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[kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws 411

ANSWER & SOLUTIONS

CONCEPTUAL MCQS Single Option Correct m, m.


2x20 = —+ — (0.082) (293)
2 4
1 (A) 2 (A) 3 (B)
4 (C) 5 (B)-
2w, +/«2 "=6.66
6 (D)
7 (B) 8 (C) • 9 (B)
and 1+W2
10 (B) 11 (A) 12 (B) Solving we get
13 (B) 14 (C) 15 (D) • .W] = 1.66g
16 (C) 17 (A) 18 (B) m2=3.34g
19 (C) 20 (B) 21 (C)
22 (A) 23 (A) 24 (B) m, 1
25 (A) 26 (D) 27 (D)
^2 ^

NUMERICAL MCQS Single Option Correct


(iv) If initial pressure k temperature are P and Twe use
1 (D) 2 (D) 3 (C)
L - ^
4 (C) 5 (B) 6 (A) T ~ T+\
7 (A) 8 (A) 9 (D)
=> r+i^i.oir
10 (B) 11 (D) 12 (D)
13 (B) 14 (A) 15 (D) => 0.01 r = i
16 (D) 17 (B) 18 (B) r^iooK
19 (B) . 20 (B) 21 (D)
22 (D) 23 (B) 24 (B) (v) If vessel volume is Fthen partial pressures ofN^and COj
25 (C) 26 (D) 27 (C)
are
28 (C) 29 (C) 30 (A)
31 (B) 32 (A) 33 (B) (8.3I4)(290)
PN, - I
I23J
-

ADVANCE MCQs One or More Option Correct


and p
^co-, ~
- li (8.314)(290)
v44, V
1 (C, D) 2
(A") . 3 (C, D)
4 (A, C) 5 (B, D) 6 (A, D)
Given that Pl+P2^ 10^
7 (A, C. D) 8 (B. C) 9 (All)
8.314/^290 290
10 (B, C) 11 (All) 12 (A, B, C) 10^
13 (A, C, D) 14 (B, C, D) 15 (A. D) V
16 (C, D) 17 (B, D) K= 1.205 X10-2m^
Solutions ofPRA CTICE EXERCISE 2.1 m.+m-, 18x10"^
Thus mixture densityP =
V 1.205x10"^
(i) We use initial moles = final moles
= 1.494 kg/m 3

T, T2 ^30^ 8.314x300
(vi) We use
2x10^xV pxl.Q2V v2. 30x10"'
=

293 313 12.471x105 Pa


>
=> p = 2.095 X lO^N/m- 160 8.314x300
'o,
32 ^ 10x10"'
(ii) We use initial moles = final moles = 12.471 xl05 Pa
P2V ^ 70 8.314x300
~ 28 20x10"'
= 3.118x lO^Pa
El+El
Pf Plefr=^^2 -12.471 x'lQSpa
(iii) By gas law we use
PV=nRT
Prigi„=^H,+PN, =15.589x 105 Pa
Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws

(vii) At STP we use Solutions ofPRACTICE EXERCISE 2.2


PRT
P =
(i) We use
M => (76+10) X10 = 76 X/'
=> /' = 11.315cm
1.3x8.314x273
10^ =
M PVM
mass of air is m-
Z=> M=2.95xl(r^kg RT

This for given conditions


1.013x10^x11.315x10"^ x]0^x29xl0-
AhRT
AP = 8.314x300
V
13.32mg
Mx8.314x336
0.415x105 = (ii) At 60® tilt we use
30x10"^
(76-10)x40 = (76-5)x/j
Ah = 0.4456 mole
^ /|=37.18cm
w=A;ixM=13.14g
at 90® till we use
(76-10) X40 = 76 x/^
0.6x8.314x300 => /2 =34.73cm
(viii) We use P =
8.3x10"^
= 1.8x10-Pa
(ill) At depth 20 cm, oftube ifair length is x, we use
equivalent molecuar weight ofmixture is 10^x0.5 = [10^ +(0.2+x)8x 1000 X10] XX
=> 5xl0^ = 10^x+0.2xx lO^+x^x IQ^
0.1x28 + 0.2x32 + 0.35x44 x^+10.2x-5=0
0.6

