happy ... ? —Yes, she is.
IV. 1. doesn’t go; 2. don’t want; 3. isn’t far; 4 aren’t inter-
esting; 5. doesn’t like
V. 1. — , the; 2. —; 3. — ; 4. the; 5. an
VI. 1. Matilda is four (years old).
2. She can already read.
3. She goes to the library every day.
4. The library is not far from her house.
5. Matilda wants to read very many books.

У р о к IV
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
1. Где живёт Пётр?
2. Сколько ему лет?
3. Какой иностранный язык вы изучаете?
4. Когда он обычно бывает дома?
5. Почему вы здесь?
6 . Чья это книга?
7. Кого вы здесь часто видите?
8 . Сколько иностранных языков вы знаете (ты зна­
ешь)?
9. Какие английские книги есть у вас (у тебя) дома?
10. Где они работают?
Упр. 2
а) 1. What kind of pupil is Peter?
2. What does Mr. Brown teach?
3. What is your friend’s name?
4. Where is Nick now?
5. How old is Kate?
6 . What colour are these pencils?

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7. Where is the picture?
8 . When is he usually at home?
9. What kind of room is it?
10. How old are you?
б) 1. What have you got?
2. What has he got?
3. What have my parents got?
4. What language can Peter speak?
5. What can they show you?
6 . What have they got?
7. What has your friend got?
8 . Whom can you ask about it now?
9. What can they give me?
10. What kind of stamps have you got?
в) 1. When does he usually go to school?
2. Where do they live?
3. What does Mary get?
4. What kind of stories does Ann like?
5. When does Peter usually come home?
6 . What do you know?
7. Whom do they love?
8 . When do they walk in the park?
9. What does my mother often write?
10. Whom does Nick always help?
Упр. 3
1. What kind of pupil is Peter?
2. What does he read every morning?
3. What colour is your dress?
4. Why do you get up at six o ’clock in the morning?
5. What can your parrot say?
6 . What pet have you got?
7. What do you usually do at your English lessons?
8 . Whom do you know here?
9. Where do they live?

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10. When does he get up?
Упр. 4
1. my friends; 2. we; 3. my brother; 4. you; 5. Mary; 6 . they;
7. you; 8 . Peter; 9. Kate; 10. I
Упр. 5
1. my; 2. their; 3. your; 4. her; 5. your; 6 . my; 7. their; 8 . his;
9. our, our; 10. their
Упр. 6
1. What kind of film is it? — It’s a very interesting film.
2. Why is he at home? —I don’t know.
3. Where is Kate? —She is at school.
4. Whom do you often see at school?
5. How does he usually read new texts?
6 . I ’ve got an interesting book.
7. Whom does Peter usually help?
8 . How often do you go to the library?
9. What do you usually do at your English lessons?
10. Where do you buy books?
11. When does he usually get up?
12. What book is it? — It is “G randfather’s Z oo” by Ruskin
Bond.
13. What foreign language does he know?
14. Why does he always ask such questions?
15. What kind of texts can you translate into English?
Упр. 7
1. is; 2. are; 3. are; 4. is; 5. is; 6 . are; 7. is; 8 . is; 9. are; 10. are
Упр. 8
1. Is there a school not far from her house? - Yes, there is.
2. Are there two apples on the plate? —Yes, there are.
3. Is there a mistake in this article? —Yes, there is.
4. Are there any books on the table? —Yes, there are.
5. Are there two beds here? —Yes, there are.
6 . Is there a chair in her room? —Yes, there is.
7. Are there any boys in the yard? —Yes, there are.

244
8 . Is there only one school in their village? —Yes, there is.
9. Is there a tree under my window? —Yes, there is.
10. Are there any pictures on the wall? —Yes, there are.
Упр. 9
1. There aren’t an y .... 2. There aren’t a n y ... 3. There aren’t
any ... . 4.There isn’t a dog ... . 5. These isn’t a parrot ... .
6 . There aren’t any .... 7. There aren’t two tables .... 8 . There
isn’t a black-board .... 9. There aren’t a n y .... 10. There aren’t
a n y ....
Упр. 10
1. How many books are there on the table?
2. What books are there in this library?
3. What is there on the chair?
4. How many theatres are there in your city?
5. What is there in front of your house?
6 . What toys are there in the box?
7. How many lamps are there on the table?
8 . What is there on the table?
9. How many books are there on the shelf?
10. What is there in this basket?
Упр. 12
1. cats; 2. a table; 3. birds; 4. pets; 5. a mistake; 6 . some;
7. a school; 8 . is; 9. aren’t; 10. any
У пр.13
1. Does John know any Russian writers?
2. Do they often visit their friends? Whom do they often
visit?
3. Is there a park behind the house?
4. Are you Peter’s friend? Whose friend are you?
5. Are there five roses in the vase?
6 . Is my friend ten? How old is my friend?
7. Is Mary’s hat black? What colour is Mary’s hat?
8 . Have you got a car? What have you got?
9. Is their garden small?
10. Is it a thin copy-book?

245
У пр.14
а) Общие вопросы
1. Does Peter speak French?
2. Do you go to bed at eight o’clock in the evening?
3. Is there a school near your house?
4. Are there many birds here in winter?
5. Is there a theatre in front of your school?
6 . Are there many teachers in your school?
7. Can your mother cook?
8 . Do you go to school on weekdays?
9. Does John speak English?
10. Can you speak French?
б) Специальные вопросы
1. How old is your friend?
2. What kind o f city is London?
3. Whom does Peter usually help?
4. What colour are your friend’s eyes?
5. What kind of tale is it?
6 . What marks do you usually get?
7. Where does Peter live?
8 . Where can you see tigers?
9. What colour is this hat?
10. When do usually come to school?
У пр.15
1. are; 2. are; 3. aren’t; 4. is; 5. aren’t; 6 . are; 7. are; 8 . is;
9. are not; 10. are
У пр.16
1. What is there in front of my window?
2. How many dogs has he got?
3. Where does Peter live?
4. What kind of texts can they read?
5. When does she come home?
6 . Why is Nick at home?
7. How many friends have you got?

246
8 . Where are they on weekdays?
9. How many windows are there in this room?
10. Whose letter does she want to read?
Упр. 17
1. There are two windows in my room.
2. There are only Russian books in this library.
3. There are a lot of cats in this pet-shop.
4. There is a table and three chairs in the room.
5. There are three books and an exercise-book on the table.
6 . Are there many books in this library?
7. Are there any pictures on the wall? —N o, there are not.
There are not any pictures there.
8 . Are there any mistakes in this text? —N o, there are not.
9. Are there any English books in this library? —Yes, there
are.
10. What is there on the table? - There is a pen on the table.
11. How many books are there in your bag? —There are two
books there.
12. Are there many pupils in your class? —Yes, there are.
13. What birds are there in this pet-shop? —There are a lot
of parrots there.
14. Why are there so many people in the street?
15. Are there many pet-shops in your city? —N o, there are
not.
У п р.18
1. in; 2. - ; 3. to; 4. on; 5. - ; 6 . i n ... of; 7. on; 8 . in; 9. at;
10. in, in
У пр.19
1. What is your friend’s name? - His name is Peter.
2. How do you usually spend Sundays? —I spend them with
my friends.
3. Do you want to go to the cinema with me? —Yes, I do.
4. Why are there many mistakes in your test? —I don’t know.
5. How old are you? — I am ten years old.
6 . What colour is this coat? —It is red.

247
7. Does your mother meet you after the lessons? —No, she
does not.
8 . When do you usually come home from school?
9. Do you come home at 3 o ’clock in the afternoon? —No,
1 do not.
10. What subjects do you take at school? — I take a lot of
subjects.
11. How many mistakes are there in this test? - There are
not any mistakes there.
12. Are there many trees in this park? —No, there are not.
13. Where is Kate’s bag? - It is on the table.
14. Is your school far from your house? —Yes, it is.
15. Have you got many friends at school? —Yes, I have.
Упр.20
1. What do you see in this picture?
2. Is the room large?
3. How many windows are there in the room?
4. Is there a table in the room?
5. Are there three books on the table?
6 . How many pens are there on the table?
7. Is the cat under the table?
8 . Is there a carpet on the floor?
9. Is there a picture on the wall?
10. Have you got a cat?

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. is; 2. stands; 3. are; 4. is; 5. come; 6 . try; 7. is; 8 . like;
9. read; 10. love
Упр. 22
1. On what river does St. Petersburg stand?
2. Where do my parents often go?
3. Where does Mary want to go? (What city does Mary want
to go to?)
4. What does John want to see?

248
5. What do the people of St. Petersburg love?
6 . Where does Peter live?
7. What does he like?
8 . What city do they visit every year?
9. What is St. Petersburg famous for?
10. When do tourists usually come to St. Petersburg?
Упр. 23
1. doesn’t live; 2. can’t; 3. doesn’t know; 4. isn’t; 5. don’t
want; 6 . d o n ’t like; 7. isn’t; 8 . doesn’t; 9. isn’t; 10. doesn’t
like
Упр. 24
1. Do you want to show Moscow to John? —Yes, I do.
2. Is the Hermitage Peter’s favourite museum in St. Peters­
burg? —Yes, it is.
3. Do they like the White Nights? —Yes, they do.
4. Do these tourists often visit St. Petersburg? —Yes, they
do.
5. Does Peter often tell John about Moscow? —Yes, he does.
6 . Is Moscow the capital of Russia? —Yes, it is.
7. Can Peter speak English? - Yes, he can.
8 . Is English John’s native language? —Yes, it is.
9. Can you see the White Nights in St. Petersburg? —Yes, I
(we) can.
10. Does John want to come to Moscow this summer? —
Yes, he does.
Упр. 25
1. St. Petersburg; 2. John; 3. you; 4 . 1; 5. The Bolshoi The­
atre; 6 . these tourists; 7. Kate; 8 . my friends; 9. Ann; 10. The
Gorki Park
Упр. 26
1. Do you love Moscow?
2. Do they often go to St. Petersburg?
3. Where is Nick now?
4. Does St. Petersburg stand on the Neva?

249
5. Does Peter like the White Nights?
6 . Is St. Petersburg a beautiful city?
7. Are there many theatres in St. Petersburg?
8 . Is the weather good in St. Petersburg?
9. Are your friends in St. Petersburg now?
10. Where does Peter live?
У пр.27
1. the; 2. - ; 3. the; 4. the; 5. - ; 6 . — ; 7. — ; 8 . the; 9. - ;
10. —, the
Упр. 28
1. St. Petersburg stands on the Neva.
2. It’s a very beautiful city.
3. There are a lot of palaces, museums and monuments
there.
4. Tourists from different countries come to St. Petersburg
every year.
5. They usually come to St. Petersburg in June.
6 . They can see the White Nights in June.
7 . 1 also like the White Nights.
8 . My friend lives in St. Petersburg.
9. He knows the history of his native city.
10. He often tells me about St. Petersburg.
11. Do you live in Moscow? - Yes, I do.
12. Moscow is the capital of Russia.
13. It’s a very big city.
14. I’ve got a very interesting book about Moscow.
15. My friend wants to read it.
Упр. 30
а) 1. are; 2. Do ... know? 3. know
б)К россворд
По горизонтали:
1. skate 2. goes 3. my 4. boxes
По вертикали:
1. some 2. keys 3. has

250
Контрольная работа
1. 1. is; 2. is; 3. have got; 4. doesn’t like; 5. are not; 6 . is;
7. isn’t; 8 . doesn’t want; 9. like; 10. is
II. 1. Sally is from London.
2. No, she does not.
III. 1. Where does Sally want to go?
2. What have her parents got?
3. What kind of house is it?
4. What do Sally’s parents like?
5. Whom do they love?
IV. 1. doesn’t like; 2. there aren’t a n y ...; 3. doesn’t w an t...;
4. isn’t f a r ...; 5. isn’t large
V. 1. a; 2. the; 3. - ; 4. the; 5. -
VI. 1. Sally is from London.
2. Her parents like the new place.
3. Sally doesn’t like this small town.
4. She wants to see her old friends.
5. Sally doesn’t understand her parents.

Урок V
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
reading, writing, speaking, telling, taking, giving, buying,
thinking, doing, knowing, trying, translating, looking, saying,
asking, talking
Упр. 2
1. изучающий; 2. обучающий; 3. дающий; 4. повто­
ряющий; 5. работающий; 6 . покупаю щ ий; 7. идущий;
8 . пробующ ий; 9 . рассказы ваю щ ий; 10 . посылаю щ ий
(отправляющий); 11. спрашивающий; 12. пишущий
Упр. 3
1. She is reading now.
2. You are standing at the black-board.
3. He is walking in the park now.
4 . 1 am writing a letter now.

