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“Opini Tentang Perekonomian Indonesia”

Nama : Dian Dwi Cahyani

Nim. : 18101021150
Kelas. : Akuntansi B, smt 3

Beginning in 2018, Indonesia's economic growth in the First Quarter of 2018

continued to show stability at 5.06 percent, and most surprisingly, economic growth
by province showed Papua as the province with the highest economic growth at
28.93 percent. The majority of provinces in Indonesia experience economic growth
above the national average, while only a few provinces experience economic growth
below the national average. Meanwhile, in an Asian perspective the average
economic growth of Indonesia in the last 3 years is still better than Thailand, Hong
Kong, South Korea and Singapore.
From the explanation above, it can be concluded that it is true that Indonesia's
economic growth is not in line with the State Budget target, even far from Jokowi's
political promises during the 2014 presidential election campaign. However, do we
really only like to dwell on quantity or quantity without considering quality if we
discuss the issue of economic growth? It is not wise if we only focus on the amount
or quantity of figures from economic indicators, especially economic growth. The
quality of economic growth is clearly more important than the quantity which in
recent days has often been voiced by the opposition who seem happy to criticize
without using valid data.
Then, what is meant by quality growth? In general, I am very confident that society in
general understands the true meaning of quality growth. However, from my point of
view I can at least define it as inclusive economic growth or economic growth that
can be enjoyed by all groups in Indonesia, both the poor and the rich. The poor in
this case can get social assistance to meet their daily needs, while the rich can run
their businesses without any significant obstacles and are even able to provide
employment. What has happened in Indonesia in the past 3 years shows that our
economic growth has begun to lead to quality economic growth. Although it tends to
be stable at around 5 percent, Indonesia's economic growth can reduce poverty,
even based on March 2018 BPS data, Indonesia's poverty rate has reached single
digits, which is 9.82 percent.
In terms of employment, stable economic growth in the range of 5 percent has also
been able to reduce unemployment to 5.13 percent in February 2018. This figure is
still within the range of the 2015-2019 National Medium-Term Development Plan
(RPJMN) target, which is 5 -5.2 percent. Indeed there is still a lot of homework that
needs to be done by the government in dealing with labor issues in Indonesia,
especially related to the development of digital technology, which is likely to change
the structure of the workforce in Indonesia. Managing labor issues due to structural
transformation, which is indicated to have begun since 2008 in Indonesia or even in
the Asia Pacific region, should be a priority for the Jokowi administration. Because,
digitalization in the economic sector can not be restrained anymore and the
government needs to make this as a momentum to strengthen the national economy.
In closing, in the 2018-2019 political year it is fine if there is blasphemy, criticism, or
dissatisfaction with Indonesia's current economic achievements. However, it must be
remembered, the criticism needs to be constructive and need to be considered the
real conditions that occur, both in global and national contexts. The slowdown and
decline in global economic growth, especially countries that have become
Indonesia's traditional markets for exports, such as China and the United States are
happening and this is affecting the economic growth of Indonesia and other countries
in the world. We actually need to appreciate the performance of the Jokowi's
government economic team because it is able to formulate and implement optimal
economic policies amid the current global economic uncertainty. The consistency
and measurability of economic policies implemented by the government to realize
quality economic growth is a fixed price and is not negotiable.