=37.33
-10.2 + Vl04.04 + 20 ^
x= =0.468m

(ix) We use initial moles = final moles Netupward force on tube is

76x4 Px3 Pxl


^up = ^Buoyoncy-"'«^
.+ . = 0.468x0.5x 10-^x1000x10
303 373 303 -0.015x10
= 0.234-0.15
76x4 304
P = = 0.084 N '
303 3.437
x3 + l
373
(iv) At a heighty we consider an elemental layer ofwidth dy. If
\A5zmofHg mass in this layer is dm, we use
dm = Sdyp
(x) We use pressure difference constant in upper and lower
parts as weight of piston is constant. dm = Sdy
kRT,
Initial at BOOK, and finally at temperature Tfor upper part we use

P{AV) _ PfjlVf) dm = ——
MS
dy
...(1) RT
300 T
and we use 3P = P
/ •••(2)
and 5K=3f^ ...(3) Total mass is m= J\dm = —
RT i
'^^'"^dy
Using equations (1), (2) and (3) we have

3x-x2
p^MS RT |-g-A^gv/Ar^
4 3 RT Mg
300 T

r=750K
g
|Kjnetic Tjieory of Gases and Gas Laws 413

(v) After tilting then tube by 60° we use (ix) (a) Foralayerofwidthc/j'ataheight^^weuse
P,V,=P,V^
(76+20)x43=(76+10)x/ dp = -dypg=gdy
^ /=48cm
dp -Mg I dy
(vi) Centre ofgravityofgas is given by i D ~ RP ll- ay
jdmy ^P_ Mg
fdm
where dm is mass of a layer of width dyoiz height^'
dm = Sdyp [5 is base area of vessel]
for uniform and Twe use abore relation is valid if

1
h<~
where Pq is density at base a

00 (b) Now we use


,-MgylRT
ydy pM
h =
dp = -dyg
RT

r dy
-MgjiIRT -KlgylRT Ip PPol(^ +ay)
; i-MglRT) {-MglRTf , p -Mg
=

-MgyIRT
In— = —^ ln(l+ij/2)
Pa aRT^
-MgIRT
Pa
P =

0-
Mg] RT
Solutions ofPRACTICE EA^RCISE 2.3
RT Mg
Mg
3RT
(i) We use
M
(vii) Initially air inside barametCT
-100-74.8 = 52.2 cm
In second case air inside
= 100 - 73.6 cm = 26.4 cm
By gas law we use
(75.5-/+25.2)x25.2 = (74-/+26.4)x26.4 27;m,
V. = V, Ml = 300X V;
=> 2537.64 - 25.2/= 2650.56 - 26.4/ T,M, 7;x(M/2)
=> 1.2/ = 112.92
= 600 m/s
^ / = 94.1 cm

(ii) Number ofmolecues hitting per square meter ofcontainer


(viii) At a distance x fi'om open end we consider an elemental
wall is given as
layer ofwidth dx and ifpressure difference across this layer is
dp we use
pM
A^c=^V™=^'<10'' x2000
dp= dx{(i?x) p={i}?x)dx ,28
RT = 3.33 X lO''® per second

and pressure is P=:^P\.s


.P J 0

•=L'
, p,
In— =
2 ..2
Mayr = j1 x3 X10"^'X
y-27 10^°
1r»26 X(2000)'

Pa 2RT
= 4xl05N/m2
M(D^.
2RT
P:c= Po^
?414 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws

(iii) Iffinal pressure inside airisi^weuse 8Pr 8x8.314x300


66x40 = P^x38 V
mean yj yj 32x10'
=> Py=69.47 cm ofHg
=445.63 m/s
For equilibrium ofHg pallet we use
87?r 3x8.314x300
PyX +IpgTcr' +X= XTir^ m 32x10"
=483.56 m/s
fr
0.6947x 13600x 10+0.05x13600x10+ 2
nr
5+2+2+6+0+4+1+3+5+1+7+3
= 0.76 X 13600 X 10
(vii)(a) v^ =
^ X=3.14 X(2 xir^)2x 0.0153x 13600x 10 12