251
5. You are playing the piano now.
6 . She is sitting at the table now.
7. Nick is playing football now.
8 . You are eating now.
9. We are looking at the picture now.
10. They are speaking English now.
Упр. 4
1. Is he writing a sentence on the black-board? - Yes, he is.
2. Are you looking at the Bolshoi Theatre now? - Yes, we
are. (Yes, I am).
3. Is Peter doing his home-work now? - Yes, he is.
4. Are you telling us an interesting story now? - Yes, I am.
5. Is your teacher asking you now? —Yes, he is.
6 . Are your friends playing in the school yard now? —Yes,
they are.
7. Is Mary looking for her cat now? —Yes, she is.
8 . Is the monkey playing with its tail now? - Yes, it is.
9. Is Nick doing this exercise now? —Yes, he is.
10. Is my friend reading a book now? —Yes, he is.
Упр. 5
1. am not playing ... 2. isn’t cooking ... 3. aren’t writing ...
4. isn’t playing ... 5. aren’t talking ... 6 . am not thinking ...
7. isn’tgoing... 8 . aren’t talking... 9. am not giving... 10. isn’t
sittin g ...
Упр. 6
1. Are you reading a book now?
2. Are you waiting for Peter now?
3. Are the children walking in the park now?
4. Is he playing football now?
5. Are you writing the letter?
6 . Is Mary drinking tea now?
7. Is he speaking with his teacher now?
8 . Is your father working in the garden now?
9. Are you getting up now?
10. Is the baby sleeping now?

252
Упр. 7
1. Where do you live?
2. When does he get up?
3. What are you reading now?
4. What are you looking at?
5. What is your parrot saying now?
6 . When do you come home?
7. What are you doing tomorrow?
8 . Why are you writing the letter now?
9. When does he usually go to school?
Упр. 8
1. What are they looking at now?
2. What is Nick opening now?
3. Where are you going now?
4. What language is he speaking now?
5. With whom are they playing now? (Whom are they play­
ing with now?)
6 . What is Nick telling me about now?
7. Where is Peter standing now?
8 . W hat’s Mary washing now?
9. What kind of words are we writing now?
10. Where are they working now?
Упр. 9
1. Are they going ... ? Where are they going now?
2. Are you looking ... ? What are you looking for now?
3. Is he giving ... ? What is he giving me now? Whose pen is
he giving me now?
4. Are they looking at our teacher now?
5. Is Nick playing ... ? What is Nick doing now?
6 . Is Mary eating an apple now? W hat is M ary doing
now?
7. Is the cat playing ... ? What is the cat doing now?
8 . Are you writing ... ? What are you writing on the black­
board now?

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9. Is my dog barking now?
10. Are you doing your home-work now? What are you do­
ing now?
Упр. 10
1. do ... do; 2. are ... writing; 3. does ... go; 4. are ... going;
5. are ... looking; 6 . is ... speaking; 7. are ... speaking; 8 . is ...
doing; 9 . are ... playing; 10. do ... like
У п р.11
1. Where do they often come?
2. Whom is Mary speaking with now?
3. What language does he usually speak at his English les­
sons?
4. What is he telling us about?
5. What kind of tests do they usually write at their lessons?
6 . What is her name?
7. Where does she live?
8 . What is the child looking at?
9. What kind of book is it?
10. When are the guests coming?
У пр.12
1. do; 2. does; 3. is; 4. are; 5. do; 6 . is; 7. are; 8 . is; 9. do;
10. are
У пр.13
1. is swimming; 2. are playing; 3. is doing; 4. are going; 5. is
coming; 6 . are going; 7. is buying; 8 . is reading; 9. are selling;
10. is translating
У пр.14
1. tells; 2. are working; 3. washes; 4. help; 5. begin; 6 . is
sitting; 7. is smiling; 8 . barks; 9. is coming; 10. speaks
У пр.15
1. Where is he working now?
2. When does my mother wake me up?
3. Whom is Mary playing with now?
4. How many cats are there on the table?
5. What can he write now?

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6 . What does he usually like to read?
7. What is there in front of their house?
8 . How many foreign languages can he speak?
9. Where do my parents go every summer?
10. When does she usually come home?
У пр.16
1. Is he always ... ? 2. Is there a Zoo ... ? 3. Axe there three
... ?.4. Has she got a rare book ... ? 5. Can you ask Mary ... ?
6 . Is Ann writing ... ? 7. Does Nick want to go ... ? 8 . Do they
like ... ? 9. Are you looking a t ... ? 10. Do they know ... ?
Упр. 17
1. are playing; 2. goes; 3. come; 4. plays; 5. is swimming;
6 . writes; 7. am giving; 8 . takes; 9. am going; 10. speak
У пр.19
1. —, in; 2. at; 3. to; 4. in; 5. at; 6 . from; 7. —; 8 . on; 9. to;
10. in
Упр. 20
1. Where are the boys? —They are at school.
2. What are you reading now? - I am reading a new En­
glish text from the textbook.
3. What are they talking about? —They are talking about
their plans.
4. Mary wants to get good marks.
5. How often do you play football? —We play football every
Sunday.
6 . Where is Nick? — He is playing in the yard with his
friends.
7. I can’t help you now. I am doing my home-work.
8 . Where are you going? — I am going to the book-shop.
9. We are leaving for St. Petersburg tomorrow.
10. Do you love animals? —Yes, I do.
11. I often write letters to my friends.

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12. When are you going to the country? —I am going to the
country on Saturday.
13. My friend lives in the country.
14. 1 don’t get up early on Sunday.
15. Is Mary reading now? —No, she is not.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. is; 2. is; 3. belong; 4. is, is visiting; 5. is; 6 . want; 7. are;
8 . is; 9. do ... see; 10. are singing
Упр. 22
1. Whom does the castle belong to?
2. What is there behind the castle?
3. Whom is the giant visiting now?
4. What does he often leave? (What place does he often
leave?)
5. In whose garden do the children often play?
6 . What do they like to look at?
7. Where do they want to sit?
8 . What colour is the grass?
9. What can you hear?
10. Where are they singing now?
Упр. 23
1. isn’t; 2. isn’t visiting; 3. don’t like; 4. can’t see; 5. don’
want; 6 . isn’t; 7. aren’t looking; 8 . haven’t got; 9. don’t like;
10. don’t invite
У пр.24
1. Are the children playing in the garden now? —Yes, they
are.
2. Is the sky blue? —Yes, it is.
3. Is the sun shining? —Yes, it is.
4. Can the children see birds in the trees? —Yes, they can.
5. Do they like to look at the rare flowers? —Yes, they do.

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6 . Are they happy in the G iant’s garden? - Yes, they are.
7. Are my friends thinking about their summer holidays
now? —Yes, they are.
8 . Do you usually spend your summer holidays in the coun­
try? —Yes, we (I) do.
9. Do Mary’s parents like to stay at home in summer? —
Yes, they do.
10. Is John coming to Moscow tomorrow? —Yes, he is.
Упр. 25
1. visits; 2. is visiting; 3. are singing; 4. sing; 5. are playing;
6 . play; 7. is shining; 8 . are sitting; 9. are looking; 10. are
flying
Упр. 26
1. Do the children like the garden?
2. Are the children playing in the garden now?
3. Is your father working in the garden now?
4. Have your parents got a garden?
5. Do you like to play in the garden?
6 . Are there rare flowers in your garden?
7. What colour are the flowers in their garden?
8 . Is your parents’ garden big?
9. Does your mother like to work in the garden?
10. Is the giant visiting his friend now?
Упр. 27
1. to; 2. in; 3. — ; 4. — ; 5. in; 6 . in; 7. on (in); 8 . to; 9. in;
10. to
Упр. 28
1. This castle belongs to the Giant.
2. I am standing in front of a wonderful garden.
3. There are rare flowers in the garden.
4. The Giant doesn’t like children.
5. The grass in the garden is green.
6 . The children often play in this garden.

257
7. The Giant is not in the castle now.
8 . He is visiting his friend.
9. This garden is famous for its flowers.
10. There are also a lot of trees there.
11. The trees of the garden are very old.
12. The children like to look at them.
13. There are always a lot of birds on the trees.
14. They sing not only in the morning.
15. They are singing even now.
У пр.30
а) 1. is; 2. feel; 3. are; 4. look
б) Кроссворд
По горизонтали:
1. sending 2. doing 3. going
По вертикали:
1. reading

Контрольная работа
1. 1. is standing; 2. are; 3. can see; 4. likes; 5. can talk; 6 . is;
7. sleep; 8 . is; 9. can ’t sleep; 8 . is; 9. can’t sleep; 10. talk
II. 1. Alice is standing in front of a wonderful garden now.
2. They can talk.
III. 1. What kind of flower can Alice see?
2. What does Alice like?
3. Where is the ground very hard?
4. What can the flowers of that garden do?
5. Whom are the flowers talking about now?
IV. 1. isn’t talking; 2. isn’t; 3. can ’t talk; 4. isn’t soft;
5. doesn’t like
V. 1. — ; 2. of; 3. with; 4. in; 5. in ... of
VI. 1. There are a lot of rare flowers in this garden.
2. All the flowers of this garden can talk.
3. The ground in this garden is hard.
4. The flowers o f this garden can’t sleep.
5. They usually talk.

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Урок V I
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
а) 1. worked, travelled, wanted, looked, watched, liked, lis­
tened, discussed, translated, walked
б ) read, got, wrote, spoke, told, said, brought, took, broke,
went
Упр. 2
1.1 did some exercises yesterday.
2 . 1 washed the cups yesterday.
3. 1 listened to the radio yesterday.
4. I went to school yesterday
5. I walked in the park yesterday.
6 . I saw my friend yesterday.
7.1 helped my m other yesterday.
8 . My mother made cakes yesterday.
9. Mary wrote some letters yesterday.
10. Nick played football yesterday.
Упр. 3
1. Did you buy a black hat yesterday? —Yes, 1 did.
2. Did you see Nick last week? - Yes, I did.
3. Did they ask Mary to help them? - Yes, they did.
4. Did the lesson begin at 8 o ’clock in the morning? —Yes,
it did.
5. Did they come home an hour ago? —Yes, they did.
6 . Did Peter visit his friend yesterday? —Yes, he did.
7. Did we return home on Monday? —Yes, we did.
8 . Did the teacher ask us to translate the text? —Yes, he did.
9. Did you see this film last year? —Yes, we did.
10. Did they want to know the truth? —Yes, they did.
Упр. 4
1. Where did you see him yesterday?
2. What (museum) did Mary visit last week?
3. When did they take the children for a walk?

259
4. Whom did Ann ask about it yesterday?
5. What did you want to see yesterday?
6 . When did he leave the house?
7. When did they come home?
8 . What did the teachers discuss at the meeting yesterday?
9. What did Peter break yesterday?
10. When did you get a present?
Упр. 5
1. were; 2. was; 3. were; 4. were; 5. was; 6 . were; 7. were;
8 . was; 9. were; 10. was
Упр. 6
1. didn’t talk; 2. didn’t send; 3. didn’t want; 4. weren’t;
5. wasn’t; 6 . didn’t want; 7. didn’t give; 8 . didn’t live; 9. weren’t;
10. didn’t meet
Упр. 7
1. read; 2. bought; 3. got; 4. wanted; 5. went; 6 . left;
7. bought; 8 . gave; 9. broke; 10. saw
Упр. 8
1. came; 2. saw; 3. went; 4. wrote; 5. returned; 6 . gave;
7. lived; 8 . arrived; 9. built; 10. bought
Упр. 9
1. were; 2. didn’t discuss; 3. asked; 4. didn’t go; 5. took;
6 . was; 7. went; 8 . bought; 9. wrote; 10. are
У пр.10
1. Did she visit her friend two days ago? When did she visit
her friend?
2. Did he come home very early yesterday?
3. Did you see Peter at the theatre last week? Where did
you see Peter last week?
4. Did you discuss your plans yesterday? What did you dis­
cuss yesterday? When did you discuss your plans?
5. Did Nick go to London last year? Where did Nick go last
year?
6 . Did Mary’s parents go to the theatre last Sunday? Where
did they go last Sunday?

260
7. Did she get a letter from John yesterday? What did she
get from John yesterday?
8 . Did Peter finish school a year ago? What did Peter finish
a year ago?
9. Did the teacher tell us funny stories at the lesson yester­
day? What did the teacher tell us at the lesson yesterday? What
kind of stories did the teacher tell us at the lesson yesterday?
10. Did John come to Moscow last week? When did John
come to Moscow?
У пр.11
1. every week; 2. yesterday; 3. every day; 4. last Friday; 5. last
Sunday; 6 . every summer; 7. last week; 8 . every month; 9. two
days ago; 10. on Saturday
У пр.12
1. is talking; 2. was; 3. am writing; 4. gave; 5. am looking;
6 . saw; 7. is running; 8 . didn’t want; 9. is eating; 10. worked
У пр.13
1. translate; 2. are reading; 3. am sitting; 4. don’t like; 5. go;
6 . are ... going; 7. is going; 8 . plays; 9. is playing; 10. is telling
У пр.14
1. didn’t; 2. is; 3. didn’t; 4. am; 5. didn’t; 6 . do; 7. doesn’t;
8 . is; 9. does; 10. didn’t
У пр.15
1. When did Peter lose his bag?
2. What kind of book did you find in the library two days
ago?
3. What game is Peter playing now?
4. Where does my mother work?
5. What are they talking about? (now)
6 . Whose pen did Kate break yesterday?
7. What did you get from your friend yesterday?
8 . When did Ann meet Peter in the park?
9. How old is the baby?
10. How many foreign languages does Nick speak?