=0.026 N
= 3.25 m/s

Alternative: This problem can be directly solved by finding the (b)


mercury pressure balanced by fi"iction which is 52+22+2^ + 6^ +02+42+12+32 +52 +12 ^^2 ^32
76-5-69.47 = I.53cmofiyg 12
=> X=0.0153 X13600 X10x3.14 X(2 Xl(r^)2 = 3.86 m/s
= 0.026 N

(vlii) Temperature ofnitrogen is


(h') Average translational kinetic energy of all gases remains
3 PV 2.1x8x10^
same at same temperature and equal xo—kT. T= = 157.6k
nR 1300x0.082

3Pr 3x8.314x1576
(v) Pressure of gas is given as
^rms ^ 28x10'

P= -j (translational kinetic energy per unit volume) = 374.68 m/s

2 { 3> Solutiom ofPRACTICE EXERCISE 2.4

P = nQkT
-nRT
K, 2
1.013x10' Sol. (!) We use
nr^ = Kr (/-3)
1.38x10'^^ x273 nRT
=2.688 X10^^ m"^
average separation between molecules
/-3 .2
1 a=3/-9 ^ /=5
=3.31xl0-^m
/
Now U='^nRT
2

(iv) (a) We use v^= ^2RT


^ 2x8.314x300

2x10" = - x 1 x8.3x 100 = 2075J


2
= 1579.3 m/s

8PP _ 8x8.314x300 (11) Rotational kinetic energy ofa diatomic molecule is


VjtM ~V 3.14x2x10"'
= 1782.5 m/s E = kT== -/co'
2
3RT 3x8.314x300
2kT
m V 2x10' co„
= 1934.25 m/s

2RT 2x8.314x300 2x1.38x10-^x300


(b) We use V
mp

m V 32x10' V 2.1x10""
= 394.83 m/s = 1.985 xlO^rad/s
[Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws 415

(iii) (a) Average molecular energy of a gas is


= ^V Pj^iPx +P2)
P\'
=LkT =6kT iPxPl+Pl'Px)
2

= 6x].38x10-^^x650 PlPlPj-PxPlPl
= 5.382 . PxPi+Pi^x
3RT 3x8.314x650
_3pp,V{T,-T,)
(b) We use =

M Vl.3xl0-'^x6.023xl0^
=455.03 m/s
(c) For a non linear polyatomic molecule there are 3 Solutions ofCONCEPTUAL MCQS Single Option Correct
translational and 3 rotational degrees offreedom so vlbrational
Sol. 1 (A) As RMS speed is inversely proportional to the
degrees of freedom are
square root ofmolecular mass ofthe gas, option (A) is correct.
/v=^«/-6 = 6
Sol. 2 (A) At higher pressure boiling point ofwater increases
(iv) For inelastic collisions oftwo atoms to excite both hydrogen
so more heat will be used in cooking.
atoms we use

3
-kT =10.2=K Sol. 3 (B) Work done in process 1 - 3 is greater than that in
2 process 1- 2. While change in internal energy is same for both
10.2x1.6x10-" processes
T= => Q2^Qi-
. 1.5x1.38x10""
= 7.88xlO'^K
Sol. 4 (C) In evacuted chamber water evaporates fast and for
evaporation it gains heat from the remaining water only due to
(v) We use by gas law
which some water will vaporize and the rest will freeze due to
P.V PlV _ Px/ ^ P2f^ loss of heat as it is loosing heat at melting point.
T, T, 7} 7} (1)

by conservation of energy we use Sol. 5 (B) In thermal equilibrium at a constant temperature,


according to Maxwells distribution ofspeed the averature speed
remain constant.