261
Упр. 17
1. Did he know about it? 2. Are they visiting their parents
now? 3. Did they ask you about it? 4. Does he often come to
your place? 5. Do they like such books? 6 . Is your name Nick?
7. Are you in the fifth form? 8 . What is Peter doing now? 9. Did
you tell Mary about it yesterday? 10. Are you reading my book
now?
У пр.18
1 .1 am at school now. 2. He can speak English. 3. They are
writing a test now. 4. He speaks French. 5. John is coming to
Moscow tomorrow. 6 . Peter went to the cinema yesterday.
7. Mary translated this text last week. 8 . They saw Peter at
school yesterday. 9. Ann is playing the piano now. 10. Kate
likes to sit on the grass.
У пр.19
1. —, — ; 2. —, the; 3. —; 4. the, —, —; 5. a; 6 . the; 7. the
the; 8 . the; 9. — ; 10. a
Упр. 20
1. When did you write the dictation? —We wrote it last week.
2. What mark did you get yesterday? —I got a bad mark.
3. Have you got a good library at home? - Yes, 1 have.
4. Are there many mistakes in this text? —Yes, there are.
5. When did your friends come back (return) to Moscow? —
They came back to Moscow two hours ago (returned to).
6 . 1 was very busy yesterday.
7. My friend asked me to help him.
8 . 1 didn’t want to ask her about it.
9. We didn’t take the children for a walk yesterday.
10. When did you go to school? - 1 went to school five years
ago.
11.1 can’t translate this sentence.
12. Why are they laughing?
13. Why didn’t he come to the meeting yesterday? —He was
ill.

262
14. Do you like English? —Yes, I do.
15. Yesterday I bought a very interesting book about animals.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. was, were; 2. was; 3. showed; 4. were; 5. asked; 6 . didn’t
buy; 7. was; 8 . saw; 9. advised; 10. didn’t want
Упр. 22
1. Where was Alice?
2. What kind of train was it?
3. What did the people show to the Guard?
4. Whom did Alice suddenly see?
5. Whose ticket did the Guard want to see?
6 . What did all the passengers have?
7. What did Alice want to do?
8 . What did all the people in the train want to do?
9. What kind of clothes did that man wear?
10. Whom did the Guard look at again? (At whom ...)
Упр. 23
1. didn’t see; 2. didn’t show; 3. weren’t; 4. didn’t look;
5. wasn’t; 6 . wasn’t; 7. didn’t advise; 8 . didn’t talk; 9. didn’t
close; 10. didn’t stop
Упр. 24
1. Did the passengers like to talk? What did the passengers
like to do?
2. Did all the passengers look at Alice? Whom did all the
passengers look at?
3. Were the m an’s clothes white? Whose clothes were white?
4. Did the G uard close the window?
5. Did he want to see everybody’s ticket? What did he want
to see?
6 . Were the windows of the train open?
7. Did the G uard see Alice? Whom did the Guard see?
8 . Were all the passengers of the train strange?

263
9. What did Alice see through the train window? Did Alice
see unusual places through the train window?
10. Did Alice want to see her mother and sister? Whom did
Alice want to see?
Упр. 25
1. is; 2. did ... see; 3. didn’t like; 4. talked; 5. did ... look;
6 . began; 7. didn’t want; 8 . did ... like; 9. wanted; 10. did ...
buy
Упр. 26
1. Did the passengers like Alice? 2. Did Alice want to go
home? 3. Were the passengers strange? 4. Did the man wear
white clothes? 5. Did Alice like the man in front of her? 6 . What
did the man advise Alice? 7. What kind of places did Alice see
through the window? 8 . What did the passengers do? 9. Was it
an unusual train? 10. Was Alice glad to be in the train?
Упр. 27
1. an; 2. the, — ; 3. a; 4. the, a; 5. the; 6 . the, the; 7. the;
8 . the; 9. — ; 10. the, the
Упр. 28
1. Alice saw an odd (a strange) man in the train.
2. His clothes were white.
3. All the passengers had tickets.
4. Alice didn’t have any ticket.
5. The Guard asked the passengers to show their tickets.
6 . The man in white clothes advised Alice to buy a ticket.
7. Alice didn’t want to buy the ticket.
8 . The Guard looked at Alice.
9. Alice didn’t like the people in the train.
10. The Guard closed the window.
11. The tickets were very large.
12. The train often stopped.
13. Alice wanted to go home (to be at home).
14. “Where is your ticket?” the Guard asked.
15. “Why doesn’t Alice want to buy the ticket?” the passen­
gers asked each other.

264
Упр. 30
а) 1. am; 2. run; 3. heard; 4. work; 5. am; 6 . know; 7. am
б ) a train
в) Кроссворд
По горизонтали:
1. what 2. she 3. her 4. one
По вертикали:
1. where 2. when 3. shoes

Контрольная работа
I . 1. decided; 2. took; 3. bought; 4. were; 5. weren’t; 6 . didn’t
want; 7. wanted; 8 . showed; 9. smiled; 10. looked
II. 1. He decided to travel by train.
2. No, it was not.
III. 1. Were Toto’s legs in the bag? —Yes, they were.
2. Did Toto see everything around? —Yes, it did.
3. Did the grandfather buy a bag for Toto? —Yes, he did.
4. Did the G uard look at Toto? —Yes, he did.
5. Did Toto want to get out of the bag? - Yes, it did.
IV. 1. wasn’t; 2. didn’t decide; 3. didn’t take; 4. wasn’t;
5. didn’t see
V. 1. the; 2. the, the; 3. the; 4. the, the; 5. the
VI. 1. Ruskin’s grandfather decided to take Toto with him.
2. He bought a big bag for Toto.
3. Toto’s legs and tail were in the bag.
4. Toto wanted to be in the train very much.
5. The G uard looked at the ticket.

У р ок V II
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1 а) 1. worked - worked - working
2 . lived - lived —living
3 . travelled - travelled - travelling
4. looked —looked - looking
5. asked —asked —asking

265
6 . walked - walked —walking
7. returned —returned —returning
8 . talked —talked —talking
9. answered —answered —answering
10. discussed —discussed —discussing
б) 1. was —been —being
2 . went —gone —going
3. came —come —coming
4. became —become —becoming
5. read —read —reading
6 . wrote —written —writing
7. had —had —having
8 . spoke —spoken —speaking
9. said —said —saying
10. bought —bought —buying
Упр. 2
а) 1. a broken cup; 2. a written letter; 3. a discussed ques­
tion; 4. washed floors; 5. translated texts; 6 . a given promise;
7. a closed window; 8 . a lost bag; 9. a corrected mistake
б ) 1. a smiling face; 2. a moving train; 3. a jumping frog;
4. a talking parrot; 5. a sleeping child; 6 . the changing world;
7. a crying girl; 8 . falling snow
Упр. 3
1. Have you read this book?
2. Have they discussed this problem?
3. Has Kate been to London?
4. Have you spoken to him?
5. Have they told you about it?
6 . Have you written the test?
7. Has Peter done the exercise?
8 . Have you been here since nine o ’clock?
9. Have you known him for two years?
10. Has the teacher explained the rule to you?
Упр. 4
1. What have you seen in Moscow?

266
2. How many books have you read?
3. What kind of articles has she translated?
4. What have you bought?
5. What kind of dress has she bought?
6 . What have you just done?
7. How many newspapers have you brought?
8 . Whose book have you found?
9. How many mistakes has she made?
10. What has this writer written?
Упр. 5
1. Have they translated the article? —Yes, they have.
2. Have you read this book? —Yes, 1 have.
3. Has he seen this film? —Yes, he has.
4. Has she written the letter? —Yes, she has.
5. Has Nick returned from St. Petersburg? - Yes, he has.
6 . Has Mary been to Moscow? —Yes, she has.
7. Have you been here since nine o ’clock? —Yes, 1 have.
8 . Has Peter done this grammar exercise? —Yes, he has.
9. Has Ann made three mistakes in her test? —Yes, she has.
10. Have the pupils discussed this poem? —Yes, they have.
Упр. 6
1. What have we visited?
2. What has the writer finished?
3. What has Peter done?
4. What kind of flat have you moved to?
5. How many books has Kate read?
6 . What city have they visited?
7. Whom have you just spoken to?
8 . What have they discussed?
9. Whom have they known for three years?
10. What has Mary lost?
Упр. 7
1. have ... closed; 2. has ... come; 3. has been; 4. has trav­
elled; 5. have found; 6 . have bought; 7. have sold; 8 . has lost;
9 . has ... returned; 10. have made

267
Упр. 8
1. haven’t left; 2. hasn’t taken; 3. hasn’t made; 4. haven’t
seen; 5. haven’t sent; 6 . haven’t bought; 7. haven’t sold;
8 . hasn’t become; 9. haven’t found; 10. hasn’t given
Упр. 9
1. have read; 2. has come; 3. has bought; 4. have left;
5. didn’t do; 6 . has drawn; 7. has never seen; 8 . have just read;
9. has broken; 10. have chosen
У пр.10
1. see; 2. have ... seen; 3. writes; 4. have ... written; 5. have
... been; 6 . do ... go; 7. haven’t discussed; 8 . hasn’t written;
9. haven’t visited; 10. want
У пр.11
1. went; 2. has ... been; 3. have ... washed; 4. didn’t want;
5. repaired; 6 . have ... bought; 7. did ... buy; 8 . has spent;
9. spent; 10. has missed
У п р.12
1. is repairing; 2. h as... repaired; 3. is washing; 4. has bought;
5. are looking for; 6 . hasn’t finished; 7. is ... working; 8 . have
called; 9. is ringing; 10. haven’t discussed
Упр. 13
1. lost; 2. visited; 3. found; 4. saw; 5. bought; 6 . chose;
7. wrote; 8 . translated; 9. broke; 10. found
Упр. 15
1. We are discussing the film now.
We have just discussed the film.
We discussed the film yesterday.
2. They are going to the cinema now.
They have just gone to the cinema.
They went to the cinema yesterday.
3. She is translating the text now.
She has just translated the text.
She translated the text yesterday.
4. He is writing the text now.

268
He has just written the text.
He wrote the text yesterday.
5. You are reading this newspaper now.
You have just read this newspaper.
You read this newspaper yesterday.
6. Wfe are buying a car now.
have just bought a car.
We bought a car yesterday.
7. He is speaking with his friend now.
He has just spoken with his friend.
He spoke with his friend yesterday.
8. She is telling me about it now.
She has just told me about it.
She told me about it yesterday.
9. They are com ing here now.
They have just come here.
They cam e here an hour ago.
10. Som ebody is knocking at the door now
Som ebody has just knocked at the door.
Som ebody knocked at the door a m inute ago.
Упр. 16
1. visited; 2. has ... asked; 3. are discussing; 4. didn’t see;
5. has bought; 6. is looking; 7. got; 8. is visiting; 9. is playing;
10. d id n ’t want
У пр.17
1. Has she found her book?
2. Why are you here?
3. Have you ever been to St. Petersburg?
4. Does the child want to go for a walk?
5. W hat has N ick just written?
6. Is M ary writing the exercise now?
7. Did N ick go to school yesterday?
8. Have you bought this dress?
9. W here did you go yesterday?
10. W hat are you looking at?

269
У п р.18
1. Are Peter’s friends discussing this problem now?
W hat are Peter’s friends discussing now?
2. Has Kate just returned from London?
3. Does John speak two foreign languages?
How m any foreign languages does John speak?
4. Are you speaking with John now?
5. Did 1 visit my grandfather last week?
W hom did 1 visit last week?
6. Is my m other preparing supper now? W hat is my m other
doing now?
7. Have you done your hom e-work?
8. Has the writer finished the first part o f the book? W hich
part o f the book has the writer finished?
9. Is John phoning M ary now?
10. Have you m ade coffee for John?
У пр.19
1. for; 2. to; 3. in; 4. from; 5. —; 6. of, in; 7. to; 8. in; 9. about;
10. i n ... of
Упр. 20
1 .1 have just seen Peter.
2. Have you ever been to Kiev? —Yes, I have.
3. W hen were you in St. Petersburg? — I w ent there last
year.
4. Were you at the theatre yesterday? — N o, I was not.
5. Have you read this book? — Yes, I have.
6. W hen did you go to the cinem a? — I went to the cinem a
yesterday.
7. How m any English books have you got? — I’ve got five
English books.
8. They w eren’t at hom e yesterday They went to the co u n ­
try.
9. W hom are you waiting here for? - I am waiting for my
sister.
1 0 .1 have been here since m orning.

270
1 1 .1 have never seen this man.
1 2 .1 have just seen this film.
13. Where is my textbook? 1 have just put it here.
14. Peter ca n ’t do this exercise. He hasn’t been to school for
two days.
1 5 .1 have seen this exhibition. 1 can tell you about it.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. happened; 2. began; 3. is; 4. looked; 5. have done; 6. am;
7. want; 8. cut; 9. ate; 10. liked
У пр.22
1. Did the table begin to fly about the room? - Yes, it did.
2. Was the plum cake on the table? —Yes, it was.
3. Did Uncle Albert look at M ary Poppins? —Yes, he did.
4. Was he proud o f her? —Yes, he was.
5. Was the table in front o f Uncle Albert? — Yes, it was.
6. Were Mary Poppins and the children at the table? —Yes,
they were.
7. Did Uncle Albert cut the cake? —Yes, he did.
8. Was the cake good? —Yes, it was.
9. Did the children like it? — Yes, they did.
10. Was Uncle Albert happy? — Yes, he was.
Упр. 23
1. W hom was U ncle Albert proud of?
2. W hom was U ncle Albert glad to see?
3. W hat kind o f m an was U ncle Albert?
4. Where was he?
5. Where were the cups and the cake?
6. W hat did Uncle Albert decide to cut?
7. How did he cut the cake?
8. W hat cake was it?
9. W hat did uncle Albert give everybody?
10. W hat did the children begin to eat?

271
Упр. 24
1. have not fallen down; 2. is cutting; 3. are looking; 4. is;
5. is; 6. took, began; 7. have cut; 8. is; 9. w anted; 10. have
eaten
Упр. 25
1. have done; 2. happened; 3. is flying; 4. is; 5. sit down;
6. do ... like; 7. are; 8. d id n ’t want; 9. want; 10. have ... eaten
Упр. 26
1. Is the table flying about the room?
2. Have the children eaten the cake?
3. Did they like the cake?
4. Are the children in the air?
5. Do the children want to be on the floor?
6. Was the cake good?
7. Were the children happy?
8. Do you like cakes?
9. Can your m other make cakes?
10. Does U ncle Albert like to be in the air?
Упр. 27
1. — , to; 2. in; 3. in; 4. in ... of; 5. — ; 6. on; 7. — ; 8. to;
9. — ; 10. —
Упр. 28
1. The table began to fly about the room.
2. Mary Poppins saw her uncle in the air.
3. “ Now the table is also in the air,” U ncle Albert said.
4. “ Is your uncle always in the air?” the children asked.
“ N o ,” Mary Poppins answered.
5. The children also wanted to be in the air.
6. They d id n ’t want to be on the floor.
7. “ I have cut the cake into four parts,” he said.
8. The cake was very tasty.
9 . 1 have eaten my cake. My plate is empty.
1 0 .1 want to begin with the cake.
1 1 .1 have just bought a large cake.

272
12. Where is the cake? — It is on the table.
13. Can you bake? — N o, I cannot.
14. What cake is it? — It’s a plum cake.
15. Do you like pastry? —Yes, I do.
Упр. 30
a) 1. - ; 2. - ; 3. - ; 4. the; 5. -
b) 1. get up; 2. have

Контрольная работа
1. 1. is; 2. is not; 3. wants; 4. is; 5. is eating; 6. has eaten;
7. cam e; 8. saw; 9. shouted; 10. threw, ran
II. a) 1. Toto wants to eat the rice.
2. Yes, it has.
III. 1. Has Toto broken the plate? —Yes, it has.
2. Did the grandm other shout? - Yes, she did.
3. Is Toto eating now? —Yes, it is.
4. Does Toto like rice? —Yes, it does.
5. Is Toto happy? —Yes, it is.
IV. 1. doesn’t cook; 2. hasn’t; 3. isn’t; 4. isn’t; 5. isn’t look­
ing
V. 1. of, on; 2. on; 3. from; 4. at; 5. -
VI. 1. There is a plate of rice on the table. 2. Toto is eating
the rice now. 3. Toto often eats from this plate. 4. The m onkey
has eaten all the rice. The plate is empty. 5. Toto wants some
m ore rice.

Урок V III
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
1. you will like, she will like, they will like, I will (shall) like.
2. you will try, she will try, they will try, I will (shall) try.
3. you will explain, she will explain, they will explain, I will
(shall) explain.
4. you will buy, she will buy, they will buy, I will (shall) buy.

273
5. you will be, she will be, they will be, i will (shall) be.
6. you will show, she will show, they will show, I will (shall)
show.
7. you will help, she will help, they will help, 1 will (shall)
help.
8. you will com e, she will com e, they will come, I will (shall)
come.
9. you will tell, she will tell, they will tell, I will (shall) tell.
10. you will write, she will write, they will write, 1will (shall)
write.
Упр. 2
1. Will they explain it to you? —Yes, they will.
2. Will he write the letter? —Yes, he will.
3. Will she help you to translate the text? —Yes, she will.
4. Will M ary agree with us? —Yes, she will.
5. Will Peter try to get a good mark? — Yes, he will.
6. Will they be glad to see you? - Yes, they will.
7. Will you like St. Petersburg? —Yes, I (we) will.
8. Will A nn be at home on Sunday? —Yes, she will.
9. Will Jo h n com e to M oscow again? —Yes, he will.
10. Will they see our guests in a m inute? —Yes, they will.
Упр. 3
1. w on’t; 2. w on’t; 3. shan’t; 4. w on’t; 5. won’t; 6. w on’t
7. w on’t; 8. w on’t; 9. w on’t; 10. w on’t
Упр. 4
1. W hat kind o f dress is Kate going to buy?
2. W hat is N ick going to do?
3. W hen will they be at hom e?
4. W hom will he try to help?
5. W here will they take us?
6. W hat are they going to do?
7. W hat will they have for dinner?
8. W hen is Mary going to wash the dishes?
9. W hat are they going to translate in the evening?
10. W hat will you understand?

274
Упр. 5
1. Will she com e soon?
2. Are you going to learn G erm an? W hat foreign language
are you going to learn?
3. Is Peter going to invite John to M oscow? W hom is Peter
going to invite to Moscow?
4. Will N ick help me to do the exercise?
5. Will my friends be glad to see you?
6. Shall 1 eat the apple now?
7. Are they going to buy a new house? W hat are they going
to buy?
8. Will the show be interesting?
9. Shall 1 ask him about it now?
10. Shall I carry that case for you?
/ Упр. 6
1. will (shall) show; 2. will (shall) discuss it with him ;
3. w on’t (shan’t) give; 4. will find; 5. w on’t ask; 6. w on’t go;
7. sh an ’t (w on’t) take; 8. w on’t forget; 9. shan’t (won’t) write;
10. w on’t make
Упр. 7
1. are; are going; 2. will come; will (shall) think; 3. will help;
4. is going; 5. saw; 6. am reading; 7. did, discussed; 8. w on’t
take; 9. wants; 10. hasn’t been
Упр. 8
1. have seen; 2. d o n ’t like; 3. have bought; did ... buy;
bought; 4. w ill... sing; 5. are ... going, am going; 6. are, am ;
7. have done; am ; 8. has chosen
Упр. 9
1. 1 visited this exhibition last year.
2. He read my letter yesterday.
3. We d id n ’t see him yesterday.
4. We wrote the test two days ago.
5. T he baby broke his bottle o f m ilk a m inute ago.
6. He found a purse last m onth.
7 . 1 was at the concert last week.

275
8. Peter bought a bicycle a week ago.
9 . 1 translated this article yesterday.
10. I left my copy-book at school two days ago.
У п р .10
1. I ’ll help her with her grammar.
2. I ’ll try to find them .
3. I ’ll give him a sandwich.
4. I ’ll ask her to stay at home.
5. I ’ll read a tale to her.
6. I ’ll give some m oney to her.
7. I’ll go to the cinem a with him.
8. I ’ll give him a new suit.
9. I’ll teach him to speak Russian.
10. I’ll prepare supper for the family.
Упр. 11
1. shall (will) show; 2. buys; 3. w ill... read; 4. listens; 5. will
give; 6. like; 7. eat; 8. w ill... invite; 9. will be (shall be); 10. is
У п р .12
1. am going to; 2. is going to; 3. are going to; 4. is going to;
5. am going to; 6. are going to; 7. is going to; 8. are ... going to;
9. am going to; 10. is going to
Упр. 14
1. We go to the office every day.
2 . 1 have never been to London.
3. Kate and A nn are flying to London now.
4 . 1 often see N ick at school.
5. I ’ll finish the exercise in a m inute.
6. At the m om ent Mary is standing at the black-board.
7. We went to the Crim ea last year.
8. They usually go for a walk in the evening.
9. N ick has already written the sentence.
10. I spoke with your teacher an hour ago.
У п р .15
1. She is going to learn French. You are going to learn
French.

276
2. I am going to buy a new dress. They are going to buy a
new dress. We are going to buy a new dress.
3. Peter is going to take this book from the library. You are
going to take this book from the library. I am going to take this
book from the library.
4. N ick is going to collect stam ps. My friend is going to
collect stamps.
5 . 1 am going to write a letter. Kate is going to write a letter.
We are going to write a letter.
6. They are going to translate this text. You are going to
translate this text. He is going to translate this text.
7. We are going to discuss the problem . They are going to
discuss the problem . She is going to discuss the problem .
8.1 am going to correct the mistakes. You are going to cor­
rect the mistakes. He is going to correct the mistakes.
9. She is going to make a cake. A nn is going to make a cake.
You are going to m ake a cake.
1 0 .1 am going to invite my friend to the theatre. He is going
to invite my friend to the theatre. Peter is going to invite my
friend to the theatre.
Упр. 16
1. Shall I call a doctor? 2. Shall I cook dinner? 3. Shall I
switch off the radio? 4. Shall I read a funny story to you?
5. Shall I close the window? 6. Shall I open the door of your
room? 7. Shall I phone your m other? 8. Shall I stay with you
fo r tw o days? 9. S h all I te ll you a b o u t th e lesso n s at
school? 10. Shall I give you a glass o f milk?
Упр. 17
1. shall (will) go; 2. shall (will) help; 3. will(shall) read;
4. shall (will) visit; 5. shall (will) buy; 6. will stay; 7. will (shall)
change; 8. is m aking; 9. is repairing; 10. will (shall) read
Упр. 18
1. C an you draw?
2. Will you teach me to speak English?

277
3. Has he written the article?
4. Are you going to the South tomorrow?
5. Will she come to Moscow again?
6. D o you know your hom e-work?
7. Does she com e to her lessons in tim e?
8. Why are they looking at you?
9. Where do you usually go on Sundays?
10. W hat is he doing now?
У п р .19
1. the; 2. the; 3. the; 4. the; 5. - ; 6. the; 7. the; 8. - ; 9. an;
1 0 .—, the
Упр. 20
1. Wait for m e, please. I’ll be ready in a m inute.
2. I’ll explain everything to you.
3. How are you going to help him?
4. He has never been to the G orki Park.
5. John doesn’t know Moscow.
6. Tomorrow we are going to A n n ’s birthday party.
7. Why is the girl crying? — She has lost her toy.
8. Have you visited all the m useum s in Moscow? — N o, I
have not.
9. W hen will you take the children to the circus?
10. I ’ll never forget this m an.
11. How m any rooms are there in your flat? - There are two
room s in our flat.
12. W hen will you have a telephone? —Wfe d o n ’t know.
13. W hat is your friend’s nam e? — His nam e is John.
14. Will you tell me about your journey? —Yes, 1 will (shall).
15. I am not going to speak at the meeting.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
У пр.21
1. began; 2. saw; 3. won’t throw; 4. wants; is going; 5. found,
sat; 6. want; 7 .w ill...give; 8 .go,ask; 9. is, are; 10. want; 11. are

278
Упр. 22
1. Did Tony see a piano in the old building? - Yes, he did.
2. Did he want to have that piano? —Yes, he did.
3. Was Tony’s house very small? —Yes, it was.
4. Did the farm er decide to buy a new car? —Yes, he did.
5. Did he want that building for his garage? - Yes, he did.
6. Did Tony ask the farm er to give the piano to him? —Yes,
he did.
7. Was Tony’s family large? - Yes, it was.
8. Did Tony ask his friends to take the piano to the village
school? —Yes, he did.
9. Was the village school em pty in sum m er? —Yes, it was.
10. Did Jo h n offer Tony his help? - Yes, he did.
Упр. 23
1. W here did Tony work?
2. W hom did he want to help?
3. W hom did John always help?
4. W hose friend was he?
5. W hat did he want to throw away?
6. W hat did Tony open?
7. W here was the piano?
8. W hat kind of song did he begin to play?
9. W hat kind o f m an was the farm er?
10. W here did they want to keep the piano?
Упр. 24
1. d id n ’t like; 2. w asn’t; 3. w asn’t; 4. d id n ’t work; 5. d id n ’t
close; 6. d id n ’t want; 7. d id n ’t throw ; 8. d id n ’t tell; 9. d id n ’t
help; 10. d id n ’t work
Упр. 25
1. d id n ’t throw ; 2. d id n ’t want; 3. were; 4. d id n ’t work;
5. have com e; 6. will give; 7. played; 8. was; 9. liked; 10. were
Упр. 26
1. C an you play the piano?
2. Is your friend playing the piano now?

279
3. W hen did he begin to play the piano?
4. Have your parents bought a piano?
5. Are you going to the concert today?
6. Is your family large?
7. C an your m other play the piano?
8. Are you going to teach your m other to play the piano?
9. Will you play the piano every day?
10. Does your sister take music lessons?
Упр. 27
1. the; 2. the, the; 3. the; 4. — , — ; 5. the, an, the; 6. — ;
7. the, the, - ; 8. a; 9. the; 10. the, the
Упр. 28
1. Tony saw a piano in that old building.
2. “ My father has just bought a new car,” John said.
3. The farm er asked Tony to throw out the old boxes.
4. Tony didn’t want to take the piano out.
5. He opened the piano.
6. Tony began to play.
7. “C an you play the piano?” John asked. — “ N o, but I
want to play very m u ch ,” Tony answered.
8. It was a very beautiful old song.
9. “ I can play,” Tony thought.
10. Tony decided to ask the farm er not to throw the piano
away.
11. The boys took the piano to their school.
12. Tony was very glad.
13. The school was em pty in summer.
14. The door o f the school was open.
15. Tony cam e to school every day.
Упр. 30
а) 1. showed; 2. cam e; 3. like; 4. will (shall) go
б) Кроссворд
По горизонтали:
1. paid 2. runs 3. at
По вертикали:
1. ran 2. put 3. an 4. is

280
Контрольная работа
1. 1. played; 2. was; 3. decided; 4. cam e; 5. saw; 6. are ...
doing; 7. explained; 8. will (shall) give; 9. are; 10. d o n ’t want,
shall (will) be happy
II. 1. Yes, he was. 2. He went to school to play the piano.
III. 1. Are they going to buy a pianc?
2. Will M ary sing an English song for us?
3. Did N ick buy a guitar last week?
4. Has he just played his favourite song?
5. Is Mary singing now?
IV. 1. w on’t teach; 2. am not going; 3. haven’t bought;
4. d o n ’t want; 5. aren’t singing
V. 1. a; 2. the; 3. - ; 4. a; 5. the
VI. 1 .1 like Russian folk songs.
2. My parents have just bought a guitar for me.
3. Will you teach me to play the guitar?
4. He c a n ’t play the piano-.
5. O ur music teacher is very kind.