=> Pif^PirPx^'Pi (2)


Sol. 6 (D) Process AB is isothermal so on V-Tcurve also it will
from (1) and (2) we have
remain a vertical straight line. Process5C is isochoric (as it is a
A +Zl Px-^Pi straight line passing through origin) hence on V-Tcurve it will
be a horizontal straight line and process CD is again isothermal
so it will be a vertical straight line on V-Tcurve hence the curve
will look like

Vi
for left and right part ofgas

& =4^and Pi ^ P2J_


T, """ T, Tr

+P2)
PV" Px+Ti^PiPx
Sol. 7 (B) Average kinetic energyofa molecule is 0.5fkT where
Pl^xiPx +P2) f are the degrees offreedom ofthe molecue and it is independent
and Pif. Px+T^ +p2^
of type of the gas.

(vQ That supplied from left part in Sol. 8 (C) Under isothermal compression when a gas is
^Q-U-Uf compressed the separation between the gas molecules decreases
due to which mean free path decreases and hence rate of
collisions increase hence option (C) is correct.
«416 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws

Sol. 9 (B) Average speed of molecule will remain same as Sol. 21 (C) According to gas law we use PK= Mr where iV
Vj at same temperature. are the total number ofmolecules in the gas.

Sol. 10 (B) FromgaslawrK=«i?rtheslopeofthecurvewill Sol. 22 (A) In the given expression dimensions of the term
be ni?/7hence option (B) is correct. alV^ is that of pressure hence that of term a must be same that
oiPV^henceoption (A) is correct.
Sol. 11 (A) Based on explanation ofprevious question option
(A) is correct. Sol. 23 (A) dP = gpdy
h
f dP Mg
Sol. 12 (B) Due to sudden compression gas pressure and
J PP J?T
RT
temperature increases and now as it is maintained at this position
due to metal cylinder heat is conducted out and its temperature
H
decreases and hence pressure also decreases hence option (B) H= J\dy=^H =—\n^
Ayfer P
is correct.
0

Sol. 13 (B) As 2j = AI/+ir, Sol. 24 (B) We consider an element at a distance x fi^om one
and Q^ = ^U+W^ end ofwidth dx where coefficient ofexpansion will be
Ratio ofspecific heats

AU AW^ a=a, +^a, -tti •X

^T AT AT Expansion in element is dl = adxAT


Co
<1 (As w.>w;)
AU AW2
M AT^ AT Total expansion AL =Jo.ATdx

Sol. 14 (C) Fromgaslaw/'F=/M/?7yAfoption(C)iscorrect. Ai,=Ar j[ai + tto - a i


dx

Sol. 15 (D) As the air is saturated then on compression the T ct, - a, [


volume the water vapours will condense and air remain saturated = AT

with water vapour and final pressure is maintained at same


value. ai -a-
= AT

Sol. 16 (C) As the slope of adiabatic curve is more than that = a LAT
eq
ofisothermal curve hence option (C) is correct.
Ctl +Ct2
Where we get
Sol. 17 (A) As P^T- constant
=> P^{PV) = constant Sol. 25 (A) As At/, =+ve;
=> constant
^ = constant => (x=l/3)
and At/2=0
so AU^=
fR R thus At/, > At/2 > At/3
r=-—+
^ 2 1-x
After solving we get /= 3 Sol. 26 (D) Temperature, internal energy and volume depend
=> So the gas is monoatomic. upon states.

Sol. 18 (B) On heating the gas, it will expand due to which the Sol. 27 (D)
whole system will move toward right.
P\

Sol. 19 (C) As in the given process at constant pressure,


temperature is increasing, gas volume is also increasing due to
which gas density decreases.
density density
increases decreases
Sol. 20 (B) According to gas law the volume of gas is
proportional to TIP hence it is decreased to 2/3 of the initial From gas law we have P = —
value hence density will increase to 3/2 ofthe initial value.
^l<inetic_Theory of Gases and Gas Laws 417