У р о к IX
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
а) 1. big - bigger - (the) biggest
2. nice — nicer - (the) nicest
3. bright —brighter — (the) brightest
4. deep — deeper - (the) deepest
5. tall - taller - (the) tallest
6. young — younger — (the) youngest
7. strong —stronger — (the) strongest
8. cold - colder - (the) coldest
9. small — smaller - (the) smallest
10. long - longer - (the) longest
11. wide —wider — (the) widest
б) 1. interesting - m ore interesting - (the) m ost interest-

281
2. im portant — more im portant — (the) most im portant
3. beautiful — m ore beautiful — (the) m ost beautiful
4. fam ous — m ore famous — (the) most famous
5. com fortable - m ore com fortable — (the) most com fort­
able
Упр. 2
1. kind —kinder — (the) kindest
2. young — younger — (the) youngest
3. strong —stronger - (the) strongest
4. bright —brighter - (the) brightest
(light — lighter - (the) lightest)
5. bad —worse — (the) worst
6. good —better — (the) best
7. big — bigger — (the) biggest
8. im portant — m ore im portant — (the) m ost im portant
9. beautiful — m ore beautiful — (the) most beautiful
Упр. 3
1. Your brother is taller than Peter.
2. A nn is younger than Kate.
3. T hat test is m ore difficult th an this test.
4. My room is larger than yours.
5. My friend’s bicycle is older th an my bicycle, (than m ine)
5. M ary is m ore beautiful than Kate.
6. Your friend is kinder than Peter.
7. T hat theatre is m ore popular th an this theatre.
8. M ary’s coat is w arm er th an A n n ’s coat.
10. My m o th er’s chair is m ore com fortable than my chair.
Упр. 4
1. m ost beautiful; 2. m ost popular; 3. m ost im portant;
4. best; 5. m ost interesting; 6. oldest; 7. longest; 8. worst;
9. shortest; 10. lightest
Упр. 5
1. My bag is better than yours, (than your bag)
2. This dress is m ore beautiful th an that dress.
3. This m an is nicer than that m an.

282
4. These books are m ore interesting th an those books.
5. This shop is worse than that shop.
6. This m useum is m ore popular th an that museum.
7. This question is m ore im portant than that question.
8. This car is m ore com fortable th an that car.
9. W inter is colder than autum n.
10. My m other is younger than my father.
Упр. 6
1. the m ost interesting; 2. best; 3. worse; 4. lighter; 5. larger;
6. sm aller; 7. better; 8. the longest; 9. the lightest; 10. the
worst
Упр. 7
1. th e w idest; 2. h o tte r; 3. the best; 4. older; 5. larger;
6. the oldest; 7. the m ost beautiful; 8. better; 9. the best;
10. younger
Упр. 8
1. Tom is shorter than Peter.
2. A nn has got m ore books th an Mary.
3. M ary’s test is worse than Peter’s test.
4. T hat lesson is more difficult th an this lesson.
5. Peter’s flat is larger than my flat.
6. My car is older than yours.
7. A n n ’s m arks are better than M ary’s marks.
8. Those pens are worse than these pens.
9. T hat book is m ore interesting th an this book.
10. M ary’s dress is m ore beautiful th an A nn’s dress.
Упр. 10
1. oldest; 2. best; 3. nice; 4. m ost popular; 5. new; 6. m ore
interesting; 7. hotter; 8. im portant; 9. bright; 10. worst
У п р .11
1. Have you visited all the m useum s in Moscow?
2. Has John read two Russian books? How m any books has
John read?
3. Is it the best book about England?
4. Is A n n ’s test better than Peter’s test?

283
5. Did my friends see a very funny film yesterday? W hat
kind o f film did my friends see yesterday?
6. Are the tourists looking at the oldest building in the city
now? W hat are the tourists looking at now?
7. Is my tie brighter than yours?
8. Is John Peter’s best friend?
9. Do my friends live in St. Petersburg? Where do my friends
live?
10. Is Red Square the m ost beautiful square in Moscow?
У п р .12
1. Are your pencils better than my pencils?
2. Is this article longer than that article?
3. Are there more pupils in my class than in yours?
4. Do you like winter?
5. Is N ick taller than Peter?
6. Are you older than Mary?
7. Has Ann bought the m ost beautiful dress in the shop?
8. Is it the best story in the book?
9. Are you going to buy a present for your father?
10. Are you younger than your brother?
У п р .13
1. is taking; 2. visit; 3. does; 4. is looking; 5. read; 6. are
moving; 7. like; 8. comes; 9. is waiting; 10. get up
Упр. 14
1. Is my pen better than yours?
2. Has N ick got more books than Peter?
3. Is the weather worse today than it was yesterday?
4. Is your flat larger than M ary’s flat?
5. Is Kate younger than Mary?
6. Is Ann the most beautiful girl in your class?
7. Is N ick busy on weekdays?
8. Is M oscow older than St. Petersburg?
9. Are there m ore theatres in my city than in yours?
10. Is m y grandfather older th an yours?

284
Упр. 15
1. less comfortable; 2. shorter; 3. less interesting; 4. darker;
5. better; 6. shorter; 7. older; 8. richer; 9. thinner; 10. larger
Упр. 16
1. the worst; 2. the least comfortable; 3. the best; 4. the dark­
est; 5. the shortest; 6. the least interesting; 7. the longest; 8. the
weakest; 9. the poorest; 10. the hottest
У п р .17
1. have translated; 2. phoned; 3. h a v e ... seen; 4. d id ... get?;
5. have been; 6. have read; 7. cam e; 8. wanted; 9. has ... re­
turned; 10. visited
У п р .18
1. am preparing; 2. h a s ... tasted; 3. is answering; 4. have ...
answered; 5. is choosing; 6. h a s ... bought; 7. i s ... crying; 8. is
having; 9. have visited; 10. has seen
Упр. 19
I. in, in; 2. in ... of, in; 3. to; 4. to; 5. — ; 6. —; 7. in; 8. at;
9. in; 10. for
Упр. 20
1. It’s the most interesting film I have ever seen.
2. I ’ve got the best m other in the world.
3 . 1 am younger than my sister.
4. Your m agazine is m ore interesting than mine.
5. They are discussing the m ost im portant problem now.
6. O ur flat is larger than yours.
7. Peter is stronger than John.
8. I’ll try to get a better m ark tomorrow.
9. February is the coldest m onth o f the year.
10. July is the hottest m onth o f the year.
I I. He is the most popular actor in this theatre.
12. My m arks are worse than yours.
13. This is the shortest exercise in this lesson.
14. Peter is taller than his mother.
15. W hich is the longest street in your city?

285
Лексико-грамматические упражнения
У п р .21
1. were; 2. was poor, was rich; 3. worked, brought; 4. took,
ate; 5. is, share; 6. cam e, d id n ’t bring; 7. was; 8. d id n ’t help;
9. d id n ’t visit; 10. are, help
Упр. 22
1. Was Hugh richer than Hans? - Yes, he was.
2. Did Hugh often eat plum s from his friend’s garden? —
Yes, he did.
3. Did Hans bring his flowers to the m arket? - Yes, he did.
4. Did he go to the m arket in summer?
5. Was his house less com fortable than H ugh’s house? —
Yes, it was.
6. Did Hans share everything with Hugh? —Yes, he did.
7. Did Hans work in the garden every day? —Yes, he did.
8. Did Hans sell his plum s and apples in sum m er? — Yes,
he did.
9. Did Hugh like apples? —Yes, he did.
10. Did Hugh visit H ans only in warm weather? — Yes, he
did.
У п р .23
1. Where did Hans work?
2. Where did he take the apples to?
3. W hen did his friend visit him?
4. W hat kind of m an was Hans?
5. W hom did Hans love very much?
6. W hom did H ans always help?
7. Whose friend was he?
8. W hen was Hans unhappy?
9. What did he like to grow?
10. Whose roses did everybody like?
Упр. 24
1. m ore comfortable; 2. smaller; 3. the best; 4. richer; 5. the
richest; 6. less com fortable; 7. better; 8. the most beautiful;
9. older; 10. the oldest

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Упр. 25
1. best; 2. the worst; 3. richer; 4. better; 5. juicy; 6. higher;
7. the most difficult; 8. bigger; 9. the m ost beautiful; 10. the
happiest
У пр.26
1. Have you ever seen blue roses?
2. Do you share everything with your friend?
3. Is there a garden behind your house?
4. What are your favourite flowers?
5. Have you got a friend?
6. W hat is his name?
7. Does he live in Russia?
8. Has John been to Russia?
9. Does Jo h n know Russian?
10. Did John com e to M oscow last year?
Упр. 27
1. to; 2. in; 3. - ; 4. 5. from; 6. in; 7. - ; 8. from ... till;
9. in; 10. for
У п р.28
1. Hans was poor but he had a lot o f friends.
2. He was the kindest m an in the world.
3. W inter was the m ost difficult season for Hans.
4. “ I haven’t got anything to bring to the m arket and I am
c o ld ,” he often said.
5. In spring, sum m er and autum n Hans worked in his gar­
den from m orning till night.
6. Hugh was richer th an Hans.
7. “The trees in your garden are higher than in my garden
(m in e),” Hugh said.
8. “You’ve got m ore apples th an I (have g o t),” he added.
9. “You are my best friend.”
10. “ I’m readytoshareeverythingw ithyou,” Hansanswered.
11. H ans always helped his friend.
12. Hugh didn’t want to help Hans.
13. “There are a lot o f roses in your garden,” M ary said.

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14. “This is the most beautiful rose I have ever seen.”
15. “ Roses are my favourite flowers,” she added.
Упр. 30
а) 1. share; 2. are; 3. m eet; 4. is
б) Потому, что она в середине слова water —вода; в пе­
реносном смы сле «посреди воды».

Контрольная работа
1. 1. the richest; 2. more; 3. the poorest, more; 4. the cheap­
est; 5. older; 6. poorer, better; 7. the most beautiful; 8. better;
9. the softest; 10. m ore expensive
II. 1. Because he was the richest m an in the city.
2. He bought the most beautiful shoes for Abul.
III. 1. W hom did everybody know?
2. W here did Abul’s friend go?
3. W hat kind o f shoes did he buy for Abul?
4. W hom did all the people laugh at?
5. W hat did Abul like?
IV. 1. the richest; 2. m ore; 3. the cheapest; 4. the best;
5. m ore expensive
V. 1. to; 2. for; 3. for; 4. in; 5. —
VI. 1. I ’ll buy the most beautiful shoes for you.
2. You will like them .
3. “ I am richer than you,” Abul said to his best friend.
4. Why do you buy the cheapest clothes?
5. These shoes are too good for the street.

Урок X
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
а) usual, slow, quiet, quick (fast);
б) usually, slowly, quietly, quickly (fast);
в) quick m usic, a quiet voice, a fast train, a slow dance;
r) to walk quickly (to walk fast), to read slowly, to speak
quietly

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Упр. 2
1. Не speaks English well.
2. It is a fast train.
3. He always writes slowly.
4. She eats fast.
5. It was a quiet night.
6. He does everything quietly.
7. He wants to read this text better.
8 . 1 always get good marks.
9. He likes slow music.
10. He is a bad student.
Упр. 3
1. He usually plays the piano in the evening. He always plays
the piano in the evening.
2. They usually take English books from the library. They
always take English books from the library.
3. We usually write gram m ar tests. We always write gram ­
m ar tests.
4.1 always read my textbook at my English lesson. 1 usually
read my textbook at my English lesson.
5. N ick ’s father usually works in the garden on Fridays.
N ick ’s father always works in the garden on Fridays.
6. Peter usually swims in the river. Peter always swims in
the river.
7. You usually visit England in summer. You always visit
England in summer.
8. They usually go to the Bolshoi Theatre. They always go
to the Bolshoi Theatre.
9. Kate usually asks her m other to buy sweets. Kate always
asks her m other to buy sweets.
10. We usually travel by car. We always travel by car.
Упр. 4
1. D o you usually walk to school? —Yes, I do.
2. Does your friend often come to see you? - Yes, he does.