Thus at constanttemperature we have p oc P Sol. 6 (A) The pressure will increase


In graph p cc P. At constant temperature thus density
Px^Pi^P
increases. From ideal gas equation,

In 2"'' graph at constant pressure, pcc^ pv=nRT


nRT

In 3^graph as ~ = constant ^ Pec T


Volume remains same
=> density remain constant.
2RT^ ^4R{2T^) 6RT
V V V
Solutions ofNUMERICAL MCQSSingle Option Correct
where T ~ temperature ofmixture
Sol. 1 (D) Work donein isothermal process is givenby ioro=6r
ST.
V.
T=
2.303rt/eriog,

rii.2 Sol. 7 (A) Totalenergy associated with each molecule,


ir=2.303xlx8.314x273X log 10
22.4
E=—kT
1573.5 J 2
ir«-1570J Since both Gj and^2 are diatomic,
ratio ofrotational K.E. per molecule to that per N2 molecule
Sol. 2 (D) We have = 1;1
3/tT'l
K
molecule = —
2 = —m
2 m
Sol. 8 (A) We use PV^-^aP = RT^b

= -kT
^(RT +b)
2
p = {RT+ b)}^-aJ^V-^
Sol. 3 (C) With theincrease inmolecular weight, therms speed /w = -cand« = - l
ofgas molecule decreases.
1
\2RT
Vm Sol. 9 (D) We use

For hydrogen, M=\


(^rms )//2
^ = 1^=4 For oxygen, M=\6
(^rms^02 ^
v= Vw
—4v
3RT _ V
V02 =
Sol. 4 (C) Kinetic energy ofa gas molecule 16 ~ 4

= -kT Sol. 10 (B) Let final pressureof mixtureis/7'


2
W| + =«
EazT
Moleculerofdifferent gasesat same temperaturewill havesame eL+eL =£21
translational kinetic energy. RT RT RT
p' = 2p
Sol. 5 (B) For gas G, pv-nf(T ...(1)
Sol. li (D) From ideal gasequation
for gas ^ ^nftQ.T) ...(2) pV=nRT
As n = l
n.
Dividing (1) by (2), 1= RT
In-, P~ V
Both have same volume and temperature, thus, pressure of
-^=2
oxygen = pressure of hydrogen.
418
Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws

Sol. 12 (D) Atequal temperature, theaverage kinetic energies


are equal, therefore ratio is 1 :1.

Sol. 13 (B) Theaverage rotational kinetic energy ofa diatomic


molecule at temperature Tis kT.
a. /
^R
Sol. 14 (A) From ideal gas equation,
pV=nRT
nRT nRiT^^aV'^) 1 mN 2
Sol. 17 (B) We use Pq =
V

nRT. 1 mN ,.2 ,
^^nRaV'^ => p'=~ — i^\ms)

dp => P'-'^Pq
= 0
dV
Sol. 18 (B) rms speed of gas molecules does not depend on
-^RTq the pressure ofgas (iftemperature remainconstant),
+ 2anRV=0
V' according to Boyle's law,
T Fee p
^ =laV Ifpressure is increased two times, density will also increase by
2 times, hence, remains constant.

2a
Sol. 19 (B) Number ofmoles in first container,

V=
2a) FT]
Number ofmoles in second container.
Sol. 15 (D) From ideal gas equation,
nRT =

Rn
p=~r
If both vessels are joined
nR{TQ+aV'^) «1 + «2= «
p=
V
F{2V) P^V ^P2V
nRT,
^•^anRV^ RT ~ FT] RT2
P =
V
•2/3 P. - -
^{2af'' +anR.^ 2/3
T ~ 2 7] ~T2
rr (2a)
for n = \
Sol. 20 (B) As we have
p = RT.^'\2y'\ay'^
'0
3kT
a^^^-RT.•2/3
+ m
-.2/3

Vrms cc 'Jt
^

P = -.2/3
Sol. 21 (D) Since the process is adiabatic (sudden) we use
TV~^ - constant

^-1
(273 + 27)^3 =T w
Sol. 16 (D) As we have
2/3
C =—R
V 2 300
From Mayer's formula.
7=300x4=1200K=92TC
c,-c^=R
(Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws
419

Sol. 22 (D) We use


P/Vq ApqVq 2pqVq
Sol. 25 (C) Bygasiaw «,=
R{2T^) 3R{2To) 3RT^
c.