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3. Do your m other and you often go to the circus? — Yes,
we do.
4. Are they usually at school at this tim e o f the day? — Yes,
they are.
5. Does he always know his hom e-work? —Yes, he does.
6. Does the teacher often read tales to her pupils? — Yes,
she does.
7. Does M ary often stay at school after the lessons? —Yes,
she does.
8. D o his parents usually get up at seven o ’clock in the
m orning? — Yes, they do.
9. D o they always work in the garden after work? — Yes,
they do.
10. Do you usually live in the country in sum m er? —Yes, we
(I) do.
Упр. 5
1. d o n ’t often go ...
2. doesn’t always help ...
3. My friend and 1 d o n ’t often discuss ...
4. doesn’t always b u y ...
5. doesn’t often p la y ...
6. doesn’t always t e l l ...
7. d o n ’t often play ...
8. doesn’t always t e l l ...
9. doesn’t often read ...
10. d o n ’t always speak
Упр. 6
1. W hat does the teacher always answer?
2. W here do they usually spend their w inter holidays?
3. W hat kind of mistakes does N ick always make?
4. W hom does the teacher often call to the black-board?
5. W here do they usually play basketball?
6. W hat m arks does your teacher always give you?
7. W hat kind o f stories does your grandm other often tell
you?

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8. W here do they usually buy English magazines?
9. Whose grandm other is Peter always glad to see?
10. W hat kind o f bread does he usually eat?
Упр. 7
1. usually likes; 2. always goes; 3. often takes; 4. usually
writes; 5. am usually; 6. often go; 7. usually speak; 8. often
plays; 9. is always; 10. often see
Упр. 8
1 .1 often m eet him at school.
2. We usually discuss our problems together.
3. He always com es hom e at six o ’clock in the evening.
4.1 never do my lessons at school.
5. 1 always do all the exercises.
6. She usually drinks coffee in the m orning.
7. He often asks me about my teachers.
8. We are always ready to help them .
9. They are usually at hom e in the evening.
10. N ick always gets bad marks.
11. This m useum is usually closed on M ondays.
12. My m other is always at work on weekdays.
13. These trees usually grow in the South.
1 4 .1 often listen to music.
15. You are always right.
Упр. 9
1. quiet; 2. quietly; 3. slowly; 4. slow; 5. quiet; 6. quiet;
7. good; 8. well; 9. good; 10. well
Упр. 10
1. slowly; 2. fast; 3. fast; 4. slow; 5. quietly; 6. well; 7. usual;
8. usually; 9. good; 10. the best
У п р .12
1. наречие —Ты сейчас читаеш ь лучш е.
2. прилагательное — М оя ручка лучш е твоей.
3. прилагательное — Ему нравится бы страя музыка.
4. прилагательное - М не не н равятся м едленны е (с
малой скоростью ) поезда.

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5. наречие — Он всё делает медленно.
6. прилагательное —Это самое лучшее стихотворение
в книге.
7. прилагательное — Он обы чно очень спокоен.
8. наречие — К ош ка спокойно (тихо) сидела под сто­
лом.
9. прилагательное — Это хорош ий карандаш .
10. наречие — Катя умеет очень хорош о танцевать.
Упр. 13
1. well - How does your friend speak French?
2. slowly — How do you like to walk?
3. tom orrow - W hen is he going to write the letter?
4. yesterday - W hen did they see him?
5. today - W hen does Peter want to see his friend?
6. well — How can they play football?
7. quietly — How did Ann sit in the corner o f the room?
8. here - Where is your bag?
9. tom orrow —W hen does N ick want to go to the cinem a?
10. fast — How does my father like to work?
У п р .14
1. W hen will you tell him about it?
2. Why is M ary crying?
3. Does he play football well?
4. Are you older than your friend?
5. Do you like fast trains?
6. W hen do you usually get up?
7. W here is my textbook?
8. C an A nn speak English?
9. C an you run fast?
10. Is Peter a good swimmer?
У п р .15
1. the best; 2. m ore expensive; 3. the shortest; 4. the m ost
interesting; 5. older; 6. cheaper; 7. the cheapest; 8. better;
9. warmer; 10. the m ost difficult

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У п р .16
1. Did Peter show John the oldest building in St. Peters­
burg? W hat kind of building did Peter show John?
2. Is my m other older than yours?
3. D o you like to walk slowly? How do you like to walk?
4. Did my m other buy a very expensive table yesterday?
W hat did my m other buy yesterday? W hen did my m other buy
the table? (a very expensive table?)
5. Is your skirt longer than your coat?
6. Do you usually eat fast? How do you usually eat?
7. Is Jo h n ’s car m ore com fortable than yours?
8. Is your elder b rother twenty? H ow old is your elder
brother?
9. Do children always like to ask questions?
10. Has N ick got m ore pets than Peter?
Упр. 17
1. has bought; 2. went; 3. did ... go, went; 4. is working;
5. am cooking; 6. d id n ’t see; 7. hasn’t seen; 8. is ... swimming;
9. wrote; 10. is
Упр. 18
1. is explaining; 2. did ... get; 3. have bought; 4. drink;
5. comes; 6. have ... heard; 7. have ... been; 8. were, went;
9. have ... seen; 10. have written
Упр. 19
1. the; 2. a; 3. the; 4. a; 5. the, a; 6. the; 7. the; an; 8. a;
9. the; 10. -
У п р .20
1. He always eats fast.
2 . 1 like fast trains.
3. D oes he always read so slowly? —Yes, he does.
4. We usually do our lessons at hom e.
5 . 1 have never seen such a tall m an.
6. This is the best book in our library.
7. Peter in the best pupil in our class.

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8. We often stay at school after the lessons.
9. Have you written the letter? — N o, I have not. 1 am still
writing it.
10. Have you seen this film? —N o, we have not.
11. We are going to see this film next week.
12. O ur teacher is going to take us to the Bolshoi Theatre
tomorrow.
13. Why are you so upset? — 1 have lost my keys.
14. Have you made m any mistakes in your test? —Yes, I have.
15. W hen did you write your English test? —We wrote it last
week.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. there — там, туда; 2. slowly — медленно; 3. usually —
обы чно; 4. attentively — вним ательно; 5. sternly — твердо,
suddenly - вдруг, внезапно, here —здесь, сюда
У п р .22
1. Was Mary Poppins their new nurse? - Yes, she was.
2. Did the wind bring M ary Poppins to that house? — Yes,
it did.
3. Was the house very old? —Yes, it was.
4. Did the children com e slowly into the room ? —Yes, they
did.
5. Did Mary Poppins look at all the children? — Yes, she
did.
6. Did she agree to take care of them ? —Yes, she did.
7. Did the Twins notice M ary Poppins? —Yes, they did.
8. Were the Twins in their beds? - Yes, they were.
9. Were they glad to see M ary Poppins? — Yes, they were.
10. Did the children like M ary Poppins very m uch? — Yes,
they did.
Упр. 23
1. W hat kind of nurse was M ary Poppins?

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2. W hat colour were her eyes?
3. What did she take off?
4. W hat did she open?
5. What kind of bag was it?
6. What did she take out o f her bag?
7. W hat did Mary Poppins give the Twins?
8. W hom did the Twins look at?
9. W hat kind o f babies were they?
10. W hom did Mary Poppins love?
Упр. 24
1. good; 2. usual; 3. slowly; 4. well; 5. quiet; 6. usually;
7. sternly; 8. quietly; 9. kind; 10. quietly
Упр. 25
1. the best; 2. the biggest; 3. older; 4. younger; 5. the
youngest; 6. better; 7. w arm est; 8. stronger; 9. worse; 10. the
richest
Упр. 26
1. Was Mary Poppins the best nurse in the world?
2. Did the children love M ary Poppins?
3. Did Jane like her juice?
4. Were the twins the youngest m em bers of the family?
5. How did Mary Poppins come to that house?
6. W hat colour were her eyes?
7. Was her hat large?
8. Was M ichael younger than Jane?
9. Was Mary Poppins young?
10. Did Mr. Banks work every day?
Упр. 27
1. a; 2. the; 3. the, - ; 4. a; 5. a; 6. the, an; 7. - ; 8. the;
9. — , — , the; 10. the, —
Упр. 28
1. “This is your new n urse,” she said.
2. Mary Poppins looked at the children attentively.

295
3. She agreed to take care o f the children.
4. The children liked Mary Poppins very m uch.
5. “ How did you com e here?” Jane asked.
6. The wind brought me h ere,” Mary Poppins answered.
7. “A strong wind is blowing. I’ll put on my warmest c o a t,”
Mr. Banks said.
8. The Bankses lived in an old house.
9. They were not very rich.
10. Mr. Banks was poorer than his friend.
11. Mary Poppins took the children for a walk every day.
12. The Twins were always quiet.
13. Mary Poppins was stern.
14. “ Mary Poppins, will you always be with us?” Michael
asked.
15. The children d id n ’t want to part with M ary Poppins.
Упр. 30
a) 1. works; 2. d o n ’t like; 3. talk; 4. go, work

Контрольная работа
1. 1. are ... crying; 2. wants; 3. w on’t leave; 4. was; 5. loved;
6. cam e in; 7. gave; 8. want, shall (will) com e; 9. went
II. 1. Yes, she did.
2. They didn’t w ant to part* with Mary Poppins.
III. 1. quickly; 2. quiet; 3. usually; 4. wildly; 5. well
IV. 1. — , the; 2. the; 3. the, — ; 4. a; 5. a
V. 1. Mary Poppins wore a blue hat.
2. “ She is going to leave us,” M ichael said.
3. Mary Poppins opened her um brella quickly.
4. It was the smallest house in this street.
5. The children hoped to see M ary Poppins again.

* to part with somebody —расставаться с кем-либо

296
Урок XI
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
nine, eleven, fifteen, twelve, fourteen, thirteen, sixteen,
twenty, forty-five, fifty-six, eighty-one, seventy-nine, ninety-
four, thirty-four, ninety-eight, one hundred (a hundred)
Упр. 2
первы й урок, десятая страница, пяты й месяц, двадцать
пятое упраж нение, тридцать седьм ой воп рос, девятая
неделя, третий урок, четвертое письм о, ш естнадцаты й
журнал
Упр. 3
1. the first; 2. the second; 3. the third; 4. the tw enty-third;
5. the thirtieth; 6. the fifteenth; 7. the sixty-seventh; 8. the
ninety-second; 9. the eighty-first; 10. the ninety-ninth
Упр. 4
а) two books, six pens, twenty pages, ten balls, three pen­
cils, twenty-seven pupils, nine bags
б) the twelfth m onth, the tenth lesson, the fourth exercise,
the first visit, the third rule, the fifth room , the eleventh page,
the second day
Упр. 5
1. Are there twenty-five girls in his class? — Yes, there are.
2. Has Peter been to five foreign countries? —Yes, he has.
3. Did Kate read ten English books last m onth? —Yes, she
did.
4. Are they writing the third exercise now? —Yes, they are.
5. Is January the second w inter m onth? —Yes, it is.
6. Is D ecem ber the twelfth m onth o f the year? —Yes, it is.
7. Was he the third child in the family? —Yes, he was.
8. Did A nn like her first day at school? - Yes, she did.
9. Was it his second visit to the Bolshoi Theatre? — Yes, it
was.
10. Are they leaving M oscow on the fifth o f July? - Yes, they
are.

297
Упр. 6
1. W hen did he com e to Moscow?
2. How m any books did Mary take from the library yester­
day?
3. W hen are the guests coming?
4. How m any new words have you written out?
5. How m any m istakes did Nick make in his test yesterday?
6. How m any interesting magazines has he just bought?
7. W hich sentence c a n ’t A nn translate?
8. W hen was my friend born?
9. How m any pages are there in this book?
10. How m any pets has Peter got at home?
Упр. 7
1. w asn’t; 2. a ren ’t sitting; 3. isn’t interesting; 4. d idn’t buy;
5. isn’t; 6. haven’t translated; 7. shan’t (won’t); 8. isn’t; 9. isn’t
translating; 10. w asn’t
Упр. 8
1. first; 2. three; 3. the second; 4. four; 5. six; 6. the fifth;
7. nine; 8. ten; 9. thirty-five English books at hom e; 10. the
eleventh
Упр. 9
1. two; 2. four; 3. the sixth; 4. eleven; 5. three; 6. the first;
7. seven; 8. five; 9. 1998; 10. the fifth (возм ож ны варианты )
Упр. 11
1. N am e any nineteen letters... 2. N am e any seven letters ...
3. N am e any thirteen letters ... 4. N am e any eleven letters ...
5. N am e any twenty-five letters ... 6. N am e any twenty-two
letters ... 7. N am e any three ... 8. Nam e any five letters ...
9. N am e any eight letters ... 10. N am e any twelve letters ...
У пр.12
1. How m any new words did he write out an hour ago? Did
he write out twenty new words from the text an hour ago?
2. Was it Peter’s first visit to London?
3. Will Kate be sixteen next week?

298
4. Is Peter going to buy her a good present?
5. How m any boys and girls are there in your group? Are
there ten boys and seven girls in your group?
6. Did they come into the hall after the third bell? W hen
did they com e into the hall?
7. How m any roses did N ick give his m other yesterday? Did
N ick give his m other eleven roses yesterday?
8. Is the First o f April your friend’s favourite holiday?
9. Has Ann got one green and two yellow parrots? How
m any parrots has Ann got?
10. How m any mistakes have you m ade in your dictation?
Have you made three gram m ar mistakes in your dictation?
У п р .13
1. four; 2. eleven; 3. seven (six); 4. seventh; 5. eighth;
6. third; 7. first; 8. second; 9. ten; 10. three
У п р .14
1. Are you in the sixth form?
2. Is D ecem ber the twelfth m onth of the year?
3. D o you take five subjects at school?
4. Did you like your first day at school?
5. Is Kate in the eighth form?
6. Have you got three sisters?
7. Does he com e hom e at six o ’clock in the evening?
8. Is your father thirty-five years old?
9. Did you go to school in 1998?
10. Is your friend’s birthday on the first o f May?
У п р .15
1. invites; 2 are; 3. finished; 4. have m ade; 5. have bought;
6. went; 7. will take ...; 8. bought; 9. am; 10. d o n ’t know
Упр. 16
1. How m any foreign languages does my m other know?
2. How m any im portant questions did they discuss yester­
day?
3. W hich question will he repeat for you again?