H,c,, +^2^,^2
(l)^ +(2)^+(3)^+(4)^
1^1 +[^2 Sol. 26 (D) We use v
> ' rm c
=
\iCp^ +M-2^/^
1 + 4 + 9 + 16
^l|C, +^2C,,

7i 72 30 _ 15
R+IX2 v__. = /—-Jy km/s
Y.-l 72-1
/ _ \ / _ N
R
Ml + M2
7i-lJ v72-ly Sol. 27 (C) Average A'.£. = —

Mi7i I M272 k X r

7i-l 72-1
Sol. 28 (C) We use pl^= constant
1^1 .+. M2
7i-l 72-1
=pV
Mi7i(72-1) + M272(7i-1)
p' = Sp
Mi(72-1) + M2(7|-1)
3(1.4X1.66-1)+ 2(1.66X1.4-1) Sol. 29 (C) P = 8.31J/mole-^
3(1.66-1)+ 2(1.4-1) S.I. unit ofi? is J mole"' AT"'
/
2.772 + 1.328

1.98 + 0.8
Sol.30 (A) (76-13) P=(76-H)-
4.1
= 1.475 => //=70cm
2.78

31 (B); 32 (A); 33 (B)


Sol. 23 (B) Energy given to person
Sol. 31-33 LetPjandPjb® theinitial pressure in lower chamber
= 10^031
of gas and upper chamber of gas.
=4185803
mg
2-8
Energythatcanbeutilized = 418580 X P2 =-Po+ ^A =2/>o, V2 =AX12 X10-2
If P2 and V2 arefinal pressure andvolume in upper chamber
£ = 117202.4 J
V'2=A>^(2S-l)x\o-^m^
E = mgh
p V = P'V
I17202.4 = 60x lOx/i ^2^2 ^2 ^2
= 195.34m «196m

Sol. 24 (B) Bygasiaw pJV^=n^RT^ ' P2 28-/


Now consider lower chamber
P/2 = "2^'^2
«I +M2 = ^ 2mg
PfV ^ PfV ^ p^(2v) P = P +

^ RT^ RilT,) RT, and -AxSx 10-2m^

Pf r. 52-1
=> Pf+—=2p^ P'=P'+ -p
' ^ A ® 28-/.
3pf
— =2po and K;=^x(8 + /)x io-2m3
p y = P' y
^ri
4/^0
Pr^
1420 Kinetic Theory of Gases and Gas Laws

'52-/
.-. The graph of the above process on the P-T diagram is
10-2=^0 X(8 + /) X101-2 hyperbola.
28-/
For the above process
52-/ p2^
24 = x(8 + /) ( P^^
28-/

Solving we get /=4cm


1 •- h
P[=2Po =2x IQSA/m^ p2
Pi
p/2 -7r -(i)
P
24Po
=>, p^=
28-/
and P,r,=r%^r2 ^'PT=-f^T, => r,= V2r ...(ii)
2

YL- 28-/ 24

V' 8+/ ~ 12
Sol. 6 (A, The rms translational speed is only dependent
uponthe temperautre of gas and not on gas quantityand it is
Solutions ofADVANCE MCQs One or More Option Correct
directlyproportionalto the squareroot ofabsolutetemperature
of the gas. For a giventemperature ofgas its internal energyis
Sol. 1 (C, D) As gas volumes are reduced to half for both A
constant and ifP and Vof gas varies such that PV= constant
and B containers as gases are monoatomic their pressure and
then option (D) is also correct.
temperatureswill also change by same amount but in C as the
gas is diatomic, its changes will be different.
Sol. 7 (A, C, D) For all gases coefFiecient of expansion is \/T
so at a given temperature it is a constant hence option (A) is
4KT
Sol. 2 (All) Average KE per molecule in ^ & 5 correct. In each degree of freedom always average energy is
same and is equal to O.SkT hence option (C) is correct. As
3RT , , 13RT pressure of gas decreases, densityof gas also decreaseshence
(vrms^A
).= '(05 = Mr
M the intermolecular separation increases hence option (D) is
correct.
. (Vrms)A Mr Mr