299
4. How m any foreign languages do you want to learn?
5. W hich text o f the lesson did he like?
6. How m any book-shops are there in their town?
7. Which page did Kate find?
8. W hen are they coming to our place?
9. W hich is the shortest m onth o f the year?
10. W hich door did Alice decide to open?
Упр. 17
1. usually; 2. often; 3. well; 4. quietly; 5. fast; 6. ever;
7. slowly; 8. never; 9. quickly; 10. always
У пр.18
1. m ore interesting; 2. the longest; 3. larger; 4. older;
5. taller; 6. m ore expensive; 7. the best; 8. louder; 9. worse;
10. the highest
Упр. 19
1. of; 2. in; 3. for; 4. on; 5. in; 6. of; 7. about; 8. in; 9. by;
10. at
Упр. 20
1. “ В” is the second letter o f the ABC.
2. “ C ” is the third letter o f the ABC.
3. C an you nam e the fifteenth letter o f the ABC?
4. There are twelve m onths in a year.
5. There are seven days in a week.
6. January is the second w inter m onth.
7. August is the eighth m onth o f the year.
8. Septem ber is the first autum n m onth.
9. W hich chapter o f the book are you reading now? — I am
reading the second chapter.
10. The G ram m ar rules are on the first page.
11. There are thirty pupils in our class.
12. I ’ll never forget my first teacher.
1 3 .1 can see my friends. They are sitting in the third row.
14. How m any schools are there in your town? — There are
ten schools in our town.
15.1 m ade a lot o f mistakes in my test yesterday.

300
Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр.21
1. loved; 2. have given; 3. will win; 4. d id n ’t want; 5. will
become; 6. cam e; 7. was; 8. tried; 9. were, were, was; 10. won
Упр. 22
1. Has the farm er’s wife bought a new suit for Tony? —Yes,
she has.
2. Is Tony wearing the new suit now? —Yes, he is.
3. Are there very m any musicians in the hall now? — Yes,
there are.
4. Is Tony the youngest o f the musicians? —Yes, he is.
5. Does he want to win the com petition? - Yes, he does.
6. Is he playing the piano now? - Yes, he is.
7. Is Tony’s teacher listening to him? —Yes, he is.
8. Is the farm er’s wife proud o f Tony? —Yes, she is.
9. Are there tears in her eyes? —Yes, there are.
10. Has Tony won? - Yes, he has.
Упр. 23
1. W hat did Tony like?
2. W hom did the farm er’s family love?
3. Whose teacher was Mr. G ordon?
4. W hat kind of pupil was Tony?
5. W hen did the com petition begin?
6. W hat com petition was it?
7. How did Tony try to play?
8. W hom did Tony see in the hall?
9. W hat did Tony win?
10. W hat kind o f day was it for Tony?
Упр. 24
1. seven; 2. first; 3. ten; 4. third; 5. twenty; 6. eight; 7. twenty;
8. seventeen; 9. fifty; 10. the second
Упр. 25
1. five; 2. six; 3. two; 4. the first; 5. the second; 6. fifty;
7. forty-five; 8. ten; 9. first; 10. the third

301
Упр. 26
1. Was Mr. G ordon a good teacher?
2. Did Tony play the piano well?
3. Was it the happiest day for Tony?
4. Were Tony’s fingers quick?
5. How old was Tony’s friend?
6. W hen did the com petition begin?
7. Did the com petition last for eight hours?
8. W hat com petition was it?
9. W hat was the nam e o f Tony’s friend?
10. Did John want to play the piano?
Упр. 27
1. — ; 2. to; 3. in; 4. - , from ... till; 5. of; 6. on, of; 7. of, in
... of; 8. in, of; 9. at; 10. —
Упр. 28
1. Tony’s parents were poor.
2. Tony wanted to play the piano very m uch.
3. The farm er gave Tony his old piano, (gave his old piano
to Tony)
4. In sum m er the school was open from m orning till night.
5. Mr. G ordeen d id n ’t want to take m oney for his lessons.
6. Mr. G ordon was Tony’s favourite teacher.
7. He was proud o f Tony.
8. Tony was a gifted pupil.
9. Soon the day of the com petition came.
10. The com petition was hard, (difficult)
11. M any m usicians wanted to win.
12. Mr. G ordon and the farm er’s family were in the hall.
13. Tony saw them in the third row.
14. Tony was the winner.
15. It was the happiest day in his life.
Упр. 30
a) 1. say; 2. shall dance; 3. we shall (will) play; 4. shall (will)

302
б) Кроссворд
По горизонтали:
1. first
2. twenty
По вертикали:
1. fourth
2. second

Контрольная работа
I . 1. am ; 2. d idn’t see; 3. was; 4. looked; 5. are; are ... laugh­
ing; is; 6. is, think, is; 7. laugh, c a n ’t stand; 8. d o n ’t want, be­
gan
II. 1. They saw a large table in the m iddle o f the room.
2. U ncle Albert was in the air.
III. 1. two; 2. the third; 3. the fourth; 4. one
IV. 1. W hen did U ncle Albert begin to laugh?
2. Where was the table?
V. 1. in ... of; 2. in; 3. in; 4. at; 5. on
VI. 1. U ncle A lbert’s door was the first on the right.
2. M ary Poppins and the children cam e into the room.
3. They saw a table in the room.
4. “ U ncle Albert, why are you in the air?” the children
asked.
5. “ I want to stand on the floor, but I c a n ’t , ” he answered.

Урок XII
Грамматические упражнения
Упр. 1
1. com e; 2. discuss; 3. walk; 4. helps; 5. wake; 6. greets;
7. tell; 8. writes; 9. buys; 10. asks
Упр. 2
1. Do your friends live in the center o f the city? —Yes, they
do.
2. Does Peter always like to talk about the weather? - Yes,
he does.

303
3. D o they write letters every day? — Yes, they do.
4. D o you get two newspapers every day? —Yes, I do.
5. Does Kate usually do her gram m ar exercise at home? —
Yes, she does.
6. D oes my friend often go to England? —Yes, he does.
7. Do your parents travel every sum m er? — Yes, they do.
8. Does Kate always buy books about fam ous people? -
Yes, she does.
9. Have you got two bicycles? —Yes, I have.
10. Is your house far from your school? —Yes, it is.
Упр. 3
1. W here do they often invite you?
2. W hen does my father like to swin?
3. How m any pupils are there in this school?
4. W hat language can Kate speak well?
5. W hen does she read French books?
6. W hat does Ann often buy?
7. How m any foreign languages does my m other know?
8. How do you want to know English?
9. W hat do they often sing?
10. W here does my uncle teach French?
Упр. 4
1. My friend often goes to England.
2. We like books about actors.
3. They get three newspapers and two m agazines every day.
4 . 1 always do my hom e-work at hom e.
5. VJe often listen to good music.
6. They d o n ’t often come to see us.
7. My sister speaks French well.
8. She teaches French at school.
9. O ur grandfather knows five foreign languages.
1 0 .1 usually return books to the library on tim e.
11. Do you like to collect stamps? — Yes, I do.
12. W here are my books? —They are on the table.

304
13. How do you usually spend w inter evenings? — We usu­
ally spend w inter evenings at home.
14. He doesn’t like to speak about his work.
15. T here are three hundred pupils in this school.
Упр. 5
1. am doing; 2. are discussing; 3. are building; 4. aren’t writ­
ing; 5. is speaking; 6. is choosing; 7. isn’t sitting; 8. are leaving;
9. are talking; 10. is playing
Упр. 6
1. Are you thinking about it now? — Yes, I am. (We are.)
2. Is Peter writing questions now? —Yes, he is.
3. Is M ary discussing this problem w ith her m other at the
m om ent? —Yes, she is.
4. Is our teacher explaining the rules now? —Yes, he is.
5. Are you preparing hom e-work now? — Yes, I am. (We
are.)
6. Is Jo h n leaving Moscow next week? — Yes, he is.
7. Are you drinking tea now? - Yes, we are.
8. Are they walking in the wood now? —Yes, they are.
9. Is A nn looking at her dress at the m om ent? —Yes, she is.
10. Is the dog barking at your guest now? —Yes, it is.
Упр. 7
1. W here are you sitting now?
2. W hat is M ary choosing at the m om ent?
3. W hom are they waiting for now?
4. W hen is the delegation com ing?
5. W hat are you choosing in the pet-shop now?
6. W hat is the cat eating at the m om ent?
7. W hat is M ary looking at now?
8. W hat is N ick throw ing at Peter at the m om ent?
9. How is the dog running?
10. W hose favourite song is Kate singing now?
Упр. 8
1. M ary is choosing a present for her m other at the m o­
m ent.

305
2. T he delegation is com ing tomorrow.
3. My cat is drinking milk now.
4. W hen are you going to Moscow? - We are going to M os­
cow in a week.
5. W hom is your m other talking (speaking with) to now?
6. W hat are you eating? — 1 am eating my favourite salad.
7. Where are the guests? — They are walking in the forest.
8. Peter is discussing this question with his father now.
9. My m other is cooking porridge at the m om ent.
10. John is in the plane. He is flying to Moscow.
11. W hat are you doing next Sunday? — My friend and I are
going to the country.
12. You are walking along the oldest street o f Moscow.
13. We are going to Kiev on Friday.
14. W hat are you thinking about? - I am thinking about my
friend.
15. Are you com ing with us? —Yes, I am.
Упр. 9
1. How m any foreign languages do you know? — 1 know
one foreign language.
2. W hat language is John speaking with his teacher now? —
He is speaking English with him now.
3. This book-shop works every day.
4. Peter is busy. He is writing a letter to his friend at the
m om ent.
5. How often do you get letters? — I get letters every week.
6 . 1 d o n ’t write letters every day.
7. W here is the cat? — It is sleeping under the table.
8. N ick often translates articles from English into Russian.
9. He is translating a very interesting article now.
10. We usually read books at hom e.
11. Peter is at the library. He is preparing for his test.
1 2 .1 always go to the country in summer.
1 3 .1 am going to the country next week.

306
14. He always writes a lot o f exercises at home.
15. I am writing a very long exercise now.
Упр. 10
1. cam e; 2. finished; 3. cam e; 4. discussed; 5. spent; 6. re­
turned; 7. visited; 8. saw; 9. bought; 10. was
У пр.11
1. Did they visit two foreign countries last year? - Yes, they
did.
2. D id you see your friend in the park yesterday? — Yes, I
did.
3. Was Kate in the pet-shop three days ago? —Yes, she was.
4. D id N ick want to translate th at article yesterday? —Yes,
he did.
5. Did you take your friend to the Bolshoi T heatre last
m onth? —Yes, I did.
6. Did he begin to write the novel a year ago? - Yes, he did.
7. Were they students five years ago? —Yes, they were.
8. Did you swim in the river last Sunday? —Yes, I did.
9. Did Kate give me three English books yesterday? - Yes,
she did.
10. Did he write this poem in 1990? —Yes, he did.
У п р.12
1. W hen did you m eet your friend?
2. W hen did Nick go to school?
3. How m any questions did the teacher ask you yesterday?
4. How did Peter speak English last year?
5. W hen were you at the theatre?
6. W hen did she tell Peter about it?
7. W hen did Arm lose her ball?
8. W here did you go last m onth?
9. W here did they live last year?
10. W hat kind o f birds did you see in the Zoo yesterday?
Упр. 13
1. We d id n ’t discuss this question yesterday.

307
2. Were you at the cinem a yesterday? —N o, I was not. (We
were not.)
3. Peter spoke English well last year.
4. The teacher asked us many questions yesterday.
5. Where did you go last year? —We went to St. Petersburg.
6 . 1 m et them at the railway station yesterday.
7. We d idn’t go to the country last Sunday.
8. W hen was he here? - He was here an hour ago.
9. Were you at school yesterday? - N o, I was not. (We were
not.)
10. N ick got a bad m ark last week.
1 1 .1 d id n ’t go to the library last Friday.
12. The weather was nice yesterday.
1 3 .1 read three English books last summer.
1 4 .1 got a letter from John yesterday.
15. We d id n ’t do this exercise at the last lesson.
У пр.14
1. have ... read; 2. have seen; 3. has washed; 4. has bought;
5. have ... known; 6. has been; 7. have ... returned; 8. have ...
seen; 9. has ... done; 10. have ... phoned
Упр. 15
1. Has Mary lost her bag? - Yes, she has.
2. Have they seen all the m useum s in London? —Yes, they
have.
3. Has N ick found a rare stamp? —Yes, he has.
4. Have you been to the Bolshoi Theatre? — Yes, we (I)
have.
5. Have you received a letter from your friend? - Yes, 1
have.
6. Has Kate eaten all the sweets? —Yes, she has.
7. Have you just seen this m an? —Yes, I have.
8. Have the children read this story? —Yes, they have.
9. Has he finished his novel? - Yes, he has.
10. Have you m ade only one mistake in the test? - Yes, I
have.