(^rms)s M, 16Mr
Sol. 8 (B, C) As given in problemthe gases are differenthence
their number of moles will also be different for same mass.
No. ofmole of ^ = Hence in this case otpion (B) and (C) are correct.
M.

w
No. ofmole of 5 =
.4/2
= 8n. Sol. 9 (AH) Area under the curve is equal to number of
M« M .4/16 molecules of the gas sample.

Sol. 3 (C, D) According to gaHaw the given quantity is the Hence N= aV^ = 2N
product of pressure andjnolar mass of gas hence options (C)
arid (D) are correct.

Sol. 4 (A, C) Total molecules in 1 mole are always constant


F^4jvw4|c.[^.] civ = iv.

and equal to Avogadro number-and at a given temperature


V,avg
translational kinetic energy offixmimber of molecules is always
constant for all gases. v.-

00 1 ^
y2rn,s =.1 fV^N(V)dV
V^
=^\yA
ATJ [Vo J •

Sol. 5 (B,D) — = constant 2

RT Krms 1
P=p (Ideal gas equation)
Fn

Areaunderthe curvefrom0.5Vq to Vq is 3/4of totalarea.


E-
P
pRT
M
=PT j=constant
[Kineii^Theory of Gases and Gas Laws • ^,^lj
Sol. 10 (B, C) Ifthe cylinder is in grdvity freespacethen the Sol. IS (A,D) Therateofcollisionsofthe molecules with per
insidepressure willbeequal to thatofthesurrounding pressure. square meter ofthewall is (l/6)nQV where Wq isthe molecular
If gravit is there then in case when open end of cylinder is density and v is RMSspeed of moleculesand pressure exerted
facing upward, gas pressure will be more than that of bythegas onwall is given by (l/6)nQV x 2w'v where w'is the
surrounding and if open end face downward then the gas mass of each molecule.
pressure will be less than that of the surrounding.
Sol. 16 (C, D) Using the concept of elastic collision between
Sol.11 (All) Ata given tanperaturetheaverage kinetic energy two particles, one light and other heavy we can conclude that
per molecule is given by (^''2)^7'which is same for all diatomic options (C) and (D) are correct.
gases hence option (A) is correct. RMS velocity of gas
molecules at same temperatureis inverselyproportionalto the Sol. 17 (B,D)
square root ofmolar mass of gas hence option (B) is correct. (0 As PV^ = Constant
For a gaseous mixture the pressure exerted by a gas is => TV= Constant
proportional to w/Mhenceoption (C) is correct. Fromgaslaw ^ Ifvolumeexpands temperature decreases.
PV= NkTvjQ can see that option (D) is also correct. (u) As P = KV^

Sol. 12 (A, B, C) By definition of real gas behaviour option = constant


(A) and (C) are correct. As ideal gas molecules never interact
with each other it can never be liquified hence option (B) is If volume expands, temperature increases
correct.

Sol. 13 (A,C,D) speed ofa gas is directly proportional


to square root of absolute temperature of the gas hence from
gas law options (A), (C) and (D) are correct.

Sol. 14 (B, C,D) By gas IawPF=—iJJwe can directly find (i)PF^ = C {i)P =KV^
M

that option (B) is correct. Total translational kinetic energy of a ByFLT weuse Q^AU+W
gas depends upon the temperature ofthe gas and total number Q2>Qi as W2>W^ & AU2>AUj
of molecules as £" = (3/2)M7'hence option (C) is correct. Total
kineticenergy ofa gas is given as £'y.=(_/72)/:7'hence option (D)
is also correct.