308
У пр.16
1. W hat kind o f exercise have you just done?
2. Whose bag has Kate shown to me?
3. What have they eaten?
4. How m any green pens has Mary bought?
5. W hat has A nn written?
6. How m any articles have you translated into English?
7. W hat has he opened?
8. Whose dog have they found?
9. W hat has my m other cooked for me?
10. W hat have you broken?
У пр.17
1. I have been to this m useum and can tell you about it.
2. Peter has done his home-work.
3 . 1 have already translated three articles from English into
Russian.
4. Kate has given her address to me. I can find her.
5. Peter is upset. He has lost his exercise-book.
6. We haven’t seen him since 1997.
7. Have you read the article? —Yes, I have.
8 . 1 have written out all the new words.
9. Ann has m ade a lot o f mistakes in her test.
1 0 .1 have just heard about it.
11. My parents have just bought five English books for me.
12. Why have you eaten all the sweets?
13.1 have explained everything to him. He knows what to do.
14. Peter has never seen white parrots.
15. I haven’t read this book.
Упр. 18
1. at; 2. in; 3. from; 4. - , in; 5. in ... of; 6. from , on; 7. in;
8. on; 9. at; 10. from ... till
У пр.19
a) 1. There is a school in front o f our house.
2. O n the left there is a stadium.
3. On the right there is a library.
4. I d o n ’t work on Mondays.

309
5. The lessons usually begin at nine o ’clock in the m orn­
ing.
6. My brother went to school in 1995.
7. We often go to the country.
8.1 am at school from 9 till 3.
9. There is a table in the middle of the room.
10. There is a garden behind the house.
11. Were you at the library yesterday? —Yes, I was.
12. John is coming on Sunday.
1 3 .1 went to the Bolshoi Theatre yesterday.
14. My m other works from 9 till 6.
15. John lives in England.
б) 1. Have you got the textbooks? - Yes, we have.
2. W hen did you get them ? - We got them yesterday.
3.1 haven’t seen Peter for three weeks.
4. W hen did he finish school? - He finished school last
year.
5. Are you still learning English?
6.1 haven’t been to the theatre since summer.
7. W hat are you doing on Saturday? - My friends and I are
going to the country.
8. How often do you visit your friends? — I visit them once
a week.
9. Have they bought a good house? —Yes, they have.
10. W hen did they buy the house? - They bought it last week.
11. I ’ll tell you everything now.
12. Peter has w ritten the test very well.
13. Ann c a n ’t cook.
14. We’ve got two dogs.
15. I am not going to buy a car.

Лексико-грамматические упражнения
Упр. 21
1. stayed, went; 2. sent; 3. were; 4. was; 5. was, was; 6. have
... seen; 7. com e up, open; 8. opened, saw; 9. are, look;
10. wanted

310
Упр. 22
1. Did the aunt go back to town? —Yes, she did.
2. Did she send the children a doll’s house? —Yes, she did.
3. Was the house very big? —Yes, it was.
4. Were the girls happy? —Yes, they were.
5. Did they like the doll’s house? — Yes, they did.
6. Were the w indow s o f the house big too? — Yes, th ey
were.
7. Did Patrick open the door o f the doll’s house? - Yes, he
did.
8. Did the girls w ant to tell everybody about the d o ll’s
house? —Yes, they did.
9. Was Isabel older th an her sisters? - Yes, she was.
10. Did the girls com e to school early? — Yes, they did.
Упр.23
1. W hat did Isabel tell her friends about?
2. How m any room s did the ch ild ren see in th e d o ll’s
house?
3. W hat kind o f present did Mrs. Hay send the girls?
4. W hat did the girls like very much?
5. W hat did they open every m orning?
6. W hat colour was the house?
7. W hat did the girls see in the rooms?
8. W hat did their m other like?
9. W hat did she often look at?
10. W hat colour was the lamp?
У пр.24
1. have... seen; 2. received; 3. stayed; 4. sent; 5. liked; 6. saw;
7. closed; 8. want; 9. advised; 10. agreed
Упр. 25
1. quiet; 2. early; 3. far; 4. usually; 5. the eldest; 6. quietly;
7. now; 8. slowly; 9. fast; 10. soon
Упр. 26
1. four, one; 2. six; 3. the third; 4. second; 5. fifteen; 6. two;
7. eight; 8. sixteen; 9. one; 10. three

311
Упр. 27
1. — , the, the; 2. the; 3. the, the; 4. the; 5. the; 6. a; 7. the;
8. the; 9. the, the; 10. the
Упр. 28
1. “ Patrick, w hat are you doing there?” Isabel asked.
2. “ O pen the door of the doll’s house, please,” she asked.
3. Patrick opened the door.
4. The girls liked the doll’s house very m uch.
5. It was large, with four windows.
6. The house was green and its door was yellow.
7. “There are four rooms and a kitchen h e re ,” Isabel said.
8. “I like the bedroom s very m uch,” the younger sister said.
9. The kitchen o f the doll’s house was very comfortable.
10. The girls saw cups and a jug on the table.
11. The table and the chairs were very small.
12. “ My dolls will sit on these chairs,” the younger sister
said.
13. “They will drink tea from these cups,” she added.
14. The children were proud of their doll’s house.
15. They w anted to tell everybody about the doll’s house.
Упр. 30
а) 1. have got; 2. is (it’s); 3. am; 4. thank you
б) usually

Контрольная работа
I . 1. is, c a n ’t send; 2. didn’t like, studied; 3. were; 4. d id n ’t
w ant; 5. had; 6. have ... seen; did ... see; talked, talked;
7. wanted; 8. can com e, want; 9. doesn’t want; 10. w on’t see
II. 1. N o, they were not. 2. Because rich and poor children
studied there together.
III. 1. poor; 2. poorest; 3. wonderful; 4. quietly; 5. happiest
ГУ. 1. W hat did Elsie and her sister want to see?
2. W hen did the girls usually close their doll’s house?

312
v . 1. - , - ; 2. the; 3. - , - , - ; 4. the; 5. - , the
VI. 1 “ Only the rich girls will see our doll’s house,” Isabel
said.
2. Elsie and her sister also wanted to see the doll’s house.
3. “ Have you seen the doll’s house? W hen did you see it?”
the girls asked each other.
4. The doll’s house was very beautiful.
5. “ My dolls will sit on these chairs,” Kezia said.
Приложение
Неправильные глаголы

Infinitive Simple Past Parti­ Перевод


Past ciple
ООО to be was, were been быть
&U. К/} A too become became become становиться
to begin began begun начинать(ся)
/5/10 у to blow blew blown дуть
to break broke broken ломать
/ / / / to bring brought brought приносить
to build built built строить
to buy bought bought покупать
to choose chose chosen выбирать
К A A l to come came come приходить
K/ j T' to cut cut cut резать
to do did done[d\n] делать
to draw drew drawn тащить; рисовать
to drink drank drunk пить
to eat ate eaten есть, кушать
to fall fell fallen падать
to feel felt felt чувствовать(себя)
to find found found находить
СрЛАй. ^ofly flew flown летать
to forget forgot forgotten забывать
to get got got получать, доста­
вать
to give gave given давать
to go went gone [gon] идти; ехать ходить
to grow grew grown расти; выращивать
to have had had иметь
to hear heard heard слышать
K l S j / 1 to keep kept kept держать, хранить
to know knew known знать
to leave left left покидать,
оставлять

314
Продолжение

to lose lost lost терять


to make made made делать
to meet met met встречать(ся)
to put put put класть
to read red [red] read [red] читать
to run ran run бежать
to say said [sed] said [sed] сказать, говорить
to see saw seen видеть
to sell sold sold продавать
to send sent sent посылать
to shine shone [[bn] shone [fDn] светить, сиять
to show showed shown показывать
to sing sang sung петь
to sit sat sat сидеть
to sleep slept slept спать
to speak spoke spoken говорить, раз­
говаривать
to spend spent spent тратить; про­
водить время
to stand stood stood стоять
to swim swam swum плавать
to take took taken брать, взять
to teach taught taught учить, обучать
to tell told told сказать, рас­
сказывать
to think thought thought думать
to throw threw thrown бросать
to understand understood understood понимать
to wake woke woken будить, про­
сыпаться
to wear wore worn носить (одежду)
to win won won побеждать, вы­
играть
to write wrote written писать

315
Содержание

П р е д и с л о в и е ............................................................................... 3
Урок I ..............................................................................................5
Грамматика:
И м я сущ ествительное: число; притяж ательны й
падеж. Артикли. М естоимения: личны е, притяж а­
тельны е, указательные. П онятие об инф инитиве.
П овелительное наклонение глагола. Глагол to be в
настоящ ем времени. П орядок слов английского
повествовательного предлож ения.
Урок I I ; ............................................................................... .........21
Грамматика:
Have /H a s (got). Сап. О трицательны е повество­
вательные предлож ения с глаголами to be, can, have
got. О бщ ие вопросы с глаголами to be, have got, can.
Урок I I I ........................................................................................37
Грамматика:
Ф орм ы английского глагола. П ростое настоящ ее
время (The Simple Present Tense). О бщ ие вопросы
с глаголом в The Simple Present Tense.
Урок IV ......................................................................................... 53
Грамматика:
Специальные вопросы. There is/There are. Some, any.
Урок V .......................................................................................... 70
Грамматика:
П ри ч асти е н асто ящ его врем ени (P resent P arti­
ciple). Настоящее продолженное время (The Present
Progressive Tense).

316
Урок V I ............................................................................................
Грамматика:
Простое прош едш ее время (The Simple Past Tense).
Глагол to be в прош едш ем времени.
Урок V I I .................................................................................... 100
Грамматика:
П ричастие прош едш его времени. (Past Participle).
Н астоящ ее соверш енное время (The Present Per­
fect Tense).
Урок V I I I ................................................................................... 115
Грамматика:
Простое будущее время (The Simple Future Tense).
To be going to.
Урок IX ....................................................................................... 131
Грамматика:
Имя прилагательное (The Adjective). Степени срав­
нения прилагательных.
Урок X ........................................................................................ 146
Грамматика:
Наречие (The Adverb). О бразование наречий от
прилагательных.
Урок X I ....................................................................................... 160
Грамматика:
Ч и сли тельн ы е (N um erals). П редлоги (P reposi­
tions).
Урок X I I .................................................................................... 175
Грамматика:
The Simple Present Tense в сравнении с The Present
Progressive Tense. The Simple Past Tense в сравнении
с The Present Perfect Tense (повторение).

317
Грамматический справочник

Урок I ........................................................................................ 190


И м я сущ ествительное (The N o u n ) ............................ 190
Число (N um ber) .............................................................. 190
П ритяж ательный падеж (Possessive C a s e ) .............. 191
А ртикли (A rticles)............................................................ 191
М естоимение (The P ro n o u n )...................................... 192
П онятие об и н ф и н и т и в е .............................................. 194
П овелительное н а к л о н е н и е ........................................ 194
Глагол “to be” в простом настоящ ем в р е м е н и ...... 195
П орядок слов английского повествователь­
ного п р е д л о ж ен и я ..................................................... 195

Урок I I ........................................................................................ 195


В опросительная ф орм а глагола “to be” в
простом настоящ ем врем ени (The Simple
Present T e n s e ).............................................................. 195
О трицательная ф орма глагола “to b e” в
простом настоящ ем времению (The Simple
Present T e n se ).............................................................. 196
have (has) g o t ...................................................................... 196
I (you, she, they) c a n ......................................................... 197
О бщ ие в о п р о с ы .............................................................. 197

Урок I I I ..................................................................................... 198


Ф орм ы английского глагола.......................................198
Простое настоящ ее время (The Simple Present
Tense).............................................................................. 199

Урок IV .......................................................................................201
С пециальны е во п р о сы .................................................. 201
О борот there is/there a r e ............................................... 202
Some, a n y .......................................................................... 203

318
Урок V ........................................................................................ 204
П ричастие настоящ его времени (Present
P articiple)....................................................................... 204
Н астоящ ее длительное время (The Present
Progressive T ense).........................................................204
Урок V I .......................................................................................205
П ростое прош едш ее время (The Simple
Past Tense) .................................................................... 205
Глагол “to b e” в Simple P a s t.......................................... 207

Урок V I I .................................................................................... 207


П ричастие прош едш его времени (Past
P articiple)....................................................................... 207
Н астоящ ее соверш енное время (The Present
Perfect T ense)................................................................ 208
Урок V I I I ................................................................................... 210
Простое будущее время (The Simple Future
T ense).............................................................................. 210
О борот “to be going to ” ...................................................211

Урок IX .......................................................................................212
И м я прилагательное (The Adjective) ........................ 212

Урок X ........................................................................................ 214


Наречие. О бразование наречий от
прилагательны х (The A dverb).................................214
Н аречия неопределённого в р е м е н и ......................... 214

Урок X I ............ !.........................................................................215


Ч ислительны е (N u m erals).............................................215
П редлоги (Prepositions)..................................................217

Ключи к упраж нениям ..........................................................220


Приложение. Неправильные глаголы .............................. 314

319
Учебное издание

Белла Александровна Сосис

430 тестовых упражнений


по английской грамматике.
1-й год обучения
И зд ан и е второе, и сп равл ен н ое

Редактор М. Ю. Матвеева
Корректор М. К. Паляничко
Верстка И. М. Егоренкова
Художник М. В.Середина
Оформление обложки В. И.Феногенов

По вопросам приобретения
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